Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9261. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Effect of Gen. McClellan's Disclosures Before toe Congressional War Committee. Ho Porlo'iphs to be Granted to tbe hrmy of tbe Potomac* . tf.a. 1 .ha flnlf and V[TU?MUU9 vil U*W mmmmwm Atlantic Coasts. OffVfcial Reports of the Affuir at Fort Fiekens, the Expedition to Biloii, and the Bnrning of a Rebel Lightship. Ike BH Before Congress to Enforce the Collection of Taxes and to Liberate and Colonize Slaves, Ac., Ac-, Ac. Wi?uiok, Jan. 18,1882^ f TITB POSITION OF THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIIF. General McClellan's Qi m and dtguiflcd position taken Mere the Joist Committee on the Conduct of tho War, fens produced the most wonderful change in hie favor. Hla startling narrative of tho detail work of ralalug, equipping and drilling the army, showed him to he a nun et wonderful genius and great executive ability. The tone of public sentiment towards General IfcClellan ban altogethor changed, growing out of tho sudden "right about face" of certain Congressmen towards him since his appearance before the committee. Men who claim to bo statesmen have been howling against General McClollap for weeks in a manner that would be unbecoming in boys, mainly because tbey did not understand all bis secrets; and, secondly, because the committee failed to obtain from one of McCleliun s generals Statement of tho plans of the General-in-Chief. Tho General alluded to, wben called before tho committee, was asked if be bad ever been invited by General MeClellan to a council of war ? He replied that he had. Comuiitekhan?Bo you think General MeClellan has any plans of operations 1 Gknskai.?I know be has. Committeeiian?Has be ever submitted his plans to any oonncil of war that you have attended 1 Gbnkrai,?He has. Commitibema.v?Will you ploase state to the committee what General McCicllan's plans are 1 Genera i,?No, sir; not until lam ordered to do so by General McClol Ian. This prompt and soldierlike reply brought tho comm.ttee suddenly to tho consideration of the fact that thoy vssre meddling with affairs that did not concern them> asut about which they had no business to iutoifore. The General in question was discharged, ar.d returned over tbn Long Bridge to tho headquarters of his division. Hm foreboding and dissatisfaction at the inactivity of tttarmy, which was recently apparent here, is rapidly disappearing before the evidence of energetic prcparaliMG fnr A ffrailfi hlnv at f hn Vitals nf tho i-atmllinn Tho | pMpto who wore wont to murmur at the seeming delay, tfti reason for which they did not understand, now begin tp parceiva a glimmering of the wisdom of preparation Ma Means of insuring success. Confidence) in t bo Com Mending General is constantly increasing. IMPORTANT ARMY ORDERS. The following have been issued from headquarters ? CIRCULAR. Headquarters A rut or the Potomac, I Wasiiinuton, Jan. 17, 1882. J L?Tho attention of division, brigade and independent eaaMMEders, is again specially invited to the serious MMreaoe le the imbiie business < anted by permitting applicant* to present their papers in person at these headquarters, contrary to the provisions of Paragraph 10, of General Orders, No. 9, of 1881, and tho Circular ef the ,'th of November last. Hereafter no notice will be talceu of any application presented In parson at these headquarters, without the express permission of the division commander, or the commander of a body of troops not serving in a division, such permission to be granted only In cases where it is evident tiiat highly important private interests or the public service WtU suffer by the delay incident to the usual course of hppiness, and to be sigmUed in the endorsement of the dieieh n or other independent commander, by the words, M |permission is granted to apply in person at headquarters. Array of the Potomac." Kxcept in such cases sod In this mode, it is desired that no passes bo grouted to (Boers or soldiers to visit these headquarters for the parpose of facilitating applications,or to osccrlaiu their MMlt. H.?The exigencies of the service demand that every fllcer aud soldier of this army, able to do duty, should new be at his poet. The Commanding tlcneral, therefore, deems it noccssary to direct, that unloss by reason of Sickness, upon medical certificate, no leaven of absence Or furloughs shall be grauted at tho present time, except in urgent and exceptional cases, where the necessity for the indulgence must bo clearly set forth in the application. It is proper to remark that many of the reasons Tor which leaves of absence and furloughs have heretofore been if ranted, cannot now ho allowed. I? Hjr command of Major General McCLKLLAN. 8. William*. Assistant Adjutant General. ibcbaro H. Irwin, Aid de tump. (ienkral. orders no. 7. hkadqcarirsa Army or thk Pi/tosac, 1 i wamini.ton, Jan. 13,1862. j Il-firafTipli 1,250, Revised Army Regulation of 1801. requires thut when a soldier is placed in a general hospital bis co'npany commander shall certify and send V> the hnupilai his descriptive list and account of pay and Clothing, containing all noccssary information relating to hit Account with the United status. Hereafter, com; any sommanders must comply in all oases with this provision, as Ita neglect prove* a serious injury to the soldiers and nn embarrassment to the service. II?The duplicate report of forage issued to officers, required by General Orders No 57. of 1861, from these headquarters to bo forwarded to tho Quartermaster General, will bo rent instead to tbc Paymaster General. By command of Major General MrCLELLAN. 8. Wiu.mms. Assistant Adjutant General. Bichp Ikwin, Ald-de-Camp. INSPECTION OP THE ARMY TRANSPORTATION DEPARTMENT. ' There was a general inspection of the Transportation Department of the army yesterday. In this city over one thousand wagons and teams were reviewed In one body. They WWre formed in detachments three abreast, and assvsd with great regularity. The appointments were sowiplots, but the incongruous apparel of the teamsters was remarkable, and haa suggested a more complete srgaiu/ation of that portion of tho army, and tho uniforming of tho teamsters. Those constitute a large body ?f men, who are notoriously uncontrollabo and disorganised There is room for much improvement in this respect. THE NEW SECRETARY OP WAR. Mr. Cameron continued to net aa Secretary of War today, surrendering bis portfolio to Mr. Stanton Una even fog. The latter will assume the duties of the office to. saorrow VITKKBNTB OF MR. GAIIERON. 0?n. Cameron will remain in Washington mim days, Bi rMt bis home hefnro departing for Russia BOTIVITT or THE KERF.I. BATTERIES ON THE LOWER POTOMAC. Firing down tha Potomac wu hoard last night between ?hm and twelve o'clock H haa alnce boon ascertained that the rebel batteries hud opened on Gen. Hooker's gSMNnand on tb? Maryland shore, bat without damage, Tbero la no intelligence of Interest from down lbs river. Tho steamer Baltimore oame up to-day. As abe passed the Harriet Lane and the Yaukce their launches were out along the Maryland and Virginia shores, preba Ny practice. rn? FIGHT AT SILVER CREF.E, MISROtTRT. As official report from Major Genoral Halleck, of Miegourl, says that Major Hubbard's cavalry atlnekod a rebel force of nine hundred men at Rllvor creek, la Howard county, under Colonel Polndexter, on tho 16th las tan t and routod them Tho loss of the enemy was forty killed and sixty wounded. Our loss was six killed aad nineteen wounded. Our force alao captured one hundred and sixty horses, Sixty wagons, ono hundred and Are tents, eighty xegs of powder, two hundred gans and twenty-eight prisoners. Till ARMY. J. H. Cola, recently appointed by the Governor of Michigan MAjorof the Fourth Michigan regiment, Colonel Woodbury, to day reported blmaelf for duty. He la prominent cltiieo of Adrian, and for years has been cash [E NE * ier of ?leading bank in that city. Be brought with bim a boat of packages, containing blankets and other needed comforts for the boys. LIBOT. TRINCHAKD'8 OFFICIAL RBPORT Ok TBS VOYAGE OP TBI STEAMER RHODE ISLAND TO TBB GULP AND ATLANTIC PORTE, BTC. Lieutenant Trencbard, commanding the United States steamer Rhode Island, writes, under date of Hampton Roads. January 10,1802, as follows ? The Hhrula T.i.n.i ..iuj r, u._ ??.w ? ik? ilk ,<11 <DIUUU HVUI nvn IVI? ??v V>? > oo ber usual voyage to tbe blockading vessels, reaching Galveston, Texas, the position or the last vesssls.onthe 27th ult., touching at all ports in tbe possesion of the United State* en route there, and leaving Galveston on her return the same evening. King Officer McKean, with tbe N.agara, remained at Ship Island on the 31st ult. Early on the morning of the 1st inst. an expedition, under Commander Smith, with the steamers New London, Water Witch and the captured steamer Lewis, with a de tachment of seamen, loft Ship Island for Mississippi Sound, with a view of cutting out some schooners anchored off Riloxi. As one of tho steamers was seen returning, with two or throe schooners in tow, when the Bhode Island was leaving, the Impression on hoard the Niagara was that the expedition had proved successful. On arriving off Fort Pickens, at three P. M. on the 1st met., Colonel Brown opened fire on the rebel steamer Time, which had attempted to land supplies at the Navy Yard. The Ore from Fort Pickens was at ones replied to by the batteries on the other side, and a brisk bombardment kept up until six P. If., when Fort Pickens ceased firing until between ten end eleven P. M., when a few ?hells were thrown from it into the Navy Yard, setting fire to a lino of storehouses recently built in the rear of ^ the officers' quarters. The fire was se extensive that the s reflection from it was seen at the distance of thirty-five miles seaward. The rebels continued firing at intervals daring the night. Early on the morning of the 2d inst. Fort Pickens fired a few shells, which not being responded to by the rebel batteries, tbe bombardment ceased. No ono was injured at Fort Pickens, and the loss on the opposite Bide had not been ascertained. At tho request of Col. Brown, a pas- / sage was given to six rebel deserters, prisoners, and three discharged United States soldiers from Fort Pickens. Tho Rhode Island touched at Port Roya) on hor return, leaving there on the morning of the 12th. Thssteamer Connecticut arrived at Port Royal on the evening of the lltb. A heavy northeast gale was experienced, commencing on tho 18lh, off Capo lookout, and lasting over thirty-six hours. This, together with thick weather,i prevented communication at Hattcras Inlet, and tended to protract tbo passage of tbe Rhode Island to Hampton Roads. Eighty vessels have ben supplied during tho late voyage of tbe Rhode Island, being twenty more tluui tho previous one. The following is tho list of prisoners of war and deserters from the rebels received at Fort Piokens. The prisoners consist of the crew of tbo prize schooner Venus, ( and are as follows:?Andrew Nelson, Pctor Hans'n, Edward Zecblcr, C. P. Hanes, Jacob Johnson, Charles Eust mead, Charles Smith and Jacob .hides, and J. S. Bryant and J. J. Colscn, from Port Royal, S. C. The deserters are as toilows ? Joseph marker, c nnries calahuu, .mi ert Hence*?, James Smith, Timothy Com.van, IMwm English; Daniel Harrington and John King, of Tutcall'a Dm! Thomas Mulbrale, passcngor. OFFICIAL RETORT OF THE OBSTRUCTION OF A LUiHT* SHIP ON THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST. The following report bos just been received at the Navy D< partmont:? Unttkd Stairs Snt.unm Montr Vekao.n, 1 0; r Wtutnraroy, N. C., Dec. 31,1861. f Sir?I have to rcjiort to ycu that having observed that the rebel*, marts use of a lightship, which was fbrmei ly . on the Frying I'au Shoals, as ajbenoon for guiding vessels J in and out >>rthe ha. bor, nnrt for tl'.e purposo of annoying ' us by hoisting lights at night. I determined to talcs ad c vantage of a liasy night, with the w ind oil'shore, to effect her destruction. I therefore tent the cutter and gig Inst night at midnight to destroy her if possible. The cutter 1 1 pluccd in command of Acting Matter Allele Allen, with ii Mr. John F. Fcole, coast pilot, and a crew of five men, . who were all well united This boat was also well supplied with combustible materials for ttw pur- 1 pose uf firing the vessel. Tbo gig was under the > command of Acting Master Henry L. kit urges, _ and had a crew or stx men, who were also well J armed. In going ia thn t<v>? jjok ths lead, anu ?i * the cutler was alongside the light vessel she laid off on v her oars, ready to support her In the event of an attack B being mrnle. From the officers in command of the boats 1 gather >.e fo'lowing particulars:? " The bunts pulled in together until tlmy rut within a f< short disianre of the light vessel, on tbo offside of her from Fcrt Caswell. The cutter then pulled under tbo starboard quarter of the vessel, and by the assistance of ri a rope found banging there two officers, a boatswain a mate and a quartermaster climbed in board. They e found that she was quite deserted, and that carpenters had recently been at work on bor puttiug up additional 11 berth* and cutting gunports. She was pierced for eight n fighting bolts in the <)pck. And -everything nearly ready for moi nting the guns. It was evidently intended to arm P her for harbor defence. Combustibles were collected, p saturated with turpentine, and sot on fire. The fire was uncovered from tho fort, which was so near that voices could be heard giving tho alarm, but no effort was mode to molest the boats until they were out of sight. Tho t fort then opened Ore Train her great guns in tho direction . of the boats, but they were tar removed from harm's way and we had the pleasure of Seeing the vessel burn ? to tho wa'er's edge , and at this time not a vo^igc of her is lo be seen It given mo pI'-Hsuro to state that every officer and man in this ship was a volunteer for this expedition. Much credit is duo lo the officers and men of (his expedition for the ablo manner in which they discharged this hazardous duty. I ain, sir, vory respectfully, your obedient servant, 0. S. OLISiON,Commander, U. S. N. To Flag Officer L. M. Connsnohoitm, commanding the Atlantic blockading squadron. TBE STRIKE AT THE r till. A Mil. Pit IA NAVY YARD AND ITU C0NSKCHEN0H8. Id consequence of tbo strike among the workmen at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, the steamer Rhode Island, which arrived at that yard for repairs on Thursday, has been ordered to Boston. If the striko continues ell tho government vessels will be ordered from Philadelphia olficwbere. There ere twenty five hundred men In the yard, and each twenty-four hours that the strike continues is a loss of twenty-five hundred days' work to the government. Men who will thus cripple tho government, in a crisis liko the present, do not deserve respectful consideration. PICKET PnOOTlNO. Picket shooting is still practised by the rebels. It le little less than murder. The killing of private Rosecrans, of the Fifth Michigan, near Poliick creek, the other day was an analogous case. Our pickots and scouting partios are prohibited from shooting the enemy's pickets, except first fired upon by them. The orders on this point are peremptory. These orders are humane and wise, because the shooting of an occasional individual, whereby no practical benefit can be gained, only brings lasting sorrow to loving hearts, without furthering the objects o* the war. BRIOADR DR1LI. BY C0L0NKI.8 OF RFXilMENTS. ururrai jhuiidou ungauc wan iirnieu recently ny I Colonel McKnlght, of Ibe One Hundred and Fifth Peun- 1 sylvania regiment. Tbo Idea of having tho Colonel of I each regiment, In hia turn, occasionally drill tho brigado, < la an excellent one. It affords him opportunities for 1 becoming practically familiar with brigade mnnmuvrca * on the (leld, and renders him better qualified to take im- 1 mediate command in nn emergency, such, for ti.stance, ' an where a General le wounded on the battle (leld. Tho * practice rbould be encouraged by all Rrlgadier Generals. 1 CONFISCATION OF LIQUOR. ' A dispenser of contraband liquors among the camps in I Gen Porter's division on Wednesday found his occupation suddenly gone, and with it fifty nlno bottles of whiskey, a fine horse and a good rockaway. Captain 0'Leary,of ( the Ninth Massachusetts regiment, found hiss driving a c profitable trade, exchanging his bottlea of ardent for sol. 1 diora' earnings, and arrested him. The man, who gives his name as Ianlel ConlKT, was rut m the guard house* ( his liquor turned over to the Hospital Department, and i horso and wagon confiscated. ' IMPJtOVKli A AMR RI'KVKD TO TOR TROOPS. I Springfield rifles were on Wednesday given to tbo Fourth I Michigan and Sixty-second Pennsylvania regiments, of 1 G< n. Moreli's brlgads, in exchange for old army musketa, , with which they havo been obliged to contont themselves < since their enlistment. Tbo boys are immensely pleased J with the change Two members of the Fourth Michigan , experimented with their new arms upon s target five I Inches In diameter, at s dlstanco of thirty five rods. J They soot thirty rounds each, of wbloh number twenty- e six hit the target, and all came within a circle of eighteen t Incbss Id diameter. SKILFUL TARQRT FRAOTICR. [ A company vt lbs Fourth Michigan regiment, Colonel o # ro NEW YORK, SUNDAY, Woodbury, and one from the Sixty second Pennsylvania regiment, Colonel Black, had to-day, at Miner's Hill, a trial of skill at sbootigg with their new Springfield rifle muskets. They shot at targets flee inches In diameter, at a dlstanee of four hundred yards, oach company of one hundred men shooting one round, and al' the shots being without rest. Both targets were completely riddled, and every shot fell within a radius of nineteen inches from the centre of the target. With such closely contested shooting it was Impossible to award superiority to either company. Most of the members of these regiments are old hunters. They aro proud of their new arms, and are burning with impatience to exercise their skill at shooting with more beneficial and pleasing result upon tbo enemy. TEX WOUNDED IN THE gATTI.B OP DRANE8VILLE. John Harris, of Company D, Ninth Pcnnslyvania Reserves, wounded at the Dranesville battle, had his arm amputated to-day, at General McCall'S division hospitalHe is the only one, out of the fifty-nine of our men wounded at this battle, who bad to undergo amputation. All of the remaining wounded, excepting seven, have been discharged from the boepilal,and aro now doing foil duty. Among the latter is Lieutonont Colonel Kane, of the "Bucktail Rides," who is entirsly recovered, and !r* now in command of his regiment. The wounded 'still In the hospital are all doing well. A PATRIOTIC FAMILY, Mr. Wm. Miller, an old, wealthy and influential resident of Utice, was among the visiters to-day to Colonel legiiueu*, uiu ruurieemn xxcw ioti volunteers, attached to Gen. Worrell's brigade. He baa three one, a son-in-law and one grandson, in this regiment?all belonging to the same eoagag. (h> being complimented by General Iforrel) for gtPtag so many eons to the servile of bis oeuaty, be made the following reply:?"I have only flMr things to regret. First, that I have no more sons; aeeead, that 1 have only one daughter; third, that I have no more grandsons , and fburth, that 1 am too old to light myself' v TBI FEMALE REBKLfl. > Mrs. Greenbow, who for the last five months has been under surveillance in her own house, was, together with Hrs. Baxter, who recently arrived from Richmond witha military commission for Dr. Brown, of Baltimore, to-day removed to the old Capitol building. Miss Poole, who has been their compunioo, yesterday took her parele, and will probably soon bo seat to Richmond under a flag of truce. COTTON AND SCQAR OOINO NOBTH. Richmond papers of Thursday contain a despatch from Nashville, dated the 14tb mat., saying that it has been distinctly ascertained that considerable quantities of cotton and sugar have recently been eont In wagons 1 through Kentucky to tho Ohio river for the North. They were supposed to have boon sent from Clarksburg. AttlOKNT TO PAYMASTER ANDREWS. Paymaster Andrews, of New York, Droko his leg near the thigh last night by falling whilo stepping on to the slippery pavement from his carriage. ESCAPE OF PRISONERS FROM RICHMOND. Two of the Yankee prisoners in Richmond escaped on Monday. One of them was captured again. THE PROPOSED BANKRCPT LAW. The committee having this subject in charge refraimd, during the recoee, from preparing a Bankrupt bill,for tho rearm that the conflicting interests of the country would be likely to dissever and destroy it before it could get a Fair hearing on tho floor of the House; secondly, the committee was informed early that many localities sad interests were preparing statements and memorials sad lutlines of bills expressive of their respective views: uid the committee deemed it prudent to hear the suggea.iods of all the minds which had keen turned to tbeaub- ect, and then deduce from this and their own researches ho best sand safest system, for permanent use, which A>UIU UC UUV1EQU. Tbe chairman of the committee on Uiia contemgilafted aw?Mr. Noecoe Conkhng, of New York?imported, durDg the stunner, the new Hnglisi bankrupt lew, WbjSh ecen tly poseed in Parliament and went Into operation en he 4th of October last, and also the report of her sety'e commissioners in connection with tbe bRl. Thlg port is a work of Ore of tbe aMeet SmsMhM ?Bagfc rjVY; i >fi -r*jyr>? of W.aay hunilMd pVQb: If IB? I rork of many years labor, had preecnte the "whole4 objects, with great research and learning. The English yetem, although far toward perfection, ie too cumbrous or this county, because, in the constitution of the Unit d States, a bankrupt law must be executed by tbe fedeal judicial, and the federal judicial staff is too small to dmmlstcr, at all, a system so ponderous and complicate das that of Great Britain. The labors of the commit' ee showed they determined to report a bill and to take a law which may safely stand permanently in the latutesof the country, and which, to that end, shall rovide equitably for tbe debtor and creditor, by com" ulsory as well as voluntary clauses. ORGANIZATION OP TBR ARMY MEDICAL STAFF. The bill reported by Colonel Blair from the House Mill, ary Committee, for tbo hotter organization of the medial staff of the army, provides that the Surgeon General f the army shall have the rank, pay an<1 emoluments of i brigadier general; that there shall be one Assistant lurgeon General and two Inspectors General of Hospitals, vitb the rank, pay and allowances of colonels of cavalry; hat there shall be six Inspectors of Hospitals, with the auk, pay and allowances of lieutenant colonels of cavaly; that all these appointments shall be taken from the icuior surgeons or the United States army, unless disentitled by ago or other causes; that, In addition to I ho \sASiini nnmlwip i\f mAillrnl fifflcnra rtf Ihn armv thura ihall be added twenty Surgeons and twenty As listnut Surgeons, to bo appointed and promoted aider existing laws; that there shall be add-d to the corps of medical cadets fifty others, making the number one hundred, each of whom shall be alfiiwed >ne ration per day; that there shall he added to th? manlier of hospital stewards as many moro as shall be conildered necessary for the public service; that the number if brigade surgoons shall be one hundred and twentylive, who shall perform such duties as may be assigned by the Surgeon General, to liavo the rank, pay and emoluments of majors of cavalry, and shall have precedence of til regimental surgeons in the voluntoer corps; thnt there ihall he added to each regiment of cavalry two assistant surgeons, and to each rogtmout of artillery and infantry mo assistant surgeon; that when, In the opinion of the Surgeon General, a surgeon or assistant surgeon becomes lisquniitlcd by age or incompetency for promotion to a Sigber grade, or unfitted for the performance of his pro. Visional duties, he shall be reported and retired under isietmg laws. TIIK SLAVERY QUESTION. All the bills aud petitions on the subject of negro eman. il|>ution have been referred, for InvOBtigatiou and conilderation, to a sub-committee, consisting of Mr. Ilinghnm, <f Ohio, and Mr. (Judge) Thomas, of Massa ihusetts, of the Houss Judiciary Committee. Mr. Ding iom goes for total emancipation, while Mr. Thomas, lelng more conservative, takes an almost opposite vlow >f the case. Tho other day Mr. Bingham made a speech, tnd wsa then asked why the committee did not report ipon this aubjoct of slavery; whereupon ho repliod that t wsa not his fault if a report bad not boen made. Now wme of the representatives are inclined to think it is ex remely doubtful whether a report of any kind will bo nndo on the subjoct till toward* the cloec of tbo pre sent iomkIod. IILL FOR TBI COLLECTION OF TAXES AND LIBERATION AND COLONIZATION OF HI.AVKS. The bill reportod in the Ilouae by Col. Rlalr, from the ;oaamlttoe on Military Alfaira, to onforcc tbo collection if taxes, and to liberate the slaves of rebels aud to colo. ilzo the same, provides:? That when in any Stalo or Territory the peaceable colecllnn of taxes, undor the act of August 6, la impoHilblt, 1 n consequence of tb* rebellion, inch State or Territory < ihall bo charged with its proportion of the direct tax, i loconliiig to its valuation by the last census, that the 'residentshall, by proclamation, on or before the 22d of 'obruary next, designate the State* and parts of .States n which the peaceable collection of the government axes i* impracticable, and thereupon the general lota tnd parcels of ground shall become charged with their oepectlve proportions of the tax without further proreeding*; that If such taxes aro not paid within Uxty days, the title in fee simple of such lands shall . hereupon vest In tbo United States; that any loyal cltL :en who may bo divested In this manner of his title to I and* may recover tho same at any tlmo within two years < hereafter, upon making proof satisfactory to the United , ! talus Commissioners of bis loyalty; that the Inhabitants, 1 if Rtatos or portions of states or Territories declared to ' le in rebellion shall deliver to Commissioners upon oath a tatement In writing of lbs amount of annual income such , arson dcrlvea from any kind of property, or any trade, irofesslon or employment,carried on la tha United Stales < V elsewhere; and persons neglecting to ra*ke such state RK H ( JANUARY 19, 1862. ments ih?lt to ami according to the forty-ninth section of the act of August 6, and upon failure to pay such tax all their property, real or personal, shall vest In the United States, the same provision is made for restoring the property of citizens who shall prove their loyalty within two years as above.

Sections seven and eight provldo for the organisation of a Board of three Commissioners in each of the States declared in insurrection, who shall act whenever the oommaadisg General shall have established the authority of the United Mutes in such State or district, with power to lease lands vested iu the United Btatee which belonged to disloyal persons until the rebellion in suoh States is put down and a lawful 8Ule authority re-established, such leases to he subjoct to the approval of the President, temporary rules and regulations being made by the Commissioners. It is also provided that the Commissioners may. instead of leaaing, sell such lands at public auction , Jin stated parcels, to loyal citizens and persons who have served In tne army or navy six months. Tho remainder of the bill Is as follows.? ti'xc. 14.?From and after the passage of tbie act all calcs, assignments and transfers of the property, real and personal, of whatever kind, including lands, tenements, goods, chattels, services, moneys, stoeks and aesdits, and every right and interest therein, held, owns ed, possessed or enjoyed by any person or persons en r the United States, or in any way aiding or abetting such rebellion, and all assignments or transfers of any such property heretofore made by said persons in ouutemplaUon of engaging in such rebellion, shall be, and are hereby, declared null and void. Ssc. 16.?All iiersons held to service or labor, commonly called slaves, shall, if such service or labor be due to any person or persons engaged in tho present rebellion, or to any person or persons in any manner aiding or abetting such rebellion, whenever they shall be taken by the armed forces of the United States, or shall be brought to or shall voluntarily claim the protection of said forces, shall be deemed and taken to be captures of war, and be forever discharged from such service or labor and declared free persous and it shall be the duty of the aforesaid Commissioners to hear i and determine In a summary manner the cose of any person who may api our or be brought before them to claim tho bonofltof this act, and if ii appear, by satisfactory proof, that the claim is well founded, a certificate stating that such person or persons have been liberated unddr tho authority of the United States shell be given to them, which certificate shall be conclusive of the right of the person or persons to whom it is granted to freedom, notwithstanding any process issued by any court, judge, magistrate or any person whatsoever, and at the discretion of the Commissioners. One certificate given to the vead of a family may include his wifo and children, if they shall be entitled to the benefit of this act. Sao. 16.?That all persons to whom suchcertiflcates shall be granted shall bo subject to such regulations for the preservation of order as may bo made by tbe Commissioners in each State, under the direction of tbe President, and tb* y may, under tho direction of proper agents, to be appointed by the Commissioners, be employed in cultivating lands belonging to the United States or in other useful labors; and they may also be employed, at ?4be discretion and under the direction of tbe commami' ing ofllccrs of the army, and with the consent of the Commissioners, and for such services they and tho aforesaid agents shall receive reasonable wages, to be fixed by the Oninmiagioneis and paid at proper Intervals, us they shall determine. Sue. IT?It shall bo the duty of tho commissioners In oach State to tako charge of all porsons liberated undor tho previsions of this act, and employ them as in the foregoing section, or bind or iudonturo them as apprentices to loyal proprietors of land or to mechanics, for terms not exceeding Dvo yeais, in case of persons over tweuty-one years of age, and In case of persons under the ape of - twenty-ono years, for terms which shall expire be lore or as soon as thoy shall attain the ago of twenty-live years, and bo shall make such regulations, under the direction or the Woeldciit of the United States, tor the government, control and protection of such employes and apprentices as may ho humane, projicr and expedient, and shall contract in their behalf with said proprietors or employers to pay reasonable wages for the labor of said employes or apprentices, and suitably lodge, elotbo and subsist them, during their term of employment or apprenticeship, and shall require good security for Iho performance of said contracts, and the wages so received shall be paid over to the government of the United States, to bo held In trust for the benefit of such employes or apprentices and expended as hereinafter provided. Fkc. 18?Tlio President of the United States is hereby authorized to acquire by purchase for the government of the Unitod Slates any lands or couutries iu Mexico, Central Amorica or South America, or in the islands of the Gulf of Mexico, or to acquire by treaty from the governments of any of said countries the right of settlement upon lands of said countries; and whenever any lands shall have boon so acquired, or whenever the right of settlement shall have been secured by treaty in any of said lands, then the President shall cause all'the persons who shall have been liberated under the provisions of this act to be removed at such times and under such regulations as bo may deem expedient to the countries so acquired, or iu which the right of settlement has beon so secured, end shall cause a reasonable quantity of land, not exceeding fbrty acres ef land to any Individual, or eighty acres of land to the bead of a family. to be set apart for the use of sueh 1'berated parsons, and shall guarantee to all such pcrsuA so retnovvu at, tlx M M& political rights secured to all other eitisens in said countries, and fbr the purpose of paying the expense of the removal of said persons from this country to their new homes the President shall use thS moneys which have been earned by .-aid liberated persons by their labor, either in the employ of Kernmont or from other persons to whom thsy have u indentured, and such other sums of money us Congress may from time to time direct, arising out of the the sales of the property formerly owned by rebels, real and personal, the title of which has been vested In the government of the United states for non payment of taxes under the provisions of this act. Sac. 10?Whenever tho IiScislature of any Slate shall by Utw, liborate tho slaves held in such State, the President of tho United States is authorized and directed to accept such liberated slaves, and provide for them in some manner as directed in the case of slaves of rebels liberated under this act, and cause tho same to be apprenticed and removcd in the same meaner. and in all States In which the Hlarca shall be liberated as aforesaid by the act of the State government, the President Is directed to cause the property and oslatea of rebels, the titles to which shall have been vested in the government el' the United States for non-payment of taxes, under the provisions of this act, within said States, to bo sold, and the proceeds thereof divided into three equal shares and to be disponed of in the manner following, to wit:?One part shall bo applied to pity the direct tax due from said Stete or Stales; one part to |iay all losses incurred by loyal citizens by reason of the rebellion, including debts due anil unpaid by rebels to loyal citizens, and one part shall bo appliod to pay the loyal owners of the slaves liberated by the act of the government of said Statu or States. Sc. 30?Whenever any negro or mulatto, who is now free and residing in any Stato of tbo United Slates shall desire to remove to the country or lands which the President shall acquire, or In which be shall have socurcd rights of settlement under thA provisions of this act, it shall be the duty of tho President to cause all such persons to be removed and placed in said country upon the samo terms and renditions, and with like guarantees as provided by this act for persons liberated under this net. Sxc. 21?If any commissioner under this act shall bo guilty of any malversation or abuss of power, he shall tie liable to any injured person for any damage occasioned thereby and for all malversation and corrupt conduct in olllce, ho shall be liable to indictment, and, on conviction In any court of com|ietontjurisdictlon, shall bs flned not less than $3.000 nor more thau $20,000, and be imprisoned not less than ono or more than ten years. Sac. 22?All moneys received by the Treasury of the United States from the salo of property, tbu title to which shall have been vested in the government of the United Status, under the provisions of this act, shall constitute a special fund for tho payment: flrst of the salaries of the officers appointed under this act, of the expenses of transportation and settlement of liberated slaves and other incidental expenses Incurred to carry out the provisions of this act; and secondly, to compensate 1?va! citizens whnee properly may hare been taken from them under this act: and thirdly, for the compensation of such loyal citizens, including creditors of rebels, as may have hecn des|>olled of th"lr property by the rebellion. and the excess, If any. shall be applied to extinguish the public debt of the United States, and, inasmuch ns uo mean* have yet accruod from the source here specified, tho sum of one hundred thousand dollars Is hereby appropriated to carry into effect this act, to he paid out of any money in the Treasury of tho United States not otherwise appropriated. See. 23?This act shall take effect, notwithstanding all acta or parts of acts heretofore passed which In any manner contravene its provisions or which may be inconsistent with the same from and after passage. iPrilKD IN NKV (ISiNitli. Now* from New Granada, with date* or Bogota to the 16th ult., has been received here, fcpm which it appear* that Mr. Burtou, United Platen Mluiater, haa proved very acceptable to the people and waa fast winning friend*. Mosquera waa Hill of indignation becauao be bad not prssented to him htacrodentlala. Tho important State* of Caoca, Antioquia andSantandor ara yet out of the powor of the usurper, and Boyaca waa full of guerillas. General* Reye* and Acosta, sent there by Moatiaatn, had been twioe defeated. Thegue. rilla* of Cundlnamarca, who defeated th* rebel Ooneral Victoria, had disbanded or retired. Governor Canal, of Rantander, said to have begged peace from Mosquera, had only prnpoacd a tem|>orary armistice, and still held all hi* ground. Gov Jlralda, of Antloqula, defeated General Mendoza Piano* at Day a* on the 14th of November rho legitimate I'resldenl elect, Arboleda, I* tbe Com. mander In chief of Cnuca and Antloqula, and was acting with the utmost energy and activity He had uoder bis orders 0,000 men, and 3,000 In Antloqula. Masquers was giving publlo support to the revolution in Venezuela; had recognized the government of the In. lurgent* and waa provobing war with that republic by mtlcing some of Its provinces to Join New Granada under His command, employing for that purpose the exploded lumbng of the revival of Colombia. the city of Bogota, and the negro States of Magdalena, Dollvarand Panama, continued under Mosquera'* rule, lalllng themaelvea tbe United Stetea of Colombia Meaquera was said to he blind in one eye and losing the ERA J light of the other, but that did act pre vest him from giving decrees and regulations by the dozen. The constitutional troops and agents were acting with the authority of Senor Gutierrea, the inoumbent to the Presidency according to the constitution until Senor Arboledu's election is confirmed by Congress. Senor If. M. tfosquera, the General's brother, bad refused to come to Washington te supersede Senor Hurtado, according to the caprices of the General. The Emperor of France has refused to receive Senor IfurlUo, Mosquera's Minister, and Senor de Francisco continues to represent the legitimate national government in France and England. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. RECONNOISSANCE BY GENERAL GRANT, NEAR COLUMBUS. Chicago, Jan. 18,1862. A special despatch,dated twelve miles from Columbus, 16lh inst., at nine o'clock P. M., says:? A heavy reconnaissance was made this afternoon by Gen. Grant and stall, with Osbaud's cavalry, resulting in getting reliable Information of all tho routes leading out of Columbus towards Blandvllle and other towns. A distance of over forty miles was made in six hours. No rtbels were discovered, although atone time the reeonnoltering party were within Ave miles of Columbus. Four deserters from Columbus arrived last night, 17th inst. They report 40,000 rebel troops at Columbus. A gentleman, formerly of Lynn, Massachusetts, reached here from New Orleans last night. He had passes from Georgia to pass the rebel lines at Now Madrid and Columbus. On Saturday the rebels were in the greatest perturbation on account of the movements of the troops from Cairo. The general opinion was that the troops were bound for the Tennessee river. The people in this section expect the dirost calamities to fall on them in tho coming struggle, but, as far as possible, take no sides since the Union troops have been in their midst. Mr. Collins, of Boston, also arrived last night from Now Orleans, which place ho left eight days ago. He escaped by representing himself bearer of despatches from the Belgian Consul, but was detained two days at Columbus. He says that tho feeling at the South is getting more and more bitter every day. A gentleman from Columbus reports that a United States war steamer fired into a French war steamer that whs trying to run the blockade at New Orleans. Our steamer fired twelve shots into the French vessel. The affair created great excitement at Memphis and otbor points. IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. Rolla, Jan. 18,1862. The indications are that all the troops at this point will move westward, except one or two regiments to guard tho post. The pickots of the enemy extend fourteen mile* from Springfield. and the force of General Price Is estimated at about 12,0()O men. It Is reported that General Mcintosh is coming to his aid from Arkansas with largo reinforcements. The report, however, is not wholly reliableSt. Lorn, Jnn. 18,1802 A report has gained much currency hero that Governor Gamble has resiguod and gone to W ashington and will there await his appointment by Acting Governor Hall to fill the seat of Trusten Polk in tho Senate of tho United States. IMPORTANT FROM CAIRO. Cairo, Jan. 18,1862. Captains Mnrdock and Wcbstor returned lost night from an expedition to Bloomfleld. It was a complete success. Thoy captured forty of the enemy, among them one lieutenant colonel, one adjutant and thrae captains. Captain Mklps, with the gunboat Conc.toga, mads a reconnolsaance up the Tennessee rlrer to-day, and Shelled a point just below Fort Ilunry, where a masked battery is supposed, but did not succeed Ut drawing its ire. There la noting ot importance from below. IMPORTANT NEWS, IF TRUE. Reported Preparation, for on Attack on Norfolk from Rortress Monroe. Koarxn-w Mcnkob, Jan. 17, 1862. It is confidently asserted to-day that General Wool has i? 4a Ox-.ao a V.mfnll/ rt SAVnAOA IK/1 women and children from that city. The topmasts and spars of the Minnesota were taken down to-day, and she will, it is suld, proceed to Elizabeth river to-night with the frigute Cumberland. The Peuiiacola is also lying hero, and every evidence of active naval operations aro apparent. Heavy Cannonading Heard at Norfolk. Baltimore, Jan. 18,1862. Intelligence was received at Old l'oint last evening that hi avy cannonudlng was heard ut Norfolk, in tho direction of Albemarle Sound, at nlna o'clock yesterday morning. Newt from the Upper Potomac. Hancock, Md., Jan. 18,1862. General Jackson has dieapixiared, with his whole force. It Is believed that be has retired to Winchester. Thero are no rebel forces now known to be in Morgan county. The weather is inclement and variable The whole river line is quiet. Arrival of the Rhode Island at Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Jan. 18, 1862. The steamer Rhode Island arrived hore lust evening. via Fortress Monroe. She has on board the crew of the re hoi schooner Venus, captured near Galveston; also the robel t'aptain George J. Mahc, of the I/>ul-lana Volunteers, rap fired In Barataria Day by launches of the steamer South Carolina while he was on a pleasure excursion, having visited his home on furlough. He is a nephew of tho rebel Congressman Conrad, of Louisiana. He admits the prevalence of the Union sentiment in New Orleans, though It is not allowed to maulfeat itself tbore. Tho prisoners will be sent to New York. The Gmaboat Itasca at Key West. Philadelphia, Jan. 18, 1861. The gunboat Itasca was at Key West when tho Rhode Island left. Soon after her departure from Fortress Monroe the Itasca had her machinery slightly damaged, In consequence of which she was twenty-one days In saillug to Key West. The Rhode Island will probably sail to-morrow for Boston. The Bohemian Outyard Bound. 1'oa-r land, Jan. 18,1862. The steamship Bohemian sailed at half-past three o'olock this afternoon for Liverpool, with a full cargo and fifty, even pa?sengers. Arrival of the Africa at Liverpool. The steamship Africa, from New York, arrived at LI. verpool January T. L?ttrri for tbs Burnalde Expedition. Mr. C. E. Stetaon, Jr., sutler to the Burnalde expedition, will take charge of all letter* up to Monday afternoon. All lattvra abould bo tent to him at the Actor House. Court of Common Plena?General Term. 1'reaent, Judge* Brady and Hilton. Jar. 18 ?Whltlock v*. Joe.ph?Judgment of affirmance revcraed, and cauee remitted back for argument. LoomlB vs. Itarnea.?Judgment reversed. Jobnaon v* Inc.?Judgment reversed Taylor vs. Hatch?Judgment reverted. The Hoaton Carpet Company vs. Journaay, Ac Judgmant reverted ae to $1,326 38, aud ainrmed aa to the realdtie. cutwater va. The Mayor ?Order of epecial term af Armed, with 810 c?*ta. Field va. Sherman.? Order of epecial term affirmed, with $10 coats. Foa va. Heath ?Order of epecial term affirmed, with $10 coete. Arrival* and Depnrtnree. DKPAKTCRKS. Livaiteooi?Steamship Kangamn ?Mr Mlddlcton ami two children. Mrs Ellen Meson, E VV Ward, Mr IVndleton. Win A Pratt end lady, tiro Oakley, J Canllrld, wife and two children; tleo P Brooks, Jas Crrgnn, Lewis I^>ond, Olias L Deity, John T Wann, M. Sllvn, Leon 8-lva. Captain llnwartli (tynei n ? meaaenger)? and others In the steerage. Bskmkn via BouTH*?rros?Steamship Bremen? f Bueae and lady, Hamburg. Rudolph Lot/, K Chsr'es CJuBlher, Ilgman end A Reliefer, New York; John O Maver, M Louie: M Pump ami lady. Win Hul/bacher and Kruat von An. New York; Emanuel lltaunlng. Illinois; Otnia an jthaab, Columbus, Ohio; II A K Freflag. Iowa; Mr? Anna Hiephena and Mrs Anna C 1'atilaen, New lork?and 67 In the eleerage- Total. 73. liD. PRICE THREE CENTS.' INTERESTING FROM THE SOUTH. Speculations at the South in Regard to the Burnside Expedition. The Richmond Examiner on the Rebel Situation. THE BOGUS CONFEDERACY C0N6RE8S. tttp pnstwafitrn r.rwru ais nrwmr ***** ? VWA4UAM1AMI yUAlJUMMI M IMI1 Vi??? Large Appropriation Needed for Post Office Deficiencies* THE REBEL PRESS TO BE MUZZLED. The Port of New Orleans Hermetically Sealed. Aggregate Amount Raised for the Charleston Sufferers *192,030. Rebel Account of the Escape of the Pensacola. Arrival of a British Steamer in Texas with a . Cargo of Arms for the Rebels, *?., Ac., kc. Forth*.* Mo.ntoa, Jan. IT, 1803. Information baa been received that the rebols have abandoned Roanoke Inland, in Pamlico Sound, and it is alio said to day that they are preparing to evacuate Yorktown. The latter is not generally credited. The Wilmington (N. C.) Journal of Wednesday aaya that nothing has boon heard of the UQmsido expedition, and thinks it singular, if it lert Old Point on Saturday night, as reported, that its appoaranco on the coaat had not up to that time been announced. The Raloigh RegirUr of Wednesday says that some gentlemen in that city say that they hoard on Tuesday evening hoary rejwrts of cannonading towards the coaat; but the editor thinks they woro mistaken, as the distance la too great. The Norfolk Day Book of Friday says that nothing has been hoard there of the burnslde oxpeditiou since it left Old Point, and the editor professes to bo at a loss to know what may be its destination. The rame paper announces that thirteen large steamers, loaded with troops, left Old Point on Tnursday, and presumes that they Are intended for another expedition to some other point. The editor has been hoaxed, as no steamer* but two, delayed by the storm, containing the D'Epineiul Zouaves, left on that day. Tho prisoners from Richmond also ray that up to the time thoy left, on Friday morning at eight o'clock, nothing had been heard from the Burnsido expedition there. Tho Richmond papers of Friday contain nothing in relation to the expedition. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. We have received a large number of rcbol newspapers of recant dale, among them the following Norfolk Pay Book January 1A Richmond Kxaminer January 1A New Orleans Commercial Bulletin lanuary T Baton Rouge Paily Advocate January S Richmond Examiner January 14 Norfolk Pay Book lanuary 15 Montgomery Paily Advocate January 12 Ricbmrnd Pispatch January 10 From these papers we collate the following highly interesting news from rebeldom. AN INTERESTING STATEMENT OF THE SOUTHERN SITUATION. A HtOHCOlirLIMrlNT TO Tin: KMIKKAl. AL'TIIORITIKA? OKNKHAI. MCLKI.LAN II VS .IWINION AMI RK kUR (' A llli IN .V vie,: N unit: hflVK WAS; 10I.KT Rl.l UMHKMItili- KKXTt'CKY TO UK TllK START INO POINT, ETC. [From tlie Richmond F.xnrohior, Jan. ll?.\ For a pei iod uncertain in duration, wl othe "I" days, weeks or months, the season commands a I nice. Thin is tho true winter. Ilie llrst campaign is ended, and a time has come wlu n It Is no loi gn Qlisot'e to review results aud consider with candor the situation of oarnif.ii.s. The campaign All- been rtr itlv d-Jrfuir . IJV k.ne reiinetI wthitut, for we have attempted nil fnin. Tiir.t wo have lost comparatively little of actual ter Itory .' ina tho latter rlx monibs is due only to the diuiniillie.-, t.f inviuncn in u cotiiitiy like this, ilic- necessity fo. time to prepare half a inillii n of soldiers, tho cottrage of the Pc.tthera volunteers and the individual cowardice of llio Northern mercenaries. It is, however, undeniable that the de f. vsive policy, besides the moral wtrutu on au ariny that awaits repeated and end ess attack, an I the ? \hn stion of a country which is llie scene of war. has given the enemy au uninterrupted opportunity to prepare a gigau tic host mii'I to arrange it atlenirohr ih full trial of relativo strength when the io-sim permit the resumption of hostilities. While the political leaders of the South bare Gen re/xtting in dreamt of appmahi up peace,and while our act otplithtd eaphtint ofeOgtnoeri hove been etpttvling iheir rrvMcieatle Wxenlijio ingenuity in Ike ereeti-m of tan it at u-.tuleiyul, and almost at attentive and quite at valuable, a* ih Ciunett until, to retist invading farret f con a given dimti.?, the enemy have gradually and at leisure gatherid up their imm>n?e rtt'iurcet ana concentrated their Irememhau >u rgtet to enveliq* the confederacy with their artuiet and JleeSt, and Uepnrlrat the interior from tome one of many alternative point/. Although they cau now do nothing,fA?y hue: th ir y -neralpi ogramme inprifeet order for execution when the w author change* in ihe ordinary course of the earth round the auu; nml at this niomunt we find < uracil *s in the Jaft of superior farces wherecer we luoh, whether to the Earth, the East or tE Wert, or lite Smlh i'relf. (ietiornl Sydney John*ton has to strain every nerve to prevent the military a* well a* geographical iioart of the country from slipping out of his grasp. Gtnrralt Jooeplt Juhneton and Beauregard are held by SkCleUan on the I'otomac at in a vice. A gigantic arinauicnt ia ready to attempt the de cent of the Mississippi, and their de ls on tne Allan tk seac-ust and the hull are too freshly before the public attention to require remembrance. Such are the fruits of e policy purely defensive. Without even the hesitancy which would come of a possible interruption, the onemy huvo thus surrounded the Southern confederacy; ami, if permitted to repeal at of ten as nuty be detired, their efforlt to penetrate tit heart, they Will nccettardg attain the place and the time where success awaitt them. There is now but ouc chance of osce,* from the net that has boen coolly drawn around us. it is to concentrate our energy on oue point and cut It through, to eonvert our defensive Into an offensive war, and transfer the scene of at loeat a part of these hostilities to the enemy'a own country. Situated a* we ere, it ia only possible at one poini?and that is Kentucky. If the forces that we are dispersing to the four corners of the continent every dav, to meet new menace*, wore colleoted under the hand of (ieuerul Sydney Johnston, him to manoeuvre Willi tome |>OMlbllity of success over ih? plains of that region, he might hurl back the ai ray in front of him at present, bud panetrata tha Slate of Ohio. Tha attainment of this object would render wot thlest all the plans of tha enemy. Tha circle of arimae would be in tha condition of Ilia constrictor whoec back has bean brokan, tha scene of war would bo transferred ta his own territory, and everyone who ha* witnessed the ravages idarmiea in any of lb? Invaded district* of Virginia, knows what a priceless blessing is designated In that brief phrsse He would be attacked beyond his defences. The alarm and confusion of the l otted State# would porallae Its government and its generals, and tha enllrs arangesneat, by which wa sulTer now and dread sreat disasters In future, would be Immediately reversed. Wohsve pointed to the general commanding tha Oonfederate forces In Kentucky as the person to whom this buslnoas should ba ontrnsted, bemuse he l? tha only one In position, at this point of tha game, to undertake an advance on the cuemy with probabilities of siicoeae, even If suiDcieut forces could be allotted to the others. No natural obstacles enoumber bis path as In the caso of Polk and Beauregard. A concentration of troops now employed on the seacoeah and at other points w hore no vital blow can be either given or received, Is all that ta uoceesary to hint for effecting this great end. To form au. h s concentration it will be necessary to leave some portions of the frontierwithout other protect leu than the Inhabitanta of Ihfe neighboring country ran affhrd; but this will, In most cAsea, bo found more than sufficient against attacks thai werh only Intends I to withdraw our troops from real J points of strategy , aud even if otherwise, they must lor V

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