Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 5, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 5, 1862 Page 1
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TH "WHOLE NO. 9247. HHTMTANT fROM THE SOUTH. Operations on the Charleston and Savannah Railroad. Seizure of a Station Near Charleston. Desperate Battle and Defeat of the t> at t> i -n jvcueis near run ivujai itny. Reported Heavy Loss of the Enemy. Strength of the Rebels Near Port Royal. IPE INCENDIARISM AT THE SOUTH. LARGE FIRE AT RICHMOND. ABANDONMENT OF BIG BETHEL. The Rebel Army Becoming More Demoralized. IMPORTANT MOVEMENTS LN THE GULF. Occupation of Bfloxi by the Union Forces. Anoiuer figm iseiwcen ron ricKcns and the Rebel Batteries* I , Colonel Corcoran and Other Prisoners TransI ferred to Columbia, S. C., Ac., Ac., Ac. IMPORTANT FROM SOUTH CAROLINA. Desperate Battle Hear Port Royal Ferry? Tke Sonth Carolina Brigade Repulsed With Heavy T.oss?Occnpntlon of the CfcarleHsa and Savannah Railroad by Union Tooops?Arrival of the Isabel at Charleston from Nauaa, Sc., die. Important news from tho South la received in lati 4 sillmwiil ji I mi II and by goatlemau from that city, who arrived at Baltimore yesterday. Private despatches received at Augusta, Ga., from OktaalelUA <2 f Hat.,1 Tan.iarv 1 Cf nt A dVlflft tllA |? Unionist# attempted to advance from Tort Royal Forty, bat were repulsod by the Fourteenth ropiment of 8onth Carolina Volunteers, under ommand Of Colonel Jonra. Tho Confederate logs was fl't.en Villwtt end wounded. One Yankee was taken prfcsouer, but their leee ie not otherwise given. The following ie e despatch to tho Richmond JCzmminer:? victort in conn Carolina. Grarlutox, S. C., Jen. 3,1803. Fighting on the coeet commenced yesterday. thirlytn hundred of the enemy landed on the main, near Port Boyal ferry. They were met with the bayonet by two regimenta of our troops. The Yankees fled precipitately, throwing away their arms aa they ran. They were driven Mo their boats. The howltsers on the boats opened lire OB oar troops, killing six and wounding twolve South ta rolinians. The enemy's loss Is sbout the same. To day the enemy landed in much largor force at the nine place. Central Gregg't brigade fell back a fhort dielance to am eligible position. The pickets were skirmishing 8 day. Hie enemy design an attack on the railroad and cannot avoid a battle. Tho Richmond Rtnminrr, under tho head of "War Rumors," says:? There wero various reports during yesterday of incur has of the enemy in Western Virginia and of an advnnco movement of his forces In the direction of tho Greenbrier %rings. Tho Western country has been left, by the transfer of our forces from there, in a dofencclers condition, and slmnld the enemy be able to make any serious demonstration before the spring there will be but llttlo to oppose him. The reports roforrcd to above are, how| dver, probably exaggerated. If not entirely sensational. Later In tho day another report obtained circulation that a battle bad been fought In the neighborhood of Vtort Royal, S. 0., and that the enemy, who were ad-, srancing inland, had been repule?d and a great victory fend resulted to our arms. This report, although not authenticated by any despatches received at tho War Dopartmeat, obtained considerable credit last right, on the strength of private deepatrUce, allogod to have boon recalved In the city giving ntvacconnt of tho engagement. I We are not disposed, however, to credit tho report with- i Cat further and opro dlatict confirmation of it than yet j P. l.-^BInce the foregoing paragraph w?* *J[,lll0U we i have received a apeoial deapatch from our Charleston j Correspondent, ftally confirming the report, to which wo ' are happy to rofer the reader. iBtiWAI. OP THE BATTLE AND DEFEAT OP TI1E aiRKLS. Paeaenger* from Richmond, who left that city on the , td Inet., state that nrws had been received thero thi' j Commodore Vuponl tandert thirty-fit* hundred Iroopi on main tand near Port Royal ferry on R'ew Year'* nay. An engagement entucd in which the relele re. gmleed the Union Ironpi. On January 2d the atl mji ?km renewed wilh bdter wtcrett, and Genera^ Gvgg't j South Carolina hriycult vvm driven lack, toilh heavy Im , The Charier ton Mercury bee a despatch stntlug that a j largo lores m mana nu wnna mi mo isortu lollslo, and Ml zed railroad station N'o. 4 on tho Charleston mid Savannah Railroad. General I.oe lias informed JefT. Davis lliat ho i? oonfl dent of hU ability to prevent tho federals from advancing on Charleston or Savannah. The following diapalt h la dated Charleston, January 2 ? The steamship Ella Wnrley, formerly tho Isabel, from Hassan, ran the blotkado and arrived at Charleston at daylight tbla morning. She was ohnscd and ineffectually helled by the blockaders. She brings a valuable assorted cargo and passengers, including Mr. Ptsble, formerly a delegate in the Virginia legislature frctn the of Nd^folk. Mr. Diablo Is a bearer of important daftpa?jfe*f frpn> ifr- Yanccy, and has startod for Richmood. Colonel CWMWW ftnfl ? number of other prisoners grrlred safclg at c^iRlbla, 8. C., on Mew Ycar'ii Dot', E NE ,j . I . .mm . r IMPORTAN Operations of Our N: ( I \ il\r |/la k .?? ^feV. )_?>i r*SS..'S / ?... v ?iv ^ivuv -'iu" ?\?? a-7 ^0 ' ?*^'Vj yf2Ic.KHEAD CAWSEY \ ~ j|^- ^ \//.flc*DRy?wiS^P^js?\ La -..?i\jrvJ,,m,,?- BLUE VMOUSe V*. . Svg-\ * ?? ?r: ^\?>.,..? >* ' "^vjoj s? >?' ^ ~v?nn^Vi?N -> ' * ~"" /^vk> IB?. \M03AHAT^^^W?W* j a, '<*??0$'^/;i s-'aiaj;<J ^AVSHSV fe^^^'il'-ij i?%l 31? tiffPt&sQ m ? ^^f+\h'L *WiTxt^i9jjA&^=i> P?V a ^Jv ^^^ffwiifi^r t?fa& r^y-< "Z . "F'^TH 0/ we'i I? fc?im ii in i " ?"weww*^-M?j^i3kUAW?jC??;.a* IMPORTANT NEWS FROM THE GULF. OecapalI011 of Blloxl'ltjr I'nlon TronjisFlglit IIitavctit Fort Plrkcm and the Rebel Batteries? A Large Fleet of Union Vessels at Ship Island, &c., &c. A despatch from Iensace'a, dated January 1, s?ye:? Fort Pickens opened firo yesterday, but the Arc was not renewed to-dsy. Our batteries aro silent. The Richmond Ihtjntrk of the 3-1 inst. says:? "The Confederate batteries replied to Fort Pickens, ami the firing continued all day. No vessels wero engaged on either sidCj and no casualties occurred with us. Gonernl j Bragg was absent whilo !he cannonading was goingon. but Anderson was In command. General Bragg returned on the 21 Inst.; but. the federals did not renew the attack, and our guns wero silent." A despatch dated Mobile, Jan. 1, states that a rebel steamer going from Pcnsacola to tho Navy Yard wua fired u|>on the day pre .-ions from tbo batteries at Fort Pickens. General Hra;g's batteries replied, ami the tiring wan continued at the In?t account*. Sixteen war vessels are reported at Ship Island. The Richmond DitpaUh, of January 3, ears that a private despatch has been received here, dated Mobile, January 2, which slates that General Butlor in at Ship I.stand; also that the federals have nominal possession of Riloxl, and it is believed that they will occupy all the towns on the coast in that region. They captured two cannon at Biloxl. It la stated that they landed there from live to seven thousand troops, and it la further ruraorod that they express a determination to push foi ward their forces to Juckaon. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM RICHMOND. Disastrous Conflagration?Burning of the Theatre and Other Buildings?Demoral laatlon of the Rebel Army-Apprehended Attack of the Union Army?Our Forces In Possession of Big It.Uiol. Ar. It la reported that tho rebel force at Dig Rothet was attacked and defeated by Union troop*, aud that nig Bethel la now In our possession. It Is certain, h iwcver, that both Mngrhder, at Yorktown, and linger, at Norfolk, havo been largely relnforceil recently. The Richmond Pi'piich of tho 3d Inst, says:? "A private despatch was received yesterday from Centrcvllle by a prominent military officer now In Richmond' which says that Indications point to an attack by the federal forces at an early day on Gv insport, and tho probability was that an attack would also bo made by them on other points on tho Potomac >* A destructive lire had oocurrod at Richmond, burning tho theatre and othor valuable property. One of the returned Union prisoners has an oditorial articlo from a Richmond paper, which ho cut out and secreted In his boot. It gives an awful picture of the condition of the rebel army on tho Totomac, saying that tho entire army Is utterly demoralised; regimental drills have ceissd entirely, the mon spending their time Inusing greasy decks of cards. Croat numbers pro offering Inrg > W YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY, IT MOVEMENTS I aval and Military Foi Savannah Ra V VfNCE f ERR s\ J n-<zfu.Mtui- ?*?? \ .^zS^ L r, \ ^Wmsf-fBB^oA ^-y wii. U,,, y y ,u\n l ^ ^j,^p,\ VduT ^M ? I \ I \ - \ -,.Wv -V?' I ^>d?S^S|PBBra?3R "^oT?^W?uuA^i^ta;,-;.^l^y.QUQQ 1- Jailli.V>*-?.K!"-^ onWWh. nfirr'u"' v fc^^G&ILLE V *y >f .C^i'^ < ] lAnJ W-%- t"lO ... M^J^I,u? #jw ds0&tmFkj? pkrfis?' 3%L^??$g$JR5 \{ ^i\./aii?~3 / rn yr Abi. tfi^?t,?ls\i<ll iii;5^ " .. V"i"1'Wi """--.Si'- j!^,. 1 '"Hy.VUW ' i&z ,...\:r?<4.' K*Jjry wks &****$? 4-Mis% FtfS^THiWr " in r -n? -.2C. -lovooea? -.M-W.."** -? " .? in* for -t|lv litotes, and on<! h''' ""'f'1 *" ?!>*>. Tii c Uwr iu*c.< il.- : ; t? this t. sam <!v th <" 'il- #hH? '* t'?* 'l 0 cf the nrmy thai 01 .iin-ms eimmt go l>:'. 't-*'-1 who would . ui -1 iH'uig t?'? md I y th- dhcmiia;l""1 ' t ditlon of th" arm;.. The prisoners say their clothing and hoots wro loikt 1 upoti with longing eye by the rebels, especially their boots. Many were offered as high as twenty-live dollars j a pair for tlielr boots. c? Hoi is held lu Richmond at a uomr ana > nut a pound. The Nd7.n1? of Hie Cliarlesfon and Sn vannnli Rnllroittl by Vnion Trimpn. Tho C liar It's ton Mercury of a ro out dale publish's an account of the movements of Union troops near i'oit j Tt states that a large force of federal troops had f litndcd on tlio North Edisto, and seized Railroad Mat Ion No. 4, on tho Charleston and Savannah Railroad. The name of the station Is not given, but we presume II Is Adams' Run, CoHoton district, twenty-three miles south of Charleston. It Is a village of 150 inhabitants, and contains a chnrch, school house, Ac. The di spatch alluded to above gives a solution to tho delimit ion of the army and naval expedition fore shadnwrd by the Ifrnst.D correspondent on board the United States gunboat Mercury, at Hilton Head, under dale of the 3<)lh ult. Ho says:?" All is quiat throughout the fleet, with tho exception of the preparations attending the lilting out of tho launches and first and socond cut. tera of the flagship Wabnsh, and four light draught gnu- , bo-tt?, together with n Inrye number of troops, which are destined for Bull's Islaud?prcbabtjr Edisto Island, ! ui ar as wo can calculate. The ox:>cditinn leaves hero to. | morrow at an early hour. "Pic greatest enthusiasm exists among all engaged in tlic afTMr.*' Tie Jfojih fc>lifi?? river is navigable from UlU<n Head to Adams' Ron for vessels of HgTit draught. The seizure uf Adams' Run idacos the Union troops in pos?ernlonnf an invuluaMe strategical position, as It effectually severs tho railroad communication botweeu Charleston and Savannah. The water communication between Hilton Head ami Adams'Run is perfect, and practicable for vessels of light draught, General Loe, tho robol commander in tho Port Royal dls. trict, has Informed JeflT. Davis that hois confident in his ability to prevent the fndorals from advancing on Charleston and Savannah. The seizure of an Important railroad station would seem not to establish the rebel goneral'* assertion. Tn addition to General Lee, the rebel aolaiers arc under tho command of Ganarals Drayton, DeSaussuro, Evans and Donalson. Their force is no doubt superior to (he Union force. This fart should Impress our govern ment to send reinforcements to Goneral Sherman forthwith. Tho following is a list giving the names of a portion of the rebel force now In the vicinity of Pocotaligo, Beaufort and adjacent islands:? South Carolina First artillery, Colonel W. Do Sauesure. South Carolina regiment, Colonel .lames L. Orr. South Carolina Fourth regiment, Colonol Sloan. South Carolina Ninth regimont, Colonel Klanding. South Carolina Tsrelflh regiment, Colonel Dunovant. South Carolina Fourteenth regiment, Colonel Jones. South Carolina Fifteenth regiment. Colonel Do Saussnro. Charleston Light Dragoons, Colonel B. H. RuHedge. Mississippi Twenty fourth regiment. Colonel Cblbort. Tennessee Eighth regiment, Udonel Stephens. North Carolina regimant, Colonel Thos. I.. Cilngmsn. Georgia Twenty first regiment, Colonel Howell Cobb. Georgia Twentieth regiment, ffelonel II. Smith. Beaufort (S. C.) Artillery, Captain Davis, South Carolina battery, Captain Elliott. Gorman Artillery, Company A,Captain ?. German Artillery, Company B, Captain ? Added to the above force Is an entire brigado of Ten neesee troops?four or five regiments?under Brigadier General Andrew Jackson Itonelson. Hie are'mpanying map gives a correct topographical and hydrographies! plan of all tlio points named In the i above account. Tlie water route from Hiitou Head to ! Adams' Hum may bo rasl'y traced on tbo map. I RK H JANUARY 5, 1862. HEAR CHARLEST4 ces from Port Boya] ilway Stations. J,., J Wz^uiA^Sil'iiwOliTTOfti.t '? g&sT'f \/ ATT&Mt s A ^it?uivrtiww pjT. of 8 v?M $r> &V? JUr 4saa?? ?>'w!'/- ^ "WiP"" -MX.r A3 Sf mi'Aw*' J ^i5urfSlK',>,,,> ^ # I / curds yjnvF w??i--.. T'.r, ^IA. 1 y uni. WSV/UE f rt.|l \l\lV ES^A &/^^^U-'l"?' ,>UI I? yj/il "0 " AlV vyj'nils . viS-/byC??fi^.'fe=-< !!? :' ~ "eiaJ. -i- ^ --~S=a- r,^? Ott. i'liliii .if" IC<?'U4 C'?ii'rk|<niHlrnrri r.nxr<? K-? k; , ..h i. ;i, IS'".-' l it,,),, *i 1 ./ ? /. hm'ixt <>H thr MnuUticn of sl,,ll i ? ' 1/ -1 /, ?Rc'.U doing Into Winter Quart','*? Mo < In *4i,yUm at Ik* H,ulk, ?fc., rfr. I have b >:nre inu n copy of Hie Richmond Di*patc\<>t IlioSUth cf l). c tuber. Tlie rctiol* seem to bo terribly p t out of t'ino by the prudent course adopted by our government on Uio 81tdcll and Mason aflair. Jest hoar wliat lb i philosopher r.f the IHfpirt'* has to pay on the subject, tlx! how liin ill-concealcd chagrin at the course token by iho Nsw Yokk> leaks out in the following paragraph from his editorial column:? Th national htoiithplcce?the Heralp, and other organs of |.. blic opinion, hold out the ferocious menace that a-tor they havo auhjngatrd tho Smith they will avenge u?mso vos <i|tou i-ugiaua. vvnai a cuivnisjc an", mgn Hod turkey roolc. Tlircc worts ago Dennett wa going to whipull creation. Now, bo I* willing to take them <w<o at it time, and not lock horns with John* Boll tiilths fcouth is conquered. ^ In tho saino copy of thn i-atua paper othor bitter allu.-ions arc made to tho peaceful policy recommended by tho IIkr i.r> and adopted hy tho government. The la.est Southern new* is to the off' < I tho rebels at Manassas aro building oon.r?rt?b:o Imts thorn for winter i|uartors. They comm"i ?-1 lb r w ot n<nthe27(b ofDscombor, ami it istrl tout f . tr tone that they e.\|octtu be loft lu p?-si'#sU> . ??i-? ill-in all winter A largo portion of their ? ?? siwyl ul'en hack fifira CentrevlHo to Manassas. A powder mill at New Or lean ax; d on the ti'g'.it of tho 2Vth and was entirely destroyed. It was a govern, mcnt establishment and extort-ire The papers make no allusion to tho value of property de.> troyod by this dis

aster, but sl?nll!r naly mention that the tlrs w hlcb produced tho explosion was the work of an incendiary. Tho loss at the great lire at Nashville Is not mentioned, though additional particulars of the Arc are giveu. It is also ascribed to incendiaries. Tho burned district In Charleston is stated to be a parallelogram of 250 yards by I ,b00 > ards, that Is. over a mile long by more than nil eighth of n mile wide, con. vortcd into charred ruins. ino prico oi oramory doom mtirviuia ut pri-win if $20 a pair. The leather of old trunk* I* niado into alipjv!>r?. Clothing of all kind* I* acarce. Three Tact* go to nbow the vanity of the bonat that the North could not get nloag without the South. Ihe weather for the paat two day* down here Ins been vory cold. The canal ha* aotne Ice on It In tocalitioa, but tho navigation la not entirely rloecd yet. It la now evident that the Potomao will not frecxo thia year. Tbero will, consequently, be no fear of rebel aoouting parties croerlng to Maryland to rarege the loyal Inhabitant*. Oar Baltimore Correspondence. DauiMOFR, Jan. 1,1361. Recent Movement* and Change* in the Confederate Army of tho PUcmac?Whole Strength of tho Army 176,000 lroips?Explanation qf Oen. Rcauregard't Movementt Since the Battle <f Hull Run?The FOrtifictaion* cfCen trevillo?Gen. Jadexm Instructed to Prevent i he Reconstruction iff the Baltimore and Ohio Baitrvad, dr. During th? lMt ten days I have learnod aomo Interesting and valuable facts In regard to the recent movement* and changes of tho Confederate army of the Tntomac, end the present position and strength of the different divisions of that army, from tho same sources, which 1 may stato are perfectly reliable, I have derived s mn other facts (not mentioned below, becaiuo I am t>< t at liberty to mention them), which indicate pretty clearly the line of action which Gen. Boaurognrd has marked out f->r his wlntor operations. According to this authority tho Oonfrdcralo army of the Putomnc, so far from bolng reduced In numbers, tits been largely augmented clhrlng tho Inst six week?, and now em braces fully 1711,noo crt-ctlre troops. Tho most rf the sick, several thousand In number, have be?'h sonl down to Richmond. The eomtuMd of the cut Ire army of the Phtottae i< now vested In GeucraJ loan ERAI ON, S. C. i i 1 I?The Charleston and ' - V t< r^inl, tth w licn-'qrarUT* uro ?t CvntrevlUe. Tho i?'ily oi tlic army, amounting to 80,000 nion. In en. r I annul t:iut place. A xhort time after the b.?tU? 11 Bull nm General Beauregard caused a minute military survey to be made of all llie country lying between H? nn sue Junction and Springfield station on the j cast; Bailey'a Cross Roaile, Bull's Cross Roadg uiid Kalis Chun U on the northeast, and Vienna and Goose creek on tlio north. Tho result of title survey convinced hint that tho nature of the country, within it radius of seven utiles around Centievillc, wms such that, with proper fort ideal ions, It could bo rendered almost impregnable. An It was of the very Drst importance | lo present a barrier to tho advance of the federal troops in ! that direction, he rosolved to take advantage of tho natu! tal defence* afforded by the ranges of hilts between the Occquun river and Fairfax, and betwoea Fairfax anil i Gum Spring, for tho purpose of erect ing such a barrier. ' Tn order to divert the attention of the Union troops from this design, he pnsboit forward a considerable portion of his 1: iv ps towards Wn hington, until his pickets extended to J BprinjjilelU station, Railey'e Cross Roads, rail's Cross Rrads, Vionna, Hunter's Mills and the right bank ofI>lfll1 cnltcrqek. Then, knowing woll the real Importance and ex ! u. t vuluc of the occupation of Munson'R Hill, on the Udth |?i /AwgtiMt no mifw luiwnru m cvri'ii^ urvnuuuioiu mid t'Kik pop>?f??.?ioti or (hat hill, at that tipio only nonii milly, but not really, In the |<o*gcssion of tho Union troops. At that timo v e wore Indeed in poeso.-slon of Ball's Cross Hoods and Italicj *s Cross Roads; but these, as well as Munson's III1I itself, worn only picket stations. General McCIellan bad only been In command of tho army for about lour weeks. Ho had only commenced the groat work of tho reconstruction and reorganization of the army. Tlio numerical weakness of the Union army had become painfully ovldont; and only six days beforo Beauregard the* took possession of Munson's Hill the Secretary <>f War had i sued the celebrated order of the lfHhrf August, summoning to tho Instant defence of the capital all rogim nts'and pacts of reglmenls, whether armed and unlformed or unarmed and without uniforms. Ibo Union army of tho Potomac, therefore, was In no condition at that time to dispute with General Bee orchard the pussession of Munson's Hill. That general rotalncd it ae c rdlngly,and made a show of fortifying it. Differentregl. mcnts were drawn upon It day after day, and put through all the evolutions of tho line. Gangs of negroes wero taken thero and made to cut down tho sloping sides of tho hill, in the sttnio way that the sides of Federal Hill, tn Bal tiinore, have been cut down, so as to present the appear Mice <>I llnrrnrnmrniB. iwhiihi.n ...... u drawn up In those intrenehmcnts, and the guns flred repeatedly, m If Tor practice. Munson's Hilt being tn full view from the dome of the Capitol, from the seminary near Alexandria, from Hunter's chapel and from Fort Richardson, nil theso movement* were plainly seen by the Union army, which was Just what Beauregard wanted. He evcD went'the length of hewing two immense logs of wood Into the gUapo aud sizo of Carroll guns, bad them painted black and mounted on tho sham Vorks. While thus occupying the attention of the Union troops, General IKtt'ircgard was engaged in tho far mors serjous business of fortifying Cunt rev llle. Tim diligent labor of bis wlu'lo army for four weeks, nrnisted by that of thousands of blacks, brought thl* work to such a degree of forwardneae that on the 28th of r'pptomber, Munson's Hill, Bailey's Cross Roads and Bail a Cross lb ads woro evacuated by tho Confederate troops, who retired to the lines or Intienchmenta (found OntrsvllW. During the auccoodlng two months Beauregard's army continued tit) work at these intrenehmcnts, and they wore completed about tho 1st of Der.mbcr. It was to cokv hrato the complutk n of theeo works that the great review of seventy thousand men look plaro there three or four weeks ago, a brief account of which was published In the I Hkkali; at tho tiwo. The statement that anything like a stampeifn or any confusion whatever took place on this i occasion is antlrotjr without foundation. There was a , skirmish at tho outposts day. In which a few rebel soldiers wsfe killed ; but the review took place without Intoriuptlnn. All the troops under revlow wera wsrmiy ? and comfortably clothed, and their artns worn fo<m 1 to he,on Inaiaction by brigades two days prevlo-i* y. in j excellent order. Jeff, Davis and General g??epti R. John ' ston were both present it the review, and both ot'iupdlmcated Gen. Bc.tnfegard highly on account of the credi iD. PRICE THREE CENTS. able degroe of discipline and effectiveness to whtclT winy had ba^n brought. One part of ibo review coni is tod of artillery prarttcs, both with the large guns noanted on the works and with th? fleld artillery. This i*rt of the review evinced the ntsioet degree oi proiclency in the handling of thn guns, the letter beicg uadiMi.nredaud placed in different positions with great rapidity and exactness. The extent and character of these works can be easily imagined by those who have seen the numerous forte on the right bank of the Potomac, opposite Washington. Three of them?fort Bauregard, Fort Davis and Fort Slide 11?rival Fort Corcoran, Fort Albany and Fort Runyoa in strong!h and size. They all command roads that must be taken in order to approach Centreville, and cannot, therefore, be avoided in an attack on that place. They are all mounted with a complete armament of the iiATViftfit. SPliltneir ...Kl/th are a nnrnhflf nf riilod cann <n. Tiiera are also viz furls of smaller dtmenalona, tho oneton tho left being not far from Sudley'a F 'rd, near tho Gmn Spring road, nud the one farthest to the right being about half way between Fairfax station ?mt the Occn iuan river, at a point about two miles bolow Unl n Mlfy. Besid s these nine forts there are as many smaller works, thrown up for battories, each mounted by n suitable armament. In addition to alt tho above, thero is a series of concealed latteries and rifla pits, to all of which are assigned special detachments of the troops. Tli" troops composing the main b rty of this army expect to remain in their prebeut position all winter, ami have, therefore, constructed an immense number of huts, in which they hope to withstand the severity of a N'orthorn winter. There is no uniformity In tho constructs n of these, each regiment having made tnom according to tlicir own fancy. They aro mostly made of logs the size of fence railfi, being the trunks of small pine and cedar trees, with which the country abounds. The boughs of theso trees, together with earth, form the walls and top of tho hut. Most of tho huts are partly Bubterrunoin, especially those constructed on hillsides, or whore tho ground is Inclined. Tho earth which is excavated serves to form the sides. Theso huts have tho advantage at least of being perfectly dry. Tho ingenuity of the men has led them to contrive a variety ofstovos and furnaces, few of which, however,completely arswer the purpose. The old fashioned camp firos ara stiil tho chief means of keeping warm, h'o much for the main body of Beauregard's army. Both tho right and the loft wing aro more activoty employed than the centre. cm the left, (general Fvang commands at Leosbnrg, and General Jackson at Uartinsburg. To tho latter officer has been assigned the task nt preventing tho rcronstrucI ion of tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harper's Ferry to Fort Frederick (at the mouth of Back creek, thi: ty miles west of Harper's Ferry), and he he has been assured that he shall have all the troops that are necessary for that purpose. He moved accordingly frcin Winchester to Mai tinsburg with about 15,000 troops, and there are 10,000 more at Winchester, ready to support him it' need he. The recent skirmishes near Williamsport were designed by General Jacks' n to induce Colonel Izionard to cross tho river there, then to retreat before him until lie had drawn that officer far enough away from liio hftfin nf nnnrnHr.tra In cttrmiiiw! and h:m with JIT! overwhelming force. It will bow require the employmi".t of the whole forco under General Banks to drive General Jackson from Martinsburg and to clear the territ ry through which the road passes, so that (ho latter can be rebuilt. If this is undertaken, Jackson's force, if insulliciviit in itself, will bo relator. e?i by the Confoderato troops at Leesbttrg, and thus a genoral engagement may be brought on. Gonernl Evans has ten thousand troops at and near hersburg, and ten thousand more postod on (ho right hank of Goose creek. Thus Boanregar.l's left wing coii*istt of forty-flve thousand troops. 'flic right wing of Hoau regard's army occupies that part of the country extending from the right hank of the Ocoqucn r.ver to Aquia crcck. It consists of about fifty thousand troops, nearly half of whom nro regiments which havo arrived within tho last two month", 'the headquarter*of this division of the army it at Dumfries. Numerous streams run through this part of the country. I emptying Into tho Potomac. Tho names of th" |>rincif?.?I ones a o O'.inntico creok, Powell river, Veabsco river and rhopawamsic creek. The banks of all tbeso ai o steep and high, so that even when tho streams are nt a low stnpo of water thoy would greatly impede miiitary operation*. They are all well fortified, the Oocoquan river itself serving as a baso of oporatiens. Diiastrnus Fire nt Richmond, TOTAL DESTRUCTION OK TOE RICHMOND TUKATKE AND OTHKR BUILDINGS. [From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 3.] Yesterday morning, at a quarter before four o'clock, w p TS'm passing the Richmond theatre, on the corner of Seventh and Broad streets, saw flames issuing from tlmt building and gavo the alarm of fire. In a vary short titno tho wholo structi re was enveloped in a sheet of Came, and when the engines arrived upon the ground U w l- lounu 1 mponn i uio vj u i inucn emu 1.1 inn I'HUHII. ill iu save the adjoining property, l'be lire speedily communicated to the block of buildii gs on the < usi j the thst of wtii h, occupied by David A. Drown,saddler and hat nets maker, ond by Mis. Joikson, mantua maker, was entirely de.'troyed; Win. li. Davidson's Ilut< 1, the next tenement, wua partially burnt, and the clothing More ol' N'. W. Kelson, nlj iulng, somewhat datnaccd. the ns.f of the brick building on Uriu o street, below s eiith, < wned by llr. C. Thomas, occupied by Thomas Laws ti and John M. IJndsay, t ok Ore, rind the furnltitre war moved out. No great damage was done bete, except by w i >r and breakage. Mr. Lawson, who was s:ek la his house, wa? reu ovod to the residence of I>r. Rolton, tn tho neigbboihood. Tbo rear wall of the theatre fell a id cru?heJ two small frame buildings, owned hy O'oen Si Aden,one of which was occi pied by wm. Wl'dt, mauuf.u tur.T of iniiita-y buttons, atrd rho other, wo bolleve, us a paint sh .p. This property was not v? ry M . J. 11. Hewitt, manager, and Mr. R. Og kn, ono of thou to s, were asleep In tho oflico on the so o: d floor ( f tit) i f the theatre when the flro broke out. nnd did a a wake until it was close upon th in. Tuny rushed d .wo s'uirs with R .ch clothing as Ih y could hastily, but returned again to save a sura of money (about idOOl which Mr. Hewitt had locked up in an c- ritolre. They cnuid not accomplish this, however, an had a narrow escape thems-lvcs through tho flames, hatb having their hair singed, And Mr. IT. being sovcre.y burnt a tho fuco and hands. The escritoire was afterwards taken out through the wiudow, which was reached by means f a ladder, and was about the only article saved from Ute building. Tho theatre was undoubtedly set Are to on the stage. and, perhaps, in several places at the same time?at least this Is a reasonable inference from the rapidity vutii which it was consumed. There were no flres made Irrtbo stoves on the previous uight. It is true there were hi mi' discharge s of musketry in one of the plays ("The i>"K run vti? mi. wwwu, ***- mwiiyi , remained in tho Green Itoom for in hour Mid a half after the performance clsed, and had there been a y tiro reselling from that cause it would hava devolopod itself before he left. While the thoatra was burning ono of the members of the orch<?t:a went into Uto nllejr b low the theatra with a view to saying somo of the musical Instrument'. and found n window open, which wa are assured, was closed the night previous. It Is stated that a negro man watfoehto jump out of a window Into this alley, but no oQVrt wn* made to detain him. At three o'clock Mr. t'rone,of tho night watch, passed the buildli'gand found evorythii g quiet, and nothing to indicate the approach of disaster. In loss than en hour fW>m that tlma it was in flames, lighted, wo doubt not, by tho torch of an incendiary. The theatre Is a complete wreck?nothing lert but a portion of the walls. All tho yalunble scenery, tainted by the elder drain, Get*, Hedge, and Italian artists employed by George Jones ;all the wardrobe and "property," including somo c islly furniture and decorations, rich otl paintings and .stool portraits of celebrated dramatists: manuscript plays,operas and oratorios, all ore Involved in the common destruction. Miss Jennie Tay'or the custodian of the wardrobe, lost about $ 1/200 worth individually, while llie whoto stock wardrobe uudr her carepart of which belonged to Kunkel k Moxley, and pari to Mrs. McOill?was probably worth from $4,000 to $0.< 00. gcino members of tho company I st quite heavily-. Messrs. Ogdcn and Patton several hundred dollars' worth in books nnd wardrobe. Mr. I/iehnmn, leader, and others of th? orchestra", lost between $Too and 4400 in Inst rumen in and sheet music. The instruments dsstroysd were oae ban* viol, three violin.*, two *rencn norr.s ana i wo drum*. Thome* Hal*tend, mnrhlnl t, now Inserviceat '(ilo c Bter Tolnt, and Frank Hlers,stagecarpenter,each loft to $4< 0 in tools, fcr. Mr*. EHxabcth Motiill, the laet owner, purchased the theatre in May, 184?, Tor $25,000. when property, particularly of ihit description, would not command its value ni public **1o. Since that period many oortty imppovenioiite have been made upon It, and we suppose that $60,000 would iffit more than make good h*r lone. Her liiHiraiice I* $36,000, divided among live office*, a* follows:?Albemarle, $6,000; Jcflbrson, $6,000; I.ynchburg Hoec Company, $6,000; Merchant*', $4,000; Richmond Kir* As*ocla< ion, $0,000. The theatre was bulit in 181$ or 181?, by Mr\)orChristopher T'-mkir.a, for a Joint Block company, under whoca control it remained until 183$, when It wa* purchaaed by Col. 8. S. Myore. It was kuown, until recently, as the "Marshall theatre." The season lately Inaugurated bid fulrto bo the most profitable In It* history, bet Ma career h ta boon suddenly brought to a disastrous termination. Wo learn, however, that It lathe purpose or the owner to rebuild ad soon ns circumstance* will allow. The building occupied by Mr. Brown, on the east, wa# owned hv Mrs. .Isirtes Bawling*. The lose I* shout $6,000: probably insured. Mr. Brown, we are Informed, saved the larger portion of hie stock. Mis. Jackson's loss may be $1KH>. J. M. hvnmnan, the owner of the building occupied by W. H. Davidson, Is Insured foe $4,000 in the Mutual "flics, urhiri, u ni nrobablv cover his has. Mr. Davidson lose* about $2 000. ou which th^re la a suinll insurance. N. W. Venn's house la Ineorea ar $?.00o In the Motoal, and hit stork Tor |8,000 each In tho Marine and Mer? chant?'. H? loses hut little from Are or water, though In muring it great many artlrlea were stolon. Th# kitchen, worth nhont $250, was burned. His loss may be set down at $750. _ Bit; or ,t: Haiisor, and other occupants of tenements on Krtenth street, snflbred some damage by the removal of their stock and flirnituro. ^ The only lire* lost hy the conflagration ware three dogs, tied In the yard In the rear of Brown's saddlery. A vast nnmber of pereons aaaemhled yesterday to view th" ruins, ninl, egesot In a few nncharltable Instances, the owns a general oppression of regret at tho loss of that "popular Inautntlon," the theetre. Newspaper Accounts. (From the Norfolk Pay Book, Jan. 1.1 Niftim ls, Dec. 31, ISA!. A special despstch to tho 1/mtSvlllS Ormrirr frotn Hop. kin?vlllo enys tlikt Pol. Torrent's cavalry?about noo strong?and' Union cavalry?about the asms n'jinhcr? Iniet at Facrsmcntt), on Orcen river, on Patordsy,whm a Skirmish ensued. About fifty Unionists vetrs killed, IfUNTlNUBD ON EIGHTH FAGC.J

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