Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1862 Page 3
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THE POST OFFICE. Akiard Postal Uwi Md the Freaking Privilege. TO THE EDITOR OF THE HERALD. Notice hue latciy been given that in e few days S bill will bo brought forward in the House of Represents* tires to abolkh franking /uid establish certain rates for the printed matter that is annually published Invest quautinea under the nams of "Public Documents." The abolition of franking is a righteous measure, that must meet the approbation of every oue. But. if my Impresses are correct, the rates of postage proponed for the j thousands of tons of printed matter that encumber ear mails are absurd, preposterous and indefeasible. Let us not deceive ourselves. Tbe object of tbe bill?however it may be cloaked?Is to enable the members or Congress, after franking is abolished, to send their speeches and a vast mass of po~ Hlical trash and iigurss to their constituents st a rate so low that a small portion of it will be taken out of tbe Poet Office. The cost is to be, I believe, three centea Bound, if under, und five cents when over, three thousand Miles. Tins is loss than one firth the postage now charged for books that are sent by mail by publishers and others. Is this lair, just, equitable, decent or right? Every man is his heart will answer no. Are our public servants a set Sf spoiled children and intriguers, who will not do away with franking unless they can get some equivalent that wMl answer the same purpose, and still leave the i'ost (Mice in a position where it is Impossible not only for i to support itself, but to fiud out what it earns and who re its debtors? Sir, I unhesitatingly assert that the worst commercial manager out Of the first one hundred mercantile houses you will pars in New York does not begin to plan or carry out his business operations with that consummate folly and total absence of sagacity sad common sense that we have seen in every ingle one of the fxmtal laws that have been passed or proposed during the last sixteen years. To prove my entire assertion and take up all the acts passed would exhaust your patience and fill half your paper; so I will confine my remarks to the one item of rates of postage on transient printed matter. Hallway companies aud other common carriers have flifflsrent rates for transporting different descriptions of irticles, as thoir freights vary in value from manuro or gravel to specie, bullion or jewelry. Of course this is right aud equitable; but they have as few tlasses as possible. Cotton and woollen goods and Stationery all belong in too same class. They lo not have one price of carriage for red flannel,and another for white, nor do they charge one rate tor a puckage of school books, and another for histories or inaga sines. Then, in quantities, you wiil tlnd that the express companies?the most active, secure and expensive carriers in the c>untry,aud the nearest allied to our postal operations?have ?s few rates of charge ax possible, being content with a general average, that shall be fair to their custome s and convenient to all parties. I believe oil po; eels, from the smallest up to a certain weight?lour or five pounds, ] think?are levied at the same rate. Then the next rate goes from five to eight or ten pounds. This is all clear. Now let us see the rule of action in the Post Office. Bear in mind that we have only very minute shades of difference in the quality, kind, sort or value of our postal matter?other than letters. Scarcely anything is recognized as mailable matter except books, newspapers, periodicals, and other kinds of priuted literature. Poods and cuttings have been lately added to these. But printed matter would seem to be all of one class. But our Post Office Helens make four classes, and wld one more for a certain distance, when transported over 3,000 miles. Now, as to distance, I deny that there le a difference of live per cent in tiic actual postal cost of books scut one huudrcd miles.ami books scut 3,000 miles. The great item of cost is the sorting, the various manipulations and liandliug, and the delivery. But let that pass. Why should we have one sort or class, and a separate rate ol charge for books and pamphlets, and another for " small pamphlets" of "loss than sixteen octavo pages each." Oh, the microscopic wisdom of some law make is! Another class and rate for periodicals, and another still for newspapers?like ghosts of Ponquo's rnurAared enemies, they multiply till the crack ef doom. We Should naturally imagine that after all this grand display the wtsd? m of the concoctors of these wonderful laws would have been well nigh exhausted. Not too fast. "Bad begins and worse remains behind." Not MinlAnt. with flvf iliftorpnt. rlAVdiiioH <nrts ami they must lay themselves out and see how line they can cut lliem up in an avoirdupois scale. A pouud is divided Into ounces; so, forthwith, the rates must be by separate ounce*. Fact, I assuio you. As Captain Kd ard Cuttle Mid of his friend Mr. Bunsby, -'there's wisdom for you!" Expirees companies for every sort of goods?money and jewelry excepted?liave one rate up to nve pounds ' Oar Foot Office, in the article of transient printed matter alone, lias, up to parcels weighing one pound?how many rates do you suppose/ Just eighty ! Here is the table. The ftrst column glvis the ounces the packages weigh, the other Ave columns give the rates:? EATM OP rObTAUX ON TKANSKNT PRI.VTKD XATTICS. Small jiapert Books un Books Weight t? Periods- Neietpa- andpamph- der 3,00fl orer sow est. call. pert. let*. miles. 3,000 M. 1 11112 1 112 2 4 8 113 3 0 4 2 2 4 4 9 3 2 ft ft 10 4 3 0 0 12 T 6 3 7 7 14 ft 4 8 8 10 1 4 4* ? 18 10 8 4 6 10 20 11 9 6 6X 11 22 12 10 6 0 12 24 18 11 0 6>i 13 26 14 12 ? 7 14 28 16 13 6 7% 16 30 14 14 7 8 16 32 Beautiful, isn't it T That some of the rates in the parallel columns happen to be the same is pure accident. They are all arrived at by starting from diilbrent premises. Up to four pounds?a nominal limit for the weight of books to go through the mail?the number of rates Is 320. Of course we should suppose that our postal committees in Congress would set about sim plifying these, and make them less perplexing to the public and easier to carry out by the Post Office el-iks. Sot so. On the contrary, the new Poet Offic - bill provides for two additional columns in the above formidable table?two more clauses. Without being very rude, can any terra but folly rightly characterize such'legislation'' I did not im-ntum that In a vast amount of our transient printed matter Iho ahuvc rates arc not applicable. but the package* must be examined critically, and post age charged by the piece. That will increaso the different rates Indefinitely?to between one and two thousand at least. Then this does not coyer tho Nt:w York Hkrald, the AlUitdic Muijattnt, and other |*iiM'r* and periodicals sent regularly to subecrlbcrs, the postage twing paid quarterly or yearly. On these there aie nominally between ono and two hundred. In the postal regulations forty nine ol these rates tire given. No worda, uo language, an elaborate description, can do just lee to this vast statistical prohlom. I have been aometliing of a postal student myself?had some experience iu our own and other post od.ces: but I e.onl'oss the vast wisdom of these InQnilossUnal divisions and sub divisions quite overpowers me. Aro not our postal laws fearfully and wonderfully made '< And, sir, we onco had a post cihco oiileial who admired this marvellous piece of statistical network, tried to comprehend It, and at all times defended > it at the imint of his bay?goose quilt. This monarch of the position, litis brilliant piauet in the postal system, has gone up, culmriated, and now adorns another sph re. very likely, however, he may have loft successors;and laat,soine of them may question either my facts or tho gtidm lions from them, and give me a 'chawing up,-' I desist, and su) scribe myself your obedient servant, PIJNY M1LE3, Secretary of the New York Postal Reform Committee. New York , Dec. 31, 1801. Mrs. Grccitliovw's Political and Social Affinities. [Washington letter in yesterday's Philadelphia Pre*'.) It is slate I, by tlumo who knew, that among tho papers taken In the liouso of that adroit and fearless rebel, Mrs. llneo O. H. tlreenhow, arc a number of most Interegilng and piquant epistles trom many distinguished individuals. Mrs. tirecnhow I* the widow of the well known explorer, Robert W. tireeuhow, who resided In tins city for a long time, and afterwaids removed to Oallfofnlaj where lie died. She retained to Washington Kubvequcnt to his death, and was enrage J in pro editing ocrtaiu claims In which h*r birdinnd wns Into ested, alternately appealing to Congress and the United Stales Supreme Onirt. A handsumo person, pleasiug aIdi/ma, good education Arid great conversational posers gave her Considerable influence in curl.tin circles hco und elsewhere, and as she was atr ni-'y pro-slave y, made her a sts-cla! favorite of the Sir iliern *tate-*inen and ol nil those who sympathised w.th tham. Thus she-net only attended to her own affair*, but t >ok charge of the affairs of others. Mrs. green how was much more popular with tho gentlemen than with the ladies Her resuii nee was the resort of most of thoBc now in arms against the government, and if their tender miselves t" th's r-e-hb'tisM and dn'hlng tntriaunnte i ver -ee the light ot day, some amusing results will ensue. I givo it as the mere rumor, that among her correspondents arc the venerable and virtuous ex President of l he United States, Jaines Hii. hannn, and tho < quslly virtuous, hut aot quite so venerable, President of the *<>-c,tiled rioutlmrn Ooafederncy, Jcfic son Davis. I h.tvo not seen their letter*, which iiro *op,s?ed to ho under lock and key of the Hecrouvy of War, but It Is suggeali d that these two apo-.Uo* . f sen-Kf ion more than on< e prove tli.it. limy worn not lltM'ii! ini? 'o I no nrc.it niuucni'.o 01 mi*. t,. Meeere. Ilncklt i ,d{e an l lj?nn (.loo Lane) lire *!e<> raid lo flpire tn till- Interchange ot' opinions, nod the iwillthed a?d greoafnl Yummy adde enmo of hie cholcort contrlhiiMi??je (<> tiio I'll i ll in. i>ner.il Cameron, however, le bo prudent ami l iutt >1.? ill regard to thi lettcrB that I pro unto they w'li never bo permitted lo ?<m the vulgar light f day llrotiklyn Clt y IVewa. A Hrentier Virii ?Hie enngreptiUon of the Hev. Or. ' rwtor, ot tho Dutch Mci'ormod church, in Prcklyn, F. !>., pant litm n eurprln v >sit, ami nfter rpendlng an agreeable veiling t.lnceil in hl.t hind ahendeome portmniirmio which wm woil III.i d with gold engine. 'Jlite was e nub 'taut i*l arm wi n ilo?orvoil token of tho ofteom In which |)r. portor e held, wlm ie ae pcniul In eocirty ne he |e popular In hie pntpit ministration*. Court of Appeals t alrnilar, Ai.bahv, .fen, IS, 1*62. Tlie Cnnrt ' ( A i?;'oit!e hue eitjonmi d I III Tuesday nem the following i iho calendar lor that day.?Nog. W, 13, 4J, 4h; ill, 47, 61, 63, 64, 6b, T, 34 end 7d?. N! ennui wait's division. OUB FORTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Founds Momma, Vs., Jan. 16,1863. No Newt of the Bur*?ide Expedition?Northern Weather in the South?Arrival of the ltear Guard qf (he Fleet? Appearance of tht Peiuacola?Fulse Report* of the New York Time*?Care of Runaway Slave* by Government QffciaXt?Opening of a New Hotel?Quarterly Return of Decerned Soldier t, <tc. Three days have olspsed srnCh the departure of the Burnside expedition, and no tidings hare reached us as yet whether it has effected a safe landing on the hostile territory or not. The prevailing storm since Monday has caused some apprehension ae to its safety; but inasmuch as its destination is not outside of the capes, there is no anxiety to be apprehended as to the successful operation of the fleet. The weather yesterday reminded one very forcibly of a Northern climate. In the morning a steady fall of snow appeared, lasting until aftoruoon, covering the ground to the depth of two inches with a soft, watery snow. In the afternoon a thaw set in, and to day, by way of variety, we are treated to a pouring lain, turning the roads iuto a highway of slush rivalling the streets o, ! New York. The only sufferers by this weather are the poor soiuters woo ao sentry duty, too omcers ana others who are not compelled to be out, hugs warm stove, and do not stir out of doors. Th ere are, of course, exceptions to this rule also. A num" bar of officers, whose duties compel them to be outside, are being supplied with wuterproof clothing, and do not experience the difficulties a private soldier is liable to. A few vessels that were belated in reaching here before Goneral Burneide sailed arrived In Hampton Rood* yesterday and te-day, but have been detained by stress of weather. The steamboat Georgians, Capt. Sol Plerson, ar. rived here from Baltimore this morning, about one hour later than usual, whilo the steamer Adelaide, Captain Cannon, which was to have left Here last evening, was unabls to proceed on her voyage before this morning. The United States steam frigate Pensacola is now lying off in the Roads, with her top galluntmsets down, what sailors term "in fighting trim,'' and is greatly admired by ail beholders. She is a perfect model, and sits the water like a duck. This fine spocimen of naval architecture, lying off in full view or tho rebels at Sewall's Point, after her daring run of the blockade on the Potomac, must certainly be ah eye-sore to our rebellious neighbors. 1 am in hoi** that very shortly they will have an opportunity to behold the noble man-of-war at a nearer distance, and also bear tbe loud barking of her bull dogs, which the carries between decks. My attention has been directed to on article published in the New York Daily Tina of the 14th inst., under the caption of "A statement of a slave," iu which Rev. L. S. bock wood is reported to have introduced an "intelligent" darkey, named Davis, who made a buncombe statement to an audience assembled in Chcever's church. In the concluding sentences of the report in the 7ime? appears the following, as tho address of Lockwood:?"That many of the slaves worked hard, digging fortifications and such like at Portress Monroe, hut as yet government has not given one cent tor five or six months' hard labor." I am authorized to say this is not true. Under the rule prescribed by Major General Wool all who h ive labored for tbe government, eithor in the Engineers', Quartermasters', Commissary or Medical departments, have received substantial clothing from Chief Quartermaster Captain drier Talmadge. The cost of their clothing is deducted from their pay, which is ten dollars per month, besides, subsistence. The remainder of tho money paid the slaves? two dollars for contingencies?is retained for the support of the men, women aud children not able to support themselves. Prom this source the daily or monthly laborers and servants cm ployed by officers and civilians, who receive at least eight dollars r>er month and subsist,-nee several thousand do) lure huve already been accumulate i in the hands (if Quartermaster Talmadge, to bo applied to tbo poor und noedy slaves, unable to work and to earn their livelihood. Hy the above statement, received from the highest authority, it will be seen that the statements made by Mr. ljockwood are deliberately false, and in this he is only calumniating the authorities at litis point, who have treated him kindly aud extended to hitn every facility to minister religious doctrines to the slaves, for which 1 understand Lewis'i'appou sends bis chock, which is cashed by one ol the sirtling iirms weekly. The runawuy slaves are well taken care of, and the proof of my assertions is, that the ellkiirut Quarter mas ter, Capt. Talmadge.has had very comfortable iptarters fitted up expressly for their use, aiid is at present engaged in having an hospital built for the a conimodation of the colored people. Jo many cases the negroes huve better resting places than somo of our troops, and thu subsistance allowed them is equally and precisely the same as that issued to soldiers. That they havo to work is true, but for their labor they are paid, comfortably clad and well fed. W hat more can they desire? In conversation with ihesq contrabands, they seem perfectly contented, and only abolition agitators inculcate the idea that they (the slaves) are not treated right or paid according to their merits. There arc at present nearly oue thousand negroes on Old Point, ill of them in charge of Quartermaster Orier Talmailge. Captain T. lias appointed one of liW most etliclent aud trustworthy non-commissioned ofilcjrs, Sergeant John Smith, of the First artillory, m outdoor superintendent, and Mr. Harry Marsh, late of the Metropolitan Hotel, of New York, to keep the clothhig and money accounts. So much for the statement of Rev. Mr. Lockwood , whose business here was to convert tho African race and to civilize them. This morning a new and elegantly fitlod up rcstauraut baa been opened by Mr. C. C. WTllnrd.of the Hygeia Hotel, which not only will prove lucrative to its originator, but also a benefit to the soldiers. The restaurant supple s the choicest victuals, and was not rivalled by auy place of that kind iu the days of vore. when Old Point Comfort" was the rallying piece for tho ton Ion of the South. Tbo main saloon supplies inoa.s, oysteis, poultry and other cold " lixms," while adjoining this room stalls are fitted up in luxuriant style to accommodate select and private parties. According to tlic rules prescribed.no liquors are sold at tbo hotel. Mr Willard deserves to be successful in bis enter prise, inasmuch as ho h s labored bard to color for tho officers and visiters on this station. Iho general hospital iu charge of Dr. Richard II. Buntlcue, Brigude Surgeou, is well appointed, anil oilers better accommodations to the invalids than any other military hospital connocted with our army. At somo future time I shall take occasion to describe'his place more fully. 1 bavo bceu furnished with the followingcorrect li.si of deaths occurring hero for tho quarter ending December 31,1861:? James Dean, private, Co. C, Frst Uniteo States Artillery, (A;t. 13.1861. .lain"* H. Hendry, private, Co. P, Second N't* York Volunteers, Oct. 16,1861. , John A. Butler, tenant, Co. F, Colon Coast Guard, Oct.18,1861. Kschman, privato, Co. H, Twentieth New York Volunteers, Oct. 22, 1*61. L. Schwartz, pi tvate, Co. K, fll'tieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Oct. 27, 1x61. 8. Freeman, seVgoant,Co. K, Ninth Maine Volunteers, Out. 31,1861. Isaac l>. Rowland, private, 'To. 1, Twentieth Indiana Volunteers, Not. 20,1801. Henry HeBn, private, Co. C, Fiftieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Nov. 2, 1S61. John Boylo, private, Co. B, Second New York Volunteers, Nov. 4. 1861. John Walter, p. ivate,Co. F, Fiftieth I'eiusylvama Volunteers. Nov. 7, 1861. John Do - ling, private, Co. G, Coast Guard. Nov. 11, 1861. AlonzoP. Kenney, private, Co. K, Fiftieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Nov 24, 1861. Stephen ! >. Duuforth, private, Co. B,Fourth Now Hump shire Volunteers, Nov. 2i, 1861. John Billitigs,private,C<?. K, Second New York Volun leers. Nov. 26,1861. Wm. f. ( arrott.s-rgeant.t >. II, lortv eighth I cunsyl vauia Volunteers, Nov. 23,1861. Wm. H. Gilford, private, Co. F, Forty (Ifin Pcnnsyl var.ia Voluntiers, No\. 24,1861. inan. l,. ih-> is, pnvuw, \.o. r , r my-nun ri'iin ) i. aniu Volunteers, Nov. 225, 1801. John He.-.'y, private,Co. F,Seventy sixth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Nov. 30,1801. Abraham Hyde, private, Co. F, 1 ifiy-fllih Pennsylvania Volunteers, Nov, 30, 1801. Henry W Armstrong, private, Co. K, Eleventh I'nuu. sylvsnln cavalry, ltoc. 3,1881. Irn O. Itudgc, private, (N). K, Eleventh Pennsylvania cm airy. Dec. 4, 1801. J.mici(tuawuy, prlvatl. Co. I, Seventh Connecticut Volunteers, I>oc. ft, 1801. Mosea F. Marshall,corporal, Co. K, Flfly-flrth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Pec. 6. 1801. John Martin, prlvuto, Co. F, Fifty til th Pennsylvania Volunteers, I'cc. 7,1881. I.ncieti 11:tlley, private, Co. F, Forty fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers,I>ee 9,1161. Charles Stanton, private, Co. H, Fot ly fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Pec. 13,1801. Wis. W. Chttr. It, drummer. Now York Volunteer Engineers, Dec. 14,1801. (leorge Hardy,private, Co. C, Forty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Dee. 18.1881. Andrew I>ormm, pnvule, Co. F, Sixth Conns, tieut Volume-re, Pee. 18, 1801. John II. Demanat,private, Co. C, Ninth New York Voluneers, Dor. 18,1881. liorailo W. Aims, private, Co. O, Forty P.fih Pennsylvania Volunteers, Per. 19,1801. Henry (f. Yocum, private, Co. O, Ninety seventh Pconsyiviuiia Volunteers, Dec. 21,1801. Itevld W. D-tten. private, Co. K, Eleventh Pennsylva niacavalry, Dec, , 1801. I<lbrl Attain** it Veasel Sn<|ifft?1 of Fnr? nlaliln a Ciinl tolhr Privalnr Shunter. [Ifnffi tho ronton Traveller, Jon. 0 ] Yesterday a ilhel ?i? Issued hv Assistant District Attorney Vorton, end pieced In tho ham'* of United States Marshal Keyos, against the brig A. B. Cook, now lying In tho hnrl>er of Holmes'ITo'e, in this district, for onn(mention end forfoititrn, as having been knowingly used and employ a. I by tho owners thereof in nlJIng, nbettirg and promoting the exl??li g insurrection again* t the government of tho United States, and In restating the axaetitton of the law? thereof. Too A. D. Cook la owned princ ipally hy Geo. \V. fctmpf on, of New York: Humphrey iteveroaux, of Snlem, ;,n i Tall et Smith anil AlaneoCoolt. of Cherry field, Maine. She recently rnmn from Hi. Thomas, having taken to that port a cargo of coal, obtained nt i'Jixabothport, N.J. Tin oifloorH prosoc'itleg the ess" were informed that on the voyago out to St. Thomas the captain of the brig told one of the seamen that the coal on board was for the pr.vttser Sumter. It is also In Information that lue explain said the vessel hnd earri >d 'alt, purt based in the name of an iCngllsh ftrnt, h it ready for a Southern on? oliant. The belief is enieris1; ' at the cwnersof tho hi Ig bars teen carrying i vrsl'ur a southern OvUtO EW YORK HERALD, SUN: DITEUSTHt n?I TU FLORIDA nrs. OtJR KEY WEST CORRESPONDENCE. En Win, Dee. 80,16?I< A frivol of VtueU?Aewi from Nauou?Rtporti from Tampa?Reir\farcing Key Weit and lortuyat? Nectuity for [a Government fbundry and Machine Shop?Coal on the Island?Xetot from Havana?Arrival the Winona and Kittatiny?Nem from Port Jtfferton?Water?Steamer Primer a, dtc, <tc. Christmas week has been a scene of constant gay sty; balls, parties, "teafights," Ac., 4c., have been all the rage, and the presence of a large number of navy and army officers has aided the permanent society of the place in making their entertainments of a very brilliant character. We have a ball on band for this evening, given by the officers of the squadron now in port, which promises to be a very great uflair, and it will be, from all 1 bear, the ball Of the season. In the last few days we have bad a large addition to the naval force of the Oulf. On Thursday last the United States ship Nightingale arrived from New York; on the 28th, first arrived the United States steamer Santiago de Cuba, from Tort Royal and Nassau; then th4 United States steamer Mercedita, from New York; and lastly the United States gunboat Sciota, from Philadelphia. Yesterday the gunboats Itasca and Sagamore arrived, so that we have now in port eight vessels of war. The Itasca has made a very long passage on account of the .old story?broken down macnlnery. She will be compelled, I learn, to procoed to Havana in a few days, for repairs, before being able to join the squadron. The Santiago de Cuba, Inst from Nassau, reports that the Confederate steamer Theodora had gone to sea, but was known to be w.thln fifty miles of the port, taking In salt. She will, no doubt, after procuring a cargo, attempt to run the blockade once more, and it remains to be seen with what success. The steamer Isabel, now under English colors, wont to sea a short lime since, remaining only twenty?four hours, and then returned to port. This was a trick on their part to entice the Flambeau out after her. so that the Gladiator might have the opportunity of escaping with her cargo of arms: but Captain Tempi# was too old a fox to ho caught in any such trap, and the good people of the strictly neutral port of Nassau gave it up aa a bad job. One of the coal vessels, which were not allowed to land their cargoes In Nassau, has arrived here, and is now discharging; the other is expected in s few days. We have a report from a person who made his escape from Tampa that the good people of that locality are constructing a numbor of flat bottomed boats, with the intention of making a descent in force upon this place. Their plan is to land on the north part of the island under cover of the night, and apply the torch to the town In several places, and c>ca]>e in the same manner they camo. Their project is a feasible one, for tho small garrison now here is used up in looking out for Fort Taylor; and there would be no difficulty in destroying the city with comparatively little danger to thomselvcs. With tho exception of tho fort we aro exposed to attacks from all sides, and are at the mercy of any power tbat may choose to establish thorns Ives on the key. Tho loyal people of Key West are waiting with anxiety to pro what action tho government aro goiDg to take for their protection; with wars and rumors of wars all around them, they naturally feel, from their isolated position, much uneasiness, and it is due to them tbat the govern, mint should at onco place the island and its inhabitants on a perfectly socure footing. The prcseut garrison of Fort Taylor is not any more, in proportion to its armament, tluin was in Fort Sumter, and its armament, al. though a much larger work, very much inferior. I deem it proper that this information should be make public, for our people should know the present dofenrolesa condition of one of the most important military posts in the couutry?one worth more fo us than fifty Bumtors. I took occasion in my last to urge tho immediate arming, provisioning and garrisoning of this post and Tortillas, and I again repeat it. There are but seventy guns mounted in Fort Taylor?about one-third of its armament; and the present garrison, divided into threo reliefs, would be only sufficient to man sixteen guns. Such Is the prescat condition of this most important military work. An English tleet, artued with Armstrong guns, could destroy Fort Taylor ami at the same time b> entirely out of the range of I bo eight and ten Inch columbiads of tho fort, which lias not one rifled gun. The suns of tho land face of Fort Tavlor command ahnut one hair the it-land, aud there woul# he nothing W^nevent a landing on the east end, and by regular a| proacbea construct works before which the fort must fall in a very short time, for tha^covered face is but fairly commenced and cannot be finished for a long time. It will require at least four thousand troops to properly farriaon this place; one thousand for the interior of Fort ay lor, the remainder to hold the island, and by the erection of sttong earthworks prevent a landing on the eastern end. At least one fourth of the force should be regulars, > nough to keep the volunteers In subjection and prevent their annoying the residents of the city. A oomriny of Wilson's Zouaves wcro here for a short time, and bear many complaints regarding tboir conduct. Iadjes were frequently insulted, and were at last compelled to remain at home, unless accompanied in tboir walks by a gent'email. Whl'o every one is desirons of large reinforcements, they at the saino tune express the wish that, no mutter how many troops are sent, they do not desire any other commander than the present one, Major Hill, of ths Second artillery. All lassos are iottd in his praise, and they say that he ha-, during his short admlnisti atton, by ilrmaess tempered with kindness, dcue more for the socurity and comfort of the inhabitants than any com mander that lias boon here. The necessity of a government foundry, machine and blacksmith shop, at this point is now s tveiely felt. Tltero h s been time enough since the breaking out of h still tics to have erected one large enough to make all ordinary replie s, and it is disgraceful to think that I'ntte 1 States stiips of war are compelled logo to ^tvaua to liavo work done that should lie done here. The work on the fort is de'.i.yod lor tho same reason; their locomotive broke down au l they were obl gyd to send it to Havana wlrrc it requiris weeks to uo work that could be done In as many days in un American machine shop. Ab >ul one tho .-and tons of coal ft u e arrived since my last, which will bj nearly all taken by the vessels n w in the harbor, leaving a supply of but u few hundred loas on tit- island. A coul hulk moor* I in tho harb-ir would ponMm uiauy advantugea over the present mode ol' coaling \ esse s and bo a great suv.ng of time and esjiense. II. >1... V.........1.1 r.n... II....... .... i.... .v.. .....? vJHtli last. n fleet >>)' thirty rail of French and Kn^'h vessels arrived In that harbor. The presence of so largo a licet of F.nglish men of-war In such close proximity, and iu such uncertain timer,ranked nr feel uneasy. A attdden dash,si ;!d war he declared, liy r ich a force ar KngIind has within one hundred tinier, would be rather apt to muke our hold of Key Wort of very short duration. I learn that the oxpeudlttiru ot powder during the late bombardment at Hick 'tis war sixty iho rami poun ir. one-half of all they had, and immediately after Colonel Brown sent a von-ul to I'ort Jeffcrson, T trtugus, and took from there the larger rat ' of their Hiipply-. We have hero only a moderate ripply of powder, rhot and rliell, and the next call may he onus. This should not lie. "P.obblng Peter to pay Paul" will not answer in these timer. the gunboat Winona has arrived, bringing papers to the iMd inrt. Wo ate pleased to learn that matters do not look so war.ike as per Inst advices, an l we are In bopor that all may yo? br well, and that England will not be so ferocious its her demands. Should war not occur it will he a sad disapsriuunent to those who are friends of and know the condition of the Southern confoderacy, and how entirely they re dep-'tid ng upon n diversion in their favor bymomo fercijn "ewer for uh invito ruc-es?. Hardly had the Wlnora ant bored b f ire another vessel id war was reporietl coming In. This proved to hi the schooner KltI;.tinny,of Pur guns, front Philadelphia, hound to the t.ulf blockading squadron. Th" Mcrcldlta sailed this afternoon for Port Pickens. She took nr. passengers I.teutcioiat Boy l, United States Navy, and I.i 'uteuauts Crosby snd Ham.tny.ot the First and Second artillery, to |oin their companies a Fort I'lckens. We have had no news from the (lull coast sinco the Baltic. All Is sup p- nod to he quiet. The schooner Tor tufas, front Fort J. (Person, arrived to-day, reporting all quiet at that post, and the work on the fort progressing rapidly. 8- vera I handed men, hesides the garrison, are busily engaged mounting the hear y guns and prepa' lug for any mergency. The for t Is now irarrlsoned with . no rompany of teyelets and three of Wilson's Xauavrn (Mxlh reglm pt Now fork Volunteers.) It should have and nt ones, two regiments at least. Fort Jefferson w ill ho when completed, andfully armed and manned, t lie most formidable I n rem we have. It ooc tplcs all of Garden Key. and encloses thh teen acres. Its l reseat armament in little over one hun dred (tune, lees than a fourth of its compliment. From Its partition It is Inacoeseablo for heavy ships,there not belli? sufficient depth of waPr, anu small vfsame could mrko no imims' ion on it. Tho 3upply of w.itor at this place le rapidly bolng oxhaneted. The eonelentVcmenJ Is far beyond all the rosourcesof the island, depending aa It does entirely on rain , for the supply. Tl i government will have to sendrcvoral cotidenHinp nppar.it ij, at tl.a only means of furnishing all tho water needed by the num< rou* vessels of the ?{uadron. Foit Taylor Is now supplied ontiroly by a OondonslDg apparatus: Ihoy have of course large cisterns which are lull, hut thoy never use from them, as tho machine furnit h f all the water roipilrcd l>y Ilia garrison. 'I ho day before tho arrival of tho Pol' ta, when sho was off fombroro light, a.-tnall steamer was discovered heading dft octly for tho reef. Wlwn spoken and boarded phe proved to he the rnnicrs. from Haven i, and, as her captain sai l, bound to New York; lis nlso Informed Captain Donaldson lhat his engine was out of order, and he was anxious to go to Kev Weft lor refwili's, requesting at the same time tbo m rvices of an o.deer to navigate the vessel. There wss something very suspicious about iho steamer's movements: she was stearin* directly on the reef In Ibe direction of tho Tlalilit Honda p?FS.'i,e through the keys, which would h*veb.>cn an easy way to Tainps. Again,*he professed to have mistaken Sombrero light for S? .d Key; this was hardly posfciMb, for one is a revolving and the othor a flxod light. Captain P., not liking the circumstances, refused the loan of an offloar, but took her In low, and brought her into thie harbor, and referred the msitor to tlie senior officer present, who doctded that she could not be hold, as lb' re was not sufficient proof to condemn her. f>he is still In the jiort, repairing her mac hinery, end from tbe character of the vessel?she bev ng mi KncMon caloric engine?I thnk 1 would re DAY. JANUARY 19, 1862. main her? for soma months longer, and not attempt the parage to N?w York until the spring was well advanced, and the danger of heavy gains comparatively over. I Jan. 5,1862. Since the first part of my letter, nothing of interest has occurred; the Christmas holidays being over, Key West has settled into comparative quiet. On the 2d instant the United States gunboats hagamoro aud Winona sailed for the Gulf squadron; on the third the Sclota, and yesterday theKittatinnysailed for the same destination, together with the Santiago de Cuba on a cruise. The Primers also sailed yesterday for New York,but as her power Is about equal to that of a small donkey, 1 think it

will be at least two weeks before she will make her appearance In your waters. I was yesterday permitted, by invitatioD of Major Hill and the officer >f Fort Taylor, to witness target practice with the teninchcolumbiad mounted on the parapet of that fort. The target, consisting of a number of barrels, was moored at a distance uf about one mile from the fort, and looked like a mere speck upon the water. Tbe charge of po - ler used was but ten pounds, which struck me as being a very small quantity in proportion to the weight of tho gun, which is nearly si> teen thousand pounds. The firing was superb; nothing could have been moro accurate. Every shell ilrdt but two, which burst nearly at tho muzzle of the gun on account of defective fuses, would have hulled ono of our gunboats. After several snots uau ooen urou si me target, uie gun was given extreme elevation, and fired it a buoy distant nearly four miles. The first shell exploded short, but in a direct lino, the second struck to the right, and about half a mile short, thus showing, with the inoderato charge of powder usod, the capability of the ten-inch columbied to throw ehot or Bhell considerably over thrce milee. The firing was conducted by Captain Webber ai.d Lieutenants Henry and Gibbs, and stomps them as excellent marksmen. Tour correepondent, to better observe the shooting, took a position to the right or the gun, in the next angle of the fort; ho was accompanied by Captains J. W. Burgess and A. T. Whiting, of the Sixth New York Volunteers (Wilson's Zouaves). As tho second shell burst very near the mutzlo of the gun, throwing fragments too close to be coimortable, he deemed it best to move to safer quarters, which he did by placing a ten-inch oolumbiad between nimcelf and the firing, believing that discretion was the better part of valor, and having no fancy for being killed by his friends. By an arrival from Jlavana we leai n that the rebel steamer General Miramon has succeoded In mnklng hor escape from Mobile and arrivod at Havana. She brings dates from Mobile to the 28th ult, and we hear from that source that Mason, fllidell & Company had been released by our government ut the demand of England. Whilo | we regret tho necessity for so d< log still wc deem it tho < best policy, and arc satisfied to wait until after settling our present troublos before engaging in a foreign war, especially with England. It would have boen a triumph for Jeff. Davis k Company to have removed the blockade | from tbeir ports to our own; but now they will bo denied , this, and will have to wait for something else to turn up. This aftornoon the Unltod States sloop of-war Portsmouth arrived (rom Klttery, Me., having left thereon the 19th ult. She came around the Island of Cuba, and has nothing of interest to report. Sho is on her way to Join the Gulf blockading squadron, and remains hero for a day or two to replenish water, Ac. For tho last few days the weather has been very warm, with light southerly winds and calms, and to-day a low barometer and dark, heavy clouds In tho northwest gives every indication of a norther, which will no doubt bo a heavy one, as there have been none of any violence this season. While I ant writiug a large steamer is reported coming in from tho westward. This is no doubt the Rhode Island, on her way north, and I trust to bo able to-morrow to give you all the news from Pickens and the other points in the Gulf. lite Nightingale and ItaRca still remain in the harbor? tho former waiting for wind and tho latter for repairs to her machinery, wnicb will not be completed for ton duys. So much for depending upon HuVaua. I-will close, us I must await tho arrival of the Rhode Island, and obtain from her all tho items of interest. Firs at Wkst Farms.?The carpet manufactory of Mr. Smith, at West Farms, Westchester county, was totally destroyed by fire on Friday night, with its contents. The loss Is estimated at $30,000; insured in tho Williamsburg City, New Amstordain, Commonwealth, Corn Kxohuugu, Merchants' k Traders' and other city companies, for about $2,000 each. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Saturday, Jan. 18-C P. M. Money is easier again. We hear of many loans ut five per cent, though the general asking rate is six. Good paper is very scarce. Exchange closed dull at 112 a 112% for bankers' sterling. Neither drawers nor importers seemed anxious to do business. Gold was in fair request to-day at 1% a 2 per cent. The stock market was on the whole better today than yesterday, thongh there was a great deal of realizing nevertheless. Government stocks improved on the prospect that the absurd scheme published in the papers on Friday will be thrown overboard by the Committee of Ways and Means. The coupon sixes of 1881 rose %. Tenocgsees advanced %, other State stocks being steady. The leading railway shares were in general request, especially in the afternoon. New York Central rose l/t, Erie %, Michigan Central %, Southern %, Pa nama %, Illinois Central %, Itock Island %. Pa. citic Mail, in which there has been a great deal of realizing, touched 99 at one period Of the day, and closed at 98% bid, an ndadvancc of 1 per cent. Speculators arc offering bets that the February dividend will be ten per cent. Other parties, who pretend to superior information, assert that the extra live per cent which the- company has earned will be used in the purchase of Pacific Mail stock. At the close the market was firm, the following being the lost quotations:?United States G's, registered, 1881 90% a 90%: do. G's, coupon, 1SS1, 91 a 91%; do. 5's, coupon, 1X74, 80% a H0%; Indiana 5's, 7G n 77; Virginia G's, 49 a : Tennessee G's. 4.'?% a 14: North Carolina G's, G0% a ?; Missouri G's, 4'?'% a 1'2 '4: I'aoiro Man, a w\--4: new > ors Central, 83% a 83%; Erie, 35% a 35%; ilo. preferred, 57% a 67%; Hudson River,30 a 30%; Harlem, 12% a 12%; do. preferred, 31% a 31 %. Reading. 37% a 37%; Michigan Central, 53% a 53%; Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana, 20% a 20%; do. guaranteed, 40% a 41; Panama, 113 a 113%'; Illinois Central, 63% a 64; tialenu and Chicago, 6* a 68%; Cleveland and Toledo, 37% a 37%; Chicago and Rock Inland, 55% a 5A%? Chicago, Hnrlington ai d Quiuey, 61 a 61%; Mi'waukee and l'rsirie du Chirn, 20% a 21: Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati, 100% a 110; New York Central 7>? 1876. 103% a 104; Eric 3d niort" gage bondt, 01% a 02; Michigan Central h's, 1st mortgi^e, )?"% a 07%; Illinois Central bonds, TV, 01 a 01%. The business of the .Sub-Treasury was as follows to-day:? Total receipt* f4.'.:,n.V.? 10 ?For custom* 140,000 00 I'svi.touts. including redeemed A per ct. note* SSI.43H ?1A Ilalaiuo .3,212 174 07 Mr. Cisco, the United States Assistant Treasurer, Una made a call upon the banks for another payment on account of the loan of three millions o<l i? hAlf, payable on Monday. The" private subscriptions for the 7 J-IO per cent netes arc not taken at present. The ^t. l.oiiia, Alton and Chicago Railroad earned for the week ending January 7:? . 1881. 1862. rosnenij <rs $41,.144 36 6,?7.1 412 Freight 14 8,ofi'. at, bundrlce 850 ?.1 81 ft 0.1 Total $10,18!) 8t 13,OA2 .'.ft Decrease in 1868 8 0.17 -!t! Total since 1st Jnutinr) ...... 19,180 82 16,302 oft The earning* of the Toledo and \\ abash Railroad for tins first week of January were:? Flrat week, >802* $21 TOO 84 First week, 184)1 10,on 72 Increase $8.4(78 12 The Galena and Chicago Railroad earned the second week of Jauuaryi? fecund week 1802 $2fi,73l Second week, 1861 20,277 Invrassa '. $431 Tho following is tho amount of coal transp4trted on the Philadelphia an4l Reading Railroad tlnring the wcok ending Thursday, January 10, H(l2:? Ion*. Cwt From Port Carbon 7,620 18 r?vt?vil|e 0(1 10 Schuylkill llaveu 10,014 U Auburn .. 160 11 > Port Ointon 1.64(0 06 1 Total anthraelteoealfor week ... 10,630 16 Hairisbiirn?Total bituminous 2,044 17 Total of all kinds fnr week. 22,476 12 Previously tins year 170 437 17 Totel 201,911 99 Tc sAroo time last year 173,288 06 11 1 u ' a "I took li?hai|?, BATtrmoir, Jan. l| mi HOOOOU88'?,'81,reg to 860 aba Brit BR six ' 600UMa,'8l,OXy 88 15 do 8&X lOOOTenn fl't,'90.'. 48 X 80 do sSO 85 V 3000 Missouri 6's.. 42 X 50 do ado 85 V 8000 Mini) 8 p c bds 78 250 do bdO 88 MOtfN York O-nd'a 94 100 do bdo 3dV 4000NYC7'a,'70,c b 104 100 do b30 86* 1000 HudRivera fb 1Q0 800 do bio 85X }000 liar 1st m bds 100 250 do b3 35 V lOOOMCSpclma fob 97 X 650 do 86 K 2000C,BftURR8pcb 94>4 100 Eria RRprel.. a30 67* 1000 N Indiana 1 m 88 100 do *30 57V 600111 Con RR bds 90* 160 do 67*" 9000 do 91 25 do 67 V 1000 ChiAN W 2d m 12 50 do 67y, 13000 C ft Pitta 4 m. 39X 850 do sOO 67 ^ 1000 l ong Dock bs. 96 170 Harloiu RR prof.. 31X 1000 Detroit,MAT b 75X 90 Michitau('en RR. 63 <Z 2000 tlftl ft Ch 2lmb 98 60 do 53 V 1000 MilftPrduCh lm 8?X 100 Mich Ho ft N I RR 20W 2000 do 86 60 MSoft Nigak.b!5 41 16000 Am (fold. . b30 101X 50 do. 40'i 6000 do 1.30 101X 100 DlCRRacrip ex lot 03 78000 do 101X 100 do.... .h?0 03 6 alia Bk of (inn... 78 60 Clove ft Pitta Kit. 1?X 6 Am Kxrh Bk .... 81 10 Gal i Chi RR.... 68'i 20 Com wen t h Bk... 70 21 do 68'( 10 Del ft llud Con Co 91 5 do 08'4 60 Bonn Coal Co 86 310 Cleve ft Tol RR.. 37 X 35 I'ac Mail SB Co... 99 360 do . ... 87 105 do 98J.? 50 do.bSO 37 V 126 do 98 i-i 60 do b80 377j 26 Nlc Trunsit Co... 6X 150Chi ft liopk I RR. 66 100 do 5 550 do 56 >7 60 N YCen RR. .blO 83X 100 do b30 f.5 100 do slO 83X 60 Chic, Burl kQyRR 01 100 do 83 X 12 Warren RR 73 100 Krie RR bl6 35X SECOND BOARD. $2000 US 8'a, *81, reg 9050 aba N Y Cent RR. 88 \ 10000 do 90X 175 do 83X 6000 111 Can bda, '60 78 50 do b3Q 84 ^ 2000 III Can reg bda. 78 300 Krie RR 35 % 4000 111 coup bda,'02 79 100 do 35 X 2000Missouri O'a... 42X 12 Brio RR pref 67X 3000 do 42X 60 ' do 57X 1000MoO'a itoIlftSJR 4?X 200 Mich Oontrnl RR. 63* 1000 BrooklynC w I. 98X 100 do b30 63V 1000 Chic ft NW a f b 85 100 do b30 63V 60001, K ft Wlmbda 79X 60 Mich 8 ft N I g a. 41 1000 111 Cent KR bda 91 400 Panama RR 113 10000 Amer Uold..b30 102 10 Clove.ColftCin RR 110 10000 do bl& 102 60 Cleveft Tol RR.s30 37* 10000 do 102 100 do b30 38 10 aha Put; Mail SSCo 99 60 Ch|.'ft Rk 1 RR.. 65V 200 Harlem RR 12X 60 Mil ft P du C RR. 21 CITY COMMERCIAL REPORT. Saturday, Jan. 18?2 P. H. Flock.?The market was quite steady, wbile sales wore moderate and embraced about 12.009 bbls., included in which extra State at $5 75 a $5 85, and fancy do. at. $5 90. Whkay.?Tho market was quiet and sales confined to some *8,000 a, 10,000 bushels, including Illinois red at 11 39, and prime Chicago spring, in store, at $1 32. Court was duir and sales limited at 64c. Pokk was unchanged, while sales were moderate. Whiskey?Sales of 900 bbls., at 25'?'c. a 25>?c. for ?tate, and 251 <c. a 26c. for good Ohio bbls. S H rPPING NEW S. Movement* of Ocean Steamers. FROM EUROPE. Jfatntt. Ltavn Dot*. for John Hell (llaagow Dee 21...New York City ol Manchester.LlTernool Jan 1. ..New York Hibernian Liverpool Jan 2 Portland At'rlcn Liverpool Jnn 4...New York Glasgow Liverpool Ian 8... Ne w York almanac for new york?this day. sen rim 7 211 moon risks eve 9 15 SUN SETS 5 02 I moil WATEit morn 10 Si" Port of New York, January 18, 1802. CLEARED. fltesmsbip Auetrntnslan < Hr), UookJLtverpool?R Cnnard. Steamship Chesapeake, Crowell, Portland?II B Cromwell A Co. Ship Young Mechanic, Me Loon, San Francisco?Sutton & Co. Ship Oyno<tire. Robinson. Liverpool?Williams ,t Colon. Ship T Knoop (Br), Wright, Liverpool?Flinch, Meinclte A Wendt Ship Cheltenham, Wilson, Havre?Hoyd A Hlncken. Ship Chare, Edwards, Antwerp?W F Schmidt Ship Southern Chief, Htgglns, Boston?11 D Llrookmun & Co. Bark Sarepta (Br), Townsend, London?II A F W Meyer. Hark S L Bryant, t.an", P.narth Roads?I W El well x Co. Bark M Morton, tlakundron, Malaga?D C Murray. Brig Brigand (Br), , ynecnsiown?fi F Bnllev. Brig Thordenahjold (Nor), Hansen, Rotterdam?W Salem BilgG G Lrlson (Br), McPhee. Qoni..?Brett, Son 4 Oo. Brig Ootict p ion, D Iriz, Tatuplco?M Echcverria A Co. Krlg ('has Adatnr, Peterson, Hi Johns, NF?Mlddleton A Co. Brig M McNeil (Br), James, Si Johnp. NF?J S Deoley. Sehr Onraasow i Br), Davison, St Piere?I) It Dawnlf. Holir Clifton, Nori Is, Vo'nt u Petre?J F Whitney A Co. Schrraruli, Hlnni, Havana?N II Brighain. Selir Piiehe, Morrow. Ilm ami? Dollner, Potter A Co. Pehr I. M Mangam, liayden. Zu/a?T B Chaae A Co. 8chr Jnlla, Cox. lino la x?,) K Whitney A Co. Sehr W L Lrggeit, Gil-son, Fortress Monroe?McCready, Mott A Co. Sclir Yuvkiown. Wuglan, Baltimore?Vet rill A Ahbolt. Hehr L A Bnylis, Bailey, Baltimore?K D lliirthut A Co. Sehr Milton."Keen, Philadelphia?.) W McKee. Sehr Hatah Matilda, Armstrong, Eastpor:?J Fnre A Co. Hehr Enthen, Conlev, Has port?Miller A Houghton. Kelir Mary K Gage, tliiskn, Gloucester?A Howea. Sehr Atleusta, Kell- . Hrislo' ?L Kennv. Steamer Kenn-bec, (la ti n. Philadelphia. ARRIVED. Steamship Chpaajieake, Crow-ell, Portland, with mdee, to II B Cromwell A Co. Slop Constellation, Milliliter, Lleerpnol, Dec 4, with mdaa and 36 passengers, to Chas Carow. Experienced very heavy W and SW gales niosl of the passage. .Ian 9. at 10 AM, lat 32 06, Ion DH 18. fell In w!ih the wre k Of a aehr. bottom np, blaek itnll and green bottom. with spars floating alongside; aame day. 3 I'M, lell In w-.tli the wrens of a sehr. with mainmast, foremast bead and Jlbhoom gone, waterlogged and abandoned: was |xiinted bluek, with a narrow white moulding, after house painted green; could not make outlier titkmo: abe bore from the lirot wreck N by K 10 miles. Jan 12, at 11.30 A M, lal 4 )21, Ion 60 14. was hoarded by a b -at from the bark La Cigueua. of Portland, Me, Capt Aaie, from Marseilles Nov 13. passed (liliraltar Nov 21, f -r Boston, short of provisions, and supplied her. (See Mlacelltneons.) Ship Progr- 's, Woodward, I,lvrpnol, l)ec 21, with salt, to Nesmlth A Sons. Jan 4, lat 16 2>, lo-i 49, spoke ship Van guard, Ilailett, from Liverpool Dee 19 for New York. Toe Progress, while i-omlnir up tbe bay, and when otr Bedlo-'s Is'and waiting for a tog. w-a-. run into by Bremen steamship Bremen, hetiee for Bremen, whleh eat tied away the mlzien channel*. damaged rigging and stove siarbonrd tuarter. The Bremen bad her fore and main tap.-allsnt > urd carried away, bav. Ship I-amincrgtrr (Br, of Bclfait. I). Wdaon. Llv Nor 74, with cool, to order. Dec 28, Int 2.9 3t, Ion 82 vraaeltotne w.nward of rn, nppar ntljr in di-lr miming towarda iin: at V AM made hi r nut to ho 111' g Van- it InabcPa, ot Sunderland, Poller, hone* Deo 17 r t'oi k, in a nlnkiiig < oiid.ll'in Took oft the crew and br< them in this port (See Miscellaneous.) 81.ip Marianne N< n bohm, Nicholaon, Liverpool SO days, r'a Cork 38 dai s. iv th nidae, to master. let ln?t, evpeii. rneeil u h'-a> i gilt li .nn Mi, "plitainl lo-t sails. Ship Constltuth n iof Bath), Higjinn, London. U dava. In ballast, to Hinder. Shi' Vision (of Farmingdalc!, Orowell, London and Deal, Nov 18. Iln been ordered to Boston. and proceeded. Ship Ll'?" A M ithdde (Krem), Nordenholdt, London, 30 dava. In l.nil. to K I'nkart. Ship Nat iga i?ett, Itriiudt, Havre, Dor 20, in ballast, to J Alkie*. Mli'p Antarctic, Slimier. Antwerp mid Flushing. On 19, in ballaat. to Zerega A Co. Uec 23, (at AS 90, Ion III 30, spoke hip IP rlln. Jackson, fr"in Aniwrrpand Unah ng Ik e 19 for New York 2?ih, lat 49Ml. Ion 19, poke slop John Merriek, Scare, hence Nov 28 for llavie; 3Bth, 'at 43 4'J, loll 38(0 ap .Re alitp Wi .t I'o'nt, hcnrc. Tho A hail heavy W ami N'W gale* lroto the Pa* Ship Indlaiin. Il'iltanti, Bodeaiu, 32 Jain, In ballaat, to W T Front. Ship Line Ameilo (FY, of Havre), Vertler, S' Pierre, >f. -?ilo pie. 23 dava, w ill angar, to Vniabl* v He,n il. Hark Ah 'dea He, of Knndeilano), H bson, Tralee, 88 dayn, ill hullnat, to \\ i kie A Brim. Hark N Rovnton (of Hoalon), Miller, Tin v re. V) da) a, In Lailaat. to J W Rlwell A Co. Ilaa had at I out weairiiy galea the entire passage Hark Goethe iBrein), Moller, Brrincti Dec 6, and 24 dava front the Down", with mdae to Chart. ? Luting. Bark Weal Wind, Uolgrr, Kli/ol eil.i nrt, and tailed for Aaplnwall. Brig Flower of the Forreat (Rr. of Aberdeen), Mincc, London, S7 dava. in ballaat, to order. Ilrlg Four .Slntrm ( Nor). A ndre o n, Neivciarle Oct 13. via Bermuda Jsn 6, with coal", to Brig-go A Co. Put Into Bermuda with !maof agll* and ?hortof provisions, Bt tv )f ii,n ill i B", of ShelYurott, NSi. Ali-n, D'nisrira, Dre 3il. via SI Tl-onuin Jan ft, with sugar. io Smlt n Jon a* ,t Co Sehr Lottie (of Bon'nti), Taylor, Malaga Nov 23, and Gibraltar Nov 24. with wn.d. lend Ar to Unmrr, WalHn A Co; vc*. < 1 n matter. tie IB, im w.ina 0:1, wnne tying urn in a hurrkulMi alnvr bulivurka anil carried away fn.c calf: alma louring Inn SO bad Mrnng rn'i ? all'! Inai y ?r: Iher. Hdir Oalleti, Payaon, RliMbrib|iiirl, anil nailed for Aaplna all. Vebr K H Hnatnn, Tltiomh, EH.'a'"Hipari, an I sai'rd for Donor. Hohi Bmrf Hickman, Sn< ?d, Olilneotragno, 7 day*. Sim Mail, Jotter, 1'hliii-iit'iigiie.D iIhy?. Nelir 1. T Htcilman Thnnit mi, SI Man, Mil, fidaya. Hehr Calatu racket, Mltchlll. 1 tn<liirg! Snap Byron, Allen, Kltraliolbport, and uilleil fur llnnter'a Po'nt. Steamer A Tl Bowman. Clark, Ki it Bedford. So anmr Pnlrel, Barker, Providence. The kIiId AnUnml, from Havre, arrlvrd to-day, h.i* been ordered to Bnatnn. nn.ow. Bark Mary Rum (Br oi ..i? u ;i. >1 , Shortl.k, from Annoy Aug I, | mked Anjler (!<" ID BAILED. 17th?tJ 3 nrr.prllcta Tim* bpuka, and Pa'apaco, Loont Point: ulilpa rranoe Bilalnl; Hnak'p 're (Pi nm K* Liverpool; hark* Young America, raril?na?; v.m* (HO, oik: rrovt. denela (Sp). Having; bftt* It A flaber, Para) Locomotive (Pi'i, I oi *; *' br Prim? Alfred (Br). N*"*ait. tail,?Ptoairahlpa Bremen (Hi ml Southampton atnt Br", men; Kangaroo (Hr), (Ji.eanatuwn and I..vripool( ublp Southern OnMT, Boaton. Wind during The day NNK: 9 I'M, KXE, light, a lth dens" fog. Mlarillanrnaa. Ba Snip Tnoaan tan I'oir?Cajit Mulllnep, of ablp Con* stciintlnn, arm > n yiwrmj imm um'|Kmi, reports??ran 13. at 11 SUM. IU40II, Ion CO 14, via boarded by n boat from tho hark l.a Olgncna, of Portland, Mo, Ca;t| Ad'e, from Marseille* Nov 1.1 for Batten, abort of protlslun*, an 1 tup pl^d her. 8he reported having on .Ian 1, In lal 3* fo, Ion lid 30, taken off tho crew of Ur ship Thomas Ann Colo, of London. Cnpt Magim, from New York Dea 23 Tor Loudon, grnln loaded, which vessel sprout a leak. had hor pump* cli kod, and was In a sinking condition. Savcu of the crew n-rro trawfrrred to the Co.iaUllation, and brought to tin* port. Br Brio Mart A TatilLli-difl Wtloon, of Br *hlp Lam, morgbw, arrtvrd yesterday from Liverpool, report*:? Dec 3R, Int 39 3d, Ion 82, ?.uv a vr?sel to the westward of n*' apparently In distress, and rnnnlnir towards u?. At# AM made her out 10 Iwt the British brig Mary A Isabella, of dunilerlAud, Putter, from New York Deo 17 for Cork, (twin lofted, In a ainhlng condition, having lour feet water In hor hold, Imlwark* warlted awar, and the water nnllt Tor use The captain and crew, nine In number, came on board, and reported having had a succession of heavy gale* for several day*. Ihr crew wn-n not at pomps, iftd unabt* to work any longer-the sen msffng a breach (iter her. and entirely nnmanngi ablo. They were brought to this port, lfer cargo 3 consisted of 17,876 bushels eorn. She na built at Bunderlaud, Eng. lu 1880, 2M tons register, rated A1X, iron knead and bilge straps, and owuad by Taoply A Walton, uf ttunderfaud. ! The steamship Kangaroo, of J Q Dale's line, Oapt McQnf. gan, sailed y.nte day afternoon for Liverpool via Queens town. It is the Intention of Capt M' Qui gan to touch a: Cape Babe, should the weather prove at all favorable, lor any telegraphic messages or news, and will be due oil that point about Wcdnosdar man. The steamship Bremen, C?pt W-svls, sailed yesterday lor Southampton and Bremen. Snir Yohk? Raltlmore, Jan IS?The ship York, Captain Wheeler, from Valencia, Sp.un, In b.,Ha?t, hound to Lewis town, ui'iun arc, w:eur asnurr mi win owi inst on B >gus inmi, Norib t'arolinu. Crew saved. vessel n to'al loss. (By lei to Elwood Walter, Esq, Secret a ryj Boa id ol UnU. rwrlters.) Ship Dkvosshiric, previously repen ted at Be mnda Id distT 'SS, ha* been sold by her owner, K E Morgan, to Messrs Tappeii ? Starbuck, of this city, <>u private (arms. A steam pump has been sent to her to enable her to proceed to this port. I B.tn* Isasklla c.Ii.jtKB, wm, dhurn, from Havre, arrived In Hampton Roads lith In t, and sailed '5 h for Philadelphia, to load for England. Nov 21 was boarded from English ship I'h eulv, Iiom Iilvrrpo l. abort of provisions, and supplied her Lai 3, Ion 6H 4 I, passed the hull of u small veosel on her beam ends. d"i k and cabin all sieve; cotild mats out part of her name, be.lnr; Vl'iuadi; ' the other errs under water; supposed ii to lie Par.disc. The I C J experienced heavy westerly gales the < utlre passage. ScilB Tripvpii, Reeves, from New York for Philadelphia, with a it" tiers I cargo, went ashore on Wednesday last at Newcastle, Pel Tim wa* lying In a good position on Friday, and the oupiain went up to Philadelphia, and despatched to her assistance a tug, which would probably succeed In haullug herolf f'eim Ei.ls Osaonne, Dohorty, while <m a recent voyage t? New loui.dlaud, went ashore at Cola Bay, near Lawrencetown, and lieearne a total loss (as before reported); crew saved The Klla Osborne was owned principally bv Capt Jnlin MeMulleu, of Gloueeter, and was (Insured for $2XX)at the lilooeester Marine oil e. There was also an insurance of $600 ou the cargo at the same nlllce. The materials saved from ibe, wreck were curried to Hulifax, and sold at auction. This is the second vessel from Gloucester lost In the Newfoundland business since, the tlrst of December. The crews or both vessels have arrived home. Sens iNvtNrtBi.u, from Provlneelown for Belfast, abandoned in a sinking condition, registered 117 tons, was built at BluChill In 1825, and hailed from Belfaat. The Ship List says:?Wo notice the sale of A1 bark Lucky Siar, .124 tons, lmllt at Baltimore in 1159, and In Liverpool, ship Roliert Center, 819 tons, to lie placed under the British llag, both ou iirivuto n um. By auutlon. In this cliy. brig Lcnl, 174 tons, built at Harrington, Me, In 1*61, sold at $2260, cash Also A2 bark Prioress. 557 tons, built at Scarborough, Me, in 1866(now to sail under the British llag), at $10,600, cash. By auction. A2 bark Old Dominion, 493 tons, built at Elizabeibport In 1*63, sold af $605). rash; and by order of U 6 government, prize scbr Velasco, at $660, casb. UTkalamsa. Arr at Honolulu Nov 21, bark Florence, Spencer, of Hon, Ochotsk via IIilo 1000 wh 14,000 bona this season. gld Irani do 28th, ships Othello, Killraer, W and OchoUk; Mugnolia, Pierce, 8 and home; 29tli. Montreal, Soule, erulao and home; Massachusetts, Green, W and Ochotsk; 30th, Ontario, Foster, Nil, Ne.v Zealand and home; Deo 2, Thomaa Diekiison, Stow at t. do, westward aud Arctic; Martha 2d, Dalley, do. New Zealand and home. The whaling lleet of New London has been reduced from 24 ships ami barks, 0 brlca and achrs, with a tonnage of 11,245. on the 1st of January, 1801, to 14 ships and barks, and 6 brigs and sehrs, with a tonnage ol 6259, at the present time. The importation of sperm oil, whale oil and whalebone Into the port during the past year amounted to 217 bids sp. 19,f25 bills whale and 55,430 lbs bone, falling greatly short of that of I860 Spoken?-Oct 7, !u Odioisk Sea, ehipsEmllv Morgan, Whiteside, N H, 90u bills oil and boiling: 21st, Camilla. Pivntloe, do. full; Milo, Ford bam, do do; J P Wat, Tinker, do, 1200 bbh.* Spoken, Ac. ACS war vessel bound N, Jan 8, 1st 25 10, ion 69 58 Park Sroursileld. of Glasgow, from Greenock for Trinidad, with bor es on deck. Dee. 23, let 17 14, Ion 38 06 Sehr "Elizabeth O Bath'1 (3 mas s), steering fi (with ), i argo of lumber?had a '. real portion of licr bulwarks gone a Dec 18, lot 24 17, Ion 31 37 Foreign Porta, Dkmarsrs, Dec 30?in port Br brig Lady ol the Lake, for NYork next doy; sehr M inna1', from do, disg; nud others. American Porta, f B'ISTON, Jan 17?Arr steamer Saxon, Matthews, Philadelphia: brig Foster, Bakri, 1'nrt PaW via llolm ?' Hole; schr Carrie Hues, Flynn, AuxCayes and Inagua via Holmes' Hole, lleli.w ship Belle Cieole, from Loudon; harks Lucv, from Montevideo (ul anchor in 'he Cbannei); 11 iy Htiite. from Havana. Old tnlp William. B rry, Portland; brig Bird'of the Wave, Simpson, Port au prince; schr Fesrless, Sears, Miragi ane. Nothing went to sou, wind W by 8 to SW, fresh, with snow I'M. K vLTIMOUE, Jan 16?Sid bark E npress Theresa, JohnS'Ui. Rio Janeiro anil a market; Br schr Edwin, Gordon, Barbados. BRISTOL, Jail 15?Arr schr Plnta, Saunders, NYork for Fall River. HIGHLAND LIGHT, Jan 17. 10:40 AM?In -Ight, ship E XV Farley, from R iltimure; 1 30 I'M, schr .1 W. from NYork. 4 PM. bark James W Andrews, from Mexico for Boston; two brigs unknown; selirs G 8 Fogg, aud B S Wright, from Tangier; ft I'M, achrs A Hammond, and Ko-suth; tuus' t, thick snow storm, wind 8W, fresh. A bark and Uvo brigs were In sight at sunrise. KEY WEST. Dec 25? Arr sehrs E Potter, Poller, NYork laud aid same day to the westward); 24th, Only Daughter, Philadelphia; J K P ater, To.vnsend, do; 39th, brig A O Mer rytnan, Torlugas; Jan 1, srlirO>u W ltinsnn, Scall, Philadelphia. Hid 2d,schr Dennis, of Bvookhaven, . LEWES, Dei. Jan 15, I'M?The following vessels remained at the Breukwarer:?Ships John Sidney, Charier Oak, Frank llotilt; bark Sliarston, wig i Tiers; brigs Hniudywliie, lor Pernambuco; Northern LIgni, bound out, and six small sehrs. Wind N. Weather thick and foggy . 16th?The hark Old Hlekoiy Irom Havana, with *u:ar. ior Philadelphia, arr nt the Breakwater this afternoon. Wind heavy from the N. I7th?The ship Wyoming, from Liverpool for Philadelphia, is at the Breakwater. NEWPORT. Jan 16?No arrivals this morning. Wind NW, lieavv. Hid Ifttb, schr Puna, Saunders (from NYork), Fall River. In port 8 AM, brigs Johu Batch, Wlialey. for Cuba, ldg; Malr ii, Waba-h ; sehrs II D Oriudle, Roanoke. Lady Adams, J P Row; EnieJIiie McLain, lim klin. lrom NYork for Boston; sloop* W D Msn pun, Teniperauco. Klenzi; and others. PHILADELPHIA, dun 17?Arr sehrs Caroline, Koi.Nsw Ym k ; II A Weeks, Godtrev, before reported sink at R'edy Island, for repairs. Cld iiurk Elt, I'lnckiiey, KioJaulro: schr A Bartlett, Burtlett. Port Royal. PROVIDENCE, Jan 16?Arr steamer Petrel, Young, New York. THB H A LI. IEAWI. Light guard ball-academy of music, on Thursday cvruiug. February 20, 18C2. Tickets 92, admitting a gentleman and Indies. (IMIE THIRTY-THIRD ANNCAL BALL OF the new J. York Fire Depui linen', lb* proceeds ol which ar? appropriated in assist Hie widows untl orphaus of dceeas ul lire mon, lvlll Ink' purr at Niblo s Theatre, ou .Monday evening, January IV, 18o2. Tickets may he procured of the following oflkcrsand managers:? HENRY A. BL'KK, Prudent, Corner of CI.If and Frankfort street*. JAMES K. WENMAN, Secretary. No. Wt> Pearl street. PETER II TUTS Tr. a?urer. East Hirer Saving -. Band. Owcr. W. Rrennan, 8-t Elm street; !l--nr. B. Venn, 237 West Thirty-second street; L. Delmnnloo, Bout'n WlUUm, and Chambers .street and Broadway: James Y. Walk!-:*, L .1 Catharine sir.-e'; Win. B. Bates, Brooks Bin . tor. e Cherry iin I Cuiharins street-, R.',.ert M-Glnnts, No. .'> itepiiyrvr tr.-et; A. J. Uclatonr. 23*$ Wall aireet; Jim. .1 fi-',. i\ "01 Broadway; Wm. S. O'Bin, 71 and 73 front tr ;, Ja?. 1.. Mill- r. 10* I'll ;1. at ret t; David S anbury. I."a, I i< tit *. ret; Tno. Garcia, SI Greenwich street; Cha<-. M'-D.mt I si l-'roul sire, i Rilph Trembly, 7h Broadway; Jos. J. We* r.iy, No. I Wil lam street: A. Siote, 120 Ktiliou siroet; J. H ten, 30 Broadw. y; Wm. II. Wl.khani, 130 Cham ?rt sleet; Rooert I'. Brown, 73 East Broad wo v: C (Judfref Ounttier, 4? Maiden lane; Jn<>. Oeeker, 21 Elisabeth sttvci; Clias. Place. 112 I) -y street; N. ts Met"ready, 3d 8 uith streel; K. S. Brooks, Broadway und O'and street; J. Anthony. Jr., Id Nassau stret. laVXTI IiK8. SOITRT8HIP AND MARRIAGE." AN ENTIRELY NEW AND HUVOROES I.ECTCRB? on "Com tehtn and .Marilsge,' wit be delivered 1 y MR. DB CORDOVA, at In Ing fir.II, <-n Monday. Jao ? , ?t 8 e'elo k. Tn ketsat the tn-'.si.-. re of Messrs Plrlb, I'ond A Co., Mi" Broadway, and .Messrs. Wm. Hall A Hon, M3 Broadway, n l.-t the door on me evening ol the en erlalummt. 1 BCT1 RB. J J 8CHTAIN THE GOVERNMENT. Col. T^ B. Tli rp", twenty years a resident ,v I.otiiidsna, by reipiesi ot irnl distill .pilaUed gentlemen ftl New vork, Will deliver a Leettire ~ AT DUDWORTIf'N 11 * LI,, KNBroAway, MONDAY Ev KNIXG, J senary 20, On "The Ins de View of ih- Sonde in KnVllloa," tin-on* lie origin and progress, tint uy msseriattnn am; argument, nui ! > facia, anecdotes. personal remln mm anil stories of Southern men an l nflmners. shewing both the ti-agle bad eumic side of tlir optore PUT DOWN THE REBELLION. Tickets 25 cents: a gentleman hiiiI tarn ladles 10 < cms, Pooia open at 7. To eoiiimen e *1 R o lock. Tlliu FIREMBN. \8HOtTATtON OF EXEMPT FIREMEN -THE ANNUal uu llm; will lie held at Kli-i iiien's Hall, on Tuesday evening, its, mat., atOn'i lo-k. Others an in e_r..iAcil lor the ei.a ting tear, Ac. l'i:u iiini atieu lam e ta rcuReafW. IV W KN'IS, P ew lea!. O W. WltXELKB, Hoc rdlm; Hs.i'tvy. w;u pi blh vrio.vs. \PPROVED VtUTARY HOOKS. Cavalry Drill, with 9H engravings. 24c. Aititlerv ill 111, Willi 71 engraving-., 15c. Army Manual for Officer*, $2. Infantry 'luetics, with 92 engravings, 1S.5. I'o K. ItwI of the Bat'iiltnn, 2.V. i)?. complete. 157 eng.- f. liu?. Mc. J. W. Fo.tTi'VK, I#i'hatham street, N Y rriTIR NE.V NOV HE, 1 PIL.iiRI.M8 OF FASHION, lit Kin...tan Cornwall*. Is now ready. IIARI'EK nitOTHERS. That "Ct'P.Totrs" nooK," "Women in new vork,a singular novelty, tilled with Interesting 8h< lehos of Fe male Characters In the City (which the H-mid linoun ed the lniti-|ienilenl for advertising), la sohl by newsdealers mr 40 cents, or mailed free for 68 cent*?hair pr.ee. Cloth lending, :\50 rages. # ) en <ravings. Dealers allow.d nearly dfty par cent. M. OAl'NTT, Publisher, 49 Walker street, tip slat.*. POIsITH.'Afi. HJtli'j litT II ALL.-TIIK FRIENDS (W IfOH OEOltOE IVl W. Vnrlun ar rtqie ati tl to nn-i tin caucus, Ihv* Raada* eve n I tut, January 19, In1?, at 7Js o'Coek, at Thorp's ilotni. No. friS 11 roadway. Entrance ou Thirteenth street Punctual attendance I* mines r I. . Alaror stock or new and second hand bh^ . iI .ri! Tahlut, wlilt t'hrlan'* CumH nation Cushion*. for sale At prh r*no mil tlm tDnr* I'llKLAN A OOtLENDER, 6.1 to AU'ronh)^'., N T. IJRRSONS IN WANT Or OOOD DIM.TAUD TAnf.T'3 I will Hiid II10 tiwii <lvantn.? lo paII at H AKI' S Manufi cliny, IIM Fultoii Wrrrt, where ho kerfw on hand lir-t i In'* TublcS, within* new ly InTentod patent <tt*ihm?, iflo.it rt br the i?'st Judari to lie (upertur to any now In nor. A'.io i Mund tinn l Table*. ocrLWTs ami itRfitii T ArT OCULIST, or OW SIXTH AVENUE, ONTINI i n?? to give Slulit In Tvt T*t panes of blttliliieo*. With oil operation or p*lti, by penile nni<<il?a. removing rhi ?nle wraknsa* or liiRhm-irAfoo* In a few day*. Ample refrrs.Ktes givrti. Hour* 12 to 4. - PORTfl? * \VANrRfl?A SMI 1I"AT M TO W ITfiT t.OXO, IN It enhriiipp for moi < ! audi* t or Ivnl .vUKe; our ml .able foi fialili i and pleasure. Wiii in*ko a l?lr<-t. hnng?. i ISAAC A. UJiJUS, 73 Naa*au atreth

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