Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 21, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 21, 1862 Page 1
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TE WHOLE NO. 9263. THE Opening the Roai aoNBjStoRQ . Waters 8>.s6y.?jr \ ^ The Opening of the [Winter Campaign. Brilliant Victory of the Union Troops in Kentucky. Prolonged and Bloody Battle at Somerset. Defeat and Flight of Zollicoffer's Rebel Army. General Zollicoffer and Balie Peyton Killed in the Engagement. HOT PURSUIT OF THE FLYING ENEMY. ZollicoflTcr's Stronghold at Mill Springs Captured* The Stars and Stripes Waving Over the Rebel Fortifications. A Large Number of Prisoners and All the Enemy'i Cannon and Cninp Property Captured. Heavy Loss in Killed and Wounded on Both Sides. The Route to East Tennessee Opened. Map of the Scene of Conflict and Vicinity. Sketches of Generals Thomas, 8choepff and Zollicoffer, Ae., Ac., Ac. CmowinTi, Jan 20,1881 A twill* took place at Soroereel, Kentucky, on Saturtaf, b*lwe*D General Scboopff'a and General Zollicoffer'a tore**. Ttio battle laated from early in tb* morning till dark. General Zollicoffer waa killed, and bl* army entirely defeated. Oar elctory ha* been very deci*i*e, and will reeult In a rout of the whole force defending tno right flank of Bowling Cr?D. A combined attack wu made to day on General Zolllcoffer a m t ranchmen ta at Mill Spring, Wayaa county, Kentucky, reuniting in a complete victory The SUra and Stripee new float over the fortIflcatlone. Wo captured all their camp property, and a large number of pr mnnere Our lorn in heavy. General Zolltcoffer'a dead body In in the handn of the Catontata. The Lexington correepondeet of the Commercial glvaj the following account of the battle:? General Zollieoflbr, learning that the Union force* bad appeared in hie rear, marched out of hie tntrenchmeau 'fi I [E NE import] 3 to East Tennesi y yj centerOVh-le ^ 10 at three o'clock Saturday morning, and attacked General Scboepff in camp. The picket* were driven in at an early 'jour, and the attack wet made before daylight. The battle is reported to have raged with great furv until throe in the afternoon, when, General Zollicoffer having been killed, the whole force of rebels fled in confu eion to their camp. The loss is not stated, but is thought to be heavy. The Balie Peyton killed, is a son of the ex-Member of Congress from Tennessee of that name. Loi-bvills, Ky., Jon. 20,1802. General Thomas telegraphs to headquarters that on Saturday night General Zollicoffer came up to his encampment, and attacsed him at six o'clock on Sunday morn" ing, near Webb's road, in the vicinity of Somerset. At three o'clock on Sunday afternoon General Zollicoffer and Balie Peyton had been killed, aud the robes were in full retreat to their intrencliments at Mill Spring' with the Union troops in hot pursuit. General Thomas cn Suuday afternoon followed up the rebels to their intrenchmrnts, sixteen wiles from his own < amp, ami when about to attack thorn this morning ho found llieir mtrenchmenta deserted, the rebel* hnvlog left all their cannon, quartermaster's atorea, tents, horsed and wagons, which fell into our hands. Tho rebels, dispersing, had crossed the Cumberland in a steam boat and nine barges at White Oak ereok, opposite their encampment at Mill Spring. Two hundred and seventy five rebels were killed and wounded, including General ?ollicoffur and Halle Peyton, dead, who were found on the field. The Tenth Indiatia lost seventy-five killod and wounded. Nothing further of the Union loss has ) ot reached here. Wasitwc.Tos, Jan. 20,1802. The government has received a despatch this evening confirming the news of the glorious Union victory in Ken tucky on Saturday last. Gen SehoepfT moved with his forces, composed chiefly of East Tecncsscoans, from London, tnd Gon. Thomas, at the bead of his brigade, moved simultaneously with ScboepIT from Campbellville. Tho statement received bore Is, that the federal troops have possession of Zollt coffer's dead body. This demonstration in Kentucky is the opening of the grand campaign, which will result in a continuous move, meot until the rebellion is crushed out. A later despatch to-night, from General Thomas, gives assurances that upon pursuing the enemy, to Mill's Spring he found they were disorganized and abandoning their wagons, horses, ammnniiion, storee, Ac , and were Dying jD consternation. This wipes the rebels out from Eastern Kentucky, and opens tho way for Genera) Ruell's grand army to march into East Tennessee, where be will soon units bis fortunes with our forces from the ooaat. There is great rejoicing in this city over the news from Kentucky, although It does not surprise soiuo of our leading civil and military officials, who have been eipeeling tbia movement for some time. It is said that there is no truth in the statement that General Kehorpff was once a porter in a New Tork hotel. He was one of the eiamtners in the Patent Office under Mr Holt, and it was at the urgent solicitation of the latter (Da& M'nnrpn wm appointed in iiiv mi mp OUR MAP OF THE LOCALITY OF THE SEAT OF WAR IN THE WEST. Tb* map of Kentucky aod Tenneaaee which we give to day will be found eery interesting, as It contain* the loca tiona of many place* recently brought Into nolo by the war, but not tebe found on any amp of ordinary Issue, tin lea* published within a few days. All the more impnrtnn, local itles are pointed out by mean* of tbo natnea being written in larger lettere than their neighbor*, and are consequently easily found at a glance. But the most im. portant, at the present time, of all the places designated on our map, is that of Somerset, the recent scene of flon Thomas' victory and <J*n. ZollicolTer's defeat and death DESCRIPTION OP SOMERSET. The Tillage near which the battle took place is a post village and the capital of Pulaski county, Kentucky, and l? situated about six miles north of the Cumberland river, nd ninety milks smjth of Frankfort, the capital of the W YO NEW YORK, TUESDAY LNT VIC 3CC*" -Defeat of tin ^M#A fc4? \ P 80 THE REBEL ZOLLICOFFER'8 STRONG! The Intrenched Position of the Ret Our Map of the Locality, &c?, Fortified and What They C< d jM mTI" mJJ Mii^SW^QWSSa ' State. It is the centre of where three turnpike roadi meet and cruee. 1 he iurrounding country is rugged and, hilly, and abounds in eoal and iron ere, and consequently is unfit for producing cereals or supplies for man and beast. The Tillage has three ehurcbes, ten dry goods stores, a branch bank and an iron foundry. ITS IMPORTANCE IN A HTRATKOIC POINT OF VIEW. One of the reasons why the intrenebments near this place have been so obstinately held by the rebels and why the Union troepe hare been determined to gain possession of it, If possible, nas been because It Is the key to the important roads leading Into Tennessee. Ry following the road running easterly along the northern bank of the Cumberland, It will be found that, having passed Williamsburg, it Isads through the mountain pass called Water Gap to the city ef Knox ville, in Tennessee. The pesseeaion of this road gives to the Union forces a virtual chance to assist the Unionists of Rastern Tennessee; and no ene seems to know this better than the two Tennesson regiment* of Union volun leers under General Rchoepff. THE DARING OF THE TENNEflNKE VOI.DNTEKRS. The members of these regiments bavo been almost mad for the chance which has but now been offered them?vis: to strike at the destroyers of lhair domestic h?r? driven th?m Iroro their homes Frequently have they sought the opportunity of making Incursions upon the rebel camp in companlM, eron risking military punishment for disobedience of orders, so a* to bo ablo to wreak their yongeence epon their deepnilore. To give eome ideaaf their daring, thn following is reported of one of the companies ? Haying obtained official permission, on the night ef the 11th instant, they pushed on eyen to within a few milee of the rebel General Zollicoffer's posi tion on (he bluffs, and even got in thn rear of the Orst lln0 of rebel pickets, upon whom they turned and opened * skirmish. 7bey fought for shout as hour, succeeding in RKH e r, JANUARY 21, 1802. TORY II s Rebel Zollicofiei ^TV^SBARDSTOWN // ~ Vxll fjn hahodsburg^fv // r ^SPRINGFIELD \fc OANVI LL&{MMPNck * I ^4^^jXMEST0\^f^l^*V^y^!|ML5pf I0LD Off THE CUHBERLAffD RIVER. ? t ?1 Zollleoffer ra the CumberlandShowing the Heights he Had inmanded Before the Battle. i : ^ ' ___M JLL_S PR INC // ^4^ ID STORE C ^ ' r " 1 ttau end in capturing, killing and wounding a utimber cf t tbe rebela. They do not care about taking the rebel* t prlaonera, but would ratbnr fire and receive no quarter, t aa the hanging of the loyal lata in naatern Tennessee. } which baa become known to them, baa enraged them be- jj yond endurance, and they appear determined not to abow g mercy unleea under elrcumataneee where tbe rebela lay down tbelr arma and aubmlt. ZOLLlCOPPBIt'l BTItONUHOLD. To portray at a glance the poaitlon held by the rebela b previoua te tbe recent brilliant victory, we publlah k fi aketcb of their etronghotd on tbe Cumberland, and it* p intrenrhmenta and derencee It la a well choeen poeitlen, c and, t( It bad been aa well defended, would have taken ? our troop* a much longer time than It did to re- ti duce It. Zollicoffer bad selected tbe mountaiooue 0 region on either aide of tbe Cumberland river at ti the bend, and occupied the principal bill* commanding ell g

tbe approaches by tbe river from both direction*, aa wel1 n as by the valleys of the Wblte Oak and Meadow creeks ti Tbe hills are blgb and commanding, and rise almost in * tbe form of bluffs to the following heights ? 0 Hills marked A, 360 feet above the level. y llllls marked B. 400 feet above tbe level. , Hill* marked C, 300 feet above the level. u If ilia marked D, 400 feet above the level. tl * *' Tba rebal furcea were atatlonef on tbeae hpl|hta, thdee F on the north tide balng on the elevation four hundred v ( el above the river, and reuniting of about four thou- a aand men; thoee on the aoulb abent three tbouaand v atrong, having the control of the lillla.&c., near Mill ll Springe, and commanding the Meadow ( reek Valley A tl regiment of negroee waa reported to be atattened at the p bend of the Cumberland river, and other troopa are in the g near vicinity. p Thn geographical pnattion of thia intrenrhmont la an t follow* ?Krom Homoraet, about nftveu r> ilea, aoulhwoei, a from Waiteboro, On Ihe Cunibar!.tod river, twelve tuilca t ERAI J KENT : by the Union ^^JACICSL ERY rem Columbia, about foaSy miles. southeast, and about j ix or eight miles below the head of steamboat uavigaion. The position rommanda all the coal minea and nany of the salt wells In that part of Pulaski county outh of tbe Cumberland, and In Wayne end Rusee 11 :o unties. The position was deemed by many to be Inaccessible to he troops at Somerset, and it was thought that it eould inly he attacked with any degree of success, even with mperior force, from tbe north side. The nstars that we tare received shows that the fortification has bfcen reluced; and it now matters but little, except for the purmsee of history, by what honorable means It has been so :onquered. NIK ITRKNQTH OP TIIE REBKL8 A FEW PAYS UNCI. It appears that during the absence of Qen. Zollicofler it Nashville, the rebel Major General George B. Crittenlen (son of the loyal Kentucklan John J.^Crittenden, and r ither to the Union General Thomas L. Crittenden) to k :ommund at Mill Springs. At that timo the febel troops lumbered twelve thousand men, intronched and defended iy eleven pieces of Held artillery and twenty heavy canion. General Zollicolfer returned previous to the battle, m l doubtless brought some Intelligence which caused the ebols to advance as they did. The first despatch particularly speaks of General Ichoepff's brigade being in the light with Zollicofler. 'he following regiments compose his brigade, which is s ortlun of the second division, commanded by General V. Nelson:? commander of division. Iricadicr General WM. NKLSON. ! COMMANDER OF BK1GAIIK. j Irigadier General Alvin Schobfff. REGIMENTS COMPOSING BKIOADE. Second Ohio Volunteers. Seventeenth Ohio Volunteer*. Thirty-third Ohio Volunteer* Fifty ninth Ohio Volunteer*. First Teuneseeo Volunteers. Seo nd Tennessee Voluuleer*. Ohio Mattery. FIELD OFFICERS OF REGIMENTS. !-K ONO OHIO VOLOKTKKRS. "olonel Leonard A. Harris. lieutenant Colonel John Kell. Iiyor Aimon G. MoCook. SKVSNTSKATH OHIO VOLUNTEERS. 'olonel fohn M Connetl. .leuteoant Colonel Marshall F. Moor*. lajor Uurbiu Ward. THIRTV-TH1RII OHIO VOLl NTSKKS. 'olonel loshua W. Sill. .leutenaui Colonel Oscar K. Moore. (ajor J. V. Kobuson. FIFTY-NINTH VOU'HTWtHS. 'olonel Jauie* 1'. Fyffe. .leutenant Colonel ? tS||or TKNNSHStB VOL! NTSSK". The Tennessee brigade la under the command of Colonel arter, of the S*cond regiment. OHIO BA1TKXT. Tbi* battery la composed of *iz beautiful plecea of itied cannon, and ia well equipped. The commander of be battery is Captain Standard. GKNMtAL THOMAS' FORCES. In coneideration of the fact that the new* is at present neagre as u> tljs nature of the attack made by General hums*, aa also of the likelihood that he may etitl far her follow up hi* advantage*, we do not deem it politic o mention the strength of hi* force, but merely stale bat he waa in commend of the fourth division of General luell's array, formerly stationed at Culunibla, wast of lomersel. His line of march may bs surmised from a laooo at tbs map. GENERAL ALV1N 8CH0EPFF. Itrtgadier General Alvin Sehoepff is a foreigner by birth, ut was appointed by the President a Brigadier General rom the State of Maryland. Ho has once provlovis to the resent cccasion been in battle array against the artstoratlc Tennessee Congressman, on which occasion Zolli offer had tried bis prowess, and this attempt of the latter d cut up hl% small army was doubtlsea for the purpose f avenging what was really a military defeat as fhr as be rebel genoral was concerned. It Is reported of Gen. cboepff that when lie came to this country he was a poor ian as far as bis pocket was concerned, but possessed a ilent that was bound to mabe Itself known in time. He t Orel, not Boding anything better to do, asked for and btalneo a situation as hotel porter in one of the leading lew York hotels After a time he went to Washington, there be continued to net in a like capacity enlil bis ovarying politeness and industry brought him under ? i?a Ur I In It t hpn Pniii miiu lonar of I'alsnlo touted with hi* ap|>earaiiea, and wishing to do good to that he considered a worthy man. Mr Holt gave bim a Ituation in the Patent (Hike. Ml flrit hi* position was cry humble, hi* time being partially occupied between he dutiea of a meaaonger aad a cleaner and arranger of be modes, Ac., until Mr. Holt tried him at more Im ortant dutiea, and he always found that whatever waa Ivan bim to do AItIii Scboepff alway* did It woll. A oaltton waa then obtained for him toeiarciaa hieablll lea, which were gradually becoming known lo others be idea himself. Mr lloll watched him well, took trout in rroht !u lua protrge, and mieecd do opportnolty for bis ^ D. PRICE TWO CENTS UCKY General Schoepff advancement. When Commissioner Holt was transferred to tha War Department he took Schoepff with him, and aa a survey waa needed in Virginia be waa entrusted with it. Thie brought him under the eye of the then Commander-in-Chief, General Scott, and aa his military education and acquirements became known to him the veteran General did not overlook them, but continued to employ htm on Important buai" nets In connection with the War Department. When the troubles in the 'country and the recreant retirement of many of the officers of the United States Army undo it necessary to employ foreign officers of military talentr Alvln Schoepff was appointed a Brigadier General of volunteers, and ordered to report to lhe commander of that department In which the 8tate of his benefactor was located. He baa made himself known at Wild Cat, and again at Somerset, and if given the opportunity there Is but little doubt but that he will again be beard of, although ZollicoCTer is uo longer opposed to him. SKETCH OF GEN. G. H. THOMAS. Acting lisjor General George H. Thorn in is an officer of the I'm tod Mutes Army and a native of Yirgiuiu, from which Slate be was appointed to the army. He w be. twecn forty and forty-live years of age. He entered Went I'oint as a cadet in 1830, and was appointed a second lieutenant in tbs Third artillery In Juiy, 1840. 14a mis KvABattoil a flrot limitAiisnt. f.iB irnllitiitrv and good conduct in the war againxl the Florida Indiana, his commission bearing date November 6, 1841. Ho wax made a full first lieutenant in April, 1844. and wax brevetted a captain for gallant and meritorious conduct in th- several conflicts at Monterey, in Mexico, taking that t ank from September 23, 1848. He was also brevetted major for gallant and meritorioaa conduct in tbe battle of Buena Vista, which brevet was dated February 23,1847, ttau rank boing awarded in May, 1848. In 1850 ho was appointed the instructor of artillery and cavalry at the Military Academy at West Point. In December, 1863 he was made a full captain of artillery, and on the 12th of May, 1866, was appointed major of tho Second cavalry. On tbe resignation of bis senior officers at the commencement of tbe rebellion, General Thomaa waa promoted to tho lioutcuant colonelcy of his regiment, and on the 3d of May, 1861, was mado colonel of the Second cavalry. As colonel he had charge of the United States regular forces under General Patterson, in the Department of the Shenandoah, and led the passage of the troepe across the Potomac. Ho waa next ap|?inted an acting brigadier general in the same department, in which capacity he served under General Banks. On the 17th of August, 1861. he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General of Volunteers, and when Kentucky and Tennessee were made into a separata department, he was ordered|to report to tbe commander at tbe headquarters. He has had charge ef various forces concentrating In that State, and it bos been often re|<orted that be gained both tbe confidence and the loge of those under his oommand. In the late brigading of the army la that department he *u appointed to the command of the Fourth dirtiloe, with hie headquarters at Colombia, and from that place be has advanced upon the rebel Zollieofler with great ivcceaa. SKETCH OF GENERAL ZOLLfCOFFER. General Felix K Zollicoffer la described in the rebel army list aa a Brigadier General of the Provisional Army of the'Confederate States, but that document adds that be had seen no military service previous to the preeeat war." He was, in fact, a political General only. General ZollicotTbr has been well known to many of our realtors aa a politician and an editor. He was born in 1812, being now about fifty years of age. He served two months'apprenticeship aa a compositor, at the end of which time (vis: in 182V) he took upon hlmaelfthe management of a newspaper In Paris,Tennessee, he being at that time only seventeen years of age. In 1884 he edited and published the Columbian Ohssnvr, and from 1838 to 1887 he was Mate printer. For a long time he dabbled aa a politician only in Bute politics, confining his ambition to the Bute Legislature. In 1842 he was the editor of an old line whig newspaper in Nashville, called the Natkmlle Wanner, using his position as a stepping stone to bis elevation to various political positions On three occasions, from 1843 te 1847, he was elected Mate Comptroller, aad In 1849 he was In the State Senate. In 1880 be was contractor for building the suspension bridge at Nashville, aad in 1881-2 he again edited the Banner for the purpose of securing his elevation ton membership in the United Mates Congress. That position be finally attained, but his ambition was not limited to that goal. He wanted to be Governor of Teaaeaaee, and even aimed at the highest federal honors plft#control of Tenneeaea. and he could not, therefore hope to obtain tbe bound* of hla desires atri through some new medium. Ha tried tbe Know Nothing organ I. ration That failed him Hla eter peaaed Into obaeuratlon, and when aecoealon turned up bo ombrnced It an tbe means of converting himself from an opaque pollUca body Into a living light In the popular atmosphere. HI (CONTINIFJ) ON tli.HTH PbUK.)

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