Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 18, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 18, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAJUKS (< OR DO N IiBNNETT, EDITOR AND PKOI'fUf-TOa ornoB k. w. corner of fui.ton and n asm ad sts. Volume XXVI No. 350 AMUSEMENTS 1IIIH EVKNINU. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Iriing nluOC.?ZAHMLLAKR03 Tat i on?l.'Ooitk. WINTER GARDEN, llr ? nlw.iy.~AiA Hallow Eve?It AM0OU10E l'LACK?llllStl < ? " WALI.AUK'F THEATRE, No. 814 Broadway?MagIO Mam Miaul?IIa'h Nor A Miss LAt'RA KEENK'H TIIKATUK, Broadway?Sfvrs Sous. NEW BOWERY TIIEATRU. Howory.-Otiiullo-M am ao Loiau. ROWKKY THEATRE, liuwciy?Stick nut's National Ciuovit. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway?Day and Kvimuii^.?iiik Kari/h DaUGHrfcu?Hippopotamus. \Viiai.k. AND OTUfcU C-'U Ml UNITIES. BRYANTS' MINSTREES, Moeliauiua1 Hall, <73 Broad way.?I'M Hallo in Masciilra. MINSTRr;I'N, Mluyvi-mnt Institute, No. 659 Bioadnay.?EiuioriA.\ Sonus, Dancrs, Sc. MBLODEON CONCERT HAUL. No. MO Broadway? PONua, UANCK8, HuuLKHgtlKH, AO Sai.VATOH ROSA. t. ANTEKIIl HI MUSIC MALL, Broadway.?Sotc Dance,. Uuui.Ksyors, 4c.?Magic Laurel. CA1RTTT.8 CONCERT ROOM, 4,16 Broadway,?Drawing Rooa Lntkiitainmests, Hali.lih. Faktomimes, Fault.s, Ac. MUSIC II Al.l., 44t Rr ladwny.?Songc Bal lets, 1 antomirku, Ac.?L'n Hallo in Masoulua. METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALE, COO Broadway? Fores, Dances, FAltera, UtiRi.kagcru, Ac. CRYSTAL I'ALAt'E CONCERT HALL, No 45 B ,wory - Bu?i.Kagu*H, Sonus, Dances, Ac.?Dinah's Weuoinu. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, MJS Broadway _ Open dally from IU A M. till 9 P. M. NATIONAL MUSIC HALL, Chnllt.vii street.?Bltii.i" quks, Sof<os, Dancf.s, Ac.?Toou t Tikevjcs. ?ffiKSOT IULL' 61U '"^"V.-BiniuiQiira, BROOKLYN ME LODE ON, corner of Court and Remscu atii'cia?Sonus, Danckh, Pantomimes, Buklestcks, Ac. Ntw Vork, IVednetday, I>t cent Iter IN, >801. TJHK 8ITUATION. The importance of the question relative to the arrest of Mason and Slidcll and the difficulty with Kngland arising therefrom is further manifested by the fact that the steamer Africa which was to have sailed for Liverpool to-duy has been detained until to morrow afternoon, by order of Lord Lyons, for the purpose of transmitting by her his response to tho despatches which came from the British go vernment by a special Queen's messenger on board the Enropa. Captain Seymour, the Queen's mes senger, and n special messenger from our Minister at London, llr. Adams, left Boston last evening for Washington by the shore route, via this citv. They will probably 'arrive here in time for the morning train to Washington, and thus be enabled to bring back the despatches of Lord Lyons in time for the Africa. It may be, however, that the Africa will not leave this port before Friday morn ing, if the important business engrossing the Bri tish Minister cuunot be accomplished at an-earlier period. In thirty minutes after tho Europa touched n Halifax the British sloop-of-war Rinaldo got up steam and started off with despatches, most j>toba. My for the Admiral of the North American squad ron at Havana. With the exception of a few scouting parties there is nothing of active character going on in General McC'Iellau's army. The report .of General Barnard, Chief Engineer of the Army, which lias just been submitted to Congress by General Cameron, shows lhat tho de fences around Washington consist of forty-eight works, mounting three hundred guns; that the whole defensive perimeter occupied is about thirty five miles?exceeding by several miles the famous tieldworks of Torres Vedas, the most extensive fortification of this kind known in modern times. General Barnard asks theappropr' tion of 1150,000 rrom Congress for the completion of these works, as many of them were thrown up in the racc of the enemy, and therefore require considerable labor to make them perfect. Secretary Cameron has also submitted to Congress a report in favor ol the appropriation of t-1,710,000 for putting our coast defences in order, from the lakes round to Kan Francisco, a large P >rtio.'i of which is to be devoted to defences of New Vork harbor. The Navy Department h ,s received int ' gen.-e that the ship liontmorenci, ol rath,Me., was over hauled on the 28th ultimo by th< pi - -.miter while making for St. Thonuts with u cargo of coals or the British Mail Rtcamshqi Compunv. iti-i said that she was ransomed for f.'0,000 and ullowed to proceed. i nc cxctiaugc or rebel prisoners has commenced. The bark Island City left Boston yesterday for Fortress Monroe with two hundred and fifty of the rebels coptnred fit Hatteres, who have been rc 'eased from captivity at Fort Warren by the government. We publish to-day further details of the great (Ire in Charleston, which prove it to be a mo-t terrific and disastrous conflagration. The news from Kentucky to day is interesting. Our army has reached within a short distance of Bowling Green, towards which point the rebel Ge neral Buckner is also hastening to otter battle. The Union troops have repaired the bridge over Green river, and ure ready to push on towards Nashville, under General Buell, when that officer is ready to take the field in person, which will be in a few duys. Feu thousuud Union troops have been poured iuto Kentucky from Indiana within the past ten days. The rebels were said to bo in hourly expectation of an attack at Columbus, and that they had pre pared a number of heavy anchor cables for the purpose of obstructing the navigation of the river at that point. Among the interesting items from the South, by way of Fortress Monroe, we have the statement of llio Lynchburg Virjinian that a whole Maryland regiment, colonel, stall and all the ofiicers, de serted recently from the Union army and marched into Centrcville with the confederate flag flying. We are not informed, however, what regiment it was, when it deserted, or where it got the rebel Sag so conveniently at the moment of desertion. The ( Uarleston Courier publishes a report from Beaufort that our troops had crossed Port Royal ferry under rover or artillery on Tuesday last, nud destroyed several or the rebel rifle pits on the main land. The Paris Pays of the 1Mb November guys that the war in America is every day increasing the ,uictudc in Kngland in regard to the cott >n question. Ia view of the difiicuiliea and embar rassment* resulting to the industry of tho thrco kingiloma from tide a .ate of tilings, speculators have tinned their attention to India, and although tlm cotton of India may be inferior to that of Ame rica, na important company has jiwt been formed in England, with a capital of ?"00,000 sterling, for an increase of the cultivation of cotton in India A company for the transportation of Indian cotton has also been formed, and by a fusion of their rela tive interests the two companies, operating to gelher witli a common view, will, without doubt, vender eminent service to English manufactures. CONGRESS. In tho United Statt s .Senate yesterday the House hill for raising a volunteer force for the defence oi Kentucky was rcfurred to the Military Committee. Scverui petitions were presented for emancipating the slaves of rebels. A bill was reported to Increase the number of cadcjts at West Point. A resolution requesting the Commissioner of Public Buildings to inform the Senate by what authority a portiou of the Capitol had been con verted into a bakery was agreed to. A resolu tion that the army shall not be employed in the surrender of fugitive slaves was laid over. Reso lutions asking why passengers from New York to San Francisco were required to tako out passports, and that a copy of the correspondence between J Generals Scott and Patterson bo furnished to tho Senate, were agreed to. Mr. Sumner introduced Iiis bill in relation to the French spoliations claims. Mr. Lane called up the resolution respecting the Secretary of War furnishing the Senate with copies ol tho orders for building barracks lor the Kansas troops, and in a Rpcocii criticised the action of the government iu the conduct of the war, animad vert ing severely on the inactivity of our troops, and saying that it was a military necessity our army should occupy the rebel States. Mr. Lane cou teuded that the govcrtuneul should take possession of the slaves in order to force their neuters into submission. He was replied to by Mr. Carlilc, who said he was convinced that the govern ment had made a great mistake in not appoint ing Mr. Lane commander of the army, lie (Mr. Cnrlile) contended that the war was n constitu tional one, and the army could not be turned into negro catchers. After a few remarks from Mr. Me Doug,i II in opposition, on motion of Mr. (Irimes, the resolution wa iuid on the table, 'flic case of the Kansas conte.-ted Senatorial seat was taken up, but action postponed until to-day. The t'liair ap pointed Messrs. Wade, of Ohio: Chandler. o( Michi gan, and Johnson, of Tennessee, as the committee [ to investigate the general conduct of the war. Tho House resolution for an adjournment until January f> was laid on the table. An executive ses sion was held, and tho Senate adjourned. in the House Mr. Bingham, from the Judiciary Committee, reported back the joint resolutions requiring the Provost Court nt Alexandria, Va., to hold the property of rebels until Congress take further action on the subject. The resolution then passed. The resolutions of Mr. Eliot, for the eman cipation of slaves, being the special order, were then resumed. Mr. Harding offered some points in opposition to them-that Congress has no con stitutional power to pass any hills on the subject, that the administration stands pledged against all interference with slavery, that legislation is for bidden on the subject by every principle of sound policy, and t hat tliey would inaugurate a disgraceful war, involving loyal and disloyal in its horrors en motion of Mr. Kellogg, the resolutions ami all Others relating to the subject in the same special order, were referred to the Judiciary Committee by a vote of 77 against A rei~oha'?'i r??' Printing fifteen thousand copies of the report of the special committee to inquire into government contracts was referred to the Committee on Printing. Mr. Van Wyck ' h tirmau of the Investigating Committee, submit ted resolutions against making any further pay ments on account or the charter of the steamboat ( ataline, to iiiljust tlm claim against the govrrn ni-nt lor live thousand Hall carbines purchased by (Jem nil Fremont, and stating that the practice of employing irresponsible parties for the performance' of public duties, and the purchase ol supplies by private contracts, are Injurious to the public sor Wee. ami meet the unqualified disapprobation of the House. Tim consideration of the report was postponed. Bids w-ro passed suspending the ap pointment of asses,..,-- and collectors of the income f'x until the 1st of April next, and for the allyt. inent ol pay certificates among volunteers. Bills were also reported making appropriations for pensions, and to pay consular and diplomatic ex pcuses for the year ending June 30, 18(13 , A 1,m w,ls sported from the Foreign A Hair! Committee appropriating one thousand dollars to pay the owacis of the Eiitish ship Perthshire for n-ses HI. ni l. ,| in consequence ol detention by our dockadmg .leet off Mobile, in June last, our naval ..(beers ai the time a< ting <>:. u misunderstanding "! ll"'" ?'rc?mstoneeH. '1 he bill w.- ? finally passed "it not until after it ha 1 given rise to a somewhat lengthy and discursive debate. A bill was report ed from the NavaU'oinniiUce to authorize the Se cretary of Die Navy to construct twenty iron-clad steam gunboats, at n cost of from five hundred thousand to six hundred thousand dollars each which, alter a brief debate, was laid over for fur ther consideration. and the House adjourned MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The Cuiuird mail slmimsnip Ruvopa reached Bos. ton from Halifax yesterday afternoon, with the European mails of the 'id of December. The let ters and newspaper tiles were duly forwarded New York, and will arrive in the city for delit . at an early hour this morning. The screw steamer City of Washington, which passed t'ape itace hist Sunday forenoon, will he due at this.port to-mor row (Thursday) evening, with English and French journals of the 4th instant. By these arrivals we will be put in possession of the full details of the progress of the war excitement prevailing in England at the time our telegraphic reports, pub" Malted last Monday morning in the Hkkalo, were compiled, and ihtis be enabled to foira a more ac curate judgment as to its reality, intensity and force. After this, our next instalment of news from Europe will come by the undernamed ves sels:?? .tfeaw. From Day of Stalling. Destination. Nova scoii.ni lyoti'lotvl.rry ...Iter fl.... Portland. St. Andrew tilasgiiw.. Pec. 7.. ..New York. America Qticmsiown .Pec H...Naw York. Arago Seulliamiiton. Pec It ...Now York. The Australasian, which was to have left Liver pool on the 7th inst. for New York, has been chartered by the British government for the trans port of Armstrong gnus, soldiers and munitions of war to Canada, while the Persia, which was to have taken the mails of the Hth inst. in her regular turn, has been detained at Liverpool and the A me. idea despatched on tl.at service by the Royal Mail | Steamship ('oinpaay directors. The mails of the \nglo-Saxon reached this city 1 from Portland yesterday morning. We have Dublin , papers, forwarded to Londonderry, of the ilotli \ ult.-~one day later than those received by the Ifatisa. These journals show the feeling | then prevailing in some of the provinces of j Ireland on the question of on English war with the I'nited States, as well as the straits ' to which Great Britain is likely to be brought 4 l>y the cotton famine at home, and the food and fuel famine in Ireland the last named visita tion renderings her more and more dependent on our b: .-adstutls supply I'm tooj. T'l - -s? nis to tie but one sentiment pmvoting the .-papei press of this count v in ; ??;. ?,? ' the foreshadowed Ul u.ds ol England, ail tha'. i ie a recommcudutiou of finnncwt on Ibe part of onr government, backed by a aeUlcd conviction that the traitor Commissioners?Motion and Blidcll? should not bo surrendered upon uny cousidera" tion. In the General Sessions yesterday Thomas Par rc!J, charged with passing a $5 counterfeit bill on tiio Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Philadelphia, pleeded guilly to forgery in the fourth degree, and was sent to the House of Refuge. George Grisoom, who was indicted for assaulting Kllcn O'Brien, oi 179 Laurens ftreet, on the 91st of July, was acquitted. Tho trial ol James Kilhry, in dicted for the murder of h:s wife, was commenced liofore the Recorder. It is charged that the ac cusod struck her a blow on the abdomen, which caused lh" premature delivery of a child, and sub sequently resulted in her death. The parties lived ut the corner of Eighty-first street and Eighth uve nue. The assault was committed ou tho iat of October, and she died at tho Bellevue Hospital on the 13th of the same month. The case will be finished to day. Th-' cotton markot was Arm yesterday. The s. s, iu small lots, chiolly to splmiOP8, fooled up about 000 bales, closing on the basis of 37e. a 30c. for middling uplands, and at 40c. for good middling do. Klour was firm for shipping lots of Stuto and Western, with a good doinund from tho trade, chiefly for ox|Kiit. Wheat was lirmof aud mom active, with a good shipping demand, while tbo prices closed at ubont lc. higher for good shipping lots. Corn was loss active, and closed in favor of purctiusers. Shipping lota of Western mixed sold at OTc. a 68c. Pork was unchanged hut more active, with sales at $12 37% a. $12 76 for mess, $13 u $14 for city priwj moe. , uinl prime ut $S 60 a $9. Beef was quiet but Arm. Sugars wore Bleaty, Willi sates of 1,000 hhds. at unchanged quota lions. Necessity of Immediate Action tn Con great. Here is tlic American nation embarked in the most gigantic war ever waged, with an array of six hundred and seventy thousand men, and ?i navy of throe or four hundred ships, at an expenditure of about two millions per day Hitherto the war has been carried on by means of loans. The sum of one hundred and fifty millions of dollars has been obtained by the government in that way, parily from the bunk" ers, and partly from the people. In three weeks the balance of that amount will have been ex pended, and not a dollar lie left in the national Treasury, nor any provision made to replenish it. At this critical moment intelligence arrives from Europe, from which it appears wo are menaced with a foreign war in addition to our domestic struggle. The consequence is that Wall stroot is thrown into confusion, stocks of all kinds are affected from five to ten per cent, and foreign exchanges have risen to 112, with few takers. There is suspense, stagnation, pa ralysis. In the midst of this monetary and financial crisis, how do wo find Congress employed ? Is it in devising the wuys and means of sustaining the war? Bo far from it, the halls of Con gress arc turned into bear gardens, and we behold the pitiable spectacle of disgraceful personal altercations and preposterous debates about the everlasting nigger. It is the most horrible exhibition of human folly to be wit nessed on (he face of the earth. There is no necessity lor any legislation about slavery, and all talk about ills out of place. So far as the question has any practical bearing it is not the business of Congress to dispose of it, but of the generals of the army, responsible only to the President, who is commander-in-chief. Let each general in Ids own district adopt such measures in regard to 1hc slaves as seem best calculated to render the campaign successful in that particular section of the countiy. The laws of war and the exigencies of the case will be his surest guide, and-Congrees can ouly do mischief by meddling with the matter. As far as concerns the claims and rights of those slaves who may be employed in the service of the Union army, either by their own voluntary act or by the impressment of the military, the whole subject ought to be postponed till after the war. when it can easily bo disposed of by the existing fundamental laws. The constitu tion will settie it. and the laws of the State Legislatures. Congress has no power over the question, and if it had it ought not to touch it. What is the pressing duly of Congress at this hour.' If is to proude funds to canyon the war for the Union. That is its proper sphere of action, instead of drivelling negro slavery, with which it has as to do as it has with the Koran. Money is the life of war. Without it nothing can be done. The possession of gold is necessary in order to obtain from foreign nations what we w.uit, unless the balance of trade is greatly in our favor. But the balance of trade will soou be against us, and the gold of the country w ill have to go to pay it,end speedily it may be spirited away by t'ue English and other foreign bankers in Wall st reet, whose business it is not to leave us a dol lar in gold or silver. The government would thus be without the means of pur chasing in foreign countries the material it may need for the war. How is this disastrous con dition of tide s to lie prevented? l!y the sus pension of ie payment by the banks, and by the crcat .1 of a paper money by Congress, '?-c-ed upon the credit and property of the nu ^u. and redeemable after the war. This would become a circulating medium of exchange for the internal trade of the country as good as gold, and rendering gold unnecessary, unless for the payment of foreign balances. In all great and sudden wars some such measure as this must be adopted by the bel ligerents; for no machinery of government can raise sufllt ut money iu the brief space of time it is requii I. It is a necessity of State which ea mot be avoided. The example of England in the long continental wars which grew out of the French Revolution, nnd in Which she had to struggle for her own existence, is a lesson to all other nations under the same circumstances At first alio tried to carry ou the war on the specie basis; but she broke down in 1797. and was compelled to fall back on a sysh m of paper money guaranteed I>4- the national faith. This carried her triumphantly through, and at the close of the war she returned to die specie basis, the oniy sound one for ? time of peace; for paper money, without gold or property to back it. is worthless, ami cannot be the basis of commercial transactions. It took England, however, a period of seven years to gradually re. tore iV normal condition and specie paw I meats. In the same war France was com- ' pelted to adopt the ?me course; and nothing else is leit lor the American republic. ^ I.et Congress, therefore, immediately pass an ! act ua hor'/iug the administration to issue notes jf alt denominations on lb- security of the I 'national, credit, b a in unit may be josti -'d b> ? ? exigencies ol wur. In the m vj ie (he ? b i be requested by die government to - ; 1 vi ? p iy.ee ,i. and i ?; ?? banks all i stumer, on the i.ii h o ? ng ..?>?>? ?e .if:er br ih?: B.al<? 1 .eg.,!.1 .cm. ,? ig hero : ? bis i. week tho banks of New York unneeM* rily parted with three millions of specie. Thia drain must be stopped. All the hanks o. tho country liavo in (heir vaults an aggregate of about seventy millions of gold. Private iudi vidualfc hold about one hundred and thirty tril lion*. There ia thua the sum of two hundred mil lions of specie, which ought to bo kept in die country for tho purpose of paying foreign

balances, and for tho use ol tin government. hicli, in this c ise, is for tho u.u; of the Bttlon. The paper issued by the authority ol'Oongress will serve :ih a safe curreucy lor the purposes of interna! trade, including nil such articles as the government may purchase in the country. What il need.-; from foreign nations it will than have gold in abundance to buy, and our mer chants will always he able to procure specie at a reasonable rate to pay their foreign balances. This is tlio needful business in which (Jou grcss ought to be engaged, instead of specu lating on abstract visionary questions of uo practical bearing ou the momentous issue in volving our existence as a nation. Not a mo ment ought to be lost, especially in view of tho possible contingency of a war with England If the national legislature do uot act promptty not only will the government be without a dol lar to defray its enormous expenditure, but the gold will all find its way out of the country through the agency of the foreign bankers in Wall street, and then the action of Congress will be too lute. The lost gold cannot be re called, and success in the struggle with the do' mestic foe, to say nothing of a foreign eaeiny, may be baffled, not for want of men, or courage( or skill, but for lack of the thews and sinews of GlON'KttAI, I'llKI.Ph' Sll.r.Y AbOI.ITION 1'llOCI.A mation.?General Phelps, in command of the U'ivtmce brigade of otir troops at Ship Hand, Mississippi, belonging to General Butler's ex pedition, sei/.ed the occasion of bis occupation of said island for the production of a very silly abolition proclamation. It is addressed "to the loyal citizens of the Southwest," and it opens with the astounding declaration that his command will bo governed by the absurd idea "that every State tliut has been admitted as a slave Stale into the Union since the adoption of the constitution has been so admitted in direct violation of that constitu tion." Now. we dare say that there are not ten men in the brigade of General ['helps who will subscribe to any such fallacy, and that there is hardly one man in a thousand among our six hundred and fiity thousand Union soldiers .who believes in any such nonsense. He next fells the people of Mississippi, Alabama and Louisi ana that their territory is needed for free labor; that the people of the North want elbow room, and that the people of the Southwest, in sticking to their abominable institution of slavery, arc standing very much in their own light. Not satisfied with all this, he tolls the Catho lie Creoles of Louisiana that it was the in tolerable despotism of the Catholic church of France which brought down upon thut country that horrible, ghastly and sweeping revolution oi 1781), with its lietgn of Teiror. and that the despotism of slavery is quite as grasping and remorseless as the despotism of a corrupt and powerful church. Finally, ho informs those Southwestern people that "all our efforts, how ever small or great, whether directed ugainsl the interference of governments abroad or against rebellious combinations at home, shall be for free labor," including free labor for "the four millions of Africans" held as slaves in our Southern Slates. This beats Fremont all hollow; and if Fie" monl was instructed by President Lincoln to modify his proclamation, bv cutting out its emancipation heresies, there can be no doubt that General Phelps will bo required to take down his enormous abolition standard. General Phelps has the reputation of an excel lent soldier; but he is u poor slick of a politi cian. Among Catholics lie plays the Puritan, uuiong Cavaliers he is a Roundhead, and he appeals to the loyalty of slaveholders by flatly informing them that his mission is to relieve them of their slave property, ami to substitute freeinbor; that (lie war Is for this purpose; that ho expects no favors, and does not ask any. It is a pity that General Phelps was permitted to go tu Ship island without specific instructions from the government. His proclamation, in stead of w nu'ng friends among the people to whom it is addressed, will increase the number an l violence of his enemies. General Butler, General !>ix. General Sherman and General llalleck, in their operations among a slave-hold ing people, have acted like sensible and saga cious men. We presume, too, that General Butler, in assuming ihe supreme command in "the Southwest," will issue an authoritative proclamation to the effect that this war on his part, and on the part of his government, is not a war for the substitution of free labor over the domains of Southern slavery, but that it is a war for Ihe " integrity of the Union," s'.avevy ^md all. as guaranteed in the clear and unutis takeablt' Compromises of the Constitution of die United Suites. Meantime the President, as commander-iti chief or the army and navy, should issue at ouce a genet al proclamation Tor the universal guid ance of our army and naval officers engaged, or who may bo engaged, in this war. This will avoid any such fottxptts for the future as this very pompous, but very silly, abolition procla mation of General Phelps. Gt f.KKff.r.A .Motions r.\ Goxokkss.?Such reso lutions as those offered by Mr. Trumbull in the Senate, and by Mr. Vallandigham in the ftouse of Representatives, on Monday last, can be pre sented with no other object than that of embar rassing tiie administration. No really patriotic man would thus dream of hampering its action. In war times it is the duty of legislators to strengthen the hands of government, and not to weaken them, oven when their views do uot co incide with its policy. When peace is restored they will have an opportunity of holding it to an accountability for the errors it may have committed. To attempt to fetter the conclu sions ot the t abiueton a question so momentous in its consequences us thai now pending between us and I'.iiglaiid is as bad as to impeach acts j which liiive notoriously been performed under | the pressure of .-lute necessity. Both courses ! i are iruight wiihperil to the country, and should ! | I?e frowned down whenever attempted. Oon { gross has happily manifested its consciousness ' 1 of this by shelving both the motions referred io. The only importance that attaches t0 them uves from the pix>j which (hey afford oftiie organization 0 a eoinp.i if not powerful ni.po ? " ' > ??>?'???? "ImiiifeUmUo All sincere Union "<t these factious dements who: n- t!?ey,u .. . .. T SPKA*** G'ikku.y ko? ' ?* 'n,K Lownr.?The Hoq. h j u <n<?nd. or the Tims, has ru? *> well upo? 8(,v'o r ?l occasion fas at Solferlno and Bull ?,n) that U'? not wrpriaed to find him making H very pood run for the Speakership. Uulo.* sonic ?n. i 'roenen circumstance should occur, we couli- 1 doiitly predict his election. That ho has greet i)Plural qualifications for the portion no one <? n doubt ? end, to make aKsiiraucedoubly Mure , J>f,n tLih point, lie has la'cly published big portrait in u supplement to the Tims. TLo portrait is really so sploiidiJ, and the likeness or f- Raymond so capital, that, ir the Hkiiaui were not a newspaper, we should ho tempted o reprint the Times' wood cuts, with the addl rZ n ^.r Mr- <"'? runs. Besides this 'Term und figure fit " Ray mond has had u long and extensive connection * ith railroad, stock and other jobs, a?d 1)llH rc. cently displayed considerable ability in otTerine gambling bets. However those considerations ni.iy weigh with others, wo confess that thev seem to us to fit him excellently for the oflhe o Speaker; and, a.i he has failed in editing a newspaper, we siucerely hojre that he will be more success fill in attaining that oftice at Alba ny for which his great talents so peculiarly fit htm. Indeed, his election may be ciphered to a certainty; for not only has be the support of bolh the Seward and Greeley re publicans, but also that of a few shaky demo crats, to whom he intends giving a dinner in this city before long, as a means of securing und clinching their support. In return for the support of the Greeley re publicans, Mr. Raymond will give Greeley every possible aid as chief of the lobby. To this position Greeley seems unanimously chosen He looks the lobbyist to perfection, and years ago bad a littlo practice at lobbying, in connec tion with the Desinoinos Improvement Com pany. Lately ho has been keeping his band in t.y experiments in gold pen lotteries, gambling bets and live hundred dollar wagers on the municipal election with a celebrated Harlem lane cockflghlcr. Greeley enters into tbe lobby bu' iuess with his whole liourt and soul. He lias abandoned his free love and domestic philoso phy; he has slapped lii. old political associates in the face; lie bus given up all idea of editing the TriOmr, and has devoted himself entirely to his new profession. If he takes t!,0 inevitable negro with him to Albany it will be only as a body servant. That he will do his best is be yond question?for that $7?;,<)0!) Irish relief fund must bo paid?and Greeley's best, now that he lias (bund um true vocation, is by no means to be despised, if he. and Raymond as Speaker, cannot manage the lobby, nobody can. Disappointed in our desire to make Wood Mayor, wc shall certainly succeed in making Raymond Speaker and Greeley ohief of the lobby. There are no better men for the posi tions. and they ought to be appointed. Otw Gain Demon.- -The critical aspect of our present relations with Kngiand imparts a pressing importance to the recommendations contained in Mayor Wood's recent communica tion to the Hoard of Aldermen. So far as the strengthening of our hat I,or defences is con cerned, tbero is no doubt that they will meet with prompt attention from the federal and State authorities. There is much, however, to be ?lone besides mere engineering and field work to render our port secure against the enemy Without men to work our batteries and to dV iend the coast in our vicinity against any at tempt at a landing by a hostile force, all the money thai would be thus expended would be thrown away, it is quite certain that, we shall not be able to withdraw for these purposes any ot our troops from Virginia or the other border States. It we are to have a war with Kngland we shall have to create another army nearly as large as that which we licve now in the field To prevent, (br instance, the enemy landl tng on Long Island and taking possession or the heights opposite New York, we shall re quire at least a force of fifty thousand men For these we shall have to depend on such ex ertions as we can make within the nexj, few months. Not a minute should lie lost in en rolling as Home Guards all the young and able bodied men of our city population, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, with a view to putting them through the .prolm*I nary drill that will be required for effective militia organiza tion. From llie standing militia regiments ar tillery companies should be selected and cm ployed daily at battery practice, both in the field and harbor fortifications. If this be done, we shall have in a few months a force sufficient to meet any that the Fnglish can land against us. Again let us urge upon our fellow citizens not to lose an hour in enrolling themselves for the public defence. Soldiers are not made in a day. and the sooner we prepare for the threat, encd danger the less reason wc shall have to* fear it when it comes. the inkw L-iiv uh ahter.? it was generally understood that the charter of this city would be so amended as to abolish the ton or twelve present "commissions, and give more executive power to the Mayor, in the event of the election of o't, Opdyke, who is a very excellent man. it ftppdur*, Iwwevof, tlml the contest Tor Hie Mayoralty was merely a preliminary to the struggle between flewrtrd and Chase for the next Presidential nomination; and it is hardly probable that the Seward party, which has the control of tho Legislature, will give any more power to Opdyde, who is understood to be in favor of Cbase. Wo hardly know what to say in this dilemma; but we must insist that Greeley shall be made chief of the lobby, whether lie goes for Seward or Chase. lie is altogether too valuable a man in that position to be deprived of it by uny schemes about future Presidential nominations. The Distress oe the Pious WoKf.D.?The World has been very greatly distressed of late in regard to its daily circulation and advertising as compared with those the of Hkrai.o, and has used language iu connection with this subject which lias never disgraced the columns of the IIkk.w,i>, and which should never be tolerated in a newspaper which, like the World, pretends to be eminently pious and respectable to a fault. "Brothel," "prostitution" and the like terms are surely unfHfed for a paper edited by clergymen, who tind fault even with the lan guage of the President's Message, and cannot be excused even upon the plea that the World hag an India rubber conscience. We will try to in duce the World to cense its bad language by relieving its dislie-s. We will allow it to ap point a committee of three to visit our office, examine our books aud obtain every informa tion in regard to our daily circulation and ad vertising, providing that we are allowed to ap point.a committee to make a similar examina tion of o > flairs, and that, the re of both OK^min.itioue be publibtk'd iu full boti in the World and I!i:uau>. Tun Pouticiai. Kuhm About thb Canvas ?li jmrriHKMKNTS. The tact that the Near Vorte Tvvs is found tunong the newapapora wlcctetf to advertise the official can van of tbo luat olec i tion in accounted for by tlio minor that tho l next Logutluturc would abolish the fee* of the County Clerk's ofiice. The editor of the Timet is a member of the next ljeRislature, and a pro mincnt candidal' for Speaker, while the County Clerk's ofiice at.d the Board of Aldermen are united now. I < ,iwm sap. THE EURGPA AT BOSTON Important Naval and Military Movements at Halifax. Special British and American Scavengers, &c.. &c.. &c. Boston, Dec. IT, 1601 The F.tiropaarrfrcd at four o'clock this afternoon. Rho encountered head winds tbo ciu.uo passage, and wis fortf^ hours from Halifax to Bostoo. Wittiio thirty minutes aftor the Kuropa touch's! at Halifax, the British steam sloop of-war It mat do, sovou tccu guns, lying in port, got up steam and left, in pares | uoco of somo orders, it is sup|x?od, brought by the Queen's messenger, to communicate with tbo Admiral ol tiio Britisli North American squadron. The Sixty-second and Sixty-third British regiments are under ordors for Canada. Captain Seymour, the Queen's messenger, also a special messenger torn Minister Ad.uns, left Boston tlr; i iftor noon by tbo shore route, via New York, direct for Wish tog ton. The leading features of tbe news hwo been ante ipatod from Halifax andOaiie Kaco. Tbo mails t?y the Kuropa will reucli New York early ? to-morrow morning. Detention of the Cunntti liail birainer * Africa. The stesmship Africa, which was advertised to leave at eight o'clock tins morning, will not take pa-seog -en o;i board until four o'clock of llio afternoon of Thursiiay The following placard npiioars posted on the wall tustde tho wharf:? NOTtra TO PASSRJKtF.rtS. Passengers are requested to be cm Jersey City wharf it four o'clock on Thursday afternoon, from whenc tiny w ill lie taken by a tugboat to tbo mad steamer Africa, previous to her suiling for Liverpool. Tito above anuounci luont lias causod various rumors and roports to bo circululed, and many surmises are rife m respect to the ship not sailing on Iter usual (lay; but there can bo no doubt whatever that order must have been received from Lord Lyons a! Washington which causes tbo Africa to wait for important despatches from, that English official. " TItc Canal Mi-cct Tragedy. AKRK8T 01' LOUISA BRIRBSaitrdU AND OROROf WKILER?THB PARTIES AJ.I.UUKD Tn 111- I MP 1.10 A TED IN Ttlli MUUDBIl?THEIR AI'PEAKANOB AND STATEMENT ItEhTKOTIN'O TUB CASK. La.-t eveningCaptain Howling, erf" the Sixth precinct, as stated by Sergeant Jordan and officer Golden, succeeded in arresting tlio alleged partion on whotu suspicion rested as boing implicalod In tho death ot young Bernard levy, tho Canal street broker. II will bo remembered that tb" dec.-Hsod and bis brother Havid l.ovy, loft their roaidcnce in Third avonuo about nine A. M., having with them two bags, rout-iining eigh| hundred dollurs. Having depo-utod the money jU Iht i fflco, Cavi l Levy loft to tr.insa. t sotno business m ih<' Commissary's ofUco in White street, and otlior plaros do. icasod having previously gone out and returned Willi ? sogui and tlio nsitAt.n. In the moaiitiins throe men,twoV whom wore butchers, ontorcd the offloe to transact sotnl tiustness, and left soon after. The brother, after an ab. senoe of about tbree luartors of .in hour, returned nut found deceased lying dead, with his throat cut. An or dinary sired pocket knife, apparently new, was found closed on (he side of tlio couutcr, an I nt a little disl iuct lay the Hwiami, looking as if it hid not been opened everything seemed to bo involved in mystery yet at the Coroner's inquest it was shown in tin evidence of tlio brother of the d-voisoi thai , women named I.orsiu Tlridesbrucb had threatened hii life, and that he had issen for some time quite iutimatt with tior. It was also shown that tins woman Iia^ called at levy's oflLe and nudo repealed threats, and onetime brought with bora r -n whom she iill'ogod would carry hor threat into execution tin Iras I,evy com plied with her demands. As these parties could not b? found the Coroner's jury only rendered n verdict that tho deceased Mine to his death from a wound in lbs throat, but bow received they were unable (o dotormiao. Captain Howling, however, immediately took prompt stops to try and if possible ascertain tin; ivlioabout of this ttVI'tai- 'lb *wifM by Sergeant Jordon an i officer Hol -fon.h.ive boon over since the mysterious tragedy was enacted, using th-ir utmost ondeavors to arrest Louisa. On Monday they ascertained that sho re sided in a house in T. idlow street; but on going to the place they found Hint pi,? liat moved on Saturday no.hi, the same dnythd f. vy was found Willi his throat cut, and that it could not have been over two horns nfle the discovery ?[ I ev\'s bo.-v. The where itiinit o! hoi new aboud could t bo learn,id! yut Captain Howling determined to socio, ?, and yes to'day hid the saii; faction of learning th.il siic hul tukcu rooms in a toncmeut house, No 1 ten street, lie nee rdingly, last e\ruing about li:- r poire'to tho above place, and score-vied in cr.. uug her win o in the net or going into hor room, located on Hie second Coir. In the nine npartm -i-l Ihe i fflcorsdis covered the man whom it was alleged had been seen fee quowiy in the woman company,mimed tioorgo Wri er hntu of whom were immediately con voce I to the Firth Precinct staiion lio i-o. Tho woman s.,mod greatly agi tat-d when a^jofetod, and at li st rcftis# I to ctivc se about thaPtkiter. ITBR APPEMtANCti. .ho is apparently twenty six years of age, about four met e even inches lu height, very c.. .r?e feature.;, but a sharp and cunning eye. She was dressed In a common calico dress, and a bonnet with red trimming,and scorned i cry merry when at the station lion.-e. She slated at first [hat she knew nothing about tho murder, or Hut she Knew 5Tr. foivy, but rinaUv arfcnow>dp:od to tain Howling tint she had li'm-n in L-vy's comiuny, and that ho una day. abort th-ce months ago, gave her a bad bill, and thai she went tofe offirW '?? venni street Accompanied by Woiler, to make fevvviv? hc^ttgrKidonsinexehang" the tat mv, :,g rof. sail, but Wo n ." 41 W;hSj rttst.d TnCe fialHf.tt Hon out of hint if ho did n it, he gave her giTd-l money sho domed being out of the house on the niofwing of the murder, and further slated that she fas never in tlio deceased'8 oompany but or.ee. Tho pr?,_ner could give no sutisfact u y answer why sho moved on tho day of the death oi Levy. WKIL8R, Who is a man about thirty si\ years of aye. stated that I he resided in KtaveuHl s.roet. and tolls . very , I iff,.-out story from tli.it of Lmisa Hri l -shuck. He says l h it ha had been in tho habit of keeping oomp.ii v wiih (hie woman, au-1 that ho had fro-p,.;ntly icon yu-nv L.-vy with Lmisa that they w re h.nh at hia li.-me one night in Kluvonth street, iiIhiuI tin ?? mot,the ago, and that Levy seemed very ait niiva to her. says (h it tho reason why lio accompanied Louisa to |/>vy ? store, in (anal street?which was shortly after H eir visit 10 his place?that Lmisa stated that young L-vy? would enter into bonds to give litm so much money, p-o. vided ho (Woiler) would consent to marry 1.-mis! ami take her to Germany: that being willing to cotii|u, witb these terms, he went to levy's office. He dem-s km ?. ing anytbliig About the murder or death of young I. vy They were both locked up to await an examination i? before Justice Brcnuan. OoncwiT at Isviira Halt..?To morrow evening Mr. rug taviu Henry gives his grand qjpn.ii coueert at ibe above establishment. Ho will bo insisted by his taleulod ?laughter, Miss Minna Geary, Mrs. Mozart, Mr. George Simpson, Mr. J. R. Thomas, Mr S. C.*Campbell, Mr. Napoleon Gould, Maeier IV. U Pape, *:id Mr. (.' w. Morgan. The programme offing the sunt va. led combi nation of vocal and instrumental music that we have seen presented at any one concert. Jt vanna Knmrnos tsr Rrooki.yn.?The Brooklyn Aca demy of Music will l>e illuminated (o morrow evening by the radiant faros of Itvo hundred happy children belong ing to School No. 14, tinder tho charge of Mr. C. W Wol coll. Hie exercises will constat of a number of interest ing dialogues by the pupils, in character, an exhibition drill by Company a, of tho regiment ? >t Sch.?l Cadets, and n variety of popular songs. Jl-imi* Wihtikv lectures line evening in H 'bokcn. Hit t xt s Tho liiflueuco of Art and L loraturo on Popular I, .'-J-.. i n." The county ->f H rLo-i should giye the Judgt a hearing.

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