Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1862 Page 1
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r". ! . . V I TE jllOLE Y^o. 9244. I t &EACTICN IN THE SOUTH. lew Orleans Rebel Organ Docs Not Like the Message of Jeff. Davis. r the Prospect Before Dim and Ills Confederates* the Speculation* of Judah P. Benjamin and Stber Judases of the Rebel Government, ' Ac., 4a, 4a ? |From the New 0rloAD8 True Delta.} ( TUB MBS8AOB. laid before our reader* In cor merniog issue the Age of the Provisional President to tbe National ConAn, which has now met at Richmond to close its useJpul inglorious career, and we cannot say that it, In aspect, risee above the past unsatisfactory proceed ef the body to which it is addressed. It is a reitera of tbe old charges aguinatLincolndom, where liberty, presents, is utterly overthrtwn, laws are disregnrdRiereonal rights violated, and rapine and murder rubbled in their armies for courage, heroism, magnaully and tbe military virtues gouerally. It also justly adverts upon tbe avowed intention of the Northern liny to make the war a servile one. And speaks with ner confidence of tbe ability of the Southern people to el Invasion and conquer a peace. Id comprehensive iws or onligbtouod suggestion the mismgo is as barI as all its predecessors, and in allusion to our relations 4b other nations is absolutely childishly petulant. Tbe lure of liason and Blidcll is referred to and condemned |ai outrage as indefensible as would bo their seizure in A >-treats of I/indon, a conclusion our readers willscarces.i-rire at, if ihe Rritish law upon tho sub ect which we rvr fortrrul iaaiI ho ruPfurriivAtl no nnn!ii<olilit Wo foao ' Onv* box taken Ms law from hia Attorney (Jenoral, A1 ifiai individual's loose nay of reaching conclusions, jv?# hsvo w-on in many instances from Toln antep* o to V'i nas,'will do dangerous to accept. Be this us it may, Kl.unl will be apt to decline his interpretation of b?r < ami international duties. In tbe same manner, we i Ilk, the Provisional Prcsideut will fail to convince V f "V England or Prance of the insufficiency of tbe blockJo fty any array of facta he may elaboratly place be * vioni, and we are equally satisfied that like unsuc#?lwtll follow all new attempts to approach those ^o rntawt8 officially, which Mh PdylPi with, wo think, bilWniAea puerility, complains have accompanied the aat jfforts In that direction. Our readers will now, in 1 his Studiously pri pared document, find tbe moel poweril csofirmatory proofs of the wisdom of the course we ?o "h'titly urged upon the provisional government in its oreign intercourse, wbon we implored it not to scad roiai?ii.ries to Europe, not to exhibit any humiliating dispoitict to be recognized as an Independent power, not to <00111, not to conciliate unworthily, but to offer every adrauiL(C to tbe people of the world to come here and ereito pr extend intercourse with us, leaving to our ?wii people, in tbeir own good time and alter their *f | fashion, to establish tbeir independence and ttk'l to treat upon equal and fair terms with every Mi Ir nation. Tins did not suit tbe viows of tbe fit Vicians; offices and emoluments bod to be provided fOi iunpry or voracious applicants, ignnnirce and iDcora{ /ficy seized upon legislation and administration, and m six months the natural fruits, tbe utter alienation from m it ivory kind of foreign sympathy, are umbered. Tbe toil who managed tbe control of public affairs have not, trub any government, any class, or any dascription of !< ' pie, succeeded in securing one reHab'e friend, and so Miupportabla bas tbe position of tbo Commissioners to Bui<>|ie become that Mr. Yancey is impatient for bis renal In presence of all ihia discouragement Mr. Davie La- nothing to propose to tbe great Powers of tbe earth eve nw own notions of tbeir public duty, and unwise ens exae iterating emulations as to the effects likely to Vc produced on their manufacturing industry by tbe tiomble scheme of withholding our cotton. The Provi snal President invites the utter ruin and extinction of tb> confederacy raibcr tbun have it triumphant, tranquil an ) proopercus by any other moan* or aftor any other fa hiou than that which be himself lays dowp, He un dc taxes to deal with France, England, Austria, Prussia, Hi isia and the rest of Europe, in s manner purely origu.aj for if the m* narchs of these countries do not re>ognise in him their equal, then welcome ruin of iri'de, sacrifice of liberty, destruction of every inrtitutioo. the mode of swaying mankind, ae wr have advised, through their interests, is far benoath the towering ideas of fho Pro vis tor a! President, who cannot disabuse himself of lb# dungeons hope and belief that all Europe must collapse and if cotton be not duly forwarded hence. His own gl< ry, too, will be utterly eclipsed if his term of ofiico do s not see him surrounded with all the pomp ofa monarch where cotton is king. and that is a consideration he coo never forego, any more than he can the acquisition < fglory by any oiilcer acting in an independent capacity. This is a great weakness, auil we grieve to see it tnonifa^ted hy one who could so truthfully transfer to his fellow cititens the sole credit of the efhcteniand glorious m.litarv organization which, in spile of goveriime: tal incapacity, has achieved so much. He thus eulogixee the *nrk of the people ? It ought, indeed, to be a subject of gratulation that the piela of the voiunt. era and (he patriotism nl' the people have soubisd u?, under Providence, to grapple success! ully with tiM-ae diflli uinea, leaultiug in a succession of clotiouvv e ones at Bethel, Hull run, Manassas, Springfield, Lexington, i^ieabiirg aud Belmont, and hua checked tbc wicked invasion which gre. it of gain and the unhallowed luat of power brought 1 on our soil, and has proved that numbers cease to avail when dirc< out against u people lighting for the aacredrigbt ul self-government and the privileges of freemen. Nobly, indeed, have this unconquerable people put 'orward their strength to free themselves from Northern domination, and had the government exhibited '< no tenth their spirit, iulelligceee end capacity, S it conceivable that today we should be without a trieud in the world, or a policy worthy of a (a-ople so intrinsically rich, powerful and inde|?n<2iiitr is there any citixen so blinded by prejudice or so led away by paaeioe as not to perceive the aaatuly Of our atlemptiog to extort compliance with our dosa, wishes and calculations from natious and pcoploe who have not injured us, end who, without exception, detest the Yankees f If we were in e position to destroy vaignmi UI rioiK u tviimwiw, vr me iimuuiac luring IIItustry of those kingdoms, would there bo wudoin, wue i* dilution, policy or common w nw in an undertaking to d<> it, when in the very Datura of thing* we are aware, indeed are aure, m the and thoae Power* muat be our twat steadfast and ffesl friend* i Mr. Iiavia may bring bimaelf to believe coercion can be safely brought to bear upon these government*, that bis oracular menace through cotton will act talismanically o|on them, but If he abonld be mlataken, a* greviously so, in our opinion, be will be, then no worse can happen than the utter destruction of these States which, according lo hia notiona. it preferable to independence achieved in n ie*s ostentatious but e(>eedier and more certain man ?>r. The message has not disappointed us; we expected pithing wiser, prudent or more statesmanlike, and if It* -octrines be persisted in, we quite agiee with its author, be manufactories of Europe will lie revolutionised before utton la obtained from the Confederate Mates rt America. [From the New Orleans True I<elta.J THE PROSPECT. TJndi r the above bnadlng, the C<m<tilutiorinliit, of Georgia, indulge* in some very sensible reflections, similar to boee with which our renders have long been made fami?r through these columns, touching the character and roapecls of the war, overwacning confldance, under ralumg the strength of the enemy, and putting trust in tnytbing lass powerful than the heaviest batteries. Our (leorgia contemporary concludes sensibly enough, as we in vain endeavored to make the puollc do from the beginning of this revolution, that the war would not be abort, would not be always one-sided, that mere conlldence in heaven and innate heroism would not defeat an army equipped thoroughly and abundantly supplied with Enteld rifles and ritlad cannon, unless weapons squally effective were on the rightoous and opposing side. The praj ng. North and South, appears to be zealous and universal, ?nd the enemy Invokes it as lustily as it is In the ewsr -,f man to do It, and perhaps he liellevoa it will iovc vfTi? acmes in advancing bis cause, but he dorsad eg lei t. Uuman means, and in every aspect of the cnio wind hl'n m ell thinip but gsnulne relish for battle nucb -otter provided thau our gallant fe'lows can i-e, si long as sur arrangements remain as at Pr sent ordsrad. The C'tithluitonalut seos J' uadet the brst clrcnmatances no ground to be sanguine If ** ?*ly peace,' hut it teems to be unaware that linngs are teen very dilTcrently m Richmond by ofllcial tree, for daily author I tal he assurance* 1**110 tbencc pr* tietl'g?indeed af-ai-rting the certainly of |-eacc wllhin t it) days 'these peso* assurances may certainly einaM'sfrom parties who lake this mode of diverting atlnnIt-infrom Ahsir stupendous peculations, or be the honestly m-flawed opinions of that class, who, from lb- ItrsS, Mj? prngnostloate?l every n< iihuiibo about the row-in fl and its conasqnenc s.flrst one way, then another, f f, < aiwavs that It would amount to nothing, and woul'd wey >ver In a few days or weeks at farthest Indeed t*t Provisional President bimaelf is said, and appears fF*n his published views lo be, on* of those short war P*pk for he tells us thnt the enemy has been forced Mis defensive Instead of off-naive measures, and wes ipwould Insianoa the enpture of Port Rovai. ami ihe ' ?*t<ie of Kmtucky nud Tontt***** aa ptwiiiv* proofs of t*^ftor.urary of hi* belief. Th# O?utitutionaji'i (ln?a noi, **(more tbnn otira?lve*. accept Ihi* vww of tb* raa* Id p\er<e of auch powerful, ia*xoiable fact* aa arc <on ?4wi*a pr***nt*d, and it thus addrtaaaa tit reabeit on ?ub)*ct.? 1ft* oocnpation of Port Royal fmihd by lb* nwmy adda f*yM>r ooiiip'iratinn to tli* d'ttlcoinea of a aattlament. |*?r th* b**t ctrt nnatancr* titer* waa no ground to b* icSnine of an *.trly p*j?e Tb*r? wa* too murb diapnfad MgHit i to bo fought over in tb* border Stat**?too manr m*n working lo thwart th? rarolnlina and to on th* Yankee* with hop** of reconstruction. Alter HR^yartlaa ate equally tlrad of Ih* war, and tb* North HrY t. a?* convinced or th* hop*l*??nc*a of the contest, W . Arnold b* (Ufflrultl** In settling lb* boundary and la nation of strong point* bold by th* enemy, will hang on doaparataly Fortrtta Monro* IE NE % to flatfraaa, to Forts Taylor and Jefferson, and Pickens, and Ship inland in the tiulf, and will, no doubt, endeavor to make Tort Royal aa diiQcult to capture aa either of the ultove named fnrtttlcaiioua. Nor will they atopatthla. Poubtleaii other cuptures are In view, and we need not feel aur prised any day to hear that Brunswick and t'ornaudina are attacked by their formidable fleet, ifor are the apprehenatona groundless for the aafe'y of the flourishing and b-autiful city of Savannah which ao painfully agitato that community and the entire people of the State. What valor and unconquerable will can do to defend her wilt be done; and tone of thousands of Eatriotic heart* are panting to strike an effectual blow in er behalf. But the lesson of Port Royal teocliea a lesson of humility to thu too confident; for it appoara that our fricoda ou the coaat have most calamitously overrated .k.l- U.J k .K I ..nJnM.nlay4 tka panror of ibe enemy. Tlus double mistake, ?o fatal often to tbe beet cause, Is a too common error of brave and enthusiastic people Tbcy are too apt to tbink that heaven muet favor tbc side of jutllca and rigbt, whether it have sufficient physical means for Its vindication or Dot. Tliey forget bow often Providence exhibits itself on tbe side of the heaviest batteries. [Prom tbe New Orleans True Delta.] 4JOVBRNMKNT SPECULATION. Under ebe above caption we reproduced, in our morning issue, eome very grave charges from our Virginia exchanger, reflecting in severe terms on tbe combination said to exist between certain heads of departments and the banks for the plunder of citizens. In one of these publications, authenticated by tbe pro|ier signature of the party making the charge, It 1s distinctly charged that in tbe department of "Justice,''presided over by Hsnjatnln, one of bis appointees sells tbe silver be extorts from the people st a premium of fourteen per cent. Tbia is id perfect keeping with tbe extraordinary conduct still pursued by tbe Poet Office DepnrtmODt,which will neither furnish stamps nor receive the government currency in paymont of postage, but inexorably insists upon having specie for all payments to it, let tbe future disposition of tbe precious metal so coerced be what It ntay. These operations naturally elicit from our contemporaries in tbe Ukl Dominion tbo expression of a wiah lor a higher standard of official qualification?an extrusion, we suppose, of tbe Bobjaminiton?before we shall become completely Buchanan iff d by the corrupt ion prevailing. Wcshall have, at no very remote day, a chapter to indite upon this subject, with instructive home illustration, for the edification of the whole people aud tbe b lance of manktud. Here, it is no exagg eration to say, B.u tmnanlsin is in full ami inugniflcent developemcnt, tbe maclnueryito conduct it in perfect, a complete espionage over the telegiapb, tbe exercise of unregulated sod uc restrained power over tbo export trade of !he country, tho unlimited and arbitrary coutrai of legul machinery by which tho property ot one citizen is illegally and despotically taken from him, without adequate compensation, while tbnt of another is paid for at enormous prices, and the most profligate abuse of authority genera ly in every department is tbo rule. Truly, may our Virginia friends couiplaiu that the government i* too youngV) be thus depredated ou, and tbal if we are to change one hideous system of political depravity for another, the blood and treasure of the people will be oj ?ui tu vmu. THE FAILURES OF THE LAST YEAR. The Northern States, the Sonthern State* and the British Provinces. Ornrr of rut Mrs' antics Acknct, ) Noe 814 am> 310 Bsoadway, N'kw York. j To Our HrwcRiiiXitF'? The accompanying tabular exhibit embodies Tacts and re fults that to many minds will appear aurprisisg. They show that the number of failures at the North has not been so great as is generally believed, and bear nut the aesurtion we made in our last annual circular, that our domestic troubles met us at a moment when a healthy condition oT trade bad been reached. We find that in the Northern Stairs,in 1867. there were 4 2.'.7 failures, involving tin amount of$285)818 000. against 6,636 failures during the part year, with an in. debtednesa of $17t>,032,170; show ing for the past year an eaeeee of 1.878 failures over the number in 1867, witb a diminished liability of $87,188 880. In ibo Southern States the number of failures for the entire year of 18.*? was 878, with an indebtedness of $26,632,000, while the partial relnr on for the year 18(31 reveal 1,068 failures, with liabilities amounting to $28,678,267, although the returns from the seceded States embrace a period of only four months, or up to Msy 1, when our regular faculties were interrupted. (See note at the foot of the table). The unusual nmounl of failures in this section during tbeso f-.ur months is to be accounted for nmoly on the ground that many were intentional, in order to evade obligations due at the North. Subsequent ftatc action, or.cull.ng all Not thorn claims, the entire cessation of trado and the impoverished condition of the South, lead us to regard the entire indebtedness of that section as swallowed up in carryiog on the war, involving a general mercantile bankruptcy there, This indebtedness, an estimate of which appears in a subsequent paragraph. .is much larger than has gene runy Dean supposes. The excess exhibited in the amount of liabilities (resulting from the financial pressure of 1857) of the principal cities of the North, over those of the political crisis of 1861 is accounted for by the fact that the larger private banking, importing and commltsion houses were the heaviest sufferers?while the .n< rease in the number of failures for 1861, with a diminished indebtedness, is for the reason that the jobbing houses have. In tbo past year, been the greatest losers. In November, 1860, th? fall trade was pessed; stocks on band were light, and the orders for Spring goods in abeyance. This, also, accounts for the diminished liability, and importers and comtnir skin merchants were, by the force of circumstances .saved from losses that would otherwise have proved more serious. In response to the Inquiry of many of our leading merchants , who have called upon nr for reliable statistical information, as to tbs mercantile indebtedness of the Foutb to Northern merchants, we are enabled to state that by a very close examination of our books, confirmed by other sources of information, there la due the four cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore about $311,000,000, divided aa follows:? New York S15V,1*00,000 Baltimore $19,000,000 Philadelphia... 21,600,000 Boston 7,000,000 In lbs dry goods interest alono in ibeeo cities our estimates show thai New York loses $76,000,000. I'hila delphia, $14,000,000; Baltimore, $6,600,000, and Boston, $2,000,000, making a total of indebtedness to the dry goods trade of $07,600,000. From this and other date we estimate the total liabilities of tbo Sooth to the Northern Stales at near $300,000,noo. Tne above estimates, with the advart?e?* ana facilities we possess, we can aarely affirm are more nearly correct than can to any other way be determined. The sudd<n reverse our commercial prosperity re oeived,culminating in April last, with the probable continuance of tbo uuhappy outbreak. prompted an economy which was very generally adopted, and has boon so rigidly adhered to that we estimate the actual saving practised by families, in articles not of absolute necessity, at a figure which very nearly meets the expenses of the war thus far. With s population of 21.000,060, ws may safely oount 4,000,000 "f families, and estimating the annual economy of each family at $100, which ia not large, under (he ciri umataneee, we have a total saving to the country of $400,000,600. Tbs result, however, that may develops Itself by the withdrawal of so large a number of producers now consumers merely, and restiug aa an expense on tlis country .remains to l>? seen. ! The North is self-sustaining, and our Western country is now reaching a more sound condition than It has for years emoyod The prospects for the spring trade are good The great abundance of the products of the soil, particularly st the West and the immense disbursements made by the government, will put In circulation large amounts of m mrjr, and enable tbe country merchant* to buy liberally, and generally on a tare baaie. In our previous circular* we bave alluded at aome length to the extended credits which hod obtained, through the :nCuence of more prospering times and com petition In business, and condemned the practice, endelivering to show that a* the country grew older ami the Tacit It iea of transportation Incrensedsborlarcreditsshould be the mercantile rule Weareyet more Impress* I with tb* importance of Ibis step, but, while urging Its Importance, would condemn the too rigid and sudden change adopted and advertised extensively, which has conveyed the Idea that a strictly cash system prevailed in thiaclty. This extreme measuie has l>eeii hurtful, and our Western mor chsrls, having received the impression that no credit whatever could he obtained here, have gone to other marke ts, and this great city has lost sonio of its host customer*. The prectice, which has of late years become general with iobbers. of giving notes payable to their own order, has been heretofore n sub.ect of controversy, and the custom ?lauds condemned upon grounds of mercantile primaries and salety. Men-harts In failing clrcutnslaroos are enabled, by this practice, to su^um their credit for a time, to their own great injury, as well as lliut of all Bound icbheis, while, in the end, It Is almost iuvariably ruinous to those who resort to it as a temporary expedient. It la alike damaging to tbe mifiorter. oomni'saion merchant and note buyer, (inly those who overtrade, who do a business beyoud the limit provided by actual capital, need money to au extent that favora this kiting system. Those following a legitimate trade have no nvad. iu ordinary timet, to force oil'the paper they receive, and wa are pleated to know that bouaoa of thia cliaracter have already begun thla salutary work of reform. We nave been iu the habit of Issuing with New Year a re erene# book, containing ratings of mercantile urnis throughout the United Plate* and Canada*, for the use of bankers and importers. The system adopted by use, of dally supervision and notification, has in ordinary titnea rendered this w<Tk valuable, in tbee* day* of mercantile diaaster and uncertainty, however, ibet* rating* lose the value they at other time* pusses*, and are not reliable. An ev. n luiuded Justine to both buyer and sailer, which It is our aim at all limes to exerrisa, forbids our publishing s nsw volume at present. We shell await th* issue now involved, and he guided by eir> umstanr agAnd the timea In thia matter. Our r*i orbs show such strange mutation* In circumstances, of even those beyond th* suspicion of danger, that a frequent application to the ' Jfi >81. J Y5IA07/AL ,YAOfcJll W YO NEW YQRK, WEDNESD records, which oar office supplies, is a necessity in the present condition of aiTairs. railbfu'ly yours, R. G. DON k CO. B. It. Dim * CO.'B STATISTIC AL TAB I.I? ACCOMPANYING THKIB ANNUAL CIRCULAR FOB JANUARY, 1862. sailobss, 1861. Statet. So Liabilities New York? New York city and Brooklyn 980 $69,067,144 Albany 47 3.348,600 Huflklo 26 300,000 Oawago 13 130.000 Rochester 37 819,000 Syracuse 36 640,000 Troy 33 380,000 UtiOS 36 369,000 Remainder of Btats ..... 600 7,700,100 Massachusetts? Boston 480 18,315,161 Remainder of State 363 6,790.000 Pennsylvania? Philadelphia 389 21,294,363 Pittsburg 49 747,397 Remainder of Staw 327 2,948,600 Illinois? Chicago 91 6,117,170 Remaindor of State 360 4,911,300 Ohio? Cincinnati 163 6,982,071 Cleveland 22 604,000 Remainder or Stale 397 6,879,600 Rhode Island? Providence 64 1,003,000 Remainder of State 14 168,000 Michigan? Detroit 80 1,119,200 Remainder of Bute 169 1,820.300 Iowa? Dubuque 10 370 060 Remainder of State 93 1,296.000 Indiana 263 2,662 0C0 Wirconam? Milwaukee 17 637.204 Remainder of Stale 113 2,137^600 Now Jersey 146 2,234,300 Connecticut 181 2,604,000 Maine 76 710.000 New Hampshire 60 840.090 Vermont 116 1,488,000 M.nnestU, Kansas and Territories.. 66 4,913,600 Total Northern States..... 6,936 $178,632,110 Louisiana? New Orleans 23 635,000 Remaindor of Slate 18 326.000 Missouri? St. Louis 100 2,660,374 Remainder of State 143 1,484.000 I Maryland? Halllmorc 121 4,667,000 Remainder of Slats 14 10: ion KentuckyLouisville 36 Remainder of Slate 133 $.064,100 South Carolina? Charleston 11 1,106 ,(*>0 Remainder of State 21 2693 00 Virginia? Richmond ,.... 27 398,300 Remainder of State 84 1,186,200 North Carolina 42 406 000 Georgia 61 1,667,800 Delaware and Dot ict of Columbia.. 38 188.000 Arkansas 26 227,000 j Alabama 21 190,000 j MISSISSIPPI CI I'HI 111 III | Tennessee 68 620,500 Florida A 46,000 Tolas 38 417,000 Total Southern States 1,058 $28,678,267 I Total United States 6,003 207.210,427 Canada West? Toronto 23 323,000 i Remainder of Canada West 144 2,362,200 ! Canada EastMontreal. . M 1,851,569 i Remainderof Canada East 43 *544,000 ' Remainder of British N. A. Prov... 47 1,301,000 j Total British provinces 3'0 $6,471,709 Total U. States and British Prov.7,303 213,682,106 ( Nuts.?The failures in the Southern stales (with tiie eseeption of the cities of Baltimore, Louisville and St. Louis, lb# Slate of Delaware and District of Columbia, which embrace tbo entire jear), are shown to 1st Ma> only. iaili-kis is TVs rsmrirai. rmsi nrsisa 1881, n.ASSiricn HT TUB UUDIMO IIBANfRKf OK BCHSKS, WITH THKIR HABBORIZISU IHimtSStS. . !sS! !:i! m m m No. Liabilities. So. Liabilities. No.Liabilities. New York? N.Y.&B'lyn..217 $0,648,200 300 $43,006,119 122 $5,737,900 Albany 14 1,036 600 9 404.600 9 49.500Buirblo 11 118 000 2 40,000 1 0,(K? Oswego 3 22.000 2 11.000 8 22,000 Rochester ... 8 116,000 8 64.600 9 74,000 Syracuse .... 15 130.000 7 162,000 0 190,(MH> Troy 12 147,000 4 27,000 0 61,0.0 Utica 16 177,000 6 106,000 0 21,000 Massachusetts? Boston Ill 4,188,131 117 0,623,076 83 2,655,100 Pennsylvania? Philadelphia. 82 3,378 004 164 11.441,382 65 2,067,045 Pittsburg ... 16 100,724 18 242313 6 121,000 Illinois? Chicago 26 1,824,042 22 1,244,804 12 743,907 Ohio? Cincinnati... 40 968.670 41 3,366.481 20 618,080 Cleveland ... 10 188,600 3 169,000 4 ltk.,600 Rhode Island? Provtdonce.. 10 66,000 20 298,000 4 34,000 MichiganDetroit 17 336,000 11 836 000 0 89,000 Iowa? Dubuque.... 2 36,000 6 266.000 1 10,000 Wisconsin? Milwaukee... 6 227,164 6 160,846 ? ? Tot. N. S'ten.013 22,749,691 739 08,401,609 362 12,446,032 Louisiana Now Orleans. II 1,096,000 12 4,220,000 4 190,000 Missouri? St. Iauis .... 31 481,679 26 988,628 16 648,000 Maryland? Baltimore... 40 1,243,000 30 1,619,000 10 267,000 Kentucky? Ijouiaville... 6 112,000 17 714,483 4 141,000 Charles too .. 4 360,000 2 460,000 2 209.000 Virginia? Richmond ... 16 318,900 7 66.600 1 4,w0 Tot. 9. R'tM..104 3,flOO.J7e ?3 8.047.611 38 1,369.090 Tot. 0. S'U* 714 20,360,070 832 70,609,120 388 13,804,032 Canada West? Toronto 14 214,000 4 42,000 2 29.000 Canada Eeet? Montreal.... 18 242,300 22 1,276.036 4 63,600 TOt. Br. Pror. 32 666,300 20 1,317,986 fl 82.000 Tot.US.?B.l\761 26,900J'6 868 77,827,066 39413,880.082

ml M Ifo, **'" ;M ; Vo. Liabilities. JVo. Liabilities. Now Tork? W.York and Brooklyn 209 $6,887,740 120 $4,188,149 Albany 9 821,000 0 38,009 Buffalo 7 70,000 6 60,000 Oawejo 3 66,000 2 10,000 Rochester 7 38,600 5 37 000 ttyracuee 8 10,000 6 31.000 Troy 9 186.000 2 20,000 Ultca 6 38,000 4 18,000 Massachusetts? Boston 110 8.310,000 63 1,734.266 Pennsylvania? Philadelphia 40 2,421,083 68 1,P?? ISO Pittsburg 8 136,030 3 87.700 Illinois Chicago 10 1,127,483 10 170,674 Ohio? Cincinnati 2B 1,184,762 33 #66.082 Cleveland 6 81,000 ? ? Rhode In1 aid? Providence 11 670.000 0 1.70,000 Michigan? Detroit 6 240,000 10 120,200 Iowa? Dubuque 2 70,000 ? ? W iscousln? Milwaukee 4 108,706 2 43,000 Total Northern States 494 810,326,499 334 $0,031,449 Louisiana? Now Oi lean* 4 76,000 2 66.000 Missouri? SI I/iUIS 19 831,462 10 210,096 Maryland? Baltimore 21 269,000 20 669,000 Kentucky? lxiuisville 7 276,000 8 44,000 South Carol Inn? Charleston 8 91,000 1 6,000 Virginia? Richmond 3 14,000 1 6,000 T^tal Southarn States 66 $1,066,472 37 $079 698 Total United States.... 680 11^82,971 371 10,031,144 Cansda West? Toronto a 33,000 1 1,000 Canada EastMontreal 6 167,424 S 18,000 Total Brit Provinces. 8 $200,494 4 $18,000 Tots I United Btatss and British Provinces ... 668 17,683,896 876 10,049.144 btrfi PmasTTsa, Das. 81,1861. ThsCltlsMisBsnk suspended spools payasat to-day. / RK H AY, JANUARY 1, 1862. / NEWS FiinM WASHINGTON. Washington, Jiec 31,1801. rni rh'orttt ehitm in Kentucky. Tbe report mot to the country lust night, that a tattle bus been going on id Kentucky, Is not credited here. No official Information wha'ever baa been received by the government on the subject. WHAT GENERAL M'CLELLAN IN DOING AND WHAT BE WILL SHORTLY ACCOMPLISH. Tbe question is frequently asked, by inexperienced members of Congress, and other subordinate officers of the government, who ought to know bctier, "Why don't General Mcl'lelian advance!" Tho only reply to this quoetion te, that General McClellan is advancing every hour of the twenty-four that parses. He has his bands upon the the throat of the rebel army of tbc Potomac, holding It where It is. He is advancing in drill, advancing in discipline, advancing in strength, advancing in endurance to stand out in the cold, advancing in a supply of muskets for inlnntry, cannon for artillery, sabres and revolvers and rdles for cavalry, location of expeditions, Ac., fce. When bo has completed these advances he will olore up the rebellion, and tbeu tbe men woo now clamor for an immediate advance will bo competed to acknowledge the wisdom of General J'.oC.cllan's programme. In thin connection, it may not bo impolitic to say. hat the mason why the expeditions, under the command severally of Generals Butler and burrride, have not left for their places of destination, has been in consequence of the receut complication with Great Rrt. taio. The settlement of llio Trent affair lias ( hanged the fare of things, and now the advanco of Gen. McClellan will suddenly beec me more general on .'and and sea, and in good time-. If tho impatient will only be patient, ihe country will better understand tho cauH? of what soetns to tbrm delay, but which is only a necessary preparation to a final and glorious consummation. INVESTIGATION INTO THE CONDUCT OF THE WAR. The committee appointed to investigate the conduct of the war, it is well ascertained, have become thoroughly satisfied that the utmost confidence may be justly reposed in the comprehensive plans and military skill of Gesytrsl Mc'lcllan, ami that early results will fully justify tbe ecufldenco of tho nut am in him. The committee base their opinion upon tho testimony given before ibetmby the (.litest officers of the army. RECONNOI88ANCK8 TOWARD8 DRANESVILLE. Ttecent reconnoiesunres fiotn Generals 8'Tilth's and Met all's divisions show the cbcmvhaa a slroi.it picket guard beyond Dranosville, bin no troops at lhat place. HETRCGRADE MOVEMENT 01' THE ENEMY. Scouting par tier e.ent out from the three divisions octu. pying tho centre-of the army of the Potomac, within the last few days, ropoi t that the outer lines of tho enemy have been moved backward some two or throe miles, appainliy with a view of going into winter quarters. ANNl'AL INSPECTION OK THE AI.MY. Tim- being the bat day of the year, the aunual insperlieu of tho United States army has taken place, conse qocntly to-day all the inspecting officers bavo been busy. A grand review of General Frank liu's division took, place to-day, prior to the various regiments being rout, tered tor inspection. PAYMENT OP THE TROOPS. ' Arrangements bavo lieen made to |-ay all tho troops up iu.taiionrjr i. OiUdib for preliminary musters wore is j s joU several days ago. VX OARS OF COI.ONEL MIT ER. Rcverdy Johnson, ex-United Ntales Attorney General, | and K, S. Gillett, ex-United Slates Solicitor of tho Treasu ry, havo reviewed tho cast/of Colonei Miles, who commanded the left wing of tbo federal army at the battio of Bull run, and who was charged by Col. J. B. Richardson with being drunk on that day. They review the proceedings of the Court of Inquiry drmanded by Colonel Miles, and give a loga.1 opinion ou the evidence, and como to tho following conclusion, which lam permitted to use verbatim Wo have examined the evidence in (his case, with the intern ion Of ascertaining whether it warranted the conclusion that Colonel Miles was guilty of the charge made against lilui, and tliat examination has satisiicd us that be was nut. Among tbo reasons why we thiuk so are these:?Because much tho larger number of the witnesses sworn testiltcd unqualifiedly in his favor, and they had far the best opportunities for knowing the truth,and because the grounds upon which the accuser's witnesses formed their opinions arr easily accounted for; and because his acts wore Judicious, and that llie confusion complaiued of w is the work of other persons. We arc of opinion that if this evidence had boon before yn intelligent jm y, thoir verdict would huve been that lie was innocent of the charge of drunkenness, and that ho was fully competent for the command which had been Mssurned liini. Aa Jurors, wc should have come to this cone I ur ion upon the ovidotice contained in this record Wo think ilr' court of inquiry were clearly correct in that pari of their opinion in winch ther nay, " that evidence cannot now bo found to couvict Colonel MiK of drunkenness before aco.nt martial,'' because none evei; existed when everythir g was fully developed and considered, and for the reuson that none ever existed sufficient to authorize any g'.ch conclusion. The review of Messrs. Johnson and Gillette covers eight pamphlet pages, and will be presented to every Senator and representative in Congress. A fact came out in evidence thut ha? been suppressed, although important to Oi'noel Hilts, because it is believed that he is strong enough without it. The publication of it would only dis. grace another officer, who distinguishe 1 hitnsell at Bui' run. The substance of it is. that an officer who was known to be drunk, and who fell from his horse on the Hold at the time of the retreat, and who ;was supposed to be Colonel Miles, turned out to be quite another |>erson. Opinion is settling down to the point that great injustice hns been ?? oionel Miles. The idea that a man who bos lived on thy Mains for years, in the regular armyi and fought Indians and Mexicans, during which Itmo whiakey has been a drink as romason as water, could poasibly get drunk under any circumstanc*. especially when influenced by the greater excitcmeni of an awful battle, In which bo is a participant, is against common tanse and the laws of nature. HKMOVAI. OF OENKKAL at'MNFK TO WA8HIKUTON. General Sumner was this morning movd from the camp in Virginia to this city, where be will remain until VMViiir-ivuiiy ri'C"vni*u iu icrumv cuniui^jiu ui inn uivmi<'ii. He *u placed on a sofa, and, attended by his wife, daughter and aid*, Captain Inwrence Kip, of the Third artillery, and Lieutenant S. Sumner, be was conveyed in ibis mannor to the Alexandria boat, and from thence to hi* quarter* in Twelfth ureet. It will probab'y be three or lour weeks before the General will be able to mount bis horse; but as soon as he gets sufficiently well to go out lie will be driven in a buggy and drill his regiment in thai way. His recovery is slow, but sure. Dr. McCormick, of tho regular army, is attending him. and the General's aldr, captain Kip and Lieutenant Sumner, are unremitting in their attention to him. Captain Taylor will remain at the General'* headquarter*, as slsled by Captain Kip. A I'HKITT PLOT KPOILKP. Several day* ago Mrs tlreenhow, who was "among the first female arrest*, and who la atlll ua prison, received a eake from sine friend of . he. s tinknown to the guard. Before delivering it into her iiiinds, Lieut. G. E. Sheldon, of the Sturgis Riffis, su?peciing someihing wrong , examined ihe cake and found embedded therein a note informing that lady that ar rangemen's had been made for her escape and convey anca to Richmond, naming Hie day and hour for her deliverance. This Informal ion, however, was not communicated to brr by the lieutenant, nor has the wfilsr of the note been discovered. Mil*. BAXLET. THE FEMALE EPV. Mm. Bnxley. the female *py, arrested >>n the Bah timore ?ti'l Old Point boat, with letter* ami memoranda ol a treasonable chara? ter concealed about |ter person, ha* been brought bare,and await* ber ornrniiiuli u Mi* maintain* a dogged silence upon point* couuected with ber treason. Mr*. Bailey bad, net only In the fold* of bar dre??, but in the roll* or her hair, contraband leilera which are In poMeaaton of the proper authoritie*. retprn or colonel eerrioan. Colonol Kerrigan ba* returned to the city, and waa thia afternoon imprisoned on Capitol Hill. Ul* trial ba* been poetponed to Tburaday. sword presentation. The officer* of tbe New York Thirty Hr*t regiment will to morrow present tbelr Colonel, Brigadier General Corn mantlingOol. K. Pratt, with a splendid sword, a* a tesll- 1 moMal of their high regard for hi* geutlemanly and sol- i dlerly qualities. Colonel Pratt I* regarded at on* of tlm | best officer* In the army of lb* rotomac. SERENADE TO BON. DANIEL P. DICKINSON. Bon. Daniel 8. Dlcklnaoa was serenaded at , ERAI -^773 ?< v. T7!llar<1?? Hotel to nifht, after bW teeture a?. 1 tho 8rr?iiisc>bifct), and responded ui * ?bo ' , leech. He acknowledged his obligation for such a flatter og compliment to a private cilr/on,and made Fome remarks about the rebellion. He regretted, af did bis audience, that the country in suffltrlug from civil war. The robe.iion moat lie uact firmly, with a doiornnuation todsstroyit. He had labored fven years in yonder Capitol, and during that time had done all In hia power to prevent this crisis from being forced upon us. lie w&uld now be willing .0 labor seventy limes sevi n yrnrs to put down Ibis rebellion. lie bad he<-n found by many tioe to those who wem flgntmg against us. Thirdly any one found it more <lifl.cult than be at lb* outset, but when thoy turned their hands against the eo?ntry, ho took his position alongside the conEtltution, and th re, 30 help bim (lod. he would stand to the last. There is but one way to treat the rebellion. bring out the whole jiower of tho government against it. Protect loyalty wherever you find it, but crush treason. Strike it wherever it can be made to feel. Tbore is but one alternative. Tho government must triumph or tho rebellion will triumph. lib was for putting It down speedily, and so that it would stay down. Mr Dickinson was cheered as be mode Ins adieu aud withdrew. Ono or more bands went to General McClellart's rcsi denre this evening, with the intention of giving him a serenade, but were not allowed to p ay on account of tho General's illness. Ft.AO PBEVliNTATiON. Hon Daniels. Dn kinson to day presented a costly stand of State colors to ihe Dickinson Guard, Eighty-ninth New Yoik Volunteers. Hon. K. S Duell received them in behalf of the rogimocl, delivering a felicttioua address. Vice President II ^m'in, General C.uoy and stall-, Hon. W. S. Doenc, Augustus hche.l and Others were present. CANNON KXPtlRIMUNTS ON HOARD TI?K PENSACOI-A, The expcrinu-ntaJ fifing with tho great, rifled gjn for tho PeuKicola bus boeu continued with satisfactory results. CKI.EERATtON OF NEW YEAR'S DAT. Preparations are makingftl the White House to day,and at the mansions of the heads of the departments, and of other distinguished citizens, for the usual New Year recaptions, which promise to be brilliant ulfairs in spito of the peculiar state of the country. The various New York regiments are also preparing to celebrate New Year's Day as they have bee* uccu: touted to do at borne. IMPORTANT notice to rOBTMASTEUB. The following notification I.as just been promulgated:? Four OincE Departsent, 1 Appotntmkpt optics, Loo. 31, 1861. f The (Yingrrssionakbranc.h office being now in ojioration, the iitteiition of Postmasters at distributing offices is again called lo the order of thin department, requiring every distributing office to nutko up a separate bag lor nil matter, letters and papers directed to members of Congress, exclusive of all olb<r matter. Special and . areful attention is required to this order, nud the clerks should be so instructed. Such bugs are to bo labelled "Cungrcss, Washington. D. C.," and rode agents at Washington will deliver those bugs direct to the Congress messenger. J. A. KASSON, 1' irgt Assistant I'ostmustor General. NEWS FROM THE REBEL STATES. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN NASHVILLE. Aboat a Million Hollars Wortl* oT Properly Destroyed, &c. Wc have received -a copy of the Norfolk Day Hvok \J December 30. 1 ho uunn. rsriry stores. 'Deluding a portion of the Ordnance Heparins ut, in Nashville, were destroyed by Un on the night of the JiM. The loss is cstunated at nearly a million of dollars. TENNESSEE MKMIIEliR OP TI1F. REBEL CON. KISS, The follow.ng are the Tenneseet Otsigro^'sraen First district, J. H. Harked: Second district. W. O. Swan; Third district, J. R. llordensbire; Fourth district, M. 1'. Gentiy; Fifth district, G. W. Juimjk; ?ath district, 11. S. Foote, Seventh district, .1. D. C. Ailk.na, Eighth district, John V. Wright Ninth district, D. M. Curriu. A NEW JERSEY SCHOONER ASHORE. The schooner J. F. Or. si eh, liatilng from i'ort KJtsaboth, New Jersey, and bound from Alexandria, Virginia, lu Heighten, Massachusetts, with coal, went ashore on Friday night, abmit eleven o'clock,off the lleasure House. Her Captsiu, Timothy Henderson, of New Jersey, and crew were brought up to the city. The vpteel and cargo is a total loss. A FATAL DUEL. ItMDMoxn, Pec. 29. 1801. A duel occurred last week on the Peninsula l>ctwen l.ieutenui .lonev of tlic Fifth I/Juisiiina. and lit. Forward, a sutler iu the .wine regiment. They wero both killed at the Oral tire; rilles, torty paces. L'oth holies have arrived here <n route I or Louisiana. TJTK FIOIIT AT DKANE8Y1LLE. A correspondent of Uw Lynchburg Virgiiunn of tho 27th inst., writing ??F the battle at Prnncsville, says:?"Alter the regiment fell Lark to Ilernd<>n many of the soldiers were too irntch exhausted to yet there b fore the rolls we.o called, and very many who have found their coni|ianles and regiments since were at that time put on the list of killed, wounded and missing. All of the waei ns returned to eainp safely, and all belonging to this regiment came buck heavily laden with provender, which ajwaks well fdr the energy of Colonel ltudford in having his teams to leave camp an hour before day and set oral hours in advance of all others. HE route D REBEL AOCCKM IN TIIE INDIAN COUNTRY [From the Fort Smith (Ark.) Times, Inc. 1.1.] We learn from Major OurK, of Texas, direct from the romp of Colonel Cooi er, that a liaitle took place on the 9th on Rushy Creek, near the Verdigris river, about 1H0 miles from this place, between the forces of t'ui. o>o,mr and Iho enemy 's, under tb>otbbv nolo, csiimaled at 4,000 or b 000. Col. Cooper had only about 1 300 men. The enemy attacked Col. Onopoi about eleven o'clock, and the light continued all day until sundown. Colonel Siraiuu' Texan regiment fongl.t with great bravery, and the Choctaw*, Chickasaw* and Crooks lought like tigers. In fail It wus one of the hardest lought battles that baa taken place In the country. Tin-enemy followed (Til. Cooper several miles, and attacked him w ith great fury. Col. C. drove tlnnn back to the woods, n distance of two miles. A large number of Chcrohees were wilh Opothleybolo; likewise about one hundred and tifty Seminoles. Col. lirew, with his inen, who remained with bun, fought well and did good ner- i vice. The Clioclaws look about one hundred and fifty | s.ulps. mikI the Chicasaws nearly lif t y '1 he Creeks did not sculp any. bemuse the enemy were their own people. A while man, by the uairin ol KM Mnilli was taken, who had pone over to tho enemy, was trie I by a court mnrtia! and shot. He was a deserter from a Texas regiment. Other deserters were takeu and dealt with in the came manner. Col. Cooper behaved with the greatest coolness and bravery We understand tnat be baa called on Colonel Mcintosh for assistance, and It is to be hoped that he will furnish it with piomptnrss. If aid is not sent, we will be likely to have terrible times on this frontier. I From the same, l?ce. 16. J An express arrived yesterday from Colonel Watie,frnm which we learn thai his tegum-nt la on the move to aid Colonel Cooper. Nothiug lias yet been heard of Captain I'arks end Ma ' company It is learnd that they have all been killed,and ; Wane's men are hlphly cxasp. rated. We loaru thai Colonel Mcintosh, In command of the troops oo this frontier, has ordored eight companies of Colonel Young* lepmnnt, live cimpauies of Colonel Greer regiment, and Colonel WhitQoUl a lialiallon to Iho assistance of O'lnoel Cnoper, against Opotlileybolo and his japhauking allies. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. RUMORS OF A TUTTRE IV SOUTHERN KENTUCKY. Lot iSTtti.D, Doe. 31, lWt. Exciting rumorsnf a gcneial engagement in Southern Kentm ky have prevailed all day. but art genA-ally dig ereditednow, no not lee thereof being receive 1 at head- | quilt l?r?. 1ho North Rank, of Kentucky, has impended ?pe le puyiiittit. A 'l<m.(>iCm! rumor prevail* that the Cave City Hotel wad burned by the rebel#. The Peoples It.ink, of Howling Green, h i* been r ?rp* m/.e I Af I/Mildvil'c hy the choice of n n -w Uoard of f)i ec lor?, who iv- inic direction of the bunk tomorrow expected battle at green river. cincinnati ,Don., 81,11q|. A uprclNl despatch to the Commercial, from Indianapolis, say* that i litre are rumor* of fUbtiug iu k?bto< ky to day General Hnell hail ordered to Green Rivor regment of Fuailter* and a regiment of light artillery before he went ' forward. General Riickner'a rebel cavalry war* yaatarday with.n a ahort diatanee of our picket*, and it i* aopjHiaed that b* | Intanda attacking Colonel MoCook IB fence, Jc.tioi Green River bridge, and retire. All tbo Union regulars were thrown ncrora the bridge early yraiarday morning. the reported fp?ht at t?ai)dcah. PHti.Ann.eNiA, Dee 81, tltll. A private despatch received bare maniioa* aa among the killed at the battle of Paductb, Captain Albert Bacon, ! of thl? city. Caplalu Ho on be.onged to a Kentucky regl ' in ni ruined near I rank fart. Hie despatch give* no particular* of the battl*. ' L.D. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPC.TTANT FROM EUROPE. ( rival of (be Asia at Halifax and the Borussfa and Etna at New York* SEVEN DAYS LATER NEWS. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE IN ENGLAND. Opinions of flic British Press of the Paper. WARLIKE PREPARATIONS CONTINUED Great Britain Likely to ifrovoke War Even Alter the Surrender c-f the Rebels. Prince Napoleon Thinks England the Only Enemy of France. PRINCE ALBERT'S BEATUBED. Tlie Health of Qncm Victoria end a Significant Warning to the Prince of Wales, Cl'R PARIS Ai\D BERLIN CGRiiE&iGNDEM'E. TIIE MARKETS, &C., &C., &S,"' The Asia srrived at Halifax at flvo o'clock yesterday morning. Sho loft Liverpool at eleven o'clock oa the morning of tbo 21st ult., and Quocnstown on ine22d,and she has on board five hundred troops, with at Tea, he., and is consequently under government orders. Sbo has twenty-eight passougers for Now York and S.I ,1'CO in specio. The screw steamship Etna, Captain Kennedy, which left Ijverpool at noon on the 18th and Quocnstown on the 19th of December, arrived here at half-past ten A. 11yeetrrday,bringing malls and pnssenp?rr? Tbo steamship Borusain, froui Htm burg via Southampton 18th ult., also arrived at this port yesterday. In England public feoling was for the moment so aw;;rossed with IImi death of the I'rinee Consort that, alIhough President Lincoln's message was regardod with the greatest interest, it receivod less atteulioo than would have boen the case under other circumstances. Warlike preparations contuses unabated. AddMtawal troops arevirdercd to be reidy to embark; hat the ins) ami -Vary dazttte at December 21 says that no more are likely to be placed under ordera until bostlMUes are actually declared. In that event some of the rogononis In the Mediterranean garrisons will probably be aenl in lbs war vc els now rcndoxvouainc at Gibraltar. The steamer Parana, with about one thousand of Boots Fusilier (>i ards, left Southampton on the 20th for British North America. The learner Cleopatra would leave Liverpool SB Iks tristful Queens town, there to embark over five hundred inoii of the Sweat* eulh roglment. The Magdulooa would embark about one thousand men at Southampton on tbs list. Tbo mail steamers of the Peninsular and Oriental Oom- * pany, numbering about fifty, were to he armod and mad# capable of resisting privateers, In case of war. The gunboats In second clasa reserve at Portsmouth had been ordered to bo fitted out Immediately. Pending the news in response to the demands of the British government in regard to the Trent aflhtr, the English papers have little to say. The I.ondun Morning Vo*t says the Americans cannot possibly complain of the tenor of the despatch to Lord l.yons. Movements were taking place between the government ami the authorities of Liverpool, looking to the defences of that port. The English funds on the 20th of Deoember were treeer, and had avanced one-half per cent, chiefly owing IS large investments. Various pesos rumors ware also la strumental in causing the rise. It wii atatod in lugland that Pari lament will meet tor the despatch of business on the 14th or the 10th of January , which is some weeks earlier than usual. The London Timtt of the 10th ult. says that Lord Palmerstnn, who had for several days been suffering from attack or gout In tbo wrist and in -vie fool, bad almost entirely recovered from it on the 18th. He had keen confined to the house for a few daye, but has never keen Tirai'anlnH i rnm raraivin* Kia r.nllkBVltM ftp trUMUf tin# the business which, especially at such a moment, devolves on the heed of tl>e government. Lord Clarence Paget write* to the Shipowner*' Society that the Admiralty have already aent Instruction* to the commanders in chief en I he different station*, and beaays that, if nccesearf, further reinforcements will be nat, M order that British eotuuierca may, as far as poeeibla,be efficiently protected. Admiral 1)'Acres will hoist his Sag on board the Rlgair, a* second in command on tha North American a tat km. 1 ho Kdgar will call at Lisbon for latest instructions. A portion of the Mediterranean fleet was gradually accumulating at Gibraltar, to be ready, If necessary, to cross the Atlantic. The London Times baa a severe article on the brutal istng sign* abich ct\ il war is producing,and strongly denounce* various measures of the Northern states. ^ On the 18th ult. additional shipwright* were taken on i Portsmouth do< ky?ril?, to got ready with lb* utmost despatch the shlpsordored for noa, the crew* were held la readiness to send on board at an bour'e notioo, should they be retired. The two battalion* of fuarde ordered t<> North America left Ixmdoa early on the morning of Her. 10, to embark nt Southampton the Mne day. The flrxt battalion of the military train and a battery af artillery embarked at Southampton on the 18th. The treope were aafely houted within half an hour of U?eir arrhral la the dock. Th# I ondon Pom remark* that the bombardaaeat ef Grey (own, a place under Britlah pretuetioa, did net Mai to war, noi^lld the scirure of San Juan and otbar aftttrt; en the Washington Cabinet may aspect that the Treat elTair will hkowbe blow over. Tbo M?n,J'-ur ol Dec. 10 publlehee a decree opening the Custom House of Straaburg for the importatlea of woollen and cotton yarns of every kmd of Belgian and English aennfbeture. 'iho Parle Palrir, in enumera'lng the (iv French vessels at New York,says others are ehonly to bo sent there. The custom bouses or Boulogne, Calais, Dunkirk, VaIcnuiei nes and ( ambery are added to the number of those which have already been opened for direct !ui|>ortatloa ami clearance for Kiigiiab nod Belgian textures, taxed ad valorem. Tbe JHeutfMtr, in Ha bulletin, gives a categorical denial to all the report* of mod ideation in the trench ministry. Court rourtales, Prussian Minister to the Court of the Tuileries, Is desd. The Marquis Vega Armiga has been appointed Minister of 1'uhiic Works in Fpaiu. Mr. Scbiirt, the American Minister, has left Madrid on leave ut absence. A Heine tetngrapblc diapaleb HMrli that France bad laaued a dlp'ometk: circular,* taking ground agonal tha arreat of Mmra li-tAun ami 811 Jail, u4 bad aent repr* eaoUlir aa to Wellington la order to tlatorm.no tha Asae rican gnagrumwi 10 make Indiaponaable cnaceaaioog. Tba rroinautar and Oriental C .n.pany a atenmer Paw, with lno ht a.y portion of tha India, China anil Australia malla. arrived on the Needle*, Poutliainptnn, at 10 3g A. M on It*<w *?r 1* Tba etenmi-hipn of tbo Cnnadian and New York and Philadelphia lm-a ware atl|Milatli>g with ahipper* for tha right to call at any intermediate port, dlagharga cargoaa, .. . J

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