Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 16, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 16, 1861 Page 2
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NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. Return of a New York Merchant from Richmond. NEWS FROM PORT ROYAL. Price Not Superseded in Mis souri. PROCEEDINGS OF THE REBEL CONGRESS. "Admission" of Kentucky Into the Southern Confederacy. Important from the Seat of War in Missouri and Kentucky. The Proposed Dismemberment of Virginia. rise Question of Consular Exemp tion from Military Duty. EIDMMUIT LETTER FROM RES. CREEJUOW, Ac., Ac., Ac NEWS PROM RICHMOND. ARRIVAL OP A NEW YOKE MERCHANT, LATELY A PRISONER AT RICHMOND NARRATIVE OF AFFAIRS IN EASTERN VIRGINIA?GK.NKKAL SUSPENSION OF BUSINESS ?IIOPFS THAT T1IF. NORTH WILL BE IN VOf.VKD IN WAR WITII ENOI AND OR FRANCE? TREATMENT OF TIIE UNION FKISONEKS, ETC. A gentleman, wlio Tor some years was tlio head of a re speotable firm in Pearl street, In this city, lias just return ed f.otn Richmond, whore ho bus boon a prisoner for the last three months. Before the war-broke out ho woe in terested in some of thooil spring* of Virginia; aud, when tlio neighborhood in which he was engaged in his busi. lies* became the scut of hostilities, ho was unable to re turn to the North, and was at last captured by the rebels uud sent to Richmond. During Hie last month of his cap tivlty he occupiod the same room with Mr. Huribut, recently one of the editors of the New York Timet. Thl gentleman, it was reported, hud been sent toSouth Caru" lina?his native State?hut this rumor was untrue,and h? still r< mains a prisoner at Richmond. A very excited state of feeling, says our informant,pre vails in Eastern Virginia, and especially at Richmond' Ilios.' who were formerly Uuion men arc now universally '"sccesh," and many of tliem arc very bitter in their ex pressions of haired towards the North. Among the peo pie generally an intense animosity against the Yankees has prevailed; and sinoe the capture of Mason and Slidoll iheir violence has known no hounds. The most horrid threits are daily uttered against Northorn prisoners; and, should the rebel Commissioners be hung, it is affirmed lhal arty of the Yankees shall lie executed with the mos' ignominious publicity. All thought of over submitting to be united in any way with the North seems to have vanished. The unanimity of the jieoplo is, to all appear mice, unbroken; and either in principle, or from fear or punishment, or from the bolief thai onnflsr utlou and abo lit ion are the Northern watchwords, all the people in Vir ginia, so tar as our luformant could learn, were unitod a* one man to gain their independence or perish In the aitompt. Every branch of commerce and trade which was not connected with the demands of the war is suspended,and ?l! available men aro pressed into the army. Ruin has already overtaken thousands of persona formerly In com fortable circumstances. Nono of the privations and losses' li twever, which are incident to Ibis state or thiiigs, excrt any perceptiblo influence on public opinion. There is a general boasting contideuce expressed in tho ability of tbe South to"kmp tt,e invaders nt bay." It is confidently predicted that t.eforo next spring a "roe European trouble will arise to complicate the rela tiuna existing between the United Stales aud either Eng. land or Franco; nnd until spring the Confederates be lieve that uo activo operations will he practicable; for their roads are very bad, aud there is no continual frost to keep thorn hard and firm On tho contrary, the weather m almost always soft. and frequent heavy ruins keep the roads in a state more fit for icthyosauri than (or horses. 1 he invasion of tho South, they suppose, must ha made, if at all, by land over the deep limestone mud in Western Virginia or Kentucky, or the bottomless foam, or the Mississippi Valley. And In no parts of those rc gions of country aro tlio roads passable in rainy weather after the wagons and artillery of a nuglo brigade have gone over them. It is the common boast at Richmond that, as the Yankees have nowhere penetrated twontv five mtloe into the South during the eight months of dry weather, when the roads are good, they cannot hope to do bettor during tbe season of rains and mud, when the highways are alcolufely impassable Ahother thing which the rebels rely on lo prevent hiva moo is the noxious climate ot the south during w inter They suppose that the health ol the Northern troops cam not but be more impaired by the sudden extreme and frequent changes of temperature, the great fall of ram and the almost constant dampness, than bv the pestilen' lial inlluenco of the four mouth., of summer. A winter t impugn, they say, would bo much more practicable at tlio Notth than at the South. For although the Northern males "If m -V,>1 th* continual froet of winter makes tliem as firm as the solid rock: the wn tor, though cold, is continuous, and the dry nes, of iho atmosphere is favorable to health Continuous ieoauJfrost aro not only more propitiousTo the vigor and martial qualities of I ho soldiers hut offer L,"Trttjrpor,{,,iou ti,tn *8' 'ri '/.uigs aiul thaws. Invasion oT the Not th th ut they i iy. would tie in winter a much more feasible under' taking than an in v a a . n of the South, and l" ? V ni".re popw'.a'ion itnti the more general distribution of food and t.mpiies ovor the who' surface oT the country. 'uownoi. On tho contrary, they argue that the agricultural in t u'a ly.-v i cJ. is employed m Hie produeiion - f r?,d I .i vi ry limited extern. n?. great staples ? f rotton and tobacco employ two thirds of their labor. Cases are rare in which planters raise more than their own consumption Ik iood, except in districts unsuited to ihe growth of to Incco and cotton. To Invade the south, then, is not to overrun a rich country, dotted all over with magazines of prov t-ions. The invading forces must bring nleng and miau. r Jh6"1 lMr BU,lr" 8 'W"*' *??**? ?f ration* and ,b ,' Z , ,T n'"Sl ?;pola,e lrom ,,R8?8 "f operations es ,i I,,hod either on the roast or on the eastern bank or II Mi kis.'piu l trier a?i outside aptearan.e of conn d' lice .uid public security there is, however, au evident fear of the progress or the North. ? " Such are some of tho views which And daily expression In Rmhmond. BO far as lb prlsoncis could learn iheir na I ire. I he captured Northern citizens are kept cb.so prison ziJ'r; T.rrr ****'? wuh <?>>? ot life; hut, If they po***" money or friends, they tlnd no rtlBtculty in obtaining whiskey, segars, ti.xks, newspa pers and any other indulgences they may take a fancy tU The gentleman from whom wo have obtained the forego^ ing hi c mint contrived to obtain his froedom Ihroueb the srarKr* ?? NEW8PAPER ACCOUNTS We are in receipt of Southern pa;>er* to the nth Inst, from which we give tbe following extracts. LATE FROM PORT ROYAL. [from fho Charleston Courier, Dec 9 1 loarn from a friend (hat on Wednesday nuht a mounted detachment ol the Beaufort artillery, under their capu n amounting to twenty two men, p^eed over to tlx Island, visited Beaufort, whose utter desolation aud abandonment was relieved only by tbe presence of one bgh and the barking of a dog *There w-oTtTsiof ttu enemy either on land or water. Our men then or i ceeded to the work of destruction. 1 ihe chief object Of the expedition wag to destroy the 12LCr?tt00 Pulsions in Pa.m Island, Which ha (W-le, n,erem^WM Cr0^ded <b>- Bagroe. who <wue ! ' , ' rrom 11,0 controi Of their ?.! 21" ,, ,n* t0 lhc a,)^nc or Ipoats, tjjjj, obiect wm oveKrom1 A 'ttnoe- hoW,n? three men, ^*I oh Br Thotnas^ner's nJantar1 consl^ncd 10 ?*mes, and H?ve? hundred bushed of corn 'aD y ?' C0U0B - Bum*!','.Tub* tilMSK ??'* work was rc or twelve ,7s ni,?,,S;iV .V ?P,'l"'d "le *'?"? biruswei emidicu lhvih?n' whde the contents of five ground, sea? ?1 ro.w e C0U8"med on the drod hah *. were7hu; nJ-Si""DK 10 u,ar|y four bun of .he denttoy or The iwirtiin?**!?".'iV"1 from ll'" |)OHeit arc sale Tl ?-1 nC. > island most {?erhapa is 5lre?l, - ured partios went ov.-r on Sni,irda u , ' Jlg,r1'<'t Visib.'a near midnight. * ' a i?r*? firo was THE HEBEI. 6SS^e?t? HOT SCPEIt fFrom tho Richmond i)is|iatch. I've H i Spec 11 at Ion in again on ro,,i ?? ,,p, c f rmnoi. d apiwmtnient ol a General to rm.ir lo-, . ?V; - ullocli for the District o, Ms, Jn T* Tho riqi-irt of tbe intention of the P,e..,d " t ^ """J; lolonel Ifeth to that |H.st, as Major General uxc ted'a g""d deal of comment and feeling some days smii. m.7 the ru|i<u ! h is since qui 'led iJoh u, and it w is .t.' , p-"ity g ,d authority that the President had ihandn i.-.t the I leant thisuppoiplinont, it he lia l ever entertain,..i ( p"?" tQ b" r.nkod by a voung l If f dorate ffie.e ...at ;uorr,of d. t avelled on Hi- u o the win I i > a . t. ..,, n . ?? , , '> l est, and, judging ., ? the paper* received at this ofllco, excltod one universal buret of disapprobation. The popularity ot Price ia not exooedod hy that of any gmiorat in tlie Confedorate *er vloe. N<> one of iliom liaa achieved so much renown with means such as ho had. He placed himself upon the tide of revolutionary enthusiasm of hie people, and lod them on to victory with a courage and sagacity that hat ranked him amongst the timet distinguished and mono impuUtr of military men in the South. K.spociully in this the case In the Wost, and the temper of the public senti ment there upon the rumor that tio was to be superseded was altogether unmistakable. It is understood that tliore was somo rivalry and dis cord betwoen Price Hnd McCulloch, and that it was doomed the best way to quiet their troubles to appoint uu offloer ("ulterior to them both. But oven in adopting that course it ia generally contended that the selection of an old and distinguished general would have saved both the rival generals somewhat of that mortitlcatiou that would be indicted by placing over Iheut a young olllcor not yet greatly experienced, however accomplished ho might he. Uilouol Helh is an olhcor of decided merit. He is a man of true courage and honor, and it is in no unkind spirit to him, evidently, that public sentiment has boon so averse to his sujierscding or ranking the bravo and successful lien. Price. The regret has been to ho forced to object to Hie appointment of au olllcor agaiust whom so little could ho said, indeed, one ho much respected whorever ho was known. The regret was that so pro mising au olllcor should, upou his promotion lo so high a l>Ohilion. he foruod to incur a sort of public aversion for superseding the man, at this timo one of the greatest of the public favorites. The rumor that litis appointment is to bo made is again circulated on the streets, with what truth we are unable I > say. But wo trusl Dial the matter of the trouble of Die commands in Missouri and Arkansas may yet be ar i anged to the satisfaction of the brave people out thore, sod without detriment to the cause or prejudice to that general who lias proved himself one at least among those who are equal to the present great and graud exigency. PROCEEDINGS OP CONGRESS. MISSION ?f KKNTtCKV?('ONI'KDKRAi'lC STATES NA rt.VY~'r"E rkpartment, Ac. Il roni the Kiolimomt Kraniaer, Hoc. II. | no have obtained copies of a number of bill* passed by < o"jjro8?, iu secret session, and returned approved by too I resident. We referred yesterday to the fact, wo bad ascertained, of the passage of a bill lo admit Ken tuclcy mto (lie confederacy. The following is u copy of .v,,!!''" r",nr"r'> Willi I be approval of the President *' 1,011 "IK ?ifniRo/on or rii* scats or KiurrcoKV inio " SrA? 0" A"KH":A< Ai A XKHurK ..S'""1' The Congress of the Coufodorato Ntatos of America do enact, I lmt the Slate of Kentucky lie, and is it ?n y """?d a member of the Confederate States ,r confederacy^ ?q"U' C""Uag wilU ""?<*hiir Slates of the AIjj1" *i,s ro'urnod yesterday, with the approval of tile Drotocfioii l? 811 lmr,'aH" "f "ur ,lava> I""'" for hill 1? ou ?f 'he Sea coaat We anno* a copy of the A Vi>Jn? 81 T"()RIZ* rllR rsi.isiMKNr or annmoNat. ssam?n. '\i "'" Confederate States or America do war I, ! lot 1,0 to enlist (or the ,11 o 'V ",nl DUI,,l,or ?f seamen, not to exceed two e b f^ilS- ,.. 0 ?x'Sl>ncies of the naval service and v m ll .1 s?:; coasl "ml of rivers and harbors, nu> , m hi8 judgment bo neotmry 3ioij l?1'^? Vin^ ^'li8 ***** Wla? 1)00,1 l>aSfii01* 4u secret bca AN ACT TO AmtOatZR Tits HV<"KRI aRY 01' WAR TO ACPO'NT AM A+VXr.iNT. enac ? iWtTJ* ,Uo l'onl',',lo<'a|e Slates of Atuoricado ftu'L Secretary or War he, and lie is hereby an all l" W""1 a" assistant, who .-lift lie known ns tbo Assistant Secretary or War. who slcrel^?M r"Ch Ui ,nuy 1,8 *Jwi?ueJ bitn tiy the ',1.1 ,i y' . 0,vo "H compensation lor bis seryicos three thousand dollars per auuum ' AN ACT TO ACJIIO'UZK TIIK AProf.MTMCVT or iiiikf at'utKR a.vo HMNUrAb MUSICIANS TO IIBIIUIBMH IN TIIK IRovlMJO.VAl AIWV cnlc? thUflnlfp (l??fBd8rat" Slates of Am -rica do f, . .f PI*8U,pnt be, and lie is hereby authorized of, .11 1? . ml,'r 0r l'rinu'l?l Musician, acnording I ,,0 ?*cb regiment in the Piovisiotial army INTERESTING PROM KENTUCKY AND MIS SOURI. Ir torn the Richmond Examiner, Docembor n.| n . . , NasMvtmt, rv c. lo. 1861 t.C^ernor Johnson, the Provisional Governor of Ken SimwiTM ht,""1K 1,11,1 "''Hpicnt proclamation, invaders y companies of volunteers, to lopel the i i.1il'iti'undKeifCl(,8s 1'T w,liPPorwil| creek,ou the Mem l hi? lb an, h Railroad, has been r?| eirod, and the tr tins are now running as formerly " The Howling Uroen correspondent of the In ion ami tlZ? today, says that uTHuZ stood that Genetal Marshall has issued a proclama'ion to wl,i, h he nays''thSt the Home lared L fleh?? flhrent couuiies most join him or-bo pre ..?? It '11 m*H 18 (,?fwrbiincil tint to leav? tli*ru 1?; Physicians in chargo of the hospiiat here, |K>rt a groat improvement in the condition of the oa tenia during ll. ? las, week, which they mainly alinhmo weather"1 ?* g"?J "urbln* alltl favorable JX^Z'7 |h?twotn '-etinKtou and Independence is annyl 'leHdrU"1, ,n c "1 the men jo,mug Price s onbyh's ri!m,Atbr0rr'l,,a,i''" ^??''"'-^rabiycmmeutHd iniubat o n ? 'amis, |?rticilarly (hat , 0,11? ttr" hundred millions dollars -N(,r|u"r|i m?aus in Missouri which cannot bo !e , a/ '18 a- being situated favoral.ly for ,'e 11 tor'n n |'! '"',"-''JI!1,Ul"11. however, induce,Is uum i>ei s |oi(ojn fbt* (.uufeticraic rankA. NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. [Oorrespoudence of the Rich mood Oispauh i | Qaun?.kv..n?? a /u,;, tontrsry, no doubt, to what you might expeciVrom yourpoiutof observation, our army will, T prmumo Af?> into Wintfr quarlera. Tbo rigors of iba suaaou turnisii a severe argument agsin.,t any forward movement lost at presoDl. I sm afraid that our policy ,s too se^relv dm Pres'idtnri I .* ""J "f'" ''"e "r It>toniSc. ' The 1 resident A plan to merely ro|>el invasion 1 hive rea>r,led as the correct one, if not earned to that V?reml thm would seem to giant the enemy a too conscious mwiuuii v hts arrive,V nh'i'nk V,",""V"'0" ?" ?"r. Rm ?<'c"!"0 ; . ,rf,Jie' > ' tinok, for change in this policy. Hereto fore we bad to cope with the federals el such dlssd van ingcoi that it would hove been the heigbth ,.f imixdicy to I hate provoked thvin by invasion, hut uow that our ie sour,res are gufflcient to make us respectable contestants tici attempt ,,r the enemy to divert our forces should ??! counteracted by our diverting theirs, bv reVorlmg .1, the T cry means they use to divert ours, namelv, invasion or n Jum,'nslra"wi of active hostility. The lireUeumg advance <d Trice and Mcfulioch against Si l.o us, for illustration, has, in some measure, already de moustrated that the policy of attack would greatly relieve ' T1'? present inert policy is certaiuly opening bo ,1, or ol invasion very wide to Hie enemy, w dhout af fhldi til'r Jl advantage to ourselves, whereas bv invading their territory, or even attacking their lines" we wouW diaw their armies back from our soil to defend their ,.wu My opinion is, that the enemy regard this as too nn lor.ant a pom. and have expend,.,1 too much m.meyTn ^'inbcals ami floating bun cries lor the o\-pr. ,-s purpose of b?!r r ? "?' 1""K ,lea'r t,1? wftm-k in carrying out V ?' rP sconding the Mississippi. Tli v T> tin J m is, have It, aud we are all the. time adding to Zi'XJ iimytn? ''' U# ",ere"C-8 fG-inforcoioenls tlltak^ tOTend i'th" en'n *"'* !""licl,,,U f'TCe 1,010, . . ' ,m 8c the enemy,no matter in wlmt number I no ,?rpect another engagement ?nl, -s a naral on,', vV ?n ' next, week,as the roads aro now too nu ist 11" "l,8ni> " Artillery, ihe I.mcoln gunboats l ti, i k may he c\p ctod at any moment. 1 have barely time be or, the man coses lo narrato an ane, dot, t? he "?si. One11/ our generals had been very frequently a? P lod t? with requisitions t r Spirits, vinPSi tl o ?hbroviati.'n S,ir. a?i G?l. only being cscJ and the general not .,uowin? what ?as meant, but supposing that the applicants fsurgeons, of c urse, only wanted kind of tneilieme, granted every application, lie a),plied jo the medc a purveyor to know win lie had not ?u mlied the army with thi Spiv, vini Gal., and rtv m Id is,Hons ha I to be made for the article. :? WellTll be damned, said the purveyor, " I've just found out'how so much liquor has be n tlnding lis way inio our army ? it is uiNin your sigmne requisitions for French brandy - ai d Ihe general 'aUKh h#anily 81 lh? cr"8' -^of [From the Howling Green correspondence of the Nash yill? Union, Dec. 4.] Information of an official character lias reached here that General /oIlicoBer, with a large force, has retiml from Cumberland (lap ami is at Burksville, on tbo norili bank of Cumberland river, about one hundred and twenty miles southeast of tins place. General George B Critten 1 den has assumed command of the remaining forces at Cumberland Gap, numbering, in addition to the late rem forcemcnls, a larger army than thai of the late com mandnnt. ? The statement as to the wticrssiu.,,.. m ,. Iicotier will, it is believed, be found correct direct frqut garreq county report his m'm/* t "n advanced tWty miles from hanksville ' having of Kentucky, and afterwards rebuilt under dimt on'of General Rousseau, was washed awav u? Kridav tbl I It is reported that 4,000 Moralists sre at rDton <!(? | tion.dislant about ten miles Trom (ireen river and that 1 since the destruction of the bridge they arc greatly exor used as to how, in the case of an attack a t ine,,?, can be made w?h their comrades in Noim and ,n" A gentU-man, direct from Meade county, states that the ! I.iucolnites, with the exception of a few home guards have vacated .bat locality Hop. r. Reed, ox member of 'ho I.egig, attire from McaUe county, was arrested a few dayssmce wbde endeavoring to m?ke h,s way to our 0 *Yot wishing to he lodged in i?il,a nrouositian was nude to his captors that if he were refeaaM 1100 wend be given them. The terms were agreed u|h?, and ' Mr. Heed [m milled to depart unmolested legislation in ihe right dlreciion w .s taken by the Council of the provisional government vegtordav m re. gard to the purcliaae and salo of T nne-vee monev The act, which is passed, and goes Into mm dime cu-railon provides for the levying of a tax of twenty five dollars per week ujvwi all brok rs engage I in the thieving Hum iiess of in iking a livelihood from the iiec,,x?inea T,r n.e A^'i 'V"''8-. T!'V 18 "'A'''" n?"v? w HI have ihe de sired eflisq of doging the innumerable moneyed butcher Shops here. n?d p|a,0 upon an e.ualiiy a I .Su'lhe,,, nmuejs, an I at the s un ? tim ? raise Ha raine to in in proximstioiiof its rca; worth. ?<>atiaP. I ,i'? "'?t tile price of pork Will be resit label i &??? s?-o,,o TIIK SKIKMISil AT UOMRK -BT . KV [Out res|s.,idebcc ol tlw lawtsv,lie Journal | ?".If.I r .f"""* **' Ky,t?-< 7, Mfll f"-hmm .'"T1,1,,Hn'1 K",n" lho pinv , ivfltiie.,n(h tthio roztiii'.i.t advanced at itlaro for tl.? ^gun-ut ,o ?ird's . ?.:!? y ... ?Pfl take a position. When they had gained the top of u bin IT tbw Hide the lorry a uumber of shot* were (irod at lha colonel; Itis horse taking fright sprung from uadorbim, and oamo back at lightning speed. A murmur wont from the front tu lha rear of tho column that our little colond wan gone. Hut ('-iplulii Rickets, being close by the coin-' no!, and seeing thai he win almost In the hands of Zolly s mon, sprang from his horao and Implored th? colonel In tho name of God t? escape if ho could. He mounted and came hurriedly but safely to camp, and called on Com pany F,aud said to them that their captain was taken prisoner. The colonel called for twenty men who would go and roscue him. Tliu words had scarcely left his Ill's when thrice that number offered their services. They had just started when the captain was seen coming across a Hold waving his sword. Such rejoicing among a reglmoul of men was never seen beforo. The captain had saved our aolouel and himself also. When all had reported wo found that we had six times our number to copo with, consequently nothing short of retreating would save us fro pi being cut to pieces or taken prisoners. In two hours our regiment ami 8liutard's battery were ou the way back lo our fortifications, which wero twelvo long miles distaut, but that did not discourage us, und at one o'clock that night wo wero again on Spring Croek Hill. Yesterday wo fell hack three miles north of Somorsot, whore wo are yol. This morning the Thlrty-flfib Ohio canto to our relief. We are expecting au attack to niglit or in the ntoruiiig. We have a nice place for a Odd light. Wo have no advantage in position. Should a battle take place wilbln two days it will be at groat odds. The one my has twice our number. Major lielvoti and 1'aptaui Prime, of the regular army, were taken prisoners. Tho rebel pickets wore hidden behind u house aud tired ou them?oiiu ball talcing effect in the back of the neck 1 f i he major, and another lu tho face of the captain. Doth, it is supposed, ware wounded rather badly. Tboy wore taken across tho river Friday morning ' Capt. l'rlmo is well luiown in Louisville, and was on the stall'of (leu. Uuell. A FLAG OF TRUCK FROM THE RKDKI. OEM. BUCKNER I Correspondence of the l-ouisville Journal.] Camp Nkvin. Hoc. 8, 1861. On the night of the 7th, a captain from the rebel urnty at Howling Green came into camp under a dug of truce from General Buekner. Ho was the hearerof a request from that General to |>erinll his wife and frionds lo pass through our lines to Luuisvillo with tho mortal remains of an infant daughter, which thoy wished to inter in their famdy lot In the Louisville cemetery. Tho Captain came up to our hues uuder au escort of ton mon and a Liouten aut. lie was ndauiud at our outposls until nightfall, and (hen conveyed lu head to headquarters. General lluell was telegraphed to, tint hec mrloously dentodlhe request, and tho Captuin was escorted beyond the federal linct on Die 6th, au hour holoro daybreak. Under the extraor dinary circumstancos General Ituell's couduct is warmly commended here. THE KENTUCKY REBELS AT MANNA88AS VOTE TO GO HOME. (Centrevillo correspondence of the Nashville Courier.] CWTEBVILUt, Nov. 21,1861. Tho statement in my I tsl tlial wo would shortly return tu Kentucky was rather premature, I am forced to iKilieve, notwithstanding tho "Vory reliable authority" upon which I bused it, although wo ull yet have an midc lined hope that such will be the case. A four days after General George It. Crittenden was promoted to n Major Generul a vote of tlio officers was taken whether or no we would gu to Cumberland Gap, provided General Urit lendou could obtain permission, and of course tboy all voted lo go ihero or any place c'se, provided it was to Kentucky. What tboy result of this will bo his uot transpired; but 1 am inclined to the belief that whon iho board that is reorganizing the army, und classing tho regiments according to their Stale, reaches us they will allow us to go back, as there are un more exiles here ex cept the Maryland buys. GEN. BKtX'KtMttDUE'S I,ATE EXPEDITIONS. I Bowling Green correspondence Nashville Courlor, Ikic k | A correspondent of a Nashville paper, writing from 1 Howling Green on the 2d, gives the following account of JohuC. Breckinridge's recent exploits ? Our regiment (the Second), together with the Third and Fourth Kentucky, (ho First Kentucky cavalry,and l.yon's artillery, uuder command of Brigadier General Breckinridge, left our camp at this place ou Sunday, tho 17th ult.,for the purpose of meeting the Yaukces, who, it was reported, had crossed the river at Rochester, But ler county, aud wore advancing ou ltussellville, under iho traitor('rittenileu. lu consequence of tho roads being very had, almost ini|iusaable, we travelled quite slowly. The Iwys, who had been punned up here in camp for weeks past, weru glad loagsiu get out to the country. Ou Monday wo passed through Shaker town, wlicro live tho '-gentlemen of |>oaoe,'' who, surrounded by every luxury of hfe, ueither fuel nor understand the importauco of the agitating movements that aro daily transpiring around them, but. witli the true spirit of their atic -stors, purs 10 daily avocai ions as if nothing had transpired, and all was yet ponce. These good people will neither sell nor give to tho soldiers wlm are protecting their ttorn"*, but claim to bo perfectly neutral. As our tittle army passed through their streets both sexes gathered m squads, aud in their curious aud peculiar way wished us success. Wednesday we passed through Russe'.lvillo, which, like Bowling Oreen, is tilled with refugees, who have been comjsdlod lo Ilea from their homes iu Northern Kelitucky. Alter hard walking over a rough aud muddy road, wo pitched our tents at Rochester on Sunday evening and found, as wo might have expected, that the Yankees had rccro-red the river and lied, fearing, I suppose, that " Hu-knor's Indians'' were after them, aud that they would spring upou and scalp them ero they could fly the count rv. Butler county I* almost solely inhabited by Lioeolnites, i and, indeed, It seems a lltllng place for such creatures. , Where you ffud an educated and reading man. in nine u ises out of ion he i^&iutheru in suutiuiont, but dare not express himself. THE DISMEMBERMENT OF VTBGINK. [Krutn tho itii'biiinud Dispatch, I?oc. IX. I Tuere ma lio no Virgiiiia'uniess it Juchido both Eastern anil Western Virginia. Cameron, tho execrable Secretary of War or tho Lincoln dciqxjtisiii, lias presouted to tho servile Congress or tliat loathsome tyranny a map in whs-h Eastern Virginia Is attached to Maryland, and Vir ginia beyond the mountains is traced out us the only Vir ginia that is to exist hereafter. Cameron's definition of our boundaries of course cannot prevail, unl"ss we of tho South are subjugated. Tlio decisive battles, however, must be fought m Virginia. WV may therefore say, that If we cannot hold Western Virginia we cannot hold Eastern Virginia, and If we can not hold Virginia wc can hardly defend the .South. A shrewd Northwestern man, who is true to the South, de clared to us a lew days since that if the Southern con fed?racy did not maintain its power over Western Virgi nia. Western Virginia .would conquer Eastern Virginia. We consider the remark at least striking. The im|K)rtaiice of taking and holding Northwestern Virginia cannot lie over estimated. As it is needless to stop to inquire now how it has boon lost, it is only practl cal 10 inquire how we are to redeem the Stato authority iu that i?irt of Virginia. Euetgeiic, shrewd and experienced generals are indlg petisablti to the achievement. They must bo sustained by sutticicnt and well disciplined troops, and they must have evory possible facility of transportation and priqxsr sup plies. there is no way so well calculated to ensure these as the extension of the railroads of tho .lames and Kn nowtia Valleys, and the improvement of the roads which will be used by our troops. Measures ought to betaken at once to extend tho Ventral road to Covington. Tho embankment is ready?the rails only are wanted. They use now in possession of the company, and only want tire transportation to tim point where they are to bo used. But the government has so monopolized the trains that the roatt has not tho means to convey them to that I point. I The Covington and Ohio Railroad Is ready to receive its supe structure nearly the entire distune s front Covington ! to i b?- White Sulphur Springs If the Confederate go\ em inent would combine with the State, the road cuuld, in a few months, tie finished to tho Springs. If these two roads wore finished to the Springs, the West in army would derive incalculable advantages therefrom. It could move quicker; its supplies could bo placed with greater easo ami in large abundance at a proper depot near the principal Held of operations. The Alleghanlcs would be passed by railroad, and the most sorions difficulties In the movements of an army and its supplies avoided. This subject is ono that deserves tho most sorlous at tention of Congress and our jstato legislature. We bop? the) will take it up promptly and a? t decidedly and har moniously. Western Virginia indispensable to Eastern i Virginia ?ud tbo confederacy#Apart from political con I siderations, upon tb? score of the mineral wealth of that oari of the relate, it is of tho vastest importance to the Soulh. Tho coat and iron deposits are of illimitable ex tent.and if we bad not lost tlio salt mines?most ridicu lously !<?i them?we would noi fed the want of this article of prime necessity now. If tlio Western campaign is to bo pressed earnestly, these roads ought to be attended to at onco. There is no time for delay. ? * A RESORT TO DRAFTING BECOMING NE CESSARY. I from the ftichnioBd Examiner, Dec. 11.) The Congress of the Confederate Stales seems to bo atvak- uod to tho great public necessity of forming an army of regularly organized and veteran troops. The large bounty which it now offer? for long wuiistnients, and Hi* inducements which it holds out to the twelve month* volunteer* to engage themselves for a service of three years, will go far towards procuring the material of a substantial and disciplined army. Wo fear, how ever. that it will be found, before this war is ended, that all plans lor raising good troops, uxcepl that practiced and relied on by all the military natious of the world in this aud in past ages, will be found to bo on y expensive and uncertain makeshifts. England and Anglo Eaxoo America, among the sturdiest but certainly, also, among the most unmihta-y nations of tlio whole earth, alone employ tho system of voluntary enlistment in tho for mat ion oi their armies. All other fighting races and warlike governments hare creaP-d, and now create, their armies by conscription or draft. That alone falls equally on nil parts of the popu lation that alone i? sure to bring forth the material that war needs; (hat alone gives ihe hist which the government can use as a workman his tool of stall. Whether this war will continue long enough to fore* the Confederate Male* over the prejudices of raoo to this sim ple and effective mowure, may ho doubted, but we feel

assured (hat before another year of it is ended, that go vernment, poople and army, will have all come to the conclusion that the creation of inferior offirers, if not of men, must lie placed under the absolute control of tho Executive of the com'eleiacy. In tins one llung is the radical difference between the organizations called militia, volunteers anil regulars. Tlio privates or the first are tho l?e*t men of tho country, they are tho worst soldiurs, be cause their officer* are in reality nut officers at all. but the in lividcals m ihe whole force thai are the most com pletely reprusenlnHvo* and types of those whom they should, but cannot, commmd. -lust in proportion as the origin of tlio officers is independent i f tho men will be their power to control them; and in the same proportion will the army organization be found effective in the dan gurs. hardships and discomfort of war SYSTEM OF BOUNTIES AND FURLOUGHS FOR OUR ARMY. (Emm the Rirhm >nd Examiner, l>o< U.) W ? I m' ii thai a bill has been passed by Congress, iu sc ore' session, or wi I be passed by that body to-luy, grant cut a bounty <T ll/ty dollars to all privates and i'um coin n> ss.'iieui ollic.ers in the provisional u in win sIhUko \e ?itih . mi ly fir tlneo yeara or for ih ? ?ai 'olie paid at the expiration of the first term of service to those ro on listing for the next two ensuing years. Tho bill also provides that sixty days' furloughs, with t ans:>ortati<>n home and bar.lt, shall bo granted to tho twelve months' mou who shall onlist for the next two en suing years; or, In llou of a furlough, the commutation valuo In money of tho transportation shall bo paid to each private or non-commissioned t Qlcor who may elect to re C' tve it. iioth provisions of the bill, it is snderatood, that, with resjjoct to bounties and that with respect to furloughs, nre designed to encourage aud facilitate ttio rc enlistment of tho twelve months' men. H Is understood, as far as wo have ascertained the enactments of the bill, that the troops?rt> volunteering or re enlisting shall, at tho expiration of tltelr present term of servico, have tho power to re organize themselves Into companies, and elect their company ollkcora, and said companies shall havo the power to organize themselves into battalions or regiments, ami elect their field "Ulcers; aud after the flrsi o lot ten all vacancies shall be tilled by promotion from the company, battalion or regimout la w hich such vacancies may occur. REPORTED CAPTURE OF YANKEES. I From tho Richmond Dispatch, llcc. 11. | Pa=sengers who arrived yesterday from Manassas brought a report that Colonel Ashby's command hud a sharp skirmish'with a foraging party of the euomy, on Sunday last, and killed fifteen, took eighty prisoners, and i a, lured twenty wagon loads well filled with plunder. Our loss is reported at live killed. We havo no means of ascertaining whether the story Is corrector otherwise, hut It seemed to be generally believed last evening. CONFISCATIONS IN VIRGINIA. I-Ste Richmond papers stale that the Cashier of the Farmers' Hank at Richmond gives notice that tho pay ment of $24,048 01, which the bank holds a? tho prop-rly of captain H. 11. Ramsey, has been -'ony fined" by tho District Court of the Confederate states, as being liable to sequestration. Tho Confederate stales Court, in Rich mond, have confiscated $15,000 In tho hands of the bank t-rs l'urcell. in that city, the property of AsUmoad at als., of Philadelphia. THE DEFENCES OF NEW ORLEANS. Tho following extract from a late English paper brought by tho Haaaa to this port, is a fair sample of the many exaggerated statements manufactured for foreign con sumption. or course, the (leoplo in tho Slutcs will rocog uise the subjoined statement as a tissue of falsehoods ? _ ... N'?w Obuuns, Oct. 26,18*11. Tho Mis?l.-sippi is fortified so tut to be impassable for any hostilo fleet or flotilla. forts Jackson au<l Ht. Philip ore armed with 170 heavy guns (98 pounders, rifled by Bashlsy Britten, and received from [England) Tho navigation of the river Is stopped by a dam at ubout a quarter of a mile from tho abovo forts. No flotilla on earth could force that d.tui iu less than two hours, during which time It would he wilhiu short and cross range of 170 guns of the largest calibre, many of which would be served with red hot shot, numerous furnaces for which have been erecten in every fort and at overy battery. In a day or two we shall have ready two iron cased float ing hattorios. Their plut?sare4ll inches thick,of the best hammered iron, received from England and France. Each iron cased battery will mount twenty OS p.mudcrs,placed sobs to skim tho water, and strike the enemy's hull be t 'Veen wind and water. We have an ahitndiiut supply of Incendiary sheila, cupola furnaces for molten iron, Con grovo rockets,and lire ships. Itotwoen Now Orleans and the torts there is a constant succession of earthworks. At the plain of Chaluicttc, near Junto's property, tli'-ro are redoubts armed with rilled cannou which liuve been toand to be effective at live miles range. A ditch thirty feet wide and tvveuty feet deep oitonds from tho Missis sippi to U Cyprienuo. In forts St. Philip and Jocksou there are .'1,000 men, of whom a goodly portiou are expe noticed artillery meu and g itinera who have served in the navy. At Now Orleans itself we have 32,000 infantry, and as many more quartered in the imniodiate neighbor hood. Iu discipline and drill they are far superior to tho Northern iovios. We have two very able and aclivo generals, who (Kisses^ our entire confidence?General Manslield Uivell and Brigadier (Jeneral ltuggles. For commodore we have old llollms?a Nelson in liis way. We are ready to givo the Yankees a hot reception when Ihey come. 1 write you lu a very sedate, though con fident mood. Around me all uro mad with excitement I and rugo. Their only fear is that the Northern luwaders may not appear. Wo have made such extensive prepara tions to receive them that it wore vexatious if thoir " iiivinaiblo arina.la" escaped the fato wo bavo iu store for it. THE WAR ON THE 8EAC0AST. TUK <1LKS1TUN OF CONSULAR KXKMPTION rilOM MILI TARY DUTY. [Correspondence of the Richmond Examiner. ] CiUR:imof*,8. V., Dec. 6, 1861. All is very quiet hero. Tho prompt and universal obe dience to iliu military order, calliug out the volunteers and tiulilia oi the city, has quite stript the business por tion of Charleston of its wonted life. Very many of tho wholesale imd retail stores are closed, and those which aro not arc managed either by persons who bavo claimod exempts a from militia service, under tho Certificate of suno foreign citizenship, attested by sumo one of tho consuls resident hero, or by thoso who, too oil or toe young to l onie witliiu the provisioua of tho militia law, ure enrolled iu the "regiment of reserves." This regi ment, by tho way, is quite a feature In tho military es tablishment of Charleston. It consists of eight o>mpu roes, averaging, purhaiw, ninety men each, all udmirahty armed, equipped and drilled. Tho whole rugimoul (excepting Hie flank companies, which aro made up of | youths), is composed of what may bo termed the "solid meu" of our city, many ot them with gray locks, but still blest with stalwart frames, and all Itub led with that spirit of steu uud llxod resolution, which, in mature years, takes the place of the impulsive arder of tho young volun teer. The uuiform is simple and digudled, consisting of a black slouch liat, bearing ou Ibo side a cockade of palmetto leaf, and citizens' dross of black or other dark color, to which the cross belts aud metal equipments give a sufficiently military air. It Is really an imposing sight tosoethis tine body of men, generully of large and well developed phi/ti-juc, drawn up upon the Citadel greeu, which is the Place d'Armes or Charleston. Tho Reserves aro an organization intended chiefly for the defence of tho city proper, and to maintain order in the absence of the younger volunteer regimeuts. They drill four or flvo times every week, and h ive attained a very high degree of efficiency. All the other city troops aro iu camp, aud ready to do ibcir duty. I have alluded to the fact that many persons have claimed and ubiaiucd consular exemption from military I duty. This brings up a delicate question?one which Ims of late been a matter ot considerable comment ami-die- ] cuss ion here?to wit: tbo right or the foreign consuls to exercise their official functions in a port of I he Confede- 1 rate Slates, under tho exequatur of tho United States government. A d?y or two ago a resolution of inquiry I on this very subject was introduced into tho state Levis- , laturo, now iu .session at Columbia. In two eases?those by the French and Spanish con suls?the circumstances under which the consular duties I are fulfilled are rather peculiar. During the short period ' in which South Carolina, by her secession, snjod I separated from all her late sister .States?South as well as North?of the federal Union, some occasion arose render- | ing necessary certaiu communications helwoen the State authorities aud the Spanish consulate. Senor Moncada, ! who Alls that position, accordingly received from the government an official letter incidentally recognizing his c nsular authority. Allhough this Icttor was not a for- I roxl exequatur, yd, in its effect, It may be said to bo j equivalent to one. Tlie is'sitp n ol tho French C. nsul, M. de St. Andre, is oven more singular. He was appointed ' late in tho spring to succeed M. Bolligny, who was withdrawn from this country at his own request, on ac- 1 count, 1 believe, of had health. When the new appointee reach,si Now York communication between the North and the South through Virginia had already been broken off. He tost uo time, however, iu reaching Charleston by the way of Louisville, and has never paid any official visit either to Washington or Richmond. Ho now assumes and exercises nil tiiu functions and privileges of tho Con sul of France absolutely without any exequatur either from the Confederate or United States government. No doubt his pslicy In this regard is strictly in accordance with instructions of the trench Emperor, nor is it easy to si-e how lie could have acted otherwiso; since France as yet, has no official cognizance of the existence of the Southern confederacy; while to have come to reside in Charleston with an exequatur un.lor the signature of ihe '? babocn," and that ohiained after the war had arn.aiiy begun, would have been, to any tho least, a step of doubtful policy. But both of theso are anoma ottg causes All the othor foreign consuls hero claim iheir privi'eges solely under I their old exequaturs from the Executive of the United Slates. I understand that they consider this i',urso war ranted by a number of good precedents, among which is prominently cited the case of the consuls at Naples dur Ihj'hy Igic ryy^u'ioy in Italy, who remained thcro un der the authority of exequatur which they had received from tho government which a tie facta government had completely overthrown and succeeded. As a sign of the times, it may he worth mentioning that several of the coosltii here, including the French and Spanish, have lately ei^c^-d large tlagstafls ovor their rosid.ueos?a mark of vcrfe-ijtlop for their respective governments, which, until now, tin.'* k*'' forgotten to show Usneral Pernberton" srri.'^ ^ere yesterday. I hear , that ho thinks Charleston tbesnsie*'1 P'aco to defend of Sil the cities on our Atlantic seaboard"! , A BRITISH MAN-OF-WAR OFP CHAIttJESTOtf. SOUTH CAROLINA. [From the Charleston Courier, ol December 9 ] The English steam ship-of-war Racer, of eleven guns, Captain Algernon Lyons, arrivod off this harbor on Fri day alternoon last. She left New York on Tuesday, and has brought despatches to her Britannic Majesty's Consul. The latter vislied her on Saturday morning in the steamer Carolina, and the Racer soon after left for Port Royal, from which place alic is expected to return this day and will soon after sail for New York FINANCIAL EMBARRASSMENT AT THE SOUTH. The Richmond Pinpatck of the 6th guy* ? 1 Lot Congress doclare, by solemn acts, that whoever shall ask or receive a percent in consideration of the ex change of one sort of money for another, whether 11 shall bo specie for paper money or one 8"rt "f pajier money ; for another, shall be guilty or lreason and punished with death. 2 Lot it bo instantly providafl that each State shall receive, at i's own Treasury, at par, any (taper money which may be lawfully issued by any hank, corporation or individual within Its Jurisdiction 3.,Is-l it bo provided thai any such monny shall be re ceived st par in payment of ail taxes ami dues to the Confederate 9t?te? Treasury. ?1. Authorize the Treasury Department to use the public funds and securities for the red,-nipt,on of any paper money in the Confederate stales. * h Require each bank in tho confo leracy to redeem the bills of every other batik. let Congress be warned, and \vak,< up to ilto financial perils which beset us. Tho banks aie the allies of Lincoln. A FINANCIAL BULL. At a " bin mec'lng recently liql,) in Nashville. Tenn , the following brilliant rosolullnu was adopted ? Keaol.sl. Iliai we reoomm'Ul I thil by law a ts\ tin l-M -d np.m i gallon o! *;?itun<ni.? liquors, distill., I from v'luai, ( orii.ryoor potatoes, Hi t siull bo snffkclaMI? prohibit the same during the present war blockade, the pr icoeds i Ii to- ?f to bo applied to the support of families Willi us of soldiers on the tented Quid. ? A TRAITOR MARYLAND SENATOR. In tho Maryland l/.'gmature now iu session at Annapo lis, on tho 12th inst , a resolution was introduced deelar liiK the sent of Hon. Coleman Yullolt, Senator from llnltl moro, vac?ut, on the ground that during three successlva sessions of this !>? xly absent ul hlmsoll from hiss-at thero in, without asslguiug any reason therefor; and whereas, it is a mutlur of public notoriety, established also by testi mony before the Committee < n .Judicial Proceed logs, that the said Senator from Ualtiraoro city ha." gone to Virginia and luis no iutentiuti of resuming Ins seat iu (he Senate; and whereas, it is right ami projier iu these times of pub lic peril the largo und populous city of italtimore should he represented horn; und whereas, tho constitution of Maryland provides that in the event of the removal of a Senator from tho county or city for which ho is elected, tho President of the Senate shall Issue his wan ant fur the election of another [Stkoii in his place; therefore, Ac. Quito an animated discussion then ensued between several of the members on the preamble und resolutions. The vote was taken and tho resolution declaring the seat vacant was pursed. THE SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. The Prosbytorlau church of the .South, since lis sever ance from that of the United States, have, after suitabio consideration and discussion, appoiutcd Commissioners to meet at Augusta, (la.,oa next Wednesday, lor the pur pose of organizing a neu Vssombly?a Uoneral Assembly of tho Presbyterian charcli in the Confederate Slates of America, thus forming practically, aa well as religiously, a new and powerful bond of uuiOQ for the Southern Slates. THE MOCK HEROES OP OREAT BETHEL. (Prom the Raleigh (N. C.) Register.] lis term of enlistment (six months) having expired, the glorious First regimuut of North Carolina Volunteers was mustered out of the service at Woldon on Thursday last. The companies from the eastern part of the Stale sought their homes by the way of tho Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, and those from theceutre nud west, four in number, arrival hero on Wednesday morning. Considering what thov have gone through, the men looked remarkably well. It is said that on parting with the regiment (leneral Magruder shod tears copiously. It is bu'ievnd that a large majority of the men will rs enlist. A REBEL SOLDIER SHOT. Private James A. Miller has boon shot, near Winches ter, Va., iu pursuauce of a sentence of a court martial, for attempting the life of Captain Henderson, of the Jeflcisou Cavalry. He was shot by a tile of men from ('upturn H.'s company. TUB COWARDLY DESI?uTI8M AT WASHING rv> iUN. Th^? t.0ilu Richmond Whig, December 3 I dom w^aT^m,01 coon {OK letter, addn s^a by a brlvfwd^h\? Ui?rn,l,,w' Lincoln's ?l/.ier w? ??m . noble woman, to IKTiisal of it was not without vtaihi'i ,|'',',urHln"1' ?hat tlio pernonatloii|or?n human v.lluiiy rhe 'twi't'T' , muscles, and hi* agitated i??, tw"cUitig? of tha any compunction, bo?a sensoZ ^2frByed,'llul tho hand* of the avenging Nemos)* Insecurity at world, yct ?iv"n Yankee government lias established aMVuhY wl,icJi sell, in one of bis letters mi mlt. !' Washlugtou. Kus tho expodlont of "arrest hv tnn. *1?" I"""*' mentions introduced by Sc ward L/TT"ph' whld> ^ been and Outstripping all the tavern no,w aud *PP*Hiug, despotism* that over existed Hut'thi iVanc?8 ttl1 11,9 torture or helpless woman >nH n . ""'arcorat iou aud ?hem, as detail in tu^ot'e wTn.T" W """? natures, and stainn the r ine,?h,', shock muuly undying infamy. dynasty everywhere with tr,u!,co1pvTthei'oSnianthra!3'b? r?,i"1 Seward:- ?r'gtaal, in tho bands of Will,am H. To th?^{q?!'wm0H'"sgwsVn's!^8 SirloenUl ??reet. ?>1 ^mmunlon Willi family and frienS!r?1##' a"J I fttionce is said to bo & croaf virt<-i? anti r > Tiam tol(l1>s,r1 that'c,ft' ity endurance. 1 /ens depends, and tbaUbo sV?n Insn'''T7r"", riU,> "r c"'~ or IauIs the Fourteenth and fif ??ntli v ? , . ,"iuis,HM [?T th"'r *'y ** of the ^rc^iry of StateTn* a'KttrSw.Z1:,1 ZS^JErtt,M anwSninhJ "y U,<' .s'lr cc'l'ance ovenme. ?f b?"S? a paper ton, ,Cb?om I more revoltiug outrages than n?at ft r i r''"'r'1 m'en my little child, was placM absV, ,,p |y'a,0^'. y," '? Wi"i men without chirader or resn? b ,7v , hi V.'U r('v ,?r llrst evening a DOrt'cn or 'hat during tho drunk, and boasted in my lo a-fno i f"'i? "n,tally they expected to have L h tJ.ita ?r!^C ' that rude violence was used towards a'''i??? L Ktilnioa;me-1 wsa iauub,ed once rsy xs&Asjctn *? to have received Km o id ? ? "r",MJ-or is the birthright of Americans,TSiuESd ?L?l>'a,"n our charter of liberty >h. ? us by United States. I have exendi i "'n "f lhe tive, and have openly avowed mv y !'rur"Ka During the political struggle f opposed ?,ir party with every instin. iuf l'fKvZ? "P'^'ican your success a virtual nullificationof ih. e' ^elin,ved and .hat it would entail "In ' 'fr,b ?onsl tution, quences wnicb Uv?mS '.2, li direi ul cuuse douhtlese been found rec ,rdod ?mn' Sl!n,"uetils havd hold them as rath^oX?- ' regard to RuMeir.'onho TrtlnT?ml>^wWch y"'"'8, chide with these kdmirahle words^^?Tn,1 vo o'l^11 " ?. opinion may he tolerated so lone ?? i ? errors of has been LupeMded hl.' TTZT dent calls a "mihtarv LvS^ v." Thfow nL T8'" greater in Itf e& than thng?mhDt' far tho Southern states Our i severance of to contemn ihe supremacy of the Taw TTTu'T1 hitherto bowed,and to look t? the m L*11 havo protection against its decrees. A militirv . developed, which will nn'v b ? cni ll,ry lurit lias been d tatorship. luZTTT"^ ["? S art. States b- subdued and tdreed ba k in o the r'!'11" (which 1 regard as impossible with a , . i their resources), a dill re, t form or'2 L wie 'KC "f found needfiilto moot tho^ew devael*iWio^^*,'f national surned'i* 'Uct^t>d'c?l habits of ^he^^r c^ n^ vcr ^ re! considered beyond a woman's k^,,^ which 8 " ml'J class as "errors of opinion." I oiler no .,/.? ? n,' y long digression. as a three months' imprisonment a oh" out foi mula of law, gives rno authority for oceunvinir even the precious moments of a Secretary of State S My object is to call your attention to fl,I U at' dnr ing this long imprisonment. 1 am yet ignorant Jr Vh? causes of my arrest; that my house hao rS?, ; lh on the streets oi Chicago a* such by sevenl i n' ?D St?in calling herself Mrs. Onderdonk, was placed hore^n'mv house, m a room adjoining mine! my In making iliis exposition, I have no ob'eot of aunnni t" your sympa'hies. If the justice of , , BPP?a' a decent regard for the world's , no,, , ' nP|a'.nti #nd I should but waste time to elalttf^cur athentmn''8 you' other score. . . , ' attentiouon any ?iKpr:;^Ti .r3' ;V;???,a sentiment here for the oninious |,r'"'cri,>"d by public ar I ant now for mine. principles you held, Thing1 Tio-ShUtTSSll'.'Sf ? ?baVinR liad ?"n-ly Jn^ju pFesJi," g'T"H 9 tKucramltio'H world, u even the frsgmC."' O^oncc great governmlm drsn""'vi" T' agi'0at "10 breads (tf women and dhl ?huse it v^arS tb? P??w'er' sir *nd ioft alIllf,irther sai?s sr,ri? erirs?' asajaara^s 7?rrr Every cause worthy of success has had ,,*'80" words of the heroine Cbrdaj? ,' ,p ^ J1'9 <????' 9"ifait la hont, ,t TtTTfnlT \ C"t that you are standing over a c?,i. ^L1 'To" Dow.f>r. fires in h mom on t may burst"fort h^*ter Wh?** #m?"?ered now surrtnmd^wishmgtoi'/ 'xhp0rorrn'DS furtiflo*tionl? did not protect IxiuS ,fl.T?D8w of In Conclusion, 1 reto#ctfnlivaair ^ come, m.v protest, and have^he No"n4^'^?*010 ,hU HO-^E O.' N OREKNHOW. BURNING THE BRIDGE ON THE MEMPHIS BRANCH RAILROAD -REBEL SOLDIERS CAPTURED. [From the Nashville Courier. Dee. T] On Wednesday night a detachment of tho enemy's ca valry made a dash for the Memphis Branch railroad and a tcceeded ui burning a portion oi' tho Wfiipimrwill bridge, taking clevou prisoners of tha guard stationed there. Though wholly unaccompanied with danger, this is the most brilliant exploit of the war in Kentucky. And though tho ilamage done is trifling, and has lieen repaired oi a tins, the Injury to the South 011 cause is serious out of ail proportion to the loss snslauicd. Tins movement of the federal scouts will excite a fooling of uneasiness aud apprehension in the country, discouraging Southern tiieu and eoi' uiragiiig I lie f <w 1,101' dimes in t in section An I 1 hero i-.ru os u>e Co. it Not s fo trriil scout should l>? allowed to remain to hour 011 tins side of Greeo river We have nearly flvu thousand cavalry ho e. dying in their teals for want of exercise and etn 'kijoi-ol, and It In a shame that the enemy's pickets arc permitted to ravage the eouuli y on our llunlcs and in our rear with perfect impunity And yet they might w thout risk pi .u ler the farm houses of our friends within seven miles of Bowling Green, instead of burning bridges with n seven niiug of Rtuscilv die. Fort mat dy the enemy did not know how entirely unprotected thr country w?,.tnl made off before the liriduo was seriously injured au<lb fore the Memphis tram came down, which th y might havo captured. SKIRMISH IN WEAKLEY" COUNTY", TENN. IKrom the Louisville Journal. Iiec. 13,1 Wo havo an interesting letier from Pnducali, Ky .from which we team thai thure is a roiw.rt that the UuioaisU o. Weakley county, Tenu., had a light with tbesoo.wa ui ist-i a lew days ago, on the occasion of the drafting a.' soldiers at Ditsdcn, and that about Qrtoeu were killed. It is also said tint Colonel Rogers was concent rating tin Union men, who are twelve or Uftecu hundred strong, who inteud lighting their way out. About eighty Ten-' tioaseo refugees arrived at t'ailucah on the night of lite 9ih. The whole line of Tennessee is guarded by pickets to prevent their leaving the State, but tlvy are eluded hy taking to the woods until they get under the protecting arms of the troops at i'uducah. NEW ORLEANS MARKETS. A New Orleans paper ol the 3d Inst lias the following report of market prices currentCotton?W.? did nut hear of a sale to-day. Stock as before, 11,907 hales Sugar?The sales to-day comprised 700 nhds. at 2c. a 2&-. for common to good common, 2L'c. a 3,',c for fair to felly fair, 4c. a 5c. for prime to cltolcs. and Tc. lor choice white clarified, showing no change in prices. lite supply was copious and the demand only moderate. Mo lasses-?With a liberal supply, holders met the demand freely at easier prices, the saios comprising H.OdO lib s, at lite, for fermenting, and at 10c. a lOHc. <t 17c for prime to i lioico, and 800 half hbls. at 10c. a 21c. for prime te choice. Tobacco?26 hhile., admitted and refused. sold at rtfe. I'riocsttrm. Stock as before, 15,472 hhda. Kl tor? The only s ties reported wits 150 bbls.'extra at $11 50 .flu Iierflne sells st $10 u $10 25. Wheat?200 sacks rod sold at $1 75. Corn?The sales comprised 200 sacks white, in poor order, at 70c., aud 2,000 prime white at 76c. Brau? 150 sacks sold at $1 00, and 100 at $'.' iter 100 lbs. Pork? M?ss continues to retail slowly at $25. Whiskey?Recti fied rotails at $1 10 a $1 15. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Sunday, Dec. 15, 18G1. The import* for last week, for the first time for many months, show an increase over those of the corresponding week of last year." The heaviest item of import was guns^, of which $261,000 worth were received; after this, tea, coffee, sugar, hides and Hemp were the leading articles. It will not do for our imports to increase at present, and, if. they show a tendency to do so, Congress should raise the duties on all articles of luxury which tan he dispensed with by our people. The exports of produce continue very large, and we understand that the receipts of produce by rail are so largo that there is no reason to apprehend any falling off in the export movement at present. The following are tho oflirial tables for the week and since Janu ary t *.? ? Iueoars. the IFtyA". 185?. 1800. 1861. Dry goods $487,045 900,917 704,15# Ucneral merchandise. 2,313,445 1,347,068 1,830,852 Total for tho wooV.. $2,800,190 2,316,986 2,541,010 Previously ruporteJ..224,648,2*27 216,641,372 116,062,561 Since January 1. $227,448,717 218,968,337 119,193,571 Extorts or Prows and Mkhcuahomx 185?. 1860. 1861. Korlhewwk $1,660,969 2,147,413 3,404,956 Previously reported.. 61,912,723 9*2,537,716 124,517.278 Since January 1.. $03,579,692 94,685,129 127,922.228 Kxpours or Sracia. 1859. 1860 1861. For tho week $673,2*23 71,000 Nooj. Previously reported. 03,305,930 42,503,737 3.256,886 Since January 1.. .$83,979,153 42,674,737 3,256,883 The banks will probably show a marked de crease in ioans. specie and deposits to-morrow. The mercantile discount line continues to run down: henre, though the Sub-Treasury has not reimbursed the banks anything for the past week, the loans, and correspondingly the deposits, must show a falling off. For some reason or other, only known to the officials of tho Treasury Depart ment at Washington, the books have been closed for come days for popular subscriptions to the national loan. Hence the banks are not being relieved of any portion of their subscriptions. This is one of the mysteries of the day which the public cannot presume to fathom. A general notion prevails to the effect that it Is desirable that the public should not only be permitted, but should, by every possible means, be iuduced, to lend money to government at the present crisis. For more than a week persons Beck ing to lend money to government have been informed that they could not do so, as the books were closed. There are doubtless good reasons for this singular decision, and we forbear further comment. The bunks have paid into the Sub-Treasury over four millions of dollars during the week, and it is expected that they wil show a falling ofT in specie of over a million. Last Monday the specie average was $42,318,610 and the loans average $159,793,953. If there has been any hoarding or creating of special deposits by foreign houses, the falling off in specie will bo greater than is expected. We hardly look for any thing of the kind as yet, however. The policy of the Treasury Department has not been sufficiently defihed to lead to public action. Onr leading houses will doubtless await a report, or at least uu expression of opinion, from the Committee of Ways and Means, before they take measures to pro tec1 themselves against the consequences of a general suspension of specie payments. However obviou* tho future may be, its event is awaited with calm ness and deliberation on all sides. Money is abundant. Call loans are quoted 6 per cent in the street, but money can be borrowed at lower rates on good collateral. First class paper is rarely seen outside of bank. Among the brokers it is current at 5 a 6. Names which have been passed with difficulty at very high rates of interest are now negotiable at 7 a 8 per cent. Jobbers' pa per, based on Southern indebtedness, has derived an increase of value from the recommendations in the Message and documents, referring to the col ?ection of debts due by Southern debtors to North ern creditors. It is clear enough that tho South ern merchants who have fancied that they were go ing to enrich themselves at the cost of their North ern correspondents are going to be brought to a sharp reckoning, sooner or later. The case of Bowen, Holmes & Co., at Alexandria, will eventu ally prove a precedent which will probably acquiro some notoriety hereafter. ... ..? Foreign exchange Closed yesterday at tOStVi a 110 for bankers'bills on London. There is ho de mand for bills from tho importing trade; but, at the same time, the supply of mercantile exchange is small, and bankers are of course unwilling to jjlraw, except at rates at which they are sure of being able to cover. It is very desirable that a specie shipment should be made during the present week. A shipment of a quarter of a million in gold would probably fausc a sharp reaction in the exchange market, and would demonstrate the un reasonableness of the alarm which has been caused by the recent advance in bills. Nothing is more certain than that the state of our foreign trade does not justify specie shipments at the present time. The balance of trade is in our favor, and wc are importing weekly less than wc export. At the same time it is well that this bugbear or specie shipments shonld bo squarely grappled with and fairly tested. We have in this couutrv a great deal more gold than we need, and should be none the worse off if wc parted with ten or twenty millions to Europe. We cannot ship so much as this or anything like it, because wc do not owe anything to the other side; but, as there lias been so much bear talk about a specie drain, it is to be hoped that it will begin, and its effects may besutually tested. At the same time, Congrcs, must not lose sight of the necessity of keeping down our imports to the lowest possible figure. All reasonable free traders are agieed upon the necessity of abandoning the theory of free trade during the war, and of excluding from our mar kets all foreign manufactures which can be dis pem- 'with. A large increase in the rt-" ???inn silk ? ^d.i, ril ouus, luces, jewelry, tin .vines, L.