Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1861 Page 3
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tnetniKi), wh?,n bnfM of njkvlOK H man's life *r? "early exhausted, uu(i (ho application ol i> little stimulus luifl'l anommiiai iiy aerelorate the motion of tha hcurl, so ws to warvci.t the triplication eg other i rniedtes." "Olt, yes; mere may N nucli ruses Jnst as wo east a ?moidu uroiiixl ilio ii.' k of ii horse ihut liw f I ltd through the ice. Wo nearly Htrun,'do lh. poor creature. auu lb i.ui struggles ho ? in boa solid ifo h i l .to no* know that Htf', hi ? i- norn'iy ri<i'ii\uit'iMte<1 Mt u proHciipttoA tor the I.UK: ol tho iJIh oi either muu or nonet." on Mai now on tiih w/k -eie.*" ''Tho war, saidCoiciiuilioiv, "has m. ,i drought ou by the 80.1th Tlmy I'iv 'oiro't the .my. r?1, iu.J by UW awonytioy shall he mat i bolievo that if thiy imd ?tuleilv hold ihuir Mtatc con van t tone, had a ttlin niim ?ton of tho wiklu.it of the l '*' 1 in, and it itp|H'aiiil mat dUfwolution iv.in desirable, a pcaosable separation won Id luivo haan po: nb'o That majorities shall govern Ions nlwayn t?.:. 11 r..? maxim; but, in ghuei hi resorting to peiucc:o| roc an u res, their drat |||n[ ?*4 ikiiQt't I.ifco u couple of moti lu part lh .nnlp one cluoT ,U" "t"'; ? *>? V W.TVi '."Ta hiiiotl. Ins. ut ol w&ltlUi, '.or a 1'*%^crtl? ' , ptu.tan bli'.v bit?,ecu tho eyes of h .i parliii '. The (??.. Mar i npiaut; tbi ii atutuea a rorotar pummelling batwaen ? the two, and tha hat duet tomls off. ' hal'a the cane be- | hwocu lh j Nottli and ihefjdiKh at tin* Unit Tho bar.leej ?nust fei.tl ell WHIT SHOtT 1 vmncil'AXMS i " If tho government w :ubi.i? to '^oTa bkjed nbd treasure, tin; aoouor it a.h Lis tbe on. ^cipMton policy the bettor Toe North It eulhuai^nj ,u (Ink war. They have no Mcxrt in it oIImt 'a^ (i.artotio ikivoiiuu UI duty I luvc ?o heart ^ WMtbvr?rd of iu??ucpulw>u is or ecu **lj to arouse cutbakiawu. Hut the people may not bo thoroughly prepared fi t it at present The public im.nl winy not bj tuily nettled unon tho propriety of tho ui aeur kVrmyfiulf, I am fbe doctrine ol on?aiii.i|iAt>oii may alarm tho tiund, those who are alwaja nhmuoil ? wIniu the woul slavery ih p/esoutod bcfpic them. It ban been told of tlw Italians m Oregon, that when the whites drat apjK.ti oil Ite-ie the siiutHjiok broke out. They as- l aribed it to the presence of tho whites, took their pro v nitons, unit llod. fl?o a In on followed, nearly starved. They siibkounsntiy came up with tho iudmus, who still reft'S'.tl to furnish prov hiIoiim Thereupon the leader of the whiles, as'cot.hman, prodinied a lilt to plilal, and, say ? lug it wjii smallpox, prepared to draw the cork. That was enough. The frightened Indians, ov?t awed at the prospect ot the uncor? mg of tho froth phial ot wrath and snwII|)i)s,pave the whites all the provisions they warn ed. 8.) it is with slavery When the cork of smotctp* turn is about bmug opened, tlie cry is slavery; ami the ??aid full down nod k'V? t'ooslnviTiol lers all they desire." fVdonel How spoko qutto enlhusiastii ally on this aub Ject, Ha appears to be aa mucb devoted to omaneipaiion - aa ho w to teiup.irwice.and b? legimont leaves tor the l*ar tn a fortnight. GENERAL SUTLER'S EXPEDITION. Tkc Return of the Tvitnuport i'ottHtitution. Sucoessful Landing of the Ad vanoe Guard. Occupation of Ship I^laml, Mtasisaippi. IMPORTANCE OF THE POSITION. DESCRIPTION OF SHIP ISLAND. a ITS CAPACITIES FOR ANCHOR AO E* THE 00UR8E OF THE EXPEDITION. inPORTAAT PRliOljAMATIflN 0F4IBN. PHBLP8. Xts Meet on tlbc Forces in Missis sippi Sonnd, -Ac, Ac., Ac. Ik* intelligence which wo this day publish of the suc cessful landing of the sdvaucc of Osneral Butler's espi dition on Hnip Island, m the Mississippi, wil' be reuelvail With-great favor by sll classes. The steainsbi|i tkubditu Con, vrhich brings the cheering oows, left Ship Isliu.ii on the Ttb aud Havana ou Die 10Di .nit , arrivmg at koti rosa Monroe on the lAth inst., at three o'clock' I1. M The Constitution arrived St Ship Iklaud <111 the 3d luer.. and safely landed the IIret detachment of (tom-rul Huiler'.* aspadltion on the 4th. e verything wiui done m goon ?rdar, withoui any eerions a<cident. On the 6th (ieneral Vbclpn itsuod a s'.ioug abolition proclnination to the loyal Citissnn-af the SoutHweid. nETUItliVtlO.N -OF TDK IKOOl'tf. WHWrWAT, I>?I'. 4, ISfil. TImh looming we nIIam' downto brenkf?xl at win o'clock ? | iktttni'Bnt 'o have a good long day's work, a* suon *a ; that meal w*? deapaiilieil.lbe men wore drown up or, ihr i tipper ami mam deck* m companies. m marching urns knapsack*. overcoat* nod bl?tXeis stropped ot. their i backs. 'i!he rapture of the oteainbnala described else I tnrliare waa the.meet fosiuunte thing that otoild tiare or rurrod; without thaw we could uoi have ili?cUnrg'J On ?hip ,n I?h>: tlo'ii'lon days. lUieso'/'Mceah" atantnnrs. the i Jjetvis and the Anna, were brought alongside rimI ?i one trip lauded alto'' out men l?ut about one hundred and fifty who were left to help remove ttu freight. 1'revinot to ' the debarkation or the trocps-tJnneral Pheipe, Majot k'r>> ami a tew other officers went Ashore to lay out ILoi urarup mi nt. Majro I'rye carried with iiim the heanibul Her presented by .lain*' BrewtU-r. Esq., of New ll.-.vur,, to the Ninth Conoectie.ut reg m^nt, just previous it t heir departure from that Stale, imr. 'suspended it fum. the light honor, A? it shook if glorious Stars snd Strips* *0 the morning braeite it Boomed to wave ikiIo im to tho gallant men wlio had r.ome to reopen the inhospitable doors that for neariy a yoar have been closed to itnae than one half of Tucle Sent a great family. The day has been one of turmoil and labor; toil bsi'nre nifht tbo camps were laid nut. and a sufficient finmosr of tents to furnish quarters for nesrly, if noi qniis al' raised KEHVICK8 OF THE UAKKIHON. In the work of debarking, discharging freight and stow log away goodF the officers of the fort and i heir gar rison were invaluable. They worked lilts Trolnue. not as if it was a duty, hut as if tbey thoroughly enjoyed it. In their meesruom the table sseined to he always ready for guests, and many an officer from our brigade would hove gone dirnierless und superiors to beii to-night tf it had rot been for the hospitality at the fort. KF-BEI- REOOENOIRBANCER. This morning tlic rebel gunboat Arrow came out *e<i ?canned our jiroe?ediiiga and -u the afternoon tho Florida followed suit, and came to take a peep at the big ship. Wo have news from New Orleans up to the 2"tl> of November, and they evidently knew nothing of out destination at that time, hut before this T presume our arrival at Ship Island baa boon telegraphed alt ovoi rebehlum Indeod.iomr of our men, who wore out ex. ploring the eastern end of the Island this afternoon. '.angle sight of a spy, who put ell ;n tt nual' boat as soon a* be A'ottnd that be was discnveietl. It I wo o'clock this alter noon Hie gimboa' Montgomery arrived from liei ulimt. tuHnp Htatlonsifl t;vuiit, > l's?s she run dotvu to wan u* of the presence of ronu. ftv six rebel gutiboah ti,? steamer Mirgltieb had been at or near Mobile for m<? >; tlayg, watching tor an opportunity to evade the Mention ery,and escape with a cargo of ships stores lo Havana Not having been able to run the blockade, two rebel pn, boats engaged the Montgomery this morning and rt'. ve her away, and the Mir.araou probably escaped. apprehensions of a nioht attack. n?e Montgomery dis.coveritig that three on four i.tho rebel gunb-.us were near by, thought au attempt would lie made Jo night to shell the enlist If ntii)n, and came down to put us on our guard. Every precaution waaat ones lakeland preparation* '?>r resistsi.ro n.ado. Ammunition was sent to the fort, t .irt'.H wi rc act, a picket of Oft> meu gfrotched across tht i bind,two millj- ..Isjvc the ramp, to guard against a |ioj ViUte surprise from the oppm-it? shore of the main laud, ?ml other ari .mgenouts inaJe to repel thu expect ed loo. tin board ship we hat our two twelve pound rilie gins loaded with shell, lights in evny part rf the vessel were put out v. lobes so: and st> an, k<-pt up, ready to drop round to II-- other side uf tbi isi.tnd at tho signal of dunger. Ii .* i|cli*t sn anxious night. tor we know tliat it would he no iliHi ult matt- r lor tho ml i s to run down without shew iog any light.-, drop a hundred |iound shell inlo cor sat on, a.d c ?! awav again lufere ihe MASS.liliuaelts or New I/vndon could reach tlioin. The Ciinslltnli'.n is so largo that the |?urcs!gunner in the world could hardlv in ss her. even at n long range. OFFICER and men Mlr siMJ. Turn.t,ay. Die. ft jsiii We wore a good ileal distressed this momma lo learn thai l.teuteunni -a:., ?f Manning's llattervand four of hi* men, had been missing unjo Uu>,!;i? neVoro it was generally believed that tboy had ulunyitf too far inward the eustero cu,? of the island, aud had p,,.,, , u? t: , MAJOR GENERAL BUTLER'S EXPEDITION. Map of the Coast of Mississippi, Showing the Position of ?3j.ijp Island?Its Importance as a Base of Operations on the Mainland. * ' \ I XR/^c-Ao \V\ klHi \ i c\ pi. v [MAUVILL A\, A? I Stv ? w/vsrlf# \ sn^m JACKSON C.H.W 1 MOBILEj^fer^ 1 wr?hm? c* EiJ looc /?/Vi?-r*l PMtrr. \-r~ "'==Sl~ pun n/vfp "iZSEkmf BEL US FONTAINEl &>*? -? iJ'MissisffrpprsiHasc&si'^xr. ^_'n "\s .YsaM " fSLA iiivJk WieLBSBOi IHT5WOOSE trCKANP^- --: -1 .r 1 >ltOOfK5PO/Hr~. ii -Qi _ ? ? ?? * w jUk JU ^ f z5rM >? '$: I "*5wa?p? <f ^a, - ?? % ? via WATERS A SO//. limn, us *.?. i.ntiu(, i ni ls Iitiiu Httluii in \lir,M.sippi' us i : but si lioonlo-d?y Mitt} iuH(lt) ilieu appearance. aud slate that night bad uvi rtakun them id theii wanderings a ml they I at1 bean compelled to sle p in tbt- woods. thf mkn sight skkiku. All il?v Hie miMtorn have been straying all over the island lo'ik'ue for curiosities, picking up shells to send as souvenir* of llusir rttnp to thsir friends at home, or hunting coons in this wood*. Three or four rebel spies war* said lu hev* tieen seeu by some of the mm. One party Saw en alligator?at lean they raid they law one : other* met with the drove* ol i?im and cattle left by the rebel*, Two or three homer were alwo seen, and one party found two " geoesh'' dug* in a swamp The poor animal* were almo*l starved. They were caught and brought into camp, and an effort made totn dorr i lit in to take the oath but ibey decliued for the reiuson that lb*: we* a bone 'hai had been in ao many other ret<nl months that there we* precious little meal lell on it. They faked to tie i eleaped on their parole of honor, but us they wsre understood to have emigrated fioni Virginic, it war deemeil aafer to hold them for the present as prisoners of war until there Is an opportunity | to exchange thevi, with their friends Mason and flidell, | for some or'our loyal soldier* now in the bauds of Iluvis i fct'o. The last I *hw of the dog* ibe improvement in then appearance apfly illustrated ihe advantage of a re I less* frmn p*-t evilasso.-iafioii' liKAIi Bom*:* KXHUMKI). A party of the Ninth regiment, while digging to day I exh uned the body of a rebel soldier wU" had evidently ! died a natural death a* there vsa* no appearance of a, j wound 1 Alter io the day Ihe body of a rebel ofheer was 1 dug up. He iiail a wound from a rifle ball, in his ! bre?t. aiid had undoubtedly been killed in the figh' | between the garrison and the Hassnebusetl* on the lllii i id' July. Both were decently buried by our soldier*. : not again to be OitUiirbed in iheir long sleep, I trust, | umil the <tay when " great and small" shall lie sum , tiioiied to stand before " the Judge of all the earth. Quite a lot of shell am- shot has also been ! tniiiid buried in the *?nd ami bar ben. div id*d among om ? p uple as mementoes of the t*i?dlion. The wor\j ol di? charging the i'oustitution has progressed very well to day, and a* order begnit to suc-eed the eonfusion of the last two days, the island ap)?-ars morn desirable us an abiding place, and the mm, are becoming quite clieei ful nik> more contented. A temporary pier has been built, a: which the steamer* lewis and Anna.nnload the stores i ruin the < institution. I understand that a Mi. Livingston, of Lowed, has a thirty thousand dollar con tract loi * pier at Ship island. It will ho a most valuable acipiisitiou An accident e c u red to-ilay to a mem her of the Twenty-sixth regiment I did not learn his name. He wasassisiing in unloading thetoiutitntion when lie W as jammed lief" efui her Side and a box He waa pretty badly bin noi seriously injured. PHfW PAN AVION Ol bKIOAOIKK OKNkHAb PIIH.I'SII'l TUB l'KOVI.K, Of THU SOi THWRSI'. HkiUQi aaiKR* Mluoi f 'KX Urioad*, ) snir fsi.Aim, Missisaippi, liec. 4, 1811 f To ihs Loiai. I'in/KjiN oi ius ShjiBWSkt:? Without any desire of my own, bill contrary lo my pi i' ale inclination, f again find myself among you a* n mlliiury oOlccr of the government. A proper respect for my fellow country men renders it not out of place that I should make know n to yon f lie motives and principles by which my command w rll he governed. We believe that every stale that lias been admitted aa a slave Stale into the Union since the adoption of the con stitution ha* been so admitted in direct violation of thai oonstltiition. W# believe thai ibi slave State* which existed as Burn at the adoption ot our constitution are, hy becoming par tie* b> thai, compact, under the bighr.-t obligations or homo end myrality to abolish slavery. It is our conviction that monopolies are as distructive as competition is conservative ot the priuciplos and vi talities ol republican government; thai slave labor ma monopoly which excludes free labor ?ud competition; j lb it slaves hi e kept m comparative idleness and ease in n fertile half of our arable national territory, while lrce white laborois,constant'}- augmenting iu numbers from I 1'uropo, are cod lined to tlie other half, and arc often dis I, ? ?' oj want; that the free labor oi tkt North has inure need u\ expansion into tltc Southern States, from I which II. J \ '[dually excluded, than slavery had into Icxm it?^ <tb: that fre> labor Is essential to free . institution >? that these institations are naturally Defer adapted and more congenial to I lit, Anglo- | "bivon race tlum ere the despotic ten ten ciee of Slav ery; and finally , that the dominant political , principle id tin*.Ninth Auierican contioont, so long a v j ihe Caucasian race continues to flow in upon us from j European pp. mmds bo that of free itu tiertion.- and free ' government Any Obstructions to the progress ol thai -o- in of govern mem in the United stab* must itn- iuuiir be attended w " h discord ai.d v at slavery, from tbi -onuirioii of a uuivci ally r<n.o;ni/ed social ar..l morn! cv-1. lis- lie.,,me a. leiuffli a political ut sti'ntion.demanding political recognition If demnie - rights to ihe exclusleii ami aimihilttioi. of those rights which arc Insured tuns by the constitutinn:nnd we must chis ac between tin in which w vuli lm . , for wi. cim? u have both. The constitution was made for freemen, not for sl iver i Slavery a.- a s * iul evil nught fur a time be tolerated and endured, but us a political institution it lirvomi " Imnr riudp glut exacting, c iiitrolling, like a dresd nec -s-utv. all whom fllrcuuisiam n have i impeded i? swnjr, haui|ieriii( tbcjr action, and iluis imjieilito our national progreaa. AS # political institution it could exist as a co-ordinal" part only of Uvo I'll in; oi government, vi/:?the despot U: i am! the fn <?: and it could exist under a I'reo governmeni only where puhllc sentiment, in ihe most unrestrlct"d cr er. se of a robust freedom, loading lo extravagance and licentiousness, had swayed the thoughts and habits of the people b yoml the luiuuils and limits of tlmir own nio dernie constltiitlonal provisions. It could e.\i?t un der a free government only where the poonle in a pei iisl of unreasoning extravagance, lmd per mitted poimlar eluiimr to merc >inc publicVeakntl. and had attempt wi the Impossibility of setting im ? .ly, a y?lltl<ptj institution, a social ovJJ v^,'-'"-rr",,Tf!riit. tOIuo allaw g - >,u Is opposed ITy reverting to the lii-4* ' one of tlio most -ory of the past, we And that French - istruclive wars on record, that of tlio ' lumiion, wafi originated by tho attempi to givo pom.*) character to an institution which wne hoi ooa ce. tib ? of political character The church, by being endowed with political power with its convent*, its s< hqple,ita immense landed wealth, Its associations,secret and open, became the ruling power of the State, and thus occasioned a war of more strife end bloodshed probably than an? other war which has deso lated the earth. Slavery is still less susceptible of polili cal character than was the church. It is as (It, at tins moment, for the lumber room of the past, as was In 17B3 the monastery,the landed wealth, the exclusive privilege, he., of the Catholic church in France. It behooves us to consider, as a self-governing people, bred and reared and practteed in the hshits of self-go vernment, whether we cannot, whether we ought not, to revolutionize slavery out of existence, without the ne cessity of a conflict of arms live thai of the French revo lution. Indeed, we feel assured mat the moment slavery is ale lisbod, from that moment our Southern brethren?every ten of whom have jirobahly seven relatives in the North? . would begin to emerge from a hateful delirium. From ; that moment, relieved froui imaginary terrors, their days beciiinc liappy, and their nights poaeofu) siid free from alarm; the aggregate amount of labor under the new stimulus of fair competition becomes greater day by day; property rises in ?blue, invigorating influences sue, cead to stagnation, degeneracy and decay, and union, harmony and peace?to which we have so long been atrau ger-?heroine restored and bind us again in the bonds of friendshipaud amity, as when wc first began our na tiontil career under our glorious government of 17tH? Why do the leaders of the rebellion seek to change the form of your ancient.goverumeutV Is it because the growth of the African elomeni of your population hn* come at length to render a change neces ssrj. Will you puimit the free government under winch you have thus far lived, and which is so well suited for the i developcmetit of true.manhood, to be altered to a narrow , and belittling despotism, in order to aitapl it to the neues < silies of iguoranl slaves and I lie requirements of their proud and aristocratic owners' Will the laboring men of the .Souili bind their necks to the same yoke that is suited to the slave'' Wc think not. We may safely answer that the time has not arrived when our Southern brethren, lor the mere sake of keep ; log Africans 111 slavery, will abandon their long cherished free institutions and enslave themselves. It is the conviction of toy <omnuiud. as a part of the national forces of ihe United States, that tabor?manual labor?is inherently noble , that it i cannot be systematically degraded by any nation without mining its peace, happiness ami power; that free labor is the granite basts on which free institutions must rest; that It is the right, the capita), the inheritance, the hope of the poor man everywhere' that it is especially the right of five millions of our fellow countrymen in the slave Stales, as well as of the four m lbons of Africans thee, am1 all our eflbrts, therefore, however small or great, whether directed agaiuat the interference of go verntueiils abroad or against lebellioue Combinations at home, sliall be for free labor Our motto anil our standard slmtl bo, bete .oid every where, and on all occasions? "Free labor and wotslogmen s rights.'' It is on this basis, and this basis alone, that our innuifl cent government?the asylum of the nations?< au be per petnated and preserved. .1 W PHELPS. Hngadier General of Volunteers, Commending. EFFECT OP GENERAL PHKLWl' PROCLAMATION. fin the evening of the 4<h day of December a nmuber or tlu; officers <if tliu brigade ami others of us who wi re si ill on board the Constitution were astonished to learn that. General Pliolpfi had prepared a proclamation to the people of the Southwest. H was read to us and caused veiv great diiaatisfai-tion and indignation, nothing but a sense of duty aud regard for discipline preventing the strongest expressions of disgust The next day the substance of the document spread like wildfire ntnong the officers of the command and of Un; naval squadron. The remark of every officer whom 1 heard speak of it was tliat thev Pad not come down here to firlit for the abolition of slavery, but for t tie in tegrity 01 the Union l'iic assertion In the opening clause of tin proclamai inn, that it is an expression of "the motives nod prit q>l?- by which my command will lie governed" is (I do General I'hclps l ho just ice to belie ve, unintentionally so) online, on the contrary it is the prevailing opinion that if the procla mation is endorsed by the admiuistrution [and I have reason to believe It will lie) it w ill lead to much disaffec tion In General Phelps'brigade, and very likely to the resignation of nearly if urn. sill of his oft ice re. In thn naval deportment I lie fooling is r.vou stronger, and ninny ! of its officers have no hesitancy in declaring their int< ri tionol re-igntng if the proclamation iesatictmnod hv tho < ofiiuet. ff the proclamation d* c ared an uitcntior i f the moat vigoruiis proaecutioa of the war, arid even asserted that if tin aliolitluu of lavorj resulted as ? uaisispteriee of sucli pr sedition, the army cf iho Sorttbivni would a<-. copl it as the legitimate fruit of the foul tree of secession; it would have toe1 with unanimous approval anil endo- so mo?! in belli branches of t-lie service nt rtlnp island but as it ism reads, the lee) them'elves inncli argr ? ????d and mi- opiwnU1" Up 10 the irne ol our leaving ship hum o neral I 1 ileitis had been iinaide u bis proclamation s< nt over ' to the miitiiaiul. riie trials and troubles of ' the new | born child" have been very grevi and soinew lia' amua lug. and n <?; a follows:? GvDerol I'h'diiS accepted the oflei of Vr. tiiidh in -u- j cure lis tii semination ni.iolig tin |<-oji'h oi Mississippi. Tli en]on Mr. F'mith wroto to t apuui -tmith, Com mamler of the squadron, asking for a beat ami ling of ; truco In lake him ovrr to the niaiuiai d of M snr- ppi for [ Uie purpes ? of is-1in ; I lie proclamation t'aptaln Smith replied to 11 ?. Mouth, com-ioomD but very decidedly refusing the boat and (lag of trace, and slating tbat hi should lav the correspondence and matter of the proclamation before Flag Officer *' hie arrival (which wasdailv expected), but ?' - '"e '- ?- i-it ?- . r , ^sa.'"'Aean on , ww,uB,?e iuiik a* ne WA6" until thou squadron,) the proclamation gho--' aderof ilie Lieutenant Bnchanau, ?*' * "lo ^?uu'' E53?? ?*. wuring llnea. 0'"" ""l "" " 'erSLTwE hm So tb? General's proclamais>D at ^ Brpat0Dtl>. cfcau. ? of reaching urns* for whom it ?H designed. but I learn that ? eupy of It 18 In the bands of an officer who sympathizes witb its views nnd who has undertaken to get it over to the mainland thoeiul Phelps'allusion to the church question in the French revolution Is a most unfortunate one. lie seems eutirely to have for got ten, not only the patriotism of our Catholic MIowcitiBSUs, but also that one regiment (the Ninth Coanectioul) of his brigade is competed of Irish men, of whem tliere are probably not twenty men who

DOL*R0Mft r are noL*Roasah Catholics This paragrapti is very offen sive to them, sad especially so to their chaplain, Fslbsr Mooney. tfi'NBOAT OB POTO. Kumar, Dec. 0,1M1. Everything is quiet to day This morning the gun. boat De Soto arrived I'rom Fort Pickens with guns for the gunboats now in Mississippi Sound. 8he will probably remain hara fot a fotv days and then lie ordered to sotue other poini Our soldiers nre still occupied in establishing a camp. This afternoon the Ninth Connecticut regiment received their arms. They are the Kntleld rifle of the pattern of 1801 and the men are exceedingly pleased with them. KKCQNNOISflANCB OP THE IHLAN1I. After dinner to-day lienera) Phelps, with Captam Fletchai, of thr Constitution, and a few other gentlemen, went on board the New Izindon and spent several hours in s reconuoissance of the eastern end of the island. There will probably bo no change of tbs encampment at prevent, though, in some respects, the eastern end of the island is better then West Point At West Point thesaud is so white and glistening thai the eyes of the soldiers are likely to he aflected by it. This they will escape at the other end, but will be likely to sufTer from another causi A good ileal nl' the ground is covered with water, whtcii with the hast of the sun in spring and summer, will ba likely to breed malaria. There was nothing very important obtained by the rsconnoissance. A CASE FOR COURT MARTI At.. One of the privates in the Ninth regiment bee becu ar rested (urstriking the orderly sergeant of his company. He is heavily ironed, and onnflned In the fort, awaiting trial by court martial CAMP CONSTITUTION. Thr csmpal Ship Island bus been named Camp Cousli tntlon. u title that, aside from the compliment to the sy nonyme of American liberties, seems peculiarly appropn ate,and will always recall the associations connected with tho splendid ship that hat; been so prominent a feature in 6?ir expedition captain Fletcher acknowledged the compliment to bis ship li> presenting the brigade with the One bnvges, bearing the word Constitution, that has floated from our main peak Ths most amusing incident of tho discharging of tbe transport was the passing of the cattle from tbe Consti tution to tho steamer Lewis This was accomplished in the usual way, psssiug a wide bund of canvass under tbe animals ami swinging them ofl by the targja Tbe per fect cotnplacencv of the " beef critters'' during this" process ess very diverting to a large con. onrse of spec lators ALM08T A NAVAL tNOAOEMHM . PATeniiAv, llec. 7?Noon Wo have tainted tbe last puckng. of ft eight, and ate wailing only for our sailing orders from tleaeral I'helps, before the stem of our vessei wblbe turned towerd ibv active, bustling cities of tbe loyal North. We are now watch ug somethiug tiiat, in ua comment? ment, gave promise or an excitement, to which most nl! of us are strangers?-a naval engagement?but from present appearances we Aha!I tie s'.most, but not wholly disap pointed. Early this morning, a rebel guiifcosi thai [has been prowling around since our airlvsi off tl.e opposite shore, and which is supposed Pi be the Florida ventured j out rather further than >wunl The gunboats N'nw I .under j and De Soto werenrdeiud to give chase, and Mr Wiggm. I was signalled to perform his usual duty on such occasions, , tiiat of piloting tbe expedition The two steamersIm 1 mediately got underway and ran as far across the sound | as their draft of water would permit, the De'Soto being I olilged to lay to some distance this side of the Vew Ion ! don, and wait there, 'in hopes that the enemy would come withm lange of Iter heavy guns i .Suddenly tbe lotentions ot the 'seenjh ' were di-oovered iv :he appearance of a line wlilte steamer Whhsli atsrted 1 out from some inlet which had previously concealed her I I'rom our view. Hor "bjcci w?s evidently to try and piss cs , under protect km of ihe Florida andofhernwn guns. iud then make hor way to Mobile When si a gienl distauce she and the Now London <qieiied fire ii|sin euch other, though for what purpose I cannot imagine, m Ihe shot fell fur khort. The Florida, from a still grcntsr dis tance, th?n throw a few shot, which dropped harmlessly Into tho water. Aftei this little interchange of courte sies the two rebels held a cnnfersocc, which resulted in the will u steamer turning round ami withdrawing to the westward, where she watr.lt.d the progress of the rnnie while tie Florida made ? hmv of giving the Now London im opportunity of contesting the ground but she \rr. soon1: 1 o beyi.nd the range of the j ??? of that spunk v ' ' list" r '? The New i/j.-iden, being 'cable to cross the j bar. could only wait xvhere ihe ym> irusiiug to ill" ' CO. o the Florida for alight; hut in this she wn* dis 1 op; litre), for ??Ktcsh" gave no signs that sh< \va* i . j'sp- ug 'or i tight. ' After wailing tsune tiim ami i leu writ M ed thai there was no chains to display lier ?' vsnc a', ti'd expense of tbe Florida, sho shaiud' h t ' ? oou ?> ' -'Ml a.vuy from lis etioioy,probably to trv i hot ?' ' m -thing which the d'staticc preventer! otn scoi . O n ? g th e little enicrtuiitmenl the little pari' < whii t'bo... 'u sweront'ttbs ton-t interested obse .of boar'1. ih< < ciigtitution watcbctl the prucM' rerVp b \ ?ia- , rest gratification until ?' alnv Hi rough ] battle : t sea became hopc'cse.Wh" ?,s prospect, .ol ' ! '0Sr< '-op and oarnoat ^ their exprc. -ie.is of j I-. AIIT'" Ah. it t i'he" .eg OF TBH CttNiJTlTD'iTON. o'. lock the tieupalclics camo from tlcucral ,.r ordering the On&Slftntton to prooe <l to Boston by way o' Furl"-Ulonroa, which means that tho ship may receive' id'. t-i the latter point to go no further, but n> tako on the troops which may have been brought iIn . ? frotn J-u.v Fiigl'it d to save time. For tlx to i' >? there was great hurry among ih< <o who hud gone i1 ? . re, determined to be with their friend till the I - t minute >nd tlien came the last words of port nii> between the ladies and their husbands. To tli ir credit b. it said that, sad a? thoy most hate been ni hsart,aud hitter tears.as I'll warrant, ware shod u. the privacy of tb$_r own rooms at a separation no over HLU<1<IK0<I Willi dreadful (possibilities ?n<l palpitating hopes. ibe natural buret of eonow that might cause their soldier husbands to regret for a moment thai thoy had cboacn the rugged path of <luty ami honor, was suppress ?<1; but whouafterward* they stood on the promenade deck, slrainlug thatr eye* to catch the lual waving oi a handkerchief ere the c urtain of night aliould drop on iha little ialaud holding a? much of their live*, it wae not ditti cult to fancy the strength of reavlve and tlia noble pair: otlam that had sustained them in the trying hour. For myself, I am free to confess to n softness under my waistcoat aa I yaw the parapet of Fort Maaeaohnrntu crowded by men with whom I had been for two weeks no intimately and ho pleasantly aaaociatad waving (heir cape, cheering and dipping the flag aa they watchod the receding ship that eeemed like a huk cut loose in the chaia binding them lo their dearokl Northern homes da we left the inland we saw the New London and the I)* Soto returning to their anchorage, but <ioul<l see nothing of either of the rebel steamers. hrai.th of the Bbiaaiir. Die unusual health which attended our (isi-sage out to bhip Island still exists, there being not a esse of senou illneia in the brigade. Tho Constitution bring* hoini' one man who ie recovering from a mild attack of scarlet fever. We left tho men better contented, and ns order began to prevail the ramp assumed a cheerful appearance. There wae aotue little fear that rebel gunboats were watching outaule for the Constitution; but after we hud got well pa*' the Chandelier light there v as very little anxiety fi ll on that acora. So elide the first net of i be grand drama, I be first n ene of which was laid in Massachusetts The llrst de tachment of the division has accomplished its landing on ft hostile shore with tiertect safety, and without tlia slightest resistance. If the succeeding acta must be more tragical, let ua hope that they may be no less successful. names of officer* of THE'Rircnn ion. Th< following is a correct liat of the officers ?f the two regiments and the battery of artillery I hat sailed in the Constitution Brigadier General JOHN W PHELPS. STAFF. Assistant Adjutant General.Capl.Hiraru Stevens. Commissary .(.'apt. ? Rowdiah. Brigade Burgeon ij?pt. .losiah Curtis. M. D. Aid C?pt. Chriat'n T.Christenseu. TWENTY-RUTH KV.ti 1 KENT. Field and Staff. Colonel. . D. E:'.W? nl f .]"ii< -, 1 dwell Lieutenant Colonel Alpha B. Fair, Lowell. Major Josiab A. Sawtcll, Lowell. Adjutant. George E. Davis, Lowell Quartermaster James ifunroe, Cambridge. Surgeou Aneon P.Hooker,Cambridge. Assistant Burgeon ramesC. Brsdt, l/iwell. Chaplain (lias. Babbage, 1'epperell. Commissary sergeant A. Stark weal her Boston. Hospital Steward W. H.Gray. Band Master . . ..George Brooks, Lowell. [.ill* Offlrtrt Cv. UspfawM. Irt Limtrnault. 'id A ?G. M Illckerman. A<lw. J. Johnson. Wm. H. Wtlley B?K.S.Clarke. JohnS. Cook. Edward B. Hall. (J?K. W.Thayer. John A. Lynch. Albert Tilden. D ?Ben.) Farten. Wra. II. Lamton. Setb Romney. E ?Win II. Chapman. Wm. E. Wood. Silas P. Blod'gett. I ?Ttaos. H Anuable. Edward Caufsy (3. B. Yarrington. C-' ?Henry ('. Wilcox. James Brady, Jr. John B. Campbell. H?Andrew Blood. BeuJ. W. Frost. Buckle I Eastman I ?John Pickering. Charles E. Drew. Atgcro. S. Badger. K?Step. R- Fletcher. Jno. T. Robinson. Henry K. Oliver. Col. Jones mid nearly all bis officers lielonged to the (i<-niorable Sixth Massachusetts Volunteers, who passed biuiigij the fiery orilvul st Baltimore on the 10th of April? NINTH CONNECTICUT VOhUNTKERR. A'lWd and Staff. ?done1 Thomas W. Cab ill. leuteuant Colonel Itichard F. Gibbons. dnjor. Frederick Frye. lurgcon . . James Gallagher. tshislsnt Surgeon George W. Avery. Jnarterniaster . Win. W. Hurra).' jiurirr.rnugtcr Sergeant.... . Nathan). Bennett. oinnnssary Sergeant James fawler Tospital steward Garry T, Scott 'ergosni Ifiiior Patrick cinffey L(r>f offfiT? V>. Cop'miot. lrt /.teoCnMMlhe id Lieutenant* ? I?John Duffy. M A. Williams. JohnCogan. 1?Pst'k (larney. I-nwrence O'Bren. Dsniel Carroll. I?It. MoCastcn John U Ilealv John Shaw. -Thos. ( oats. R. A. Clgnoey (J ff< Moorliousc. " " " l.Fri I. IV Hennessey.Terrance Sheridcn.Fiancle MoKoau ??,p.nn Foley " John Carroll. William Carroll. I?Win Wright. John H. Clinton Xfartfe Ifurke. 1?" W. Sawyer. Addis K Payne Tho* C. tj?wler ?K. Vf. Cyftis. Chss. L. Palmer, fly. KaUoiisirotb. ,?1 A Vol.slip FOURTH BATTBRE t)?h*ASSA< ULRET is aUTU.i ftptrii r ? ,.C1?rtes)l MsftP lirMaV^n * til LicuteuseV., h'id. HsioVuird. BoOtOB. cond 1 i< ,irrnant P>' .?.,sepb (J. Pala, Boston bird ^ten tenant,. - Henry Davidson nslinn ,.,rtl> l.ie'jt?p*inl (f. V Taylor, West linn vers. ARRIVAL AT S'U( ? island. i i fstiat, Dec. 3, 18(11. This lo t boon the urn tin erect ing'ny we have yet ,n- ?cd, not in its \iir.lely of inci-nt, but In m our having vr. In d mil ilestinaiiou an<l ? ught a glitnps ? of tho win i er residence of om force Th gh test night and most , (he day tre ha'.e bad a sr .uv. brce/o blowing, but m spue of Hi-it \\c made e.o ? l ot time, averaging about fourteen knots so hoot At ?<!?"" hair-poet one thi ufici noon, wc mini' the light on (he ( li?ndel<-ur Islands. We wore not certain ili.it tlic place v.as tc poesesrion of tho federal forces,and thought it'.v<dl m loud tho rilled gun on our port bow. reedy to return ilia <?-mplioii'iil il we slirndd get a cliot from'.lie shin- Aswc II oared the is int, liowover, wo coubl seo tin* giortons old rtnrg and Htripeii iio.iiing from iho hifly turret. We thottturned our attention l<> ship I l.ind, wlioli wo could seo in the .in,, .I. i AH eyre wiirc bfrniuvd to the utw.st 19 pier. e I lie illusive iinr ? i which I hi ew ou the horizon ,a? a unckgound, a fanciful lu.'uoof sblpH, lower* arid full * ami I..IK...I ,M u'dh IM (leiiiilfiil eeenaii. Am wo n. in ml th- !?ivu| the o'ti .ni'B of tho I'ort, tho ligblbou** and two ;? inbo.'h h .miiic more dial Inctly dc lined ar.d kIh.iH) .uinr.iue i.f the gunboat* got oio't way aid I III ? O >1 tn i i;M. \h fc;lio tilUlt Alongside litl III* '? gri'i'toii ii i *viih i iii'.'i ih i .i tho id"., i ""fialrrlufc lor mil' on ..Hi, uinl is v. I .i no 11*1 IM Ml I n tll'll I'1 ifU. II 'li' J - | > l|". llli'lll ill . lit) ?lllp llMll not ila' 1*1' i' I'tm is ? tvl u li proved 'n b" th" K If. i vloi , ?viit i i f'n'ki- lit ? i.i.' i oii slituli oi' pilot 11 '||| tho I'I It till I MSt I'll 11 '.V' MP ll' ?.l III III Mrr rutin (called \Vi st I'oiMl Of I hi* i-'-V I- ' , it 11 In i 11, i. o quart*. * oflllu'lf of 'tn. ("It, It'l'l Ip'tl ? T UM nil -linlti of IV. Ifuil*. I'll.' ml.'lllil , I 11. Ill, ll .rri PI" MM, WHV ' |1M II* foil ?ii *t, .nit) I ro[-?.it lo say ilutl its appctiraiica was lot liispiiiiliif 'ii lip H.i|.lie,?i or their .-Hi. - i'm; ui.fc.-ti', it ?'\p '? of intense uisgtud hum iImIiIo.mi i h. la.'.'? of many ol tin' Utter the b.itu of flu: iNieui;, - i\ t -ii 'iii'il tfnni'h rr.n ili? forw?t<) <iO' L -oid i -u s mi t p. lU'-if ii'.diugs hi flie moui'uf'il duty " "I' - ii r* in" iu,i I 'o old Viigii.uy." 1 con Idu t help m I' l'oilii/.n,, wilt* ilu* |N?.f p.I ohm, though I knew linn up iI'mi h.-iiMMiioii of natural diaappolutMeni hail ? , IB.'II patriot' - Jl III I Hu ll' iillilonitiindlilg ?l |.-.m "i .tivuy, their patriot,...,. lilt' iniporl.ii'.'Mor tip- spot a" a h*t *? in <?i*eratioiiH wmld m. ou o*.'i sill any In tlr. il fiopi. o that iliey might have It'll ul lii'..l Might "l .hi* iiak.'iiii.'OAof ih-- i nut shortly iii'lis .i ?? Ii.") ni. i ..red ii b ,'t i"in*e oil' from the llugshqi iniM"lt (lini Oil I- gniibi-.il) Mini fienera' lTn*l|W tleti. itiit CotooclM J.-iu-M M'ld Ih.t Inr to go.oh boe.rd I ho Mm MA.'t.ii* .-Um mill toils.-" le.-.iriiioi Miui.e of Mi" "arte, u end ?if 11*1 .'III 11(1 '.or . ll" pin pole of dfcidtllg l||Mlfl Hill, hoi 111 two iMiillli \vi should luii-I nut encamp. Tho po'inbert ol Ibo pr."-M More Invi.'id t . a,.company the e' lieditton Aitoi Mi'ri* in,.; on hoard illtt Mii*su. IiumcH*, Captain He lei" IU>>ii Smith. roioii "iiilo in Ibo litilf blockading wp'i'iilior. enteiidt'.kIn us 'lie ti<? (utilities of til* ve*"?l ?ml HboM wl iim III" damage ili.it hi* nillp i tMDlvad ni ibe *oi.i r| eng*e?ui"i.l t* it Ii I lie KIoimIh, of which I gi\e mm u-"ounl in MiMttlnii place. Night mil., upon iim .a* m.tou liter il win. derided't<> po*t|*on^ Ibe r.'.'.Miiiol*4?n.'M Mini encamp ?i Wear Point tor the pivount al ion t'Mie. i line decieiop wmm the result of the advice of the naval officer*, who are familiar with llie mfaii.t, aiul Mini, in cnnaaqutincM of the fort being eitn aled at thai, end of the island Ibe <mol.'H socio * lo mo to lie a moat ami* I hip dim, and I think will appear an to all who read a d'Mcrlplioi* ?f Ibe piece We l.a.l gaitieiod all (lie neMitpaprra (hut wo eool.l flud n o iv Mliip, and on tmr an ival lore guve litem io (he of dker* of ihv f-nn gnnhnaiH. It wue goon to aee the avl ?Illy will, iv Ipi.1i they wot" i-ecoivod, and the v.igorneM with whi.'b each itoin of mtclligeuc* waa devoured ba there officer*, who g"i th<- new* from homo only abon* twi. c a month V i.*r * pleaeant hour ftpeni on laMtrd the Hn?*a. hufclif -no ifirty r.'luruMil in Hie *'.)D*iit*iliou, and ordei* were g van to get nil reedy to debark In th" Morning li .iiie.iieiely our *bip einiuno.1 the air of bn*y prepare lioo, tie ut"ii pH.-l.ing their kn*|i H".kM and naking ar rang... ula lo bid adieu lo tbi noldo *e-**el I bat had borne iheiu n> ?afnl> and pi. inanity over tho two Ibon rainl nidi'* oi walur I itu I s"..Mral" them (rtnn I he loved au.1 foudly reiunmheroil nties at home. TIm maIoou ih <".ghoul the evening appeuiv I liko ao inunoueu writ log gi'hool every tulde tve* Piled wiih imtmoiih, aeieiug i be lai-l -iPi*o. tunity oC writ lug liy mil .ih p to |*aront* and wivee, hMeelli.-arta and Irionda ' 1" uio l ol tho tloet in MiMtiaaippi Sound (ho appear ance of tbu iiioiieier ti'Hinport, ii'oiighlng da wiiv thr nigii the water* of the Hulf iv?? like an apparition, but to a tew it was ti"l a iniitlei of to n.u.'li *iiri>r)se, mm th.-y had been foi miniolline "XpD.'liiig an oxpodU'.ifi to thalr wat.'re, end h.tv nig heard of tIt.; Coutdllulinii. regogul/aal our eltip by lo r enarmou* proport'oue. H vny of -the olUeer*uf the ih-oi Uave vianu.l the vomk. I, and alb-r avaiining her model and ongiim and her admirable up |M>lutini-iil* with a rflHt'.-tl eye prononiiccd her ll." Hue*! Auverlean |lpp all.-at pkrckicriOb or Mini- island, a* tin* IiiPe ifjund Mill proli.'ild.v play .in iniportaij. part in the III*lory of Hie rebellion of IHfli, from ila be lug the liaMe of uxlMiP'od oilsn ive opperatioiin li Uio o.itbweal, uiid w IP - Ii''Iv.p o Hie utlonlion of the vvhule eoontry fp'iti the mU'ieri whlcii iJon.'ra l iialp'e proelu uiatloii will give ii, f nlia!! try to give an detailed a d? *eri|P i ?" of Hie pfin'u nljd it* KiM rmiiplingli ua my own op*ervaliunt nd Hie In.iU. d riKourci*. at luu l will afford Mil)* lib lid ih iilualod in longdnd.) fb nfttalittlo north ol !gt.Hide .';o "till IH the piopiri* of liteSlali of Mis'lMHippi. Ii i* ahout miv mile* liom Now Orleuna, j nearly ib? aume diitani.' from tho Noitb Ka*.t I'j^e.at ' th" inoutli of llif Mias.K ippj rii"r. forty tri'e* from Mobile, nod binelv Itoin Kort I'lekoiu "It lie* Petwoen Horn l land, on the iwei. and Cut l*!anii. ?n 'ho wekt. und if. diatulll hP.in Uve Uiil"* from r.i. h. Nome ten tr twelve 'mi'au to ihe north, on the inalnland of IHeHvrlppi, are'lie town* ol H-l'-xi, l'i*eag.mla ."lid Mia*i*Mlppirity . Ttieee iu* or are fniorile aumiuer resorlh for the weullliy . ul.iDP'i* Mini iihtlIii.iiI.-of Ibe dull' Stuteg, and, iu ?:ou*e j quence of u It*! 'HI thjir ahoie am now 'be "'.'fl "f j refuge fur rvliol guutin.'d* Ship Inland is aoineyiuat *.ndiiii.l.og, ami t-vlends io a slight g-iirte .b.eit hi.mii inileti eaivt iforlli J cur I and weft aouHiweal. At Wen i'oint phe w.m j ort* end), whore tho lori in located, tl.e, I'lur.d ', I* lilt.W more ibao an . iiddh of a mile wide, and m a | mora ttaud *ptt, utterly barren ol graag or Toll;.go ol any i kind. Tblt* eafloru end. o. ljo.1 I'oint. IE klinit llire. ipiMitorM uf n nitlo In width, and i" well wooiluil mIiU pine, oedar and live oak The whole Island contain* a fraction Ion* Him. two square mile* of territory. Kvcclluut e nter run b? ?>!> tallied in unlimited supply by Making a barrel auvwlicra ou thb pluoe. Tho grout ?<lv untng-e of ihi* lg too lilpahlw to i winiiTevWuttnt' When 111), rebel* ov?. u*t?l tho ialan.l in. y P ft tejinn thirty "lv head of rati lo. They are n .w grazing on i ho eiBteru end ol the bland (lliey would glurvn lo death a' West I 'oiii i iinlo*. as somebody auggrated. they v.ere|*i t ided w :*b green *l*eetH"len), and urn in very Ian . on ditioo. I|e*?les Hm rjtl.He, thero are .Ir.i.es of hog* ; tm ning about IwO'iu,am! any .piantity of raeeiKtn* So rm ineroos are th? latter that llie M.iilore and mariur" from the fort will tree ten or a dowsn of tbam together in ll.o ,1,. i mo ami then kdlthem wi'li their c"ile**e.t a the* drive Ho n. down Soldi. * mo not slow at lolI0'.v. *uy s.icb eMimple,a..di'l"c:idi Ihey huv.- i.Krea*.*! and vane.! their govemm. it ration* with the oMj of this iiiucdi abuwd uninin . I .ike nm*. hi Him .s|i>"I 'his .uUtnue, th iron* a proltv woll m-moi'.-"! Po- k of reptiles and v..rm i IBIUH upini* Tt'-.n ea-snvr . . ^ , - hut v itb I wo rhou/tuuil iiJHti on Hiitall aa it, w?M Dot b< loiijj hehTaDie alli^uio.s. v:rjakfpon<t olhrr 'fiv r (, linpl^afoiu* \s iil hj?! ;? lo; i to tli^xc ftnii take uit ?.'nly t ? ii: too* p!uc where th^n u-? Hi'incu mon (?> tit*("? oiai,' i!a? ui af/aal. At (hi. -fr rit . u?! ??( iii? h !.?/?'! arr ? ihoKi I, li^hthoMHf and the low lioum-'s rKoapt;?l ihu iuoori diary oAToi Ih ot tlif ifh?? p Ilu-houses confo.st of oua tfoo?i \?H1 huilt i . iciv nliu:l), uftor ? onnider goo<\*u?i. xtpW built h.-lch Ilh-km, whu.n,uu?r .ynmn*r able repair*, would mnl' vcrv e .iiifortablo li?^aoquarIcid able repair*, vvou.o oin." ... . f.u llio ooi.imni'dei, or mi ev ?i|eri! bo*pital for Hie *;. ? and three or four Inns :'<?? * ool.ing houBtr, Ac. I'he light in.use has I.e. n h line on. hut Hie rehelH burnt it *? tliu roughly, hi "iikno. He gla * m l earryuig ofT llie lain;., that it is unsafe and liki t* i? fait at any moment. Ii < ? round and built of hi. i j he |.. t. I deMorlb. at length iu unolher pla. e The. an i ai Wctl I'oihl ih nf ub. autifiil quality,and in lb" dim I'giil of '('..rly morning or even -g i.'KCmhl.'H, iu Ihe purity- f g i winter,.-hr, ihe Hpoile drift3 of kikiw wPali now '.over Ibe hills and valley* of New Knglaud (^"nii'.ig -.uddyidy upon deck hcl iro run rise Ih" illusion in perpsei, am" one nlmn'sl ful'gei* ibal lie la in a e.vnntry'wHere afroat i? a seven years'wonder, But pl?MB*Ut MH II Is to look Upon, it iH VM Ot> lied Htufl l(> walk in; it la so soft uud deep Hint m live or kit m ie march is dreadfully exhausting The island possesae* a very miJKTior hiu boi. :ui . winch nieetee/i fee( can he c irri, d at ordinnrily low water. It i* gitiiHti'd nortli of the wa. t end of tho imImuu. The hi chora* . will) water <<i ml tv the dopth on the bur, ii il?e mileo Mng. ami avertjss tnref And a quarter miles in width. The harbor is safe for the most danger..:!* storms in the gulf?th.'be Horn the custvviir.l. south ward ami eastward, and Moiithward?and might b? ausily i-Dterevf during yieee storm* without a pilot, if good lighthouse* were plHccd in proper positionH. The rum and fit I of 'ho tide i* only from twelve to fourteen inches If one of tho resuhrof this wur should bo to make tbi* island an important place of trade, the value of this luir. Iior cannot be ovtir estimated |i i* the iptenliol} ./f the government to occupy Chip Island with a large force. WHAT TI1K GOVERNORS OF MISSISSIPPI THOI OH, IIS TDK ISJ.ANP. Ship Island presrui* thy great-si advantage U> Us) of po,lition which ho* made no lurt * lodgment upon its soil. The local Governors of the State of Mississippi have lung recognized this fan, ?s may be mod from the frequent reference which they have made to the advantages of the aland in their annual legislative message*. lit the year litfiti Governor MoRao brought the subject to the atteutiou of the legislature by slalipg that, under the act of the Vd of Marcti, 18f,4, to aid in the construction ol the Now Orleans, Jackson ami Great Northern Hai/road, in iIim State of Mississippi, he had appointed Powhatan Rolun hod engineer to xtmey ami locale the line of ihc Gnlf and Ship Inland Railroad, and to make out the proper profiles, maps, Ac., with an estimate of tile root of building such road. The work was well executed, tho engineer making a splendid map of tho wli,ol- di (rim. showing the line and prvQJc of the road. For this duty Mr.K?bin*on wa? paid live thousand dollars. I'Rs Go vernor then recommended the legislature to raise a sur plus in thTfreashry of two humlrod thousand dollars, lor forwarding this advaniJgejtUf faijf?|td ijJJV jiciotigothers It wag confidently expected that the road would be core plcu d tn-a space of from three to six years- , in tho^owingyear,liif' .hi ' atlentiee ^ U1C uecnggny f0r tuit,ng into consideration the propriety of completing the redroud already alluded to. In his annual message the Governor said A strong public suntimont has directed itself to build ing up the commercial interests of the Mtate, as well as the development of her resources, tn her valuable tim ber region.and her agricultural resources in those sec tlons unprovided with railroad facilities, by our present linos, by I he construction of a grand truuk line of rail road, from a point on our Gulf coast to tho Interior which will afford the hen harbor for commercial nisi muritimo purposes. That tho approach to our Gulf with all sea vessels, and especially of largo class ships, has advantages over that oither to New Orleans or Mobile, c.'iuu I bt questioned: and the entraDco to the harbor of ?hip Island, and the safety of anchorage when within it, is equal to that of any port iu the l*n Red States, fortne l ir e st class merchant vessels or ships of war. At flood tide, the average of which on our coast does not ex i cod three feet, the entrance to the harbor auorusa Chan nel one ntllo wide, with twenty set? n feet water and of tui-oe it,Pi-1 wide will, twenty fJ; 'water. The harbor, when entorc'l between tho islauU ami tho main land, ? a r. s twcn.y-fevtn r?? thirty h et waler for tlino milt* n w httli ? orth and south, and the same depth of water front live to seven tilde east and west, the deepest water [<t>NTIN*UKO G> TENTH PAOE j

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