Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 8, 1862 Page 4
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* HEALTH OF THE ABUT. | i , > REPORT OF THE SANITARY COMMISSION. Prevailing: Dlsea*es of Our Volunteer Soldiers. The Health and Casualties in Our Army ami TIso.-t of the Crimea and the Peninsula. Valuable Suggestions fcr Improving the Health, Discipline, Strength and Efficiency of Our Military Torces. Amusements and Recreations of Soldiers in Camp. maaA-SAM 4-1%A TTAA VAA nf l Auavuvu tJLic i/cauij a. VW V* < the Soldier. WTILUABlH LABORS OF AMERICAN WOMEN. Washington'* Appreciation of the Value of a Clean Shirt, Ac., Ac., to. The efficiency of an army in time of war depends quite as much on the health and spirits of the men as on their bravery and the range and power of their guns. It is a very erroneous estimate to imagine for a moment that the principal foe of the defenders of our liberties and the constitution is te he found in tho weapons of the enemy, ha far, where three of our armed men have fallen or become disabled by wounds in time of battle niaety-seven have been sent to the hospital by illneaa. The army of the allied Powers in the Crimea, with an almost uninterrupted series of engagements, found eighty-six disabled by ills see for every fourteen who were Itityed or wounded In battle. If we omit ell consideration! of humanity, and only consider the campaign in its military and financial aspects wo shal) hod the health of the soldiers a subject of tbe very highest importance. English writers oa political economy have estimated the value of a soldier in active service in time of war at one hundred pounds Her]tug?live hundred dollars. In other words, for every man that hi killed or permanently disabled by weuriua or disease, the nation sutlers to the amount of tve hundred dollars before his place is filled. Thero must be reckoned the cost of ani Siting, training, subsisting and transporting a substitute, besides what tbe country suf fbra for west of hie services before the efficient soldier can be manufactured out of a raw recruit. UIKrriL'lXJfT XFCRlTnt and imperfect medical inspection. The Sanitary Commission report that over 890 men of the Army of the Potomac have been discharged soon aftar eaitsUucut?being more than one-half of all wno became disabled or invalided for sent" months?showing the 'startling conclusion that fully fifty-three|per cent were thus discharged <-u account of disabilities that existed before their enlistment, and which should have been discovered by the medical inspection." Beckoning the cost of each man at one hundred dollars for bis pay, rations, clothing, transportation, rntVictac., Be., here is over eighty thousand dollars "absolutely wasted on men who ought never to have been enlisted." Looking at the whole army am. o the commencement of the campaign, the Comrusaloa are of opinion that " a million of dollars has been lost in 'lie neglect of projer medical inspection.'' THE DTTUTT OF THH SANITARY I Oil MISSION. we bare two reports of the Sanitary Commission?ono af orer a hundred page ; on " the sanitary condition of the rolanleer array, tlx medics euff, hospital and bos. pital supplies, addressed to lite Secretary of War, by order oft be 'omnyeioc. and one of forty-eight pages on tbc condition of the troops in tha Valley of the Mississippi.'' Mo one can give the m t cursory glance at tbeaa reports without to tbo > oocl'islon that the Sanitary Commission are performing aorrtceaof the very highest ralne u> the nation and to the rotua leers. There ii very little evidence In thereport to eubalant ista it hut we ha< e no doubt?lu fart wa hare mu< h outside erl.lenre to prov?that the Com mission is looted on as oftt-ion*. intrusive, and a nuisance, by the regular medical stag', and a vast number of the officer* of the volunteer irtar The Commission was appointed by the Se. retaiy of War on ibe 9th of June, 1861, and had their first sea? >n June 12, aid at ouce en tered upon their duties. They w-re instrurtad eepecudly to inquire into the principles ami practices connected with tha inSDection of recruits and <-iiliJtad uicn the unitary condition of tb? vukmtarr*; to the mean* cf pro erring and restoring tbo ho >'h and of aecuring 'h" general contort and efflnec. y of truopa to the i roper provioi m of cooler. nnrecs and hurpiUla, and to other tub toem of like nature. The Commission bar from'he flrn f l y r?rgnii-ed tho fact that ita office *?? purely aiixiuarf ed advisory, and that it wan created solely to give wusi nluniary aid It could to th? llepartruer t and thr tied ai iPtreati, .n mt?t ring tbo pressure of a great and niexpe.ied demand or their reaotircoo. Tbalfodiral Bureau especially. organised with rof?* renew to the wants of anarruyof on y a lew thousand mm, n?m d likely to !,e moot ?iously em^r'assed in Ita oporat ions when called on to pro\nle1 r a no* ly lev ,e I force of e^veraJ hundr-d thnomnd, e< e la ly ?s b"tb tbo officer* and men of theaa hus'ily a rvmblod ri s ruents were mostly without c?:cr ence, and required 1 named la'< and extraordinary instruction nod supervision to save them from the consequence* of > spo* e, nutlaria, unwhoieeome food and other perils ot camp life It will be seen from lb a that the di tie' of the < omnns ion, in place of being official and having ..ny actual |?tr ar, consisted of In 'portion ami adiic-?"a t? Id duty, vlx.?inquiring into the Military cnuditl'n of ibe volunteer army and advice ar t > Ita improvement Till* latter function included n< t onlv the duty <f ad dressing to dllTeront di iwrtmanta of guiain.noiit. fiom tunc to time. such roc nunendai >na or -uggeai. nr occasion might suggest, but a' <> 'hat of keeping volunteer OfiU-eraand soldiers tltemaeh* roti.uid!/ and d re. t)y instructed and warned v to trie w el dangers to v ,,'rh | they were exposed, the | r*i u uions agonal them. and the meaur p ited oot expert tic* *? beet i calculated to presm e them in bodily health end vigor for the performance of thei ? duly to the oi.niry. The Commission report that, with rrry ra'e exiep 1 tl^M, ihe advice and rugge; u-u>s <r.* f by their medi al < Inspectors hare been ret '-lved and f il'.ow*<1 by lb* H cere, soldiers and medical stall with the %ieeui*i alarriy and cheerfulness. The subjects to which the.r aitent on ie called are the quality of rat ion* and of water the method of camp cooking, the ventilation of tenia and quarters, the tannage of the ramp. the bealthfulneaa of lie el'.e, the adminintration of the hospital and the 1 ,ffi< i?n- y of its supplies, the police of the camp, the quality of the tents and of the clothing of the men, the material uacd for tent flooring, If any. k<\, *- "'haterer delkoences or evils they hud to exist by which the hdaivtl mm at. or efficiency of the men mey be endangered they are la trucled to indicate to tho proper officer,at the tans time offering advice, if it is r eede l, as to the best me thod of remedying them Very lew camp* have men ' visited in tfhich important improvement* hare not been ' ordered at the suggestion and in the preeeme of the in 1 peetor. The Influence, however, which officers neons lously 1 receive through the mere dire> tmn of their attention to neglected duties, by the inquiries which the inspectors have need to address to thein, lonslltnlee the chief part Of the value of the services of ihe commissioii. This, of 1 Course, cannot be specified and recorded. But the effect 1 of the advice given by tho inspectors of the commi ssion ts found not to be confined to the particular camp visited, or to the officers with whom I hey converse The 1 example of one regiment in ' reft ming sho es and eafbrciog sanitary laws U very genaially followed by others near It, aim a-i emulation la excited among company and regimental ?Hirers, the heneflciel effects of which have burn noticed in many caaee where an Ill-regulated regiment has been tran< ferred to tbe neighborhood of a cleanly, well policed, ao rougmy drained and euinbrwti* camp Men wbo bare beam flooded out of their icnta in a rain atorm gat llttla empathy from ihalr neighbor! who hire bean instructed w to protect themselvea by drntna, nor ara thoaa who fael a natural and soldierly prlda to the good order and elaanllnea* of their camp generally careful to conceal it wheo they enter a camp Inferior to their own The Commission have printed and distributed an arer ago of three thousand each of flea concise treatises 'on the beet mean* of preserving health n ramps, and on tha treetmaot of the aick and wounded In camp and battle Held ? katttitt and aob ot thk tolchtum. An examination baa proved that at leait t>oo third' iff' tht rotimtem an native American!. In at* and a half per cent of the regtmenta Inspected a majority or the men worn Germans. in Are and a l. ilf per cent a majority ere Irieh, and In Ave and a half per cent tha proportion of foreign and native w?t about 'qiial. The average age r the wJuuteers u fount to I * tittle wider tinotg Are ytari in mora than half?fifty^-eight t?er cant?of the regiment* "there had been no pretence "f a tho ongh Inspection of racrulta on enlistment." PTOOftAMrATtON, noiOf* MEN, ?rc. The attention of the fomuilnsion ha* b o called par aJN NEW YORK ttcularly to tlM danger thai follow* the coMstmaot of men notoriously vicious tuid degraded " In ? roguV'r army uch meu ere controllod eud ourtx-d l?y discipline, uuU educated to their compulsory duties But in the volunteer forces the Commission say, very justly, that "while this educational process is going on, the mere presence in camp of half a dosnu die o u'e, ins'ihordmat" a J rutlian ly men tends very m ch to retard the prog re s in disci pi me of the whole cciumincl They set an axunpla of unwholeioiue indulgence of every kin.I, thwai t all meaBorei for llio sanitary improvement rf the camp, are tho drat subjects of disease, and the ft at to turn their bat s on Iliaeueiny, Whatever disloyalty and ncearti m ha, a occurred auioug >ur soldiers may generally ho t a, ed to persons of this class It is to he hoped that 'I * ch will hereafter ho rigorously o.xclmli. 1 from the ; J'pl>'? army." Th* two great subjects that first attract tho alunti m of the Commission sro drainage and ventilation. They particularly iuculcato th" maxim that no camp can tie beatiby without a thorough system of drainage. FiftyoiRlu per cent of (he regimen is use the < vJg> tent,'' wiucli aro genera'ly most imperfectly ventilated. Ninetacn per cent t se the Fthle.v tent, winch admits of good ventilation. Ono regiment?Seventh Woeischusotts,Cvl. Davis. Surgeon Iiolmes?! ss ttie vvdgo tent thoroughly vent lated TfDlioidfover is almost invariably absent j from those camps that have vr '! ventilated teuts. The commission advise thai all tontR be struck, for thorm gb ventilation and cleaning, at least onco a v.uek, and that is now generally done. The flooring of tbo lea's havo a very great iufl ionc e on tho hoallh of the soldiers. 1 bo following table chows the ratio of sick men por thousand in regiments wliii h hud been supplied respectively wiili I'idia rubber blankets, wood ;n tont fl.iors, straw. fir boughs or cedar boughs, and ia those w hich hare been sleeping on th? barn ground. The data are (a:;en from the return*of 120 regiments, and chioity in November:? r?A"?ragi? Ra'io for 1,000.??, Evtrre \'umber Thou in Wertrn Regiinmts Slecjtivg on? of Rn,imenU Virginia aulu'1. Wood To. 7 01 o India rubber.. 0(>.r' 00.9 Bare ground 91.3 09.3 Straw or fir boughs 77.5 40.8 A limited examination of the diseases of the army indicates that the largest proportion of those of typhoid typo occur with regiments sleeping on rubber blankets, the least with those on straw or boughs; the largest pro;>orticnof catarrhal with regiments on wooden floors, lhe least with those on the ground the largest of rheuma tism with those on wood, the smallest with those on straw or boughs; the largest of malaria with those on the ground, the least with those on straw or boughs. As had hsen presumed by tha Commission, it has been prored that the best bed for BOldiers in camp can, with a little skill, be formed from fir or cedar spray, whenever ft can be obtained in sufficient quantity. The Inspectors have from the outset been Instructed to advise its use whenever practicable. It should be frequently removed and burned, after a thorough clean*.ug of (he tent floor, the tents being struck for the purpose. Special attention is called to ths subjest of privies, and at least twenty per cent of the ramps are reported as faulty, and the health of ths men affected in consequence. Of the camps inspected "only flvo per cent were found as to camp police and cleanliness In admirable order; forty-flve per cent fairly closn and well policed; twenty gix per cent negligent and slovenly, and twenty-four per cant decidedly had, filthy and dangerous." CLOTHING. Tn at least a quarter of the regiments the shirts of the men wore found to be of poor quality. Eleven per eent of the regiments had no overcoat *, five per cent had no blankets, twenty per cent had two to each man, and twelve per cent (twenty-four regiments out of two hundred) were very indifferently supplied with pantaloons. CLEAKLINXSJS. On the subject of cleanliness the commission do not make s very favorable report. In about four-fifths of the regiments there is an appearance of systematic cleanliness ; but very few of these are what they ought to be. Washing the feet is rarely enforced as a military duty. In keeping their ooais and pantaloons clean the volunteer army is more unsoldier-like than in a'most every other particular. The scrupulous nicety and exactness in the care of articles of dress sad equipment, which give so muchoccu pation to regular soldiers, and which ire not only important to be observed for the sake of their health, hut *a ths auu-ast Miriuuu ci' . high condition of discipline and efficiency in all other respects, arc, as yet, entirely unknown. A proper military inspection scarcely ever occurs in a volunteer regiment. Recently the inspectors of the commission have been required to return answers to the queetlon; " Are officers and soldiers on duty allowed to wear their ooata partially buttoned, or to foilow personal inclination in matters proper to 1>? made uniform and regular f" In nearly sovent.vfive per cent officers, when advised with on this point, confessed that wry little atteuiion was paid to such matters, and in most instances could not understandtbe object of the inquiry, thus showing that tbey had not a proper appreciation of the value of uniformity, of their own duties, or of the trouble that would be saved them in their duties by a strict enforcement of the Intern tion of the regulations in this rcspeet. A chief advantage of the uniform of military bodies U the facility it affords for keeping their e<|ulpnit'ntg in ser vicable order. When every man Is eipec ted to appear, it: all matters of dress, tho evnct counterpart of every other man. the attention of the otticer is arrested by a very slight neglect of proper care of his equipment on the part of any individual. On the principle of the pro verb, "a stitch in time saves nine,1' it is easier and cheaper, for both officer and private, that no duv passes without every stitch of clothing, every strap, buckle and button being put in the best possible condition. In Euro )>ean atmies every man is required to be provided with, and constantly carry abont him, not only u ;icb ? uecesta ry for the repair of his clothing, belts, Ac., but conreinenciei for cleaning both his person and > ioibwg; as, for instance, a switch or eat for whipping duel 10 the surface of clotli. and a brush to remove it; oil, em^ry, whiting, blacking and brushes, for straps, shoes and buttons. The commission very rightly call attention to tbn wont of articles to keep the clothes of the soldiers in proper ordor. They refer to tbi? want as "Bland.tie in the way >t the deveiopement ot that -ijjril </u curp, ..uicb Is essential to military efficiency ss to health.' To the government Itself the Commission give the following rather bi oad hint ijlovenliuess is our most characteristic national rice. Frontier necessities and costly tabor account in a maaen.a Cnm t l? . .. 11,a iH/tiraol Infl. ?noa A.a.?ai4 ?I1 1 arts4nf the country by a p'-cuhar local rye'em ol labor explains more. The city of Washington illustrate* the tic* md the penalty that if i>aid Ur it. Structure* des yned in themselves to fe commensurate with and typical of th" nioral grandeur of a great republic are offence# ngairift good taste like pre- lous stones on ifrtr hands. wb- u seen from out of the un mitigated sbabhincss and (11th of the unaewored, unpaved. unjiolieed street! of a collocation oi the uoii-ea oi (ill. ens who cannot remedy the evil. "The Nat local Hotel sickness was a bc-nQcent reproof of the narrow policy which demands it of them. That which wis loel by it could have been cheaply saved at an expon.-e ten times as great as would be the necessary cost oj making Washingt< n a healthful, beautiful and appropi tat- irnal metropolis: au attraction, an example, and an ttioeaalnr influence for good, in ihia way. to the whole nation. Vet we compel our moat valued pi.hlio servants to reside In this capital and with ebund.'Ct evidence that similar ce sea are liable to induce any day a far more ! adlynnd sweeping pestilence, do nothing to remove th"tn While the simplest, though roo?t absoluto, sanitary tows are thus disregarded in high places, it need not be thought strange that the inspectors find It peculiarly i ifflcult, ev< natter typhus has ent red the ramps, to rnuke the volunteer "flvers realize the actual military m eessity upon which the army regulations, with refcien to personal cleanliness of the men. are baaed FOOD AND DIK1. The i otntnwbion say that the articles of food furm-hed v ihe government are acknowledged to he of g oat mlance and ,;o<>d quality. Desaicatod (driedWegetaMeg iraoming Into favor, and aro recommended. COMPANY rr>D. to alxty per cud) of the regiment* [?rior to November no company fund exialed Tlx- < otnpany fund i? the eoldier * only resource for many article* luihsi eneable to his health, rimfort and offlci' ncy??. ?., freeli vegetables, b itter, mil., popper oo condiment but aalt being aupplitd by guverumuiit); i, <ny utenella required for cooking and <aving rations It.iUoH, forka, spoons, brushes, blacking, Arc, Cavalry aud artibery men depend on it for many '.her art idea reqvired for thair efficiency and creditable apisarance. It* forma'ion, therefore, promotea the health of a realment, not <>n!y directly, but alao by Improving the a>nr>ilr, eo.dieily feelmg and aelf respect of the men, cinch have no -.mall influenceon thetr phy*;*l coodllion. It may he added that the existence r* a company fund speratra h* a check on fraud* on the Commi<aerv and Quarter master'a departments, and tend* to dim in.ah the l inger of diaeaae to which sutlers ehope etpoae the lien. From sixty to a hundred dotUre a month ought to be aiaed for tbia fund by each company. ffCTUM. TheComtn .anion hare much cenaure and little prateefor this well abnaed cla*a They promote drnnkenneaa, r.-nd had liquor*, rob tbo aoldior uf hia htrd aarning*, which hould go to aupport hi* family, pamper him with state tod indigestible piee, and tow the eeed* of lU health and demoralization to a frightful estent. The following n an eitrar.l from the comm .mealIon of a surgeon of a rolunteer regiment, addressed to the Commission ? la u*ii rcuui)' ot w-a have the boat *utlera on tb* Potomac; n?n (>rUi?la*s ib?y prm?. in actual practice, an unmitigated cura* of :b man throw tholr ration* away, and literally live on lutler * tranb. Other* will ?at a full ration, aurt than go *trai*ht to the utler and eat throe or four v I llano. 1 a pie* Manv of theae bava been Tried In < ondemned lard a week before the anldier eate them. Tie reault U cainp diarrhea dyaeutery and all their concomitant evil*. rtutlar* are a twofold evil. Ry thorn the aoldler la tempted to apead hi* earning*, which aiionld b narsd fur a purpoae, mid la mada eh k In tha aam* tranaact>on My ohaerratlon and egperianc.n a camp pi or* cleerly that to keep a eoldior healthy yon meet <onil. to p!a a and regular ration* If Oongrea* would pa - a law the tendon, r of win h would be t" compel the *olri|ar> to live ui lb-govvrniaent raticna only it would fwovo a lic-anc.g of nflnito va'ua to the *ervtce. mciniyi. 1 be following reaolutiott', y? by tho dom?n,.a In July, arc too Important to he omitted ? Reaolved,Thai the Sanitary t'ommiea on, in deavor* to promo'e tempo- anca. atewullii* * and i ouif. i t among the troop*, liar* be .ni" conrIn cd thai th? flrel eanltary law In camp and am ng wu<n?ra i* military di,c pline,and that unfc** th e la ri|po. ialy ne erf.. and enforced It I* t vice* to attempt and iin|*???ibl* to : HERALD, WEDNESDAY, eflbot, by any eocmidary means, tho treat ond they pro pose, which is th > 1? a.tli and hap duees of the ai uiy , Unsolved, That looktag only to the hua'ih u"d o.'tnfort of the lroo(? It is o n profound o eviction any special relaxation of military discipline 111 favor of vol iutecr troopa lux-id either ui? ii tlioir supposed unwillingncssor Ina'uPty to eudu e it. or uuon the alleged expectalicn of the public, u> a fal.acloca policy, and fraught wi.h powl to the lives of tho m n am! the success of the nati >cal raise, an! that speak tug in tho name of the families uu the oamm initios fiom which tho volunteer* coiu.', and tu tho name of humanity and religion, wo implore that the most thorough rys em o:" military discipline bo carried out ivsth the ndl. ;-rs an 1 men of tho voluntoer force, as tho first and essential condition of their health, coiafo. t and morality. It soiiod, That thn hi alth and comfort and efficiency of the man is mainly dependent on the uninterrupted p esenoo, the personal watchfulness and the rigid authu my 01 mil regimental aim c 'upany omrora, aai mat mi tho groat delects, v>both?r in tho co-uuiissarat or in the police of camps, are radical)- duo to t! a abscnco of officers from their posts, aud to .So laxly of the discipline to which limy are themaeivt> accustomed?a laxity which would never l?o loleru. 1 amoug regulars, and which, while tolorataii among our soldiers, will unite our foroe a crowd of armed men rath r than an army. Ri-aolved, That It ia the public couviutiou of this commission that tho sol lie re themselves, iu their painful experience of the waut of le:idora mi l pro!outers, would heartily welcome a rigid discipline o\? tcJ ovor their officers anil themselves; that tho pubic nould hail with joy the inauguration of a decisive, p: eiapl and rigid rule, extending alike to officers and men, and that any despondency or Joubt connected with our military and national prospects,or with tho heaith and security of o >r troops, would Jisapjioar with tho Ural indications of rigid order,enforced with impartial author.ty throughout the whole army. The Com mission consider that the leading advantage possessed by West Point officers is tho ,reatcr attention to discipline RECREATION AND ANUsKMtiNT. The remarks of tho Commission under this head are nearly aU devoted to exciting and athletic exercises. While every other topic connected with the soldier's health is troated most ably and elaborately, we think the Commission bavs largely overlooked a most Important subject. W% will not attempt now to supply what we consider the deficiency; but wo are certain that tho man who should invent and introduce some rational popular camp amusements would be a benefactor to the soldier, and greatly promote his boalin, enjoyment and efficiency. Could not a number of regiments get up a fund and offer a reward of $600 for the best "screaming farce' or "military burlesque," to be played in camp?? something short, apropos, amusing and particularly adapted to the present political situation of the country. It would is lieve ennui, and he a source of great interest where the army remained any length of time in one place. The greatest antidote to disease In any army Is active service in pursuit of the enemy; and next to that rational amusements, cleanliness, ventilation and nutritious food. or course temperance and good clothing como In for a large share in an enumeration of the friends of the soldier. The Commission speak of tho large religious element in tbo volunteer force, and point with pride to the fact that each regiment sends homewards from three to six hundred letter* by mall every week. REMITTANCES OF PAT. The volunteer soldiers have generally shown great liberality and consideration in sending home their surp us earnings. The commission think from half to twothirds of their pay usually goes home, and that, if proper facilities and encouragement were given, a larger proportion still might be remitted. Government is particularly requested to do this, both to prevent drunkenness and spendthrift habits in the soldier, atnl to save the danger of a great pauper class among destitute soldiers' families. PROPORTION OP RICK. In the army of the Potomac the proportion of sick is sixty-three in every thousand men; In Western Virginia, 162; and in the Valley of the Mississippi, 116 in a thousand. The average number on tho sick list, both East and Wast, during the three months of August, September and Octooer,was less than eight per cent or jn . In Ik. Hi iKak In the time of peaco, it is sixty five, and during the Peninsular war it was 210 in a thousand. In the troops from the different States tho following Is the proporti"n in each thousand men:? New York, sick per 1,000 strong 65 Pennsylvania 57 Massachusetts 62 Connecticut 45 Vermont 83 Maine 124 New Jersey .16 Wisconsin 76 Indiana 42 Michigan .. 76 Illinois 166 Ohio 102 Apart of tho difference seen shore is in the nature of the service, as the service be? been very hard In Missouri, Kentucky and Western Virginia. wh?> e the troops have been on duty from Illinois and Ohio, .-.otdiers. h' w ever, have Deen more healthy from thj scacoast than front the interior. Tho following statement shows the benefit of action and the eltbct of the mind on the health of the body? "It has happened in more than one inainuc that, upon an order to advance against the enemy being given, every man of a regiment then on the sick list immediately reported himself well, was discharged, and shouldered his musket in the line of battle. It is probable tbal at least ono half those returned as sick by the surgeons of volunteers would do the same under similar circumstances; that proportion belog excused from duty on account of a cold in the head, severe fatigue, or a alight indigestion." DEATHS AND STCKNK83 IN CAMT. < During the summer the average mortality in tho army of the Potomac has boan throe an.l a hull per cent. The following statement exhibits a classification of the ewes of disease in the volunteer army during a portion ?i the campaign, showing, also, the per centage or casualties of all kinds (wounds, accidents, ttr.) for the Rame period, C' mpaied with like returns from the army of the Crimea from April 10,1054, to Juno 30, 1850:? A rmy of tk* Crimea, Ap. Army ^f the Army of 10, '54, to Potomac. the Wtct. Jwu30,'&0 Zymotic disease (per coot). 01.1 70 4 09.0 constitutional, ? 12 .0 .6 local, " 30 7 17.3 15.C tevelopmeotal, " 3 4 3 5 .1 Violence, " 36 2 2 14.0 All canes 100 0 100.0 100.0 Two most important facts appear ;n the face of this table?first, the immense disproportion between cases of disease and of violence, fully justifying all that has been asserted a- to the los? that an army in the held must exI ect to sustain from those causes respectively, aud, secondly, the great excess of zymot diseases, nearly all of which are. in a greater or less degree, preventable by proper precautions. For instance, typhus can be almost certamly averted by systematic ntten'ion to cleanliness and ventilation: smallpoi by vaccination, and malarious diseases (intermittent lover, Ac ) by quinine. It seems apparent, therefore, that it ta w!'bin the power of government, either by th* action of the War Pepartmeut or by legislation, to enforce rules that will mobl materially diminish the wade of eilh-tency by di.-ea-e, and thecon sequent cost of the present war. VALUE OF Qt'iN".!'. The Commie,ion make various .tat< tnonts showing the value of quinine as a prophylactic Pv g.ving two grains of quinine in two ounces ol whiskey uiue or twice a day the number sufib ing from malaria! fovor was brought down from fifty or sixty in the regiment to twenty five. ,ts soon as the sunnlv was exhausted tbe number of sick rose again. Tbo following are the Mdiuu** awb rAar aiTim ok rni awt ^rantncALLT ctae ttrotn. /?A'umber of C(W<i r ?fj !j t * N. "J* 'J ; Dit'Ota, <tc : 3 : ' : a r All caaei 1",4 ^ 12,216 27,664 Specified ca?ea 15,439 12,067 27,526 Ciauet 1....Zymotic dl-eaaee 9,1.17 3.223 19,685 2....&>nitltt)lional dixoaaea. 193 77 270 3....Ix)cal dlaoaaea 4,737 2,08# 6,423 4. ..Developmental diaeaaca 620 427 947 6 ...Violence 562 vm 821 Among the zymotic Jiaeaaea were ? A*myqf Army vf IKe Potormtc. (At B?(. Meeele* 224 4*2 IJuinejr 183 20 Mumi? 127 54 Catarrh 626 171 Typhoid ferer 156 131 ryaentery 618 627 Icarrtvca 3,667 8,362 Cholera naorbiix 269 23 Intermittent fever 1,178 2,868 Oimittni r?T?r i>*v ->?w All olhtr ferert 190 193 Rhenmatitm 730 103 MetAIM Or MBVOrfl HUTtM. IlMdarba 301 51 E-trncb* 106 0 Nmiralffla 120 73 To- th .v ht 103 73 DMU'KB or fwciratort odoam in 413 134 Plaurlrjr 112 89 Pntanionln 49 41 di^ia.-ib* ji motniv* oroanh Coi)?tipa?ioo 629 605 Cholic .34 02 I?yap*paii 150 19 Itiflamtnation of liver 70 260 UASVAI.riKH or WAR. Army of Army nf I'oi-nmae. "'*?( Onnahot around* 60 10 Incited wounds, 00 36 Itialocatioii* 31 14 Partial dialooatlnni 37 33 r-,?it 139 102 Lacaratad wouuln S4 21 TheM tre not hII the c?? iillos th?t occurred, but they tbow tho proportion of cacti eltta which wan treated in''oh pttat li September tad October The following rtat' inuid aptakt lor it* !fi? r>Kntt;rt| IM rRROBNT llPtPITAf, AtlHANOItMKNTO. Tli* ticf - ami ronrcrf of Bilschltf in the gtnernl hospital* At ami ?ro nd Wuthlnim *nd elsewhere, which hAvt b- n tmder <on*ld"rtitlon Ty the commit!-'Ion *t ci h of it> ?**?i' i.t, and njala.'u who b It b*i rap?*toO'y JANUAKK 8, 1802.-TK1J remonstrated, ooutame without material Chang*. An'e perawiHt difficulty betwoea two medical ofllear# of h gli pee if m in believed to stand To the way of the measures necessary to b-lug these establishments op t a; vthing app o ic' r g lh> lo.vobt stand ird that would bo tolerated In any civil hospital. H * is AB|>eclmcu of a vury violent case of rod tape ? a vol is tear aorgaon, whose rogi nent is encamt?J al a distanoe of several mile# frun the depot ??f military suppile# for tils ill-M>11, and who lius in his b apital a large

number of sick requiring h:s const, tit jiersonal attention, applies to the proper oill r for a hospital stove. His re quiS'Mou is in a'l respect* regilar, cicept that he haa f i g tlon or negl u led to got it countersigned by the general common ling his brigade, it is, therefore, banned back to him for correction. Ho returns to camp. A tor spending ut least another d .y in pursuit of tills < ftleor h? mtcceoda in tlnding him, in getting access to him, in gaining his attention, and ohtaiuing his approval and the required signature. Ho devotes unotlicr day to another expedition to h? a lip.artors with his wagon for the transportation of the stove, and p esents his requisition as amended. The nam? of the brigadier gene-al appended to it is well known. But tne requisition is atill detective. The genera! has hastily subscribed his numo in the proper phuto upon tho printed blank, but has neg looted to append his title. For this reason, as tho surgeon is given to understand, the stove cannot be issued, and he g .es back to camp without it to ipcud two or tliroj days more in pursuit of the general. Whether the sick men in this regiment sustained rbi leus harm or any harm from the absence of tbe surgeon, or Tor want of th*. slove, It is needless to inquire. They certainly may have suffered fatally. QUALIFICATION OK 8UME0NS. Tlie commission re pun mat aoom aoven-eignins 01 ins surgeons aro of fair qualification?. There are notable ex -option.-,, however, to this general rule of competence. Two rtitytms (onftss*] that, until they were supplied m!A instrument* by the goi-ernment, th',n hcul never t ? an amputating knife. But the average grade of qualification, founded on both f-cieui lfic uttainmeut and practical experience, is reasonably high. The commission complain, and with good reason, that the government duos not give sufficient encouragement to surgeons in the army, in the way of promotion, cbauge of locality and menu? of acquiring information. TRANSPORTATION. Transportation for tne Medical Department of the army is at present very deficient, irregular and bad of its kind, and should ho improved and systematized. Instances havo been credibly retried to the Gim mission, In which sick and dying tnon have been packed together in cart and canal boats, and detained for hours on their way, in a wanner that (unless it arose from unavoidable accident) can only be characterized as shocking and inhuman. Tbo government two-wheeled ambulance, whether considered aa a conveyance for the sick and wounded, or as a transport wagon, is too bad to be continued. In its place several additional four-wheeled ambulances should be given to each raglmcnt, three or four horse litters of the form shown in Dclafietd's report on European armies, figures To to 78, pending some better Invention, and a supply of pack mules with hampers, as wagons will often be impeded, broken and rendered impracticable, in the rough roads,gullies, streams and slougha, constantly met in our Southern Stales. DISTRIBUTION OF NECESSARIES. The distribution of stores, clothing, bedding, he., to the hospitals,and occaiioualiy and on special emergencies (as after the engagement at Ball's Bluff) to soldiers in the field,has now become a recognized function of tho commission. ll iUKmuJOU l? mm Hv IUH I viubMuw, mm some central agency was indispensable to pro rent a distressing waste of the supplies which the loyal women of the country were diligently providing for the army. Soldiers of one regiment were round to be over supplied, and throwing away the surplus or bartering it for liquor, while the hospital of some neighboring regiment was without beds, and its patients without a change of clothing. The commission has, therefore, for some months past, held itself ready to receive and to distribute where most required, among the soldiers of every portion of the army, all supplies, especially of hospital stores, which might be forwarded to its depots by the humane and charitable societies that are working for the army in every Northern city, town, and village. These supplies have been forwarded to it iu large quantity. Tho follawtwt. ??*Tilin?fsrta enn.mtiu. ? RESEKVK STOCK OF 8PPPLTW3. The reserve of stores at the disposal of the commission is still smaller than It should be. The demand caused by the comparatively trill mg engagement at mil's Bluff ex Uaustel its supply of various articles urgently required, and obliged it to purchase what was still needed in the shops of Washington. Had this hiUle been followed up In/ a general, or )*id a general engagement wn the Hotmic taken place, it u m .ally certain that many hundred, if not thousand men, wr.u'd ha>i' perished for the want of riusyiuui w?'u II ".M ........ S """???>, "?> the commission, nor tho sho)* or Washington, could have furnishod one-quarter part or what would have been required. asptoiaUy if a national victory had thrown tho enemy's wounded on tho panda of the government It is true that government could have telegraphed to Ra'.li more, Philadelphia and Now York, for additional etippliee; but these could not prcbably have been obtained in considerabloquantity for several days; and tfouly forty-eight hours e la peed before their receipt. hundreds or wounded men would have died from mere want of medicine, bedding and bandages. INSUFFICIENCY OF GOVERNMENT 3UPPMB3 ON HAND. The commission feele that the duty aasigtted it by tbe War Department requires it to protest, as it has already protested, nguiust the grossly inadequate provision for the contingency of a general action, which certainly existed during the summer and autumn, and which it believes still to exist. To illustrato tbe ex!rut of this deficiency, it la only necessary to say that the Medical Bureau was obliged to call ou the commission to supply lint and bandages for a lew wounded men brought Into hospital after one of the petty skirmishe* that occurred in September last. We must remember that the experience of foreign armies shows that, after a well contested battle ou this scale, vre must count on having, at the very least, from twenty to thirty thousand men crying to us for relief from agony. Tbe commission oloto their report with tho following very just remarks ? The object had in view by the commission can lie efp feci tally accomplished only by the direct action o government, through officers who can order where the commission can only advise. The cause our armies have to defend is alone dearer to the people than are those who hxve to Mflkr iu its defence. The strength and mo. bility of the army eanuol be eaci iflced to the raro of its siok and wounded. The sick and wounded ahould !?? sacriticed unflinchingly to evorjr unavoidable military necessity, but all the more should tb?y be supplied with whatever mitigation of suffering military necessities kmpoiMi Ami IkW -.ho'iMbu furnished tht-m. not as if a hard master were driving a bargain with thoin, es 111 the commutation of a board contract, but as if the love and pity <>f mothers, wives, sweethearts and slaters were cxerc.sed with the far-seeing Providence, boldness, ingenuity, tact and Industry of true military general sh 11?surgeon geueralehip. Tlio duty of guarding against, the defeat of our armies by disease now.Is to be undertaken as eame?tly, as vigilantly, with as libera! a policy, onl with :is resolute a da. formication, ns nay other military duty. T" -scare this result the commission is convinced that a hb'he- place needs to bu accorded the medical Motrin the orraclmtion of the army. Its relations with all dojwrtin .is utid all ranks, os well ns with the government it* ?if, needs to ho mora intimate, confidential and influential. Tba n has no f"ar that it? motives will be lui-i u-troe l r in words perver'ed. In the life struggle of a ualinn,Ho''! ife-aklug of real dangers and over cou S'.d 'i Ateness is a crime At helber the gre-t tide of the spirit of war which now submerges our land ebsll be allowed to quietly subside, or whether tbo struggle in which wc aro preparing to cn gage shall continue so long u? to establish In us the habits of thought and of life of ? mditary nation, matters little. It matt r? much that, whatever !>. tide us. wo rsmain true to the central Idea or our nation's life: that our army be one with our ] oopie, end that we acoept whatever the Almighty sets before us a* our duty, oourageously, pa llently, ami wiib mutual helpfulness. The members of the cmmisxion, deeply grateful fur the honored confidence which has constituted It so Important an artery of the pen pie's love to the people's army, desire nothing >o much .is that by ? sufficient enlargement and invigorution of the proper dcpariments. they may be relieved of the duties wh oh they have undertaken. While, however, their beloved government can with advau ge continue to accept such services as by the aid of the public liberality they are able to ofl'er, they renew their oe-o.t anr.-? < t tneitevoteo gooo will wuu wnicniney remit in at Its (lisjio?al. The commission i-ay a meat henrtfelt and generous tributo to tli* disinterested aud patriotic effort# put forth by the noble women of the land to encourage and comfort the bravo volunteers. Who can read without emotion the following? It is given in an appendix:? VOLCNri'.KR ARMY Hirri.TM. It is hardly just to let this report go forth to the pnbllo without a more distinct reference to the deep and earnest, resolute and abiding spirit of patriotism In the women of the country, of which the commission dally re* cetvea more tangible evidence than can bt conveyed la words From a backwoods neighborhood, for Instance, comes a box contaiuiug contributions of bed clothing and wearing apparel from sixty women and children, tbs in voles running thus:?-'On# pair of stockings from the widow Barber, "no quill, two bottle* current wine, one cheese, Mrs. Harbor, two pillow cases and ono pair stockings .lano Berber, one pelr slot kings and one hindkerChlef, Lucy Harhsr; one pair mitteus and Robinson Cru a?e, Jadim inh Berber;'' ami then follows the list of contributions of snother faintly. A few devout words only are commonly added to such a list, but thoy Imply Hist the donors are ready logivii all they po- >< ? if it shall be needed to maintn.n the Inheritance of our fathers. Blankets worn In the Revolution, and others token in the last war with Kng land, heirloom linen, with great grandmothers' hand marks, and many family treasures, are sent as free-will otteriiifcs, wltli simple prayers that they may contribute to tin'comfort of some defender of liberty To the same end, the tint ladles of the land?If any arc entitle.i to that app' llalloi ?have, without cessation, during nil the hot'-1. miner In an nigged daily in dry, hard, plodding work, sonli k, r-i rk .ig, p icking goods, and carrying on extended and todloi a accounts and correspondence, with the prei -ion, accuracy and regularity of trained inn fhnnf- In all tlicro I-', little character ol romantic enthtiels m, but moch, and. ?s the mon'hs pas m >ro end more of de.iti - ate i, abiding, ?elf -aenflemg rnsolution. It e-rn- - I, lh? w omen were Just now beg to feel how in' ch they lovi their country, ?n I the inquiry, 11 <r i ii i we he?l Ji m hing for 1ho army " i mmr g fi ' eyv y qiiar:- 1 . to th" border slave as well ' as Hie free 1 l/i. ha'l ray t'.at (he Fstbor of his ('.wintry did not appreciate th" ?dv? < and value Of aeban shirt, al LB SHJ5BT. Ml Whitney had not Invented the cotton gin, ttud en ton was not king. It Is one of tlio most interesting Juste, ical events of tbo war that the contrite t ion of our army of American ladies has brought to light for the lirst time tup following letter never before published. and which was "il.ln ese l by tVashinglou to Mrs. Buclio, a daughter of Dr. franklin ? lUao Qmu Hun.KN, N. J, 14tli of July. 1780. Manas?I have received with much pleasure?but not till last night?your favor of the -lib, specifying the amount of tlm subscription* already oollocted for the uao of tho American soldiery Tins Irash mark of tho patrioti.-m of the la.lies entitled them to tho highest upplam-e of their country. Ilia iutV*'. Bible for the army not to fool a superior gratit :de on ditch an instance or goodness. If I am happy in having tho concurrence of tho ladled. I would propose the purchasing of ooarso linen, to bo made into shirts, with the whole amount of their subscription. A shirt extraordinary to tho soldmr will be of more service to hiiu than any oilier thing that could be procured huu; while II is not iutondo l to, nor shall, o\cl ale him from the usual supply which ho draws trom the public. This appeais to ion to be the best mode for its application, provided it is approved of by the ladies. I urn h ippy to liud you have beeu good enough to give us a claim on your endeavors to completo tlio execution of the design. An example so laudable will certainly bo nurtured, and must be productive or a fa vol able issue in the bosoms of the fair in tho sister Wtates. I jet m congratulate our benefactors ou the arrival of the frcnrli fled Oil the harbor of Now (sir t ou the alter noon of the 10th. It is this moment announced, hut without uny particulars, as an interchange of signals had onlytaken place. 1 pray tho ladies of your family to rocelve, with my compliments, my liveliest thanks for the inlerost thoy take iu my favor. Witli the in wt itorfect respect and esteem, I have the honor to be, madam, your obedient and humble servant, ttKO. WA.-dftNOTON. The cxmniission have received $24,000, aud oxj ouded $10,250. It is earnestly hoped that thoir us -fulness will not be abridged Tor want of fundi or supplies of clothing, comforts, cordials, luxuries, books and other necessaries. ARMY OP TUB WK?T. The report of the Inepoctor of the Western Division, is exceedingly interesting, but pr-senta few features requiring a longthy resume in our columns. Among the prominent causes that contribute to the il' health and suffering of the soldier are an insufficiency of warm clothing and the cupidity of sutlers. The great hardships to which our volunteors have tieen subjected lu Missouri, Kentucky and Western Virginia have put an unusual number on the slclc list. Fevers have been uncommonly prevalcut. In tbe Valley of the Kanawha, in a force of 12,000 men, November 18,2,038 were on the sick list. Tbe report speaks of the great convenience that it would be to the soldiers if their eoffee could be well burnt and ground, and put up pure in ten or twelve pound packages. Tbe report pays a glowing tributo to the liberality and self sacrificing efforts of the women of the Great West. The health of tho Nineteenth Illinois regiment , we take it, was very good. 'The boys bad takeu possession of the Edzabetblown (Ky.) Democrat, a secesh paper, and in its plac> were publishing tbe Xovai* Gazette, a paper of decided Union tendencies." No doubt, and an infusion of Illinois poli tics will unquestionably do the Kontockiaus good. The Inspector complains qL a want of cleanliness in the camps, and a want of ventilation in the most of the tents. The report speaks of tbe great lack of ratioual amusements for the soldier whilo in camp. The prevailing diseases at tbe West have been fevers, chills, diarrhea, dysentery, measles and rheumatism. CONTAGIOUS DISEASES. We have learned, from sources independent of these re ports, that the manufacture of soldiers' clothing in this end other cities is carried on in low dens, where smallpox and other contagious diseases aro constantly active. I'nquestlonnbly disease has been introduced into the army from this source. Our local New York Sanitary Commission has taken the matter up, and we hope it will bo thoroughly ventilated. A |ierusalof the leading facts and suggestions in these reports of the Sanitary Commission afford abundant proof, if proof were wanting, that the commission Is one of the ablest coadjutors that General McClellun has in tbc field in assisting to crush out this rebellion. We hope they will gu on as they nave begun, and bo deterred or held back by no tenderness to olass interests, and no false modesty arising from the thought that they are not among the 0|>au!etted martinets or speculative contractors, who are wnlghiug so heavily on the otrorts and the labors of our brave and patriotic volunteers. The Sleighing Carnival. The sleighing carnival, inaugurated .-si gloriously on llonduy last, was kept up with considerable spirit yewterday by those of ourpeoplo given to that healthful and exciting species of amusement. New York snow is quite as fickle as New York fashions, and hence a very strong disp'-sitiea is manifested to make the most of the present lucky dispensation of King Krosl in our favor. The streets of the city were tilled yesterday witli all man nor and description of turnouts, froni the heavy lumbering sled of the cartman up to the most magnificent end costly arrangements of the codfish and shoddy aristocracies. Young America, too, was jubilant in the mudguttera and on the sidewalks, sleighing away on that juvenile do scriidion of runners, expresavioiy styled "belly-woppers,"' to the terror of alow-going old logios, whose Rhine suffered con.-udernbly by the lieadlong, reckless speed of the thoughtless aud inconsiderate youngsters. 1 bough the number of sleighs risible during the day { was rery gteat, the snow was not in the best condition possible. The unexpectedly warm tompersture aud the bright shinlug sun had the effect of aowiug ths seeds of a hasty consumption of the snow, which will - melt, thaw, and dissolve itself Into nothingne-*.''should the lion' continue to day. and then su end to the bright visions of the carnival of sleighing. The principal theatres of the sport were Broadway, the Fifth avenue, Central Park and fhoomingdale road, which presented a most gay and Inviting appearance. Many of the side streets, where the snow has not been so much disturbed as in the great thoroughfares?and the sleighing is consequently better?were likewise enlivened by merry parties intent on making the most of the opportunities for a sloigli ride. Tlie Comet. Uw:t*o Htatmi Naval Ohbkrvatobt, ) Wauhixoto*, Jan. 2,1802. J A telescopic comet, discovered at the Cambridge (Ma.*.) Observatory at three A. M. of the 2#th ultimo, was this morning observed by James Ferguson, F.sq., Assistant Astronomer, as follows:? Comet 1*01?III. M T. tVasli. ( ~ -apparent. ? / 1802 n w. a. it. n h n. m. a. Jan. 1 17 30 64.6 14 17 30.86 + 3 5 2b.7 A/-,.,.ritin.- in the otisarvsLiOns rn ide at CnmSriiW Ihn com<*t iii moving to the northward with much rapidity, I 'langes il? ascension slowly. It in a nodulous mass about two ni mutes in diameter, slightly condensed at tlio centre, and oTa ruddy light. J. M. GILIJSS, Superintendent P?r?onal Intrlllgtnrr. Count de Parts, Due d? Chartroa, Captaiu Moohain and C Lech rc armed at tlio I'arkur House, Boston,on M?'U(,ay, from Now York. H-? Edward Everett called on General Scott at the Iirevoort Hooee yesterday. Lieut. H. t>. Debarry, from China: Mr. Garcia and family, of Buenos Ayrea. R. T. Phelps and 0. M Ilcut, or Philadelphia; J. Norrnand.of Boston.and R. Hawlcy,of Tro> are stopping at the Clarendon Hotel. Hon lid ward Everett, of Boston; F. X. Knapp, of Waslitngtou. N. M. Crane, of tlie Twvuty third regiment New York Volunteers, and A. Morrison, of Albany, are stopping at tlie Everett House Hon. Chauncey Vlbbard, of Albany; A. Ren wick, of Boston: H. Howard, of Rhode Islund, J, C. Owen, of Baltimore: E. Thotna'.of Butlblo; R. 8. Wood, of Bermuda' L. ('. Ives, of Hartford; O. W. Cass, of Pittsburg- N. Washburn, of Won ester, and A. F. Snow, of New Hampshire, are Mopping at the St. Xlrholaa Hotel. Captain Paull, of the Untied .States Army; Lieutenant K. Terry and Chester Hatfield. of the United States Navy ; Aldon Inland, of Masssehuaeita ; H. C. Jarrell and wife, W. Wheatley and W. S. Stewart, of Philadelphia; H. D. Baron, of St. Lonlfl ; F. L. Davenport nod Mr. Barron and wife, of Boston ; W. B. Taylor and S. H. Sweet, of Utlca, are slopping at iub aietropuinsu nvn-i Lieutenant U. F. Anrell, from Fortress Monroe ; J. Cotton Smith and C. W. Everest and wife, of Oonnecilcnt ; William Ewell, L. T. Dunbar and Samuel Colrlllo, of ( alt fornla; O. T. AI wood and M. M. Rhodes, of Maaaaobuaetta; M. Oroentree, of Rocheater, and R. iliapmau, of Waah Ington, are stopping at the Lafarge House. Hon. James Dixon, of Hartford; W. Cunn and J. Ft. RumrlH, of Springfield; H. J. and Miss Pumeroy, of Cincinnati; John S. Maxwell and Mr. Boyd, of New York; J. i Curtis, of Philadelphia; J. Giles, Miss Rogers and Mrs J. F Guild, of Boston, and H. C. Kings ley, of New Haven, are stopping at the Albemarle Hotel. Hon. C. H Van Wyck, of Sullivan county; Hon. Van R. Richmond and Hon. H. Van Vleck, of Lyons; Hon. E. P. Mason, of Providence;Col. D. H. Abell, of New York; H. B. Oo'/ tycar and J. E. English and wife, of New Haven: K. D itrooks and wife, of Potsdam . John Stryker, of R >me, N. Y.;0. W. Chllds.of Syraouse.G. Amos, or Chlcopue.J. B. Field, of Taunton,G. Mallny, of Connecticut, an I James Roy, of Water town, are stopping at the Astor Home. Mi|or T?yer, or the United States Army; Charles R. Train. H. D. Hmlth slid T. A. Heals and wife, of Ml-icliusettS: W. W. Turner and wife, of Hartford; A P. Baldwin and wife, and J. p. J. Ooddart aud wire, oMtovideiice; Dr. 8. W Hart,of New Britain; W II. Ph lit pa, of Washington; E L. Rodlne and W. Frexer and wile, of Philadelphia; D.J.Clark, of Manchester, N. H .and W. 0. Elliott and wife, of \VI)hams;u>rt, Pa , tie stopping at the Fifth Avrnnu Hotel. The Nlagnra Outward Hound. B-wrojt, Jan. 7, tHM The wails per the 'tc.'uship N' ,;?! u will r|i io at nine o'cl'icV to tnorro'v (Wednesday) rooming Mio will not Rail, bow' ver, 'inf. altout noon, ?? I. ? . . ? ^ mm .'I PRIZE CASE& United States District Court. IVjroro Hod Judgo butts TDK OOtTNSTL OF THK LB1T1SU CONrtUh PKUTBaVC AOAINBT TUH aot9 OK THK UNItKU htatb8 GOVWUi* mb nt. Jan. T.?In the matter y the. United Stolen agatiut the Ilritish Ut> k Cluulnre awl cargo, claim d iu a prize for an alleg d attempt to run the blockade. This case being called the Assistant District Attorney moved, on behalf of the Unitod Slatoe, for condemnation and sale c.f tho vessel and cargo. Mr. Edwards appeared ou beliali' of tho claimants, uad in moving fur a continuance of the case, stated that, he was unable to put iu liia answer to the allogod cause of seizure, inasmuch as the master and officers of tho vessel had he on separated fri m tho crew, and that he could not now discover their wliorauhouts, and he could not answor without them II* furthor remarked that only a portion" of tho crew had been sent on with tho vessel, nnd that thoy know nothing of tho objoct of the vosst-l's voyage, or eves hur destination. Ho protested,not only iu this case, but > r09t?'Ct to sevoral otiier cases in which ho appeared * counsel, to tho improper acts of the seizing i>flio?r> ha aciiuratmr I ho officers of the vessel ti om the crew, and ovuu from separating them from the vcsae 1 iUoli; on by scattering tliom it wan impossible to get tb.< proper facte und evidence which might tend to establish the legality of tho voyage. Judge itotu remarked that it did not r.eem iiri'per to separate the mou, ucr remove them irom tho vessel, and it he (Mr. Edwards) would briug tb mvt r before him, in an authentic form, and muko it projior motion iu re?|iert to it. lie would endeavor to correct the irregularity. In the meantime he would extend the time to answer in this MM, and would see to it that tho rights id no person should bo prejudiced by any act of informality or irrogularily on tho part of the officers of the United States. Monitions woro returnable in the following causee, which were called:?United States vs. eevoii quarter casks or spirits, marked K. 0.; same vs. throe pack* ages silk and worstoil, belonging to T. J. Wallace; same vs. one gold hunting watch, belonging to 8. Toca, same vs. sev en barrolu of rum, marked diamond 72 1 a TThere being no ap|iearenre for the claimants in any of tho abovo causes, upon motion or Mr. Ethan Alien, Assistant United Slates District Attorney, the Court ordered the ontry of a uocroe of condemnation and sale in each suit. In the suits of the United 8tatea vs one rase of print*, marked F. I..; some vs. one case of photographs, marked 30: also, u]>on motion of Mr. Allen, a decree of condemnation was entered M arii cause, and the properly bring obsrooe will be destroyed. Court of General Sessions. Before Hon. Judge McCuun. Ja.v. T.?At the opening of the Court this morniug tho following geutlemen wore sworn to discharge the duties of Grand Jurors during the prevent term of the Court:? Ed. 8. Gould, l'oremau. Samuel T. Williams. John Aitken. Jeremiah Lambert. Joseph Applogate. John T. B. Maxwell. John Buckley, Jr. Samuel C. Madden. Calvin Durand. J. Mooch Henry. Clinton Ciffert. Robert J. Randolph. Coo. D. H. Gillespie. John f*. Worsted. Charles ('. Coodliue. William Wood. William 11. lloople. William T. Booth. Robert Haydock. James L. Dannat. \f-irtin II Kilhmn .1 Austin Stevens. Jr. City .Twig* McCunn charged the Grand Jury as follows:? Gkctlsmx*?I shall say hut very littlo to you, bccauaa I sue before me in that array some of the 11 rat men in the country, many of whom, I know, are well acquainted with lite duties you arc callod upon to perrorui. besides, you have the good fortune, aa well as myself, to have as a guide for you in your deliberations the counsol and advice of the learned District Attorney, a gentleman of largo experience in this business aud of very great ability. I will first call your attention to the following laws:? 'I'u the law relating to usury. To the statute making it a misdemeanor on the part of public officers to reecho greater fees than bitch as ara allowed by law. To ihu election law to prevent bribery and oorruptktt at elections. To the act to suppress intemperance, and to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors To an act to prevent, fraud in the sate of tickets upon steamships ami other vessels. And to the statute against lotteries. Not more than twenty-three nor less than sixteen persons can be sworn upon the Dread Jury. No indictment outi lie found without the concurrence of at least twelve of your number. The calendar for tbts month consists of about eighty prison coses, besides a large number ol bail cases. I would remark, gentlemen, thai we have entered upoa another your?a year pregnant, 1 have no doubt, with important events?.inure important, perhaps, than any that have transpired since the dawn of tho ie;iub'ic. It therefore becomes us all to do what little lies in our power to aid and owlet our upright < hief Magistiato in carrying thn country through tins tearful struggle. You and this Court eau aid. in a measure, in doing so h.v going at our labors promptly, and by performing those labors honestly and conscientiously, without fear, favor or bO|ie of re ward; thereby demonstrating to the world the falsity of (be assertion made by a wicked aud untruthful foreign press, i? theefiect tli?t "our country is under mot) law." lot us continue to show thero abroad that In this groat city, containing nearly a million of human holugs, and wiiero are to be found portions of the op] rested of the whole human race, just and equitable laws find a hourly su|i|>ort in our |eople. Lot us show the whole world, whose eyes are now fined upon us, that, although wu are engaged in one of the most fearful struggha man lies ever beheld, yet our republican institutions, in the midst of such a shock, aro quit* equal to the task, and are as prompt and able to suppress crime and maintain law and order as the most powerful or most despotla crowned head in Europe. CASKS DISfOSKI) OK BY THE COt'Kr OF SPECIAL SESSIONS nt'KINti TIIK YKAK 1861. Off, nru. Connord. Acquit'ii. Ditch'd. f' tit larceny 1,747 IW2 861 Assault and battery 1,008 2*5 1,841 Disorderly hoiwfe 27 28 M Malicious mischief 25 8 22 indecent exposure of person... 25 2 4 Assault, with intent to atoal... 28 1 4 Carrying burglarious implode.. 8 S t Embezzlement 4 3 4 Oilier no.demeanors 28 10 9 Trial 2,402 090 2,077 Disorderly conduct, discharged alter imprisonment, enable to (five bail 606 laaea sent io General 8e?siu* lit Total cases disponed of. 6,000 Sentences to penitentiary, ma es 1,201 sentences to penitentiary, females 634 Sentences to City Prison, males 384 Sentences In City Prison, females 122 -entetiees to I louse m Kofugo, boys 116 Sentences to House of Tlefugo. girls 20 Sentences to pay lines, iuum 351 Sentences to pa> lines, females f 104 Amount received for fines $5,676 87 Police Intelligence. SIIAnr.l'i,l. lasr. ui nunitr niu.nin. An Italian <it ros|M'ctabl? ?|i|m arauce, named I'e'.er Hor.iventura, appeared before Justice Connolly, ?t th? I oarer Police Court, a few days ago, and preferred a i liarge of fair" prctsnoa against a lawyer named dmtmr K. l'ogh.ina. The aflldnv It of tbo com pi tltianl w * a lengthy one, hut exceed tag ly lutnret Hug, d,sci ?mg a sis'eof things around ilia tombs which wo thought existed only in the pest, lie -i ilea that on t ho VI <-f .?p tern her last himself and wife were arrocted on < lurg-> of assault auil luttery, and U eked up Ih tha Tomba. On Iho aeeond day after lio was arreted I'ogltant railed i |k?ii him, ntid announcing liiwolf as an attorney and counsaUor-atlnw, of twenty-four year.' raiding, asked that he might In) engaged to defend Iho prisoners. Bonavontura at one? engaged the ser vtcis of the lawyer, and i aid the latter $10 to commence with. On the Hih ?f .September J < ?,liana caked upon the priaouere and staled that he wan lad twenty-Ore dollars to ludnee JutJiee Connolly to destroy the papers, and later in the day he got fifteen dollars more for hm Bervlres in preparing a ball hord for the rolease of tha priaouere. On the 15th of September Toghan i called again, and re4ue?tod a further insiahiinnt of twenty dollar*, whlelt he aald wag intended to InllneneO the Ihstrlrf Attorney Ha etated that he waa going to have the indictment quashed, but did lift want a word said about the matter to any one or he might be foiled in the effort, on the both of tho game month he called upon the prisoner* again, and saying he warned to hrtbe the clerks- in Iho District Attorney's otlico, asked for twenty dollar* more. 'in the 14th of October he got $'20 more from tbo prison at s to pay to persons ? bo were to become ball. A few days afterwards ha called for $M mora, which be eald he had to give to clerks In llio Jnatioa'a oRIca and In that of tbo District Attorney. Thatpoor poopla bad by tbla tima but $16 IqTt, aril to make up the amount Mr*. Dona venture gave Mbgllana ibroe palra of earrings and the only mettree* they bad In thr world. Subsequent to all tbla the prigonaiw were tnod anil ao- ? quitted, but not through the iidnnimortaittv of t'ogltana, ' who neither aptwared at the preliminary exam it atlo* nor at Ilia tlnal trial. Thr only aerricaa he ewer rendered, It appeara, wan to-procure them ball, aad tbla waa only lenipoiary, an iht/,r liondaman delirared tbatn up abortly after they war a ballad. Konarentura has further ascertained thet I* ,Khana waa not a lawyer, anil that all the represantxtlur ,n he made were made for the purpose of defrauding, t'pon tlx' atrangtb ?f Honsxanlura a complaint, duality , Connolly laeued a warrant far the arreel of I'ogUana. and yeatarday be delirerrd himself up, and was held7,0 bail in the sum of $1,000 to answer. Mr. Antonio If ,i?|o||,of Vo.|43 Wesl Thirty sot Hid street, baratno Pngly ?a-H bond-unao. Conn Calendar?Tltlv Day. 8t'PVfiioiftCorir% _p?rt I.?N??p. 2612763, 2765, 276*, 2769, 277V 2778, 277ft. 2777. 2779, 27Nil, 2787, 2791 , 2798 Pint'J ? Sof. 8326. 2')12, 0040, 3048 , 30M, 3038. 0074, 1058, 2V 4 3108. 3110, 0112, 8114. 8718, 3120. l'arl 3.?No*. 2790, 2797, 2799, 2801, 2800 , 2SO0, 2807, 2809 , 2811. '/ 413. 2*18,2817 . 2*19,2821, 2*23. Part 4? Kr?. 3010, m, 3122 , 8124, 8128, 8123, 3130,3132, 3104, 8130, 8108 8140, 3144. 3148, 3148 Hri'iimf Co hi?Cmii'iT,?Part 1.?N?s. 1001, lfiil, 1879, T' 3, 1695, 1701, 1707, 1717, 1719. 1728, 1735, 1707. l?.41 1749, 1703, 1755, 17-7. 1759. 17C0. 1707, Purl 2 ? Nih. 1380. 1028,1300, 1018, 10.'>0, 1052, 10.>4, 180? 1800 1802, 1000, I860, 16,0, 1072. 1071, 1678, It,/,,' 1084 1080, 1?88 ' >4ivn8 i't kah. - Part 1 ?Vim. 072, 573, 06;, 070, 373, .4.174 070 077,678 079 600. 081 , 002, r" n? , a '.yc 525 4.74.280. ?. '. Ilil, IM, 1307, 13.8, | 1175, 1216, 1317, 073, 1003, 08O

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