Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 19, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 19, 1861 Page 4
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by their personal Inspiration* Certainty, It ?u an Ame rican vesscldtf war?tho 8an Jacinto?which pursued the Trent etopiwrt her, and, by force, seized the persons of Messrs. Slldell und Mason, after having claimed thorn as contraband of war The pretext that Messrs. Mason and Sltdoll were seized aa "contraband of war" could only lie admitted if the envoys of Iho South had wished to make use of the Trent to introduce arms or ammunition into America; but they wore, on the contrary, leaving America for Euroi*, and there were no arms on board the steamor. Theomissarics or agents of a government have never heen regarded aa Contraband of war;' consequently, there bus been a manifest violation of the English flag, and it is to be feared that it was ordered by the I'abiuct of Washington initsdosire to seize, at all risks, the despatches of which the envoys of tho South wore iho bearers, under any circwmstances, the British government can wit aitpense urith exacting at a rcparan n the dismissal of the officers or the San Jacinto, the liberation <if the Va^c'tgcrs taketi J' vm the Trent, and an indemnity/or them. W ill the Cabinot of Washington be slilo 10 make ail these concessions in face of the stale of irritation !u which the press of tho North keeps the population against England? It Is, therefore, to be feared that complications of the most serious na ture may arise botwocn England and the United States, and wo perfectly understand the impression the news produced on the I/indon Stock Exchange. Reinforcements for Canada were already in formation, ami they hare been ordered by the English government to tail forthwith.'' |From the Parts ronstitutlonncl, Nov. lift.] Tho arrest of an English mall eioumer by an American vessel of war Is so anrlous a fact, that wo may be justified In believing that the officer who commit ted the act did so upon hie own responsibility, or that, if he was obeying instructions from the Cabinet of Washington, the latter bad uot sufficiently weighed the consequences. 7n either case we hope that the American government will make a reparation and satisfy the claims of England. Wo count upou it doing so |u its own interests, which have always served as a guide to its Mlcy. In fact, it is impossible that the Americans should not understand how Irregular fs the arrest of MM. Rlldell and Mason on board the Tront; how contrary It Is to the law of nations, and bow prejudicial the consequences of this act would be to themselves. It would bo the consecration of the "right of search," against which they have always protested, and which was one of Ihe chief causes of the war they themselves waged with Enfftand iu 1812?a right of search exorcised not only on commercial vessels hut on shlps-of-war, for the mail steamers are royal vessels, having on board a lieutenant of the royal navy, and their officers wear the uniform of tlio British navy. By declaring contraband of war simple passengers, with or without adiplomatic mission, (A* Amerirans stri'eea mor tal blow against the privileges of neutral States, which it is to their interest, more than any one else, to see respected. Neutrality has been up to the present time their inva riable rule of conduct, mid (hat egoistical though wise policy?because w lsdom ban become tho nyonvm for egotism in the affairs of tho world?hat made ot nearly all wars of other nations the occasion of fortviue for them. If the fag does not rover passengers as it covers goo Is, the American murine, which is engaged principally a* transports, loses its revenues with the loss of its inviolability. It is, therefore, a sort of suicide which It commits in laying its hands 011 this privilege which it has violated under circumstances in no way ox. cussble. If th<-y Ua l arrested men going from Europe io America and carry mg succor of any kind to their oppo. nentaof tho South, litis might perhaps be understood, looking Into the circumstances of time and place. But Messrs Mason and Slidolt were leaving America, and it was In a neutral country thst limy took their passage, upou a ne ural vessel. If they could bo arrested there, they could as well be arrested In Liverpool or in Havre. They were going to Europe, it is said, to plead the cause of the South at tho trllmual of diplomacy , but that is nut an act of direct aggression, and the Cabinet at Washington had the least right lo give it this character, when they themselves hud caused Ihe departure, almost at tho sumo moment, on the steamer Arago.of Mr. Thurlow Weed, chargod, it is suid, with a similar mission. In short?and this is not the least decisive considera tion?tho United States preserve enough of prudence at the bottom of their temerity, enough of wisdom, even in thoir passions, not to oast themselves voluntarily into the arms of a w ar with England at a moment when the Civil war now raging is sqcb a heavy charge upon thorn. If they should evince 'ihisfotly it wilt no! he imly followI by Ihe certain loss of the whole half of Ih? Union at ready separated, tmt it will end in the trial destruction of their navy. They certainly will not radios' theme! \ti '0 (his double disaster. On thoir side, the English government has ovim-ed, in the past and in tho present, the utmost circumspection for tho Americans; it has done everything in avoid a war wilh these terrible children {mfansterriblex) who, although political'y separate I from the bosom of their mother, are yet united to her by lu numerable financial and commercial bonds which will probably cluiui for thorn the same condescension as for marly under present circumstances. The more that the right of England is certain, the more will she demand ?with calmness the satisfaction which Is due to her, and which, it seems to tu, will not be withheld. This opinion on our part seems fully Justified by ths language of the .Vun. Its reflections are like anodyne. After having established the fact that a vessol Is regard ed by international law as an extension of country, and that nothing can be dose upon her deck which could not bo dour on national soil, it also recognises that a vessel has a double character, that it is a transporting machine, and that ir In that qualify It forwards the plans of one of the belligerent parties, in contempt of the neutrality maintained try the government ot their eouuiry ,they tnu?! Stand the consequence*. "We possess," It adds, "very little Information to be able to pronounce an opinion oneway or the other. It is for tho officers of the crown to decide; but even in caso that the Americans should have International right on their aid", wo must regard tbom is capable, at least, of an act of lolly and provo cation." At the moment while we ere translating these liner, from the Sun, tlio telegraph has transmitted to us an othor article from the Mrning Pot, having a semi omnia) character un J written wit h tho tame reserve. The /?i?( u'tinits that, although the Trent m a mail stea >.cr. this fad (1 es not exclude her from the category of mer chant vessels, anil that only war vessels ani transports are strietly exempt from search. Its private opinion, tliorc.ore, is that the federal government had a lawful right to slop tho Trent and 11 seize contrabands of war. The J'av includes despatches of the eoetny in this defini tion, but it does not lliiuk that non-military passengers can be therein included. It concludes, like the Sun, in saying that the officers of the crown arc called upon to resolve the question, und if the insult, as It thinks, is not Justified by the code of nations, "it will not only lie folt but avenged as it deserves." This last menace loses a great deal of its importance after the great concessions which pricode It. But' if we count too much on the wisdom or the American govern mcnt,?ud on the inodora'ton of the English peoplo. was, always to he regretted among civilized nations, would have lor Europe and tor America herself, the compensa tion of promptly bringing to a close a condition of things which threatens to be indefinitely perpetuated. Tilt worst of evils are those whose end we cannot foresee. (From the Paris Pays of the 28th November.] Wo yesterday received tho most serious intelligence. A Confederate vessel of war, the Nnshville, entered Southampton,after having sacked and burnt at the very gates of England a merchant brig, carrying tho fodcral flag, and the British government in allowing her to bo armed and ropuired in one of her ports, seemed on the eve of breaking through fur neutrality. * In viow of a fact of such a nature, wo abstained from all comment,and awaited new details before coun selling England Uot to "interfere In family quarrels. To day it istoo late! We Irani I y //??? telegraph that an insult so gravc has be/n committed on the British fiag by an Amm an s'cimer that we -to not /tW any longer disposed to preach t.f tolrrancr I Tho federal war vessel, tho Pan Jacinto, ho* taken Messrs. Ma-ton and Slldcll by forco from on board the English mail steamer Trent. We know, without tbq necessity of going any further, ail the (.rarity of this violation of the lights of nations. England has manifested her sympathies, more.or lass live ly , for the South, but, until the affair of the Nashville, there was no reason to suppose that she would decide, ft \ must bethM the Cabinet at Washington has I ecn struck with I vertigo to ('are a I'moer which has only dbserved neutrality | to the injury of its material interests. Whs the arrest of these Confodsrate Embassadors of j such great importance to the North, th ?t they should risk I everything to obtain it? Did Mr Lincoln boliavo that the Southern envoys con I slitutod w hat international law calls contraband of war, and that therefore he would bo permitted to seize them j even ou board of a foroign vessel' Wo do not know iu what fashion tho federal govern- | mont will explain this unqualified act committed by the San Jacinto, but we believe we are able to assign as the first cau.-c the er/ipgeraled gentleness which England hat al ways manifested towards the l.'nibd Elates of America. On all /vcasions this England, so proud. so haughty be fore the constitutional powers, trembles and becomes email be fore her trnnsallanti/brethren. There is no sort of innlt which the federal government has n/it inflicted on her, and yet these insults hare always ben acccepted by her with perfect resignation. This conduct exalted the prldo of the Cabinet at Washington, which has come to believe that it can dare everything. But tho United States are mistaken. If Englaud has undergone so much humiliation it was because she dreaded a war which would close tho American ports against tho exportation of cotton; it was because the f ared the disturbances and interior revolutions which would be the fatal consequences of a prolongs t stoppage of her mauufactorios; it was because shu feared the ruin of her commerce. But now the question has ch mged its faoe. The North has nothing moie to .jive, but, ?.i the contrary, everything to rocoirc. It is the South thai possesses cotton; it le the South that will have the r gin of dictating conditions to Englaud; and th - Cnitrl States will do well to correct their error if th*;/ ha ? I..-tiered for one moment Hint their mi'ilary force and n vat / ??< r could f, ighten Europe. In outraging the British flag, the federals have perhaps rot reflected on this?that the materiel interests of Eng land impel her to an alliance with the Confederate States. Wa hope, notwithstanding, that this regrctable a Hair will not bring about a contact which we would bo the first to deplore We hope also that the American ministers, M - Seward included, will learn, but uot at th-ir expense, that in politics as in di( lum/vy, decency and respect for the rights of nations are rery useful things. We hare already the opinions ul the English Journals, which in e uot of a nature to calm the fears we have eu tcrtained. Tho Miming Post assorts that no reparation will be complete without the restitution of the passengers vio lently forcsd from tho protection of ihe British dag. Whi'e wisely reserving tho question of right, the Eng lish preti in general expresses a profound rusoulment at the affront which England U.%s just suffered. fKtom the Opinion Nutionale, Nov. 29.] To another column will bo found an account of the ar rest of Messrs Mas u and stidell, Commissioners from the Uuuiedcrate Stales b> Europe, on board ol the British mad steamer. Tho steamer wa.; am from u block adel port ol America, she .sailed Trom Havana to St Thomas. '?Wo perfectly understand the drop sir,nation this event bag caused iu London, fur it th? fV //,., /, r re, , id such an insult the whole Country would he men a/one man to demand drilling sati faction. Hi: I ivc, i , fact, alwuv. proclaimed respect for a no-trai II {, at.d th ? mtluiial dignity would tnvtucibly make ! s oxaei tr >m <>tU r; iu0 same respect w* should par to them. We must, however, admit that the question Is not quite so simple as regards England. (treat Britain has always been opposed to the rights of neutrals; and if In 18ft0 alio made a conoesslon from hor old principles, it wag solely because she found ample compensation in the abolition of iottors of marque. England, its regards neutrals, is fully bound towards us and all the Powers that adhered to the convention of the 1/ilh of April, 1850. But tho Uuited States wore not of the numbor. The Washington Cabinet refused to admit the uow maxims proclaimed by the Paris Congress, be cause tho Western governments would not go the whole length in the path of commercial liberty hy decreeing the complete emancipation el tradlug vessels In time of war. It results from this double situaiien that England and the United States have remained, In their reciprocal relations, under the empire of tho old maritime law." the nrrest of those Southern Commissioners from under the British flag causes great difficulty and division among tho English press. For Instance, the Iteming Herald took ad vantage of the rupturo to urge the Cabinet to avenge the insult which has been committed on tho national flag. The Scotsman lakes a did'orout visw, and its opinion is to assimilate the ambassadors to contra band of war. A journal of more authority, tho Jlorniny Pott, Lord Palmerstou's organ, dares not gl\e Its opinion ou so serious and delicate a matter. It is premature, accord iug to its opinion, to discuss the consequences of this serious occurrence. Ibe United States (according to the same paper) have aright, without doubt, to stop all merchant v easels at sea, urn! to seize all soldiers, arms, despatches, and in general everything that lx contrabaud of war; but tho question is, if Jthey had the right to soarch a merchant vessel fur the purpose of taking passengers from hor decks, and whether the flag covers all ps.-sengors with out distinction? The Morning Pool, it Is true, thiukH that tho American government have overstepped the principles of the right of war in arresting four jtassengert of no official character. >r thinks that the British Cabinet has i lhat paper thinks that the British 'Cabinet has a perfect right to demand satisfaction and the restoration ol the passengers arrested, awaiting only the decision of the law officers of the crown, which will control the government in its future actiou. It is net our place to say that this hesitation on the part of this official organ proceeds from any real doubt on the question of right, or from a decision taken not to break through the peaceful relaiious now existing with the United States, which might result in the seas being covered with American privateers, preying upon English merchant vessels. However this may lie, tbo American Cabinet will not bare any great objection to accode to tbe demands of Uroat Britain. The principal point of tho question apposes to be, according to tho Morning Pott, in what rapacity tho passuugors were received on board the English packet; for, according to lhat Journal, they had no official character. But the latest news from Havana informed us thai the British Consul went in uniform to receive these Southern Commissioners, ami presented them to tho Captain (ieuoral of Cuba as Ministers Extra ordinary of the Confederate Stales to Kugiand and France. The PaOv Ifetvt, which receives its inspirations from L<ud John Russell, keeps rather reserved on thisquestion, taking much the same ground us tho Morning Poll; but it is somewhat stronger in its expressions, and treats tho act of the American lieutenant as a piece of folly, and expects that the Washington Cabinet, uithougb it has ex hibited nothing but imbecility up to tbe present time, will disavow tho conduct of lis subordinate. That paper therefore declares that lite present ministers should not allow thomselvcs to be carried away by im prudent anger, us would bo the case with some of "tlioir predecessors ; but expresses the hope that they will use iu this difficulty all the moderation that can be expected from wise and experienced statesmen. [Front the Courier 4u Havre, of the 28th November.! An event of the greatest gravity has just complicated the already perplexingquarrol existing betwoeu ttie North an t South of the United States. We have already given in yesterday's paper the sub stance of the occurrence. Under the local head will be found Ike circumt'anlial details of llint audacious violation oj' the righU of nations, again J which the English officers yeolested icith < nergy, while the IJueen't government it taking ejfiracitnu meatuses to avenge Ih? antrage<l honor of the Eng lish tlaa What will Lord John Russell and Lord Palmerston do?tli y who are ordinarily bo touchy concerning the rights end prerogative*!, often so contestable, or FJiglund abroad? Will they be content with hacking up the protests of the ofllcors of the Trent by diplomatic tp'tc.t 'o ptfrcrhotes will fairly, aalwti'ch, aflor bjvornT niou'SS p3S9?T In Ilia oxClmBiJor despatches, will end in n disavowal of the acts of the commander or the Sun Jacinto? It will be, If it should so occur, to show herself very accommodating; and if the iulluonco of Man chester and of Birmingham he sufflrjonlly powerful to determine tho English governmeiit to acce|it such a ropa ration, it unist lie a matter of rejoicing for the peace of the world, boeuiuo it will clearly provo that peace at an// price .will hereafter bo an integral port of the |>o!itic?l programme of tho English government. In r?g.?rd to tho American government, which cannot acquit itself of the responsibility of the act committed by tho commander of the San Jacinto, b cause this war ves sal, cruising at but a short distuuee I'rom the coast of the United State*, must have received recent and formal in struction*?we admire its boldness, and If it guereeds it will be a ucw confirm ttlon of the l.utiri maxim?iu '<i c< fortuoa jurat, Regarded from tho point of view of the r.ght of nations, the act of the San Jacinto i< altogether im jiut'jhiltc. It Is m "fact admitted by tho United States themselves that in time of war the neu tral (lag covers tho gO'Kls, even tho goods belong ing to bolhgo'ents, provided they bo not contra band of war. Now tho Trent carried the English flag; it w is notorious that she did not carry pes,da quale fled us contraband ot war; and coming from Havana, a noutrul port, hound to St.Thomas,unolbor .neutral port, sho could not in plain justice have boeu tho object search on tho part of tho American cruisers. On what ground then does tho Commander of tho San Jacinto?who, until this act is disavowed, represents tho fuderul government?sustain his net of hoard itig the Trent, under the firing of cannon, and taking off soma of her passengers by force? On the supposition thai ninong the pasauugnrs there were two Confederate Ambassadors on their way to Europe. Hut as no international law inter diets a mail steam- r from carrying passengers, be they or be they not called ambassadors, the subtle Yankee Commander declares that ho considorcd these ambassa dors contraband of war, and as such ho arrested them. H'Ao' prodigious logic? The uo f seeking for a quarrel icith the lamb whn troubled Ike vater of Ike streamlet twenty feel below hie Majesty leas bid a nonce In Ik' Commander of Ike San Jacinto. But as he also bail at his service the strong est argument, the right romainetwiih him for the time being. We say "for tho time being''because we cannot com prehend how England can |s>cket such an inanlt without speaking out. A fourth rate l'ower might .admit to force, tchile pr i'iting in faivr of rigid. tJngtand cannot do so. She must., under the penalty of being rati from the high position which she oxupia in Ike world, lake ?p the matter with a high hand and do j tut ice to herself. This is for her entirely a personal maWer, on whlah she bus not to consult her allies and her friends; the duty of avenging her outraged honor concerns herself only, mid if thefedc ral govet n men/, by this extra regard act. tk.uld find that it ha* precipitated the recognition of the Confrtlsrate. State* of the South by Knqlonl, it will have no one Imt itself to blame. At regard* t'rawt. personally disinterested in thi* com plication, the will not seek to meiddle in it, but trill patiently aim!' a solutiim which the incident qf the Trent may perhaps haw the effect qf prripitating. EFFECT OF THE ENGLISH NEWSPAPER ARTICLES. tChrrespondon to of tho London Times, Nov. 28 ] Political interest in Paris is almost entirely centered on the afSiir of the Trout steamer. The article of the Jforn ingrnit, received by telegraph, is much com mosited upon. The J por cents have fallen 30c., closing at 691r. EOc. KEELING IN THE PARIS BOURSE. [Frotp the London Times (City Articlol, Nov. 30.] The letters from Paris slate that the Bourse has buen much agitated by the new* from England, and that the general feeling is strung against the coruturt of the. United States government. The market was heavy, and h*nce the effect was severe. The cause of tho provious flatness con slated in statements thatM. Fotild meete with gi oat ob stacles in carrying out his pier of economy by reducing the army by 100.000 mot. tnd putting a stop to the heavy exponso of the marine, but it is hoped that, with ihr s ipport of the Emperor, he * II yet fully succeed. It is . aid that the government have been selling largely Piedmouiese stock,received from the Italian government so-etpenses of the Italiuu war, and also that they have (brown oi mo market a large quantity or goverpm*nt Ohi.gMiO"*, called <? Trenlonarios,'' which bad been taken 11 'be i alnse de Consignations. These sales were uciessary ti procure resources to pay the dividends on tlie Three per Cents, dno next month. Specie Increases in the bank, and discounts out of doors can be obtaioed at 4% per cent. [Paris (November 28) Correspondence of London Post,] The market dnring the early pert of the day was Arm in spite ot stock being again offered, and'pricesiwhich had at flrFt slightly given way again rallied, but latterly, how over,, receded. Three* being at Wfr. flOc. Stock has be come more freely offerod in consequence of the affair be tween liigland and America, and prices have further de- i cltned. THE FEELING IN PRUSSIA. (From the 1/mdon 3tar, Nov. 30.] Letters from Berlin stain thai the situation of affairs in America is beginning to produce its effects in.Prussia. Independently of an advance in tho prico of cotton goods, the large manufactory at Gladbach has Just announced that in a short time a considerable reduction will be made in He time of working. THE EXPEDITION AGATNST MEXICO. England Hopes for a Prompt Settlement of Her Claims?She Can Then Vee Her Gulf Fleet In the North Atlantic. [E'rom the I/indon Post (government organ), Nov. 30 ] i We are glad to be able to inform our readers that the Mexican government is fully alive to the urgency of our claims and the necessity of at odcc accepting them. Wo ' understand that government bee received by the last mall Information of the agreement of M'Xlco to a Con vontion by which our requirements are ouo and all fully cone -ded. Sir Charles Wyko, powerf illy seconded no doubt by the rumors of our intentions which must have crossed tbo Atlantic, has been abb to negotiate and con clude terns by which full satiafai lion is given to as- and tho Mexican government, alarmed, in ail probability, for tiie consequence* of Its own conduct, has complied with tho d mantis wh'ch we had hitherto addrersed in vain to lis s-mse of justice, and which wo hod sent out a naval expedition to enforce. This capitulation on the part of the government of Mexico is, wo uudcretand, unequivocal and complete. Wo are to bave compensation for outrages, the ropay meut of money stolen, and the fulfllmeiit of the engage ments which tho Mexican government has by treaty stipulated towarriglthe bondholders. The certainty that the wronqs and Insults which we bave so long eudured at tho htrude of the Mexican people would at last pr voke vigorous moasures of retaliation has dawned upon .barer. and his colleagues just in time to induce an attempt to arrest the blow wh ch was about to lull upon them. Tho change which hi* now taken place in Mexican counsels is, perhaps, tho more satisfac tory tli it it lias been brought about ouiy by the appro be si' n. and nut by the fact, of military interference But the uttampt to stavu oil our active irilarf-rouco an ! to s -put at n us f:otu our allies is ia ran. IfV shall not a'cej't the. prnff ered icUi-faction, and our fed, wilh thus- <f prime* and Strain, mill proceed to seise upon Ike port* and nutrm duties of Mmieo. We shall nut trust the faith of Mexican*, dot even when they bring peace offering*. Theinterven'ioninthe affair* of th' republic will thricfore ? iff ? ' ? puriue it* courte, ami wo shall make assurance doubly aure. We cannot afford to play font aud looue in a mut ter In which wo have taken go certain a determination, and In which we are acting with other rowers In the namo of common civilization a* against outrageous per Illy. Wo must adjust these matters once for all. We have a great commercial staler in Mexioo; we import much of the. produce of her mines-, and the reciprocally im/)Ort* a considerable portion of her men nuni failure'. In times of pone there is no doubt that the total of this trade would prov very large; and tin re are \ery few countries of the American coutlncet whose commerce is exercised on the sjiot by representatives of so many Euro peau nations. These considerations render It of Importance to the threo Cowers who signed (tiu recent Convention to determine for the future the social aud po litical security of their respective subjects. The re-oatub'lshmeul of the Mexican govornmont on a Arm mid solid foundation must, of course, lie as much a work of time at the settling dowu of the inhabitants into the ordinary ways of social lifo. A country which has for many years boon tho theatre of tho most lawless civil wars that have desolated the American continent can hardly be expoctod to extinguish brigandage In a mo ment; and even in Southern Italy we lind tho conse quences of past misgoverninent surviving in frequent manifestations of the same evil. It would bo premature to despair of Mexico. The country is incalculably rich, not simply in minerals, hut also In the vegetable produc tions of the soil; and, when civil war Is virtually brought to an end, the lawless bands who have been pro Ill ing by the destruction of authority soon find it to b? their interest, In such a country, to return to the task of developing its natural resources. It will be to the ad vantage of Mexico, oven moro thau to that of ting land, France aud Fpain, to secure personal safoty aud the rights of property to Englishmen, Frenchmen and Spaniards. They are much better calculated to conduct the comnerce of the country than the natural born inhabitants of the country themselves. In several instances among the old countries of Europe we have lately aseu the commerce uf a country but Just emerging from civil war developed by the euterprise of foreigners. It has beeu thus In a re markuble degree with both Spain and Turkey during our own generation. Twenty years ago the future of tho former country was probably despaired ol', and the trans formation ol Spain into a wealthy empire siue.e that period is very largely due to the activity of British set tlers engaged, some in the construction of railways, some in tho working of mines aud sora < on the seaboard, in the management of maritime trulllc. So, again, In Turkey. The extensive commerce which we see main tained at Constantinople, Smyrna, Trcbizond and else where, is probably due in a similar degree to the se curity which the nations of Western Kurope obtained by treaty for the persons and property of their tnorchants. Wo trust that tlio present example and lirm resolve of the British government will exercise a wholesome effect upon those governments of South America of whose short comings wc have had occasion to complain. Several of them, indeed, such as Peru and Brazil, posses* already first-rate credit; and the utmost that we cnu hope of Mexico is a gradual approximation to their high standard. Hut others, again, have treated us no better than Mexico lias done. They wilt see, as clearly as the Mexicans iiave Seen, that there is a torm to bo put, oven in our equa nimity and long suffering, to continual bad faith and to perpetual breaches ol treaty rights. Hy Mexico wo have long been treated with the wo) st ingratitude. We suc cored her in her strugglo for independence; we lent her money to the extent of some tun millions sterling to establish her government, and she repaid us by a long suspension of tho claims of British bond holders to dividends, by the deliberate robbery of their money that lay under the seal of our legation, and by the ill-usage of British residents in her territory. For all these wrongs substantial and ample indemnities will now be given ; und wc hope the time has arrived at wffiich we may look upon Mexico from a different point of view. We may safely expect lhat, upon the arrival of tho fleets and the seizure of the ports, we shall obtain material guaran tees for all which is now sojreudily offered, but which we decline to accept upon tho more faith of a Mexican govern ment, bound only by its signature of a treaty. The prompt adjustment of our claims against this rrjiulli-- will be at thit juncture the more opportune in that it unit allow us to ditiert our Mexican squadron towards whatever dulse* the hostile conduct of the government a' Washington may require v* to perform in the waters qf the Northern Atlantic.' THE NEWS BY THE JURA. For the New* by the Jura See Tenth Page. NEWS FROM JAMAICA. Arrival or the Steamer Cleator?The Slidcll and Mason Affair. The steamer Oloator, from Kingston, Jamaica. West Id dies, arrived hero last night. We have copies of the ja. ma,ca Guardian and Watchman, of tho latest dates but tl'OT contain no news ol importance jir-vs a&?.asB: srsas xssz&russ rw& t tt rnmeut will adopt in the matter. Tliat it will demand grsw jra s sussst w?53 J*?Wl .K??tL'JtoSna'I 1 timers to br ar?id?l. If we are to judge of ihe nreVj a orn nr1" -1 M? Ara"ricJUl Ini,,a from the tone or tho North! fhmihl thi Brm^ m"Hl be 1'"lco'1 "I'o" a, inotitublo, ofthe ambMsadors 01 ""h" ?>e surrender' the artiide'adds ^TcIXhVT "" Y?KR Whether the British governmonf will b? intimidate.l hv the boastful and deDant strains of ilio American nr.-ss is yet to be seen. John Bull, it Ls wdlS K 1ml ?s s"eu ' ls "ot,lc dragooned. let Brother Jonathan have a care, or ho may soon find to his cost thit bo h?hi taken too uiurb upon big hand*. At any rate the dark . loud, of (rouble which have Visited this Wmtern heniisphero s iom .ta if they are about to assume a moro gloomy aspect ami to spread themselves over a wider r giou 01 sky. Cur canno* h*lpf&linq apprshmriv*. far the of tl"i ^iSSraW-1 A utd the- present quiet Sfirl l V ntdf,y brot.'H by the thunders nf inar . uroly it is titu* for both the imperial and the local gov ernmeut to take cllwtual stops for r-roviding some means of d-Jcrr. f the. foreign invasion of our shores. Funeral of Captain Francis J. McHnali Company D, Thirty-seventh ltegiment| The remains of the above mentioned oflloer, who ex pired at Alexandria, Va., on Thursday, December 12 arrived In this city yesterday, in charge of bis near' friend,Capt. James R. O'Bcirnc, and will be Interred tn Culvary Cemetery to-day with suitable military honors. f,iner?1 will take place at one o'clock P. M. from the residence of deceasod's parents, No. 6ti Mott street. At u meeting of the officers of tho Thirty-seventh regi moiit, hold at Camp Michigan, Va., on the 12th Inst. Co). B. A. Hayman presiding, the following preamble ' and resolutions were unanimously adoptodr? mt)l? and (iod'in Hie A"-Wi*? Providence, has seen fit to take from among ua our late brother in arms Cantain mentN y'v m th""V,?n!5lD7D;'n?lr'>^??with'regi wuil; Xi' n hfl pr,moof h'? "fe ?nd manhood- aid Whereas, The rangy in which we are emraTeil one of Its most earnest and enthusiastic supporters and wi , to whom he had ondearud himself by bis many Ke. ninl, nunly and soldierly qualities have been deprived of a. staunch friend and zealous co laborer thereforA Resolved, That wo sincerely doploro the' loss of our late comrade, xvo and tho country which he MrvedUvlna lost n most able and efficient officer. g Resolved, That we sincerely sympathize with the family* nntn0^? i" 1'U,clr ll0Jr of bereavement and we XKt'affiktiou1 PrUV"1CDC# Wi" su8taiu th?? ?? 'jsmes'^R^Ci'Bshms sented to th^faujily of dweased'1'88 l'e3oluUoils bo Pr? i?rra JAMES HENRY, I.lent, 37th reg,mont?N Y V | Wil. 0. MEAGHER, Surgeon37lh regiment, N. T. V. I Committee. Substitute for Saltpetre. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. The decision of tho English governmeni to rentrsin tbo exportation of saltpetre, tho control of which is almost confined to her hands, inasmuch as the supply come. t0 "great extent, from her East Indian possessions, admon 10 ? ??'? oT^asSi'ffi.sryisj ??;??:;% v? should be quickly compelled to flnd soma other sourceVr supply, or, in failure therein, to find some oth .- f whereby we could as U.orol,ghly arHnr^hVs toV H?ed or offensive purposes as are hZ ,,f ,ho "mo t favored nations" of the earlh. ' An explosive msterial.of a full or greater vl-tim gunpowder can be made with lo-s C ,' ", r ferial which can be found so main" within o r I ?>??? ???'??,.. hm.i wtiiiar To make an opening of the idea our h,v.?i i Adds, with their refuse, furrd",' Z m, ." sired, and tho requisites to couveri tl w n -.?i ?i into explosive mixtures can be oitsily demmistrr -d " O. K. United States District Court Before Hon. Judge Hall. Jhtc. IS?The United States ?i. Gold /. -n.i. hIm Th J''ry ,'"w of ,'hP ,on" br,,uSh' i' Judge Hall Tho government clsimed that a wr>rkincni...i'. union of watchmakers at Havre exported thes. wetol",?.. and invoiced them at n less rate than their market ratal' Ths'mrv1 ?f ?""d" "lvolvnd wa" ab">d II ,000 T 19 jury were OHt from twoo'rlork |n the afternoon tilt ^BrficuUontAS: Court Calendar?This Dov StrtufMU ixicnr Cihci lr.?Part 1?Ad ours..J e?. .v term. Fart 2?Nob. 1280,0^4, 1562 15M Mas i sen 1574, 1578, 1582, 1680, 1688 Moo' '-ol' i*??' !',70> 1694; 1900, 1C0J, 1604'. ' ^ 13,?- livi>

L'.vnvD Srsrus District Court ihira Cuse. in .. s, siSS SS;?27"' SctESIoR COCRT.? rart 1?Nos 2015 2171 ir?,/ i?:MSr' ***' AP&V,; THE WALTON-MATHEWS TRACEDY. Trial of OHarlea Jcferdi for the Btarder of John W? Nvthewi. COURT or OKNKRAL 6KU8ION8. Before Recorder Hoffman. The (rial of James Klllcry, charged with the murder of his wife, wan resumed this morning, and the testimony adduced by the defence proving beyond question that tho dcccasod ouuld not have come to her doath by a kick in tho stomach (which was the cbargo tu the indictment), the District Attorney abandoned tho prosecution, and the jury rendered a verdict of not guilty without leaving thoir seats. Charles Jeffords was then placed at the bar, charged with the murder of John W. Mathews, who was shot in Irving place on the ulght of the 8OU1 of June, 1800. It will bo remembered that the accused was indicted, tried and acquitted on an indictment charging him with shoot ing John Walton on tho night when it is alleged hs shot Mr. Mathews, who pursued the umrdoror of Wulton, There was but little difficulty in obtaining a jury. The fullowiug gentlemen were sworn to try tho indictment:? Edward W. Ketchurn, Monro D. Halght, Nathan W. XVorley, John Dean, William H. Ttce, I'hlllp Pchioss, Richard W Boudrickson, James Dominick, Otta H. Cnpp, Charles D. Chickhaws, Abraham Ii. W. Burton, Dauiel B. Holmes. The District Attorney mads a few remarks in opening the case, observing that he would present additional evi donee to what was given on tho trial of tho accused which had boon rocently obtained, and which, in his Judgment, would establish tho guilt of the prisoner. Messrs. James '1'. Brady and Robert H. Holmes are the prisoner's counsel. Richard H. Hsscell was the first witness callod by tho District Attorney. He toatlllcd as follows:?I roside at No. 4 Fast Thirtieth street; on the 30th of June, 1300,1 resided at 306 West Twonty-fifth street, with John Wal ton ; between eight and nine o'clock 1 was at 240 East Eighteenth street, and left about twenty five minutes past eleven; I went to accompany Mr. Walton homo: he was In the habit of going homo on Thursdays and Satur days; when near the corner of Third avenue I saw a man leaning against a tree, and when we got about five or sit feet past the tree, I beard the report of a pistol and saw Mr. Walton fall; the report of the pistol brought out a young man from tho drug storo; I told him what had happened, and ran down tho Third avenue in the direction tho man took, hollering "murder, watch;'' I thought at the time the man who shot Mr. Walton was Charles Jeffords; he ran down tho Third avenue to Seventeenth street, crossing diagonally, through Seventeenth street to Irving place; when I got about ouo hundred feel from Irving place I heard the report or auother pistol; I, with a party wont down and ?aw Mr. Mathews about seventy-five feet from the cor ner; 1, with a party of gentlemen, conveyed Mr. Mathews to a drug store, corner of Seventeenth street und Third avenue; when Mathews was shot a groat many ooatinned titers, but, it i mtatitin not, two or throe followed the murderer; I saw Jeffords quite often previous to this occurrenco,and knew him by sight wri Cross-examined by Mr. Brady?I am twenty years of age; I lived with Mr. Walton, who was forty four years old, as a companion, at his request; we lived at the store 03 and 06"West Twenty-fifth street; I was employed at the store; I first saw Jeffords a yoar previous, and was on good tonus with him so far as 1 knew; the man who shot WaltOll had light clothes on and a light bat of some de scription; it was moonlight; I could only see one-half of his body bahiud the tree, and afterwards I was so ex cited that I did not know what I was doing; I did not say that I thought it was Jeffords when I was examiued on the trial of Jeffords for killing Mr. Walton, because 1 wag not asked the question; 1 am a cousin of Mr. Walton, but nm not ronuectod with the family In any other way: after this affair occurred 1 did not write a letter to him imd did not onuqe one to be written; I wrote a letter to Jeffords before the killing of Walton, but 1 am not positive whether I put iny name to it or not; I guess it was not on any business; I don't remember what was in the letter; I might have callod him a low, mean vagabond, and that bo ought to be ashamed of living upon his stepfather; that is not my Idea of friendship. Famuei I,ee, Jr., testified?I reside at 162Third avenue; on tho 30th of Juue I was in the third story front part of the house; a loud report of a pistol attracted my atten tion; looked out of the window and saw something lying on the northeast corner of Eighteenth street; I went out, founds man wounded, picked him up and brought him into the drug store; this was between eleven and twelve o'clock at night. Tho testimony of John S. Ames, taken at the Coroner's Inquest, was then read by the District Attorney, which was unimportant. Henry Hesse! testified?I am from Fairfax county, Va.; ou the 30th of June I resided at 182 Third avenue, be tween Seventeenth and Eighteenth streets; I was standing at the lower corner of Eighteenth street about half-past eleven o'clock, and had been there ten minutes; I saw a man standing behind a tree; saw two ninu coming up from the Second avenue; when they passed the tree tho man who was standing behind it fired a pistol; he ran from Seventeenth street to Third avenue; the man who was standing behind tho tree looked like Jeffords; I ran after htm up Seventeenth street to Irving place, followed by others: lie turned Irving place about three houses and shot auother nun, who won only a step or two from him; I was about fifloeu steps from tneiu in Seventeenth street, past tho corner; I was present at the Coroner's inquest and saw the prisoner; 1 recognized hire as tho man who fired the pistol. ( rotiR examined?1 was a Dotcner at that time; it was not as late as twelve o'clock; the nan who tired liad sum mer clothes, which were light; don't know whether it was a Panama or a straw hat; when 1 said I recognized Jef fordaasthe nan, I mean that he looked like him. (The avldonce given by the witness at the Coroner's inquest was rend to him.] The testimony of Frederick Curtis (a witness examined on the former trial), was. read by the District Attorney, and was corroborative of the evidence of the other wit nesses. Wni. A. Bailey testified?I resided at the time of the occurrence on the northeast coi ner of Seventeenth street and lrviuif place; 1 was at home on the night of the 00th of dune; at twenty minutes post eleven I heard a cry of " Murder."" Stop him;" a few seconds after I heard tbe report of a pistol; I went out and saw men currying the body to the drug store. Joseph it. Foster examined?I am a dentist; resido at 24 Fast Seventeenth street; remember the night of the aothof June; 1 turnod ilowu Sixteenth street about twenty minutes past elevn; when I arrived on the corner of Irving place I heard the report of a pistol, and a man looking out of a window and crying "Murder;" when I saw persons running I knew a person passed me at the northwest corner of Sixteenth street, and it was my im proasion he went up the street. Henry J. Morgan said?I live at 38 Irving place; re member the 30tli of June; was sitting in my room, and hoard the cry of "Murder'' and "Police;'' wont to the window, and saw a number of persons running,and beard the report of a pi-dol; I heard some one say "1 am shot," I saw a man running; ft was between eleven and half past eleven; I called "Watch," and saw that he turned Sixteenth street. Thomas N. I,ewis said?1 reside at 47 Irving place, west side, next to the corner of Seventeenth street; beard a shot; saw people run up Seventeenth street from Third avenue about half-past eleven; I heard them say "Stop that man;" I looked out of the window; saw two uaen very near the corner cross over from Seventeenth street and landed in front of my door, ono six feet behind the other; when they got forty feet the forward man turnod round and shot hun; the man who was shot said "I am shot," put his hand to li s chest, staggered and fell; the man who shot ran towards Sixteenth street; his clothes were not whito: the man who was running appeared to bo the same height as the prisoner. Cross-examined?My attention was particularly attract ed to the man who was running away; be were what would bo called medium colored clothing. Johu J. Bradley tostitled:?I reside at 81 Union place; on the 30th of June I was at 31 Irving place; a pistol was bred, b it no attention was paid to it for some seconds; when the alarm was given 1 ran to tho southwest corner of Slx.eenth street, and was told a m. n was shot. Mary Ann Davis said?I live at 179 Fourteenth street: am a cook ; on tho 30th ot June I lived at 34 Sixteenth street; between 11 und 12 I heard a cry " slop thief." and got up; before I reached the window heard the re port of a pistol; saw a man advancing on tho nor to of Sixteenth street, heard cry of " police," und saw him i jump over the court yard fence and go under the front door steps; other men passed, but lie did not come out' Immediately; he looked very like Jofferds; I had a full viow of his face when he came out of the gate; he walked iin to Fourth avenue rather briskly; there was pepper and salt c&al sno'wn me at the Coroner's Inquest, but 1 thought the linen coat also shown looked more like it; I was in lha shade end ho was in a bright light. Daniel Francis said?1 reside at S9 East Twenty-sixth street; am a conductor on tho Fourth avenue car; when I got up as far as Fifteenth slrovt?11 o'clock and 33 min utes?heard the report of a pistol and m#u,halloing. I,was sitting on the platform talking; whon we got to Seven teenth street a man Jumped in the car and remained till wo got to Nineteenth street; I wont in to get his faro, lml ho had gone out of the front door; have been a conductor fourteen years; I looked at him particularly; he resem bles Jeffords almost as much as two men can look alike; t met another down car about Nineteonth street; there were only three or four persons in my ear. Cross-examined?The name of the driver of my car Is Hurley: 1 saw him at the coroner's inquest, but cannot remember whether ho was in court at July; tho man who got into my car wore'a light mixed woollen coat, and a straw or Panama hat; the down car was due at the Astor House two minutes before twelve. Edmund Weeks, a collector on the South ferry, said the boats leave the New York side every quarter of an hour alter eleven; there is one is one at twelvopand another at a quarter past twelve. The Court adjourned till to-morrow (Thursday) morn lug, at ten o'clock. Supreme Court?Circuit. Before Hon. Judge (jrover Mary June Bovue us. Kobtri Duncan 'I at.?This was an action brought by the plaint ill against tho defendants to recover damages for malicious prosecution and false imprisonment. It appears that the plaintiff, accompa nied by her sistori, Mrs Doane and Mrs. Haynes, on the 17th of May, 1855, woro taken by an officer from their house, in H<ster street, to Wil liamsburg before a Justice of the Peace, on j the charge of attempting to abduct tho child of Mrs. j Doane, as she was coming out of a public school house in 1 Williamsburg, and were then conveyed to the county ' jail, and kept there until they had an opportunity of Vending to their friends In New York to procure bad Mrs. IXiane wax living with her sisters in Heater street, I ap irt from her husband, and tho little girl whom these ' women were charged with attempting to abduct had ! been placed by the husband, Mr. Doan \ In (lie house of I Jin brother in-law, Mr. Duncan. Counsel r >r plaintiff, M. L. Townsond; defendant,Gale, Colt & Harris. Reception of Colonel Mulligan at the Oltjr Hall. WTSLCOMINQ HPKHCH OP MAYOH WOOD AND KKHP0N8I OP THK COLONKL?KNTIIl'Bl AHM OP TBI PROt'LB AND LAKOti CROWD OP V13ITISR8. A publlo recaption, ton Cured by our municipal authorities to Colonel J amen A. Mulligan, the hero of Lexington, took place yesterday in the Governor's Boom of the City Hall. The announcement having appeared In the papers that the reception would take place at noon, the approaches to the Governor's Room were thronged by an enormoua crowd, burning to clasp the hand and gaze upon the manly form of one who lutd bo gallantly fought tu defence of (lie Union, and so ably upheld tiio character lor bravery which Irishmen have ao eminently gained on almost every battle flold of Kurope. It Is needles* here to go into detail of the conduct which'bos gained Colonel Mulligan so eminent a notoriety at Uio present time, as the picturo of sudoring Lexington, witb Its gallant Uofoud ers, is still bofore our oyes. Shortly after twelve o'clock Colonel Mulligan art ivod at the City Hall from the Fifth Avonue Hotel in a curt-lag -, accompanied by two members of the Common Council. A goodly assemblage of persons had collected outside of the Hall, and when the Colonel alighted from the carriage be was received with a torrent of enthusiastic cheers, which he acknowledged by a modeat bow. In upiiearanoo Colonel Mulligan Is the true typo of what the mind can Imagine of a bravo man. He is over six feot in bolgbt,wlth the eagle eye and firm mien of one who is ready and willing to porform the most hazardous duty where a principle is in question. Accompanying him during tho reception was Mrs. Mulli gan, not an inch behind her gallant huabaud la persooal attractions. Oil arriving, tbs guest of the city was conducted to the Mayor's office, and after the usual compliments of intro duciton had boon gono through with, a spirited conversa tion was untorod into. Mayor Wood then conductod tho Colonel to the Governor's Room, where wore assembled s numerous crowd of city officials and others. Owing to the absence of the Chairman of the Committee of Ar rangements (Alderman Cornell) some considerable delay was caused, during which the Mayor and Colonel w or-- en gaged lit examining the splendid paintings which arc hung around the w? is of tho Governor's Room. On the ar rival of the missing Alderman, Mayor Wood stepped into the middle of the room, and addressing Colonel Mulligan, said:?Acting as the representative of tho Corporation of tho becomes my pleasant duly to extend to you, sir, th" hospitalities of our city. At the same time I alao desire to present to you commonda tory resolutions passed by tho Heard of Aldermen, tu relation to your gallant conduct at Lexington. It lias been my province, over since the commencement of the present ruinous war, to receive in this room many mure to whom the country was indebted for bravery and services, but none to whom the meed of praise can be more fittingly extended than yourself. The part in which you have just taken a promlnonce has reflected tho high est honors on yourself personally. 1 am snro that no man could nave done more than you did on tnal occasion. Therefore, sir, we are gratified to rcceivo you in Now York, aud again most cordially tender you the hospitali ties of the city. Colonel Mulligan responded In a brief and modest speech. He said:?Mr. Mayor, coming as 1 do, sir, to the city of New York simply as a lecturer, I did not expect to receive t he present enthusiastic reception. 1 have offered my life, if it were necessary, to the services of my coun try. I wish to offer the first fruits of iny labor to the land of my ancestors. Coming as such, I could sca-.caly expect that New York would have re, eived me with that great kindness and consideration which has beeu to day exhibited. I can hardly expect to be a-public debtor, but tho honor which yon have done me to-day is of so great and lasting u character that it will lie borne in my mind through life, and transmitted to my pos terity after death. I believe that the duty which is before us in tho present contest is brief and plain. In this country all nationalities have boon fos tered and had the high course of advancement opened to it by the constitution and laws, then why not all nation aliliefe rally to its support? All altars have been pro tected by it, therefore all altars, like Moses, Aaron and U'LIUU UJ Ik, lU'JtWtwia ???? ? w?to. ?.av aiw.J, nwivu aua Thor of old, should rally in its behalf, wIdle the Joshuas tiro fighting. I believe that we should all stand by that great power of the constitution. Doing this, I believe that the time will come when, this contest being over, we shall meet under other circumstances. I trust ere that lime arrive* to be able to pay up tho city of Now York that debt of honor which she lius to-day laid upon mo. After again expressing his thanks in appropriate forms, and passing compliment* on tho city of Now York gene rally, Colonel Mulligans-oncladod his responso. The doors of the chamber were then thrown open in ordor to give tho outsiders a chance of shaking hands with the Colonc', when a terrible rush was made. The Twenty-sixth pro cinct police were on hand, however, aud kept order in on admirabio manner. Colonel Mulligan stood by the side of Washington's sta tue, where ho received the cougralillations of all who desired to call upon hint. Judge Dean, of thiB city, was among tho first who took the hand of the gallant soldier, accompanying the cordial pressure with sentiments of the highest esteem for tho bravery exhibited. He was followed by a numerous ar ray of distinguished gentlemen of all professions, who expressed th" most lively appreciation for the conduct of Colonel Mulligan at Lexington. Tile number Of persons who entered the Governor's room wag certainly over 3,000, the Celtic element, in particular, being strongly i epresented. The knowledge that there stood before him a proud and valorous testimonial to his country's wortli lent a higher enthusiasm to each Irishman who entered the chamber; and as he clasped the hand of this proud representative of national honor tho glittering eye and military visage betokened the appreciation which swollod up from his beating he-irt. The reception closed about two o'clock, when Colonel Mulligan,aceompaniod by two of the Common Council, proceeded to the Tilth Avenue Hotel, where (hey will hold a reception to day. The Canal Street Tragedy. ANOTHER ARREST. Captain Howling, or tho Sixth precinct police, is still actively engaged in Investigating tbo Canal streot tragedy. In addition to tho two arrests made on Tuesday evening, he yesterday surreedod in arresting a German, named George Humol. Tho prisoner lives at No. 325 Fifth atreet, and it was there that the deceased was in the habit of meeting Miss Bvidesbacb. On one occasion when deceased called at tho above number Humol and Weiler were both present, and withdrew from the apartment so that Miss Bridesbach and deceased might be left alone. There is no evidence what ever against any of the prisoners, and the probability is that thoy will all be discharged unless something turns up to warrant their detention. Nothing has ye* grown out of the letter signed "Geo. A. Bennett" which was found in the office of Messrs. Levy & Pone, on thu day of the tragedy. The rriends of deceased thought that this letter might alford the police some clue to tbo mystery attending tho fate of the unfortunate man; but so far the discovery has been devoid Of any important result. The L-vy caso has puzzled the detectives a good deal, and they are by no means unanimous as to the niannor in which young l-cvy came to his death. Those best acquainted with the facts ore of tho opinion that tho ease is one of suicide, ond in this thoy are borne out by the evidence of the physician who made the post mortem examination of the body of the de erased. The rnmily of Mr. Levy seem to have hut one belief on the subject, namely, that It is a case of murder, and thoy are urging the police to pursue tho Investigation with that theory accordingly. City Intelligence. Fatal .Accident on Board Ship.?As the ship Talisman, leaded for San Fsanclsco, was hauling into the stream from pier No. 9, East river, this forenoon, the hawser attached to the towboat carried away ono or the chocks on the bow of the ship, and sundering suddenly, struck the foreman of the gang of stevedores, a Gorman by tha name of Frank Pauvage, knocking him overboard, appa rently lifeless, as he was not seen to move after striking the water. Kvery effort wish marie to save him by tho boat attending on the ship, but he sank before it could reach him. His body was urt recovered. He leaves a wife and two children to mourn his untimely loss. Two other men and 'ho Qrst oillcer of the ship were moro cr less injured at the same time. Fatal Fall fro* a Spasfoi.d.?Michael Lyon. a native of England, aged twenty-six years, died at No. 114 ave nue I), on Tuesday, from the offects of injuries accidental ly receivod by falling from a scaffold at Hunter's, L I. Deceased was engaged in the Novelty Iron Works, and was a good, industrious workman. Fire at Plattslrarg. Y. Burlington, vt., Deo. 17,1851. A Are occurred In f'mttsbnrg.N. Y., yesterday morn ing, and before it couid be checked burned from George N. Debbs' tinware and stove store to the corner of Bridge and Rivor streets, and down River street to the dwelling or P. A. Keyos. Thirteen or fourteen buildings wore con sumed. The loss is estimated at from (20,000 to (do.'Xid; mostly insured. The Accessory Transit Company. HUPKKUE COURT?-HP"t'!AL TERM. Before lien. Judge Ingratunt. Due. Iff?David C. Murray, receiver, vt. Gorntliiu Fun dtrbilt.?This suit is brought to recover claims amountlug to over $2,000,000. The plaintiff was appointed receiver of tbo Accessory Company, and now sn.-s for pro perty alleged to have boon converted by tho defendant to bis own use?tho property consisting of steamships,coals, kc. The defendant was president <-f the Company, and as such received a subsidy of $-ki,0o0 i?r month since March, 1866, from tho Pacific Mail .Steamship Company, which it is alleged he appropriati d to himself Tha de fendant claims to havo aquired the property by mort gages and liens. The case will occupy some time. Tho testimony is principally documentary The Liquor Dealers' Cases. SUPREME COURT?CH AMBERS. Beioio Hon. Judge Leonard. Pxc. 18.?Thefloardqf Evtir Co>omisrvnert r?. R.H. Pur dy and ."jTy./lre others.?This wns a motion mnde by the counsel for the Liquor Dealers'Society to ditntltt ttv-so salts on the ground that they liad bo n comurnc '1 by Messrs. Nleklca !i Gushing in the name of the lSosra without authority. Judge Leonard this morning riecirtod Mes- s Sickles ic Gushing had not compiled with tho section of tho law which JusiilKd prlvato persons tu bringing suits ?g;tlLii t violators of the excise law. Before such suit* could bo commenced, the proper notice must bo given to the 1! ard if Fxcisc, ?? ? ! reasonable projf shown of ihet :? iitlon. Tho | artics br nging thenc suits had not compiled with the provisions <u tin act,and tho motion to Jistn , must be'granted with f I<J costs. Tfce First Arrival from Arcomae Cooatf. Virginia. Tbe schooner General John Cropper, Captain Conkling, from Accnutac county, Virginia, arrived hers yesterday morning, having 1,000 bushels oats, 000 do. corn,a quan tity or eggs, feathers, Ac , consigned to A.C. Havens. Newt from California. Sa* Framcbkd, Doc. 17,1881. Sacramento in now mostly out of water. lulluenllal psrtiea of that city have advocated that the mouoy al ready appropriated to pay the interest on tho city debt be need lor meeting the expense of bui'diug an embank nient to prevent another inundation. The proposition wan delVatod through the action of a public misting, wlien leading citizens subscribed $40,000. The January interest on the Sacramento bonds will be paid. The peo ple of Pan Francisco will scud $50,000 towards relieving * the racrainuuto sufferers. The markets are earned oa account of a possible war with Kugland. Tlicro have been largo aalea of rice, can dies, whhkey and coffee, to arrive. Butler dull at 23o. a 30c. Brills advanced; sulrs at lvjc. Sailed, Ship Uuilest, lor Hong Kong. Board of Education. THK MNKTKKNTU WAItO Kt'nOOI. Al'l'ltOPRI ATIOW? WHY THE ADVKKTlBKHUKTS OK THH BOARD ARB KOT OIVKM TO THR UKItALD, V.TC. A regular me ding of the Uoaid of Kduoation was hold last evening?William E. Curtis, Presidi nt, in the chair. The application of tho school officers of the Ninetcoutli ward, asking for an appropriation of $7,500 for ths put c!iaa? of three lots on the south side of Forty-second street, on which to erect a achoolhouse for the use of Primary School No. 38, was again brought up. Ths sub ject of this appropriation has been before the Board silica March In t, when the sunt of $0,000 was asked for to pur chase theso lots. This sum was thought to be much too high, and the matter was referred to the Finance Com mittee, who, on the 18th of June, reported adversely to the report of the Committee on Sites and School Houses. On the 17th of July Mr. Waterbury offered n resolution that $7 ,500 tie appropriated for that purposu. This reso lution was lest by but one vote. Mr. McCarthy, School Commissioner, from the Nina trouth ward, offered a resolution lost evening that lha sum of $7,800 he appropriated for Dial purpose. Mr Tt'cbSR aooke against making tbo npprop-iatlon, on tho ground ihut it would no', b* required to be paid until the 1st of March next. Ho thought tho mutter shou'd he left over to be acted (n by the next Board, and ut this time tbore i< no fund from which to make the ap propriation. Several of the m*mho s s|ioke In favor of the reso'utirn, alleging that the schoulhoure at present in use is in a very i dilapidated condition, and, a cordiug to tha statement of ' them, it Is not Qt to hurhor pigs in. Mr. Davbykort, ?f the Twenty-first ward, spoke against granting tbo appropriation on account of the want of ' funds. The ayea and noes being taken on tho sub>et, thirteen voted in the affirmative and four in the negative. Tho resolution was adopted. Mr. Mit/oak, of the Eleventh ward, oTuroJ a resolution that the sum of $14,500 be appropriated for the purpoea of building a primary sell ol in that wit'd. Mr. Watkuim'ry congratulated tho ni -ntbers on tba rnpidity with which they had acquired money. Only a tow minutes before this resolution was ottered he had been told there was not any monoy in the treasury from which to make an appropriation. Mr. Tcckrr, of tho Eighth ward, thought they could not make the appropriation asked for, and should vota against it. The Chairman declared the whole matter out of order. Tho resolution was laid over for further consideration. The report of tho Committco on Supplies was presented, approved of and ordered to be pi int< d. Mr. Wakrbn. of tho Fifteenth ward, said ho wished to say a few words ahout the remarks which had appeal od iu the Hkrai.o respecting Ih advertisement which bad been inserted by tbo Committor on Supplies. He stated that the course pursued by tha Hrau.D was perfectly un|u.-U(lable, and tho remarks in that paper were with out foundation, as notices had been sent to all the lurge booksellers some days before tho Hkralo woke up and noticed the matter. Tho advor isetn' nt asking for proposals to furnish supplies for tho coining year had beon inserted in the Times, Tribune and Even ing Pod. Mr. Galvar, of the Seventh ward, said if Mr. Warren had any complaints 'to make against the Hxraia) he had better embody it in the form of a resolution and present it to the Board. Mr. Watkbiiprv, of tho (Twentieth ward, congratulated tbo Beard on inserting the advertisements only in re publican pajiers. Mr. Davirkort, of the Twonty first ward, said be had no doubt the reason why the advertisements of the Board are not given to the Hsrai d is because (thoy al ways require tbo cash to be peld down, while the other journals give credit. That, bo bolieved would,explain the whole matter. The Committie on Toachors offered a resolution that tbe rcllowlig buipr bo appropriated for th ? payment of the teachers' salaries:? For ralaries in colored schools $15,000 For salaries in ward grammar schools Nod. 26, 47, 31 and 6S 14,000 For salaries or teachers r I special subjects 26,000 Tho resolution was pasaeu by a voto of al t> 3. The ward schools Nos. 25 and 27 will hernaiir-r bo siileiod as primary schools. The remaining sections of lite report, relative to tbo regulation of the salaries or teachers in grammar and pri mary schools, were, after a long debate, finally a opted. Tbe Board then adjourned until Monday, the 30th inst. Personal Intelligence* lion. S. P. Chase. Secretary of the Treasury, arrive I In litis city at a late hour oti Monday night, and is stopping at the Fifth Avenue Motel. Dr. E. Dyer, and J. Borland, of Boston; John Potior and family, of Philadelphia, ami I,. C. Mumford, of Ohio, are stopping at tho Brevoort House. Col. W. A. Nichols, and Capt. S. V. Benet, of the United Stales Army, are stopping at the New York Hotel. C'ol. Tilden, and Dr. Km ok Hamilton, of tho United States Army; C. Hunter, K. Marstcrs,and A. S. Upton, ot New York; C. H. King, of New Haven; T. H. and T. W. Ilnutlngton, of Hartford; W. G. Pierce, of Providence, and James Wilkinson, of Albany, are stopping at the Gramercy Park Hotel. Col. Waiko, Gilbert Gordon, and Robert Patton,oftbe Untied States Army; Col. Powell and wife, of Boston; Dr. W. H Lettermnn, or Baltimore; C. L. Lockwoog, of Phila delphia; C. W. Carpenter and wife, of Massachusetts, and O. M. Pattison, of St. Louis, are stopping at tho Lafnrge House. Capt. Martin,H. B. M. ship Landrail; Mr. and Mrs. Gra ham, of Ireland; Mr. und Mrs. P. W. Turney, of New York; Miss Gray,of Boston; Charles J. Anthony,of Wor cester; Miss Margaret Jones, of Now York; Thus. F. Ed dy, of Kail River; Wm. B. Reed, Esq.,of Philadelphia; Mr. and Mrs. Smith,of New York; W. T. Fish, of Frede rick. Md.; John P. Bell, Esq., of Philadelphia; T. M. Quicksail,of Philadelphia; J. H. Monnot, Esq.,of West chester; W. Connard, Esq., of Halifax, and C. V. Miles, Esq., of Boston, arc stopping at the Clarendon Hotel. 1'hOB. J. Boynton, of Key West, Col. 8lb'eyf United States Army; W. it. C'lurh, United States Navy; P. D. Phillips and J. S. E. Whistle. United Stales Army; C. A. Henry. of Nebraska; Capt. Earned, Capt. Howard and .Lieut. John J. Rodgars, United States Army; Chun. Good ing and lady, of Delaworo; Hon. J. Woodrn(I', of Con necticut, and Capt. J. S. Lewis, of Geaova, are stopping at tho Metropolitan Hotel. Edward Riddio and It. Bell, Boston; IT. W. Gardner and James A. L'o Wolf, Providence; Colonel J. E. Clcmm, Bal timore; II. B. Hughes, Washington; Hon. H. A. Risl'y, Dunkirk; N. Hay v. ard, Connecticut; Hoti.Jumcs M.Cook, Ballston Spa; R. B. Kinsloy, N' wpot; Coloaol S. B. Jewell, it.heater; J. Strykor. Route; L. Van 0 rkon A. E. Stimpson and Hon. Clark.B. Cochrane, Albany; James B. Field, Taunton; Georgo B Upt-n, Jr., Boston; Clarence Fat" and Miss Locke, Kentucky, t re sv pphtg at the Astor House. Hon. A. P. Grant, Oswego; Hon. John Wcliworth, Chicago; N. Kendell, Syracuse; S. W. Barnard, T. W. Olcott and S. II. Hammond, Albany; J. A. Hovey and W. B. Craft, Boston: Dr. J. C. Ayer, Lowell; Colonel J. H. Lvllio, Nineteenth legimcnt, N. Y. S. V.; William Mason and X. L. Crocker, Taunton; S. L. Dcryea, N w York; L. C. Bodge, San Francisco, and Judge lJurrell, Connecticut, are stopping at the St. Nicholas Hotel. Boston Weekly Bank Statement. Boston, Deo. 17, 1361. The following is tho weekly bank statement:? Capital stock $33,231,700 Loans and discounts 65,#38,000 Specie P,037,0<J0 line from other luiuks 7,812,800 Duo to othor bunks 8 Old 000 Deposits... 27,82:1,7011 Circulation 6 234,000 Arrivals anil Departures. A It RIVALS. AarrrnrALL?Steamship Champion?Colonel Sewnll, United State. Army, and family; Major Love 1. United S'ates Army, and family: Flint, Cnl'od 8:ale? Army, and family; Lieutenant Bailor. United Stales Army, an I limily; Lieu tenant Andrews, United Stat a Anry, and fam ty; Di Ed gar si d faintly: Captain Sudab. I"n ted states An iy, end fa tnlly; Captain l>r er, United States Ar my, and lady; C ,p tain Bales, United States Army, and family; Uepw_naM<r Cleery *n.S Bryan, United States Army; Lieutenants W.irth, Sanders and Lynn, United Sta'es Arm*; f)r George Mauls, United States Na?-r. l ieutenant (1 II Preble, United Statea Navy; OZ A Zhgier, Dr H Clark, Mrs Ab-tcromb e, Captain - ?, G Hamburger. R T Falls, T E Abellos and wife. A T a. G Eswarn. N Cerpuncha, F A Sancha, Dr Du Priee, ien. G Ketn.d'er. H Colfield, D R Connelly, O W Nelson, Grenada, E Yerden. ............. ? ? r v Hayne. T H Hyatt, Miss Ily.'tt, E R (Jreely, L O Ifmtg and. Tn.i- Tohin, T A Sayer, A 1 rosier, A MrQunry E W Benner, WG Marington nn l wl'e, C H Cornell. A O Bei.son.SD bury?94 In the steerage. I ivKHi'Oon?Steamer Europe, from U slon.?Mr 8i"tvon and wife Mr Sherwood and woe, Mrs Caver, t ..nd dv ghU r, Mr Halland wife, Mr IJms, wife, child, intent and nures; M ?? SO Jahnaon. Captain C Seymour, Mr Roe, wti'e, two ' children and nur-e; Mlse Rose, L'entSweeney, Col M Ou*l and blether, Mr KeUy. wife and *< n; Mr McCiithy, wife and Infant-Cant Htuckiey, Miss tvcholta* and sls'er, Mrs Bor rows Capt Pcrey. Mes rs Ml;ono, Vulla 'a. J Olllllar, D vereaur. Win t:e-ter, WII'kIiis, Hlydenbergh, Jartl-, Ha Igar ton IpvI< a. EJuith. Bubbell, E M Bye, R ent, Garcia, l.u <, Mover. Sh-of. Vorliker, Wa s n. S.netk?16. From ? tea?Mrs tshaw and ?v? children, Mr Ryan, wife and cli Id; Capt Fitsroy. Messrs R Robtdns, MeL-cd, T Kennedy, Vail, Delsney, Mndee, Cummger, A MeDnu 1 II. A Peters. Vyse, Hentiy, llt.nttr, Kidtiph, A 14am, W.lii. iu Cuuard?22. Total W LiekRrooi.?St-oms'r,ip Glasgow?Mr Eva US and lady, Mr Green, ladv and tv.-o it-: !rct . Ml Newell and > in, Nss Foe n-ll ?l'?ie*. Josephine .Mall, Roger* end J. Rivets, MTs Rob ens. Cap! Furb r, Ca t Da\l*. tu * T Gle?a"n, Messrs Sthloe t. n, Maxey, Ri>: Uurdett, Durana?and 72 in lite ste-ruge all well

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