Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 24, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 24, 1862 Page 2
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_2 KEW8 FiLOH PORT ROYAL Arrival of the United States Transport Atlantic. Fifteen Hundred and Eighty-Eight Bales of Cotton on Freight. Important Instructions to Mariners Entering Port Royal Harbor. AFFAIRS AT TYBEE ISLAND. Resignation of the Rebel Commodore Tatnall. THE BLOCKADE OF CHARLESTON HARBOR. Stone Laden Ships to Be Sank in Mafflt's Channel, Iw.) tc.f At, he United States transport Atlantic, Capt. O. Eldridge, from Port Royal, S. C., Jan. 20, at half-past tun o'clock P. M., arrived at this port yesterday morning, bringing mails and passengers and fifteen hundred and twenty-five balea of unglnned and sixty-three bales of ginned cotton, one pianoforte, and one billiard table, constgned to Hiram Barney, Collectorot the Port. passengers by the atlantic. Edwin Poat, Esq., Nevr York; Lieutenant Colonel \Vm. H. Reynolda, Government Agent, Port Royal. Mrs. Major Baird, Brooklyn; G. Sandford, Esq , New York- H. T. m Potter, 0. B. Ames, Massachusetts, Jonathan A. Sax ton, Massachusetts; George Wright, Esq , Massachusetts; Rev. J as R. Husmcr, Massachusetts; G. F. Smith, E. R. Newel, Curtis Wells, Lieutenant Mauss, Eighth Michigan: D W. Cornwall, E. Comstock, A. Tremble, 0. S. C. .-moot, United States Navy ; Captain Bagley, Lieutenant Tilton, Captain Dewey, S. L. Longaker, J. W. Barstow, United States Navy; Lieutenant 0. E. Strickland. Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers; Colonel Welsh, Forty-fifth Pennsylvania: Captain Neal, J. West, Jr., Philadelphia: Cuptain Elliott, VI. K. Gray, M. Furman. Captain J?s. Craig, S. Swasey, United States Navy; Cat.tain Ward, Forty-eighth New York; J. Put trell, Lie t ten ant Bat- s. Forty seventh New York; Lieutenant Johnson, Forty seventh New York: Lieutenant Stearnes, Forty seventh New York; E. Douglass. Major Watson, Eighth Mich'gan; Dr. Shanks, Eighth Michigan; C. Turner, Eighth Michigan?and 130 in steerage. Died on the passage, of consumption, David L. Eanburn, Company H, Fourth New Hampshire Volunteers. veshel8 left at port royal. Vessels in port:?Steamers Baltic,Comstock; Cahawba, Baker; Marion, Phillips: Star of the South,Carney; Pampero. Vogie; Empire City, Baxter; ships Zenas C ttln, Riddle; Golden Eagle, Swift; Ocean Express, Willis; barks J. A. Bishop; Magnolia, Starkey; Chas. King, Swan; Texas, Ayres; Fannv Eater, I-Lge, brigs Belle of the Bay, Dan Malony, naval stores; J. C. ? Elliot Empire; sch -oners MaryFinlay, N. E. Martin, J. 7. Williams, J. J. Hill,Charles Neal, Yankee Blade, Fanny Keating, Presto, Americas, Alexander Tnwnoy. R. J. Mercer, 0. Ranger, E. C. Knight, Pacific, Spray, Virginia Price, Aid, 9 Still, B. Pack, J. W. Eldrtdge.R. H. Shannon, Blackbird, A. l.oaverelt, C. B. Warner. E. L. Williams, United States. Princess, P. Boyce, Lewis, L. Davis, J. Guynant.F. S. Simpson, Helena. ' OUR HILTON HEAD CORRESPONDENCE. Hilton Hkad, S. C., Jan. 30,1862. Health of the Federal Trnopt at Port Royal?Hoto the Rebel Steamer Isabel Rati the Blockade at Charleston? More Stone Laden Vessels to be Sunk year Charleston? PraenttU\.m to (he CajtLain of the ftai?r Atlantis? Colon Pr'U nttd to the f\*rty-ierenth and forty-eighth ffew Torlc Volunteer?, rfe. Since my last communication by the United States te?m?r Rhode Island, <"ommau<3or Trenchant, nothing of ? startling nature h ie transpired. We arc moving along calmly and surely, making ourselves as comfortable and secure as possible, and preparing for operations which will advance our cause and materially aid in quelling the rebellion. Our troops are in good health, and rapidly attaining a commendable degree of proficiency in drilj and military knowledge. In the news line we are unproraisingly dry. We have bad no battles, no skirmishes, and even no view of the rebels. They continue to keep a safe distance from our forces, and do not venture to attack any of them, although somewhat widely spread. Our naval operations furnish no items of news. Our easels, however, maintain a strict blockade upon the coast from Cedar Keys to Charleston; and it is a most fortunate vessel that succeeds in running the blockade. Indeed, but one hag run it for several mouths, and that one was the Isabel, which took advantage of a thick fog, when objects could not be discerned half a ship's length, and ran int barleston through the Maflit channel, r-he happened there, at the time wheu there were nnfortu nately only one steamer, the Mohican, and a sailing bark, the tJcmsbolc. off the bar. the othor two steamers being unavoidably absent in coaling and repairing for a couple of days. As ,it eras, the Isabel suffered considerable damage from the shot and shells of the Mohican, hor stern being nenrly carried away by a well directed shot from the sloop-of war. The reports from the rebels of the Isabel's running in in fair weather unio. jured, and with no attempt by the blockading vessels to stop her, are totally false, like the majority of other reports in relation to the blockade. The Isabel was loaded with coffee, and brought no arms. The arina stil' . remain on board the Glaliator at Nassau, and are not I -< 1 y to reach the rebels on this coast. Mafiit's channel, u?m of the ratho'es to Charleston, and a more important one tlian we were led to snpposo, is to suffer the mmo fate that lie'eii the main ship channel. It is to bo Oiled up with the old si no lleet, which is now here awaiting its doom. Mafiit's channel has deepened since the coast survey was made, and now we havo good reason to believe twelve to fifteen feet of water cm be carried in it. It ia now by far the be t channel in the harl or, and Commodore Ito|*<ut ho- detcrtniued to -ink fifteen or -ixtoen old ships in it, at a point where it wi I be imi-ossible to run a ship in the flight or In a fug, when they areoneo scuttled. This will relieve us of a troublesome channel to guard. The w ork of sinUng the 11 et will commence this week. but Flag Uffl'wr nu[s?nt will keep a sufficient number of steamers off the bar p> blockade it, whether the stone fleet export ment be successful or not. It is the safer course. In a previous letter I noticed the presentation of an cle gant silver trumpet lo Cupt. Oliver Hdruige. of the Atlantic, from the officers of the Third New Hampshire Volunleers, but at that time had not the interesting correspondence lietween the donors and Capt. Kldridgc at hand. The regiment was drawn up in a square, after it had been reviewed by Capt. Kldribgu, and Col. E. (j. Fellows nuulo the following presentation speech. which was very irpprnpr ate to the occasion ? Captaiv Fi mm* s?We are very happy to see you this afternoon. We highly appreciate your many good qualities of head and h-art. in proof ol which I will read the following resolutions ? Knowing thai true manhood, moral worth, and all that is beautiful among human a tribute* are developed only In the dully reapon-es of the heart to Hie want- and anllettal on* of a fellow creature, d' ^ nt In any measure upon us for ihat whieli makes lite jgHfc and oniortaMe, therefore. Ilea lived T'.ia :W ,.n ' I - ?r ,1. ... ....1.In 11. . lavl haa an r axiilbitad an uihtni'jr and kindn??a of manMi n* and that lnu-ra-t In our rcpntntlon and mo. an* a< a raglmant that anlltlo him to our raapect and * kind and o*ar abiding remainbnan> a; tharefore, K? ?'di a I, T I u wordi of onmmandatb n ira oaally apokan and anon o g' I ?n, ?* obtain fur 0 i|*a n Eldrldgo n allvar tiufnpat, *11 ably angrarad, a? a r rnombiam or f tha high tlmallon In whl h Tia l? hold by Hi" oSic-. ia of the Third rn. gimant H w Himpahlm Volumcarn. In ^ N] settled me. I aorepl It with feeling* of pride and pleasure. I ball keep it aud bequeath it to Hiy children as ihe !?at legacy I can leave ibem?an evidence thai their father wee doing hi* duty to hi* country, while transporting the Third Nrw Uampehlre Volunteer* from Maryland to the (acred eoil of South Carolina. I tni*l that the heart of thia rebellion I* broken, and that its day* are about numbered; but when that joyful day does come, I shall iudulge the hope that I may be the messenger despatched to the hille and valley* of New Hampshire to proclaim through this beautiful tesuinonial of your kindness that peace la again restored to our land. I remain, with much eateem, yours, very truly, OUVEIt EI.DKlDtiB. Coiuman Jlng Steamer Atlantic. Hiltok IIsad, 8. C., Jan. 8, lcKti. The testimonial is well deserved, and it could be placed In no more wortby hands. So .steamer is hailed with mors delight than the Atlantic when she appears moving proudly up the harbor, and no gentleman is greeted mors warmly than the gonial commander of that gallant shin. I trust thai we may see them both often again. Through Idou tenant Colonel Kraaer a beautiful stand of colors was presented to the Forty-seventh New York Volunteers from Mr Dennett, of Brooklyn, and the ladies of that city. The stand comprises a large regulation standard flag and two guide colors, all of elegant workmanship and beautiful pattern. They are credit to tho wormy uonur?,iuiu Will iw wen caiuu lur uy oiw r?'i ijseveulh. Lieutenant Colonel Krasor made a very neat and happy presentation speech, which was greatly applauded. The jolly Colonel is an "orator as well as a soldier. Colors have been presented to the Forty-eighth New York Volunteers, Colonel Perry, but I have not uiy noies 1 at band relative to the affair. The weather, which has been very disagreeable, Is again warm and pleasant. OUR TORT ROYAL CORRESPONDENCE. 0* Hoard .Strakrr Baltic, 1 Port Royal, Jan. 20, 1862. J A Transpoit Fleet on Their Trip to Port Hoyal?The Baltic, Cahawtxi, Star of the South, Marion and Queen City? They Meet with Stormy Weather?Incident* of the Voyage? The Baltic t? a Dangerous Position?She Throws Overboard her Cargo?fifteen Thousand Dollars Worth ef Property fbolishly Wasted?What Our Correspondent Says, dtc., dc., etc. We lert New York on the morning of Monday,'Jan. 13, with a detachment of the First Massachusetts cavalry, the Star of the South having preceded us on the Saturday previous with a portion of the same regiment. The steamers Fmpire City, Cahawba and Marion were to follow us out. each of these transports conveying portions of the regiment, with forage, stores, &c. The elegant and commodious forward cabins of the Baltic had been prepared with It ng rows of stalls for the horses: also the upper decks, a row of stalls occupying the hurricane deck alongside of the wheelhouses. We have on board Col. Robert Williams, the commandant of the regiment, with officers and men to the number of 270, with 264 horses, a full cargo of forage, hay, oats, provisions, and also a large number of carts,wagons, Sic. In fact, the uiagnitlcent ship that had carried so many pleasant parties across tho Atlantic resembled more a Tattersall establishment than anything else. We toolt our departure at six o'clock in the morning and went outside of Sandy Hook in tine stylo, and with a prospect of pleasant weather, but alas! we were sadly disappointed. We bad not been outside six hours before a miserable, dreary rain storm set in, which, during our whole trip> continued at intervals, varying from an occasional glimpse at a clear spot in the sky to fog, rain, wind,and, as a natural consequence, rough woathor. In passing around Hatteras, that spot of a'.l dreaded by mariners, we had a terrifically rough time. Met.. luatanding the admirable sailing quail'.:.., ?i our good ship, it seotned at times as if for certain some of our horses would rolloveruoard, particularly those standing on tho upper or hurricane deck. It was a hard time for the One animals, who so (Tared greatly from the motion of the ship; but so admirable was the arrangement of the accommodations and the attention of the men in charge of thorn that not oau animal was injured or lost. One horse took it into hifl head one night to jump from his stall through an aperture of about four fset by six, and landed on lbs deck below, a distance of some teu feet, p.iESiug through a hatchway, without any injury to any one. it was a miraculous affair, and beat any horse opera performance ever witnessed. The trip throughout was divested of any particular in. terest, except that we occasionally got sight of some of the other transport ships, but always at so groat a distance ws could never distinctly make thsm out. On Wednesday, however, we discovered on our starboard bow a tail bearing down for us, which served to break the monotony of the day, she being the first craft we had fell in with! While the officers and passengers were quietly sealed at dinner the booming of a gun was heard, which proved to be from the straoge ship that had at that time before been reported. Of course this crested a great excitement throughout the dining saloon. Soon anotber gun was heard, and this time a shot waa heard whizzing across our bows. Speculation was rife as to what was the matter; visions of tho Sumtsr, the Jeff. I "avia and all sorts of privateers flashed across the brain of the company at the dianer table; our engines were suddenly slopped, and a boat from the unknown craft approached us. i?he prnvsd to bo the United Stales burk Fernandina, Acting Lieut. Geo. Biown commandant, on a crulee from Mew York three weeks since, on the blockading squadron. She had on the Sunday previous taken as a prize the secesh schooner Mount Vernon. off New inlet, ana sent ner to itew xork with a prire craw, of which doubtless you will hoar b?fore this Much indignation was expressed by those on board of the iialtic that, after firing a blank shot across oar bows, and we showing the Stars and Stripes at our n\izen, she should immediately send a solid shot across our bows. It struck tue as being a piece of arrogance, to call it by a* mild a term as possibls; for any nautical i man, in the least acquainted with our marine, must have known the Baltic, or, if not, could see/rom our decks and dag that we wore a transport, as our decks were crowded j with troope, ho-ses, army wagons, be. Captain Com , stock, with his usual genial, sailor and gentlemanly quali tlcatiotis, lurnisbed the olOcer who came off in the boat < w ith a full die of the Huunn. for which he was greatly pleased, and wo passed on our course. On uccouiH of llie heavy weather wa did not arrive off Port Royal until Thursday morning, about ten o'clock, and then discovered in toward shore auothor transport, which proved to be the 'ahawba, bearing down toward the lightship Relief. As we had not had an obsen atiou for t wo days, "Old Sol' being excluded from our view, the navigation of the ship was done by the rec ird of the courses taken and the sp-ed;and it speaks well for the seamanship of Cnpt. Coma lock and bis officers that we made the lightship off Port Royal, dead ahead in our course, on the morning we arrived here. ThcCahawbv being in shore and In ad vance of ns, a boat from the I'nucd Mates sloop of war Susquehanna, wlin h was ly iug off (his i<ort on blockading service, put off to bur, and from thence came to our vessel. The officer in charge of the boat, hailing our ship, Informed Capt. Cotnstock that there was no pilot outside,notwithstanding the govarnm< nt a large number emp'oyed at this point, but sa.d, "Follow the Caliawba; she is going in. Capt. Comstock informed him we were draw mg twenty-three feet of water, and we immediately started off. The Cahawba was only drawing sixteen feet, and passed in via the siouth channel, the Baltic following in her wake?( apt. Cotnstock supposing, from the answer he rece?ved from the Cnited Mates officer after stj ting his draft of water, that a pilot w as on board of the C.thawha, 1 w ho, as a matter of course, knsw the draft of the Baltic. 1 We had followed but a tmlu or so when we struck ou the f eandbar, and at owe signals were made to the fpthawba, but It appears Sbe did not discover tbctn. We worked away in backing and tilling for a time?our signal set at half-mast?when the Susquehanna came along down and anchored some mile or so from us. lna ahoit time the United rftatcs transport Potomac, which is used for a pilot vessel, ram* out of Port Koyal harb"V. Hailing us. she sent on board pilot Brown, one of the m <8t etticioiit men in his proton .on, w ho is well known among nautical men. lie at once took charge of the ship, supposing, from inatructions he had left on hoard the Potomac, she would lay by arid Come to our assis tame if required. Hy the hardest kind of work?our tlag Hying at half-mast, a signal of distress to the two ve-sels ly ing off in sighi of us?after work ing for an hour or more w? got atloat, and bac ked down as far as |<>ssib!e out towards the sea. It was with the greatest difficulty we could back astern, as the wind and curreut were against us, and it was almost Impossible to manage the ship, to keep off shoal water. We finally mrnaged to gat into water sufficient to lay; but the wiud springing up fresh after we had got in. and the tide receding, our vessel S's>n i ommenced pounding on the sand. At about ten o'clock in the evening, the wind spring ing up fresh, the action of the ground swell, in connection with the receding tide,caused the Baltic, with a sudden iar, to strike the and bottom,slatting all tulhoir feet From that Iunr until tour o'clock in the morning It would lake a pen far more competent than mine to do scribe the scenes. With nearly four hundred human souls on Itoai d and two hundred and sixty-four horses, besides the immense quantity of valuable ca- go, we lay rcy of the winds and waves. For about two e ootitinuad at Intervals to strike occasionally, coeding pound seeming to b? harder than ilie il the order was passed to lighten her. Then vene?not of excitement for I never saw so loess exhibited in any emergency as on this oeut one, as it s'toined to all, for the saiety of lives rty of all as well as the vessel. In the first water tanks were emptied ul their contents, the boilers blown off. Alter this they cornrow ing overboard the cat go Over 200 bales of bushels of oats, and some 200 barrel.-, of pork, provisions, together with twenty one carts, toad rd'J everything thai could ligluen were thrown overboard Property tiw the at leant f!5,000 wan thrown over < mellm''* it wag thought that the horse* to go. Included In this wore all the ship's was taken indiscriminately from the hold n? With nil this sacrifice th" Italtlc W.ut only n? eight luetic* on an oven keel, [hiring the reek- ts were throw n upat Intervals, in order i atleiilion of th<?a mi shore. The Idee that lying hut twelve mile* from ebore, whore e vessels were in harbor, end abould have he United States man of war Sus|tiehanria, , ort Potomac, in the go'eminent employ, the size and capacity of the Halite was out rose, and no veneel coming to tho rescue, , to say the least of it, inhuman. Had a ih four or less persons In it, been on the hor country, the underwrite e association, e society, would have had surf hunts,sig every other appliance at w tk to save u wo lay for sixteen hours at tho marry of aven, with not a soul to render us any inks, liuwevor, to the powers that rule, the ga:e and troubles, and, alter sacrlnt of projierty I have aped fled, as the 'our o'clock In the morning, the dangofour hundred souls breathed freer on AS the tide rone in the morning afte* I EW YORK HERALD, FR1 four o'clock, it rot on A. If. we got under way and came into Port Royal at ton o clock in the morning, to ascertain tliat our rockets or aiguals had boon aeon from ships, but to loarn that no re|>ort of our being outside bail been ma le either to the War or Army department. Colonel Williams lute, I am glad to know, made a proper representation to Commodore loipont, and also to General Sherman, of all the fa ts In the case, as well as Captain Comatnck, and Investigation Is being made of tbs matter, w th the assurance that the gentlemen in dereliction of their duty shall be held responsible. I may, however, here state.from the beet authority, that the act of the Potomac in leaving us allci putting on board the pilot, was the cause of a 'wsonal encounter on that ship between the commandant and another pilot on board, the latter ins sting they ought to come to our assistance, and the former refusing to do so. In all probability the commandant <>f the Potomac will be removed, or, if not, at least should he; but the powers that be here say he sliall. Commodore liuponl will also tniks an investigation into the matter, and doubtless the whole neglect of those in authority?for a gross noglecl of duties it was?will he thoroughly sifted, and dealt with accordingly. I am satisfied,from conversation with the gontlemeu connected with the departments here, that h 're.ifter there will be an improvement in tho piloting arrangement ol this port. A printed circular of instructions to mariners as to the course to bo observed in ent ring the poet has been issued aud sent to all points?of which you will get a copy by tnt* mail. W? have bail great fears as to the safety of the Empire City, one of the transports convoy log a' i>ori,ioii of the First regiment Massachusetts cavalry; but lust night sho came into this port all right, having laid outside the bar f>r two days, or in the vicinity, as the captain reports, for safety, waiting to get a pilot. There was a general rejoicing last ovoning as she oame in, escorted by tho United States steant frigate Mohican. Notwithstanding thoir long passage, they did not lose a house, as did not th# Baltic or the other transports, while only seven liorsos were lost on the Cahawba. < ompanies A, B and 0 of the First Massacbusett cavalry legiment are at Annapohs, and it is expected the Baltic will return from here to bring them down. One battalion?companies E, F and G?have been sent to Beaufort,andareat present under command ofCapt. Keith. The others have been sent to Skull creak, some live miles rrom POft Royal, where they wi 1 form an encampment for drill and to recruit their horses. When the battulion arrives from Annapolis, it will also go to Skull creek, unless in the meantime it should be ordered in another direction. The horses have thus far como off the transports in good condition, and, take them with the men an I officers, Ma-Bacheiiclts has reason to be proud of them. Ihat they will do good service in this vicinity everybody acknowledges, and themselves credit remains tij bo seen?your correspondent saya. Thoy have a commandant who uot only combines the gentleman with a soldier, but also a capital surgeon, "and a chaplain who can light as wall as pray, and both of the latter gentlemen can, with the assistance of the ofll-ors, do more to keop up a thorough organization?hen! thy, harmonious and efficient?than any severe measures ever adopted, all by their genial good qualities. IMPORTANT NOTICE TO MARINERS VISITING PORT ROYAL HARBOR. We are indebtod to Mr. Joseph H. Sears, the United States Postmaster at Hilton Head, S. C., for tho following important notice to commanders of vessels entering Port Royal harbor:? SilLl.NO DIRKCTIONS VOB EXTBRIKC TUB UARBOB Or POST botil a. e. General Mrertione. A lightship has been moored in eight fathoms, off Martin's Industry Shoal, at the entrance of the ha: bor. She is painted red, with the name "Relief" in white letters on each side. She carries two white lights at a height of forty two feet above the water, and will be visible thirteen miles in clear weather from a vessel's deck. She is in North latitude, 32 deg. OS min. 67 sec. Long)'tide W. from Greenwich 80 deg. 33?nin. 22 sec. Been inn*. From the lightship, large house on west end of Bay Point (east side Port Royal harbor) bears N.N.W.'iW.. distant ten and a half miles. lighthouse W. by 8. \ 8., distant fifteen miles. Entering buoy, south channel, W. by 8. \ 8., distant two and one-eighth miles. Entering buoy, southeast channel, N.N.E^E., distant two and three-eightn miles. Large black buoy on eoutheast end Oaskin bonk, 3. ff by W. \ W., distant three and one-third milea All the lar buoys are en the Martin's Industry side of the channels. There are four red buoys in the south channel, to be left on the starboard hand entering, anil two black buoys in the southeast channel, te be left on the port hand entering. The best sailing Imp for steamers Is about a vessel's length from the buoys, on the side indicated by tbelr color. A large black buov has been placed on the southeast side of the Gassin Bank. In live fathoms of water. Vessels coming from or going to the southward should not cross the shoal to the westward of this buoy. Nineteen and a half feet et mean low water may be found In the south channel, and twenty-one feet in the southeast channel. Mean rise and fall of tide elk and a half feet. The entering buoys in both channels are painted in iwrpendicolar stripes?black end white. That at the entrance ot the to itbeaat channel has a staff and cross with the letters 8. E. upon it to distinguish It tn thick weather from the other, which has neither staff nor cross. TO K.TTta POKT EOTAL HARBOR ST THE SOOTH CHANNEL. Cottrere and Ihttnnrr*. 1. From lightship to entering buoy, W. by S. \ 8, two and one-eigntn mum. 2. From entering huoy to drat red buoy, N.W. by N., one mile. S. From flrat red buoy to third red buoy. N. by B., two and a bolt miles, passing *e nnd red buoy midway on llie course. 4. Fmm thtrd red buoy to lourtb or upper r-td buoy, north, to of junction or aoutb and southeast channels, one and three-quarter mi lea. A. From upper red huoy to black buoy, on aoutheast end of Fiahlng Kip, N N.* )jf? throe miles. Tide course will bring the light ship over the atern, and the large house with platform on the roof, at weat end of Bay Point, ahead. ft. li bound Into Beaufort river, ateer from Fiahlng Rip buoy N.W. one-half N. three mllea, until houae on Bay Point b. era E.N.E , after which the chart will be the beat guide up the river. 7. If bound to Hilton Head, ateer N. W. by W. from Flablng Rip buuy three unlea, and anchor off the piera now erecting there. to eatbb roar botal harbor it thb sootrrast charkel Vessels coming from the northward and ateenng for the lightship will make the entering buoy of ibis channel on the starboard hand, two and a half mllea before coming up with the kgliisbip. On seeing the buoy, ateer for it, passing it on either hand; I hence ateer W. by N. \ N. two and a half mllea to the second or tuner black buoy, paaalng the Brat black buoy midway on this courae.* From the Inner black buoy, ateer V. N. W. X W. five miles, Co Fishing Rip buoy, having the lightship astern aud the house on Bay Point ahead, and passing the upper red buoy of the south fchannel at the junction of the two channels, two :iiI>n mi the courae. From Fiahlng Rip follow the directions given for the south channel. One of the buoys in the South channel la on ibis range, butts not to be steered lor alter coming up wilh the second or inner black buoy, where ih ' course Is changed aa above directed. N rrv?All bearings here given are magnetic. The distances are in nautlcal mllea Magnetic variation at Fort Hoy al in Junuery, 1%U, three decrees cast. ros y Koran II*r* a, 8. C., Jan. 12, inia The above proposed sailing dire, lions are respectfully submitted to tne Flag Ollicer for his examination aud approval, by ("HAS. O BOUTELLE. Ain't U. 8, Coast Survey, llomiinudiug Mirveylng Slcsmer Hibb. Examined and approved. S V ni'PflVT Vise nnior C<fmmanding South AtUutlc Blockading Squadron. INTERESTING FROM TYBEE ISLAND. OUR NAVAL COUKKSrONDBNCEOrr Tybiw Island, Oa., Jan. 13,1802. 7he Hlockadm Off Tybee?The Report of the R'tigrvxti-n of the Rebel Commander Tatnall well Authenticated?TV Reason Why He Did So?Reinfoiremcnt of Flirt I'uhuki?Larp Force of Rebel Troops in Savannah?The Hirer Defended by Fire Rafts?A Visit to Dalfutlcie Island, <? ' . <tc. But little has occurred to relieve the monotony of our (very day existence since wo have been stationed bere[ forwarded you a letter by tbo Ben Deford, which let or Tort Koval a few days since?a short annimary hastily hrown together, but which I thought might interest, rho report of the resignation of Coinniodoro Tatnall seeing o be well authenticated, and is generally believed herein evidently feels the false position in which his dovoion to his State, lustead of his country, has placed him, md was said to have aaeigned as a reason for the recent itep he has taken that he could not, with his fleet, cope irith the naval armament brought to bear against him by .he Union government. Those who have seen him report that ho eoems broken in health and spirits, and senitble of (he orror that he has fallen into. A stray copy j( the IIkkald of the 3d January is the latest Intelligence hat we have received from New York. The news of the lellvcry of the rebel commissioners causod much Interhinge of opinion with us; but it Is generally conceded list Mr. Seward's viows of this nice question of the law if nations is the correct one. From Fort Pulaski we have reports down to twelve o'clock yesterday. Some two companies of infantry won- niuoou ai uieir pier, orougm (town ny reoei iftm ?rs,afew day* paat. They have been exercising the men at the gun*, with considerable precision In bring, since that tlma, and yesterday stieceedod in throwing a ruse nhell within three hundred yards of the Pawnee A contraband, who wna picked up by the Connecticut Seventh, and who bad left Savannah, reported a consider aba force of the rebel for<es in and around that city, and Misted that the river was defen iod by Ore rafts to rfotno extent. Yesterday, in company with several officers of the ship, I went onshore for a visit to Melrose, the plunta tiou of Mr. Stoddard, of Savannah, s.tuatcd on ftalfuekie Is.und, about live miles from the anchorage. I he island is in the custody of a Provost Marshal, and a deta? hineut of suppers and miners are doing picket d ily and keeping up a general surveiliance, coinm mica'.ing with the companies on Hilton Island. The mansion bouse ia built in the Southern style, with capacious galleries, extending mound lie- entire area of the building, with a large hall, commodious rooms, and every v ssihlc appliance conducing to comfort and luxury. The outhouse* uro numerous, including ncarpenter *, weeciwrlght's and blackiml li a ?hop; exie.slve stabling,! oach ind wagon house#,mills,dairies, bakehouse and point ris>m. 1'h? family carriage was housed, but rutty for want of use." The gardens are capacious and in good order, the walks borders I by Knglisli hedge rows,carefully trimmed aud of luxuiiant growth Came11 ii, pomcgranlt'?, every variety of lusclna, c ap - jessamines, and mses of all desc.'iptl ms, grow in pr fusion in the o ?-n air, while the hoi louses me fill -d u itli rare |?>t plants,evidencing i refined lasteand lavish <'X|?n dilute. Hie laurel flourish#", alislnln n gr-at h ghl nnd one of the *|ieci<si, under which wo it mod ul/rssco,iiltrret?-d much attention from Its peculiar beauty. The negro 'piarlers are deserted, with the except of a few'antkp e si eciiriens, li O'.U'Mng a retitahlo I in le Tom" a d "(lid Mamntv," me c-s trotii eg' ta<l i ifl;nitty. The rest ol tne slaves have been dense i f, end, trotn what we could ga; her. ?t Luminal |fi> es. Iliereafe other plantation* on lbs Island of ciputl extent, and, in o dmury reasons, epnilly productive; but th forlorn s |sm t < f th I "gon out greatness ' is a sail coiiiniouuuy upon the much lailt e 1 of Southern aristocracy. The Cennerticut toreebip hue come to anobor, bringing DAY, JANUARY 24, 1862, dates to January 7, but giving us scarcely time to replenish our mess. JYeah beef and Ice. however, have been laid in, and she has steamed away this alter noon to meet the wants of the vessels uf the different squadrons between heie and Galveston, her destination. This morning a party from this vessel, wbt'e dredging for oysters in an ai m of the Utzareltn passage, fell in with Colouol Rosa, of the Forty.sixth New York, and a number of his men, engaged in a reconnuissanco of the southern end of Tybee. They reported no recent signs of rebel occupancy. OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. Tobt Royal,, S. C., Jan. 16.1862. CVutee qf the St. Lawrence? What She Hae Done?Overhauling

of a British Ship?The Port Royal Bombardment Heard at Sea Seventy Miles Distant?High Opinion ( qf Ommidore Dupont by Officers of the Squadron, <tc. We have at last got into still water again, and where we can obtain news from the land of liberty once in a while, besides obtaiuing a few of the necessaries of life. I assure you that it is a decidedly pleasant change; for we have, for ver two months, been entirely cut off from the world, not mo of tie having, during that time, hoard a single word from home; and we were doomed to disappointmeut on our arrival here; for our mail had gone down the coast In the Connecticut; but we had only to wait for a couple of days, when, another mnii arriving, our hearts were made glad by the receipt of "good news from home." During the lime we have been blockading off St. Bimons ww u?vv uvvivwuivu fcvtmi vcwjuia, uui uum siugiv prize haye we taken, although two were certainly as fair prizes as hare been taken during the war, and one, the schooner Albion, has since boon captured by tho gunboat Penguin, and proves to be a very valuable prizo, having about one hundred thousand dohars worth of contraband articles on board. The other vowel was tho British bark Neptune, from Glasgow, bound to Quebec; but by some great oversight in her navigation sho brought up over a thousand miles from where she started for; and, as she had a cargo of coal on board, it is very probable that the captain made a mistake and took on board some guns, and had them stowed away under the coal. He acknowledged that it was his intention to have gone into St. Simons had he not, unt'ortunutely, fallen in with one of our vessels. A partial search was made in tho coal; but it was too slight to meet with success, aud one of the crew of the bark was overheard to say to another " it was damned lucky for us that they did not dig any deeper." Had we found guns on board, wo would not, according to the letter of our instructions, have been jus tilled in capturing her; but that matter has been remedied now, uow instructions having been given to our commander. I suppose that the Neptune is safe inside of some Southern harb >r by this time. Our vessel might hotter have been lying alongside the Navy Yard at Brooklyn than to liave been where she has been lor the last two months; for she has beeu an expense to the government, and, instead of proving of any service, has been acting as a beacon for all vessels wishing to go into the port she was supposed to be blockading. They would run down to her, obtain their exact position, and then they were all right?ready to run iu as soon as it got dark enough to prevent their being seen any distance. Could we but have particijialed in the engagement at I'ort Royal on the 7th of November, we would all have felt that wo wereof some little service; but wo had to listen to the reports of the guna during the long hours that our comrades in tho service were doing gallant deeds, and pray for a successful issue to tlio battle. Wo could bear tha reports perfectly distinct, although sovonty-two mi es off?about us great a distance as the report of guns h?s ever been heard. Since our arrival we havo bad the melancholy satisfaction of looking upon tha work of destruction done by our vessels, and, while the praises were loud and earnest, have fell a doop regret that we were not permitted to be here to |>articipate in an engagement that has shed new lustre ution our navy. This ship carries a battery of lifly-two guns?ten eight-inch shell guns, twenty-four long thirty-twos, and oighteen medium thirty-twos, and numbers moro guns than tho Wabash, although not as heavy; still it is a formidablo battery, and would, in all probability, have shortened the time occupied in reducing the forts very materially. I believe that it is the intention to keep us here now, and make us do duty as a guardship. which I think will be lar preferable to lying off the coast, "with naught but the blue sky abovoaud tho blue sea beneath." 1 hope that if the "powers that be" coine to the conclusion to make an attack on Pensacola, tliey will send this vossel down there, for it will probably be the ouly opportunity we will have of seeing any fighting, that being the only harbor we can get into that is occupied by the enemy. The flag officer hore appears to have gained the affec tions of every one. Not a single person have 1 heard apeak of him except in the highest terms, and the manner in which he conducted the attack on the forts has been a constant theme for praise He is just "the right man in the right gjgee." There aro all kinds of rumors onoat as to muvaiwu 01 me arm7 ana navy conconir.ted bar*, bat nothing positive is Iruown, a* the flag officer has no tattlers in bis suite, and, like (Jen. MoClellao, does not publish bis in tent ions. As your paper is so widely circulated, would it not be a good idea to publish the law in regard to capturing vessels found in the vicinity of the blockaded portal1 TTkitbd Statbs Gunboat Mohican, > Post Royal,S. C., Jan. 19,1802. j Vessels mi the Port of Charleston, S. C., Jan. 11?Vessel3 Waiting to Sun the Blockade?The Fundi for the Relief qf the Charleston Sufferers? What the Charleston Mercury Say 1 of the War?The BebeU' Troubles Increasing?The Cotton Fhnine?Daring Escape 1ff Contrabands from Charleston, de. The following extracts from the Charleston Mercury of January 17 are at your service. The following is a list of the vessels in the port of Charleston January 18:? Steamships 2 Brigs 4 Ships 2 ? Barks 1 Total 9 STEAMSHIPS. Ella Warley, 1,116 tons, Swasey, at Adger's wharves, from Nassau, N. P.; waiting. K. lafltle k Co. Catawba, 407 tons. Black ham, at Dry Dock wharves, from Key West; waiting. Mordecai k Co. ships. Mackinaw, 1,094 tons, Hammer, from Liverpool; waiting. John Ravenel, 700 tons, Jones, from Liverpool; wailing. Both belong to Ravenel It Co. bark. Etiwan. .12S tons; waiting. John Fraser It Co. b'lKlS. Emor Egar, 198 tons, Brooke. at Central wharves, from Philadelphia; waiting. H. E. Raker k Co. I.ouise; waiting. H. F. Raker k Co. Mary Wright, 2tif> tons, from New York; waiting. John Fraser k Co. Jobu Welch, 273 tons. Swan, from f-'svanuah, waiting. urn dare-*. Havana, January 7.1H62. Havre, December 27,1*61. Liverpool, December 29,1861. Most of the above vessels are laden with cotton, and only awaiting a chanre to run the blockade H. H. Carter, of Arkansas, has manufactured, in talo, * splendid eta shooter, which will send a rbot to the distance of a quarter of a mile. (286,246 67 has been donated for the relief of the sufferers by the Ore, 8100,000 of which by the gtale of Georgia. "Ijkte news received here to-night (January 16) from the North indicates that the squabbles In Lincoln's Cabinet have at last culminated in the resignation of Came, ron, the Yankee secretary of War. This is generally believed. Tbe step was probably taken because Lincoln, as yet, besltatcs to shock the border State traitors who still adhere to his govumment by the 'general emancipation' war policy, wbi<-h is tbe pet scheme of-Cameron. "The tribulations of the rump Congress are multiplying evoryday, and tbe financial condition of the North continues to grow more embarrassed.'' Long articles on the seizure of Mason and Sltdell are given, 1'he following I cull:?"Tim seizure of Mason and Slldell bas greatly benefitted the cau?e of I ho Confederate State* 11 hna kindled the Indignation of Kuropean nations against our enemies, it bas turned tbe enrreutof public sympathy throughout the eh DM world towards ua. It liae served to shake many misconceptions and prejudices by which the mind of Kurope was occupied, hfhj wIIicit u?to wru wnuun wwswtiw vum irus porcepti<in of affairs, and to a Just and friendly policy on the part of foreign governments. The way is now open to a clenr understanding of the troth. The requirements of enlightened luter<-st may be fully ret forth, and we may nou expect International obligation*, a.* between the Confederate States and our transatlantic neighbors, to be I Kith asen, recognized and practically earned out. "A broad and slatosm ltillko appreciation of the state of the case in America, in the relation of the North and S nith towards each other and towards European nations, might at once hare satisfied those governments of the wisdom and policy of establishing friendly connections with the Confederate States. A trade in exports and im p -rts of vast extent and priceless, ever Increasing value has lain within thair easy reach. But public opinion, must everywhere be respected, nml in Europe, popular Ignorance and prejudice, illusory vlewa of the cotton question, with shortsighted conceptions of Interest, bavo o|*.-raled greatly to'our disadvantage, blinding their eyes to (Im nature and degree of their Involvement and Ideull Deacon with nsand to the merits of our cause. 1 "Ihe cotton famine has Imen slowly approaching, ai d has fi-rcstl u|*ui all the shrewd and practical In advance th? contemplation of disasters which must follow the continuance of the Yankee blockade. Hope after hope of timely relief f om abroad has subsided, aud a starving population in at. Irast one country prcpure to wrestle with grim despair and their government. Tito cotton 1 wont lias b en h oming up steadily into antagonism to the general sympathy with the Yankee war. Captain Wilkes, with his rude Yankee broom, has given .the finishing stri ke, we think, to all tlm (It o spun seritiinen- 1 lalily and fanciful Interests which hnvo occupied the 1 public mind of Euro|ie and held it bound in hostility to the f'onrederato cause. These things era likely to be forgotten, or to he seen in the truer light of their compai a live h) dgnifWwnce, while Yankee domineering and du- ' pliclty and cowardice will derive new illustrations, and ( the Illegality and Injury of the blocked" wl.i be fully ea- < lab'islied throughout all civilized nations." ! Tim pe)tnr from which I telce the above extracts reach- i cd litis snip in rather a bold and daring manner. Two slaves procured a boat In Charleston, waited till nightfall, i leii (h it eily. passed under ihe gnus of ITik kney, Sum or and the buteri.-s, and reached us In sife y?frlgbti lied in death almost. They were four hours pulling down; muffled oars atid a desire lor free mm brought ihrni safely through so many chincss. They report cvervihing In Charleston In an awful slete?hank notes worilc'Duilin;" can't get any gold or silver for 'em when wo waut to, cotton sixty live cute per pound, and at bujes risk. The Rile Warley, late the Isabel, which ran the blockade?although she had a hard time of it, having Men chased, fired at and stern shot any by this vessel [she being a side-wheel, and we a propeller, oould not tatch her)?lied en board coffee, pttints and oils, dry foods, clothing, boots and shoes, hardwiue, medicines ind surgical instruments, leather, &c., all < f which cargo ?as to nave been sold at auction on the ITth lust. I would willingly send tho paper from which 1 extract he above; but it is prised on board as a curiosity. You u a at laaat wolcoma to my time and trouble. I should * rite more, but the stoamcr sails North in a few hours. iVnather very warm. Health of the squadron good. Umtsd Statm Snisn svatpsoinaa, 1 Post Koval, S. C., Jan. 20, 1802. J Truiu off tornandina?A Squint at the RebeI Soldier/ There?A Sutyicioue Graft?Character of the Blockade? The Navy Retiring Board Rill Before Congnu?J he Rffeet of It* Pottage on the Service?The Rank of Officer* in Service?A Naval Officer Showe the While leather, etc. We left here on the 17th or last month, and oi^tbo 18th ook a look in at Fernandina, going in close enough to got i good view of Fort Clinch and to aee the soldiers on the amparts with the naked oye, but, owing to our heavy lr aught of water, were not able to get in close enough to five them an introduction to our long toms, better known iinougst the men us'Tcbol putters." We found the Alabama blockading off that place, and we took up our position off St. Simons, where we lay until tho evening of .he 14th inst., when wc started for this place, having run ihort of coal, and that article being very necessary with is. During the time we lay off St. Simons wo saw but >ne suspicious vessel, and that was discovered close in with the land, just before sunset, and too late for us to iiako any attempt at trying to find out her charactori vessels we saw were our own cruisers; so that our blockade duty this time wits even duller than it usually is. There is no doubt that this coast is most effectually blockaded now, and nothing of any size can escape the vigilance of our vessels; and the rebels aro beginaing to llnd out that it is something bosidas a pnpcr blockade; St has been nothing more in euvorai instances! jut we are gradually getting active, energetic men n command of our vossela,ln place of the old fogies who think that all they are sent down lio'o for is a> look out for their vessels, and are to run no Isks whutover, although by doing ao they m.g it millet ncalculublo injury upon the enemy. The recent bill passed by Congress, retiring all who iavo boon forty-live years in the service, will prove most aeneflcial, although there are some who would bo cut off sere it not for that saving clause, "utiles.-called Into ictlve service by the Presideut," whom the country cannot spare the services of. And Brst on that list stands our Bag officer. He is younger this day, Iu everything but years, than many a one in the service who has not served bis country over two-thirdsas long, and it is to bo hoped tlutt those who have by dissipation becoruo unfitted to perform their duty properly at this time will have no mercy shown them. Several havo nlroady been laid upo? the shelf; but instead of furloughtng, they ought to have dismissed them. Some there are who are unfitted by reason of sickness, contracted from exposure while serving tlioir country. Those meu ought to be handsomely provided tor; but wheu men are relieved from their comm inds because they are constantly gotting drunk, and thereby gendering themselves until to command,they should be dealt with in a very summary tuunuer, and so also with every man who shows any disposition to shrink from doing his duty at this time, or shows by bis actions any sympathy for the rebels. And it would appear that we havo some such, although I ho[>e that a court of inquiry may bring out some extonuatiug circumstances in the cases tube investigated. But such a hope is altnost a forlorn uno in the ca.-o of the Iroquois, if we are to judge from the reports we have hoard. The Cohuwba, Baltic and Marion cante in to-day, bringing seve. al companies of tbc Fi. st Massachusetts cavalry. The Bullic, in coming up, got aground in the south chaunel, bat got oil again when the tide rose, and is now lying at anchor n(T Hilton Head, There appears to be a great deal of dissatisfaction on tbo part of many of the old otlicers of tho navy that acting m isters, who rank below lieutenants, should be given commands ovor their heads. It may be all right, but it certa.nly is very humiliating to see meu piefe.-red, who have been but a few days in the service, over those who have been fifteen and twenty years in it, and who have been educated for the service. If they are not competent to lake the command of a ship, after having bad so much ativi lam-fi th**v onffht to )mi Mil fittirfa unlirolv and tlui Naval Academy ought to be broken up as a useless expense to the government. We have some flue specimens of acting masters; some are so well qualified lor their duties tbat tho commanders of the vessels they are in will not permit them to do any duty, nud ono has been appointed wno left this ship but tour weeks ago, and who was round, after the action ol the 7th at this place, stowed swsy where shot and shell would have some difficulty in tluding him, let thcra be Hying shout never so thick. There was but one reeling when it became known tbat he bad received the appointment, and that was of disgust. There are many who have, received the appointment of acting matter who are woll qualified for the position, and who would be an ornament to the service under any circumstances. Midshipmen, before leaving the Naval Acadouiy,are require 1 to pass a strict examination, and then are placed on probation for several years, whereas acting masters, in most Instances, are appointed without a single reference to Uieir qualifications for the position they are to fill. I have Interrogated a great many of them as to whether they had topase any examination, and the invariable answer has been no. A regular naval offlcor is obliged to do some gallant deed befoie he can obtain a command; but an acting master steps in without a single claim, and if be does not get a command thinks his case a very bard ono. Would Jarrett or Hussull have gotten a command had they not drawn particular attention to themselves by their gimr.t behavior T Wc have plenty moro just such men among the regular officers of the navy; all :h#y want is the opportunity, and they will show forth in just as bright colors, and if a few of the old slow coaches, who are afraid to put their vessels in closer proximity to tlte bottom than two and three fathoms, even though an enemy's vessel, drawing fully us much water, should be inside, were removed, and younger officers, who are not afraid 10 take a little responsibility, put in their places, I think the country would soon feel tho benefit of the move; end it would appear that Congress begins to have soma such opinion, for it has placed It in the power of the Presidcut lo appoint commanders to the |<osition of Hug officers A good work of reformation has been commenced; let them go on, aud we will have a navy tbat will put us in mind of the days of Decatur, Hull, Jones, Stewart, and others of liko stamp. United Ntntes District Court. Before Hon. Jmine Belts. CUSTOM HOUSE SEIZURES. Jan. 23.?The UniUU Slat>t rt. Sundry Cruet of Wine, I'hioJTani/ and Other*, Clainmnti.?Tho trial of these cases of forfeiture having been set down for this morning there was n large attendance of Custom House officials. The Hon. John McKeon appeared for the claimants and said that ho was not ready. The learned gentleman then read a numlier of documents. First, that the Hon. Hoses F. Odell. M. C., wns an important witness for the claim ants, and Mr. McKeon read bis own affidavit in affirmation thereof. Second, that a d< spatch sent to Mr. Odell, and that the answer thereto received was, it was impossible for Mr. Od< II to leave the city of Washington for several daya, aa he was on theCommittca for the Conduct of the War, and that he had a?kcd for permission from the committee to come to New York Rid wns refused by a unanimous vote. Mr. Craig, who, with Messrs. Wobder and Woodford, *p|>eared for the United States, said they were ready to proceed, had brought their witnesses into court at great trouble and expense, and wished the case to begin either this day or to-morrow. A short delay they were willing to submit to. Mr. McKeon said he would move for a ccmtnl'Sion to take the examination of Mr. Odell, in Washington, as no process could be obtained to compel him to collie to this city and give evidence, although he was most anxious and willing to do so. Mr. Craig said that he would be willing to admit all that Mr. Odell would testify to, or that the claimants would require him to testify. Mr. McKaon saiil that he wanted Mr. Odell before the court and jurv in person, in order that the indignation which Mr. Odell had expressed to him might be seen by the Jury. Judge Retts said that jurors must be governed by evidence, and not by manners of a witness. Mr. Craig said be was willing for tba case to layover until Friday, in order that he might confer with Mr. McKeon as to Mr. Udell's testimony, how much should be admitted and how much rejected, without bis personal appearance. The Jurors were discharged until this (Friday) morning, after which the Court adjourned. Sunrrmc Court?initial Tcrnt. decisions. Before Judge lugrnham. Jam 23.? Jans Weeks v? Win Elliott ?Ball reduced to 1600. % 1 lie Shoe nnd leather Bai.k vs. Thomaa C. Field.?Mo Lion grunted for second Friday In February. The Same vs. lienj. F. ( amp.?Motion granted Tor second Friday In F'ebruery. Mary 0. Llneby vs. ClfTord M. Lioshy?Motion granted. Koslna Klutz vs. L'lri' k Hasalinger.?Motion tinned. Cherloe H. Beers vs. Thomas W rushing and others.? Motion granted; eosts to abide the event. Srteon P. Whiting vs. William Tendril).?MntFn denied with $10 costs, with leave to renew the motion on the nerlte. Daac I. Wilde ot ale. vs. J"hn 11. Moore.?Motion denied with |1b costs. David S. Ihincomb vs. Narb Maseman ?Motion granted lo strike out tho paragraph relating to the forged notes and denied ae lo the reatdue without coata. Court Calendar?This Day. Bi'PRtvma Cot rt?Ciar urr.?I art 1.?Nus. .'t3t?, 2185, 3100, 3271, 3664 , 3743, 3777, 4393, 4675, 4700. 4M7:t, 5396, 5til8, 5(127, 6801, 6617,6887, 6697, 6737, 8757,6797, (1346, 6358, 6857, 68(13, 6871, 6875, 6911, 6913, "A, 6823, 5907. Part 2?N"S. 4018 , 4020, 4038,4056. 4421>i, 4650,5076 , 6110, 5440,6612, 5700, 5706, 5716, 6808 (J, 6818,6824. (So nunib r, IWvor), 6846, 5848, 5878, 5892,5900,0432,6033,6686, 6700,0750,6704, 6826 , 8874,6910 , 6912 . 6914, (nonnm bar,(Ionian), 6864, 5678. h. i'msmr Coi rt?si ki ui. tehm?Nos. 41; 3 on demur r"r calendar; 302 , 303 , 305,300.307,308,309,253,319, 320,321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 327, 328, 830. Si rrn oa Covat.? Psrl 1?The rum calendar. Part 2? N <. 2620. Tart 3?N"s,2807, 2809, 2971,2i7<l, 8328, MU. 8329,8888, 8337,8839, 3343, 3J47, 3349, 3353. Vert, g? Ailjourned for the term NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. A Large Fleet of Union Vessels In Broad River, 8* C. THE FUNERAL OF EX-PRESIDENT TYLER. A REVOLVING FLOATING BATTERY. TEE SOUTHERN BLOCKADE, Ac*, &c*.f Ac. Fokteksb Monro., Jan. 22, 1842. Nona of th? Southern papers make najr reference to the light at Somerset, Ky., or to the defeat and death of General Zollicoffer. The funeral of ex-President Tyler took place on the 21st instant, and wa. attended by Jefferson Davis and hi. Onbtnet, and by the member, of the rebel Congress. The Norfolk Day Book copies a paragraph from a Petersburg paper,saying that the Pensacola did not escape uutii iuu i uwmaii wuuuuo u*iuago. a gouiouiau wuv examined her with n spyglass after nho passed tho batteries gives that paper the assurance that she had holes as big as a hogshead in her bow, Ac. To this the special correspondent of tho Haiti more American adds:?"A personal inspection of the Pensacola to-dajr enables your correspondent to assure this gentleman that tho only holes in hor bow are those essentially necessary to the right developemeut of the powors of her forward pivot gun." Tho Norfolk franscripl, in an editorial article, says that GCttW&l McClellan is going to cross tho Potomac. and that the Yankees, confiding their oause to the direction of Providence, observed Saturday last as a day of thanksgiving and prayer. The Norfolk Day Book publishes a long article recording iho adventures, misfortunes and maltreatment of Miss I'oolc, lately released from tho prison for females at Washington. The Day Book calls Miss Poole a heroine, and says, according to her own story, thore was no possible outrage or indignity to which she was not subjoctod. THE GAMBLE FLOATING BATTERT. [To tho Editor of tho Charleston Courier.J There appeared sorno time since in your pa;er, and anterior to tho capture of Port Royal, a notice or ' Gambles Floating Buttery Fort." It is inconceivable to ine how so important an agent for const and harbor dofence rou'.d bo so overlooked, whl.o nil manner of float ing batteries, rafts, gunboats, fcc., And acceptance. Let us ta'. s the disaster at Port Koyal, the modo of warfare, thnao adopted, and the coi sequences of the enemy's Ore, to illustrate the necessity for this fortification and Its sir-erio-ity above all others. In the first place, it is apparent tluit In modern steam naval warfares all llie old m ales of attnek and defence of earthworks assailed by ?jiips aro so change ! by the superior action, celerity of motion, accuracy of tire, and improvement in ordnance, that oalcuUtious of engineors bised upen the antiquated data of past wars most prove inaccurate and disastrous to those rep s'ng confidenco in them. In former ivers sailing vessels constituted the attacking squadron; these, dependent upon winds and tides, were Locossnrily far inferior to tho modern shipein facility of management; to maintain their position it was necessary to reso t to moorings; a sheer from tide or wind often put th -as aground in positions most favorable for the fire from the shore. If attacking in numbers the same causes brought them in collision, with oacb other, and many other obvious causes gave great superiority to tbo gua on shore over the gun all -at. But now all this is changed, and tho attacking squadrons, moving in a circle or parabola, pour an un ceasing tire upon alternate broadsides and at every con, cci\able angle upon the exposed and almost immovable guns of the earthworks,, whose fires, having a limited range, can only be delivered upon the ships, rapidly ( easing a given point. No batt try, not oasemated, could live under such a destructive tire, and it is doubtful whether, at close quarters, the best caeematcd works could resist t' e attack of a largo steam fleet, in consequence of the dism > .nting of the guns by the concentrated lire of the passing ships. Now. none of these disadvantages exist in the case of Gamble s Fort. In the first place, it is 1 th r ugh y casemaw-d, presenting at all points I > acute an nngle to tha lire of the enemy ea to be shot and shell p oof; Its embrasures, or portholes, are so small that no lirge shot or shell could onter them' when the gun was run out, and by Us rotary motion while In action, it not only reudui s it almost imiiussible for the enemy to strike the muzzles of its guns (the only portions exposed), but the ship, moving In the parabola of attack, is to* I throughout her whole course under the firs of tho fort. Again, the fort, by its comparative light draught, could take such positions as would compel the attacking ships to |ierform their revolutions without passing around the fort, and thus would expose themselves for a greater portion of their course to a raking Ore from the fort. Again, if tho attacking force should bring an arma uent overwiielminglr disproportionate to that of the fort, the litter, by Its locomotion, could seek such positions as would neutralize a portion of their armament, or would retire from the unequal contest without loss of guns or garrison. I believe that a twenty-four gun fort, similar to ths model now in the Navy bepartmcut at Richmond, at Port Royal, acting In concert with the land batteries al Hilton Hoad and Bay Point, would have utterly detested the late Yaukee invasion. This fort is also eniiuenlly suited to the defence of the Inland passages along ths coasts of the Carolines and Georgia. By Its light draught, it would move through those cbaunels, anu' or destroy all I'ght draught vessels or gunboats seut into them by the enemy, and would alao prevent the lodgin' nt of the enemy on any of tho Hands, as it could approach the shores and by point blank Are destroy earthworks or garrisons. It could effectually protect the bars and mouths of channels from tho stoue ships or other obstacles sought to be placed there by the vandals. Several of these forts, located at different points along ths const, could easily concentrate at any threatened n- int, and drive away or destroy any fleet which could b? brought against them. In short, for offensive or fiofen sive action, in harbors or rivers, It is invaluable and unequalled. Unfortunately, being novelty, it finds no favor with old fogy naval construct- rs, and if left to ih.U tender mercies will never bo constructed. RUNNING THE BLOCKADE. [From 111* ( (Fl*.) I is patch, Jan. 3 ] H Captain John K. Kdvvu. da, of the (ioorge B. Sloot. who^B it will Ixi recollected, wan captured by the federal wa^H steamer Mohawk, reacbod our town tho day before ws.H terday, on his way to his home in the city of An iluchl-H c>!a. ills family are not nwar* of hi* CHcapt (It in Ui^B Yankee cliitcbna, but he will not bo the le-s warmly coined that his cumin; is unexpected, on : ailH h i leuicmber the gallant conduct of Mrs. f). I*. Holanr^| at the time of the capture of the Sloot, who furled he^B body in the Confederate (lag and defied tho mini lis o^H l.ioeoln. < apt;.!n Kdwards states that after tho rc'ea-i^B and departure of bis lady the officers and crew of tti^B Mohawk spoke of her in the most insulting and disgi.stin^B manner, using language to make a decent man's bloo^B boil, though, lie being powerless, it would havu been v.u^B to givo vent to his indignation Tho captuin furl her says, after his capture he wa^f nearly (our months kept a close prisoner on board th^B Mohawk, treated all the time with erery sort or indiguilj^H robbed o! Ins money by the crow, and of the very fet^B comforts ho possessed in the way of nlothing; and tir^B to his freipicnt protestations against such treatment iii^B captain rrplie I by threatening to rend him in doub^B irons to Washington, where he wou'd lie placed on iu.H for his life, ilu was llnally sent to New York, where l^B was imprisoned a month more In tho House of Uetentioi^B At length he was brought to trial, hut on tlio hoarir^B no ( ffiincocould be brought ag iliist him but Hint he lii^B run the blockade. It seems that the officer who aecot^H p inied him from the Mohawk had left the city wltlm^H making any special charges. His case was thus direcli^B liy tho judges t ilioov or for afew days, h* in tb* meant ui^B being sufluied to depart, but all Ins movements wvaH closely watched by a guard set over hltn. It whs on s^B turday evening when he was remitted, and lieli g reiyii^B ed to appear again bororo tho Court on M unlay, lie mlued to use th" intei\al In ondeavorlt.g to eiiect his c^B cape. As good fortune would bare, on Sunday iiu oun^H hlniruptoanoldac'iuaiatance, whom he had once t^B friended in Apalochlcola, who informed him thorn wis^B hip in port Just on the eve of sailing for Nassuu, ^"^B Providence,ou the British Bahama Islauds At the ins^B gation, and by the aid of his friend, he obtained from ^B Knglisn captuin a dincharg* from his vessel as a lir.ti^B sailor, and thus protected, Riieeeded the same day ^B smuggling his ciotbes on Iwsrd the ship bound for sau. In addition to Ids protection as a British sail^B ''nptuin Kdwsrs was enabled to evado the survi^B I nice of the imliee, who visit every vessd about ^B leave ibe port of New York, by being enrolled as nno^B tho ship ? crew. On Monday they sailod from fttii^B II ok, and on arriving at Nassau they found the k^B Wurley (formerly the steamer M(i| and unnnl Junes M Morderal, which, under the M rrgimr, W is t^B United States mail carrier bet wuen Charleston ami I^B vana) In i?ort, raady to sail for Chat leston. Ho took p^B sago, and on Thursday ma n ng last, ^B Just ere the peep < f dawn, ^B came up ID front of the bar off Charleston. The wh^H horizon was shrouded In a dense fog, and they were c<^B polled to "lie to" until the rising sun should cloar up ^B mist and open the way to the harbor of their ho|^B But as tli* sun began to rise and the mist began to ish the lifting of the murky veil revealed to their as^H ished gaze the threatening aspect of tho two war stci^B ers blockading the port,dstance about a tpila. It no time then pursue the wonder and speculation, ov?i y band?passengers,orew and nil?ware beat to r|i^H tore, and put to work. Wood nod tar, pitch and tnri^H tine ? everything combustible?was thrown Intothl nauo* till, reaching a white beat, aw.iy tin- steamer il^H quick cheee was given, and pcsl after peal of shot H shell cama thundering after them; but the nohte aped on her way unharmed, crossed the lar, ke up the full power of steana, till safely passing Lwn^H the protecting guns of Sumter, she was greeted hy^H garrison with loud and repeated shouts of trtuuipt^H wclcntne,and the heart of every man on hoard, reiit^H from the great excitement, sutd within himself well." Mr. D. T. Bisbie,bearer of Important despatches Messrs. Tnncey, Rest and Mann, was*a passenger,^H during the chase atoo<l at OM of the portholes, holdin^H bag u despatched, with leaden sinkers attached, r?n<^B lot go should tho steamer he captured. < a italn ftlw^H says the cargo of the Kilt Wa-lejr, worth about tTOO^B r ii i- tiil if arms, nmmnrttilen, h'ankots, shoes, t^H cities, .Vc. This achievement was, Indeed, glory en^H for <>ne day; yet this is not all. CapUin Mwards left In the port of Nassau the

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