Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1861 Page 3
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THE NAVY. OPERATIONS IN THE GULF. OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. I'mitto Stjiibl. SmtlUB K. R. (vnta, \ Mwwaum Sot mi, Nov. 30,1861. / The Blockading Sercicet of the Jt. H. Culler?Spiiitualum ? a Pastime?The Supply Skipu?Tin Burning of tke Finland?Secetsit.nisU Frightened?A Rebel 0cho\.ner tit Trouble?Arrival at the Mississippi?Chang* of Officer*? Fort Manachvfeit*?Reported Negro Inturreetim?Corn muni cut i n Between New Gikuni and Motile Cut off? J'rites Taken by the New London?Uncle Sam Kiforcing the Quarantine Laws at New Oi leans, ttc., <tc The Cuyler 1* not unknown or undervalued by New Yorker*; and, tbougn It will be no newB to tell you that ebe ba* played her part woll during fix months of blockading service, limited an the opportunities for dis tinguishing borsel! have been, it may not he uninterest ing to her old friends to know moro of her, and that her reputation will remain good to the last. She is not so well adapted for battering stone forte as regularly built mon of-wur vessels, and it is not likely that that service Will be required of her, her forte being inclosing and overhauling; and we l ave an immerse amount of con fidence In her capacity that way while she has wator enough under her. Our experience of blockading lifo at our first state n, Ifempa Bay, Florida, was anything bet ugrceub'e. Heat, mosquitoes and sickness on board took the spirits out of a great many; but our worthy doctor came to tlio rescue In this melancholy slate of nl'aiis, and cioated conside rable excitement by his manifestations of spiritualism. One seeno in particular completely revived us, and an allusion to It at any time brings mirth and a littlo morti fication. The fact is that the doctor, apparently in one of his trances, revealed tho names un l exposed the hand writing of a deceased friend of one of the party, who had placed the name, written on a piece of paper, inside an ?nvelopo, which was laid in full view upon tho tuble. Tho ?cone was ludicrous upon tJ.e announcement, and conster nati n, surprls ?, vexation and hearty lau. liter followed in succession as the doctor exposed h.s own imposition. As a general thing, we concede that Pr. Watson is un tutie ting, able and enthusiastic opponent of spiritual ism. Wo wcro almost isolated from both friend und f< 0, when wo cxporionced the bnneficence of government in establishing a line of supply st< timers to visit 11s regular ly, uud bring us letters, news und all kinds of good things, ?ach as wo would n; torally be iu need of, besides fresh mant and vegetables?most desirable to the stomach; and 1 think we have reason to tie grateful for this con. ?idoraiton for us. When letters arrive, what a time overhauling them an they arc promiscuously emptied from tho hag. We are like hungry wolvt s th 11, handling them, and hope,Joy and disappointment show thcmsely. s very distinctly upon those occasions. Tho waters of Tampa Bay wore too quiet and obscure for the C uylcr, and it was with pleusuru that we received en order to leave it. We were not long in reaching our new station o!T Apulnchfcaln, and there wo found the United States ship Montgomery, and at tho same time espied, what wc had not seen seemingly for an age, a huge ship, some miles inside the bar. The capture and burning of the Finland is now an old story; but we do not forget that, while we deprived the 1 ncmy of her, she might have, been made valuable to us, us therouldhavo been brought out, or at least under the protection of our guns, aa experienced men suggested at the projior time to the oftloer In charge. Operations of this kind require en able man to conduct them successfully. Our steamers had not ventured over the bar, nnd after this affdr our enterprising, ctltcicnt sailing master, Mr. Crocker, made sumo soundings an t found a safe channel. Shortly after this a small schooner made her appearance from Apalachicoia, with some ritlemon aboard, who feeling that 1 bey could sail about inside with impunity, got a little too far, when we immediately gave chase over tho bar and into shoal water. Our shut intimidated tho enemy; they drove hor aground and put overheard, very lightly clad, for tho shore. Wc cenld not approac h nearer at tho time and destroy her with shot, and, as tho men were principally ashore, and nothing more re mained to bo done except burning the little craft, and that net being worth while or of sufficient importance to risk tho Cuyler grounding, by delaying longer tliere In shoal water, our then commanding oilicer came out again. The captain entertained some thoughts of allowing Mr. Crocker to board the schooner wilh tho boats: but it np. pcared too serious a risk, as wc could not cover the in wiih our guns. Our executive officer, I,icut. John Van Ness Phi ip, also volunteered to board noxt day; but, though the.ta.nptatinn was strong tvpermit it, It wnstno apparent thai it would end iu sacrificing valuable lives in a 1. .,t unimportant service, even if successful. Both Mr. Crocker and Lieut. Philip were too valuable men for any such purpose. Wo arrived at Pass a I'Outre entrance to thoMisairslppi shortly after tho experiment of tke "ram." U|*>n Captain Pope's return home Captain Ellison was transferred from ibis ship to the command of the Rich Uond?one of the finest vessels of her class in the navy; and we learn, by tho arrival of the Connecticut, that she acted nobly before Pensacola at the last attack there, giving our furmer captain (Ellison) an opportunity to distinguish himself, of wlach ho was not slow to take ad vantage, assisted by a noble set of olBccisand a bravo crew. It was with sinoere feelings of pleasure that wo were informed Lieutenant Commanding Francis Wiuslow, from tho Water Witch?that gallant little craft that bore herself so bravely and honorably covering the retreat at the Mississippi atlnir? was to be our new commanding ctficer. Wc had heard of him; and, if a warm and sinoere welcome was desira ble to him on coining aboard, be ha t it unreservedly. If I may venture to give an opinion <i|?>n his future, I should say, Judging from bis attribute, which inspire respect and confidence, and from his natural Illness for the service, that he will early become an able ami popu lar naval commander, and attain u prominent position in the naval service. We havo be- n at Ship Island since the first of the month blockading, and aiding, w ith a portion of our crew, to build "Fort Massachusetts," named after the United Mates steamer of that name, coiuirnndcd by MriaaeUmi Smith, who bus devoted much euargy and ability to the construction of this important fort., wh oh is now garri Boned. I.ieut. Buchanan, late of the Mississippi, has been appointed Governor of the island. Several slaves, who have run from Mississippi City, have reached tho Massachusetts, and report that tho slaves of this neighborhood are only awaiting assist ance to rt 0; they tell store s of the discontent und dis tress increased among the people at this state i f affairs. It would bo a diabolical act for any one to encourage a rising of tho slaves, and a mau guilty of it merits the fate o: the noose, which Is adjudged to a white man for this very course, und I am told tLat ho will swing next week, near Hiloxl. It will bo news to you to learn that wo have clog d tho water communication for steamers nnd schoonors between New Orleans and Mobile. On this sound it le quired the aid or a light draught of wat r gunboats. Im mediately upon the arrival here of lbo Now London, she was round to answer admirably, and by getting in the neighborhood of the unsuspecting st-amors aud schooners at night she could 1 ounce out n;? n them before they kn w the trouble tliey were getting into. Thus we have as prlr.es two st umboats. loaded with spirits tur pentine, molasses, Ac., and two schooners, one with lumber, very inoch^nceded for the fort, and the other, tar, torpa^is, Ac. Their gun boats, though we'.l armod, hove not felt inclined to make tho attempt to force usolf. We got quite ac customed to tho view of sceiug freight steamers passing almost daily, but now I fear wo wdl see them no more. We gave one a chase yesterday. They took covor behind an island, whore wo could nnf follow, and no doubt crept out during tho darkness < tho night. Freights were high, and about a dozen c! ? ? steamers wore doing a lively business. Borne of 1- ? prisoners 1 hove spoken to are very communicative and intelligent, and afford con siderable information. Notwithstanding the high prices of provisions, Ac.. in the South, and tho pressure en croaching on all sides, they seom to be quite satisfied, and aro.uudor the b lief that Jeff, llsvls will tako Washington. Vain hallucination. Tho Health Officers of Now Orleans have to tlmnk our ships for enforcing the quarantine laws so effectually free of charge, ns to have kept the city clear of sickness thin summer. Disgrace, as well as virtue, brings Its own reward, Tho captain of one of the prize schooners states tliat "they are ashamed of the u.-t of naval officers tlicy have." Appa rently, then, thesn gentlemen aro beyoud the pale of sympathy on cither side?tho fruits of deserting the Stars and Stripes. Ditrr?r> Pr.viss Stbaver mraKTrs, 1 AtSiiip Ihlaxs>, Nov. 27,1861. Jrriml nf a French Slnop-af-war at the Miuiitippi?Her Strings Conduct?The Matra<hv setts t-n the IsxJtiAit?A Correction, <fe., da. In your Havana correPixVKleTvo, under date Sept embar 21, appears the following paragraph:? The Frocch staam sloop uf-wsr la* Voissler, Commander Bonnet to, loft for Ship Island on (ho 10th, with despatches for the French CoW-iil at Now Orleans, not proposing to eiiier 11 to rivo^ taking a good coast and river pilot, a horn citizen of Franco, who was sworn in on the 1Mb by tho French Consul General,and put upon tl.o petiy ofl.ci.il list of th" ship. It is rumored, Since sailing, that Cora innnder Bcuettn expected to pass tho Helta squadron without observation, deliver hi- I tier at the fort on ship Island mid return. Tluit will bo attempted, and, If ac oomplinhed, l he facts will bo us id to the prejudice of the United states. In reference to the aliove, i,'"* tnc to ray that on tho 23d of /Vtobor a vessel beta, reported hy the lookout from this mlp, our ever wakeful u: 1 vigilant c tin mnnd' r (of which there is none tr. vu so in the United Flutes Navy) an mediately steamed for tho str.ihgSB?to ascertain who ftud what hn v. as. And wh' n within hail ing disiaocc an otf.-:er cime on bf-nrd the Massachusetts, reporting that it *w the Fr neh t i.atte LoVoi -1-r, Commandar Kiiwurt, l>n from Hs- m. and that h avished to communicate with ho . calor officer: and Open being informed that wo would taso him to Cupl dnl't well, horcpli d that b ? must ftrai return to hi jvw-?<?'. ft then Captain P. slffnalttod f* the M. ? eh y? to pw ttndor tho Mofti of tho rolomt , and v.I.compiyin wi.h that orifcr tiiu Lo Voider w.' at to . team In a con trary direction, wbtch appeared 10 ??J?VS?3[ proceeding,?<&&, aftar oomrounicallng wttfrti* f fleer, we ufce more gate cheee to the etrtngM. MU*? ft?w? MAMed with hto moTement*. M lt occu A; he had upon ?teeming off aet h? ? <igain> Vitf more thou two hours before ,1 ot)lum Chen en officer wu??? ?? amamM ell the particulars, ho., who "turned^ ^ m(u)0f war> that abe waa all right. a Waa JW? for ljw F1^ offloer. bound to the Pasaes with pa under no apprehsa Km by the conecut of the commeuder or the Maesa CUiTthe'account of the stampede from the Mississippi rivor as publlahed in the Uboald,! noticed the name of the Massachusetts aa being one of the said *???*'???,lJ wfsh to say that tbia ship ia stationed at Ship Island Passage, Mississippi Sound; that ahe waa not at the Pawn a on that occasion, and that she haa uovor turned from friend or foe. TOE UNITED STATES STEAM FRIGATE COLORADO. AN INTERESTING I.RTTEK FROM Tnl CREW TO ('ATTAIN BAILEY. to the kpitok or ma uibalo. United Statks Stran Frioatk Colorado, 1 OffSoitiiw rat Pass , Mississippi Ri\kh. Nov. 211,1861. j From motives induced by a focliug of justice to the crew and officers of the United States steam frlg-de Colorado, now blockading the Southwest 1'aas of the Wis aiaalppl river, 1 aeud you tho following manly romon atrance from tlio entire crew ot the frigate, which apeak* eloquently of wounded senelbUlty and tnoi tilled pride. It 1b well known our Captain (Bailey) long urged upon the commandant at Fort Pickens tho expediency or opening Arc on the Navy Yard and rebel batteries of Ponsacola. We have thrown tho atones Into the trees, but others bound our arms and gathoi ed tho little fruit. The tallow ing paper emanated exc usively and spontaneously Horn the entire crew of the Colorado;? L'nitko States Steam 1 atom; Colorado, 1 Orr Sormwacr Pa>s, Mis-i-miti Hi?kr, J Pm .The ship's company beg leave to express to you their sincere regrets at not being allowed t<> participate iu tho reducti >n ot Peusacola. After having dono so much towards the advancement of the ca se which wo enlisted for, and which has so highly raised t ho officers and ere w of this ship in the estimation of our government; for, sir, wo had hoped to have been aba t have h id an opportunity to have suslainvd our officers to tho last, at the hazard or our lives, in iho complete sub jugation of tho place, and thus add new liislvo to the achievements already acquired by our gallant ravy. w e reKpeetfullv present this as a token o, our fceltugs to ward our others, and as a token of respect to our d<r ceased comradew.who were slain at ihu taking of ?}o Capt. T. Baiuct, Commanding United States frigato Colorado. THE ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. U-ntbtd St a ibs Stkam Fkioatx K >aso?m, ) Hampton Roads, Dec. 13, 1861. ) Often and Crete Tired of Inactivity?A Few Facts About the Blockade at Charleston?The Desci iftion of Boats A e ostary to Enforce lt?The. Thomas Freeborn and the John 1'. Jackson?The C'uiinoti Unnmeil from the Norfolk Nary Yard?M ar Prices al N< rfoik?The Mtrrimac,4c Finco our arrival here from tho blockade oil Charleston our life lias been one of comparative inactivity. Witbour anchor down we endeavor to relieve the monotony of our position by speculating at what period orders will reach ns that wo niay proceed North to repair our maohiuoiy, which at present is in a very dilapidated condition. Our continued idleness is in direct opposition to the feelings or our loyal officers and patriotic crew. Uiey, ore mid all, are burning with a desiro to have a briiBh with tho | rebels, mid it is hoped that such onportunitics will , speedily be given us, that we may partially regain the re putation wo seem to have lost in our bloekading career. If the poopto at large rightly understood our precise situation, whilst endeavoring to perform our duty upon j tho Southern coast, much of tlie dissatisfaction that has been expressed regarding us would bo recalled. Our ox cesslvo draught of water prevented its from approaching | within four and three-quarter miles of tho only chanr.0l | off the harbor of Charles ton, mid, whatever emergency a ose, It was perfectly absurd to hope for a greater speed than flvo knots, under steam and sail combined,from our vessel. Through this channel the swift sailing smm gliug craft and privateers ran in and out at pleasure, carrying on their illegal traffic with Impunity, as our miserably i condition rendered us powerless to interfere or suppress it | The countless inland sens that exist along the entire range of tho Southern coast are the rendezvous for the greater portion of tho pirates that carry on lliotr nefa rious business for tho benefit of tho Southern Confederacy, and these " rat holes '? cannot be approachod, much less entered, by such a pondorous and unwieldy crali as ours. Tho only manner in which the death of this smuggling business can beaccomplished is by the aid of an effective tieet of gunboats, drawing but little water. Such craft can dart with ease and rapidity in tho numerous hiding places alluded to without fear of getting aground, and then being blown to pieces by tho merciless gales that frequent these localltU s. If the Navy imparltm nl would place at tho disposal of aide and energetic commaudet s a goodlynum ber of such gunbi als as the 1 homos Freeborn, John P. Jackson and others alike to them, drawing Mot over six IVel of water, all efficiently armed with tlio most im p oved armament, and manned by experienced seamen, they could immediately tako possession a?d assume con trol of tlie waters that now boil us tlm privateers with their contraband cargoes of valuable goods glide so swiftly ovor tlicm in perfect security. I repeat It, such vcs?olB as ours are \ aiuel. ss to taqicde tho progress of the smugglers iu question, and there are oven now many Instances, similar to our own, where vessels blockading e.nnot comu wilbin miles of the channels and iulets where tho enemy are existing. To show to you how efficient and suitable such gut boats as the Thomas F'reeborn and John 1'. Jackson, al luded to above, would be for the annihilation ( f these nrivatecriug and smuggling scoundrels, I appniui fuli and correct particulars of t'teir hulls and machinery, whieli 1 liavo been enabled to gather alter considerable trouble and numerous inquiries. TIIK TIIOIIAS KKKEnOKN. Length on deck, 143 feet; length at load line, 140 font; breadth of beam (moulded) at midship section, twenty - (lvo feet; depth of hold to spar deck, nine feet; drart of water at load line, six feet; area of imnwrsed section at thin draft, 1ST square feet; tonnage, 305 tons. Her hull Is or tho best white oak, tho-tuut, \c., and Is fastened with copper, lion nn 1 treenails, and strapped with diagonal and double laid Iron braces, rcn bering her very staunch and secure. The lloois nr" moulded 14 inches, aided 6 inches, and I ho frames are 10 Inches apart at the centres. She is supplied with a vertical beam engine, with a cylinder 40 Incln s In diameter, and a stroko of plsti n of 8 loot. The maximum pressure of steam used is 30 pounds, and the steam is cut oil' at one half stroke. She is also title,V with < no return duo b dlor, tho dimensions of which are as follows-.Length, 23 feet; breadth, 10 feet 3 inches; height, exclusive of steam chimney, 0 feet. The boiler co.,talus two furnaces, the breadth of each being 4 foot 5 inches: length of grate bars in furnaces, 7 feet; number of fluor. above la the boiler, 1(1: number below. 10; internal ,11'meter ot tint .s ah >w, 9)? inches; internal diameter of those below, two of 19 inches, four of 12 inches and four < f 10 inches; length of tboRu above, 15 feet 3 inches; length of thosa below, 9 feet. Tho t<*nl grate surface in the boiler is equal to 62 square I'eet; tho lotal healing surface is equal to 1,467 square feet. Tho sm< ke pipe is 47 feel high, and 4 feet in diumeler. The water wheels 20 feet in diameter over b ards, a;,.i the wheel blades are 7 feet 0 inches in length; their number is 14. The hull of this vessel was built tu I860 by Messrs. I .a \v ? reuco k Foulks, Williamsburg, I.. 1. The machinery wae constructed by the Aihtu o Iron Works, New York city. THE JOHN P. JACKSON. Length on deck 210 feet; length at load line, 210 feet; breadth of beam (moulded), at midship section, 33 feet; depth of hold, 13 feet; depth of hold to spar deck, 13 feet 2 inches; draft of water at load liue, fore and aft, 5 fefct 0 Inches, are i of immersed section ut this draft, 140 square feet; tonnage, 660 tons. The hull of this vessel.is con s'nclod of white oi.k, hactnttac and chestnut,and is I very securely faFtene l with copper and treenails, llur floors aro moulded 14 inches, sided 0 inches, aud the frames are 12 inches apui t ui rouiros. The l.oel has a depth of n inches, 6ho i.; s tpplie I with a rertioal beam engine, tho cylinder boing 45 Inches in dinmetcr. Tho piston lias k stroke of 11 feet, and the engine Is fitted with a meelumu.al arrangement that , it the si nm '?!! at one-third stroko. Hio is also supplied with one round shell diop Hue boiler. Length of boiler,80 feet; breadth, 10 feet; height, exclusive ol steam chimney, 10 led. II contains tw furnaces, the breadth of each bring 4 feet 7 inches, length of grate hair, 0 feet; number of (Ices above, six of 16,inches in diameter; in centre.six of 15 inches, and below there are two or 23 inches and two of 14 inches in diameter. Tho lengths of the ro?i>octive iluos are its follows: Above, 18 fest; la centre, flit en foot teu inches; below, seventeen feet ten inches. Tho smoke pipo is lour f.-or six inches la diameter, and its height is forty-eight feet. Tho water wheels aro Iw.-oty-ous ieei in diameter over boanH; length of wheel blades, nine feet; depth, twelve Incite?; number.eighteen. The hull ol this vessel was built in tlit- latter |.art ol 1660, by Device ilortis, r.ed Jlook L, I. Tho uiaclilnory was constructed by WilUam Dirk bock, Jersey City, N. J. Such to tin full nnd correct particulars of two of tlie best, toughest, staunched and fasicst craft of their class tli?t over left New York harbor. This has been <ic tei mined by experimental t-ipn. an.l wo wish no b.-tt.r grub its then they would make in placing nn effectual i lie-k i\ the smuggling business cf tlie piiatcs who lufert ill.! to-iJierii coast. il< cent intelligence, received through a private source, m-s ucs us Jb it tho major portion of tho cannon that were stored in tU) Navy Yard al Norfolk have been removed, but to nk.it places we lu.vo been unable to SB certain. Norfolk is very wdli defended. and there r.ro some IS 000 men In arms there. Along sitb'r side if tho town aro i ittcr. s i r uenvy armament, extending for three or four i .i c5. iids< ' f th" tr" 3 Iwvfl k" " '"to winter quar ters! I't'i y I'l'.lf ilmruselvos w 4- p n but* for that prr , Ui ih.i g of die rl .t,".:i v.as held r.t oj. -b| i ant p. 1.- , .??mi. an back mo a! ..re !:?? - ? r v; ,i a-,ij,;? lo o k fvr.'ll ."ulN :' 0'.! a . Ig4S. t'oilco is ;:fty :'.co to My t' "ts per p'mttrt, and tlie cumtnon -. si car rcadi'y briryi eighteen r-W'A per pound: lard, th.rty seats per pound; tallow, twenty six to thirty-one oenta, end candies ere twslre oents eech. There la much speculation rife here relative to the "Iron-clad" frigate Merrlmac, her present oonditlon, shape, he., and what she will be as a battering ram. From the many conflicting atatomcuta that have been given to the authorities here I gather the following which appears to be the correct particulars concerning lier:? She ha.? been cut dowu to within three and a half foet of h. r light wator mark; a bomb proof house has beed erected upon har deck, nnd a sharp ateel bow or nose has been added to her. AH her machinery Is completed, but the pigling has not yet boeu wholly effected. U Is Cuhtetnplaled to dad her with Iron platee, one foot and a half wide and throe Inehea thick, running the tame way an her plonks, and again with other ana aimilar platee extending in the same direction aa her aides, the whole to bo bolted through and through with heated bolls. It wus intended to bsve completed ber several weeks since, but much delay has been caused by many of the plaloeuot Siting as they should, the holes for the bolte, in many Insmnc.es,coming where thoy were not wanted, thus rendering It necesrary to ream them over, requiring much time aud labor. Her engines are four feet below the water line, and the bombproof house mentioued above i Is covcvred with railroad Iron, ."he has no masts, and the only things seen above this deck is a small pilot house and her smoke stack, which Is so arranged as to lie let down at will. Her arm unetit Is to be of the heaviest do scrtptiou, consisting of lour rifled cannou of large calibie ou each side, and two 100-pound Armstrong cannon, re ceived recently from England, plaeod fors aud alt. UNITED STATES STEAM FRIO ATE NIAGARA. COMPLETE LIST OK HKK OKI ICKIIS. Wo published a list of the oltlcors of tho Niagara at tho time of our description of tho Fort Pickens tight, but wo have s r.ee received a more complete list, which wo publish. Tho names are as sho was in action. Lieut. John Guest hasbron ordered to take command of her in placo of her present commander:? flag Officer?Win. W. MoKean. Lieutm-mt Oeutma tiding?J. C. 1'. de Krafft. Stirgeot ? I. M. Follr. J'urer?O. K. ltarry. Lieutenant?P.. L. Mny. Matlrrt?Thi s. I.. Svvium, IT. B. Robeson, Silas Casey. A' tinfi Mantm?W. L. Hayes, David Stearues. Cajitain of Marin''?Joi-lah Watson. I.i- ulmaiit of Marine*?Geo. Bolter. Assistant Surgeon?Jam ? McMastors. Chief Fm.inr<r?B. 11. l ong. Firil Assistant Fnmn en?D. B. Macomb, W. Bobertg, C. B. KWd, K. A. 0. I>u Pialno, L. R. Green, R. H. Bun nell, A. H. Fishor, Robert Potts. Midshiymen?S. II. Hunt,Geo. Brown, Charles Jones. Flag Officer's Secretary?Jos -| h H. IfcKcsn. Flag offleer's Cb-rk?( bat les Lukwood. Putter's t'lerk?W. C. Plackwoll. Bulb wain?A. M. I'otueroy. Gunner?R. .1. Hill. Sail maker?S. Ssomsn. Carpenter?John Kumbow. THE UNITED STATES SHIP V AND ALIA. The following is a list of tho ofllcors attached to the United Stutcs ship Vundalia, wiilch sailed December 17 to rejoin the squadron of Commodore Dupotit:? Commander?F. S. Haggcrty. First Lieutenant ami Kr-cutire Officer?Wm. P. W hi 1 in J. Lieutenant?' N. Quackcnbutb. Surg on?A 0. (Jorgas. Austria.at Surgeon?(icorgo Y. Phcpley, Ami lan' Panna tee?R. Parks. Acting Matters?Wm W. Crosier and P. Dickinson. Ma<Ur't Haiti?V. H. Bacon, David Mason aud C. N. Hicks. Boatswain?P. J. Muller. Gunner?William < beney. Sail maker?W ill la in Rod gers. Cap'ain't Clerk?Wi 11 lam J. Kinnogan. Pat/matter's CI rk?H. J. Gleason. THE POTOMAC FLOTILLA. OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. UstTKn f'TATK SlKAMKIl YaX-RV, 1 Potomac Rivku, Dec. 14,1861? j The Yankee Makes a Re'ttntwitsance?The R< lei Pit kit.?A Large Body of the Knrmy Below Cock)iit Point?The Van lee Pre cuts Her Comjiiimnts to the Enemy?Flight of the Ciinatry?The Rebel" Fighting Flag"?Blasphemous Vie, of the Cross of St. Andrew, rfr. This morning, after breakfast, tho Yatikoo weighed anchor, and stood down tlie river, for the purpose of re connoitring. A little above Cockpit Point we stood in towards the Virginia shore, ai d whan about a mtlo dis taut we slued round, presenting oiir stern towards the sboro, and backed in. Several musket sho:s wore fired by tho rebel pickets, b ut whether at us is dm btful, con sidering tho slim cbanco of tho ballot* reaching us at that diHlance. When atKiut three-quarters of a mile from the shore a number of the rebels wero seen close to a small white house. Some more were perceived by another house lower down. Each house was oil a hill, about a quarter of a milo from the beach. The glitter of the sentinels' bayonets could be distinctly seen with tho naked rye, and the men themselves were soon visible without tho aid of a glass. Judging that the great body of tho enemy was furthor hack in the woods, Captain Eastman called the crow nf tho twelve imundcr rlllod brass howitzer to quarters, and gave tho gun, which ;s momitod eu a stage astern, the greatest elevation of which it is capable, and fired a percussion shell. At th ? first s'ght of the smoke, and before the sound could have travelled that distance, the rebels by tlie second named house, In runge of whtrli the gun was aimed, scampered off with a zeal truly laudable. The .shell must havo gone right into tlie woods, for we never saw where It foil. Having thus sent In his reminder that tho saury Yankee was around. Captain Eastman gave orders to put atmut towards Mattswoman creek. On our way we saw a large body of rebels?evidently two or three hundred strong?on a hiil below Cockpit l'oinl. Their pi-Eels wore distinctly seen scattered a considerable distun e along tho coast, while further back the smoke of their camp flics was seen Issuing, like a black vapor, ahova the tops of the forest trees. A li'tlo b low Froe Btono Point, two cavalry soldiers were seen galloping down u hillside, and there were vsrioes olh r symptoms that tho enemy had taken the a'.arm uu-t were 011 tho alert. Passing close in shore at Slump Neck, the Yankee was ni ce more put about, nnd stood again tow ards Virginia. When about the sumo distance as before, the rifled how itzer wus again brought to bear, but v. ith less elevation. A man was now seen near one of the houses with n D ig Axed to the point of tiis bayonet, aud waving it defiantly at us. Tho flag was of the same device as was mentioned ; by your Budd's Ferry co-respondent?nam >ly, a black 1 SI. Andrew's caoss on a led field. This ins lent i se of the holy emblem of our faith is eqiitvulf-ut to tli satanic na ture of this rebellion. Tlie rebels call it their lighting llag, foisooth. Such a Dag might have been used by tin- hosts of revolted angels, wheu tl ev daring y ami Impiously of fered battle to Omnipotence himself, under the leadership of the Ilrst great so-, esion.st,Satan. \\h., don't Jeff. Davie flli up the measure ol' his impiety at on e,aurt boldly i s - the St. Andrew's cross inamdh r shape?naineiv, the cross bones of tlie pirate I bat bo Is?< n a field sab'e and sur mount Ilia cross by tho grinning I oath's head? Such u bungling parody of the piratical flag as In-lias assumed would bo coot"niptlbio but f?r its highhanded sacrilege. Captain Kastmau (rented ti.e taunt with the indiffe rence it merited. It was for him to oho ?-o his time and mode of chastising rebellion, under liie ordo s of his s iperiors, an-l not for tDo ieb-Is themselves to dictate to him, and |icrha|* lead him into n '-naro. S<> he coolly ordered the boatswain's mate to pipo to dinner. This meal over, we a.-uin went about, nnd run down to Cook pit Point, so close that a Sharp's rifle shot flrod byway of testing the distance w- rt on tdmro. Several tr.vu were seen on the beam near Cockpit Point, and scon a group of rebels niado th-ir appearance < lose by a fence | attached to the premises belonging to tho house over wh (li the -hell had been thrown a couple of hours b -fore. [ Tl .-o in. n gazed at ns with much apparent interest. Captain Eastman tc w brought his bow gun?an< igbt inch smooth bore?to bear on tho gentlemen. While thus engaged a heaw gun was fired from tho rebel lattery at Qiiantico cTeek towards the Maryland shore, and toon alter it was followed by another, which struck the water, cio.-c in to ItW MM, which shut out Budd's Ferry from our vl?w. Captain Ea.n tnan determined on showing that he could do a little shooting too, gave orders to flee. It was done, and ere tlie snn-ke baa cleared away (which was before the .|,ell landed) the chivalry were non est. They bad van Wed as rapidly as tlr shell wu, proj-cie<l from the g ,u. The shell wus lilted with a ten seconds fuse, and exp orted in excellent line with tho objects aimed r.t hut went some dis'ame beyond. The elevation was for flfte-n hundred yards. Had it boeu for twelve hundred, it might have done some damage. But it is not ou easy matter to Judge of distance for a first shot. Th s second edition of our compliments having tu rn dttlv delivered, we returned tu ??r anr.hor.ig ? at Indian l! -ad, but did not remain long. 1 was writing this letter in the wardroom, when the shrill whistle of tho boat swain's mate was beard, Immediately followed by Ins gruff voice, shouting, "All bunds up anchor," mid we once more proceeded down tho river. \\V tiavo arrived at Stump Neck; but whether we shall remuin for tlm n ir lit 1 ara unable to say, but I suppose I shall learn m the course of a few minutes, pending which information I shall lay on my oars. W" arc avaiti returning to Indian Head, after t otnmuni catlng with tlie Harriet lame and th# Mount Washington. United States Ftka-jm Yamkxk. 1 SIatxwoha.s CKt.sit, Potomac Rivek, Pec. 10,1401. f A JVew Rebel Battery in Course of Construction?J: u Shelled til the Anacostia?Flight of the Itdiets? Another New Battery of Siege Gum and Field Pieces at Ct? knit Point?It Vnma'k* and Opens on the Anacostia?She is K early Hit?The Caur de Lion Rune the BlotkadeShe anil the Stepping Stones Find Upon?Eighteen Sailing Vets 'Js Fan Vwytf met!?tfan of H'ar Discipline, rf<\ At lia'-f; a?t eleven o'clock ysstorday morning the Ana cost in, which was lying off Stump Nock, proceeded towards the Virginia shore to reconnoitre. Perceiving a number or r bol troops on a hill, Captain Austin closely observed tU* r movements. Several men wore seen in the altitude aid going through the movements of usiig shovels ?nil pjot- ses, and the former Implements wore observatl logiistf it J? ibe sunlight. It cow bocsmo evi dent that. th. robc:? a ere erecting a new bait ry. Af far as I have iv on ah;.1 tf ascertain. from a ctiv rut .? j hml iboard the Cuter de Lion with Captain Kami on last night, assisted by n?y ?wu onset vat ioiJ, the buttery waa being moM on the spot mentioned by dm in my laat m containing m large number of troops. On nuking (bis discovery Captain Austin signalled to tho Harriet lane, and was ordered to open Are. Be did so, throwing in Ore shells from one of his nine inch guns. Two or three evidently burst in the woods, close to the place where the men were seen at work; but they scam pered off with s seal and activity truly commendable un der the circumstances. Captain Austin then put about, and was proceeding back to stump Neck, when Ore was opened on the Ana oostla from Cockpit Point. One of the guos was a very heavy one, for It threw a shot about half a mile into Msrylaud. A shell went within six feet of the bows of the Anocostia, where it burst under the water, but did uo damage. Captain Austin signalled for permis sion to slund further in and return the Ore, which wai accorded, upon which he wont in and opened very brisk

ly from his two heavy guns on tho battery. Sevoral of hie aholle burst in good line, but beyond tho battery, but one exploded just on the Point, where the enemy was tir ing from. He w is proceeding in lino style, sud was evi. dMtly determined to <lo a good stroke of work, when he was signalled to uiove out of range, which he did, ae ho supposed. The enemy was not done with htm yet, however, for it seems that he had a heavier guu in reserve. At one o'clock the enemy was eeen to be cutting down trees at ths Point, and they began to full with marvellous rapidity?tbrie or four falling at a time?and in a row minutes they opened with a big follow, the shots faom which went fur boyoud the Ansc sua. -Theenemy tired three rounds this tune, but they were not returned by the Anuci stla. It may th t afore be considered at an established fact that the r be.s have a battery at last at Cockpit Point, though most of the guns appear to bo field pieces. But some easy-chair gentleman In Washington Is almost sure t> give the fact a flat denial,and attempt to prove that which I saw with my own eyea baa no real existencs, like ihnt (,'ermatt phdo.sopber who undertook to prove that nothing exists. Wo ran down here from ludlnn Head, and anchored. Thia morning I was awakened at about two o'clock by the sound oi cannonading, but by tho time 1 reached the deck the firing l ad coined. I have subsequently a cor lainod that the Stepping Stones and tho l.'uuir do Idea wore the recipients of these delicate little attentions. Throe rounds wore tired at the former vessel,but a larger Bomber at the latter, which has gone to Iftnlru- ? Monroe, with a quantity of fixed ammunition for the Minnesota. The exph mon of a shell eu board might luivo boon sort our, as a large number Of those interesting playthings wore piled upon the dr, g. for want of stowage n>. m bo low. The Stepping StOMa returned. No fower than eigh teen sal it g vessels attccessiully run the blockade hn-'t night, though the moon ahoue brightly. The guuuery of the reb. ls, on the whole, is contemptible. Tho daily routine of a man-of-war has h-en so often and so well described in hooks that it would bo unmto resttng to give a description of It In a u w-fpaper loiter. There are gometlmea amusing scenes on board. c< uttected with the necessary discipline ol the ship. It r< not to be ax peeled thatu orewoomposod almost entirely of men from tho merchant sorvice,with a a ,. ?> admixture of "bran now sailors who never went to set be I' e,"cau nil at once acquire all the methodical habits and fs'l into tho usages t>( men of war's men. 1 Ids must be a wo k of time. Wo have a lino crew on board tho Yauk-o.com (Kmc I of mst such materials, with he-c ami tlr.ro a regu lar, thoroughgoing man of-war's man. < ipta.ti Kantiinn is determii o I, bower er, to bring all bauds up to the pro per standard, and hcomlta nooceasion to instruct every j luan in duty, Attn- ster on Sundays he i? pa-ticular tliut every man is alt rod according to regulation. A I man who should apix-nr on the quarter dork wI' hot:t. It ? boots blacked,or with litem outside his trowsera, w- iM be carta n of a sharp repr-mvd. I could hardly retain my gravity yesterday morning at muster, at sove ol eoNtict. m; r on the part of scnia of tho men. It U a regu lation of tho service that every sailor shall wear a small star on cither bis right or loft nrm, to denote whether bu belongs to tb>. starboard or the port v.; t h. f-everal of the nt-n hud fal'el thus to deeorate lliciu selves, alleging va" us excises for tho neglect, tine man owned up b'm that ito did not know how t ? mako a star, upon wiii-h i n it,uin Kast'nan considerately gsvo him till We Inrsduy to in irn, adding that ho nt. at not f til to appear at quarters on ihe morning of that day wltli the star on his arm. Others, who had nottlia excuse or Ign ranee, wore orderod to ipiiett- with the badge on tin following tnornltig. rnptaln Kuatmun asked on - of thorn to which watch bo belonged. Ilo roplled "thotarbonrd watch,nr." "Tiionput a star on your starboard arm," was tint response. Another sourco of merriment, which respect for the quarto deck force! us to restrain, was lite manner.in whi' b some of tl.o men answered to their names. A few bud answered "Yes, air," when fa, tain iiaatmati sold, ??i'OB't let me hear any moro-yes, sirs,' but emit m m call out his rating." Hindi istli: forte of habit, bow ever, that the very next man whose mime was cnl ed answered with the olfce'iouablt* "Y-s. sir," ti|?>n which Captain Ev-tmao quietly said, "Ma; ir-at-Artns, put that man on 11 c iia.'dlo b-ix, and let him remain t' ere till tw< Ive o'? leek." fitl* made the re t of the men tu"ro ca-.tious, and each answered, aft his nam-* was ? r .11 i.ati," "ordinary seamau," "ian-ismaii," an Hie ens -m;-lit be. But tho ataiboard puddle box waa des tined t>b? deeorot-il similarly to H at mi tho port aide; for lit. wardroom boy. i t a moment of lorgctfuhieis, t?t?? notrax d the tab w ed words, and waj immediately ptaeed ? n the pad lie box. h'licli are among the mild me thod*- .adopted by Captain lit-1man t- it,a ire disci line in matters apparently filling, but which are really n c sxa ry to insure the ettlcieery o." the c ow An oyster schooner lias .lust cotne alongsido the Yan kee, having pa-;-cd the It itterics, coining up in brood day light without being fired at. A NEW SIDE WHEEL STEAMER FOR THE GOVERNMENT. The new side wheal steamer being built in the ship yard of Mr. Thomas Stack, for the I'nited States govern ment, will be named the I'ort Royal. The woik is pro gi'sslng rapidly, and ?he is to tic launched early in January. NEWS FROM NEW MEXICO. MESSAGE OF THE GOVERXOIl TO THE TER RITORIAL LEGISLATURE. Ka'.mji C'irv, Dec. 24,1861. The Santa Fo mail, with dates to tin Oth instant, baa arrived. Tho Territorial Legislature met on the 2d, anl on the 4thOovorr.or Connolly read his annual m ssigo to the J- int . es-ion of both houses. The llovuruor rei oniin ml cl all iuiliin tribes to bo placet iri reservation on very strict regulations, a? the ou!y way to prevent tho constant * reoorrence of troubles wiih than. He advises a thorough revision of all Territorial laws, and says many of tho provisions of the law for the protection of slave property in New Mexico are unnecessarily severe and rigorous, and rec< win tidt that thy bo repealed. In relation to the national strife he bays:? Our common country is involved in a . trife that should inspire every citizen with a patriotic zeal in rallying to it assistance, and aiding to boar triumphantly through tho war that I! g which bus, for more than three quarters !?: a rente v. b en tho pride of tin,, icons and it terror to their enemies. Tho reheliioti which our government is now engaged in suppressing is the most unholy, nn.jus tiii thlo and destructive ono that has ever been attempted since governments have been est ((dished. \o rtuple on the face oi I It.} earth ? ero n? free and h ippv, and u pr<., peri" v, as were those of tho I'nitcd States h ?fine th lieri sy of seco-sinnism burst into open reholiii n. Thesrtsnud s.-ic'ces flourished; ug irulture fed our own millions, and from Its bounties mad" Europe pay tribute; success ful in riiufurtorios dotted our Irills and valleys, and were making rapid strides t \\ r I roli r ing ? s fn in do;? ml once upon foreign conntrl ; for their fabr m: ? or corn in rro was co-< x tensive with all the habitations of man; educational Institutions giving our p opto a degree of jn telligcncc unknow n to thise of any other nation; rail roads extending from the extreme N rth to the extreme South, from th fjtst to tho West, as a question of time, placd alt sections in contiguity. 1 he constitution whi li iho wis loin of our fathers formed, and which was ghea us as a priceless heritage, threw its protection over all alike, whilst the govortimeut which was erected upon il as a basis pressed heat ily upon nine. What more than this that is earthly could he desired by the most ambitious 1 Man l.as never before had as in whgi arautecd to him,.and it is doubtful, ex. cred.ugly doubtful, ii he could have mi?ro. How wicked then, is ho who would raise the bund of dcstructioh and aim ii a blov? nt such a s mrce df human haiiplness and go v< rnnrenta! grandeur, liie responsibility of k :eh an a> t is tti" gicatcst that can be us umed by uiorlal man, and grievous will b" the accountability to which those who are engaged in this rebellion will tie held. 1 am proud to say that my loy.i! and patriot.e fellow citizens of New Mexico have manfully responded to their country's cull, and contributed more than a fair proportion of armed man for lior defence. Tills evidence if devotion to the Vnion la the more flattering from the fact that when the secession began, and for some time after ft had been in progress, it was presumed by tho prime movers in the sclietno that oor Territory would join them in their at tempts to pull down tho pillars of free government, and rejoice w ith tlretn in the midst of the wreck nnd desola tion produced by their evil tu whin nitons. This patriotic outpouring ? f nt' n tins removed ail cause of suspici n which may have been excited in the minds of our coun trymen In the loyal States in reference to thepwiiifri ? occupy to connection wtih tho v.?r. A more patri lie demonstration of fidelity to our beloved Institution can not be given tban that which New Mexico lias in tlctH manner shown, and be it for weal or for woo, tins is thn position she will occi.y to the end. A T 'xan force still remained about Fort Fillmore, but (hey have not ventured to come north of the dor id.. I am glad to say, however, that our army d >.r in j tho fluid is amply sufficient, not only f r tho protection of our people north of that dis- | trict, hut to expel tho invaders from ovr limits, i This will be done as roon as supplies and t-ans|?ortiition j can be accumulated at Fort Craig i t quanliti a sufficient to snswi r tlm demands <4 tii" ariny de^tiusd for operation in that quarter. The mill lary eommsndsr has made the same wb o aud judicious distributions of the troops which remain, for the protection of our frontiers during tho altset ce of tho forces employed in the recapture of (lie fort1' d graceful ly surrendered into the hands of tho enemies of tho gov ernment. Resides men, money is required to conduct tho war. To enable th i Secretary < f the Tress iry to meet thed-mands made upon his branch of the admlnistra i on, Congr. ss at its last. s s;ton authorized a special tax to be levied upon tho different states and Territories, hi round numbers (63,000 was tho jurt of the win, to he lliu raise/!, apportioned to New Mexico, Wbl'o the tax is i wt and right in itself, I Uiink we should bo rcljevid 1" :.' the payment of it. Mow Mexico his for tnany years u lbecn subject to a constant animal drain >i uthiT n.at. rial wealth, by Indian depre.taii n?. Anapp oxl mato estimate or tho losses the th.:n sustains exhibit* Ibaco to h*T* btoD til KIM |MTI $400,000, Mid o?T? to have been lata than $60,000 In any on# year that boa tilttlaa axiatod. This ia an annual tax to which tba people ar* subjected, and, from prcaant Indications, will continue to ba aiibjectad, in addition to tboae which are levied and oollactad In compliance with the atatulee of the Territory, If a proper and authentlo repreeeo?*|i>n of these facta ware presented to Congress I doubt m* thai a law for our relief would ba paaaod. GENERAL WOOL'S DIVISION. Fortress Monrob, Dec. 14,1H01. The ateara transport Erricaaon aallad for Now York early tbia morning. A flag of truce aeut out yesterday afternoon did not return till evening, on account of tba high wind. Thiriy two passengers wore brought down from Norfolk, moat of them ladtee and children. The rebela crossed Nowmarltot bridge this morning tnd burnt a houso. A despatch was received at headquarters this after noon, anuounclng that a skirmish was going on between our troops and ^ho rebels, hut It was subsequently contradicted. The Twentieth New York regiment, how ever, was sent out Immediately, end llring has been heard hero since, but it is thought no lighting has taken place. OUR FORTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Ft SHOCK Morbus, Va., !?cc. 18, 18(11. Arriral of Urn. C. J. Faulknert en roi.te fur Rirhmontl?A FUig of Truce from Surf oik Briny* Captain J B. tlukettt Uorrifying Reports at tu the Treatment of Our Poor Prie oners at the Han ts of the /letch?The .Scenes of the Prison Ship of Rec Irttionary Pane Rrenarfnl?Latt Xeust i from /'art Royal?Arrival of the S. R. SjniuWing from there an/1 /fcUt-ias Inlet?Explosion at Ocracoke, N. C.? General Wool on Southern Germs/eniilrnci? The General anJ Staff Visit Cu) lam Ruketls on /torrid of the Balti more Bait?The AU-lition J'rocUimatit it of General Phelps?Sailing of the United States Steam Transport Illi nois. Cat tain llathlun, for New York, etr., etc. This morning's b< at from Bultlm ro brought, amoug other passengers, lion. J. Faulkner, who was released fu.m Fort Warron in order to effect ?n exchango for the l!on. Vr. Ely, now a prisoner at Richmond. On his arrl vnl he at cure proceeded to tlio headquarters of Ma,or Goui-iai Wool, who received him kindly. Atcloven o'clock Captain Mill ward, Harbor Manor, proceeded with a flag of truce to Norfolk, inking with him Hon. Mr. Faulkuer. Tina afternoon a robot Hug or truce cam.- down, bringing ('apt. J. It. Kick tta. Fleet artillery, who was captured at Hull ruu, and several ladles. Ot|daln Rlckette looks well, and save that lie feels well, with the exception of tlio wound in his loft leg, which seonia to be painful and prevents his moving about with his wonted ability. General linger sent the following letter to General Wool:? lirUPqt'AKTKIK llKI'AKTM 'ST OS' Nohvolk, \ Norfolk. Va.. 1 lev. 18, IKdI. f Maior General John E. IVcol, Gumma:.ding I epartmcnl of Virginia ? ( :k\ wral?1 send by flag of truce (apt. J. li. Rtckctts, First rc'iiiient of artillery, win is released on parole. As s on as Captain ,\. Do !.agi >ol is received lam un til irized to la ie.an- Captain Kiv .otls from 1i1r parole. Mra. Hli-k'-tis ace .m -anlcs him. I also send tlio Rev. Mr. Mlacs, of the First Maim? regiment, on jiarolo until 1st of lehruary; then to return unless exchanged. Also two li ys, to lio returned t-i ih< ir parents nicondiiguially. Also Michael FeunWsay, roloasc.i on parole n< t to servo tint I oxchangod. Some ladles '.eslring to go nortli, will lie ti mud on cuclm it ll-i. Very respectfully your obe dient servant, HENJ. IH'Gklt, Brig. Genaial Cum. 1 sum! a number of o,??n letters. Captain Rickelts is ocu mipauied by his lady, who, it will bo remembered, immediately went to Richmond on hor husband's capture, and remained with him during his confinement of twnty one weeks. Tlie lady, who is net on parole, reports that oir poor prisoners at Rich* umnd are nest barbarously treated. Not uiouo are tlio major portion of thciu rnggo-l, but they arc also half starved, and the brutish soldiers aro constantly lying about the cell doors, oot.ng as rpieg on every word ut tored. due Instance Mrs. Ricketts reports which is truly horrifying. A Union officer w s lying in the last agonies of death, when a clergyman reported tin case to the prison surpoou. This ?iitelal tr< at d the iutelligonco with contempt, and, on his b.-ing luiportmied to go to Hie dying linn's sac b lam e. a,punched the beil, and, lilting ot;o of the eyelashes of the already deceased olllcer, said with great nonchalance,"The fellow is dead," and walked awuy. 8uch is Southern chivalry us practised in the prism at R.ciitnoiui, and even then the rabels nuik stn unngly of the "Yankees" and the ??l.luooluitcs." The sutcmoirts of >1 s. Hicketts in r- ;;ard toother matters I are to the same extent, and the above Is aulltclent to In ' dhatc the course pursued by the relentless eucmy.whu ' arc evidently desirous of eelipsiug the barbarous sc-uea of the .'ersi-y prison ship i.i the days of the Revolution. The United States 'learner S. K. Spaulding, Captain 8. Howes, arrived tins morning from Port Royal, 8. C., | with h place she left on Tuesday morning. By her I learn that the health of the tumps at Hilton Jloatl, Tybee Island and I'ort Itoyui is excellent; tlio woafhiT is very warm, and cotton is being brought in by the sol diets iii large ijuuniit.es. Tie- Spudding, iu passing Charleston on Monday, saw a dense am ike and a very large number of charred ruin?. TheMpauldhig also touched at Hulterus Inlet, bring ing ha. k a number of officers and privates of , the Ninth regiment New York State Volunteers, and Genorul William* sent his usual desjutchog to Gene ral Wool, but they are devoid of any public interest. (In Monday evening a tremendous explosion was heard in the vf iuity of Oc.acoko Inlet, and Captain George l>eKny, Aid to General Williams, and the Provost Marshal of Hat terns, proceeded to ? lie .-veno of the d:s .stor, but hul not returned when tlio "'piulding left. Th.s vessel, which is exclusively In the employ of Chief tpiartcrmsater l'u|iiain (frier Talhuodge, will, after taking in stores, return on 8 nui'day i<i Ha (eras Inlet. In seiernl previa,s letters I spoke about the length and nonsense of Idlers destined for the South. It appears that General Wool's request to cot flno correspondence nvrcly to family matters, and to one pag only, Is not lioedod, uu I ho Is pestered with letters treating currency, love and other nousenaical matters. I'p to tins tin,o most of this corr>SjSiudenco li .s boonforwarded; I hut the General bids tne to inform the public and thoao I hat I. g friends South that In no oaso will any Icllor lie forwarded by flag of truco that Is not according t > bis prescribed rule. Where from fi.ir h mdrc I to ilvo le u drc I letters mo received every day it is no easy matter to nad them all and send thrnn forward, especially v, lieu koiiio of this corrcspondenccls spun out to lour and five pages. Genorul Wool wMI, in a day or two, issue an order to i he above o(Jc< t. (h- o al Woo! and F'afi' have paid a x^.sit to Captain Rh frits, who was, imnii dlatcly on arriving at Old Point by tlio llag of truce, placed on board of the Baltimore boat, lie being uliab.o to pay his respects to the Gencnrt&l ! his office on account of his wo-tnds. The G. imrul con gratulated the gallant t'a|itnin on his rel aso from cap | tivily.und hoped that his bravery would souti again be I toll on the field of battle. The almlitl' U pr< lame lion of General Phelps at Ship < (Fluid created Iho praatost indignation on the part of everybody on this Point. .It seoms to be tlio corntnou talk of the oft cors an-f p dvctes, an ! I have yet to find the first ni in that endorses tlio doctrine of II,o so''tilled mono maniac, or General Phelps s c sinmonly m leif. l'he I'uited Stales steamer Illinois,Captain Rathb.in, left Ilamplou Roa '.s this evening lor New York, llor future d<. a mat ion will ba dc.orinliied aftor sin? rosehes llo-re. While in this harbor Captain Rathbun and Purser Mirshal (?. Roberts, Jr.. were handsomely ontenaluc-d by nam tvus ofllcoiv on this Point. t'a ta:n Hiram bTevsns, A.ssi.1 font Adjutant Genera) to General V.'ool,and formerly with General Phelfts, was not at blnp I land with ilie Butler expedition, but ro mainod hero after I'holps left. Foiitrk-h Monro*, Dec. 17,1861. A Flag of Tiwt Sent to NorfvU;?8mI to th? Union Pri" ner* in Richmond. A (la;: of trace left Old Point this morning In charge of our moot efficient Poet Captain Mil vard, taking seven pas sengers, di jtiuod South, and tho foUowitig letters contain ing money fur prisoners of war, viz:? W. .T. McOerr,CaH ?rnl '. regiment,at Richmond'... $1 00 Cyrus Smlllwst Richmond 2 (10 A*. II. Hunt,Tit Kich'.i and 8 00 >;. do F. Green,SixlhOhlO Volunteers, at Richmond. 6 00 S. B. I'rest t-, it Richmond " 20 00 K. Greenwood,Call "i ni* regiment, at Richmdbd... 2 .10 J.ient. W, II. Clark,at RUmosid 20 (it Danio! R. lux, at Richmond 2 00 ('apt. (iou. Austin,; ( i Uaiestou 15 fx) Eilwin E. Bund,at Kh btnfltid 0 00 Tin s. V. a kor, 79th X. V. S M., at Richmond 1 00 Opt. llu :h ICeQualde, at Richmond 60 00 V.'irf. Keinner. Hist California rcg't,at Richmond.. 1 oo It; h id Standing, at Richmond 3 oo (a t. Jes.C. Hurt?, at Richmond 1 oo < . V. RuolT, at Richmond 5 00 .times C nmiirgH,at. Hichmund 5 00 Wm, I'. Murpliv. at Riclimund 3 oo A. J >,'. huU*. First K.J. Volunteers, at Richmond. 1 00 JnhuJ. Oil, First California regiment,at Richmond. 2 OO (jp,.Mossoy,First Californiarsg't,stRichmond. 3 00 Win, Wilkin.' ?n,F|rst California reg't, at Richmond. 2 50 .las. F. Wllkhs ii, al Richmond 2 50 Charles 1'. 1*.>-ler. at Richmond 5 oo ('apt. R.T, SlillllnglBW,79th .V. Y. S. M., at Richmond 25 00 Alva I* Morris,at Richmond 2 oo K. i.men. Eighth regiment N. Y.8.M.,at Richmond. 6 00 t,co. C. Snyder .California regiment, at Richmond.. 11 00 J. II. Starkweather,First Mich. Vol's,at Richmond. 8 oo Lieutenant .1. B. Glover, at Richmond 15 00 William E. Tjrndale.at Richmond 3 00 Win. Henry Millett,at Richmond 1 oo l.t. R. Campboll,79th reg t. N. Y. S. it., at ltichmuod 10 00 James M.Bdgar, 1st California rog't, at Kiilm. inl.. 2 10 Corporal David Kmericlc,at RVchmond 5 00 Noah Buyer, First Cullfhmiangiment.at Hichmund 2 00 Sol M 'Donald, 1st California regiment, at Kit lunond 1 00 .loim McCune,1st I'alirorniareKiinonl,at Richmond. 1 00 Theo. and Geo. \Veyfsr,Oaliforniarvgt,ai Richmond 1 oo ( apt. F. J. Keifer, 1st California rog't, nt Richmond. 10 00 If. B. Rnnyan, 1st California reg't.at Richmond.... 1 oo Corpl. Win. H. Cox,lstCali!orniar?g't, at Richmond 3 oo S. J. and 3. R. Price, at Richmond 2 00 Wm. j. Soott, California regiment 2 10 Samuel E. Craft, at Richmond 1 oo Corpl. Wm. BoyuM,4'Jdreg't.V.Y. Vols^it Richmond 6 00 Truman Miller. 1 t California regiment, at Richmond 1 oo (;eu. W. Khlneh.irt, Firrt Oil, reg'i,at Richmond,, 1 00 Will. Gun/or, California regiment, at R im.uiul.,.. j oo AMhony Cramer,California re iu nt,at Richmond 2 OO Ci i.im'u per M>i g went, at Richmond. 201 Li >ut. It n. V;i sail, 15th M i-", rog't, al, Richmond 5 00 Horace Si;oad,S <:?ud Wis.VoiuntccV.",at Richmond 1 00 ? Robert Jacob, at Richmond I Oapt. J. It. Stud ley, 15th Itui. Vole., at RJcbmoed T. A. Caraon.at Richmond 1 Israel Heudrt, California regiment, at Richmond... A S. A. Oarbutt, at Riohmond .* 6 Maurice Patton,First California reg't,at Richmond. 1 I J. R. Brandschett, California regiment, at Richmond 1 < Char lee Wild, Flrnt Calif- rnla regiment, at Richmond A Ott Joshua I,. Nlchuals, California rsg't, at Richmond... S 09 Geo. R. Van Aken, First Cat, reg't, at Richmond... 1 09 Patrick He Manna, 43d Tam. reg't, at Richmond..., A 6<J A 0. Caao, at Richmond 1 09 John L. Rice, at Richmond too Auilrow H. Batbford, at Richmond 30 00 J. James Clark, Eleventh Mass. reg't, at Richmond. 30 00 NEVADA TERRITORY. Oar Carson City Correspondence. Carson Crnr, Nevada, Nov. 0,1101. The XHggint? Gold and Silver Oro?Wantof Onpitolr?Price of Shares? Rumort of li ar and BaUlet?Surface Kind of the JVrritvry?Popularity of Governor Nye?SUtina In of Winter?The Theatre and Whitkey SAope?Murder of the Sheriff", Sc., etc. After four months' sojourn In thin Territory, so llttlo known, and so Interesting, I flatter myself 1 can give yon some reliable Information that will bo of sorvIce to New Yorkers, as well as to any livo Yankee who may think of making tracks for these dipgins. And lirst, as to the dtg glus. As they are quartz, aud not surface digging, it la hard work, and for which labor a man gols four dollars per day; but with a Utile cash one can put up a mill for orushtng the quartz, ami then his fortune la made. There is in these mountains gold and silver ore enough to supply Oni world for the next thousand years ,hut it requires capi tal lo get it out, giouudand studied. The cousoqtteMO is that hut few luiues are as yet developed; thofe that are pay well, and the shares run high?my A|dilr, |6,0(H>; Gold 11111,$:"),100 per loot; Gould fc Curry, $3,500; Com Stoek, $3,500, and so down lo "Wild Cat" claims lour bits iter foot; but ono thlug you may depend upon: within a >ear our miulng stocks will be sought for us Investments lu Wall street; and, given facilities of telegraphing, the prices of stocks will bo as well known In Walt street an Situe or Kan Francisco, ami, in short, the pr:co in Wail street will regulate the price here, as it does the I'aclUo Mail SteamsliipCompany. We hoar,in this far western region, of war and rumora of battles , but wo snufl' it from afar, and sit ill peace anil quiet under our own "sago brush," for that is the staple artlclo here. Wo hsve no tiees, no grass, except In sjsils, and they aro llko angels' visits?nothing but one w ild wilderness of vgo bru.-h, on which the rabbits and giouso feed tiil t'noy are stutlod and ready for oookiug, and llio only wuy to get out the tnsie is to paiboll before roasting, (if game there Is hut llttlo, the above named liciugull except occasional lloi ks of geeso and ducks. I irds we have so few we may as well say wc have none; at least no warblers. Tho crow sometimes croaks over the carcase of s dead nmto or poor worn out ox who ban dropped in his tracks al ter s .journey of throe mouths across tho lTstns. Thus you will sou our Territory is not very inviting on the surface; it Is In the "bowels of tho harmless earth" wo lin k for riches and beauty. Our l egislature hag been sitting for six weeks, and, ami ug many foolish things, has managed to do soino that arc suitable; has killed offa bill rendering it neces sary for tho trustees of mining companies to reside hero, has passed several railroad hills, and has pureed a criminal law that will,I hope, reach our gamblers and thieves, and mako us a great community. Governor Nye Is very popular with all parlies. Winter ha* fairly set in. The fall, up to November 10, was pleasant or itun New York, but siuce then It lias stormed all tho time. Wo have ten feet of snow between us aud Rlnc-rvllle, about two feel hero, and no frost lo tho ground. So we have tho middle of llroadway all the time, In slush (oour boot tops. For amusements, we have James Stark and a flno com pany playing with us. We have a realty line theatre, that will accommodate about four hundred. Stark has done well. The whiskey simps aro numerous, and occa sionally vary the sccno by an exchange of pistol shots or stabbing. Our sheriff was stabls-d to the heart liu-t night by a ruffian nunied May Hold. Our Territory is tilling up fust, aud a low years will see ua a mighty people. Benjamin Stark, the New United Slates Senator from Oregon. Wo copy below a number of extracts from Orogon and California papers in relation to the proclivities of the new Fenator from Oregon?lion. Benjamin Stark?who arrived by tho North Star on Monday. It Is rathor difficult front these extracts, or from his letter which accompanies ihem, to determine ou which tide of Mason and Dixon ? line Mr. Stark stands, and tho problem can only be BOlved by himself in some public manusr. The Oregon Democrat says:? Mr. Plark is a gentleman every wuy qualified for the high position tendered him, and his appointment will un iinciiioiiftbly moot with (.'cuoriil Butiftfsictiou. ll?'t fi 8 firm democrat, and will contend ia his place for the ob servance of the, true democratic doctrines. Th- Corvallis (Oregon) Inin says that Mr. Ftark will do credit to himself and Oregon lu his new position ae United States Senator, a ripe scholar, a thorough Oro guulon and a more than ordinary orator, Mr. Stark will have an opportunity lu his new position lo ftiako a name II,at will last m lit.-lory. We have no doubt he will do it. Mr. S ark, wc believe, ts a graduate of Yule College, and ' Uicm' h q.iU? fl young man, Una hold several responsible positions in this Ktate. Where he made the most reputa tion for himself VON in the Legislature oMRCO. Elected from Portland, it was believed ho could bo made use of In the infamous coalition that olecled Baker and "Nes." But lie stood (1 m while others succumbed. lie was not to be swayed from the democratic path of rectitude h9 blandishments, bribery or threats, as others wore. He now receives the reward of Ids rectitude. Wo aro glad of it. An effort 13 being in ado to creuto tho impression that Col. Stark Is a dlsuniontst! He does not believe In the power of Greeley's abolition war to save lbe Union, and for this the war how lei s. aud the success worshipers deiiiuue hint,as they do everyone e:se who does not agree wiih them. We aro well assured there is not ? more sincere lover of the Union in Oregon to day than Oil Stark. Its dissoVu .on he would regard as s personal calamity and therefore it Is lie denounces the hypocrisy of ll use who,under pictenre of saving the Union .are taking the most effectual means of destroying it, aud ol rendering that destruction perpetual. On the other side wo find tho </r,g"ntan making the di rect charge that Mr. Stark stands in public estimation as an avowed secessionist?be loves sec sslonlsm ia right?that the 8outn Is right-that tho South will suc ceed in the war against the govrnm-nt?and, indeed, it is said ho has declared that "we have no government, ? and that "if he c mid sell his property ho would remove and loin the South." Indeed, he has been opon mouthed against the government, and his declarations of h<*tt.ity t > it have I ug shocked the patriotic citizens who have listened to htm. We believe it to be a truth [hat our loyal citizens have no more confidence In him than they in Hrcck nridge, or Bright, or olh rs that we mtghthave name, who are acting with the rebels, or who have de serted the country and gone to their camps for proteo tton. e ? ? We lisvu authority for slating that, on (lie receipt of tho news In this city of the dlsnsier at I Manassas , he drunk a toast to Ik auregard, "c said he <li?l not go one cent on tho SUi b ami Slripcf?, b .t that th? Palmetto wa? hi:; Uag, ami thit his aym pat bice wore wiUi tho South Wo aro H'ithori'/e'l to nay that he declfttea on another occasion that wc had no government but that of ibo Confederate Slates. ... , The .-an Francisco Bulletin pretends to know his sen i meats tud gays?Guv. Wnltoaker w is kn uvti not merely as a Drv< li.nr'ldge man hut us mi avowed s cetistonist, and While it WHS hop. .! tlut his sonso of common de cency. if not of patriotism, would induce him not lo in flict ?o deep a wrong upon the loyal slate which had honored li:in, It was feared that his partisan rancor and traitorous sentiments would g-vein him. It Is said that tho now appointee, although born lu < ounecticut, resided many yeais in New Orleans, where he imbibed his pecu liar tuitions about "Southern rights''and the b juetlts of To the above we add the following extract of a letter which Mr Stark wrote to the Oregon Democratic Con vention in June last:? ... From tho bright constellation of stars emblazoned upon tho ensign of Amorican nationality?the glorious tiara and .- tripos?nine stars have already been obscured by a solemn ordinance or secession, adopted by that num ber of tbo sovereign partios to the foderul Union. It is too lato now to slop and reason together upon the ab stract question, can aetate constitutionally secede? Nine States have already secede I. Olhors declare it to be their right, and, in certain contingencies, their intention to adopt the samo modo for the rodref-s of allogod griev ances Whether tho grievances referred to aro real or imaginary, is Immaterial to th" issue now presented for the. consideration of overy one who sincerelydesiroe the perpetuation of ttie government of the United Flaws in ila !mitv and Integrity. Those States have announced their deliberate purpose to maintain a separsto and independ ent nationality. Thirty yours of slavery agitation by the North hits finally precipitated upon the country this Issue, Ml, deeply deplored by every patriot, and so frequently predicted by the wisest and best of onr statesmen, North and South- * * * Civil war cannot avert disunion. "Civil ?*r Is itself disunion." Subjugation can not prolong the Union. To subjugate the South were that even jiossiblc?would tie the establishment or a military deiqiotism. Where, th n, must we turn our eves for a solution or the great political problem?the vin dication of the Union and yet the liberation of secession f To the principles and p-licy or the existing democratic party That party can save the Union. Every democrat in Oregon i* truo to the Union and tho constitution, e ? ? * Let tbem onforl their banner to the breeze, In scribed with theeo w.uv! words of promise:?The constitu tion peaco aud equal rights to every section. Then, tf the democratic, party of the North, onco powerful, always national and conservative, strengthened by tho aceeeaion to its ranks of all conservative Union loving citizens,can he successfully rallied, we muy hope at the ballot box to suppress anarchy, conquer disunion, and negotiate a glo rious and perpetual reunion of the "dissevered, dis cordant and belligerent sections" of a hitherto proud and prosperous Union. Thus, and only thus, can our national difficult ies be adjusted. thus, and only thus, oan peace and prosperity be restored to our distracted country; thus, and only thus,can the heritage we received from our forefathers h 'pcsCi-ved, and the magnificent temple of "Liberty and Union, ono and inseparable," 1)9 8f , from the incendiary torch of abolitionism republicauizad. The Boston Weekly Bunk Statement. II isjo.v, Dec. 24, 1861. The following ii tbo wooklv ?tatemeut:? Capita! stock |38,231,700 I/m 118 ail! 8|iocie ? 10,080,400 Due from other 7,246,000 Due toother banks 8,436,600 Deposits 28,060,000 Circulation 6,112,000 THE TENTH NEW YORK CAVALRY". K'.muu, N. Y., Doc. 24, 1861. Th" Tenth Now York Volunteer cavalry, Colonel 0. ?mrrioti, left ivvnira ?l eleven o'clock this forenoon,for Lt ? Colliihurg, l a

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