Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 24, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 24, 1861 Page 3
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would tiara had respective brain revere, but perhapa wa ahould not have recovered ao readily. la It not, therefore, evident that all the eelf cooecloue aeea, growth of tdiosyncracy. dog mat leu ?ea, go?ippy lr reeolutlea of elatement, meddlesome dealing with every - thing and everybody, have converted Horace Greeley'? parer Into a blundering and unreliable affiiltf Your editor, all .he civilised world uver.haa become a thinking machine for society. Readers take their "what'e-o'ctock' oTpub lic fact and popular logic from him And Horace Gree ley's peculiar public (diminiebed one fifth by the Seward letter, another fifth by the Bull run meddliug,a third fifth by hie recent covert aneera at that moat loyal man, Abraham Lincoln, whom, by the way, be oppoaed for Unit d States Senator, advocating Douglas,) has come to discover that the Horace Greeley clock needs oiling and winding up too often and goes loo faat for reliability at a foreign and domestic crisis I ke the present. Ann so it waa, my dear Hoite, because you crossed Horace Greeley's meddlesome path, and became tbe vic tim of his gossip procession and wounded his self-oon, that you were gazetted as "Poor Joe," and added to the list in Horace Greeley's day-book of the debtors to be dunned whenever tbe wound gapes or rankles. The veracious historian must some day indict this Gree ley an self consciousness for many offences. For its blas phemies agaiusl genius, for Its larcenies of reputations, grand and petit; for Its counterfeits of patriotism; for its foi perirs on pub Ic virtue; for Its homicides on Manassas plums. Tor its treason in tba early articles Justifying tbe right of sec?Ion; for its arson in Inciting negioes to burn masto s' houses; for its mvrsi briberies with edito rial lulluenceor silence; for lis editorial tampering with beuch jury; for ma ictous misebkof gunerally, and as uppn xmulling to the common scold at common law But you, my dear H"*ler in a serene old age, will be come less a " Poor Joe" than shall your falaie friend of twenty years'standing. For you, as well as others thus lati?.w-alv m.iligned by this diseased self consciousness, will becum ? onu of the class who possess the b nor veral tad by B.lwer Lytton in his " New Ttmon:"? " Honor to him, who self-complete and brave In scorn, can curve his pathway to the grave; Ann heeding nought ok what men think or say, Make his owu heart his world upon the way." Host iaithfully, my dear Hoxie,your obliged friend, A. OAKKY HALL. Naw York, Dec. 13.1861. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. MP0RTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. Passage of a Bill Levying Additional Duties on Tea, Coffee and Sugar. !be Latest Reports Relative to the Mason. Slidell Affair. leport of Mr. Seward Respecting Pass ports to California, fcc?t sc., ki. Washington Dec. 23, 1901. THB MASON-SLIDKLL AKFA1R. The English complication bus as yet assumed no de fied shape. U is still a subject of simple diplomatic egotiatton. Notwithstanding the unwonted excitemcDl f the British masses, the menacing tone of the Uiitisb ress, and the warlike preparations of the British govern, tent, tho British Cabinet is too far removed from the tlucnce of passion and popular clamor to rush headlong to a war which, under the most favorable circum Unci s to England, must be to her serious and disas roue. Tho negotiations preliminary to a suit lenient or , open rupture have only just been begun. The result a matter of conjecture. There will bo no Indecent iste on either side In settling the difficulty. It certain that, white our own government 111 submit to no compromise of our national onor, it will not lose eight of tho grand enterprise in hich it Is now seriously engaged, and will not unneces irily endanger the success of the federal srms in crush, ig out the rebellion at home, by Quixotically engaging 1 a foreign war at the same time. No details of action lathe premises have, however, ben determined, because the circumstances by which le conduct of the administration will be controlled eve not yet been fully developed. It has not been do Idod that Mason iand Siidel shall be given up, nor lual ley shall be replaced on the deck of an English vessel ad thu alfair begun rfe novo by carrying the vesse| 'ith her passengers Into e neutral port for li adjudication of the matter by some admiralty burl. Nor has it been determined to refer the iiestion at variance to arbitration. The prospect Is bout equal that resort will be had to ono or the other or 1 none of these modes of settlement, for the case Is not et made up. The causo is not ready for trial. It will iqulre some time to mature ull the pleadings. The diftl ilty Is, at best, trivial in comparison with the consc iences of a war between Ihe two countries, and, indeed, tere is very little danger of an appeal to the last resort ' monarch* unless the British Cabinet, a majority of hich is known to bo decidedly opposed to war, should e driven reluctantly to force such a result ujion us. Tho administration will not be taken by surprise. It is repared to meet the emergency firmly, and with a view telusively to promote the public interost, and Insure the restoration and maintainance of the in igrity of the Union. The officers of the administration ? confident that there is not in the Trent airair fficieut lor either side to go to war about, and if Great ritian should appear determined to push that matter one to such a result, it will be solely because she de res to take advantage of our present situation. There is nothing to be lost in taking such measures as ill compel her to find sumo other pretext, and show her ind more plainly, while in the meantime wo shall have l opportunity to prosecute tho war at homa to its con usion, and then teach the proud " mistress of the seas" lesson that will suffice for ceuturios to come. It is bolieved here that the sudden return ' General Scott is for tho purpose or laying I person before the government information of pressing nportance, which may intluenco the action of the ad iuistration in tho treatment of the Trent imbroglio, ed perhaps present it in an entirely new phase. Tho instructions to Lord Lyons, brought by Captain Lymour, were unquestionably issued with proclpitation, hd it may be important to both parties to know what - ktitude France will occupy in the premises. General jbott undoubtedly brings this Information. GENERAL Ji'CLELLAN'S HEALTH. General McCiellan has boen indisposed sinco yesterday, nd required to avoid oxposure, but will resume his uc ve out of door duties to-morrow, NO NEWS FROM THE ARMIES. There has boon no array intelligence to day frdhr any aartcr. All is reported quiet throughout the Dopart icut of the Totomac. No news has yet been received from Kentucky, or Of ny engagement there. A fierce norther i3 blowing a gale here to-night. It will ry severely the powers of endurance of the cotton coated ebols. 1ENKKAL MYALL'S OFFICIAL REFORT OF THE BATTLE OF DKANE8 V1LLE. General McCall'8 official leport of the battle of Dranes 'illo was submitted to General McClellati to day, it re ilea the leading facts, with fewer details, than (he his 'ory of that brilliant victory already published in the Iebald. ?ASSPORTS BETWEEN NEW YOKE AND CALIFORNIA. In reply lo a resolution ot the Senate, in reference to he regulation of the Stato Department requiring pass >ortftof passengers between New York and California, .he Secretary of Stato has laid before tbal body the fol. nving communication:? ro THE SaVATK UK Til* UNITED STATES'? Tho Secretary of State has the honor to acknowledge tho receipt ot the resolution of the Seuato ot yesterday, request ing him to inform the (Senate by virtue of wbal law, or lor what reason, passports are required of par-s-ngcrs going direct from New York city to California. In reply the Neerectary of Slate has the honor to remark, that tho twenty third section of tbc act of Congress ot the 18th of August, 18L8. ordains ''That the Secretary of State shall be authorized to grant and issue passports, and ca se passports to be granted, issued and verified in foreign countries, by such diplomatic or consular oilicers .of the Uuiled Sialcs, and under such rules as tbs Presi dent shall designate and prescribe, Tor and on behalf of the United Stales. " From the beginning of the existing in surrection there has been reason to believe that citizens of the insurgent Slates, and agents of Uie insurgents, havo taken passage in the steamers from New York to Aspinwall for disloyal purposes, and especially for the purpose of embark! g fur Europe aud elsewhere. Latterly it was doomed imiieratlve lor the public safety to check this practice. With this view, a few weeks since, the secre tary ofStsle di-ccied Unit all persons embarking in guCh steamers should obtain passports. These instruments aro by law required to be gratuitously furnished in this country, and in order thai travellers might experience as Utile inconvenience and delay as practicable in obtaining them, the cecretary of State aotliorized the Despatch Agent of the department at New York to furutsh them to loyal applicants in the same manner as if they should apply lo tho department iiself. Complaints of the incon. vanlence of the requirement, however, to travellers to California having reached ihu department, the regula tion was for a time suspended: but information having wen received tbst the suspension bad led to abuses which H TO tho Original object of the refutation to oorrect. It kH recently bean restored. Tho Secretary or State la well aware of tlte Importance of free communication between the Atlantic Statre and the poeaeaakooa of the United Statee on the Pacific, and would at all tlmee be releotant In any way to trammel the communication. It ia believed, however, that no loyal citiaen will, under the circum stances, object to the temporary requirement of a paaa port. When the ordar referred In waa restored. Instruc tions were at the same tuns glean to exempt from the re quirement that clans of passengers among whom danger ous oonspirators against the government and the Union would not probably bs found. WM. H. SEWARD. OPERATION! ON TBI LOWER POTOMAC. TboHmuui's Potomac river correspondent makes the following report:? Uvinro Status Stamx* Yankee, ottMatta woman Cxexe, 1 Potomac Rivir, Dec. 21,1801. J This morning, a little before daylight, the pickets at Stomp Neck saws boat with a man In It approaching from the Virginia shore. They concealed themselves ikl| the maa landed, when they arrested him. He brought with him a number of letters, which were taken charge of and conveyed, with the prisoner, to General Hooker's headquarters. Another man waa waiting with a horse, upon which to convoy the mall bag. He was also arrest ed, and the horse seised. Early this morning, as tha Resolute waa on her way down from Washington, soma pickets of rebel cavalry were seen at Holland Point, between tha Whtta House and Crane/ island. Acting Master Tole, in command, tired a few shells among thorn, scattering the rcbela in all directions. A number of them ran out of a bouse, near which their hornet were picketed. and rodo off as fast as they could. A boat's crow was then sent on shore, In charge of Acting Master's Mate. J. L. Plunkett. On their way they saw some women and children busily leaving the honse. On entering, the building was found to bo deserted, but there were traces of rocent occupa tion by oavalry. Dicunt 23,1801. Yosterday afternoon the now battery on the Virginia shore, opposite Maryland Point, about threo miles below Aquta Creek, opened Are on a schooner runutng up. After firing several rounds a boat put off to the schooner, the crew of which tore up her decks and set her on fire, completely destroying her. A schooner ran alongside the Yankee iato last night,and reported that one of our steamers, a small black one, with sidcwheels, going to the assistance of the schooner, wss blown up by the firs of the rebels. The story is too Improbable for belief. Whilo the rebel battery at Shipping Point was firing at the two schooners on Saturday,the federal bat tery at Iiudd's Kerry replied. Several shots were seen to burst in the embrasures of tho rebel fortifications. As the wind blew across from Virginia, the voicos of tho rebels were heard, calling out, as each shot told on their batteries, " Bully for you, boys I" COLONEL KKKK1UAN RELEASED ON PAROLE. The court martial in Colonel Kerrigan's cuso came to another halt to-day. No testimony was taken, and fur ther proceedings wore postponed one week. Colonel Ker rigan was released on parole, and went to New York this evening. TDK NAVY. The President has approved and signed the bill to fur ther promote the efilcioncy of the navy. It provides that whenever the name of any naval officer now, or who may hereafter be, in tho service of the United States, shall have been borne on tbo Navy Register forty-live yoars, be shall be retired from active service, and bis name en tered on the retired list of officers of tha grade to which he belonged at the time of such retirement. The Presi dent is authorized to assign any such officer to shore duty, who shall receive the shore pay of his grade, and to datail from the retired list of the navy, for the commands of squadrons and single ships, such offi cers as he may believe the good of the service requires to be thus placed in command; and auch officers may, if, upou the recommendation of the President, they shall receive a vote of thanks of Congress for their services and gallantry in action against an enemy, bo restored to tho active list and not otherwise. The President has also authority to select any officer from the rauk of captain or commander in tho navy and assign him to the command of a squadron, with the rank and title of a flag officer; any officer thus assigned to have the same authority and receive the same obedience from the commanders of ships in the squadron holding commissions of an older date than his that he would be entitled to receive were Ins commission tbo oldest; and to receive, when so em ployed, the pay to which ha would have been entitled If he continued on the active list. All officers retired under this act are to receive pay of their grade as now fixed by law. Captain Morris has officially reported that the steamer Pensucola is ready for service. Her steam Blearing appa ratus is successful. MEDALS OF HONOR FOR THE NAVY. The Secretary of the Navy ia authorized to causo two hundred medals of honor to bo presented, with suitable emblematic devices, which shall be bestowed upon ssch petty officers, seamen, landsmen and marines as shall mostdlsliuguish themselves by their gallantry in action and other scam&nllke qualiti s during the present war, and that the sum of one tboasaud dollars is appropriated for thepuriiosc of carrying this soclton into eflect. THE SAVIN08 OK THE BOLDIERS. According to the general army order just issued, the Subsistence Department will purchase at cost prices all sound articles of subsistence saved by the troops or em ployes by an economical use or management of the ration. All other sales or provisions issued by tho go vernment to any persons whomsoever are strictly for bidden. This regulation is intended to embrace savings from bakeries and in hospitals, as well as all other sav ings from tho army ration. THE PHILADELPHIA CLOTfUNO CONTRACTORS. The delegation of 1'liiladclphia clotliioi s visited General Meigis to-day to inquire as to the prospects of receiving pay for clothing furnished tho army. They were inform ed that $1,000,000 were scot thither to day and another would bo transmitted in the course of the week. tVIIY THE HOSTILE ARMIES DO NOT ADVANCE. The prisoners at Richmond are frequently asked, "Why don't the Yankees come down this way and light usv" And when asked, iu response, "Why don't you go up and fight tho Yankees?" the reply is, "For tho some reason that you don't advaueo; you uro afraid of our batteries, and we are afraid of yours." THE COOLIE TRADE. Official documents show that the eoo'.lo trade still con tinues, in tbo faco of aii remonstrance aud propriety; and among other things stated to the government, our Consul at Batavia writes that Spanish vessels load at a cele brated private haunt, and It is more than suspected they trade with pirates for their victims. Tho British gov ernment admits that coolies are kidnapped und are sub ject to great oppression and msery; but'proposes a general scheme of amelioration, in order that the African slave trade may be suppressed by the substitution of coolies, arguing that a supply of such Asiatics would fully meet the demand for laborers in countries where negroes aro now profitably employed. In this connection it tuay be stated that representative Eliot has been the means of eliciting important facts on tho subject of the coolie trade; the official documeuta having been transmit ted to the House in compliance with his resolution, and the bill heretofore reported by him suppressed, so far as American vessels aro concerned, will be pressed on its passage by Congress. IMPORTANT ARMY ORDER. The following order haa just been issued:? OXNEIUL ORIiKKS? .vo. 18. WAK FlVAK-.WRMT, ADJUTANr GENERAL'S OFFICE, \ Washington, Dec. 19, 1881. J Officers of volunteers sent out to recruit for their regi ment will bo entitled to free pusses or the rosds leading to und from the points to which they are order oil. Should any iiorlton of the route lie upon roads for which no such passes are issued, they will ho paid for such distance their actual travelling exis-nses,subsistence not Included, out of the fund for recruiting and equipping volunteers, but in no case can they rec ive me al.owimci. of ten cents per mile for transportation or baggage. There are in stances in which a free pass has been obtained and tb's latlor amount likewise drawn for the same distance, and in all such the officers are notified that they must immedi ately refund the amount, upon penalty of being stricken from the rolls. 2 In accordance with section twelve of the act of Congiess, of July. 22, 1861, entitled au act to authorize the employment of volunteers, the following method of enabliug such of the volunteer forces of the United States aa may dealra It to assign portions of their pay for the benefit of their latnilics te hereby adopted. First, The assignment of nay will bo made on a separate roll similar to the annexed form, to be executed under the supervision of the captain or im mediate commander of the recruit at.the time of the en llstmont df the soldier in camp. Second, When comple ted the allotment roll is to he transmitted to the Pay master General, by whom the deductions will be made on each subsequent pay roll, and the aggregate amount of eaet, company's a-signmenl will be transferred by him to the distributor named in the roll, together with a copy of said roll. By order L- THOMAS, Adjutant General. PROPOSED BRANCH MINT AT DENVER CITY. The memorial of tho Legislative Assembly of the Ter ritory of Colorado, asking the establishnfunl of a braucb of the United Staleg Mint at Denver, sets forth that the amount of gold coined from that Territory in 1859 was stx hundred and .twenty-two tboueand dollar*, and in 1800 two million* ud ninety one thousand dollars; that the amount la Increasing and new discovertea being made. Tbe branch mint la naked to avoid rink, delay and incon venience in ahipptng gold for coinage. PROCEEDINGS OF C0NGBJB88. THIRTY-8KVEHTH CONGRESS. E1R8T BK8810M. Soma to. Warsinoton, Dee. 83,1301. nomorim am via annv Boarrraia. Mr. Gbmw, (rep.) of Iowa, gave notice that he should Introduce a bill to have one of tbe hoepltal* in Waahing. ton placed under the care of a homeopathic pbyaieian. raw MONITOR FROM EFKTCCXT. Mr. Lara, (rep.) of Ind., presented the credential* of Bon. Garrett Pavta, Senator elect from Kentucky, la place of Mr. Breckinridge, expelled. Mr. Davia appeared and took the oath of offlca. ran freedom or ran rnaaa. Mr. Summer, (rep.) of Mas*., preaented a memorial from cltizena of Boetou etatlug that the freedom of the pre** had been abridged, and aaking relief. ran vhtim gunboat arrRornianon bill. Mr. ynmon, (rep.) of Me., from the Committee on Finance, reported a bill malting appropriation* for gua boata on the Weatern river*. The bill appropriate* fifteen hundred thouaand dollar*. It waa paaaed. EXAMINATION or RATE fBROKER*. Mr. Kmo, (rap.) of N. T., offered a resolution that the President be requested to institute proceedings in tha courts of law against persons who may have been arrest ? ed by executive authority, and who now remain in cus tody, ao that a judicial examination may be had In eaoh case, to ascertain who shall be allowed to take tho oath of allegiance aud wno shall be detained. Laid over. MSA CO AST MILITARY TELEGRAFHS. Mr. Simmons, (rep.) of R. I., offered a resolution that a select com mittce of throe bo appointed to considerthe ex. | pedlency or connecting some of the military and naval | I stations on tlic coast by submarine telegraph. Adopted. THE ARMY SUTLERS' BUSINESS. A communii atiau wus received from the Quartermaster I General in reply to the resolution as to what articles should be sold by sutlers. It was referred to the Mili tary Committee. THE ARMY AND FUGITIVE SLAVES. Mr. Wilson, (rep.) of Mass., Introduced the following blU:? I Whereas, nifieere In the military service of tbe United ! State* have, without the authority of law and axalnal the plainest dictate# of justice and humanity, caused persons claimed as fugitives from service or labor to be scUed, held ami delivered up; sn I , . Whereas, nuh conduct has brought discredit upon our cause and reproach upou our government; therefore, Be It enacted. That any ofiicer In the military or naval ser vice ot the Untied States who shall cause anv person claimed to be held to service or labor, by reason of African descent, to be seized, held, detained or delivered up to any person claim ing such service ur tabor, shall be deemed guilty of a misde meanor, and shall In- dishonorably discharged aud torever In eligible to any appointment In the military or naval service 01 the United States. Section nine provides that if any < fflcer of the United Slates, civil, military or naval, shall, except when Con gress shall have susiiended the writ of habeas corpus, Issue any warrant or order of arrest for any person us u prisoner of sitaie or political olleuder, and not forthwith deliver over such |>orson to the Judicial authorities for trial, such ofiicer shall be fluod in any sum, from one thousand to five thousand dollars, or imprisoned from six months to one year, or both, at the discretion of the court, and, moreover, gives a right of action for damages to tho party aggrieved. I Tbe bill also provides tho means of enforcing tho orders of the court in cases under it. Tho bill was referred to tbe Committee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be printed. AH ADDITIOHAL JUDGE FOR TUB SOUTH ERR DISTRICT OF RBW TORE, ETC. Mr. Harbs, (rep.) of N. Y., introduced a bill to pro vide for the appointment of an additional Judge for the Southern district of New York. Mr. Harris also introduced a bill to regulate and change tha circuit of tbe Unltod States Court for the Southern district of New York. EXECUTIVE SESSION. The Senate here went Into executive session. INCREASE OF MILITARY CADETS. On the opening of tho doors tho hill to increase the number of cadets at West I'olnt was taken up. Tho bill increases the number of cadets from 1T0 to 360. Mr. Wade, (rep.) of Ohio, opposed the bill as adding greatly to the oxpenses of the government. Mr. Wilmon said that all over the country calls had been mad* for officers from West Point to lead the troops. > Mr. Sherman, (rep.) of Ohio, related his experience. Me said that during tho vacation they raised some volun teers in Ohio, and came hero to got two officers as colo nels ; but when these volunteers got here In face of tho enemy, Adjutant General Thomas wanted to takeaway the two olficors, the only olficers that knew how to give tho word of command, ajjd soud them to a regiment in Oregon. If that was the way the regular army olficors were to bo used he (Mr. Shorman) wa* opposed to any increase of them at West Point. The discussion was continued at some length by Messrs. Wilson,Grimes and Wade. _ Mr.Chandler, (rep.) of Mich., said that he was ready to abolish West Point entirely. It was a cause of tho re bellion. He said that a Southern ollicur stated at Mon treal lately that tliero were enough old army officers in favor of the Sooth now in tho fedoi al army to prevent us ever acquiring a victory. We cannot rely on the regular army officers. He believed that West Polut had produced more traitors than any whore else since the days of Judas Mr! Fbarbndin, (rep.) of Mo., said that if tho war con tinued four or five years, we should not have any money to pay anybody. Ho aid not ugroo with bin friend (Mr. Chandler) who opposed West Point; bet he (Mr. Fcssen den) could s ty that the war would come to an end disas trously to tho country?ana that very soon?If wo did not begin to economize in our expenses. Wo should bo ready to begin to economize at the flisl point that, present ed Itself. lho-o seemed to bo a race between Congress and tho Executive as to which should spend the most money. As an instance, the government al first thought that it did not want cavalry, aud then it thought it did want them, and allowed the ra u to bo raisod every where. We had bean told since the govorument did not want them, and could not us* more than U'D thousand or twenty thouaand, yet sixty regiments of cavalry nave bean raisod, and thore is tie use for them at a 1; yet no stops aro liken to disband them ?r to stop raising them. Ho could give many other instances of an equal want of judgment. The bill was then postponed until to morrow. WAR TAX OK TEA, COFFEE ANI1 SUGAR. A bill from the House to increase tho duties on tea, cofl'oo and sugar, was received. It makes tho duty on tea twenty cents, on cotlee five cents, aud on sugars two and I a half to eight cents a pound. adjournment tor the holidays. A resolution was a,so received Irom the. House, that the House would adjourn until tho 2d or January. 1 On the question to concur in the House resolution of adjournment, no quorum voted. Adjourned. House of Representatives. Washington , Dec. 23, 1881. THE MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT. Mr. Perry, (opp.) of N. J., introduced a bill providing for tho better organization of tho mililury ostabliBhment. IMI'KOVEMLNT OK THE UARIIOU OF ERIE, PA. Mr. Babbitt, (rep.) of l'a., introduced a bill for the pre servation and improvement of the harbor of Erie, Pa. Both were referred. THE MBIT OP HABEAS C0RFP8. Mr. Vali.anihuiiam, (opp.) of Ohio, introduced a bill to enforce the writ of habeas corpus and socuro the liberty of tho citizens. The bill provides that, ex cept when Congress shall, because the public safety requires it, have suspended the writ of habeas corpus, any person confined or detained in any jail, dungeon, fortress or othor place of contincment, or in any other way whatsoever deprived of his liberty by any United .States officer, civil, military or naval, or by any person under any claim of authority from tho United States, shall havo the privilege of the writ forthwith be fore any judge or court of the United Statos, and punishes the refusal or neglect to allow issua or obey the writ with a penalty of one tbousaDd dollars to the party aggrieved, fine or Imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court. It forbids, uudor the imuat penalties, tho re commitment for the same offence of any one once dirchaigod on habeas corpus, and prohibits also the removal of prisoners from oneatuieor district to another. The eighth section provides that no oflicer of the UnitedSutcB, civil, military or naval, shall, under any pretence of authority whatever, except that of Con gross, attempt to suspend the privilege of the writ under penalty of a fine not exceeding Ave thousand dollars and imprisonment not exceeding two years, and gives also a right of action for damages to the party aggrieved. A GOVERNMENT FOR AIUZ/NA. Mr. Watts, delegate from Now Mexico, introduced a bill providing a temi>orary government for Arizona. Re ferred to the Committee on the Judiciary. NEW MEXICO INDIAN CLAIMS. Mr. Watts also introduced a bill providing for the ex amination of claims owing to Indian depredations in New Mexico. THE ARMY AND FUGITIVE SLAVES. The House resumed the consideration of the resolution offered on Friday by Mr. Wilson, requesting tho Commit tee on Military Affairs to report a bill providing an "ad ditional article of war for the government of tho artny," whereby all officers In the military ser vice of the United Slates shall be prohibited from using any portion of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning

fugitive slaves from service or labor, and to provide for tho punishment of s?ch officers as may violate said "ar ticle ef war," by dismissal from the service. Mr. Noel, (opp.) of Mo., moved to lay the resolution on the table. The motion was lost. The resolution was then adopted by ayes. 67: says, not counted. ' ' * SUSPENSION OF THE DIRECT TAX IN MISSOURI. Mr. Nokli. lutreduced a joint resolution to suspend for twelve months the collection of the national direct tax In Missouri. Koierred. TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS IN REBEL STATER. On motion tf Mr. Vandever, (rep.) ?f low a. tho Com mittee on Territories, waa directed to inquire into the expediency of establishing territorial governments within tha limits of tba disloyal Butts or dlstrtcU, and to report by bill or otherwise. FornnnCAiioxa on NABiuaAmMrr ur. On motion of Mr. Sheffield, (opp.) of R. I.,tho Com mittee on Military Affairs was instructed to Inquire into the necessity of fortifying tlio cast and weal eutrancra of Narraganiielt Bay, Rhode Island, aud to report by bill or otherwise. amxndmbhtof tux tasjff?war tax oh nu, corrr* and ?ugar. Mr. Morrill, (rep.) of Vt., from the Oommitteo on 'Way* and Means, asked leave to report a bill to increase the duties on lea, coffee aud sugar. The bill propaara to make the duty on tea of all kinda twenty cents a pound; on coflae Ore cents a pound, and on sugar two and a half, three, Ave and eight cents a pound, according to the quality. The bill alao proposes to fix the duty on molasses at six oenta a gallon. The following Is the bill oomplele, as It passed both houses;? Bt it enacted by StnaU and House of Repretenlatiw* of IJte Untied 3ialee of America in Omgreis assembled, That from and after the data or tha passaga of this act, In lieu of tba dutlaa heretofore impoeed by law on articles hereinafter mentioned, there shall be levied, collected and paid on the goods, warca and merchandise herein enumer ated and provided for, Imported from foreign countries, the following duties and rates of duty, that la to aay Fir*?On all taas, twanty oenta per pound. Second?Coffee, of all kinds, Ave cents per pound. Third On all raw sugar, oomraouly called musoovado or brown sugar, and oq sugars not advanoed above No. twelve, Dutch standard, by claying, boiling, clarirylug or other process, and on syrup of eugar and coucontrated molasses, or concentrated melado, two cants and a half per pound; on sugar ?after being refined, when they are tinctured, colored or in any other way adulterated, and on sugar candy, eight cents per pound;on molaeeee, six oentB per pound; provided that all syrups of sugar or sugar cane, concentrated molasses or concentrated melado, entered under the name of mo lasses or any other namo than syrup of sugar or of sugar cane, concentrated molasses, or concentrated melado, shall be liable to forfeiture to the United 6late?, and the same shall be foi leited. Mr. Vallandmham, (opp.) of Ohio, objected to the in troduction of the bill. On motion of Mr. Morrill, howover, the rules were suspended for that purpose. Mr. Mohmll said that this bill was simply In accord sues with the recommondatlona of tho Secretary of the Treasury. It was supposed that the proposed increasod duties would yield seven or eight millions of dollars, pro vided the sama quuntities of the articles should bo im ported as in 1860. The bill should be passed at once, to secure the sugar crop Immediately coming into tho coun try, and the tea and coflbe soon expected to arrive. The prices of these articles liavo already risen In anticipation of tho passage or this bill, so that tho consumers pay just as much now as If tho bill was already a law of tho laud. The Committee on Ways and Means intend bring ing in a supplemental tariff for further increase of the revenue, when the general subject will come up for dis cussion. Mr. VALLANbwBA* briefly opposed tho bill. Ho said that by the increase of the duties on these articles they would be absolutely Interdicted. Already, in the West, Tour busbols of corn are necessary to buy one pound of ! coffee. Tho Imports of foreign merchandise are millions I of dollars less than they wero years ago. This subject should be postponed until a proper tariff system can be adjusted to meet the necessities of tho country and Its changed ooudition. The present tariff law was on Ineon gruous composition of three separate acU, with two or three systems for levying duties. Mr. Morrill demanded the previous question. No quorum voted, and a call of the House was had for the purposo of securing a quorum. The bill waa subsequently passed by ayes,77,nays,20. RAW!JUNG RASH, KtC. Mr. Wavhbdrnk's resolution, calling on the Secretary of the Navy for copies of cmrespondence with certain par lies on ihe sub cct of battering rams aud steam vessels for coast and harbor defence, waa referred to the Com mittee on Naval Allaire TUB CIVIL STATUS OF WHIRLS. Mr MoonsiiBAu'e resolution, instructing the Committee on the Judiciary to report a bill providing that any i>er son or persons engaged or employed in the present rebel- . lion be forovor rendered incapable of holding any office . or trust under the constitution and lawa of the United States, was adopted. TStEFUMTBAFE OF A RUN, HTC. Numerous reso.ulious or inquiry were adopted calling on the Secretary of War to furnish the House with infor mation ct. r.erning the quantity of arms purchased since tho 12th ot aprii last, the prices jaild for the same, and the correspondence between the Hccr?t*iry of War sod toe Chief of tho Buroan ot Ordnance relative to the arms pur chased by General John C. Fremont. I.ANDH FOR RAILROADS. Mr. Finton, (rep.) of N. Y.. introduced a bill granting lands lor a railroad from the Missouri river to San Kran cteco. ltolerred to a special committee. IWT OFFKB MOSEY EXCHANGES. On motion of Mr. Rlarx. (rep.) of Ohio, the Committee on tho Post Office was instructed to inquire into and re port a system by which money may be safely transmitted through the nr.Us. FACILITATING EMIGRATION FROM IRELAND. Mr. Maynarp, (Union) of Tonn., Introduced a resolution, which was a lopted, Instructing tho Committee on Com merce to inquire as to tho extension of maratiine facilities in order to far IP tale emigration by those who wisn to leave Ireland, by reason of the apprehended approaching famine. THE TARIFF. Mr. Cox. (opp.) of Ohio, asked leave to offor a resolu tion that the Secretary of tho Treasury bo directed to communicate I" the House what, if uny changes, can bo mane in tho pros- nt tariff, with a view solely to the in crease ofrevenue, an I that in such communication ho ?peony in detail the maximum of revenue, which may, in his opinion, be sucurod hy a change in the tariff on each article of import on which duties are now levied. Tho resolution was objected to by Mr. STxrnsNS, (rep.) of l'a. aud was therefore,not received. ADJI'CRIMES* FOR THE nOUDAYS. Mr. Kullogc introduced a resolution, that when the House adjourn today, the Sonuto concurring, it be till' the 2d ot January. Adopted. THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM. Mr Hi.NOHAM. (rop.) of Ohio, from tho Judiciary Com mittee, reported a hill amendatory or tho act to establish the "Judicial System." The bill provides lor two circuits, instead of one, tn tho Northwestern Mates, and consolidates the fifth and ninth circuits, cotis.slirg of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansusaud Texuu, into one. It docs not chaugo tho number of tho Judbesor tho Supremo Court, but leaves U mVkii'uwi (rep) of III., said that Instead of legisla tion now for the northwest corner or fraction of tho republic tbey should do justice to overy portion of It, and thoroughly reorganize tho whole Judicial system. The hill was post;Wued until Monday, the (ith of Jan uary. THE I'OWITONEMRNT. Mr Kellogg understanding that there waB no question in the Senate to act on his tormer resolution, offered auo tber namely that when the House adjourned to day it bo until' Thursday next; that when it adjourns on that day it be until tho following Monday, and then when it adjourn it be till the 2d of January. This resolution was passed and the House adjourned. THE TRENT DIFFICULTIES, ETC. Philadelphia, Dec. 23,1801. The Bulletin of this city has a special despatch from Washington saying " that lord Lyons will not present his despatches in regard to tbo Trent affair until the Admiral of the West India squadron shall act upon hi* instructions to proceed to Boston harbor." GENERAL GRANT IN COMMAND AT CAIRO. Cairo, Dec. 23,1861. Special order No. 78 places General Grant in command of the district of Cairo, which ombracos Southern Illinois, that portion of Kentucky west of the Cumberland river and the counties in Missouri south of Cape Girardeau. General Paine will be transferred from I'aducah to Cairo, THE GARRISON AT 8ACKETTS HARBOR. Sacmetw Haruor, Dec. 23,1861. One company of the Sevonth regiment of United States regulars, from New Mexico, in command of Lieut. Ryan, arrived here for garrison duty at the Madison barracks on Saturday. Commodore Dupont. CCRIOCB COINCIDENCE CONNECTED WITH TH08K OP THE COHMODOKil'S NAME. In tbo first volume of Bancroft's History of the United States,page 26, occurs tbe following singular passage.? for an agricultural colony, a milder climate was desi rable. in view of a settlement at tbe South, De Moats ex plored and colonized for Krance the rivers, the cousts and the bays of New England, so far, at least, as Cape Cod. The numbers and hostility of tbe savages led him todelay a removal, since bis colonists were so few. Yet the pur pose remained. Thrice In the spring of the following year did Lrnpout, bis lieutenant, attempt to complete the discovery. Thrice be was driven back by adverse spuds, and at the third time his vessel was wrecked. Tourrlncourt, who bad visited Prance, aud was now re turned with supplies, renewed the design, but meeting with disasters on tbe shoals of Cape Cod, he, too, re turned to Port Royal. Thee the first settlement on tbe Amorican continent bad been made two years before James river was discovered, and three years before a cabin had been raised in Canada. Two hundred aud fifty yoars have passed since that time (1605), and now wo find another Dupont conaected with a naval expedition at Port Royal. This is one of those curious coincidences in which the muse of history lores to indulge. If tbe Ural had succeeded In his cflbrts to possess the New England shores, who can tell what would have been the effect upon the destinies of this con tinents If the second bad failed in eutering Port Royal harbor, the future annals of the republic might have had to read far differently from what they will do. If Port Royal menaced New England In 1605, tho tables have beeu turned in 1861. IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. The Persia and Australasian Off Cape Race with British Troops for Canada and Three Days Later News. Death of Prince Albert of England. The Cabinet in Consultation with Lord Derby on the American War Question. The Tory Ex-minister Approves of Palmerston's Policy. British Vessels to be Signalized that War is Probable. The Feeling In France, Italy and Germany. ARMY AND NAVAL MOVEMENTS, &c., &c., dec. The following telegraphic Jon patch from Newfoundland, forwarded by our agent at St, Johns, reached the HmiU) office luBt night St. Joiinh, N. F., Dec. 23,1881. The Bteatnshlp I'erglu, Cupt. Judkins, from Kng land, with troops, bound to Quebec, passed Cape Rtce at flvo P. M. to day. Hor advices are to tho 16th Iiibi. The Australasian, also bound to Quebec, with troops, was about twenty miles astern when tho Persia passed the Cape. The Persia was boarded by the news yacht. No regu. larly compiled summary of the nows was procured, but a few papers were obtaiucd, from which the news is beiug coin pi ed, and will follow shortly after this despatch. The Persia sailed from Liverpool on tho 16th Inst. She has 1,100 troops on board and is bound for Klver du Loup or Bio. Tho steamship Australasian, which also passed Cape Race this evening, sailed from Liverpool on the 13lb, with troops for Canada. The news is threo days later than that by the Kdinburg, and is important. Death of Prince Albert of England. His Royal Highness Prince Albert expired at noon of Sunday, tho 16th iust.,of gastric fevor. His illness was not considered dangerous until Friday, the 13lh Inst. The War with America. KAHI, DERBY CONSULTED BY P A LMKRBTON?HE AORKHH WITH THK CABINET POLICY?IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS TO 8H1PMA8TKK8, ETC. 1 ha Liverpool Jfcrcury of the 14th instant states that the Karl of Derby bad been consulted by tbe government' He approved of its policy in reference to the American diffi culty, and suggested to shi|iowncrs to instruct tho captains of outward bound ships to signalize any English vessels that war with America is probable, litis suggestion had been strongly approved by the underwriters. More Troops For Canada. Tho First division of the Tenth brigade, garrison artil lery, embarked ou board tbo Niagara for Halifax on the 14lh instant. It was understood that ten oompenles of engineers are to be sent to British America. Italy. Advices from Vienna of tbo 10th instant atato that dur ing tho Emperor's slay in Venice ho liberated all political prisoners. A Naples despatch of the 13th instant states that Borgcs, the brigand chief, bad beeu executed. Financial and Commercial Hews. THE LONDON MONEY MARKET. Liiwww, />ec. 13?P. M. Consols opened at yesterday's prices, but re.apsud to 801i?, and reached to the opening price, 90%. Railway shares have been dull, but, tu tbe absonco of business, closed a shade better. Dank shares are steady; miscellaneous shares dull, at previous rates. THE PARIS BOURSE. Paris,Dec. 13,1861. The Bourse is heavy. Rentes closed at tJ7f. 60c. LIVERPOOL BREAHSTCEKH MARKET. Tho following is all the commercial intelligence we have been ublo to liud in the papers ? Arrivals of American wheat and flour had been heavy at Liverpool. But a small business was doing, and prices were in favor of buyers. ADDITIONAL BY THE EDINBURQ. The Purl* Pre** on Napoleon'? Neutral ity and French Mediation. St. Johxp, N*. K., Dec. 23,1881. The officers of tho Ediuburg, which passed Cape Race on Saturday night, hail thrown overboard in a snow | storm tho can containing tho regular press report, be lore sho was boarded by the news yacht. Tho latter, hi.wever, obtained the despatches intcuded for use at Sundy Uook. As a consequence the report of the latest netvs by this arrival was not so full as it would have been hud the regular despatch been pro cured. The following is the very latest news ? London, Dec. 12,1801. The Journal dr. Havre, the Semaphore of Marseilles, and tl.c Gironde of bordeaux, advise the French government to preserve ttri.t neutrality Iu case of war between Eng land and America. Tho I'aris Trmpn approves of tho proposal of the London Hews to appeal to the mediation of friendly Powers, in accordance with the agruetnent made at the Paris Confe rence in 1?56, and says that no other Powor but Franco can be tho mediator. The Parts I'resre advocates the energetic intervention of Franco between England and America. Tho Gpinione NationsUe, tho organ of the French liberal party, says that France ihould not follow the example or England, should the latter recognise the South. The Paris Comtitutionn-l publishes an article stating there Is ? strong necessity for au Anglo-French ullianco, which could not bo eudangered by war between England and America. 'What Italy Fears. The Moneto of Turin warns England against beginning war with America, as France would lake, advantage of it to interfere in the East. Austrian Opinion of Napoleon's Designs. The Austrian papers state that war between England and America would remove the only obstacle In Europe against French ambition, and that France would begin war againtt Germany. The Naval Movements of England. DESTINATION OF THK WAItKIOK? A FK1UATE FOB AUSTRALIA. [From the Loudon Tunes, Dec. 4.] The Warrior, 40, iron frigate, Capl. the Hon. A. A. Cochrane, C.U.. unbent sails yesterday, in course of refit torses. According to existing arrangements, no alt. ra tions will be made in any part of the ship's lutings that will occupy more than twelve days to comp.ete it, as by that time she is to be egein ready. The rudder aud steering apparatus of the ship will therefore be retained for the present. What mav ultimately be done with ?bo ship will, of course, depend upon the nature of the reply which may be receieed by her Majesty'i Ministers from Pre sident Lincoln's Cabinet at Washington in addition to the ships named In the fimet of yesterday as ordered by telegraph from the Admiralty to ha held ready for imme diate cconmsslon, at Portsmouth, and which yester day were having their sails and other stores put on board the Pandora, 6, screw three masted schooner,and the Vigilant, 4, screw despatch vessel, are named for being alto held in readiness for tbe pennant. The excite ment in naval circlea respecting tbe American difficulty increases hourly. Officers of all ranks, and some of thein holding high dockyard aopoiniineuts, are said to have eagerly otlored their services to the Admiralty, should matters turn out tor the worse. Among the many on rtits current, 11 is suid to tie likely that the Orpheus, 21, screw corvette, will be added to ibe squadron under tin-Admiral commanding on the North American and West India station,Comuiorioro Burnett hoisting his pen nant on board a heavy frigate lor aervtee in the Austra Hon water* It is also rumored (hat the tril servleaof the Orpheus will bo to convoy a tranaporl from lha Thames to Halifax, loaded with stores and arm* tor Canada. The Brltleh West India Nqnadron. OUR BKKMUDA COKKKSVONDBNCB. Hamilton, Bermuda, Pec. 11, 1881. The SAipt at Bermuda, Jamaica, Harbadtjti and ,Vew Pro videnee?A War VutaI for Cuba, dc.,dr. Her Majesty's ships Mile (llag), Dladom andjppiwful are at prevent here. Her Malesty a ship Mersey, left on the 7th Jamaica Her Majesty's ships Challenge, Bulldog and Steady, were at Nassau, N. P ,2Mh ull. Hor Majesty's transport ship Himalaya, left for Barba does, 9lb Inst. Hor Map'sty's gunboat Nimble, Commander d'Arey, left for Havana on tbe 8th Inst. Obituary. The Persia, olTCape Race, announce the death of hie Royal Highness Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, and, consequently, Prince Consort of England. The fol lowing biographical (ketch of the late Prince?prepared | some tiruo since?will be found very Interesting at thin ! particular crisis:? AI.RKKT. FKANZ-AUfl('8T-K AKL-KMANUEL, PR1NCRCON I KOIIT, AND IIUKK OF 8AXK-C'OBl!t?J-?OTHA, la next brother and heir presumptive to the Duke of Saxo Coburg, whose ancestors were Margraves of Mot-sen in tbe twelfth century and E.oclors of tbe Empire from 1426 to 1547, when the electoral dignity passed over to tho collateral line of thia house, whose present head is the King of Eaxony. I'rinco Albert wns born August 26,1819, at the castle of Roaenau. After receiving a thorough education at the hands of private tutors, he entered the University of Bonn on tho 3d of May, 18:17, as a student of Jurisprudence. A small house, of most simple aspect, standing behind sorno j^sung trees, on one sldo of tho cathedral at Bonn, Is shownas tho residouco of his Royal Highness during his university course. Here, surrounded by tho memo rials of ancient Christendom, and in view of the histori cal Rhine, tho Prince is said to have devoted himself to the studies of (ho place with an ardor which is spoken of wilh pride by tLs tcachors of tho university. It was his custom, they say, to riso not later than six every morning, and to pursue Lis studies till I seven In tho evening, showing himself an Inter val of three hours for dinner and recreation. The labors of the day finished, he would pay visits to families of his acquaintance, or entertain students or worth at his own table. Among the chief professors of Bonn at this Unto were Dr. Walter, a Jurist celeb, atod for I,is thorough mastery of the civil and Germanic law , and Dr I/iebell, remarkablo fur his skill in the tre itmont of 'ho history of Europe. Besides these may be mentioned Professors Hocking and Pei thus, colleagues of l)r Walter The Prince was In tho habit of attending their public lectures, and of afterwards receiving their more special assistance at bis own residouco. Huving spent three scad, mical seasons at Bonn, Prince Albert took ins leave of tlio university st tho close of tho summer half-year "Vn July of tho same year, tho Prince, with his father and brother, vlsitod England to attend tho coronation of Iter MOjO-ty, and at Michaelmas returned to Coburg, Prince Albert having for tho tlrsl time made the acquaint ance of her sty. Afior his d pa-lure,rumor was bi syin Fiigland in pointing out Prince Albeit as her Majesty's future consult;and a though the report was contradicted by the mlisteria! news; apcrs. the belief was strengthened by a journey to England *^?it iblH time by Leopold, king of the Belgians,and the sub sequent arrival in this country of the young prince him ae.t during tho autumn of 1839. ... , Immediately after the departure of Prince Albort. the Queen caused all tbe members of the I rivy Coined to be summoned, to meet at Buckingham I alace on November 23 and then and there c unnv nlcate to her council her royal intention to form a matrimonial alliance with the Prince Albert of Baxo-Cobu gi.otba. On tho announce ment to tho House of Lords of hor Majesty s Intention, the Duke ol Cambrldgespokefroin his personal knowledge of Prince Albeit,and confidently predicted his future high popularity. The laikoof Weill, gh n expressed his surprise that the House had not been informed Hint the Prince was a Protestant, and received the most satishML Wy a-IiVaneea on that head from the ministry. The Prince is a great admirer of tho art#., a ready draughts man h i# Rktll in muBic, and Urb written vorwi'B His nonularlty in England has been greatly increased by topatroragoof tbe t.reat Exhibition ?. 1861 in Hyde Park and to him is due the credit ot having suggested that that noble display of human skill should not, as wa? first intended, bo a niero exis sitlon ot British produc tions, but should be an Exh.biUon of the Industry of All Nations. This notion would bo Incomplete without a Ret ol the dignities enjoyed by tho Prince. He was ^''ural l/.ed ou his marriago to hor Maestv, I ohrnary 10 ^*<0, hv Act of Parliament, and recened a grant uf ADO.OOO a year - the title of Royal Highness by patent; tho right toauar'ter the royal arms of England; precedence by royal warrant next to the Queen; and Prince (xinsort by "Ci^obA're^'.Tvy C mncll; Chief Steward of the Duchy ol'Coruwall, and lord Win den of the Stanna ries- Governor and Constable of Windsor Castle; Lrand Ranger ol Windsor,St. James' and Hyde Parks; aField Marsha! and Cob nol-in-Chief of tbe Kil.e Brigade; Colonel of tbo Oren idler Guards; Captain General and (oionel of the City of London Artillery Company; a Knight of the Garter, of the Thistle, audof St. Patrick; ??.B., ? C M.G.. Acting-Grand Master of the Order of the Bath, and Knight ol the Order of the Golden Fleece. Hsscho lastic dignities In England are. Chancellor of the Uni versity of Cambridge, L.L.D., D.C.I.., and I'h D-. '? abo Master of the Trinity House, and was President of tho Roval Commission of the Patriotic Fund for the relief ot tho widow-sand orphans of soldiers, Benraen and ma rines who fell In the war with Russia. . , l'rlnoe Albert waa the father of nine children, born ol Queen Victoria In tho yeais named underneath, and bap '"priurrss' Victoria Adelaide Maria Iouisa, ?nceM Roval born November 21, 1840, ?n<i married on the 26th of January, 1868, the rrinco Frederic William, son or the pr Wnm?KAnbe?rt Bl'ward. Prince of Wales, born November 9,1841, and h dr apparent lo the "'rone. Princess Alice Matilda Mary born April 25,1843. Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, born August 6,1844 Princess Helena Augusta Victoria,.born May 25.? IMfl. Princess Louisa Caroline Alberto, born Muicli 18, 1848. Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, born May 1, 18|'rince Leopold George Duncan Albert, born April 7, 1Spnncess Beatrice Mary Victoria Fcodora, born April 14, 1857. Newi from (ho Pacific Count. San Francisco, Dec. 10, 1861. Sailed, ship Forest Queen, Valparaiso. The steamer Pacific brings Oregon dates to the 12th, and Victoria dates ot the 7th inst.: also $180,000 In gold. Tho rccou I fregholH wero terribly destructive to prop erty la the valleys bordering on tho principal rivers in Ore,-on. Nearly all tho (louring mills in thoStalo and great nuantit ea of grain wore destroyed. Most of the frame warehouses In Oregon City wcro washed away,and the town Hooded with four feet of water. But two h ruses have, boon loft standing at Llun City. Art and Artists?Tlic Marine Paintings Kebeeca and Henrietta. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. I am glad to see that thoro arc some good judges In New York of mariue painting. " Vandyke" shows that ho kuows something about tins pleasing art. It is true, as he says, that tho Hcnrlotta is not flattered at all, but looks us it sho was a ship coming iu from some colltsh expedition. We must do justico, however, to the ellect produced by tho artist. It is a view of a line boat coining in, with pleasing surroundings ; but the painting llsell is decidedly unequal to tho painting of the Rebecca by Van Ueest. Without being too sevore upon Ihu artist, it nisv be remarked that the Rebecca is (ho most beautiful yacht of the fleet, and particularly adaptable for coasting. After all, we do not call even Van Reost a finished artist. He was still young when he died. Had he lived ho would have be, como one of tho first marine artists. Tho defects of this painting of the Henrietta may [>os/iibly arise from its have ing been executed in too great a hurry; and hence the artist himself may not be so much to blame. RAPHAEL A Rifle Battery. THREE MEN DISCHARGE TWO HONORED AND FIFTY BAI.L8 PKH UINOTK. [Fr'm the Rochester 1'uion December lfl.l Tbo rille battery to which we called the public attcn tiou some weeks since, us a Rochester invention, has been perfected, sud a battery of full size has been constructed aud experimented with. Dr. Roqua and Mr. Uilliughurst have perfected the iuvemiun, and produced acomplcto battery of terrible power. This machine was taken to the KastSido Flats on Saturday afternoon, and exhibited to a lew persons who hud been invited *r who happened to bo there. All were pleased, delighted with its o|ierations. This battery consists of twenty five heavy rifle barrels, about thirty inches in length, and carrying conical balls weighing about an ounce. It is mounted upon two wheels, and tho whole thing weighs about five huhdred pounds. It is loaded at the breech, all the barrels receiving charges at the same lime, and It Is discharged by a single cap, all the barrels discharging at the same instant. This battery .operated by three men, can be dis charged about ten times per minute, and throws tweoty flve bal e at each discharge. Tho barrels are ranged in * horizontal position, and by a simple movement of a lever can be diverged so aa to cover a greater or less breadth of ground. In a narrow causeway or a street ibis im pleineot would be terribly effective against a large force of men. The experiments made on Saturday were first on short range, and then at a distanc* of a .|uarter of a mile or mo. e. In both the battery did well, and showed that it was a BUccess. Improvements bavo been marfo in tnc machine siacc the first model was produced, and It isnow quito a different machine. The objection urged against breech loading rifles, that they get foul, bus been ever come iu this.

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