Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 15, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 15, 1862 Page 1
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m XT M. XI WH6LB NO. 9257. =^,.? ? J ^ KS.W8 FROM WASHINOTON. i " tl Corrapoideiice Between the Austrian / Minister and Mr* Seward i the Trent ABkir* ] What in Said Regarding the J Retirement of Gen. Cameron. ? Rumored Probable Changes in h the Cabinet. [ . c I88T0BATI01V OF GKf.VClELLAN TO HEALTH v l/AflfmyinAfVW-ATV-.- I ? The Appropriation* for the Support of f the Army, F h, 4c.. 4c. F - F Washthotok, Jan. 14.1842. f mWHJWTlNO OORBB8FOH9EMCB BKTWBBN THB ACS- F THAN mini STAR AND mb. 8BWABD, KKLATIVE TO ram tksnt affair. f The President to-day submitted to Congress the follow. ^ lag docnmenta relative to the Treat affklr:? oouft mfflwm 10 in CBBVAUBB bpuxmakh. F Thwa, Deo. 18,1841. Te Chevalier Da Huisbkabb, Washington Sia The difference which haa supervened between the F government of the United Statee and that of Great Britain, In consequence of the arrest of Messrs. Mason and SUdell, made by the oaptain of the American shijwrf- r war Ban Jacinto, en beard the English mall packet Trent, ium not failed to fix the meet serious attention of the Imperial Court. The mere importance we attach to the maintenance of F friendly relations between the United States and England, the more must we regret an aocldeat which has sake to add ee grave a complication to a situation already bristling with so many difficulties. Without haviag the Intention to enter here upon en examination into the question of right, we nevertheless F cannot but acknowledge that, according to the notions ? cf international law adopted by all the Powers, and which jr, the American government itself has often taken as to the rale of Me conduct, England could not, In anywise, in the present case, refrain from reclamation against the r, affl-oot gtvsn to bor flag, ud from asking propor repavmttaa for it. p It aooma to us, moreover, that tho request, reduced to form hy tho Cabinet of St. Jamaa, baa to it oothlng offensive to the Cabinet of Waahingtoo, and that it will F' he able to do an act of equity and moderation, without tho y, loaot sacrifice of ita dignity, In taking coaniel from rule* which guide International relation*, aa well aa from con- J* aldaraUeaa of enlightened policy, rather than foam mantfootationa produced by an over excitement of nations] F< fooling. The government of the United Statea, wo are gratified y to hope, wiN bring into ita appreciation of the caae all the cnhnama which ita importance demand*, and will doom *' It proper to take a poaHion which, whilst preaerring from rnptnre the relations between two great Powers to which Fi Austria ia equally bound in friendship, will be such as to *( prevent the grave disturbances which the eventuality of Fl n war oenld not fail to bring, not only upon each one of yt tho eontonding pert tea, but upon the aflhirs ef the world * generally. Fl Ton will pleaao, air, to bring tho preceding reflections to Mr. Seward's notice, and make a report to us of the F< meaner to which tho Minister shall reoetre your oommu- 1 ntcaSon. y Accept, air, the assurances of my dlstingaished constdorsttan. RECHBERG. Fl MM. BSWABD TO Cnrilin MVJJKMAH*. p, [ _ Dsr AJmiXKT or Srsn, \ iWAfflMCTOif, Jan. ?, i?ca. j *< lb the Chevalier Hcwmtaim,hc.,hc.:? ^ Sib?I have submitted to lbs Prssidont the note which you Ml with me, which was addressed to you on the 18th ?f December last by Count Racbberg, touching the aflair of the capture and detention of the British contract ateamer Trent by Captain Wilkes, of the San Jacinto. & I send you a copy of the correspondence which has passed on that exciting subject between this government aj and the governments of Great Britain and France, and I it have to request that you will transmit these papers to hi Count Rechberg. The imperial government will learn ci (Tom them two important facts, vis:? * p First?That the United States are not only incapable, for .*] n moment, of seeking to disturb the peace of the world> tl but are deliberately just and friendly in their intercourse ? with all foreign nations; and ei Secondly?That they will not be unfaithful to their tra- * dttlons and policy, as an advocate of the broadest liberal- fC Ity in the application of the principles of International y law to the ooaduet of maritime warfare. a The United States, faithful to their sentiments, and tl while at the same time careful of their political constitu- p tton, will sincerely rejoice if the occasion which has tt given rise to this correspondence shall ha Improved so as m to obtain a revision of the law of nations, which will H render more definite and certain the rights and obliga- ai tlona of States la than of war. t< I shall ssteem It a favor, sir, if yon will charge yourself p with the care of expresaiag theae sentiments to tout go- ai veroment, and will, at the same time, assureOolint Rech a berg that the President appreciates vsry highly the a frankness and cordiality which the government of A us- h trla has practised on an occasion of such great interest to a the welfare of the United States. w I brail myself of the circumstances to offer to you,sir, rcuswod assurances of my very high consideration. C{ WIUJAM H. SfiWARD. ,, mmm maHivins nr <pnn siramar or wan. .* The President desires it te be understood that no elr- p eu instance connected with the recent change in the Cabi. c net haa in any way impaired hta confidence in Genera) 0 Cameron, or disturbed the harmony existing between him 0 and the administration. The name of Mr. Stanton was >, suggested to the President by General Cameron himself g aa largely possessing the qualifications fitting him for the postof Secretary of War, and enjoying the unbounded confidence of the commanding General. The names of Mr. Bolt aad General DU had been previously mentioned, and the appointment af the former wea for a short time regarded aa determined upon. Mr. Stanton wea ignorant of a likelihood of bis having the position until nearly the moment when he was sent for by the Prosldeat. He was at that tlms sngaged in ths performance of important professional dutiee in the Supreme Court. He will not take possession of the Department for Ire or eis days. Mr. Stanton la the legal (adviser and Intimate friend of General McClellan, and the confidence between them le reciprocal. Ruirors that General Cameron will not accept the Rus?ta , mission bare been put in circulation by Interested partus beta, hut they are unfounded. General Cameron dee.re* the't'ey ehould be eootradioted. He himself first jiigulfiad bis dealt a to go abroad, sad yesterday was told try Mr. Liaeo.u that his pressnca in Kurope Jast now -would be a fbifnuate circumstance for the country; aad that, owing to the responsible place in the Cabinet he had ' occupied, no one would ha able la aid more effectually in ydissipating Mm fales impressions that prevailed in Enfig land and elsewhere In relation to our affhirs. I Mr. Cameron's potaoaal roiattena with ths Proaideat pad every member ef the Cabinet are of the most cordial .Inscription. Kvea tbooo who have not shared his views |i| all respects regret toeing so geofftl and courteous en adMMiata and friend. Mr. Cameron haa contemplated the step he has just taken ever sines the opening of the pre. send session ef Congress, and be says he had never intended to occupy the post of Bee rotary V War any eonpiderable length of tune. The result of ths change, of course, will bo the entire adoption of Geo. MoClellan's views in relation to the best mode of carrying on the war. V\Ths nominations of Mr. Stanton as Secretary of War, tud General Cameron aa Minister to Russia, have not yet b?ea\ confirmed by the Senate. These nomination! were wntlreV Independent of each other, but the confirmation t? of that iy* * Stanton woo delayed yesterday by the h, ppositlsn Ok^nd to UKt of General OMBorua. It is un t| E WE erstood tlut(. fir. Stanton will 1m unanimously confirmed, loth would probably hare boon confirmed to-day, but be debate upon Marshal Lamon was protracted to such a JMlb'that no executive session of the Senate was heW. . bbcovkbt 0* oxk. m'clbllan. General MeClellan has quite recovered from his recent h llness, and Is now able to devote himself to business, hose whose impatience had induced them to murmur I the, to them, apparently unreasonable delay of ny great military movement, will soon have ooeasioa o acknowledge their error. General MeClellan confides its plans to none, except ss they are to be executed, lis purpose Is te effectually crush oat the rebellion, and estore the public peace and the integrity of the Union. Flthin the last few days, those who have been admitted van to a partial oonfidenoe, and among them some who lave looked gloomily upon the future, are elated at the irospect presented, and express satisfaction that all will oon be convinced of the wisdom of the course of the Ommanding General. ? < TBI AKMT amtOraiATIOV nix. The bill reported from the Oommitee of Ways and leans, making appropriations for the support of the rmy, provides for the support of the army for the ysar nding the 80th of June, 1888, as follows:-? tor expenses of recruiting, transportation ef recruit* end compensation to citlaen aurgeona for medical attendance $180,000 00 tor pnreiiase of booka of taotica and lnstructtooa for volunteers 80,000 00 tor pa? of the army 8,906,818 00 tor commutation of offloers' subsistence .. 1,674,180 60 tor coanmutatioD of forage for officera' horaea 388,414 00 tor payments to diacharged soldiers for clothing not drawn 160,000 00 tor payments in lieu of clothing for officers' servants 71,030 00 or pay of volunteers under acts of 22d and 28tli of July, 1861 147,388,283 00 or subsistence in kind for regulars and volunteers 68,429,170 80 or .the regular supplies of the Quartermaster's Department 80,800,000 00 or the incidental expenses of the Quartermaster's Department 16,000,000 00 or the purchase of cavalry and artillery horses 8,918,080 00 or mileage or the allowance made to officers of the army for the transportation of themselves and their baggage, when travelling on duty, without troops, escorts er supplies 1,000,000 00 or hire or commutation of quarters for officers on military duty, hire of quarters for troops, of storehouses for the safe keeping of military stores Jof grounds for summer cantonments, for the construction of temporary huts, hospitals and stables, and for repairing public buildings at establish* ed pests 8,600,000 00 or heating and eookiog stoves 76,000 00 or gunboats on the Western rivers 1,000,000 00 or contingencies of the army 400,000 00 or clothing for the army, camp and garrison equipage, and for expenses of offices and arsenals 30,630,717 91 or the Medical and Hospital Department.. 8,600,000 00 or contingent expenses of the Adjutant General's Department at Department Headquarters 200,000 00 or compensation of the Clerk and Messenger in the office of the Commanding General 200,000 00 or contingent expenses of the office of the Commanding General 800 00 or supplies, transportation and care cf prisoners of war 1,124,676 00 or amount of fortifications 1,620,600 00 or the current expenses of the ordnance service 782,600 90 or ordnance, ordnance stores and supplies, including horse equipments for all mounted troops 7,880,000 00 or the manufacture cf arms at the national armory 1,800,000 00 or repairs sod Improvements and n*w machinery at the national armory at Springfield, Mass 160,000 00 or the purchase of gunpowder and lead.... 1,100,000 00 or additions to and extension of shop room, machinery, tools and fixtures at arsenals. 600.000 00 or surveys of military defences 100,000 00 or purchase and repair of instruments.... 10,000 00 or nrintlnr charts of lake aurveva 10.000 00 ar continuing the surrey of the Northern I and Northwestern lakes, Including Lake , Superior 101,000 00 ar pay of two and three years' volar leers.60,000,000 00 1 er payments to discharged soldiers for i clothing not drawn 60,000 00 | ar subsistence )u kind for two and three gears' volunteers?? .T.'..-.. .20,066,003 00 ar transportation of the army and its tup- I plies 14,000,881 00 | ar the purchase of dragoon and artillery horses 1,001,040 00 ar clothing, camp and garrison equipage.. 12,173,640 77 < ar the medical and hospital department... 1.006,000 00 ar amount required to refund to the Stales' expenses, incurred on account of volun- 1 teers called intothefleld 16,000,000 00 i int. caklilb's rkvknte proposition. 1 The resolution of Mr. Garlile, submitted yesterday totho mate Finance Committee, was la regard Krtl?To raising by direct taxation upon real id personal property of every kind and descrip- 1 on (taxing liquors and articles of luxury at a ' igher rate than other property), a sum sufflent to pay the interest, at the rate of seven per cent sr annum, upon two hundred millions of dollars, and so the principat in ten years, and a sum sufficient to pay io interest at a rate of oigbt per centum per annum pon eight hundred millions of dollars, and also the priupal in thirty years. Of issuing for ten years L the rate of Intereat flret aforesaid, bonda >r two hundred millions of dollars, and for ilrty years at the rate of interest laat foresaid for tight hundred million* of dollars, reserving > the government the right to redeem the who'e or any art of eald bonds for two hundred millions of dollars at ny Urns aftar Ave years, and the whole or any part of sid sum of eight hundred milliona of dollars at any time iter twenty yeaiw, and of pledging the public lamia as a additional security Tor the payment of the said sum of mi hundred milllone of dollsre, by providing tbat no disMltlon shall be made of them until the whole of tbeaald im of the ten hundred millions shall be fully payed off nd discha$?d, other than the sal* of the same under listing laws, and for the deposit with the fiscal agency erelnafter provided for of the proceeds arising from the ale of the public lands, to be added to tho epeeie fuudof aid agency. Seemd?Ot creating n fiscal agent or agency, to be lo. atcd Id the city of New York, with a specie basis of not >ss than fifty millions of dollars, and authorised to issue otesofthe denomination of five dollars and upwardsi ayable on demand at the agency to an amount not encoding eight hundred millions of dollars, the said sum f two hundred millions of coin to be deposited lu sums f fifty millions at a time with the said agency, and one undred and fifty millions In thirty year bonds by the eeretary of the Treasury, who shall receive from the . aid agency two hundred millions in Its notes, and tberefter, upon a deposit by the Secretary of the Treasury rith the said agency of the said thirty year bonds, or ny part thereof, from time to time, in such amounts as be exigencies of the Treasury may require, be shall reeive from the said agency an equal amount, with the r value of the said bonds of demand notes. Of uthorising said -agency to sell said bonds so epos I ted, *or so many of them as may ? neeoseaiy, to enable the said agency to redeem the otes issued by it, taking care never to allow the coin on land to bear a less proportion to the circulation than as >ne to four. Third?Ot providing that whenever notes Issued by the aid agency shall be presented to it for redemption and Myment, In sums of one hundred dollars and ur wards' he holder thereof shall have the right to demand and ecetve from said agency a like sum In the eight per cent ion da. ftmrtk?Of providing for the payment by the said igcncy of the interest upon both the soven aud eight per ont bonds aeml-annuaily. #yvK?I'rovldlng that If at any time, In the opinion of he said agency, the ma. ket value of the bond deposited .ad the specie on hand shall bear to the circulation a as proportion than on# to four, said agency shall have be right to oall upon the Secretary of the Treasury Cor . further deposit of thirty year bonds. XixtA?or requiring nil payments by the government a be made In tbe demand notes Issued by the nnld genoy. OBOAHIfATtO* or TBI MILITIA. Notwithstanding tbe abecnoe of Any cause for serious pprehenalon ef a foreign war, it Is ibe doe Ire of the go eminent and of the commanding general that tbe mtlltla >f all tbe loyal States shall be fully and efficiently orgaksed, and In this connection General McClellan strongly rg,7S the organisation and practical preparation of arllleyr oo.pe In all tbe seaport and lake towns, with a lew to have In readlnees lor any emergency an effective ody of fUM artillerists for the defence of our arbors ana coasts. It Is designed that these sorps sail be prorK'ad by the government with guns and WTO NEW YORK, WEDNESDA" quipmanta,and to b? paid by,the UniUd Btatea wljpn T?r callad Into actual serrlce. COLONSL EKKBIGAN'S DlFKNCg BKTOR1 TBI COtJBT MABTIAL. Colonel Kerrigan, through bis advocate, Bob. Reverdy Johnson, submitted his defence to the Court Ibrtlsl today. The Judge Ad vocate, Lieu tenant McCool, was absent In oonsequenee of Illness. The defence opens with a brief statement of the opening scenes of the rebellion, and the motives which actuated the accused in raising a regiment < to assist In the defence of the country. It was with no other desire than to vindicate the cause of the government that he expended his small means and exerted his I energies to enlist the men of his regiment. The second 1 set of charges, relating to the alleged treasonable odmmu. < nication with the enemy, abandonment of his pest, he., < were considered first and separately, the accused pre- < mlalng his argument by stating that at the time of his I arrest, upon a single charge of dlsobedicnoo of i an order, he solicited an opportunity to make I an explanation to the officer who ordered the arrest, and i was denied, when he was confident that his explanation i must have been satisfactory. He was, however, putin i confinement, and charges In addition have from time to time been preferred, and he has been for several weeks compelled to rest under the. Imputation of disloyalty, j The first of these charges Is a shameful abandonment of I duty, In leaving his station on Munson'a Hill. He do- ] nied that any evldenoe is produced to show that ho was | ever stationed at Munson's Hill, and claimed that, In i fact, he was not stationed there at all. One witness , only, Samuel Benjamin, testified vaguely that he sup- | posed the New York Twenty-fifth regiment was on duty | these. It was also charged that he withdrew his \ pickets unnecessarily from the hill. His men had been upon harassing picket duty and work In intrenchments, and he simply ordered the pickets to j -amp when they were relieved. If they were not re , lieved the fault rested with some other officer, and he do- ( lied emphatically that the removal of the pickets was in consequence of an anticipated attack by the rebels, rhe rebels took Munson's HU1 on August 27, snd noons and thought of bringing this charge against the accused I rntil after this trial was commenced. In reference to < the charge, that on the 25th of July, and at various times i between that date and August 27, tho accused left his i samp, In Fairfax county, and communicated with i the rebels, the accused asks where was the i rlgilanoe of the loyal officers of the sentinels, I tnd of government detoetives, who must have i known the fact, unices they were derelict in duty 7 This I tharge, also, *u sot made until after the aocused had Men plaaad on trial on other charges. Major Baraga had testified that Colonel Kerrigan was often out of camp at light, and that be stated sometimes that he had been icouting, and at others that he had been visiting Colonel Ifurphy's camp; but the facts were all known at the lime, and It was also known that he was always accompelled by two or three other officers. It had been charged hat the accused allowed two men to pass through his lnes, who were rebels, upon passes that had expired; but t was proved for the defence that the men were not -ebeis, and the passes had not expired. The other estlmooy, in regard to his conversation with jorbltt, alleged to be a rebel, was disposed of by Hating that it was, and had been so proved, an attempt ? draw from the latter bis opinions of the war. Che defence upon this set of charges closes with a strong ittestation of loyalty on the part of the accused, who itated that he has not determined whether in future he ihaUgarve his country in the Held or in the position to whlsfc Ih had been chosen with great unanimity by a xmstltuency with whom he had passed the greater part >f his life. But whether in the Sold or the.council chamber, he will stand by the honor of the country. The first set of charges were examined in their order tnd the testimony reviewed. The defence against the :barge of neglecting to instruct his officers and meu in ibe battalion and school or tactics is, that he, like other ifflcers called lrom civil life in the great crisis which d?, tended all the available force of the country, was not himself schooled la military knowledge; .hat under the clrcubsstances all that could be required was a reasonable capacity to aoqutre such knowledge, proper diligence in its attainment, and courage to use it in the field. To have delayed until officers were educated would have ^consigned the capital to the rebels. He slalued that his regiment, up to the time of his arrest, was efficient, and urged that this charge had not been raised until after his arrest for disobedience of a single ind distiuet order. He argues that the charges of drunk nness on duty and of restoring a deserter to duty, were unsupported by evidence, end were not thought of until the attempt to break bim down had been commenced. Upon the charge which led to Colonel Kerrigan's arrcet st first, and to which was added, subsequently, sli the others, with a new set of charges of treasonable acts, brought against him after his trial had commenced?namely, or uiaoneuien.ee 01an oroer of General Marlindale?he rnya the order waa given him in the form of a request simply, to come to the tent where the General waa instructing hia ollicera; lliat he dt<l not dream that he waa breaking any military rule in leaving the tent temporarily, and that he returned to it when he understood that the General desired hia presence. He was for this placed in arrest, and when he asked tha reason for It the information was denied him, and he has suffered confinement for two months in consequence. The dofenee prepared by Hon. Kevcrdy Jobation in this case ia an elaborate and well writton paper. To morrow the Judge Advocate will have en opportunity to bo beard, and ibis closes the case. THE KKLKA8BD PRISONERS FROM RICHMOND RRTL'RNBD TO CAMP. The following named twenty.four exchanged prisoner,, from Richmond, twenty taken at the battle of Dull ruu on the 21st of July, and four while on picket at Munenu's Hill on tha 28th of August, were paid off at Washington on the 13th Inst., and returned to the camp of their regi. ment in Virginia under direction of Lieutenant W. Banks. They halted at Colonel Ward's quarters, and gava him three times thraa hearty chears, aa their commanding oflioar at the Bull run batlls. An overwhslming outburst of congratulaltooa and applauaa frem the entlra regi. ment, a hearty welcome from the Colonel, and suitable refreshments, waa their reception. It la remarkable ii these soldiers, badly woundad in many instances, and having suffered five and a hair mouths Imprisonment at Richmond, treated more like dogs than men, that not svan ona would consent to ae. cept the furlough offered by the War Department until they Bret returned to their regiment, and placed themselves again uudor tha command of Colonel Ward. The account given by thoae men Is conclusive that tha federn1 prisoners in tha hands of tha rebels are patriotic and true men. Hot long since a private from this regiment deserted and want over to the enemy, and was placed in the sum# prison with these man at Richmond. Not one of thorn would apesk with him, and their con tempt waa so great thai a rope waa prepared to hang him In the prison. Tha authorities found It necessary to confine him in tha prison with the citizens. This speaka wall for the character of our nlitu Hixtv-Ave members of this raaiaaent are vat held u prltonere of war la varloue portions of lbs South, lociudlug Major J. D. Potior sod Lieutenant Thoo. Ham Win. Surgeon Grlswold and Captain Hugh McQuade, who wars also prlaonsrs, bars both died, lbs Utter of wounds rscelved at Bull run! The following are tbe names of tbe returned prisoners:?Sergeant Charles W. Fairfield, Company D; Frederick Hoofer, Company C; W. II. Mlllett, Compear O; Patrick McGlunley and John Hirst, Company C; Mlchpel Dowllag, Company F; Adplpbus Keller, Company C; Jas. H. Hart, Company B; Ferd. Kelly, Company B; Michael McOraln, Company B; Luther L. Mills, Company H; Jan. A. Cobum,Company K; Ed. fweeaey, Company 0; Henry Hags, Company O; JJugh F. Dunnlgan, Company H; Cbaa. Rsdecker, Company 0; Jno. Tyler, Company D; Samuel Van linger,Company I; Wm. Fielding, Company F; Vn. H. Braes, Company P; Henry Van Or man, Company K; Augustus Cause, Company C, Id. N. Kellogg, Company B, and Edw. L. Marsh, Company E. Total, tweoly four. TUB BMC L ATIONB FOB VISITING TBI DMTBICT JAIL. On account of the Inquisitorial proclivities of certain prominent politicians with the aflhlrs of the District prison, Marshal Laraoa to-day submitted to tbe presiding office.' of each branch of Congress a statement of tlie reguiatW* b* bad adopted In reference to tbe admission of visiter#to the prison. The President of the United States and members of his Cabinet, tbe Judges of the Bu. preme Court a*d of the Courts of Record in tbe District, and President of1 the Seflej?*nd Speaker of the Houeo of Representatives, are privileged to visit the prteen atwili. ? RK H ft # T, JANUARY 15, 1862.. ?uuaiom can ne admitted only upon tna written paw or Che President of tbat body, and members of the House upon the pass of the Speaker. All other visiters must exhibit a pass from the Marshal. This regulation has found much objection among the radical agitators, and was the occasion of a severe attack upon the Marshal by Senator Grimes in the Senate to-day. KtrifOBfl XBSrKCTfMtt CABINET CHANGES. Among the rumors in circulation consequent upon the changes made and to be made in the Cabinet, it has been whispered that the Secretary of the Treasury Intends to withdraw, to resume a seat in the United States Senate. This is all simply conjecture. Mr. Chase has been greatly harassed |by the enormous burthen of tares of his office. He has worked incessantly and accomplished wonders; but however gladly he would scape the toils of office, be has no thought of abandontag his position until at least he has completed the grand mlerprise in which he is engaged, and established a

Inaaeial system for the country which will not only be ! reliable in the present emergency, but whose permatent usefulness will be an enduring monument of his wise statesmanship. imamca amd england and the blockade. . fblcgraphic despatches have been received here to-day, wklng if it Is true that England and France have united B demanding the raising of the blockade of the Southern ports. There is no foundation for such a rumor. The lecreteryef State to-day remarked, that while it could ot be said there is no possibility of a disturbance of our MLioable relations with other nations, the aspect of our breign aflhlra portended nothing of the kind, and no appr hension was entertained by this government of a war t'th foreign Powers. tjgc bubnsidd expedition. * .? secret of the destination of the Bumaide expertiile has not yet transpired. These who believed that it saw to go to Norfolk or Fredericksburg are now convinced thm it has gone South of the capes of the Chesapeake. i* vtrr or the rebel batteries on the lower potomac. xms sight o'clock last night, as the Reliance was rut.uing down to rejoin the lower flotilla, Are was opened ? her by the batterlea at Cockpit Point. After ten ro ' bed been flred these batteries ceased, the Reltu having run out of range. Shortly after the batterl?# lower down opened, and kept up a brisk cannonade uwtl near nine o'clock. Thirty-eight rounds in all were Ire . The wind was from the northward, which prereiued ua from hearing the report of the guns, but the lar us from the muaxles were very vivid and incessant. Me vaw several ef the shells burst In the air, soms ovsr on .ha Maryland short, and others apparently over the river m %te other side of Stump Neek. .The eky wee overcast vitMclouds, but the glare of the moon ebone sufficiently ihrcdgh them to render objects visible at e considerable iisuieq, The Reliance repeaeed the batteries without kelng flred at. At about balf-paat one this afternoon the batteries at Shipping Point and Cockpit Point again opened tire, this Lime on the Maryland shore, keeping up an incessant oa?, and causing the steamer Stepping Stooee to tremble with the Moeamtaa. Their abelie burst high ia air over be lead or on. the river, and one shell from Cockpit Point xpioded into the extrance to Mattawomaa creek. math op colonbl krarnet. Colonel Jamea Kearney, Topographical Engineers, J. 8. A., recently placed on the retired Met, died on r'ridejr Jeet, aged seventy-eight years. He was buried reateroay, in unostentatious style, as it Is understood, by lis own particular request, to have no notice given of His leath, in order to avoid any ssilitary display at the uneral. He was one of the moat distinguished engineers n the army. CONDITION or GENERAL UMT. General Marey has so far recovered from his severe tineas as to be able to start to-aierrew for a brief so ourn among Wo relatives in New York, before resuming niHtary duty. WHTRN rOBTinCATIOMS. tte committee appointed to inquire into the matter j >f fhrtlfy ing our Western takes and rivers have got to irork at last. 80 far, they have decided on recommendng a fortification at the Straits of Mackinaw, Michigan, leaving It to a commission to aplect the precise locality. I hoy meet again on Wednesday, and then expect to pro trees in a manner that will ensure an early report on the ixtont ef their labor*. PKOOED SHOES VS. SEWED SHOES. The gentlemen appointed to inquire into the expediency of substituting pegged shoes for sewed ones, In the army, will report in the course of a week to the War Department. They bollcvo that the pegged one* can be mads to iperate as well as the other kind?besides saving seventylive cents on each pair to tbe government?and to sub itantiate their recommendation they will cause a vast imonut of testimony to accompany their report. IFIB FRANKING FRIVtl.KOR ABOLISHED BT THE HOCSK. The bill unconditionally abolishing the franking privilege has passed the House by a vote of 107 against 42EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS. By direction or tbo General-in-Chief, Colonel A. J. Bradford ban been released from Fort Warren on parolo, wltb Ibe understanding that be will be exchanged for Colonel W. HoiTman, United States Army. Colonel Bradford ie now at Norfolk, and the exchange will probably be perfected in a few daya. Colonel Hofftaan in an old, experienced and reliable officer, having seen much service, not only in tbo Mexican war, but later in Utah and California. TBI ARMY. Captain Tompkins, of the Unltod States Army, bae been appointed Quarto master at Anuapolis, to till vacancy. The following changes, It le rumored, will shortly be bo ma-Is:?Colonel Riddle Roberts to be Provost Marshal Tor Washing ten, In the piece of General Andrew Porter, who will enter upon the Held, and General Scth Williams, Adjutant General of the Army of the Potomac, to bo Adjutant General of the Army of the United Slates. In place of General Thetnas. - INDIAN AFFAIRS. Tbo Committee on Indian Aflhirs will soon recommend, In accordance with tbe views of the Secretary of the Interior, a total abolition in the mat tar of granting licensee to traders among the Indians. The committee are of opinion that these traders arc something lika sutlers? " spongers"?and rise, sa a majority, every opportunity tflbrded tbcm to mako money at tba expense of pur. chasers. RAILROAD PACIMTIKS RETWEKN NEW YORK AND WASHINGTON. It la said that arrangements ere making by tbe various railroad eompaniea for tbe running of e dally expreas train between Washington and New York, and New York and Washington, for paaaengera only, through in sight hours, sad making no stoppages between the two cities. COTTON SRRD IN DRMAND. Numerous auolicatious are made to tbe Commissioner of Patents for cotton seed. It Is hie intention to procure n quantity of such seed as be be lie res will euceeed in Obio, Indiana and Illinois, for distribution In mall quantities. MALI OP CONDRIOiRD HOMH. One hundred and twenty-flee condemned government horses were sold at auction to day, bringing from one dollar to ninety-eight dollars, or an average of twenty-eight dollars each. It la said that some of these animate have contagious diseases. Mll-CKf OP KB. POX. Assistant Secretary of the Navy Poi is expected to return from New York to-morrow. News from New Mexico* XRXNlr TROOPS MARCHING TO ATT A OR PONT CRAIO AMD PORT CXION. Ramus Cm, Mo., Jan. II, 1IM. The Santa Ye mall baa arrived, with dates to December 80. Two thousand Tesan troops are reported to be marching up the Rio Orands river for the purpose of attacking Fort Craig, and the same number marching up the Tecee river to attack Fort Union. The troops stationed at IY*| Wise have been ordered to New Mextoe. Port Union is well prepared te receive an attack; bet fears are entertained that Fort Craig will be taken and the Tsxsns advance on Santa FX. Considerable excitement prevails la that place. Aceldemt on the West ens Rallreed. Trot, Jan. 14,18W. This fbrenocn, an the Troy and Boston tram was about twenty miles ubove tbls elty, it ran info a farmer's wagon at a croaaing. The occupants of the wagon were .foho Craot and win. Mr*. 0. was killed Instantly, and Mr. 0. so horribly mangled that he cannot survive. Tlae Phlladelplnlet and Tremton Rnllreed. Pmiunoi cnu, Jan. 14,18X8. Hon. Vinson11,. Bradford wee re-elected President of the Philadelphia and Trenton Mlroad. I ERAI IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. gnuiA, Mo., Jas 14,1843. Advices have reached here that the Flrat Kansas regiment, which was sent rrom here aome day* aince, arrived at Lexington on Friday laat, Where they arreeted several of the moat prominent and active rebela of the town. They also took and destroyed about 1,800 hoge, being packed for the uae of Prioe's rebela, and a good deal of other valuable property. About alxty rebela, belonging to the regiment of Col. Alexander, now a prisoner at St. Louis, were captured about alx miles from here on Saturday laat. general 8igel not resigned. Br. Lome, Jan. 14, 1843. There ia high authority for laying that General Sigel is Still a Brigadier General and in service at Bolla, Mo., and talent ion of resigning. |ir rolla correspondence. Bolls, Phelps county, Mo., Jan. 9,1843. View of RoU&?Du**riatio* on Mnd?Troopt Ordered to March?Impediment* to a Jbnoard Jfoeement? Portion of Col. Corr?Major Wright and Major Boom Holding Lebanon?Important Information from the Betel Army %trinafieU Meacuated?Xfeet gf Jcnnu&n't Outrage*?Strength of Price'I Army Gen- Sigel't Remgna, Hon?The Beaton for II?Deplorable Condition of the BeepUtUt .Srimre ef Rebel Snpplxet end Armi, Ac., Sc. If I were asked "What ia the general appearance of Rolls?" I should answer, "Mud." When you alight from the cars at the depot you step Into mud; when you lea to the depot and enter the street you behold mud; when you reach your hotel you find yourself covered with mud; when .Sou get under the hospitablo roof of Boniface you bobold bis floors coated with the same plastic material. If you betake yourself to the eating department of the caravansary, which in Missouri does not afford an exten. sive and elaborate bill of fare, the table cloth and the crockery aroiiso suspicions that some Infant genius has been amusing Itself thereon with pies and cakes fabricated from the mud so plentiful in Rolls. Burying your thoughts in your coffee, you discover that, too, is of the nature of all things around; and as you muse upon the prospect before you from the open window, you conclude that you have literally "put your foot ia it" in making * visit to this out of ; ' way town. The troops here, .inhering some twelve thousand, are under orders for marching at a moment's warning. I? the present condition of the roods such a movement would be next to an Impossibility. This morning I rode out to the eampo, two stiles west of the town, and found the high^a^s thither, as well as those leading In other directions, little else save continuous lines of mud, varying from two to eix inches ia depth. It is of that sticky nature peculiar to the mud of the Great West, and would be a most serious impediment to the march of infantry or the movement of transportation trains. Cavalry mens could get through it without breaking down on the first dey'e march, and even to that arm of the service it would be very fatiguing, ibe following la the order for preparations? Sfkul oaosa?as. It. HniDQuannaa Boutswssimni Dmnucr or Mnsoom, \ Rolls, Jan. 4, IMS. / The Commanding General of the district Is ordered to I have this command ready to inarch at a moment's warn- , '"ft contemplates and requires Immediate and vigorous ' preparation for a winter campaign, in a rough and rather desolate country. Such a movement will demand all the energy, coujage and sagacity that officera and men can exert. Officers and privates most so arrange their baggage as to be ready to leave all surplasage without the least do) Ay# Boxes will be provided by the Quartermasters for this purpose, on proper requisitions or orders uT officers, and they should be plainly marked and ready to pack and tarn over. Two pairs of shoes, socks, drawers, undershirts and pantaloons, one coat, and one overcoat, will be allowed. Bed ticks and extra blankets may also be carried at the discretion of company offioers. The requisite number of tents should be retained, but no more Unu Decenary Field and staff officers are expected to reduce their equipments in proportion to that required for companies, and company officers will be arranged for cloee quarters similar, but not so uarrow, as that of the privates. For non-commissioned officers and privates the maximum will be:? Eighteen to a Fremont tent. Fifteen to a Sibley. Teu to a Wall. Six to a common. No stoves but those of sheet iron will be transported. No more cooking utensils than appear absolutely necea ary will be allowed, and the company oflicors will m? that the mess is arranged so aa to riquiri la little u possible. Articles, aucb aa cinira, nuts, stools and luxuries of every kind, will be prewired to be turned over it moment's warning. Bands, sutlers and extra servants will be left behind, and extra horses, publio or private, turned over to tho post quartermaster tbe moment an order to this effect is issued. The proper olllcers will forthwith see to the early execution of this order, having Inspections of regiments, companies and flies from day to day, until every extra article is in condition to be readily and safely depoailed iu a lew hours after a flnal order to move may be given. (Juarterinnaier*, commissar tee and aurgcona ara expected to study tbe utmost economy, without neglecting all necessary provisions for their deparatmanti. No extra or useless arms will be taken, but all commanders will see that ample and proper ammunition Is provided. Each man must have a havers*, k and knapsack, and company officers will immediately Inspect the men and see to tbe procurlug of all little necessaries for field duty; and every man must see to the preservation of his personal effects, aa bis life may dujxud upon It. This order will be published to regiments and companies, If possible, In the heat ing of every soldier, and translatad to our comrades of diilerrnt languages. A prompt respouae to a call for duty, and a readiness t<> move with celerity, and a brave exhibition of endurance, will command the admiration of oar comrades in other fields, and receive tbe cordial commendation of the commanding General. By order of Brigadier General CURTIS. N\ P. Cuirass. Major and A. A. A. General. It was announced aome time siuca thut Colonel Carr, with two thousand cavalry, had left Holla for Springlleld or eome point In that direction. Two daya ago he waa camped eti the Gasconade river, fifty milea west of this place. An additional force of three hnndred men, under Majors Wright sud Howen. held Lebanon, thirteen miles farther en the road tc Springfield. Colonel Carr's orders have not yet been made public, but it ia supposed that lie was directed to more upon Springfield with fits whole force If he deemed it proper to do so, or hold an advanced position until the main body of the army should come up. To attack Springfield with two ihuusnnd men would be running too great a risk, as Roll*?ona hundred and*twenty miles sway?would be too far disiani to furnish speedy support, and he has very properly mads hla camp upon the Gasconade. We have positive Information from General Prices army up to the nd Inst. It evacuated Sprlngtlvld on New Year s day, and encamped on Wllaon creek, near the old battle ground, alao taking position at Pond spring, twelve nnled w?i 01 riiriiigii?iu, > U1J hailed for sevoral daye on Ha arrival from Bonneville. A picket and foraging party held pn?*ee*lou of MarsliAeld on the 6th, but a force of our troop* had gone from Major Wright'a oemmand, and will probably succeed in driving them out. A parly leas thau 200 atrongweraat Bolivar on the road from Springfield to Waraaw engaged In procuring flour and other aupplle* for the rebel army. The accession i*t* of Springfield and vicinity have nearly all gone South, taking with them their negroes and all their moveable property. A portion of fort Smith la reported deatroyed by Are about a month aiaoe. A few refugeea bave latlly come In who alate that the rcbela are greatly enraged at the outrage* committed by Jennlaon and hi* men, and will retaliate ?everely at theVirlleet opportunity. I have what I consider reliable information from aplea Just arrived, and who aaw and talked with PTtoe five daye since, that the rcbele intend In return to eome point on the Osage, above Waraaw at soon as their feroee are properly organised. General Price new has in his camp aoaea eight or leu thouaaad men, but haa no drill aud but little discipline. He eaye that, If he Uvea till April, he will be la jeffereon City. About ton days ago a tram arrived from .the South bringing blm auppltee and several pieces of artillery . He now baa in all etsty-tbree fleld ptoses of artillery, moat of them of light caliber, but a large proportion being rifled. All ecoountaagree that the rebate received a terrible scare whan they learned Pope wag Moving upon OfCtolA. The rumors that ware current la St. Lonte relative Is the resignation of Slgal art found to be oorreet. Be tai teodered bl* realgnatlon, and by this tlma tba matter la undar ndTtaamant nt Waablagten. OanaraJ Mgel Ml that ha could not retain the oommaad with honor to btmaelf, and haoce?hta withdrawal. Hla Manga claim that ha traa urged to taka oonnnand of tha district of tha Souibwaat.andon raachlng bora ba was allowed to reUla It but tbroa daya. At various tlmas atnoa tha war oommenoad all regiments have boon ralsad, with tha understanding that they warn to aorve undar General sifoi, tba ofllcere making that promts* to the man at tba tlma of enlistment, and tha government aoqntaocing In tha agreement whan It aooeptad their aarrtoaa. or thaaa atx regiments there ta only a skeleton of ana, numbering fonr"h.mdred man, tha remaining lira being In other commando. It la hoped that the matter can b* aattiad withoutonr loalng thte energetic officer, whooe aervloan tha sonntry at the preoent tlma oan hardly apart. Ha atanda aa tba representative man of tha loyal (lermane, who constitute a large portion of our lighting element In the West, and Who will ba aadly die affected ehould Oan Blgel leave the aervlc*. ^ _ Tba bonpttala at tbla poet are In a horrible condition. Snttable bubdlnge for the aucommodUloa of the elck have not been ererted, and fho men are obliged to lie ni on tha wet ground. Several depths ocanr dally. Tba at tent too of tba proper aatborltlee at fft. Looia ban Win | J ,D. PRICE TWO CENTS. called to the matter, but aa rat no reaponM baa boas (iron. t Frank Ua, the Junction of the aula liaa and eqathweateru branch of the Pacific Railroad, la a foroe of tlfea thouaand troope, in command of Lieutenant Oolonei Hgrron, of the Ninth Iowa. A few daye elnce Colonel Berrea learned of a rebel depot of arma about ten mUea diatant, and, lending out an expedition, aeixed nearly a hundred gum and a aupply of flour and baoon. Several pclaanara were taken at the came time. Thia la the third haul ha baa made within four weeke. The eon haa not been vlalble bare alaae the opening el the new year. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. THE FLIGHT OF HUMPHREY MARSHALL'S REBEL FORCES. LocwVnxa, Jan. Id, IMS. The following official documenta bare Juat been received at headquarter! here;? Paonvnxa, Jan. I, IMS. Capt. J. B. Far, Xaslatent Adlutant General:? I catered thla place yeeterday. with the Forty-eeeend Ohio regiment, Fourteenth Kentucky regiment and three hundred of the Second Virginia oavalry. On hearing el my approach the main rebel force left their elrongiy la- j trenched oamp end fled. I sent my cavelry to the month of Jennie creek, where they attacked and drove the fObel cavalry, which had been left aa a vanguard, a distance of five milea, killing three and wounding a eonaiderahla number. Harebell's .whole army la now flying la otter r confueion. Be had abandoned and horned a targe gaaatlty of etorae. We have taken fifteen prisoners. Oar low wee two killed end one wounded. I etart In yurnlt IV-UiVIIVW IUVIUIU|, J. 4. GARFIELD, commanding brigade. Riucjadb, PamiTomraa, Ky., Jan 11,1102. Captain J. B. Far, Assistant Adjutant General:? I left PaintTllle on Thursday noon with 1,100 men, and drove In the enemy' picketa twe milee below Preatonburg. The men alept on tbeir anna. At four o'oloch yesterday morning we moved towarda the main body ol the enemy at the forke of Middle creek, under the oommami of Marshall. Skirmishing with his outposts began j ? at eight o'clock, and at oue o'clock P. If. we engaged hla force of 2,600, with three cannon posted on the hill. We fought them until dark, having been reinforced by about TOO man from Palntvllla, and drova the enemy from all hia positions. Ha carried off the majority or hie dead and all his wounded. This morning we found twenty* even of hie dead on the field. His killed cannot be lew than sixty. We have taken twenty five prisoners, ten horses and a quantity of storea. The enemy burned most or hie stores, and fled precipitately la the night. To-day 1 have crossed the river, and aae new occupying Prcatonburg. Our loss la two killed and twenty-five wounded. J. A. GARFIELD, Colonel rnmmwdlng brigade. All is quiet down the road. The Bowling Green oorrwpondent of the Vaahvlllo V * OtmrUr says that General Johnson hw sailed upon th# provisional government of Kentucky Mr 26,800 iafimtry and 6,000 oavalry for three years. Floyd's brigade Arum Virginia are going te Bsettsvilla, Ky. REBEL DEVASTATIONS AT CAVE CITY, Looevrux, Jan. 14,1862. The rebels of Hammond's command, encamped up the river, on Sunday night burned the depot and blacksmith's shop, and took all the gooda from the stare of Mr. Hue's in, at Horse Cave. They also burned the Woodland depot at Cave City, the Cave City hotel sad stables,. The citizens at all those points were aetided and eg- 0 taped to Munfordavlile, aa the rebels stated that they in'ended to return on Monday night and burn every house that could be used by the Union army in tut ad venae W a hospitaler quarters. Tboy also burned up all the bsyi 1 oats and fodder stacks along the rMd,Ml4rm?C* \ killed all the cattle, horses and mulaa to \ | IMPORTANT FROM CAIRO. RE00NN0188ANCS NEAR COLUMBUS?MOVEMENTS OF ONION TROOPS. Cairo, Jan. 14, IMA Tha gunboats Essex, St. Louis and Tyler made a reooanolMance down tha river to-day. They approached within a mile and a hair of Columbus, and flredeeveral sbotatato tha rabal camps. Tha rahaia returned theirs from three or roar guns without doing any damage to ear boats. Tha eflbct of oar ahalla Is an known. No obstruction in the rirsr nor masked battariaa an shore were discovered, aa heretofore reported. General MoClemand's column moved in tha direction of Blandvllle, Ky., to-day. General Paiae's force moved forward thia morning from Bird's PointThe Second regiment of the Douglas Brigade will arrive tonight. The Seventh Iowa, Eighth Wisconsin and PPrty-iflh Illinois are enacted tomorrow. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Fobtubs Memos, Jan. 18, IMS. The transports Louisiana and New Brunswick, with the remaining troops of the Burnside expedition, left hero last night. A few tugboats are still here, said to be e part of the expedition. Tbe bark John Trucks, with the P'Fplnenll Zouaves, which went ashore en the passage from Annapolis, haa arrived and la still here. / Tho propeller Matansaa, from Port Royal, has arrived. I The 8pauldisg sailed for Hatteras and Port Royal laat / evening. / Commander Goldsborough was a passenger la tha > 8pauldlng. \ The Pensacoia arrived here this afternoon. \ Large Forgeries In Boston. \ nLSCDVLKNT OPCBA1 IONS. TO TBI gZTgNT OP 111,000 \ ?AJUUCST OP THC KlOtt. [From the Boston Fvening Traveller, January 13.1 Tne detective police arrested on Saturday might a young man named George A. Tirrell, who has recently been engaged Is several extensive forgeries. It tp;>ears that a fsw days since he purchased at tha Brighton Hank acheckforfdOO, which be disposed cf in legal manner. This is supposed to have been test aa s blind. On Frldsy be went to the bank again to purchase a check of |S3. Thecsshter, Mr. Ben yon, was somewhat xuaplcioii* of him, and m an additionalsafeguard, mm tettibg him have the check, wrote the ?mnnat upsd the bank ch?ck, ta two places, with rod ink. Ho aloo pot upon the check an Imaginary number. The shock wak dpdh the Mount Vernon Rank, and waa made payable to w78 Pat tor son, Uut being the name bo (are. . On Saturday Tirrell presented at the Mount Vernon Mack a check for 66,000on the Brighton Hank This It* the check (lean htm by Mr. Bsnyea, altered over. The amounts upon the bank, the Imaginary number end Up date, had been taken out wltb eoaae chemical enbetMML /' j and the check had been dated aa bar lag been ft ran On I # the previous day. For the Imaginary number he M \ fa glmn a new Imaginary number, apparently to oorrMuigM m wltb the new date, and the new amounts warp written In the same places and In the asms manner id thede ?fon tbe original. The amount of this check waa planed to the credit of a third person, and the cheek waa aant to the Bank of Mutual Redemption, and bil e of that bank Were east to the Mount Vernon Bank for It. Boon after TtrreU went to Burnett, Drake h On. wtM n check on tbe Mount Vernon Bank for $2,600, perportjag to be elgnsd by tbe party In wboee name ho bed Made tbe deposit at the Mount Vernon Bank. They sent 10 tbe Mount Vernon Bank to see if It waa all right, and learning of the depoelt la the same of the drawer if the check, agreed to buy It. He wanted gold, and they let him have-it, at three per cent dleoount. and eebeegoentlydrow the amount of the cheek from Me Mount Vornhtk The teller of the Mount Verbon Bank, upon atomies tlon of tbe oheck, saw thdt It had uniieusJ marks nps$ it, and oa Saturday evening went oat to Brighton to see Mr. Banyon, and ascertain If everything was right. Of course he aoon learned that a fraud had been (frustrated. Mr. Bsoyon aooompanled him to the elty, nd the detective police were put upon the track of the rogue. Forteneteiy they were able to And him. He la now M custody. Search wee made,and soon after the police found the gold gurcbaaed of Burnett, Blake h Oo.,and with it 9*,orxnn uaitad mw Treasury bomb. It baa beau aecertalned that (baaa were eh la lied of BUka, Brother* k r?. ky mrare of a aback purpart*of la ha a raw a by the Mechanics' Bank of Worcester on tba Metropolitan Bank of Now York. Tbaaa wara obtained oa Saturday. It baa alae baaa aecertalned that ha purchased, on rrf. day or BataHUy,af Brew tar, Sweet i ca.. by naaaa af a itmllar aback an tha Metropolitan Bank. 91,000 la Unltad autaa Traaaury'aotaa, and two 11,000 New Hampshire bonds. Tha Traaaar/ ootea be sold te parties oa Mala atraot oa Oatorday aftaraooa. Thfc New Hampshire boado hare net yet baaa toad. There la ao doaht the ohaoks aa tba Matropolltaa Baak wara forgerlaa. Ttrrall la wall kaowa la tha pollaa of tbla ally, aad has not horaa a rary apad rsfnaltsn. It appaara that Twreil had atada arrangements ta aatt the Traaaury notaa bo obtalaad from Brawatar, Sweet h 00. bafOra ba ( ! poaaaaatoa of than. Soma of tha note* paaoad through two or three ban da oa Saturday. Fire to Boetaa. Hoaao*. Jan. 14, )Nt, A Ore brake o?t to-day In tha attic of tba MaroaatUa Block, on Commercial at real, which waa ipaedlly got nader, but not until the aontanla Of tba building warp damaged by flea aad water to tha amount offM/xtl. The kwa waa fully laanrad. Mas ftaraa k Oa., westInto gooda, s. w. aiflbrd. dealer la aprdlala: Bay a ton h Picket, previa lens, and ottos, aaMred by damage la good*

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