Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 12, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 12, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKNNMTT, EDITOR AND FBQPWKrOB. or WE N. W. CORNER OP PULTON AND NA8PA0 STS. Tk'R'fS rath in mica net. Money tut I,if mail trill Itatth# tisho/ f/ta mtdtr. Non? Cut 11a.dc bills cutreid in JVett York ' 7 |T? DAILY if ERA J&D. f loo ttnt*p*r rapt/. $7 i**r annum. j 7/IS Mi.'/A/.l* 11 MAID, ?very S+otw, ut -.urrnr* i r j to%ut, qi$3 per annum; the European Edition eoery " I ?/ ?m' jper copy; $4 per annum to any part "f(Deuf Urtf i in. j or t>i> 1- fo artL ilirt of the Continent, Coth to t'nchr tepos aye,' t?? j toTifi rnia Edition on 'Ae 1?f, UfA and'2l*l a/' each month, atmx ! <ruth per copy, or $*75/)*/' annum. . , I /7/h M'fi/.r Hr.HALI)% on Wedne?tlapt at/>>ur c<nti per Vri'ij *vf?Hrn<vRHrsPo \r? sre, toiiwimd ??HWW /ram ""V >r "' 'tic 'carl.l: witth, liher\Hti,*.t /...' Air OCR Foreigh OORResyondbkiji abb | Partiodlaki y r.i:?i fsixu to S*al all km and 1'aok * A'fi'jviV/rA tattia of anonymous correrpon'lmcr. W7 do noi , ,(,,r? r, >. If I roui m. ?>! J ratio, tt r?nr?? wrj (tow; niW'rtltntitiU In iritrJ ?'/' tl" v> KKI.Y Hub A LP. Family LIaiiald, o?U lit tU (alifar*>r -? ' t'tivfooat' Edition*. .KID ri IKTtAO wRA rnahM, chrojtnrt and dm il?H Volatile XXVI No. 344 AMI siEMENTS THIS BVKMNa ACADEMY OP Mt'8I0, Irving place.?L*s Quatr* A BANS?/'A trlU.AKKOSTATlOK?L'OcBi: WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.?Shandy Maouibc?A* IL.UH in Seville?Irish TtnoB. WALLACE'S TIIEATRE, No. 311 Broadway.-MAOic Mar riage? Hi. a Noi a Miss. LAURA K RENE'S TIIEATRE, Broadway ?Sever Sons. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Richard III. Six Ol'iukks or Crime. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Sticskrv'a Natiokal Chill's. BARN I M S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day And Evening.?Tin: Raul's Dad jutkb?IIirrorotAitua,*. AID OTUKH ('UlillUlTILS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hail, 473 Broad w?y.?UN Bai.i.o in Marchers. HOOLRY'S MINSTRELS, Stuyvcsanl Institute, No. 659 Bi.adwa. .? Htuioiiam Sono-i. Dsm'ks, an. MEI.ODI'.ON CONCERT HALL. No. Mil Broadway.? bO.IGS, DaNOSS, ltUULESUUBS, Ac.?SALVATOK ROSA. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, CS5 Broadway.?So wes, Dan'lis, Dphi.i micKs, Ac.?Malic Lauril. C.AIKTIF.S CONCERT ROOM, G1C Broadway.?Dcawikg Room Kntbbtainmknts, Ballkts, Pantomimes, Farces, Ac. AXr.RICAN MUSIC IIALL, 4il Broadway.?Songs, Bal n is, Pantomimes, 4c.?Uk Hallo in METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, 600 Broadway.? f CS.DaHCU.,. PAUAKS. llURLESOOliS, A ;. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. 15 Bowery.? 1)luijoml'es, Songs, Dakcks, Ac.?Dimau's Wldpinc. P ARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, 603 Bi-oadway.? Opi'U daily from 10 A. M. til) 9 P. M. NATIONAL MUSIC HALL, Cliailnoi aire- i.?Bchlej. ?ui:?, Songs, Da . as, Ac.?Tour-i Tuilves. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?Burlesques, Sonos, Hanoi s, Ac. BROOKLYN MELODEON, corner of C,,nrt nnd Rrmxcn i . els.?Son.;i, Dances, I'A.NTOHiMits. ntiKi.utquEs, Ac. Ntw Yorli, Thursday, December HA, 1601. rrnic SITUATION. An alarm of ou approach of the enemy on the lines of our army on the Virginia shore on Tuesday evening brought out a large foVce of troops from the divisions of Generals Smith, Porter, McCall, Ificnker, McDowell, Franklin, Sumner and lleint zelmau. They advanced with the most perfect discipline and alacrity towards Fairfax Court House, embracing the whole country in front of our lines from right to left. They returned yester day reporting that no enemy was to he found. The manner in which the movement was conducted has established tlie utmost confidence in the efii cioncy of the troops in any emergency. By the arrival of the mail steamer Columbia from Havana, which arrived here yesterday, we have the fir. f account from oar side of the late fight at Fort Dickens. It will be found, as we expected, , considerably at variance with the rebel stories o' I the nflair w hich have hitherto reached us. Fort Pickens 1ms not been injured to any extent, while Fort McRrc offered considerably from the fire of General Brown. The destruction of the town of Warrington and a good portion of the Pcnsacolii Navy Yard by our guns is confirmed. Our history o! this contlict, which wc give to-day, will be found highly Interesting. In our correspondence from Port Royal, under date of the tith inst., we have information of an important reconnaissance made by the gunboat Ottawa, toward Fort Pulaski and through Tybee Island. The Ottawa proceeded to within eight miles of the city of Savannah. Several of our vessels were in the liarhor, including the Savan nah, I'oc iliontus, Scncca und Flag. The port of Savannah is thus effectually blockaded. The description of Tybee Island und the reconnoissance at Warren Sound, which we give to-day, will bo found very interesting. The brigade of General Stevens had taken possession of Beaufort on the tith inst., with a force of a thousand men, as we learn by the arrival of the City of Nov York at this port yes- i tcrday. The expedition under General Vielc wa>- | in active preparation to sail, and would be ready on the 12f h inst. Orders had been issued by General Sherman to Colonels Noble and Suy l.un to superintend the picking of cotton at Hilton I Head and the neighboring islands. Public attention is now fixed upon the great water expeditions in progress the rebels? namely, those of Generals Butler, Burr.sidc, l'oiter and llalleck?some on the seaboard and some on the Mississippi river. Important results may be expected from each before long, probably more important than any which our land forces may effect. Wc have intelligence from Havana, which, if true, would be very important, to the effect that two more Commissioners from the robcl government, in ti e persons of Mc.-sra. Hunter, of Virginia, and Pierre ^oule, of Louisiana, had arrived there, and wore to start for Europe on board the British mail steamer Clyde, or, the 7th instant, to fill the places of Mason and Slidell. The privateer Sumter is said to lave escaped from the gunboat Iroquois, who was watching her for nine days at Port Royal, Martinique. The pri vateer, it appcat s, slolc off on ti e night of the 23d ultimo. Rumors of a fight between a body of rebels un" ] der Joe Shelby and a detachment of Union cavalry, near Wavcrley, Lafayette county, Mo., on the 10th inst., which was renewed next morning, have been received at Sidulia, hut no p irticulura were given. CONGRESS. In the Senate yesterday, after tl.o pre cnUtiou of a petition f^r tire emancipation of slaves, Mr. V.'ilson offered a resolution of inquiry as to what reduction could be made in the expenses of the ermy. What additional facilitie could be given to Soldiers to send money to their homes was the subject of a resolution offered by Mr. King. F,evo lutions from the Legislature of Kentucky, asking Congress to relieve the distressed people of Ire land, were presented. A memorial from the New York Chamber of Commerce, relating to the es tablishment of a line of mail steamers from Califor nia to China, was referred to the Committee on Commerce. Mr. Chandler offered a resolution ap pointing a joint committee having power to retire improper officers of the army and navy. A joint resolution for the confiscation of rebel property and eati-fying claims of loyal nion was iutroduoed. Bills for establishing a new military and mail ronto to Baltimore and for increasing the number of cadets at Wost Point were also introduced aud ap propriately referred. The death of the late Senator Baker was announced, and after eulogiums upon his character by many members the Senate ad journed. In the House the greater part of the day was occupied in a debate on a preamble and resolution introduced in reference to the proclamation of General Halleck, of the Western Department, pro. hibiting negroes coming within the linos of his army. The resolution wss to the effect that the President bo respectfullj rcqnestcd to direct Gen eral Hullcck to recall said order, or cause it to cou form to the practice in other departments of the army. After speeches from members in support of and in opposition to the proposition, the whole subject was laid on the table, by a vote of soventy eight yeas to sixty-four nays. A bill providing for the recognition of the republics of Hayti and Liberia was introduced, but, on motion, it was voted that in lieu of this bill tho Committee on Foreign Affairs be directed to inquire into the expediency of such recognition. A bill to forfeit the property and slaves of persons found in arms against the government wus introduced and re ferred to the Judiciary Committee. A joint reso lution directing the Provost Court at Alexandria to retain possession, until the close of the war, of such property of rebels as may come under their charge, received like reference. A resolution was adopted recognizing the eminent services of the lute General Lyon, tendering the thanks of Con gress to the officers aud soldiers of his command, and directing that all those regiments under his command at his last glorious battle be permitted to bear on their regimental colors, in letters of gold, the word "Springfield." A bill for the punishment of troasou. for the remuneration of loyal citizens for losses sustained at tho bands of the ?ebela, and to provide homesteads for soldiers, was introduced and referred to the Judiciary Committee. Attention was called to the subject of the abolition of the franking privilege, but no decisive action was taken. Fifteen thousand extra copies of Secretary Chase's report wero ordered to be printed. The death of the late Senator Baker, of Oregon, was announced, eulogies on tiio deceased delivered, and the usual resolutions of respect passed, when the House adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS HEWS. There are four steamships from Europe duo at American ports this morning. These vessels sailed from the undernamed ports in the following order, viz:? Name. Day of Sailing. I*om. Destination. Hansa Nov. 27 Southampton...New York. Glasgow (in place of Kangaroo).. .Nov. '28... .Queenstown... .New York. Anglo-Saxon Nov. 28... .Londonderry. ..Portland. Kuropa Pec. 1... .Queenstown... .Hal. & Bos. The Hansa will bring news three days later than that received by the Africa, and will have among her passengers the crew of the ship Harvey Birch, which was burned at sea by the rebel steamer Nashville. The West India mail steamer, convey ing to England the report of the arrest of Mason and SliJell, may have reached that country on the day of the departure of the Glasgow snd Anglo Saxon, but she most certainly will have made Iter port before the Europa left Queenstown. The fir? t .ntclligencc, therefore, relative to the impression produced by the act of Captain Wilkes will come to ns, most probably, from Halifax. By the arrival of the steamer Columbia we have important news from Havana. The great expedi. tion for Mexico 1 ad sailed, and the ovation to the departing troops was very enthusiastic. The rebel steamer Vandcrbilt had arrived with a valuable cargo of cotton and stores, and the schooner W Mallory came in a day or two afterwards. A cor respondent writes us saying that two rebel cmissa ric in place of Mason and Slidell had arrived, and sailed for Europe in the British mail steamer Clyde! but this needs confirmation. A brother of General Anderson is among the passengers by the Colum bia, and his perilous adventures in escaping from the South will be read with interest. We have later news from Mexico, by way of Havana, from which it appears that the people were preparing to resist the invaders of their country. The guns had been removed from the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa to Pcrote, a strongly fortified place. We have dates to the 28th ult. from Turks Islands, but the papers contain no news. The Royal Standard of the 23d November says the demand for .salt has continued to be pretty brisk, and a considerable quantity of what remained on hand bos been shipped off1. The quantity at Cook" burn Harbor has been reduced to 130,000 bushels, and ;t is estimated that there are now from 45,000 to 50,000 bushels in the pans, which will be taken out in the next ten days, if they arc not otherwise employed. There are some six or eight cargoes yet remaining at each of these islands, Grand Turk md Salt Cay. but no prospect of any further quantity being gathered until next season. I'rico ??'pht cents. Export duty, % cent. Governor Letcher, of Virginia, in his annual Message to the Legislature, offers his sympathies to the "down-trodden people of Maryland," ar.d sugger' th. t measures be immediately taken to bring that "subjugated" State into the ''free and prosperous" confederacy of Jeff. Davis A Co. Look at the vo'e of the last election in Maryland, and sec how ignorant the people are of their "down-trodden" condition. The official count for Governor was as follows:? Bradford (unconditional Union) r>T.f>0t Howard (peace party) 2fl,o70 Union majority 31,431 The term of Garret Davis, who has been chosen to represent Kentucky in the United States Senate, instead of the expelled traitor, John C. Breckin ridge. expires in 1807. Colonel Rankin, formerly an officer in the British service in Canada, is delivering lectures in Michi gan in behalf of his regiment of lancers. Over thirty-one thousand boats pns-?vi Syracuse on the Erie canal, between the 1st of May and the 101 It of December this year. A daughter of one of the volunteers now at Port Royal, named McC'nne, committed suicide at Wood, stock, Conn., on the 9th inst., by shooting herself with a pistol. The Canadians sre displaying considerable ac tivity in organizing a volunteer militia force. The Montreal Gazette says if the government will give the proper encouragement one hun Ir. d thousand men can bo enrolled and drilled this winter. A cotton oompany in Massachusetts last week sold one hundred baits of cotton at thirty cents per pound. There was quite a spicy time at the mooting of the Bonrd of City Canvassers yesterday. A Mr ll tchelor having received fourteen votes for Alder men of the district r.t present represented by Alderman Genet, flint gentleman moved that they bo *trnck off from the returns. This motion was opposed by Alderman Dayton, who questioned whether the election ot Alderman Genet to the office oi Conn'y Clerk did not vacate his seat as Alderman; After onsider.tble debate Alderman Gt neth> motion was carried, The returns for the Twelfth ward were completed, when the Hoard ad ;ourn? d until aeon to-day. Thus far fifteen dis tricts have been ennvnsoe . In the Gcoeval tension* yesterday, before ?J gdgq McCunu, Frcdetick ITi'f} wan convicted of assnult log Thos. MoKenna,of 211 avenue A, on the 12th of September, with intent to do him bodily harm. He wan remanded for sentence. Ann Flaunigan plead ed guilty to obtaining money uudor false pretences, sbe having represented herself to the dispensers of he fund for the relief of the families of volunteers as the wife of Christopher Flannigan, a private in Company K, Ninth regiment, New York Volunteers. She was the wife of Michael Flaunigan, who was not sufficiently patriotic to culist. The City Judge fined her $5. Recorder Hoffman, who presided in the other branch of the court, sentcuced Ann Tuy lor, who pleaded guilty yesterday to grand lar ceny, to imprisonment in tho State prison for three years and four months. Tho trial o^ Augustine Barco, charged with stabbing George William i. was resumed. The. killing took place on a Sunday night in August, opposilo the sailors' boarding house of James Smith, .'i4G Water street. A number of sailors had been drinking, and, be coming intoxicated, began to quarrel. Williams culled his companion* improper h.uncs, whereupon a light ensued, and in the melee Barco stabbed him with a dirk, inflicting stfaful wound. The jury ren dered a verdict of guilty of manslaughter in tho se cond degree, and the prisoner was remanded until Saturday. The highest punishment that can be inflicted ia seven years' imprisonment in the State prison. James Davis pleaded guilty to stealing a watch from George E. Mathews, and was sent to the penitentiary for one year. The trial of Moses Loweuberg for the murdor of Samuel Hoffman, in First avenue, was commenced. Seven jurors were obtained before the court adjourned. There was very little apparent change in the market for beef cattlo this week. The supply of strictly prime was moderate, the demand mode rate, and prices about the same, ranging from 5%c. a Sc. a 8%c., and a few sales of choice at rather higher rates?say 9c. a 9%c. Milch cows were quiet at $25 a $50, according to quality. Vea! calves were in moderate request at from 4c. a 0c. per pound. The demand for sheep and iambs was fair, and prices ranged fiom $'i 25 to $4 a $5, ac cording to quality. Swine continue in good re quest at 3J.?c. a HJJe. for corn fed, and 3c. for still fed. The receipts were as follows:?4,295 cuttle, 110 eows, 554 veals, 8,839 sheep and lambs, and 39,753 swine. The rat on market w? oxoitcd yesterday, with at) active spinning and speculative demand and afarthor advance in prices; the sates embraced ?i>out 0,100 bales, clo'tngon the basis ot SIFJC, a 32c. lor middling uplands, chiefly at tlio outsido figure; abuut 2,000 # 2,500 bales of lho ealce wore made to pinners. Flour was in good re quest uiid in fair demand; common shipping grades wcro rather firmer, whiio c..tra brands wore unaltered. W heat was less active but firmer, and tor good shipping qualities in some cases lcvper bushel higher. Corn was active aud firm, and closed at about tjc. u lc. higher. Pork was heavy and rather lower, with sales or mess, old and new, at $12 a $12 7ft, and prime do. at $8 50 a $9. Sugars ware firm, wlih sales of 200 a 800 bhds. and 070 boxes and 50 bags t'hina at full prices. Coffee was firm, with limited sales. Freights were without alteration of moment, while a fair amount was offering. Onr W?r for the Union and Oar Disor ganizing Abolition Faction. When Mr. Lincoln, as our President elect, was on the eve of his departure from his liomo in Illinois for our national capital, he made a little speech to his neighbors, in which he de clared that lie felt himself charged with re sponsibilities equal to tho3c of Washington in the fearful ordeal of onr Revolutionary War. In this declaration the country was assured that our new President fully comprehended the difficulties with which he would have to grap ple, and that be would faithfully walk in the footsteps of Washington in his devotion to the Union. Since his inauguration, in all his proclama I tions and messages, in all his measures, and in i ail his acts, Mr. Lincoln has satisfied the cx ! pectations of the great body of the people ol our loyal States. lie has declared that, in the prosecution of this wnr, lie looks to << the integrity of the Union"?nothing less, but nothing more. Upon this plat form?''the integrity of the Union"?an army of patriotic Union volunteers, six hun dred and fifty thousand strong, has rallied to the support of liis administration. His way is clear bcfcutf him. The army indicates the popu lar pul3c <ff the country. We have this rebel lion now in the condition of a beleaguered city, and all that is needed to bring it to a speedy capitulation is the harmonious co-operation of J Congress und the loyal States upon the Presi dent's policy in the prosecution of this war. But this reckless, malignant and disorgan izing abolition faction of the North stands in the way. After supplying, through thirty years of an anti-slavery agitation, the secession dema gogues of the South with all their political capital, this abolition faction is now resolved that there shall be ''emancipation or separa tion." These fanatics of one idea care nothing for the Union?nay, while it embraces the insti tution of slavery, they regard it as "a covenant with death and a league with hell." Their motto is "no Union with slaveholders-" and if they cannot abolish slavery they will, if not put down, abolish the Union, beginning with the overthrow of our present administration. If, therefore, the administration would save itself and the Union, it must not hesitate in beginning the work of silencing the seditious clamors of this abolition taction. Our cotumn nicatiens with our revolted States arc now upon a par with our social intercourse with the heart of the Chinese empire. We are cut ort. But from some late stray Southern newspapers I which have run the gauntlet northward, we gloau some interesting facts and disclosures. We thus learn that in North Carolina, in Arkan sas, in Louisiana, in Texas, and elsewhere in the South, there is a Union sentiment existing which is exciting the fears and the most fero cious threats from the rebels. We may thus feci assured of active allies in all those States, with the advance of our amies, provided we adhere to that sound, conservative policy upon, slaverv which has saved Maryland. Kentucky and Missouri, and which has resulted in a popu lur welcome to our Union troops among the slaveholders of the lla-tcrn shore of Virginia. They welcome the old flag as bringing with it the restoration of their constitutional rights. True, we have had no such manifestations in .South Carolina; but in her intense secessionism of thirty years' cultivation she stands alone All the other revolted States, with hardly an exception, were tied to the chariot wheels of South Carolina against the will aud the votes of their people. Give them a cbaneo, and they will materially assist us in suffocating this re bellion. Let these violeut abolition resolutions and bills in Congress be indignantly rejected; lot the facilities of the United States mails he denied to our demoralizing abolition organs? including such us the New Vork Triton , Times and [nfaprnderd?and let a few of our ieading abolition conspirators?such as Garrison, Gree ley. Kaviuoiul. Beecher and Cheev n?be clap ped into Vnrt Lafayette or Fort Warren for safe U oping, and the government ?u i our army and nary will go on their way rejoicing. Cut oil' these abolition eomUnstibh s. and the jjica of wtfe-eion will soon out for w. ut ot fuel. Let the acts of Congress, and the prod a. raations of the army in every direction, con form to the President's programme?"the in tegrity of the Union"?and we shall have it again. On the other hand, in full blast, let these abolition agitators In Congress, our abo lition organs, and our vindictive abolition preachers of a false Gospel, go on with their wicked schemes, and onr war for the Urnon on all sides, negroes and all, will soon become u war of extermination. Sow broadcast over tho luud these abolition papers, speeches, bills and resolutions; let it appear that the abolitionists control the government, or bold it nt their

inercy, and, with the diffusion of these fire brands throughout the South, we shall have a war upon our hands of twenty years' duration, or the separation of the Union in un ignoble peace. Under Mr. Van Buren's administration wo had a war with tho Seminole Indians of Florida. They accepted it as a war of extermina tion, and thus tho subjugation of less than a thousand Seminole warriors cost us the best efforts of our best generals for several years, at an expenditure of forty millions of dollars* What, then, will this war against our eleven re volted States cost us, if we change it from a war for tho Union to a war for the extirpation of slavery ? Such a war, with an enormous debt and exhausting taxes, would go down to tho next generation, if not abandoned for an inglorious peace. The shor ed and the only way to avoid such a war is to silence this infa mous abolition agitation by the interposition of tlie strong arm of the government itself. In undertaking (hit? important duty the ad ministration need not entertain any fears of public opinion. The government will be sup ported in suppressing this abolition agitation, as it was sustained in its suppression of the se ditious peace meetings and peace journals of our Noi thorn democratic secession fuction last summer. The issue involves the question of Union or ^separation, and that other question? the euccef-s or failure of this administration to just expectations of its millions of liowf' Supporters. Is the XVav l'? Ww of Ideas J" So soy the Jacobin philosophers of tho Now \?rk Tribune. In yesterday's nnmbcr Robes pierre Greeley & Co. make tho following announcement:? This war is one of Ideas. Tho idea of slavery is flvht infj against llio idea of freedom. ?? * * In tho loyal Sutes there Is a |mrty which refuses to adopt tho idea of free dom; but this party will be overborne by the rushing current 01 providential events. Tho idea of freedom must predominate and shape tho issues of tho revolution. If tlna war bo a war of ideas, then let (he abolitionists fight for their idea, nnd let all others stand back. Why should thuso who do not believe in the one idea of Grocley, Garri son and their little clique take up arms to pro p.tgale it, particularly as the idea is at variance with the whole thcor. of our constitution, and with the principlos and practice of (he govern, ment for upwards of eighty years? Towage war for emancipation is to wage war against the Union and the constitution, and is as much treason us a war for secession. It would be equal ly justifiable to inaugurate a religious war in the Union?-a war, for instance, to extirpate "popery and prelacy," and to establish a national Protes tant church of the Puritan sect of Beccher and Cbeever, tho prohibition in tho constitution to the contrary notwithstanding; for is not the constitution "an agreement with death and a covenant with hell?" Happily, a written con stitution cuts off all chance of anarchists or fire brand zealots from converting a war for "the intogrity of the Union" into a war of fanaticism, political or religious. If it is legitimate to wage a war ago iu-1 negro slavery, protected as it is by the constitution, it would bo equally just for "tho men of no property" to wage war against all kinds of property, and make an equal division of (he ipoils, according to the Fouriorito agrarian ideas of the Tribune philo sophers, who hold (hat "all property is job bery. ' This would bo equally a war of social ideas; and if they should be successful in the abolition crusade who can tell what other war of ideas they may set on loot. It is only by first acknowledging the independence of the Southern States that the North could legitimately wage agaiust them a war of emancipation. But we do not war against them as a foreign nation, but as insur gents. and we must therefore deal with them and with tho loyal citizens of the South accord ing to the bond. At tho time of the formation of the Union the North took the South "for better, for worse, till death us do part," know ing that slavery was one of its institutions, and guaranteeing its security forever. It is now too late in the day to discover that negro slavery is a sin, a crime, "the sum of all villanies." A war upon such an issue would be a war not for the constitution and the Union, but against them. 11 (he w nr be not for these it is a criminal war, like (hat which the lineal ancestors of tho pre sent abolition Puritans once waged in England I for the shape of the coat nnd the cut of the hair. I As for the threat of "overbearing" the con- ' servative elements of the North, who believe in the Union and the constitution, and of forc ing them, as if by "a rushing current," into n revolution by which a government our father^ knew not will be constructed out of the ruins oi the old, this, no doubt, is the audacious calculation of the traitors at the North. Bu there is a wide difference between plotting th? overthrow of a government and carrying the scheme into successful execution. If olcl honest Abe Lincoln will only now draw the fangs 0t tho disunion abolition snake at the North, as he did tho teeth of tho secession viper among us he will save himself and the country much trouble and danger hereafter, and the moral ef fect at the South, as well as at the North, would be greater in favor of the Union than the cap ture of Richmond, Charleston and Savannah. Goon News from tub Soctii.?We publish to day highly interesting news from Port Royal and Fort Pickens. Frcm the former wc learn that Beaufort has been taken possession of, and that the cotton all around is being picked with a view to its transportation northward. Beau fort will become a ha-is of operations against the interior of South Carolina, including Charleston. We further learn that an expedition has sailed from Port Royal to lake possession of Tybee Island, and make it a ha-is of opera, lions against Georgia, commencing with Fort Pulaski in d ending with tho capture of riavaw n %h. Tybee is less than two miles tVom Fort Pulaski, which can bo bombarded thence with heavy siege guns and mortars. Another blv-e of operations agiinst other rebellious Hon thorn States--Northern Florida and Alabama?wili be Santa Rosa Island and Fort Pickens. *?, noon en the reinforcements sent to General Brown shall In vc reached their dentinaljon. By the intelligent Rom thcuco, whichvwe publish to day, it will bo soon that, wblle Fort Picketa baa not been breached, and haa sustained no material injury, the rebel Fort Mcllae has suffered severely, and Warrington and the greater part of the Navy Yard have been burnod. The Confederate steamer Times, more over, was disabled by the first shot; and, though Fort Barrancas and their heavy batteries still remain to the rebels undamaged, when a suf ficient force arrives to assume the offensive, and to hold the town of Feusacola, there will not be great difficulty in capturing all the works of tho enemy and putting hiiu to a precipitate flight, which will afford the best practical comment on the boasting of Bragg. Tims the news from the Southern coast is of a cheering character, and every intelligcHt reader will see that tho operations in progress are not isolated, unconnected movements, but portions of a plan of campaign which, when fully de veloped, will rcduco the rebels to subjection and restore the authority of the United State# flag from tho Potomac to the Rio Grande. Which Is Riuht ??The abolition organs re. peatedly state that McClellan is losing ground by refusing to advance, and the Satanic aboli tion clique in Congress evidently design to at. tempt to depose him because he will not "Forward to Richmond." The secessionists take a very different view of McClellan's in action. The Memphis Argus says that the Con- ! federate troops In the Mississippi Valley have ! "done as little as the mammoth hosts we are ( now supporting in Virginiu, whose sole occupa tion seems to be watching McClellun. who feels and knows that with him time is strength, while with us it is exactly the reverse." Now which is right, McClellan or the abolitionists? The Repcbmcan Union and Wendki.i, Phil lies.?We arc informed that the organization known as the Republican Union are making pre parations to have Wendell Phillips deliver one of hi - abolition speeches in this city some time n"\t ,\?ek. We would advise them not to at Uijupt to carry out any such project as that under the present state of the public mind. The public have had the nigger dished up in the abolition style rather more tlrnu is palata ble already, and another dose may prove more than they will bear. THE IROQUOIS IN SEARCH Of THE SUMTFR. Narrow Escape of tlte Prlvnleei?Olltctm of till- Iroquois, Ate., die A letter received yesterday afternoon by Messrs. Malt land, Phelps 3s Co., dated 8t. Thomas, November 23, gtatos:?Wo hear that the privatoor Sumter is at Martin iquc and that the United Stales gunboat Iroquois Is lying off iho port waiting lor her. * Another letter received by the same flrin, dated Novem ber 25, slates that tho United Stales gunboat Iroquois ar. rivod at St. Thomas on ths night or tho 24th, and re ported that the Sumter had escaped. Tho following are the officers of the Iroquois:? Comnianiter?lames 8. Palmer. lA'.ulenanl?David B. Hai mouy Surgctm?Binjarr In Vrccland. Paymaster?Krbert II. Clark. (Junnci?James A. Llttiostou. Carpenter?John A. Dixon. First AuxtUitU Engineer?John H. Long. Secontl Ami-hint Engineer?.lames M. Harris. Srcond Assistant Engineer?B. C. Hampton. J'/.ird Assuhiht Engineer?Oilcans Lougacre. STATKMKN f OF TUB CAPTAIN OK TttE SCHOONER DANIEL TJtOWBlirPQE. Captain Charles II. I.jon, of thu schooner Daniel Trow l>ridgo,say& she left New York October 8th, with a full cargo of provisions and st ek. The unusual light winds prolonged the voyage, and nothing occurred to relieve its monotor y until tlio afternoon of October 27, when u sus 1 ieious lucking craft bore down upon them aud tired a shot across her bow. Captain Lyon still continued his course, whon tho steamer run close in and spoke hiui, or dering hint to immediately heavo to. which was dono. A bont in charge of the Second Lieutenant then put o:f from the Semter,and, upon boarding tbo schooner, de man 'oil an immediate and surrender, 1'ar leymg w. fsaltiigelher aniHtriluou.r, ?ud Captain Lyon and crow could only acquiesce. They were im mediately taken aboard the Sumter, and a prize crew from that ship took rbarg# of tlio scheonor. Tho Sumter commenced supply ing herself irom the schooner, and for three days tsor boats were employed in conveying stores. At tho end of that timo, having secured nil tbev wanted, the fine vessel wa- llrod an entirely consumed,'together wtili what re mained of the cargo. Tho Daniel Trowbridgo was one of ti e fastest res:, Is in the West India trade, and with a favorable wind, Captain Lyon is confident ho could have escaped the Sumter, orun wi:h her powerful engines. The officers of the steamer were highly pleased with the Staunch b-.lld and superior -ailing qualities of the schooner, and tin sacrificing if the craft was owing to their inability to take cure of it. Captain L. found on board the Sumter the captain ar.d crow?oignt in at.'?cf tho brig Joseph Park, captured' some timo before. Tho Sumter, now In want of coal, gt.eam xt away lor Po: l Roys), Martinique, where she ar rivod on the 8th of October, llore both crews wore offered their re'.eas ?, provided they signed a document agreeing not t<> hear arms against tho Confederate States, or in any manner aid tlio North by information or other wise. The alternative was that they .still ho retained us prisoners. In consideration of the cur ft inly ef having to continue aboard the steamer for an inde'llDltc tlrne^ together with the uncertainty of tholr future disposi te n, the eutlre party decided to uigu the required parole and were promptly released. Captain Lyon loft on the llth uit. In the sehooner Eme tine. and srriv-d in New York al ter a passapo of twenty seven days. Ecforo leaving he consulted with the Amo rican Consul tn reference to tho return of his crew. If no opportunity occurred soon the Consul would send them to St. Thomas, where they could easily Qnd passage. Two of them only belonged here. Captain I.yon was ttiirf-en days aboard tlio Sumter, during which hopvus treated with tho utmost kindliest by both officers and crow. Of her armament or number of moa he is not communicative?bis parole of honor es pecially forbidding any information on this point. The New York Central Until?>:?<1. Aliusv, Doc. 11,1361. Tho annual mooting of the stockholders of the Now York Central Railroad was held hero to day. The follow, log directors wore th.ison by a unanimous vote:?E-as tus Corning, of Albany; Dean Richmond, of Buffalo; Joi n II. Cliedcll,of Anliurn; Alonzo C. Page,of Schenectady John V. L. Prnyn,of Albany; Nathaniel Thayer,of B .; top; Livingston 8prakor, of Palatine Bridge; Jacob Could, i of Ro-hester; Cornelius L. Tracy, cf Troy; Charles If. Rc-oli, cf New York Richard M. Bldebtor.!, of Now York; Hamilton V.'litto, of Syracvso; Henry H. Martin, of. Albany. For Inspectors of Hcidion, Goorgo Dexter, of Albany RufttsG. Beardsiey,of New Yotk, and Stephen (trees? be k, of Albany, wre chosen, th" mooting very 1 itjoly attended. The annual report of tho directors shows tlio earnings or the rand in the month of November to have hex: $251,120 86M>"iQK ?n increase of $220,3*3 03 over the same month last year, and tbo largest earnings of tlio company In anyone mouth. The surplus of foroino :><? cou'-l t n tiie39tli i f September, J301. w is 12,460,852 15, invoeted in improvements and supplies. The annual report i f the c"mm it too of stockholders ap pointed te eveniiiie into the accounts and trans:*"' ions of the company says tho bO"ks and accounts of tlio com pany are tn "good order, tho system well devised. and tbev ?tiow that the statements in the reports of tho c un pany arc correct. On tho question of reappointing a stockholders examin ing committee coming Up in tho meeting. It was re ? ived, arte: a full debate, not to again appoint such a committee, th# special circumstances that gavo origin to it having passed away. At as ibscquent mooting of the Board, the following appoiutmcnls wore made:? win'?Ernstus Corning. Vice Pri nU n'? Richmond. Ee-enHv OmmWt-?Messrs. Coming. Richmond,the dill, Paige am! Martin. Committee. en AcoomiE?Messrs. Spraker, Tracy and I) i a tch ford. Ac.idsvv of Music.?To-ulyht Mr. WlUlam Hanlua open the series of gymnastic and other performances at tbis house, which, fr.iin tholr extraordinary character,aro oxClttng so much exportation. The most wnn.krtul foat on record is that te which Mr. Ifaulon gives ilte rather utipreuouticablo title of >'iiempiilaerwtatlon.'1 But one other person, M Leotard, of Paris, has ovor attempted jt iin l ho jterfonned it under conditions of dimi nished difficulty, the distance being one thtrd less, and awom pllfh" I without turni'ag ovor the body whi'al. llyiiqj from trapeze to tr.ipe/e. L.ko every other curVouf. n rvelty, it promises t'> attract crowdod hotsoe, the bvx cJftce sheet I'or to right being nearly tilled up W. i tAOK's Ttrs-tTax ?u Tho M >;ic Marriage" still draws crow is to this establishment. a fresh attraction has boon added, in the one act Ift^rpleco l>y Cha'",os Bat co, entitled "He's cot A-Hlgf.? Mr. John rfeftoo.of " .Tcmn y Twltcher farae.playa ' apitallv thopart of prot tvr.ian. Hnt fnw of thn uudi'jueo quit until the closo of ib- aft ? "ae, wldcU amply recompense than for re maining. IMPORTANT MEWS FROM HAVANA. Sailing of tlie Spanish Expe dition for Mexico. The Fleet Within Thirty-six Hours of Vera Cruz. ARRIVAL OF A REBEL STEAMER AT HAVANA. Report of New Robel Ambas sadors to Burope. Hunter and Soule Reported Passen gers on the Clyde. Arrival of a Brother of General Anderson. HIS PERILOUS ADVENTURES, Ac., Ac., Ac. Hie United Stale* mail steamship Columbia, Cap*. Adams, arrived yesterday morning, bringing dates of Urn 6th inst. Among her passengers aro Mr. Charles Anderson and his family. Mr. A., we understand, is an escaped prisoner (?mm the Southern cocfodo. ucy. He was arrested, with bis family, on the 1st of October, some thirty miles from San Autonio, Texas, by a detachment of South Carolina, cavalry, under an order fron^ the commander of that de partment. Mr. A. aud family wero removing to tboir old bomo in tbo North. No charges wore alleged against him, and no excuses offered for the outrages upou him self and family, except that he was an est id as au alien enemy, and would bo held as a prisoner of war His family was sent under u military escort somo 300 miles to Brownsvlllo, on the Mexican frontier, to tako the first vessol for the United States. IIo was scut to a mili tary eucaropment near San Antonio, and kept under cloM guard and espionage, but otherwise kind treatment, until the 22d of October, when, during a dark and rainy night, he made his escare. After various advoutures, risks and exposures, he mode his way alono, and through the prairies and jungles (now in possession of the Camanclies and wild boasts), to Mexico For his ( scupe he is greatly indebted to Win Bayard, a son of R. C. Bayard, of South Brooklyn, This noble youth, knowing aud sympathizing with the prisoner's Union principles, and es one of tlio family of Major Mochllng, and having accoss to him, conspired with Mr. Auderson for the escape. Mr. Anderson further informed us that he stayed tcu days iu Monterey, on account of his iuabi litytoride. Gov. Vidaurri, having heard of his arrival, kindly offered him a conveyance to Tampioo. Here, of courso,he was received and entertained with ail the kind" cers of brother and sister by those noble specimens of trtio Amoriean loyalty, Mr.Chase aud his wife. Thence h? sailod in the British steamer Clyde, via Vera Cruz, to Ha' vuna. At this place he mast unexpectedly found hU wife and family, whom ho had supposed to bo at Now York. He reports that, although the British subjects whom he meg were violently indignant at the seizure of M-ssrs. Mason and Slldell on tho steamer Trent, he and his family were received and entertained by tho Naval Oilloer and Captain Heenau, and all his subordinates, with the genorosily and kindness of personal friendship. He was overtaken by his young friend and ally, William Tayard, at Vittorin. Ho sailed on the schooner Sallt? Gay, for New York, on tho 1st of November, and doubt less will soon be happy again in his ti uo home and coun try. Mr. Anderson is a brother of General Robert Ander son, U. S. A. Mr. Anderson and family, and other prssmgors, wor? taken from the British steamer Clyde at tho mouth of the harbor of Havana. Tho rebel steamer Vanderbilt at rived on tho 3d inst.,bound south, with cotton and naval stores. Three other steamers aro understood to be .-n route? one from New Orleans and another from Charleston. The rebol schooner W. Mallory arrived at Havana on the 5th of December, from Mobile, with a cargo of naval stores aud two passengers. The captain would hav? brought cotton, but the Confederate authorities at Mobil? would not permit it to bo shipped. Vessels arc clearing every day for ports in tho C. S. A., and wo do not learn that many capture mode. Most of th-se vessels carry coil'ce, for which thoy get $15 50 to $10 75. There is scarcely any business hero for Northern ships Outward freights are not paying. The British w ar stearner Bulldog was in the port of Havana, Sailed 5th, on a cruise, Challenger and Steady, for Vera Cruz. Tiic Opera troupe were well sustained. Such was Ih? dc'.lglit of tho llaha'ieros that two housos we.o ia fuU blast.. Tho circus company wero doing a line business. Tho health of Havana was good. Oar flat aim Correspondence. Havana, Pec. 6,M81. hnistrtant Newt, If True?Alleged Arrival of Rcbti Em issaries in Havana?Th ?ir Departure for Europe, etc Tho rebel steamer Vaudorbilt (nut the Vauder. hilt so well known in New York) has safety arrivod In this port, having successfully ran the blockade. Among her passengers are two other ministers for liurope in place cf Mason and Slid ell, recently captured. Those am bar sailors are Hunter, of Virginia, and fc'oule, of Louisiana. They leave hero to-morrow la tho British mall steumor Cydo, and it Is nut likolv that they will bo captured by any ITnimi vessel, as very few porsons know anything about their arrival. Tl.a Confederate (lag is in high favor her> , and tho Spanish shipa-cf-war salute it regularly. IlATAA, Per. 0, ISM. Aiiililivxi'l Particulars of the ExpeM'ivn tn Mexico?' it! of the Vessels, t?r.?The St irs an' Stripes Foaling Over Vent Cm.?The Monroe Doit iw ?I'lourisking Condition of Ike Stare T. <uie?The Paha, ' pmci?Arrivals from 'ho Southern Slates? Vessels in / ret?Markets, c6c. Laet Sunday and Monday the second and third divis ions rf the expedit ion to Mexico sailed from this port riie wliarvou were lined with a very cor.sidcrablo muni op ot persons, principally of the lower classes, and tho most profound filerco reigned among them, I ho-.rd no cheers, and saw no waving of hau'kiuvhicfs, except.fri nv thesoluiors who crowned tho waiis of the forts on th? opposite 3ido of the harbor. Three or four small steamers, gnyly decked with lints and streamers of every. ima_> nab'.o color and device, and with a band of music a , board, accompanied tho departing vessels soma litt' a distance outside the Moro. On Sunday the Countess ? San Antonio and a select few of our upper ten wura,' ?a board < no ol thoso little steamers. On Monday his t Ex ooiloncy tho Captain General and lur Conn toe a wituw Jt(y tite aceuofroni a bulcony of tho house ui'Qene: al UroicJi oro, where were also Admiral Ihinlup .u.U Cm cap".** ,s 0' the Ilrtllsh r-1 earners Challenger, Steady ami pdog, which arrived here on Saturday owniug, Kvvr /thing passed otf well and without ar.yucti cut, ojac*#.'a slight, d' lay experienced by tho steamer pet. ovila on Sunday* in cousc'iucace of a chain having got outing?*/i with part of her machinery. Otio of the streets ti'xw^h whxhJ tho troops pursed to tho *place of <' atme was hsad-i sotnely dcoor: led w ith Cags and htaguogs in wiiioh,U.W Spanish colors predominated. Tbt? regiments wetw re peatedly cheered; but * suppose this compliment was paid by Spaniards exclusively. Thesoldiers (sooio it least) were sorry eno^h to go, fw 1 saw many Uirm ehod tears. H whs natural to out h; the poor follows were leaving frieudtt, wives and swoathuarts, pechspe for., ever. I'nder sucla circumitaxn?t toars era honorable, and oftentimes tv bravest am the most sympattrotlo And now that tV expedition. has gone, vre re aperj into our -ssual dulrues, aw?,MH>g tho next ixclkementt, Vlio followiig is Complete and correct * list of th? vessels composing the expedition as. I could make out, with all the details which 1 thought jnight l>o interesting, 1 had to abandon the attempt to got the tonnage V.orse power of the i cans ports, which, utter ail, ts a mat. tor of very little moment:? VF.SOBL* rOMI'oHINf.l THE S-trKPITION, wiraM i afjAtis?raocMxi nr. TV.onca, 37 gur "11 horse ower.fipi. M. do, la Pleads, yterenguela, 37 guns, aw horse power, (jy*. uo.-ede Artas. Com opcior., 37 guv. Cyj horse power ("apt, Mrnuol >lae Crohur,. ) altad. 11 go,,,- to > horso power, ''ant. Pedro del Cat. I tUlo. \ Pctroni;a. 3t Juns,-^ horse j>p,vrrr capt. Rorrtjnico II

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