Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 19, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 19, 1861 Page 2
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Fifty Aral regiment* here left for Kentucky, making ten thousand men from Indiana in ton days. Sixty two regimenta have been paid off In Kentucky in the peat thirty day*. Canto, Dec. 1#, 1881. It ie reported that the rebels at Columbug have received a ! irge number of heavy anchor cables for the purpose of obstructing the navigation of tho river at that place. Croat preparation* are being made there, expecting an early attack Curnwan, Deo, 17,1801. The Commercial'! Fraukfort dospatch says that tho Select Commltto? reported a resolution expelling Repro. sentatives Elliott, Matthew son, ilorritt, Ewing, Silver tooth, Gilbert, Boone and King for aiding the rebellion. Five rebol officers and soldiers, who wore captured gome daya ago In Tennessee b> Unionists from Wbitoloy county, Ky., passed to-dny m route for Louisville. A letter from s proralnont officer at Mumfordsvlllcsays tmt the divisions of Generals McCook, Johnson, Wood an I Rosso* t rested on the northern bunk of Green rivor Sunday A letter from Lebanon, 17th, says that Generol riiotuas' division was making rapid preparations, and weuld leave in a few days. There were many rumors about the movements of tho rebels below, but none were roliuble. General Nelson's division encamped on Mnldraugh'a 11II, on tho old Nashville turnpike, Sunday In fine ordor and spit its. At Somerset, Sunday night, it was reported that a ne gro servant of a rebel officer had been captured as he was taking provisions to the rebel pickets, lie says that ZolHooflor has 6.000 meu this aide, and 2,000 men tlio other sido of the river, and is forttfying both sldoa of the rivor with the purpose of wintering. It was rumored at Somerset that 800 cavalry had sur prised a porl mn of Colonel Ha sward's regiment and killed a few and c plural some of Haszard's camp, fifteen miles from Columbia. If this place is a fair index of the sentiment of Ken tucky, the .Slate will give a prompt aud cordial support to Ilia government in refuslug to surrender Messrs. Mutton anl Slide!!. OUIt LOUISVILLE CORRESPONDENCE. Louisville, Ky., Dec. 1G, kBCl. H "a Wore Kentucky Volunteers Might Have Been ~blain C'l?Governor Magqfin and the BebeU, dee. In the legislature the Commit! e on Military Affairs taaounced that tho Secrotnry of War ati-1 President of the United Slates havo consented that Kentucky t-hall rt.s' tou regiments for her own protection, to continue in ?"rvieo for twelve months. It is generally conceded that if litis arrangement lias been made, as was proposed and oartly executed during the administration or General Anderson, Kontueky would have had at least ten thou sati t twelve months' men In tlio flold. Tliero arc a great many man in the State who, believing in tbe State rights doctrine, think the invasion of tho State by Buck nor a repudiation of that dock ine?t lio basis of all secessionist!!?and theso men are ready to enlist for the defence aud protection of Ken tucky. It is understood tiiat by this agreement a Major Generator the state will bo appointed by the United States to command tho men, who are to be under the ru'os and regulations of tho United States armies, aud subject to tho orders of Gen. McCioilan. Tho Journal publishes a letter from Gov. Magoffin, in which, In answer to a paragraph quoted some days einco by the Journal from the message of the Provisional Go vernor of Kentucky, he explains hlB position. IIo denies the sanctioning of the uso of his name by the robe! Go. vomer, and condemns the purjKises and actions of tho rebel State government. IIo says:? My position is and hiB been and will continue to be, to abide by the will of the paople of the Plate. To stand by tbo constitution unit laws of the State of Kentucky oa ox liouiidod by the Supremo Court of tho State ami by the constitution and laws of the fedornl government as ex 10 indcil by I ho Supreme Court of tlio I'tiiteil States. They are the creatures of the people and of tho sovereign S! ties, and neither CengTOFs nor the legislature can ox er,-.1 o any powers not delegated in these constitutions. Both should be preserved in their Integrity until altered by the people, To this position I shall cling in this try in,' hour as tho last hope of Society and of constitu tional lib't ty. It is tho sheet anchor of our sai'oty and the only hope of patriotism, of honor and of freedom, an I whenever an attempt is made to overthrow tho con sit! in ion. which is tho only bend of our Union, come from what quarter it may, from fri iv's or foes, it ought* to ba at once resisted?unitedly, resolutely, rtejqwrntoly res.-tod against any odds, to gavo our institutions as our fathors made them. I cannot close this letter without expressing to you my high gruiicatlon at the nohlo staud v .u iiavo taken against the atrocious policy advocate 1 in Secretary ( ainoron'g report. If it bendopted tho cnnatilu tion and tho Union will be hopelessly overthrown. I am opposed to this confiscation of privato property. It may, as contended, bo an Incident to war, but it in vilvea th- iiinoretii with the guilty. It la unjust to women and helpless children, who are in no way r -sponsible for tho war. It never was Intended to be done in such a government as ous,except it may be, as to public property. It never was intended to apply to sieves property, for, after tlio slaves are once conQscutcd, what wilt the government do with them? Return them to their owners? give them hack to the slave States? nevor. Thoy will ho emaucipated anil by tho act the nature of our institutions will be changed and the con stitution overthrown. Tho policy is all wrong?unjust to creditors, an set of barbarism, injustice end cruelly, and ought nut to be tolerated ui a froe country. Indefinite information tins boon received here to the effort :i ha'tie was going on on SOBMfMt, b e woon Genera's Seboopf! and Zolhruffer, but we have no part culars. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. [From the IiOuisviUe Journal, Dec. 14.] Wo hsvo received a very interesting letter from Colum bia, Adair county, dated on Wednesday last. aomo por tions of which wo feel it our duly to omit, as they com ment freely upon army movements, and their publication at this time makl ho injurious. Tho letter, however, fu'.iy confirms tho information that the rebels have crossed the Cumberland river In ferre, between Columbia and Somerset, and it is thought they number 7,500 on both ni lea of thn stream, the largest portion being on this side. General Soli o;>f is carefully watching their right wing a few miles hack of S?merset. and Goneral Boyle, at Colum bia has los regiments on their left wing, chafing to be permitted to drive out the invaders. We do not doubt tii it they will soon have their desires gratltled, rin i they will learn in time that tho delay has been most judicious. If our friends in General Boyle's division are anxious to cat their Christmas dinners in Nashville they may perhaps have tho opportunity, as there is now no difficulty in the way of transportation. Oo'onels Brum let to and Wolforil are in this division, and Kentucky lias not in the field more zealous or brave of ficers. Their commands will soon have the active em ployment for which they are burning. Wolford's cavalry hive done good service, and aro increasing in efficiency a- they come ander better discipline. Thoysre admirable on scout and picket duty, and are all infusod with tho spirit of their leader, whose restless, glittering, digs devil eye looks as if he was ready to fight the whole rebel sr:ny himself without thinking of the odds. General Doyle h:i? secured the respect, love and confidence of all his ottloera. The Slate is largely indebted to him for im portant services in arming its patriotism and obtaining ti e accession of the present troops from the North in time to prevent the further progress of the rebel invaders. We have every confidence that his military career will be useful, Wlii'n ardent and enterpri-dng he is prudont and deeply sensible ol the duties and responsibilities of hia o.Hce. TKNNKSSF.F. REFUGKM JOINING TITE ARMY. Til' sumo journal Buys, In tho same articlo:?Fifty Tennessee refugees came into Odumbia on Tuesday last, and joinod Colonel iirumlette's regiment. Their leader h u ng slated that one hundred and fifty more wore on the banks of the Cumberland seeking an opportunity to cress, the Colonel sent him back with a troop of cavalry tinder Oolonol Haggard?another glor iouh officer?to escort them to tbo camp. Every day brings its squad of rofugee volunteers, who have but one desire, which Is to return and deal summary justice upon their oppressors. The Captain of the troops which came In on TuoaJny had been un lor orders from Governor Harris to collect hia men and rojmrt at Nashville on Wednesday. He did oollect them, and reported them to Goneral'Boyle; he was exact in point of time, hut varied a little from hia Tennessee orders as to tho mustering place. We think that officer it destined to bo " a brigtit particular star" in tho loyal constellation. Wo are g'ad to see that the Union feeling In Tennessee is irrepressible, although the moat exagge rate accounts are circulated there concerning our Slate and tho objects ofthe war. One correspondent illustrates th's bv tolling that he met on Tuesday a conplo of wagons full of women and children fleolng from TennoBgee, and anxious to make their way into Indiana. The father of the party anxiously Inquired if Kentucky would secede, and which route ha should take to avoid tho secessionists. When he wag informed that he was already in perfect e v.eiy and surrounded by patriotic lovers of the Union, tie could hardly realize the truth. He had been taught to believe itmtour Ptato was thoroughly secession, and that the Confederates were awaiting their own time to march an army in anu restore liberty to the oppressed. 1 His great desire was to escape from those who sympa thized with svenasion, for bo had witnosaed their cruel ties, had experienced the effect* of their robberies, and was escaping from oppression which oat-heroded llorod. THE DEFENCES OK COLUMBUS, KY. [From tbo F.vansvilie Journal, Dec, 14.] We have had an interview with a gentleman who, with in tho last week, has been in the rebel camps at Colum bus, and who brought many Interesting items of news relative to the forces there, their condition, and the de fences of Colombo*. The force at Columbus consist of about forty-eight regimenta, none or them containing oversight hundred men, and at lonat two thousand of this number are sick, leaving an available force of about thirty thousand men. Very few of the regiments ore uniformed a large majority of the soldlorg are poorly tlad.and s ine even without shoos. At least one hundred gnus a o m runted on the earthworks about C'olum buz, many of ttipm of the heaviest calibre. Tho roads In every d red ion are obstructed by fallen timbetqand piaskod batter,?r have been plantod in the woods buck of the town Tbu m m composing the rebel regiments are represent* d a the lowest and vilest of tho "poor whiten,'1 gin disc I pi: tied and only kept under control by the pro mises daily made to them by the reb?) leaders. Whiskey |s freely circulated among tlu>n> by the commanding ofll cere, and their courage is kept to tho "sttclTng point" la this means TLeblark ti?g has been hoisted, and it 1b taitl in their ramps that when the "Yankee*" attack tbera no quarter will be given and no prisoners taken. Among the troop* Is one eomi>atiy of Indian cavalry front Ar kansao, and one hundred negroes aro armed and in the regiments with the whltsa. Two regiment* at leant, who wero in the battle of Bull run, are now at Columbus. The otUecrs ami men express the greatest confidence in their ability to whip tiie "Yankee*" whenever thev make thoir appearance. though it ig univernally conceded by them that onr artillerist* on the gunboats worked their pieces admirably at the Initio of Belmont. There appeared to be no ooramissary department at Columbus. Every row days a boat load of provisions and whDkey ar rived front Memphis, which would be distributed as soon na it came. It frequently happened that thoro was nothing to eat in the camp. ??cofflie is Been there. Everything edible wilhlu thirty milos of Columbus h?* been taken long sinco to foed the army, and it is now dependent ui>ou Ifotuph s for supplies. The nicn have boon supplied with blankets, comforts, and quids of all size* and colors, con trlbuted by the citizens of tbo South and forwarded to Columbus by steamers. The only money in circulation is the note* of tho Southern confederacy, which are a* thick as loaves in autmnu. The Jouinal'tinformant think* that Columbti* will only be tak> n after a desperate struggle, lbs men defending the place aro resolved never to sur render as long as there is the least hope of holding out. OCI.URII.bA WAUKA|tIt NEAR 1,01'MVIM.K. [From tneLouisville Journal, Poo. IB.] There win e ten nieu under l.iouteuaut Duuhtp, of Col. Whltsker's regiment, and forty-seven well armed rebels engaged in the skirmish last week, iu Shelby county, a rumor of which was had by telegraph. Lieutenant Pun lap held his ground under several lire*. and returned them with effect, as one rebel was severely wounded in the body and one in the arm, thougli they were protect ed by a tog house loop-holed for defence. Young Moody, of Lieutenant D.'s command, was wounded in the right breast; tho bail struck a rib and glanced off. He will soon be ready for service again. Lieutenaut Duuiap hold the house in rauge of his Etitleid rilles, and sont for mon to storm it; but t ho rebels decamped in hot haste bolero the aprtval of the reinforcements, which proceeded im mediately in pursuit of them toward* Owon couuty. [From tho Nashville Putt lot, Dec. 3.] The Louisville and Niiohville Railroad stopistd receiv ing freight, at Nashville on tho 1st insl., ?s the rolling stock of tho road was all ueoded to trausi>ort troops to Bowling Green SKIRMISH ON "REI N RIVER. [From llio Istuisville Journal, Doc. 18.1 We have received from a lieutenant in the United States service an account of a skirmish Inst Thursday on tho hanks of Green rivor. Company I of the Fifteenth Ohio was attacked by about ono hundred mid fifty rebel cavalry, who had dismounted from their horses and up preached the patriots unobserved. The rebels llrod one round without killing or wounding a man, and it was returned by our infantry with a couple of volleys, wound ing several. The cavalry tlieu retl/sd, hearing their wounded with them. [From tho Nashville Despatch to Memphis Appeal, Doc. 7.) Provisional Governor Johnson lias issued a call at Bowl ing Green, under thu act ol Dec. 4. calling for twenty com panies of volunteers from Kentucky. it was Captain John H. Morgan and hi* cavalry compa ny who destroyed the railroad bridge over Itaoou crook, ou the Louisville and Nashville railroad CAPTURE OK CAPTAIN PRIME OK GENERAL, Bl'EI.I.'S STAFF. [From the Louisville Journal, Doc. 14.) Wo bear that Major Helvett and Captain Prime, wh'-n t ken prisoners, were out with ? parly in m arch of some mi-sing scouts, and came upon the enemy in camp, sup poring them to be our own men. They discovered their ml*hike too late, wore pursued and overtaken. Wo have ? letter which states that the captured captaiu was an officer in Wnlford's regiment, but, there can be Utile or no dmibt that it was Captain Prime. later informali instates that Cnptatn Prime and Major Helve' .zero killed hy the rebels after their capture, but no official information of cither fact had been received at headquarter*. FROM THE MAIN AltMY IN KENTUCKY?KOUSSBAU'8 AND NEOI.KY'R BRIGADES. [Froni the Louisville Democrat, Dec. 14.] We learn Nog ley's and Ron* .can's brigades are stationed nt Bacon creek, and that Gon. Nogloy's brigade, or the mechanics in It, huvo taken a contruci' to rebuild the Bacon creek bridgu, pledging themselves to complete it iu forty-eight hours, epilog work that, wo lliiuk. THE FI,AO OF TRUCK FROM [From the Louisville Democrat, Dec. 14.] The ling of truce from Bucknor, asking permission for his wife to ocmo to our city to bury a dead child, was very properly refused. Whatever llto pretext for getting within our linen we think Gen. Buoll warranted in refus iug all such appeals. If there was a dead child to tie buried Louisville i* neither tho permanent homo of tho traitor Buckner nor lit* good lady, nor ii it the birth place of either; and why it should ho brought here, where Euckner can nevor come, is a matter of surprise to some. To us it iB plain enough that Gen. lJneli properly rejected the repiost of Mrs. Mucktier to come to Izniisvillev MARTIAL LAW IN OWENSBOUO. R. M. H it ha way baa been appointed Provoit Marshal of Owou^born, Kentucky. ? ATTAIN NKTTEIt AGAIN IN TUB FIELD. [Front the Louisville Journal, l>e<\ X4.| Captain Ncttcr,of Colonel Burbridge's regiment, Ib no Idler. Our readers have been informed of his brilliant achievement at WhippowiU bridge, on the Memphis Urunch Railroad, lie was wounded in that engagement, but wounds must bo serious to incapacitate him trotn duty. On Thursday night Captain Nettor visited Hart for.l, Ohio county, Ky., for the purjmee of arresting one Morton, a noted secessionist of that region. Morton re fused to submit, and even went so far as to draw his revolver and flro several times upon the .jallant Captain, wounding hint slightly. Captain Nottor found it Impos sible to take bis adve.sut y alive, and, as an act of self defence, flred upon and killed Morton. FilOM LOUISVILLE AND VICINITT. [From the I/iulsvlllo .lourtial, itecember 24.] To BE C'oNsouDATBn.?We aro Informed that the com pa nics recruited at Frankfort by Col. Lindsay, which wore ordered to Grcenupeburg about a fortnight ago, have been ordered toconsolidate tlicre with Col. Wilson's command, Col. Lindsay to retain the colonelcy, Aix hundred mon front Islington, under command of Col. S. I>. Bruce, of Lexington, passed through the city yesterday and took passage on Hie steamer 1). J. Adams for Bmtthland, where they will be consolidated with Col. Williams' regiment. SKIRMISH IN SHELBY COUNTY, KY. The authorities having learned that a number of rebels in the vicinity of Bag iad, Shelby county, Kentucky, on of the " " the lino of tho Louisville and Frankfort Rallrood, were becoming troublesome, add had oven gone so fat hs to compol loyal citizens to take the oath of allegiance to tho Southern confederacy. arquad of men from Col. Whitta kor's regiment, at Spring Garden, near this city, wero des|<atchod to the uclghbot hood on Thursday night with orders to arrest the rebels. Arriving on the ground, thoy wore proceeding to make the desired arrests when they were flrod upon from the residence of a rebel, which was occupied by about forty persons. The flro was re turned by the Bipisd of half a dozen federal troops, who wore finally overpowered and forced to retreat, but one of them, however, hiving been wounded, and he not mortally. A company of one hundred men from Col. Whittaker's regiment, under command of Captain Loc, left by the afternoon train yesterday for the scoue of the recent conflict, and, we presume, have made the desired arrests ero this. Colonel Whiltaker, who was at Frank fort yesterday, Joined Captain Lee at Bagdad. SICK 80I.DIER8. [From the l.ouisvtlie Democrat. Pec. 14.] We are informed that it is usual for the surgeons in charge of tho transportation of the sick to telegraph the medical director hero nidifying him of the number on the way and the train by which thoy will arrivo. Whenovor this is done ambulances are kept in wailing at the depot to carry and distribute them to the hospitals. No delay occurs at the d'-pot when thoso in cbaig j of tho sick give notice to the medical director, and, if delay occurs, the fault is nut his, but that of tho medical olUccr in charge of or keeping tho transportation of the sick. While this explanation exonerates the resident surgeons from blame we have yet to learn who Is chargeable with the inhuman careiess'uess'of which we spoke yesterday. Who sunt sick soldiers to the city on Thursday night without the proppr notification, end thus subjected them to a delay of several hours at tho depot? POLITICAL PRISONERS AT LOUISVILLE, There aro at present l'orty-seven political o(lenders in the prison at tho corner of Ftfth and Green streets, Louis villa, Ky. THE BLACK FLAG IN KENTUCKY. [From the Memphis Avalanche.] We unhesitatingly say that tho cause or justice, that the cause of humanity itself, demands that, the black flag shall bo unfurled on overv field?that extermination and death shall be proclaimed against, the hellish miscreants who persist in polluting our soil with their arimos. We will stop the effusion of blood, wo will arrest the horrors of war, by terrific slaughter of the foe, by examples of overwhelming and unsparing vengeanco. When Uliver Cromwell m.issacred the garrison of Drogbcda,suffering not a m .n to escape, lie justified it on tho ground that his object was to bring the war to a close?to stop the efi'u sion of blond, and that it was, therefore, a merciful act on id* part. The South can alfbrd no longer to trifle?she must strike the most fearful blows?tho wsr cry of exter mination must be raised. A BUCKNKR DODGE. [From the Umtsvllle Democrat, Dec. 1*.] The flag of truco from Buekner, asking permission for bis wife to come to our city to bury a dead child, waa very properly ref used W bat ever the pretext for gett ing within our iinoa, we think General Buell warranted in re fusing all such appeals. If there was a dead child to be buried, Louisville is neither the permanent home of the traitor Buekner nor his good lady, nor is It the birthplace of either, and why It should be brought here, where Buekner can neverjeome, is a matter of surprise to some. To ns it is plain enough that General Buell properly re jected the request of Mrs. Buekner to come to Louisville. THE VERY LATEST. BEDEL ACCOUNTS. The following are late telegraphic despatches received via Fortress Monroe:? Memphis, Dec. 14,1891. Three thousand Colonists at Paducah inarched to Vienna on Thursday and burned some dwellings, lumber piles, fee. They returned to Faducah and made no attack on Fort Beauregard. All quiet at Columbus, Ey. Jeff. Thompson recently surrounded a party of Union ists guarding the bridge between Charlcstown and Bird's 1'oint, killed four,and captured two bridge guards. Memphis, Dec. 13,1801. At Columbus, Ky., thore was a groat commotion yes terday. More troops have been sent to General Bowen, at Feliciana, and also a regiment to Union City. Tho federals at Cairo have changed their policy. None aro allowed to leave there. All communication has ceased. The government transports are Idle In t".e day time, and busy at night. It is supposed by those in high official quai tors th it the federals are moving an Immense force to tho Tennessee river to rut oil communication with Buwlicg Green. IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. THt MAILS OF THE EUROPA. Arrival of the Jura with One Day's Later News. The War Question in the British Cabinet Council. Active Military and Naval Pre parations in England. Ail Important Letter from General Scott. The Political and Financial Aspects of the Crisis. The Manufacturing Districts of England Alarmed at the Prospect of War. Popular Leaning Towards a Legal Solution of the Difficulty. Declarations of Messrs. Bright and Cobden. OPINION OF IRELAND AND SCOTLAND. The Naval Power of America Not to "Be Despised" by John Bull. OlIR PARIS AND BERLIN CORRESPONDENCE, &c., &c., &c. Tho mails of Urn Ruropa reached tills city from Boston early yesterday morning. Our (lies contain the impor tant details of the European news to the 1st of December. The Queen's messenger and the special messenger from Mr. Adams, our Minister in London, who camtwy Ihe Kuropa, arrived by tho Shore line, and procoedod at once to Washington, whore they arrived last evening. The Jura, Capt. Allen, arrived at Portland yesterday from Liverpool, whsuoe she sailed on the 5th, and Lon donderry, wtaonee she sailed on the 8th Inst. Hor uows is one day lat r than that by tho City of Washington. The London Xntn of the 30th of November, in its city article, reports American stocks and tho!r rates on tho previous day thus:? Clcting Pri>??. rnited States 5 per cant, rodoomable 1874 ... 70 a 74 Virginia Stato8 per cent 40 a 45 Krie shares, ex assessment scrip 24 a 20 Do. 7 per cent. preference do 44 a 48 Do. assessment scrip 1?? a 2 Illinois Central fl per cent, 1876 7.'J a 75 Do. 7 per cent, 1876 77 a 7!) Do. $100 shares. $80 paid dis. 46 a 48 Do. do. all paid 54 a ii" Michigan Central 8 per cent, 1800 80 a 82 Do. do. do. sinking fund. 1882 7:1 a 81 New York Central 6 per et., sink, fund, 1883. 78 a 80 Do. 7 per cent, sinking fund, 18rt4 88 a 90 Do. 7 per cent, sinking fund, 1870 88 a 90 Do. 7 per cent, convertible bonds, 1876... 80 a 98 Do. $100 shares 08 a 70 Panama Itailroad, 1st mortgage, 1805 98 a 100 Do. 2d mortgage, 1S72 97 a 99 PeunsyIvaniaCentral bonds, 1st mort. conv.. 82 a 84 Do. 21 mortgage, convertible 78 a 80 Do. $50 shares 30 a 85 Philadelphia and Iteadiug $50 shares % 14 a 18 According to tho Erpero, of Turin, the Austrian govern ment contemplates making a new naval conscription, and, becai so it knows that the Adriatio will bo the thoa treof tho next war, has determined that all tho con scripts from Dalmatia shall be employed to man tho fleet. It is even said that this measure will be extended to Istria. Henceforth sail >ra rather thau soldior.s will be wanted, and the Espero gives it as its opinion that 1stria aud Dalmatia ought to be able to furuiah at least 60,000. Our Paris Correspondence. Psais, Nov. 29, 1861. Excitement at the Paris Bourse?Th- Language of the Press?No Breach Between Prance and America?War with England and Am-rica Regargti as Ineri/aNc?The Opportunity for the Aggrandisement of Prance?The Em peror's Opposition to any Plan of Disarmament?Per milt for Embarkation, dc. You may be sure the seizure of tho rebel Commit, sinners on board the Itoyal Mail Company's steamer takes precedence of all other political news. Yesterday at tho Bourse?now additionally thronged in consequence of tho abolition of the customary francs for admission?the excitement the news created was ex traordinary. The funds slightly declined, Threo-per cents palling thirty centimes, but tho talk was ominous of much moro important Bourse operations. Not, however, that that there was any disposition to consider tho seizure of Mr. Slldell?the rebel Commissioner to France, or tho "pointed persuasion'' found necessary to tranquillize hi3 pugnacious daughter?as auy sort of affront to France. Of this you may be assured?whatever may be the ostensi" ble language or oven conduct of thl3 country, there will nevor be any quarrel with America. But a very genera; heliof prevailed that tho small end of the wedge was in sorted in an irreparable breach with England. It is as tonlahing tho unanimity which appeared on this view o( the subject. That Vbe present difficulty would begot over was thought probable, especially as the English Ministry would take cure that any legal doubt on the subject in the minds or its law officers should furnish it with a loophole to escape from the unpleasant position the American go vemment had Imposed on it. But that war would sooner or lator break out between the two people set-mod to be looked upon as a fixed fact. Such being the general conception, an exciting hubbub prevailed as to what France would bo cxpectod to do. "Do?" said a gentleman, who ia well known to be (he agent of parties about the Court, "why encourage Eng" land by all means not to put up with Amoriian insolence. If England does not wish to be sneerod and scoffed at by ?very European Power she cannot submit to those Amorl" cau affronts much longer." I shall never forget the pecu. Uar expression of countenance with which this remark wss received by the knot of Influential parties to whom It wss addressed. *'Yes," said one, some time after, when the speaker had passed away,"wo all understand this France will carefully fan th? flame?perhaps tako a hand In it for a time?only the bettor to hold h- r own afterwards. A war with F.ngland and would be the most valuable boon to France, and the very day it commenced would be tbo signal of the fall of British supremacy, l.ot England only wasto ber strength In another struggle with her ancient colonies, and France will immediately take m place in the world such as she has not occupied slnoe t ays of Charlemagne." In the evening I dropped Into more than one recoption where I was sure to moot with various members of the difltwent diplomatic missions. Parti*s connected with tho English Embassy were the observed of all observers Evoryone was anxio 9 to hear their viows; but these gentlemen bad evidently boen enjoined to more than ordi nary caution. It wss whispered about ibat before tbe seizure .in question the opinion of the law oflici : a of the Crown had boen taken by Lord Palmorgt. n, and that (he Cabinet Council was only summoned to decide oa tbe language Kari Russoll should hold to Mr. Steward, as the law wss entirely on the side of tho I'.iit a Slates authorities. I remarked, that nothing could exceed ti.o apparent sympathy exhibited by per, ns co-mooted with the French Foreign Ofllco towards the English ?i In ,,{tip. question, while at the same time it wis 1: i that Ureat Britain would doubtless exercise ail th magnanimity of which sbo had previously given so many if*. There was evidently a Ta'ent irony in .'no*. 1 r (hi, I also hoard ilptt th? rarlettajouruats U*d ro.oo, d 1 privets message from Porsigny, that the government would fool obliged by their confining their account* of the seixure of the comninsionore to lUo observations made in the ling lt.eU newspapers. *u*l this morning 1 (teroclve that tho CmtlitvHimnd, tue Xticlr and the M'mitmir?the only journals I have seen?abstain from the slightest comment p irtukmg of a French view of thesubjeot About an hour ago 1 received a visit from a gentleman high iu the ranks of the French army, who said:??' 1 as sure you, cti*r ami, that from tho Marshal to the lowest drummer boy, there Is but one hope expressed? that I nn'und may he tool enough to fall out with Ameri ca, as tli? result would mevilably be French Interference, and dual espousal of the raoso of America agaiusl Fug land. VVheitier under the circumstances you liave any tints or any intoruei lu geuornl Kurupeau politics I don't know, but tho rtate of the world on this side tho Atlantic is hardly less dismount than on yours. As for any real French disarmament?though some nominal reduction may occur?the idea m preposterous. All the scrnioltl clal journals do not h sltato to denounce any policy of ilio kind, and re|>oat wit it 1 said iu my former tottor of the state of Kuropc Iu geuiual. True to that ''sly dodge 1 which is the Fmpei'or's |iei uliar, pains are taken to pro t- st that Franoe i? the most lamblike of nations; It never arms but in self-defence; it never crosses its boundaries but to protect 11ms - who are loo rouble l > help them solve Still, to lay aside arms which have been collect ed with so much paingluk ng, aud under circumstanc e

so imperative, would he madness. Hut the fact is, much may be done in this wuy without reducing the otl'eclive strength of cither the army or navy. Free countries, whose movements are the result of parliamentary dis cussion, cannot form an idea of the facility with whi h one governed by a despotism cuu disband an army, tweak up a marine, and. with a wave of its wand, colled all the broken materials together again. H would bo quite pea Hihle lor the army to be reduced from to 400,000 | by these moons. The soldiers, after beiug drilled iu all Hie new means and appliances, ure despatched to their homos. On arriving at their dentinal ion?md not till tlion?they receive the remuneration due. Then they are uinlur surveillance of the tuuyr end hli functionaries. To leavo their town or village, being tiie.r arroudiscment, is that a permit is simply impossible. Tho government which d is bunded thorn can reclaim them by a touch of the telegraphic wire, it is tho same with the marines, every one of whom is registered, paid aud phntographod by tho local authorities. Hn cannot stir from his neighborhood, least of all a French port, without a per mit , ami w itlj a single word from the Tuileries overy man asked will return to his post. Therefore, say all well Informed persons here, whatever pact disarmament may be made to play in M. l-'ould'a financial scheme it Htmpiy means nothing at all. A notice appear?! yesierd ty in the Monitor to the effort lb at the recent desires displayed for a reformation of tho imperial constitution made and bestowed on Franco fior the c.ui/i d'lal may as well belaid aside at once, as the Kmpernr whatever ho may choose to do to wards making good a dedclt, has uo uitoution wiiatnvor of .ill'ecting any alterations in tho commotion When ever such alleiutious may bo i oulouip'aicd Ihe lniliativo belongs to his Miyesi y. M Pcrslgny hs--de jded that at Rottlogue the permits for enibai kaliOO hall bo suppressed, in order to render th" relations equally oosy between Frame aud the dif ferent states whore passports no longer exist. immediately on receipt of the intelligence concerning tho s uzuro ol" the rebel Commissioners, the Kuiperor tele graphed from ('uuipbigno for a Cabinet council lo winch tho m,11 is1.1 y repaired two houi8 uilor receiving the iiu porial summons. Wore it not for tho gre il inlered which attachos to everything American, aud ths cxpcctation of somelhiug "new" on lbs'Al of December, whim the Fould project for squiring accoiiuls with pr.*t proiligncy is to bo hatched, wo should bo very dull. Ibis is the season when thebrau tiumil, amuses llsoll laying In splendid ornaments for the decoration of their saIons, which arc then understood to bo incapable of receiving visiters. Many bavo not yet conio out from tho chateau*, but those who have keen their pmu'ennn, or outer blinds, henuoti ra'ly closed, while th?y themselves may ho occasionally seen in the vari-ms auction rooms whore precious tepostry, Ja|xm china?that Wue ttblanr. in (luuoso porcslain wlucli tho French admire so inordinately, and for which they give such inordinate prices?or pictures lately imported from Italy are to be soon. No one would roudlly boli vo lu French thrift who witnessed I ho profusoness with which they outbid one another in all matters pertaining to this sort of aid, and a sale lias but to gain the scent of collecting (ho moneyed counoisscurship to be sure of fabulous returns. Paris, Nov. 29,18t5l. The Nwsof the Oiptnre of .Vason and Slidell Received in I' n it?The 'IMct Turne d, on the Rebel*?Hostility of the, French Pre** to the North?The French Official Organ* J* fling the Van?The Patrie. Declares Against the North?The Ttilde Alliance of France, Spain auJL Eng I mi?The H nance* of the French Empire, <fc., etc. The telegraph sped us news laet evening tho impor tance ol which casts all other political affairs in tlio shade, i mean, of course, the seizure of tlio rebel Com mi-siotiers, Slidoll and Mason, and their Secretaries, l-lust is and McFarland. A day or two before loyal Americans hero wero annoyed and angcrod at the ro eltal of the capture of tho American ship Harvey Hirch by ttie pirate steamer Nashville, under com mand of a forsworn traitor, 1'egram. In tlio roost das tardly manner they burnt an unladen ship to tho waters' odgo, making her crew and captain prisoners, within one hundred nnles of the English coast. It was annoying to those wlio love tho I'niou to ohsorve how the fact was commented upon hy the English and French press, and to see how oil ? or two vi'e shoots in 1/mdou lent themselves to singing tun piaisesof tho d*sortor and falso traitor Pcgram. Tim American Minister should havo claimed tiim under tho extradition law as adesorter and traitor. All All this jubilee was suddenly changed Into a how l ofungry lament. Tho officers of tho Sau Jacinto (let their names be inscribed in letters of gold u|>on the archives of tho Union) cleverly captured the traitor Commissioners, although un lor tho protection of tho British (lag. They did right, a -cording to all laws and regulations. Tho rebels were in knowledge^ agents of a rebellious government, and as such the officers ot' our glorious Union had u right to cap tore them on all or any commercial vessel. Here, in Paris, as you will see by all tho evening and morning papers, the excitement produced by the affair is almost as great as it Is in England. I will not attempt to dope-ibc the popular sentiment in Paris upon the -object. You will be belter ahlo to Judge from the newspapers. 1 will meroly call your attention to the very hostile tone of nil ibe government organs, and will repeal what I have constantly assured you of?namely, that'this govorumeut is not favorable to the North. The articles in tho s-nii-offlcial journals wore, 1 know, all submitted ere publication. Frotn this you may judge of the animus of the authorities. Tho Patrie made Itself retnarkod a few ovenings since by its labored efforts to underrate I he effects of tho victories of the Union fl et. It Is rumored here that a cortain rebel has spent, no small sum in gaining to the cau-e of the rebels this most important and nearest organ of Napoleon HI. M. do la Guerroni re (as I informed you months ago) is tho prime movor in the affairs of the Patrie, and ho is, as you are aware, the most powerful of tho Emporor's coun cillors?next to M. Fould. 1 leave you to draw your own conclusions, suite of the peace correspondents from here, who sea all rmileiir cfe rose. I greatly fear that the present occasion wilt bo seized upon (the allied fleets of France, England and Spam being so handy) to bring undue pressure to bear upon tho Washington Cabinet. Never in tho history of our government has it so noodod flrmnoss and discretion In its counsels. If wo wero wrong, which I could never admit, let tlio matter be graciously arranged. If right, let us to tho last main tain our dignity, else wc will bring upon us the contompt of Europo. The staioof tho finances of tho empire Is, it soems, much worse than was supposed even by M. Fould. It it rumored at the Bourse that he is inclined to resign his arduous post, the more so aa he meets with great enmity from the other ministers. It is asserted that the Kmperor will not reduce tlia army, and that he will continue increasing the navy. Thus all hopes of reform are futile. Franco will, I am assured on good authority, endeavor to urge England into a war with the North. She could tlieu easily carry out her ideas as regards the Rhine. Onr Berlin Correspondence. Brrij*, Nov. 27,1861. The Elections?The King and Hit Ministers?77>? Coun sellor, Count Bemstorff?The Prussian Qatette on 1K Expatition to the Sou'h?Accounts from Hew Orleans* die., <te. Tbo primary elections have bail Ihe same result In the provinces a* in the capital. A groat majority of tho can. dldatoS returned bolong to tho advanced liberal or demo cralic party; the liberal conservatives, or juste mil ten have beon only partially successful, and the reactionists are nowhere. There Is every reason to expect, therefore, that at least half the mombers of the next Legislature will be democrats. Many of their most popular loaders will probably be elected in several places at once. Thus Waldeck Is proposed in all the four electoral dlstiicts of Rorlln, and In half a dozen others be sides; Si'bultzer, of l)elitz< h, has been nominated by tho electoral colleges of Berlin; Saarbrucken, Magdeburg, Posen, and so with the rest. On the other hand the moderate liberals who formed the immense majority of the lust Chamber, will tind their ranks considerably thinned;some of their most eminent men are trembling for their scats, and the chief of them?Baron Vinckc? lias anticipated the choSre of a defeat by retiring from the Held altogether and notifying his formor const ituents that he Is prtvented by privat ? aTaira from representing ibem in the next session. In Wcst'dialia and on the Rhine the ultramontanists, and in Poson and West Prus sia the Pules will return a certain number of deputies, who are likely to contract an allianse with the reaction, ista; but oven then the latter will be left in too slender a minority to make head acaiiisl tho liberals. Tbo King is said to be quito disconcerted at finding Ibe elections turn out so dlflbront to what ho had expected. He had boon travelling about tho country canvassing tho electors, in propria persona, and admonishing them only to return such candidates as wore willing to support his govornmonl tn tho measures ho doomed nccossary for tho safety aad dignity of Tho mouarchv, or, in other words, t#v >teall tbomoi,?y required for in rus'n; the mil-tor*/ o?tab ishmentbut his succo-s a.t an electioneering a^cal is ooruiply not scch as to enoourage bdm to oontinne a trade so derogatory to ro; -it.y. Nn-days, Kings huglit to ho careful hn.v they do any. thing to destroy tho rapidly ? prtjaugu that once surrounded their station. As for the Ministers, a! though their own party has oome off second bwt, I am told they are loss dissatisfied with tho result of the elec tions than their royal master. They think that this un equivocal manifestation of public feeliug will show liim how dangerous it would be to enter upon a reactionary course, aud will Induce hint to listen Willi more attention than he has hitherto uianifosted to their moderate and conciliatory counsel. The King himself is an honest, well meaning man, but unfortunately bis mind Is perverted by an unprincipled counsellor, a suiali but power ful party behind the throne, conversed of m m like General U&uteulle, U. IUaire, 4c., whose Influence far sur|ia??es thai of h.s constitutional advisois, and who urge him on to stops which the latter emmot but disapprove of, though they are too timid to opjiooe them. It la this party that has sustained a crushing da lout at the elections, and it is not im|>0S8ihle, therefore, that ttns issue may rather tend to improve thru to woalton the position of th" present ministry. There is one member of the Cabinet, however, whose retirement may Ire looked forward to shortly, although it is not in the remotest degrco connected with the elec tions. This is no other than Count Ilernstorff, the new Foreign Minister, who has only been a few wciks iu ofllce, but has already bad time to display his incompetency, aud bus disgusted I he most devoted adherents of Prussia among the German Stales, such as Budou aud Uaxe-Goburg, by first promising to second a motion for tho reform of the federal constitution, and then backing out, alarmed at his own temerity. In all probability he will he sue ooedod by M. da Biswack, always supposing tho King can be brought to accept the programme of the diplomatist, which consists in a close uiliance with France and decided antagonism to Austria. '1 lie Prussian (ifosettecame out on Sunday with an edito rial -'On the prospects of the civil war in North America," written in no loss friendly tone than former articles on American affairs 111 the same journal. It discusses the great naval expedition to the South, "la which the Cem mander-lu Chief of the United States Army appears to not see his hopes of success;'' but which tho semi-official print does not think calculated to produce any decisive result. "We CM hardly believe," gays the Prussian Qaadist " that tho occupation of a few isolated points ou so extensive a coast can have an essential influence upon the progress of the war. It is not tho sea that saves the rtouth as their basis of operations, for they are already shut out from it by tho blockade, and must draw all their warlike resources? tlicir men. their pro visions, even their arms and accoutrements?from tho interior. A diversion at the Sou th would only he effective if the army landed there could penetrate into the li art of tho country and attack the rebellion iu its focus. Bui if the 200,000 men assembled round Washing ton do not venture to march against the enemy on the op posite aide of the Potomac and attempt to drive him from Ills position, what can the sUteeu regiments despatched to the .'oath be expected to perform? For an advance In to the interior the expedition IB too week, not to spunk of the dlfllc iliics of such an o;ieration iu a coun try where the onomy are inns'era of the few railroads, and tho numerous water courses, swamps an ! rico fields whioh can be easily inundate I, offer Insuperable impediments to the march of an army." Since then we h ivo reports of tho complete success of tho expedition and the capture of Po:I Royal, which may pos sibly modify the vievvs of the Prussian military critics on the subject. Tin" Wcgi-r jyi I..18 a letter from New Orleans, date 1 October 23, wlilch contains interesting details of the stale Ot things in that city. The enactment of the revolution ary gov .Tutnont prohibiting the ti ansmisston of cotton to Now Orleans wag in full force. Kroni tlia 18til to. tlio 23d of October not a single b'lle had arrived at the levee, whereas dv.riug the game pe riod last year 37,000 bale# bad boon landed. On the whale 1,800 bales bad arrived this season, against 320,000 in 1RH0. 'The same proportion, or, to speak inoro correctly, disproportion. ovists in aii tho other co ton ports and inland mark"ls. At Memphis about 1,500 bales had been received sincu tho 1st of Soplembor; hist year, 67,t)00 li iles. In the smaller towns and harbors on the seaboard, which would be unable to resist the attack of a hoslila fleet, all tho cotton is being removed into the interior. At Apalachicola several steamers have boen employed for gomo woeke in shipping cotton up the country, and Mobile is boguming to take similar precautions." 7he cotton Crop Is esti mated at 8,800,000 liales; that of sugar is said to lie enormous, from 600.000 to 550.000 casks, hut prices aro nominal, as there are no means of evading the blockade. The correspondent concludes by asserting that the people have greater conildence iu Jeff Davis than evor, nnd that Beauregard and .Johnston, "who are idolized by their sol diers,'' have no leas than a quarter of a million of men under their command. Tho utmost activity reigns in the War Department, and the rilled million received from Kngland are expected to do good service against the l.iu coluitjg. Twenty Ave well organized regiments of in fantry, cavalry ami artillery are stationed at Now Orleans and the vicinity, besides tho niiiit :a, and if the enemy should attack us we shall give art excellent ceount of litem." No doubt you havo more correct in formation about all this than the WeurZeilwngcan give, but it may not be uninteresting for you to soe what intel ligence is received hore from the rebel camp. THE MAS0N-SLIDELL AFFAIR. THE WAR FLURRY IN ENGLAND. The Excitement Throughout the Kingdom?Opi nions of the Press?The Effect Among the Manufacturers?Naval and Military Preparations?Securities Down, Ac., Ac., Ac. OPINION OF THE LONDON POST. [From tho I<ond?a Post (government organ), Nov. 30.) That tee must demand utt apology from the AmtrUun government and the restoration of the passengers seised on board the West Indian mail statuer. is so obvious, 'hat >h Court Circular need only inform us, as it does, (hat a Cali net Council was held yesterday, to maktut ctrtoin of iht de termination thai it must hare arrived at. We have therefore no hesitation in asserting that des patches will he a' once forwarded to fxirrl Lyons, instruct ing him to claim the persons of the gentlemen taken from under the protection of Ihe Knglish flag, together with an lUfapia/e apology for the outrage commuted by the captain if the San Ja into. If these demands are not at once complied with fjsrd Lyons will break off diplomatic relations with the Cabinet at Washington and return to this country. The tinio lias now passrd away for legal argumentation, which has been exhausted by the subtlety of the press, aud which, for practical purposes, has been brought to a close by the unanimous opinion of the law officers of the Cmum. That we hail sult'erod a gross affront, in the manner in which the act of Captain Walks wax perpetrated, was (latent even before the pira tical nature of the art had been legally as tublishod: aud it would, apart from its ilia gality, hare twn incompatible with the maintenance of the friendly relations which before, exists)! with the ffideral go remmrnt of America. We are reluctantly constrained therefore to see, in this matter, au act cu unfriendly in spirit as it is piratical in law. We should but bo too glad to think that there is any prospect of such conduct meet ing with a disavowal at the hands or the Cabinet at Wash ington. But evorv consideration leads us to apprehend tli it the captain of the Natl Jacinto acted under the direct, authority of his government. It seems quite imposoibie to conceive that, in so highly disciplined and directly subordinated a service as iho navy of the United .States, any officer would venture, of his own motion, to take a part luvolying issues of peace anil war. Messrs. Sildell and Mason wore in a sp> cial manner nbjlcts of the vengeance of the federal government. The Nan'Jacinto, although arriving from Afri- j, had been lurking in the waters of the West Indies foe some six weeks, no doubt In pursu ance of order1- from ths government of Washington, and there appear to be no difficulty in assuming thai the Nan Jacinto received those ojdors from Havana, where she had touched,and whence . ,?? promptly steamed oil'to intcrc?r' ua Trout in the Bahama channel. It might have been thought that'the government of Washington had its hands loo full already la bo willing to encounter fresh dangers. A government obviously u? able to CO)* successfully with its present antagonists would bo in an incomparably worse position with a maraHms power ready to blockade iu ports, and thereby to defray on' of its chiff means of attack against the Southern Confederacy. ft is true that governments, either in transports of pas sion, or in a vehement tido of warfare, may grow reck less of fresh antagonism; and the language of Mr. Seward has no doubt been haughty enough for the proudest day* of Ameiican unity. Whatever may nave been the temper in which iiis schema was enun ciated, belore he took office onthc4lhof March last, far the compensation of the Xorth out of our Canadian dominions, an account of its contingent bases in the South, or whatever the pur/eves for which he. more lately appealed to the Oaeernors of the t>or<lerli>g States to fortify their frontiers against overt acts of hostility from Qreat Britain, It scorns impossible to div?st such proceedings of the character of a menace. We should, however, be reluc tant to attract undue significance to the astme design, which it is not unreasonable to ascribe to the Cabinet of Washington, of relinquishinga contest which they may already perceive to be hopeless, under the prospect of engaging in another which, by land at least, might offer tbein for the moment, with their present immense milita ry organisation, fairer prospects of success. It is un necessary to carry this question at present beyond its im mediate considerations. IFe have In call upon the federal government for Pie imm??? tale restitution of Messrs. S'idell and Mason, with ample satisfaction for the gross affront which has been offered to our flog. Whether it is in tha temper or the policy of that government to concede what must ao doubt humble them equally in the eyes of both North and South, and whether the violence of public fool Ing among their own subjects, against the South and against this country, is a thing they are not ua much afraid of as the hostilities that must spring from tboir refusal, are nut ters on which speculation must lie uncertain. We can weli imagine with what triumph this insult to our tt&g will be received by a large party in the Northern Slates, and the arrest of the Confederate Commissioners be welcomed by all the supporters of tho Union. The British government, however, has a plain duty to discharge, and to that duty it has addressed itself with a Jtrm and manly spirit, Xq doubt the. Commissioners <y" the Corf literate States to France and Bnghsnd, who were alto the ex-Ministers tf the late 1'resident, are regarded as a great prise; and it is possible that tho Lincoln government looks ttpoa their offences In a different light from those of the officers in the Ooutederate army whom it has taken prisoners, and to wtiom it has extended the rights of W,< trust above all tiling-', that tho federal government will not have oomtnilied themselves to a cours > so deplorable as One which would place it out of tbeir power <o satis.y our demands for the restoration of those gentlemen sate an I sou.el. lint, apart/row this c n/ingettey, tie demand wi-i h Lord 1. nsv itt r akt to 'h 'I . h-.ngtw. Cabin t no.' be plain anil brief, and they unit fi ??. thi isrus in their Mm h mis. TttE rrrr art^ui. .'rom tit - London !v-<i,Nov. 30.) Tho Kng'ish f-nds have gain iv-ntjr-ttl) die day, in couswpiei\-e o( Uiv n i. j, of Uw law iilsort uf tho crown havit^j been received, to the eiftcl thai too commander of the Sou Jacinto bad not acted according to international law In tbe affair of the Trent it earner, It is therefore oertain that our lllnlatera will at onoe de mand aatlsfaotion for the gross outrage on tbe British ting, with suitable apologies, and tbe nurrender of Mesare Sluloll and Mason. Instructions are expected to be sent out, by the next steamer, to Lord I.yona on the subject; and, in the event of the refusal of the federal govern meut to comply with the Just demands of this country, Ins Lordship may be expected home ere long. The actual foroe under the coinm.wd of tbe British on tbe Norl li American and West India station is of turh oner wluiming 1/length thai it hat imparted consulnabU con faience in the public mind that the government of the North will not risk a war uilhthit country, and that the moderate men in I he federal Status will not allow Mr. Suwurd'a iju irrolhoute propensities to prevail, considering tho po sition tho North is at present in, as well us the important interests at Blade between tbe two countries, but that the ai ls of Captain Wilkes will bo disowned by the Washing ton Cabinet; uutl indeed at a late ho ir in the afternoon it was reported that Mr. Adams had expi eased himself favorable to tbe claims of the lintisb government. Tbe excitement iu tho principal places of business, such us Lloyd's, the Jerusalem, tho Baltic, Ac., has by no means subsided, the general feeling being that the tmtwnol character mint be upheld, uud the country will no doubt support the goverunient iu their apparent firm resolution to do so. Consols, which last evening closed at itIX 8 ex. div., opened this morning at a fresh doc,line, uud the price was quoted illX a K. Tho market sub.-iequantly dropped to BOX, and a kind of semijianicprevailed, there being oveu some difficulty In dealing. Towards tho close of the day, however, there was a slight recovery, and consols closed unsteady at 92X a k money.'JO^u 01X for tho account ex. dir., improving in after hours to BIX r BIX In the fortygn markot the final settlement of account took place, and there wat a serious decline in Turkish, Mexican, 1'vrluyueee, Spanish and V'en:uela, sales being at one time witli difficulty effected; although, it must be observed, many of the dealings wore tn connection with tbo account, and the dealers not being anxious to be sad dled with stock, made prices accordingly to those who had speculative accounts open, and were obliged to close them. Chilean 4X per cents and Ecuador were excep tionally well supported. Towards the close of business, when the settlement had lioeu adjusted,prioos recovered, but on tho wliolo the market mast bo considered in an ee redingly critical state as reyants speculation, there hav ing beuii too much of isle done that way, tho public out of doors having so often suffered in tunes of (Xriittcal ox cltouvnt, from the difficulty of closing tbolr accounts in speculative securities, which are at all limes rather dan gerous. OPINION OP TTIM LONDON T/MRS. Th? . m ,he Tlmos, Nov. 30.1 ?,h. i i ?f . n">l y??ter3ay to deliberate on tbe along iiiv Lord nlirnr?V0"Ch "" 1H'" ",0!,t Profound learn in? for hii' V !" 1 engaged in political {?*? affaira JTSZ' ? pregnant with revolution, and dynMtw chanaT lord Ruiwelj has all his life nuuto constti.itioual htalirv .t"7 1,w and hl* opinion. m,rZ,ta statist ?a .arse KSSS SsMR; SSKSKT " "at<>d the Cabinet ha. continual y avdwf in, tolli?,assh,t'7c ,"r l>'? ^".officers ofUmCrowT anltwttlmcourga It bus resolved upon is in acrordati ? wUl th?rof"ri fi2l ULiI*"** Wo I* win in^roi?e reel that in supLortixur her Mal??tvV fmbZ0 litr dV'"1 awri a iruzu ana juaticd. Wo nifty Bay, thou th d th? ha,com*tptheconclu r, thai the'act of Zti^inrfX, San Jti'-xrUo, in seising passcmgcrs on hoar,1 a British ' rli ? ranying them forcibly away, it a clour violation of yaw of nations, andone for which refanUi^mn^ at on e demanded. In a'! probability the next stAam? will carry out a despatch instructing I/ird Lyons to do &.?sSb53B zuizsr Wo behove that tbo cabinet bus taken a viowofthe L'? saliif factory aliko to the patriotism aiul tho reason of the country. Without quostioniinr th> nghl or. belligerent ve*el to Btop ,lid ?'S ou"mi hantm^n for contraband of war, our minister* ontirolv .TtiV ?i W.hlr,h WM ^rtod in thisci?22 htch ttjou.d permit a foreign naval officer to take wr&rn* ni huoumditct'lumfrtm under the lirllith fV' ?ss-j^hsS was t,rr pr;d?l by the harsh practice, of a ?*22m. conU?M idylls* carrying off of Uswm S the position of Messrs. Mason and Slide* who ?W.HhI ;nn? t civil servant, of tbc hostile vSw?Zd wo?ulfZ' r th?r >m 000 nt;utnil P?rt i0 another in a neutral vosael If tbe government of Waehlogton ho'dn that ti>?^r7i' rate, are boil,gerents, thon it is bmmd by the^fwi ^ buv' Tor liimierSlo mll,t;'ry a,ld ,,aval iwsons travel ? .L,,.,8,- P,,rP?w* as contraband and sh vttvssLr -rS the other hand, it declare! u "> ?? and Slidcll were seised as rMs try virtue qfitomJdZuZ ^?^JtSSfSSS^S mom?until her violation of nrsdral riakts uf^t! ^ Us held to be British grouj, if" tual pioco of Bi itish soli, and tbo rl^bt to protection o nil paraons on board is as valid as if thev Jiro i,. Lo . torrilory. such violation has been nrovTi S lias been sought to be proved nga'nst the Trout consequently the soi.ureof thj fir ^rsins n hi'w^ Wh'hcnitf80 fr"n' hor de, lcs WM entirely Illegal, n ar^nr s i r*,1S a posjlbilUy (he secure "as the a. t or the American conimandor, and was not aimvanlv directed by his government. I.iout Famfai of i,fC '8ai''; we arB ibfonnod, ou board tho Trout that his commander acted on his own responsibility Wofoar however, that the f-d.ral government ha<l^ MiwISTt' detoriumod to solzo the Southern Commissioner Th?^ the James Adger came to SciutliamptTw" U the inten r ttss:g m?S :ri tmn of tins opinion we nwy add that ttiouah Dm federal government has a Consul at lUvana and thoiivh ?7tZhud\n^p' f rn.and S"d0" wre,a,>0?110 'nav. ? g steamer was well known vet no Intimation wa? given to the K.glish cmpeny't?at these passongors would be Ps-ked upoa as oonTabandrf war, or otherwise subject to seizure' The ^bjwr of thJ ^mne nMihei1 ,WU* aPPareut|y not t,o prevent th. sailing of their enemy's envoys, which thoy had ?n on portunity or doing by warning the English steamer at Havana tliat their presence ou board would subject her to seizure and forfeiture by a prize court it waTt , not piston of the onvoys themselves, andforTlmt no? posei they made no remonstrance, m they wero bound to do, against taking tlicm on board but soereilr n'L'Hila "waasfe s asrassflSSr aar^Aas & ssasS er.s on neutral territory. Tlio Orizaba ?? atAmnt.; #v, ^ San Francisco to Panama, had on board 'three gemlom^ who wore ? suspected of socossionist principles " (;en. oral Sumner, commanding tho Cm ted Stites' hns forces in the Pacific, arrested Item ,te the ?teamer reached Panama, and determined to caw them across the Isthmus. The throe gantloimm TX manded the Interference of tho Now <haT,d an rto vomor to protect them in neutral territory and the Governor sent to demand their roieose, Thu . wL da dined by Gcueral sumner peremptorily otilcer, "with a force of forty men mM not Sf'0 ?*~ ofler resistance to 600 United Stotes Iroops, and CS Sumner wa. at liberty to take his pris?,m-s with ,?m? rhe tiovornor protested, but In vain, mid the Minister of New Granada will probably he as unsuccessful m h^ P? monstrances at Washington. Here It will bo s'L too?, was no qiiestiun of an onomy's Envoy, or of persons on. gs'gcvi in the militHry service of tlie enemy. The orison ?orr7TJ?T '""W- "lm W0r" thus carried hy mam force through a noutrsl'g territory in snitn ?r >. . n? , , demand for their liberation. P ft" ofJlc,sU All that now remains torus is to adjure the m?,? merit and people of the Northern States to do us fa this matter. Thoy must by this time know us^? I f unwillingness to draw the sword against them or to UkL any part in their unhappy quarrel In,end and long suffering havo not improbablv ted to the aortaa of ln<ults of which the outrage on the f rent is tho iJlS most offensive. We havo mvuia-uej i? T-nv . , - (ratify in their d sputo; during the year whudTth^L stov\e nnfHendtole<(the Am0rlcatls cannot complain of % ^ "nfrIondl> act on our part; and at this moment w% are permitting our inilustry to suffer in defence to a i fw. . .1? tnof!?ctlvc that " Is dally violated. We appeal *nd ?n"s'1 toned of tho Norfhrwa people. Let them be assured that the pretnrinns vitrirh their* goiw nmrnt has made cannot be allowed by any State, which respr ls thi men dignity, or corn its own safely. Lot tbeir he assured 'hat the forbearance of this country has mi hw as tjinr ignorant politician* tell them, by any ,W \ ot their purr, and that, though we cetn disregard mush m J (ante, u<c will not til down under an injury, *v' THB CITT ARTICLR. r> mm the London Timos (City Article) Nov. M. The anr.ouiicemcnt.lhat iho law officers of the . ' hove given an opinion that the proceed ings of th* ? clro,^, <*' tho American frigate San Jacinto woro tUe??l cal'la'n Consols (o open this (November 25) miming s?r ca"*ed fn 1 of three quarters per cent. Subsequently ? farther noss increased, until transa.uions lock place d . heavl. cont below too last price of yesterday and V. OIle Per below the highest price of taut wth. Before ij,, 100 V*r cent of business, however, there u es a railv ot 'ermtuation per cent Tho first bargain, tor too a,s4?? "bout a half ol D'-cemhor woroatdl i 311 ox dividend. ?n 1 8l** ous fluctuation* between III and hi it afwe 'after vart decliue took placo to ?jo1.'. Kroui tti jv?^ *"d sud?l*ti bound to 31?.,aud after uwular ltoW,, ? a r* entered mtf, at 91>J. Jiauk st.vk at a*??8 Wo^, qu I I 2.12 to 1134: red mod :Uld [?.w *** iZ'xzis&r ,"i" 01 Mu ton'e^par t'lyt oah luSUv^"hsUh . W? er due i?n Surday may Icing o diiacnlnl o?n J10??' San hi-1 M,d ;,a a rr.wsr^v, '' fk'aCt "f rt Iu>d Sl ues'Mtu at.r ij. is-n.'.ui )to Adams, the th - '? u 'd r,l hare ley ., "FT1 ? < > Th. "at-r. l7mi^:dJ* <*<, ?'<uhinghm V-l" I., initio', anil M?> I . ' conduct c.t.4 OU,-:; would,*jf rn' L I , *ntlolpato froru ' course, atrvugly fayor Una yt.w.

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