Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 7, 1861, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 7, 1861 Page 5
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ARRIVAL OF THE BAVARIA. ADDITIONAL HEWS FROM EUROPE. THE SPANISH EXPEDITION A6AIN8T MEXICO What Gen. Prim Thought of the Sub ject Three Years Since. Offer of Twenty Thousand Muskets to Miramon in Madrid. English Opinion of the War in America and tho Finances of the Rebel Government, Ac., &c.. &e. The steamship Bavaria, Captain Traub?, from Ham burs by way of' Southampton on the 20th of November, reached lino port early yesterday morning, with a full cargo, flies of European journals to date, and specia. The following is the t-m'IB LIST OF THE BAVARIA. MOM liUWO, *B. Pchall&Co 11,414 50 .Amy Alley* 100 00 Total $1,514 50 r ROM Ha'TIMKlTOS. King & Derene ffcOO HU>M lUVltl. E. Buckley* Sons >3,220 51 Order 2,847 80 Total .$5,867 SI The new* by the Bavaria has been anticipated by the City of Baltimore. THE EXPEDITION AiBAINST MEXICO. The Chief Commander of the Spanish Forces? What he Thought Formerly of the Queen's Policy Towards Mexico? Offers of Arms to Mlramoa la Madrid. Ths correspondent of the Indepmdance Brigs, writing from Madrid on the 13th of November, makes tie follow ing statements: ? It Is positively arranged that General Prim Is to com mand tbo eorpt d'armee 10 be sent by Spain to Mexico. It was at first designed to givo the command to General Gassett, and up to the 7th Inst, no other officer wag nam id for tho post. Hie consequence of the co-operation of Kngland and France, an J the recommendation of the Emperor Napoleon, decided the Spanish government to offer the command to General l'rim. The General at once accepted tbo offer, and on the 12th of November had a long conference with the Minister of the Marine to fix the details of the expedition. The frigate Ulloa was to leave Cadiz on the 20th of November for Havana, conveying General Prim and bin staff. 1 will leave you, continues the correspondent, to reconcile tbo acceptance of the command by Gen. Trim with the attitude taken by tho same ollluer in the Seuate. when the question of war with Mexico was formerly im der discussion. On the 90th of November, 1868, on the opening of the Spanish Cortoz, Queen Isabella made men tion of the oflbnes of Mexico against Spain. In the session of the Senate or the 18th of Pecemljer following, a discussion was commenced on the address in reply to the Queen's speech, when General Trim pi? sented the subjoined resolution:? The Senato bus viewed with regret that the differences which have arisen between Spain and Mexico still exist. These differences, Madame, would hare received a peace able Holutlou if the government of your Majesty had been animated by sentiments of conciliation and Justice. Tho Senate knows that the origin of tlmse disagree ments in not very houorablefor the Spanish nation, and therefore it sees with regret the preparations for war ftrhich aro being made by your government, for it Is fully convinced that forco of arms will never give us right* which do not belong to ua. The debates on this amendment lasted two days, when General Prim , in several speeches which he made, de clared formally that he did not wish to make this a mode of opposition to the government. ' ' / my*:?/," he said, "oi/riirff of all }>artits,and I toish to prove. hy thr tuns' authentic document* that n'nee this question luu been uirita ted the Mexican repul lie hat been treated by Spain with Uk tnoit arrogant injuttice." In concluding one of his spec.- lies the honorable Senator, apostrophising tho Cabinet, exclaimed, 'Do not exhibit to much ar rbganre toward* a people who have neither an en ?y ner a, n any to oppose you. What will yon gain bit tnrh on enterprise? Von will obtain but ouo thing ? the destruction forever of all Spanish influence In Mexico, snd inlliiem e is not restored by tho voice of the cannon. I adjure yon, therefore, to atop while there in yet time; but If it be too late I will regret it, but still nniot express my sincere degireB that victory may every where follow the llag of my country." I am reminded of this fact by the rccent cbo ice of the government; but in a military point of view this choice could not be bettor. Vou are, doubtless. aware that the 6ecret views of tbis Court arc to establish a monarchy in Mexico, and to give the throne to the infant Don Sebaaticn , Grand Prior of the Order of Jerusalem. Tins project appears to me as very difficult of realisation. General Miramon left Madrid yesterday to proceed to the scat of war, by way of France. It Is stated that 20,000 muskets and other munitions of war have been ?laced at his disposal. cffxKBAL rttiu d Staff for the spanish roues? WHAT SPAM HOPES TO ACCOMPLISH. The Madrid journals of the 14tb of November state that the stair of General Prim, as commander of the Spanish expedition to Mexico, has been formed; Its chief is Major general Torres Jurado. and it ^tjfjigts of oof ftv ?er tnffi eeventeeu other persons, military ind civil. Orders bad feeen given to the General and the staff to bold themselves in roadless to leave for Mexico without delay, instead of atLllo < ri'l of the tliwuh, *3 originally intended. The Kfpana says: ? In political circles tho project of forming 111 America a confqdcrat ion of'nl! tbf republics of Spanish origin, wltb Spain at the head of it, is now being discussed. Such a measure, it is aftlmod, would possess great advantages, both for Spain and tor those lut'e B\ate?. BAILING OF A SPtENDIT* AND WELI. APPOINTED FRENCH FORCE., LPaiis (\"or. 14) Corrospoij^noe of London Army and Navy Gizette.] The port of Tonkin has been very busy preparing for the MoMcati expedition: 110 less than thirteen telegraphic dispatches frtin Paris during tta" course of one night, everything wus pushed on with the utmost activity by tbo m ir if Ime prefect and authorities here, ltakcrs and military workmen were forwarded in hot basto. and tho st'-am transport L'Aube, which is down to the water's edge with double Its complemcut of mea, horses and ar tillery. Tbo French force of 3,000 mon is composed of 'Zouaves and Spahis, drawn from Algiers, infantry of the marine, battery of artillery "rayee." la Sevrc Is to take wut provision which cannot be bad at Vera Crux, and which, at Havana, cost their weight in gold. The ,->quad rott left on tbo lltb. r THE AMERICAN QUESTION ABROAD. 1NCMISH VIKW OF TBI REBEL FIN A NV Kg. fFrorn the London Economist, Nov. 16. J The circular oi' their Secretary of tlie Treasury gives uo ! Tery encouraging account of the pecuniary resources of the Confederal* States. 80 complete In the official silence <>t the rulers of the new commonwealth that vre have now, I'or the flrst time. a distinct account 01' the nature ?f ; ho cotton loan, of which so many vague descriptions liav j been hazarded. % In the dm place, It is not a loan or a "subscription" of ? cotton at all. It gives (lie government no right to any [ specitic Dales whatever. It is only an engagement on the a* ? part of tbe planter to subscribe, for the use. of the govern ment, a cci win sum of money out of the proceeds of a certain number of bales of cotton when sold. The. planter retains tho produce in his custody, bos the ex elusive right of declaring when he will sell It . and at what price he will sell It. The government get nothing in prtemUi, und it is ojiea to the obvious effect.* ?of many contingencies whether the government will ever get anything. The plantuv may become bankrupt, and the cotton on his estate may be seized by his creditors, or he may l>e needy and fraudulent, and dispose of the crop surreptitiously. All tbe government appears 10 receive Hi an order on the factor or commission afent who is to conduct the sale; but. the factor can have no present pos session of toe 1 cotton, for tbe govornmunt will not |x?init it to bo brought down to the seaport town whore he con ? ducts his business. Ho can only pay the government when he receives and sells the cotton . and, especially if ? the Confederate government should chance toliounouc ce-sful. ho in! ly never receive or sell it. ^om< other broker, who has no cognisance of the transaction, may , be selected to sell the cotton and to transmit the proceeds * to the planter. From otbur parts of Mr. Memminger's circular, it would appear that just now the planter are extronielv desirous of cash. What, then, it maybe asked, do the government <ct t\v t*i!fc uncertain promiBe to mako a loan at a distant j peri.iJ? They pain, or hope to gain, presont credit. 4 They Hud the most wealthy part or tlw population to | } give th?*m aid. not indeed now? for oven the richest planters have now little money, though much cotton? liut as soon ib it is in their power. The go\erumt>ut got* all It can from its future subjects, and it must do with it as best it may. The government must want credit exceed log! v. It is issuing promissory notes, which Mr. Memminger officially tells us have supplanted all tiie other currency of the . . rOuntr\ . It oarrifinr/ t,n a war of txitfjnct ttpen a ?t?u/ the $</1e ?00H4i r is that it i? 10 rSiceeftful at it hi" ? l'i ob.ibly ratlutr stringent measures would be put In l'orce ? ? both hy the goveriimcut and the populace against any ? caul lotis person who objected to take Treasury notes. As ? r the government a,e issuing a va^t papor currency, it I naturally wishes to have lome ragtte connection wi'h real j maVh. aad asks evou the present promise of a nominally 'li secured loan at ar Indefinitely distant period. ? I Such is the glimpse which Mr. Memminger affords of his 1, < wb Treasury. Tio account lie gives of tfcat of the plant ers is n' t much better. It appears they want a : loan too. As tiiey lire to li ml to tho government some thing hereafter a* foon as they have sold their ? niton, they ask the government to lord them a J' little :vjw to carry (hern over tlie trying interval previous to its sals. Tho government is Issuing countlesti proinis.-ory notes, and the planters would like, . ni t unnalurully, S"iuo for their own use. But upon this I Mr. Mernmnger iri even amusingly stern. He is rot defi cient in politic!*) oconomy. He says lie wants his notes for I'itn-.elf. He Was a very exp< Five war te canyon, and his resource* arc tried to ibe utmost, and no portion ni ilcw cau ho sqoaudored. if Le liclpt\l the ho would !????,? go many note* that the whole nurroncy would be depreciated, and so (li? government would bav? to pity 10 ? medium which b?< amv Jess ou 1 leg* i iD cleut ovary day. It ii evident that tli* difficulty which wo pointed out wulhB sire* 19 1 aally pre&ung ti|>ou the Conled# rat* Statue. We showed on March 2d, 1881, that the Southern states xotre utterly dtt'tclii* in peeuniarv re source*? that the deposits ia their banks wars only ili, 000,000, a little more than thoie of a single London Joint stock bank. Mr. Mttmtnlnger rocommends (he planters Lo ask ?id from tUe bauks; tut \f tA< UmL a luul yltiity of money /? lent I, fhr planter! tcoukl mi kar- ivfititnwl Mr. Mttmunyrr. MK. HANKH MTaSnorE. M. 1'., ON PKMOCKACT iN AHK miu. (From iho Loudon Poet, Nov. 20.1 The member* of the Aiford Agricultural Sociaty cele brated Ihetr twenty third anniversary 011 Friday night by ^dinner in the Corn Exchange, under tho presidency of the Might Hon. R. C. N. Hamilton, formerly oca of tho members for the county of Lincoln. There were also pre mint? Mr. Banks Siauhof*. M. 1'., faptaiu Dallas York*, Mr. C. Mundy.iui. Mr. Stamhoh* said it was of the most vital importance that we should gee clearly what democracy was when it was held up aa an example for our imitation. We ought to look ai its resultg, ami ho prepaied lo lesist any of that pernicious undermining "f our constilu tion which might prove most disastrous. (Ch**ni.) Ho did not proton* to be a great historian, but be di'i not know of anything in modern history go ex. traordinary u* the 'southern states departing from the Northern. And what was It All about? Cer tainly not on aooount of tho slavery question, for there was no inieiiiHHi ou th? part of the Northern states to Ml Ike negro free. The prOoeoAillgt Of He Nortboiu states were precisely whet we blamed In Kussia and And- | iru?. N'uwbere were pernoua mors completely coerced, tb.n m tho Northern State*, and when newvpaper editors darod to exprebsan opinion In favor or g*c*asion they ran tbe risk of being tarred and feathered ; and when our own overnmeut remonstrated against tho treatment which ad been experienced by a British subject, all tb* redress ww an impertinent reply from the American authorities. Hi would ?sk wan there anything worse on the psrt of any absolute government than those acts which wore now committed by the freest nation in the world r When democracy was fairly put to tho trial it broke down alto gether, and wan transformed into an absolute govern ment and a military nation. |?KMFOBD BO PH. M. r., ON TUK IKDEPl.'KDKHCB OK J BE SOUTH. fFrcm the 1 "tidon Chronicle. November 20.] A lecture was driivored by A. J. B. Pevesford Hope, Esq. , to tho members of the Kihidown Library, on the subject of the civil war in America. Alter reviewing the history of the struggle Mr. Hop* said:?' Three hundred years ago Holland achieved its in dependence of Spain against even greater odds than the South has to contend with: and though (here are twenty millions In the North against ten millions in the South, yot the singleucfs of purpose w Ith which the latter seem to act , gives them great, advantage over opponents vyhogf counsel*" are divided. It was at yuc lane fancied that slavery would bean element of weakness to the South, but so far irom the staves rising in a servile insurrection, they are actually a right arm of strength to their owners, and much ???( may wonder at it, they mum to be working hard l or the very man against whom it was supposed they wnilil be the first to turn their bauds. For tho "nnbbtnjr which the President gave Fremont, in tho matter of hht proclamal ion declaring the emancipation of ?la\ eg . I praise Lincoln, for tb* horrors of war would be increased a thousand fold were a servile rebellion foster*!. But what will be th* end of tlieptruggle? One thing appears per fectly certain? the North cannot eonquer the flout h. They may devastate it, they may sacriflce millions of treasure and a host of men, but they will never portna nentlv ->ubjugat* tho South against its will. The strug gl?, in fact . at present is , to decldo whether the bordor I Stalen shall hereafb r belong la the North "r to the South. If you look at the map, it appears to be the inevitable it sign of Provldeuce 'ha! M- country thnulU bt dii ii'nl into thffiv (liriiiuitis Ifkich I mtniionrd brfurr. And this division would be well for North America itself. At pre sent it is conscious n"t of strength but of numbers, and the CultttU States hectored and bullied other Power* lie cause it had nobody to keep it in ordar. Its only neigh bor;-! ar? CanaJa in the North, and the weak republic of Mexico in tile South, oneu divided into a number of State*, each would be a check upon th* other, and each would fall into the p; sition of an European nation. Each would have to maintain its frontier, to keep up a standing army, to have a watchful Foreign Office. Well and good. Would that be any great hardship r Every other country iu the world doe* the like, and it is time that our bumptious cousins, now thnt they hav* become men and acquired bone undsiuew, should assume tlm responsibilities of life, and no longer display that childish petulance which may have b*en excusable iu the young days of the republic. Such a division would be good, too, for the blanks themselves, because the slaveowners , unfettered by the Intrigues'of a litrg* party playing fast and looso with this question, and another smaller party preaching Immediate emancipa tion, another name for immediate star' at ion, would, for their own self- interest, tnake such arrangements as v. ould to the gradual abolition of slavery. We esnnot help coding that tho North, with all its civiliza tion, is the hotbed of auarcby.and thai the South, in (.pit* of the dark blot which stains ll-j escutcheon, is lighting with on* heart mid mind for itH independence from a hateful thraldom. We cannot help seeing that, while Abraham Lincoln is an incapable pretender, Jelfer son Davis in a bold, a daring, yot politic statesman. We inay wish to see the American Htaies peacefully separated into the great divisions marked out by nature; we may wish to see bloodshed cease and peace restored; but 1 contend ? and I know the majority of thinking men in this country agro* with ma. though they are too mealy luoutlied to say so ? that the bett and readiest method towards that end would be the establishment . as soon as possible, of tkr a?i'i>leir indr /Mandate* of tb* Confederate State*. (Lmd shcors.) The lecture wag listeucd'to with the greatest Interest, and th* audience expressed their approval of the seutiineuts expressed by frequent ap plaus*. The Bishop of I^rca.*, in proposing a vote of tlisnks to Mr. Ber*sford Hope for his instructive and interesting lecture, said he was sure all present would feel deeply grateful that their lot was cast, in old Kogland, and that this country was not tossed about upon Uie turbulent sua of democracy, which knew no stability god no rest. (Hear, hear.) TRADE OF VUMIVX WITH Iflll I NIW# jMATKB AKD HBXICO. The Helge publishes n report addressed by the JJiu:?ier of Finitnc* to llis Majesty the King of the Belgian? accompanying tho general returns of the com merce of Belgium with foreign c<mniri*? The TQpSfV lit?t$b ilia' tn* tiBBlifc? 01 tile ^uutitf?- hug grpftdy increased din ing the year 1860. The iaiporlalioos from America were augmented from Sl,iOO,Of.O francs, or $16,200,000, in lt>.">9 to 181,000.000 francs ifan.200,000) in 1800. The exports were also greatly increased. From ?Ci ,1*00.000 francs f$8,fl00r(Hit?) in 18f>0. they a?:endfd to 48,300,000 Qrancs t$0,6(iO,OOO) in 18fl0. b*i ig an increase Of five millions, or twelvo per cent. Tb> importations from the United St?t?b were increased from 29, 300 .000 (Yancs (|0,860,000j m 1869 to 34,200,000 francs ($0, S40, 000) in I860, being a difference of more than seventeen jier cent. The articles thst liatc greatly increased are. fuei. tobacco (unmanufactured), grain, untamed hides, 4ic. There has 1k>?ii n decrease in the imiKirtaiion of cot ton, cofl'ee, sugar, veget iblc tibres, etc. Kxports to fhilo and Peru bave increased fifteen per cent, to Bio de la Plata, 101 per cent, to Brarll thirty per cent. Exporta ttoBS to Cuba and Tot to liico hav* been reduced eight per cent and to the British North Auiericanprovincos eighteen per oent. To Mexico sixty per cent and to Hsyti and Venezuela twenty -nine per cent. j THE ANGJ.O- -FRENCH AI,MAN> K A DONU FOR L.XJ VJtK bAL OPERATIONS'. [from the I/ju<lon Ftnr, Nov, 19.] At the civic banquet held at Chichester on Wednesday last, Lord Henry I.ennofc, M. P. far that city, delivered im able speech. H<i nald The Emperor Xai*>leou saw where lay the real interests nf bis people, #!"t with unswerving tonicity has he clung to every measure which could tend to cement an intimate alliance between the English and French people*. (Cheers.) But I have no doubt there are gome who will say it is all very well if It were possi ble, but that such au alliance can never last. Well, gon- I t.lenien, I oar ouly pay that tftose who speak (bus cannot' ' have noted the history of the i?ut years. (H<>ar, hear.) For eight years, from one cud of the. globe' to the other, the policy of Ihe two government* has boon identical; iii the Crimea, in China nnif in Mrxiro our flogs hav floated and ore floittiny fide by rti'c. Our olipris vtre om. In Ame rican ojfa-irn the policy r/lhe French govern matl i* ulentital with our own: while even in Italy, where we were only passive spectators and where French treasure was pour ed out and French blood was spilled, the counsels or the English government were listened to, and a policy was sanctioned which, while it accorded with the sympathies of the Kuglieh people, arrayed iigainst the Emperor Napo leon ?hn bitter hostility of tho most powerful and influ oatial body in liuewu country. Tho great alliance hav ing lived through su<U crimes ncil weathered such dan gar*. will, I confidently believe, be uot easily broken up. (Hear, hear. J A FRENCH REPORT OF THIS UNION UECRUTINO SYS TEM? PBINC* NAPOLEON'H AIP-PE-CAMF '>SPCRIBEH A KKW TORK OFFICE. fl'aris (\'ov. 17) correspondence of the London Herald.] The Monitevr it VArmtt is publishing a series of letters from M. Ferrl I'lsani, Priuco Napoleoue aid-decamp, wrltton during his visit to America. The following is well worth reading ? " We have at this moment at New York, the extraordinary spectacle of recruiting in full operation. The great. Barnum is the model ai:d the mas- j ter oi all ciUiemt who aspire to the honor of avenging the I foJerni fl.ig under iho title and with the pay ol captain, I colonel, or general. The hrlgsde called the Excelsiors, which is really a lino body, had its oentral recruiting office established in a tine house covered with pla cards and tings. An Immense crowd of people was assembled before the extensive balcony , ornamented with warlike emblems, and in the midst of which wnn station ed a military band, which delighted the crowd with Its bursts of haraony. At intervals a. patriotic spaech was delivered, in order to give the Bundling touch to the ex citement ??imsed by the music and the sight of tho tro phies. At a given ncrnent the speaker gave a sign to the people, and a general rush was made Into the office, aud tho recruiting lists were rapidly covered with signatures. In a Mneral way each corp3 in course of formation at Now York has a recruiting otllcor in the Broadway, an immense strcol similar to the Boulevard* at puns, 'and there Is, in addition, large tents erected in the public square*. Those streets form a little camp through wlrch circulates a curious aud beilous crowd, for at N?w York everything In dom: with gravity ?a it is in l'.uit with ninth, it is certain that if inch a camp were established on the Plane de la Bastille it would piviiise to mneh liveliness and many jokes on the part of the workmen of the fau bourg. What is most amulltg is the serious contract between the gravity of the recruiter uudfbe roitiits, and tlio style ;iud lorra of the p acard which ar-> ?* posed by the ouo iud r?ud tsy ?h<> oaher. Theeo p'.a casdn, or gigantic .*?, r?p >?u: 1?r the must port u . o! dler of the T'oion eiw-miin-n ? hi eti wies imt ?ith exaggeration of siutud' . gesilir? and expiration -which would make one think that <.hnn h id bv*i> hi" pen* 1 on them. ' ndeni' ath r^tlifS patriotic p-al, iklJfoUl ???*? d with ii? ? psrticuUir claims whtrh lac commanding officer of tho i ? giuicnt has to i>ub! < caojldencn. i r instance, we read tin* f .liiw , ..... ? i, nboo'? Y' ? f ?> ? ?> ho ore dosir.uif f Aveti,. Jrg iht her >r Of their to.iElrff *Lcra ..11 >nj f d a i fici regiment Jfav Ihf 1 lU'.vto ' lK!WWifi|W tlcy York Zouaves, 4c. AU their officers are well versed In war, and tlie Colonel wan a pupil at the military school at West Foiut. Very frequently the citlxen who raire* the regiment only takes the position of Lieutenant Colonel, leaving that of colonel vacant, la order to attract the public by ihu hope of seeing it tilled up by koiuo one from Wejl Point, that is to say i>y an officer of the stand liif) anny, a pupil of that echooi. The clftct of thin on the uis >e* jir<n-en that I lie)* ure possessed of good souse ana a Curtate degree of military instinct. Next corni-s a recapitulation of the advantages secured by tho re public to the recruits:? Sixty franc* a mouth pu) , provision* in abuudance, good uniforms and a jpant of land at (he expiration of tho tersu of service. The principal parts of tho placard are always poinieil out to pubiio atleution by a hand with a finger extended, just as we sea on a finger post at cross roads. The slxe of this indication varies according to the llniwuiica uf the notice, it follows as a matter of course that the hand which la intended to direct the eye to tho tJOf. h mouth is a gigantic one. I hare seen some half starved Irishmen fascinated by some of those diabolical hands, at tho eud of which ii seen the enumeration of the different articles of which the rations are composed ? bread, ment, wine, vegetable*, beer, Ate. A* may be supposed, there are some examples of nnthlr competition in those half commercial, lialf military operations, for after the announcement of tho lucrative conditions of l he conteaet.we see a kind of rutin b-?i>, reulloniug the people against other offices which oiler advantage* which are not sanctioned by Congress, and are therefore only visionary. For regiments which are already formed, but only naul to complete their number, the plncai ds always state that only a few are required, and we see the word*, "Lose no time, young men; there are only twenty Ave vacancies remaining to be filled up." As in the aale by auction of clothes the paletot offered I* always the last on hand, but when that is sold many other last ones are discovered. {Sometimes enlist inentv somewhat wholesale em asked for, and we see a placard with this announcement?' '? Wanted, a company of tneu 01 good character, commanded by a captain well vomed in the military art . '' Apply at a certain number in a certain street. hitter from an Knaltali Officer of the Rebel Ar my. [K:'Om the London Herald, Nov. 15.] Tb? following interest ing letter, from a liury man at New Oilea o*. ha* boon forwarded to us for publica tion : ? Nsw Orlkam. Sept. 2ft. 1361 fuR Coi'*LSP ? 1 take the advantage aj'uitUU by tAf British we are blockaded, to write you these few lines, hoping they will Uml you in good health, a* we are at prerent. I ox poet some new a fr? ni the Southern confederacy w ill be v ery acceptable about this time. We ?re get t lug along in st rate. Vfv have not bud one rase of yellow fev r this bummer so far. We liavo no ships here, it is true, except ilbnio Yankee WtSMjtUKl there is no business doing ot any account. We aro all going ip for fighting. Almost every man in this city y a soldier, or about beiDg one, not by compulsion, mind you, but its a volunteer. Almost all cur young men have gone to the war some time since, our .lohu amongst the rest. He has beeu in Virginia about three months, lie lias been in two QglilH ? It Run owl Moiwtias ? and helped to mako Yankees run *<> f?*t. I received a letter from him yesterday. Ho was first rate. He makes a first rate soldier. You have no idea of the en thusiasm of our people about the war. becaiire we are fighting for our homos and out- wthtutvus, and we ar* bound to fight to the last us long as ih"re (-- ? man led to handle a musket. I belong to a company myself, and wo may be called out any day , and 1 will go if 1 ha* c to close my (tore. 1 have k'lpett <?/ "wip n?' eqmpany to go aud light 'Abe l-iuculn,'" and 1 will spend every dollar I have in the world, and tlieu go myself to fight against him;' Every man In town aud C'tntry is giving all he call spare to the good cause, because we are lighting for nor inde pendence, aud we are oound to have it. We have de feated them in ev*ry battle go far, and we are going to do It again, '[be company th*t our .lohn belongs to (the flevout h regiment) reprt$riU.i at b ail uric milium dullare ? all yonug men that have lelt good, comfortable homes to light for t heir ?xnmtty; sn you may judge whether they will tight or not. There is no cotton coming in here; tho planters have come to the conclusion to burn every |>outid of it before ''Abe Lincoln'' shall eve it; snd, moreover, there is a law parsed that it will be treason to ship any cotton before the blockade is raised, ami we are determined to abide by it. Wo have plenty of money and plenty of provisions here. We are expecting a big tight about here before l^ng. Old Abe is talking of pending an expedition out here. I hope they will Cuine; we are ready for them, and will give them a good reception, There are uw Yaukee prisoners expected here this evening, and there is a regi ment of black* detailed to escort the Northern gentlemen to the prison. That will be an honor to them, iht arejurt at much embittered uyaiiid th Xortk an the ivhiti people. Sot ne jxirtiou of this may not .->uit your ideas, but pleaae excuso it; I am writing iu a hurry . be I have only one hour to w rite and deliv er this before the party leaves. I will write ugain the first opportunity, n?it (line 1 write we shall be able to send you plenty or cotton. Please give our respect* to all inquiring friends, honing thev are all well. THOMAS LUNN. p. S.? We haw 30(1.000 toUiert in the JVM, and gU.nt'j more left. [Is this enthusiastic Knghahinau a British subject or au Ameriean citiwtn in rebellion? If the latter, why doe* the British Consul ??aflbril advantage'' to him to commu nicate to Kurop* treasonable mi. i tor pgaiust our govern ment? If a British subject why not warn him of Queen Victoria's neutrality (!) pro ?-lamationr? En. Hkioi.p.] The French Deficit or 141)0,004), 000. [From the Londi n Modci Market Itm lew, Nov. lt>. 1 In our improhKiou of the 2dth nil. ?t pointed out fliat < the reckless extravagance of the French governuiont would sooner or later briny about. a ' rrt-ia." It whs ob served. ? '? It the French government really wish u> avert ? crisis, there is but one measure that will completely and |>crmancntly obvtato it. and that is a gr?at reduction in their enormous expenditure, which l? slowly but surely napping ib foundations oi i he prosperity or Franco, and pa v ins the way for a crash. rltiniaicly , we have but little doubt, the prcseut difficult iei will be cat. hci up by a State loan; but palliatives and expedients will not last for ever, and it in only by u disarmament that the evil ran be permanently stayed, and real couhdenco inspjrod. ' On the 14th inbuilt the .WeM'frttrttuvwQccs that the Solicit hup reaeliod the enorwo* aio.unt ot i.Oou millions of francs? or. say ?40,0o0,000?l?rling. Singularly enough ou this not iflcation IteiiiR made, the rentes rosa one half per cent. Imagine our funds tiding on au announcement ntf Mr. Gladstone of a deficit of ?40,000.000 : The naturally evil efTec) of the new* on the Bourse was entirely courier acted by the apj>oir;m?fii oi M. Fouid a* Minister It and t>y fc Solemn promise, made la ft manifesto, under the Kmpcror sown hand, that the System which baa been marked by such iiroliigaie waste shail bo oban doned. The Emperor. iu a fetter to the Minister of State, acknow i edges the necessity of confining the budget within "Invariable limits;" and G.' > s that - ihe only efficacious meant! to alt ?in this end lc to resolutely abandon the faculty which appertain* to me "l ojienlni; ? fresh ciodit in the absence of the Chambers." We dtflier somewhat from his lfaj<*tT. The fresh credit system, doubtless, was one of thu causes of the deficit, but not the out) onu. It i.s not so much iho suppression of extraordinary credits that is wanted, but the suppres sion .of the \ oat armaments which render those extra ordinary credits necc -xary , and which, it the same lime, oblige neighboring nation* to maintain large forces like w ise. it is a monstrous fa<t 'hat Prunee, in tiro* ?-f peace, ha* been spending on a moderate estimate ?M0,000.0fl0 ?ter ling |>er annum. The budget of France for the year 1*00, as officially acknowledged . was ns follow#:? kischi'TO. f'lVWf Direct t*\fB 4t'!?.?3e,fl4S Stamys 36*,?7;,000 Forests ami fisheries 37,7m, 600 Customs and salt duty 22^,061 .000 Indirect taxes 4Hft,4ii9,ooo Post Office 57, WW .000 Sundry revenues 140, 872, *56 Divers productions 41,619,375 Total 854^79 ?Or ?7.'t, (TI2. ooo storing. Ktrrxmivnv. t'lllMC/ Public debt 560,148,676 notations and pensions 41 ,070,301 Services of the ministers h00,t?3a.8i6 Fxpensesbf collection of revenue 100.747,107 Reimbursements and restitutions rJ4.5AO.24H Public works 31.000,000 Total 1,824,957.77# ?Or ?72,996,000 sterling Of course, this budget showed e surplus. French budgets always do? on paper. Vet a deficit of ?40,000,00 <> is now avowed. How did this arise, in the course, pro bably,of two or three years? Mainly, as il would ap pear, bocauso the liugw item of expenditure, classed as "services of the ministers'' was susceptible of iudefiuite expansion. Each mill isttr ban had his se(ia rate budget. Each has had the power of obtaining from the Emperor such decrees for fresh "crcdlts"' as ho asked for. Tho whole system is worthy of Itnsnia, or of Turkey. It is a great merit, truly . lor tho l?mperor to relinquish his privilege of authorizing supplemental credits! He does not cast down the weapon until it Is broken. Great Britain, vastly richer tlwn France, is oppressed by a taxation amounting to ?70,(aK),000 a year. Muet nut Franco reel under an expenditure of ?S0 .000,000' True, we raise tho money solely by taxation, whereas Franco resorts to annual loans, even in time of peace; but, iu acting thus, France but burns tho can dle at both end*. There Is a limit both to taxation and to loan raising, and that limit is being ap proached; 600,000 men in arms, ai.d a fleet as large as our own, may be compatible .with the plory of France, but they meau misory to the population. The future ol the nation is bring eaten up aud consumed, and unles3 the Fmperor acta upon the reckless maxim?" After me the deluge "?his policy is incomprehensible. We are Mr asked to believe that aH Is to be reformed, that ret renchment is to do enforced . that the military and naval armame.nts arc to be roduced, and that a real con trol over the finances is tu be delegated to the legislature. Wc shall s-ie. Distrust is the prevalent feeling in the Fnglish mind. We have had plenty of excellent ??eti rancor? we want deeds. What amount ef sincerity there may be in lib professions time alone cau show. Mean while, it is fome coiifolatloh f"r our financial nnd coir raerclal community to know that they may pursue their avocations for ?"nie time iu fill accuritv that there wrl bo no sound likely to ini|t!de tho rush of investor* to take part <n thy'hirga loan which is doubtless abi ut to b* opened. The sl< ct mat keU of Furope r?tipi-:e to know that IhoEmpptor is under h?avy rec.ogniWM.ocE to keeo lht> peacn.

The Vlanlagc of the Prince of Wales. MONCY ritO'ttl VS Of TllK VOl'Kfl OKNTtffKAH. | Fr?m the i.ondou Financial Iteformer ior Noremberl This is an event vhi' tl^ natural ordo'- of th tin m;sy be looked ft,r shortly. Wadau !* oir>rl)a- m.iad. already nh^red :tpon his Rttyai lftehn> >.?? ?? ?l? td - ? T I 'r nice < <'t I'ltitinuk 'o wl > n an 1 who ??? i.ia'o heirs th? Kj<Tr-?:..n tn the ll:-?<i:o ;? e<t?d ;? .y. .. i. -'O the of londijn tf w#2 rheli ? r -nl' r 17th \ear. . i' l said to <,,? h<.. ".t . ?l,oiid in . ?. ? r -o " > .; eita'rle ipat. b Vr tee I i ,r i ; nr. i.t t" :le t >!???.? ?'f i iiK.and. I'm (i|y i ??.. i . .HtLeO ' li t IV I .? . o il .. .1 uio ? ? . , : . ?i ?? ?? : ? t 1 oglaild tjd l) u n;nrk r. >)' i itaiig'e ? .< ry a cr ?-oa ,v.nfi. iv.'.. -I cMMioa, ?? similar have ?lune in times of old. But whenever tail whomsoever his Royal Highness murry, we take It for granted that there will be no extra-* ordinary pull upon the public purs* ou the nccatdon, be cause the bridegroom either it, or ought to bo, amply provided fbr by tho revenues of th> ltuuhy of Cornwall, whleh, only diminished by the eost of hln miintenance aud eilucallou, have been accumulating for bit benefit rrotn the day of his birth, some twenty yean ago. From the Parliament ary return No. IS, ?. union 18fi0, tho latest we have seen ou the subject, it appears thai the grog* receipts of the duchy to the year ending 3lst December, 18f>9, were ?43,704 12s.l0ji{d; ihat the disbursements under various hearts amounted to 112,0'27 10s 31,. aud that tho sum of .?40.7*6 wa? paid over to the trustees and treasurer of liis R?yal Hignmaa, to hie Royal Highness' use. leaving a balance of ?0.992 2s. T>;d. at his banker s Now, an lunome of ?40.000 u year for twenty years amounts to ?800,000; and supposing that the mainttinkuee and edu cation of the Prince fitiku from the time hu was a baby in arms Jown to the prisem day has cost his royal pa rent* ? who are the trustees? ?100, ooo. there ought to be something like ?700,000 invested for his benefit some where. If what ought to be Is, the loyal aud liberal people of Kngland may rejoice, therefore. In the pros peat of the approaching happiness of their future meuarch without any apprehension oi a demand for dowry or ap panage such as is, it would appear. indispensable in the cago Of other members of the royal family. THE NAVY. BROOKLYN NAVY YARD. Now 'bat ihe winter is really upon us. the work at the Brooklyn Navy Yard ia being pushed forward wltfa all possible rapidity, in order to ge all the \ essels there finished before tho river and iiatUcularly Walla bout Bay, become closed in by the accumulation of fee. The gunboM Cayuga was towed to the yard from Connecticut to be finished, for fear of being frozen in where she wag. Workmen are busy at work on her. This week has been a very busy one at the yard, aud s good deal of both inside and outside work was done. Tho storeshlp Reltefwas placed in commission, ami left the yard yesterdsy for Old Poiut. The following is ? list of her officers:? LiruhitaiU Oi?ni*aiuliiig~- Beiij. 1). Kwtton. Acting Matter? Win. N. Post. Acting Attittaut 8nrfl?M?G*l*a Ptarneei, Acting A'sistant Paymaster s t'Urk? Tracy (?it. Matter? John W Williams Matltr't Matei? X. B, Morgan and Thorn ?s Grove. The Wyandot went iuto commission with tho following list of officers:? LiirutniatU CoiMtiandirtp? R. McArunn. /.ieiit'iiant?i' H. .S-ho'inmaker, Aciiii# Murteit?VI. H. Cooperiton , C. B. Blown. W H. Hubbs. AitisUint Surgton?H. D. Burlingbam. Auistant Fayinader? James Hoy . Jr. Arting Ma*trr'f Mefri? B. I>. Road, J; meg J. Russet, T. Short. Acting Third Auiftant K^iattri? Wu. Mo. a, George B. Dunklry, C. Can-, U Veltcli. Monday evening the sloop of war Vandaliawas floated into the dry dock , just as slie arrived? guns, crew, &e., all ou board, She will be carefully examined , and any repairs necessary will be at once attended to. The Quaker City ha* left the dock . nnd i being (Minted aud otherwise made ready foi sea. The pilot boat Geo. W. Blunt was put into commission Monday, and bad her crew and all on board, when .in order was received from Washington thai entirely changed everything. The crew was placed again on hour. I ilie North Carolina, and the Blunt w 111 be plac ed under I he charge of some of our couhl pilots, instead of uaval officers. "Tie new side-wheel -learner, of which we hare spoken several times before, will be launched to morrow. The other vessel in the shiphouse will bu ready very soon. The Curlew has gone out of commission, snd the Parrot pun that was smashed in the I'ori Royal tight has been placed in a conspicuous place in the yard, and will here after be classed among its curiosities. Everything betokens the business that Ik going on, and to a person unacquainted with the yard it would sceui as if there would never be an end to the work. The officers of the yurd won all paid on Monday morning, notice having been given to that effect. The steamer Rhode friatiu left the yard on Thursday for the Atlantic squadron, aud tlir line si earner Mereedita was placed in commission , and sailed yesterday. The fol lowing is a list ol tier officers: ? ('nmuiui?itr ? Jj. S. SlillwageB. Lieutenant ? 8. Abbott. Artiug Maittri ? Charles B. Wilder, Prederick J. 'J rover, Charles H. Baldwin. Acting A'riftant SurifMi ? 'harks B Mason. Acting Aiuiftuni 1'iitfwori'i ? Thomas Stillwagen. Acting Madera Mai-.t ? E Lane, Edward Rogers, G. A. Swens. Unginrert ? Acting First V s staut Alexander lhng: Act ing Second Assistant, P Roekfollor; Ac ting Third A- siit ants. E. K. Mauson . John .4. Monger, The stop ship Relief and the gunboat Wyandot, togothi r with the Mereedita left the yard yesterday. As soon as they took their departure their places ware Instantly taken by others. The am. annul oi ilie Mereedita will censlft o!' eight ihlrl) tiro pounders and one Parroit rifled gun. The dry dock was empty on rhuisday .the Vuudaliahav. itigheen floated ont, her tojtirie- being vory slight tttln r vessela will take hur place. i'h< new gtmboat Winona i had steam on ou Tliuicday. In cncsoquenci of some little j disarrang' meut in her machinery that had to lie titled belote sh' would be accepted l>y the autltoritios. It will be soon arranged iuwI she will then tsVe her departure. She is armed with one eleven lnoh colnmbisd. two brass pieues and a Parrot t pun on (fee forecast le. A numl>er of improvenicnts are being made in the yard, airionf which we not-.ed praparatlon fo'r liandsomeJy mouBt'ng the eight bra'-* cannot! tliat w'ro captured during the the rsstlo of San Jvian d'llloji. ][hey wji| h? oa ne: t, iron car i jages, on the space jugl below ths IycwimT The Court oi inquiry is ttill silting. It hat disposed of thetirst caee and he-' taken up a ,7r< nu Utoevidenu.' olic:iicd was foi warded to tho Secretary of the Navy. LAUNCH OF A NEW GUNBOAT. Today, at twelve o'clock, the nn gunboat Oi.tcrard in to be launched at the HrooMyn Navy Yard. The I o?t it k fine specimen "f ntval architecture, two hundred and seven 1'ect long by emy-i'our !??( wide. She baa been projected bj l!r. Dele mo, aidad by Mr. Edward Hunt The latter gentleman bus been re. ently appointed Nuval , Conntrncter at this depot . and ik a t'eutlenriao highly de serving of the office. He Ik a not. of Mr. Samuel Hunt, and had been for a length of time rontiec let wit b the Brooklyn N'avy Yard an Master Draughtsman All v? ftpe< table t:ii/ens are admitted to the Yar<l to the launch. THK GUNBOAT INO ON A ( RU1SE. TO lUK KM TOR OJ TI?K II KRAI. h. Para, Nov. N, ]%1. On the 27tV, nit.. in latitude 8 dej.\ n?rth, longitude <2 drg. west . fell iu with United States ship Tno, cruising; all well. VfiisUed 'o be reported. 1 spent au hour or two ou board , and think it' tho hoys fluii the ftumtMr it will net be a Bull rnu light. Your#, respectfully , J. I.. SMACKKORD, brlgR. A. Fisher. NEW IRON-PLATED STEAMER FOR THE GOVERNMENT. A Philadelphia Arm to now bu<-:!ly enf ug< d at work upon ? new iron plated Reamer for the government The ' plates arc fifteen feet long, twenty eight and a half and thirty and ? half inches wide, and four inches thick- A two and a half ton hammer is required in then- manufac ture. Somo doubt has been expresred as to the ability of any iron works In three parts to mrn out such plates; hut we. understand that, there is no difficulty about if. After being received at tho foundry the plates are pUnail, the edges Mini ends being tnado straight aim smooth, and grooved like a flooring hoard. The groove is one inch w ide by half an inch deep. Screw* are to be used in fas leniug the plate* to the planking or the ship, They are to he put in from the inpldeor the vessel, aud are not to go throtiph tho plates. The vessel is to be corered w ith the plates four feet under water aud three above it, and th-v ure to extend eighty five feet fore and aft of (ho centre line, which will make one hundred and seventy feet of planking. The iron >p to come up to a line with the sptr dek alioro which there will ho ? light rail. The ?ides of the ship, with a view to cause lhe>-h<itto glance, will have an angle of thirty degrees from three icef. above the load line. In order to carry this extra weight , l he ship has to be large. The 'onnagc or the ouo under contract fs to he three thousand live hundred. She will lie twohuudred and thirty feet long, sixty feet beam, and have a draught of fourteen feet. In her const ruction she will be different from the French ship I .a Gloire about which ho much has been written. The French ship m very deep in the water, wliilo the vessel to be built here will be almost flat bottomed, which, notwithstanding tho additional weight, will mal;o her of light draught. Her machinery ? ill ho much the same as that of a first clans slonp-of var, except that she will have fotir boilers and a blower The latter is to make tin* boilers to steam own. though the "moke stack should be .''hot away. ARRIVAL 01? THE STEAMER JAMES A DOER. The ro:te>l s ,?tcs steamer .lames Ad#er. Cojnrrander .Tames P. Mini. hand, from tkmthaoiptou, Kngiand. via Faysl AiTftS, arrived at Baltimore on Tuesday evening, ai.d one or olTlcci pr^cseded direct t > Washington, t he was understood to be cn special duty . but her oiheora report that she I ring : no luMil gcnco oi' utcrett. Jhc ? following ;s a lilt of her officers ? Commander, ,f. B. Marchand: Am I. Kxocutive Offlcw ? James J'. Foster: Acting A 'tit tact Paymaster, Wm. W. T. Orecnway: Acting Matters, C?>rg? It. l'pbatn, Samuel Hose, Johu I' Carr; Acting A -msuuit Surgeon, Robert N. AtwOod; Engineers ? Alexander n. Douglass, Acting First Aft'isl&r.t Fngitteer in Charge-. William l*eter t-?n, -Ut.rig Second Assistant Kugmi er , (.bar tag Kieisted, James Fox , John Carren, Acting Third AeftiMant Kngi j ueerf , Kiishn J. Beucham, A-ting Nunuer; Frank M. j On* W. W RMd, George Oouch, Acting Master's i Ma'e*. NAVAL PROMOTIONS. ? A i>roinot>ii h; hum nude at the Itror k?yn Navy Yard vi 1 -.v.!! rice' ?? 'h the approbation of all whoif' sc , it i.t-i will tho . entleman apiWuteit. Tho p?r-oa in is Vr )?'?> k: Haiti wtio -.vis uppof?lte<l NT, . I v,i,H":.'c ??. I', ?..y iu. t. ll' .ib a fji of th? lat< -auiiiei ft ii '. f . ' \ yi v <cr at tli ?; pi t ?5.;l ?in> ? ly ?'!..? f cf the Bureau oft'onsu. 'a>n, . tl ? ai t* itM If i? a good one, Mr Hartt be n? h ' ( . 1U.C11..1U ? t pf.ircieucy. Mo is iu every way IHUi l f< r | i bo fi r t:cn which ho he, 'da n jrtttt.! Oilwe ^??n draughtsman and head of lbs moulding department for many(years. 11. N. T. Arnold, late First Lieutenant of the United Slates steamer Mohawk, has been detaehed from that vm-sol and ordered to the command of the Mystic, uow J ing at ill Philadelphia Navy Yard. BUSINESS AT THE PHILADELPHIA NAVY YARD. [From the Philadelphia l'rega, Deo 4 ] At the present time the fore* of workman employed at our Navy Yard reaches about 'J,tk)0 men. The work of building nnd repairing vessels is so much hurried that a number ot the employes work at night time, gas having* recent!? bean Introduced into the dlfltrent departments.? Work is also earned on on Sundays and other hoi ida.vs. Orders have been received to build another vessel uf iiie s.inio aue and model as the Juniata, and the belief is that a neo. nd one will be ordered. The Juniata is f*.?l ip proaching completion, and, it her machinery i. ricidy at the tuua she is finished, ilie vessel will be launched Within seventy days after the laying of tlw keel Yesterday morning the l uited States flog steamship Hartford arrived at tne powder magaziue uud proceeded to unload her powder preparatory to coming up to the yard. Ihe Hartford arrived opposite New Castle ou Mon day mght, from ilia rape of Uood Hope, She Batted from Boston in June, 18"<0, and an ived at Hong Kong 111 tic to. lier. While there sh" went up the Vang Iso-kiatiK river about seven hundred miles, visiuug I'ekiu uud other uties. She left the Capo of Good Hope on the 7th of Sep tember, and had a stormy pes.-age from Bermuda. The Hartford is about 2,<KKI tons, and her armament con sists of sixteen nine inch fkthlgron Runs. She has been constantly cruising about the coast of Chiua, and while there rapt. Frederic Engle was sent out to take charge of the squadron. He returned with the Hartford. TtM fol lowing is a complete list of her ufllcers: ? Flag officer, Frederic Fugle; Captain. Charles Intrudes-, Lieutenant#, Kit ward a. BAruct, Julian Myers, Hicliard 1,. J aw, Alexander M. DeBreo, W. T. G las sell, l>. A. Forrest; Sailing Master, Edward Lea; Fleet Surgeon, B. R. Titular; Passed Assistant Surgeon, S. F. Cowes; Assistant Sur 8i* 'U, Fd. F. Corson; Pay muster, John i>. Gibson; Flag dicer's Secretary, Charles A. Downes; Captain of Ma rinc*. Addison Gat land; Lieutenant of llariues, Lncien L. Dawson; Chief Kngineer, Andrew lawtou, First A?jlstHUt Engineers, F. C. Hade. W. S. Stamtn. Alex. Greer: Third Assistant Engineers, W. W. Hopi<er. Fred. Ooblis, Sydney Albert, F. A. R. George; Csptotn'8 Clerk, John W. North; Paymaster's Clerk, BenJ. F. Huberts; Midshipman. G. C. Renuey, A. S. Mackenzie, S. 1). Greene, C. II. Svva?oy; Boatswain, John Burrows; Gunner, A. F. Thompson ; Sail maker, John A. Birdsall; Carpenter, C. W. Babbitt. t)n the passage home the captain's clerk, Mr. llall, a native ot Baltimore, died. Two of the seaineu fall over hoard about Ave iluys ago, and were drowued. The cruise of the ship is up, and the crow will ho paid ctf. The men are in goo l health, and have had a pros perous voyage. The vossel having been on a long cruise, will receive a completo overhauling. Her rcpalis will he commenced at one e. : The following named officers have reported for duty on the sloop-of-war Brooklyn; ? Commander Rowan 1 ie itoti ant, B. B. Lowrlo; Chief Engineer, Wm. B. Brooks; First Assistant Englnear, B. F. Ch.<sr-aiug, Second Assistant En gineers, James Atkins and A. V. Fraiser; .Third Assistant Engineer*, Joseph Morgan .. Jacob L. Bright and fl. I). i'Ic mens Acting Midshipman, 11. S. Grafton; Master's Male, J. C. Stallord; Acting Master's Mate*, Henry Bartlett, II. C. Leslie and Allen K. Noyes; Snilmaker, Jacob Steven*. The following is a list or (he ollicors of the stoamer Key stone State, now under Falling orders: ? Commander, W G. Leroy ; Lieutciiaut,L. Howard Newman ; First Assistant Mlglncer, Jesse Davis; Second Assistant Engineers, A. K. Edduwes aud Geoivu Bennic; Third Assistant Eugiueers, James Doran and Win. F. Warhurton; Assistant Surgeon, J.O.Barrett; Acting Paymaster. J. S. Stinwon: Acting Master's Matcb, Johu Mtu phy , E. S. Lowe and C. A. Petit; Gunner, John G. Foster. The destination of the Keystone State Is not known. Slio will probably sail to-day. The following named officers have reported for duty on the steamer Mystic;? Commander, I,. Arnold: First Lieu tenant. N. It. Farqitahar ; Actiug Masters, llolando Collin, Samuel B. Meader, H. N. Blai klston; Acting Master's Mates, G. B. liurand, Wiu. H. Morton, Joseph B. Swell; 8econd AsslfMnnt Engineer, Johu B. I.owcll, Third Assist ant Engineers, H. B. Lorarle, G. W. Shank, John B. A. Allen. Jr. Ab?i-tant Surgeon, Wm. F. Brown. The Mystic is under sailing orders, and will leave In a day or two. The following officers have reported themselves for duty ou the sloop-of-wsr Tuscarora: ? Commander, A. M Craven; First lieutenant , M. P. Jones, Second Assistant Engineers, William A. I?tmor. Isaac T. Finney; Third As sistant Engineer*, H. F. Melius, W. II. Habersham; Acting Master's Mates, William B. Arrauts. Gideon J. Conklyn; Master's Mates, A. F. Miilur, Robert E. Steven", Michael II ickcry, Joseph E. Slonard, D. H. Cowelt. Th" gunlioat Adolpti Hugel is being converted Into a bomb catch. She will be ready to sail in a few days. The work of repairing the St. Louis i- being pushed rapidly forward, mid the vessel will be ready for sea in two weckr. Yesterday the following additional officers reported themselves for duty: ? T. G. Browu, as Third Assistant En gineer for the Delaware; George Riley, as an Acting Mas ter's mate ? no vessel yet ; William U. Stoddard and Syl voter Msttison, Acting Master's Mates of iho Kittatitiy. Tlie gnutioats Tshoma, James 8. Chambers, Joseph I,. Davis and Kittatiny are expecting to lea. o daily. The Wi?sahi< kon has gone to parts unknown. The following is a list of tho officers of the Itasca . which is also ready to sail: ? Lior.ieiiHiit Commanding, C. H. B. Col well ;lteu tenant, George Hacon: Aiding Masters, Edmund Jones, Amos Johnson, Albert Cook; Actiug Master's Mates, Nell Alex ander. W. F. Bridge. H. F. Case well; Second Assistant En gineer, J. II. Morrison; Third Assistant, Engineers. John Bortlvwlck, J. M. Benkert , Truman Jones Acting Paymas ter, A J. I'ritciiard ; Assistant Surgeon , Hcber Snrib. For duly ou board the gunboat Sciota the followiug named officers have reported;? I.ieuteniuii Commanding, Eil ward Oonaldsnn; First Lieutenant, H. A. Adams; Second Assistant Engineer, C. E. PoVaiin; Third Assistant Engineers. A. H. Price, H. M. <}nig, E'. Curtis; Acting Master s Mates, Sig J. Ha tnzer, John 11. Fields, G. C. Taylor. Johu Staples. FOUR OFFICERS OF THE UNITED STATES STEAMSHIP HARTFORD SENT TO FORT WARREN. {From the Philadelphia ledger, Dec. S.j I.Htl evening four or the Lieut t ninn of tor United Stales steamer Hartford wero arrested and will bo taken toFott Warren by J.ieulcnau! Forney, of the Murine Corp*. Tliu u titter ?: arrested rofiiMed , wo understand, to take the oa (ii of allegiance to the I niled Statet. Throe of them are natives or Virginia and Die fourth is a native of tieorgle. CORRECTION. The which appeared In the morniug papers of tho Gili, to the ' fleet that Master's Mate Siintus, of this city, had deserted, is utterly without foundation. Mr. ?mtms ws* ordered to the Morning I.igbt , auii had hU apparel , &o. . on board, but reai.hcd the Battery, at which point the vessel was Winn, an hour too late on Saturday io-t, the \e*sel having pailod. He immediately reported to Commixture Paulding, at the Maty Yard, and was ordered aboard the receiving ship North Carolina, whoiohu now awaits further ordorn from the depart Wo make the abov? correction with ) lea sure, as Mr fcumms is a young man of much The Satanic Klrmcntef Abolition Organ itinu Agalmt the Administration, and In Favor of J r IT. Dai!*. (From the Special Washington Correspondence of the Xew York Tribune.] HOW UOE8 THE WAR? WiWttsoioN, Dei:. 4,1bfll. The |>ui iicular interest in tho operations of the army, the genera! consideration of our military progress, or want of progress, the alternate hop-; and despair of the great ?* ad vanes," ha* given way this week befi ire the more immediate excitements of the Congressional open ing We have all Ieumed that (ienerai McClelliui j opt nlons and Intentions are of too Inscrutable an order to bo penrt rated by any amount of public ouriosity ; and it was fjulte a relief to s>'.,' an opening toward." thy clnaUittoli of the policy and principles or even such subordinate per sons as the President and his Cabinet. By the Moo age and the reports wc might learn something about the war ami its future conduct. At least , we should have tln< op portunity of discovering whether we had a war, nod tf so, what it was about. A Uulinguitlud representative a( foreign opinion and inftwnre, vho,aithnitch ilfttilutr of a itijiomi'tc IHI'g i* sti'l one "f the most imjmrlant ? pwsQjp Ihf most ivi porlanl?"f our Europran vlj<ri ier$, assured ino the other day that hi* long growing aud finally ripened couvictiou was that " this is a ?xtr for the pwrvation of si a wry," and mildly wotdoreU at our impatient cry for foreign sympathy, when we had, at lej. t to European eyes no better cause to show than this. I know very well that his view is shared by the majority of foreign representative:- here, and that It would requiro a very different sort or evidence frr m any that the Presi dent v Message affords to brmg thein to a contrary belief. It is not a bad thing to occasionally see ourselves as oiheis tec us; and when wc fltu: -as all can And who chonso to seek ? that representatUes of foreign Powers are united in tho conviction that we are not pushing ihia contest with the earnodness which it should demand; that, although with arms In our bund- and prc=entinf? a show of vigorous hostility , we are still lingering In the old pnth or dalliance and concessit m , the wortblc.ssQeas of which a score or wasted'years lias- not taught us; that we ai t Jiah (Vnfl on thr ri'lt <tf the imum^iionisU quit* as vehe in i rt'fy as hi art Jiylitint/ agnxnst th- in; that m e art nourish ing and stimulating tht v ry root at ihr rebellion while feebly ciipjiing ot its teeaker branches, that, in a word, we are "warring for the preservation of slavery ? how cau wo justly complain of the npatliy with which those Powers regard the struggle and its result? I can a3snre you that such are ihe views which foreign minuter* now enter tarn, and which they naturally Iran- ni it to their respec tive governments. And It tloes not need the keenest intellect in the world to decide whether the present atti tude of our administration will .strengthen or abate these views. As to tho advance of the army, it is as much a quest Ion novr as ever. On the one hand, tho troops have not been authorized to prepare winter quarters, In spite of ibo dis comforts ' hoy are forced to undergo in their present con dition. A good genural would not, of course, subject tbcm to needless suffering, consequently wo Judge that farther operations arc contemplated this ncaaou, and M??t tho winter qtiartcr* arc to bo fixuU "Isowbere. On tho other hand the ro.i-lf are fiu-t beenmihg unfit for army move ments. Their condition is now such that not one ofllcer in fifty creilii* tho possibility of a campaign before the spring or such times as the roads rhall a^ain be trust worth) Th 'S" are the two horr.s of the dilemma. Ifo bixtij h"0' s n hat General M< Cldlm* intends, of cot".', . the Qttifral him/tlf, ir/ii u 1'irsuined to hare an utvlrrilatirtin'i in the matUr. Everybody coDeedee his ri. hi to perr ct inscrotabiliiv, which, probably, however, lnHkeK no inst anionnt of diliereiice :n iho mystery of his ? s\ 8, Hilii'e, if ever* body disputed it , he would not he a L t uwre communicative." Hi.* plans for the winter must (i soon de\e'.oped, for the tiMiersvannot stand their ax |(o?ur? much longe - and unle? something Is given then >w do to v irm their bioon and lire ttioir natural i othesi i ,o. they t,u : bo |ac?c.d in winter <i'.*rteis aud kept .vv b> ani'V .al lieat. Ihe p ''ivy of the government ; ? now <pn ivv nr to prjft. ' t A km# -?# "i . i;f r, with 't* ?,"/ imtu our \ii>. '? ti We are ?<? nt.uch tio'.d'y and y for \?.ird, ictf\ el# j,- epo.i burftrt. Wc me to crush out i' reijeij ., ,? tw.uHli'jg, utid rsfr?.'? alloivat ilstihl tfrrn,//Ji. With then* theories, however, neltHer the peo pie nor Congress seem to aortic. Congress showed itn temper on the llrst day of tiie session , and that not vain ly, There wu ? teat rote taken , and (At tentimetU was by no meant in accordance, uritk that luhit h the itUminielration di*j>lav*. Oongrrtt, sustained f?i the people, uriV proU My prevail. So far as wa can jud^e from popular demonstra tions hero In Washington, the public is alive to the no. cessity or (linking a thorough work of tho war. Tln> honors are entirely with those who advocate the <mly sure stul sound methods of shattering tlie rebel organiza tion. Tbo crowds which gather to li-teii to tho evening open air orations aro quick as lightning to applaud every Arm and forcible argument that in offered 'l'lie author of the slavery comforting proclamation in Missouri would be little pleased to witness tho Indicntlous of popular din pleasure which aro directed against tills sing'e act of hi* military administration. I hrjmrjiU a re. far t/i advance of the ffovermttttU, at they ha iv been from the first : antt the jvn |i/? mean to win in thin at they niran to un'n in the wo.r. [from the New York Independent, Beocher, Cbecrer it 0?.] Tho people were looking to thla Message for an exposi tion of the policy of the government upon slavery in connection with tho rebellion. On thla point Its declara tions fall far short of the Just expectations of the loyal portion of the nation. The President seems oppressed with a vague foar of "radical mid extreme measures," whii U might lie distasteful to iluu very indefinable and intangible clan? of persons, the "loyal" slavcholdora of the South. Still, lie avows his readiness to employ what ever means are "indispensable" to the preservation of tho 1 oion, and Congress L likely to indicate clearly what theee mean* are, But while shrinking from the vital question of sup p retting the reholllon by crippling tlie slave power in its main resource, the President proposes an ulterior scheme for the disposal of such slaves an may bo liberated iu the course of tho war. That scheme is to hold all such persons as the government may acquire through national or State acts of confiscation subject to deportation by the government to some remote ami 'con genial" territory to be purchased for their occupation. This scheme is open to many and grave objections'. The Message is thoroughly tinged with that colorphotda which has ?o long prevailed in Illinois, and was so strong ly developed in the odious bhu k laws ol that State. It insists upon making color a basis of distinction in tho rights and privileges of citizens under l ho government. Instead of recognizing all men at tho South who shall espouse our cause us citizen* entitled to the protect sin of the government , the Messago would inquire into the unte cedent local rotations of tuch persons; and if they hare heretofore been unjustly deprived of their personal liberties by States now iu rebel lion, the Message would make that a reason for receiving them, not as persons, but as a medium of exchange to oll'set the taxes which those States have In curred by the rebellion? And having thus come into pos session of the bodies of these loyal parsons, the Presi dent proposes to punish their loyalty by an enforeod ex |Nttriaii<>n. Under the frivolous plea of "a necessity for its own existence," this Christian nation of thirty mil lions Is urged to the inhuman act of banishing four mil lions of her industrious poor bocause they aro black. How this now territory is to be held and governed the Message docs not inform us. If as a dependency of tha United States why go beyond our own territory for such a purpose/ Why not take the '"congenial" territory of South Carolina/ ' Why remove loyal citizens from the soil which they are able and willing to cultivate? But it m needless to discuss a scheme which will meet no response from Congress or tlie people. We prefer to fall back upon tlio declaration of the Met>snge, that all "such persons. on acceptance by the general government, shall be at once deemed free." THE CHARTER ELECTION. PROCEEDINGS OP THE BOARD OP CITY CANVASSERS. Tlie Board of City Canvassers met yesterday morning at oleven o'clock, pursuant to adjournment, Alderman Cor* nell, the President, In the chair. On calling tho roll, it having been ascertained that only six members were present, Alderman Dattox objected to going on with the canvass. The objection was overruled, and Alderman Dayton desired the clerk to re cord his protest. The Prwuknt then asked the clerk if the returns were iu, to which answer was given that returns from all tbo wards, including districts not before reported, had been h&uded la. Tho Prbhwfnt then ordered the canvass to proceed, and the districts were called in dne order, Alderman Chipp, of tho Seventh, being the first to answer to his district. The canvass was commenced from tho Fourth district or tlie Ninth ward. At this stage of the proceedings Alderman IMvtox handed in the following protest, which was laid on tho table, a majority of the Board not being present to pa?t upon it:? Tlie undersigned, one of the members of the Board of City Canvasser.-!, hereby respectfully protests aftmnst any proceedings being taken iu the canvass of tlie votes glveu at the late charter election, unless a majority of all tbo members or rhe Hoard are present at the time of such proceeding. ISAAC f'AYTOV, Aldermau Ninth Aldermauic District. Nbw Yobk, Dec. a, 1881. Tho canvats wm again proceeded with, the vote for Mayor standing as follows:? NIXTH WARD. Irttt. Whole Xo. r*ct. Opdyk'. Guntker Wood. 4 40ti 216 ill 80 6 397 222 on 82 0 21-6 m ;& 47 7 412 360 90 72 8 384 183 103 8H 0 272 126 ?<> ."0 10 300 120 10 K 72 1 1 <48 186 155 107 1 2 349 1.1 2 128 04 UFTTfifTH WARD. 4 38" 262 73 til 5 180 114 41 31 6 212 1? 36 38 7 201 188 28 M 10 200 109 40 Oil This completed I bo cue vans of the Seventh Aldoi luanli district. Id the Fourth district of the Fifteenth word a defective ballot being found, the vote of the district for Mayor ww, on motion of Alderman Genet, laid over for future consideration. Tli?* defective ballot had on It the name of George Opdyke , printed, with the name of C. Godfrey Gun thor written uuderncuth, the tirst r.aino. nut cancel Led. During the ennva m of the Fifth district, Fifteemh ward . Alderman Brady made a motion that any discre pancies iu tho vote for Mayor he laid over till to day. Alderman (Jtstrr could nee no object in Mr. Brady's mo tion, unless it was the personal convenience of tho gentle man hiwsolf. Tho motion was, liowever, adopted. In the Sixth District of thn Fifteenth *ard some vote* wore represented as scattering, and Aldermau flen.'i | moved tUat in all cases where scattering vot?s are men tionod the cAnvassers of the election district* be sum moned before tho Board to explain the na'ure of such rot ex. The resolution was adopted, and tho President ordorcd the Psrgeant-at-Arms to summon the canvassers of t he Sixth district of the Fifteenth ward to appear before the lloard at twelve o'clock to-day. Alderman Faki ter, of the Sixteenth ward, offered a prr amble nurl resolution to'tho efleot that, whereas the can vassers of tho Firnt election district of the Nineteenth ward were interrupted in canvassing the votes of that d jrttrlct by John Hagan and John A. Cooley, who threw a quantity of tickets on the table where votes were being counted, and that whereas the voto for Alderman bad b#en canvassed bsforc said interruption took place, and whereas the canvass of said voto Is now lying at tho ward station house, therefore Resohed, That tho fc'crgeant-st Arms be directed to procure said canvass and bring it before th<> Board, and that the attention of the Grand Jury be called to tlxi subject. Tho preamble and resolution were adopted. The Board then (half-past one o'clock) took a reeesnfor one hour. AFTERNOON FESSION. The Roard reassembled at a quarter pa^t two o'clock. Alderman Dayton , of the Ninth district, proceeded with the canvass of the Sixteenth ward, with the following re mit : ? srnemrrR wakj>. DitliUi. WltbltXo. Vote. Oplykt. GuiUJitr. Wmd. ?y ...398 193 xft 1111 a 460 226 75 160 3 ' 571 2*7 86 198 4 " 467 235 06 187 B ' 4V2 228 70 154 a 560 306 129 12? 7 " 464 166 140 g 89 20 0 60 0 ' 487 302 111 74 10 331 184 61 ?? This completed the canvass of tha Ninth Alder manio district, and the Board then adjourned till eleven o'clock this morning. The Slave Trade. Before Unit ;d Ptates Commissioner Henry. Dkc. Pierre L. Pierce was brought before the Com. sloner, charged with Httinfout the ship Brutus, of Now Bedford, Mass., as a slaver. It Is alleged that the Brutus went on a voyage, and landed a cargo of negroes on tho Island of Cuba; that, the vessel was tamicd lately after wards tet on fire and totally destroyed. Mr. Andiew* appeared beforo the Commissioner for the government, and argued that the accused should be sent to Massaohu setts. The Commissioner denied this motion, and. at 'or Home argument, the case was brought before Ju !gj Hefts, who, after discission hy M ";?>rs. Black ?n th? pa" of th?? accused and Andrews f'?r tho government. declined ,!?? remove the primmer or interfere until the Csnmissioter had made a decision. Nbw to* *?.>. ? Ve are fequ'stcd tf, ???rs. F"X fc I >KW nuoilr.i. ? ... | Ogard to state tliut Vo.-vrs. Davenpt it Wallarkat* j engage I by Hi, 1,1 aud *<.t by Mr Jarre i, as \vas.?n | uounced yestcrtla\

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