Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1862 Page 3
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r On the hsh day, at the hum hour, the colonies witseeeed the birth of two moat holy things? liberty and family ties." Under the system so justly stigmatized fey the In,I:a de Broglie, the number of births, winch fever aged 1 in 83 among the inhabitants, was only 1 in 39 Unong the slaves. Tho deaths exceeded the births. This article a ims u|? in the follow lug teruis the ben.flta derived from omancljiatiou by the slaves in the French Oolonies:? " the result, therefore, ta'Aat the emancipation ha* Urn perfectly tua rsrful. Our colonies, for a moment alarmed, nave resumed all their former activity, and being stiuiulaiod by the many difficulties which they hail to encounter, their pi asperity is greater and more secure than rcer the emancipated dates hare generally shown them tries uxrr 'hy of lite tj, they work well, eultira'e their intetlee; and pray; either as well doing laborers or small land Owners, ib?y know and enjoy the sweets of family life." I From (lalicnRiii'H iw to i We learn thai (.. leslUcott, who was about to start for Italy, boa suddunl) elt ."aria for the United States, on a mtsBion, it is assorted, f.nm the French government. , The departure waa decided on, we are assured, after a two houra'Interview with I lie ' rince Naixileou, and as the General has left his elleota bedrid, with the intention of returning to Paris, there is > eaaon to believe that his m sidon is one of |>eacc and mediation. Another version States tAot on Tuesday Uu General was received atajeinite auJierv / by the Emperor, and tliat immodiateW afterwards orders were transmitted to Havre to delay the departure of the Arago for twenty-four hours. [From the tamo paper, Dee. 14.1 The Arago lost Havre on Wednesday evening fbr Vow York, with si.\ty paaeengora and 470 tons of morehan4iao. G-noral Wimleid tioott was one of the passengers. "Notwithstanding his great age and liia infirmities,' ays the Journal du Havre,''the heroio veteran baa not dated to take ?n active part in the events which have nperveoed since his temporary retirement fron^ the command of the federai army. The General Uitived at Havre by tho one o'clock train and ',jnfficd lately embarked. The brave old warrio; returns to bis government the bear or cj jffor of tlendly mediation on the IFthTcTiief of the French g iverninent." [From the Faris Constltutionnel of December 18 1 Many .ouruals have accused the Coiuti of haTtog suddenly changed its policy on the subject of the American question, and they resort to the strangest sup j**nn ous to oxpiain mien a cod version, id# V'-nHs/Mionnel but) nol changed: the neutrality of France in the AngloAm o icon conflict is : bo fundamental Idea of (be policy which wo havo counselled?of the policy will -h appears to us most in conformity with the opinion* uid interests of iho country. Wo have not printed a single word involving a deviation from that clearly doilncd Hue of con duct. We bavo indeed acknowledged that, in tho quarrel raised by tho arrest of tho Southeru envoys, England is in the right, and that the sympathies of Franco must ueteg erily go with the country which defends, not only its insulted ling, but also a principle, the Integral preservation of wbich is of essential importance to ail civilized nations When is the contradiction!1 How long has neutrality been i held to exclude all sympathy with one or other of the J contending parties? besides, those persons who ussail us are cither very much iu arrear of what is passing or very inattentive, uud their surprise is calculated to oxrito ours. In fact, our declarations on this subject do not date from ^ yesterday only. A week ago, availing ourselves of tbo m opportunity offered by curtain very just oltservations of tho Morning Post on the attitude of tlie Imperial government, we copied th->m, and expressed our conviction of their justice. [Here the writer makes an extract from a previous articlo Showing that the English and French govermemal policy are Idontieal in the American civil war.'l As to the particular situation of the disjoined members of the old American Union, we dot think tliat our meaning has bccu clearly apprehended. In our opinion France has no rea son to take an active part against the United fctates in I any war that may possibly ensue; wo repeat that she I * has received no offence; he:'commercial Interests would a a derive direct advantages from the maiiiteuanr-> of neu1 v trallty; uud, moreover, hot ween the South wh.oh supjj plies us with cotton, and the North which consumes our manufactures ami wmes, the balance is at least equal. | , B'U it thai any reason why F. ance should refute to ackn no wage t/ie Miuilum Stairs as toon cu t Key present the conditions required by the law <f nations to justify their re>:ogni:inr.f We do not thinlc no; no sensible man will ever go $K Bo far as to gay that such and such a new State shall nover bo recognized. In politics :t is not usual I . to miko snch engagements. It would be frtlle to u pretend that recognizing the Southern State* would bo taking part with them, and consequently a rt part ore from noutra Ity. In thu diplomatic trad of tCorO|?', the recognition of an accomplished Tact, even of subjects I j. revolted against their sovereign, is not regarded us a violation of the duty of neutrals. Moreover, such an event, If it is to be, wi 1 evidently only bo accomplished when opportune nnd after mature consideration of all the cir?umstanc</ , and, as we h ive already hinted, who ran fx Mre that a mm h hence the North- in States may nut Jirui J them-, Ives nnahte. to continue the ft> i'gyle which Ihcy /.arc ( SO unwisely undertaken against their former asocia'.esf I There remai. s the question of slavery. As far as we are H , concerned wo believe It is useless to protest against t bo r Btrauge imputation that we favor delosti ble ins' itn* Hon eve if the event < f which wer_ eak should one day be resized, there would bono mot > ro nton to abstain frcin roct gnizing ibe Southern Stat < h ut there would l>o ?n break up tho relations of good at <1 cordial frttnship which v.o entertain with the entplri of Brazil where slavery still exists is In Louisiana or the h??>llniu>. Hut until tbo necessity ba I arise ot inking a more dceided p.i.(,an<t cal ing to mind the afliuitiea of race ait I the traditions of origin which ale found oven in tho names ' of various Southern provinces, t ; beHeve that France ought to'hink twice ore contributing with her own Kirux to the ruin of the work of it uhingtcn, which was also that of Lafayette ittd Hoehairbeau, of d'felainp and of Veigctinel. [from the Parts correspondence of the London Herald, December 13.1 The evening papers announce tnat Genernl ?cott huz left Paris for Havre. The gallant veteran will "mb." rk oa board the Arago an t return to America He dad long Interview with M. fhouveuvl before his departure ud it ma t [UCIciwi DC .'I'.SJU IUUI UI8 Sl'UOIIKIH <il IHO ls|m Iti-us of 'bo Kr' i b government will lead tb? Cabinet of Washington 10 adopt, in the cnse of tho San Jn into, that course which Juki ire and prudence ult tie roeommt ud. ( m ^ tbo utbe hand, tin- repeatedly expressed his rpinton that hi" government would not release lite ~oulli is envoja.and it to by no means improbable tliut tbo magnitude of tbo cisis winch tbrealetis bis country in Urn principal caiisc of his return. Hero the beii 1' to-day is general that a *var w ill bo everted, and that the question w II he referred to iho erbitratli n of France. It is felt, howovor. that imwli will de|ieud upcti the state of public fueling ia Auoiica, eonscqueiit upon the receipt of the new vol tie bunting el' tho Harvey I'drch by the Nashville, aiuldouUs seems t> W entertain tit a<hetlier the Am erican mubocracy wUltiibml to any arl i ration ' The Drlmt, tho former enthusiast iu champion of tbo rnlitie t?rd\al?, appears to have made up lis minu to become an apologvt for Ike ?u'rap>?, Wit'af awl brnyfta/Utia of ike X.r'kern State*. It publishes this morning a long article from the pen ?f M. Agenar do tlaspurin, pronouncii g In tho ..oft explicit iiniunor in favor of llio aei/uro 01 Messrs.! is<>u sod Klidell. on B< ai d tlie Treut. Were .V. tie Oai Ktrin't spmion isalat d. I rhould >wtt\int. ii tccuth while to hvuitle you with it; but I regret to ray,hat it is shared i t irtl; printifal leutL it rf the ittr,at ;< iy in /Vance,and ihat U is ru/ported!y r'mile Ollii-i. r ar Jules linn, a vkU or by JM. I'teiort Paradol an t the ( rleanists. Thir Ivi s a i It.e to the state of the pi mind lu Krv c :. Hatred of ff?.i?.I e. -i .1- -?-?? - - inc jr.? niiT? j-cwey, inn Ih'H ul , rt-jsirchn cj' law and pritniplr, etulimu uitr .he mult to ur /<%; at a rrtaliatiinfar nu,- we of the rif/hl .f March. [Translated from the Parle Moi.iti ur (Official organ) o Dee. 14.] Tb giving thle 'tally acoount is^atrtcd bjr *> English privs, we huve noothr. pn tonal Mthunto g o to ilie | Ob!k). on a question which in a 7 Igh drg.eo it,* France an I ell Europe, tnfornmtio. as met ainl In.i a l!>il a? ,;.>**ib|e. We have t o oj.mj. u ti ? .< w.t the Anglo American conflict, any more than on lb' ao lttf given by the telegraph of tio d, hates n the Car lament of Turin. Our task in the latter case t? con lined t > taking r iinew hat clear the obscure tin catch i which rea'ltus.b t we leave to the speaker* the roM*"1 iMhty of their opinions, which we are not called on to #>nlrul. [From the I/in don correspondent of tho Konucur,of tame date] "The present state of things must be |.a icularly die quieting ;'o." tbo New York banks. They gubacr.hed a loan * of ?30,<000.000, and out of that sum they handed over to the government JlS.OOO.oOO In rash,of whicu the public have only subscribed *7,110,000. These ?like have, therefore, advaiu wl ?S,#00,OfO more than they have received; and they must, botwecii this Inn and Blew weeks, furnish the Stat with tho other ?14,t Xi.OCO. Hefore the .ilbtir ot ilie Trent, they calculated mi advance* tiom Europe? to meet that demand; but as tin ii ropheatioo did not arrive until after that Incident, He nglielt capitalists have replied that they will not supply a ihllHug. ANewYorkJou mil estimates the expense* ol the federal government for IKii'i u( ?'4!4i),000.000, and the opinion generally cutertaim d In Ftiglund Is that it will be nupossible to meet It with'ut an otto mous iss e of isijior money,which, In case of war,could not fail Mtimlorgoa great 'ieproclati< n in value."' I From the I'aria Const It'll inline!, Pec. 14 j e * e No. tho Cnnrttlu'v itn l has not. banged. The n ntrailty of France in the Anglo-American t. nfllct la llo fundi mental Idei of tho po.Icy which we hive counselled?,4 th po/iVy iv'ii >i d;ip r.? to us mart in ,?nfnTmty ic< h the ajiinumfii'l int-rr t- of the mun'ry We have not primed a single word Involving n deviation fiom t.itt c .?ri> delined lino of conduct. Wo have Indeed aekitow ic Iged lliat In the qunr el rsly ! by tlio arrc-t of the nut hern envoys ii. d Is ill Hi i Ight, an I that the ,*y month tea of Franco must tie ea arily g 1 v itli the country win. h de ends, not o i'y Its insulted flag, but also a prineli o. tho ii.terra! lures,>rvi4M.,i> ?>r u-i....h .. ..r ....... ..i Inrmrtaocn t<? nil clvlli/cl nations. Whcrt ir the Contradiction? How long has nrutrnlilt bt'uu held to exclude all *ymi>elhy wllh ono or other of tlio .-ontnudlng laotiesr As to the particular all oat I n of tlio disi'tntrd member* of the old American t'niou, wo do not think thai our m'anlng baa been'dearly apprehended. In our qui Inn, y,ono. Art* no rwin <? Ukt an actio* pni! ttyqituf lit* rnt'll State* in any tear thai may ; ? iMy rn Utj ?. i > tf it A<i ?A* hcu reeetivd no Iter cmimorctal intermix woold lurlve direct advantage* froin tho iinliitoiiaticw of aautrel'ty. and, moreover, betwi n the South, which tupftli-i HO wi'h ot'on. an I "I * h'mrth, vhiih raiwimtt i ur mnnuftntu?an "if' W<m?, 'he balance if al leant ototl. Hut la thai any raaaoti >vly franco ahould refuse to acknowledge the .Southern State* aa anon an they present tho fondltloua required by tho law of nation* to justify their re "goltlon? We d< not Ihlnk ?o; no "ennih a nan will eTer go ao far m In say that anch and uni tow State ahall ooter he recognized. In poiitieg It i* D"t t'ual to make such engagement*. It would ho futile .o f etend that recognizing tho Southern St&n-t wonl I he t king part with them, end consequently n departure ft >m nentrallty. In the diplotnuiic tradition* of Kur-pe tl recognition of an accomplished fitr.t, even of anbjocia r oiled ag' their a ,vert igo. W hot regarded i?? a \ vr latin of the duty of neutrals. Moreover,an. h an avt'til, If |t la to be. will evidently only bo accomplished ?!i ii nppnrlnne, and ai''v>r tnator conaideratl n of all (he. Ircimataneea. And,as wehave already hinted, who e,t? ? anre that a month honen tho Not thorn States mar ti a ibid themselves unable to < ni iuno the (druggie Which to yhuve so unwisely undertaken against their former ? tmile*? (tril' the Pari* correspondence of the Paint Public of I 1 T.yone. ] Wilt is \ciy certain it that to the mc.drr.t ah ut ii, li I NI l!wi. Mason and filldell thugs are more and mora tendlug towards pacification. Captain Wnkes has publicly riec'ared at a meeting in Hoe ton, that in boarding the Iter.i he had acted on his own inspiration, not however, without having consulted, he said, Kent, Wheaton anu Vat!el, the great authorities on the law of nation*, and had couviuc d huusell that the despatches of a belligerent on board a neutral vessel wure contra! and of war. Hut we must observe to this naval lawyer, that the people of the South are not boingereuu in the eyes of the North; they are called rebels by the latter, as was Justly remarked by M. Tliouvend, and In that character, according to the terms of the law of nations, they may obtain thu shelter of a neutral llag. Under any circumstances this formal avowal of (aptain Wilkes, that he bad actod on his own authority, is of great lnsivirtunsn. and plays the gume of the Cab net of Washington, which will not fail to avail itself of thia facility for getting out of a bad business This, at least, is the opinion of General Scott, who feels eulirely convinced that the reply of the Cabinet at Washington to Lord Lyons win do completely satisfactory to ruigianu. 1 may uuu that such is the prevailing impression lie e. Our lawyers nr > divide.! on the question of the legality of the seizure 01 rbe 8outbe-n euvoys. Cn the other hand, Fi ance and ti jflan't apj, I* In have decided by a mourn accord thai the bl- kadt ofthi Southern ports not btiny effcUit--, no one is bound to observe it. A letter from lloston states that no one in that city believes in war, and that no preparation iB being made i'or such an eventuality. Neither docs any one think of invading Canada, although the Cherokee savages of that country iutoe declared for the South. It is certainly logical to see the cause of slavery supported by thd ?nihrn|>ophagi. [P.-orrt J'11' Revue des Deu\ Monitcs of Paris Number for Juiinn ry.l e * e * ' e * e Wo are not un,i"-l towai '.s Pngland. Wi coinpicbend tl-.c * jiiou w .t'ii v.Uich the English nation was .seized at the neat, of tin; :,> izure of M> ssrs. Mason and Slidcll. the was offended in. 'if.1- ElSl'lUl"? ,h? ^?iLr9b W which one of her vessels had b<**U "r Objected; Hue wad touclied in her honor by the violation of the right of asylum committed on board the Trent. Wo also understand that powerful Interests may induce England to seize on the op|>ortimity of the brutality of a commodore to has ten the dissolution of the groat America : republic. It Is nut necessary to speak of the reeentv-nts which may have been inspired by the painful concession; which England has been obliged to make at other periods tu the pretensions of the United Stdt . Interests of two kinds?nno political and the other commercial? may lead Kug ind to turn to a prolltable account the present embarrassments of tlie Northern .States. The United Stales is the, only Power which, up to the present time, has Lid the force or the goid chame of checking the English policy. VDy weakening of tho United States may thurcforo appear an advantage to her. Cotton holds such a prominent place tu the economical life of England that tho English government may be led to lorquer by a coup de main the daily brea-i > f its manufactures. Far be from us the idea that such motives could jtiBtlfy all the summary proceedings which are now stated to bo In contemplation tiy England; that there are natural causes fur tho h' sttlily of England against the United States is all thut w? shell state. And yet, to tho honor of our neighbors, we admit thut there are among them wise and gen-rous ml uid eloquent voices who, even at the moment w hen national passions are at the height of etfervesconco, know how to rvmniii faithful tn ilm ilnlr nf imnA -Unlit%. au-J moderation. and who do not despuir of doing able to turn their country away from the violent policy to which atlcmp's are being made to lead it. * ? But would Franco dnd an oxcuse In her into, cats, political or commercial, if sho wore to allow herself tofcewjiuced from her neutrality by the perfidious insinua'ions of thai iudepend-jU ami devoted press, which ha' conceived the bright idea of uniting us with England in the c< ent of a war against America. JFor us it is manifest that no'interest, either political or commercial, ought to impel us to take part in such a war, while all interests, on the contrary, biud us to observe neutrality. Certainly the manner in which the Southern Commi'slouers were laid bold ol'on beard the Trent is a violat on or the right of neutrality, and Franso would repudiate all her principles if sic approved of such an act; but even should the United States obstinately refuse any satisfaction to the English government, should we seriously have a right to alarm ourselves and to lake up arms agairut America, as tho igh she really threatened all neutrals ? In tno maritime history of the United States he affair of the Trent is only an isolated exception. All the territory of that country, its conditions or existence,.and tiie necessities of Die future, are in contradiction with that ezceptioiif and pr-venl America from mat bit it a rule of maritime right. What danger is' there that tht y-irthern States will apply that rub: to other neutrals? Where arc their squadrons* Where aro their maritime stations situated/ Where are tho instruments by which they can aspire to tho sovereignly of tho jasf Should the I nited States refuso to mnlce any con 'scion in the aflairof tho Trent we should doubt less deeply regret it for their own Intorest; but w. sha I not be ubl o see in this manifestation of hortili'yon the part of the Am eicanjxxgAe again.t English policy any hreat for our print iple* and m. security in mailcg jf narilinu right. The United States will not on that account cer<o'to tie what they hare ever brm?the defenders of the titurty of the scat. We should bo guilty of the most absurd IKilitical inconsistency If, deceiving ourselves as to the bearing of a pretext for war, we should go arid aid the Power which pretends to maritime sup-emaoy in dismembering and humiliating one of the Powers wheso strength and prosperity are the most necessary for the laailitcuunco of the equilibrium of the seas; modern France?France of tho Revolution?is still too young, and Iiim undergone too frequent slocks to havo numerous political traditions, blaming our rare trat'.i ions Ih alliance of the Cnit ' S' ttrs it the oiled; it is cbs> ly associated with the origin f our own Revolution, and it reprcrents an- of our must certa. a intent's?that of being able to opfxise a counterpoise to Eng'and on !h- ocean. Why, in contempt of this tradition, .and ol the uilimties which have several tune* nianilericu inenneiveH net \ ecu our political aspi rati'*)* ami those of the United St ites thould we Ac ' ? to rocofinutr Ike Southern confeilerati. n, and thus rati y the ui-me wbermetit of tho great republics niOULY IMPORTANT OPINION IN FKANCB. l/oxnoa, p?c. 19, 1891. The Opiniont Xaii~ndle, tho organ of Hrroco Napoleon, savs thai iVume ha* no other evtmiy but Enylcnd, and thouUl not weakm the UnitedS'ate*. Po\ oral of the French Journals maintain that France should give moral supjort to hngland by recognizing her dim aids ..nd by recognizing tho indeponddico of the South. Opinion of the Italian Government. (From the Katlone nf Florence, (supposed organ of tho Min'stry) Dec. 13.] A war with England would ro.suIt m the complete destruction of the fic t of tho Northern Statos, their rh.of ehincnt of strength, md that lh?y would bo time planed at the mercy of tho Southern State* which would neotf-arily boome the allies qf England. Bitl if the tie/ tion of the Ar. riran Jle t it ad<" n'ageuus t> ingltth int*ids,it would lath with tho e of thanre, for mnnu dc.ted from the neonrity of counterbalancing, at far at pottille, the naoal power ojf EngUirol in Ike Sew World. Il is feared that the war might lend to a rui uie of the alliance bet ween the two grout Western l'.iw *s. * * * If such so later sent aenMkm on'y?[ sag at Int from the European nedfeaslty of obviating a \ir, It night he regarded m present as still muro justi .able, in conserpience of nn event specially affecting Francs. It If kT'iwn that under the nretence of exercising tho right of F..rih the same Am rican cruiser t lat seized "i. the Southern delegates stO| p,U a French merchant ensue!. Tho mode of proceeding of tho cruiser wst neither civilize! nor humane, and gives tbc French govcrnment an uncontested -ighr to address its remonstrance i to the government at Washington. Wo do m-t pretend to say that Is was a positive violation of the rights of noutraU, but it wus at least a mode of exercising the rights of belligoretits brutal ai d intolerable. The complaint in former days usou to bo advanced again it England that sin aimed, not at the ?n^remucy. b it t tynuiuy Over the a -as. Rut if the An urlcan cruisers do not ulnuige their m a' >s of procei fling, a Hkscoinplatnt will at the present. u inent be advuuMd n spccting America as regards the seas of the new world An I this wtl! compel Kuro|* to ?U|>|>ly u renin ;y, as it is not permitted to cruisers to ecerrtse 'h? right of b. arch la such ft way as to mi lost all n-utrul vr-s jIs, and almost to banish f dotn of comnoro from the seas. Tir T>mty of lti'ifl, obligatory is thi. aery vWovf mnlUr on all'hi f'.uroptan laUt. noijf n<tc, in pr/t. tier. com/Hltely c ir ifdout. Viewed from this imint, the o rntroieray may easily from a particular borome e fr. eral ono, heit use t bo interests of it Uthe pa-rrrt arc ?'i o,mi in Iktimt*. Now, It Is certain that the greater tli number i f the parlios the leas will bo tho probabilities of war. Nor can It he said that the govt rnnient of Wu-bington will soh< rdinato all other considerations to the desire of finding in tho war an opportunity of compensating hy acjulsltlcns mode m the Xoith what it has lo?i|n the South. No doubt Ainerioa'has long hail tho wish to tear riutada from Knglonil. Rut If that undertaking was deemed nu >t dlfilenlt when the American Unh'n, not rent by civil war,could direct against the Knglisb colony Its undiva'ed forces, there Is not a man of common sersc who would not now deride It as perfectly Imnossible. True It Is that armlet are created by the pons of American journalists wil!i such facility that they talk of calling under arms boo 000 men Jet a a others would speak of moving a regiment Hut tin fact, provo that the strength of the government >f Washington Is rather nominal than rea'. Military umlertak tigs of any Importance are In pn-?iblo h.i the ilis-nee of armies str.ctly ft railed. Two gr< .it battles S' P i ed to overthr ov he Ansti Sin dnmi'm ll> n In Italy, the ntrensau n of t Vlrinishea to which the rt il war In Amcrt a is reduced h s led only to the weakening of both sides, without any definite result. Nor co h it he oil -? o win ro there is wauling the Mr.-t coudMI-nof efficient wartnre?r.ainol/.a standing army, t in ula, d"for.dcil by the laigl ah voto'stis, rould not he taken ny tho Americana, even If tbs attempt ware aided i.v in-urrivm n in wo n?*.?ri hi in?> enutitry. lint lhore if l.itle chance of *? insurrection in Canada taking phue, fu> e-.-n if Uij* of that colony were disca tented, flit: present "iidlti in ot the fl?doial States ta no. mu ll v to t< tn|>I othei po; mint ions to become part of Ikon. Itopoi I of it Russian or French Mediation. Tin lond.n pttl't Paris corr *p nrtrnt aays that iir.thor Prance nor Hufaia h?vo taken iiuj steps as mo I'a'c rim Paris 7*mpr had givon currency to a rt mor that llio ] rorch government had proposed to Russia, Prumia and Austria i common mroiatlon of tlio fbur Powers In tlm /ng'o American question. Tbo report was generally dincredited. Ttie London fferaM any* the tender of a tn< diati n in Fiirh a form would be a ince, and would tie rejected en Hint "round. UK Colnten Keecnimcniti it Mediation. Mr. Cobilcn, inn letter declining to attend a public m.ietine at Itrightno, stronsly advocate* arbitration lu tlm A rinan dlsput", and mayo that the object of all nation men n.ul true patriot" should ho to enforre prln rdples of mediation on tlm government, on the terms of agreement, made at iho Paris Omgrcrs. Mr. uolalou thinks that uo ipieatlon can he mora v/ithm tho aeope of the Paris resolution than the pending i iip, m d ti e true teat of the disposition of Km American (M'ople Will lie tA< 'sprMul tmlHnffnrrt on thr pari of KriffInnit t? iwtff, if urrniir?. to iHtloWom. Rhonld anoh a conciliatory atep meet with no hotter response than a do.Ire by America to in >nlt and wrong England, ail the pnwet.. of Kuropa woul I forthwith be ranged on rMgland'a aula. Mi Lvtxlen aa) a ti nt tbo ory for peace is hardly enough 5W YORK HERALD, WSD] *4 the present moment. Whit u required u peace on primeipUrof imjai-iial justice, and thu con bat be attained through an impartial arbitrator. How Mr. Cobden's Proposal was Roentvcd In England. The London Tint * editorially disputes the arguments of Mr. Cobden, and says that the coarse ho advocan a would by no moans load to tbo preservation of pi'ace, eithor in the present instance or for the future. The Timet aaya:?Wo insist upon knowing clearly whether we are In a region of war or peuco. If tho seizure of the prisoners (Messrs. Mason and Slidell) was an act of the American government originally. or If it be adunted by thorn now, u.ii an act of war, ami as such to ha encountered by war. If they dimwit it, they must prove their n'ficcrt'.'y by repairing it. ft ii impossible to negotiate In the former case, and the latter has not yet arisen. There is therefore no room for arbitration. The London Neui, while asserting that England will be eat,tilled with nothing short of full satisfaction for her violated rights, says that it would obviously bo harsh, violent and tinjutt, to deny the American government all right of replying and positively to refuse to h ar what she has to urge on the legal points at issue. Should there be any difficulty at Washington in at once meeting England's demands, a little frank intercourse and er-tevnatim between the twogoiemmeut* would In all probability remove it, and this would be by far tho best, most digmlled and honorable way of the dispute. Falling in this, it is for America to propose arbitration and England would not be justified in refining such inter veution. Tho art icle concludes by denouncing the tone of menace and insult adopted by some of the journals, Tho News in another article defends the North from the charges of tho London Timet, that the war was brutalizing the Northern States. It also justifies the projected blockade of Chart ..tit and ftooanstah by the stone ship* as a bona tide operation of warfare, a . -. Secretary Seward Still on Trial in Kngland? The London Herald of the 21st of December, bitterly criticizes Mr. Seward's foreign correspondence, charging him with insolonce, folly and wickedness as wuntou and mischievous as any that history records. The London Times also has an editorial on Mr. Seward's despatches,and treats them with ridicule. It says Mr. Seward assumes to instruct the entire human race as to the origin of the rights and prospects of the war in America, and his confident assurances as fo the dimensions and < uratiou of thu war are belied before his words reach the public. Important Communication from Wash ingion 10 rariit The Paris Thai/* of December 21 asserts that a despatch has been received from Mr. Seward, saying that the American government is roady to guarantee every facility to neutral.; compatible with the rights of belligerents, and would give satisfaction In case of the infraction of any rule that had been adopted. This despatch was dated before tho Trent affair, but it is considered us showing tho peaceful inclinations of tho American government. THE MILITARY AND NAVAL PREPARATIONS. Two ftcglmeiitn of BrltfsH Guards to March for Canada. Tho Grenadier and t-cots Fusllecr Guards wero to em baric at '-oathampton in the Adriatic and Parana on the, 19th December. They wore formally inspected nnd warmly compllmcntod tiy the Duko of Cambridge on the 17th, pieporatory to their departure from London for Canada. The Persia, from Liverpool on the night of the 15th, had on board nearly l.'JOO soldiers and some UtiO tons of ordnance stores. "War Material for aurtii America and the Pacific. Ten Armstrong 100 pounder guns had been ordered to be embarked lor the sea and land defences of Halifax, with all despatch. Orders had been issued for the manufacture of ten millions of small arm cartridges and one hundred thousand charges for Armstrong 100-pounders for sea servico. Armstrong 100-pounderB hail likewise beenoidercd to bo shipped to tlio British possessions in the Pacific. A Squadn.n from the Mediterranean for North America. A Malta dcB| atch ot the Kith December says that, the greatest oxcitcmect has prevailed tbore, owing to the receipt of oiders by telegraph to despatches speedily as possible all tho disposable ships-o'.'-wiir to Gibraltar, for the purpose, a it was rumored,of having theinready for service in America, if necessi ry. In compliance w ith there < rders a large number of war vessels were bonig assembled at Gibraltar. The Mercantile "War Risks. Considers!he transactions in war risks were taking plac" U Lloyd's at irregular, and in most cases rather en bur.crd rater. The Iomdoii T'ahcs cltv article of the 18lh. in referring to ttwarlike prupiirations, nays tho udvices by each mail strengthen the satisfaction of the public at the course adopted by the British government, and tho consciousness that the slight, tt relaxation of rigor and firm lie/* would be the most fatal e 'tnt that could happen for the future credit and influence of the rm ntru. THE WAR QUESTION IN FRANCE. Kffecti of the New* of tlic Asia?Anxiety Respecting a IligH American Tariff. The American news, |<cr Asia, was generally regarded in Paris as unfavorable for peace. Tknprocpect cf a hoatile tariff In tmporta from Ttmt* to tho United States was regarded with some interest. Tho Pahie, in son o speculations on tho reluti\ e naval strength of England and America, draws tho conclusion a wur can neither be long nor serious, owing to the Immense su|ieriorily of tho English fleet. The same journal" corrects its statement of J>c. 14, regarding a secend nolo to hord I,yons. It admits tl-at tho note scut is an ultimatum, and assets that lathevent of satisfaction being refused lord I.yous would 1 ave America, after allowing the federal givirnun nl three da yl to r- consider their derision. The CovsHluticrnui continues to ad,-exate ueuhvli'y fcy Prance. It socs n;> reusou, however, why she should not re oguirsa the Southern Sfatea us sw-n they present tho conditions required by the law of nations to Justify their recognition. The Paris c irref poadent of the Times asserts that General Hcott had no mission from any one?the true motive lor hut (I iwrture front France bclug simply the critical state of affairs betwe >n England an-1 America. The tonne wt iter denies the rumor that Quoeil Victoria had asked tho ux-Quccn of the French to ru |ueal the Urlcan- prun es to quit the service of the United States. Tho Hevue drs l*tux Morula urges strict neutrality on l to part of France, and not too much baste in recognizing the Southern States. Prince Kapulean lau?cs Grneral Scott to Return. [Paris fPeo. 12) oorresismdexico of the I/mdon Post.) General Soult ha i sttddci'ly left Paris He quitted the Hotel W indsnr, m (net, yo tnrduy morn ng.and proceeded to the I'niioU Stalin insto d of going to Italy. An opportunity hint otTerod itself f r the tienwral to convoy tin- offi c:ou* riant of thehrrnth goceramntt regarding the lieat Way to t<ri ig about a jiaciflc solution or tlie Jifllc.illice b 'tween England and America regarding the seizure of tbo South orn Commissioner*, and consequent offence to the British [lag. As I have already hinted, It 1h not impossible that Erunce may, If naked, become the mediator in the quarrel; find at the rum' time the taut tf neutral." May he tevifril, preititle*I hinnl<ind c.'fording to the. of other Kilt Of* .in govern m nit t on thnt jttndt.n, apreet to a iitoiiijuatv.ii of ih<- exi Pi lit,' etnle. General StoU ntthea /h suferinp mile*. tlefermiHtd to ttrre hit countiy to the la*t; anil thnn, at great personal srcrtBce, left Paris for Washington on hi* mission of peace. I'rineo Napoleon, an your readers will not bo surprise 1 to bear, woe instrmiioii'rl in causiug tlie tlene ral to unduluko a voyage to Wa?iiit.gton. What the French Tliink of the Indian AUK* of Davli. The Mvnih ur de VArmet of tho 13th of December pub Itshes tho following remarks on the auuouncoment In tbo American papers that the Cherokee Indian* had joined the f'onfi .lorato Slate* of America,and had raised aregi icnt of cavalry to reinforco President I'avis?Tho mo-al importance of thi* event will bo uuderttood wln n it I* recollected that the Cbernkt>es arc one of tlie raro Indian tribe* who have renounced a wandering life to esiubll-h themselves in ft lived locality. Tlicy constructed a town In ticorgia, In which they established schools, a pi luting press, and it newspaper written id their own lam uage It was under Ihe energetic and Intelligent Itnpulse of John Kose,lbrlr chlet. that, they i i?de this progiess In civil! /ation. But tho Northern Americans, in place of encouraging them, looked ontbvmwilh a jealous rye, lor reasons easily understood. They took advantage or the absence of their chief to attack their town, destroy*'d it, und drove out the Inhabitants, to seek she'tor in the Ear West, where John Boss collected the fugitives. It is not mi-prising, therefore, that (ho Cherokee* should b? debghtod to hare an opportunity qf fphtntg at/attui their pera utarf. The Paris Prt'te of the 13th publishes a do-pal' h from Washington,asserting there was great popular agitation In favor of 'resistance against ain ilemat.dsou the iwrt ol England in respect to the Trent ufliilr. Acc riling to the same dc pati h Ibc Krench naval divlsioii from the Antilles wouhl proceed to Charleston, before which the 1 ngltsh squadron was lying at anchor Tbe 1'atrie of the same dute state* that Ueneral bcotl will reach Nuw York on thelMth Inst., mid adds. 'Genurnl Mentis tnhsion thus appears to have been arranged so as t? allow bun timet* fultll it before tbe ultimatum of Knguicl Is remitted to the fiMernl government, and por hap* to modify the nature of this step on the part of England." The Page asserted on the contrary, that the English ultimatum will be of an absolute character. I nt KJtrtuiiiuij AUMinai mcMbv. Mn?<rrln|f of the Prtnrh Fleet w? Aunt* Cm* tl?i 1>nerHTe?'The Veaaele Mini Tlietr Armitmrnt-litltnic Cnrlmlly to See the Zonain. (l'cnerilTo yh'ov. af>) c u'reap uidem c of London Time*.| The usually quiet, roal*teid uf iSntita Crux dc TencriiTo ha* not been a I.tile ami prised and <M ghtod at the art Ival successively in ila walorr of n whole fleet. The lire! rendezvous of the Fronr.h squadron ileal lited for the (iulf of Mexico wee the Canary Island*. At till* sea-un of ihe year, for vessels of different sixes and cla.-se.? starting li in different po' la, it seemed a difll' ult Ihak for thorn ail to arrive punctua'ly. The llrat arriesiswere the (Inerriere, Ardcnte, and Monternma fri^afee, from Ureal, and the A*tree,from l/i rleul. They were at anchor when the Mas; oris, bearing the Admiral'* flax, arrived from Toulon. They aalnted the Admiral, and manned yard* toahniita of " rinl'Kmlirrnirj" Seldom ha* Ihe llttlo town of Santa Crux,

colled up at Ihe foot of 11* Peak, and reposing paaenf'illr am.det Ha orange grove* aiiTviiieyar.lN, wHiieeaod sneh a fcatival. The population of the island ^ Inch i* aware tha' the ting of tbo mother country willQhorily Join Ihe tricolor In a common enterprise, l,Hs given tho moat hearty welcome t" the I reneh offhara and men who r imo i abort. Tl.obeft discipline ami good feeling animate Uie uadron, which consist* of nine tree*It, u< w an SESDAY, JANUARY 1, 18 chored in the roada In two parallel llnea, and which, aerordirg U> the returns of tbo port captain, arrived aa follow a:? Tho frigate Querrloro, from Brest, on the 18th of November. Ft (gate Ardento, from Brest, on the 90th of November. Fi igate Ant roe, from Lorieul, on Uio 20lh. Frig tie Montezuma, from lircet, on tho 221. Avi-o Chaptal, li t in Toulon, on ih.> 23d. The Miaaeua, man-of war, from Touicn, on the 221. lbe uvlso Marco.tu, from Cherbourg, on the 23d. Tbo traueport Aula.', from Toulon, on tho 24th. Tho aviso Bert hoi let, from Brest, on the 26th. All these vessels, most of them new screw ehipc,armed with rilled cannon, represent a strength of throe thou ...... iiuui tj lie oan.o .. illiuur ..I in vya on hoard. It Is raid they will take in more troops at the French color i. s of tluoduloupe ali i Martinique. The Zouaves excite the gr< atestcui ioeily of the Inhabitants. Yesterday (Sunday) the Admiral's shin and the frigates were visited by a number of the inhabitants, and our pretty Canary girls are much pleased with the politeness and courtesy of the French olbcorg. The squadron will leave with a full supply of coals, cattle and sheep, bananas, oranges and wine. The weuther, so capricious at this si aeon of the year, has been very favorable. '1 hough the 1'cak obstinately keeps its snow-crowned head coucnale I, there is a splendid sun, favorable wind, and s calm sea. All our best wishes accompany the French fleet. Its v isit will long be romembered here it will become a date iti Tenor itle. and y ears hence we shall hear, "'lhat was at the time the French fleet visited us on Its way to Mexico." PRINCE ALBERT'S DEATHBED. His Last Moments and the Announcement of Mis Decease?Meulth of Qutcn Victoria. [F om the London Times, Dec. 19.1 The news of the serious diners <d the Isle Prince Consort alarmed and amazed all England on Saturday. To the attentive renders of the Cuurl Circular it was only known that his Royal Highness was slightly indisposed, and the bulletin which 011 Satin* lay announced that his illness had taken an unfavorable turn spread dismay and astonishment throughout the country. Tlion, nil at unco, the fcurtul allliction which thu-atcued her Majesty was seen, and on every side information as to the state of his Royal Highness' health was sought for with the most ; intense o.igeinets, lho announcement which we published in our tbird edition of Saturday. that a change, slightly for the belter, had taken place iri ti e illustrious patient's condition, was welcomed as almost a relief from the state of levorish anxiety unilor which u 11 bad waited lor nows. Unhappily, thia slight improvement, which raised srch ardent hopes wherever it was kuown, proved to bo but a precursor of the fatal issue. During Saturday morning?at least in the early part? his Royal HighmsH iitidonblcdly teemed better, and, not- a withstanding that his condition was in the highest dogreo precarioi a, the change, though sudden, was marked, aud almost justilled the strong hopes which were then entertained that ho would recover. This change was but for a short time, and, in fact, buvono of those expiring oilerts of nature which give delusive hopes to the mourners round so many deathbeds. Soon afterwards his Koynl Higliess again relaiascd, and before the evening it became evident that it was only a quos'.ion ot an hour, more or less. The I rlnce sank with alurming ra pidity. At four the physicians issued a bullciiu stating that their patient wus then in "a most critical condition," which whs indeed a sad truth, for at that time utmost every hope of recovery had passed away. Her Majesty, and (he Prince of Wales (who had travelled through the previous night from Cambridge), the Princesses Alice aud Helena, and the Prince and Princess of taiutngcu, woro with thoir illustrious relative during all this mournful und most trying pei lod. The approach of death from < xbaustion was so rapid that all stimulants failed to check the progressive increase or weakness, ami the fatal termination whs so clearly foreseen that even before nine o'clock on riaturday evening a despatch was forwarded from Windsor to the city, stating that the Princs Consort was then dying fast. Quietly an I without suffering ho coDtinuod slowly to sink, so slowly that the wrists were pulseless long before the last moment had arrived, when, nt a few minutes before cloven, he ceased to broathe,and all was over. An hour after and tlio solemu tones of the great bell of St. Paul's?:? bell of evil omeu?told all citizens how irrepar.iblo has bcou the iosb of their beloved Queen, how great the loss to (he country. During yesterday the intelligence was received everywhere with a tooling so painful that it would really be dillicult to exaggerate the amazement and grief manifested. The first fear?a wide, deep nnd general fear?was, i jjai (ii? groin nnu Ki'i'u hiuiciiou whq w men 11 ii'ih piuaatm Heaven in iis wisdom to visii the royal fauuly might prove too much for the strength of her Majesty, and that she herself might sink under her irreparable bereavement. A bulletin,h' wovar,period ?l Buckingham Valaco.stating that the (,'uocu. though overwhelmed with grief, bore her loss with calmness, and hud not then suffered In health, was soon known everywhere?such was 'bo eagerness with w hich news of tbo Qui 011 at such a heavy time was sought lor. (From the I.ondrn Times, Deo. 17,1 Yesterday evening l/>rd Syduoy (the I.ord Chainborlain) issued bis instructions for the funvrnl. The custom, which remained in up to the burial of William IV., of intoning members of the royal lamily by torchlight, lias tor many years bean discontinued, and will not bo resumed on this melancholy occasion. Tbo funeral will take place on Monday uo.\t, tho &ld Inst,, and i.t about the sumo hour of the day as when tho Duchess ef Kent wna buried, between 11 and 12 o'clock in the forenoon. In accordance with the custom usually follow ed of late > cars, the luneral will not ho a statu one, nor will the remains of his ltoyul Highness lie In state. All these detail , however, have boon entrusted to Messrs. Hanti; ?, who hove for so many years conducted the royal and public funerals in th s country. Hut few and simple us uro thorites which mark the e solemn occasions, a grout amount of preparation is necessary beforehand. St. (ieorge's chapel, Windsor, whore tho intermont will Hike place, ha to bo <!,u|*vl aim carpeted with black, the r yal vault to bo opened, ami timo allowed for tbearrival of the representatives of ft reign courts who will be deputed to attend on thin occasion. All these arrange* mcntf have besn carefully considi red, and the shortest possible time in which they can be completed to by the date we have mentioned. At the funeral hie Royal iligh new the Prince of Walea will act as chief mourner, sup(xirb d by ihe Duke of Cambridge and by the Crown Prince of I'riiMia. The retrains will bo laid in tlio royal vault. There are two vaults b noath St. George ? chapel? the tducestcr and the royal vault. The lornior was llually built up after the interment of her Royal Highness Ihe Duchess of tiloccster, the last immher of ibat brunch of the House of Hanover. The royal vanlt is kept apart exclusively for the coflh a of the immediate members of the reigning family Three gates close lho entrance to this Onal resting place of depnited royaltv, the keys of whirli ar" kept by the Sovereign, the lord t hainberleiu and ihe Dean of th< ?'ha;?els Rural. Kxcepl for Iho burial or the Quern Iiow.iger, w ho was lai I by the side of her royal husband, this vnu't has not been opened since the death of William IV., ami the descrip lions which were put forth by some of our coiitcmporat ies as to the place in which the culllu of the Duchess of Kept was tSCBfOrarily de|nisited in tl.ia mausoleum wero pn. ely Imaginary. The royal vault whs never opened on that occasion at ail, and the coffin eulv remained at the entrance to the first gate tiH the mansoleuiu at Frogmurc was completed. TH* COFFIN. During yesterday the inner shell and leaden coffin which w>li .on lose' Ihe remains of the Prlnco t 'ons.rl were lorwarded to Windsor. According to custom, the body will l>e Interrad In four coffins, the Inner one or shell being of |mdished inahegouy cased outside with leail, then an outer, plain, but very" m issive coffin of malio got y; over all comes the state cotl'.n or case, of crimson velvet and wKb massive silver gill ornaments. On the Icadi u coffin to to ho a silver plate, engraved with the Ivln ntiil tit leva gS iho ilm nnknH Pr irwst Thsi milns wva In gany coflin will simply hear a plate with his name and the dute of hla birth and death. On the Mate coffin will be i he customary silver Rill plate bearing an inscription similar to that on the leaden c.t-fTIn. The Progress of the Dlaeose and Feeling of the Prince?His Children Near His Deathbed and Those Who Were Absent. It is said that the death of the King ot I'ortupul had an unfortunate influence oft him during Ins Illness,and pcsaibly assisted the progress of the malady. On Wednesday ho is said to have expressed a belief that he should not recover. N'o material change took place on Thursday, and on Friday (l.'ith) the Qm en took a drvo, with no idea of danger, Whin she returned the patient's extremities were already cold, and from that lime lie was in tho greatest danger. thi Friday evening he was not exported to survive tho night, and the I'rlneoof Wales was telegraphed Tor. All night the Prince continued very III. On Saturday forenoon there was a rally, which so often precedes dissolution, btil it gave groat hops* to the phvairiaiia. At four 1'. M. a relapse t< ok place, and the I'rlnre, who, from the previous Friday had boon sustained by stimulants, began to sink gradually. ('ingestion of the lungs, the result of complete exhsnst'on.sot in. The Prince's breclhlrg became continually shorter and leeb'er, ami he expired without pain nt afew minutes before eleven o'clock. Ho was sensible, and knew the Quern lo the l.iat. It must ha\ che. red (lie last moments of the illustrious patient to see lit* wife and nearly all his children round his bed. The Princess Royal, who is at Berlin, was prevented by rrrent severe Indtspoeiiion from travelling. Prince All red was on board his ship. Prlnorsa .titer thr. ugh the try tug scene* it la impossible to apeak loo highly. cho f*lt il h>r place In bta comfort anil support to her mother In thin antic Hon. <1 tire it Victoria'* Cnniliirl to Her Family. TktlMdN Thmm aey* thai lha Qeeea tun* borne her !um aiih exempiary resignation, nnd a enrol* lure which, under so amlih n and ho terrible a he re* vent ant, couln not hat* henn anticipated. Wlieu tho first passionate burster grief was over, her Mipesty callod her children around her. and, wIth it enlmtiesa which give*.proof of great natural energy, addressed Hum In aolentn and i.flbi Hoiuite terms. Her Majesty dec'arcd to her family Ib*t though she felt crushed by the loss of one who had 'wen Iter companion,through life, she knew h >w mm h was expected of har. and she accordingly railed <?n her i hlldren to give her their naalslanea in order that aha might do hur duty to thorn and twthr country. The 1'olltlrial Position of the Prince anil Political Effect of Ilia Heath. [From the Loudon Turn a, Dec. 17.] lha dentil uf the Prince Consort has come upon the nation with an unexpectedness w Inch detents every pro pn rat Ion of thought or of feeling. Ill a moment every loyal Bubect of this p alm?and who Is not Inva.f?la drlvn to hta memory for example#, nml t . bison thought Tor roneeipiencis. aud ran llnd none L is tie sudden extinction id a light.ami an Interval mnat rave before tve can | emirate the darkness. Tbt Ins t ora'd* frl-nd and adviser, and. In the course ut mainstay and staff "f the crown, Is suddenly wr- i.rli t away, and there hi not a man In the eontitr ah an d'1 venture to Imast. that he had r neldered thee inn .v a and wn? picparod with onticlpati< ns. The pro ' * aorthunselt was the only m*u,asitsecme, who ha \vl,! i 1 i blm thapraefottmcut of what waa to happen. Foi tuore i 62. than twenty years tils name lias been ev--r> day before the P'blfc, combining hi a singularly uniform routine works of pub.ic mil ty with dutiful devotion to his wi e an i soforeign. Though precluded from public discusrk tin ntul soldom 01 ought face to face either with goners! soriety or the w -rid in a mill larger s.n-e, he bus yet been more prominently and '..nlntei'iuittingiy before the Ilriiiah iieople than any other man in these inks, lnsleudof lr< tling, asolhers might have done, agaiusl the constitutional i-tlipulios which mot h.m on evory sido, ho found a c< raion? iti->n In the world of art ami science, and wi n for himsotf there a iiublo realm, of which even de-lh cannot deprive him. At this moment it is iinponcble to say h w much uwaits ttlA tlcf.iwii >? r?F iiiet luatAs aanri ajtrttr/ iaaa a?f !?! ul^ill ??? select or to arrange. Yet tlpse worn only trifles of the ho r in conipitrs.n with tbu olln <3 of comforting and bob tniniiig thu heart of a woman to b, ar tho mightiest empire in the world. We have only to look around at tho bert men among us, and a plume will remind us how few, even of them, would endure the monotony, tho restraint, tho eon denial and sebje tion of w ill necessary fur such a i<ngitiou. Prince Aliiert hug dischargee it for twenty-one j ears without a tm,It. It is hard to gav which moat to admire?hi* geodneug, big wiaduin. or his fortune. In no resiHjet baa ho been ? anting to bis ilillicult posi, an j we should have to rntisar.k forgotten storio* for a bint that ho hail exceeded it. duties. All at once ho la gone, uud by what pre< e?lent ahull we frame ilie terms of our loan V Kngland once lost a boy kuig, of wo road much from hit) tutors and guardians she has several times lost tbu heir to the throne white in tho midst of progresses ?nd papcants, fare ties and intrigues; she ha* loat royal ciphers and children of promise ; she has lust state-nu n in mid career,or bullied and heartbroken. The hoi<d of (Re assussin has sometimes added wrong and horror to a national loag. Forty.-tour yea. s ago, In a day of darkaees. wliuii and disloyalty butt taken root in the land, and there seemed but one solitary pathway of light to a purer ntmcsi here and to happier limes, tt was suddenly extinguished, and all the lo pe of tho i ' on w as borne to the tomb. It Is not easy to compare the fu:fllinont with the hope, things known and things unknowu: but for the suddenness and blankings of the loss, and for the dismay struck Into ovury thoughtful mind, there can be no nearer parallel than tho death of the Princess Charlotte and her child, in 1817, and that of Prince Albert in this ulreudy fatal year. As there one and twenty years buvo almost imperceptibly stolen away, and the fortunate youth, a* tho people then held hint, his pursued his steady course of duty and achievement, he has already acquired that calm, puro light o." fume, that de.-ccmls to the latest ages. In our long lino of royal personages there Is not one who can surpars him for that noblest of all work, the reward of which is m itself. It cannot bo said that Prince Albert has had his reward. It is a simple fact, whatever the cause, and whoever bo In fault, that lie his boen but ill -requited, not duly nppre ciiitvd. As men who do thoir work the best are nio<e envied for th"ir np|mrtuni?i's than commended for their industry or skill, the very success of Prince Albert's work, wliotber in the palace or us the patron of art, has Itself detracted from his just praises. Such men must bo missed before thoy are known. A* if in retribution for our thrifty homugo and measured respect, (Ac Prime Contort hat been tal.rn from before our ryes at the moment when (po m Victoria ?'? threatened with a renewal of the fratricidal war which cort h'r pram fat her to much mite.ryand disgrace. Tho very papers which yesterday told Knglar.d she had lost Prince Albert contained the titwr that tne infatuated ffoorrnnwnt ami Congiest at W'atliington were hut rem mittiny Ihemtelif to a war with thit country. There cannot b? Imagined an occasion to make heavier demands and impose severer trials on the energies and the heart of a patriotic sovereign. The light of the constitution bus led Queen Victoria hitherto to tho prosperity of all the interests, the happiness of all the classes, and the harmonious working of all the Institutions in these islands. Not to s)*-ak of the visita tions of nature, it cannot be said in this reign legislation has ever sar.riflcvd one j?irt of the British people to the other. In the struggle which impends a largo section of the Ttritish race puts itself in the position that it must be humbled and chastised if the llag of Kngland is still to bo respected. Who shall say what miseriei ami losses we may not have to suffer or inflict in such a con testy Our (Jueen will bo the first to lament i lie necessity an I the responsibility. Who is there to divide and bear the burthen? Who is there to reussuro with sound reason the bosom whose distresses and misgivings will b - at onco natural and meritorious' The receptii n of all Europe and the civilized world in the exhibition next year maybe left to other hands. The lYincc Consort will bo the more recognized from not being there, and the woiIt will bo d< ne as he designed it. and under the shadow of his name. But- who shall ever 6c <tf Queen ridwis'i tide to anhan'ie sympathy, counsel and t n- 'iimgement uruh r the political difficulties. the < hnnrriny fi r; -nes. perhaps the calamitous reverse*, of an American war? Tlie Prince of titles?The Hoar of Hie Destiny* [From the lxindo; l imes, Pec. 17.1 Her MtJosiy herself, with her accustomed teadlncts an 1 c< mpwrto. appealed at onco to her family to undertake the great charge thus suddenly thrown n|ion them, in th it family there are two upon win m the eyo.t of ad EngUi d will nuturahy be attracted at this j incture. Tho I'rmce of Wales is rapidly approaching the ago when a man U held to bo capnlile of every r< sponslbility, and by the moesure of years ho should now be as competent to assist his mother as tho l'rinco Consort when he assumed that duty. He has been so educated as to bring him into contact w ith a largo variety of men* of minds, of peoples and ol manners. By a happy fore thought hr hat rieitol the nry nation tho' now threaten* to rfaj* fretii in,re difficulties hg a war with its mother country. It the Prince oj I Vales is erer to tie a wise and gi nil sweieign. he will now tie a wise ami g >od son; and if lie will ever feel any call to devote himself to hi* c untry as his imrmts have douu. ho will feel it n<-w. Tfcl-i is tho Itmo for that self sail iliec on win, li the greatness ol a well us tho glory of a statesman.a Soldli ror a priest must DC 1 <JUE1<4<HJ. 1 li IB , in'lCCU, 1H III*? ?H ? ItMl'll NUCU ifc> lllMi Ioca and dramatists have .ovcd to describe in the live- f their favorite p:incee, when Ihr Prince ttf IVatet u it! K e to make a nilemn choice between a life, of f,ictlily, yrha/ s tf trouble and mierry. and a reign of uifnlnetr, to make hie rwme bleunJ forever He muti remtloe ,t/'he would ilo: antl renounce,\f he would win. It i* cn awrul thiny i< rat/," M<nc or never,"'bill experience proves thai they ? bo reject the lirst solemn cull are seldom worn alfectcd by any lint come af'er. From all ueKounts the triticeal Alice bar shown boirclf filly equal to the ucca inn, receiving her oylng father's confidences and giving moliier timely comfost and sid. 'Ili.-.t the Queen should gather Iter family aroncd her. and address them at im b a lini , for such n purpose, it pel. proves her confidence iu them. Tlmt all,and above all the Prince of Wales, may lie deserving of that confidence, is now the p'a>er of th s gre it coiintiy. We ktwm not how m::rh the dritiniet, not only of the Ilrtlith empire, hut of the \choir, hun.nn rare, deft nd ott the youthful ttrinee of ioh at toe lo re I -n so myth, yet item to know to little. I.Ike the rest of lis, ho has position, and honor, and power to win. He may be a true Imp or a ihadt to of royalty; ami. by the lawf of human nature ami the testimony of txjtrrienee, the decision it to be made thiivexy hour. The Keeling In Englsml. Tint one sentiment was apparent through >nt England? that of deep s> mputhy for the Queen auil regret for tlio death of one an omveisally respected. The strongest eulouiiinis wore parsed upon the dis eased Prince by the press and the public. The Hews on flic Continent. THE SHLINa or THE KBENOH COI'HT. In Tarls the Prince's death cat sod a great spinal ion, and all the |>apera unite in oxp essions of av mputhy. The Moniteur, after snuouneliig th" st.d ovent, odds that -'the Emperor, the Imperial faml y and th? wbo'e of France will mingle their regret snil grlel with the royal family and the English net ion." Tfc? Imperial t'ourt had gone Into mourning, all festivities ut tha having b?-en countermanded ,wn<1 the Emperor is stated to have despatched an aid <le camp with an autograph letter of condolence. MOt'RHINtl OK TIIE MH'SHIAN OOl'HT. At Berlin tha news was received with strong tnuiilfVietatiuns of |?>pul:ir sympathy and sorrow, wt He lie King hastened to ofi rr such consolation as he might to tlio rrinma noju, niiw'<|uiiiu; vwiiru i w r.i.gnsn r,uvuj , and ordered tho Court to go into mourning Immediately. Tho Princess Royal of Kngtand ni>? un hie ? > visit her m titer fiorn 111 health, but tbo crowned I'rtnre of Pruesta was exported. UNO LKOrOLh, OK BKLOHM, TO MBIT TUK Ql KEN OK KJMil.ASn. lite King of the Belgian* w i? expected In Knglaad on a visit to tbo Quoin. The Royal Famll) to heave Wlnilnor. (Srrat interest was felt In the situation of ibo Quern, and hlWlM were issued froai time. totimeahowiajr Hint Ithoiiirh her Mnj. sty was overwhelmed wiib pnof. slitbore her lierravcmeut with enlniness, an t hail uol aulfered in health. Thu Queen and the mval rhlldrou were to leave Wind eon Castle for Osborue on the lath. The Funeral An ungciiicnt*. The funeral of the Prlne-' would tnlto pln< o on Monday, Per. 23. In accordance with the < nstnia usually iol|owt?l of lute years, the fuue il would uot be a State one, nor would the ren.alns lie in stale. The l*t Inc.- of Wales ? > to set as chief mourner, sunported by the Huke of Cambridge and by tho Crown Prince of Prussia. The remali.a were to bo laid in th royal vault at Windsor. <4necn Victoria's licit It h In nn I'matlifactory Mtatc? Removal of the Court to Osborne. The very latest news from Loudon ; sports the Queen and royal fn ml ly had eon# to Or borne, ow log to tbo unsatisfactory state ol tbo Queen's health. The Prince of Wales remained at Windsor until after his father's funeral. The Crown Prince of Prussia had arrived at Osborne. India. Uoimmt, Nor. 27, 18(11. shirting advanced; *'? lbs. 52s. lOd. per irtece. Twist flrrn#r. Cotton?Now bn* rh, 18(1. Copper sheet log nominal. Ttle.bSrs. Exchange on London, 2s. IV1 '"-orcrnment securities, four per rents, 84; do. do. Uvo pof cents, M?V do. do. tlve and a half do., 104. Freights active and advnnclng; cotton, 60s. Cautita, Nov. 25.1801. shirt ins firmer. Indian and Hi tic active and niti-aiii-in* FxchanMon i<on4an,'2i). Kl ! ?jov?rtin?*ni #*ctirltlee. four | or rente, H4? Mlf; do. do. Ovo Mil a half <1o., 104*4 105. Fr?if bit d Conimtrrl*! Intelligence. I.ONHON MONRY MAUKKT. l/>ei ?v, I?ec. 21,1 Ml. roii.c t* cloned nt M>?, MV, for money. . Tint l> illinn m the (tank of Engbuid line Inrrcaeed ?;: 1.(1)0. Ill i n> (,'r .ilrnl ebetn.i ill a 4J 1- fnint, F.rte? 24 * V> Th" nm 1 ! f'ir AiiM'i trill-a It ll.t ,? itli only riHtni ?a1u?. I.m llfitoi. COTTON MttKKT. I not, I'ee. 21,1961. n.?rr+<T -n.cii u II).* nf Ik* ***k ?t 2 . i*i l-.tie- Mi i miVit o en <! i i ? d-mlitin of i4i',, ? In h >?n- nf ei >. d . ? .1 The enf-? to ?|w. .i ft were I >0,i?i<l lb r.i to o*|)ort?re ilWONtA XJem.c* okFituey *?ieo,000 htloe. Including 3,000 to ? I iMCiilat'T* and eximrWrs, tho market ckeiug steady at lb aunexed quotations ? Ptor. Muidline. Orleans 12 10J< Mbies 11H 10 Uplands lltf 10l< Tl.e stock in port In estimated at .181,500 bales, of which 23b ,500 are American. i.ivkkpooi,, dee. 22, 1861 Tho sales of cotlci. yesterday w?rc 6,000 oalos, including 1,000 to 8|>ccii!at ir? cud exporter*. Tho market c.o eJ firm at uuchtngod rues STATE OK TRADE IN MANCHBSTER. Adrlccs fruia Ma^'.ester represent tho market quiet cud irregular. LIVERPOOL r (.KtDHTOKKS MARKET. Messrs. Wakefield, Nash & Co. and other* r?;>ort flour tending downward; American quoted at 30*. a .14a. Wheat irregular and Id. a 3 ! lowc; rod Western lis. 9d. a 12!'. 7d.. rod Southern 12h. Ud. a l'2s. lOd. alien w*aL*m I"1*. a 13s. fid., white s-'o ith t# 13s. 6.1, a 14s. Corn < : T; mixed 33s. 3d. a 33s. 6d., yellow 33a. fct.wbito C7a a 39h. 3d. LIVERPOOL TKOVIHION MAIJCET. The fame ututiorilirs rep< rt beef jtivo nrid trm. Pork steady. I'ac> n easier. Lard Ana at 47a. a 62a. Tallow Arm at 51b. a 61a. 61. LIVERPOt L PRODUCE MARKET. The Brokers' Circular ro|x>ris-?Ashes quiet at 37?. tor pots and 30s. for pear-<. Hosui dull at 13? for common. Spirits of tur|x>utinc quiet *1 66s. Sugar steady. Coffee quiet but steady. Rice firmer. Sperm oil firm Ood oil inactive. Linseed oil dt..l at 36a. 6d. LONIHIV MAKKKTn. Parities' Circular reports b -eadxtuils quiet, but steady. Iron dull and tending downward. Su;:nr Arm, but quiet. Tea steady; common Congou la. Id. Coffee tending down ward, aud prices la. lower. Rice inactive. Spirits turpentine dull ut oca. I,i: see I calces quiet, but steady. Si'Oim oil still advano ng; aalos at ?04 a ?95. Cod oil steady at ?41. l.iuso-d ?ii declining; sales at 33s. 6d. Tal'ow sternly at 31s. rtd. HAVRE MARKET. HAvhi, Bee. 10,1861. Cotton?Sales of the week 1,260 bales, market very dull and nominal; New Orleans trios ordinal'o 140 franca; do. bas 133 francs. Slock 139,000 bales. The Very Lutest Markets. Liverpool, Dec. 21,1861. Gotten?The sales o; the week wore 2,800 baios. The market opened with a decline of J^d., which was, however, fully recovered. The sales yesterday woro 6,000 bales, the market during sfady. Uroadstuffs are tending dowuward, and all descriptions are slightly lower. Provisions are Hrm. London, Dec. 20,1861. Consols closed at 90^ a 90%' for money. Liverpool, Dec. 22,1861. The market closed Arm yeste. day. Roles 0,000 bales. Prices unchanged. Breadstuff's Arm. Flour quiot and tending c ward. Provisions Armer. LoirooSjIKiC. 21,1861. Consols closed at 90?? a 00for money. Illinois Cei trul hliaio,-', 60 a 411 discount, tries, 24 a 26. Sermon l>y Rev. Dr. Chrcver ou the .Hason and SlUlcll Affulr. The reverend Doctor delivered a sermon, or rather harangue?for, from the applause which greeted him during its delivery, we i'unciod ourselves at a political meeting in Tammany Ha ' rathor. than in an cdiflco sup)osoit to bo dedicated to (hxl?at the Church of tbo Puritans, Union square, in the presence of ajarge congregation en Sunday eveni: g lust. Ho chooso bis text from the Second Boole of Samuel, twenty-third chapter and third verse:? Ho that ruleth o\ or m-n must bo just, ruling in the fear of God. And from tho Prophecy of Mica, sixth chapter and eighth vorso:? Ho hath showed tlice, f>h, tnan. what is good, and what doth the Lord re<i"'ro of thee but to do justioe, lev mercy and to walk humbly with thy God. The reverend gentleman suUI that justice was an attribute of God most clearly reflected in the ordaining of government; that it was most important in all its trai sactit u i, and whatever violated this attributo laid the foundation for an injury that might be >r-? reparable. Tho injustice of this" gov or n men t to the African race ha I Drouj nt mis country to mo vcrgoor ruinbut <iod liad arisen to tvengu tho violation of thin law in r way almost an awfi 1 is the crtmo itself, which cried to Heaven for vengean.c When a nation was in.florins under a judgment, in consequence of any lnjuatice par lined, a return to jusilco was tho essential thing, without which thero could be no salvution. In all quettionsof national honor, or disputes between nations, tho ilrst am principal thing to bo regarded was justice, f< r nothing that justice inquired was dishonorable, a: L everything that violated it was, and it was alouo tl.w North star amid the perilous ocean upon which tho nation was now tossod. If jostles lutd boon moiod out to the slave at the comment: rue; of the breuklng out of the ebcllion, it would have nen crushed long cro this. Hut our government had h< -01110 a kidnapping government on a scale fear.uI to c-u template. It itad winclion -in ...i.,- is. i,.,- ,,f 1 1 tlic constitution. A war carried ou Willi such a view was an unjust war. Tim government In refusing to abolish slavery took upon itself the whole guilt of a deliberate establishment of It, und this roll. wed guaraul o of Snivel y iu tho wars made It, so far a slavery waB couc. *uod, atrocious, und brought It dtreeny bencat i the reprobation'of tho Almighty Hiavery bad taken away all our m-ui.lne.-a, u>>b.rnuss and lude)M>nd> nee, and ma te <.s tr? mble at our cueniies, and at the command of Ureal Itrnaln justice had beeu do fraudod of ,ts duo by too release of two of the gi latest crin rials. Tho leaders of tins conspiracy ought to tie sin out and mime I be.,subjects of punishment. UT ther were a clat? conation, d of ?eo 'tain number of men who had execute ' this vast treason, tbeu thai whole class ought lobe annihilated. If these were oxtrrininatod all n >urc<sof division and moiUca for lebe 11 ion would. ,kaae Tho slaveowners bo ng tlio prime inov rs In the rib lli. n a price ought to h .vo be n set upo. their heads, I-it i a I the slave owners were*, tdptnned U. death. It was but c rryiugout what i.od ha ..ipoiutcd 10 lie none lieforcImiiu. Uod wou.d certain,! h asl r. government and tieoplo who oersisled in si.cli wick .luess as tills. It was, the reverend jentleriiau col sl.lor, d, nothing hut our insane rciuaal to e rcuc Justice on tin alas o confederacy that had given tire : Urit iln the o> \ mtsg. over us, and driven us to the buu turning nee.-ss ; ot sibnit.lng to a.most any concession, even * hen w were in the ngl Hod would now allow any nntioi lo liu.o us by the threat, and,though tho oemand on ever so unjust, wo <^pld not help It, mr wo had so liimpercd ours-, vet by defcn.itiig tho r ght of the cortfsderai y to tramp.e ufoti Uie slave that Heaven would now re .ignis., the right < any ualioa to rumple upon nr. The preacher would ill the aitonnoi of tho andien< ) for a in< trout to J son mil biidell? ending traitors and rets s, be was g ing .o say?now in our power. He had i edit ii<d on tnm suh oei during Ins re rent visit to Torn to, i here e ha 1 car "fully watched the progress of tho n.r fe or, ami he felt It hia duty to inveslig i o the manor by the Word of (tod. lie would ssa what did jus)Ice roqulr* in regard to tl. -o bds, traitors sud criminals? M'hy it ro piire I th. t ti y should bo ptuiHhed for their crime. 11' amailer crimli ila v.-re tried, at .t at d hanged lor Muiply I ol lowing the e.iumpl.) or lliox.- nun?If a dcaerter, lii'itinoi r or n man .nidged In the flat a trade waa punMbed with d< ath, how m cb more xln uM justice be to I d not to tbo ling conspiration vho had plunged tbo rjontry lnu? Una *ar and r.imr Hy tha Jmlgmoiit < f <;<xl I'M a 1 eivllltod nations limy worn worthy of deatL. 'ilMeownaf dignity am honor, and Justice befoto i;<h! n an would hi'TH ivn to h.ivo apprehended laoti and Nlldeil, Immediately and solemnly hare trio.' them for the i.rlmo of lug I in laou.aad If tboir compile.ty in this vurt conspiracy had be. u fully proven, th .y should have boon taken Iho prleon to tba .?< aflold, and hiiiigeil till liny wi ra deed no unit tor whc.h ir all th# ualioim of the onitli Wi en trued to make war a/autei ua I (Tula aontencj wna greeted by lie and line# wllh two riaiuda of It waa t.od appointed Justice It waspi-llce .1 o-uly all.died by the government to tbj a'nw r,Captain iloi lon.iindwby ftlioold not Mason aid M idol I moot the *11110 tela' Tbo erintiw of the auttir of the fugitive Slave la a were again-1 the rar e, but .tew.. of t'aplaw tior.lon 001/ against indivlduaia. It wua tint Juate-e th J urolei xlrappers should l a lint g-d tin' the prluoi; ela feed upon thanksgiving turkey ami lin net free. (.tpplausi.) Now,loregar.I to Or. nt Htltaln. w o<l? mod to be 1 Jmed by tbo taking of theae rtale *? Iminale, if .bin uountry had committcd an erroi they were ta-.tid to make rep rath n?to acknowl. Ige it and nek fu go enc-a. H< t m Um preaAit tunc, the rc'oroi d g. etlrman that no Insult being intenu d to hngtand, there ouuld Ih- noeanaa fbr war. America bad ev-nix. d too ntorh leniency in I Do matter, and the wh?o thing cou.d ha ve b<-n made a o plain that every uati n upou earth would have cried ahnme on fJreat Brit ?iu f?ir denmadlng reparation for thia supp. r-'-t ti.ault. ' t would h -vo bo. ii cuiun lorrd the most htundlrsarritclty on re ord, accepting, peihape. tlie war on l luna lor th- niko 04 fore la# opium 00 that unfor tunalo | ample lint if wnr came It would b<. owing to our mattaee* In not striking at a'arery. Had thlx la-en 1 one liii.H. in. ulhs ago ere would luuo be.-n no danger of off. nding I ng'and or Yarn .and no h card of ihe recognition <f ihl> niave trading coined, riu.j?ibia nation of piratea. V wax tot I > be supposed that the na ?!< e <?f Khi<|W| Willi ili-'lr I" v \ of moral duly a i l political obligation, woald m c h tinge, ilo! ty tho rocog. nltmn ofthe ." miihorn confederacy, aad the uon*e-)uearo would bo a breaking n|i nl the l?l? ckado, and w should thu* have the iimrno and liiiniilialloii of doing for Urn confederacy, by our^i alertry, what it could hot <lo ft>r tlaeif?giving It a place among fTirlatlan nation*. It looked aa though Ureal Itritain wool embrace that toil,on of slave ti adore. If *n hud do< larad for ih? freedom of th<-alav * wc ahonld liavo had llic *yni|ialhv of all Fnrr'pe, but now wo had onl* their r orn, and moat only hare the anger of th? .tin ighty The apeaker aald It wn* ilie duty of lire President a i**u? n proclamation. poi for I Iki partial but for I bo tot il e nannpaih.a of tho ulavo, whit h should be <'insulated among al tho gonerala of tho army, who, together with their ? nmnndfr n t llief, should ho galled Upon to aid by ov.ry iimwii* In their |iowo. in carrying litoedoct surdi pronlama'ion (loudappiaiwa.) Tito reoult of thin wonld ho glorlona is^yonil oapicaa en. It would redeem otir country from It* derrnddlton and ml*ory. unite the whole North, and fill every heart with confidence. If the l'realdonl woeM noi lotto fill* atop, which would render h.m a hen*Oct?r to ha country and mankind, then tmgrere ahonl.l pa* a thl* inoaaure of emandlpetlon without a moment'* deuiy i It wn* now In their pownr to go an. and If arrlc^oni. we ' might emptor the enemy, prevent the recognition of tbg Houthera confederacy by the nationa of K.urope, and * j foreign war. A i A.

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