Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 28, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 28, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 9240. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1801.-TRIPLE SHEET. TRICE TR 0 CENTS. The EtHaburg at New York and Nova Scotiau at Portland. THE AMERICAN QUESTION. Tfc? War Cry Subsiding in England and lot Re-echoed on the Continent* Opinions of the Eng lish, Fronch, Irish and Scotch Press on the Crisis. fxiwi xxr asaKAXTT. OUR BERLH CORRESPONDENCE. Ml Davis' Menage Denounced at a "Scandal" aid "Blasphemy" in Parii. What the Legislators, Politicians and Pulpit Orators of England Say. fcMsuatto Oyhdoa an the Lincoln Cabinet, the Rev York Herald, John Brewn and Ireland. SEN. SCOTT'S MISSION FROM FRANCE. The Military and Naval Displays of Great Britain. the Mill Owners Sxpect to Get Cotton, Ac., Ac., Ac. The screw stumer Ediuburg, Osptmn lie Ir ho use, from XJrerpool at two o'clock P. II. on the 11th Inst., and from Qswstown <m the 12th instant, arrived hero at liaif past mm P. X. yesterday, bringing the European mails and yaaaengers. Tho news received by the Ediuburg Is one day latsr Wan that received by the Arago, but is anticipated by the advices of ibe Niagara. She steamer Nova Sootian, Captain Ballaatyu*, from U*a. pool December 12 via Londonderry the 13th, arrived ah Portland at half-post ton o'clock yesterday morning. * Brown reports that the stoaraship Norwegian I at Liverpool on the 11th inst. The NovaScottan reports Passed on the 20th instant . North American, tat 1st. 44, long. 42 SO, bound On the 28th inst., a. half past two o'uluck in the on.offOape Sable, spoke the steamship Europa, at. Our Berlin Correspondence. Bmuv, Dec. T, 1801. ?if Zstpeie AUgemein* Zeitung on the Trent Affair?The Ospturtef John SlideU an Imperious Ifeceuiiy for (A* MM States Government?JVe War Anticipate*?The Prussian Elections, tic. the Lelpsta JUgmsins Zeitung, one of the leading or pn of liberal opinion in Germany, contains an article on ?he aflhtr of the Trent which la highly Important, aa aertr kg to correct the impression produced on the Continent by the misrepresentations of the English press. No doubt Mnfeots alluded to in it are sufficiently known in Ame jrtoa; hut the subject is of such engrossing interest, and ?ha remarks of the journal in question are ao extremely pertinent, that a translation of them will probably not be ?Meesptable to your readers. MA cry of astonishment, and almost of indignation, has Just resounded through Europe at the arrest of the emia MTies of the rebol States of America, Messrs. Mason and ?Udell, on board the English steamer Trent. It la looked ?pas not oDly as a violation of the British Bag , but even ta sb act of piracy, offending against the principles of ?antrality and endangering the persons and property of peaceable citizens. At first blush, iudeed, it has really the appearance of n high-banded outrago, a breach of International law, for which the British government are entitled to demand ample satisfaction aud the surrender ?f the prisoners. On closer examination, however, the <mi will appear in quite a different light, and afford a Crash illustration of the saying that there is an exception ?o every rule. ? The origin of tho American rebellion Is too little i in Europe for the public in general to appreciate now Incident in the groat and bloody drama is now enacting. The rebellion does not from yesterday or the day before. Not Jef i Davis, the President of tho self-styled Confederate I; not Walker, his Minister of War, nor Memmlnger, i Treasurer; not Beauregard and Johnston, the brave serais who have commanded tho Southern army hith to with so much ability and success; not they are the i of the rebellien?its father, its chief instigator, the ?rch conspirator, is John Sildell, of Louisiana, tho same who is now a prisoner at Fort Warron. Slide!! was for pears s prominent member of the United States Senate, the presiding genius of tbo foreign department, and chair man of the Committee for Diplomatic and Commercial Af hlrs. In his capacity of etuiostnan and repre asautive of the people > he not only form at! tho most extensive connections with the politicians and patty loaders of hi3 own country, but aaqnlred an accurate knowledge of the views, relations and feelings of foreign Powors. Tho idea of a separation af the North and South was concoived nearly tweuty pears ago, and has been occasionally revived and die. ansaed ever since, though always with the utmost cau Mm. Under the administration of Buchanan, tho last do Mocratlc President, however, when SlideU found that his party was going to pieces from internal weakness, tie began M take measures for tho realization of this idea, and openly announced his intentions in one of the last sittings of tha Congress of 1800, after the lepublicau party had gained, %y the clectton of Lincoln, a decisive victory over the affiste and senile democracy. "For the attainment of his ends Slidtdl calcu lated upon three powerful auxiliaries. First, he began to work upon the s- '.fish feelings of the twenty thousand nilice holders who lort their pla-j., by the defeat of the democratic rarty, and who threw themselves heart and soul into the struggle for the rrea ttsn of twenty thousand ucw offices in the future South, era confederacies; nay,he even succeeded in gaining over John C. Breckinridge, tho Vice President of the United ?totes; tho chief mombers of the Buchanan Cabinet? John B. Floyd, Secretary of War; Howell Cobb. Secretary et Uw Ticasury,and also his fellow Senator from I.ou Mana, Judsh P. Benjamin, one of the most eloquent and tanpaee.oned orators and able lawyers in America. "In the same pin. o John Slide]! addressed himself to the Southern planters and slaveholders, to whom he not atily represented ihe necessity of defending their peculiar Institution against Northern fanaticism, but held out brilliant prospects of its future extension an I consollda. Uon. For thcra the secession and independence of the South was made a question of life and death. ?'Tito third and lost element of the unholy league was to bathe representatives of the Lulled stales abroad. With |hem, however, Slldoll's manoeuvres did not succeed ao ess iy and completely as w;tb his allies at home. Goorge >1. Dallas, Vice President sudor Jas. 0 ? Polk, the Ambassador In England; Joseph A. Wright, fortr.orly Governor of Indiana, tho popular a*d g. oeral repfioataUve tto Court of Berlin, and so veral lees conspicuous diplomats and consular a?int? remained fatthful to U:o cause of tho Union, an t alter ra' llnqulatiing ofitc# only returned hem# !o decMi . for tl o ^puW.C'btchtlrayLad^v.,, with fidelity abroad, it rZT? taFr#n?""? to.Ma.U.aPow, Importance ,o the ,,cc,M of the ion* TZu, bxtenuS; Union hut to h" P, lt|r*' tl0M Wl h N"r,b ?r ti'? ?n L? ? , ? 8 "*J ?Ver 10 thB the ZZ.l l #n m ,e3 ?f ll'# Krench Uuipt ror c ut u, mon Interested by the chanoe of establish t.c * monarch teat government In Ute South, and an tlJluv'?"1' m U*Jieo'lUe muBt pnwarful and iuiiuea federacx W ?UM *" f?r ?*???'???? ''dfter tho sudden unJ lmoxpactf,j d0il!l of u k Qa he former jfinteter at Paris, a faithful adherent of for F.'?n' Sl,de!l' wtl? time to obtain tho - oat far We!., succeeded, though aith luf.ito t.oubie the Utfm " ?V?r *? Mr- F",lk6r- 1Jut 40 slaveholder nr.d recession:: t . ldell had been m-.nakea in his rtbiliti s. lie was not adroit enough for his post, toe twdiplomAUcally frank and why- ll?e consequence was that Faulkner did inure treason **,arB> "d tarligaod for high "Not eo In Bcgee. The representation of the United ot W'ton, Colonel Pickens, of awth Carolina, who, next to Slidell, may bo considered the moot able chief of the rebellion Slidell Md rw,red; b? '"nitrates Talleyrand's dictum that man has been endowed with speech to enable him to conceal his thoughts; ho ie as smooth and slippery **.* *?rpWlt' of mlstocratle and prepoaaessing manners? ? diplomatist In the trne senee of the word; is a native of Louisiana, complote master of tho French language and H?WM therefori, in nktag himself the raoet proper person to undertake! he omce of mediator between the 8outh and the Tutlerics It I"*" m' ""*?a tha* bo went out on his mi, s ion to Parle, which has now been happily frustrated; but after the success of which be expected to return homo to StUl greater triumph.. Pickens is as wealthy as Slidell but neither so accomplished nor so dexterous; he loves pomp and etiquette, which he has introduced in his little court at Charleston Jin imitation of tho Imperial Court of Russia. But yet be is a man of action, and on that account ",Umfr?m St-I>terburg,chosen Governor of South Carolina, there to Inaugurate the re bollion by declaring tho secession or his State, and by giving orders far tho bombardment of Fort Sumter to conjure up the most disastrous of civil war. recorded in h t^T'? ??r that tMk PiCk#nB had l0nf bfHD ''M'gnatod ? 1 flr,t b6WM t0 the Runsian Cabinet and to dispose it in favor or the South. Whoa Slidell perceived , ^rTduWaS ?UmC"ntiy PrfPar*d in that quarter h0 induced Piekons to resign his post and to return in Sep tember, I860, before the commencement of the eioC'on contest whioh resulted in the triumph of Abraham I in 'n h" natlvo C South Carolina. That Slidell s and Pickens' machinations in Russia have not bean very successful, is evinced by the friend y and cordial relations betwesn th. governments of b Petersburg and Wsshington; but If their projects PIMelTwVJ'r1 thre Can be n0 quml,m b,,t John would have bll?n lh? first Prosidect and F W Pickens the first Vice President of tho Southern republic ?ndagsneralwrar have been kindled, la which Russia' Franco, England, Spain, and the two sections or the American Union would have been enrichod with Canada, Mexico and Cuba as the prizes of victory.' "This idea, this plan it Incarnate in John Slidell. Be I* the Napoteon of the American doctrine and rebellion. If his head falls, tho Union rises again in all its glory and there Is again an undlvKUd, ftps and weighty ropubllc tb. greats* republic * the mmW. And ttomJfere the seizure of John Slid.)) Waa af-most paramount lmJ!L ance, end ?very sacrifice had lobe curred by ths American goverhment to eToct ft No" strangers havs been captured by strangers under . Ana, and aWConnoli or a Moavher wmm m rJ?.. board an American steamer to Fraarfb or Russia to In" WfiMtor the advantage of a Canadian or Irish repubhev tbf^ ,?riDg Preoe,,#nt3 ?f ?lmir.r. acts on tho part 0f tholfrltish government against American vetwoJs with foUow.ylU are 01 courM Miliar, the article procoe^ M "The arrest of the rebel chiefs will lead to an s?rhnn.? of notes, but neither to war nor to the prisoners. Tho capta'tn .f the knew wL?! '10 ?oj ,? boat d: he knew them to bo the eml^arTes J? th! rebellion; he knew that they had embarked far Furima on a double mlesion?one, diplomatic, to negotiate the recognUion of tho Southern TOnfcderv^ the other JtV. tary to purchase provision, and mUiton.^ wm to be empleyed against their la?-r?i ?>.. It is an acknowledged maritime principle thafttoTr^ai flag does not cover oontraband or war or nerwtna in warlike operations from tho viaitation "of a bJ*^?t Power. By recognizing tho Confederate flu on The steamer Nashville, in Hie harbor or Southamm!^, u Birch'onVh8r th# de8tr"ctiou * the Uaion sh,p ilwvey nircn on the opou seas, the Britinh Atifhi.r(i(m. L ciared the Southern Cf.deracy fabXC-ro^^, not rebels. If by so doing the BrU^h govmSt haw ^hap.^ntenu^auy^ontmitt.d a L? ,he Xffieri. * dob" dell and his accomplice.^ ^['tU;#t the same time rendered a eervioe to th? r liberty and progress which will always be honrraM mentioned in the annals of the world. So mrch is mrtJin that the American government cannot think of givim^m. the prisoners taken from the Trent. If it did tho Norfh lf the Union would rise l,ke one man, and the adminUfratfan ?v?m a .tnCOlf woul<l bo ?ummarily overthrown " V eeterday the eloct ons for the Second t . > Idace throughout the Prussian mona^T I 'cln ni nn the pytyofprogree, has gained acomplet.victoryl^i.b Twost?n' Waldrek im^Viuehow ha ye each been elected twice over, than secnr'nir uo-t-nn ai ats, while the modorates have only returned ^r their candl latcs-fiuber and Toddel ^o .n^L.T? ?f elections will consequently bo nocessarv r!id ^ K*ry three, as Waldr.k h7. be& chosenTB^'er'^d .2,^ may prefer retaining his old seat for that city Un tom! potting tbtg accouate have arrived bv tel^rftrT^ r J? result of some 150 olectio.s, vlz'ISixtf ^e'pTogrl u Sixty moderates, ten to firteen Poles ami ultramontan,^' and about tho same number of reactionlSlg. The full re' ports will not be receivod till this evening. OPINIONS OF THE ENGLISH PRESS. The Party which Aid* England In New Y.ork and Create* "Doubt and Terror" In Reasonable Hen. [From the London Times, Dec. 9. i fede The newspapers just received from the federal States manifest a wholesome change in the public opinion of New York. The mercantile classes had had time to reconsider tho probable consequences of an insult oilered to Old England, and were Ixginntng to "di,-.count" tho Intelli gence of the return Jhail. There hat been a sudden hush a (ktV " ... rapid subsidence in (he bluster of some previous tvecks. It Is no longer thought a hrave thing to boast that "What Great Britain may say to this we do not know, and do nut greatly care." All tho organs which represent any in terest that has the least solidity have evidently been let into the secret that there Is notliing to be said for Captain W ilkes and his piratical frigate. They are now talking deli cately of the afllilt of the Trent, and even preparing the way for tho restitution of tho captivo Commissioner*. We have only noted one exception among the files we have received. The X*w York Hmuld still holds that England is only amenable to mcnaco, and sneer* at its cotempoi aries as being "dowu upon their marrow bone3 beforo the British lion." Jhetitiui.n represents thesaim? jour amiable coUmporary in London no doubt means the "cream" of a great city, but haa misapplied the word in his anger?Ed. Hkxm.dJ?of a great city, which cit.ii it but a number of a great aem cracy. Tb* New York Timer, th* Tribune, the World, end other papers, r-/resent the doubts and terrors nf reasonable men. Jt is very dllllcult to distil tho real essoin# of the popular mind in from such an unequally mingled mas*, or to estimate th# force which tho respective classes will exercise upou th# action of tbo government; but the bankers of New ? York and It -ton must lyue socio influence upon the Cabinet of Washington, and if that influence should preponderate there w ill be no immediate war. On the other hand, the foreign policy of Amei ica is in th# bands ol a reckless ad venturer and thin m m can #voko at will all tho wild pas sions of a sovereign mob. The terror of the commercial men of the federal States at the prospect of a war with England is now manifestenough. Tim Tribune has discovered that the delivering up of Messrs. Clldell and Mason would be "au immense triumph to Mr. Lincoln," und we most unfeh nedly hope that Mr. Lincoln may sou the fact in thai light. Another paper bo* discovered a much more indubitable fact?that, if Captain Wilkes has committed a wrong, tlier# can be t.o loss of honor to the federal States In a suitable restitution and apology. Wo flttd ourselves again reminded alter a long Interval,of our kinship, of tho cviia Of a war between the two countries, and of Ilio ties which ought to bind us?facts and aentlmont* which we, at least, have never forgotten, but which arc seldom remem bered on tbo ether side of tho Atlantic at momenta wheu they would naturally produce kindly deeds to us. England 1 ? adjured hy some not "to take advantage of a quibble.1' and others are Intent upon p?rsuadipg ns that really SIidel! and Mason are uot worth* war. Ihore is such blank terror In some of lheso broad sheets which have been breathing flame* for soino years past that, if wo could rely on the power of those who inspire tbein, we should banish all apprehensions as to the immediate Dilute, and sbould.hUd it as certain that wr should b s; vred tbc i. - ify of i ? t;, p,|r! n (hie transatlantic c pi'st. "if i:#i* Ptitnln can show good reason forcluitti Uli: them til t Wlit til' given II? >,'' t.ivim. (!' tiK' must ' ? "i ? ??>?, i though Dot, ii i ft?r. the most influent .?!, of the Now Vt rV ,?; .? ,-a. Si I' "i ? ??? !? > m i- .nueerale. Wo a c *vrv to roe th : it ta tlv . trltt neceetwrj In ncoom; my these , ai P'o docla atio-s with it r a i. atui 'i die iiiKP'i.Mit<(?????*! a in Km'!'., i la 01,.y ; t of "titlnftv wo liuro m i (oil our Wtvla account with J "Vr ?'n l u ik .vo,'1 To ? niT.iiicit tor >>r ami eotilcslim of ? mm ijcj , litdtf v t Yotlcmay '? J nlR?a of toy tkii statement ?o the N -w /?* 7./,-<t . ihnl " M mv i?-n t.t:k and wn. a*if ? hn ,-u.t aha htaia cf HMbgkunl w<.i::11 wit a ilo'lt i w .r steamers (" bombard our cities ani uivootaoor commerce from ih# fare of ih iot n.oi." But wa hot ?> tli.u Ihd gavcmtC'.'af if the tcdeial t'tates will not ti out to vho assurance of the Now York Wines that tin) v. in In matter must ? n*uo tat a " ,.:.tracu.d nego* tiatiou." Wo are most anno-is to warn tho people of the Atl tntWt clues against a pert out ? ror, If parsi ?, ed in, wlii certainly drut tb'tn and ua nib' a war. lhny aJroudy appear to b ? recovering from two grievous mleupprchcnsions. ilia orst a us U ? conviction that been ao wo have, half grinublh g and half lr. Oua t tDfit, siluwoJ them lor some yeat s to tr< *d rudely ui on our corua anil to elbow ts dincourteoualy, wt' should therefore submit to list i ourtioeo tweaked in solemn f um by Mr. H.'wi id or his underlings. lhv ceuohtl is lb," Mr. Kwmi nc<i Mr. (foot-fee Bttmncr could by forged I acts and lalsiSoii history pnptuule u~ thut an audacio's insult up<'n our (la* is an ail in Hocordai ce with precedent and with tntorm.tloual law. Tho Now Yuik pre* have got over iheso hallucr nSion*. i?iey ate cvtirincnl now that ?iiitid's to Conuver Canada and 1 il os' n'af.' os Mr. S'lutid's (hrtat to conyicr ( preparation* for a war wi h Euykim Love not tend'd to nui .e m at all more anxious (o take (lie part <f (At North a^aiml the Soith. '11 my aro now alao evidently convinced that Mcmw. Rvc.eua.d Sumner were, when talking about Lhc law ol the matter, displaying either cm lunmiule ignorance or lillu ami transparent knavery. The American press has, we infer, been informed that there Is no quegtiou capiib a of argument about the rights of this matter; that "contraband" can only be declared to be couti itbuud by a prite court ; and that neithor in form nor iu sub-tance, in law nor in equity. In word nor in spirit, Is there auy view of international law by which this outrage upon us can bo Uofauded or extenuated. They havo cpenoil their ?yc? upon theso two points. We deal e to warn them against a third. Ttmy accm to think that.aUiiuuih wo cannot be directly ref uted reparation and apology for this wrong, we may be easily out witted by fair words and u procrastinating policy, which they arc pleasod to call "protracted nego tmtion." They are quite welcome to say what they please about putting off their war with flngland to a morn convenient opportunity. Sufficient for the day is the evil thereof. Th.-y will in t wisely, howersr, if they put off the.r " protracted negotiation'' to tho same con venient opportunity. If we are not content to stand in tho companionship of nations with a spot upon our honor, noitber arc wo content to be bofeolod and duped by such clumsy contrivances ss can be .invented by Mr. Seward. We h pe it w ill be remembered by the government at Washington that the four captives at Boston havt been forcibly talccn away from what we consider to havo been a sacred asylum; that every moment of their captivity is an outrage to that sanctuary of defence of which we have always hecu ready to most the world In arms; and that until these men stand ours more under the flag which la pledged to protect ill cm there can be no negotiation, either protracted or accelerated. What the Aristocrat* Think of the I,ln> coin Cabinet, the New York Herald Jeff D.W.' MeMH., the hi.!, ami John Brown. [From tLo London Herald (Derby organ), Dec. 10.1 One or our clilof difficulties in atteuv, ting to form a fair and impartial judgment on (ho position and orosoocta of the American belligerents ha.; been that nearly all our Information came from the North. In no quarrel in which bystanders feel nn iulcrest do they like to hear only one side. Wo have been doubly unfortunate, too, in regard to our chief sources of information. To Judge of the con duct aud progress of a war from the accounts of one side on.y would be to migju.'go it grossly, oven whoro tbose accounts wero cot Intentionally dishonest or exairro ratdo. But our principal Informants concerning the American war ha-, e boon necessarily our New York conti rnparai los, of vrhotn it is aullicieut to say that no payer t?i England a^roachc$ than in ignorance. fnUi and vulgarity; Viat only one IWift jourmfV-the NatumJ. rivals them in violence of language and malignity of tem. rer; and that oven tho "devoted aud Inspired1' organs of official opinion in countries where the liberty of (ha press is a fiction, fall far short of them la unblushing mendacity. Of tho political merits of the Southern cause we?/wing the Ameriran constitution, the republican mani festoes, and the history <J John Brown's invasion of Vir gMa fresh vi oar memory?vote happily able to ferm an independent opinion. But with regard to the military re! sources of the two parties, the situation of aflUir. in the border States, the feeling of the South ern poo-do, tho erenta of the war, we bare been almost entirely dependent on New York aud Washington reports. Wo need not say that those reports havo been aa mendacious as the bulletins of the grand army to the early years of this century. Of evorv hattlo fought we have generally received three successive i accounts In an almost uniform diminuendo scale First ' a great battle has taken place, tho Confederates oetnum- I boring the federalists as three to one; the North has gaiued a great victory; thouaandsof robele killed wound edI and prisoners loss of the federalist* three men killed, ten wounded and a dozen missing. By nest mail the importance of tne action and the numbers of the ene my aro a good deal reduced ; and wo bear doubts hinted na to the completeness of th* victory ? It appoars, too, that the conquerors have re-' created. A week er two later the truth ooze* out The armies have been tolerably equal in force, the Northern generally superior in artillery; the Confederates have put their adversaries to ignominious rout, and ir the federal loss has not been heary 11 hue been because the federal Soldiers have made excellent use, not so much of the arms provided by government, as of the legs given them by beneficent nature. And then comes out the ona bit of truth which the New York papers ever willingly publish cn these occasions?"It was thn fault of tho officers " Like tho accounts of nctual battles are all the statements made by the Northern pre-s concerning the political financial and other civil or military operations ou both' sides. It is only little by little that tho truth oozes out and only those who patiently watch for and sift It' to perceive -tho net residuum of feet in the mass or falsehood and contradiclion. On the whole we generally find that tho Confederate States are under iunnlloly better guidance, both In noil cy and in war, than Is vouchsafed to their enemies Mr. Davis' message Is a proof of this. In comparison with the manifestoes of the Northern leaders from Mr Lincoln down to Mr. Sumner or i.oueral Dlx, it is calm etalesmanlike, Umperalc and credit/slit to its author and hit Cabinet. Without inquiring Into his antecedents wo should have formed a high opinion of the Southorn Presi dent from his conduet and language throughout the time during which ho bag hold his most difficult office. Judg. lug him only from the history of the last twelve months we should be disposed to pronounco him not merely a dignified statesman and capable administrator, but an honrst and well bred gentleman. We do not remember that ho has done one foolish er undignified act, or uttered one intempersto word, whllo filling a post of the gravest rcsjwnelbllity and danger, and rc-vlled by tho Nirtbern press iu tho most Insulting and exas-oralJn* terms. Ills tono, while It has been that of a inau d'-te" mined to maintain to the last the independence of hi* country and ihe honor of her flag, has been marked by an absonco of all vindictive feeling towards the invaders and by an earnest desire for au honorable peace In his rroscut imssage he speaks with soher and dignified palls faction of tlie victories achieved by the Confederate aim aud with Justifiable pride potnts to the advantages gained ?vor an enemy already possessing at tho outbreak of war a navy, an array and ample artillery and war materiel an evidence of the spirit of the people who have ohosen him LG bo their chief, oud an hopeful augurioft for tho future. Tho grave sebriety of his tono, bollttlng tho leader of a gallant but not a numerous people in a struggle or life and death, a Umithct the journalists of New Ymk, accustomed to the bifiggarl extravagance of such men as Meters. Seward, Came red am' Frenosit. They who raise a shout of triumph over the heroic act or a captain who stops and robs a neutral vessel on the high seas cannot comprehend the calm tono in which the President or a confederation, which has beaten ihom in a great battle and half a do/en Important actions within a row mouths spooks of achievement* which would drive them frantic with vanity. Accordingly, th'-y seem disposed to treat tho mer-sago as indicative of asanso ofhopotess Inferiority. and triumph over tho expeolol humiliation of tho "rebels." Wo?utrd to English sobrbiy, and cH guiled with the New York Herald and the Washington Cabinet, lets by their it va lence and outrageous vu'.k-me than by the concei'whi'h "chant le plus f.,rt quand il est bun baUu'? in Mr. Vavit' dignity and reserve reason to hope that tho govern! ment which wo may be forced ere long to recognise? possibly to accept as anally-isouo of which no nation need bo ashamed. In a word, wo hold the message worthy of the chief of a gallant people, and recognise in it tho modesty of the soldier and the reserve of the statesman. In one point, esp cla ly, It contrasts most favorably with the di%utting ferocity of mei.a e and the wanton barbarity if c miiict vihiih his characterised the journals, officer: ami minirScrs of the Jiorth. Mr. Buy ? speaks with will merited so rn and indignation of the murderous outrage* which have everywhere mm ked the advance of tho fed eral troop* where there was no enemy to opt nee them ; outrages concerning w hich we have the testimony of Northern eyewitnesses to confirm the stinging reprobation of the Southern President. He ci-eiiks with deep, but dignilb-d, bitterness of lb* bombardment of undefended village*, and tlio wanton slaughter of women and children; and ho ex prose., * soldi* ly ?isgust with the expedition which has lauded in Sc th Carolina, a* It would *oom, not to tight, but to plllago, burn and excite gorviie insurrection. In all this we heartily r, uour with him. We havo not hest. tated,Judging the federalist* by their own accounts, to condemn (ho spirit in which the war has beau carried on by lh?-m as utterly disgraceful to a nation pretending to Christianity aud civilization. Mr. Davis w.irus ihein " that there are certain rlghta of humanity tliat aro entitled to respect even In war, and ho who refuses 10 regard thorn forfeits his claims, If captured, to be considered as a primmer of war, and must expect to be dealt wh has an offender against all law, humaa and divine.' This Is stern, but it is jusi and dignified, it contrasts sti Ikiiigly both w ith the atrocities perpetrated py the,Nor'-h on nun combatants, and with the more frightful, because more deliberate, murders threatened by tl e bloodthirsty and fanatical m<b who dictate to tho federal Cabinet. That Cabinet, by sending the c.ew of the crnieer S.-tvannsh bei'oro u oriminul court, sanc tioned the nob clamor for the,r bleed. These men? many of them British subjects-are under *?nfence of denili. Their murder w-.ll l e promptly avenged by the execution of an equal n sober of LTii'ed State* officer*. Bui I bo booth will nut begin the g..m<?of us .?r- r.ati> r, If **?'? cre to mite rtir own port cause to ore t 7. \uxra."., i- ?? , */ I. net we shad ta em tenure M fr- <: hatrrlofi <? ? hil Mr I'm ; . ?.?4u dind their eouktii* iu V.? i, <. it of hit ;??? -'Ov'* Thii Cvy '?r T'l-ir.*' aed Wo*-' . for P. a?e f" I I! I'll I'M l'llljlltS. (from the j >' ;> 'ar m era lie ? an), IV". 11.) lti|? U aii-w ir . l the *pprw< Wu.-t trt i mj 11 ot thu ??? cu of moder:1?ii-unl gee*! **? ro ov< r ? f 10 ;-rri ipti.-q s ? f r.u?" y pie !i r,. ll tine 'hat H inn of the apevt "B of aar *r "stiM '..boring with i nu,b*?"d enor ? y to plunge IV- nd 1 ?;ulm ;* Into fr: hldnl wife. !'<? t nt'V-e though'IV. sp rtt." am aw i- i-titu^ to tho Ml' roentoua gravity of Ibe'???isu , *r-> vole b of m.lm exix'stuiation ?? m >kirg town ,e ve? heard above th- llcrco din of vn dictivo rage. O*io ntif.l.'hnintt wearing tho garb of a-minis ti r of ro IfRion hns Mi ' ?b (It, while th > mb lvo to which the federal gournnnnt wet respond In yet speeding ill wsyacroaf the Allan |r 'oped it' the Mt.r'" -ry dedicsiod to the worship of tb (5 d ot Veaco by open advocacy of war. But great an ! legitimate as must he tho Indigo tl n and disgust excited by such an exhibition as* that In which our own s; oedema Inform us the Ho v. J. Cook' s le; v.-a. ho chief not1 r, In at Sunday, ait Ht Peter's, Ham mor-o-'itb, we can aflbfd to lcsat it with contempt, well satisfied that there will be few Imitators of ibis gentlemen, whs would evidently he rtvre in his place as mtntstrm.t at tho altar of Mara than as airiest ef ike church of Ohriat. On tho other hiutd iwtfcler yymer oaoh a reprearntaUi o man in tho religious world, have . con nobly true to ih> ir saored mission. last Sunday the Rev. C. 11. St nrgeon H|s>k? boldly In reprehension of tho war fever which has of Into been racing so 11- rrely; and on Monday evening the Rov. Newman Hall delivers I a lectureou ihesamo iheme, equally remarkable for lite fervor of Its eloquence and the impregnable solidity of its arguments. This is a matter In which it especially behoves tho religious public to be up and stirring, and that without delay. The grim Bend of war still hovers over us, thirstlug to hold his hideous saturnalia, and to feast his ayea upon the spectdole of brothoia dabbling In each other's blood.

There are momenta whi-u the cm so of his presence must bo tolerated as our sole means of preservation from yet greater evils. But we are not now struggling in auch an awful crisis. Our libertlas are lu no grievous peril; our honor seeds not for its calvalton the baptism of blood. Already there are gladeotno tokens of a growing convlo tlou that this is so. The Umpest lulls, and we welecme the presages of a costing cairn. last the press and the pulpit do their duty,and England and Ameriea may be saved from u calamity the bare possibility of which uo thought ful mun can ooutemplnte without a thrill ul' horror. The PoilH-.u of Canada and the Union. [i-'.-om the Loudon Times, Hoc. IK] Onnada disclaims any jealousy of tho political or com mercial system of the United Stab's. Their polity, alio says, could haw no other end test intestine war, anarchy und military desjoti/m The mercantile S)stem of the Uu,on Is asserted to be far behind that of Canada in liberality, and Canada far before the States iu prosperity. The Montreal Journal asserts that there are but two paiwrs in Carada favorable to the United States?the one the paid organ <tf the government of H'ru-JimpOn, the other repre senting the mi all faction <f a rowed annexationists which has always existed. Canada consolers that she owes the Reciprocity treaty to the South, and regards the South as her best customer. Such Is n brief account of the Canadian view of American ailhirs, at expounded by a Cana dian newt paper, wbicb evidently boh sees that It speaks the sentiments of the whole community. It will thus be seen tbat there Is Utile dtdorenco in llie fueling of Great Britain and her colony, exocept that, as ''anmls hus had even more to euduro than wo bave, the feelings which thus Una expression are mucb stionger than those which the people of this country are disposed to entertain, or, at any rate, to announce. Thus is dissipated another great Illusion which Amerca has vuloavored to ppivud?tha Idea that the perfect km of her institutions is such ss to captivate neighboring na tions, and draw them by an In nsistible attraction within the sphere of her influence. Tho propaganda of the United States must, like that of tho religion of Mahomet or the universal fraternity of the Krench republic of 1793, bo spread by tho sword, and by that bIodo. It seems to create among its neighbors ih" most ottive ro pulstoo, tho most inveterate aversion. We bevo no rea son to fear that Canada will prefer the government of Prcsidwit Lincoln to tlist of Queon Victoria. We ask from Canada no tribute to our treasury, no monopoly for our commerce. We have not evcu boon able to prevent her from burdening our manufactures with a duty of twenty five per cent, and we shell be fortunate If w? o cajm without a contribution to a second Grand Trunk Railway, in the shape of a connecting line between Quebec and Halifax, laid out for the benellt of Monad* una Nova Sootla. and paid for from the British treasury. All the value Canada baa for us springs entirely from tho spectacle she *(? fords to the world of a great nation entrusted with the control of its own Ue^Uuies willingly remaining tho dopendoocy of a remote i'owor. This fact aooaku more eJoqurstty than words, and Is a standing answer to all who bring against us reproaches drawn from bygeno theories of our history, while it establishes for us a claim unique since the world t^egan, of having ruled with so mucb moderation that a dependence upon us is preferred to absolute freedom. The Canadian press Is Just ss explicit with regard to tho violation of our flag at It has been or to the merits of the struggle between the Northern arid the Southern States. Its view of International law is similar to that of the press of Franco r?" The deck of an English ship is a part of the soil of England, and coght to givo exactly tho same protection to strangers ns the soil of England itself. The seizure of such a ship is a high-handed insult to our flag, and a challenge to maintain its rights. In an swer to sucli a challenge the people of England will give no uncertain sound." When we.remember that this language is held, not by persons reasoning on the question st their ease and st a distance, but by those on whom the first results of any quarrel between England and the United States wotdd be like'y to fall far more heavily thnn on ourselves, it must be confessed that Canada neither lacks the ability to understand thereat nature ctf the outrage and the true prinrifies on which it must be judged, nor courage to meet whatever dangers the determination of England not to endure such an intuit may fling across her path. These pro vinces of Canada, which the American press,nod, we mnRt add, the American government have been so long absorb ing, Rc<m likely to give to the sou to speculators who have already placed their spoils to the credit side of their ac count as rutirh trouble as the ilon'r skin did to the man who was killed oh n ting of ine biast. The confidence of Canada in her own resoui c?a is not shown, or in the case of Amer ica, by threatening and boasting, but ia rather tube de duced fspm the freedom with whieh she discusses tho most Irritating topics and exjtresse.s tho most unpalaubln oplntops. We can only urge tho Canadians to persevere in the courso which they have hitherto adopted?actiurse of looking to tho reality rather than to the pretensions of men. Tney con detect, standing as they Co in a great degree neutral and impartial betwion the two governments, how much of tyranny and aaitrthy inuy lie concealed under tbo democratic pre. tensions of the one, how much of liberality and moderation may lie coucoalcd under the monnr chical and aristocratic apiiearanco of the other. Wo re joice to soe Canada determined to guard hor own inde pendence, and resolved to develope tho type of civhiza tiou and progress that is her own rather than to fall pros trato befori) the larger population, the moto extended ter ri'niy and the louder sclf-laudai i' u of the United .Stales. Liberty has hitherto been so rure In the world that the types which she may assume are by no moans exhausted, and Canada does well tc reck the devvlopenient of her own institutions, and to bnliove that they promise to her a destiny at least as brilliant as 'tbat of her neighbor. In tho coining struggle?if come ft must? she has, we believo, little to fear. Let her trust to her own cueigles, and believe that nothing which it is in the power of England to effect shall 1st wan'ing to sup port and to second thatn. The Falmerston Cabinet Recognize the IVlikes Family as Belligerent. [From tho London Post (government organ), I>ec. 11.J It would almost iveni im If, in tho general n heme or creation, the H'ittt CWtikes) family had l>en tent on the " " xprtss purpose of ?ett.inp n earth for the ixpress jruipote of eettinq mankind by the ears. Jn thclasl centum John contrived far several years to keep all England in hot scaler, and novo his trans-Atlantic nla lire Charles has proved himself to be pifted with fencers of mischief which John, when at the height of his popularity, and the idol of the London mohe, might u>cll mire envied. Like the mock patriot by whose agitation this realm was convulsed in tlio days el our great grandlathors, the pie pent representative of lb? family name, and of the family taleut for ml chief making, would tipje ar also to have inherited the Wilk* (Wi.kes) faculty ol humor. UianarratiTe, at tho complimentary dinner given to htm at the Itevoro House, Host011, of his own proceedings pre vious to the seizure of the Southern eommh. ioner*, sounds moro like a passage from "Knickerbocker" than the log of a simple, straightforward, rough and ready seaman. How little did wo know of the re-p. ctfor inter national law entertained by American captains and com modores! How grossly have we been caluinn atn g men who, to tl.e naval genius and energy of Lord Nelson, units the legi I acumen of Lord Stow ell I Gustsvus Adolplnw, 1 wc arc told, carried with him in all his campaigns the j great work of Grotius on t o law of love and peace, and j constantly sought to regulate his conduct by the wis dom of its nitt.\ima, and to enlighten hi? judgment ' l>y the infinite variety of its illustrations, lint the federal cruisers and privateers set out Inquest f their prey armed not only with cannon, and revolvers j and cutlasses, hut with a complete library ul it:tor'national j law. "Previous to my decision to act a; 1 did,' ays Captain Wilkes, " I consulted all tha authorities?Kent, | Whcatun and Valla!?and satisfied myself that written despatches from a belligerent w ere contraband on a ueu- ! tral vessel, andlconsiperedthat, ns rebel ambassadors must la the embodiment of despatches, it was my duty I to arrest ihrir progress unless they could .'.how propi r passport*from Utofederalgovernur ut." Hero tea ipies- i tion that may well put to the teat the metaphysical sub- j t'etyof the most hair splitting schoolman in either our . own or the Amet ican Chbinet. It would he curious to bear 1 the views of our present Lord High Chuncellor.andof our 5 rep' nt Chancellor of the Ext hequer, on tho dictum ol in- ? i ., bona, law thusenuaclated by Captain Wilkes, to the ! ? that Messrs.Slideh am' Mason, ss rebel smbassa- i , necessarily embodied the despatches of a betllge- I : iducy tuiith has said of Sir Mackintosh, t t. ?? ho had wa led through morasses of ieternutl u.rl law where tho foot of no other living man could venture i to tread. But wa doubt it even sir James Mackintosh I himself could have succee led in keeping his footing on tho yielding <i iSgmire of truiist antic law and logic, Jt is a thousand i iff s that Captain Wilkes neglected to point out, for the instruction of other students in tiaval Jurisprudence, tho spot ial passages in Kent, W bee ton, and Valtel nettiug forth tho stage at which tlio "agents of rebels" become transformed into ihe "ambassadors" sent by belligerents to neutral Fowe'f, and the further stage at which their despatch' a become embodied In their own I*1??*. ,a' re Ui'er '.act have do ' Horn ^cutol. 1'( ^ coll -CI ions i!<> :??>'. prove faibo. thai?1 j ? . buv?4 til", awncf k'twrt.Qt .v.',*uy ? tu^ng the lir a' ot his voy,<MAi>ep.oo- . ^ h~*,. \vu>?e I. d.spatc h ? II tho bar.- sen.P, ani BlTl,Hei.t ha-l a.-.... k ... over and .. h ill i th < 11 Ink apis.icteil elnh.u6>. ' > ,,,. nt bus ?atlor ought. rrta uly bf? <l' u"'' ,ui y>.? v uhl o i l- deb r ami In c!i?w!W ??,iW.U ?? J ouly have *<??!*! on i wtmbauil ot ^ .Vj. au , ()f , pr*ct? o'lit boi'oic tliu iniu*l of J> ? ^ ! vrtrs - - law uuh.riU c 'did not *1 ''?r a. i, ?. ' Wilkes, and m .t In n tc-fh-ct ?pu? ?t? T ! bi .'V I , vrutbc i*s.tlViloc)'ii? ?t adding w.n?. ? ttv.i iu w;. t. .dof. do.nlb.ui?. ? ^ ed. Si.uh U co.,:o ... study decs I have had lb*t oil', ct In otlii). qunrif)??"? * ?? ?'* frcm.thol.Uo. id o> r U .ion the orSnSftU. peered In our yesto. ?y s * himas, th- gtrallwl to fcd isl press shot.nil u so ninuoii.e. ?l09t?nro, prove that I'd?n^t.onal l*w lS, ? ,, r?v. n's . li .ho Bids of lli ? Americans, this i? y ? ^ swand rosuy latent doubt, as to Ihcwu a ^ h will receive tho intulllgcwuoof , .. (1 whl'.o ConfederateCommission.!r under tho jh VdSillevn, thovast majority boii-ve.rr et l^t ??a loet.m^ tnet tins oouutry will take Ithe wl??tjf?il that tho Trent easy goo1 nature, nt'd.vcnfeel? lwo ^mtherti ias lisiscif was not seised as wc'I a. no nollllcians en howgors. n law more cantos and reAotuig doubt8 ?* V^vejrMly un K^o\UUJ"iuV?tC lid- committed one great SwlXwi-v ing till ^voryust ^-dn^thMthc H. UI hero Slates would nover secede, tln-y niay (rttt'tirfoM* ^ ^ Mi,mi? will if our luht <ie* 5StSx.S#5 SS?sSS39S5S ^Cd^rvo'lU. which. If not alrea-ly eptven will m,^v hour. pa^H over ^ heard by America trom pmI.hI, Minister in t'-nes of calm exv?etulatlon and ^r?i?a nvi^/???*rrawow?mjtffc Jioxdd that expostulatevn aiul remonstrance be darey n.i Kneland'i War Power and War Polioy? i aneita Wot Fnl* Secure at Preecait. rvvitnt the I^ndon l'oet (g..voruim,nt mgan), Dec-H I Lrr^d^^ruP^^ delivered very rt assuring htatomeut of tne loyalty ^!!l^W0Bi.rtytS?' d^notshnnk f^mavow ing ihst tliuitt art AfUen hundred mtfes of frontier to de fend, and it ivouUbe almost impossible ty any miliary prt XaUZ fT'^l tU inciiiafon Jan cnemu rev^M r .MTOfe ivlo tkf Hri'ilh pronuctt. Mr. TUUy al o Zounu reivn Itnif >?/ railway /o. m-tia to? onjAe iu r,i,Ti, ,/ Caruufa and Aea H< "luwuk, by v&vktroep* minht >"? conrmtraled upon our Icrnlorxtt; and there u w??? (loubl tl?il atanyiveq/ thru b 'trttni an ai rny m >yAt l? avicklv (tmasifd by '*? Ataa-iram, prorvltd tt eouJd 6c W!T??lk? icar. tir. Tilly tegr.tts that we aro'uot equally well furulsUed, und points out that ir v.e a I o .oilu/av from II ililuX to Qurliec we should hate l^ed eifflto" y "cillile. K-r, tbo c^ncontrrt.on ofour t. cops. But both lie und Mr. Howe bear common ?a rmnliv io tho loyalty of ad the British >orth Ati.orl cans and to their capacity and roadlnesa to dofeud their own vroiibd against foreign InvueioD; aor will it bo diffi cult ?,| the mother country to malic good the exertions ?fWlLi^.0rU,nmyUbcS't?te ,sc of our demand on the BaveriiBiint of the l ulled State?, we have at le?5t tho saUctection of knowing that we Uavo done cvoi vo avert war,even by doing everything to prepaie for war. if i* imotissible to dlKoov^r aoy mt>?? Btgoai contrast? to rtSDvet both of dipUeoatVc negotiation and of military wwaUM..than between our conduct now and our con dL^bef'ire tl.c f'riniean war. Then tec had a Io?(i arid dr-vilmt n'l/a-'udu.n, ovinchig an extreme deelre on the pan of tho leading meinbeiB of tbetlaMiicl tn shrink frooi Kil,lit?; ""d resulting In what W oUrend n with truth admitted te he "drifting into war. Now, en the contrary, we hmt *>U a peremptory dtmandlo lit Amy LlugmtAftd. <Ao?oA a demand couched, no d iM in tha^lanauaeie of courtesy tehick one otienrtUy friendly, ZJum Zaf .Tec-w ily tmvardt anHAer. But w bile wehavo dono this, instead of counting upon a paclfli. ro It al we did in 18611 and 1864, a? hare lakert all he Taiurawhich Uw imminence Hf cenomwar could demand. Thus we inculcate three leading facts upon them. M c are eln w log that government thai we are resolute in our de Si, we are show ing .hem that w.,? o not afraid of war and that wo are prepared toconm ? "ce husti ities. These we the only means of efTe.dually seppor. ngju.t demands uainst uSust aggressions. Buriog the negotiations tan, h preceded the Crimean war, on the oilier hand, we allowed the Bus-ian goveruiuctit to trace, firtl, (he dn-i tion in our cau,u*h. Ihm the eztrnne cducUince of the CeZn" Ir declare war, and flnaUy, the inadequacy of tlielr Diepai allons to med the cat of a rupture. Much, M doubl depended on the g, eat diflbrinco In the personal character of the minister now at the head of 'begovern man' from th?- prime minieter of that day, whue much Li?n Was becu learnt from the experience "I thet rlmvsn w. B* UirTralmorstoB well knows Unit th- beet . banco of avoldlng'war with an I ower is by eviur ing our capacity to maintain hostilities, aud onr reso lution to admit of no compromise where our claims arc tltu8Dcortaln lliat wc liavo ncvor been in a J'eltML' a?'e dlt on than at this time to go to war ; and iftliu^ai-e rialit who think they descry ?u the -New^Tork prtss a chanire of pobilc opinion In Amc ica on ibe question at m. X Of thai change is probably due to our recent etertions bo'.li In our army and rav>. In the Amoi can and V. oat Indian waters wo luvo already a Ihet m unt ...... V .miirrd cunp Md wo are taking meusurcs lor its Inunedbite lucrcaso'. ^ho enthusiasm exhibited along "'^ ,1 si or the United Kingdom for the redrew of n ir ?.,n u: able us to column men new ahi|?? ? ?d the ficccsr Of the ?10 bounty scheme,'when ad..pied iu 186'J, evinces how we may ei all times obtain Bailors In emergency. ZZ titer, fore, there cmild be no corded whrtnvr h-wr-n Or Si" Ja n and the Vnitcd Stale,. A rupiurc bdryen he ?LZ,mtr.e wnuVl Simply in<crt the relation* of the forth two count.n ? ? m, THrr/, ,f Charlatan and Act" em and. tOw retreat of the Star, and VST ZfTrZTyiJTn -nd y.i r^ wculdU ,TC/ed in ft/.v. such a r*"H would xn itudf be nearly et nirolerd to the termination ef the cxcxi war. /<"'?' '' ?'J. ZTlySSylhe command of the * abme thai the fiorth can TX^nUal^rfaS between England and the tmited Stales would be turned Inloa syoiem oi i-lr? k would probably be ibe k lid of warfare wuxh A. b'J.lrlT would oond^c. b' lard? This much may l> a urncd, or "... side it would in all pt'obabil.ty be defensive, end that we should rostrict o. r active ooerations to the closing of Amencsin p rts. But If our military tachx wore to be on tho defensive. would lh^.,!? the J ntWd States bo offensive f T he answer to this (luoction rev ts in the relations of the Cabinet or WsBb o rii.ii with iIih Southern Confederation. It i/ude iZZtriU' thai Ih' federal a>mu, could at once continue thTSxm vaicm with their , rem At antafionut,. who are al j . . f,w them in the Held,and invade our t.arur \ ZSfndiZttlZlTrollnw. In order to do this, Uiey ... a^-f. eiiher to dtxdle or to divide their proseut armv. it ibhard t-oonce.vetbat thoflnancesof the tnlted States would admit of the former course, especially at the mTmcntfroir. w 1. oil ihcv case to draw th I. nioferwl of war f?om this country. And if they adopt the taller course, it iH likoly lUattbev vroukl bft donated on elUior ando. ?? assume, the reft >ro. that unless tho Northern Msws werePKpsrod U uorve tbcmselvcB to g.gantlc exertions, prebab/v bey. nd their power as well m beyond their ill th^y would be .-.ompollod to HO^i'pt a pcfo-e witlj th?; youthe. n confederation before they ventured uponl ollcn rive tsc'icHaudi, stourCanadian dominions. Vul lhcyy< towaruti'h ur. and continue to pramevte their campaign anainrt the Smith, they would Jind them'elret ciinpcd up inttlnii three Inutile line*, t here would te, in addition to he Confederate ? stole* an (heir Southern frontier, our Cana dian fond on their Northern, and 'ur Jhcet vytm their "MiHoard. lb disengage themselves from ?no incmy iKf'ie they dollbcratoly encounter imcthcr seems to bo tl.e dictate n-1 so much ot prune, re as if seoessity. We will imagine, ?hei., U.o govcrBmeut of W.'iyhtr.gtoh rcregnlxiog .In; seca-. .on of tl. . ? i cL '..lei pressure of a Kuropean war. Then, no doni. , th ? would ha\ e a great iu. itarj fcic- at then oolitm . d, ^ f-.r^il w old be bard for us. who have stood nontrul oe . - ' R i % ,s? m *imif'.*?!'/>??, * ?? ii,'a- hrtU' their orrtic* piiffht be t? n rrMch bct-tr $c(,t* rf j %''*ZtoSZZr7SZi'T'.re in any way vulnerablf. j and for a c- nui '? *ble d stance tl.ofrwrtit; is ?? ariltloU] | one. Bet we! n Maine and New Brimsw ick an mag; one. B> ?;n ? ? ? ? ' ^ ii.o eastern parts - rpperremade the same aiao holds good: a,.ho'-gh In tho ri ? ra-1 "f th t : alii n roiitaT WO h-v t..e r' ?r <t 1 awr^nco, bii. m that rlt.r 1.. Montreal, wl mh lb., inhid ciocs nr. vl<= o s of the .'shberton tr-a-y I- ,vo to t s nearly v<P"s '1 >?? the frontier of the Vtutad .- ia'es. t . I S u t / J . ... i . ,,>...1 liu iKo i hii!il id Lilf 4. f. r,v'-r'w?8lvrard u c are protected by the chain of Ink s | or at lea*. w? sh-.uld hot-, pwirrtd until the oneny v, ..Old succeed PI gaining a irai'i' snp-norl y .-pmi ;U;, :fto,;;.:,:V.;to,,V ST? Si ?? ???? ' ?' '? - ? Wit of hit I r . fro . : fy *1 ngird, !>*?}'-~x , ami,mean. Iv.w rc,,?Hour i ?'i'lr in'iiit wo aro quito w.ili'j t appieoCiifcwui. "a 111 r Snedt ma a. - I 'finch i at ho c, who stdl re.ncmb. rw it h indigration i former invasion by tm i a ??.? "? ?? " i ok lor the -rolrr tiou of their tbun h property to rll: li V ? On tli ? luttor, we must reracuitier that the mil.; -a of the Canadas,Nova i colia and N-w IiroMwick tqg, >h?r numbers -on.e two hundred thorn und men; aud, although those ere for Hip most part undisciplined, (here la I ttls do .la that the officers whom wo have ilrindy doxpatclwd ? ? Id r< nder it n ih to tak ? Iba it it ..mi on ot o Jl ( ,ol!( u early In llie spring It nv Ft b ? rcmr' ed that in tsr.% we sent elchly thou-and lir tish truopa to the Crimea, aud that lu 1867 w* aoot ouo hundred thousand lo 1.1, J.'.jually 'iimj Wi'iihl it lie for i/.> to mid n similar < u<- t the C . ntv; a (I them" mo ought to ennble uo to 11'i ir Hie ww at issue of events with all tbO coutloiiLco that the cOUtlngUJCKs ot war cam ovur justify. Opinions of English Legislators and Statesmen. Hpoccb of It ijjht lloni B. llorimtn on tlso Aiarrtrsii (turitioin [Prom the l/mii-u' Times, l*cc. 11.J Yeoterdsy afternoon the 11 ght Hon. HI. HnrrtBsn, M. P., addrersod liis c o.Hlluenti in the autsci tpt I u room of the f troud borough town. There was a vory nuuu'ious at tonlunco, and the right honorable gentleman wua w?ll ie eitvert. Mi. Eevvster c-ooepied the clialr. Mr. tio.aniun id Iriwd tho meeting I u gUi Alter a i'tw reuini '..son the | -blind as.eel ol tho Kuroi' oont n ?l, Mr. Hon MANHolu.?1 now come to that i t'.ier jontoslwhtoh is in every man's mini, wttiuh is tell in cvury man ? heart, and which, bottrte Fiigtowl and U Europe, W ?*?? Vying eve. v body's atleniion. line question Is in every tibdj s mouth?'"h hhiglati.i at war vi'A .dnvrtcaf" It la impossible to exaggerate tho Inter est w e feel or the im iwrleace wo attach to tka answer Ui that 'tuestion. Hefwre (Ms vwii'ia elated that u?ib*r will tie reaiml. Th. nem year viU h"i rfly A.lie been mitred on before Parliament mill have to ?m..idcr that answer. Papers wUl than he presented to D9 uiimtlnns will be asked of Ministers, expOnntioue will be civuu which will throw inure light on the subject than wo at present pow*8, because 1 take it that during tha last eight months (Acrs Aos Veil <1 ffraW deal more written and tjoJeen than hat yet tern the light, litis Is ? question or all others ou which you are mterested lu knowiug what are the views of your representative, what is the liue they are dlsposcii to purane, and what is the course which, in their opinion, the government and the Parliament of tho country snould follow iu tho paiuful and unexpected uMlculty tn which wc are now placed. (Hear, hoar.) 1 um vory anxious that we should oume to a right understanding upon this American question, both as regards tlie Northorn and the Southern States, and aa regards our own relation to tliom. Tho question soema tome to be a very simple, although It is a very large one, and in order to a right understanding of it you m1 at look at the origin, the omenta and tho prohttble results of the war between the Northern sud the Southern Slates tn order Hint we may understiind their relatione to one another, and what are and ought to beKnglnude relatione towards them. Tim origin of the war, as we all know, was the determination of the Southern gtutes to separate from the Union with the Norih upon th- election of Pre sident Lincoln, whoso election in consequence of the views which he entertained or slavery. was couanlored a groat triumph to the Northern t tales, and was taken as a signal tiy the Southern St.ilos to place tl eir house In order. The first question we naturally ask is, was the secession of the Southern .States, upon tho ground alleged for it a Juaiitlahle secession)1 Uf?n thoee prvumh J thin.. we man as'rt that .act Aon wot not judiftable, because. If in an v "groat confederation vlw minority may break off the moment tliey ere in a minority the contoderution be comes a farce. And if the lecesrion itself cannotbe jnt tififl still left ran we instifv the manner in wh,. h these ?rsstotnVs rmmmctd the mar. However, thei accession having been nn claimed, war ensued, and the d-tcrmina tinn of the Nortli to proce-d against Uio South becaaio a fuel IV.? now ask what was the cour-o which it was the dntv of England to pursue in tliat war between the North and theHouthr Manifestly it was the duty of England one- mere to proclaim and adhere U> the grea: pi mciple of non intervention. (Cheers.) ltut Uila ?ppllc.'.ti. B of tlie principle cf non Intervention gnre rrrat off sir, ;,the X.nlhern Slat ft, who taid there couldb-.non-U ady tyhen there war no tour, and w ho insisted that tho Bouthernefa should be treated as robe's ai.ri piralos sad could bo -eortllv put down, llutibo English government leok a fir more scon rate mossuieof the power and proa/outs or tl.a contending pai tics. They saw that it was going to bo a real wa. , and probably a very serious and pre. traded war, and the government of England it oneo eu t.'ihlishort for England tlie poaltlon of neutraitty by two prompt nd most Judlciou a un iisuroa?ff' /. they a. ? at? u.iig>* Ihr .Neu/h at a belli tower, end nert thep ?r, with all its in onrenifirr, fkt/Tor,hern bl*-K rt'lr of Ihr S. ulhem jarit IJIcnr.) Sn nmchfertho "rtKjn of tli. war and the dulv of neutralUy observed and am.mod by England. (Hear ) Then, I ask you, ttala wsr being commenced, what Were lis objects? I ;hjuk there is one. pinion In wUtcli yon will all concur?that fho fairest und satest wav is to take the objects of the contending parlies as staled by themgoivee. The an,teams W the Aorth ray d ot a tea.- Jnr the ? I Uleon of Sta-wrg. MVlf, what midmet it there of tha/f President fjnn.mnei.irs it in toto. and says hr w .'1,1 tie no jxsdyte .ear foe the alwlilwm of slasyry. 'I bo official members of the'Cabinet have all n-p<?te<l the same dennU. I ho Norih bos derlare.l tbat. U auceeaefal -tn the war, they would not abolish slavery. It Ime ?o*> further, and of ffl' fd to make overv concerni<M arid ffive erery security r?.r tho perpetuation of slavery if the Pouth will cam tlnne in the liulon. Aud it is a matter of notoriety that the hatred of the \or'turners to them go rarest Jar more driv'.uiiielenliwiand cruel than thai oj lh' SoiUherntrt. (Hear hour ) If the alio'.Uion of slavery is not the cause Of the'war, et?H !e.-soau the commercial . illarooros end Un- pr. wctivf tariO lie the cauee. Whnt, then, is thucauseJ 1 believe I hat n/noty-ntoe out of every'*? "? i nrtiHl Kugiislmiun fcol thut Marl Russall toltl the truth, ciearl i aud forcible when, iu 11 speech which ho nuule n t many weeks ago, hedhned th'.ante tu be thai the tin lh was li,lining far m in re .nd the OoUtk for sndqeuhn t. (Hear, hrnr.) I tiellevc ihat if a mm were lo a volume be oouId n u express the canse more r.ud forclWv than i? stafod in that rne *eutvuee, ?u<i if another man with the v r.guc of an augeiwwre. t> siwalt for a month ho could not i cfnietlio truth that is coi.t-i med in Hint dellnitlou?(hi ?r. bear)?'"The Nort.i aie llgtit lug lor empire, tho Smth for hide pendente. ' And at llrst sight t Hunk lber<' is something to bo said f.,r both sides IVc know that tU Xortlumen, ,i?ee Mas me ItniMalmost io bursting will the ounb~mjjlat.ui. at the futar. a, antes,,-of the great .1 m ,, a? rejM' iC, -mho. ing 'one w)uler,mtin,iit,v,Ui, a .mlalvn .ovr,i and so com no. t in-Is stria I nr.- that U ?? uld Ihr Uw to all the olh i nations o the world. I liuw never met with an Ann ft can traveller or writer who could give any a. aiguabi* limit to an American's visions of the lulure grandeur <u ins country. He hue UJ-td ujxm it in <o/,i nierre, in aris, in a,m*. in everything that pr'tin,cinl. so-ion as the future gom-mm id nndyuuU of the what, /thus' admit the . it iimuihinil v ry natural in Hie id it, at'bough any one who known history is uwurc thru, by tl.o mu, ot cat ui e ail overgrown bodies must hi-as down Although there ie great cicduitly, there U much Hut mavbosympathlMdwith n ibopudeot u n.uu foi Ins countrj . und his imimltiaiton 'f Its /H ar hear.) On the oilier hand, tho Southerner# say that they ue Ire immeuluto IndiBpeudouca, utid th:.t th-v vr'fr itub-v-iuleio e lo the i)"kl rind .Kiitur ship in /id,re grmuirur. ( hey say tl,at thcy .ro stro?, enou.'h and large ouougli w> mumtaln ihems Uc?. Ihcy argno that they lose more liiau limy gain by their connect - n with the North, and that in abandoning yw North tic t are men !y giving .heel to the sume principle which Hie founders ot the republic e- tablifched wh-u Hiey ruimdmt-d tlieir connecttou with I ngiat.d. tlp ar.) I do not ask von to say which i . correct and which is incur. rt*ct' t?ut if ther*) if* nuo Ibiutf wh)?.h li^cy have a right to ui*?n. tn ord^r to have Uinir < ago naderatood, aud If ibere i? auy ccirse for us to pursue jl is to allow oach iihi tv to M(a<A tho g'ouiids <?f tlio origin of tn ?tuuiroi. We)J tlx* war protioodfi, aud iu fi flboi tUino it ).?> tiiai iho English g. verutneni were right iu their . s. mato o! tlir pow? r ami the p osp- cW of tho contenilfng i?i ties. 1 h- Soiitli proved its* if able to hold its own, aud tho North lias shown not only miilUry lailures, but a cost i.lete I if. i'H garermienl. There is mi a .ecu; Uy that was es'al lisherl for liberty of speech, wii'mgurm ii? Vhu h has oat t.cni rW^asowj, and there is ti l among the mott iiesntfic atjtxmnitnl* of Europe, oh? on LUc earth in o.hicli ever./con'htotiwiial right tuu been .octuue-y su. ,m;t.,t and in wh. li the free,ban cf vrui.etduul. is to Utterly detiruyoi as io the SiaUe "f A ./HA Auurtra. Oloa.* bear.) An opinion baa baeo expiasbea tlua dene c'rscy in has foiled. 1 iwn not do.-.irout of going into that qu stion now, but thai be c la. I to enler uisoi the discussion on some futu.e occasion. But 1 fffav sav that tlio result of what has hem going on show's thai the military enl-rprlse oi the Wth hiiS Bu far proved a failure, and ihat its curl admioutra m u at tins ' , , uii,riu,lis?rj iii/'d and has tmujjUitly bicJo.u down. Mhci'r m'nr l dho ' sbiu-l of tho Xo&e in a stale Of grwtt'dilllculty and ombarrugnieat. The popul-tion fuve been so baras'Sed that lli-y are .i.qiosl ui a sta.o ot' despc atiou. Ti.oy admit thai the war must b. a long i one Aud theu the question is-curs, What is it lor/ It , is oiiv ous that tile l.'n.on Is not e... ily to b s restored, and, t men i ,l could be, we all kn.,w Ihi.l union cemented by will net be the old Union founded by tho o igrnal faihe.s /t th-'republic. It Is rut. tbe.eforc, u q .c. ilon of the rc-toranon of the I'mou. It is ratio raq.ediou .).? i,.||iis of f ,/nratioti, i.s to th. boum arj lobe . 7H' uayu-t has for cubiteaiion that could be more e i.-ily en km out b-f-ro inure blwd if shed, be xiipcrsi.on Isc-u-ed, than .fter a long, per nino' s audialui. to-;i .-.or. (Hear, hca-.) Aiw. wore c ui in v io tlmtc.t lusion wo we utoun od t-j ibi ' nit Ulgcncf or the oot -ge on hoard the Trent. Aa t- the ' Claracbrer th..., . ; anlMrg of It. It li s Ixten r. llv ,1 --.-us-" <t p-p ehave (? 't.ivl their own qdr,lens, md we'need i ot t" -t.t"y "f theclrc .rneUu e? of that timsac.t.on. This on y we know .that In th- tirst Instance it reabd c; at ..s'. u hu.cni and great ludlgcatUm, wl ich however, In a rr. st cre-Utoble niaunerwas In *>a;.t y i rmbed ir m thifeei ng that the grav.ty of tho o, ?' r, ? co ?? cupcil it th- pc i .0 to be astir, and vt'.h ore v ae tli v -nd e l tho que i on, Wl at do the iau offecrs . I th- frown s y as to iho lew of the case.- And so de te- nil' -d wcro the people of England not to bo incensed by fifth.e "M : timent, even .nder tho violation cf ivh-t I", c ? ,'cr tho most ,acred claim made by the l-ngl so ni,tliat'f glvlt g on asy'om to political ref-v<J-s? thut r lint of tt't ethers on which the Knylv h natton hs i siw?v necn tl.o most a.nisltlvo?so etc:mu. d wcie -Dey pot to s-t ? p any claim that co-'.d v?i be t ? "J law the' ! 1 eve if the law ofSVers had Ha'H it " b tbitr i pi.don that the conduct of C.apts r tVI kes was In eonb 'tahj whh itslcrnational law, end If that c'?wb had been end ?? ?ed bv tlio ),r. f.t '' al l 'rge, the ,-i j wul.I haveac .Vcscc l. 1 will it ' -a}'?" 1 to nfiti' I j 1 ; rub' s: o?) t!x? g >san.m^ot havo wnt'V despitcli "to lord l.yoni luting down the V'i be i? instructed to d. man I renarat-on te.?.', m wl;.. h he ..? n f\ eve tW -r ;s of that Wage which or. gem

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