Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1862 Page 2
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f 2 tbrtef tune be left to take their ohance, till the blow at will relieve them, w'th the whole tMid'mUuuv) , , an t>< struck whore only it can be delivered JU proaent G .-aural Johnston confronts superior forces Of the on -my under Budl, one of the most cautsHis, a i at tki' ? a-'t able gouora's on th*Otner vide (ii-tpral Buetl haa now, immediately tu dtout of<lotwatan,au irnty of Mjventy r i* thousand men, and can bring t > l<oar on us, at oU.o given poiuts, thirty thousand inure. What the tun.#,urate commander haa. may not be laiod; but it is probably enough to hold bis present Strung iHwitum against any numbers that might attack him there, lkit the enemy has the elvoo.6 to attack him tb re, or to pass nim on either side, get to his rear and Out ofrhia eupplk ,. This ho can do by eating a suflicis&t irtuy in trout u. Ueuiiral Johnston, while he can still Bond upon the right or left Mack a force as large as he leaves behind, ihtt this is lite plan u< Bud t* now no lunger doubtful. Ho has placed a force of eight thousand men at Glasgow, thirty miles to the eastward of Bowling Green, tbrea'emng the rear of General Johnst u. while it ts within easy aupiorting distance of two other porta held in strong force by tho enemy. If the plan of Bud ta aucc-'ssful, it may result In a great ilia-iter To defeat bint, it is absolutely necessary that more men should at once be sent to Bowling Green. General Johnston must have a force sutllcieot to attack Buel in front, with gooa chance of success ; and by doing so will not unlj defeat his schema on the centre of ibu confederacy, but immediately transfer the war to the State of Ohio, and thus save the whole South from the Teat daasar of being ovgrrun In tho n?ut tooaihas the coming spring. We are satisfied that, beyond the fliturini jxurihiliti't of fl foreion intervention, the only rational hope we can nt/erdot* of a speedy termination if this war it to be found in met offensive campaign acrosi the Ohio, from the point thut Oeuerai Johnston now defends. The best line of advance Imaginable is to strike at the vitals of the North, which stre the l.alte States, is that through Kentucky. The country is a plain, the people not actively hostile, sup rss without stint, and the great resource of the North beyond. The enemy understand this, and are making tremendous efforts to secure Kentucky to them without the possibility of escape. This season of inaction, from the Inclemency of the skies, is a precious boon of Providence to us; we cau now determine on a plan, and pre fare for its execution in a short time, that will render aught and abortive all the ooatly aud complicated device* of the adversary. THE REBEL CONGRESS. AM ACT TO MUZZLE THE PRESS?AMENDMENT OP THE PATENT LAWS?BAD CONDITION OP POSTAL AFFAIRS. We subjoin a copy of tbs bill reported by the Military Committee in the rebel bogus Congress to astablish surveillance over their newspapers ? a sax swtitlmd "eat act to psivsni informatiov or thb plans and operations of ths land and naval foncsn or tub c0nfnndbna1m stains bung coryiyno to tbs onbmt." Section 1. The Congress of the Confederate States do nact. That it shall not be lawful for any perron to publish, or cause to be published, hi any newspaper or other printed publication, intended for circulation, any information or communication giving the number, disposition, movements or destination, of the land or naval forces of the Confederate States: or the description, destination, oar go or armament of any vessel engaged in tho service of or (employed in the transportation of troops, despatches or munitions 01 war, tortile Confederate States, or the description of any bat Wry, fortification, engine of war, ? or plaa of attack or defence employed or to be employed by said forces; or of any signal, badge, banner or llag, which may' nave bean or may be temporarily employed or adoptod by the corunruiding officer of any poet, <1 is rict or expedition, of the Confederate States", unless tho publication thereof shall be drat authorized by the.Presi dent or Congress, or tbe Secretary of War, or of the Navy, or tbe oommandtng officer of such post, district or expedition: Provided, however, that nothing herein contained tholl prevent the publication of information extracted or derivedfrom ntietpaper* or other publications in the enemy't country, or of lattice fought. Sec. 2. It shall not be lawful for any person to write or eommuAicate, for publication, to any newspaper or C in ted publication, as aforesaid, or to the editor or puuher thereof, by letter, despatch or otherwise, Informs tion, the publication of which is declared unlawful by the first section of this act. Sec 3. Persons offending against the provisions of this ct shall be deeme 1 guilty of a high misdemeanor, and Shall be subject to iudictmcnt in the District Courts of the Confederate States, in tbe district where tho olfonce Shall have been commuted, and, on conviction, shall be lined in a sum not more than $1 ,ooo, and may, in tho dis cretion of the court trying the same, be Imprisoned for a period not exceeding twelve mouths. MKXDMnrr or tiii patxxt laws. A bill has been introduced into Con vres* from the Com. mittee on Patents in that body, to amend the act oatab j lisbing tho Patent Office, and to secure to citizen* in the Confederate States whatever rights or interests th^y may have in old United States patents. Tho bill provides Tor the full revival of United States patents issued to any person now a citizen of the Confederate States, or who shall hereafter become so by the accession of new States or Territories. The provision* of the hill, with reference to the tapertant subject of assignments, recognizee aa valid all a* aignmonts of patent rights niada to chi/ansif the Coo federate States prior to the 17th day of April, 1VII pr> vlded that the aiiaiijntncois be recorded in iba P*t<nt Office six months after the termination of the exist ing war. thb pot ornr* DxnrTKsnr. Ooagresfl ia likely to reduce the rates of postage, if the deficiency in the Poet Office can constitute any argument for such a reform. We learn that the Pott -e lectivU 1/ tk* Omfoirra'' gortmmmt have fallen off abou' half a million of dollars, compared for a *orre*p<mding p>riod of time under the old gory rnment. notwltlis' and ing the exel a ion of tho franking privilege, the fact that since the lit of June last there have been more potty ofl.ccs discontinued than established, and the amount a' publio and private correspondence induced by the war and Incident to the army The only explicable cause for this rallingofr of receipts, where all other causes have conspired to enlarge them, can be ta the exoes"iTS rates of Confederate postage; the effect or high postal rates being always to diminish correspondence in more than an inverse proportion to tbetincreased rate, thereby reducing the revenue derived from thi< branch of the public service. mosmt claims aoaist thx covxhsmxvt Mr Bragg, tba9*cr?tary of the Department of Justice, baa, in pursuance of the act of Congress, prescribed a dietinet formula for such money claims against the Confide rate States as are not provided for in special laws. It ap Dears from the imnlirjifwminr thia rnrnmu IK.t 1 k? Vw.~~ At of the act is to be extended to claims for federal arrearages by the late district attorney*. marshals, clerks and commissioners of the United States. tt is understood. J; however, that tb# claims ara only to b? reported to Con for aucb disposition as it may choose to malto of I THE POSTMASTER GENER AL'B REPORT. ] [From the Richmond liiiptli-kj i From tha report of tba Hon John H. Reagan, Poet- I master Oeoaral. w? gather the following facts relating to tha operations of the department over which ha pre i lidoe i? < . The total cost of the msd service in tha elpven States i of suborn*, Arkansas. Florida. fleorgia, I/uitsiaun, Mis- l aiasippr, North '"aro ina, fouth Car linn. T.r.'."Ri?"?, Texas antf i",."?1"'* for tba fiscal year audit g Jnil", 80, > 1880, under its g^yernmont of the United States, waa t (4.290,248 78, anil tha toi.I rece.pta for postal r-ervl- ? for i the Rama year were (1,517/40 -2 axress of expendi- v tare* over receipts, (2 778,7W> 23 The receipts for the t fractional quarter of one month, ending the 30tli of June t last (ap shown by tha meagre and imperfect returns), a w ire $92 887 87, and the exp-nditurea $20" 937 97; ax- a? r of expenditures over receipts, (108,55.1. 0 t Of an appropriation of (30,000 to carry Into effect an c act of Congress. " relative to telegraph lines in tba Con- r federate StnUs," there haa been expended (15.1.10 77. o Fight linca or telegraph have been built, of the aggregate t length of 217 miles, at an aggregate enat of (4,185 82. Ten r And h half mites of insulated oopper a ire, a ith batieries, u He have been made and s"nt. to the I'my, for fl?ld n operations, at a coat of (4,783 88 tiperalors and p watchmeti have been n nloyed at a*ceet of (1 8tt?> 21. a nf whi. b if /lit 76 has been paid, Contracts were mad# a with tho Texas Telegraph Company, end with the ,1 Arkansas -Hate Telegraph Com; any Tor building and * operating lines and sanding government deepelcbcs V> u distant portions of the confederacy. The tlrst a as to s have b#en ooiup'eted by the lhth of ie'-ember. d TherTare in the Confederal. Stales 2 879 post road, ? established by law. Of these contract# have been pre^ Sr* to duplicate, and sent in letters of instruction to , postmasters for exeeutlm by the contractors on 1,3.2 rules and (13 of th* number have been returned pro I tka ,iAi,Art.mr>fii h*i en- >uri**r*1 ro*ny StfficutUee id its sftbrts to secure efli. pn-lal service, and th? oarihae of failure to obtain contracts upon a large number of route* are given to detail in the report, v There are ninety one railroad* and branch roads In the Confederate Ptate? of thi* number only fifteen bare en tared tato cootracte. Many of the rompnniee have waived the proposal to contract for the present on one or another ground. Many of them decline to accept the classification and compensation assigned to their roads, and It la manifest ibat man* cf them intend, if they can, to avoid liability and the legitimate control of tbe department by refusing to enter into contracts , while, at the same ttipe, ihey signify a willingness to perform th-> aarrlea,but nnder tones protest, and generally that they moat hare higher pay. Tbe (lepei tinenl is pursuing a oouma calculated to meet and overcome objections In thin respect A portion of tbe report Is denoted to a notice or tbe tr regularity of the malls, on account of which the depart Mat hue been visited with much censure. Tbe difficulty of getting proper schedules adopted and conformed to; the occupation of tbe roads in transporting aoldiers, sup tlien and munition* of war th* military schedule* run y order of the War Department, with lb* orJInary Moom of dolay and loea of connactlons, snch a* running off the track. breaking of bridge*. Ac., hart rendered tbe malls so irregular as to make It au accident now, instead of the rule, to bar* regular connections between any distant and important points It is alleged that tbs depart, mani has don# everything In its power to avoid these tr regularities, aad Is, tn no just sense, responsible for them. The companies hare b"en pretty gen-rally notified that the department will do all it can by way of fines and deductions for fhlluras to oonapel regularity in the eseries H la impossible, without a publication of tho entire report, for which we hare not apace, to notice every fact in nonm-cilon with tbe proceeding* of the dep*rtm*t.t in this and other important rss|iecta. The whole number of post offices In ths Confederate Stale* on tfet* lat of Juno, 1861, was 8,411. Of tbl* number there hare be-n discontinued since that date 183, leaving In operation 8,288; number established since the 1st of June, seventy'two; whole number new In ojierntion, 8,300 Number of pool offices of which the nam- s and sites ware changed, 4T ; number of ~w>MaUM annotated since tho lat of tunr, sum n.im. (or coamiaaioood by tb? l*p?rim?ni nine* ibat data, 4,194; wbola oumbor of raalgnattnns d mng tbo mm* par tod, WW, of whlcb oomhor 460 War# raatgnat Ion* of apix-lBtmonla conrtrrrd by thl? 4?p*rtm?nt, and 4wi war* i igbai ?<ai of .Appointment* h?Id undrr tho govrrnm*at of th* unltod Mtaua Thar* are 110 rbttU ag?nt* employ 4 Utren permaoent *a<J oae temporary special agrote bar# be?n appoint**. Kattmate nf lha probable receipt* for th* y?ar a iding Jum 30,1043, ompared wilb tUe receipt* from all ;U? N poet >ow in the '"ontedorate State# for the flstl yaar en.iing Igno ,t0, 1400 ? Total iucoip.a uf all llio oHioes In 1W> ...... $1 ,f>I7.v>4 tbtul receipt* Of all 111.' ditto## iu 146! 1,(181 /JI2 Showing # deficiency of $420,524 This oa.inalo, however, I# baaed upon til# lulu. u# litiu only 4,922 |>osi offices, and Hie receipts must unO'-snarily be iluwonMid by the return# IT m tho ri lu.iiuiug 4,024, tho gh tho latter are generally small cniiooj scath ted thro .gho.it the interior, from ucuiv o. winch the receipt# will be incou-i lerablo. There are othei facts connected with tho operations of the department, which we reserve for a future article TRE PORT OF NEW ORLEANS. TnB BKBV.I.S ACKNOW1 KMJB THAT IT 18 ITl'lBMETIC ALLY 8KALM)?A LOUD WAIL PBOH 11KBKLDOM. [From the New Orleans Bulletin, Jan. T.J The situation of this port makes it a matter of vast moment to the whole Confederate Stales that it ahotild be opened to the eimmorce of the world within the least possible period. From this port goes the great bulk of our great staples, cotton and sugar; and the vessels that carry it?that would carry it were the obstruction# to the commerce of the city rumored?would bring back to the confederacy from Knglaad and France overy tlnng in the shape of goods that we might need, not the products of our infant but growing workshops and manufactories. To these proposition# everybody wiii freely in-sent. The oniy qesllun is, can the obstructions be removed? We have taken the aflirmative of this question, and have urged upon our authorities and citiiens the duty of making the attempt to accomplish lbs great objeot. Nothing has occurred to change in the slightest our con owe alike to the ctun of our independence and to our own interests, or to the feasibility of effectually discharging It. We bolieve the work may be done, that I/>u Is,ana can do it and ought to make the effort. Why, wh.it have we juat seen? The Mauassaa went down to the inouth of the river the other day, and lay thero defying the blockaders long enough to 'demonstrate the fact that If we had a few more vessels built upon some such plan, with the modincationi and improvements which experience may suggest, and a few gunboats and such other oraft as can be provided, wo could easily keep the mouths of rivers open to the ingress and egress of friendly vessels. It is believed that there are many English. -French and other fnrrign ships lying in the parts of the West Indies waitistg the opportunity to land their cargoes at oar lever. Ought ws to lie under the disability any longer without making an effbrt worthy of the interests involved to throw it off* We believe the blockading vessels of the enemy might have been driven away and kept away months ago, if the requisite energy had been put forth. We have waited in vain for the Navy Department of the Confederate yor^rnment to pcrfcrm the. sense*, and equally in vain havo been our expectation* of any relief from abroad. Many people think that such a crisis in the ' affairs of England and France, in connection with the Lincoln despotism, has arrived as will cause thoee Powers cow to interfere, anil break a blockade which public law doos not require them to reapect, upon the principle that the Confederates are belligerents, and which the constitution of the old government and treaties made in pursuance of It with foreign nations do not permit, if tho Confederates are not belligerents, so that in either case there is no seniblanco of reason why such foreign Powers should continue to respect the obnoxious measure. We frankly'admit that the tendency of things does seem to point in this direction. The French government, it is said, has instructed its Minister at Washington to a?k the Vnited Slates government plumply, " Are the Confederates belligerents or rebels?" Let the answer bo what it may, Seward will And it iimiosniole to reconcile it with existing facts in re.;pect to The blockade. Yet the question again and again comes back, Will i Franc* or England, or both cotnbiuod, really and practi a cally raise the blockade? They may certainly. There is t no reason, as we look at the businoaa, why they should r not. And this has been the truth for more than six s months past. Yet the blockade has remained, and the great port of New Means hat been hermetically sealed to I the commerce of the, world all that txme, and may cont inue t so for six months longer unless we ourselves break the t seal. Here Is the pinching point Shall we permit the j port to remain closed six months longer without making j a bold, rigorous, aye a desperate effort to open it* We t say no, and we believe this is the voice of almost the n entire community both in town and country. Open our t l>ort, and the cotton of the cotton States could and would a go to England and France. Nothing, under the ciicum- t stances of the case, with the condition of the manufac t luring districts of England, France and Germany which b we know to exist, and with the known public feeling in a those countries as to the state of the American quarrel, r< ould prevent It. Open the port of New Orleans, o ihen, and cotton morse. With that movement d verythiug else would move. Every department tl >f the government would feel a thrill as if an oleclric ai spark had shot through and through It. Tho heart of fl every man in the confe leracy would bouDd. Such a tl pein would sa ute the cars of our enemies as would trans- v dx tbein with dea|iair tV do believe the war would be tl virtually at an end, but if it should not be,?if the euemy, bent upon absolute s-lf-destruction, should resolve to keep up the stupid and malignant attempt to annoy us, we sb< uld ha-e received such energies through the uiovsmwtt of our great staples as would enable us to car -y on the war more vigorously than ever, and with less i.s. oue burdens, as long as it might suit the enemy to msge It. TV bed way to obtain foreign aid?we mean the beet way t" cause furepm Powers to it aid upon their own rights under !lw laws of nations in respect to our commerce, is to show J; thews that tee are competent to open ovr own ports. They 2 ?ill see then that we are in fact iude|>endent of them in U* particular, and they will not be slow to take advantage of what we shall have dons, and thus maks our work l?rmanent, and its consequences ns important to them ns is ua. LetHho legal organ of the State, than, boldly tako ihia.bull of the blockade by the borne i d make an effort P it least, and a plucky and wife ona, to wrench them out o by tlie roots. Nobody will atand upon the manner of ti doing It, provided It 14 done. The Senate of the State baa U taken action In the promisee. The action that haa been had tl baa Tor ile object substantially that which we have desig- ri listed, the restoration of the commerce of New Orleans to tl ine world. It la proposed to form a Naval Board of Ave, u< to be appointed by the Governor, to provide war vessels a to accomplish this peat object. If the bill can be Ira- ? proved In any particular, let It be done by all tneana. Let oj there be no acheuilng or party or personal feelings mixed ir up with it This is no day for such a spectacle, and wo Tl i<> the roan who is found intriguing for any private In- at ! rests when such public onee absorb the energies of a in a hole people. Let there bean exhibition of self-aban- Tl lonm-mt. a frank and man\j determination to act with th i single eye to the magnificent end aimed at. Let the of *gialaturo consult practical men about details, and obaiu all the light possible. We believe the Governor could appoint as such a Board of practical men who iculd not be thimble rt/ged Into any scheme for the pron' tion of private interests. No man having any roputa r ion to lose would date, if base enough, thua to act. While the utmost \ IgiUnce should be axerclsed over he acta of th" governrae-it in all respects, since "eternal rigilance is the price of liberty," that disposition thai vould see in every man a villain Is a most execrable one. f), in I is by no means complimentary to him who enter ,, a ins it. ? The objection to an effort of the State to open ts principal port and the principal one In the ,> Jreat Valley, is the expeuso. s?mo people are , irared at the word navy. Let it be unpronounceil, ^ i.en. It is utuiece.-sny to rail the vesae a whiah the (). date may provide a navy. They will not be so >n fact. ' . is to the cost. the revived commerce which would follow he opening of the port would pay the expense (n a .1 ncnth. This is a sufficient answer, but there is another iuicb may be more sa'isfactory to some. We believe he Confederate government will cheerfully refund to v bo State, at the close of the war, every dollar sho may j, xpend for this purpose Can anybody doubt it? 'Ihe est "rat ion of the commerce of hew Or lean .1 would bs hat of tbe commerce ol the ccnfed racy. For the ac- h . uiplishmtnt of such an object, couid m t the Confadoa'? government afford te reimburse Louisiana for her * utlay" Would a single voice ho raised ugaitiat it h brotighout tbe oocfederacyr Hardiv, we ttain't We do " tot counsel any hasly action. O11 the contrary, lot the ,, trn<st de ibcrati'in prevail, so that whatever is done r uay be characterise 1 be good sense, patriotism and ^ irscliusl aa.arily, so thit the mea-ures adopted may bo t once cotnpreliensivs and efl' ctual. U it be thought T dvlsabUi to wait before Incurring any a-tual expense, rhat Keg ami and f ram > wltl do, we are coolant. Kut * ii. 1W" aom<- act on by thaee Powers be bad?ami that n peeltly?then let our I/>gi?!ature go into the work of irivlt.g tbe btoakudera into kingdom cue or s une eiher )' auhtry. {, JONORE8SMAN ELY'S IMPRESSIONS OF ? SOUTHERN AFFAIRS. 9 [Correepoiidonce of tb?< Richmond What.] I Contrary to the expectation of many, hut in ac-ord r, inca with my hope*, Mr Ely ha.-, proved cou-irtent and 11 norally conr.igaous onough to mi .*44 Uie Sort horn peopV * lie convictions npon Southern'o 1 ie-/'St as he at ale t n hem here Hence, aetlLg ?*? ? 1 leudl ei.gaeetlon that t t would be Inter* ling, I itate ru? of u y unpreenion*, ?> 'orined fTom one or two Intel Tl? w bore and from a trip 1 o Norfolk, which happeued to con-'i.r w il. Ina. Aa, after c lie Drat Interview, he presac 'uetotofi.e and see him t igaiu, and aa I found bun to be in !^,.nt of good collo- I ptlal pownre. humorous, apparent e?k ag ir ith and t ipen to conviction, I aimed to fl, hi* ii,.u.l with such h 'acte and impressions aa would m .i.le li i, to rectify the Irrore of hla mlagnided and fanei; ai r. >,n'ryuvn?erros a ipawnad tu myriads by a meuoacw.is pr ? '( we can 1 fly '>n N"rlh rn papers, be hr nrovad ionr stent and truthful. lie told me that, though ideal IWI with the 1 rep Oilcan party, he w** aou bad b-en cpyoi-eU lo ab-ll- 1 tionism, and he seemed to beutirwaie hoe very much 1 that party, had been for y??f a e to the ar linn: 1 pnnclplee of aboiltiotiieni, until lusted numerous outgivings of ail the republican lender; whereupon he candmly raid be raw grounda for moat eerious apprabension rn tba pert of lb# South, particularly because of tha sectional victory, the claim of m^|orii? power, Northern I'onattiuli-'bal < ooatrnotloB, the Chicago platform, and ih? t'no rom eeeioa, no compromiee" cry I think hie debut in eetive pubMa lira waa at bis election to Con greee, on th<?-' I# ground of opposition to the Reciprocity 1 treaty, which w?a seriously injuring the border coihrnunl I tiea.sucb aa ilelTalo,Oaweso and Rochester, tho last of 1 whtrh be rrpreaented Hit Brat apeech wm on that M Rtisecond,Mt ln*t, was In fav< r of the propo- i sit ion to cell a national convention to mnalder tbe C'Oi ! plain ie of the South, and if well-faun .ed to give now (- matitattonal guarantae* This epeeth Mr. Hnmner characterized at "a diegnce to a republican.'' How Mr. K may have acted In other mattare, or voted, I know not He conaidara Mr. Huaaar and bil claaa the author* of the misfortune* of i the country, and that their Influence m ot cease when the North shall dtaco' ev two egregious crnr* wbl< h ha fee la hound to cipoa# ?1 That there U a divieion of fee|. In* in tba South 2 That Southern strength in iat he divided to keep down the n-groea And ho admitted tl.at the South could not, In hla iudgm?nt, be conquered. Hie opportunities for gel ting lo.ormal ion were eicedeiit.becauee, from the outlet of b e imprisonment, he aimed to make the beat of It; and b"Wl "liable and an ob)an. ?f much luteraat, he had thousands of Intelligent visiters I trust he maybe Instruments', in lha hands of Providence, in canning truth andjiiet.ee to prevail On rearing the depot at Petersburg, on our trip down, a crowd waa apparent,end he da* I rail to know II he waa In darger of tndignlty If he eontlogei broak'aat I real ly |< 'iiiisod t j guarantee hira against It, rj'ying on K\V YORK HERALD, SUI ttie goal breeding and inacnonimity of ? ir people, and knowing tlia.ii they iii<na'?lr''1y dl I wrong Ot and timely remiud' i wo tld lie potent to check ilvem And Ilia orwliubfc tn thocii.os ilit) >i .suoo. bo,ou nod tu and passed through in Iim five months' captivity u: d travel homowards, that, aocordlng to ht? statement to mo and other.-?a Diaiomrut roixiated in the Noi t??ha never oxperione'd any indignity At Nori'i lt, it beiug t'h latmag, twenty or thirty young offlcuh a.. J eolditia, who had "look sugar in thairp." and ?ere quite t dkatlve, "swarmed on" Mr. Ely. The convernation that cii .uod was most am .slug, and in my good imnge wore g t off, judging from ibo laughter. The o'd gentleman at u ilstatve thtiiight It quite imy etlr one 1 diew nili, aiol found Ely in a ring, quite self posse-sod. and bandying ,oitos w.tuadozen collocutors alio it Hull ruu. Sumo grave individual ex pt. toted a (ear that it might be offensive to hiui, but bo averred not,and held on, giving the boys "as good as tbey s.nt," I understood, after Mr. Ely had loft in a flag of truce boat, that bis trunk had boon sooi elied, with the expectation of fluding a false bottom and contraband papers; though unsuccessfully, whether from hie honesty or hs address I cannot say. He cheerfully submittod himself and baggage to thorough search, joking the olUcers in the style of the following spocimou brick?"I'd rather you'd bore that trunk than the 'me my head's on." uaauiu wr iwooij ruiiUlbllO?LiAttUK MUH" TALITY. [From tbe Richmond Examiner, Jan. 16.] The report of the keopor of Holy wood Cemetery that up to the 13th Inst., (Sue hundred and forty Confederate toUiert had been buriei at that place, wrn one well calcu lated to induce reflection! of aft vnptetuant nature. To aoc unt for this seeming excessive mortality among our brave defenders, we may state that, to within a vory re. ceut period, it had been the practice in the army of the Potomac to retain all sick and disabled soldiers in the scanty and ill-provided hospitals at that place, till, from want of skill, the virulence of the disease, exposure, or some other cause, they wore past the power of human *111. When the solrlior was thus reduced he was despatched to Richmond, It may in truth be stated that many who thug cams were as good as dead on their arrival. The partiea having charge of the hospital here have shown neither want of attention, or skill. The soldiers, or in any of them, when received, were past hope. No wonder that they died. The matter having attracted the attention of those in authority, steps hsve been taken tondlDg to give lbs sick soldier s chance for his life, as wo learn It is not contemplated in future to bundle them off from Manassss utter tho sands of lifb have so nearly run out as to leave the subject one chance in a hundred of surviving lbs lourney to Richmond. A hospital, with ell the necessary id)unas. has been established at or near Manassas. In this all sick and disabled soldiers will be taken for treatment. When sufficiently convalescent to bear the fatigue of a jouruey to this place, and not before, he will se sent down in the sick train to be oithor cured, killed >r discharged here. This Is as It should be. A REBEL ACCOUNT OF THE ESCAPE OF THE PENSACOLA. [From the Fredericksburg (Vs.) Recorder.] On Saturday morning, the 11th lost., tbe Mount Verion was observed td*be coming up the river. Just off tbe :reek, and oi.r men, thinking that she ventured in rather oo near, let slip the dogs of war at her, firing two shots, >oth of which missed her. The Mount Vernon did not espond. On Sunday morning, just before day, the bateries at Evaus|>ort opened on the Pensacola as she atempted to ruu the blockade of the batteries. Just before lay our mcu at'the upper batteries heard the sound of team and commenced firing by sound, rightly supposing hat it proceeded from the I'ensaoola, which, having been or some time "cornered" In Washington, was trying to nake her way out. This was kept up all the way down is far as our guns extended?some thirty-nine shots in all tiring thrown?but, It is believed, without success. inasnuch as she passed Aquia creek running very swiftly and vithnut any assistance. The tugs which were accompanying her by the "vansport batteries, and which wera observed just as hoy wore all getting by, were doubtless merely an iscorl as a precaution agoinst an accident and for the < mrposo of reudering assistance, should any bo needed. , is tho Pen?aiola passed the creek, the batteries gave her wo parting shots, but without doing any damage. The xc i we made by those in charge of the guns for the failure ' o strike is that the steamer was running vory fast and thick fog was prevailing at the time. Without meaning o criticise the bh ckade we must be permitted to sxy uui,as ior wncivncy. it is aoom as next akin to no lockado at all as could well be. On Saturday evening, s we learn from a gentleman wbo witnessed" tbo occurence, three federal stoamors ran in near the shore just ff the farm of Wither* Waller, Esq., and Bred upon his welling, each some six or seven times, the result being , lat the part next to the river was completely store in, . ltd, indeed, the whole building was completely ruined, "e further learn t liat the house was unoccupied at the me. Another informant says it was the house of E. A. 1 T. Hooo, Esq. The fact, we suppose, is true that one or he other has certainly been demolished. THE ROLL OP "INFAMY." The Richmond Express says:?Resolutions lisvs been i atroduced in ths South Carolina Legislature reco-dltg as afamous, for the execration of posterity, the natm s of i I'm. Bradford Shubrirk, Cornelms Stribling, Capt uus in he United Slaps Nary; Percival Drayton, Henr/ K. i luff, John J. Missroon, f'has. Steedman, Kd. MiifJlston, [onry Lorando, Commanders in the United States Navy: lenry C. Hagg, John F. Hammond, C. S. I? veil, United tales Army. These men still claim to he citizens of outh Carolina. FREE TRADE DURING THE WAR. [From the Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, Jan. 5.] It Is reported from Richmond that Congress and the i resident are supposed to favor the policy of throwiug p*n the ports of the Confederate States to absolute free rade during the continuance of the war. We are lucliuod > believe that the adoption of such a policy at the present me would be both iriseand judicious. While our ports emain blockaded, the amount of re von us collected under ! he present tariff must be luoyn*idorahle, and doea.not ; >mpensate for the loss of trade which its operation I iuses us. Let if be understood that all cargoes of goals Air A succeed in trading the blockade and reaching a port I r the Confederal' States. can be entered free of duty, and a I 'rat inducement will be held out to thi/ipers to run the risk. 1 he amount of duties to be paid under the present tariff, | Ided to the risk, does not leave a margin wide enough to 1 iduce many to make the attempt to evade the blockade. I tke away all restriction for ths present and we believe i tofrMilii will bo favorahl* to tha aamfnaraial intarnaLa 1 ' the South. VIRGINIA, [Special correspondence of the Memphis Appeal J Hicbmomp, Dec. 30, 1801. Krutmatat the Capital?A Dull Seawn, with Beautiful Weather?fatal Duel Near i'/rktov-n?A S-h'tmer Sunlc <>ft Mathiai Point?Rum art of the Day?Conf/rett?Sui cidenf On. P. St. George Cocke, rtc Christmas has ceme and gone, the holiday ft are nearly rer, and mid-winter rapidly approach*, the festive ason baa been remarkably quiet tn all reapacta at the at of fOTarnment. In the camps all has been serene. * much ho as if an hostile lines confronted our forces; in je city the hilarities of our yearly saturnalia have been ttended with but little lawixpaneaa and violence. and tlie Niial entertainments customary at thi? period have been f an unusual temperate character. One or two stabbing* i th streets and numerous lit' le evening parties have larked theChristmas week, which sill be set down as Itogcthcr the du!le*t within the memory of that worthy ersonage? the oldest inhabitant. Here and there, at old mansions in the country, the olldays were celebrated after the ancient fashion with 11 ccent fun and lore making by pari.se ogtfair young laldens and officers on furlough, JuhI as though ''wild ar's deadly biaat' h el never been blown across the order, and the blockade was a mere delusion. In the low or the bright wood lire*, the .vouug heroes told th? lory of Bethel and Manassas, and' ]?eeburg, and, per aps, another ctory of a tenderer, but Ml loss intere,t ,._ art, luto the eager earn of enraptured I., tenure ; and as $ be.loyous time wore iway.few thought of the months to mie, the privations and exposure oi the encampment ud the bivouac, the long, and it nuy be the Aral, sepavtion.betwoeii the guests of the hospitable homestead, he weather of the current December, which has hem all long more like that of Italy than Virginia, be,, mic a >lu r ad more delicious as Chrbdmag approached, snJ isereu ? ow as bright aud beautiful as a dream, l ine weather for military o;*rat , -.aud yet nothing hatever lias been lone lb ti e I i insula or on the btotnac. Wsarestill aider the s den of the " mas eily isctlvlty." A very fio ish sod' t' d ial, o i| nst or Iti a quarrel bout'be price of alms <>f <a0''-s wu f?<? lit on the 4l!) :Dki . Don Young 3 Mill, in ibj Peninsula, between r Forward uud I .leu teoe at Jniaa, both of Colonel Hunt's nglnfebl of i.ouis.aoa sb'ui'tusre, which terminated 1 r a"y to b ub parti s. Oiny on* report was heard, t.d the c mb teuta fell in the r places and died in a fow ilnu e?. tYit In tin last two .lays an affair of honor haa * n rlp'Wt Into a hostile meeting between two officers t high rank now In Richmond, but was nipped in the ud yesterday by tbe timely arrest of one of the prlniiiaht at his hotel. Far better would It be for these gen letnrn, who are se sensitive to affront, to consider that n time of war every life ie wanted by the wntry, and 0 imitate the example recently set In New Orleans of lettling the .sputa by a resort to fisticuffs. Congress ' <lr s recent of s few days lor the holidays, nd was to rets* table to-day A few members were in ihsir seat', and no business was transacted The mcUmiholy suicide of beoeral C*:ke remains a nystey. A loan of the highest character and poaitiou, 1 millionaire, a I'll a tovtig family and everything that makes ,l*e desirable, nothing bi.t aberration of mind caa teoount for it. Rirmsovn, Jan t. ISM, Wintry Wtathrr and Ui Probable Corunmenret?peath of Jfrm Jiutpe Hemphill?Anther Srnnhon petpolch from General Manrwl"~G'neral Ihwwte Art by the l\erpnnt Gaetmrnenl?1 'our*- of l*<t*im for the 1'ai.rioiie Fuml? The Affair of the .X-aiird and Ayrni in //.j?njfcm Roaelt, itr The bitterest weather of the wtntar is upon i s Last night we had a hail and sleet which gave a veneering of Ice to trees, lamp posts, fences, houeo tops and pavements, and to day the air is all noodles, with a heavy, Icedcn sky aliove us that fives prtmise of snow It is sad to think of the poor fellows on those bleak Kairfas bills around t'entrevllle, or avray off in Kentucky, exp"sed to the full severity of the srax<>n, tn whose ranks rheumatism and pneumonia ere hi rank" greater chasms tbau even the bullets of the enemy. We, who *tt l>> ih? b t/lng fireside and read ^award's de patches by gns. light In comfort who smoke our cigars in well hated apartments, and retire to luxurious beds it our > wn hoti s have hut little idea of the sufferings of the vt.pm tears, nor bogin to appreciate at what aacriflaaof !>>-h;ih

that living wall ha* baen built tip which dafanda a* agiitnet the few. If tb? froit ahotild cant inna?mora *?r>? a! y, If f.n? of those Arctic anew atone* wh en at n A vary long Intrval* of time coma driving <iv VI ginla from the North ahettld > ,,t in ipon nattier* will, oif rntiraa, ba an affV.tnal loppageof a l ml'ltarjr operation* for ibrea month* Tha Potomac will l>a c1o?ed with lea aftar three day < and night* of tha preennt tomp?r*ture, and the Rmnilda feet, may *??k aoothar qurtar than Rvan^iort tor ila '>lfoii*ivo da, monntrallon Should Ilia rraidn* of January pnyce a* cold tha laat throe day.', tha YatiV.ee, wi.l b dr?, en out of We'tarn Virginia by the aha^r lutjc.ag.blllty bfat TDAY, JANUARY 19, 186 tnting the-*. General Jackson's movement npoa ltomucy, concerning winch we have b ea iu hourly exjKllon ot bearing something decisive since yo-tor'sy, has Very Kibably been interrupted by the sudden blist or winter. s i asseagers from Mana-s s, who arrived in town last night, reported a heavy fall of snow as n ar u.< us Oulpup|ier Court House, and this would Indicate that in the high region of Hatnp-bire, more than two degrees further north, there has been a revere storm. The Hags have beennt half mast ontho Treasury Build ing and the Capitol to-aay iu conseipieuce of the loath or lion. Judge Hemphill, a member of the Provisional Oongress from Texas. Unspent ouiua was ?Senator in the last Congress of the United States, the oolleof o of Mr. Wigfull, and has served in the Legislature of tho Ooufedeiale States sinoe its first organization at Montgomery. He was a man of great private worth, of rare amenity of manners and of remarkable research. His illness has been of short duration . and hjs deceaso was unexpected to tho public. He died of pneumonia. Another des|>uteh was received at headquarters this morning from General Magrudcr, asking for an immediate rail out of the entire militia force in the Peninsula and the counties adjoinmg. The supposition is that the General has good reason to apprehend an Immediate attack by the enemy at Newport News. He has, however, create J a sensation so often by his demands upon Gov. [anchor and the War Department for immediate reinforcements that but little importance is attached to his despatches by the public, though there is danger that the "wolf" may come at last. We hear from the Pierpont dynasty at Wheeling that the bogus Virginia Convention recently In session in that town, has resorted to a measure of punishment against secessionists which is without a parallel in the history of legislation. An ordinance has been adopted divorcing all reiugee husbands from their wives and all refugee wivos from their husbands, declaring that no citizen of Virginia and no one claiming the protection of Virginia can remain untied in lawful matrimony to a citizen of Pierpont's Commonwealth, but that ipso/ado Uight from Lincoln's despotism and Pierpont's jiotty tyranny dissolves the marriage tie, operates a divorce a vinculo. The next stop, of course, will be to bastardize the children and fill the pan handle with illegitimates. As far as this farcical aitompt to unsettle the holiest relations of life caa effect those who have lied from tho oppression of the federal government to the freedom of the Did Dominion, the ordinance might as well never have been written, but a more dangoroue act of legislation for the welfare of Pierpont's pauper State could not have been devised. There Is the strongest probability that hundreds of husbands and wives mat aixarti niuraus loiugo noi(i weir iwijinutea ui ?cesw,ua that Wheeling will ore long be depopulated. A course of lectures for the bonoflt of the volunteers in in preparation in this city to commence on Thursday of next week or the week succeeding. The lecturers ong.iged are the Hon. J. L. M. Curry, of Alabama, Dr. A. Snowden Pigott, of Maryland; Oliver P. Baldwin, Ksq., editor of the Richmond IHrpa'ch: Hon. A. T. Bledsoe, Assistant Secretary of War; Hon. Henry W. Hiiliard, Ex-President Tyler sad others. With such names there can be little doubt of the entire success of tho enterprise. Lieutenant Charles Carroll Simms, of tho Confederate States -Navy, was in town yesterday. He was on board the Sea Blra in the recent dashing little engagement with the steamor Express and the federal gunboats in Hampton Roads. The schooner Sherwood, taken and carried into Norfolk, proved to be a water transport, and was proceeding with its regular supply of drinking water to Fortress Monroe, which was thus cut off. The 9ea Bird went up under the very guns of the fort. KENTUCKY. [Columbus correspondence of the Nashville Union, Jan. 2.] General Johnston has called upon tho provisional government of Kentucky for a levy of 30,000 men, of whom 25,000 are to be entered into the infantry, and 5,000 into the cavalry service, for one or three yea's. A legion to be used for the purpose or enforcing State laws, the collection from county officers of tlio stale revenue, and for police purposes, is also to be formed and placed under the direction cf the Governor. The State troops, whsnever two or more brigades have been received, will, it is understood, he placed under command of Colonel William Preston, late United Stares Minister to Spain, who is to receive the appointment ol Major General. Tho levy of troops called for will, when formed into jompanles and regiments, bo transferred to the Confederate service, and the legicn act in ths capacity at itod Governor Johnston will at once issue his proclamation, in pursuance of the call made upon tho Stale, and will trm'sll who may offer themselves, either with shot guns )r rifles. General Rowan's brigade, lately stationed at Feliciana, near Maysflcld, Kentucky, arrii cd here yesterday. It is >uo of the largest and most effective in ibe service General Floyd's brigade, from Virginia, are, upon arriral, to he stationed at Scoitsvllls, aliout twenty-live miles 'rom this place, nnd equally d slant from Gallatin, on the uuo ot iu? l. anun. nauroau at wnicu piaio me\ will debark. General Hindman la still falling back. There are no federals, with th" exception of a few scouts, this aide of Preen river. All 1s quiet al ove. The editor of tbe Fort Smith Kitning ,Yewt f.ays be baa b -en shown a private letter from Richmond, which gives sirong assurances that General Price will bo appointed Major General of the Department or Arkansas and Missouri; that General McCullocb will be a signed to tho command of a division of cavalry in Virginia, and that Colonel McTntosh wilt receive an appointment to a brigadier generalship. I RS LATEST FBOM THE SEBF.L ZOI.LItOFFER'S CAMP? HIE FORC E. [From tbe Somerset (Ky.) Camp Journal, Jan 7.] Mr. Winter, who has been in the custody of the rebels for some two wcoka past, arrived in Somerset on Saturday evening last, and took up lodging* at tbe Ingram House. He is a native of Goorgm, but has been a resident of South Carolina some years. Travelling from heme when the secession of his state took place, and not agreeing with the suicidal act, lie chose m.t again to take up bis residence in tho pestiferous and p-dulant little Com r.ionwealth. Hence he had for fomo time made his stopping place in Meigs county, Tennessee. A reign of terror hsvtng made that aection top warm foi*a I nionigt to wepaein Comfortable, he left lwhncrsee, #Tth the intdniiol of tnakiag his way into the lines of the federal army. On his way ha and hia companion, Jo. Neoiy. were captured by un indepen lent thieving c>an|>aiiy thai lias in rue sort of understanding with ZoUicoffor, and taken to liis camps. After staying under arrest several days a propitious moment offered, and during a storm at night ho escaped from the guard tent, where a numbor of mldiers were watching over him. Storms are noble in ltitutIons at times. Tho senior editor of the Journal oft Gen. Tolliroftbr at Knoxviilo, seme four months ago, indcr similar circumstaucss. Mr. Winter informs us hat tbe rebel soldier.* are pearly clothed. We asked him how iheir clothing compared with tbo odoralw? He replied it was not neir so good. The men mder Zollb offor are about eight or nine thousand, aud treat dissatisfaction prevails. They are expecting a Igbt, and send out a large picket force at night. There Pas beeu uo considerable reinforcements sent forward to follicofler. Ho lias received in the last tan days four pieces of artillery and about live hundred men This tows we regard as perfectly rellablo. Iluw long'ill we [lve them an opportunity to fight? THE REBEL GENERAL B JlTNER SOLD OUT. (From the Ivmisvilia Journal, Jan 11.j In accordance with previous notice, tlio household fleets of Genera! Pimon Hoiivar Buekncr wore < fibred or sale yeeterdny, In front of the Court House. Quito a :rowd assembled, among whom were a number ot perions as rampant for "their rights" as a southern sun tould make them; but still among litem all there were .one?no, not one?who would come forward with the imonnt, settlo the tax bill ami prevent tbo sale. Mr. Thuxton, the collector, proceeded with tlio sale mtil sufficient trior.ey had tiesn realized to pay the taxes >a Hui kner'e property in Isialsrille. SOUTH CAROLINA. COTTON OR NO C'OITON ?THAT IS I'UE QUESTION. The CharlestonCourier lectures ?What urethe planters groeigg or Intending to do * to planting cotton tor 1SC2' tome have advised and agreed that no onto i be p'tnted inloes the blockade and war are removed from us early 11 January. Others urge that foi domestic consompt'o'n aid other obvi >us reason' a me portion of n crop should 10 planted. We have expense I an opinion, a* t him ami . bas-i, thit each plat ? alio Id give to w tt'iu one oiirtn, and no nunc at j,. i"ef> laiue. ot.e ut'lh of the n-e t of bis last crop. What <l< th planters say? LOUISIANA. BELIEF FOR THE COTTON PLAVCSHS. [From the Advu "iaer, Haton Kings, I/*,.fan. 8.) An act wa? nuder d ecaasion ycsl*rd*y hi the House of ti-jiresentatx ee fur ?aa roller of thocotP i planters of the late of Louisiana, by which it is proposed to issue rotate rraasury notes to t'ie amount of ton million* of dol!ar?, o he l< aned to cot'.on planters on the pledM of the cotton n their possession We lieve no time t' day to give e/en in outlioe of the Ml, nor to discusa it on its merits, we illude to it simply fbr the purpose of declaring our uninalifled opposttiea to the proposed scheme. Wc conreire the measure to he full of mis hief and pregnant with evil conse<4v<encee, one that will tamago everybody, ant especially ttaosa for whose aid I I* designed. TKt vWt> ? of mo large in amount to <mr already tti/lntsd and t il and all athert of a similar ckarnr tr If it were within lb? province of the State government to afford relief, nuC if the m?asuree for relief were consistent with sound l>olicy none would be better ent tied te It than cotton planters, who suffer from the war aad blockade more thaw any other class, but we do not beiteve it to ba vrltbin the icons of legislative power te afford relief, and If It ware, mien relief as thla bill proposes would only land a little temporary belpat the cost of overwhelming lain age at no distant day ' TIlItTRICAI.S AT SATON* HOP JR. CorrrsmtiUTS Tmatws (i.aTS A' a mitt Ib',i), O. A. PtitT, Masanas ?The manager moat respectfully annocneee to the citirena of thla place that he has fitted up the above placo in superior atyle, and will open on Saturday, January 11, lttdl, with a m <t excellent vompany, carefully selected from the New orVatia theatres. Benefit m the , free market. Mat of company ?Mr. John Davis, former ly of the Varieties, late %f the Academy of Music, New Orleans Messrs. 4 H. Tarry. J. MeClnsky C Cbcevera., F Thonipaon, J. I'annell and (J. A Pratt ; Misses Frnrrvr, Forrest and L. Creed ; Mrs. John Davis and La PiUlte Julia ; Master Torn Da- is. For particulars see bills ufibe day. TDK MONTH or JANt'AItT IN NIC* OMIAKt. Tho N w Orleans Jrncmt of tho 8th tost, soys ? our celebration of this day. than, let it be horns In mlnyi that it is with no pride and exultation in the Irtumidi; of our arms over the British, with no unkindly ramtnlr renew of them, but with a coi m Ious valor aad r< stdhitinr. to maintain our soli and our honor against all InvWInr* and wnh a feollnn. predominant over all others, ?/, ituxtln gibhable hale and undying hostility against the enemy wim, in f* iJ?.r wwbw Mmainm ui11 mil ?? ???""" '?vn unjunilHhI Ic ami ?arbar<>nr, now pollute oar soil with 'hi* footpi inlf- Vreat mhI fufnul aa wta the victory or ,'the plain* or > jctta, fc Tai mora eplondW nnrt |Wrlr(Vt trlurorh will tl yt hn which rhail aoti'l tlia in.among V ?.t,k"o4 bowlinn iv O'msriv.a ami iigotiy I rom our ahora. b*. It to their imvoeariahwl ami lillghtod home*. The anticipation of Mob a vl tory. lar nv>ro than the aven^fr which thla la ttia antuvataary, w|U give itgalOoanoe/io the celebration cftlitariay. TEX A 8., ARRIVAL OF A BRITISH AWBR WITrt AR*?. TU? tloueton 7'lejrat>\<A '.fie let lactam le?rn* from 2. guild Authority, thai a vitamer hue nrrivod la a Tana poi * within the past w?cg, under ."rlliafa colors, bringing fo: ty live tuna of cauio: powder, a Inrgu amount of rltie powder, 700,000 atmy cups, 6,000caiman primers and a cm- iderable uuaouut of coffee, dry goods, bagging, aan,te OALVK8TON NOT TO UK ABANHONKD. T'ia Galveulon Newt (uotr puhllKhml at Houston),al1 ithng lotbe report that the abandonment orOthMton had boen determined upon.saja:?Wo think we are authorize I to gay tliut thig it ouli oy incorrect It it possible that Ualvewton may have to be abandoned, but we venture to gay that It will not bo done without a gtrug glo; otherwi?e wr cangeo no suae In the exienaive do li'iioea that have been constructed during the pagl Ave or six mouths, and which are still progressing with great activity. Of one thing we are now a ire, and that is, that if this city is taken, if will bo at some cost to the captors, and will besides prove a barren victory, for Utey will and nothing that it will pay to take awuy. ARKANSAS. On Friday night last, Mr. Kdtnundson, the gentleman who revealed the organization and dosign of the infamous abolition jaynawking society in the northern part of this State, which was recently orushed out, was murdered by some of the gang at hia home in Lard coun ty. Mr. Edmundson was called te the door of hia house about tan o'clock at night, and was instantly shot down by guns in the hands of six men (d s; noted) who were in the yard. Great excitement exists in the neighbor| hood, aud vengoance to the death sworn against ovary | Jayhawker who may be caught. Mr. Rdmundson *?'< formerly a member of our Legislature and an estimable citizeu. Tho Searoy KagU sayaA deserter from Croat' regiment and a negro man named Jack,succeeded in escaping from the guardhouse and are now, doubtless, safe in the army of old Abe. The different companies near Pocahontas are busily engaged in preparing winter quarters. The militia, who had been sworn in for thirty and sixty days, were discharged on the 18th Inst. Eleven of the Union prisoners from Pulton county passed through here on Saturday last, nx route for Little Rocic. The Port Smith A'noi of the 29th ull. has the following ? A Choctaw Indian was killed night before last, near the forks of the road, by another Choctaw by stabbing. Cause, whiskey. We learn that a man by the name of Scott was so badly beaten at Sulphur Spring on Christmas eve, that he died on Thursday night. The perpetrators of tho deod have fled. A SOUTHERN SCENE. "Oh! mammy, have you heard the news?" Thus spake a Southern child, As in the nurse's aged face She upward glanced and smiled. "What news you moan,my little one? It must be mtgbty flue, TO make my darling's face so red, Her sunny blue eyos shine." "Why, Abram Lincoln, don't you know The Yankee President, Whose ugly picture onco we saw, When up to town wo wont. Well, he is going to free you all, . And make you rich and grand, And you'll be drossod in slik and gold, Llko the proudest In tho land. A glided coach shall carry you Whero'er you wish to ride; And, mummy, all your work shall bo Forever laid aside." The oagor spoakor paused for breath, And then the old nurse said, nunc uiunn vu uor nwmuty cukuk She prossed tbe golden head:? "My little missus atop and reo? You' talking mighty fas, Jew look up dere, and loll mo what You seo in youdor giun/ "You noes old mammy's wrinkly face, AB black as any coal; And undorncaih her handkerchief Whole heaps of knotty wool. "My darlin's face is red and white, Her akin is soff and duo, And on her pretty littlo head, i>e yallar riuglots shine. "My chile who made dis iliflforoaco Twixt mammy and twixt youf You reads de doar Lord's blessed hook. And you cad tell mo true. "I>e dear Lord said it must bo so; And, honey, 1 for one, Wid tank! ul heait will always say. His holy will be d>>ue. "1 tanks mas I.iidcum all do same, But when I wants for free, I'll ask de lord of glory, Mot poor bin kra insn like be. "And as for gilded carriages, Day's iiotm' tall to seo. My uiaesa's coach what carries him, Is good enough for me. "And honor, when your mammy wants To change her homespun dress, She'll pray like dear old missus, To he clothed with righteousness. "My work's hern done dls many aday, And now I takes my caao, A wailin' for do Master's call Jes when do Master please. "And when nt 'an do time's dono com, And poor old mammy dies, Your own dear mother's solT white hand Shell close dose tired old oyee. "lie d?ar Lord Jesus soon will cell Old mummy homo to him, And Us can wash my guilty soul From ebry spot of sin. "And at his feet I shall Us down, Who died nod rose for me; And don, and not till den, my chtfs, Your mam iuy will he froe. "Come, little missus, say your prayers, Lot old mus Lmkum 'Ions, Tbt debil knows who b'longs to htan, And he'll take care of bis own." MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. A FKKNi H OFFICER JOINS THE KKBKLff. The Mobiio AJuerlisrr or >ho 8lh says?By a recent arrival at a Confederate port from Havana ,> Lieutenant P. Enncau, lato of the French army, came passenger, and is at present in this city. Lieutenaut Runcati has lately been a resident or California, where he devoted himself to organizing and drilling a corps of*cnra'Mnicrs, whose testimonials of their high appreciation of h e service be boars. Rut preferring the reality to the image of war. and etiU more, preferring the sido on w hich tho sympathies of his compatriots are enlisted, and whero so much of the blood of bis race is to be found, as rradv to flow as that of ih? gallant Preux?preferring thin side to that which bos ibrown disgrace upon the nam" of Zouavean I aitiicet upon that of soldier, he hue coin* to offer his sword to the cause of the confederacy. DEATH OF A KKBKL CASTA I*. The Bowling Or eon (K>.) Courier of the 4th Inst, says:?Wo understand tual Captain C. K Merriwotlier, who fell while bravely charging the enemy at Sacramento on Sntardsy last, had' long been an intimate and devoted ft iend of Colonol Jim Jackson. lie was .a endorser Tor Jankson for a iorg" amount, and ss Jsckt hi had become utterly bankrupt by heavy losses at tho gambling table, Captain Merrlwetlier hud been compelled to pay some twolva or fifteen tin usand dollars of tbia endorsed psper with,a the last three months. Callous though he mav Is-. we do not envy J?ck" n . feoiln.s w hen l.e reflects that through his agency .<n?l his men iin beat frlind and bene facto. b&3 been deprived if Id* ilftMngc of tilr (Jovcrnor of Heir Jrricy Tst.iT> U.S. J , Jau. 15, 1802. 7 ? State Senate has partially organised.' 0? the second ballot Mr. CroweU, lai'ependent demo, e it,of Union, Toted for hlinrelf and eai elected President. jfLghtnen ballots were bad Tor Secreury of tho Senate, wlwn an aiyourument t > k place. The >1 moor/Ua gouor e'ij voted I'or A. K. Sneer, of New Br' aswlck, and James S. Yard, of Monmouth. Tho latter i -coved two votes? lessra. Crow-ell aud TieekW i'. In the Hmise the Governor's Ma?r>4? was road. Ulie Governor give* a cone be account of the finance* of the Fta'.e. and of the ar ?uut eipemW)>>r furnishing soldio-1 for tho war. He rsfoiuinends that .'onolutions lxi passed urging the location of a nawal acadainy at 1'arth Amboy; aao resolutions testifying a gratslul remembrance of t in service# of I.ieuto mnt tienern' Winfleid Scott. He also recommends a ta>. of (100,000 fir the paym> nt of the interest on the Stat > debt and to proviue a s.nking fund for the debt. In the Senate I rtsafternoos tbs democrats nomlrated Morris R. Harailen, of Camden, for Secretary, and he was elected, Mr Crowell vnjbig for birn. I.inn Boyd, of I'asssfc, was elnclsd Kngrosslng Clerk, and *vans Assistant Secretary. The organuatIon being cortplate, the Governor Lent in hla heeaage The Meiiage of Qermior Hsmy, of Wliennalii. Mttsaoit. Wis., Jan. ID, 1102. The Left datare eor rened yieterday. Gove.nor Har vey'a message first d I t ilea 'o local matters and the healthy ftranclal rood Itloo of the State. In reference to the war U* to be levied he sags the loyal people of Wis* cons to <10 not value pro|wr*y, or lira Itao.f, weighed against Um existence of Mi* government which has 40 long bleated and jtotected them In both. Ha recent mends economy and a wtaa admlnietratloc >A moat this tai. II* ala* recommands ieetructio* it military tactic* and drill In tha public schotgs. Ha strongly u*ges a mamorlal to Coigress for ar armory, also a naval sod military aracnelaad down* tc Mil* aukee, its capacious harbor, watar power Kcbaapnoes or ship material Jvd accessible position rendering It tha beat point on tk* lakes. Alluding to tha rebellion an t the rebels, he says, surely a few mora lessons will loach us, If indeed ari be not already taught ? to under stand whet tresses means, and to regard these rebel* with that horrid aversion with which tha royaltat bold* thn regicide. Tb y are attempted regl< Idoa of the beet government uader heaven. The contest moat tome tr bo fought on tha principle that the protection of th? I'nlon alone give* aacrydnasa to soil or Institutions. No per*o*,<<r any species of property baa any eaered. lie- s or claim to regard outside the constitution. Slaver; Is, moreover, the Interest whi*b the 1 totters for aSoutbe/r monarchy have played upon te alarm and unite theii section until that, whole people have gone mail upiat U Conservatism In politics cannot savs it now rrora th? doom which awaits It. Whsthor n finds its fate in th? struggle, or diss lingerlug of lis wounds, is yet m th< order of Providence, amd not to be directed by our im patience. Crwtnro Ma ten 0* Tn* TTrnsos Rivss.?The- Weal Troj Adimatr says Ihst th" result of the curling matrhri played on tha river, on Thursday, Friday aad Hatnrdai of last week, was as followsThursday Mcuaaly, skip 2? shots; lwand, skip, 27. Friday, f.itlerple, skip, 2 shots; Hrand, skip, 21. Heturday, Otllesplr, skip, 'j shots; (trend, 11 fSr. II anil represented tha N?iw yor party, M?ssrg. Moi.oaiy miGiUoapieMrte$Croj INTERESTING FROM PORT ROYAL OUB HILTON HEAD COIUIESPONDENCH. Hilton Hkad, 8. C., Jan 8,180X The Body rf the Misting Soldier Found?The Retreat of the Rebels on the 1st?Their Force?The Cannonading Heard in Charleston and Savannah?The Rebels thread Our Heavy Qunt?A Savannah Contraband Picked Up?//< Dascribes the Feeling of the Rebels at the Rendition of Mason and Slitlell?Southern Cities Deserted?Troops in Suvem nah? Resignation of Commodore Mnall? Sailing of Am other Secret Expedition?The Defences?Understanding Botvuen the Members of the Frus and Oenxal Sherman Arrival of the Atlantic, tic. Quiet reigns in the department or South Carolina sal Georgia since the aflfcir of the let of January at Pot* Royal Ferry. Wo have sent a trout of one hundred aw over to the mainland, near the scene of the reouni oealliot; but lliey saw but few of the rebels, consisting of mounted patrol, which put otf on the appearance of our eeldiers. The body of tho missing Michigan soldier was found ml buried. The robela bad retreated to Corner's Corneeoe about Ave miles back, and then oeaeed their flight and preiuured to make a stand. Ws have since learned that tho enemy's force ooosiet. ed of the Fourteenth and Sixteenth regimenta ot South Carolina and a body of three hundred cavalry, nana uaknowir This la a prisoner's story, and must be taken far what it ia worth. We are pretty well eatlafled that the rebel force was superior in numbers to ours, and they hni the advantage in light field ^pieces; but, with all adraa* tagrs In numbers, guns and position, they did not dare In accopt a fair field fight, which they are continually wishing for, and which, once given them, would reault in ear defeat and overthrow. Nor did thoy die ia the ditcha*, as they promised to, the laat man being as anxious to reh as the first. Still we must not too lightly estimate the valor and skill of the rebels. They have every Indeanraent to fight well, and we must not be too sure of an easif conquest. I know that the commanding generals do not underestimate the strength, skill and courage of the enemy, and will not be lod into any Big Bethel or Ball's Bluff disasters. We havo not heard of tho effect which the iHr of the 1st had upou the rebels la Charts*too and Savannah; but it could not hare boon other than bad. They heard the cannonading at both cities, and must have known that the elevon inob guns of the gunboats were playing an important part ia the conflict. They droad these heavy guns, and whs* they heard them thoy folt tho chill of defeat and disaster come over them. They will have occaeion to feel thetr weight again before long. Through Commander John B. Gillis, of the Semincie^ now off Wilmington river, Georgia, we have some interesting intelligence. A negro, from Savannah the 1st, and Wilmington tho itd of January, was picked up iaa small boat by the Somuiolo while he wae making hia escape from Socessia. The negro is quite intelligent, aa* given some Important information, if true, in regard I* tho state of affairs ia Savannah and Wilmington. Hs reports that the rebels are greatly disheartonsd since U>ey have learned that our government has delivered up Mason and Slidell, as they hoped that wo would bold oa 1 to them, and that war would consequently ensue betweM Great Britain aud Uie Unitod States, which would result in the success of the robot movement. Now that tha wise policy of the govornment has prompted the surren dor or tho traitors, tlio robols feel that tlioir last prop lias boon knocked from under their shaky odifloe, and that the crush which will carry death and dostruolion with it will purely conio. Ilenco thoy are depressed and dtshuartcnod, bet vow that .Savannah shall be burned before it talis into our hunds. Provisions are verjr high, and widoppreud destitution and want are felt. The negro reports that ammunition is plenty, and every munition of war abundant. How true that s'ory is will b? seen by a perusal of a general order issued by the rebel (ionoral l/ e. All thnt could have loft Savannah and retlrod to Use back country. Wiluiinglnu, Georgia, lias been entirely deserted, ezrept by u few uagioes, who still remain. There are , li:turn thrni. and men in and about Savannah, some eC whom have arrivod from Virginia since the capture of I'ort Koyal. The rebels complain greatly of Commodore Tatnall, for hie failure to sink our gunboale and shew nw.re tight to our navy. He is pronounced otTetn, and culls ate made for his removal. Commander tiillts is not inc.med to place much reliance upon tho negro's stale monts, and 1 ropoui them for what they uro worth. Apropos of Tatnall, I ha ve just learned from an authentic source that t orn. Tatnail has resigned and will retire in disgust from tbo rebel service. He has not been appreciated by the rebels, aud his efforts to sustain the rebel flag hive been received in tho in?itiu?l spirit. Sick awl disgusted with bis masters, lie ret ires in his old ego to obscurity, where, it is hoped, be may lind time torottaot upon the ovunts of the past year dispassionately and calmly, >iud detect ilio llagrant errors of bis latter day*, and by an honest, loyal course'tn futuro atone in a degree for tboiu. Certainly he has hail good cause to resign, and no one can blame him for the step be has taken. Hornafter bo will give a sort of negative support to the rebel cause. An exposition of a secret character sailed from her* yostTday morning, designed to operate not a great di*t.inoo from this. The party comprising tt bolong to tb* Kogiueer regiment, Colonel Perrlll. Captain Walker la command. The eervlce on which it goes is hazardous, bit, if sucoessful, of great importance and value. It may fail, and for that reason 1 will net give any bints as to II* destination or object, as it will be repeated. 1* a day or two wo may expect to bear fro** it. AIThirs at Tyliee Mid Otter Mends present no 'features of importance. Tlie work of dcfoocee la going on at botli points with great rapidity, and wa now tual confident of holding them against anj fores. At the former point great dissatisfaction is expressed at the injurious report* furnished to theprrse by lb* puraer or government agent on the steamer Marion. It ia ttn ao very rejmrts, fu robbed hjr irreapinelhteaod unknown correspondents, that give the regular reporter* here all their trouble. Wo have cone te on umterstanAing with (lener.ui Sherman in regard to the character at our reports, so far ag they refer to- the inovomentB, strength and poeition of our trcepe, and have agreed not to gi\ e any intelligence which may be of. sernee to the enemy or (let; imintal to our oause. There Core, whan voluntary correal indents ex|? a* our iveakueso, and give details of our pox'lioun and divulge the plans of tatf commanders In the New York paper*, it works to oar personal injurr. Our t amies* tans di penria upon ihooourse of the <ail tore of ?nr res poet va paperar, atsi if such correspondence conti me* toAapaear, loaly express the deter nun* t ion of lanoro'r Hkerroen whee I say thai the accredited ctwresp judiaitn of ?Jte praas will be Beat from this departtnauL, and not allowed to return or participate in- any fata* a mavnmenl. We understand tha wi.-hee el' the nav<* mi d inditory authorities, and can par* sue n course whieo, e hllott will result in giving th<- publ.c nit tlio mfoi nn.i <a , fbist can be of Interest to It, will nek be detrimental t.vojr . cause or advantageous Mi the enemy. Voluntary, v irresponsible corresp ndonts koaac Both ngoi tiit9, mat i hetv e tlie n-coeelty of a change. The '.M-umeiidii Atiuntko arrived on Monday, and brought tlie nracA desired file of dally HatAio- and % large mail. We'? d been without news from tbo North for twelve <laya?a nd yon c.in well Imagine the pleaaor* u id aatlsfcctl* ' it eflhrded ull to are the well knows Atlantic again, la' the harbor. 'he newsef m . surrender of Mason andSlldell was very well received ly those who read the Ingenious end mat trrly ilespat.lv ? f Mr.S wnrdto Ivord Lyons. Hie I Oft* ww so clear.- w d perfect that It carried conviction to th* 11 in-lsof the at st hitler opponent h> tlio act,and wear# r 1 now wcl al ,sfl?d st the result. However, the Anglaphooka baa .-o" Au mora intense, and all feel that tho lima will rune Him .i we shall give I lie ingllsh lion a tu.-*le,lk w'jm li It ??li ? ,mo out soi mid best. The AtUu.i* brought an immense qusntity of goods for A isms' Ktpri s, and s general joy was diffused throughout the daft rtm.nl as ihe king looked for boxes cams t# band. Jr.m sit hundred boxes and parcels wore brought, and ntai y every tent had its gliaro The company i.ib?.ra ur. w f (T.Cat disadvantage because of Its Inabllltw to .? ,-t |n goods on the government eleamera The '? iter at Now York loom* to be in fault. Ha nfrnicai.e assistance to the comi>any to eond Ita goodn, end H 'a-c oti?e.|' enlly vorv difficult for it to get thein off. TUIecic* Id b? i hntiged Immediately, and a new system tuacgiM* ted. It will be greatly to the advantage and comfort of tho sold ten. * eatliT I* cold and cheerless to day, with indioaliuoruff aatorm. Hi-#' ice ui Queen and Matanzas sail to-day, the forms* carry* iUg a large mall. Ml 11 tsar y Morrwtals In Kentucky. [From ilia LouUvlile Deomorat, Jan. 7.] t' ieutenant Colon. 1 Flnyart, who is In command of tba I"-* at Kentucky regiment, la m Cincinnati, or wa* on 8a. I'd day, and had revived a despatch Informing him thnt e First and Second Kentucky bad both been ordered tn k is city. Ite Immediately ordered the offleers of the tw? T eg I men t a who might be In Cincinnati to report to bins f on Monday morning on the mall boat The regiment* 1 - were expected et Cincinnati yeeterday and would net llio Fortieth Indiana, In charge of Uentenant Colonel ; Rlake, left the ramping ground south of the Nashville ' depot yesterday for Bardstown > The Economy la expected here to day or to-morfWV i with 280 soldiers from Pittsburg. There have been received at tills poind in the last thirty i days ubcut KO wagons and note of harnean, with home* and mulea inntimrrable. On Sunday tbe mall boat brought in, among other goods the following clothing for the army:?1,344 cavalry i overcoat*. 8 OW pairs of pants and tT cavalry Jackets. I F.y the arrival of the train last night from (ireen river, wr- 'earn that all was quiet in that direction, with Imi manna energy in preparing for a forward movement; but I when, that movement will take plere time and Oon Duell i ?Bly can determine. _ ? The Fourth Kentucky cavalry, Col Hsylee, loft Cam* ? Ar/lors' n vosterdey morning for Rardstewn. A large number of horses arrived by rlvsr yeeterday, and hnvr gone down the Nrshv.dl# Railroad, ' ic-iL nun ui?w" ? " iimiiwi uu jtminiay veiling, i nnl tho can crosaed on Sunday, going down tlw roed to th? point where the rallabavo born torn up by the rebele? aonm four or five mllee aouth of tho rtror t A apodal despatch to the Journal on Saturday, from > Charloaton, Va., eayi the Second Kentucky regiment, 0?l. T. D. SedgwiOk, would leare that day for Kentucky. We may look tor them In two or tiivee days. niarr f>RPM*i?< The Boebon Journal aayx ?On r Werttjeadby Ihore waa caat a? Algor A Co. a foundry. So-tlt Itoaton. the laat of twenty Pleven-inch rifled r columhindH for tho government. Thia tlrtn < omracfd t? , furnlrh fifteen of theae piooeo of heavy ordnance within i ninety daya from the date of thg contract, an I will have 0 them finished wltlnn that time The remaining five k powerful p. ** will he D'olaho i in i viw y trv lajre after Theae coiuuihtada w itgYi Qight tone each.

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