Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 13, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 13, 1862 Page 2
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2 , anil to beat ?n iguomiotoun retreat to hi* inhospitable hi mm Under the t> aching* of t? forlorn expert etice of the *teru realities of war, with an humble submission to thj dispensation of Divme Providence, whose tender tneicies he has never studied to inmate, he will doubtless become a wiser, a sadder, if not a better man. REBEL ESSAY ON YANKEES?CHOICE MORULAU OF SOUTHERN' LITERATURE. [From the Richmond ius, etch, Jan. 9.1 Anion* uther qualities whi h distinguish man from the brute creation is the fv dty 01 rea#on. I'pott this he cepacia !y pi idea himself, and the Yankee m.iu in pnrtlcular has always xulted in being 11 t i-uly the su|ierior of ths the bsa a, hut a. all other tat- u as a taiioral bom*. Up n the article 01 soul, and upon the moral attribute* and the domestic and aoci&l atb c inns, the gcuum . Jonatlia.i was never very exclusive, but pure t ea u was the god of bis idolatry, and the . apaoity to cab bats co:..-equ- nc *, discerning Ins interests and holding on to them at all ha sards and to the iast extremity, were the chief glory of the sons of ihe 1 ilgrtmx. The head ami uot the heart was their seat of greatness, and looking out for uumber one the great end of humanity. herniated, then, by the standard which the Yankees hate ihem-eives adopted, what are we to think of Yankee! ru : s illustrated by the present war* What has became of that euper eminent reason by which ihoy claimed to be exalted above all other mm* What of their intelligent self-interett? Whit of tliuir capabity tor calculating consoq eiice-i and taking caro ol number oner There is no explanation of their couse except oa the thoory oi national insanity, of a moral epidemic which has seised i poa their whole rare end prostrated their God less of<>n in the dust. That alt thoir mtorests were involved to the preservation if the late I'niin, they now admit, and that of ell the ways of rescuing it, war is the last, every one under heaven sees but themselves. Yet they persist, et an enormous expense, in;carryiag on a gigantic scheme of invasion, which now, after s year's trial, has proved n fearful abortion, and which, every hour that it conliuues, Increases the hazard of adding a crushing war to thoir American embroilments. Aftor the crowning madness of electing e President by the N'erlh to rule over thedouth, and after the secession of the Gulf states, there was still a course by which they might hare nverted the heavy judgment that.their folly provoked, and have even liehl out a chance of a reconstruct: n of the old Union. Tltoy might have with 4rawn rrum me torts oi i nariesnu tu> lew Hundred soldiers who were not strung enough te protect the property of the luited Slaloa, and whose presence only tended to irritate th" South and provoke collision and hloudshed They might have sought to conci lata the border States, which were eager to meet thcui more than half way, and who would have clung to the Union forever if they hud been permitted to do so without dishonor. But In vain the.-ie Stales, led ou by Virginia, the grand, historic Old Commonwealth of tne devolution, begged find implored for compromise and justice. A judicial blindness seemed to have seized upon the who.e Yankee nation, Lincoln, their chosen President, hardened his heart, like 1'haroah, and would not let the people go. Instead of yielding to the suggestions f prudence and moderation, he adopted measures of savags violence, which absolutely drove Virginia and every other .Sou'herniate out of the old confederacy, and forced them to lake up arms in defence of their rights and liberties. Inst, ul of being warned by the solemn attitude of tl.e border States, the whole Yankeo population was excited to such a pitch of frenzy as had never before been heard of outside a lunatic asylum, \Xt believe th at the day will com when the Yankee- will read the acco nits of their horrible menaces against the purity of the Southern households and the live.- and honor of Southern men at the beginning of this war, and confess that they were surk. staring mad, raving Bedlamites, and tit only fbr straight jackets and s mad house. Yet this is the people who have always helu themselves up as the incarnation of pure reason, and have affected to look down from their iceberg elevation upon the sunny South as a race of impulsive, pase.ouate beings, who we:e mere children m comparison with tlio wise, rational, self-possessed and self-restraining philosophers cf Now ling.on 1. It is to lie hoped that the present contest will loach the Yaukee* true wisdom, which consists iu knowing oue's sell, and in knowing other people, in both which branches of knowledge th y have shown themselves lamentably deficient, and which al-o includes the c illivaiion of the moral as well as the intellectual faculties. They are en gaged at prueeut iu the most Quixotic project e.-er undertaken by any j*?>p!e since the foundation of the world. If they could subjugate lb doutb, it would only be by the extermination of its inhabitants and the da*olatr>n of its whole territory, a consummation which would involve their own manufacturing and c-ommerc al destruction, as well as that of the tsoilhern people. But they! cannot succeed They aro up mountains of debt only to' ensure d.sast r, and eve.lasting bankruptcy Thf Sou.h will dispute every inch of gmuud with thorn, from Texas to the Rio Uroude. It will make every hill top au Alleghany light, and every plain a Manassas. It will demonstrate its indup ndence to the satisfaction of all mankind, and when it bus done so, the powerful nation., of Europe, ale ays willing to help those who a-e able to hel i themselves, will array themselves ihc United States, and put the crazy North in the straight jacket of cunrpu.sory pea e They will be turned out to graze?like Nebuchadnezzar?with the oxen, and b'come in thu end a sadder, bat a wiser natiou. Alas for the knowing, smart, rational Yaukee race! To what a stnie of hopeloss idiocy and imbecility have they fallen! THE REBEL VOLUNTEER SYSTEM. IT DON * WORK WELL?A KOKl'KD SYSTEM KECOMMENDED. [fr'-m the Richmond Kxum.ner, Jan. 9.] Some 01 the wt-est wen of ih South are elected with (rare appi uheusions on the score of ro-onlistments. The difficulty of keoping a large force in the field, and tho hazard to tesult frcm the disscintien ot old and the re organization of new regiments at a most critical period of the coming cunpaign, present, in fuc;,theottly serious source*. of apprehension for the Southern cause. We have not ind uged. however, iu uuy of thosa evil forebodings. We look at the great luct that, an far. this war has derive I a 1 its vi.or and succo-s from the people. In no particular hnvo the patriotic musses of our coi.ntrymi u c nue short of their duty, or of the demands of the crisis, one whit, lb- war is the people s war; they have mad* it; tlidijs Is all the glory it his shed up<in our name, and it is a specie* ol h'?h treason to harbor any apprcbeiiMMUs of delinquency on their pin. Tri.e, the j> oil! msee had timth to com} lain of in the wouldbe rulers, pMicians and contract mangers?'ml* their fisigev?th* icar. True the soldiers have had much to disgust ihem with the service. Truo, there has b*n a sati'idfHce <>/ rnU.rpriee, arm us an<l eneriy in the cemtlu < of jullic a fairs, such as gives nerve to the soldiet's arm and kindlea a name in hi< heart. Wch i 'hnd no William Pitt at the helm of Slat : nor flaming r conv t I ke Bonaparte carrying const rnation info tiic camps of 'he t nfluy everywhere aruu: d the horizon: ai:d we have, consequently, had but a slight niani'estation rf thai popular enthusiasm attending the prosecution of the war, win, h a brilliant governing gonitis inflames, but which a dull one mows u|s>n. But, in spite of all discouragements an 1 obstacles, the people will do their duty. Our volunteers will all ru enlist, provided only that the labor and the burden bo distribute.! with an even hand. There is so rcely a mail in our armies who makes any other nVrctiuti to c< ntiunii g in the scrvic than that others remain at boms equally bound with btiusel: to se,.? the c ntry in its need. Tins difficulty i*. of all others, the one m et readily re moved. Tins" difficulty onus rem ved, and the whi le ...h'n <> t , . ..I !>.. ? -I?-J- - - * ^ " "vt.... .4. viii UI?I? iu iian wuv ii; m?? Ldiaos ill rem-'ilu there; ami our ?imv wi.l ho ai once fliied up te Ui ' roi.^? randard of numbers demanded by the cxigon uos <f ** The mo'e of o ^'..ming thia solitary difficulty is simply to abandon tiio iyr^Ih voluntary enlistm ill. Why ah-.uld govurnm nt r. irxpmh \ ',.j "Pat aacred ltd viui of all its f inctl"h?? ills' of ocmnitTid ng the services of Its < ii,/ n- r?r (hi* p iblic defence? Wily shonW kovi rnraont abdicate it* nutkorit) at th" moment whet? the salWto# of nocifijr dtpiadi upon its rig rously ai>d rigorous1 jr p?tirr.g it into reyuiaitlou? I._t ilic government rrtar th aoldiera already ra the Said to remain there, and let it ra pilre '.hire nut enlisted to pot tli'-roseivea in the tteid. Hy calling upon nil to servo in ile arini <a, it makea the 6?tu ice a cheirful one on the parlor all Those now in eervl' t will continue l.i it, and pe fortr. t,.eir duly with an at-.CMiy unknown before, when they see that ilie d> raat of tUalr fallow oititcna are lvitilreU to do their part Also. i/Ouis "ipoiaon would over rn e the difficulty presented by this S'ibj ct ef ra enlistment in two days. Ile would hava an imnv diato return of tha able-bodied r> <n Ui every magisterial district of the South, claseiOed accortMng to their d Uteri tit ages, and ha would, long before the winter shell expire have every man under arms by name to .loin his proper'corpa. and in ertiva drill and service Nothing Inspires more aHcnty or cheerfulness in our a-.Idlers than th fact that all are re<|nirod to do their duty. and that the govern mont la. with energy, ability, promptl tude and, above all, with impartiality, doiug its own We ought. 1 ng ere this, to have Uvi a census of the i on fedorate stales and our War liepni Iment ought, before tlx months of the war bad passed over. kar> ti.ut rofU from f ery Mw4e>ial district in Ik* " nfr-Um y eroou ml img rosrv a'l* bodied mon in it. The wlunteer ays em has serv. d its purpose ?f meeting a pre-sing exigency It would be imbecile and idle to expert it to serve the lie caasitiee cf a iirotracted war To alt. mpt to carry It on further is to braak down utterly?is literally to lean upon broken reed. Why should we attempt to convert a tere temporary expedient into a jstrmabtnt poliry ? la It irapo.uKible for our stateatnen and bgls ateia to lui tbatnaeives out of tha deep ru's of r'mtine and to strike out new pathways* If not, like tha army horses in West? *' -.11 is...a ihaMt.inln.'aPtnu in th* ero Virginia, will _ ? -?? _ ?. mud ud mire of the old tod untravelled way*. THE REBEL SITUATION A BAD ONE. (From the Mobile lte|l?ter and Advortiaer, I'ec. 11 ] It aeeme to ba tha popular tmpraseion?wf ere u in mao'a facaa w b*n w# do uot bear It iu thai* wnrda? that 1 tba mHilary ajj atrt of the onfeeUnwy an ?iof a ry ehe-rinp Snow We may chiefly account for tliia toua of i"?1 by tl>* fact that anma lima hue c la pied *in-e > ur arm* leved any eucce?g of moment Th..a vie lor Ice ac m, at tba Oral g'ance, to bo a* much tha came m ib-> coneeguenoe nf |Blrhti" But becauee when our armaara gloriooa witb triumph our patriotiam rfluigea, and wa awaar nmel ai.thiaiaatloaily bv the "Rtara and bar*," ana man muat not infer from tha quietude and < beerle** aspect of another that hi* patriottr. oonfldeace m leaa (Had and earneat than if he were hurrahing over a fr**h aucaaea or arm* IV af iir at f>roitu*ilU conlrihutod ilt milt t* the m <>rpniH tfirit We are ao nnu*ed to adver alty that anyth n| which la not a brilliant aucRra* aaama delaat. Th in tha invading enemy aiew Col. T< rry, aa aohle aod brave a man a* ea.ire tha Oonfedor ;te uniform, at the pa^a ?f Oreen rirar. They have rroeeeil that river, which many thou, lit w. nlrt be their Myx.and are advancing In force. In Minmnri, too.ourbaiw r wrnu to (ra?. forth* telegraph tall* i.* Prim it in full ,tf e?t Tkmilht n my i ve to be yroprtminj rlo-g our northern frrmtieT, while 'II rroun-l m he limit U on ewr eon in, organiting hie erjxdilv ni on our wit, ant threutene tuuilh furthtrima ion. Three or- the point* of the lilnatiou. A Ml, apam*,t?ttnpmM*xl*i.prt.- eHbtmm . whiehecwe o f eting nt tpfirehenn more <i,nn 'f n nhIlenctim tolhe future. IF> know that thr n my nr.',.. nr.'ri newer end m Hilitlfmishit/ and teol that n.r i0i g th. ir blow*, the h? av< at of the war, m let fall We in-1 ?hut their hammer will atrtkw nur anvil, b it we are n t mire for we are In dmitrt wliathnr at noma point* there ie an aarll 19 meet tb? Uatmner Ibese jpoiirta aaa only be on 4 our coast. for w? are reidy to meet ihoir worst at is sus, m Central Kentucky end at Columbus, aud also at points i u the coast Hut wo do not knew \>:th what overwhelming force ilvy may not unke an rimisughl at soma ungiruteotel point, aud yam a Hicct-n to ins, uril lliem and dispirit us. Let iik remember, h >waver, thai our detci ui.n iliou in the provocation of this war ia not dcp iidsul on vie tones, iliouyli iheirs may be. If evuiy battle ended iu our defoal, wra iu ist still ollbr battle, and 111 i'co now sacrifices of slaughter i pou the a'tar of independence. It wo could not win that inovitable goal of our ott'orl by defeating the enemy, we could do it by cihauslt.ig him with his very victories. Wars have been so won. "Livo or die, sur vivo or perish,'' wo are "for independence." lint our cause d >cs not approach tins baa strait yet. It displays almost hii uninterrupted record o' victories, aud their remembrance should inspire our ciiti e coutidonce as to its future l i-lory. This lull of a mi wdl bo brokou siiou hy the shouts of Seutborn victors, wherever on the burdor the enemy may choose their battle Is it nut why wo wait iuipwticntly that we wail lor victories f It we denuded de e it, we should not bo unp&tioot for the t vent. Our very impatience theu is a presage to victory, which lesser evidence of dospoudt-ucy caui.ot discouut nai'co. I Wimps we are to pay for too joyou.i hope*, tuggested try the Ircnl ajfair, in tha crushing despondency which will ensue in case of disappointment as to tha result. This will be a profitable lesson, teaching us that the reliance of the Sout/i t* in its oicn stout arms, not on the uncurtain hope of a short road to indepeudeuca through foreign intervention. It would seem th-.t we have actually been resting ou our arms tn bear what Grout Britain would say about the msull to hor Hag, and tho enemy ?oom to be demg the same. 'The decision of Britain is of momentous importance to us, it is true; but whatovor it uny bo, military activity in the meanwhile is our pro|ier course. Yet we do not charge any lack of active iutenla on the part of our military authorities, but it seems that our pe?ole have given much more interested attention to views from across tho ocean than to military operations. This is not right. Our hope and trust should bo still in our armies in tho held, aa it has boon heretofore?not In ouiaide aid. REBEL AGENT TO ENGLAND. TEMPTING POOD POB THK BK1TI8H LION. The Mobile Roguter has rocoivod from London a copy of a letter addreased to Lord John Russell by tbe Hon. T. Butler King, a Confederate agent, who has been in Kurope for several months. The Register says of the letter:? It is an argument addressed to tbe commercial and manufacturing intoresta of the Britiah nation, showing bow the unparalleled Industrial and financial prosperity or the North has been built up upon Southern agriculture, a Southern market monopolized, ana favoring federal legislation. All this proai erity, counted by millions, is, says Mr. King, speaking to the British Premior, at your command. Yon have only to hold out your hand and take it. It is certainly a tempting offer to the great commercial Power of the earth?that Power whese boast is that the reveille heat of hor drum is heard around the earth, and whose war policy in colonising all over the world, and planting her foot upon every isle of the sen whers a sea bird can light, is but the exemplar of that farseotng commercial policy that seeks to open new markets for her trsde, uew customers for her mauutacturea, new feeders to her vsst and complicated mechanical industry. Mr. King is entitled to praise for sagacity in the choice of his theme, ft is the weak spot of British policy that he has as-iailed with his tremendous snginsry of fascmatiog Hguras. t utuaun in ifiGLdtiiMNUis ln iUUHHUftU. AN ARRIVAL FROM LONDON. (From the Richmond Whig, Dec. 25.] We had the pleasure of an interview yesterday with Mr. Fry,of Mobile, a young man of much intelligence, who has just returned from Europe, who, in addition to despatches to the President from our Commissioners and Ixrndon papers, communicates intelligence of a most graSifyiug character in regard to the feeling* or the English people, and tho purposes of their government toward the Confederate States. Mr. Fry left London on the 10th of November, on board the British steamer .Gladiator, laden with 30,000 Enfield rides, 200 tons of powder, sabres, pistols, medicines, surgical instruments, camp utensils,4,-c., for the Confederate Slates. The Oth of this month the Gladiator entered the harbor of Nassau, for the purpose of coaling, and to receive instructions as to tho Confederate i>ort she should approach. On the second day after the United Stales gunboat Flambeau made her appearance in tho harbor, sent thither lor the special purpose of lntcrsectiug tho Gladiator. There they both lie now?the Gladiator afraid to venture out, and the Flambeau not daring to lay bands on her; and there they aro likely to remain until Great Britain enters the ring, when not only will the Gladiator he conveyed over to a Confederate port, but the Flambeau be picked up and brought along with her. The cargo of tho Gladiator is in charge of J). T. Brisbie, Esq., of Norfolk. Mr. Fry left Nassau to-day a week ago, and reached Richmond last Sunday, by a route and by means that we do not disclose. Me assures us that, whether in Nassau, in London, or in Paris, he heard but one s ntiment expressed? tha' of cordial good will for the Confederate States, and the hope and conviction that they would tri ituph. Even before the outrage <>u tho Trent, so strong was the pressure of feeling in England against the North, that Mr. Yancey firmly believed, and positively assured Mr. Fry, that uo more than a month from his U?i<arture (the 10th of November) would elapse before the blockade would be uroKcii Mr. try ouieriatns u'J aouoi mat Great uritaln will declare war, and is of opinion that France will unite in the act. On the above subject the Richmond correspondent of (lie Memphis Appeal writes as follows:?A gentleman arrived in town to-day from Europe, via Nassau and the steamer Gordon. He reports the state of feeling in both England and on the Continent as decidedly in favor of the cause of the Confederates against the United Slates, and thinks a war Inevitable with Great Britain, if not with France. At Nassau the Gladiator lay bummed In by the Flambeau, which at one time threatened to make her way into the port and cut out tbo coveted prize, whereupon the feelings of the Islanders rose to fever heat, and they armed themselves to repel such an effort at all hazard.*. There eau be little question that the sympathies of the colonies of European Powers in American waters are with us, as witness the rrc<-ut escape of the Sumter, in spite ot the preconcerted blue light signals and the vigilance of the commander of the Iroquois. THE OFFICERS OF THE PIRATE STEAMER NASHVILLE. [From the Richmond Whig. Jan. 9.] The London III*u'ta'ni Xaot of the 30lh November last contains a spirited wood cut of (he capture and burning of tho Harvoy Birch by the C'onf-dera'e steamer Nashville, and thus speaks oi the officers of the latter vessel.?Captain Pugraiu .s an old officer of the United Status .Nary, and bore a conspicuous part in the Mexican war, In the Paraguay ai d Japan expeditions, and during the war wag'?l by the English and French in China. For his dbting'iishe I ?ervt< ea his native State, Virginia, voted him, by tb? unanimous voice of the General Assembly of the Legis.atnre, a splendid sword, and Sir John Stirling, lu hi? do-patches to the Admiralty, mattes the following mention of h.ut ?1"It is impossible to speak too highly of the American co-' p<-rat>ng party engaged. Tbev were with the K itt lor. emulating e-ch otty r in the tbu keet of tho attack. But my warmest thanks, in particular, are dee to Lieutenant Fegrani, tho Amoricau senior officer; Ins '-ncouratr-meril ot tli* MB, snd tsalMM under a he ivy Are, and det<-rmiti"d bravery, when surrounded by a persevering and revengeful, ware conspicuous to nil." First Lieutenant Fauntleroy was aid-de-camp to General Join ston at tbo battle of Miinassus. riw ond Lieutenant Bennett served there in the uaval battery, while one youngster on board, named 'ary, rerelved his appointment as midshipman in the Con:ed?rate navy as a reward lor distinguished gallantry In the same action. RICHMOND FORTIFICATIONS-ABUSES. [Fr?tu the Ktchmnud Examiner, Jan. 9 ] The tvhoie c 'Udition of the management ot our city fortitiiat .ons needs investigation in more respect* than one. We have learned, with the utmost surprise, that the commissary department on the works, which involves* large and important trust, is In the hands of .1441114 ?J44?'I I, ?U< C^l V, <41 ITVI . ? I1'4.-14- ir'44ip4 111-4 . I UpOl it tioi.a war* yesterday ventilated In the Mayor's Court, and whose political |m]*>rtant e that his procured him tli" appoiutnrnt In said to consist la the fail that be la, according to the rowdy appellation, '-King of the Creek Nation," the b-at bully in town,and nan carry any alec tlou he penes in Butciiertown la paying oil the negroes at work ou the fortification*, we under -iati'1 that moat ^lalnoua abuses have been practised. The paytwtster re nitre* thcrn to bo Identifii d by their overseer*, and we arc Informed that II ha* been a common practice 'or Some of the overseer* to charge tlie*e poor creature* ten per cent of their pay a* fix-* for their identification. Who are these overseers, and who I* reaiiou*ible for th-ir nvliict* Some of them,at"'.' r the la*hk?o <4 "Hiynn's John, ' have b*icn U-bed up froin tlie back shin* of th- city, and there again, aa appeared from the exhibition in the Mayor's c nrt yesterday, of a brace o'. Fagarri whlppcr* In, h.ive mp'oyed "reatiiree a little lo?.er lhati Hiooi-e've* lo hunt up fr*e negr ata ui the < ,iy g ring them the alternative of pay egbiaet; mail or of being carried to the Jail and whipped. One of the trust awful and revolting specimen of ih' barbarity of these creature* was related to Max or May o in mir heartbg yesterday. where a free negro on the fortifications had In* bark actually cut into a man gle of bleeding fiesh, ih driver bavins given him, as we were told by a policeman, five hnndred and sixty-one lashes wiib the whip, until the poor victim sang exhausted tinder lit* Oeml isb rage. In the name ol Cod, is there no Justice to be foundl* i ourtg of human justice for iniquitiea like tbta? DEMORALIZATION OF THE REBEL ARMY. | [From the Norfolk tiny Book, Jan St 1 To ma >4?rron?Tbe Riehmoud Bra miner of a recent | date, and other prominent Omfedrrate Journal*, teem with compl nut* ot the demoraJi/ayon, reckleaatu** and iiue.iitis in v lrii of tha Confederate a-mr. The demand for sobelitutee, II Is alleged, baa bo-om- ae gieat from iiMliepoaitioii rnnoiig good ra -n to remain lot-gar in the nervine, that the most exorbitant price# are required to procure tbetn. While many of these complaint* manifestly spring from croaking spirits, and sav -r strongly of tbo Mesh pnta of it nsv-irthriaoo a fa"t that there Is a aeo-llet ot dlec-eitsnt an l soma manllostntiunt of recklessnes* in the Southern a. my, It more become* patriotic g ivorTitn'-nts, If thoaotvlla oust, to inquire Into their cause# an-l suggest 'eme-liee for their cur<-, thrill to huia'd tin m for the comfort ot our enemies. ami mortification -if those g illant ho.irt'd tolunteera who have acrltkceri all, and taken their lives In their hands, to make a tree offering upon the altar of their country. A volunteer who rc.?pon 'e-1 to the first call of his State, and who haa bom In th-H rrice of the c.onfe lcracy for over eight m-toh , m< te th in six hundred miles from hia home am! I n lie-*. n>l>? a srns'.l sps'-e in the Day Book, t? Mint o -t a i- '.v of the causes, wh eh, o[u>. uting together, luvo put th- so . hoin army .11 a inn 1.1. be complained of, and ptihli- y cu-tig itc I before tl. -yog of its am ni'?. The first caut" of dl- -nt- nt whi- h became oi -.-rrabl# la tl?J Ooiifeilorato n my. from a U- 'J i> ju trl tiffed '-> "ffin"" uhilr ) i- < ' . i-i./ ' / if thrm in srrt'al a re ii?--i?i : *? - / i -i ' <1 be nrrfstt and iajrliiST-*. for sc. - 4. In le |t olllce'S have toe gut.areiiy depm t--1 thern-t- t >v*aide thai' inon, not a/ su|ieri<>ts In olltce, hut aa inportora In tuailty?a coucea?iou wh.vU cau never hu tnauc la a yg NEW YORK HERALD, MC ' luntoer army without material degradation, for by aa much an the oil" receives less pay than tho other, and in buileiy leafs privilege, it ix more patriotic to volunteer an a pr,\ tie than as aa olticer, end o much tuoie he ought to be commended by a grateful people wh?e libertine and rights have bio ghl hnn to arnm I An >tlier cause of discontent,and ouo which should be regarded in view f needed re enlistment, u fJtr Mtrin^nU ruin n, iiuuie Iy ihr WirD'i ar'menf iiiuicominamliny qvwkiU in regard to fi-rtouyhs Uegimonts of busings iiku from (jeoigia aud other States, hastened from their homes st a day's notice, in rsxjionso to the cull of the country, leaving wives *nd children but partially provided for, much urgent aud important bustHess entirely unsettled, aud nut even in condition to bo administered upon in case of doatb. Many of thorn have remained in a mate of stagnant inactivity for eight months?during live months of the lime with positivo orders ovsr iheui forbidding all furloughs for any cause If , roporly u> gnuc to waste it mak a no d Of retire if wive* are dying and chi.dron famishing the order m inexorable, .Mtd tlie disheartened sddier has to aland to lea arms and yet bo coudemued as demoralized if he utter one complaint. If, under these circumatnncos, our rulers expect to routiuue au effective army of volunteers in the field, it is the opinion of a humbio soldier, who has run tiered willing service to his country for oulit months, that they overrate by far the patriotism of tho cliiva'rous South. It is bard enough for the patriotic volunteer to leave his houto and business and submit tu the army regulations provided for tnon whose vocation is war. But after placing themselves under these restrictions, whicn offer but meagre privileges, then to bo forced to yield, under tyrannical export faciei, oven th so. is hard, indeod, and will have a telling offect in thinning the ranks of tho army, it a more liberal policy is not speedily edopted. l'LUN'tCKT. THE REBELS' OPINION OP TH1 BURNSIDE EXPEDITION. [Special correspondence of the Kichmond Dispatch. ] N'oktolk, Jan. 7, 18851. IV Designs of the JMeral Fleet?Norfolk Its Destination, Jr., Ac. So much has besn said and written about tho Burnside expedition and its probable destination, that it is like an old worn out aong, sung until it has hst its music and ceases te charm the oar of the listener, or to oxcite emotion, or interest, or concern in his mind. And yet there msy be some who would like to know the last news about the groat Burnside fleot, that la to commit so groat depredation somewhere on the Southern coast, Are off cannon, explode bombshells, bailor down forts, lira upon dwolling houses, send rouic rillo shells through the sick wards of hospitals, steal nogroes to enslavo thorn and comtwl them to work for $8 per month?clothing deducted?atid engage in other dignified pri coo lings to be represented in Northoru papers as brilliant victorios. There are new rumors about the grand armada of gunboats, rotten hulls and dear bought transport ships. Of course they are to come to Hampton Roads, take thoir position under the fort?scarcely eleven miles distant? have a drunken spree at ir'egsr'a hotel, and then come in grand style up to Norfolk, levelling the Sowall's Point batteries to the ground, knocking Craney Island clear from its foundation, and piling It up over the mainland, blowing up old Fort Norfolk and the magazine, demolishing the splendid stono structure and model hospital on the opposite shore, taking quiet possession of Norfolk and Portsmouth, holping themselves to the Navy Yard, and so forth and so on. But to be a little more sertoun?a gentleman recently from the North, says the expedition is intended for Norfolk; and tho correspondent of a Western paper says it is certainly designed for the waters of Eastern Virginia, including Elizabeth and its branches. Let them come, is the almost unanimous voica of ths people hereabouts. We are tired waiting for them, and shall doubtless have to wait much longer before any serious attempt is mad# by the Yankee fleet'to oome up hither?Quid times t Cuetavern vehis. I have reliable information direct from the Roads. There are about a dozen federal war vessels lying near Old Point and Newport News besides a large fleet of transport vessels. The large number of coastors reported in the Roads have come in on account of the easterly gales, e e e e e e Our city is unusually quist. There is occasionally s strest disturbance, but it is quickly suppressed. There aro not as many troops visiting the city as usual, The winter quarters of the different regiments are generally well located and comfortable. The troops are well drilled, well clad, well armed and ready to receive the en-my whenever he may have the bravery or foolery to attempt a visit. ANOTHER PORTION OP THE BURNSIDE EXPEDITION. The Norfolk Day Book of the 91 h says:?Information reached this city last evening to the effect that a federal fleet had made its appearance on i amlico Sound. Tho fl et consists of twenty gunboats, drawing from Ave to six feet of water and carrying, some of them, Ave guns. They were first discovered by Captain Hunter, who, while reconnoitring, was shot at by them. On his return to the island he reported the fact, and our forces proceeded at once to placo themselves in a state of readiness for an attack. This is supposed to be a portion of the Burnside Vaa1oV.?e..av.a., aaaac* lb 4C UIVUJJ11 uj BUUIO iua( IV3 uujetfc 19 UJ prepare for an attack upon Norfolk from the rear. However this may be, one thing is certain, and thut Is, that should this bo their programme, they will And it a hard road to travel bofore they get to the end of it. We trust that our friends at Koanoke Island will make every preparation to sucessfully resist the fi>e, aud that when be shows battle thoy will keep themsel ves cool and their powder dry, and by their valor causa another "masterly retreat" upon the part of the Ileseians. INTERESTING FROM YORKTOWN, VA. [Special correspondence of the Norfolk fay Book.] Yokktown, Va., Jan. 4,1462. Matter* on the Peninsula?Arriial of Retnforo-men'l?Magru/der Expecting an Attack?In -vjfeirnt Uofpital Accommudati<mr. dr. When wc last met I promised to inform you of anything of interest which occurred upon the Peninsula. We are now in the midst of excitement, liegiments are marching, drums buating, and our brave soldiers are ready to . ndure any hardships or privations, so they can only got a chance at the despised Hissians. while I write,a large number of soldiers, the Second Mississippi battalion, are passing, and the shouts ot the soldiers on the roadside, as they pass, rend Die air. Intelligence has Just reached here that the enemy hare advanced to Bethel, and sueceded in burning it. I cannot say w hether they are in force or no, but General Mugrudcr b is been expecting an attack for some time, as you know, and his wide awake customs moke some think nlm loo suspicious; but our b ave General beli'ves in the saying that "eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. " Your readers may be assured that the Vankeos" will never catch him asleep upon his poet, cms of our officers was sent down the other day with a flag of truce to Old Point, and, while waiting for his despatthes, the Yankee officers collect.'! around him In the course of conversation he told chain that General Magrurier would be von happy to see them, au l nssured them tb*y would r li'-arty old Virginia welcome, lairing the ah ihe surgeon, W. H. Coffin, in charge of the Nclc li +pital, who was sick in yonr city, a fire oconrred which destroyed much of the bedding and valuables of the hospital. The lira o> currt d in the clothes room, from som? defect in the chimney, and wae foctune'ely discovered in time to save the building and the lives of many who could pot have Ielt their beds. The benevolent i3 hoi>ed. will soon remedy the lose. Among the goods destrovsd were six buu lred sheets, tnaay beds, pillow cases, sh.rt.- and clothing. Ihe hospital accommodations are in::uffi. lent here, and it is feared that many of the sick, too si< k to travel, will have to be sent afl. The hospitals here,however, are in admirable condition, and a sick sohlier is cared for as well as in any part of th i urroy. If we ha-, c a brush with the en'-my yen may be sure the result will he rrclitabie. The general of Bethel memory?the lirel memorable Yankee defeat?w reedy to show then. that the brave troops in his r uraani can whip ary force th< y can send by land or water. WM. H. HURLBURT AGAIN. [From the Richmond Examiner, Jan. tt.J Wrn H. Hurlburt, who was arrested a* a spy in Atlanta, Ga , soma tune last .luuo, and who, since that time, has be-'ti corniced in Henrico county jail, on Main street. was released yesterday by order ot Governor I .etcher. We understand that the suaptcioiu entertained o( him ins not bom rerlfte 1 by anything ibM his occurred inceiils in carceration. Hurlburt is a native of Charleston, South It will be remembered that the chief thing tb'it point'd towarits him ss a suspicious person was I ho fact that be was found travelling thro igh the South aft r the inception of hostilities by the al>oliiion government at Washington, when it wa? well known that in former yutrs, as chief writer for the New York Times and contributor to the Ldtnburg Krvitw. ho had advocated doctrines leading directly to the state of things that ensue! on the election of Abraham Lincoln. If wear' -lorrcctly informed, Mr. linrlburt claims to hare recantei bis former opinions prior to the breaking out of this war. Whether Governor Letcher did right in releasing him remains to be sen. The Imprisonment suffered by the tarty should cei be a lesson to h.m in fuiure. Hurl* hurt is a person of extensive requirements and a writer of considerable ability. YANKEES TO BE EXCHANGED. The same paper says;?Inn ing the m xt rx or seven days the government will ship some one hundred and ixty?or mors Yankee prisoners to the congenial region of Old Abe, In exchange for alike number of ours to be sent here. The prisoners who have been here longest wtli go first This rule baa been acted on heretofore. YANKEEDOM IN RICHMOND. VA. [from the Richmond Examiner, Jan. 9.) We learn that the theatrical company of Zouaves lately performing ta thin city, and wbosa great uxhib.tion of '/.oil Zou ' was so taking to tha patriotic fir# of their Southern patrons, were lately Furnished in this city by the government with passions to proceed North, and they have taken their de,w lure under the inevitable (lag of truce which is constantly being sent from Norfolk. By the way, while standing on Main street yesterday, we observed neir one of the well known corners "f "the fancy," an exceedingly fri'ky I idivlbual sporting iba allocution of axouitin'ntary uniform with tba a<l< attraction of pantaloons of tlia regular brc ad way dandy color and cut. Wo wera surprised to learn, In the . at poeltivo mannor, tliat ibm ifay and gaudy in<liv.dual mi a Vankeo prisoner, taken in ilia iate fonsburg. who had Loan released on parol*and was making the moat of Ills liberty in disport mg himself so frealyon Main stroet. The honest comnu nity may ask?can such thiugs bo possible ? We an"war that we can ind.'a'e tlie mm. and prove tbo occasion is made for us to do so. THR REBEL EXCHEQUER?THE {^PUBLIC CRKIHT. [From 'he Richmond Inquirer, .Tan. 8 ] It hag appeared in one of our cotemporariea, both editorially ?u 1 by its oorreapondet.ea, that tbo b. oretary of the Trcns' :y ha ! purchasod c dn at a premium of forty por cent to meet the int"re"t duo January 1 eel March t. J88'J. Thinking that such u etal ment might Injuriously uTe"-t the imblir credit, we have taken tins pa.ue to a.<v?r

lain the fn< t?. and w aio a jtfiori ted to '*v that n > purch iso of coin had, or has b- m made by the H creta y of rha Troseory for any a ch purptwo; and that ntthetlino too n tice w is given to the public creditors that the latere t world ho ptld in t? in, more than < noi gh was al n ly in tb- Treasury to mo t the lui-r-sl dun cn the days above specified i o? country need bavo aoapprcbenaions as to thocredit 1NDAY, JANUARY 13, 18( I of tlie government in the future, a* long as its financial concerns are umiiaged with the ability which has so eminently dieting iisbt'd it in the past if the public orodit wore loally i.i a suffering condition we should lament U> see it still further crippled l>y attack or exposure iu such a time as this. Still more do wo regret that errors should be coucoivod and propagated when the ofleet is to eucourago (wise hopes iu our cuumies RICHMOND LOCAL ITEMS. [From the Itichmdnd Dispatch, Jan. 9.. KlUHTIl OK JANt'AKY. The aunivcrsary ol ih.1 battle of Now Orleans parsed by without special observance. It was the cueton when all tue soldier boys wero ut homo to have si me kiu 1 of a frolic, but the w ir has put an end to all I' stivlties of that sort Let ut hojv that another tivelt* month wiil bring about a Aipyy rutrUion of the faihiont of ' aulU tang lytic." PRISONS EVACUATED. Taylor's factory, on Cary atreot, belwoon Twenty-fourth and Twenty fifth streets, lately csod as a govarnm ut prison, hna boon given up, and is now undoi-going the process of fumigation, preparatory to its occupation m> a hospital by Mis Marylandera. Mayo s factory, adjoining Taylor's, is also relieved of its Yankee population, and has boon given up by the government. DI8UOMITTMD WARRIORS. Some four or five poisons wearing militaryclothea were b Tore the Mayor yesterday, for oltbuding against the peace and diguity of the Commonwealth, by drunkenness and perverse i.oinga generally, 'ihey wero placed in quarters, to await the demand of their officers. When soldiers are loaded up with whiskey they got very absurd notions of valor into their heads, and while play uig the mock hero are often interrupted by a pressing invitation to spend the night in the watch house. PUNISIiEb. The nogro Albert, arrested on suspicion of stealing $226 from an old servant who fell from tho steps of Mr. Watson's office last Sunday and was killed, yesterday received sentence of thirty-nine lashes at llie Mayor's court. Wo did not learn that tho deceasod negro's money waa restored to his hoirs and assigns. THE MILITIA. We publish to day the order from the Exocutive Do partmeut countermanding (ho call upon the militia of Richmond and surroundiug counties. It is nevertheless tho duty of the citizens to organize thoroughly, for they know not the day nor the hour when tho sorvices of tho militia will bo required. SEATING. The boys were skating yesterday morning on tho pond noar Bellevuo Hospital, tho ico having become solid enough to bear their weight, though (h to was some risk of a ducking. Wo lio|ie the opportunity for Ailing tho ico houses will not be neglected. INTERESTING PROM WESTERN VIRGINIA. ITS DEFENCES?MINERAL WEALTH?THE CONQUESTS OP THE FEDERAL TROOPS?COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE REBEL MIS-OOVSllNMKNT. The capacities of tho salines in Smyth county for the production of salt are equal to four millions of bushels a year for all time. The consumption of the South is about three millions and a half bu.-hela of salt per annum; so that wc hare in a single depository of that minora! a capacity for more than supplying the entire confederacy. Tho load mines of Wythe, the county adjoining that of these salines, are among the richest and most productive in the world. Tho lead is of a moat rare good quality, and the limit to the production is only that which results from the amount of labor employed. Tho Confederate government obtains nearly its whole supply of lead from these mines. The value of these lead veins is only second to that of the depositories of salt bard by. One of the largest iron foundries in Western Virginia is a furnace in full operation in this same county of Wytlie. Wo have already stated the fact that the Confederate government Is in moro apprehension for adequate supplies of iron than of any other mineral, for without iron it would be powerless indeed. Tliore are now but four or five furnaces in full oporatiou in Virginia, and there are fow if any others in operation in all the Southern States. This furnace and foundry inWytliois ono of tho most important in the confederacy, and is of incalculable value to the South at this timo. Extensive preparation has been made for tho manufacture of saltpetre in Southwestern Virginia, a region abounding everywhere in limestone caves. C' ntatnlng most rich and oxtensivo deposits of earth strongly im p.5u?igu njiuiiunillir illl. limru |/[UU{IU1^ IX glCUlor capacity for the production of saltpetre ia Southwestern Virginia than in any other region of the c >nfoderacy. Right through the heart of bouthwestorn Virginia runs the groat lino of railway connecting Virginia, North Carolina, the Atlantic seahi ard an J t ho Confederate government with Ten::cs.-oe, Kentucky, Missouri,all the country east an I west of the Mississippi, of which the greut city of Memphis is the centre, and all our armies in the West. If tho value, military ami civil, of the Virginia and Tennessee railway, whether to the government or to the Southorn public, were to be estimated by comparison, it would scarcely be extravagant to say that tho destruction of this road would be more injurious to the South than that of all tho other roads within her borders together. Thf whole of Western Virginia, except this invaluable region of the $<outnwest, with its talirui, had, item, salt}ietre,and invaluable railroad line, hai been surrcndetl try the government to the Xorth. Pierpont'a government has boon established by the laches ot our Confederate government, charged with the duty ot protecting the Southern people and States. All of West -rn Virginia boing turned over to Plorpont,except the Southwest, with its invaluable treasures, would auy one in his senses bo'.ieve that that region had been denuded of iU own soldiers, and left open nnd defenceless, an inviting prey to the enemy? But for the fact staring the public in the face, to glaring and monstrous a piece of imbecility would he absolutely incredilie. Such a road, such ? country, such a treasury of indispensable minerals, being abandoned to the < ne'mv by tho (Onfederacy, what is to bo done? Plainly this: tho Srate of Virginia must herself interpose and provido the means requisite to its protection and to her own salvation. The delegates of ail that region of country, nuturally otleodeJ at tho condition in which their constituents have been left, uro devising a plan of State motion, suoli as wiii meet tho demands of the occasion. We trust that their measures will be speedy and etTective. No time is to be lost, and no expense spared to make good the tenure of Virginia to at least this portion of hor Western domain. SOUTH CAROLINA. T Special correspondence of the Richmond Dispatch ] MAVA9f.AH, Jan ?, ISCK. The Late Engagement eti the Carol,na <h,a*t Between the Confed-rate and Federal T, oops?The fbri e engaged?The Fettera's on the Moin teand, ?te Our affairs upon the coast have continued -Moog unchanged that little of interest presented itself worthy to be communicated to yon until Wednesday morning, when tho federal forces on Port Royalbland ctltected a lodgment upon the main land under the cover of the guns of their th-et of small steamers. It appears now. by the most authentic accounts which I ha-, c obtained from cyewitnesses of the atl'air, that two simultaneous attacks were " made, the one below the ferry on a surill, uncompleted work at Page's Point, which had not received its arma msnt, and was defended by two companies only of Pun iiumsui s regimeus wuw i?? lis"' o? vm" u""1 > Virginia Hold battery After expending romudorable t'.roa in vlrorooa shelling of tho poaitl>n and all neighbo>-ing covorts which could shelter our troo|m, they landed, made a recrmuoissance and subse'jue-? retired t> their gunboats. At the same time a more determined arid more scrios* demonstration was mad# mi the main above the ferry by a number of federal steamers, wbi'h approached from Ooosaw river. The force landed was estimated at about three thoauand men, wis immediately advanced on tho main road towards Ibe lerry, tho steamer in the mean time hnv ng engaged the "null battery at tint point The troops there stationed, b?itjg unequal t ? the great odds against them, retired, taking along their guns. The march oi the enemy from C" saw river was not nnohstt ucted, for they soon encountered Jones's -egimeut, an.l a portion of Colonel Dunnovant's who speedily caun<1 the greatly suporlor force to liy with procip.tnnoy to the cover of their guns. The casual Ins on our side hate been small?fifteen killed aid wounded?'he result of a loo ardent chase after tho tl> ing Hull runn rs. Of coarse the loss of the enemy is not known, but :t must g, estly tmve exceeded that of ours. But one of'he Heel-footed crowd was secured, and he was desperately wonnd-d. and subsotiuenily died. Ho belonged to tb i Michigan regiment. Hie shore lino t? '.ween (Tiisholm'a plantation on tho Coosaw and tho furry is entirely In the :?iss asloti of ilia enemy, bat any advance from It will be promptly met, as every preparation has be.u made The Iroopjarn eager for the invaders to ad ranco from their shelter. Ihere is no rca: ;a to despond, ber auso the Vrnkoes have planted their feet upon the mai' land or the State; it was unavoidably and has of court* entered into tho sketch of tho ca-npalgti. indeed every soldier will be uli I i f the oiinort' iiitv soon to meet I'm foe when- neither gunboats bur intrenched worka alu 4 shield them I rum the vengeance of outraged Ireemeri. There is M country in the world m re capable of strut g d. fence than that u|?on which Gocaral Sherman haa now ventured, and I hava the authority of a high office# to supiwt me in tho asaertion that Una Coroe now congregated about ttarduer'e Corner in aulDciant to withstand lb* attack of three times the number of more valoroua i?l dt.ieipl'aed sold'era tinn the Hessian* of Sherman a command. The law country of Scuth Carolina ta cut up -y numerous -mall atreami and marvhee. bordering up 'O them, which are greater lm|>edtnien a to the advance ef a column than any arcek coul 1 possibly be. Pannage arroaa them by any largo body of troupe or iba heavy baggage of an army or the rjtillery, la ut tcrly Impossible, and thea? marshes somctitraa extend for a tube on each aide die centrrd couraa af the stream. TV- extr-mity of V *k river an the peainaula si la appruuehea more nearly It* apt earanca than any other country that Ihavc seen, end I believe there cannot be aaown any more cut up into sm *11 islands, inarshea, crooked erode* and arma of sea than .hat accttoa. Ot.r army certainly enjo/a every advantage of poaillon, and should a reverse ever happen to the cntmy, there will be little chance of aa! ration for hla wind" force, the concentration oc large mnaaoa will be inevitable,aa they wiLi liave to rssist vigorous at la* a.* upon comparatively lim.ied apace with .ut t'ia ready auppert cf columns cut oil by the numerous sti<-aro* debauching into arma of the 1 cannot tell you hoar confident paople are here; let It suffice, however, to luiow thai no auch trilling occurrence o? that of Sew ^ ear s day on alf-ct the wall groundod and assurtd lallh la our brata sob tiers and the nhiltty of our g nerala. TT? 'smut it'll charge of Jonas' regiment up. n the eru my ? tl.e I t Init. la worthy of praiae; with one volh y int" their m.i at* the Uivoir I did the rest _ and It no at bo 1> 'rr.e In'mind that thai regiment haa not tooen much service had not.amnlt powder before, and wara on'y inspired, by Uie lefty devotion to their State, whose noil was p* .ut.,/, by the Invader* I had ti .i ptr d fortid. to s|>eiid Hit ( hristina* with the Beaufort V0? ,n las rr nr'ib.'iy. the anno that -j gal untljr hell ttgi' it en Hiy !' > i.t,lh?rt Royal,and who w.-reloth to y ijtd'o.itl: c iiunitnd 1 itnperioii-ly to nvaeuato. This coi'^.-,; v, r inc. *1 e Hielyofthn you,til nf tVaiforl, '.jt vice i.o rlv ore yrarva?;r it porilo-i of tbnt ..nn lib ring illligfi.uj in r-.-c ilk their battery, n el I) 'i U*t nu in Md v.-orht g Ir He i in: toti o of t i srmsrrent. Nr ' or < o! t hunt i. I - it l.i tue 11 sle . .e * bun,god the jrugnaat ruflxtiuri th hi* h."Hit 1s deny. 52. I crated bv the presence of the ruthless vandals, who exult ! in hi* exile, adds a thousand Told to the bitterness of the I c |>. Beaufort can claim with justice to be the prettiest place on t h? Southern coast, ami mtranced in a measure from intimate intercourse with the rest of the Htato, her sous have grown up with lender attachment to its ve ueratol associate ns, will h neither clime nor circumatauco cau ever displace. You can well appreciate the Spirit that burns in their breasts, and the ever kindling desi-o for revenge upon their foes. The company is not without its brave, active und adventurous partisans. Whcr so manv ara congregated together, all of whom are expo* is with the ritte, and skilled in boat craft, you can surely lo k for some daring adventure or narrow"escagie. 8uch is i nt wanting, and, to give a little more life to my letter, I will detail the "inuuior and the circumstance" of a late attempt to liud out the whereabouts of tho Yankees. fiio company has been for soma time stationed at Red Muir, en New river, about eight miles t'rom Savannah, where a strong battery has been orectod. Now river, it aaiuffb uw aiiuo.oiuuii, UI1I|JU B 1UIU UIU bOUilU JUgt UclUK. U1 I'awfuskio Island, which, yon aro aware, tho Yankees have appropriated to themselves, and which it was known was hold by a detachment of the cueiny. All our streams and water courses havo boou travelled over by the diligent enemy at night tiuie in largo launches, rowed in some instances by negroes, with (he object, no doubt, of lluding the positions of our camp*, and the practicability of the asceut of gunboats. There oxpedi tinns havo been heard iu some instances, and ill others again, wharo steamers accompanied them, havo been drivun back with loss. On the eve of Christinas, the Captain. than whom no more ethciont or braror man lives, with a crew of eleven, departed about dusk for Dawfoskio Island, to recounoitro or destroy anything found of service to the enemy. They landod in thecoureo of the night; and from a negro ascertained the camp of the enomy to he at tho other end of I ho island, and shortly started to return. They had gone but a few miles when, Hearing a bend in tho rivor, they heard a boat approaching. Their light boat, fully loaded, and which a musket shut would have sunk, they forced into the marsh, the stern protruding some foot into the river. All was ready for the order to fire; but anothor boat was beard, whicli caused the Captain to wait to ascertain the force, whon another and another came up, three of them largo doublo banked launches, with howitzers in the bow, and containing about flfiy men each. The last launch stopped witliiu twenty feet of the frail boat to arrange tbo displaced mutllmg of an oar, and tho precodingonc was so near that ouo of our little band had to draw iu his musket to prevent contact with tho oars of the launch. 80 completely secured wore they by the marsh, that tho sharp eyes of the negroes, every day accnstomod to such chances, failed to detect tiiem, though their heads wore above the tallest spearof grass. By this roconuoissancs the position of tho enemy was ascertained, and from some casual remarks the object of their expedition. But few negroes were on the launches, but the smaller boat was rowed by thorn, aud was apparently the guido through the tortuous river. The lilllo party arrived safely at camp, to tho amazement of the hearers of tho almost mi racuiotis escape. The neighborhood of Savannah is very quiet, nothing of interost having transpired of late. All the camps are in cxcell-nt health and ready for the fray at anytime. It is hero thought that tbo attack about Port Royal Forry It only a feint to divert attention from some more vulnerable point. Soma argue in the direction of John's Island, towards Charleston, but it is very difllcult to divino the movements of such an enemy. They aro ignorant of tbo topography of th? interior, aud may in fact design a movement 011 the Charleston and Savannah Railroad from the position they have taken. The blockading fleet is not so numerous just now, though to-morrow may see them return. Thoy have boou supposed to have gone to Port Royal, probably to support the new movement from tbut point. At uny rate, whilo the cat is away the mice will play, and be hold the caged bird has escaped; but 1 wont too far, I was about to disclose that which tho reticence of the Charleston press has not vet let out. You have.scen the notice of the late arrival In Charleston, and I hear another has followed her into a safe liar hor. Tho stone fleet does not work apparently as "well a? "our friends" beyond the Potomac anticipated. I would like to receive the Di'patch, but I fear even if sent your correspondent will bo about m 1 la.=t person in Savannah entitled by tho Post Office hero to read it. It Is bought very generally, and is to be found some mi'os in out the various camps, wherein formation from Virginia is eagerly sought for. 1 will reserve some little for the next letter I send you, bit will conclude by alluding to the late surrender of Mason aud Slidoll. We were sorry in one moment and rejoiced in the next that Knglaiid's d< numls woi e not folly met by the base aud cowardly wretches ut Washington. When tbo next item of news is received in Kng and of another violation of her flag utul seizure of more political cifenders without oihcia I status, we havo little doubt that not ninety days will elapse when she will bo thun during at the doors of tho Nor thorn Stale* so loud that every ilcnizon will hear it. ANOTHER ACCOUNT OP THE FIGHT NEAR PORT ROYAL, 8. C. [From the Norfolk Iiay Book, Jan. 9 J We have ronie further and \ery interesting accounts of the fight which took place in the neighborhood* of Port Royal Kerry on Wednesday la"t, the 1st instant. The narrative of the affair, as published in the of Saturday lust, was in the main correct. Oar force* consisted of Colonel Jones' regiment, South Crrolina "Joluntoere, a battalion of thrco companies from Colonel Donovan t's regiment,South Carolii.a Volunteors, uniior Tue 1tcnunt Colonel Barnes, and a dntachmont of m >cntod men under Major Oswald,of Colonel Martin's regiuiezM of cavalry. After it had been determined to attack the enemy , it became necessary to have their position, uumber material carefully reeonuoitered. This duty was che*ffully und?rtuk< n by Orderly Sergeant Thomas it. t'h iplin-, of the St. Helena Mounted Rifles. On the night tftkt 31st he moiuitod his horse and rode down to a pointwithin sight of the Yankee camp, where he dismo ;ntcd, bid his horse, and, boing familiar with ovory road and path, approached to within forty yards of their bivouacs. He was so close as to discover that they had lanterns, with blinds on their sides, so ?? not to be soon cither in f">nt or oil the Hanks Following the instructions of his General, lie count-sl the bivouacs a-id sentinels, and ascertained that there were about Ave hundred incj on the west side of the Ferry. He then irght bis liorse (which lie was for some time unable to tiud, --wing to care with which he lia-1 secreted himj, ami tlion rodo over to the other side of the Kerry, where, by similar moats, he ascertained that the main body of the enemy, consisting of about 3,&00 mm, wore on the east aide. After gaining c\ ory possible information, lie returned to t siuhpiarters at daybreak, having been in the saddle troo foot all night. When atari big cn this perilous under uk uig. he left lus roll tiook with his Colonel, who gave hita tkc necessary permit to pass our linns, remurking Ib.A if ha was taken he must destroy it. "I don't intend to be taken alive,'' was his reply. One of the principal feature -1 of the tight of Wednesday was tho deployment of an entire regiment of tho enemy a* skirmishers, with the view i* crossing Kcan's Neck in order to turn our left. Tliey wero met by ur skirmisher!), conspicuous among whom was Captain Tompkins' company, from .lores' regiment. Thcao brave follows left their mark lyion the invaders, and many a Yankee fell before their unerring aim; but, owing to t h complete arrangeraontj and forethought of the enemy in providing litters, tiieii killed and wounded wero a 1 rapidly removed. During their retreat. Ma.ior Oswald's cavalry, with double barrel go is and revolvers, did good set vlco. It is due to trutti to stato that tho Yankees did not, as at lirat stated, tltrow away their guns. In advancing they wore never ti eyonu ttie range of their gunboats, and wero always coy*red by the forest or undergrowth. Just as alio enemy hi .d reached the shore, t.eneral A. J. Itoi.eison, with Mi ore's First regiment Teniiceseo volunteers, came tip, 3 tubed with their quick march, a noble set' fin. n. and gt eat was tuwir disappointment at finding tho enemy gone. Captain f'rnft,?.tones' regiment, a grade ate or the Citadel, occupied an I a-(van -ed 4.0s: on C'hisholm's Island, and marctnd Ids c? -mpany In retroat in complete ord -r. He reina ne I In ' the roar with Ave others, mid tore up the bridge on III v car.aeuiey, which o"e;tuully prevented the crossing of tin eneiuy'.t artlllury. Po arduous was this ta^k. ihat I hu holsy occc-t'ined painful suspense,and at u.o time it e -as fear d thai he was cut off. P s>ti after lit -fight 'i lonel W. I.. Martin and Lie nant Colonel A. Mi ll ivrun,'-f Jones'regitn -ni, determined to reconnnitro the Bold. Thoy galloped rapidly through an old lb-Id. down thf oaitsawf y, to the spot wltere the shell first among 0 tr trrep--, for the purpose of ac cert tin ,ng the number of our wounded. This bro-'glit tb-.-m within one hundred j ards at 'he enemy s infantry, who were in 1 huplain's hi use, end .v'thln range of their howitzers. They found fl ve or six ?'outh Carolina soldiers helple.vly wrounded. A s th< / 1 ould not b- removed 0:1 hora-bark, bulb officers ret red, and Mcurtng a wagon, with proper escort, reach e l sud removed there brave men. itetoro moving ofT f-r. Titrnipsend had to take up an artery, end during all it s title and until tinder cover tho enemy kept "1> a sharp f ire i-f shells at tho wagon and guard/fortunately with out damage. The eneir y d sappeared on the night of the 8d. Co'-onol Savage, wl tii r battery of the Sixteenth Tennessee regiment, wen t dt wu to the causeway and did not see them. We lean a list our man havo always held Pages faint, and do s<* no-*. EAST TENNESSEE. The Memijils A cad am ke publishes a very interesting letter from Raat Teracsaeo, from whlah we make the following ext wet:? The rebel Sort her- 14 only lupprrunl. it it net ampU trly r.rvtherl. Are smoulder org tirea ki'slled by Bruwuiow, Johnson i ad May tar d may burst foth at any time. The m met it '.he troops are withdrawn the (tamos of the revolution wiil bs rekindled in every valley aud en every mounts a bide?in the gorges of be Cumberland mountains, In the secluded valleys, beside the bright and sparkl-Oft streams t hat come 1 -ai >ng down lofty crag* and precipices, dwells tho buntsmar or East Tenta-i-ec He Iras n over read s d. wstetper be ?le? I'.rownlow's. 11" has mover hsnrd a ?i?-vh except fr<-m Johnson, Miynard, Taylor, Nelson or Browniow. lie has boon told by his neV-spgper to reed n' thing, to listen to nothing but the prcductlo'jsof the Unionists. It is to bo regretted that there is m possible maun* of giving correct information tkla .v^fla V'l.ltiis.w in msitlitifi fat mnfn thsm ern HOldtera. If they toould be Informal of the recent ante lid d"?ln ration* of th? Cederal gorernment. W* bare to day cheering new* from Carter Mid Johnson couatle*. N (1. Taylor hue boon ailencert by the acta of the federal *dmlntatrmtt0R,and taken the oath of allegiance. Two ! coumante* hare been enlisted in .lotinion and one In Carter so uity. A brother of Neleon t* here e soldier In the rinks. Many new companies hare been organized throughout this portion of the State, but as yet It la im possible to equip them. TEXAS. BLOCK ADS OF THB RIO GUARDS. The Norfolk Day Rook at the Oth I'm the following, from a recont number of the New Orleans D'Ua This rirer, a neutral stream,the boundary between Mexico and tb" Confederate States, has been blockaded by t'.iti t'nllo l Stele* Nery , and la now closed to the o m inert" of the world The : liti ?? ef foreign nations bound f* Matamoios end nihir Mexican ports are forb.dden bntr.iuca int tl e liver. Th" first res-el ahlch w - or1 d-TR l oi: lniT'iied to be au 1 ngdeh ship whoa freighl j lor ?n Kr.fcll'h ho ao ut Matutuoroe. No bSltor \Uu?tra tioa could be given Of the forbearance or imbecility of Briti?b government in relation to tble blockade than would be Ibeir acquiescence iu such au exclusion < f their merchant ve-sels from the |<ort of a nation not engaged In tliie war They have alreu ly abundant proof's if the iueileutivenoMH ol the blockade in rogard to Confederate Crts. Noithor Great Britain, Franco nor the United ilea ever before recognized or permitted au h a block ado an that which the United States have alteiniited to maintain, or one mo destructive to the interest of their people But if they choose to submit to it we do not know that it becom e us to object, whatever we uiay think of their consistency or manic od. But when the audacious government or Lincoln allompta to extend Ihoir blockade to the iiorta of other iudeivndont nations. it appears to u* that there are no limit* to the impudence and insolence or tliat government, or to the forbearance and submission of the great commercial Power* of Ku rope. TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES OP THE NEWSPAPERS. i'KOH KENTUCKY. NAXUVII.U, Jan. T, 1861. A gentleman baa arrived here d roct I'rom Louisville, wbo .states that the federal army, belwoen louUvllle and Howling Green, number* about one hundred thousand nttin, and that about twenty Qvo thousand of this number aro unlit for military duty, mostly caused by sickness. Tlio federalists are pushing forward the work on tha Greeu river bridge, which was exported to be completed in a few days, after which timo it was probable a federal onward movement will bo inado towards Howling Greea. Another geullctnau, who has just roached here from I'aducah, says it was roporlod there thai the federalists intend to concentrate a force of ono hundred thousand men at that place. It waa currently roixirted hero (Nash villo) this ovening, that the federalists wore crossing Green river with considerable force. IIUNTBK8V1LLI, POCAHONTAS COUNTY, VA., RKPOETW BURNT BY THB FEDERALS. Jin, Dec. 8, 1861. Passengers from the mountains say that HuntersvttU has been burnt by the Yankees; also that heavy skirmishing continues abovo Winches lor. There is nothing olBcial corroborating these reiwrts. Congress secret and unimportant. THB KNBMY'S MACHINATIONS SPOILED. Richmond, Jan. 8, 1863. The statement publishod that our Treasury Depart meat had purchase 1 gold at a large premium to pay the January and March interest of the funded debt is unfounded. A surIhvnt amount of gold has been in the Treasury for soaae time past to meet tbea < payments. Conic lorate bonds of the tlfineii million issue, payable in March, are quoted at ou* hundred and one, interest off. The despatches from Europe recently received by tlte department wet* written prior to the reception iu Knglund of the news si tho capturs of Masou and NHdsll. They represent ths fueling of franco and England vary favorable to the oases of the confederacy. Saws from Yneataa. Civil, WAR IN YUCATAN?TWO AltMY OFFICER* FLOGGED BY THE GOVERNOR?AN EFFORT TO PLAOH EX-GOVERNOR ZIUOYKN IN POWER?PARTICULARg OF THE STRUOOLK, ETC., ETC. The following particulars rclativo to affairs in Yucatan were furnished us by Captain 81ngor,of the brig Leviathan, which left Laguna on ths 10th of last month and arrived at this port on Saturday last. The people of Yucatan aro again engaged in civil broils, and Acerete, tho Governor, is committing numerous outrages. Among others be bad lately ordered two army officers? a major and a captain?to bo flogged. The ordes waa executed in a most barbarous manner, and ono of (hem died from the effects of his iqjarios. The commotion this outrage caused brought about a union between tho conservative party and thoss attached to Ihe ex-Governor Zigoyen. Being destitute at arms they solicited aid from the Governor of Campeacby, Ho not only supplied them with arms, but also furnished a thousand soldiers for lite purpose of crushing Acereta and placing Zigoyen Ft power. A skirmish t'Kik place between tlio two parties on the 2tilli of Gctubsr, when a large number of officers were killed on both sides, and Zigoyen's party claimed the victory. No more lighting look place until tho ldtk oi November, wiuu Acorelo lod succeeded in killing and wounding a large number ot them. Acereto tbeu fortified Valladolrd, and ut the tims our informant left was awaiting his opponents, who were then only Qfteen miles from his cne.impmont. The result of the battle is oxtr-mely doubtful, but, as Zigoyon'i party is the most numerous, it is thought they will suo coed. Michigan Volunteers. RCTOKT OF TIIK Ah,! IT ANT OKNEJtAL OK THE STATS Of MICHIGAN TO THE EN1< 0V 1861. Rrlgadier General John Robertson, the Adjutant Gen# ral of the State of Michigan, has just issued his annuel report, in which ho gives much valuable information about tbo volunteers of that State. The following in an abstract of tlio document:? I havs the honor to submit the following report of the troops raised and being raised in this State for the service of the general government of the United States, os for servico in ilie State. In coDsoquouco of the absenoeof most of the regissent1 at the soat of war, and the inconveniences and irregularities attending tho nature of the servico in which tb. jr are ongagod, some of tho regiments have fatted to male* ra ports in detail sufficient to insure so much of a detailed report as might have been made undor other circua stances, and some errors of mmor importouie n,?y ally be expected; but upon the whole ihe r?|?ort is nearly correct, having been made up from tho rteords in this ofilc<-mid tho reports of the regiments so tar us reeeised. lie then status, that in roply to the lira' premium, utnn of tho l'i osident, dated April 16, the following was the result:? on the 16th your proclamation was ptiUtshed, e wOing upon thu uniformed volunteers for twenty, c.i.mpmica, t ill! thu Held ami stall' officers, to compose two regunaula of infantry. On the 17th a d?s;>ati h wss rcc*i.v<d teem the War lie pertinent, to the sited liiat the Mlcliigau regiment would not he re-pure 1 before the 20tU ot May. Un ibe l?lh of April thu First regiment was ready to lie mustered iuto the service of the I nite 1 rlates, liiily <*p rppad with arms, .iiuiiiuuitiou act clothing, r ady tor sci vice, and awaitiug the orders of the War Is-paruuimt, ,?ud on the 13th ot May, on the receipt of ordors lift. tor Washington, being tho llrsl rogim-nt to arrive at lira seat owar from west of the Alleghany mountains, tin tlte '2?th day of April the Second regiment waa ready to ba mustered Into tho service of the fluted Stair*, fully oqulpjisd with aims, ammunition and clothing, and on lbs Aid of dutia left fur tlie smiu. of war; thus raising for tbe government two regiments, twonty-twe day* in advance of tho fine given by tba War Department to rai.e the otto regiment. lie adds, lhat as tin: uniformed mi.'itia of Ilia stats have materially assisted iu organizing nud rouitering eindent tbe volunteer leraes, he would recommend that some legislation ba had al tho incoming eesaiou of tbs i I.e isUt'.re, to reorganise the unilonnod voiuutwr militia u;kui u larger basts, and to allow a much larger share of encourage mcnt and nupjiort than has hretoiorc tieco a.lorde.l it. lie further recommends uvat a pa) moot "per diem" should bo . owed the miliUa while on duty, and tbo moans of t: >u q<or ation to an 1 from pincoa of rendezvous, ke. Aso, '-that In addition t > the luiantry. tho law ho so ainondnd its to authorize two batteries of light artillery of six g;.lis ea h, and i;gt to oxcocd ene hundred and ll.iy men to a< h battery fto tie allowed tbe samoc imi-eti-ulion tie infantry, with th" addition oi foratto for liurmia while ou duty,and that equip nssnt* lor men ami lueses b? puri Ic- d lor ficu.i by the oat ", or procured from the genera! govcuuieut; and also tlmt the necessary rl'b-d l en or siod juns and th.i requisite lumuuniti 11 be providt d.surh as at e now used in lbs battel i ja now in tbe aei vies of the full" I . liUea, the cotiiinoD smooth borod, brass six-pound us l.otv in p essession of tho -lute being of no s trv iee to no in [tele wab tbe gin ? now nnmulaetured, and eannol be riilvd to last any length ol time. Such light batteries are nbsolnte'y requisite, as no Infantry force cdu be safely relied upon without th,i aid ot anii! -'y, ixcujit against infantry alone, utid b--.ndca.nrti lery utts uow. bee <nie tbs principal element iu tnodsrn w ui irro. An appropriation f.r sustaining \ ''syst'-m of mllitttigr Instruction" tsalao by lmn deemed noetaaary and rocootmoti l"d. In conclusion ticn. Kobotiaoii says;? In c using tltin report I wo Unit lorgot the universal wul honest iiatrioiismot otir noble State, and tlie loyal and braes hearts that Imvotided In r rankstmd dune "tors than their country's bidding, far noble I'opiusular State and her gallant sons, till ty thousand strong ami. and br ave heart* to suppress rebel, fm, and one hundred bust sand more ui ra-<?rvo for any un igsnrv tor tlis Catenas of tho na'.iou. 'liter.' has been no ueod for consei pttoo. irnpre-nmvOt or drafting within ber borders?no political claims urged?no ruligitu s creeds advanced?non tuinalities c aimed for prei>-reu<i? in tha glorious cause, tbe whole sviut- to Itave been swallowed up in tbs. liuwnl k? in ,. in? l ni,nr ties cumiLrv' Oua IVoalal One O'wl! Tli* onnaolldated abstractor troope rtiwd and being rave I 'u la* ."lata for survive U? (he general nwrnmnl given i V following dguren aa the sums total ? infantry regiments IT Cavalry rsgimeitts (in aervicel Lavnra lagimeut (orgaaJClng) 1 KntCh" r legimeul. 1 Shai-peboote ?, r?mi| aalaa Arttlia y, ootnpanlea t ? lUrseguard, battalion 1 Tlx- roregoing Is uompoaod of the following sumbar at CUM),? Commission otflcera. Mft Knli?te<l m?.n aO,U& Couipatiiea organize ! In Michigan and gosa into aervtca In otlsr Stataa l,6Ttt Mas enliatad In other Mtatea TTft Total Quota required from Michigan 19,500 Kxceaa ' M?* Tm Privatwb St-mtkr at Cc aeroa.?Captain Harrln?an< of the achooner A. Colby, arrived at Poi Hand from Curaera, rejiorta.Pecenibcr 10, intheM n* passage, at mid. night, peered close to u bark ring, d propeller, straining alowiy aouthweat, wind sou I bvve st at the time, which we knew to ba the Sumter, us she answered precisely the description given of hm- at Cnracoa. Cepta n U- r?p>rta further. thnt the authorities and people of Curacua are not favorable to the South, aa has burn reported. When the news of our autceaa at I'ort H<>yel was rocoived there, It reused the mori lively demonsIratlona of Jojr. Flags were displayed from the pnblte buildings, from a Itutcb frigate, and from all the \ esse ? in port. He soya tbe captain of the lrnpois was t. j h vt> lu iawlug ao abruptly. 1I?3 he waited au l>"ir I,nip , cy ryi'einif w .uil 1 have brcn arranged for h.s -u| lis n* ho j aired. The reportod complicity of th? Ulo vuenl in tup* lying the Sumter Is uuti u?. Ii.-dend of suppi) lug her, Mr. jaiurt ti hoight a'l lha t-'iei he amflil g<>| h Id "f, la order i to keep U from bet, totf new in a lair war of icelng bj ? I

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