Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9250. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. r ~' i How the Rebel Steamer Isabel Ran the Blockade. , i Despatches from Europe to [ Jeff. Davis. LARGE CANNON SENT TO YORKTOWN. The Rebels Acknowledge the Federal Blockade Effective. The Rebel Newspapers oil the Cotton Question. PECULATION IN THE REBEL ARMY. PROVIDENCE AGAINST THE REBELS. A NAVY TO EE IMPROVISED. NAVAL ENGAGEMENT NEAE MOBILE Aft) Al'tj wi TVe continue ths publication in the IIfrald to day of copious extracts from lato Southern papers. A perusal of them will afford much interest to the reader, and will give him a pood idea of mattors in rcbeldom and tho plrit of tho Southern press. OUR BALTIMORE CORRESPONDENCE. Uai.timouk, Jan 6,1S6'.\ Arrival of the Isabel at Charleston, Jan. 2, from Nassau?Pcspatches from Europe to Jiff. Davie?The Emperor Napoleon on the I'oini of Acknowledging the SonJhirn Confaleracy?More Powder Mills a> th' Sua:It? A New Cannon foundry in Georgia?Deft nee* on th* Rappahannock River, dc. I telegraphed to you briefly last night the mniti facia of the important intelligence which reached Richmond r u 'ho 2d of January, and which was brought here-yes . terday by gentlemen who left that city on tho 3d. j proceed now to give the details of tho news. The arrival of tho steamship Kiln Warlcy, formerly tho Isabel, from Nassau, had been expectod at Charleston for more than a week. Aftor the etone-ladon vo. sa!s had been sunk in tlic harbor, it was feared that alio could not get in, cvon if she could fucceed including tho vigilance of the Uuiou blockading vessels, which were known to be cruising near by. It was known, how vei, tl at t he had <>n hoard one of I he oMwt and most Ti 1R r I o Ec r t f*p Jo I ~ on tie Southern coast?a man fatmiiaj with every creek, sound and inlet from Cape to St. Augustine?and it was hoped that he might succeed in running her in. The event proved, indeed, that it was owing to the skill of this pilot, in a great measure, that the steamer ran the gauntlet in safety. Sho nriivcd at Charleston soon nfter sunrise on tho morning of Januai y 2, and commenced unloading her cargo immediately, Tho latter was brought over from Fngland to Nassau in one of the si earners that were loaded at, Liverpool some time before the Queen's proclamation was issued. It consists in part of iron and brass i dled cannon, guni-owder, drugs ifnd small wares, such as are greatly needed at tho South. The Klia Warley brought several porsengers from Nassau, some of \vh m aro direct from Europe. Among the latter Is a gentleman who ta the bearer of despatches both from Mr. Yancey and from the agent < f the Confederate government in Pari* to Jell. Lav to. Tho nature of these despatches, of course, was not known. Their toner mav ho interred, however, from that el n CPrate letter to a gentleman tn this city, winch wan ought over in tho fame steamer. Another new powder null has j est been completed threi miles from Raleigh, N. C. Mr. Waterhooae. nil ol.l and experienced powder innmtfacturer, has charge of the works. A large stock of material had been provided ho forehand,and the manufacture of the powder was l> ing actively carried on two weeks ago Tho powder made here is of s.ipxrior quality, having been test d in a variety of wave. A largo foundry for easting heavy ti.onon ha? been stab ished at Kt-swa Furnace, a rtatioti on the Atlanta and Chattrnooga Railroad, in t.rorgia. The uelgbbo.hood for miles arn aid nboi uds in iron of the brat quality, and there a o rnrr f its lor ao s in the vicinity. On the 20th of Ik'cember eighteen heavy rilled Armstrong cannon wore sent from Hieum nd to Cenoral Magruder. They went hy railroad to T'amnnky, and wro to be Wagoned thence across the country to I'rbana, a distau-eeftwelve miles. Tiio toad la s.tul Pi be In good order, and heavy ??fni ven ntadyto transport ilvm. Their ibi-ii'iaiion is somewhere along the right bank of tho Br.ppahanncck river, probably near .7o:ir*' pi.jut. There have been a niiinber of batteries erected In that < vicinity, hot the guns mounted on them have been hitlicrto of light weight and in'-stly smooth b.iros. Three of the bra-s canto taken by tho On do lerate s &l the haft!-' of Kdwards' Ferry, October 21. have been I -Von to Richmond, where I It y a on exhibition, tuns isa James rilled carinou. and tho others are mountain Lov .t ?-fl They were made at tin Sprlngfli Id irsenai. Th" Richmond IH f at a of .Ian. 3 contains a telograuhi ' despatch from Col .mbla H. C., dat -d .inn. 1, saving tint ? II ?l rtarn .?- for.. Mm. ?l..n n ..In: f .l <V>rcnran, arrived tl.oat) that di.y lr> rv trr'ti, tin 1 were 0*11 rted to jail hi that < tiy by tbu rebel guard. NEWS PA PEE ACCOUN f?, TITF. SOUTHERN TA: IFF A MfTTT. THE Kl.bKLS ACKMOWLKPOK THE FKDKUAI 'BLOCKADE EFFECTIVE. (Film the PArhni illy Kxiimlni-r. !>? < . ."?0.] 77,> iit unfa Si lh>rn hit iff en imi<rta'wnr in a time ef t>tn< kade'and ear, i'j 'hew tal.urdnnel iml rit* one that hat la tit/"fin t>it 'A" SrmlJumhmin Tin- hoy who put a atone In ono cud of hie ha* and thacrntn the other to (50 to inM, an I could give no better rcaroti for the practice than It' ll daddy lu?d dime en before him, w a trio f "f the to 11 them staleum n whn etme ~it? I the yt -n of i?iii.< s.nn n f'trtif ?i/?/n a I ekatUtl cumno r> , und wnceo beet reas n f r th: met uro in the fact tin.', o r lunaters at the North hive 11. way a lo\ ie 1 in. ItTa ht(cN nr. The only rtf atiwjtt that tJ>t j? bite enemy hare yit trnWdod acvoi.t u? vt t? nj* n of I > kade; oni, eafar, neither cotttfmlin,,cnuil</, MrUctnumeh p nor pi ute hoe imitlnl <1 rm te m a nit jor i/s eunntfi tion. Nay. tfca South has not a vn c nti'tit with n aaolit inactivity on Uic auhject. -t he ha* boon ytiilly of the weakBCM of aiding the li.mck.nle by a tarlll value 1 im revenue, which prolucca no gt? d pINkI, und whb h putt the enemy it mic e - ? m coiorcing that nmxirt bovond peradvi ntnte. It'tl? wiacot m n of the woidl liml been calle l ii| oi'to nauiei-'he mutt iujurio.ia menca 0 of com. merclnl |K)lh y which llio t 'Uth could a>lopt.during the Iirogre?sof the vmr.i'O would have tiy;,eeiwiikr tariff1 upon blockaded lot) o.Tatha ?. lor tho tlectual biouk uling fan *1* . riv.nt twin ? "\11 a 111. . v ! /ft. i't it r# mil t il ImL a t irllTat d a . i ioni Hou a -vstein t'leuler but men. uru thoroegfily oltrtkr. Tho world vita met*.'(dot the nev? that the North*in rwt.'i meet hod ia> ?<! their tariff to high promotive flcnw it watt etna*. d and chn gritted tonr?r that ih -oi.tli, from jn>rr hnbit nf imi'nWon, u nt c inta'tted tlioC dly of lay Ih?a tar it pen hlorknded Imix riail'SM. Tito o?'*t of in ayaiiia: I ?* in conducting n otidrahnnd commerce would not bo half pad by inpeiung tha '.aritr. Th<i Insurance, even " trlUiaui tin iiliKlnn nf an import <1 at/, would to mora than < |tiiva> ti the high protective tariff exae'ed by tlw North The higher priasi obtained for inip.r.sti"iis At the S?>?i11* tli'in 11 the North do not rum h lavtr than make up tin* difon n. a <>i insurance. The l:lot at* i ju* -i ?.? fw virnr Nxt?> tknn one. m d no mm "tret thvuUI he t Wjitfaf to lirtnk it dott-v It not man-ly rulers all prices and product* a gi rn nl scarcity it tintoi.tti, hut It no'irlalen a most etteneivI system of an. i gtli'p o?*e?e ottr Jlorthei n frontier. Kvnry doll*'s worth of goods ttm gg ad from tlv Noi ih into the yonji rtfxt pay* thirty or forty rents ?<' duty Inte the publr treasury of the'enemy, ettj tl en pays as larg< a prolit ta tho Northern vendor of tha smuggled Roo ts. Smuggling supports tha Northern ticnsv y end eurlchen tt.rNoth ?TH |>eii|ile, and ovei y lo. th?:i man orwiged jn the business ugbt to he at reeled aitJ liAngcd as worse faan a fpr. IT, oo tl.e e. .ntrary, goads oro in ported directly frvm I fnrryn co'ttdrlea, tito merchants urd i-ranwui making the venture tesp the wbrnt prolit, and urn stre. itth'nedand i tempt" ! to further tri lls In lin t, by (lire Importa i lone, wo are enriching onr friends, whereas, by smug R'ltiR, we arc pamper ing onr anemii po'i ic and private. I Smuggling <*ha :-ts u* of onr specie, while 'n brisk trade i n lot(di.ii trade would reeult only in enabling ua to sell I onr roti on. ! Ii ' ' have re vired t,i my persnnslone to induce (lie t mill l>oy tr le-n o tt,o steno at. home, ami to divide his i Corn Iv-tween the two niiie of his bug, M tho pet would t 1 ha\ e Impcai bed the wl-< loin of da Idy; and tor Mtppere it | I >y?tV< ttn/th' y (hot th* f reeePt (' t or .n, mod* up of at.a nf J f ttu , <M. it! nf nt t<< 1'iirt with rfdr/in./ biitlitirit i t ft' 'd * month pr two iDoi o howi ver en l wo al.all J I E NE NEW "S iavc a Congress of new man, scorning the past and its nllias, born of tho present crisis and aqual to Its emersnctes. rHE MASON-SLTPELL AFFAIR IN REBELDOMENOLANll'S CHOICE?COTTON OB REBELLION. [From the Richmond Dispatch, Dae. 31.] 11 seems ijuite clear, from all we can see, that, conrury to what was at flrst believed to be the fact, (lie tritish Minister at Washington has presented no demand or tlie restitution of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, nor, as ar as we are able to judge, is it at all cortam that any uch demand will bo presented as long as the present ninistry continue in |xwer. Lord Jolrn Russell has too ifteii cringed to Yankee insolerce to leave any hope that 10. at least, has any care for the honorof the British flag; ind the powers at Washington evidently knew with whom they had to deal when they committed Mason and tlldell to a Yankee prison, instoad of returning them to u Kritish ileck. If wo aro to believo tho london Pout, Lord almersb n's organ, the Kmpc or of the French has al. ii.k. ,n'.? .ui i,? o,,.i o t,,.u i,? ,, ,r he very first offer. Tbe same paper tells its that "lb j natter in dispute is a legal quostiou." And so is a blow n tbe faro, or a tweak of tbe nose, but, as private iudi rtduais, when I hey refer such offences to tlio derision of i legal tribunal, are g nerally content to t ut thoir honor n their pockets, so, we presume, tho Ministers of t'no Jritlsh Queen lmvo determined that, so far as the sonor of the Crown is concerned, it must bo left to shift or itself. "Tho Attorn, y uud ,Solicitor tieuorals are not nfaliibie; they may l>o wrong, una it does not become ho greatness ar.d majesty of England to involve tho vorlu in war on a point of law, reii>cctiug wlilt h the tn -st irofoi.ud lawyers differ." This is stopping down from a tlgh horso w ith a vefigeanee. Tlie Loudon 7'ine* Uud just loforo declared that, before ibe qucstii n could even be ouchod, tho honor of England must bo sate Hen by the estoration of Messrs. iilidell and Mason to the deck of an "i.g'ish vessel. So far as wo aro able to judge from tho ixtrai t published, above, It does not appear oven that t demand for restoration will bo made. Atth rerg innrunt when the Ynnlrss are pr eparing tocomplg wi'Ji any d uattd the British girernmtnl mat/ ma' ?, the British ao-enirunt puts its lienor in the hands of tin: lawyers, and goes tn atcf r its character, like an alderuian. who c rejnUation hai e.ui assnileil, or a play ttrior, who brings his action f (Ir/rnncti' n against the proprietor of it iinropos of tho umpire cleson 011 the occasion, ttio drt goes 011 to say, "tho Emperor of the French utving offered himself as a mediator, the obvioi s info ' nco is iiiat lie will not joiu England in a war with Ame ica. And this is precisely the principal cause of Lord 'aim stou's present attitude in faco of tho insulted (lag if li s country, lie onco before attempted to prostitute he honor of the nation to tho desire U>please the Empc or i f tlic French, and would hnvo succeeded lu doing thadnotihe Eiigiish people forbidden tbs desecration. There is. however, tn England, a power behind the bri no much greater than Lord ra:nierstou,or than ttio jiioeii who sits upon it. That, is tho British nation?tlie rimdest, a .d let us add what is but bare justice, tbe {real est people of whom we have any account. Sensitive : > a dog ee almost reprehensible upon tho point of honor, we conceive it to be hardly possible that they will subnit to an insult ho palpable, so direct and so outrageous is that offered by Captain Wilkes to the tiag which is uuu I IIU.; .IIIU r,? " ?? Hi?n-?,r u.ig iw: t'l heir poets proudly and justly tells us has wiihsti od'-for a : how-midyears the battle and the breeze.':Thorehavi: he n uher history many instances of attempts on tlio part of niuisters and kings to degrade tint flag: hut nut one iu whi h the attempt, has not been visited with quick tnd signal retribution. The last was when this very minister attempted to make it the tool of the French mpcror, and what followed haptient-d so short a time igo, and is so well known, that it needs not repetition aero. When they read the significant hint conveyed in .1.0 parage jus! quoted from the Post, that Eiiglatjd must tot demand redict-r for an open insult to her flag, because he French Emperor will not join her in the war which nay ensue, they will he apt to ask how long it his hoot liuce their Queen beeamo (ho vassal of Napoleon 111. In i majority whii h duties estimation they sympathise with ho poplc of this c uutry,and bad thov been awaro of hr oppression which thn noutra'lty of England worko 1 ;|ion it by cutting it off from ul! hope of obtaining aims uid munitions of war from the English manufactories, .villi? it opened them to our enemies, they would long in: e have insisted upon tho prohibition to export these ijtides, which tho ministry only thought of when i hay o.'.ti'J 'hat Eug ?tt'l was about to be deprived of the (.c-uiit of ecli-deftutfs. It i- i kur to us thai, ofitr all their h'fiiatinu and sat f the im honor, 'hr ntinitlry will b <y?nr*Uel to' re iijti or to bieak up the lb rkadc of our forts before th frit of hint next. Tho nation is not afraid of bonis Napalcon, ill hough Lord Palmoiston may he. Th~ nation must hare he c foil that n- to litt land lucked in the Confederate Sta r,- , i it nail break out into r'beliitn. It will not submit to be tarved upon a punctilio, and the ministry will And it, when roused, quite as formidable as the Fromk Emperor, vhulevrr thev tnav now think to the c mtrai v. As to implying theileiicicniy from India, tliat is a'together nil of tl.o question. Tlio India staple is short, nm i>e, iml so entirely different from th American that it .an :ut lie worked up l>y the snmo machinery. The machhic y already erected for m.uiuiaoturing goods from cott. il coBt llfly millli ns of i?ounrl? sterling. Voles* American cottou can bo procured it is useless. To work upon India cotton other machinery to tho snmo extent mutt l>t substituted, and nu Eliglifth Journal to.Is is that ould not bo done in a year. Wbilo the grus? is growing iho toed is starving. What will the three millions of people connected with, and dependent 111 uti. the cotton manufacture bo doing in tho tuoantime while one set of machinery is being pulled down and another put up? Wo ine arguing the point i|>on the kjfpellUlk UMkt the mipply from India should be e.pml in quantity to the demand. This every man who ever examined tho sub eel knows l.> be Impossible. The State of Georgia alone, a few years since, pro Inoed more cotton than was furnish od to the manufactories of Great Hritam from all otlnr sources thuti th i* Confederacy. Thiqu.wiion is a very llwple M| Mi the time is coming WMfe it must befit M, Shuffling and ci|tiivocaiion will not do longer than the beginning of next summer Grnit Britain must thm hat: iiur colli n, or tin ?e/yo a rtmluti'tt bltd upon th' nanl of "ic comtntm tiictva it* of lift;. J ho ?-? /d' rnv? hav- it. vr mad thirty^ or mutt-rise upon the jov.mmenl. Lord I'almerst.m knows this as well as anybody, but tho Yankees ewv to have per-nailed htm that tiny will open thejmrt* tad f-end the cotton. Other*, i*, we presume, he would liave done it long ago, and ih'ra prevented much blcntt.iio.l end a vast deal of ill-feel tig. A RF.IIEL VIEW or "n I.YONS AND MS. I [From the It tin tunnner, liec. .in.] It it tn be feared th it /.on I.., as htl altn.i 'it /t inftlfU. If < tUtritM tiSeuard. U wc.rcieariy the intention of the I'ritishCabinet to in ike it peremptory demun on tin ?abject of the Trent. If tin newspaper rorrespi ml. ni * Sew York journals are lo lie credited, the Hrit sb Mui.j . - ... <i- ... ... . I.. ...... I r-.. , f(I L. It'l 111. ? .11-111. . u * ?- ' IK'lll r?.. . ... maud, aid lift.--. hud several amicable oonrDrcncw with oho tudeial Sc. leiary of state on thi \cry sih w t i f this v.ti;?ko. The new of melt a htato if thing* will go -ti> aiir| ria - lite Iki'ish jmbllc. Wlillo John Hull - Jbo roughly hel'igorcr,' and intensely Insulted. l/.rd Lyon* i* fa. iticaiory. willing to hob-nob with Seward owl st l<ait the Vanki o p.iulio. 'the explanation of this c nduct < f her Majesty*' .d tar seems lobe this:?Scon nflcr gcttfrnr a'vires i f th< 1,(11.1 hi the Trent, Mr Seward forwarded to Mr \dmn". at l.nti on. a declaration that the m t of Wllkrt? ... < on. lultt d without Instructions fr> m bin gore: mr,at, t'.it it was regrotted, and tlmt the position of ilie w ivhinrt' ti govo- utnenl on the s b im i w*i ttld in t ho host,.- or iiii rnr ilcahlo . Whether Lord 1 yon." via-- informed ia ' t in > rf the tenor or t hero despatches docs l.otnpi*-nr. 'iii. | 'i..i bill!y is bo was H 'i'-ctivin r a*r chtiact'Tif'i of Mr Seward. AVhen ln? call-1, ihoro . e. th'-otber'tluy to prcu lit the demand of the lk it sit Mi: u<try, on itrmiiii citip that to he his p. n < ."o,l.o a !nv nislied rbat,f> ft>ro di lug so, the federal Peer-tar;, w mid like to inform him of what hail already he ;i dune m the pr inlet'* Tie re con were exhibited It. do ;.at lies which inu'crossed on the ocean, tic so rectixe i hj hm, sell', the tenor of which war so decidedly ? ..k-kn. edas Induced h in to withhold bis demand and .walt further avKfcoe. If tie e partlcti'aiS he tr o, if U r/ear .'fc" Veuririf hct ttmrt the Orit.'rh Gtinnet, ami tike tp/rr h in</ of .//"?/ >! I.yan*. If Knglaud desires war send to make tlx- Mason Slldell attair the ramtt 'JwVf, she is In a very is.r way to ho d'-'appointed. Seward Vh seccee ed in waking the ra*c etio of negotiation, wHch, Itself is altiH "I equivalent to eonvertinK the warovt r Into ouc of It dialect ii .< rather than of ordnance If forced to .niply * lib the demands of Kugland on th" rnhtnet. he hus do |u ly?>i' the a. I if Hourly all its hiiniillM. .it hy jirol iny vo'oULai Uy tOi'o what n ay he advance i t ., demand. Il'nr Maern Ureal liritnin aa l i. A'..itka'an arty itt'i i*\n rUetii : but If the recclaltim* of the '.'ortlie it r.-ess In regard to th he trno, the nsiotisilile |4r?>W4 ami fvc.ifion < ( war la not likely * > bo thismitrape rpoa Ibo .1 rent In th>? matter the pun will be bueiei Jinn lh'' nw, THE llUTIKS OK TUB T1WIS. r?"rom Ibo llloliiiiond Kximnior, l>ec .')< .) To priiawnto tto revolution to a attcoeoi/rl rr?ut,it may l>e MrcaanrjrlM* emigrate to tin aouiethltig tn thu. I'HerrUa ot It* n?l dlecrutten, nntl Irruete Inr of Ilir tiui'n of ft'' Itmlt of <1 'I'ltrttin ut?. And >ne if thu il'iii-p. dotfbtleea of jiroAirtl m igmtinlo. la V cauir the wat to be vwired In earri ot w' timet havr ?-uniothiag worn tliui Hr. Hko nti<1 I ?-lo Tohy pau'oiiiim nt mmiMiii.i. ftwoarlug terribly kt Flandera or on liio I>ltornuc will-not re!i?*t- Maryland or keep th pil.a/i ? enemy fn in g. ttltig a il?r>|)rr inotlnht in Virginia. ,? ) "ft n Ho * trill tr it ail rr ft. VI < vr halt- t>? whilr b > y f<? ? a thi in tt fxrfrt Uiai/rnmi nf l/r m, ' iti/l/i/ fuh thnt IK* At rthrrn puftrt Criugre*'... before adjourning at il rilttg home te the t (VMtn.f dienei?i. ?b?e? 'a have at opted a nimwure to prevent Intelligence frorn k-ing eonv? veil to tboenomv tt cmtn'ry, ami prnylded a^amai i/n |mrgilull!v of feaeouali'e int re nre with Hr Norlli. Nf mm ?i mild h ivn boon t?k n Tor the deter urai gnrt ptiniebnetit o Hpirg ud ire lion hi our ml'tot, ami iinl?*H tnm be y t. arcompl ehitl, the tW? of ltiva?l<at mind eodyfinue to anil n until (liefalreat p?tlon.?nf liie Amth am dolugod in ? ?? I X.',........ ... ..'.'.....II. ... r..?n, All, 1. .<(/.. tht fvm>/. irbi'd wIth ci ecinl |?a?n|x.rt^; an<l Okay act in dor- v ducks to roll our Urave ilclnidcM within t nnxo <* th? k 'lule prop* ed f. r their deetnicikm, n* at Ttimics rille. II IcaJro the d ity of (on? roos to provide, withutit deny. M the rnaia'onaiiC" of the fugitive* ami miide < *U"'? have V<en folsrd by the enemy, ihi-- can r li ne wHftotit confiscation. ?o much opt" seal hy tbo it icfarlandrfaud Baldome. of the $ '<>0,niH) 000 Northern pitnl In tie Ji\ith. i' n Interest in lain# from th ' fund j \otild 1>" more tli\n e piira'hi to the incomes ahatnii tied iv oar poo] 1", and II ftonld he apiiropt Wed ace >rdi. k v. ill d.shared irlthnhl delay Already, we underijiimI.f-'xitirn parent*, wh IJuiV* tied Iront their iatati e, ire ii ftiiinlnn to dircrM the dpty one owes to liu: fctiuly o ,vcl! at hit country and e^no have even return I W YO rORK, WEDNESDAY, JAN t" iheir homes in Maryland and Virginia, rather than aco their l.ttlu ones perish from hunger under the auspice* of the Montgomery government. This has boon done, it is said, under askuranos from Washington that if they remain quietly at their homes their proi>?rly will be respected. If this be not a matter worthy of the inime riiate attention of Congress, tlnm CongreHH itself should cease to be classed among sublunary thing*. WeUliert but fnt,if tiny, mrmt.-tr of CongrrU or <f the Extcutiii Dtpar'mrHlt </ roixrnm V, hat* hail the liter rhahict commended lo their lift by the dvpoiliny en- m>j. Some few f the clei kr> have felt the iron in their sou's? and tIn so have the larg> at families and the smallest salaries. No w< n 'er, then, that u knowledge of these facts tends to throw distrust aud suspicion on the adromistrat.on,uud to produce dieud of the eventualitieH of the struggle for lnde|*udence. Tho President should lie in tormeti or nin danger. Men aro beginning to s.ty mat the policy of the g>>vei'nmcDt in permit! ing an almost unrestricted intercourse withth1 enemy a country, and a hesiation or delay iti appropriating the effects of ihe Yankees who are pillaging our people, with other e juivccal indications, areealc lated to throw doubt anifa e picion on the patriotism of roiuu of our public fuuclloiiurieg?or to produce the Impression that they lullv not avjjlimt confidence in the. final sueceil of i ur c-iuse; and (mt they maybe ci.-n malitatiw, the, means of neaping the jenaHies of rebellion, t.y j>i < during, in aitmnce, pleas f.r mercy; avl all this vt the ve.iy m .ment when our trace soldiers are sacrificing their lies in the amtruseadescontrived by traitors al Richmond? tea do. h who have hitherto ex; erieucod unvarying leniency from tho government. There are murmurs ihit, ! in the attempt to achieve Southern Independence, it ! should have be n deemed necessary to placoatv ru i Yankee over every Southern gcuri nl in (lie Held another i at the lioatl of the department whose duty it is to furnish ! the unmiunition with which to light the Yimko s?to take half a dozen Major and Brig niter Gonorti's, ami about twenty per cent of the lesser employee al the capital, and a large number of eon traitors, from tno abolition Hates. Revolutions nro epidemical. South Carolina led the way, and one after another the Southern States struck the irrevocable blow. And revolutions never go backwards. IIV will tut go back to the rankers<. nor shall the I'anteees c me here to rule as. I Ye will have Southern ituUf' wiener, a Southern goisrnrtirnl ami a Southern army, with Southern generals. FRAUDS IN THE REBEL ARMY. TltK COMMlt-SAHtAT. [From tho Itn hmoud hx.imiuer, Pec. 30.j In oiie of the "queries of the times*' which wo proposed 8'tno days ago, and which hoe very naturally remained tit 'answered, wo referred to tho loose and fraudulent arrangement ol' accuunls in tlio Comm.ssary Department of our armies. It is useless to continue the form of interrogation. The duly ol' an independent press is to expose abuses in a positive form, and not by tho indirectness of putting questions to witnesses whose interest it is to be silent. ul.i.ll n 11. >1, ,f i if ti, nvTita i n .villi ,v.a It I v,.>. Mil nr. it ,-leai new what we are satisfied aro enormous abuses in the Commissary Department, by which the stomachs of our arnij been totOcd for the gain and peculation of officers. It is well known that in the oM federal army llioro was u system ot bureaucracy auflicienl to demoralize any army in the world. Of course, in our 'pinchhack Imitation'' of tho government at Washington wo have adopted this among other elements of demoralization and corruption. The great object of tho b'lroitucratic system was to consult its indoor conve niences, aojl to have its papers in s'cli form a^ "vq square," without reference to any other cusiiicrain n of the public interest. It is exactly through this bureaucrutlr exclusiveness to "squaring papeis" that room has been aflbrded to (lie ingenuities of fraud and the public int"rcst sacrificed to the clerical conveniences of tho auihoritkr at Richmond. We luioe only to examine .for a moment, the patters and touchers in the VovuMltdry Dejxxrtm u to unco-.statist Jtul the gooeinm-nt has thrown the door o/ien, alrsnrt van only, to the most monstrous and -hantful frauds and peculations. Wo must, to dotcct the cheat, go to the foundation of tho Commissary's accounts; it commences there, and is built up, step by"step, as the primary papers or vouchers are consolidated. This founnatlon is the company's provision return, 'ihis return is madeout at stated periods, and, under the caption of ^rations," has separate columns lor cnumeiating tho quantities required of fresh b-ef, pork, flour,"'beans, rice, coffee, sugnr, vinegar,candles, soap and salt. Now, it is to lie remarked that this re ther the articles enumerated are furnished or not it serves as a receipt?and the only receipt?to the regimental commissary, who uses it as a voucher iu his cohgohdatcd provision return, which is ajum ug^d as a voucher by the brigade commissar*. Tho 7uctis, that a receipt is given in this way i'or articles which may never have hem given out, atui that this primary receipt, in its dill'ercnt forms of Odfisoiidallon, is the only vowiur reqniredlytkruoveiwiunt. For tlicr'o may be no colfee; yet it is charged in tho i orapuny a provision return. whith makes tho requisition; and this paper, making tito requisition, for tiie convenience ol "squaring papers''an-.l allording easy opiiortunitiea for fraud, is taken by the government as a receipt for all tlio articles it enumerates. Agaiu, there may ho no cotTbo ouo week and p:oLiy the next; but -'no barlt rat Ions are allowed,'' and the coffee will n< t be given out after tho issue has 1.nee K>< u enumerated in the company n provision return. it> sucli a system of vouchcis tho fraud is tuadc so easy of accomplishment that it may be said that the system actually odfers a premium tor it. To bo sure, tf the regimental commissary is conscientious, ho might mark oi l tho r.rticlcs cnutnoraleil in iho company 's provi-ion relit 11, ui I write' o ne, 'where there is none actually is.'tted. But if he chooses to charge tho government witli what has never been received, tho government has no courfo.or takes no course, but to pay it. 1 no management of the fraud requires, of course, collusion botwo.'u the regimental commissary and tho brigade com missitry. "lhat wall; it roipiiros nothing else, and collusi n between two men in a fraud, which is perfectly ctsyoi nccomidlsbmcnt, and which defies detection be yoml a system <fr vouchers an t figures that the government cannot atta' n t very diflieiiltof accomplish meat. Tim papers at Richm.iii I "square." Indeed,to make lb* papers "square," it is made more coovenincnl f.>r the cntiuilssary to cbargeforth: company's provision returns tllun not, ai d the system proposes a premium for fraud. Tlio cotiscqucuco ie, th to is no cheek on the fraud. ns long as Accounts square, ex? apt iu tiio coinpta-nis of th" p- ivate soldiers. and theso, of course, we .id ho systematically uiihr-'d -I, according to the most a iprovcil ayituia of the bureaucratic annulment rf public accounts. No invtit ion could he more complete to facititnte and \v mper fraud thin the system wehsve exposed The roI I ,|,ih ore complete tb.? vouchers are unexceptional)!#, the i npe; "equs Tbotccret of the fraud la lucked up in the stomachs, of 'be soldo rs. ll t err. ?y fi r tin ritrur rod ofutinary of pigt.r ttlrl I unaticm / llie sim 1c ratne iy would at one.- it gr< st It-i to the 'Vermin n; to and to expose ihcse frauds. I'lio remedy tr in fact as simple in principle as taking a ci, l for a sixpence. 11 m t ro i .ire receipts lo be givn only for wdwt it actually received. Hw tie i iii.; lit t- l! (I m a (ton -ml f?. m of i c-c I, t pule tut onvi-nn t n- tl tof the nr -s. : t ci inpany p cvl i n rot irn and In tl. ' roi o; tin receipt ill. o niighl he added a . mvi'.c" farlt'is<- i d frcm wlm h the tuisclala nd r< l-irns ?i.'In regn.imitatiil tlio brigade might oisiy he ma V i i h--d'c iritias again: ' fra 11 mo .1 easy ami ohv: i'ie ncg'i I 1" inso ilv-m hy the i ve nine .1 lain.. Iy m. n.t -prcl I. h a wanton and c iiiiiual enco.iriifi in ni f ni.i? *1 dishonesty anii p i.Union. THE fJEKHIJ*' l'HOMl'TINt! THE FEDK1IAI liOVKRNMI'.NT. fKrom the Itichni in< I-I-, utili, Jan 2.) Tim dc f|i tnculS Oi lie- an r wo k.i nl llie war have h i n fl ninsi remark.ddn that haroMiciirrcd din lug ll- en;, i prngr cs The beginning of December .nw o Vank'-cfl hi loll form, apparently i a y lor dci rvc battle ;.t nil tbo Imp ii'lant p iuiHOflhi frontier. O . uUe Pot ma. they had th - l-<-rt appoint dSMny on lb1 continent, sleted by their own aulhoi ilics lo bo two b uid v I thousand strong. In Kentucky they bad to ered ; > 1 gula. two lnimxr.noforces, of Ihiity I" llfly thoicrad ? .i h whirh ni'-n oad (hliunbiiH and howhnr lirc.-n, .1 ?.i utrl nations pointed villi r, rlu! ily In a i linnn iluito . vane iision I'tir linos, at n tirno ah- n w< wore w? n'< a ml v rro I'vfy ah e to withstand sirauit firm In y col lim t Zollicoflier ws pvs.-od bpi'.rn land' -i > I y 11 fn,?oinorn ihsn dmiblo his own; IHinivt Onp was at tli mercy of Nelson, having nnljr a I ho saud in r lo c. P-c against ten than and; llo .ciana was n llo Wiuiloy with an anny which ho now c ft ra to ban born IIIli on thousand el !.{. at aim t Vtoyd, liaviag only Iwonty Hired i?i illi* 1 ; Reynold, ou I'll.-ui Mmintaiu with Uvo lh.?. sand, opposed liy John-ton .villi only iw-'lvoor fn.irU-m humlfd; ami M.rmnn As I sum d?<i lit ''tii"hn,7 JS/"..-t> ? la- . /y Lhowa lu ia /l'i >ifm1,i-:kil'V-' Hml itl Hni'. ry -n ut the Inn-but a frw !ho'i-m-ul frn ltt-r hum to: j??.r'v profnlrj c i'Mann t?l imi.i n. ooi And U crot.n all, tLo st'Icnd.d wcatier invited ill-in to the cbr. I .-u was pit 11< d the $ Id. n op|x>rrmiIIy to stria i i-.-i.ry < I (1 of a'lCt:-' |>- l is m.\ tint if t.< 'n'A.iI IA?r umtiL'iit??t.?lyhiaUthmr iirtni-i.cifi'il it c I In ei n.*% Mr ilnn'Dtlt ill *?mnC 'i<i<irtrrt,t. nl >?d a V " / / .i > ?>;. n oiicnj-i.r-. Hocc p il Co I nil * mil I'.-w ,-.g O. -en-would li ivo boon Almist nnndilUi'ng to . m ; r ] time it llieWn' Hd'ossst ritnbcriu d ml I .-id I Uaprt would have out o i-<-nnm vt .ns with ' n-. ..- il I h" ntu'i.y 111 t in My. Hi - - -n .hi'in . .or u.y ! in Uio Kin iwtia v >'i|4l hav t last open all lib -to n V. gmav t'SKl S|>rin,T t? tint ray lnv-1 n of t! mi/. A off/orou. ymh /V. si 'I 'l i/mi . j ?ti U '"A-lif*. <1 w. lah lit ilrotul to I i tiu , .0 n. ii/etjAuO tw - c'.-, d ui j I n't tir ntrii'ij th. > ani in few, ?1 it llo- i omy have t the guidon npp- rti >i'v t-'i,t th. <myh tlievr .to u . I' / hrti alio i* >o n* g o I <<r tljn< f u'.vr , thiwlqt.< . r 1 lot on. r,,y ?' lb* .-ontlnwti |s npKlim ' hern nro. svd l\ i . In- t da iter, and Wi u . not a.u in nt..ry ,. i,?. w i<ti?. ..'is wsmo vti.v" nl..o. tMtr il l y r i .1, >tl ? r is v: i .Vul# ' ? ??.'?.' -/. n IhfV * tnu-i.1 ;tu tvliii hi*<"n>hd ths< trty// n mm'io, o , tl . V * '* '? I wilt n. ?r re ?r? h him. to whe c? so la ho oiictr v's fadnrn?\ . ryn^.t, i. to .-i" vnnoonitrdMitnido Ito uiuly vi m n.-t . i'io ? iiit of innn, t? thowaitof sn,>|.iist, i r lo i: uit?f pi v| iriitlnn In fa illtl.'s i f ovory e im not. r. L'.. I s wo .t I evi-r li"'t r a in - i, heller c oiln-.l. nr h t i' I ' a illi pr- vial.a.t n (1 aiinn inlli-.n. Tnin wn h?l m y i',n i (MM with pa.l.cola. corps, but wan iho . n w;i! t Ami yet. Ih ugh lull) |its|wnl for ollitoltvoo . n, tho.ijt' tho whola world wnt r.\|iooting h? ivy h'..w t. do stni. k', nd (Incisive resulis to be aolnvvcd. tli r .irm s evo y vrbfi o filh. i 1 oinnii'.il sin. Is e t I,. r . <noiiit- m a y and an v "tiaiigcly knd end . uly staiapedod frotn au in il. gain: y gud li< u purs lug fis . 11.n e t .di bo In. i . no ijluli..n A.r Uilft mo?t sir.tit'it ph'-no . ot.n. rim ? fi;o ? do lint cn.-Ht to liuht; t o y ci i St on j I'd. v pay. "a Ion of" . nfiorn ire :o RR H UARY 8, 18C2.-TRIPLE having put a stop to their factories ami mechanical trades, the operatives have had u<> other in> ana 01 livelihood than nlistiurnt; i ho clerks and foremen have, under the aamo necessity, taken liei.lentancies und captaincies. and the busses are fofcod to play colonels, Ti.ey liave all gone into the araiy us a means of livohhood, and without any sort of intention to throw away tlioir lives. They took to the hi my to keep body and soul together, and without the remotest thought of employ ing that method for separating tho two. Accordingly, when MoCloilaa orders an udvnnce from the Potomac, as ho is said to have dona re jwuiumy , \ rit ?? v> i i| ion . W('il ciumoti, wru jniiu auu riod m< n of war persistently do not march. So in Kentucky, where they had every opportunity for a victory, aint so ut Reaufi rt. when the panic created t>y their landing invited an advance. All around tho frontier tliey exhibit this tamo frugal re/nrd for life and comfort, and the same stolid immobility under ordoi a for an advnm o. Wo regard tho laat lour wceltM us dectsivo of tho war, not merely by its rosKlts, or rather barrenness of results favorable to the enemy, but by its clear developetnent of

tho faot that the Yankees have enlisted In theunuy for living and witli a llxed objection to hard lighting. PROVIDENCE AGAINST THE REHKL8. [From the Richmond Examiner, Jan. 1.] Tho weather challenges the enemy to advance. Such a state of roads and atmosphere us wo have had for weeks in succession was never known before, li has afforded oi>|iort unity for invasion, which itsidf would s cm s lit ient to inspire the puriiose, if it had not before been formed. In ihe latter days of November none doubted that an advanco und assault nptm tho Southern hues w M bo immediate and at all points. No contingency | was admitted as possible to prevent the onset but hud i! oi and bail reads. The Hint? of both rrer siure ha< ! leeu in'-i fr tut i / Ihr Smith at vnpropil'ot't of the fa or i f I'r.mtl w: ,h th'ir b-haif. But Providence seems to have unite'stood tho enemy bettor than we did ourso'ves. The weather luis 0?firU him to the combat,and hu has refused Hie challenge. The failure to advance now will be infinitely more pro judicial to the Yankees than it would have been had the weather beru wet and stormy, for tho world is forced to tho conclusion Ihnl they are afraid of tie encounter. Kvery facility has been aflonfed by llio olemcnls wi.ii li they could h ivo desired, and yet tin v have not dared to attai k. Tho fault is not wiik their fate or in the heavens | that tliey have not assaulted us. Beyond dispute and denial it is alone with themselves. The bad statesmanship wbirh brought on ami which keeps up thi? war is equaled by the bail gonoralship which conducts it: and tins, again,is only surpassed by tho c > ward ice of the privates, who cannot he brought to light. .',t Itrunesvitle, tho other day. tho commander < f n regiment was heard to upbraid his men for refusing to charge upon our inferior force. Ho declared to them they had enlisted to tight, tint they hu 1 o >nie on that business, that now was the timiUo show their pluck, and that they would be eternally disgraced if Ihov refused to charge. But not a man could lie induced to step forward. Instead of charging u|)oii the Confederates, under every advantage of numb rs, ground an 1 of arms, they left tho buttle tield and were not to bo found on the morrow. What ar<; w<; to infer from the facts thus afforded us? The hast condition of the roads and of tho weather that could |x sstbly ho desired h is been offered t" all their forces, and nowhere have they made uso of the ml vantage. A i;lori ;UR opportunity for uorformitig a bllliinl achiovpmcnt was presented a particular corps at Braces ville, and they eravenly and iguomluiourfly refused toombraco it. In the general and In the particular lies it boon thus p'evon tlialnhoy will not fight. Tho fault is not in their stars but in themselves. Their armies are afraid, and rcfun ti) eject.te the designs of their rulcis and their people at Lome. Th South were grierouth) disaj>) oittiid, and romttvhat incline I to quarrel tilth. Prt vide nee, thiV the. fiteitl dorm of Nm-tmheraid not dtdroya larger number of the vcuelt of their grant! Jlct. The South were also very much vtxea that tho garrisons in Forts Beauregard and Walker did not tnuke a better resistance under the naval attack to they surrendered, but the sequel has shown that Providence,after all, did not m&in lis any great harm, and that the loss of the forts is not to entail uny long chain of disasters. The operations of Flierman and his Yankees on the seaboard hare, been more annoying than ilix adntu, and the loss of tho North iu men and money from tho expedition, already two or Ihrco to one that of the Booth, is likely to continue so. A Cincinnati paper declares in agony that a failure of the Northern armlet to advance litis winter w ill be decisive of the war. Tlioir fiiilu.o to uso the admirable weather which they have hail for several weeks gone by, has ulready decided against their competency to move successfully during the winter. REDEL DEFENCES AO A INST THE FEDERAL NAVY. MBA8FRKB OF THE HERRI. GOVERNMENT, [From the Richmond Examiner, Dec. 30 J We nro glad to know that the attention cf ?ojjsresa lias bton brougn: to me g: none warn or 14 navy 111 cur puouo defences, and ilint prompt am! vigorous measures have ben initiated ty it lo fcupply that want, so far an ciroum tunc a will permit. 11m appreciation of the importance of the subject, tot understand, hat leen Utlijud t'n Utapproj rialimi of a rtn/ consitierable turn for the immediate conttrvetion of a fleet qf gunloate, the protection of which to our roattt and 1 Mil, and the terrin thry will l.e likely to rci.di i in t'.e rViGapea' e Hoy. which ha* been irutiratat <u a 'keatrc for our naral operation, will be invaluable. H Is to bi hoped, ajul to be urged by every consideration of the public interest, that tho Navy Department will act promptly aurl vigorously to carry out tho uel of Congress in having these boats built ami equipped at the earliest possible period. H in A large and important measure of the country's defence,and the style and vigor with which It will bo executed by Secretary Mallnry in likely to determine for tho Navy Department its pMMtaMM credit with respect to other branches of the govcrmnout and of the public defence. It is not impossible that all these b ala can he constructed within a short period of time, and. if need be, the government can otlbr a premium to oblalu the most rapid execution of the contracts, l/tl tho work bn pre sed vigorously, as it promises nut only a new and imnorlanl muniment to our public def nccw, but with proper construction of the boats a valuable a.m ol offence. It is obvious that much of the value of th s miniature, but by r.<> means unfbrmtdable navy, to be c>m|i?>t-e I of vi sso's, till of a aiuglc 1 'ass, will dr^eml u|>oii the mode of their construction, lb" imp> rtnnt point is to set itre the greatest amount of efficiency to these butts, and to enable 1 lie 111 toco, o with the enemy in tho widest variety of circumstances. Kstimnting th<-ir tonngo atlflfitons, which, we. believe, is the proposli ion of tho government, lliry could curry two lunc-inch pivot guns. One to be used over the Isiw ami one over the stern, and be mage capable of retrying fnel for teaming thirty hours. The principal ndv-mt iges c aimed fur boats coustrui ted after this f ishlon are lliat tho light draught of water fsix 1'retl weald niferd easy accessibility t'p.ncesof shelter, and that the equipment of two guns would give the use of a guu in a efaa and one also in r-treat. and would uo< lire, what would be most imnorlant in certain circumstances, notorly tlw tr,nlerlal advantages, but a'?n the moral eonndorteoof having a shot in r Tho s mill surface that these vp-ai-lg would c*|v an to tlm tiro of th enemy ik eatlimited a* another advert ige. Now. of these nlva.itngos. we have toremnih thai (ho (treat tie net intho construction i f gunboats Uux been tho rxol JiVCiH s tT lho .ilea til th-ir recur.y at hoi king sillier. The principrl consideration li e i.k .a the i !. street ion of ihe-o hcatu ts losicorendvnnta o wliieh liteonetny him tint,and which may at il ua ai other va rm * of circumstances that In the vliihow walerx tf creeks and inlet*. We wai t to mit'tr up, ns lar an piwn h'o, liytlii' d' vlco of lleota of g i ho .is f i a navj const ;n?; of vi *h:Ix of different cant oh r id of largo tonmi|vt at h ns the enemy has. II . are mtunil tlo't tkii iini//i? i ' (Iiji" fcltirotfit m'itlti fat "i/> i;nVt,t of Iwn mt.'fiiia of I'Vi'.'nr*. r.iol this iIm iv rh.iil. hope in see fiilly,: ,rooli>i i ly win! \ ; ro: k y ca iotl out by thoN'avjr lie, artni'nl In expoatiit g ti e nn ney. lit couan'tlng the ill Ion" t run ,c? prnpt it I far ' i (Ming there gut,boots tho t|ii<'<linrfi ii .turn l> occur Hum rot tlm enemy also vessel* of Iokh rtrau,"ht o. watri inrlx b rt, to pursu" our g inbuilt* .' I oca oo? ho also use It th Morn and bow gun* y And do not hi* lau hrs, en ; yu g a til pu.iid boat It iwilter,offer an in'lnltoly snui'lcr sur faro to ill - aim of a Mingle 9-lrth g.n than mi Id our g.iibi .its. 11* th stylo pro| t tted, olfr to tl.o cum ontralcil lire of a number of aueli boats or the enemy f T'.esonro practical ipi -linns, and mu t ho considered If tho inb text ?f Iho public defence and the public Ire .voire aro t i lie emiKa led tu the execul en i f a to voir, Infondod, nut to fl l our creekaand ileta with cue Ma shells, but to f apply us tt nary for the ymrr<?r* yf t ' e .;r. The ub.e.ia iu the constriction if these bont?, which we hopo to rite plrali y im I filth, rly kopt in | mow by re, relary M i lory, are tn ?e.".ro tlm greatest rmo'int of efficiency lor them an.I to n tfhem t> ru ",/U *ti!'* ient I at'- ry to rip , i.n f.r th pimtVrf por. it.i cite onu'rtWi or ofniliyw ('i tkth "its >.n ?/*,./ /A- r i< my. there iibiecia wo becovc may at l"tt b measurably aceomplial "it. A " Ob at I .Ilte y rnjplt tie! oi|i:al to ; two IIIi ils i f a b.oti i'o of tiio t ulle t Stales ateam fv.gjta V. ig.irn, t.sitig i gmta over buw ami stern,and i v t preo<ni |. hi in- in, pei c .n to tha enemy than the pun ' b um of tho sty i pro, "ml. to wh cb w< Ituto rcerrcd. A I) '.it wuh til eipiti ;ei;t ini.'ht bo C'llKtru If 1 to carry f ..el for sti a dig iwd hi nil red inllm at . knits nn hour an 1 in a. n ; to, mm for 1 no lis ired -ud il ty men fo twenty dn\s 1 c a of tills capacity imtl 1 a>s .ici'ld b 1., Ih n tn ir thin tlm luo'tpi'.io llect, wh'ch it ft p opo- . t t o k pi a lure. The;, n.^jhl ..eep tboro, ton ' set K, liO'Ce ci . b- 1 g fornilil.ibl' i.u 1 gli tn rope with Ihn majority of ih?> yrtmr'p m. tlm nnmy a fleol ti ng' , wln'.o t-.v i ?!? ? ? 'v Mi Im't. rif ich opinl t> ' n tral'.y r mr. th t li.uf i f Um hr< i. tai !n <>r Mm .1 . i- ;l a iiu I \ i Hn t. n n: pin)'* lUvf.cnt.M throw *11 rrwcjIJit f "i ?' i ni.M-f * 'l"fwiirt: vivlloil. '< iii .vim> ' t:> lyji-u "in It lurlT1! i?n-y U> li.o mih I kiI ii. 'i nk t n I folv i , m ,I# pro ,17 i' i" ,'<.!> , 11 i.|itk .,ll ,(ill#of';, KHIM Ilkl ll n . oil in re t it- viTio-li of tb" V n Hi 01 -ii' (fly, / t In no . !< i i, i*?i|| p i ifi * il hir,i(w oiio? i iptiy'iv i. ii. i n\:i oini'ir Ml Ii ullly n ,i| 'I v ho ? i o tl prncttral .< "v i > ntvon i f ili i itv n ? .. iv cr ei t am< tiff ? nv mlwr of .1 "III III' *1 l 0 . IP III tllil 11'. ?!.! if ii rli v?'i I h i''fur '' pi MHk'litjr of thi* aoc.rinjr i'iIi ii I. i r n:li i %' i;t, ~ KrirUj toin-.m la* t.ri- ii" t't> r i." Vi "'o *rs'"'Ii ?'i.'T. \ " i'ol '.ii j'it .ifrt Dlich ffis li.ive rcconirifrniloi|, wmil it.i . * ?, ul tj?" rnlvfr\ i t tlieiTi . n.i r "ii 'mit r. %.V 1 ii' ''ill . i >f V III IfO lI) r to t, -> 1,410 of tltflltk' milli ft' ?*** 'i iv hp I i .i . nit th'* p '"i' *.. rin * ill' k * V It. 11', y ,V? iM ii 0,1 I liii* |,\ 1 i .ii,. i, il. 11, iter ; Alrm. MV!"' ill". Hi* i ,t f.t i. i i ii. f. y ? 'I i'f.i v ,i ip ii in ii I r in i"? oN n'ri J t with t; (v i i Ii wo-.l'l h? Mi n'l ,Vi/,i ' "f ? ? i n >. r if i rvv to i ti i ii I n tmirnl |%tcj *fll I'll ill ' III t'e ' ' 'Hi Hi Hi* Hi" b O'i'i ? rtl? v lit n'" ? 11\ i ii t't ii-iii'o ni *Jw )? Id iiuni'bohv' b"Icw ;i ; Tl i K ' vi 'li V ; i\ ''n ? 1 nv<! tUri ,fn oi t to bo ERAI SHEET. I radical, and are confident that the.y will be ?uhUI ed by a full and thorough examination ol ilia exigent l.? in which w? are expected to r/witeud with tho naval power of the Yankees. It la a crime in which the Navv Depart* ment of (hegoverument is either to assert Its claim* fur ueefulncfe aiid efficiency or to make a ridiculous failure, hot only in the eyes ut the enemy, but in the intelligent ? I- U7? c|lUiI r?inice to lee tklO re v raw VI III Uffu tnu.cur, ?? . --y prourh that our naval power is contemptible removed by a vigorous, intelligent and prompt carry lug out of the iate act of Congress. We believe thai such an administration of the act will be sufficient to oppose to the boasted fleets ci tlie enemy an antagonist </?iV complete,for the iu eposes 1 o/, and to elevato ibe C 1.federate Stales Navy to | its true rank m tlie 01' the war. Above all th ln:/s ; let there be no unnee -nary delay in tbis work, no twlstmg and untwisting of 'red tape,' and no preoccupation! j of ihe time of tho departmeut abouloflioeaand commands, asitil the fleet which 1. to supply Uictn is tirst b .ilt. 'lbs country is <lcc| ly intere.-tcd in tins measure of the public defence, and demands the very prompteat and best e*ocuttoa of it on the part of the Secretary of the Navy. REBEL INDEPENDENCE TO BE WON WITH. OUT FOREIGN IVTEHFEItENOE. [From the Kit btuond Dispatch, Jou. 2.1 Whatever may be the termination of tbo Midell-Mr.srn affair, th" South ha- no reagun to repine at the develope- j monts it has brought forth. It ll?R enabled her to under | aland her poaiUon before tho world fetter than she had ' done beforo. It has informed her of llio existence or hi eis of fi lends that she hail not dreamed of. f: hat 1 fti-th ejprosi'isi* of cpinUn that cat.not fail to | ;s uerfully th n-iHoii her raum in all land and it has ; elicited a widespread contempt for and hum d of tho i Yankees, win. h is 11? en'ournglnj' and gratifying a- tho j disci very of l'rieji Is for herself could b >. H i nit inclined to ts. u . .j thai it is nnl /A' intention of J'roiilnic. that ice thouhl oat our irulej emlrnte to ant/ an't cy hut our . tea rj-eriit.iis. Independence of the North wonld c riainly lose half ils value, and ludeod its reality, if we should have to owe it to the interference or Groat Britain in our 1 el.alf. Our m n ily In tho future agaii st iHrie-iun from the North would ho much great' r if this contest were fought out to success by "ttr own unaided prowess than if we called m Iho a-si-tnncc of a foreign Tower. In the teeth of s i. ii an al!i:iia.o the North might speedily consent to peuco, in order, liy a system of ehlcutiory and deception, to del ich fr<un us tho aflbolimis of our ally, and, after tho alteration, to renew its schem s of subjugation and conquest upon ? uselves. IP may not bo the design of Providence to permit o ir independence to"rest u|sui so precarious a basis. Vol j only woulu success so achieved bo iuilocisivo of the 1 struggle we are eng.ig.oil m with the North, but tlie j Power to w hicli wo should apparently owe it would ro- j gard us as debtors and dependants to itself. This very j ( feeling 01. its part would bo (lie ftuitful source of reprom-Beg. Ul-leeling, and at hist, of ill-blood; nud our wary Northern adversary, watching the growth of tho quarrel, | 1 would bo quick tu avail himself oi' every means of to- , mooting an outbreak. , In our case, as thai, of every struggling nationality, 'who would be free, themselves must strike llto blow." i Ti owe our indepeitdencc. to any other aid than our , right arms would iwtttiially lower our run't am ng nation?, and enU tuwiiut our relations with them for many series of years, OW independence, if sell achieved, would give us a position of our own in tho tarnily of nations, and we should not become the helpless part of a great system of polities of which a patron l'ower was at the hea l. O ir international politics would be svi generis, and not tho mere reliex of lirilish. French, or any other phase or system of policy. We should appear iu tho great tribunal of the world sui juris, and not as the wa d or protege of some powerful guardian. Wc should bo the of our own action, tho fashioners of our own jvolb y. not borrowcts of tho policy of higher and greater poweis. Our territory Is so considerable and so well situated, and our population and wealth so great, titat, if m biot tug ov.r T,drncyrHlv"' ftM. f?", w?nW "i iuko A h'gh rtmk, and rapidly rise still higher and higher ntuoug the political 1'owei s. To depend upon foreign assistance to make gomi our independence, which is perfectly within our own competency to achicrr. would be to sacrifice a brilliant future to th 'present, a great and un*pcaka!le prospective prosperity to the momentary adcantexye of {.'us present hour. 1 This lesson cannot ho too firmly impressed upon the pub- ( lie mind, and wc do uot doubt that it would be greatly to the iteriuunent advantage of tho Ssutbern confederacy if 1 no war should break out between tireat Britain and the l North, tjel a suffice us to know that the intelligence of En lanu and all Western Europe i? oil our tide, aud let it nerve our armies to victory to feel thai millions of admiring and sympathizing eyes in Europe arc watching their proceedings. YANKEE WORSHIP IN RICHMOND. [From tho Richmond Examiner, Doc. 110.1 We hail thought that we wero incapable of Is-leg tuken by surprise by nuy now act of indulgenco or deference towards Yankees by a government that entreats them hero to enjoy tho fats of offlcos and contracts, or by a ..,.1.11.. <*i,i. i. hua not foruntten its old standard of 1-society," as measured in tlio amount or court ami dirty i toadyism they might bo ]>ermiitcd to pay to Northern | notabilities. But we were mistaken. Wo aro Intensely and altogether suprtsed at the latest event of Yiuikoo iratHidrneo add Iticliino-id servility. Wo am atirpriaed to iearn tliut a eerutiu Yankee, Dr. Kliitr, from Newport, Rhode Island, has been permitted to toinc hero to see a elck son, a prisoner. We arc surprised to learn that tha doetor, bis lady uud son, ore occupying very select rooms at the Arlington House. We are surprised to learn that these persons arc called upon by the would be r!\t (a very t'eeblo " would bo.'' though, wo suppose) of Richmond, and tlint women of Virginia, making such social pretence, have hem Docking to sco the Yankee family circlo and to perform daily the debasing work of paying tbo greatest civilities to the enemies of oar country and Plato. If Mrs. l.incoln was only holding court at the Spots wood, iu lier celebrated green silk and Illinois witchery, wo have no doubt that there are creatures in Richmond who would liend their necks for the social honor of licking a little dust iu her presence. is rnis war? On New Year 's day we suw unite a number of Northern men briskly pcramhiilaiing our streets with pa sports to Rumors Monroe. They wero making a number of "colls." Among thorn we noticed Dr. King, tho Rhode Is'and ' lion." ut the Arlington House, at large, and iu us high a glee as the t'nkui m?n lie lias been conferring with. Ttiero is a8omhrc aspect on many fares; and the belief prevails that If the war is not waged in ca nest, we are doomed, and that Virginia and all the border Plates must inevitably le reoccupied by the federal authorities. Rut we d>fTer with thefaiul hearted in < nn reapuctof opinion. We think the army will not submit, whatever may be the stipulations of others. RICHMOND LOCAL MATTERS. (From iho Iticlimond l lsputcb, dan. 2.] Of all tho griefs that harass Lh>- distressed, suro tho most hitter I-- a quiet dny, wb"ii the patient ' J/icnl" wandots eust and weft, yet never llndn mi Item In his way; uolthor Incident, accident, firo or light, murder or suicide, from morning till night. Yesterday was one of th" dnys on which, as ? eo>hrntsd classic writer lira ob serv< d, iticMepia were m source an liens teeth. Speak iug ol hens remind- u . of u Slianghae fowl which wo raw lust week; it lift I lour le> s (as si re io< eggs is eggsj, inn! we should like to have wiuir iiatuintlxt tell us w lint .parti cnlnr species the creature belonged 10 Si well furiushol v ua It with tho meaiix ?f li'Com ion that It nine liavo I been a Vm kue lit all 'vi nix. W.lh regard toY a ,ko. s wo tony .-tale that th"io vv to twelve fre-di ftrrlvals at the ! fTisout yesterday, but thorn Is no v< ry strong m cle'y j for nny inoro of that sort or game, Th luxury Is ton expen*ivi .11 :hexu limes. If anybody wai is to dud out >nytimig ills.ut the price of luxuries of the doni ?tic kind iit linn go through our city m it krt.- enriy ill the morning. If he b< a bachelor, It ni lysettlo his opinion very suddenly upon tho subject cf man innmy: for however much of ronianco .uid bliss there maybe n welded life, one n not divest his mind of tho practical truth that wives and chlldri n must eat. Spoakiiig of children reminds us t lal tho holidays are aim stover, and the trow vn. unt t-duKilhotises will very xisin res urwl with the pro tie of tiny voices. almost balliim the patient poiag 'gue s elf rts to te tch the young Idea how to shoot. H.v iho way, learning huw to hoct is not now condiied t the young idea. Wohivoifftno slMrp:/ discipline) u'i els.' with act mtplI-hod teachers at <1 my rials of pupils, devoted to that ptrliaular hrnneh of experimental science; and the expi . icnce of tho past year ha shown tit it the prac tice has not been entirely thrown away Yet. win o Ihc weatlu r oUiri-H every advantage for a tight the Yankees remain In their str. uighulds, and give our nioti no chaaco to pres nt tiiein wlfti Southern larms?six feet by two. A rutiurk upon tho weather brings tip tni Ice question. The ponds have frog, rt over fr two or throe *? In past, but the initl day sun dissolves tho ice,and dissipates oil prnsf>ect of Pron ly siiiurli s no\t summer, wliilo the boys loak with despair up u their rusty and long unused skates. Still, it is sw ?d- | VHiitagn t > have open navigation, even though there Is jmt ntiirli di rug in that lino. tarpon* ru woou nmiuui arrive from, whi li In generally used for army (Mir 1* so*. Ojsb'r boats, too, come m occasionally, and toe market a pretty well supplied. Prim a seam to be regulated by iho demand; as tnc demand baa boon Immr! ra ditiay tbo whole ae.iann, dcn'eis find no diflVtdty In tiling tlirlr own "ll?r<irc-w.'' Wo behove ovorybody ilke* oysters, and will have il m, m matter what the r? at. it la darjoroun for .in individual to dnnk too much while on Ills way to Inapeet the ystor (1< et (of two hontNt .* ore did y nlerdiiy. Ho wo- badly beaten by ? mob sly, and lliooiilrertt picked him upend carried hlin to the cage. 'I'iiorc ni no otherarrest during the buy that wo ceil I bear of. It erne a very <pilet day?a nr. at m-inv sturdy sold tore, (not alwkys steady, though,) about the street.'? a ({lent miny ladie < pniiv'nndmg?and a great many el qe' i ol laces, notwithstanding the Northern barbarian* amenta that I'm I m rnd presents a pictoiow daapa r. Till-! FORTIFICATIONS NEAR RICHMOND. (From the Ktchmond Dls. nb h. .Ion. ].| t%< desire to cull albvitlnu to tie- fiot that (Jov I/>Uh er tut' been notified by the War l>?|mrtloeiit that It will rcoeivo fr>nt him a ro:- nient collated for twelve month*, for the special aorvice of manning the bote lor in and arm in I the city of Richmond. /laay j a I have oh Vf to mUring the army oh (he pro' n.ltk Hi th'iiu;?i(<i > njn too much Lp Icnfw; home to I ry'iei ih ' rt; but such an excuse dev not hold food n ihr inetawiio. They will not ne rrspiirod to go away, bid Kept herel??r local protection, abould that bocmo n i f*ary tlmoah,Judging from pro* nt indk,i\tl<nm,fhoy w I have little tA'l? d bed-lea taking cure of t h gum on the fbrtlflcntloM. end studying the duties of the sol dler. This la tho uvVt fhvornlde obtnoo thai hnr yot > f fern I for Richmond nvv toon'or the ao vice, and surely there should In- no lie* it<v' ton 11 coming forward to till up th" i auk* of the ro; Im nt. Wo aio i-cjuosied toruito i ti at pereona form im pa, t lea for. this * ootal service In the city or e otv will ninvv fori'hpiib t > tt J l auI ^id -r V. n r v iD. PRICE TW O CENTS. NAVAL ENGAGEMENT NEAR MOBILE. I From tlio Motiilu Evening Nows, Pec. About midday yeRienlay tbe otout gunboat Florida, 0. S. N*., concluded to celebrate Christmas eve by a email set-to with the insolent Lincoln cruiser New I-ondon, which wee lying off the mouth or the harbor. The Florida raa down to the westward of .-'and Inland, and challenged tho New I.oudon to uotne on, which she did, au l for au hour or two a lively cannonade at long taw furnished aa excitingly interesting exhibition for tho entertainment of the great audience which Viewed it?the 4,000 men who garrison Forts Morgan and Guinea, as well ua the crews of the blockading vessels, being the spectators. The I.orida could not come to close quarters with the e emy by reason of the shoal water of a bur ii??rv< niug, and c ul l shu have got out it is likely she would hav ? had mure lhati she could attend to with the rtvornl blocked rs that were lying off m deep wator. TUs engagement was lengthy, and many shots w re firod on bath Si tes, and ended by the N'ew Ixuido . backing out as usual. Tho Florida was not touched^lb it it h thought that three of her pills toe k effect on the et.emv. Ail but theso ibreo were seen to strike the water but ilm thousands of eyes which watched could not tell where these thrco went to if they were uot stopped by tho N'ew IjOi don. Sho was svidei tiy lilt hard, for after b*< king out iff tho light tho signull d the fleet, and one of them ran down and lay alongside of her for several hours, rendering assistance, it is supposed. Tho spectators say that the Florida's long and terrible guns were admirably served, tho practice being excel h tii, i l .cing the shot and shell all aroura the mark, s > close, In many instancos, ns to aoparently dx-li the water upon tho I.incolnites' decks. Tho engagement ssaid to have been a most animating and exciting scene as witness; d from the forts. THE LATE CONFLAGR VTION IN NASHVILLE, TKNN. The Louisvillo Co irier of tbe-ltli publishes an account furni-hed by laities wliow.reln N.slivllle,Tennessee. Ht the tunc of tho conflagration of ilie ikM t.;\ They report tliat four largo thrco sto y bufldings. running through from tho river to Ma kot street, were entiroly ecus;.mod, wills all ilicir contents. A very largo anioui t of shells, caps. &c., were dcsinyed, ilio cxploslcns being fie incut, nn I at I inics almost tcri dir. Grout qinii'Hof eq .ipintnts lo:- catalry a <t artilloiy were al?< b irnod up, together with tho greater part of C. h. Armstrong's pork, which, within a day or two, h ad ho n rm v' ii and st'Tcd there. Scmo ofiti- meat was sav (1 in a very damaged condition, but the greater part of it was utterly destroyed. To tho present c of tin pork was dun tho Intensity of ih.t heat and tlio difficulty of extinguishing tho flumes. They ostiinuto the loss at about #7u0,0t)0. CAPTURE OF A RUiEL SCHOONER NEAR FERNAND1NA. FLA. The Savannah H-i ullicu 11 or tho 2Sth ult. says tho operator of 1110 Cohan telegraph has I'avoro 1 us with a lespaluli tecetved from Fdrnaudtna, statin t thut a schooner was captured yesterday hy the federal tleet while attempting to run Hie blockade of that port. Tho name of the vessel and other particulars hud not beon ascertained when the despatch left. TI1E NEW REBEL WAR FLAG. J The new ting gotten up In the rebol army on the Potomac Is the Hi. Andrew ?s cross?that is, a cress in the form of an X. The tlug is nearly s-tuuro, of deep red, tlio cross of blue, reaching from corner to corner, and surrounded with stars. GEMS OF SOUTHERN LITERATURE. Not the least Interesting for their novelty is the advertisements of the rebel newspapers. The war seems to have changed almost entirely tho lone in tho advertising columns of the Southern jour..als. They seem now mostly filled with military orders emanating from the bogus ductals, proposals for war materials, negroes wuutud to do tho work that white own formerly performed, mo rhauies aud laborers sought for by tho hundreds, subrti lutes wanted at high prlcos and rewards for deserters. IV o give below a specimen of the advertisements contained In one of the Richmond papers of tho IhI instant, ind wro should like to present a number of others if our room would permit, but for the present we think the following will sufflco:? REGULATIONS CONCERN'! NO SUBSTITUTES IN THE AUT. WaR f'KPARTMCirr, RicnwosD, Oct. 20,1861. 1. When any uon commissioned Ulcer or soldier of the volunteer sen tee desires to procure a substitute, he shall first obtain the vrriltcu c inseut of tlio captain of his company, and of the commander of his ten ment or corps? a duplicate of which he shall forward to the substitute. 2. The substitute shall then obtain from some surgeon and some commissioned ofllcor in the rervlce of the ConfodoruteStaiesof Amoitca certificates of his titn m for service and of his having he. u mt.sterod Into the service of the Confederate States for tho wsr, no matter what the term of a trvlce ot his principal may be, and tlieso reveral certiQ ales sh dl serve as a passport to the holder to Join the regiment or corps to which his principal belong a?he piylng the cxp"use of his own transportation. 3. When a mm commissi nod officer or soldUr is uulitlcd to discharge by reason of a substitute, the captain of his company and the commander of his re trn ut or cor|w shall give h.m a cerlltlcute to that elToct, stating that the sub..... In r..,rnh, Ultll.lllvon DIHHIIIIIIII/WUVUIIMWMMHII , ? * d dy with the regiment or corps; that l> e holder of the certificate Is in Do wise indebted lotlieConl'edc aloHt it"s, a d that he Is not entitled toiransporlatt< nat the expense of the government, and this certl shall servo t'o ho.der as a passport to lenvo tho csmp end travel to his h me. 4. If it should bo f< cud that a unn-comiiihsioocd olliccr or soldier, discharged by re.isi n ?f substitute, Is lndel ted to the government, tho corn thunder of the regi m ut or corps giving the discharge w ill to h Id accoimlable for tho same, and any tiack p y due raid nnucint inlssoned oftlrer or s liilier sl.a'l bo drawn and receipted for by his sub.-titute next pay day 6. Commanders of regiments or corps shall, under no cirn .instances, permit suhstilutions in thoir commands to exc d one per month in each compiuy, and all such cases shall be noted in tho foil, wing morning repirt of lb" regiment or corps In which they occur, and In ill next tnosi. r roll and monihly return. J. 1*. BENJAMIN, Act hi" Sec. of \\ i r. Picrr Ckkkk. Va., Doc. IS. isflt. I am authorized by the Secretary oi \ to oflbr a reward or thirty dolhtis each fur the following ilts-rtere from my company:? 1. Sergeant John R. James. Pe?cri|dion?.About si* feel on" inch tn height, 1 glil o mp'.exion, blue eyes, light brown hair, said to have been bo n in Maryland. 2. Sergeant lliuma* H. Hud, about six f ct one inch ht height, llorid cotin lexlou, blue eyes, hgui. brown luir, said to have been born n Maryland. J. I'rivat" Thomas Fields, about five feot four inches lu height, llorid complexion, light blue eyes, light browu hair. The above named sergeants and private are said to have obtained fra idulent dischnr s in Richmond. 4. Corporal TV. 11. Dead, about hvw feel thr>e tin hes in height, tloridComplexion,blue eye* (ouo eye blurred), brow it haii, born in Pennsylvania. 6 Private I'enjninin 1 egrcot, about live feet seven inches in li" ght, light complexion.gray eyes, light brown hair, suid to have In en born in New York ctato. (I. Private E. I.. Jacobs, nlioul it o foot eight Inches in hei ;h!, light cntnplcxKin, blue eyes, brown hair, horn in Eh pin rid. - o. u.?,? m,.i,?rs t nwfrv about five foot six or seven .nchc.-in height, light complexion,hatul cyca, red hnir, born in Canada, occupation horao Jo. key. ARTHUR CONNOR, Captain Commanding Tcrritt Guard,Co. 11, Fifth Regiment Louisiana Voluui. ors. Wantrsl a steady young man as silicon's steward, on the Confederate m earner 1'airirk Henry, tn w lying at Mulberry Island, James river. Apply Immediately at A. MII!H;?ugh'a, Main strict. Wanted thirty good wheelwright*, thirty good blacksmiths.'hirty g>"'d bolpcra. Apply to \V. ft. Wood, A. y. M.. Ruixm'a yr. Branch. Wan ed twenty good rldeta and driver* for the Third Maryland artillery $o0 bounty and $ri per mouth pay. Clot it Ira and rationa furnished at once. Apply at tno am ,Nmv Pair Grounds. Henry B. Iatrolio.Captain. Wanted, wanted, wanted me b ml: ad female* townrk on cartridge* *t tho laboratory. O. H., corner seventh and Arch strceta. Good w g * will be latid if Immediate a) plication i* made. W N. s'nidb, M. B. K.,C. B. A. Wanted six good chipper* and fl'sra: two b.-ruw mi ulde *, goo.l iltil?h*-a, am! men to clean old brick. J R. Anderaoa A Co., Tredegar Iron Wurka. Wanted a good whiskey dlatlllor. good reference* roquired, to whom fair wagaa will he given. A.Mi ess New More l'.iat oflice, Buckingham county , Vn. Mcl'lnncy A 11 >oper. Wanted ton Idackamiiha, ten wagon maker*, threo harne** maker*. to go to Mniasaa*. inquire of Capt. W. S. Wood, llarnu Quarter branch. Wanteil aubatttutea. A No. 1 price will bo paid for Cvo good substitutes. Apply to r. p. He a, NV 3 10th street. second door below lluval'a di eg More. Warned a substitute, tmmedlatety, l.ibernl price paid For particular* npply at, P> Wnt. 8. Phillips. Wanted a substitute, to (III a place In thu Fifty second regiment of Virginia militia,at Jamestown, fur which a gi ?>d pili o will bo |mid if immediate application be made toCioptvn h Lyne, corner of Wall and Fran kiln strrata, up atalra. Wautisl aubatltiites.?I wl?h to employ immediaiely four niihntil"t> 8, one lor artillery mm im rem iur intaniry ?< rrlce. A liberal bona* given. Apply tu Tin man J. Hag by. tigenl for hi; log out r.egrorm ami routing out bouse*, N< . 8 Wail street, tinier St. Charles Hotel. Wanted n substitute for an artillery company. stationed at Yotlttown, which has but a ?hurt l ine to *erve% A liberal bouuA will be paid. Apply at J. C. lhckoraon a, m Wall itroot. Wanted a substitute for n member of a cavalry com pony, on ttao Penman a, m whom wo will give a liberal bonus. Apply immediately to Uvorge Watt A Co. Wanted four substltntea for n company In Iho Army of the Potomac. A libe' Al bonne will be given. Apply to ]>r panbii'lK't "> r<> Wand Hoepltal. c W. Pnrcell ami Co.'* Yachting? nn I Ranking Hotter.? Tb? hkhcat premium (28 ?n?l HO ior cent). pud for gout ami ailvcr. Wanted, Ave hundred four home wagon*, for trar*. potation of Iho C. a. Army. Parti's alio can ftumah aiu number of wapona will apply to W. 5. Wood, Captain Had V. y. M., Bacon's Quarter Itraneh. Wanted. I wit-h to purchase, for my own tier a sprightly K fraut girl, front eie\ en to fourteen year* ? !<( A!.- to hlr*.f?r 'he enmlng year, a gtmieoi i I i ' J <*4

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