Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 26, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 26, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON BESNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICII N. jr. CORNER OF FCLTON AND NASSAU STS. T%R3rS en&h in advaneo. Jionej, $ent bV niaft tcitt bemtth* | %i>l oj the stti ier. Aon 9 but Laid: h\!l$ cut rent in Aew Vorh f ' IDE DM1 V &EKALD. two centtp'rmpv $7per annum. j TH? WEEK.L f HF.UALD, everjt /S'Unrnaj/, of six cent * per j ftf , or f\fHr annum; (he European kUttiou ?**ru Wed ? n iay, j at <r rrttts per copy. il pfr annua, to tint/ part of Great Britain, j or $t? 12 to any part of the Continent. hat/, to ncludt postage: the ?' ration on the \8t, I Ifh and'Ltd of each month, at six trt'f P- r "<>?>'/, or $2 7b per annum TBI ' a MIlit,ttALD, on We-b} today, at four rents per tOi ii, or vm annum eof lOiAffiNT r> AO ynr'f'h t often r,r anonymous ror respond met. We do no ret?m > /?#,< tedcommurreaf ion* Any rr" rSFVKfr TS ?metre i every day adrerfitemepts /??. tert'l t? t- WtRICI.T HrRA! I?. I'aMILY U> UALD, aw7 in (he Cnr '?;> ' '' 'op"an Editions. Jt'ff PfllATlAG cxeattect icith neatness, cfmapn&s and <U> Volume XXVI No. 35H AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. "* ACADEMY OF MUSIC. living r '-"-K>out-.<4>inl. lit: ?? Si iicOLMASTIR NIHL0 9 GARDEN, Broadway ? Por ETkcbkanv. WINTER HARDEN, Broadway.?L i:;m nr Kii.i.inrn v? Maou 'out?i;a*na.t ,ar Rabon. WALLAt ;< > THEATRE, No. M ilroadtWAy.?Ur AT *u? till, ?'.? ? NOIIO* > Si KI T. LAURA KEF.NE'S THEATRE. i' i twjy ?Lirn.?To ? llanmo^ itu?oi'.. NEW BOWERY TIIKATEV. l: crv.-PiTTWiv-Y 111 Til4.4 ,N| 1,U M* A >1 ?1?-T'I? I !. out's Loo. BOWERY THEATRE, j?-n*ei. ?-ric*.* r's Nm At Cii.ci BARM M'S AMERICAN WI -1.. ' Bvua Uvay.?Day awl r?. riu ? inoina? llu-rorot.il. ... V. u u a anp oiui k CU BtOMTtCS. BRYANTS* MINSTRELS, M . i n s H >11, 472 Broad H\i.lo in Masou: a*. IIOOI.EY'4 MINSTRELS, ;,. i t Institute, No. 650 Bioi li-?/. ?Etuioman Songs, Danci:*, Ac. NIBLO'S SALOON. Brondwav.? Peak Famii.t. MELODE0N CON''ERT HAUL. N,i. a;J Broadway.? Song J. Da:. Vis, UilULdsaucs. AG.?R. ,ol . ita. C AMTERB'.'RY MUSIC HALL. 5S3 Broadway.? SOJ.O*, Da . .. (!'?;: saves, Ac ?M in .. Deim ,,.u -i.ao, G\tF rr CONCERT room. CIG It. divav ?Dbawino ItOOl I Tl BTAINXENTS, ll.'.l.; I.1-. I'AMUJIIIii., Eaiices, AO. AMERICAN MUSIC 11 ALL. Ill 11 a hvay.-Songs, Bai. UW, l* AG"T.)UI Ml.S, Ac?MA' 'IN' METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, &? Broadway.? tONGN. Dam.a.-Faucis. Buitix-uui .;, Ac. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bow *ry.? BUKi.Ks.|'jitc. ? incs, Dances, Ac.?.\l. v :: cc ran Cum i:v. PARISIAN' CABINET <>K WONDERS, 503 Broadway.? Ojiru daily Iroui Id A. 51. till 9 P. 51. NATIONAL MUSIC HALL, CUalUam street.?Braces <jti?s, songs. Dances, Ac. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 018 Broi l way.?BuiuksgBas, Fong- Dakces, AC ..... ?un., t nur?a?j-, Uirtmber ?<*,fsOl. TME SITUATION. The wrnv of t1;c Potomac celebrated Christmas day yesterday very generally. No duties were re quired of tlie men except drest parades, and pri. rate d.nners, speeches and music were the order of the day in many of the regiments. Intelligence was received yesterday from Dranes viile, to the effect tliot a terrible panic ensued among the rebels upon the late attack of General McCaU's division. They tied precipitately in all directions, leaving their dead unburicd. The citi zens of Dranesville performed the rite of sepulture, giving to each a separate grave. The party who brings the information states Gut he saw th> m buried, and that they numbered one hundred and sixty-five in all. Among them were some twenty officers, including Gen. Stewart, who commanded the rebels, and Colonel Tom Taylor, whose head was completely shot away. These sfficers were identified by the names on their >nder clothes, and by papers found ou their per Ions. A squadron of General McCall's- cavalry, who have just visited Drancsvillc, also report hav ing counted one hundred and sixty-five fresh moan Is where the dead rebels were interred. No progre-s was made yesterday in the Mason and S .dell affair. The British government, how ever, his not prc.rer.ied any ultimatum: the Cabi net has not had any consultation yet on the mat ter, nor have the negotiations reached a point at. which any consultation can be held. The main ship channel to Charleston harbor is row cfT"dually blockaded by our stone fleet. The work of sinking the # halers commenced on the 110th ir.st., and 0:1 the night of the 20tli fiftc< n of them had gone down to their watery graves, thus completely slopping all egress and ingress to Charleston by that channel. The fleet was towed Over the bar b) the vessels of our blot'liud i".' nquadroc front Port ltoyal. and a.- each old 1. "? reached its destination the j I::;-: was withdraw: . and she quietly settle I down. Our correspond?:: m to-day gives a full and graphic account of the sn fcire operation, and will be foui. t ol the highc-ti.. in terest. We have received intere-'"15 account- from Nhs.; m, M 1'., to tli ? 11th in.-jti. That port uppeara to be the rendezvous (.f the rebel v. -sols 'hat nut- 1 ceed in running the blockade of Chnrk-eUffl. The | Bloop No.ink and schooner Prince of Wu'?s (-in ? ; captured) arrived there ou th'e 7th, oc steamer- } Isabel on the 8th and tV? steamer '-urdon on thr I Oth?all from Charleston; the first. named with a j cargo of rice, and the others lonjvd with coition. The steamer Gladiator, from Lh ,i\>t>ol, load'? itb munitions of war for the rcbt Vv t -id also arrived at Nassau, together with a brig from the same port with a cargo of salt, which put in for a pilot to as" ni t in rusting the blockade, it was supposed the enthorltioe would make <?me show 0: opposition to the landing of the cargo of the Gladiator, as they i tdvefuscd to permit the schooner E. W. Perry, from Philadelphia, to discharge her cngo of coal, and obliged her to lay off the port. An American steamer, supposed to b1 a gunboat, trrrcd off Nassau on the lltli. The Gordon is said to have run the blockade, atul entered some Southern port, with a cargo qf 'alt, coffee and West India fruit. The Btca'u b p Kiugtra, from Liverpool, passed ? Cape Race m route for Halifax on Monday night, I with dates to tl.e r.th, the same <1..to as the troop | fchip Persia. The. tl .iih a Trine Vllert occurred At eleven o'clock on Saturday trie lit. the Uth itut. His disease was typhoid fever, 'lhe f'uris 7W,V jsays that all the great Power* of Europe have been consulted by fireat Britain on arrest ot' Mason and Slidell, and that tliey all Co!.en- n d"( luring the conduct of Captain Wilkes to be o violati?n of the rights of netnrftls. A letter from England to Galltptfuti, of Paris, nays:?On Kundey. December 1, at several of the churches and chapels in Notti; rhain I'luslons iter u .de to ti e insult < i. tl ? critii a? position oi a . Ta ? *.,>?. i ? ,f tl vrcv.h ors were in all casts patriotic. The firm decision of government was applauded, ami hopes were ex pressed that the national honor would he viudl. rated. A Paris letter of the 7th instant says the Meuse n few days back took on board, at Lorlont, the Seventeenth and Eighteenth batteries of marine artillery for Mexico: but on account of the weather b iiig dreadfully bad on the const, she has not yet been able to leave. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The steamship Niagara, from Liverj ool 14th and Queenstown 15th inst., passed Cape Race at eleven o'clock on Monday night. The Eastern telegraph line, after having been down two days, resumed woiktoEomo extent last night, but were able to forward only a brief synopsis of the .Niagara's news. The details will come to hand to-day via Halifax. The advices by the Niagara arc to the same date us those received by the Persia. Later accounts have been received from St. Do.ningo, in Paris, which aPflrm that General Snn tana has not only remained faithful to Spain, hut is laboring ac.ively in tlie administrative rcorgauiza ti?-a of tlie country. In Lis quality of Captain General lie received, ou the lbtii October, the a i.~it of the uuthoritu a, who charged him to transmit to the Queen ol Spain their compliment* as respectful subjects. The Journal 1V1 flu 're of December 0 sac*:? ?The police arrested here two evenings back t wci?e American sailors, for making a disturbance in a public house. One of tiieni, named Snow, has been placed at the disposal of the Procurcnr imperial, on a charge of carrying a prohibited weapon called 'steel knuckL**.' " A gentleman who arrived hi thb city yesterday from Albany r' ports that the Hudson river is blurted lip with ice from Hudson to Albany, The sloop Hatchelor, bs which cor informant c.vnte. sailed'mm Albany en Saturday last, and did not arrive hire until yest*i"dav?a trip usually accom plished ia forty-eight hours. The steamer New World, v. ii nil left here ?ii Monday last, ?; ? unable to proceed further tiers New Haii.iuiore, and the steamer llemfrik Hudson :? on Casttaton Bus. neat Albany, iu a i 'rv dangerous situation. The river may now, therefore, be considered tit elo- f r the season. Sin re 1820 the v have been bul c >:.iit seasons that navigation lias r< maincdut <brtrucWcd an late an during ito pit sent. The laying of the vomer .-tore of the 11 - v. Coin^ House in the Vara if to take place to-day ivtbnlf past two o'clock 1'. M ? with appropriate ceremo nies. Addresses are tc* be made by tlie ifeyor, Hon. Thomas \V. Clarke,Chief Jin tiee of ill" Hu- j preine Court,hurl Win. I - Stewart, -sep, IV f; nt of the Hoard of SupcrvisAtu .neoth';; of the Hoard of Commissioners A was resolved that 'be proprietors ni d editors ot the daily and wei kly journuls be invited to contribute a copy of th *iv papers for deposit within the corner stone. If the abolitionists should succeed in their endd* \ vors to make our present struggle a warofeman j cipation, the loyal people in i >*tain localities who-1 are now fighting harder and rvking and su! ??ring j more i? the cause of the Union than those of any other section would bo unccuisUtutionnlly :md un- ! justly robbed of over five iminirt -t and ninety tiion- j annd slave*, vaiued at the low. -; estimate ;;t up- | wards of two liundred and r.inoty-five miliiuas of | dollars. Those portions of the Union towhict wc | refer oontain, according to the cen>us of 1-UO, the following number of slaves;? Missouri 11 .">,*] r> Kentucky 22.'., v;0 Maryland 85,:t#2 Mid lie teawMM. 88,088 Western Virginia 80,728 Eastern Shore Virginia Delaware I,s05 Total .' 590,654 The Bridgeport (Conn.) Farmer the office of which was destroyed by a mob in August last on account of it* aecessionism, has again seen started, and will nvw advocat- the car -o of ft.- I'nion. The Statu of Illinois, according to Jw report op the Adjutant General, hns now in C - held and in camp (10,540 men, divided i.s follows ? Infantry -16,420 Cavalry 12,116 Artillery 1,005 The 1'uslineU Mills, at Morriston, 1 amid a, were destroyed by lire on the loth inst. Six hundred bushels of wln-jt, otio thorn and b -dels of tuts J and seventy hue (red weight of oatmr el were burn ed- 1-0 - s OH), A company of rebel cavalry, coi intended by a - nan r,'tinc 1 1:.-u; uiiiii, left Con-- i in,Teams ?>. e- ' 1 on t.he 2-th uit., for Howling Gr vutuvky. Their standard was n la--ge si/.ed H' -.ok tin,:, upon j which, in bold relief, was the pit rttfs emblem? death's he- id and cross Pores. The boil r of a 1 > -omotive- on 11 : Baltimore and * :hio Huilroart exploded near Mow uCiair, on ill - ' Llth iust-, killing the engine -r .ojited dames i- ! Ambrose, ftnt'. a s<ildivr belongin o the Sixti -th i ISew York rtgiin-nt, who was - iaivI on piekct i duty und was riibng to his post. Charles I". A 'em , Jr., who .Us th post o I Eir.-t Lim.; count in a Mai-.fa.-Iut -?> cavalry ve . ? nmnt,; titpt soli of our -pic.-,::' Cluster to i-ln|. laud, grandson or the sixth 1' 'evident, and greet grandson of Ure seeotial I've- ..vtit of lit" I ni'cd State Tne iron sU inner Mil -issi] i> Vhich is ?, w !; gig at i s ton nearly ready for s , hn s In en chart rod h\ th. g'.Tern.- eai tkir a ti ? So: ii. Th:.- lu v Oilcanf. rebt ? uny they have fifty theusau i troopa iu that ci*..? n-.d twenty f..c ttsu.id more within short call, w,el t the lui-tiu wt'oiis 1 ? the dole-nce of the p'a* mount four \vndred c-aai.ou. Over; three hundred urn class seanu-n Civc cu Sereti the naval ,-erv '? n from Clotice-si w, Mass., sincp tiie close of tin- e-Jiiug season. Orn Dir'FKTi.i Y V.TU Knui.v.\i>. -The. fact* ? :outa:ncd in the ?4Htc. of our Lo- cor -- j pnndent. published in another colmnn, will >c ? re. 1 with inter*? . Ho does not ... upon ube excitement prvau-eed by th" Tr*?-t nO'e.ir in- : dleatlng any serious intention an the [ ori of the English people to go to vr with th*? t onu- | try. The jry intrly, in conjunction "with the fcfcep-iunht stents, have me. :? lh?? most of the que.-tioa. and th ? govmuimit ami liberal por tion of kite pi'e.-i have 1 a ;ti Unt; << ,1 iuto de mon cations agni t us vvhi h th ir li ter -esse rebels ngainst. T v>y i. e e. howev r, to ga w ith tiie tide, ami u only rcq .lies evidences of a conciliatory spirit on the part o the go vernment to produce a? vloW J' a rea.-tion. 'i he-e imj rcsaiona arc confirmed by the vh-wr of some of the rebel diplomatists them "Ives, as expressed in private intercourse. They do not appear to bo very sanguine of aid from Eng land, it being their opinion that between Lord Palmers ton and Mr. Lincoln there will not be much difficulty in coming to n arrangcBicnt. Forne extraordinary tlatemcnts of Mr. Yancey's are quoted in reference to conversations said to have been recently held by htm with Louis Napoleon and the French Minister of Foreign Affairs. We do not attach the least credit to thein, and wo alludo to them merely 10 ahow that the cause of the rebellion has not been much advanced by the English difficulty with I us. It is to Fiance, it seents, and not to Eng land. that the rebel agents look for the raising i of the blockade. It they place faith in the LMphic uttuancci ot lite Emperor and his j min sters they me more n odulous than wo took th to be. making ell due allowance for the . ! ?attne.-s of their case. National Highway*?A Postal and Mili tary Road from New York to Wash ington. ? By recent intelligence from Washington we perceive that some of our lawmakers, as well as the Executive, aro evidently alive to <be fact that in the present age war is gimp' a question of transportation. Nicholas an xander, Emperors of Russia, found that i uc case iu 185-4?:'5; for had there been a ivay from Moscow to the Crimea all the armies of Western Europe could never have driven the Cossack from the stronghold of tie bastopol. The President, In his Message, recommend ed Congress, as a military and commercial ne cessity, to construct a railway at once from some point in Kentucky, through Eastern Ten nessee, to a connection with the railroads of Western North Carolina for the purpose of a na tional military road. By telegraphic Intelligence which we published yesterday from Washington Ve find that the committees of Congress to whom was referred that portion of the Pro. sident's Message have under consideration a plan for the connection by railroad of the great centres of the railroad sjstt nis of the'North and South. This- plan meets the approval of the President, to whom it has been suggested by General Leslie Combs, of Kentucky. It con templates the connection, by a direct railroad, of Chattanooga, Terra., with Louisville, Ky., and Oincinnutti. To complete this connection it would be necessary to construct about t-fo lu ulred and twenty mile of railroad over a prsWifable route. The surveys and" estimates have already been made by eoni] etent on giuec P*. Chattanooga is the great railroad centre >f the >Soutb. It is the point of conver gence ft " railroads already com triwted from all the principal cities eu the lever Alutiisippi, the li'ulf of Ab'-dc? and the troufifii Atlantic. As a strategics point it is of imi-mft-e importance, 'i hero is ' \ the iuimcdinte neighborhood an abundance ef coal, iron and copper. The whole of the SoutMWn railroad sysTem has tie same i:":tge, and fHe extens'ou of it lo the "Oh'nv Hirer, v. .hin a loyal "stale. would enable the govern ment at any ti-rA'to i ring to the p>int of .Untri bution wtntev r mi alary force should b>" re quired. This, iv highly important: but there i.s .mother lOtiivsrt project that i&no Itss in teresting and des "ves tfce attention oPOongi*Jss uul the whole cot ids The Secretary of Var,. in his report.-pWsstrdl i i von < 'onu ess the neeexdty of more railway ! c< xwaunicatlon between V ushington at i Bulti- ! men-, uuii a branch ond front the Navy Yard tarrush Washington ? (<?r m town, and vffOKo i the ' eoniae to a juivfjen with the Orange An'1 j Alewmiria Railroad. Tlw hand of tint ?>**?.- ! ComiatiwIer-in-Chiof i. nop; ?r.T.t in these ::?g- ? ?/estio.ia to- create lite 'f-ii*' -wr military tr-a*;--. porta! no while luitf a 'oncinnat lias to be iw1 i quoted Uy an array of 7di),0?>D uten. In auc tion to die.? ? executive '^commendations. dft A'ivnt irrfirbcrv id' Cong ef ? hove ivahed up ;? tV' import:'nee of a deneTamil reputable rot 1 fi >in the polbieal capita v.r.'Jw? commerci. i canltal of die patio.ii. Mr, Yon 'V-vck. o? New " 'dirt, :bkI Mr. Wash b'Tt-1?. o?' Illinois, cacl 1 gan-v notice oi the - tirst (lay- of tlto *? -n- av -4" bills for the con--rrnctiort . t a military tud(pots* road "from J Wa?!nugton, indiae District t *-Gihhtinbia, to the ? cil'- ? f New ?on!i." This L. <HkUvis the bull by 1 the horns, unit we are > itaii? the cQnnl.y j will! iiMtaioi ?i??i in a suoonseful effort 1 to ?' <-.'!.ibii ih: an urgent demanded nn- ' tionsl-work., if or ail imj vrtaal newa, and coniat-'or-iai ?u? respondents ? nn;iirtng" des- > patch, wc -wn- *s isolated Wnn. IWasiiio gton, j and ns anlirclydependent upo ititc iBtegra) >h.as | if the Iiw-ky .'-fountains reared the:,.Ma?wy? cres's j between the 't\w? places. Km -V'in rwswitiu idea tion*! ?vhi nr -iltih*? is of no con -.qnumiw. we 1 night as ?v:l br vdtli.-nt any mail p iwir.e.-.U all.: an i in tran- c>f-.th>n and eoinn nrlak sratHii our Irml row!, i-n.W.ediington is p dtvai I'kUor. Year e.fu-r year millions uto*> * jit lions have boon ap,y pi'"." 01 to erect, g vk-cc and < ? |.'u,bll.- I oildiegs at i'ne rent < i y ?.?? r.xuimd . and v -t. Ibi' lrtvst public pilt'po. s; 'hi: c.tpil al is 'veil it :h iiuvce-'-slble. V'iUi the l'ol iiinnc M-eul;a.!>'i:'".y the rebels: in aikmalcotn intiui (.atiou villi the Northeast in *M. -h n jpoun.l VIVei 'it ( Pit V- sent. exi.< ,t in.. >ai::ll puck" ages b ? i V,r limgogi; cratesul the e nwess <s nnpn :>t . tin 1 "-.litroad to 1 et'cpir's or H.igor.-. town. . J ? :u into:*?:!'t' '.?!>. ItuilrocnUorn up, ii ? *'<u.i h j is j>n t" "i? ? pease of jail, lii ii *rr? in ?n ' m' ? .?u;l Ittcrosi -if pric ?.-Aw.f up^'aes, iu ex1n aj/i'.ut freight , :vq?J i:j u< .#1 ln-.-t? by rebel taj>t ?w on tli < I'ot ? iiiic. A 'i.y days si.i t ? w? report nl :ht ?ro- of 'two vessels y.lhc rebel si.\ ; ? ? 1' loaded with stoi - ? and ?>,?! for tile g ?? ve mun-nL Baltimore : i: Philadelphia, a tfc ? Aim '.companies! Ming the riehetty e-i!-. CkfJis, wiiii a single ! mU, a'.tiled by couri tuilwiiys will never i' or dollar to ?>' e 'i<; j beUwr line of <??. > .ijiiiui s ion so lo , - ? bo;. ?? vjirow llit at t':c Kpeusoof pa--i n ors who uesi buy dinntr* uul suppers oj 1 > starve while subjcca i lo t'jo vtllanous qvi v >41 tuie . ? two or thvco hours in the 011 < tov.as on the jji eu! route Ik*.ween the NoiUi . nrt Ue. South, The actual aw-age time for passery ,r and a-, lis between NoHi York ;ui(l \V;uliin; -..n- tw-> hundred niul fix ty mile?is at leas'. ti?ieio?-u hours. Computet his k0 th?* railway -.{Br '.nl-h\ running from 'h'" eupigds of Kun^eun cev.u" fles. A parallel case may be given ha the Groat Weston; Hail way, running t nt oi' l.v ml ui to the west?1<> Bristol. Plymouth mul Kx.- er? lh. ame it-, this line of comtuunication runs west: frotn Ni w York. There art express train runs every day at the ra:e of sixty miles an hour. TV 'rains reach BristoJ?one hundred and twenty aiiles?in two hours and a quarter, in cluding stoppages, and Exeter?one hundred i nd ugh y miles?in three houra and a quarter, j At 'hat rate of speed we should have passengers and mails carried between New York and Washington in four houra. How long will it bo before the tender merci.-s of the Camden and Ainboy Railroad Company and the pie pcdlcrs and peanut sellers of t'bilu delphia aud Baltimore will grant us a road like that? From London to Liverpool the trains run daily?two hundred miles?iu four to Uro houro to York from London?two hundred miles?in live hours; to Lidlnburg?four hun dred miles?in ten hours. The Great Northern (of France) Railway?Calais and Boulogne to Paris?rur.s forty-fire miles an hour; the rail way from Paris to Marseilles, forty miles an

hour, and from Paris to Bordeaux, forty miles an hour. The traveller going ea t from London or Puris to Leipsic, Berlin or Vienna, finds a series of similar roads, and without any breaks at towns, rivers or frontiers. From Ostend, Antwerp, Brussels and Paris the vail way sy. tcm through Aix-la-Ctiapelle. Cologne. Hanover, Lelpsic and Dresden to Berlin, and up the TiS* ley of the Elbe to Bodenbacb and Vienna, and on to Pesth, iu Hungary, and to Trieste and Venice, on the Adriatic, consists of continuous tracks, without one single break or vacancy iu a large or small town, or in crossing a river, and over which passengers and mails are carried daily at a speed of not less than forty miles an hour With all the little and big States and Principali ties of Germany and Central Europe?not even at the crossing of the great and navigable stream of the Rhine at Cologne?has any local interest or selfishness attempted to make a chasm in a great railroad route, in order to levy a tux on the letter writing and travelling community. And yet those are distinct nationalities, who have full and absolute power and right, instead of being stales and cities of one common country, Shall this great country be outdone h) the slow couches of Central Europe? How Jong will Congress, by a penny wise and pound foolish policy, neglect to provide fur one or two great highways to the national capi tal? If a country ever needed such a steam highway at any time, and over any Hue of con v yanee, it is now, between the beleaguered capital of She country and the great agricultu ral regions a*d the commercial centres, whence the army, the capital and the civil seivants of tin1 nation draw their supplies. Had such a road, with a double track, been in existence, running on the outskirts of Philadelphia kbit Baltimore, and crossing the Delaware and Biis qivlianna by permanent iron bridges, double the cost of it would1 have been saved to tiro Tury in the price of supplies, expense of transportation and the losses caused by delay In important army movements since January lint. There is no use in talking of the present t i.-ijointiHl arrangement, wU't its tcmleas chasms aed -delays at Phfhulelph/i and Baltimore, or tl; circuitous route bv way of llarr^burg, with the tame d?Uv at Baltimore, and extending the <li. tsinn-ull It i- between thr< 1 bandit-'uind lour bunded mi i s, as a railway ???) stein between New York anc'Washington an-4.- the Southwest. Tii "0 HWnberPof Congress who first move in the liutUcV will' make the couStry forc-wr In debted tc them. We will not nwsuggeabth? m inner ir , 'Much it should be done;' but where ll -re is u w;H theveia a way; and the com trty, in war and peae<\ vents a road, ? thout rtiptlon. tli f shell transport passe rgors, mad*), troops and national supplies at least forty mil 9 an hoitr, or ir -ir h -?m from here 11 ?Washing ton. We see that (!?? Gbauiber of Commerce*-' has taken the mbject tip with great \ Igor, and aprvod upon i cetujr-'hen-ive and powerful nemoria! to Congress, pr tying the int< rferenco ?f ? ? k? national l*gb!atw>ie, and asking that "Int. rmtii.tte measured' be taiiea -for the cctrJtrnc tSrin' orf a double rack railroad for postal mills i . r and other purposes, irom New \ rfa to , siiingtonf This - is at move in tbr 'right di ;--f k?a, and a most appropriate and legiti ia;>' v;i.-'d for the union ?f a body libs- the Cht nher of Commt r :e, and we hope the Bat rtls off male and Cham errs oi Commerce in Bi jton, 1' reload, St. Louis, Oiaoirraiti, Chicago, Now ? rlennp. and other tarns and cities, will at -nee take similar action. Wo shall expect to ? -ee i i iry members in '&* House of Repreacatn fivas .,ud every Senator and represent."tire ir on lie Northern, l'ar itoru and Western St.' Wis, tuir ,.eating a measti :? w of audi national :.ia ..oi't.m e. ProbnMy tb? painful pers uul > iTe.itM sconces of cvecyt member of Corp rots wiai-has had the di.-con; fart-* of the journeys -vor h vpi'vseut line of conveyance will add si iiie" drag. to the patriolic * ieli to see a sweeping ru focnu If taken up at oaca the road coiilf lie iuvshwl in six or eight -tenths, and a great s'^are f iis> cost saved in the moving of troops ar lin ?Hillary transportation. We commend to the peciisl attention of on *>ii.y and State men udrs bivmmorial of the Chamber of Contmerce . RtKUTIVK STKKNOTIt 01 CANADA AND Oil ?'i.r Status.?(' xida is divided fron dlic ?itci! States by Ne AVork. New IJninp> hire, ?V'm ?{. Maine and Mialiigan; and in the < vent a Avar with Eng'anh the burthen \ auld ?Well? lb 11 upon thftoi n Wi nding the country 'com invasion or iu c crying hostilities or * the >e? i it'. Tl:o census * W.icn will show how these S p.tes could sustain themselves, and what V. ih resistance Cii itdit could offer 1 -their urn 'lie census i'. Casudu. taken this year. I i.v the folio win {luinbor of inhabit a!s in etu h - -otion ? !:???? East, border urouiXew England ' N'-sCOG * a .U V est, on the New Vtuk and Mi oliigan borders... 1,295,222 T..t?t iy.0h.S8S The states In uexhuaty to the Canada line, ?teei .-ding to tie enaiaof 18GU, fcht <*-. tl:e fol low >.g population? No* York ...3,851,503 Mi htgan , T5t.2!il Ma'ne" _ ?Ih.itfij N#iv. Hampshire..., S20.072 V unuont 325 ,'27 Total ? 5,s77,711 In Canada rerb ire, between dghtocn and Jiirty-livi' yi'irs-of Age, 470,00ft- ukiu. In the border Stub- . thee* arc 1.183,Gtdi Hut assum ing the haV ai' thot number, c, fono in ten, as the very hvg-wt that could kw,any possibility be brought into she field, the v?lat\ve numbers would statu, hus-.? Canada, ilr:.luig caen ' ?2:tr.,000 H rder Stales, lighting man... Thft t atiu^c men of the bonier States art*, thus in aroportion to the forces of Canada us. more v&n five to two. >tw York Slate ale no would hi; more than * tnabeh for both ?lie Caua-l#. The fighting men of New York, e , in ,ted as one in en '.if the population, ate .'rO.UOO, or, in the {gtio. of the military .njpu latl irof the Canada*, of snore than Iby^e so l\v?. And ii Engl awl; should land an availing a: uy In Canada, to pile with the for*-;* of the province in marching over our frontier. the Vrder States cnv.ilbe easily supported, by the tier of populous. States immediately behind them. Tn the event of war, however, that would not be at all likely. Canada and Eng land would b^ only too glad to moiataiu the ; ?' fen-ive by laud, whatever j act British "wood en Walls'' i. jghtactinthe drama. Far morelike ly would it be that the iuvjsion should proceed from this 3ide of the line; and U it should He at tempted there can be little doubt that this time it would prove a cotaph to success, and. the Union Jack would soon cease to wave in either of the two Canadns. Union with our States wltieh border tliem is their manifest destiny? and the consummation is only a tpicstion of time. Trumhupb Line At.ono ^ue Coast.?Our suggestion in regard to a (elcgrapb line along the Southern coast we .yet hope to see carried out. It will cost a, ^vetty large sum; but its advantage* to th> government in a military and \ naval point ?,( T}^iv will probably cover the ox | pan3<\ We give in another column a ratter on the subject, carrying out to a great extent 0"r idea of wbut is wanted. Canmt'egi and the World's Fifteen Days 41 the Public Crib. Napoleon the Grand bad bis one huudrcd days in Franco j Fremont, the magnificent, bad bis one hundred duyn in Missouri; Cummings and the Woild bad fifteen days at the public crib. Very pretty pickings the three saints, four clergymen, six deacons, one Cummings, and numerous pious cheats, who compose the World establishment, bad from tho $2,000,000 of government funds subject to their order. For fifteen days tlioy lived like fig.'iting cocks or ancient monks. Fremont was extravagant, but Cummings beats Fremont. Besides, Fre mont won't tell what be did spend, and we learn of it only through second parties. Cummings has had the great ml vantage of giving an account of his own reign before a Congressional com mittee. The report of the committee does not at all impeach Cummings' integrity, but it makes very evident his claim to the title of Cummings, the Confiding. Mr. Alexander Cummings. the report de clares, was a publisher of the World newspaper, and ?' had no general acquaintance with busi ness in New Yo'k." This statement is rather tautological; for if Mr. Cummings had been pos sessed of a " general acquaintance with busi ness in New York," what would he tie doing in such s concern as the World newspaper? In experienced as he was, however, Cummings was appointed, during .'.he trying times of April iaetl, to purchase supplies for the army and for ward them to the capital. The committee de clare* that, without calling into question the personal integrity of Cui<uungs, "his want of aihoss for the position is very manifest." In other words, Cummings managed the public bt sriR'.-s with no better success than he had his World newspaper. Wh?n it is ad<fetl that Cummings received no compensation from tho government, the para lei between his pubfio and fsis World transactions is fully com pleted; for the World Las alwi ys been weak in a pecuniary a* well as literary point of view. Confiding CuMinings, to go irlo the World! More confiding Cummings, to work fifteen days for an r.tgratefal public, receive and ask no compensation therefor, and submi, to the cro-s examination-of- a Congressional com mil tee tits' sides! Turing Ids' fifteen days supremacy?for be was controlled by no one, gave no bonds, and did just as he pleased?Cummings expended the nice little juur of two hundred and tifty thou sand dollars ? ft ib too much to s, y that he spent this money recklessly, but he certainly ?^ent it most onfldingly. To aid in hb expen ditures, Cmmaiogs took a clerk named Jolm 1 ninpbreys, vho did UU writings, knpt such I) -*>ks and paper* as !..?? could find?and Cum mings kept lot- accounts rather loosely and '? t >ok no vouche rs "- and wasalso " authorized to Biakc purchases." " Did you know this clerk?" asks the eowmitlee. Cummings did not'know him,nor where he lived, nor any thing about him ' Where did you fin I him V' asks the committee; Oummir-gs didn't find Urn ; he was* ceeommen led to JDum rainges,- but by whom recommended Cam ming;; "canuot at -40;'* Cummings was too con" iiding.to care about a recommendation, and re mind' uh of the hanker who picked up ai loafer on tie street and made him a cashier. The re sult i nboth cases vrxa about the same. Cum mings-with the Bsisiaoce of his clirk, pur chased clothing? iinvn pantaloons and straw hats to the amount of over $21,004." Why linen tnmentional Vo*and straw hats? Because Cummings had he ard it was warm down South Did Co minings consult with any one as to the propriety of introducing straw hats and linen trowscre into the ramy? Not until lis had pur chased trranty-om-cfeousand dollars worth, and then he shrewdly resolved to buy no more. In the aaiuo eonildinn. manner Cummings charters a ship. Di lJio. luiow anything about;the ship, her tonnage, boilers, jibboom. main hatchway or rniz/.onuMist hoad? Not at all Cummings took the ship, beerair-e her owner said she was, Al. tvad jCuttmiuga "supposed the owne.r knew." He forggfa what he paid, for her. '5. was ''either.SI,OHO or $1,2130 a day"'?a trifiir $ dill'er, Was- not that rath'v extra vagal, t,' "Yes," -ays C uuiuings, "the pri ewas consider ed very hi-'lr." but then lie "supposed the owrcr knew-" Confuting Cummings! But Cucuuing!. comes out iteongest in ,he prove; n iine. .vet rather pri :sv himself t oon his gro -erieo. Uehadexperi ja.ee there, a- sj,at family .man,h;as.not? lie doc, not do his 'kite mark .in - in New Y'ork, ho- rver, but gosw up in tba raunfcfcy to Albany, ?'?, -imined tt .have his eggs and b-ntter fresh, 8e buys prowieions of J''.. Corning & Co., a w A known harjLware lire... He ajtkicipates won jpr by exploit tig in genuously that it w as ' hard bread ' pur el.wd,oC ".he hardware jpaler-. Our soldiers certainly Hound it very + Cummit gu nevi r saw the provisions, an^j thinks a nor* named ?> avidsoa came anu o'ijgred to buy .hem for him. lie didn't kr.$w Davidson: tint then Davidson told him 'that he w&a> familiar with Unit kind of business," aptl ho em pi .y.- t Davidson fo? dv.vith. Still cc-n/iding Cutn mingsl Coming, s Cununing . does, from the pious World 0; .ablisliment, we ase surprised to find no Bib-M., prayer or hymn books among his army, supplies, lib might have [?roQurcd these if some coa1 merchant, and we are rather *.j loosed to bliaue liim for thv; oiuis-ii.n. Liton pantaloons and no E.bk* Nay, even ale,, porter and si svJ! beer?and so livmn books'. This neglect; of the sold a- s morals is u. mcumis. But Cuvimlugs did not >fcS&t hit* beer. Jtre is the lilie bill:?"280 fczen pints of ais and porter, quintals codf-a. 300 box?* barring, t> barrel * of tongue*, St-kbarrels of pkjes, 20 c.i*ks Scotch tile (imparted), 10 c:icL. of Lon don p<*t< v (imported) ' Total. incluO'ug* lot of rejecml carbines. ab.,ut *35.000. T^ii* reminds us tf JobtaffV fatcpiii reckoningek?aace, id.; sack (,?. nlc and porter), two g^ious. 5s. td.; apcliovies (1. codfish, tongues, herrings and piekles) and stick after supper, 2s. fid; broad (hard, from Albany), a halfpenny." Well rr?..y we exclaim, with Prince lJai.^OAnonstrousl But one halfpenny worth of hard bread to this intole rable deal of imported ale aud porter"?and no Bibles 1 It was enough to intoxicate the entire grand army and the whole WcrW corps besides. "Strong drink is raging." This earth will never need an example of unsuspecting, confiding innocence while Cummings exists, and it is a great comfort to know that be still lives and is connected with, the World newspaper establishment. No w, dor, then, that the World his ? vytdUccuK for porter to a heavy dri ! k/t, "vmvi. j, i WWdhepufft*corner 1 yah. tor ttu >?: no Bibles among Cummings' "army supplies!'' No wonder the World has such a tremendous circulation, for Camming*, a practical business man, managed it! No wonder the Ii oriel is no long'T ??ch a very profitable concern, for Cum minga Oi?'y fifteen days to nibble at the public cheee'3' No wonder Cummings is now going to Euro^1?' f?r !>? nibbled exceedingly well for the timo lN hud! Confiding Cummings! The Bi'UUh Press American Af.'a I rj. " The London jouruuls o^e been very malig nant and intemperate in i'he discussion of the affairs of the United Slates sL'tce they received intelligence of the capture of Mu^on and Slidell; but, with all their bluster and string language, they have not thown a more deeps ^ated hosti lity towards this country than they o'dve exhi bited without intermission since the con wmce ment of this war. A great deal of this il.1 fool ing is owing to the letters of the newspi.'por correspondents they have sent over here? particularly those of Bull run Russell, of the London Timis?who, before being despatched on this mission, wers mere pothouse reporters, without any of the instinots or qualities of gen tlemen. Such men as Woods and Russell brought out lettcs of introduction to gentle men here, who treated thetn courteously and proffered them hospitality; but, with im pudent vulgarity, instead of treating those eivilitie* with a corrcpeauiing return of politeness, those who had offered thcrft were the very men that tf* ly were the lirsS to inealt through the medium. t>f their cor respondenew. In so doing they di splayed a total disregard of decency, and render, ed them selves unworthy members of society. iMen who are so far leet to a sense of the conventional obligations of life are unworthy of the slight est personal consideration, and1 earn ftr them selves merited contempt. Bnt if theiif sins against society crfcended no further thair this they might poseiMy be overlooked, hows ver much they might be- personally despised. Tk oy are, however, far more serious. It is on national grounds that the- public lift * a right to com plain of the condict of tl.<*w ' men. Since thay.flrst eame to the country they have done nothing butt mate bad blood bs* tween England and America. In their letter* they have retailed1 all the lies, slanders and. scandals they con!-1 gati;?r respecting persona on this side of the Atlantis. And these,'one of them?-we allude to -Bussell?has dished up like- the veriest pei'ty-a-haer, who aspires to imitate Dickons in the production of a series of graphic descriptions. And' a better or worse sample of penny-a-lining than his letters from the'United States could not be-found, nor, indeed1, a feebler imitation of the writer whose mannerisms he copies. TTiey have, moreover, ('.ireetly and indirectly iiiisrepre enteiL North and South, with the view of cHing the rebel cause and enlisting British sympathy in its favor; and they have said more 1 to serve the purpose of the conspirators against the Union than any of the emissaries of the Southern confederacy abroad^ The harm these correspondents have done L incalculable; and they are still at their mischievous work. But this ought net to be allowed fcd continue. They nre-tbo worst and most despicutile of spies, and immediately after the settlement of our present' difffenlty with England the gov ernment ought to take measures com pelling thou*, as such, to leave- the country. Nothing can be said in extenuation of what they have doae or what they are still doing. They are hostile to the republic; obnoxious to individuals,aad without respectneither for them selves or ottvers. They have shown an utter disregard of truth, justice toed gentlemanly feeling, and are clearly unfit to inform the peo ple of Europe of the important events now transpiring -on this continent. inasmuch as tiiey make a habit of distorting everything to suit their own trumpery views or prejudices, and Succeed only in misleading those whom they arc paid to inform. We qu i* an old phrase when we r*y rhnt it will be a [. j?-1 riddance of bad rubbish when such scribblers as these have to take their departure, for they are the root of much evil, and it will not be their fault if they do not add to the bitterness of fooling already existing between the two great sections ol' tiio Anglo-Saxon race. Effect, h- of Cold Upom Oi k Soldiers.?Ou* Washington correspondents inform us that our soldiers rf the Potomac army are beginning to sutler considerably from -ae- cold weather. This is not surprising, when they aro still nn -.cr canvass. From this vary circumst.inco, howevt :?> we are satisfied that-'Jen. McClellan is . contemplating a forward nc#vement, and hae . no id* > th.it the return of -prlag will find his . vast any still stretched along the windy hills. of Km. fax. lie knows, fr-.-ui the experience of, Napo'.ooBjthat an army i: notion, bivouacking nude .vthe open sky in th dead of winter, suffers , much-; less from disease . .haa an army ever so.< wei; .established in win it quarters. Compxre^ l'or * twple, the snffe^tos of the British au.ny in. lis winter quarter^mfore Febastopoi ?'Atl?_ th*> remarkable goou? health of Napo',sen's*, 1 gX as in that white, campaign of An Berlitz., V v-jt bodies of men enclosed or hutted for two* 4 three months in ho same place inavitabljy, to a greater or less . extent, produce infectious and malignant dis? .dors. Ilence, no doubt, tiMV shifting of Beaur ggr&'a central cc iupui facto Maimsras to Ctutre-.ille, and the- continual movements of Jio enemy from en a point to another along ctoir general lino of occupation. Let us be patient There are good reasout for the retentkm of our Potomac ajpjy urds* can vass at this ujne. The climate. a3 you south ward. bectmos warmer, and Ifig huts, hrc not convenievi articles of transportation,. <? Gtxwjai. Scott is \ Mi piatoel?In connec tion villi the report that, before.'caving Paris General Scott hud alc?ig interview with thi Prince Napoleon. and t iut the Several vas the* b?nrer to America of die French Emperor's do *ii> fox the maintenance of peace between ?hp> land and the United States, the National J uJliy 'j-itfi thinks it rwssible sh at Louis Napoleon may consider 'Ahe danger of war so in.,unen1 as to justify his making an informal proffer through Gen, Scott, to wli.h tho lattov*tlacLea so much Importance as to think he will serve hi# country by submitting it in person to our government.'' The sterling old patriot may be ex pected in Washington in a day ca two, and then wr shall probably learn definitely that when# t(ipe is ho much smoke there is also some flros Orn City Tiilatiiks.?-All the theatres and plncoa of amusement in this city?the Academy of Music, Wallack's, Winter Garden, Laura K reno's, Niblo' the New Bowerj, the Bowery* irnnnv iiosvui", end flftc n or twenty othor p. i.'cH- to ?><?<*# Ust night, I4

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