Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1861 Page 2
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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. jDUB RELATIONS WITH ENGLAND. OPINIONS OF THE* PRESS. Our London, Paris, Berlin and St. Peters* burg Correspondence. THE MEXICAN INVASION, Ac., Ac., Ac. Oar London Correspondence. London, Dec. 10,1S61. Blotter of the Bnglieh Brest on the Irent AJfair?Bnglih Domestic Notifies at the Bottom of it?Curious AtxucaL b<j a Rebel Commissioner?J'ancqf'i 1'ritae Confabs with Louis Aapolnm <inj M. Tnowvenel?Varns Spun from Whole Cloth? Lien of the English Journal* in the l'ay of the Rebels? Th: Iniirj entlance Uclye on the Blockade, <tc. Do not got excitod over the tierce aud liobadil toned fu-ticlea or which the United States is daily the object in the English press. Those here who are dispassionate ob servers, aud who are acquainted with the general hang of English politics, do not believo that they are going to lead to serious results. It chould bo borne in niiud that English (.olitlciaus havo been for sometime without any great pai ty issue. Without some question to divide public seut.ment upon, there would be a remote prosjiecl of the lories regmuiug power. The three anger tnantfestod against the United elates is In reality less the ?xpretsion of a nttiisml reeling than the effort of a faction to surprise the public into a support of its hitherto in. ?Hectual struggles to displace the administration. Lord Palmerston is too wily a fox to bo caught In such a trap, and ho hns therefore adopted the policy of appearing to go with tho tide, knowing well the temper of the English mind, which s on returns to reason after these violent ?xcitomei.U. The liberul Journals, unable to resist the Storm excited by the Trent afl'uir, havo been compelled to follow a similar courro. Ilie violent languago nud hostile preparations lesorted to, however, aro very far from Buaalng war. That tliis is tho impression of the shrewdest Of the Confederate agents hero I havo reason to know. They count more upon the mysterious reserve Of Louis Napoleon than they do upon the aid of England, ootwiih.landing her blustering demonstrations on the ?flair of the Trent. They are perfectly well aware that, ?'.though England may he willing enough to go to war with the United States, she entertains too great a mil trust of hi r French ally to engage in ?ny fresh complica tion that would lnvolvo the employment of llio whole of her naval and military force. A friend of mine, in conversing with one of the rebel diplomats hero llio other day, was surprised to find that the appa rently encouraging aspect imparted to the Confederate cause by the atl'uir of tho Trent did not appear to elato tiuu very much. "Mr. Lincoln and his advisers are fools,''he said. "They apprehend danger w here it does not exist, and thiy give no heed to it tvheru it really threatens them." "Hew Is that?" inquired my friend. ?'Don't y on see," ho replied, "that tills prctem'.od on slaught on tlio federal government by English politicians Is only a war of tho outs against the Ins. I'slmerslon wil1 humor the anti-American feeling for a while, In order to Strangle it when the proper moment arrives. He knows woll enough that Lincoln will r.ut allow surh u petty cause of quarrel as the retention of Mason aud Slidcil to provoke a wnr between Ihe two countries, to the certain Iocs of th# seceded States. 1 tell you that the federal govern ment wil) swallow thrt leek on this question sooner than let go its hold upon tho South. Our hopes lie in another quarter, and one ia which tho North erroncotia'y fancies It has some strength. I oiiudo to France, which has boeu Secretly duiug all she can to instigate EngiaDd to break the blockade. The Emperor Napoleon Is pursuing,on the American continent, the same poliry that he is pursuing In Europe?that of splitting up old nationalities and sot. ting race against race, In order that France mny become the universal arbiter of the world. He lias, furthermore, commercial objects in view in connection with the South, Which will Intjiel hiln, should England get frighlonod nod withdraw from her present hostile atiitudu towards the United Status, to tase tho initiative himself." Such are the views. 1 am told, that are eutortainod by Ui# must intelligent of the rebel agents, both boro and !u laris. I know not on what grounds they are founded, . an less it bo on the absurd ilea started by a half crazy Jrouchman, that it is the Ein|ieror's policy to uuito 111 ths latin nations in ono al.iance againnt those w the Teutonic race, in order to break down lie political ascendency enjoyed by the latter, lleave you to examine how much good sense thore is in ?nls notion. Tnelilciimo of a dozen Napoleons would not compass the ieltlaiory steps to such a colossal under taking. The present incumbent ot tho throne of France has not as yet shown blm?e'f disposed to waste his ctior rand thou.- of his peoplo'in the pursuit of chimera", therefore, tho h qc* of the robels aro h used on such Wild speculations, I can only congratulate them on the naar proajicct which they have of realizing them. The audacity with which the rebel ONamMoMn in vent reports of conve. satioiis which tbey c airn to have held with people in power, both here and in France, would bu astounding but lor the desparatcncss of the game they are playing. They aro circulating reports just now of conversations said to have b en recently hold by Mr. Van coy w th thn French Emperor aud M. Thouvenel, in which the former Is staiod to hive declared that "all of his sympathies were w th the Confederate States:' and the latter expressed tho nioel unbounded admiration of the Confederate statesmen and generals, and the ctiiue t contempt for thnso of tho North. I need not to.l you that tln-re is not a word of truth in these statements. Neither the Emperor Nupo leon nor hia ministers aro In the habit of opening their minds thus rroely to accrcdrod ni .cn less to unaccredited political agrnta. Of this wholesale system of lying, by which, in tho nb asnce of ral.onal arguments, the rebel agents at ibis side araendeavo' lug to carry Ktiglish feeling with them, I flnd the following further impudent son miens in the Ixindon Telegraph?.tell'. Davis' organ? to-day: Tiio dream of the Americans, that thov could set Franco and England o> ice oars and convert itie Emperor Napoleon into u tool, h is ere thii time hern regained, not only by the Informal on win. h must havo reached Washington from Europe, but by tho signs which have nppearod amongst tMerest Ives within their own frontiers. But if tlier bad deairod to divide France and England, they would precisely have reversed nil that they havo done since they entered upon this new war protect. Let lis remember that the war of secession did not originate with tho .-outh, hut n;!h the North. It was the North wh eh first committed a political aggression, by its at tempt lo break Ibe law with regard to tho settlement or ths Territories; and when tho South ra t that gross in fringement of the federal compact by aimply letiring, it was iho North whtrh first began military hostilities. Tlii* ia makii g history with a vengeance. Why, the Kansas qus-tiou, which this voracious writer calis a po litical aggression, was settled According to law, and can ky no m nner of perversion he brought within that category. Aa to the North commenclug military tirstliities, the facts aro so patent that 1 am amazed any journalist, oven In England, would venture ut>uu au monstrous an asser tion. The South was thoroughly prepared for the conttiet Willi the arms stolen from the government before the Nurlk had unv idea that it was really serious in its pur poses. It was only when the reheis cpencil tiro upon Fort Bumlcr and its haio'tul of men that the country became thoroughly aroused lo the coitaciuuxaess of the desperate game they were play-jug. And yet such arc the state ments daily put forth tn Journals that make pretensions to respectability aod that have a decent share of circu lation. The necessity of a gt eat vtch ry in the fleld ,or of a scries of successful naval operali'ns aguuist Ibe southern a a porta, is fell by all our ft ion ic hero. Tho Indepeniance Beige, a jourua- usual y well iufcrmed, and moderate in its tone, gives us a significant hiul upon this point. It ?ays that if, early n 180k, the Northern States have not occupied (he seaiw.rts on the Southern coast or th# Con* federates themes'vets ruireJ the blockade, the allies will certainly interfore to do so. Ity that time, I trust, we ?hall bave removed sll prutexl for their carrying their goacrous intentions Into execution. Our Pari* Contupondtnct. Pa*is, Pec 6 ,1861. Injerent ef Franc* in the Amcii an (funnel nilh H'lt.iarul? lloio JVopolecn and the Fret* Vr$e Great Britain On?In dependinl Opinun in Fiance?U. Pronyn de. Vlluye Si.mm n-d to Ciairt?Betel f>e>] atchet at the Foreign Of fice? Feetingcf the I'erjiteof England?Honori to General Unit, de. Everything 1 have hi ufd cr cron aince my letter of lust week only confirm* the view I then took of the Sun Ja elnto ami Tnt.t ai'air in n ? pert to France. I stated ihal my oliari vat Ion led tno to believe that franco would most w l legly tec matters brought to ex tremity between the Vetted Mates and Great Brituiu? that a yeneral intuitive perception, from the pi iuce to the jwavant, would recognise in such n quarrel the mani fest Interest Of France; anil Uial.U.o gh the means of barkening on" tl?? fo d nilnht in the first place be of. fensivo to America?as scent.ng to support tbo arrogant claims of F.nglaDd?ultimate!# tlie whole bus would be on the side of Amorlca. The moans employed are, In fact, precisely- such its I an l lei i a led , for while the somi-ofDclal Journals have boon doing ovoryilitng Ui their power to support the haughtiest views of (heat Britain, tbo MoniUur has rather sought to .lirow oil on tho troubled waters. The language of the a?mi official organ* la very strong, aaaertlng in the S?Mt postilT* manner that Commodore Wilkes acted under the authority of hia government; that not only the Ban Jacinto, hut the Jamee Adger, the Susquehanna, the Temiuwt and the Savannah, received thu ^lame Identical Instructions, preset Iblng thom to search every vess?i a spirted of having the envoys of tho Southern Stutcson bonrd,toraake prisoners of thoae two persona and to aoize their tloa|?tchea. The I'atrie roundly states that Mr. Seward had good reason to kuow of the friendly un der8tandlng that prevallod between Croat Britain and the Southern Stutee, and that It waa to moro completely certify the fact that he desired to got possession of the correspondence. Itut the touo of the Mmileur, as you will perceive, is altogether conciliatory, and Is In porfeel accordance with the cenliuieuts which lu diplomatic circles you hourfrom parlies couneoted with tho Court. These parties leave you to Inier that cither France thinks It a vary pretty quarrel, or that It le Just one In which her mediation might be sought with advantage. All independent men, I must say, express themselves completely on the side of America. It matters not, say thoy, whether the critical state of affaire between tbo two countries Is resolved by the couduct of tho American captain In soiling the Southern envoys with or without lustructioue from his government, what la evident is this, that from tho outbreak of the American rebellion Great Britain, while keeping the promise of neutrality to the car, has been constantly breaking It Inspirit. The arti cles in her newspapers havo been all In favor of Southern pretereioue. Tho Timet, the wcil kuown exponent of tho views of tho government, has invariably thrown the bias of Its arguments against the North, end its correspon dent has, undor a hollow aspect of Impartiality,always done his best to convince the world that from tho vory first the United Plates hid become a rope of sand. Tho Americans bolieve that their rebel citizen* are not merely encouraged with words, but that large sums of money and immense cargoes of materiel are surreptitiously con veyed to them; and, as a high spirited people, they are determined to slaud It no longer. No matter, therefore, whether this resolution display itso'.f in cno instance or another, or this V.ugland may rest assured, that, whether (."apt. Wilkes acted propria motu or by special directions, the American government will as soon think ol restoring tho traitorous envoys us wo should have thought of giviug up Nice end 8ivoy because tho English Foreign Secretary did not approve of it. . _ 1 have hoard men high in favor with tho Court say, come what will, there will never bo any quarrel with France and America, and add at the same time their be liof that it will bo an evil day for t.ieat Britain when shohasone. The proepciity of Fnglund, great us it Is, may melt away like snow before tho aim. In her wh<>lo history she never was more intensely hated by the world than ut present. Ihi you think that Prance has laid aside ono or her memories Willi respect to her? Ho you thiuk that Russia, Spain, ay, Austria and Prussia, do not curse her* I et her let loose the dogs of war on America, and sweep l lie seal"aril,as she threatens,of Amer'c m shipping, the Nor h, with a word, can light up a servile war,can sweep the? mi idaa of every Prlti.-her, and carry on su h a war as will g v? iho nioiliercnuutry employm utfor thu next t n yea ? and in the meantime is Europe?France csiK'ClsPy -t? stand l>y with folded urms, wlii e tho arro i anon cl 1 I psinl s ia the ?'ew M orld in i..i.ncs? It is i f the distinct view taken by Franco m ihta m ttor that the Bourse lins scarcely if at all rest ended t ? the great depression in Fugh-h securities. Three 1ST "tits close I yes tor cay at CUf 36c., and tho variatiotis in other securities wore Immaterial. Now, when w* rem mber that on all former occasions the slightest depression on the English Exchango has sent down' all securities here with "a run, the steady innnnor in which they uow hold their own Is srcciu! y worthy of comment. Tlie Journal del O-Uth makes the h 'low lug observations on tho manner in which the .l/.mtVic has spoken of the Trent icei cut:?'This calm and m "Urate statement of fact - ho" ars to u-f all the more wo thy of attention that it rintaiis an iiidlre t criticism and disaiowul or the langu go which lortalti dovoled journals hold on tho same subcct. Tho riservo of tho MuniUur sulF.cUntly iidli caies tliat the Frorth government (and we cor.g.epilato it thoreoi ) is in no li..st" t<> follow the coin ? Is < f those ocrna'.s in the adventurous course which th v would lain iiavc it niUo. hy making common cause with England, and immediately reccynixing the Southern ooii'edo racv. Wis roc imnicn I tho Time* especially to roau tho political bulletin ?f the M. ni'cvr. n? the English journal will then tin! itself to have ntlnh if d undue importance to the manifestoes of tho I'atrie, when it ropreeen's them as the expression ? f tho views of the French government on the affair which U' w occiipic:. the allont on of the 1 t.g. llsh govcrniuout, and which fur tlio present concerns England?uly. ? , M. Drouvn do l'llnys, who was f rmerly Minister Tor Foreign Affairs, and who, when acting under M.Uulzot, devoted great attention to Atneric.au politics, wus sum moned a fe w days ago to Compiegne by ti?e Emperor, to give his Majesty hia views cu tlio present state of a (Tails between tlio two Anglo Saxon nations: and it is generally understood that tho resuitof the c nference was a stronger determination on the pot of the Emperor to preserve the strictest neutrality lor the present. A Cabinet council wus almost immediately after held at the Tuilerles. Brince Napok-ou, too, has | strongly counselled the Mln. try to guard against the slightest infringement of Us existing spit it of impar tiality. , .. . , Colonel I-amar, Secretary to one of tho rebel ' commissioners, is uow in Boris, and has delivered cur tain despatches from tlie rebel government to tboFrcocb Ministry of Foreign Allairs. The following lulter, which I received hy this morn log's post frmn England, will s rvo to show lhat the alio minable spirit which has been 'Xhlbitod by certain Eng h-h Journals docs not entirely represent the feeling of the nation. It is from u member of Parliament of one of the largest agricultural counties in England:? Mv Petn niii?Vou must not accept the extracts you see in Paris from English ncw-pai-ers as ths unqualified opinion of England in r. gard to Itroilicr Jonathan. Be lievo mo, n wry Hrge ami enlightaub'l amount of hnKiiah opinion is dPAtl against tho secessionists of Ainorici. There is no analogy betwixt th " secession of the United States from tho government of E'/i-lvnd and thu secession of the South from tho North. Vou know that all the libe rals of England hilled that secession, and gl. ry in it to this day. There was taxation and no representation. No cno can prelant! such to lie tlie case in respect of tho Pen th and the North. Tlio in* reason?think it cs the Southorrors will in thoir desire to accede?is tho fo.n that ultimately the North will succvod ii} putting down thualavo system. As for this seizure of the bout hern en vois, iu tlio unmoor IIoave? ..re we to expect a govern mailt so o drag d as that of Wn-hington to stand ?? mealy mouthed" While ils very exI-Ucnc.u is at! iiipic.l to bo sapped by a vile cons iracy which it dht.iutly s-esen coiiraged here, wilh the Simple v.ow ol causing the de stn.ction of a great republic whose nnriliuio sii-reinacy is dr-ndedf 1 do not believe, myself, that if w are carried into this war there will b- any real enthusi asm for It. Tlio staft of tilings lifts given birth to a mighty war parly in England, and they will ho glad of any excuse Tor em; ley merit: but, depend upui H the real heart of England lias n> sym;iuby in this quarrel. I myself think this Immediate question is me for adjudication before a neutral Power, and that such adjudication should have tin- cited ot res rauc.ng the lit ture conduct of this country in the course it has thought fit to pursue against the North, should tlie present afiatr resuli tn a war, 1 bednxe from my heart it will ?><? (lie | most perllo ts venture England ever raado. Tl.e Km pcror has his eyes fixed on us. and every biow wo deal our kinsmen on tlio oilier side the Atlantic is to he a for tress the less for or against liirn in my opinion. General colt is being htr.l everywhere. Persons of n'l parties liavo loft lliHr card-*, an'! h? never make? ins appearance in public without receiving a sp cios of ova tion The great est curi sity 1= shown to catch a glinips" of liis person, and his mii.i try reputation gives him a re commendation in Hie rye of a people so essentially mill taryaatho French which makes him especially accept able at tho present juncture. Mr iligelow, tho American Consul at Bans, placed in the hauls of Galimani the Commander m Chiefs loiter ami its temperate but firm spirit has had much to do towards giving men, both in public ami private life, a just notion of tho true stain of affairs The Loudon Timet' article, which has lost no time In replying to the General'* letter, la, howover looked upon aa a ministerial response, and tho ehl?combined with other matters?to confirm tho belief that war between tbo two countries u a mere quoa tion of time. , , Exactly in proportion as the affair be-onies more and more cntaneiod between Washington and London, jr.at will liu-l ih-j atmosphere brightening between Paris and New York. In other word*, as John Bull grows m >ro need svrong.and Jonathan more up in his stirrups, Franco will be more and moro dosirous of becoming masteiyrf the situation. Alrea-tf she talks of having the carrying trade all to herself, and the very Urst discomfiture Fug land sustaiic, will ac* France making weight against her. Oar Berlin Correspondence. Bkku.v, Dec. 3, 1861. Am ti'rm Thanktqix-ing Day in Berlin?Toatle and t^prMh>-?The Prussian Caxrtte. on til* Capture of Port Jtiyal?The Trent Affair?I'emarkt of the Jfa'ional Zeitunf, <?e., rfe. On Thursday tho American residents In Berlin wet at Armin's Hotel to celebrate Thanksgiving Day after the time honored custom of tlielr country. Tltn company was not so large as on former occasions, and the fair sex especially was but too inadequately represented (1 mean, of course,as rcBpocis numbers). However,about seventy ladles and gentlcmon sat down to dinner, Including tho I fluted Stales Minister, Hon. N. B. Jndd, and liis family; the Secretary of Legation, Mr. Krlsmann; tho Hon. TliO" doreS. Fay, formerly Envoy to Switzerland, and several (ierman friends. The whole affair had been arranged by a committee, mostly composed, I bo'.ieve, tf youne men prosecuting their studiea at tho l.'niveraity of this city. Grace was said by the ltcv. Mr. Schwartz; and, a vigor ous attack having been made on tho creature comforts supplied by the Ganymedea of M. Arinln, the chairman of Hie committee?Mr. Parrel, of Maine?let oil' a neat little speech, soy mg thai ito was astonished to find himself so far away I'rom home, in this distant corner of the world, perform.ng the duties that had devolved on him. He hoped the company would pass a lenient Judgment upon his efforts, and promised it should be his first and last appearance io this rapacity?giving the first toast of the evening?"'1 he president of the United States of Ame rica.'' Mr. Judd responded by explaining the origin of Thanks giving Day, and painted in vivid colors the genuine bond which is renewed between old memories and young frsah minds on this occasion, and was delighted to as# that m a far off iaod the Americas family, nil relatives, all brethren, had come together at thle feattro board to celebrate the sacred custom. He s:>oke of the power of freedom offered to every one who mado tho United Stat' ? hie homu. "Wo have been proud,Justly proud, of our country, which has ottered the unparalleled example to the rest of the earth that a people Is capable of self go. vernment. litis consciousness of superiority has per haps been carried too far, and we are thorsfore visited by calamities which may teach us humility; but we shall come out of this trial chastened and purlBed, batter, stronger and more firmly Itnlt together. We sympathise deeply with those at home, but feel sure our friends will triumph; half a million of stout hearts and any amount of energy will givo them the victory. Some thing had been said, and telegraphic despatches just re ceived confirmed it, about difficulties or the American government with that of England?about violation of in ternntlonal law on our port, and that a war waa threaten ing. But never fear. The English were a gallant natlun. still they did not want to quarrsl with us; for bow would their commerce suflbr* They would lose their great pres tige forever; and what would they do to us? At the most batter down a few of our seaport towns. There would be a reunion of the States?a triumph of the government. Proof would be given that man is capable of living un>ier the aegis or republican freedom. A groat taak had be n Imposed upon Abraham Lincoln, whom hs (the si>eaker) had known for many years, and who was a man every Inch of him, true, stout hearted, and who would sucrecd in making bis country more powerful and more respected tliau over. "Closing sentiment?"To the memory of those that fall In defouce of the constitu tion." (Lotul chours.) Tho second toast?''The King and Queen of Prussia"? was acknowledged by Dr. Bm her. Into a rclugeo lrom tho rovoh.lli't) of 184S, and London corro8|*u<lent of iho JVufh nal /.eitvng, who B|H>ke with great feeling of his be ing allowed, by the amnesty of Klug William 1., to triad his native soil once more. Ho enlarged upon the political niluatlon of Germany, compnrod bis faiherlaud to the American Union,aud hoped that dangers will be averted from both. Third toast?"The Union, as founded upon the principles of our fathers." Dr. Hartung, of Illinois, responded. The spirit of a nation exists in the American heart, end will novor die. This patriotic spirit, now kindled in every heart, ready to bacriUce life and earthly gooffs, is ah ue worth tho cost of this war, be It evi-r s > great. And what enormous costl the loss of noble Lyon, Uakor, Cameron, Ellsworth. Peace to them and to the thousands who fetVS poured out th: ir li e blood like water for their country." Tho speaker concluded ?ith lbs ssntlmsnt "fltir Dlostrlous Dead the harass of ibe s cond war of Amone ui Independence." (Tremsndo.s cheering.) _ Fourth toast?"Washington." Prink standing. Fifth toast?"Our Army and Navy." Mr. Kri.mianu gp' ks with great animation of that mighty and beautiful conn try, tno United States, open to the oppressed of all na tions who seek and tiud liberty and happiness on Its soil, of thut glorious Instrument which holds together ilnt country,tho Federation of Independence: and that it shall be uihcl-t, witness th ? army of Ave hundred thousand freemen, the navy of throe hundred and eleven armed ships, called into existence as If by magic within allow brief mouths. Tho loss of her olllc-rs aud met (i-rrih'i. II I- ????? ? - ** - - terrible as it is,cannot daunt us; tho transient aucces. of .. ....muv BUCCI-e ' Ol nth was alm'.-t mcessuiy to arouse the North, which begius to lift her fingers, while the Smith has al ready spenl tho strength of her loins. Wo cannot take nn ai live share in the strife with our friends: let us wish them (iod speed?God *< eed In a just nnd glorious fight to preserve our country, the land of the free and tho home of tho bravo Tho Issue In this war is slavery or no slavery?shall our country go down to sustain slavery? (Cheeis-?''-Never, never.") Well, then, for our army and navy?throe cheers for the "Red, White and Blue." I ho words of the speaker were drown ed in hursts of applause, which continued while the orchestra played - Hail Columbia." Sixth toast?' General Winflcld Scott, tho hero who never yielded except ot cc?to time." Mr. Smith, of Maine, eulogized tho talent and energy displayed by iheold General iu raising wlthiu so short a s, bee such an tinny na was now in the field. Though a Southern man, he roruuined true to his country and his ting, i nd do cted his military genius to its service until age und infirmities forced him to retire. ' May he sec th gieat work commerced by him carried on to a speedy at.d successful end." (Cheers.) Seventhart?"ArnericanLlt-isture." Rev. Mr. Long >w,of Brooklyn, N. V.. sal 1 that American literature had gained a reputable name and standing in iho literature of the world. IIo drew a very happy comparis n between the tinma when Ame rican authors were styled the Addisons or Cow per* of America anil cow, when they stood upon iheir own merit?when tney hid ceased to bo copy ists aud began to be looked upon us models. It mi true they could not boast of their achievements in the ub. struso sciences; but this depended as much upon the reader as upon the writer, who must write what the pub lisher would print, who in his turn could only print what the public were wil'ing to read. A number of other po- t prnndinl speeches were tn.ado; but the above wills-dllce to show the patriotic character of the meeting ucd iho spirit that porvnded it. 'Ihe com pany did not stipulate till a late hour of th- evening. I)zrF.ai.iH 4, ISO!. Tho Prttmttn Guttle discusses the ca|>turo of Port Royal, which It oousidcrs the first rr%5 gnccesaobtained ly the federal government. "The expedition was Judi ciously planned, and at l< a-t kept so far secret as to pre. vont it fi om being hallled at the outset, it was skilfully conducted, and directed .against a point evid -ntly ono of the most valuable of the rebel States." For all that the of ficlal,journal does "net think it will have a decisive effect np.-n the progress of the war, as the twelve or fourtocn thousand men landed at 1'o.auior; will b- unable (o attack ( harlemon, and may ? sily b - kept in check by a hostile f ree?always supposing th-t the Confederates havo troops i nough at their ilisf oral to collect, a tolerably strong corps itiore without weakening the army In \ ir gmh. As to the alleged fnvoiable opportunity allot ded by it of stirring up llin elaves to revult against lli -ir masters, we doubt that such a rontiagciiry has air-a-ly ? ntered into the pi.me of the Washingt- u govcrruient. Tho treatment of General Fremont betrays vory little in cllnaliuti to adopt the ideas of the ah lUlloiiksla. and, It- fact, such a jK-licy would b ? highly imprudent, aeeirg ? hat it would completely alienate Kentucky and Mil s art, who are already half outside the Union. If. moreover, the violation of the British llag, 1^- iho arrest of the S nthern amhassadora on heard ol the Trent, should had to a rupture with Engl nd,such a podcy would b ? nbsoh to madness, since the prospect of a war with Eng land reuniting the two sections of the Union in common hatred against their old enemy would bo entirely de stayed, if ihe North should ruin its last chmncoof ie conci iatlnn with the South-rti Ftatcs by attempting to excite a servile insurrection." The Trent all nr has cuus'-d an extraordinary a -nsatlon here, and it is generally feared that 11 will lead to the m tit serious conseqi.et cats Opinions are divided as to Lit-mot its of tho ease; the dil l-mats shake their brails i.t the temerity of the United States government in rt. l.:ng a cuairel with a powerful nndjealnus rival at a moment wh'-n tin v have quite enough ou llwir hands at home. The yalional /?it-tig, however, points out that by the Kn.1 li-h prrclnmation of May Iff all British subject* are expressly forbidden "lo violate their duties as subjects ? a nostra! sovereign l>y stt.v SCt skstmnr, an-l < s pedal y by carrying officers, soldiers, uestatcbes, arms, military stores, nr articles considered or deemed to lie on.Unbuild of war, lor the use and service c.f either cf tlix licl igerent partus.'' According to the teinisof the p o ciamaii- n, therefore, the Trent hud oiearly cirotnltti d a breach of neutrality by carrying cllict-rs ami despatches of the FoiTtbet n ConfMsracjr, and tho San Jacinto was perfectly justified in stopping her. Our St. Petersburg Correspondence. St. PKTEBfwi'O, Nov. 23.1861. - The University Quetticm?Change* in tie Admini<ratian? A Runian McCUUon?V*m O'-atrier of Finland?Ad dress of th-'Moscow friability?docovn.'j from the. Crimea and Central Asia?Hriliik Inlrigntt?The Frigate Scotla nd?limrian Ri/'iadron in the F.adTn Seat, etc , <fc. It is astonishing how soon Mm mo?l tmjiortanl oventa arc forgotten iu t'uis northern Palmyra of ours. For mmo woeks nothing was talked of but the student dilllcully; tlio must exaggerated reports were spread, and to hear Ibo language hold in our saloons y ui might have imagined that this affair was tlm prelude of s revolution. Now IIId public appear to have already got tired of it.and ifaUcguid interest in the question wore not kept up by discussions about University reform and proposals for the organ (ra tion oT free colleges, to which those persona are to be admitted who do not want to attend the government institutions, it would hate dropped out of notico altogether. The greater part of the students who were routined in the citadel have been released by command of the F.mperor, and sent back to their parents; uml, though some of the ringleaders may bo condemned to more or leas severe penalties, it is hoped that an amnesty will be granted In their favor after sen tence is passed, and that this unpleasaut business will not lead to any further consequences. Public npinP n lias received some satisfaction, too, by the dismissal of General IgnstlelT, whose conduct duri g tho whole pro ceedings was uuivcrsaily censured, and who has boon al lowed, "at his own request," to retire from his port of Governor General of St. Petersburg, wlccli ho had filled since tho reign of Nicholas. Hols succeeded by Prince Suvoroff, Governor General <f the Baltic provinces, a grandson of tho celebrate 1 Field Mar sbalSuvoroll (Metier known abroad by tho name of 8u warow), who has the reputation of Wing a man of tact and liboial Ideas, and who luny be expected to use uioru of the tuaniler in mtnlo In his des logs, not wily with students and protestors, but with tho Bonn tot paittyof St. Petersburg, with whom Iguatled was at daggers drawn. Very probably Count Puliatin will also vacate the oiP. e of Minister of Publlo Instruction, to which he was only appolatsd last summor, and in which he has been as unfortunate as he was suioestful as a diplomatist in China and Japan. It is a fact that he has offered hia resignation, but ,t has not yet been accepted bjr the Emperor, who hat a high opinion of him and thinks him an ill used man. Seve ral persons are mentioned as liltoly to succeed him ; among them Baron Korfl, director of tho imperial library; ])r. rirugoff, the famous physician, and Mr. TitolT, form erly ambassador at Constantinople, and now etStuttgerd, and who was one# taken as the Emperor's oldest son. I believe the latter stands the best chance of being uoml nsted, supposing Putlatlu should he permitted to retire. ' Altogether there heve been numerous changes In the pertonnrl of our administration since the Tsar's return from the Crimea, and more are expected. Old General Sukhozavett has at length been relievod from the functions of Minister of War, which for the last year or two he has only exerolsod nominally, and in which he Is replaced by Goneral Mllutln, who has been tie facto at the head or the War Peparlment during that lime. The caroer of Milutin has been something llko that of your General Met lellan. At the accession of Alexander II. he occupied the mo dest position of professor of tactics at the Military Acade my , and was only known as the author of a history of the campaign of 1T09 and a work on tbo Caucasian war. When Prince Barlatinsky was made Commander-in-Chief in the Caucasus ho selected Milutin for his chief of the stafT, tn which capacity the ex professor contribut ed not a little to the success of the operations against Schamyl, and was present at the storming of tiberalb. Soon after he wss appoiuted A4jo.nt of tho Minister of War, and now he Is pieced at the hoad of the whole Russian army. He U a man of not above Dve and forty, and owes his rapid advancement entirely to himself, and not to bis birth or family connec tions. Astiilmore important appointment, porbups, is that of General Uakasolfsky to tho Governor Generalship ol' Fiuluud, vloe Count Berg, whose arbitrary and ill judged measures have rouaed tho usually to quiet and tractable inhabitants of the principality to almost open rcsistanoo. His dismissal was looked forward to

long sinoe; but the Emperor considered himself uudor obligations to him for his gul'.ant dofunce of Swcaborg against the Anglo-French armada in 1866, and was reluctant to hurt tho feelings of an old soldier who had done good service In his time. Lately, however, the state of things in Finland has become too serious to admit of such B"nUmontalism, and Berg has boon removod from ofiles, receiving as a salve for the affront the title of Honorary President of the Military Acad?my. lhikaaoiTsky was locum tment of Prince Meu I'Ulkotf wbeu the latter was Governor General of Flnlaudi provlous tohls famous mission to Constantinople; and, as MeuchikofTrarely visited Finland, Rakasoflsky was the real Governor, and is said to havo been quite popular among the Finns. At all events he is well acquainted with the country, is on good terms with its leading men, and will hardly commit the blunders that have signalized the adm inlstration of bis predecessor. Besides these porsonal matters, the chief subject of con versation in our political circles (und at present all our circles are political) is the petition of the Moscow nobility lo the Emperor, which is circulating In thousands of lithographed copies,and was lately published by the Bel gi.m papers. It is a document of tho highest Interest, distinguished alike for tho moderation of its tone and the reasonableness of Its demands. Tho Emperor Is not exact ly asked to give a constitution, but ho is told very plain ly, though very respectfully, that "the great net which lias immortalized his reign." ilia cmanciimtion or the s rls, has rendered further alterations in tho organic institutions of ihe empire necessary, and thai, to complete llio wo.k so happily inaugurated, the citizens of ail classes, in cluding of c eurso tho nubility, must hsvc such rights eon tcrrcd upon Ihem ns may nualilc tliem to meet the exigen cies of the row situation In which 1 liny are placed. The Kmp uor can hardly refuse to notice un address proceed ing I'roni the first polltii al corporation in Russia, and drawn up iu language so perfectly unexceptionable, an I ho will do well to ponder the demands contained In it, ami to grant at any rule the most urgent of them, without waiting for thelatal'Moo l ite" which has souuded the knell ol so many ulbor potentates. Accounts from the Crimea state that tho immigration of Bulgarian nnrt Moldavian Christians from Turkey con tinues: over fifty thousand have already arrived, besides numbers of settlers from the Interior of Kioala, who are located < n the lands left \ acant by the exodus of the Tar tars. From Central Asia wo hoar that Dost Mohammed, of Afghanistan, has commenced hostilities against the Emir of Bokhara. It is thought that tho Dost is stirred up by England, from whom lie is said to havo received soma lues ol rupees as a subsidy. The progress of evontH in that quarter is watched with oi.sli'o able attention by our government, and reinforcements have been sent from Orenburg to tho Syr Darien, to be iu readi n ess fur every contingency. Tho Asiatic do oartinent of our Ministry of Foreign Afatis is r.ow superintended by Geiiora! Nicholas Ignatloff, son of iho eg.Governor of ibis capital, and formerly ambassador at Bokhara and 1'ckili, who is perfectly an fail iu Oriental pi lilies. A rumor was spread sonio time since by the English pa pois, which seems even to have found its way into the llERAUi, that the Russian crew frigate Svc liana had been lost, with ad hands,on the const of Japan. Fortunately there is no foum'.atl u whatever for this ro|H>rt. Py the last n ivices, dared early in .-'eptambor, the Svollar a was !> ing at the island of Tsuziiia, in tho Situ its of Cores, which had been occupied by Admiral Li tint choir, with the consent of tlieCoroan authorities, as a nnvnl station. Tauztna is situated in 34 deg. 30 iniu. north a: d P?t> deg. 30 mill. oust, and will be nn excellent place of rendezvous lor our squadron in llio Chim se und Japanese waters, which is qotie a respectable forco, being composed of the fo lowing vessels:?the Svctlans, forty guns,Captain Itutakoll'; tne Kuleva a, Uite n guns,Cap tain liavidelf; the Grfileu, eleven gnus,Captain Kepilotf; the Praia, link, cloven guns. Captain Pirnlell. tho llaldouak, six guts, Captain 1'eschar oil'; the Ra.-bolvik, six guns, Captain Rosenberg, the Stulok.slx guns, Captain-It-gut kiolil; theJN.iyezdiiik, six guns, Captain Jeltinkbin; the Gpicliink, six guns, Captain Sclivanotf, and tho Abrik, live guns, Captain Ptlkin. all screws. Throe of theso shl;>B will return to Cronsladt next summer, being relioved by tho corvettes Rinda, Bog Ayr and Novik, now rn route for tho I'acillc, under the command id' Admiral Pojioff. The War Feeling in Englautl* A LOOKOUT FOR MASON AM) SL1DSLL OS BOARD A BRITISH FLEET. [From Ibe Loudon Chronicle, Per. 4. | No middle course i? opep. Either our demands, as stated by lord Russell, must be r implied w ith to !ho let tor, or tiny must be enforced hy the action or a tin t, which, as th ? Yankees will lca:n, rather too soon for their dignity, Is not the same a* that which encoun'cr d thrfrfi.ii! odds in 1S12. In this emergency they naturally glance at the iinmiu so material resources of the French < mpire, and ?| cculate upon the probabilities of an Impe rial alliance. I-or once those astute adventurers are out id their calculations. The crime of which they have been guilty it one that offends, not England alone, but every maritime Power, h i< a Wow rtruci against the. commerce of the world. F-ante has ni less an inter i t in resenting it tlnn Great Jtiitain her self. In point or fnci, every government that signed the treaty of ! aria in lSif! is biiiiml by the principles ? f political consistency to do uount " .is piratical the achkvetnent of the San Jacinto. Every important Journal in the en mi re has given Its ad husicn to the doctrine of Iniernatkinal law upon which I.ortl K :r>8 dl's despatch to l ord I.yntis lias ho ei fciundo I. Therefore If the Americans want au ally, they must seek one beyond Retiring Straits, ar>l n-t on 'th ? other side of tin* Prltlsh Channel. England indiihitaldy cninmanfls re gouvces which, in tho worst event, wo Id enable her to hold her own both in Europe and in tho New World; but there are ton chances to one that Franco would seise ; pon t li.?? iniortunity tocn.opera'e with lior, and shnro her triumphs in tho American waters. It is a marvel whore those individuals bad their origin who are at presont counselling us lo a lopt the language of conciliation towards the North, as though tho North had bocn the victim and England tho aggressor. Mr. Itrlght's followers sug g. t 'hat if wo cancel all that has been sai-l,admit our national errors, and send our love to Now York, we may hope that tho federal faction wl'd consent not to tight. Of course, ih-re may he picked up anywhere half a dozen scribes willing to recommend humiliation and ignominy; but tliu wonder is that live hundred Englishmen can he found lo endure their degrading cant. Still. it is worth something to know what is thought at the fag end of political society, ami when the /our eommissie/nert a>Tire in the United King/term, wheher surrendered at our sum mons or brought home fy a imbri- us fleet, they may be in troduced to those curiosities of Quitkerdom, who esteem the British Union Jack no more linn tiiey would the handkerchief of a hogging Lascar. In tha mean time, tho geueral uunuimity of public opinion Is unwavering. Excepting tho paltry knot of sectarians, who invariably turn (h-ir barks agairst the light, every respectable Journal in the country hus, however tar lily, arrived at u conclusion hostile to tho American c aim, and a similar harmony of aonti irvnt will unquestionably prevail, should the* Northern States drive i s.into war. It isallcgc.t, in the only quar inr wlieroa.dlspori!lim lo capitulation oxists, t'uit tho Amorieao cause IsS'M POi ted by acknowicd autheriticn. Of courue there le always an acknowledged authority on every aide of a question. Wo have beon wrong and we have bnn. right every time we have met an enemy by land or sou. The difference is one of principle. The right "f an Englishman is tho wrong of a tjuaker, pist as the ] fuithof a Chri.-uiau is :hu Infidelity of a Jew. Hut whore I would England have been had tho Ojmojx.litatts pre vailed? India would hnve been a Krerwh l muses* ion, Obt startiW'plo a wilder capital of lite Oar, Egypt a Napoleonic highway, China a second Ja puu, France the flr=t maritlmo Power, and Ireland a icrt of European Mexico, forevor woltoring in its own blood, and descending by degrees to the towst stays of barbarism, Happily, the nation lias hel?r another theory, a' hough,if this single ontr go were Vdcaled, It would deprive us of more prestige than could ho regained by Ufty future victories. A susp elm most dishonoring to tho American charne lev is naturally engendered hy what has transpired sk New York. In no version of the proceedings on board ' tho Trait do we discover the trace of an n'luslon to u*yj iriauraof despatch's. And yet curtain documents liav.) I enveniently turned up for tivsmisslou to President ! Lincoln. We havo no right :u ? csetit to suggest how | those tmpcrs nny have been, .biaim d.b t there would bo little inconsistency on Hie /art ui the North ?ow? iff" fob)i ate a set of sjmiioi'f .rp-ii, hes, and po m s?ot off rs he contraband which )itt(/ietl the arse to/ (V Tern:, r.'e-ja'h-x -r no deejvtb trs, h wore, the ' h-uswpp.ssg of th' four co mm ion SO", stand* inexcusable^ spd upon this point the wh lo c.otrnversy turns. The Yankee press |nf, rms its co|i"tiV.-at8 thut, es usual, we shall ex haust ourselves) and on; tRntgnwlton in empty words: but for once they have been feo confident. There will be no recoud thoughts In Nng*aud upon this question. America is not yet privileged To concoct a i ew international law for ho. self and the rest of tho civilised world. Sho nny bo prompted V) acts of infatuated recklessness !>y that Irish spirit Abich has converted bar largest city into a second I'o'vtiybroi k. and transplanted a curse from lite Old World to the New. Hut before the lime for A filial decK eion err.(vc*. befcro Congress hag passod Its rosolutluns, befor^Vjr. Seward hasau-wered Lo: d Russell, the North wit', be wise If it convinces itself, beyond x possibility of d'/Obt, that Great Britain ii serious in this matter, that her Vsmfve has been taken, that sho has uttered no word by 1 which she will not abide, apd thai the one alternative of the federal government ta to give way with proorasMaat lug, or trust to U?# abltfMMM of war. The Defence and Defences of Canada. [From tho London Poet (government organ), Dec. 8.1 Whatever may be the insuo of the dispute which la now priding between England and tho United States, no per aon can doubt tnat it ia the duty of this country to take the earliest and nc at energetic sie;>s to plate Canada in a condition of complete defence. The Great Eastern and the (.'olden Fleece. in conse pinnce of the requisition of Sir Feu wick Williams, couveyud to Quebec two rogiinents of infaulry and a battery of artillery. It was understood that three or Ave adliti- ual regiments would bu gent out before the cinee of navigation; hul this necessary moasure of precaution waa not adopted, and If the frontier of Canada should now be exposed to invasion, tbe do lay will have been n very untoward circumstance. At Ml present moment there are stationed in Canada (tee regunentsof the line, two batteries of artillery, and prhaps a Company ,f sa^tpers and miners?a force scarcely amount ing to five tkoutnnd men. The active militia, coimMised (rt cavalry, artillery and riflos, U of about equal drench, whilst the sedentary militia numbers on paper more than three hundred thousand rank and Ale If war should unfortunately lak- placa, the regular troopa would nececaarily bo employed in the defence of the forlreasea at Quebec, Montreal and Kingston,ai the taxes of important operations to be. commenced not iprincj. Tito active mili tia, with some few regulars, might take lake the Aold, but the former would ba exactly of the same class aa the levies lo which lh"y would be opposed. No doubt the sedentary force, rcmeuiboi trig the gallant achievements of the Canadian militia in 1812. would speedily bccomo excellent troops, and that both French an l English would rally aa a uiau in defence of their own homes. Hut tho American civil wnr abundantly shows the folly or trust ing to an undisciplined army. Wu believe that the Canadian militia would. In the end, be enshlud to hold their own, and to repel invasionoa they did In the war of Amcrii an independence, and in the more roecnt hostilities of 1812. However, it ta not fair to expose tho population of the province to such fearful odds. He inforeem ntsfims this country murt be sent out. Hut how are they to be enceyedt Through the interested and triky policy of Canadian officials, the only port through which (in winter) Cana la can be reached is Port!in I, tn th- State oj .Voire, which in all prila'dlily, will be closed ajainsttu immediate ly that the Queen's proclamation it received pro hibiting the exportation f rum England yf saltpetre and other articles used in the manufacture <f g hiptnoder. Under thase circumstances, relaforcom uia must bo despalcliud llrat to Halifax, which U open throughout the year, and conveyed on sled) c* act oca a perfect wilderness to Que bec. This proems wis adopted in tho winter of 188d, when the Forty-third l.ighl Infantry was thug conveyed from Halifax lo l.ower Canada to take part in putting down the rebellion or the French habitant. t If the railroad from llaliiax to Trola I'istolleg, above Quebec, bad been completed?an undertaking which only requires an Imperiul guarantee of 1160,000 a year?the whole of the troops at Aide shot, Phomolifft, Colchester and tho Currugh could easily. In spite of leu and snow, bo poured Into tho province lo repel uud punish Inmilt nud rggression. Whether or not the cloud which looms so In avily will passaway, the troops must he sent from this couutry, and the loute which they must take will entail a cost n any times grealer lhan tho guarantee which wo have mentioned, in truth wo cannot bolter illustrate the folly of leaving in winter direct communication bo th s co mtry and the United Stales to the siuglo port of i'orlland, than by tho following statement, which was made shortly after tho tormoiaiion of thoKusslan war: During the into war, and at one of the most critical periods of that war, the British govern ment were desirous of removing from Quebec tho Urge munitio s of war which tliey had at lhat place. A qucstiou was put to tho law officers? namely, whether, If those m mil ions were carried along Ihe railway from Quebec to Portland, tins could be dono without olli nce to the Uuited .States:- The law ollicors gave as their opinion that it would be a violation of in t rnalioii.il law, and the consequence was that those ' tores were carried in tho depth of winter on sledges to i Ha ifax and shipped to the Crimea. We are airaul that ilie same inconvenience and delay may occur at a tiiuo w hen the exigehcy is even greater. Wo will, however, not take a gloomy view of tho quo Hon. The penplo of Canada, a., of llio other British North American provinces, are loyal,gallant and devoted. They are proud of their conuecilun with the mother country, and ihey are determined to sustain it at all sacriticc and risk. They remember what their sr-s did in 1812, when, almost single h.mdet, lltoy expe.lod tho invador from Canadian soil. They recollect with pride llio achievements of Do Salnbery and M Nab, and if they should again be called up >n lo dcfon-J their homos and liberties, thev will, as heretofore, give n good account of the enemy. They liavo taken t.me by thu forelock; ll.oy have been for mouths engaged lu drilling and iu f rrniug volunteer corps. Old and experienced officers ami soldiers will, at tho cull of their country, again clitor ihe Held and instruct ihoir younger ctmad s m those habits of neli reliance and dlaclpllao which constitute the real strength r.f an army. But In ihe meantime the province must bo rendered safe, a tnsk which will not only cost enormous expeuso, but wiil exposeour troops hoi ore tliey can reach Qucliee to the horrors of a transit through an mh spiiablc country in tho depth of ? Gma diau win cr. Most of these evils and inconveniences would have boon avoided if tho mothur country hail acted with the d Hie rent provinces in constructing that inter colonial railway which would at nil seasons of the year have made the Communication of Ki-.gl.-iud with llaouda uaiirely independent of the Uuiled States. Tl?c Brltlsti Artillery Orilered to Cunatla. [From Ihe Londouchronicle, Dec. 4.] Thu note or preparation for tho impsudiiig war with the Northern states of America has been sounded In Bris to), tho F. battery of the Fourth brigade field artillery, which lias bei-u in or.r midst for a considerable time, having received th.-ir route for Canada. The buttery, or at least that portion of it which has been stationed at the liorlleld Burrocks, numbers six i i'. curs, muoiygum.e s, seventy drlveie, nra-commis sinned officers. Ac., and is supplind with six Armstrong gun3. Tbo dotaehment arrived in this city from Sliorn cliffe nlno mouths ago. The officers arc Captain Vesey (thecommandant). Captain Turu-r, Lieutenants Royth, Tyler and England, and Surgeon Morgan. The nrdor un I tho arrangements that have boon made thoroupon evi dcutly show that the authuritii-s hold tliat tho emergency brooks no delay. Tho (lespatek ordering th- detachment to hold it.-o f in read mors to start wlicn the route was received reached thocommau-lingoflicorcnHaturdny night; by middle day yosterday the guns and wagons were despatched to tho station, and by nightfall tho bag g.tgo had been packed and the harness seen to, and llio parking thereof proceeded with. We holiovo that the route has been received, and that the artillerymen wiil lo tvo this city by spucial train lliis mnmiiig for Woolwich, whero the Melbourne, a fast sleuin trans|<ort, wiil he in wilting for them, nml wiil ssii un tho following morning lor Halifax, Nova Scotia. Tho American Question Iu the ParU I.sw Court*. [From (ialignani's Messenger, Pec. 6.] A question arising out of tho civil war in America was yesterday submitted to tho Tribunal of Commerce. MM. Kiniatlio ft Neyrcy, m ("chants at Now Orleans, accepted a bill for $4S3, pajronln on tho 15th of Octi.b-r lust to MM. Ottenhrimor ,vto., of New York. But bo -ro Ilia bill became due Ihe f'engross of lUoCoulcdura I eSta cs b lopled a law interdicting aiiy commercial relation.-be tween the So itli and tho X rth, and conse iticntly no mo ney was transmitted by Itimalho A Nov rev to pay the bill, which was dishonored. But Oltt-nhoimer A Co., having learned that a tm mb, r of the IE tft <>| Kimalbo k Noyroy had e< mil to Paris, endorsed the b:ll to Ralliu A Co., in that city, and yesterday those persons ca led on Uie tribunal to'comlemn him to pay it. But the tribunal decided that as ltallin A Co. woro not bona JUlr holders of the bill, inasmuch as they had given no viil o for it.. n-1 as th? drawers and acceptors wuro foreiguors, it luid no Jurisdiction. 11 thorcforo dismissed tho cose, ami con demned Bahin & Co. to pay the casts. __ Tito Nrxtrnn Iavnslon. STEGCH OP 3K.N0K PACHECO ON TUB POMCT OP SPAIN IN MKXICO. The Gaeette de. Madrid, Ot tlie liTU im-t., publishes A speech by M. Pschcco (late Minister of Spain in Moxfco) on the Mexican question, at the sitting of tlm Senate of November 22 nnti 2-'!:?ln.erdor that the person sent to Moxico (that person having bcou myself) might possess great authority, It became necessary that the rpauiah go vernment should decide upon fol owing out an active policy in Mexico. That policy can bo summed us as fol lows :? First?To place, tntrsdm at-the head of the Spanish race in America, giviug thu poopio to understand that we had acenptod their independence in a spirit of good fait It, but that, in the natural progress of the world. Spain i*. and ought to be, at the. head of all individuals of the same rare. Secondly?There exists a.nation in Amorica which is not of Spun it h origiu?the population of North Amorica?who hare be*n rendered by circumstances rivals of our race. That race alleges that the Latin race ought to be subordinate to it in Athciica: a rash preieniism, in my opinion, and one to which the Anglo Sarrm race is l,y no means entitled. Thirdly?Protection to Spanish interests. In Mexico alone there are eight.thousand Spaniards, representing# sum of 150,000,000 of piastres. In setting out for Amori ca, I, like every ono olao Id F.uropo, calculated on the tri ttmph of Miramtm. On tay arrtral tilings Had changed. I understood at that time that there was In Mexico a Spanish party and an anti*Spauish party. I say a Spanish 1 arty, not because they world lie disposed to sell the r country to '.s, but bcoause they have an analogy, an alli nity with ' v and because lliey preservo our anginal tra ditions. I say aiitl.Spauisli, in spoaking of the other pai ly, because they began the war of independence by assassinating our fellow countrymen,and because they nevci cease to deny their origin. Tim Spot ish- partv la the one Which rose against the constitution of le57. th y count in their numbers all the criririties of the country. Ite party which in Kurope it reactionary < itd clerical, ?' there tolerant and liberal. It tolerates even the freed nr? of .irligions creeds. The federal party, on the at her hand, is a pel ty of barbarism.end disturbance, a ra.ty whop* ob ject is not to. bring about the annexation of Its country to the t'nited- Elates, but rather to foment anarchy iu Mexico by sowing division and in'rotl srinp hrenty repub lics iohere. there should be. but one. t may add mat the majority jf the Spanish party ts com jawed of whalemen, men llke-ourselves. whilst almost lip wholenuthSpeiiiaU party ia half caste. With respect to the InOian racts, which eonattt'itee the majority of the people in that tug.' nlory U-cj a si most submissive race, ami are easy ??* begoeerncl. Compelled sinnetincs to pass afowdays aim eg these peiple oti my journey to Mexico, they used to a W me for ..ews of the (juoetiour sovereign. I an wt rod them? ' ijuwu is my sovereign, and net yours, be ypu are Mexican#." Their Invariable answer was this?" 1F< han always ti-aot our falheit fay the K ing our Sottreign. and why may we not also tay the tdue n our Sovereign!'' F**htoi*n for Dcrcmhen [From he Toilet of Paris.] Winter has come- upon us suddenly, and with such severity that, before we have quite arranged our artic jg on autumn dress, wa are called u'ton to devote our nt t. ntionto a derxription of the difTorent materials j sty Irs more suitable to the present aucompinimt /in of this season ot the year?frost and snow. Two distinctly opposite styles will, it is?a]d mMt with equal success this winter. The skirts of dresses w ill be worn either ornamented to ezudsa, 'ar?for there In no medium?thoroughly simple and v^pi 0 all oms tneoV We can hardly realize th ? extreme of simplicity, e-pecially at we find our elegsr.tea wearing flounce#, soutaches, and pasststsmterte of all kinds. U to true ?k.< fn? .. 'ndoor dree* a variety of ornament la unneoes i V?rM inconvenient. For " roboa de villa," u4 comae the caaa -1" 1uit* dw,,r*n?- <*?? ">ln? la curtain:?a bandaom*," tr,mn?ud drul^w'!L*lw!JrV,"I! a richer appearance than oJ* 'f *?' J'" material what It may. The only difflcin.'/ ? to choose from the maaa offered for our selection; cOlBPrlgtoff small gauffer ed flounces, ruches, braidings, ptttfiMSWlp ?f *J" kinds, bullous surrounded with lace or fur, colored m* pings, tassels, pompons of frayed silk, tnedallious of vel vet or silk, embroidered in salin stitch; lane flounces or Insertions, very uarrow gauffered frills, bands of velvet or silk a disposition, ka. II is impossible to name tha thousand and one styles and materials for trimming dresses. Flounces ars never put to the bottom of the skirt, and are placed together, or In rows with spaces be tween, occonllug to the fancy of the wearer. Many are plaoed In twua or threes, and each set beaded by a ruche or baud of color. They are seldom put straight round the skirt, but in Vandykes ot scollops. The flounces are not hemmed ; they are either bound or pmkod. Many dresaoa are trimmed en (unique, uud it is expected that this style, being n becoming one, as it give-* height and grace to the Qgure, wiU long re main in ia.-hioD. The bodies of dresses ara made either round or with two points; if the latter, the points In front are open. Tb-v are closed to the throat, or open en ranr, according to tile Style of the malei lal, or the purpose tor which the dross is designed. Alpaca is still a favorite material with tho Parisian*, and seome to bo gaiuiug ground with the English. It has the advantage of failiug in graceful folds, without ao much danger of cutting as exists in many other fabrics, l'onliua, either English or Irish, ars much worn. Taffetas, antiques aud moires still maintain tholr rank. Velvets are generally trim med with Astracan, cither real or Imitated, In Thibet wool or frayed silk. It U a very rich and soft trimming. Foulards aro very much In favor, despite ihe winter. Tho most fashionable are those with brown or gray grounds and colored flowers. A whito foulard, with colored flowers, makes a very elegant evening dress, and has tho advantage over tarlatune in that It will Wush. Soutache# and c rds aro ve.y much worn. The design# in which tboy are made are very rich and fantastic. Ths skirts are worn very full aud long behind, but rather shorter iu frout than formerly. Colored petticoats are as much in favor for out of-door wear as over; they are made In woo's or drngiieta, iu pain materials, and trimmed with wide bands of velvet or colored merino; us Crcbemlre, with designs printed to imitate laces?this luttor is hardly good taslo; the most elegmit and expan sive colored petticoats are iu black silk, quilted, with white or color, in various patterns, In squares or medal ' "The Zouave vest is not superseded by the Oaribaldl, but is no longer accompanied by tho waistcoat of latute or m :slin: lliu season requires warmer materia'*, such as lachemire, In all colors, embro.dored In black or W For headdresses thore sre soms novsl wreaths and ornaments; the wreaths nro sometimes divided into thfoe. the centre division being very high snd pointed? then thfl bandeaux bouflfcuiU; tho wreath r?*P* pears by tho car, and finishes very full at ths balik of tho head. Sometimos they are made to little bouquets, of different form snd stylo, aud p acod on tho head according to the taste of the wearer. Home head dresses arc made of feathers. Wo noiiced an elorent one made of tho ends of peacocks' leathers, and Intended to ho worn with little bows aud ends formed ol diamonds. For a young lady, nothing is so suitable as a Bing o flower placed between the front and the back hair. Too bonnets made by our principal milliner* are 110 longer raised to a high i>oiut. They are distinguished from commonplace bonnets by tho fact of their being rather square at the top, aud very open at the sides; tboy uro still large, but not so large us they were. The top of tho cap is full of flowers, or feathers, &c., aud the sides, of bloudo or lace, are vory full. GENERAL SUMNEITS DIVISION. OUR ALEXANDRIA CORRESPONDENCE. Sixty Fiasrr RwuKsnt N. Y. V.,\ Camc Oalikorkia , Near Alexandria, Dec. 19,1881, f A Letter from the SiHf-Jtd Begim>?t Hew York Kofun tterc Location of the Troops, 1 heir Health and Their Con di ion?t'ii ld Exercises, Drills and Religious Sen-ices in Camp?Pen and Ink Sketch of Gen. Howard,<te.,<tc. Not having seen anything of much importance in your columns connected with this regiment since its depnrlut* from New York, I have thought a few lines would no prove unacceptable?providing you allowed mo the jpacc in giving information to our friends and the pub lic generally ns to where wo are and what we are doing. Taking your permission for granted, I will flret briefly de. scriiio the position tho Sixty-flrst has taken to tho army on this side of the Potomac. Numbering one of the regiments which compose the brl pade of (leu. Howard, we are located in tho ailvance from Alexandria, on tho road to Fairfax Court House, about six miles fn m the last mentioned placo. The four regiments which eiinstitute this brigade may be designated as fol? lows:?The Fifth New Hampshire, the Fourth Rhodelsland tho Sixty-flrst New York, and the Thirty-sixth 1'ennsylva nia?the first and Inst named regiments on the extreans right and left. Fort Worth is in oar rear, and covers us with the range of Its gui.e. The ground which our rogi. mrnt occupies for its camp i*, the greater portion ot it, broken and vory unlevel, one side of it accommodating only ono lialf of the company touts, while tho remainder are pitched upon a hill on a line witlf^ttf?!# towatds ths right. The Geld snd staff have distributed themselves 1*1 .w and in rear of the first. It is not a vory eligible spot, tho noil being wet and marshy, and, were It not that the aim"s; here is pure enough to counteract tho eflbct, the dampness would no doubt breed malaria. The regl mout has not, howevor, suffered from the existence of any scute diseases which have shown themselves during the time wc have been stationed here, and the hospital record shows a decrease of some twenty-five per cont iu tlie number of ito inmates since leaving Washing ton. An epidemic known as tho measles, through con tagion alone, has diffused Uself to a considerable extent; but numerous colds are the only serious oomplaints which have arlson from causes immediately associate ! with ths location Itself. There has not been a singlo death so far. Tho beautiful weather wo have been enjoying for the past two weeks lias no doubt prevented the prevalence of much sickness and contributed immeasurably to tho good spi: its of nil hands generally. Since tho rogiinrnt has been brigaded its labors'hara largely ium-ased, aud officers and rnon find but little time to devote to other exercises than those connected with the profession they luivo adopted. Drills, (Hkrades, in spociiong, tec. .follow each other in gue.li quick succession, t gc-tber with guard and other fatigue duties, that one feels n yearning for plenp when tho day's work is over, and s ddotn re/rets the goifnd of tattoo at even the early hour of half-past cit-ht at night. To better ill istrato these remarks I wH here give you a brief portrait of Coneral H -ward, fr< m whom cmauato these different commands, pics-nling liiiu as he represents himself by bis deeds and aetioi s. In the first place he exhibits n p.-out deal of Indomitable energy a-.d persevoranco in his labors to discipline his men. Ho has instituted a class for the instruction of all tho line officers every night In tho "school of tho battalhn,'' and has ordered each of tho field olficera to act as tearhor. following tho result of those theo retical exercises, tho General sees that tho commandor of each regiment shall, tho next day. manmuvre that regi m nt, practically, in the lesson which the officers have recited the evening before. In this manner he constantly combiiu n theory and practice, thereby accomplishing the design of having the olllci-rs in his command thoroughly acquainted with their duties, and there can be nodUfi colty in mauagiBg the men. In the kneond place, he does not fall to possess sound principles in devising tiie beet means for secur ing lite health, couifon and happiness of the soldlere. Having organised a dally police guard, wlioao duties are to attend its the general cleanliness of the camp* and established maquad in each company to keep tho streets of their respective companies In a cleanly and respocta bio cundltiofty. holding tho captains responalblo for any neglect, 1m- Inspects the whole to see if It is done pro perly, and never fells to apply the -remedy needed when a failure is :aa lo in the execution of such orders. In the other sanitary departments he is also effioieut in his mvllwd of providing for their wants and necessities, giving suoh orders to be executed ee are productive of tiie most beneficial results. He display s greatjictivlty Ul all that he undertakes, and is manifestly deserving of thn ruHpcct and obedience which ho receives. Thirdly, he is an exemplary man as wollas r-gpod soldier. From the beginning hs has associated morality and re ligion oven with the pomp red cevcmony'of.war; so that ?very action sterns to sprinyfrom an earnest uonvlctioo of his dependence on the Almighty for iue success, and presenting an example of use who betisyes that a man, all hough he wears tho cocscd hut and plume, need not be unmindful of his God. We not only 'eofd religious exor cises ob the Holy Sabbath.ea a Chriitian obligation, but. tor mi note tho labors of each day, at evening drees parade, with a prayer to Him who tu!*a the destinies of natit-ns. to guide us in preserving ours. Kis en imposing ceremony, when, drawn up Inclosafi col-,run, in nta-s, the Aapiain ta'it-3 h a position near the rwnre, the men wl'h uplifted hats, bowing their heads la. the attitude of solemn .thoughts, aud all listening ta.the words of prophetic, appeal that flow from tho minister'a bp-*. Then when he has finished, the band playing Wd Hundred, ant votros harmonising with tho organ tones of the different instrumente: it Is grand tod im posing in the sxirome. Ocoasuons like these make dorp impression, which rre always remembered, 1 have gi-.eii you this pen and ink sketch of Brigadier General Howard out of pur* regard?which, in cum mon w ith others, I have foe the man?be .suae I be lieve if wo c.ui be vir'prions under Hie leadership of any man it will be under him. We inspires confidence in hia Ability t? win glory for himself and honor and credit for bis brigade. Under the rye atkuota a general, with Its efficient offl. rers, no regiment could fail to improve, and the Sixty fl at b.* certainly progressed wonderfully in all that por table to the military art In w hich they have been instruct ed. It can with trnth he paid to vio iavorably with any of fcs c im-ietltora In the brigade, and,although amail in /lumbers. it makes op the numerical want in the credita ble skill which la shewn in the mannor of aoquttllng itself. Colonol Conn is ludelatigablo in hia exert ions to mako the rrglm nt a parsgon In point of soldierly m*rit, and has 8 iccec l. d so far a9 to win tho favor of Gen. Howard, who has placed a son, 1 bolieve, as lieu tenant of one of tho c m.ianies. With the other gentle manly and etflrient officers wh-i lead them there can be no doubt of the result of their eilbrts in the fortliooming contest. The regiment is at prosent doing picket duty within sight of the enemy's pickets, quartered on Kdeol'p Hill, one mile this side of Springfield, tho place from which "we retreated In such excellent order" a few weeks ago. I must close. You may hear from mt again , If the coute&la of this merit your approbation.

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