Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1861 Page 2
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GENERAL BANKS' DIVISION. OUR FREDERICK CORRESPONDENCE. Fkkduuok, Mil., Doc. 10,1801. Statement qf a Deterter?Abundance of Clothing and Pro vieiont in the Kebel Camp?Strength of the Rcgi mente?Union Sentimente in Pattern Virginia, etc., etc. The deserter who camu up from Harper's Korry with General Hamilton yesterday afternoon tnakos tlio follow lng statement;?He was a member of tlie Second Virginia Infantry, which lio Jolnod April23- This regiment is under the command or Colonel Allen. Ho Is a native of Frederlolc county, Virginia, but requests thut his uumo bo nut pub lished in the lixR/i.n. The robols have clothing and pro Visions In abundance, and there wore no symptoms of discontent among them. The nrllelea of salt, sugar and com.o nro, howovor, scarce among the citi rons, bill tlis army is well supplied with them, lie says that the strougth of tho rebel regi ments is generally between HtlO and 700 men. Tho forces west of the Hluo Itidgo consist of Jackson's Bri gade, about a,700 mon, Aslibj 'k regiment of cavalry,and a regiment of Hume Guards. Tin re is, besld s, l'ondlo. ton's artillery battory. He could i? t state the amount ofthefri s at Controvllle, but believes thst the rebels have not 300,000 men In tho field altogether. 11" thinks there is some Union sent uncut in KaotO'.n Virginia, but that none is evinced. Ho Is in ohnrge of the Provost Marshal, and well treated,by order of General Banks, lie loft Harper's l'erry at eight o'clock on Sunday evening, and forded tho rivor on his horse. Though ho was a pri vate ho maintained a horse at his own expense. Fn^kFiPK, Md., Hoc. 12,1861. A Brigade Drill?A Change in 0 nercd Ban!, s' Body Guard?Arrival qf the Virtt Michigan Regiment?The Efficiency qf the Guard on the. Potomac?The. Unionise of Frederick?The Health of the Soldiert?Affaire on the P<> tomar, etc., etc. There was a brigade drill of Goneral Hamilton's brigade bore to day. Tho drill was succeeded by a parade and review. Tho day was bright and clear, and the scone presenlod at tho reviow was one of bounty and ma 'mil cenoo. The marching and manoeuvring of the varlo is battalions elicited the admiration of thousands of specta tors. General II imiiton is unremitting in hh attention to tho C unfurls as well as tho ollleiency of his command. Captain Fitzsimmons and his company of cavalry, which has been doing duty here, as the body guard of General Hanks, received orders yesterday to rejoin bis regiment, near Goneral Stono's headquarters, on tho Po mac. This company is a part of Van Alen's New York cavalry, and one of tho best in that regiment. Tho duty done hitherto by this company will now be discharged by ft company of the First regiment o. Michigan cavalry. The First Michigan legimentof cavalry has just arrived bore to day, from Washington. They aro under the com maud of Colonel Hrodhcad, and number l,2GOmcu and burses. They are certainly a lino looking corps, and highly creditable to the Suite whence they hall, i The picket guards loft at Camp Muddy Branch arrived in this city yesterday afternoon from Huriiostown They have been relieved by detachments from General Stone's division, so that no port of the Potomac is left without a Sufficient guard. Many of the citizens of Frederick dig jdayed lliu Star Spungled Banner as the companies maicherl through the town. Iho troops cheered and waved their hats and banners ru rosjionsu, and the soene was altogether one of much interest and considorabln en thuslasm. Who will say that tho majority iu this State ?re not patriotically devoted to the Union. It ailbrus me much satisfaction to be able to state, from personal observation, that tho hoalth of the troops in General Banks' division is excellent. The condition of the horses and initios has also improved muchof late. Everything hiw h en quiet on the Upper Potomac sinco tho skirmish of Sunday and Monday last. The rebels have not tried tlroir hands at cannonading sinco thou. Doubtless the lesson whs h they received on these occa sions has not bcrn forgotten. It has had tho oficct, also, of encouraging our men. l'ow of them rcdlsh tho idea nf remaining iuactivo all wintor; but the chances are that they will have little cause of complaint on that score. FiiBitmtKK, Deo. If, 1801. The Third brigade, under General Williams; was ro viowod by General Hints, hi* staff, and the Maryland military officers. Subsequent to tho rcviovv Gonaral Wil liaiuB gave an exhibition of Hold exorcise, battalion and division movements, forming his command in line of battle and changing their positions and fronts as circun ?tanoes might seem to demand on tho battle (leld.1 These ?volutions were highly interesting. General Williams h is boon steadily eugagod in drilling his brigade in the.-o tactics since his assignment to the command. Tho parade ground is on the Kinniittsburg turnpike, a no la from the city. An nniueuso number of spectators wero ranged along the road and fences. Just as General Hanks and stair wero about to leave tho ground Colono Brouhead's Michigan cavalry?nearly 1,100 strong, splon dldly mounted and well equipped?made their appourauce from the city, en route to a new camping ground. Aa but comparatively fow |iersoos were awaro of their presence here, the mosses, as wall as some of the officers, were taken by surprise. General Hanks was properly saluted by the regiment as it pas-ud. 1 have received Intelligence from Dam No. 4 that on Thursday Captain Williams and five men went on an un authorized scout iuto Virginia, and wero capturod by the kuomy. A fortnight ago a corporal nnd four men wout ever on a similar expedition and were likewise captured, waking nine men, a captain and two o<>r|>orals which have been loot by disobodiouce of orders. Grievous complaints are uttered by some of the regi ments, inoluding the Twelfth Massachusetts regimcut, at tho delay in receiving new tents, those now in use being entirely unfit for the winter season. Mr. DoHora, of Boston, who contributed upwards of fifty thousand dollars to tho Twelfth Massachusetts regi ment for their outfit aud maintenance wbdo at lort Warren, visited Colonel Webster yesterday in camp, lio was enthusiastically received by tho regiment. A prejudicial rumor having heou circulated at Parncs own and elsewhere, to tho cfl'ocilhat mauy of the sic!; or the army were left exposed and unattended in a church there, and wero entirely dependent upon the cha rities of the ihhabitants, your correspondent has inquire I nto the nffair, and is ablo to Blulo that the rumor is un founded. Thoso whom tho, medical department woic compellod to leave there by oxtromo debility wore twen ty seven in number, and wore placed iu charge of un Assistant Surgeon, whose report on Thursday showed that all wore conveloscont. Twenty were ablo to return te their companies, and all hut four wero able to walk. The basement of the Presbyterian church, which wee occupied as a measles hospital by the Twenty seventh Indiana regiment, was abandoned when tho column moved, mi l tho sick there transferred to the general hos pitals at Washington und Baltimore. The sick referred to above are located In a very coin fortnble hospital at Dnrnostown, organized by Dr. Ami. ?ell,Surgeon ol tho Third brigade, and will bo removed here in a day or two. A military telegraph lino hns been extended to Gen. Batiks' headquarters, and ho is now enabled to communl calo direct Willi tho War Dcpartn.ODt. Fkkdskick, Md., Dec. 14, 1861. All is quiet along the river lino Private Monroe, who snooped from tho rebel army, was sent yesterday to Washington for examination. The General Court Martial is oogsged to-day trying tho canes of deserters from tho New York Nineteenth rogi meal. No political arrests have beeu made hsre since the arrl. val of the army. The weather is pleasant. The best order prevails in tbc city. Some moments are making preporat ions to he com ortablo for tho winter?building huts, cabins, Ac ?still 'hsre are no genoral indications of going into winter quar ters. OCR POINT OF ROCKS CORR E8PONDENCE. Point or Hocks, Dec. 14, 1861. t'lagt of Vrwc?The T.a liet in Itebet'lom Badly in Wart <f .Salt, .S'hjgar and Pepper?hbrljicalinns on the Iflawie of the PaUmac?The /tebejs mid I.ony Kange ?Scout ing Parti'!?Contra!"ndt Coming iti?Review oi' General H'ifliam.d Brigade, by General Banlrt, rfe., <fc. Affair? at tins point present a very interesting aspect at the present timo. Flags of truce are very common inci deutshere. They aro displayed everyday. To give you on idea of their object, 1 will state that a flag of trU' # was displayed on tho Virgtnia shore this morning by two ladies U was ascertained that they wanted a little pep per, aa a lavor. These (lags, or, rather, rags, aie always displayed by ladies, and our boys usually treat them with all possible courtesy. The favors they ask for are always similar, and limited iu their nature?such as "alltllo salt," Ha little sugar, " " a Utile pepper," fcc., 4tc. I paid a visit to ono of the lands in the Potomac that is picketed by our tneu this morning. It is guarded by lhlrty of the Psnnsylvaiiia Twenty eighth, under Captain Chapman, by whom I was conducted ever to it and through H. The mcu have erected in trenchmonts and covered ways under ilio direction of their captain, who was formerly a eivil engineer. Thoy are built on the most scientific principles, and afford our men a perfect protection against any mixsilcr from the enemy. With tho thirty men who hold the island behind theso zigzag covorcd ways. It can bo defended sue CSssfully against five hundred of tin enemy. The scenery on the Potomac at this point is very grand, and, with tho rulnt of Mru bridge dastrvyed by the rebels, tho picketed rvtf i tad its banks, the sltvory stream nOonls it splendid dividing line between tbo two great hostile armies. The rebels Show themselves on tbo ojtpouito Hide but very seldom. Tlioy are turrlbly afraid of our loug rango rifles. Tliore was a brick house on tho opposiio side wliioh used to afford nholler to their pioketg. A company of our men dotermlned to destroy it, and not only did so, but brought most or the bricks back with tliem and built 11 replaces with them. A day or two ago our inon crossed oyer again and destroyed another of tho houses that the rebol pickets we o in ibe haliit of using. They also brought part of tbla back with tlietn, and turned it to advantage. Tbo men stationed iiore have matle fro queDtsooullug trips Into Hoc ssla. On one of thuse oc casions thoy brought back a rebel team and four horses, besides a variety of other usuiiil articles. Contrabands are coust'iutly escaping when they con, and they nil con cur In their statement* thai iho rebels are entirely depend ed t Ibr the meana of transportation on country w.igons, which they impress into their sorvioa. It is certainly no strong evidence in favor of Southern chivalry tliat the rebels always roliro when our inon visii thooppositcslde, ovon to doprlve them of comforts. It is also noticeable that none of the enemy cvor dare to alteinptauything on this sido of the river. General Williams' brigade was reviewed by General Banks, near l''roderick, yosterday afternoon. Tho rebel pickets opposite here are Ashhy's cavalry. OUIl WILLI AMSl'OhT (MD.) COIIItEsrON DENOB. WlLUAUSroRr, Md., Doc. 13, 1801. The Defenceless Condiliim of William*] ort?Two Regiments Without Arm?A Reconnaissance?The Weather in the Camps?Strong an'i Abolition Feeling Among the Sol diers?A Captain and Thirte n Men 7\ile.n Prisoners, etc. Titis place, which has a population of about twelve huu drod, lias boou for onto time in a defenceless position; but a portion of Gi ticral Banks' division is now oxi>octod here dally. Tho Thirte nth Massachusetts regiment, Col. I.eonitrd, and the Illinois Tliii ly-uinth, who are without arms, are the only forces at present hers, besides Liout Russell's company of cavalry, who havo boon acting as a home guard siuoe the commencement of the war. Tho [lliuoir regiment had arms ot an inferior character boforo leflving Missouri, where tlioy woro stationed boforo coming li ro, but thoy destroyed thorn boforo loaving that Slate, and have since been without any. They aro all, however, excellent soldiers, and should be speedily supplied witli II tbo nee-saury military equipments. t'uptaiu Ru.-Hull's compauy of cavalry crossed tho river here day before yesterday, and tnudo a reconnaissance toward Martlnsburg, twelve miles from the rivor. Thoy wro gone all day, and returned in tho evening, without having si-ui say of the enemy. There was, therefore, probably no foundation tor tiro report, a few days since, that there wero flvo thousand of the cnomy opposite this placo. Tliore woro a few rebel pickets visible ocoosion nlly about tli it time, but tlioy havo now disappeared en tirely, uud it is generally supposed that the main body of tho enorny is concentrating In tho neighborhood of Win chester, whero tho robel General Jackson lias now his hoadquartors. Tho people ho: e havo boon apprehensive of an attack upon tho forces here ever since the demon stration at dam No. 6, on Tuesday last, but the gradual approach of a iiortion of Oei al Banks' division in this direction 1ms relieved them Very much. The weather here has become clear and cold within tho past couple of days. Tim men ia their camps suf fer u good deal, but shoot iron stoves aro bo oomiug quite common in the tents, and arc found to ho a great comfort. Thoy aro light and easily handled, and could doubtless bo geuorally intro duced Into tlio aruiy to very great advantage. Tho piopositlon to arm the slaves lias no supporters bore, I Qnd, among the people. The Union sontimont Is very strong, but tbo initiation of a project of that kind by tho government would drive tho State out of tho Union in forty-olght hours. Tho triumph of ihe policy of the administration, thoreloro, over the abolition-disunion faction at the North has strengthened the loyalty of tho 1 atopic very much, and inspired them with incrcasod confidence In the ability of iho President to successfully prosecute the war. It is reported tills morning tbal Captain Fiory, of the Maryland Second, and thirteen of Ins rn?u, woro takon pris. ners n day or two since, about fifty miles above this, on tho Potomac. Thoy havo boon stationed noar Cumberland for sumo time, doing picket duty, and return ed on the Virginia side of tho river in pursuit or game, having boon previously successful in several similar ex peditions. Cuptain Fiory is a brother of Senator Fiery, from ibis county, and is said to bo a daring man, and a good soldier. Ho was originally at the head of tho Clears flng Homo Guard, about ton miles from here. Most of his men are from this section <;f tho State. GENERAL FRANKLIN'S DIVISION. OUR WASHINGTON CORRH3PONDENGB. Washington, Doc. 8,1861. Reoiero of General W. 13. franklin'a Division kg His ?i cellency Governor Morgan, Major General of Volunteer.,? The Regiment* Composing the Division, ilc., eke. Il having boon announced that Major Gonoral Morgan, Govornor of Now York, would review tho division tiudcr tho command of Oonoral Franklin, I proceeded towards tho scene of tiia proposed dispiuy, in tho immediate v' ciniVjr or the Episcopal Bemlnary, about flvo mileg from Alexandria. Owing to the had fPato of the division pa rade ground, which was vorjr wet and muddy, it was deemod advisable by the Commanding General, Frai.kiln, to have each battalion drawn up on its own parade ground for inspection and roviow, aud at tho hour of three P.M. the whole division was drawn up In rogi menial line, as ordered. General Franklin, accompanied by his stall, with Gene, ral Slocum unil stall, General Newton and staff, and General Kearney and staff, beiug the brigade commanders of tbo division, proceeded out upon tho Lccsbnrg turn pike to await the arrival Of his Excellency Major Genorul Morgan, who was to arrive, having participated in tho review Of GettoraIs MoDowoll's and Bleukcr's divisions. fro noticed General Wadeworth and staff, n'so General Butter Held and Staff, who joined the party, all making a very Imposing and brilliant appoarance, to rccclvo the distinguished officer. At tho hour named a long line of carriages upon tho pike dcuotcd that the Governor was at baud. Upon lb ir arrival?beiug thoGovornor Willi his staff? among whom wo noticed General Arthur, General Potrick, also a long list of civilians, among whom weroSonator King and Ko ncsentatives OJell und Conkting, who wero intro duced to tho brigade oommandors, who, with General franklin,most cordially gicotod lite representative,of the Ktnpiro .-itate. Tlio Governor alighted from his carriage,and,mounting a line chestnut horso, joined the gay cavalcade und proceed ? alto review tlio division. The booming of Ute cannon from Piatt's battery announced that the ceremony had i ommenced. The Hist whicli was rovleGod was tho brigade of Gene ral Slocum, Kissing of tho Killh Maine, Colonul Juck son; Six teen tli Now York, Colonel Davies; Twenty-Beventh New York, Colonel Burtlelt, and tho Ninety sixth Pennsylvania, Col' nel take. Tho regnueuts undor General Slocum presented a fino apitoaranco, and the cheers from tho Now York regi menls, as well as those from Mainb and Pennsylvania, wore hearty uud enthusiastic, tho men looking contented and happy, giving evidence of tlio care and efficiency of Gone; al Slocum, who is just y popular with his command. The two N' W Yo k rogimeuls appeared well, and Colonels Iiavics and Bartictt d. srvo well for looping the mo, ate of their corps to the right standard. Alter having reviewed Slocum's command, the coro mouy was commenced Willi tho Fifty-fourth Pennsyl vania, Coloucl Gositu,a Zouave dressed regiment, win) prts nted a vory lino appouiunce in their fancy dress. Next camo tho Thirty first New York regiment, Colonel t'slvin E. Pratt. This line regiment received the distin guished visiters, as the others who hod been previously rcvicwo 1, with present arms and long and hearty rhceis, which wore acknowledged by the Governor uncovering as he passed. Col uel Pratt, by constant mi ten t ion to his command, lias brought this regiment to the highest ntatc of efficiency, so tlial it is second to none in the army of the Potomac. Tbo Eighteenth Now York r gi men I, Colonel Young, camo next in order. This regiment was formerly commanded by Colonel Jackson, w ho died of disease contracted whlio In discharge of his duty. Tho colors of the regiment are till draped in critpe, in memory of tho deceased. Tho Eighteenth presented a lino appearance. Proceeding to tho [wirnde ground of tho Dim oln cavalry, Colonel MoHey nolds, the reviewing officer passed down In front of the lines, receiving the customary salute, when the cavalcade proceeded to the Thirty second New York regiment, Col. Mat bason. This regiment is sometimes called tho Second California regiment, it being officered by many old Call forniana. 'lTn-y are a line body of men, and presented a showy sight in their army regulation hat. These regiments compose the brigade of General John Newton, and It is cite of the most advanced brigades on tins tide ef the Potomac in evolutions of the line. Gen. Newton has been most constant in his endeavors to im prove the condition of ills command, and, being seconded by tbo hearty concurrence of his regi mental commanders, has brought bis brigado to a very higb slato of military efficiency. General Newton is a tntfe type of a Virginia gentleman, who has always stood high in the army as an engineer, and who, when the present difficulties broko out, gave his whole hem land soul to the work of putting down the robollion. His brigade was highly complimented by tho Govornor. The brigade of General Kearney next received the at tention of his Excellency. It is composed of the New .Joisey column. '1 hoy wore drawn up together on a field near Port Worth,and. being uniform in their dress and equipments, presented a solid aud substantial apjicnr ance. General Kearney is a bold, dashing officer, lie lost his arm at one of the desperate charge! boforo tho eity of Moxkco, and takes great pride in itiscommnud. They bespeak for htm the evidences of tho true soldier and commander. The party next proceeded to visit Fort Worth, and were received by a salute, flrcrt from the tfcavy siege guns of the fort. It was the intention to have reviewed the three batteries belonging to tho division; bat the late hour of the day would not permit. Everywhere that General Morgan appeared ho was greeted by loud and enthusiastic chce.s, which ho gracefully acknowledged by ai-ing his hat and bowing to the volunteers whom he hud been ro much instrumental In bringing into the field, lie was highly pleased with ihe division ot Geo. Krauk hn, which, by disinterested military men, is prnno.tnoed the vc V best III the army. Gen. l'ranklin i t a thorough disciplinarian, very strict, hut always (usl he is the tru? tit* Vi i.'ja'iist, ixUie t/nu4TVYi.\\ by ug il.'.Gjau his division was marked for it* soldiorly hearing and remarkable precision In marching. The lighting material to of the highest order, being composed inustly i f Am ri enns, Ktigluh and Irishmen, and when the grand battle take* place on the I'otoinuc it must give u good account of itself, ns dlHliplme will tell, and nothing has boon slighted in working up the material of this division. The plau of review, b"lng d I Tor en t from thut usually practised, owing to tbo bad state of the ground, was a feature in tho day's imri'orraances, giving General Morgnn an opporlunlty to view the camps and polios arrange menle of tho same, which were lotmd to be in a very tidy and neat condition. Tho party prococded ut once to Washington, highly pleased with the evidences of the efficiency of the Army of the ! otoiuae. GENERAL BUELL'S DIVISION. OUIl L0U1HVILLE CORRESPONDENCE. Loi'isvitjjt, Ky., Dec. 12,1S01. Adi<ttncc of General Bur.ll?Three Rrigades Orors the Green Rincr?The Rebel tWcsss in Statu Quo?Runu/rof a Hot tie at,Somerset?A Railroad Bridge ' Burned by the Union Ti o?i?? Arrival and Veparture of Troops, dr., <fc. Tho process of strangulation slowly, but surely, in tlilH department. As if with a view to throttle the Rorpoul in liis nest at Howling Green, Gen. Due!I is gradually advancing his lines, now extending through the ueutro of I lie State, and concentrating from all points upon the stronghold of tho rebels. Throo brigades of the train urmy yoslciday crossed G icon river and assumed a strong position south of Woodsouvillo, about threo miles from tho rlvor and a llltlo north of tiro railroad. The crossing of Hie river at Alunfordsvlllo and Woodsonvillo was ac. compllshed by a pontoon bridge, linstily constructed from llalboals. Tho descent to the rivor and asoent on thu Bouthuiu sido nro easily accomplished. A delay will he necessarily made until tho ruilroud bridge can he rooon" structod. It is forty miles from this |M>int to Howling Green, uud tho railroad is absolutely necessary toBuppiyiug tho army when it advances furllior south. Tbo brigades of Genorul Kosseau, Nettor uud Johnston, the ones across Green rlvor, will tetiialn in statu quo for somo time. Itc onnnolssances are being made in the direction of Cave City, where tho advunco of Iluekner in weak forco is stationed. Upon tho left wing of the army Generals Schoopff and Zolllcoilor have been coquetting from opposite stdoe of the Cumberland. After tho reinforcement of General School iff, on l.lio 7tli nnd tjtli,Zollicoltor retreated to the southern sido of thu river. On tho 10th a skirmish took placo in which he lost ton men aud a mfyor. A battle lias proba bly horn fought at Somorsot; but in tho absenco of tele graph wires no information has been had here. ('apt tin Nutter, of Colonol Dost ridge's regiment of ca valry, a short time sinco advanced as far south as tho lino of the Howling Green and Memphis Railroad, and burned tho railroad bridge over Black Lick, as I wrote you. I doubted tho truth of the story, but Southern papers corroborate It. it appears that Captain Natter and parly left camp soveral days sinco, and prococdod southward to a point on tho Louisville and Nashvillo Railroad, twenty milos from Bowling Green, where they destroyed an important l>ridf$. A brisk skirmish took place, in which soveral rebels wore killed and wounded and nine taken prisoners. Tho First Lieutenant of Captain Ncttnr's company was oilhor killod or caplurod by the enemy. Captain Notice retreated to Hartford, whore, in uu att .nipt to arrest a secessionist named Morton, he was shot and soi iously wounded. Morton was instantly killed by Ncttnr's men. Captain Nctter w as at the house of a Unionist, near Hartford; tho prisonors lukon by him nro at Calhoun. Marauding pnrtics of robela continue to hprass Union men, destroying ihoir property ami appro priating to their own uso every I lung calculated to sustain tho Confederate unny. Troops continue to arrive hero. Tho Michigan Eleventh, Forty-ninth Indiana, tho Thirteenth Ohio Infantry and tho First Ohio cavalry arrived yester day and dopurtod for tho wars. ., . ? Loobvii.!*, Dec. 10,1861. TV toward Movement Commenced-Tke lUbels Mal.ina Puerto,! Efforts/or Defence-Financial Difficulty ofth< AoucHp wc. The preparations In tins State, to all appearance, have been flmshod, and action ig now in contemplation. A forward movement of the main force of tUe20,Of)0 men encamped in this vicinity has taken place. Gen. Norm's brigade of eight regiments hag moved fbrward to strength en the left wiugoftho main army, and will take up an advanced poeition at Columbia, Adair county, it |? thought that tlio force at that point, with Gen. Nelson'8 combined, will move south to a point on or beyond the Cumberland river. Should General Zollicolfer aitcmpl to push forward he could bo easily caught In a trap by such a movement. Hut it Ih not thought that ZolIicolTer will move north or the Cumberland river. Gen. Dumont'g brigade of six regiments has also moved forward (o strengthen the main body on the line of the Nashville Kauioad. C.ouoral McCook lias advuiupd fn n?n i? .?? Green river, and his "advance *Is atnr..a'm ~ 1 0f ts- irs era ajrs over Black hick fork of Barrow river. This is notoroditfd The rebels aro expecting the Union forcos to atisctr goon, and, Judging from the bruvado of Southern nanus are making desperato attempts to defeat th-m. ArrHufs from Nashville and other parts of Tonncsseo report the ?itin ??!, consternation oxietiug amoni; tho iwwiin r?? count of the draf ting going on. have (led from Naahvlllo to East Tennessee where a lorri hie.resistance lo the draft ing system is giiniugslm uh and power. Tho rebols evidently expect .n .i7. .? 8 Columbus and Bowling Oroen at ll.o Lno time "P"n ?n I .n ra,.'c lro,,k"iw al South aro daily increasing and Iho futiiro is spoken of by tho Nashville Banmer^r Hoc. t? ns very unflattering indeed It urmia th. ??? o or an net by the Lcgisl xtti.o providing fSr Urn payS of lemiessoe a pro|>ortion of the Confederate tax hvih,. | "sob . w,thou, calling on the taxpayers to rnc^t .t I at th a crisis of general financial difficulty. IUh p oposod t > laiso tho means by an issue of paper by the liinl or I Tonnosfieo, which, endorsed by th3State[ wLld parctm. In the article .in allusion is malo to iho fact thai Dm legislature of Alabama has a<?umed (he payment of tha j State s quota of tho Confederate tax. I. is mnM that the lo.inod tho State tho money on ton years' bom's ??d sec irity tbatr Hence the Banner urgesU,'"|'!S tho notcH of the Bonk of Tennessae. It appears too Hi o the so picsiration act dees not work well, tlio M. ionbis ?pp(?l of the 4th of December stating that it i 'informed by Iho receiver that parties are vol v r. miss in responding to tho garnishments served upon them rot fa i ? Confoueruto requo.-nation acf lie ac rerdmgly requcstH us to statoihat If they delay miicb onger ho will cortniuly report them to the Dii trict At torney, and have tho |>enalty of tine and Imprisonment t .c'li nft T them until they do answer. The l. .aL K^,,t.tl8, .2>'e Mvftral dilatory indivlduais who boUor wn.k up to tho captain's oilico and Poitlo' immediately, il th y wish tosavo their bacuii. 1 hair day ofgraco wHUoonoxpiio." ' In the UonisiauH Lcgislat'iro, in session at Baton Rouge a resolution had been introduced in tho Senate appreviu ' tho Governor's roc .emendation the banks s; 8|^nd spcc.o payments and issue Confederate notes. It provides for a submission of the quosti in to popular voto. The rebol Congress hog propoeod a slight relief to tho planters, but very slight imlocd. A despatch I run Rich mond, dated November 27, via New Orlians"states that Congress hart decided to |*sa a law authorizing au ad van, o lobe made to planiors on their crops in Treasury notes or Comodernte bonds, and much surprisj laexpres," td at Iho absurdity ol tho proposition. I Tlio " via Now Orloans" is significant. It means the wires via Kuoxville are pulled by some other persons than those in thocmp.oy uud interest of tho rebels?probabiv Gen. I'ursou Brownlow. prooao.y REPORTED IN8ANTY OF OENERAL WM. T. [Iroin the Cincinnati Commercial l The painful Intelligence reaches us in such form thnr we arc not at liberty lo discredit it that General W T ? bcrinan, luto commander of the Department of 'iho umberlaud, is insane. It appears that ho wag at tim-i when commanding in Kentucky, stark made Wo learn that he at one time telegraphed lo tha War Department lire" times In one day for permission to evacuate Kun tacky, and retreat into In Dana. He also, on several o, casiong, frightened tb? leading Union men of iLu Hvd e almost out of their wits by the most - s"htations of the overwhelming force of Budinor an m? assertion that Louisville could not ho defendedThi ? treat from Cumberland Gap wa. onerfh*tad \\ lien relieved of tho command in Kentucky ho was "out to Missouri and placed at iho head of a brigade atf?rt?n. where the, shocking fact that ho wag a madman ?2 veloped, by ordora that h.a aubordinateg know to be ,.?e p. storoug, and refused to obey. He has of renrs. i!! .. rcLrn ed altogether from command. Tbe'bargh critic^* which have been lavished upon tins gentleman, provoke,I by his slrange conduct, will now give way to feelmls . r the deepest sympathy for him in his great al^i f u seems l-rovidentlol that the country has not tomore' the 1"M of an ?i my through tho loss of the mind of a genera" into whose hnDds was committed tho vast rcgpons.Dilitv of the command in Kentucky. ^ ?mniijr A TRUE HEROINE. [Irom the Detroit free Press, Dec. 13 1 ~lo*7 V 'p ilJ have been placed in a more trvine I position and sacriUced more for iho sako fa' the Unu n than has Mrs. Douglas. She has porsislentlv refused to entertain the proposition forwarded to her by a siks. ial mesareger under a flag of ice, from the Governor of North Carolina, asking that the two sous of th.. int. Senator Douglas ho sont South to save their extensive estates in Mississippi from confiscation. If she refused a large property would bo taken from the children, and in her present reduced clrcumsiances they may t/iore by ovcnrually bo placed in straightened cir'um" Stances. Here, then, was un appeal made directly to her teiidor regard roi? |h?m, wmjh if she shoiild refuse' would work disastrously ag^t' iLem in <ute? ? But hor answer was worihy orhoiselr and of her i?Vo di$lingiii?ol hufbHtid. If (he rebels wi?h to imke war u|)on dofenceleHS fhildren, umi takr away tho ail of little ^iphan must be so, but hbecouid not for an in Btaiit llnnk ol surrendering them to llio eneini. s of their country sno ol their father. Hig last words were "Tell them to obey the constitution and Hie laws of the conn try," and Mrs. Douglas will not make h. raolf the Justru. incur ot disobey lug hla .!> ing injuucH. n. lhe children ,, l>*. b'doiig lo lllinolfl, ai d must remain in ihe.Vnrih' Illinois and the North we take It, will soo that ibev aro nor sullereia by iho duvotednos- and | atrlotism of their ! G?*rrf?RAL HUNTER'S DIVISION. OVR KANSAS correspondence. MiUTAHY DkI'ARTMBNT Of KANSAS, * ?r LuAVBNWokTH, 1>OO,0 1861 h L l rP' D^artmmt-n^P> Vurrtn-IU Affairi? Ou*mWn-Winter Vptrations-StuiHc, l'r ? g^-Boun* ? /or The organisation of tbi. Stat., with that of the territory ?outhno, th una wet of it, ?. far as Texas, Dacot.h anj oh, has gl van additional Importance to the oTalrs of the Far West There wins little doubt that the Imporf a":;? 01 """ 8eoll?" "f civil war now raging has been undercatimatedbyth, and the Extern public In general. The creation of the now department Su h'T l"1001 l? "" C?mma,ld "f M"Uor General a\ id Hunter, have given a wide satisfaction and u souso

of grater security to the citizens of Kansas. At pr#. Bent there are not in it a large body of troo,*; for, with and mrl , ?f " baU?rjr a"d B halfttU*chod to the fort eX009w.Sto0,l,"COmman<,'and t' Tho territorial bouudarlea of this department are im monse, though but a small portion la open to tho incur siona of the rebula out of this 8,ate, and that L mu^ western frontier, from Arkansas to Arizona. The Turn sjr of troojs m this rogion must be about 15,000 Now Mexico has a force of regulars of 1,500 under Colonel Cran by, who commands in that Territory. Tl.ere are three rogimunts of volunteers under Colonel Miguel Otero, Kit u,u *"olh#r gentleman whose name I have for gotten These are amply eufllciont to hold Now Mexico ?gainst the small Texan force In the Mosllla Valley m Coorado there is a full regiment of cavalry undlr Colonel John P. Ctough and Lieutenant ^ Bam. f. Tappan. There is some talkJ awSlr regiment, but tho raising of it is doubtful There Is a small force of regulars in Utah, Nebraska and Oaootah as well as at Forts Riley and Wise in Kansas. Nebraska has raised one regiment, and Kansas has twelve on paper SMOrfT^i W"h lh0 rUCrU,tS a,,<1 organising! 8,000 (Toctivo men. The foroes In tho new doDurtment will number about as follows:- aop?rtment KKCLABS. In Now Moxlco ^ Doing garrisou doty."."!!' 1 <*0? Artillery?Two batteries. U pieced [ \\\ \ \" 1 '?J$ Total... 2,700 kaksas voluntbsus. fCl8t)"0nedat 800 Filfth^-j8tationod at *** ^ Im Hixth?Stationed at Fort Scott A-I"0 ?$? commands"?COtnt)*nios reattached to the various brigade?Cspt. Baynes' scon ts a *"ok#rton> Kanias Volunteers, 2 U ,10WarU'' '^'States Army, 6? First cavalry?t'apt! Burchard-'s' smuts I? ?r. Infantry Cavalry?first regiment....'!"...' Cavalry?Kansas biigale 1,000 ? (WO Making ? Scouts?independent. 1,00? Artillorjr?J'ourtocu guns * ?????????? 175 ee e e e e # e 36 (J Total - ?sassssstsisr 400 Total recruits ~~~*? There are in service in' MiVeouri- 1,3?? rirst regiment, Tipton *our companies, Coiui idoiintv 600 Six oompsuies, Missouri Sixteenth.... ^o Total This will give to Kansas, without counting (ho^tm gUMatUched to the Brigade and Colon I Jennison s com. Serving in this Department.... Serving in Missouri., 6,500 Recruits 1,400 1,300 Total ?With llvo pioces of artillery! 9,209 thT^'fomp,n,8e0, o^'?4venu7Mn:'/?nn Eighth Iowa infantry ims.n M'**<>'iri and two ofthod sruri Seventh,mun^'rin^ b!!aM Dlivor, of the Ml: NOW MoxiCAQ volimtoors thro? m,,;, "! J60 Colorado volti,doers' one Vcg^mcut Nebraska volunteers, ouo regiment 1 ?d0 ? There flgures will make the totai forcein'thisiep^ Rogulara... Voluulocrs ... 2,775 Recruits 1.300 Total 16,925 ?With parts of live batteries, numbering twenty-fix guns. Of the nlmvo force 8,(.00or 7,000 will be mounted. This force is doubtless ample for defensive, but ?certainly insufficient for any otber movements, especially win n the great border to be guarded iSconsidered. Most of the troops will go, if not into por muueut winter quarters, into temporary. Tim Kansas forces will be stationed along I ho river and bordor, while it is [irobablo that the First cavalry will bo used to ope rate against the rebel Indians on the Southern fron tier. Those aro said to be threatening the southwestern CJunllosol the r'tato. In that section, at Fort Kiloy and in Foninhan, there aroseveral companies of Home Guards mustered into scrvico; but what their numbers nrc I can not ascertain. Aithii's in Missouri look towards a harassing wintor guerrilla campaign. Price's army is br aking into small parties of nfty to several bun tree,and IUobo parties are moving northwurd, wttb a view to obtain supplies, an.I probably to winter in their own neighborhoods. \ letter from the Kansas Brigade, thes "Hits of which aro among tho best pceted men in ibis section, rays:?Price is en camped a short distance below Oscooln with about 12,000 toon, and is in no condition to move. His men are poorly dad aud not half I be louts t bey need. Tht rceutt is a greater amount of sickness than was ever known in a camp of tbat size. In a proclamation ptt bits lied by liiiu on the 22d of Novombcr, he says he has lost throe mi u by sickness where he has lost one by tin:lets. Hint pity, pbiinnl on is a most painful nnd liumdiMting ap:>oal for help. He arl.s for 50,000 men, and a dozen times ovor the demand is reiterated. Ho says boys have done the fighting, while men of vigor an I wealth have remained sul'olj at home, and says the cuuse is lot I unless ho can havo more and hotter aid. In the country between Kansas City and Sodalia, on the south side of tho Missouri river, ther-i are to red bunds of rebel gueri illos, numbering in all about 4,000 men. Up. Hays lias 200 in Jackson county,Colonel licnick iiorhops 400 in Cass county, Quart roll about fifty; while of Price's army thoro a- e reported to be in Way - etlo county about 1.000, and the same number ni I.uyc Jack anil Pleasant Hill, in Cass county. Other men bavu small bunds. There is, however, but little to subsist these men in that section, it having been overrun by both armies. Price's has moved through it, whilu Stur gis', lame's anil Jvnnison's cummauds havo also, like locusts, devoured everything before Hum. The dam ige done by the lattor officer in Jackson and Cass counties to the secessionists, in his Into trip therein, cannot be loss than $1150,000. At least una hundred buildings have been burned bolonglng to the rolicl bands, some three hundred contrabands removed, over five hundred horses, oxen, confiscated, wilh fifty freight wagons, a largo slock of drugs, including a.OPO ounces of quinino and 2,000 of morphine, groceries, clothing, boots, \c., with nearly all the forage and provisions necessary for the use of tho soldiers, have been takeu,and usoil or sold for the benefit of Uncle loam's army. On tho north side of tho river there are several rebel bauds of ouo or two hundred each, the principal of which are Si. Cordon's and Merrlt Young's, in Platte county. It la also ascer tained that in the neighborhood of the Hannibal nnd St. Joseph Hailread the returning rebels aro quite numerous. Tho purpose of these bands is doubtless, as mentioned, to wintor in this sect ion. Failing tbis, it is more than likely a sorjesof cudde^lfjuphonsl^9C$(M heritor Willbo 6iiq all thti pl'jhJor in tue shape ot clothing, prov i sions, Kc,, that can be removed will bo sought for and carried to Price's army, which will then winter in Arkansas. What renders this latter course likely is the rumors of tho return north of the re In i Generals Rocd, Slack and Stein, lived was. or is, a member of (>ngr ?s. Sleek commanded tho forces from north of St. Joe, and Stein those from Buchanan, Platte, (flay and adjoining counties, at the Lexington fight. Reed is a lighting man, and is supposed to be ut tho head of a body of Irregular cavalry, with winch ho means to sweep tbo border counties of Southern Kansas. To prevenljtbls Gen. Hunter will so locate the regiments in that section as to give them opportunlti s to defend the border, it is to bo hopo 1, efficiently. In North em Missouri, especially tho counties opjiosito this placo, and the norlhorn part of the .Hate. undoubtedly tho guerrillas calculated on the Missouri rivor Ic ing frozen over early, thifs enabling them to attack the Kansas towhs. S'hie of these, especially this place end Atchi son, would bo rich prizes. If they could obtain posses sion of all or any onn of tho mi.itarjr posts m tbo State ihey would huui secured a great prize to them. There Is a largo quantity of military stores at tho four milita ry posts, I orts Ixsovenworth. Scott , Lincoln aud Riley. To a destitute army thny would bo of great value, though no attempt to hold them could be successfully made. From the indications pointed out, and some de signs supposod to bo entertained against tho railroads, in Northern Missouri, it is not unlikely that the foregoing is a true glanco ai Price's projected plan < f operation. To mm t it requires active work in thu adjacent imrtinn oC lUj'f O.' lUUj.'Ik'd ii'ou.'.umt, It wt'.'Lu.. alto g thor probable wo shall have each. D irlng the lost ton daya 81. Cordon'* and Young'* gangs have coram it tod many oul.ugu* to Wuslon and along tlio lino of the I'latto County Railroad. They burned thu Intan bridge, seven nules from Weston,and thus destroyed the oouneetlou temporarily. Tito result has been tbat we huve bad no mails for a wusk. Throe of the otbeers of the Kansas lb igadc wero captured a week since, but managed to ss c?. 1>?. On Tuesday Captain Allen, of the Third regiment., was taken at Wintlirop by Uordon. Tlic *ife of Colouol Montgomery was travai ling cas ' with him on a visit to friends, and the guerrillas 8iip|H?cA they had seised tho redoubtable Cotene!. It Is nioro than probable that ore thH t.inn they have mur dert<l the ca. 'tam. No officer or soldier of the Kansas Brigade can ex'Peot quarter at the hands of these marau ders, more uHpvv'-'lly any one sup|>osod to be a man so heartily detested by them as Colonel Montgomery. General Prentiss, commanding in North Missouri, lias moved elbcieully is the inaltor. His houdquariors arc at St. .losopb, and ?that city Is idaced under tho strict est tnartlal law. P'ortils"Aliens are being orocted to com niar.d tho town, and lltoa') who refuse to take tho oaib of alieginuce, or who lave boon mads prisoners, are oinployod thereon. Cia'ieral l'rontiss, with Brlga dler General boon, of the State troops, both lately in.ids s|ieeches, in which thi'y announced a very strin g-oil and suvcro jiolicy as ttVir rule of conduct. On '1 liursday Goueral l'rontiss moved to l'lalte City with nearly three thousand mon and seven guns, llis forco c uslalod of a battalion of tho Ohio Thirty ninth, Illinois Filiiatli and Sixteenth, and three liallailoua of Missouri troops. Cel. Morgan's command, Mbs ouriTwentioth 1,000 mm. took possession of Westun yesterduy, and will win ter there. This, in all probability, is a "soUlor'' for riatte. It ri lievcH Gen. Hunter of considerable trouble, as he would of course, from its proximity to hiB head quarters, have been obliged to hare taken caroof l'latte county. Cou. 1'rsntiKS G Id his men to make no distinc tion between nam who talked secession s uitiineuls and those who fought for thom. This hits Missouri secus sk n nn right In u vital part. The Slate Is overrun by m n who claim immunity from tho |irnaltiea of treason, because they say that they have not taken up arms. This class of mon have ill reality given strength to tho rebel cause hore, for thoy have ou' fitted and susluineil those who did light. They aro mostly people of luuans, and the foar of losing their wealth will, if nothing olso can, keep th.-m passively loyal. There is lint littlo of mien at stirring here, except in military aUairs. bo far the war has rather helped than biudered Kansas. The fomtno of larl year, with the con sequent destitution, loft a large number of young men willing to enter the service. It is more then probable, with the lighting proclivities of the people, font-rod by many bittor memories, that Kansas would havo doubled her quota al any rale; but noltong but the Instinct of self preservation would have driven many mcu I sue in the service into it, luid the State been ordinarily pros perous. The war has put a good deal of money iuto Kansus. It ban given considerable vitality to her river towns, and tlio new department, with the large supplies rendered necessary, will ofcourso help the furriers to a amarkol. If the State e.capes tho ordoal without in vasion her future prosperity is secure. 1 specially is.lhU the raso with Leaveuworth City. The activity at the fort, with Ll.e money spout by the troops stationed there, is a golden egg to our merchants. Th ? stagnation and deso lation of tho Missouri towns buuollts the Kansas towns, from the fact of their rocolviug the business formerly tak jQ to Kansus City, Independence, Ac. The Santa Ku trade is now rapidly cliauging quarters, and Leaven worth must hereafter ho Its headquarters. There aro sufficient facilities here to accommodate this very valua ble Hiid increasing frailic. Tho SurvoyorGuueral of Kansas and Nebraska, Col. M. W. IH'ialiay, makes some valuable suggestions in his an uunl rejiort to the Commissioner of the land Ollico. He asks for sufficient appropriations for extended surveys in Kansas and Nebraska during tlio ensuing year. The pro posed surveys will roach tor Kansas twelve thousand and forty-two miles, and for Noltraska to twelve thousand six hundred and forty-six miles. The amount asked for is, Kansas, $74,(104, and No brnskn, $75,292?a tolal of $140,086. 'Ibn ap propriations for the past year have Iioen over $10,000. The amount of surveyed lands in Kansas is about eightceu millions, of which over two million are aji p: opriatod for railroad and school purposes. There are thirty millions of acres of iiusi rvujod lands in Kansas, mid a larger amount in Nebruska. The Survoynr General asks for these a|iproprialions on the ground that Congress will undoubtedly pas* a bounty laud act, and that In such an event tho Slates and Torrilories which uro upon tho central zone of emigration, and through which tho l'uciflc Railroad must puss, will bo wlierp tho great body of those warrants will bo located. Col. He I iliay says:? "There aro at this day ongaged in putting down robol lion at least Ore hundred thoi sand mon, who reasonably hope that uftoj this gigantic rebellion shall be subdued they also will roceive from the generous hand ofOongrrss a donation of 160 acres of land each, and the question naturally arises whore is the surveyed land upon which they arc to locate the future homos of themselves and fa milies? Not In tho sooeded States, in any event, I Hit among their compatriots in the free Mate* and Territories east of tho Rocky Mountains. The larger portion of the sitrvoyod lands belonging to government are in the States of Arkansas, Mississippi, Uoutsuuia, Florida and the Territories west of the llccky Mountains, whero it Is to be presumed few of our volunteore would wish to sctllo, while in Kansas and Nebraska, to I meet the demand that will assuredly bo mode, there aro shout olghtcen million acres of surveyed laud un disposed of, sufficient to io-ute only 112,500 land war rants of tho 500,000 which will ('.ouht.1o.-s be uwan'ad to the troops lhat are now or havo bocn in tho field, b-sides the hundreds daily fleeing into Kansas for refuge from Arkansas, Texas and Missouri, and who in most instances design miking permanent homes upon licr soil. If our bravo soldiers must go to Orcgnn, Washington, Cull fornix, lit uh or New Mexico to locate their warrants, not ouo iu a thousand but would prefer sacrificing their land to florae rapacious B|M,culutor, fer tho roason that the ten dency of emigration on tho part of lhose who s-ok new homes for agricultural purposes decs not look in that di iction. If the patriotic sohlieis wero told, upon being mustered out of servico, that, as * reward for their toil and patriotism,thoy wouid b" |>orniitted to locate 160 acres of land amhl the pines and scrub oaks of Washing ton Territory or tho evorgladus of Florida, Uieir manhood would esteem such an oiler as an insult to their patriot ism rather than a subslan! iul reality conferred by their country; they could not consider it us-a reward for their courugoand loyalty in aiding to sustain tho laws, the constitution and the Union." Kansas offers Ihein a cordial invitation to make their j fill ere homes upon her rich and tortile lands, and thou sands will accept her invitation for ovory hundred that seek e'sewhero an abiding placo. Tho report also makes another valuable suggestion on this subject which deserves atloutiou at the hands of < tlio press and Congress, and it is in relation to a difficulty j which will e.istio from the passage of idlhun stoad lull. 1 Here is what the Surveyor General lias to say:? "I would also call the attention of tho government to tho probable working of the Homestead lull,should such bee mo a law. While all are anxious that the pal i Ictic alixcns should reap lis heuofit, nono are willing that those now in arms again.-1 the government shall, after Hie war is terminated, enjoy equal advantages with tie so whose pulse lias ever boat true to tho Union. It is true that the administration, by the Chicago platform, is pledged to the "Free Homestead l'olicy;" but in view of l ho I lrro number now in the service, utid daily augment ing and oigago 1 iu opposing Ih: prosent rebellion, I would, in lion ol' the honv stead policy, recommend the bounty land policy. By thu Intter our true and loynl citi zens or their heirs ulono will enjoy tho benefit of thu bounty." MILITARY MOVEMENTS IN KANSAS. The Kansas Rrigade wi'l winter nt Fort gcott, or a' lonst remain there for a vrhilo in ordorto recruit ami draw together the scattered Kansas regiments. Cot nel Jonni 8om will move to that post when he gets through in Mis souri. The Kansas First is expected luclc shortly. The ? ec od is being reorganised and its rauks are filling up. Colonel llavis' cavalry regiment, the Twelfth, him about (,00 men in quarters, and the Eleventh, Colonel Root has about 500 men enlisted. When all the Kansas force as semble they will be a respectahlo army, consisting of not less than 9.00,0 effective men. Thero will be ten regi iricnls, though all arc not full. General Lane and friends at Washington aro urging that our young State Is fairly entitled te lite appointment of a Major General and two llrigadlers. Postal Affairs. |Trom Ilolbrook's Uuitod States Mail.] N'sw Yor\- I'osr On h e.?1 ha following is a comparative statement of the business or this ollico during Iho years ending Septcmbor 30, 1860 and 1801:?Letters mailed, independent of those coming from other ofllcos to bj re mailed or distributed:?1800,15,507,054; 1801,14,142,021. Decrease, 1,366,083. Loiters received by mail for de livery in the City?1800, 18.1150,000; 1801, 16.500,000. Decrease, 2,760,000. Letters received for distribution ('emailed to other offices), nut. including these trom Cali fornia:?1860, 0,250,004; 1801, 12,750.155. Increase, 3,600,155. tetters sent to Calilornis, Including those ro ceived from other offices to bs reloaded:?1860 , 499,069; 1801,403,137. Decrease, 96,822. tetters received front California by steamers and overland, including those to ho romuilc I to other offices;?1800, 360,9.10; INtSI, 270,902. Decrease, 90.028. Foreign letters gent:?1860,2,942,449; 1861,2,670,245. Decrease, 200,204. Foreign letters re ceived;?1SC0, 2,187,803 1861, 2,242,692 Increase, 54,889. Registered lettors sent and received:?1860. 172,821; 1861, 146,414. Decrease, 20,188. Vslue of stamps and stamped envelop s sold;?4860, $673,234 09; 1861,9676,405 01. Increase, $2,170 92. Drop letters mailed:?1861 (about), 1,570,000. Clrctllats mailed:? 1U?), 4.631,987; 1861, 3,207,767. Decrease, 1,424.230. Lettors delivered by carriers:?1860, 0,090,600; 1861, 6,721,346. Increase, 630,740. NxwsrumRS syr> Pericpicaui, regularly mailed to bona fuU subscribers, aro not " transient printed matter," nnil 'may, therefore, bo mailod by agents, ns well as publish ers, in ihc same manner, and wirlt lh'" same privileges, aB (f they wore mailed to such subscribers directly from the office of publication ; Piovided, the agent makes and Dies in the mailing office a statement signed by him, showing tho names of the papers or periodicals which ho thus mails, tho offices respectively to which they tm> directed, and the number of such subscribers to oaili, with tho dstes to which their respective subscriptions extond, at each office to which said papors or periodicals are directed. I siTiots sent to riosd letter office for want of postage or prupor direction aro generally examined and returned to the writers, whether containing enclosures or not. The great mass of other do&d lettors uro not now read, but destroyed, bocnuse there is not suffici.iut clerical force authorized for the work. It is, however, the intention of the dejiartmont to provide at, soon as pussiWe for the ro turn of a much larger number of dead letters, without enclosures, than at present. Cauvoexi* Mails.?It should not be forgotten by post masters aud correspondents generally that, the malls for California. Oregon and Washington Territories go exclu sively by the overland tnaii route, loaving St. Joseph, Mo., daiiy (Sundays oxcoptsd). These mails aru made up and dcs|<atrhod daily from the Now York Tost Offico, morning and eveuing. Trsast'kv Note-; to iik Takbx for Do?tao*.?Some post masters having declined to roeoive tinned States Trea sury not's, payable on domand, iho I'ostmaster General hn~ made an ordor indicating that it is their duty to take such notes in payment of postage, but, of course, It is not expected that they will put themselves to inconve nience by returning specie in any unreasonable amounts in w.ij'of makingcUati^o. NEW IN8LAND AND THE WAR. OUR AUGUSTA CORRESPONDENCE. Auoiwa, Mo., Dec. 10,1801. Tkt War Spirit in Northern Maine?The Badnooodmm and the Lumbermen Ruthing En Matte to the Retcue? Large Rtterve thjrce at the Capital of the State?SaUr made qf the Extreme North on Emancipation, the War and tie Probable lieeuUt, etc., <tc. BILITAHV blNCAMPMKNTS AT TUB CAPITAL?PODB TU0U8ABD MKN rUPAKK) PUB TUB fUtLD. Those who know nothing about war, us wall ns tbOM who do, will be astonished to learn that ou my arrival lore this evening I found almost as many troops en :um|>ed ns at ouo lima comprised nearly the whole of Icueral Banks' division on the Upper Potomac. The sapltal or tho 3taie of Mains la literally overrun with .roops and fresh recruits. Governor Wusliburno is hore it tho capital, and is bosioged by apidicauts for official losition in the MRluo army. He has not yal adopted ho plan of Genoral Butler, at his headquarters In Boston> t, wit:?Placarding a notice Informing aspirants. In effect, 'That all applicants for commissions aro horeby tn ormod that thcro are no more to give." The Governor if Maine might, with much propriety,adopt a similar irocautlon ut this juncture. There are now encamped in this place and on the right rank of tho Kennebec some four thousand u\on, includ ing? 1, xho First regiment of Maine cavalry, under the ioramnnd of Colonel John Ooddard, whoso striking resom jlanco to Goueral Burnside wiU be remarked by ah who iave seen both officers. The cavalry comprise twelve lundred men and as many or more tine horses, tho latter laving bocn purchased for the government by <X>k>nel ituuloy.of the Stute Bank, by express dosire. Tb the Commissary aud Quartermaster of this reglmont, Captain Kdward M. Patten, of Portland, Is much credit duo for tho successful organization and present good caiditioa ? tile regimenl in all the details eoming within the line flC Ins duties. Tho deep suows usually prevailing at thto season of the year iu this bleak jmi ^rn r^ton admo nish those iu authority to have this oorpe of cavalry removed to some more genial and sonny clinic if it is designed t > lie of service in an immediate or approaching campaign. It it surmisedI that the corps move in about ten days, via. Portland, for ?"me i>olnt south of the Potomac. Some sloknosa prevails to_ tli* camp, but it will doubtless disappear when " brlousclimo Is reached. Tho regiment is well olllcored, and as for men, a bolter chins could not have been S'dooU ed from tlio Aroostook?from whicli section mauy ol them c.inm?to the llio Grande. Thoy wiUdo good service if thov ouly have a chance, which, it scorns, some growler* arc desirous of preventing. Tho reglinont, when rouAy for service, will have cost the government tjnly ?400 000 a mere fleibite, when the extonaiv? practice in phlebotomy which tlioy are expected to perforin is con H' ^Colonel Neal |v.w's Thirteenth Maine regiment Is en cam is don the rigl fcfank of tho is noarly fuU, but many men rcoffited for the regiment have boen trana ferrod to others. Tho regiment is uudor strict discipline,* esiieeially as regards tomperanco, of which more ?non. C ilonol Dow expects to be off in about a fortnight. Un makes a good military officer. . . 3 Colonel Nickorson's Fourteenth Maine fast UUing with hard stuff, not so much used to flrcsnas as thoy have boon to the woo loboppers axe, but splen did material to make good soldiers of. , - 4. Col. McClusky's Fifteenth Maino regiment, already noarly full.nnl about ready for marching orden.. It will prove, without doubt, an officiont regiment to the ftold, after it as well us the others, have opportunities for more drill and exorcise, which it is impossible now to ac complish In tho face ol the mud which covers the amn und tho deep sn >ws falling at Intervals. I I 11ad soon mud in camps and marches oni the Up iwr Potomac; hut Camp Penobscot bsate them off, anil, although considerately supplied with a horse (yclept "Book"), it was froquontly aquostton whether twtli horse aud rtdor would not have to swim for their '' VBoB?id<trthe caysIry and infantry regiments abovo nu merated, there are to bo seven b?u"r'?f. pounder rilled cannon, with one hundred and fifty i each battery. Four of these batteries have already 'jeorty a full compiouieut of men, and mostly (ifflcered. those aro all full-and, judging from tho way to which the recruits aro coining In, there is overy probabtUty thoy socu will be?Maine will have soot into the Held a torco of cavolry, artillery and Infantry which will comimre woll with lhi?e of any of her s stor States, und this not in consequence of, but iuapile of Slate eocourugemeut to a militia system .which ha* so'long been urged upon the authorities by these i he military character and reputation of the S ?* heart. Only last winter an effort was made to adopt* n an of military organization; but it was de.eatort,(?<i member from this city declaring that tho only boneflt to bo dorivo I from such a system, so far m his knowledge extended, was to facilitate tho carrying homo of di unke* s d iters on shullcrs, or tho backs of thsir more sober COinr WIIRRR DID tux TROors cosa rRout _ In the lumber regions of the Aroostook and St. Jon* the vs .uiea of tho oporativoa have been materially ra (biced^tn some cases forty, in other, fifty per cent, and mauy have b>icn discharged altogether for want of em nlovmeut. The hoad man of the wood, who usually re c uvea $40 to $40 per month, has had his componsalton ?ilo $.10 and $36- H?d chopporswhou.mdlyre ceiveil $26 per mouth, were roducod to $16 and ft*. The boss swampers, whose usual wages wero$20 to $W ?tor monili, wore roducod to $12 and $15, and* iDstuiicod afi low as $0 per month. Teamsters ww? ZSrSX m to $14 per month. Common laborer* through the woods, who wero getting $16 a*d $'6 p?r month, wero reduced to $6and $8. Around this region, comprising a circuit of from ffl ty to sixty miles, nearly two thousand lumbermen, tlioso engaged indirectly in tho business, wero omployod, and rather than work at the reduced rales thoy nearly cn m*t e re solved to accept Undo Sam's $13 per month, with chances ol promo! ion, bounty and glory From the ranks of this hardy class of people a large proportion of lite troops row encamped in and near Augusta have been rocruited, and, alloc proper trainiug, boiler soldiers can nowhero be tsyriKKNTS os rsai'LK ani> trooi*. , . The sentiment in favor of proscci.tlug tbo WM mtllthe rebellion is crushed and tho cause of the Union vlndl catcd is uuivcrssi among tho people and tho troops in tho heart of the Pino Troe State. id a veteran of 1812, a prominent citizen, The boy* have cn y as >c" gone out to the war. Wait until the men iro I bale an utKiiitiunist, and, although living in a nest of them, hovo alwavs fought them. I believe thoy caused tho war. But now wo aro in it, and tin of the govwnraont is menaced. I say go in and triumph with *'Said another, a prominent officer, ? Let us put down tlio rebels Orst.ant then wo'll lake .aro of tho isls. But 1 don't want to talk politics when there is lighting to be dono." VIKWS Of A INIOK DEMOCRAT ON EMANCIPATION. ..AS our armies progress tho emanol^tlonquestlon will tie settled by lho circumstances of the timo. IV"?*" evcr m .y be done by emancipationists to the c^^sry, the eventual emancipationiof the slaves will be suit of llio continuanco of tho war If the war bo not brought to a speedy issue, such will bo Bs nevitobio r?c s ilt Tho North have bem force I mto this war. The Oral act of aggression was committed by UieSouth. Tho So lib did noi stop to inquire what the adrntnistrotton iM Mr. I.iucoln wouid do, but assumed a bolligorent attitud* the moment tiro now administration came Into power, tor this tiio South aro to blamo. It is my lbat ^ tho war continues three or flvo, or ton years, its result will be the entire emancipation of the slaves. OUR KENNEBEC CORRESPONDENCE. Portland add Kennkbko Cars, Doc. 11,1801. Maine and EinancijxUion?Colonel Meal Dow and Hi* Vino* on the War, Total Abtlinence in Camp, Emanci pation, <fr., eh. COLONEL MEAL DOW IN REGIMENTAL? On tbo Portland and Kennebec cure to-day was tha c dobratcd Colonel Netil Dow, of Portland, In regimentals. He was nn olijoct of interest to all tbo passengers, many of wliom ever and anon camo up to Him, as the cars wera in motion, and propounded various questions boaring alike upon tho war, temperance, tho military, as well aa other matters. Colonel Dow is not at all accustomed to cencoal his opinions, nor to mouth his words in uttering them. Ho freely says what be has to say, and be may hear who rides with him. COLONEL LEAL DOW ON ARMY 801010119. Colonel Dow was first attacked In flank by a physician, who may have sorao aspirations for wearing upon hi# shoulders the mystic letters, generally in German text, '?M. S."?meaning, It is reasonable to suppose, ?'Medical Suiff" Tho impropriety of appointing inexperionced sur geons to such important positions was frocly commonted upon and agreed to. The propriety of selecting assistant surgeons from the rarks of lr< eh graduates from medical institutions and first class modical families was acceded to with appai ont relucting on the part of Colonel Dow. "The assistant surgeotiS will do," romarko ( his inter oc'itor, "to aid the chief surgeon in binding up the wounds of wounded In battle, and, Incase of much busi ness. might assume the duties of chief suigeon." "i'mph!" murmured the great Maino law advocate. ' They could saw off a shattered arm or leg rather shabbi ly, perhaps, but still i< might aid their experience: and n,> doubt many assistant suigeons in the army need such experience.' ?? Temperance is a grand clement in the sanitary depart ment of i he army." WHAT COLONEL DOW WOT ID HAVE DONE WITH A FELLOW WHO BROUGHT LK)t10R INTO HIS CAMP. "Most assuredly. It isthe best thing in the world. Ifl find a nan mmy camp whodrinks ardent spirits, Isendhim off. I would admit the action of General Anderson in such a case. While Anderson held Sumter, as he told me him self, he found a man in h s garflson intoxicatod. He gave tho man five dollars, ordered him to bo placed in a boat, mid sent off, with orders that If he was ever caught there again he would be shot. Otfly a few days ago a man c i;ne into my ramp, and my men found he had a couple o:' bou h 8 of liquor in his pockets. Ho was im mediately thrust out of the camp at tho point of the bayonets of a guard, somo of whom would have thrown him into the Kennebec if the walor had been shallow enough not to have drowned tiie fellow. But, for my part, 1 would have thrown him in shallow or deep. 1 would bavo treated him as a rebel for he is worse than a rebel or a traitor who would introduce tho poisonous fluid among any body oC A>KU<1RT ROPE FOR IMBIBERS?STRANGrLANTON AS A CCRAJTFB. "But there arR cases, oEtrouio cases, Colonel, where Iltf 1P3 <4 j) IPL? Btunntyl Wj b^ujj^ul,

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