Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 7, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 7, 1861 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMB S GORDON BKNNET T, EDIT OB AND PROPRIETOR ornow ?? w. corner or polton and nassap sts. TV R MS rath in oiftwmet. Monnernl Ay matt health* rM ?/ rftc tender. Hon* but Bank biUt currml in Ar?? Kor* TfFf VAILT tfKRA CD I too rmteprr ropv $7 i*er (in'1 '(r?. 7tt K WKKk.LT IIEHALV , every tntitr,uiy, at svrr*iu* per topi/.m W i* r annum; th* Kurnf.mti RhHm every IVnlnrebiy, at til eeette ITeofii/ . (4 wr ntmum J/i any fxirf ofOreat Hritatn. o> IS to any )*?r( of the Cimtinetil, luth to incthle )inetn,/e; the OmU/fmtia KJition on the l?f, 11/A and'lltt of ?ucA month, ate is rrrilr }<er m?v, or $2 76 per annum. Tllh FAMILY HO.KALD, on Wenineedaj/, at /bur cent* p*r rf# ?//, o* $2 per annum VOLlflS Ta H jr CORnBSPONDKKCK, containing important 9t*e?, solicited from ??y quarter of the world; if wed, will f* liberally paid for. 0&* Our Foreign Correspond kntr ahb 1'ARTK'DI.ABI.Y UKQUKSTkl) TO bEAL ALL LETTER* AND P AWL AC*.* sir Nf VTft NO .\ OTICK taken of an>mymoiu carreepondenre. Wt do noi retvm rejected eommumcationA JOB PHINT1JSQ cxecuiid with ticatness, cTieovnem and d? mxrtch Volume XXVI 339 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. WINTER OARDEN, Broadway.? Ibbland As It Was? Ibiiu Assurabib amd Yanbbb Mooadtt? Mauio Job*. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 844 Broadway ? Maoic Mab riaqb? Hb's Not a Miss. &AURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway. -Sum* Soiw. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.-I A Toor p* Nbslb? Ladt or tbk Lakh? Siabksb Twins? Maniac liftru BOWKEY THEATRE, Bowery.? Stiobmkt's National ClBCUS. BARNl'M'R AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.? Day and Bvi'nlnr.? Ahobi. or Midniuiit? Hxi-i-oi-otabum, Wualb, AMD OTIIKK CUBIOSITIBS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mrdianlo*' Hall, 472 Broad way.? Chaw Roast Bbk?\ HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS, Nltij waant Institute, No. 659 Broadway.? Ethiopian Sonus, Dancbs, Ac. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 539 Bro:ilwiy.? Sonus, Dancks, Buhlksqijks, Ac ?La Salts in Banio. CANTERBURY Ml'SIO HALL. W8 Broadway Sonus, DaNOBS, ltDKI.kSUDbS, AC.? M Kill.' /. ADKBL. OAIKT1ES CONCERT ROOM, 618 Broadway.-DnAWINn Boob Entbktainbbnts, Ballkts, Pantobimbs, Fakcks, ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 4 ?4 Broadway.? Sowos. Bal LBT1>, I'ANTOBIBKS, AC. ? llOUM T MaBB AlBS. METROPOLITAN CONCEET ITALL, 600 Bioadway - EoMca.ltAxrBs. I'ahcks. HuulksuUiu?. Ac. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. 4.1 Rowpry.? Duulksviubs, Sonus, Dakckn, AC.? Widow's Yici.b PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS, 663 liroadway.? Open daily from 10 A. M. till 9 P M. NATIONAL MUSIC HALL, Chatham atront.-Boiii.M qubs, Sonus, Dancbs, he.? Mahqiikkadk Ball. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadwsy? Boriksquks, 8onos. Damubs, AC BROOKLYN M RT,Or>EON, rorncr of Cnnrl nnd Rrmson ?traeta.? Sonus, Dancbs, I'antsmibks, Buhi.k?4i;b.i, Ac. TEIPLE SHEET. Wnv York, SatUKtii)-, December 7, 18C1. TH K HITUy\TtON. Among i variety of interesting news from the South *-liieli we give to-day from rebel journals, will !>e t'ouuJ the fir*t portion of Governor Lotch- r's Massage tu the Legislature of Virginia. It ?<?nUiu? a veiy valuable nummary of the pro ce'-diiiK-i of Virginia in the initiatory stages of the rebellion, and tho precautions which that venera ble HUta took in advance of the outbreak to pro vi. If: h-raeif with arms and ammunition. Aided by Mr. Floyd, it appears that vast quantities of arms aud gunpowder were storod away for the purposes of the intended treason of Virginia. For some time anterior to the secession ? says Governor Letcher? she had been engaged in the purchaso of arms of different kinds, ammunition, and other necessary articles, and in mounting artillery, in anticipation of the event which subsequently occurred. And how adroitly this "purchase" of arms was effected he explains in the following way:?" On the 2sth day of February, 1846, the Legislature directed the fiu perieudeut of the Armory to sell, under the direc tion of the Executive, all such arms and accou trements then in tho armory as were not worth re pairing. This order was construed by Governor Floyd to include the iron six pounders then at the armory, and by an order dated February 22, 1849, the Superintendent was directed to sell them at not less than twenty-five dollars each. Fortu nately for us, there were no bidders at that price, and the guns remained in the possession of the State, and now each one of those pieces is in the field, and they have proved to be equnl to any guns of like calibre now in service. How small a circumstance (he means the treachery I of Floyd) conrola the greatest events. What embarrassment would have attended our operations in this important struggle, |f theae piecea had not been in our possession." Governor Letcher says, that Virginia has now in the field 70,000 men, and that the expenditures of the State since April last have been six millions of dollars. Ho deplores the defection of Western Vir ginia and the unhappy condition of Maryland, but declares that there can be no compromise with the "Lincoln government." The war is to be war to the death. There is nothing of importance to report from the Army of the Potomac. We publish to day some very interesting news from I'ort Royal, Beaufort and Tybee Island, by the transport Vanderbuilt, which arrived here yesterday, bringing us valuable correspondence from Hilton Head, South Carolina, of December 1. Among other statements in our letters, we have the fact that the rebels have obstructed the channel in the Savannah river, near Fort Pulaski, by sinking two bulks filled with stone. They evidently expect to hear from us soon. Ab it is, our gunboats at the mouth of the Savannah river keep up a desultory fire night and day on Fort Pulaski. The enemy return it with vigor, but their guns are inferior in range to ours. This disposes of the rumors from rebel papers that Tybee Island has been abandoned by out troops. Tho recent victory of Parson Brownlow over the rebels at Morristown, East Tennessee, 1b an impor tant a Pair, and as the account comes entirely from rebel sources, which confirm it as "a victory," there can be little doubt of its truth. We give to day a map of the battle ground at Morristown, and a sketch of the renowned Parson Brownlow, who has so gallantly stood up for the Union in the midst of his rebel couutrymen. From Kansas City, Mo., the intelligence is that all communication between that point and Inde pendence Is cut off, that the rebel General Hays entered the latter town on Monday, with a force of 300 men, and seized all the horses belonging to the Pacific Stage Company, and made a general con fiscation of all the property of Union citizens. On Wednesday a party of exasperated citizens of all parties attacked a gang of rctun, ^ . h.-ls from General Price's army, under Captain . Y? >ng and Whratley, near Dunksburg, about twenty miles west of Sedalia, killing seven sad wounding ten of them. Among the killed was Captaia Voung. None of the citizens were killed or se verely wounded. Throe of the wounded rebels have since died. lien McCulloch is said te hare gone into winter quarters on Pea Ridge, near Bentonville, Arkan sas. Nothing positive is known of the movements of his colleague, General Price. Our list of the forces composing the rebel army, revised to the latest moment, is published in to day's paper. It will be found interesting, as em bracing, not only a record of the generals and other offloers in command of it, but also the names and locations of ite cauips, positions of the different regiments, and a list of killed and wounded officers. The various estimates of the strength of the rebel army are also given. Our own estimate, founded on the records which wo possess in regard to the number of troops actually iu the field, makes its strength to be 300,000 men. Tlio Canadian company's screw steamer North American, which arrived at Portland yesterday, with dates from Liverpool and Londonderry of the 21st and 22d ultimo, reports that the recent cap ture of the American ship Harvey Birch, by the rebol privateer Nashville, continues to create im mense excitement. It appears that the captain of the Harvey Birch had gone to Londen to consult the American Minister. The crew were vowing vengeance against the crew of the Nashville, as they were placed in irons for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the rebels. The office?* of the Harvey Birch declare she was on sounding^ when tlio Nashville bore down upon her. Colonel Peyton was on board the Nashville on a' mission front North Carolina, and, with Commander IV grani, had gone to London. It was further stated that Commander Pegram wonts the Nashville made into a ship of war at Southampton, but that some legal difficulties are raised. Questions aro also raised whether the neutrality proclamation' has not been infringed upon by ttye landing of pri soners ot' war. It is reported that the Nashville has several spare officers on board for robol ships preparing in England, a fact which we have staled before. The Ijondon Time s, in alluding to the case, points to the recent visit of the United States steamer James Adger, and says it would be to the interest of England to keep them both out of her harbors; but if this cannot be done, they must be let iu alike. The London Star, although wishing the oom nmndcr of the Nashville to bo punished, nays if he can produce a commission from the Confederate States tho government must let him go, as they have already secognized those States as bellige rents. Tho arrival of Mtssrs. Mason and Slide!) , who are now qaivtly sequestered at Fort Warren, was expected nt Southampton, by the steamer La Plata, due there on the 29th ult. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The steamship North American, from Liverpool 21st and Londonderry 22d nit., arrived at Portland yesterday. Her advices are one day later than those brought by the City of Baltimore. The rebel steamer Nashville was at Southampton awaiting repairs. The burning of the ship Harvey Birch by the Nashville, and the landing of the orcw of tho first named vessel, had caused consi derable excitement, and the question was discussed whether the neutrality proclamation had not been in-fringed. The Captain of the Harry Birch had pro ceeded to London to lay the case before the Ame rican Minister. Underwriters were raising the war risks on American vessels. No tidings had been received of the missimj steamer North Briton. In Liverpool cotton had declined one-quarter a penny per pound, chiefly on lower and midtljjftg qualities. The intelligence from the continent is unimpor tant. Fort Pulanki, near the mouth of the Savannah river, which is now threatened by the Union gun boats under Captain Dupont, mounts on? hundred and fifty guns, and was intended by the govern ment to garrison three hundred men. That and Fort Jackson, which wa3 built for only fourteen guns, were all the defences ?f the city of Savannah at the time Georgia seceded. The Halifax (Ntfva Scotia) Snn justifies the taking of Mason and Slidell from the British mail steamer Trent, and argues that the act was strictly in accordance with the laws of nations. It also publishes a long communication from James Whit man, who takes the same ground. A bill has been introduced in the Kentucky Legislature requiring all voters to ta*e the oath of allegiance to the United States and subordinate allegiance to the State of Kentucky, and they must also swear that they have not aided in any way the so-called Southern confederacy. The side-wheel steamer Union, recently pur chased by the government in Maine, left Portland on the 4th inst. for Annapolis, Md. The Fifth New York Zouave regiment and the Seventeenth Massachusetts returned to Baltimore from the Eastern shore of Maryland ou the 4th inst. The government gunboat Benton left St. Louis on the 3d inst., bound for Memphis and New Or leans. The Benton is a powerful steamer, double cased, with forty-five water tight compartments, and carries eighteen heavy guns. The severe cold weather on Monday and Tuesday nights last shut up Lake Champlain, and aaviga- I tion is closed on those waters for the season. I The only ease of geueral interest tried in the General Sessions yesterday was an indictment for forgery in the second degree. Johu Hopkins was convicted of attempting to pass counterfeit five dollnr bills on the Columbia Bank of Chatham Four Corners. He was sent to the State prison for five years and four month#. The New York canals may now be said to be closed tor the season. A large number of loaded boats as is usually the case, are frozen fast along the whole line of the Erie canal, and their freight" must necessarily be transferred to the Central Railroad in order to reach their destination. The closing is a little earlier than the average time In 1851 the canals closed on the 5th; in 1854 oh the 3d, and in 1856 on the 4th. The days oa which navigation closed on the remaining years since 1850 ranged between the 8th and 20th. On the 1st of June last, according to the report of the Commissioner of Pensions, there were but sixty-three Revolutionary patriots on the pension rolte, and that number by this time has no doubt been rcduced to less than fifty. A few years more and the last of these old veterans will have been gathered with his patriotic brothers in the spirit land. We hope the last one, at least, will live to set the country again united and happy. The Pom one, Bellone and Catinat (corvette) French men-of-war, for the last month stationed in the North river, opposite the Battery, weighed such r end were outward bound yesterday at one o'clock. On making inquiry as to their future destination, wt have been informed that they will a-t .anchor ,i Quarantine, and them await the iui ;h i- uiji is ut ?he French Admiral at Halifax. T .e Board of Excise held a special meeting yt tirdoy .a relation to the qui tam suits brought by lawyers am their own ftcX??wit and for their-own benefit, and resolved to p?X*Vt no out side interference, by handing over tovtw regular attorney to the Board all complaint* against liquor dealer* for violations of the Excts^aw. This day at twelve o'clock the Board will be Id its laat session for granting licenses, and thn? close the Commission for the present year. The schooner George B. Adams, lying at pier No. 13 North Tiver, is now#oa<fing government stores for Locust Point. She will carry about three hundred tons, and sails to-day. The United States steam transport Ocean Queen, lying at pier No. 3 North river, is now taking in coal ; destination not known. Tho cotton market ww again active and hlgtor yenter day, and closed at an advance of lc. per lb. The soles reached about 4,000 bales, ..bout 1,200 of wbwlt wore taken by spinners and the remainder by speculator*, closing on the basis of 31c. for middling uplands. Flour was steady, while prices wore unchanged. Wheat was less active, whllo prices wore without change of moment. Corn was rather less buoyant and active. Sales were mode to a fair extent at 63c. a 04c. for shipping lots of Western mixed , chiefly at 63c. a 93 Fort was steady and prices unchang#! Beef aid lard were Arm and IB' good request. Sugars were ?Arm, with sales of some 300 ; hhds. Coffee was qu tot, but firmly hold. Freights wero tolerably active, but rather easier for Liverpool. I The Satanic Aboil t torn Elemnat la Con gress and lit the Press. The fanatical and domineering spirit of tho abolition element in Congress cannot have es caped the serious attention of our readers. Since the meeting of the trwo houses their daily suasions have been monopolized by abolition propositions and harangues, all directed to the same common object ? the overthrow of Presi dent Lincoln's war programme for "the integri ty of the Union," and the substitution of a war for the extirpation of Southern slavery. Our Satanic abolition presses, meantime; are' actively supplying the fuel and fanning the fiu?e of this new and ominous abolition agitation. Head the extracts which wo give to-day from'tha-New York Tribune and tho Independent. The letter from tho special Washington1 tor respondent of the Tribune is doubtless au' au thoritative exposition of tho views of the radical abolition faction of Congress, the leaders ef j which iu the House are Thaddeus Stevens- and Owen Lovejoy, and in the Senate, Sumner and Trumbull. The letter in question thus becomes important, in the announcement that the abeli tionists in Congress have declared war against the administration and its conservative policy,: aud that "Congress, sustained by the people, will probably prevail." We are told that as the war is now conducted it ia for "the preserva tion of slavery;" that we are thus "fighting on the side of tho insurrectionists quito us vehe mently as we are fighting against thom;" that we are fighting "with our hands tied;" trying to walk swiftly "witli dogs upon our feet," and that the test vote taken in the House, on the first day of the session, itt sentiment ' wan by no means in accordance with that which the ad ministration displays;" Enlarging upon this idea, the Imitpmdent saya that the President's I Message falls -far short >rf the just expectations of the loyal portion of tite nation;" that it is' '?thoroughly tinged with tfce colorphobia which has prevailed; eo long iw Illinois, and was so strongly developed in the odious black laws of that State;" and'that, "under the frivolous plea of necessity for its own existence, this Christian nation oi thirty millions ist. urged to tho inhuman act of banishing four millions of her indus trious poor because they a*e black." Finally, to cut short the argument, the special tele- I graphic correspondent of the Tribune, under the 1 inspiration of Senator TrnaibnU's late abolition j spoech and confiscation bill, says: ? No Intelligent man could haire gone out of the Senate chamber thin morning wlthou* the conviction that the I '?Conscript Fathers' hud silently pronouucod the doom of slavery on this continent. An act of Congress will tin | questionably strike the shackles oir the Africans In every State of the Union before the next anniversary of Wash ington's birthday. 1 This is, indeed, a short notice for the most Widical, sweeping and destructive revolutionary measure which the wit of man could devise. It is one thing, however, to fulminate, and another thing to execute, these sweeping aboli tion decrees. We pronounce them impractica ble. preposterous, and treasonable. The Presi dent is right, and if there be a majority In Con gress in favor of these extreme abolition pro- I ceedings it is a majority which does not repre sent the sentiment of our loyal States. This Congress was not elected upon the issue of a I war for the abolition of slavery; and tho sub mission of this issue at this time to our loyal States would bring oat nine-tenths of their popular vote in favor of the Union policy of the administration, and hardly a man in Congress of this ultra abolition faction would escape a crush ing rebuke from his constituents. In our army, too, tho supporters of Mr. Lincoln's policy ? old line whips, old line democrats and conservative republicans -are in an overwhelming majority, beginning with General McClellan. Wo say, then, that this threatened act of uni versal emancipation is impracticable, because our loyal people and our loyal armies aro on the side of the President, and that, thus sus tained, should this act of abolition be passed, he can and will put bis veto upon it, as upon an inexpedient, unauthorized and unconstitutional act. Slavery is a State institution, and within any State Congress has no more authority over the subject than over the municipal affairs of this city. But suppose that, under the authority of Congress, General Sherman, for instance, sis a war measure, were to proclaim the abolition of slavery throughout the State of South Carolina, what would his edict be worth T It would be good for nothing be yond the lines of his army. Suppose he were to occupy the whole State, and liberate all its slaves, would not the Stvte, by this occupation, be restored to the Union, and to her absolute control of this local institution? Clearly so; and a simple State act declaring null and void General Sherman's emancipation orders, and in viting the slaves to return to their masters, would bring the bulk of them back again. Hence this idea of the abolition of slavery by | act of Congress is not only Impracticable, but proposterous, unless we choose to merge our federal constitution, all our State institutions, and our whole political fabric, State rights, State lines and all, in a military despotism. In this view we may truly denounce all these violent revolutionary schemes of the Satanic abolition element as treasonable. Jeff. Davis and his confederates, now on the verge of despair, would be invigorated with new hopes, and strengthened by the energetic support of all classes in the South, against anything like an act of Congress for the general abolition of Blavery. Under such a ooodition of things, instead of recovering any of the seceded States, as we have recovered Maryland from tho very jaws of

secession, we should, perhaps, lose all that we have gained in Maryland Virginia, Tennessee, Ke-ntucky and Missouri. The South would be come a unit against us, and tlx war on H eir part would became a war of extermination, tho restoration 0f tho Union w^uld become a mockerr, and the enthusiasm of our 8ol(lier8 and the hopes of our people would be ex tinguished. Our six hundred and sixty thousand*'Union men noif in arms have volunteered to fight i*pon the war platform of the administration ? "t ^? integrity of the Union." Let the Satanic aboil-' (Son element #f CongreBs be warned of the peril of attempting to use these honest Union soldiers for any other propose. The President is right; our army and our navy, and our loyal States, are wkh him. He f? master of the situation, and he has only to "put' down bis fool firmly" to hold it, against all oar abolition allies of Jeff. Davis, aati all their stupid, wicked and fanatical abolition mhemes of diword and confusion, in cluding the abolition of the constitution of the United Stabtt. These negf? worshipping fools, who would thus bring chaoa back again, .must be stopped in" tlhelr folly, orf we may as *rell abandon our Hop?s of an ewly overthrow of this Southern rebellion. Peaceful Alpecf ?f Our Foreign KeWi. Ilona . < We yesterday published some highly interest ing extracts from the1 correspondence between1 cmr Secretary of StMe and the United State* Ministers abroad concerning the present auicidat ivbetliun of the rebel States. This correspon dence is of the first in^tortance, showing, as it does,, the peaceful aspwt of our foreign rela tions. Tiie governments* of Europe seem at length to have fully cow^vrehendod the signifi cance of Mr. Secretary Sowttrd's assertion in his circular of March 9, that asy interference with our domestic quarrel "might tend to dis5urb and unsettle' the existing systems of government in other parte of the world, and arrest that pro-1 gress of' improvement and civilization which' marks the nra. in which we live.'r Thus wo have the kindest' nsfnrrunces of good Svill from all the Powers of Europe. The EmperCc of the French has, through' M. Thouvenel, opt-nly avowed his desire for (be perpetual union of' the States, and has declared "that he would be willing to act us mediator in the'civil strife which kw convulses our country." Lord John Russctty on the part of England, has assured our Minister, with great earnestness, "that there was not the slightest disposition on' the part of the British govern ment to grasp at any advantage whiota might be supposed to arise from the unpleasant domestic differences in ' the United States, hist, on the contrary, that they would be highly gratified if those differences were adjusted and the Union restored to its former unbroken position." The Russian government is cmphatical in its protestations of amity. Prince Gortchakoff, speaking for his imperial master, desires our Minister "to express himself, as well to the members of our general government, as to the influential ' persons whom be may meet, giving them the assurance that in every event the American nation may count upon the most cordial sympathy on the part of his august master during the important erisis which it is passing through at present." Prus sia declares that she svill take efficient steps to sustain the government of the United States in the protection of property and commerce, and will do all she can consistently with her obli gations to other gorerninonts to sustain the vigorous action of oar government in maintaining law an& order. From all the other nations of the Old World come similar tidings. Italy, newly regenerated, speaks to us in words of comfort, while Aus tria, Spain and the smaller Powers express their earnest wish for the- return of peace and union to our, country. From all thia it is evident that our political relations with foreign comtriea are on the most favorable and satisfactory footing. This is par ticularly true in regard to Russia, Austria, Prussia ? and Italy. Even, the governments of England .and France have- shown no haste to break the blockade of the Southern ports, or to rocognise the independence of the rebellious States, but seem disposed to give us ample time to put down the insurrection. It is very plain that six months ago there was a strong feeling among the aristocratic and' governing classes of Europe- to recognise the so-called confederacy of the Southern States at an early day ; but the uprising of the people hare, and tho tremendous army and navy we have been able to organize within that period, have taught the maritime Powers? France, England and Spain? that this republic is not to be trifled with, and that she has. a power, yet called out if necessary, greater and moro comprehensive than that which the old French republic summoned to, her aid when assailed, by the whole of Europe. It is true that, in Kngland particularly, the press and the politicians cttuld not conceal their exulta tion over the prospect of breaking up this, republic and; of crippling our military nnd naval power, so as to give Eng land a litrte longer lease of supre macy on the ocean. All their public men ? politieians, diplomatists, religious agitators and newspaper writers ? seemed to have been imbued by that selfish, mean and contemptible idea, which was fostered, aided and assisted by the present Puritan and black leg Cabinet of England. We have no doubt that the creation of an array, in little over five months, of nearly 700,000 men, armed and equipped with the most effective weapons of modern warfare, and in other respects almost equal to any army on the soil of Europe, and the organization of a navy within the same brief period of three hundred vessels, manned by 40,000 men, have taught them that prudence is a measure of policy not to be forgotten in their councils. But when they reflect that in six months hence we can double these land and naval armaments, they will see still further rea son for adhering to a strictly pacific policy un ia we shall have settled our family troubles in our own way. We are not afraid of any diffi culty arising out of the Trent affair, or out of any other occurrence that may take place. For any and every emergency our government will be found fully prepared. The wise providence that has governed the President in commanding the immediate construction of formidable de. fences along our sea coast and on the lakes will teach rival nations that, whilst contend* ing with rebellion at home, we are not unmind ful of foreign enemies, and that the republic established by Washington, eo far from being in any danger of destruction, has hardly yet attained Its full developement and that strength and power which will make it forever foremost among the nations of the earth. The TRrer.vEV Woxmcrktl CracrLATroy. Tin1 Tribune insinuates that it has fifty thousand more subscribers to its daily editions than the I lii;iuu>. If tliis be true, why under the sua does it not apply for aad receive the Post Office advertising? Brecber CheeVer'i #?w Moral ?nd 'Political Ago. This Is Indeed a n^Te' *nd an extraordinary age. Every day some n^W fangled idea in reli gion, politics, science, morals', fashion or philo sophy crops Into light, and takes the world by surprise. Among these new sectrf there has been none more obtrusive, fanatical end per aistent than that which attempts to introduce t??o disturbing and diabolical element of aboli tionism into every interest connected with this wond or the next. The anthors and leaders of this fe'utanic abolitica school of politics and morality are such persons as the Rev. Henry Ward Beother, who drags abolitionism into the pulpit; tho Rev. George B. Cboever, who is striving to g?t abolitionism into Heaven; the Rev. Horace CSreeley, who trtes to obtrude abo litionism into politics, local and natioaal ; the Rev. Mrs. Harriet Beecher SHowe, who smug gled abolitionist.* into novel literatirre, and almost suoceeded itt> introducing tlio "inevitable nigger" to good society; the Rev. A. Bustartl, who attends to abolitionism away over in* Africa; the Rev. Theodore Tllton, who 'deliver* abolition lectures and* does the editorial nbolt lioniam of the organ c* this sect; the Rev. Dr. Joseph P, Thompson, w.'iw assists at tl.? heavy argumentative and statistical work of abolition ism, and many other shining lights, wH? ar range abolitionism for abo strong m'ftded women, abolitionism for the free lowers abolitionism for the p^lanxes and uni tarian home?, abolitionist for the upj. ritualist#, and abolitionism' for ail sorts of departments, foreign auji domestic. The' organ of this abolition soct is the Independeri weekly. Prom the columns of the Indtpetuleni' we have already shown up the udrial and politi cal influence* of abolitionism, au?, now we are about to- ventilate this new idea* of abolition morality. The ideas of abolitionism and nUwality are so incompatible- that no one was su;^prised when the abolitionwto, having attempted to abolish God, beoause Hi* Bible would notemiorse their heresies, threw off all disguise and ''instituted bagnios in the form of water cure wtablish ments, free love institutions and unitarian homes. Publio opinion and the pciw* soon effectually squelched these haunts of private prostitution, how?rer, and the abolitionists were forced to-asswuoe a hypocritical .j?etence of morality. They formed themselvat into churches and. congregations, and the " Rev." Mr. Parker preached atheism in a churofc, and other " reverend" abolitionists acospted charges here and tfWe throughout the coun try, and, in long sermons, attempted to fasten their abominable idea* upon a text from God's Word, as if Ihoy could convince tbe public that such bad fruit grew npou so goodly a tree. When abolitionism assnmed this moral and re ligious mask it instituted a moral and religious organ, the Independent, which was, until its tnie character was discovered, bought and read by a few really moral and religious people. The mask slipped off. of tho Independent very often, however. First it became too political for a religious paper; then it Ix'gan to publish novels, and then it went into the girt enterprise busi ness, atid gambled Webster's Dictionaries to its subscribers. Its true character of an nb >lition organ; is now apparent; and, though it still pre serves its religious pretence, it is universally scouted by all true GliTistcians. Of-this paper the R6r. Henry Ward Beecher is tho chief editor. If it controlled and con ducted according to Mh views, and his sermons prepared with special reference to the circula tion of. the Independent, and with little regard for anything else, are printad every week in his paper They are, therefore, in efTect the lead ing editorials) and tho best advertisements of the Independent, and represent the principles upon which a religious paper ought to be con ducted. He takes very good care, however, that tlie Independent's v practice shall not con form! to these principles, which might delight the Cliristian public, but-would greatly offend his unchristian abolitionist friends. For in stance. in his sermon, printed in the Independent of December 5, Beecher very truly says that ' man is not an isolated creature. He ha? a household. The government and wise- management of his- children, the comfort and! convenience of every inmate of his dwell ing, are additional elements of consideration." Then, he sweetly refers. to "the element of edu cation and government, with its appropriate duties and solicitude; and then, the higher elemeuts of social intercourse, or the considera tion of the feelings, interests and happiness of all that compose tho family group." Beautiful thought! Nice man! Of course the Indepen dent, the reverend gentleman's own paper, espe cially designed for families, could contain nothing to interfere- with or disturb these fine "elements." Of coarse not. But still it occucs to us that the following ad vertisement, from the same copy of the lnde pendeni in which this sermon is published, reads somewhat singularly: r??T?T * craiors book. m v"wToRriT;,n J,"1* ?r F?mal* C'uw-ntns IjvW0 '"5,,, 360 lT*?CK> 50 cngrftvinxs. Mailed frM fur only ai'xtr wanted I>riC8 0M Uollw' Country ^ This ido? of piety in one column and prosti tution in the next is bewildering; but, as "man is not an isolated creatnre," the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher probably thinks that "city women will be good companions for him. And how nicely these companions are arranged to suit all parties! There are "old men's darlings," widowers' "dashing widows," young men s " ladies of pleasure," and " widows' daughters." How considerate the Independent oditors are to secure for each man "the- high* elements of social intercourse!" Here a man may pick out the member of the "family group" he would like to have, and see her portrait among the "fifty engravings." He may do it so cheaply, too -for "only sixty-eight cents; origi nal price one dollar." Tho reduction of thirty two cents from the "original price" was made we presume, at the charitable suggestion of the Independent editors, and "country agents are wanted" to circulate this "curious book" amon* the "households" of all men, to assist in "the element of education and government, and the comfort and convenience of every inmate of the dwelling '-younger aons and bachelor uncles especially. What a tender "consideration" of the "feelings, interests and happiness" of fami lies is displayed in the insertion of this "social" advertisement! Copies of the "curious book ? with its "mysterious" knowledge, can now be obtained by application, or by sending "sixty eight" cents to the office, or to the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, or to tho Rev. George Chuerer, or to Mr*. Harriet Bet\h<jr Stgwe, or t9 th? Rev. Theodora TUton, or to W. Thompson, or to the Bev. Horace Greeley, or to any of the other Independent reverend agents of this valuable work. Per haps the reverend gentlemen will give it a puff in their sermons, or Mr*< Stowe will advertise It in her new novel, and Greeley will certainly notice it in his Tribune. At both the Inde pendent and the Tribune are in the gift enter prise business, why not substitute this "curious book" for the dictionaries and thtf gold ppns now offered as premiums? Both ar? family abolition journals, both are opposed to the idea that "man is an isolated creature," bot.V are anxious for the "education and wise manage ment of children," a&d the "happiness of all that compose the family group," and nothing could be more in consonance with the Inde pendent end Tribune ideas than tb* "social relations" of "city women, fascinating ladies, old men's dfcrlinga, dashing widows, womtfn in black, widows' daughter*, confidence women" and the like. Verily, this Is a novel and extraordinary age, and the "z?>cial moraf reforms" whicli these reverend editors are inaugurating are its most novel and extraordinary Aevci vpaments. I The Recent Charter ElcctlM tk? Prospect* or the City Government. The auccesa of the republican candidate fof Mayor, through the disunion of the denutm tio piwty, bids fair to bring afrout import not chni| in cur city government, so long in steh a cM '* plicated state that thera has been really it* ' bead of accountability anywhere, resulting it* universal! mismanagement, Bad government, IB*-: creasnrof taxes, nnd every tJ-^g else detrimental to the best interests of thr city, withoat any . person being held responsible. We sincarety hope aiid' ttast that with the i.lfeuguration of the' new Mayer will commence a n sir order of things' in our city, and the formation of a government fiat will fwof some credit to a?eity like NoflT York. Since the republicans h&t*? succeeded in eibetlng a i*?n nt their choice, there are some reasons to hoje that they will iu^ke the necea sarf change: Everything now indicates that new political ' comMnatfons *<411 be formed, and that the revo lutioft in national natters, together ^th the re sult erf the recent Mayoralty electiou. will bring about a reorganisation of the polit! "Hi parties of this city, and ornate a wholesome shange in its politics. It' may, wo think, with truth be said that the election has finished Mozart as a separate organization and abolished it as a political power; bn? much depends upon the re publican party and' their action in the Legisla ture as to the ' bfcMB of the reorganization of political parties, an<B its effect upon our muni cipal affaire. A'b'M to change our charter should bo passed at ifte very commencement of the session, makingmaoy radical reforms in the organization of thixoity government, and placing ' the responsibility in; the hands of officials that ? can be reached whenever any corruption or mis management takes place. The republican - papers are making great boasts about the reforaa that the election of Mr. Opdyke will bring abont; but we are unable to see where he can . possibly do any better than Mr. Wood, unless the- Legislature confers upon him additional powers. The fact of the mat ter is, a Mayor of the? city of New York, under the present charter, i? utterly powerless to cre ate or correct amines. lie is completely fetter ed by our complicated and nobody responsible form of government. The very first act of the next Legislature should thorefore be a step to confer additional powers upon the Mayor, and make him what he really should be ? the respon* sible head of the city government. In that, and that alone, rest the good or evil results of the election o? Mr. Opdjdre. The entire executive portion of the government should be placed in the hands of the Mayor. . The Croton Hoard and Ex cise Commission Rhonld be abolished forthwith, and, in fact, all .thovspecial commissions now in > existence' ? such as- the Police Commission, Quarantine Commisaon, Commission of Emigra tion, Pilot Commission, Commission of Publio Charities? and the Mayor held responsible for the administration of these departments. In the place- of all these commissions there should be appointed by the Mayor a person for each, to be knowmas the Secretary of such-and such a department, forming a cabinet like that of the Prcsidentof the United States, the Mayor being held responsible for their action.. The en tire legislative duties of the city should bie given to the Common. Council, and the powers of the legislative branch made of that importance that our best men will aspire to a seat in, the two branches. While we would like to . see the ap pointing power exclusively in the baads of the Mayor, wo would at the same time desire that the upper branch of the municipal legislature should have the power of confirmation, precise ly the- same *s that of the Senate o? the United States. Let this be done, and, the election changed from the fall to the spring; of the year, and there will be some hopc$ that we may in reality secure a reform in. car city govern ment, and, in the place of tho> paresent slipshod and shoddy affair, under which, oar taxes are in creasing at the rate of one or two millions per year, obtain a government that will be of some, credit to the city, and prevent the enormous abuses and corruptions that are daily truns-. piring in our milst without any power t$ remedy them. Newspaper Ikflcxkce ov Elections Th? influence of the newspapers upon the elaution, as shown in the late Mayoralty can w^s, is somewhat interesting. Mr. Opdyke had the support of the Trilttne, Times, WoH&, Sun? Post and Ack>ertiser, with four-fifths of the. Sum day weeklies? or, in other words, nearly all th? papers in 4his city? yet he comes out^pf the caor v ass in tie minority of upwards of t wenty-th:*** thousand' of the total vote. Mr. Wood had supportof but one- paper ? tho Hepaij? ? and,1*** withstanding his monstrous blunder in his speech in tha Bowery, which drove from iim many JTnion votas. and ought to have defeat any moA who w^uld utter such sentiment*, he polls, about twenty-four thousand votes, and come* within about twelve hundred votes of Opdyke, ' who bad the support of nearly all the newspapers; while, on the o^feer hand, Mr. Gunther goes through the canvass without the support of a single daily paper and only two weeklies? the Header aud; J&as ? and yet comes out of the r?ce only a few hundred vote?, behind the successful candidate. Does not this result fully settle the braggvjo oio of the ZVifcwne and Tunes in regard to, the! q influence on elections, and show that it really amounts to nothing, when, with the aid of fivo or six other papers, they are still in tho minori ty nearly twenty four thou y an '1 votes ? Had | Mr. Wood yielded to any other man, and the I democracy united on one c.'iUi'.Uuo. instead of

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