Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 25, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 25, 1862 Page 2
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2 NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. Interesting Statement of a Southern Refugee. Affair* at Savannah, New Orleans and Columbus. A REBEL FLAG STRUCK IN VIRGINIA. tVOBTHER.I USDS AT A FREMltl, &c., dec.. &c. Wo publish m to lav's Herald another muniment of news from late Southern papers. Among the lata paiiers received at this < fflce are the? Richmond Enquirer 1 January 21 Norfolk Day Book January 22 The new* will be found worthy of cartful perusal. INTERESTING} STATEMENT OF A REFUGEE FROM THE SOUTH. THE CONDITION OK AFFAIRS AT SAVANNAH, NEW ORLEANS AND COLUMBUS. [Special correspondence of the Cincinnati Gazette.] Caiko, Jan. '20.1S62. A gentleman connected with a well Icnmvn leather tlrm of Boston arrived here last Friday evening direct from New Orleans. He went down In the latter part of October, and has since that time till within the last ton days, beon in Savannah and New Orleans, endeavoring to sell or in some way realize upon some Southern property. He is a shrewd, intelligent business man, and his accounts of matters in the South ditler so essentially in some particulars from the most pleading stories we have hitherto had, that it may be well to occupy some space with them HOtV TO r. KT OUT OF NKW ORLEANS. I,et me premise that the gentleman went South with a letter from the Mayor of Boston to the Mayor of Louisville, which secured his passes through the lines; that he had many friends and acquaintances in New Orleans, and was thus unaided to learn much of the real feeling, which a stranger could tint be expected to see; that be had spent a m nth in fruitless endeavors to gut a pass to return; that linally he secured an appointment as bearer of despatches from the Belgian Consul at New Orleans to the Minister at Washington, and on the strength of this procured a pass from Major General LoveU.of New Orleans, and that Major General l'olk.at Columbus, after refusing for two days, at length reluctantly agreed to :aaa hun through his lines, and furnished turn with the ..dlowing:? Hkaduvartkhs Finn Division. (". S. A., Columbus. Sr. The bearer, Mr. A. M. C .of Boston, baa pertnhsiutt to piss our lines into lite United Slates. f'ortitled wilh this, he walked out of Columbus, in foar miles passed the last of their pickets, and in four miles more reached a column of our "expedition.'' making a reconnotssanro toward Columbus. Colonel I'aine, commanding our brigade, was greatly disgusted at the pass, Mid exclaimed, Why, didn't the reverend "Id Tool know you were iu the United Status at Columbus?" NO UNION SENTIMENT IN NEff ORLEANS. Perha|<s the must important of Mr. C. 's statements is hte positive dental or the existence of any Union feeling in New Orleans. He says there was a suppressed Union sentiment there until thin issue of that astounding prociamatory effort by (ieueral Phelps. This was immediately caught up and republished by every Soutbern journal, and its effect upon the Union cause he represents as most baleful. Business, excepting in sugars, is utterly prostrated, but the military enthusiasm is unabated. There are many fancy regiments, composed exclusively of the , wealthier classes, which drill regularly, and keep up a great rivalry among themselves; and all classes seem, if possible, raoce determined to light the fight out and pos. sensed of an intense hatred to tho Union and the North than when he went down two mouths and a half ago. THK BLOCK Aid;. Mr. C. represents the blockade as only effective enough to be provoking. During one week that, ho sjient in Savannah four vessels ran the blockade and entered that harbor, heavily laden with BaBeldritles, army stores and tho more important necessaries. They have purchased large quantities of arms in Europe, and have got tha greater portion of them safely in. Many articles are of course very scarce, such as the heavier classes of foreign import*, but he saw nothing of actual want more than is usual in large cities. The vessels which ran the blockade are mostly small, light draught steamers, built solely with a view to speed, which clear from ports of the West Indies with British papers, for some neutral port, sail under British colors, and, with the aid of the best pilots, run in undor cover of the night. IT they see the blockading vessel* in the way at one port they stand off shore, run down to another and try again, and so lb until they get In. The enormous profits or course pay lor the de.ay and ri-k. THK SCMTKlt NOT A miVATKXR. Mr. C. stales that the Sumter is not now sailing under letters of marque, as has been universally supposed, but is regularly commissioned as a Confederate man-of-war. The craft is thus relieved from the odium of pirscy, and, according t* "belligerent rights," has every privilege in CM claim. DEFENCES AT NK\T ORLEANS. New Orleans is re, r> s>'ute*l an having been made almost impregnable The shell road and every avenue of approach to the city are defended by very powerful battaries, sweeping them for miles, while on either side felled troos form an im-ienetrable abattl* out into the swamp. And, to man the fortifications and aid in the defence, they hare a force or no loss than 50,000 men, under Major General Ixrveil. THE PORT ROYAL AFFAIR. Mr. C. was in Savannah at the time of the naval bom bard men I at Port Royal. A single rogimeut, in hin opinion, could hive taken Savannah, or the fleet could have run pest Kurt Pulaski and taken the city with more euee than lliey reduced Hilton Head. The whole country side at once ruched down with miscellaneous wrap, ons and no organization. and even alter fif'.oen or twenty thousand hud collected, they would only have swcll'-d the slaughter on their own s'ido, if an attack had b -en promptly nude. Hut now everything haj been lost, the fortification.'liave been great,y strengthened, and the most oll'cient preparations have been made for t desperate defence. At New Orleans the people wore much depressed over the loss of Port Royal island. Subs-.-iueut y, however, they consoled themselves with ibu reflection that it was foolish for them to have ever though: of holding the islands again?t ?nr powerful navy; hut ether, wo attempted to leave the cover of our men-of-war and attack them on the main land, they would be ready for us. MASON AND SI.I HELL. The news of the capture of Ma-on and Slidell at once brought gold down from thirty live to fifteen per cent, premium Confidence in their government increased at the prospect of war between tho United States and i England appeared, and they wore jubilant accordingly The subsequent release was a crushing disappointment, and under the depression gold mounted rapidly agaiu :o n a.n.h.l.nt vn THEIR SPIRIT?ABOCT OCR FIOHTIXG. They h:ive mailt) up their nund that the North mint be as well convinced by this time, as thojr are, of the impossibility of reconstructing the Union, and must, therelore, bo Waning the war as one 01 subjugation. .Against this, former Union men will light as readily as original w vssionista, and it is this conviction which tasx, of late, produced such unanimity They regard M?TMell*a as a great geu?ral, but say it is a pity he ehould bo cnm|>elled to deal with troops ho is a.raid to trust. Tie- lighting at Belmont, they say, was about the only good fighting dona in the war. on our side, and they are amazed that we del not majte it a complete success HOI.UN's RAM was taken up to Columbua with .eat difficulty and at heavy expease When they got it there they could Bad no use for it. and it was soon sent back again. It draws sixteen feet of water, and was, of coursa, almost uselcrs so high up lha river us Columbus. JEFF. THOMTRON. This noted Missouri marauder, whom we have been ex. peeling again in the region of Bird's Uolnt (opposite Cairo), was iu New Orleans when Mr. C. left, ten days ago. MATTER* AT COLCMBl'N. Mr C. was three days in Columbus, but was not permitted to see much ot the fortitlcations. In passing in and out, howover, enough was aeon to show thai thoy are of the most formidable nature. The rebels themselves, both there and in New Orleans, talked of them aa itnprngnab.e, and expressed a dusire to havo us attack them there, but feared we would not. lie saw some of the tor|?edooii, with winch they are filling the channel, and learned of an accident winch would seem to show that they are rather more destructive than has been supposed During the gale, tbo Saturday before he arrived, their bridge of ferry b >als was blown down the stream, and one. happening to pass over ono ot these sunken torpedoes, wa? llt- rally blown to pieces There were about 150.000 trs?ia at Columbus, and some ten or t twtalsrzs f luiiuiliii! IluAifl hi?? n uatiL tfi Hzitnrllticr Crnnn avis Kim the !ut two wieks. Ihey were established to comfortable log lints, hoi! appeared well,though rather miscellaneously Clothed. They spoke of otir gunboats with great res pom , Mid they had complete plans of the Ketitoti funnshuil by one of the workmen engaged in building her, and thought Commodore F<s>le a very rospeutabl" antagonist. Mr. was convinced that if Columbus was taken, it will only bo after a most bloody and dosis-rate struggle. Ilo returns fully satisfied of the des|>eratino of the South, and of the improbability that they will ever be finally subjugated. WHAT THIS new* AM'U JTIH TO. All this in to bo Ukon as the Judgment add observation of asluewil Itirim business mati.ol tho orthodox Boston business conscrvetIsm and liking for Southern trade, whose object vi is pi rnirlly to sell property, not to study involutions (sapc-rial v aa it was very dangerous to be knonn to be engu. i d in such stedyj. SDd who naturelly looked at things main v as tliey api>ear#d on the surface, and w a impres.ml nr. rdiugly. A* such, his facts and pinions aro not altog* tier unworthy of note. ARRIVAL OF I>?8EKTKRS FROM THE REBEL ARMY rtrntr.RrTiNrj nr. tails or mum rscAr*. [from the Chicago Trlbnuc, Jan. ?1. j Three young tn ti, named Cha les Co*. Jesse Gilbert and If, /. Morre l, d serters from tiie Aoutbern army, ar* rived at the Tremont House rm Monday rii.ht. having bib'n forwerded from Csiro to tl Is ctty hy t en, Vf 'tago Kei|., and other citIrene, who were co'gti '/.ant of their cou' diti n Cox, In company with t.niicrt. Morel, a d a fourth party, named Gardnei, wl, !, e reinai edinCen-o, are all s rood t)id ? men, who, prs/i to th brnuin. o t o the war. had been engaged in various ape. i lis ?t hBotnh. lip n the commencement of hostmiiee tin.) . in Onmimm with n mi-rmm other Northern men, were im- I press, d in the rebel army, t.l'bo, t, who had formerly i pucu o Oaeeteu with Bice-* op MiiuuesiaO.iehmont.wus ! 41 KK compelled to join a Louisiana regimeut Cox, w ho was a compositor in the office of that rampant organ of aeoas ton, the Memphis .tijieal, wag offered his choice?to on li-v in a Tennessee regiment or bo confined in the laboratory and engaged 111 manufacturing cartridges, lie ch we the foruior, as presenting tne host opportunities lor e* cai*-. Morell wag also impressed into a Tennessee regiment and Cardner into a Isiuisiana regiment. The conceutration of the Southern forces at Columbus brought them together, and their sympathy of feeling and sentiment soon discovered thorn to each other, anil they laid various plans of escape. The battle of Belmont, in which their regiments were engaged, offering a favorable opportunity, thoy deserted sud made their w ay into the woods, but were arrested seven miles below Cairo by Southern scouts, securely b'Kiud and taken to Columbus, where, thrust iuto irous, they wore tried before the revercud rebel and pious traitor, Hen. folk, and sentenced to be shot. They were put into heavy irons and kept in the guardhouse until two days before the time of the proposed execution, when the unhappy uuartette wero made the happy recipients of a tile at Ilia hauils of a friend. Witb this instrument they filed off their irons, keeping them together for a time with a wire taken from their bucket so as not to arouse tho suspicions of the guard. Upon the night of their esra|ie, although a heavy force of sontine's was on guard, by mean* of a knife they cut through the tloor of the guardhouse and then forced their way through tiie dirt and rubbish, by means of the file, underneath four buildings, and emerged in sight of the picket guard, who were huddled together round a Ore. They crawled along upou their hands aud knees and managed to eludo the observation of the picket. In this manner they proceeded until they reached the b' shes, when they set off at a rapid pace, which was not slackened until they rauio within the lines of the Twentieth Illinois. Colonel Marsh, at Camp Jefferson, at the mouth of May Held creek. Colonel Marsh forwaidod them in MM) to Chiro. where tiardner still remains. The other throe were jiassed to this city, and left last evening for their homes, (lilbert for Hrooklyn, N. Y., and Morell and Cox for Watertown, N. Y. The parties are quite young, but very intelligent and energetic, and are determined to once more shoulder iho musket, this time in defence of freedom. They havo rendered our forces at Cairo tnoet ex'-cllent service by fur nishing Commodore Kootc much valuable information and drawings of the defences at Columbus. They represent that Columbus is strongly fortifiod, nnd that the troops arc still at work day and night in the in trenchments. They are in hourly expectations of an attack, and sleep at night?when they do sleep?upon their arms. The forcos at Columbus number some 40,000 men, composed of all nationalities, and mainly from Tennessee, Arkansas. Mississippi and Louisiana Tbo Tennessee troops ure well uniformed in nigger cloth, ' and armed with improved muskets. Tho other troniig, however, are wretchedly armed with shotguns, and poor ly uniformed, many of them barefooted, but all seem hopeful, contented and confident of ultimate success. In tho ranks are large numbers ofl'nion men, who have boen impressed into the service, and will seize the first opportunity to escape. Columbus is defended by eighty pieces of ordnance commanding the river, the' largest a 128-pounder. The submarine battery is planted three miles above Columbus, and rille pits extend back from the river for a distance ol threo-quarters of a mile. At Memphis business was com imratively prostrate and largo fires were of frequent occurrence. THE PRICE OF GOLD. [From the Norfolk Day Book, Jan. 22 ] Wo have already taken occasion in these columns to show the preposiorons nature of the charge originated by Mr. (toward that Mr. Memminger was buying up gold at an enormous premium, in order to inHate for a moment the national credit. And yet, preposterous as was the charge, wo regret to know that it gave rise to some eredulous debate and ignorant anxiety. The premium, too, in the warmth of Mr. Seward's fancy, was exaggerated some twenty per cent, and the discussion was conducted on that basis. Bat we are also happy to know that the credulous are limited in number, as they were in Information. There is. however, another very absurd popular delusion which it is our present intent ion to assail?a dolusion far more general and far more cxcusublo than that to which we have referred. The misconception of which we speak exists in the impression (bat, inasmuch as gold > and silver are bought at a promium hitherto unknown, our paper currency is of just that much less value, the rates for bullion being generally taken as a measure of depreciation in current funds. This is a far more pardonable error than that already alluded to, but it is not less an error for all that, as we shall endeavor to establish. The argument, however, to overthrow this fallacy is somewhat subtle, and if employed to its full extent would involvo the statement of principles for the proper elucidation of which we have not the m-oeasary space, even if our readers had the patience to follow our abstruso speculations. But, fortunately for our present pur|?se. the condition of affair , enables us to Illustrate the truth of our position, and it we can exhibit the fact as against the assumption that the present premium on gold shows a depreciation in our paper currency?if, we repeat, it can be shown that the commercial fact is adverse to this theory, we can very well afford to dispense with the principle*. Arguing the question upon this basis, our readers will pardon u? for rostating what wo have previously advanced. As a necessary, in fact, us an indispensable preliminary to our explanation, we remark that tbo abnormal rates now prevailing in the bullion market are indications of the profits upon contraband trade. This statrmont, however, might be characterized as a cool assumption of the point at issue I Such, nevertheless, is the fact, that it la a matter of general notoriety that vast sums are expended in the purchase of articles uot only of prime necessity, such as quinine and other drugs, but of such as minister either to vanilv or auoetitu. For this trade the nrocioti.a metals only are available, anil it is un this traffic that the brokers art as agcuu for the merchants. Now. here is the point we design making. The merchants are in turn the agents of the community. It is in obedieuce to tins demand that ih"y sand coin across the Po lomac, in payment of ortie.les of general consuniption. The community, in the meantime, has, to a great extent, parted with its gold lo the brokers, taking paper in ex I change, and consequently when they present themselves as consumers, they have nothing but this curiency to give in exchange for the commodities bought by their agents, the merchants, in obedience to their demands. The picture then is presented of the purchase of gold by the trader man for the simple purjiose of reconverting it inlO|iaper. And hence, as ?o have remarkod, tho fact is again-1 the populur assumption. For, very obviously, as the consumer only buys with (taper, the merchant would not exchange his gold for it if he felt any apprehension of instability in the basis of value upon which It rests. But. in reply to this, it might he urgod that tho merchant allows in In- transactions for tho depreciation, and includes that also in his charges. The reply to this is still un illustration:?Go into the market of our groat staples, and allowing for tho effect that disorganized prices in one department necessarily exercise upon all other departments, you can submit our paper currency to tho practical t?st of ascertaining by actual purclia.-e what value it represents. Tito result of such an experiment as is here suggested will be to discover not a depreciation of value, but an appreciation of price. And, in fact, tiie quotations of Confederate stocks are conclusive against this idle and pernicious talk about deprec ated currency. The $16,000,000 louned stands at 101 and interest, while the $100,000,000 is ut loo and interest. Now, with this com] owe in the government, popular faith in the .States remains unshaken, and it only remains for the people to exercise a prudent economy ai the end of the war?toabstain from rockless expenditures?for us to secure gold in ample abunuanco for all our hanking necessities. Let our foreign debts be contracted with the ronnumy wo have suggested,and our great staples will bring in upon us a tido of com more than necessary for all our wants. And, until our ports are again operiod, paper will answer quite as well ai any other medium?nlw..y-< excepting irres,ionaible (tersonal notes, which we most earnestly commend to the attention or the grand juries and the suspicious regard of the community. '11mm wretched things Involve a waste of paper and an expenditure of ink not to be tolerated, and wo earnestly bo|>e tliat tboy will ail l? converted without delay Into pipe lighters, for which purposn they are better adapted than any other. Let us have a Moscow of these little ten cents, and the pockets of the community will bo all the belter for the the conflagration. A REBEL FLAG STRUCK. [From the Lynchburg Republican, Jan. 18. J During Friday night the Confederate flag, which has been Hying from the yard of our townsman, John O. L. Goggtn, tsq.. was forcibly torn down by some traitorous scoundrel, the (lag staff broken in two, and the cord by which too tlag wad hoisted cut up into small fragments. The flag itself was lorn into tat tort. ;iml from it* appearance when found would su?m to indicate that the guilty party desired particularly to atrip the atara from It, as not a vestige of any of them waa left. The act waa a mean and despicable one, and proves conclusively that there is at least one Lin colnite in our midst, for no one. wo feel aure, with one apeck of Southern apirlt could have beon guilty of auch an act. We hope the miecreant will yet ho discovered, and that he may have hia deaerta awarded him. REBEL TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES. PROM NASHVILLE. Nashville. Jan 21, 1H62. The city la full of rumora. but there ia nothing rcltahlo from Forts llenrv and Is nelson. < aplalti Wharton has been elected Colonel of the Trvas rangers. In accepting the position ho aald. Terry's death muat be avenged before hia leaving Kentucky. Five companies of the Kangrrs, with Wharton, have gone on a seout in the vicinity of Green river. The slity days' Mississippi troops have returned home from Howling Green. BCSPICIOfS MOVEMENTS OF FEDERAL TEASELS. Nashville, Jan 20, IMS. There has been a federal movement up the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, but It must have been a mere feint The federals fired a few shells from their gunboats Into the woods below Kort Henry, but the gunboats did not come within the range of our guns. The latest Intelligence reports thai the federals havo retired. A few federal gunboat* cum" within three or four mites of Kort Ikinclson on Saturday, but thsy returned {Official eonllrmatum, auh*tant-.ally, of the above baa been received ) DETENTION OF nAII.ROAU TRAINR, ETC. l.iNrnnt no, Vn , .lau 30, 1882 Jfn train- have reached bore from the Wen during the ptiet two day- , in consequence of a. cidenta on the ronde. (in Nat irrtaf night the tr*i when near Marlon, rau Into a l itl'l 1 . !' , which so disabled tho elmtne an to render it unable to proceed. A despatch was then sent to the (eiitrald pot, dlatance about alaty miles,for an angina, which wan promptly Font forward. In the m -11011110 a fr. itrht engine wan procured near tho elide, and w,-* at tai le d to the delayed train, which p'oceeiird < tward, b-it lia t not g mo over Hi teen miles when it oanu in col ..11 w th th- un/iuc fri-m ihe - i.trwl dep 1, r. . iltitig -n tho OBi tlal deatrnctlon of botti engine*, breaking tha lege o a ao dl<-r on tlie train, and canning revere injurla-i te rete at other perron*. A henry rain, accempan ed with thunder a:i-l lightning, prevailed here thie evening. I?J ATM or A UK UK I. St/ROEON. I?r. fleoi-ge tia kfia.l, a aurgeon in th^ rebel navy, die-l ot Norfolk, Va . on the 20th Inst He was, before hl< death, iu 1 harga of tho general hospital at the alana I |'ia<;e. IW YORK HERALD, SATD NEWS FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the City of Manchester. The screw steamship City of Manchester, Capt. Halcrow, which sailed from Liverpool at eight o'clock on the morning of the 1st, and from Queenstown on the 3d in^t., arrived here at ten o'clock A. M. yesterday, bringing newspaper flies, passengers and cargo. Her news has been anticipated by the Arabia, and the advices by the City of New York are a week later. The City of Manchester brings the following SPKCIK LIST. To order ?073 10 Moses Taylor k Co 496 la Kesmilh A Sons 600 00 Total ?1,774 31 During the ontire passage the City of Manchester encountered boisterous weather. On the 8th inst., at noon, jn latitude 50 34 and longitude 31 21, she had a violent gale, commencing at south southwest and ending at seven P. M. at northwest?the barometer at three P.M. marking 28.16. during which she shipped a sea which am considerable) damage, on me lum, wuen in laiuuuo 49 25, longitude 40 32, where the soundings, as shown on Capt. Uumont'8 chart of the bottom of the ocean made Tor the laying of the Atlantic cable, shows a dopth of 2,424 fathoms, the deepest part of the Atlantic, the ship experienced a fearful galo from west to northwost, with mountainous seas, one of which came on board over the starboard bow, tearing away everyth.ng in its course, staving In tho oaken bulwarks, splitting rails and stainclieons, bending and twisting great iron bolts, washing the forward galley with its contents over tho rail and into the sea to toward, tearing away the boats from their lashings and dashing them to pieces in the op. posite side of the ship, filling the decks, staving in cabin doors, and forcing largo quantities of water down into the engine rooms. At one time, and for a few moments onlyj the ship was at the mercy of the waves. The spokes of the two steering wheels were torn from the grasp of the four seamen stationed at them, and tho iron gear attached becoming disarranged, the helm was useless,and until the relioving tackles were bont cn to the top of the rudder, tho ship was iu a most critical condition. Some idea may bo formed of the force of the sea, when wo mention the fact that on Bell Koch, in the German Ocean, off tho east coast of Scotland, scientific men have placed an instrument for ascertaining the power or force of the nem aud the greatest force yet shown was a pressure of throe tons to the square foot. However, with mon of experience, like the officers of this ship, all these dithculti -h are eventually ovorcome, and after one of the moat tempestuous passages on record, Captain llalcrow baa brought her,his passengers and freight into port in safety. Double gangs of men will work her day and night to discharge hor and put on board hor outward freight, of which shohosa full complement, and she will sail again on Sunday, 26th. Our Paris Correspondence! Pattv, D?"c. 31, 1881. Another Shot at Englan I from the Opinion National', thf Organ nf Prince Napoleon?The Lacing AUian-t and What it it Worth to France, tfc. The articles on American affairs which appear in the Opinion Nationolc, translations nf which I have sent you, and another of which I give you helow, are understood here to be vary significant. and to mean more than even ap;vars from their surface. As I have told you, the Opt nim is in groat part the property of the Prince Napoleon, who is now looked upon as tnn leader of tho liberal pariy ,n Prance, and these articles are supposed to relloct his sentiments, as they certainly do those of the majority ' f the French people. It is even sometimes believed 'hat his Majesty himself permits these articles to appear in the Opinion for tho purpose of testing public feeling. At all events, it is highly probable that articles of this description, directed against the loving ally of France, if published in an entirely unauthorized and uu. fathered manner, would bring down upon their authors and the journal's head, if not a warning, at least a coms?unique requesting them to be stopped, or at least softened down. The /W, in reply to an article of which the following appeared in the Opinion of yesterday , has, until recently, sustained the cause or the federal government. About the timo or the Trent affair, however. it suddenly turned over to tho rebels, and now appears to belong to tbem as much as the Palrir and Pay, which have been sold out to them, body and aoul:? TFrom the Oolnion Xationale. Dee. 30.1 The Prtw desire* to con vines u* that England deserves our sympathy mora than the United Slates. Its task will be more difficult than would be that or a missiu?try Id the conversion of a Rrahtnin We do not count, as that journal sot-ma to imagine, upon the ''everia.-t < gratitude of the Americans. Gratitude is not a duty which transmits itsolt from gone, ration to ceoeratinn. Retinitis at such a prico would be purchased too dearly; hut we will do the United State? the justice to believe that they have not forgotten the merits of our fathers, and that they have for us sentiments of gratitude and friendship too precious to be .sacrificed to the mercantile interests of Ureal itrltain. Was It not at Washington, and by one of the Presidents of the United Statin, ibat were pronounced these words, which do honor at tho same time to our country and to Amoricav?" Every man has two countries?his own and Prance." the I'rew, nevertheless, g'-?ms to feel a great satis'action at what we say about the gratitude of the United States, and it reminds us that in 179d-'P4 Washington perinitted'Prauce to fight single-handed against the coaiiuou. proclaimed the neutrality of the government, and concluded with England a treaty of commerce which permitted the hi itish navy to seize the enemy's property on beard of American vessels. Troda is in advance of everything else," savs the I'mae. -,lhe Americans were caught by the bait of the inini?nso protit which the English market offered them tor the salo of cotton." Tn this manner of appreciating the facts we see but one difficulty, but that is n grave one 1 he United Mates at that period did no) export cotton. or exported it in very limited quantities, as the cotton plant had not then been acclimated. Tho truth is liuil Washing!- n. the illustrious founder of the young republic, only thought in his solicitude of the means ot placing it out of the reach of all exterior dancers. and In particular of a collision with England, which might horn given her a terrible blow at a lime when Amuricaliad nothing to expect from Erooce, fully occupied with its own defence, nor irom any other Kurojieau nut Ml. li wi. mirM'iv1' -'t-K iv jinny u ueuwgiou, mis iriiuw citizens were le-^s indulgent toward hnn, and his foreign (xjiiiy excited viol nt recrimination* in all the states, and the President was accused of ingratitude toward Kiance. Toe nation protested against the neutrality, and desired at all hazards to intervene in our behalf and inarch against the common oneniv, England, and Washington in this matter lost a (lortlon o: Ins popularity. ilie I'retteforgets equally that in 1806 the American Congest, sympathizing with France, made not the slightest protest agaiust the blockade of the English j ort* proclaimed by Napoleon; hut it remembers that. nol witnstaudiug the federal government lorlsnie Atner iiyin* to visit European waters, ' they all went to work navigating on English account, w ith the object of realizing great profits." 'fbia is true, saving the exaggeration, but it is well to add as a corrective that the frtotmel of the American merchant marine was at tbat e|<Oct) romp'sed in major part of English subjects, who probably lell no great scruple in evading the laws of the federal government. The arguments Invoked by the /Vr?w are not, us will be seen, of a nature to shako onr convictions. We persist, then, in thinking and saying that it is our interest to follow, in regard to America, the traditional |to!icy of France, and to remain on good terms with the I nited Stales. The ties of sympathy which exist between us and lhai nation will permit us, If circumstances should ever require it, to conclude with it a profitable alliance, and we should be wrong to compromise the future. Wo were able to appreciate from 1812 to Ik 10 the importance of the assistance which we might obtain from tbe Americans. The glorious struggle which they sustained againat England made a diversion, the importance of which cannot be contested. Tlteu the I'nIN HtalM were peopled but by eight millions of Inhabitants, and they only possessed a small nnmlier of vessolt-of-war. It ia, then, to our interest to ho.-band the United Slues, It is not now a question of an alliauee offensive and defensive; but, If it should come to this, to whom ought we to give the preference* To America, whose policy is not hostile to ours, or to England, our eternal antagonist? To the Americau democracy , or to that arrogant. egotistical and jealous aristocracy, which speculates ujion all nations and reduces the pe ,plo of the tinned Kingdom itself to the brutalizing level of beloli m and misery? To the United States, which has neve- taken anything trom us, or to r.ngianu, wnicn, enrtrning iicrseii tront our territory, has tiken from us India, < anuda and Hie Isle of France? To the Cabinet of Washington, with which we h.tvu always beau at peace, or to the i'ahioet of SI James, which hoe r?, ited warn against us, and which places itself every where across our jath? We know how much blood and treasure the .lonlouay and egotism of Ijiglsnd have cost us, wo know, also, how much lb" r'tpmr of the mtr*lr rnrdiale hus butii worth lo us. We have tried it during the eighteen years of the reign of Louis Philippe, at Constantinople, in Syria, at Cairo, In Algiers, and even In Ocean lea: we have tested the fruits of II even beneath the reign of Napoleon the Third; and those words?-tun*, Berlin, Savoy and Libanon?raise souvmrs which are still palpitating In the justly Indignant conscience of our country. But the question of alliance, we re|ieat, is not before u* The time Is not. come fo take |.urt for America or lor Hroal Britain. We hope we will hear no more,then,o(

an Intervention in behalf of our neighbors acn.-s the straits. Keeping aloof L, for the present, the only wLso and prudent policy. Let France he per mil id, then, to maintain her neutrality. Fire at Plymouth, IV. II. OusooRti, Jan. 24. I sou A lire at Plymouth last night dMt'ujred Tint's store end Mr. Ilearborn'sdwelllng. Less f20,000 Insured for 115,000 Fatal Usllrautl Caiually. Bosvns Jan. 24,1862. Joseph Morrill, member of the state Legislatuie, representing Amesbury and ? isirtion of Newburygort, was instantly killed this morning at the AtneaWtry Kailriod station, by slipping from the car steps as he was enter ingtha train winch had storied tor Boston. Me wag terribly mangled. RDAY, JANUARY 25, 186 The Sigel M?w Meeting Committee. Washington, Jen. 23,1862. To R. A. WrmiArs, Esq. We deem it our duly to make you, as the President of the Sigel mass meeting, the following report of our mission :? Your letters to the Hon. f. A. Conkling and to the othor honorable members of Congress had the desired effect in securing for us a most cordial and friendly welcome. Today we were honored, through the introduction of F. A. Conkling, M C., by an audience with his Excellency President Abraham Lincoln. You would confer a great obligation upon us, and, no . doubt, upon every puiriot of German birth in New York, by haudiug the following report to the various daily papers. With sentiments of profound esteem, FREDERICK KAPP. Washington, Jan. 23,1862. The undersigned committee, appointed by the Sigel mass meetings held on the 16th and 17th instant In New York and Brooklyn, in order to prosent the unanimously accepted resolutions to his Excellency the President, Abraham Lincoln, hereby respectfully rejiortThat his Kxcelloucy the President has honored us this morning by an audience, and after the reading and presentation of ths resolutions we have received the following reply:? Neither the orlgiual resignation of General Sigel, nor any official despatch in regard to it, hus as yet boon received by the President from the Commander in-Chief of the army in Missouri, and all the information the President is so lar in possession of has bccu gathered from the daily journals. However, being desirous to retain in tho service of the United States so eminent an officer as Geueral Sigel, when none could esteem higher than his Excellency did; he, the President, had adeudy, before beiug informed of tho petitions and resolutions of tho adopted citizens of German birth, instituted inquiries with tho view to redress any wrong which may have been done to General Sigel; at the same time his Excellency the President reassured ua of his determination that, while he should decline the ucceptunco of General Sigel's resignation, he intended to give him a command in or out of Missouri in accordance with his established abilities. The interest of the service did not demund at present an addition to tho number of major generals of the army, but us soon as such necessity should exist that tho claims of Generul Sigel should be* cansidei ed as among the Qrst in order. The President further remarked that since Franz Sigel had been ap|>ointed a Uriguuior General nothing had transpired to diminish his Excellency's exalted opinion of tho eminent talents and capabilities of Gen. Sigel.; but, ?.n tho ci utrury, ull ascei tained (acts had combined to confirm the same in every una int-r possible. His Excellency tho Presideut took further occasion to express his sincere satisfaction with the patriotism shown by the adopted citizens of Gorman birth, during this unholy rebellion, and particularly acknowledged tlie so well know n and meritorious services of Geueral Franz Sigel. FRiKDRlCH KAPP, ANDREAS WII.l.MANN, K. WE1I. VOX (.KRXriHACH. Dr. C. KEaSMAXN, S. KAUFFMANN. News from the River Plate? OUR BUENOS AYKP.9 CORRESPONDEN'CK. Brsxoa Ayiua, Nov. 27,1861. Resignation of President Derqui?General l/rquiza't Way Clear to Resume Supremacy?Jtitrc Divides Hit Army into Fire Divisions?Thus Fir Successful Revolution in Cordova?Urquiza's Strength tn EntreRiot?Gold Rising in Value?Slitsittippi Steamer Again Afloat?Attempted Suicide?British People Sympathize with the South? Lucid Remark of the Weekly Standard?Sisters <f Chart ty?Shearing Wool?Markets, <tc. A halt'a month makes but little perceptible progress in these regions, where there are no railroads or telegraphs. My last told vf the resignation of President Derqui and his retreat to Montevideo, and the apparent solution of our national questions by the provisional dictatorship of Generul Mitre, Governor of Buenos Ayres. But General t'rquiza, finding the Presidont out of his way, showed hiaisoU slow to treat, hesitated, and by all method made time, and finally offered the most impossible ccndi lions ot' peace. General Mitro proceeded at once to divide his army into fire corps, ordering ono to Cordova, under General Paunero. and one to Santa Fo, under General Flores; one to guard our southern frontier against the Indians, one to retain Rtaario, and one to proceed to moot General Urqtilza and "to beard the lion in bis lair." This arrangement looks well on paper; to do It will be a tug or war. Beginnings at ouce begin to augur success. Gcnoral Flores met I he euemy, andjreports au easy victory, witn eighty prisoners and one hundred and fifty killed, with Utile loss of his own. General Puunoro in still more fortunate. Just as he departs he receives a despatch that Cordova, which he threatens, has risen in revolt, joining the interest of General Mitre, and has already established a provisional government. Thus far aU seems highly prosperous. But we are yot to record the resistance of General l'rquiza. He can bring from Entre Kios. of which province he is Governor, more troops than are in the whole fire divisions of General Mitre's army. Moreover, the coast in now clear for Gcucral Urquiza to possess again the undisputed authority of the confederation, from which he was virtually ejected by the trickeries of tho late administration of President Derqui. In the general tear of the results of these complications gold has been constantly goiDg up in price. To-day ounces sold for iwonty-eight pesos currency. iiiis morning me steamer Mississippi, ovvued in .New York, escaped from the bank, on which she was swept ntiuut a mouth ago, dragging her anchors, in a storm. She is reported unhurt, and will proceed at once on her trips between Buenos Avrcs and Montevideo. I Yesterdays sailor on board the Emma Cashing attempted to cut his throat, but was prevented, and was taken woundsd to the hospital. The cause, as usual, was drink. This evil proves the destruction of a largo uiimlier who come to this city from the United States. At thi.- date we have some sad wrecks of this kind among us. Persons at home often send dissipated friends here for their safety. It is a misjudged clemency?it is sending doomed men into l he jaws of death. Tiie British public, here are far less interested in American affairs tliuii they wero in the convulsions ot Italy. AS far as 1 have opportunity to learn, their sympathies are with the irouth. When the arms of the North aro successful they are horrilied at the horrors of a fratneida! war, and when the South succeeds they come up with their long settled convictions that our uuwieidly republic would not survive its first century. There is a liltlo periodical puhlish-d here called tbn Werkly Standard, which gave its British readers in a recent number the following lucid sontonce in its general intelligence:?"Presided Lincoln is recruiting in Dublin.'' No other word is added to explain whether President Lincoln's health Is the subject or whcihor ho has gouo to Dublin to seek recruits for the army. Recently arrangemeuts were made to bring over from Europe a large number of Sisters of Charity. For a few years these ladies have given valuable service in tbe hospitals of this country. It is a little singular that this order must seek its recruits from Europe, ihero must bo something in the social condition of Europe, as c >m pared with this country, which will account for the fact. Its philosophy is a little out of the path of a correspondence, or 1 would attempt it. This is tiio time of beginning sheep shearing, and it goes on well. The weather is favorable, and so it has been for some timo. The wttol ot' this year will much exceed in quantity that of last year. There ia no probability of there being American buyers in the market. As wool is bought with paper, and as paper has gone down in value, and at the sumo lime the demand for wool has abated, It is likety that about tbe same amount or paper money will be paid for wool ss last year. Several vessels have recently arrived, bringing pine lumber. For that article this is tbe season for good markwtjf. Vrc.jAla brintrinr caneral carirn hat-a done well as to market*. Our Rio Janeiro Correspondence. Rio Jjskiko, Dec. 8,1861. Arricnlt/rem Amrrira?High I'rirtnf Prvcuion*?ShipmntfA of Ctfftt, de., <tc. Tliere arrived here during the menthol November .12,486 barrel* of flour, principally from Baltimore. The nrlce for which it sold was from $7 60 to |lo per barrel. Some cargoes of choice brauda from Trieate brought a* high a* $14. We have Htill on hand about 30,000 to 40 ,000 barrels. lho shipments of coffee since the sailing of the last packet (November I) are as follows:?United States, 3.1,800 bags; Channel and North of Kurope. 82,240; Mediterranean, 14,600; California, 6,000; Ca[?> of tlood Hope, 8,600. The price* are a* follow*?Wa hed, 7 000 agJilOO: upertor, TijOOO a 7J300; llrrt good, 0 ooo a 6j800; flrst ordinary, 6|{3U0 a 6J400; second good, ri,,w0 a B/200 gecond ordinary ,6,000 n 6 |6u0 for an nrrubs, which is 3'i pounds. The pries are in mil reis. The Bankrupt Act. TO THE KWITOH Of THE HER ALP. In the HnuLDof yesterday a communication, from Ed. win Jamas, Esq., makes various suggoittion*, which he thinks should be embodied in a bankrupt law to be enacted at thi* time "in order to be effectual." _ We believe that every one of the suggestion* were contained in the late "act to ertabllsh an uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States." In addition thereto, tiy the rn-ennrtmet.t of that law, we ahonM havo the boneflt of tbo numerous adjudications of the several court* of the United States thereon, as well m of the SoIwemeOmirt of the United state*, which l< a matter of the greatest Importanoc, as every new law is eomparatlvely vuluelees until adjudication* have been had iliereon. X. Y. X. The Affair In Wnthlng;tnn. TO THK RIIITOK OF TltR HKIULP. Iii your Wellington despatches, in the Kiralii of Tuesday and this morning, my name is mentioned In nonnec tion with an assault upon me at Waldon and Campbell's, in Waehinfton, on Saturday last. I merely wi.-li to state, In reference to the matter, that. I never had any acquaint n ice with the man who perpetrated It, und do not even now know hi* name. I was in the store on business, was entirely unarmed, and nrver carry any. The alleged charge I* entirely groundless, and I cannot account for the assault, except that I supposed the man loot confoiinileil tne w ilh snothoe person, and treat I the matter j accordingly- -my buslne.,* engagements also being 'if such ? natiir# mat I conld not spend the n t i inv< ul nie ,t, | tmf intend to do so at an early day. H. K. AVKItll.L. J\*w Vokk, Ian. , The Blockade. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT. Itefi re Hon. Judge Belts. Jan. 24 The Untied Statet vs. Schooner Jane Campbell and Cargo.?In this cause Mr. Stewart L. Woodford, Assistant United States District Attorney, appeared for the government and the natal captors, and Charles Ed. wards, Esq., counsel for Her Britannic Majesty's Consul at this port, appeared for George Campbell, the claimant, who is a British subject. Mr. Woodford.read the testimony in preparatorio, and theu presented the ship's papers, the log book, and the sevei al Presidential proclamations establishing the blockade The evidence having been closed, Mr. Woodford opened the argument by a brief statement of the facts, as he cluimed they wore established by the proofs, and argued, from the character of the lading, the course of the schooner's entire voyage, and the l'-cality where taken, that tho alleged voyago to Havaua was but a pretence, while tho real Intent of tho voyago was to land her valuable cargo on tho Carolina coast. Mr. Edwards followed, in a vorv elaborate argument, of about two hours' duration, in. which ho carefully reviewed all tho evidence adduced. He first alluded to tho circumstances under which his client (Mr. Campbell) had disposed of all his property in Virginia, and with the proceeds had purchased this schooner; and having loaded the same. had sailed from lioaufort. North Carolina. for Liverpool, curly in August lost. On reaching that port with his family, Mr. Campbell sent ihem to 8cotlaud, and having luduu his schooner with a cargo belonging to himself, cleared and sailor! for Havana. Mr. G<lwan's claimed that the course of his voyage was fairly for such port. Heavy weather was ev| eriencod. The sch ouer's centre board got down, aud was so injured that they could not raise it: the captain w.is taken seriously ill, am! a brig was spoken, which told them that beaufort hod boon captured. They needed assistance, an I supposing that they would be well treated by the United States forces at least, they went to Beaufort for help, and in return were captured. He argued thut these several circumstances warranted her in being where she wag. He then claimed that her cargo was in no wise .suspicious, but in all respects adapted to the market of Havuna. He commented next iijhjh tlie manner in which the owner, mate and some of the crew had been treated, alleging that they had been tuken from llio vessel and sent to Baltimore, without any pass or means to come North, and that the owner reached here at his own expense aud after much delay. At two o'clock the case was adjourned to Saturday morning, as tho Judge desired to attend a fuueral this afternoon. Mr. Woodford will close on behalf the government. Jan. 24.?'JhctJatenf the United Slates vs. Several Packa git of' Wine, Phycoet and Others, claimants.?Messrs. John'Mr boon and F. Smyth appeared for the claimants, and asked for a postponement, on tho ground of the absence of Mr. Odell. M. C., who was in Washington, and could not obtaiu loave of absence from tho War Committee of the House, of which he was a member. Alter some opp- sitton from Mr. W. M. Evarts and Mr. Stewart L. Woodford, on tho part of the government und the Collector, the Judge ordered tho matter to lie over until Wednesday next. Messrs. Webster and Craig appeared for some of theclaimants of this property, which amounts to over $50,000. * the prize cases. On motion of Mr. C. Edwards, tne case of the British ship Cheshire was postponed until the master, mate and some of tho crow who had been imprisoued in Fort Iajfayette, and who wero now brought up to this city, wero examined before Prize Commissioner Owen. The Court made an order discharging the monition, and granting the request of the counsel. Court of Appeals Calendar. A Ulan v, Jan. 24,1802. The calendar for to-morrow is Nos. 11,13, 16,44,63, 60. 01,62,67,63. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Friday, Jan. 24?6 P. M. The upward movement in gold received a check to-day. It fell to 103% at the first board, and to 103% at the afternoon session, with sales of about $175,000, and was freely offered late in tlie day at the last named price?a decline of % per cent from the highest point touched yesterday. The exchange market is ateo weak again and very inactive. The beat sterling bills were offered this afternoon at 114, and many bankers' signatures could have been bought at a fraction lower. The demand waa exceedingly light. Money remains in easy supply to the brokers at six per cent on call. Paper is scarce and the rates unchanged. The 7.30 ner cent Troa. snry notes continue to depreciate as the supply from contractors increases. We hear to-day of transactions in the endorsed notes at 3% a 4 per cent discount. A small sale of the " clean" notes was made at the board this afternoon at 1 % par cent discount; but the street rate is 2 a 2%. The latest telegraphic despatches per the City of New York inform us that the Bank of England reduced its minimum rate of discount to 2% per cent on receipt of the Jura's advices. The sales of cotton at Liverpool on the 9th inst. amounted to 25,000 bales, at an advance of %d. aid. a pound. The stock market opened weak this morning, notwithstanding the tone of the City of New York's advices, and several of the railroad shares fell off a fraction from the highest points touched yesterday; but the general tendency at the close was upward. The registered 6's of 1881 fell to 88% at the first board, but rallied to 88% at the afternoon tession, and closed in demand at that figure. The coupons fell to 89%, but closed at 99% bid. S'ew York Central opened at 83%, fell to, 83% a1 the first, and to 83% at the second board, and closed it 83%. Erie fluctuated between 35 and 35%, with sales of about 2,500 shares, closing in demand at 35. The Western shares were genoralljfirmer. Michigan Central opened at 54, rose to 54% at the first board, to 54% at the afternoon tession, and closed firm nt 55. Illinois Central rose to 03, and Toledo to 38%, but the last named stock fell back to 38 at the second board, and tonie large sales were made at that price after the final adjournment. State stocks were irregular. Missouri's declined to 42%, and North Carolinas to 41 %, while California's 7's advanced to SO, Illinois coupon ti's to 81, and Michigan 7's, war loan, to 90. W4 notice a further advance in Milwaukee and Prairie du Chicn first mortgage bonds to S9. The following were the closing quotations:? United States 6's, registered, 1881, *s% a 80; do. 6's, coupon, 1881, 89% a 90; do. 5's, coupon, 1874 7!) a 80; lndiana'j's,? a 76; Virginia 6'*, 50% a50%; Tennessee 6's, 44 a 44%; North Carolina 6's, 62 *62*4; Missouri 6"s, 42% a 42%; Pacitic Mail, 08 a 98%; New York Central, 83% a 83%; Krie, 35 a 36%; do. preferred, 57% a 58; Hudson River, 38% a 39; Harlem, 12% a 13; do. preferred, 30% a 31%; Heading, 39% a39%; Michigan Central, 55 a 54; Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana, 20% a 20%; do. guaranteed, 41 a 42; Panama, 112% a 113%; Illinois Central, 62% a 63; Galena and Chicago, 68 a 68%; Cleveland and Toledo, 38 a 38%; Chicago and Rock Island, 55 a 55%; Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, 61% a 62%; Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien, 21% a 22; Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati, 104% a 106; New York Central 7's, 1876, 102% a 104; Eric third mortgage bonds, 92 a 93; Michigan Central 8's, first mortgage, 97% a 99; Illinois Central bonds, 7's, 91% a 92. The business of the day at the Sub-Treasury was as follows:? Receipts 1491.065 27 ?For customs 72,000 00 Payments, including redeemed 0 per Ct. notes. 1,041,130 37 Balance 2,700,943 73 The earnings of the Cleveland and Toledo Railroad the third week of January were:? Third week, $23,834 Third week. 1801 18,340 Increase $6,488 The Galena and Chicago Railroad earned the third week of January:? Third week, 1WU $24,147 Third week, lHfll 21,903 Incresac $2,246 The earning** of the Kntnn and Hamilton I Railroad for the year 1801 were:? learning* $l'>,ono Kxpenties W2.000 Net earn.ng* $: !?,<e>0 The policy of the Boston bank*, hi refusing to deal in Treasury notes, is drawing New Knglnnd hank ae<*oant* to this city, where th<y are generally ruceived on deposit. Tin* Bridgeport hankers iield a meeting a day or two ago. and resolved to transfer their accounts to New York. In the Legislature of Wisconsin a bill Is pending which provides for tlia taxation of all railroads in the State to the amount of three or lour per centum upon their gross receipt". The Chicago Tribune of Wednesday says: ? The money market em tlnuea vary i l?t In all.d tpart ments. Scarcely any discern.3 aju a. it< d for except in connection with tlie pork trade, and these are confined to a Tew houses. The market for New York exchange is a shade closer, but It is still abundant at former rales, viz:?par, buying; selling, %, of 1 per cent premium. Were trade at all active and current^ In usual demand, the banks would find it rather bothersome to carry present balances. Very little gold appears to be wanted, and the market continues to droop. The buying range of to-day was l>i a ; selling 2a 1\. For round lota the lower figure was accepted. The Indiana branches continue to redeem Indiana bank notes at 1 per cent premium. The Cincinnati Gazette of the same day says:? F-xrhauge fluctuates between % discount a par, buying, and % a premium, selling, as the supply of currency increases or diminishes, with the respective dealers. Houses that are easy in the latter respect operate at the outside ligiires, and rice versa; and the position of dealers is reversed from dry to day, corresponding with the shifting of currency. The market for gold opened this morning at t premium, but advanced to 2>% in the afternoon .owing to an improvement in New York. The buying rate remains at par. We quote:? Buying. Selling. New York <hs. a par. % a % prera. Boston dis. )fa prern. Philadelphia % dis. X Prem. Baltimore dis. par a prem. Gold 1 prom. 2a2>iprem. ** The receipts and shipments of produce at Chicago last week were:? Rereipls. Shipment'. Flour ,bbls 20,121 18,33? Whoat, bushels 110,444 1,468 Torn 97,820 . 3,894 Oats 14,544 531 Ryo 11,743 400 Barloy 10,194 1,987 Seeds, lbs 54,880 141.592 l'ork, bbls 1,(882 4,096 Cut moats, lbs 47,436 1,065,274 Lard 776, 65 2,337,812 Tullow 2,675 187,UT I.ivo hogs. No 27,774 16.410 Dressed hogs 18,624 7,416 Beef cattle 2,125 1,217 Tlie receipts from the 1st of January for three years were:? 1862. 1861. 1860. Flour, bbls 68,253 65,800 23,498 Wheat, bushels 413,783 428.654 155,407 Corn 307,739 475,302 347,865 Oats 49,006 26,559 67,701 Rye 31.212 28,601 6 974 Barley 37,260 30.534 26,866 Seeds, lbs 189.571 94 013 165,590 l'ork, bbls 16,536 3,417 21194 Cut meats,lbs 143,542 1.114,489 1,111,414 Lard 2,333.569 1,488.878 860,05T Tallow 39.776 34.303 8.876 Lire hogs. No 96,216 39,643 9.426 Dressed hogs 45,428 56,993 27,376 Beef cattle 7,324 6,18'J 3,180 Stock Exchange. Friday, Jan. 24,1862. $4000 US 6s,'81,reg. 88% 650 slw N Y Ceu RR. 88% 5000 do 88% 100 do s60 83% 6000 US 6s, 81,roup 88% 250 Erie RR 85 10000 US 5 s, 1865.. 86% 600 do 86% 4000 do, 86 100 do b30 35% 10000 Ohio 6s,'60.... 93% 100 do r30 35% 2000 11)Canalbde,'60 78 100 do b20 35% 1000 111 Canal reg bd 78 500 do b60 35% 5000 111 cou bds,'62 79 450 do 36% 1000 III cou bds, -70 79% 75 C!cv,C*CRR cxd. 10j> 1000 111 cou bds,'77 80 5 Warrsn RR T4 1000 III cou bds, '79 100 Erie RR pref 58 aWfl 66.. ...... $0% TO do 61% 4060 do 81 400 do.... *.7. 57% 1000 111 war lean... 78% 50 Hudson River RR 39 8WO do 78 100 do sOO 38% 6000 Michigan Os... 80 290 Reading RR.. b30 39% 5000 Mich7s, war l'n 90 2tK) ^ -^..b3Q 39% 3000 Tenn 6 9,1*90.. 44% IO4 MichiganCanTSr 5000 do b30 44% 150 do 64^4 1000 N' Carolina 662% 10o do blO 54% 11000 Missouri 6'a... 42% 36o do 54% 18000 do 42% 200 do t 54% 50W do blO 42% 200 do b30 54% 3000 California 7 s.. 70% 290 Mich S 4 N I RR. 20% 2000 do 80 100 do b.'JO 20 * 2000 Minnesota 8pcb 80 500 do b46 21 500 Brooklyn CW In 90 50 do 20* 2000 Erie KR4thmb 79* 100 do 20* 5000 Harlem 1st m b 100 5 Panama RR 113 *' 1000 31 ichSo 1st m b 88 50 do 113* 600 Hann A8UoRR 30* 100 111 Cen RU scrip.. 02% 3000 Mil&PrdtiCh lm 89 376 do 63 3000 CbtcARklsld bd 98 6 Galena A Cbic.RR. 68% 3000 CleveAPitts 4m 39* 1T5 do 68* 9500Am gold...b30 103* 100 do *60 63* 32800 do 103* 150 Clev kTolodo RR. 38 10 shs Am Ex Bank. 12% 1100 do 38* 12 National Bank... 87 100 do sl5 80% 6 Del A Hud Ca'l Co 90* 100 do 38* 100Pac Mail SS Co... 99 150 Chicagok R I RR. 65* 100 do slO 98% 50 do 830 55 50 do 98% 50 do bl5 55* 80 do #S* 50 do blO 65* 10 do 98* 100 do b30 65* 100 N Y On RR 83* 70 Chic, Bur A (J RR. 62 15 do 83* lOOMilAPduChieuRR. 21* 300 do 830 83* SECOND BOARD. 89000 U86S, '81,r?g 88* 50 shsNYCenRR.slO 88* 500 Trea 7 3-10 pen 98* 100 do 830 83* 1000 Missouri 6's... 42* 60 do 83* 2000 N Carolina 6's. 62 100 Erie RR 85 1000 do 61* 60 do ?30 35 7000 Kentucky 6's.. 73 25 MilAPraduChlprf 76 2000 ChiARk Isl bds 98 250 Erie RR pref.slO 67* 1000 ChiANWest lm 41* 60 do 67?< 25000 American gold 103* 250 Mich Cen RR.... 64\ 10000 do 860 103* 50 Mi So A K la RR. 20* 20 sbs DAHudCanCo 90* 10 MiSofcN I g'd atk 41* 50 Pac M SSCo.blO 98* 10 Oal k Chi RR.... 68* 20 do b30 93* 800 Clev A Toledo RH 38 10 do 98* 100 do sSO 37* 50 do 98 * 400 do 1.30 38* 50 do *30 98 * 250Chi k Rk Isl RR. 55 100 NY Central RR.. 83* CITY COMaiERCIAL. REPORT. Friday, Jan. 24?6 P. M. Ashis.?We hare no change to notice in pricee, while sales were light at $6 37* Tor pots and at $0 25 for pearls. Brudsti ffs.?Flour?Ihe market was Qrm, but not active. Dealers were disposed to await the receipt of private advices from Europe before doing much. The sales embraced about 10.000 bbls., closing within the rolliiwintf rancn of nriAAv ? ? Superfine State $5 45 a 5 60 Kxtra to Taney State 6 76 a 6 80 Superfine Wee tern 6 45 a 6 60 C?mmnn to choice extra Western 6 75 a 6 86 Canadian 6 76 a 6 60 Southern mixed to good superfine 680 a 630 Kxtra do 6 25 a 6 00 Good to choice family do \ 6 90 a 7 75 ltye flour 3 00 a 4 25 Corn moa!..Jersey and Brandywtne 2 95 a 3 30 ?Canadian flour was firmly held, while salos embraced .'AO a r,(K) bbls. within the above range of quotations. Southern flour was flrtn and in good request, with sales of 1,200 bbls., closing within the rnnge of the above que. tatlous. Bye flour was steudy and in fair demand, with sales of .100 bbls. < orn meal was tlrmer and In fair demand on the basis of our quotations. Wheat was llrm and in good request, rbiofly for shipment. Th" transactions footed up about 60,000 a 60,000 bushels at 81 45 lor rom moti white Indiaua, $1 44 a II 46 for amber Michigan, $1 4a for rod Wis torn, $1 aft lor amber Inwa.fl 33 for prime Milwaukee, and $1 31 for Chicago spring. Corn was tlrm and in good request, with sales of about O-^OPO bushels at 04?Jc. a 06c. Is tore, and at 06c. delivored. Kjro was in steady ropiest, with sales of 2 000 bushe's btite at H4c. Pauley was in steady demand and prices Arm. while the sales mhraced about 10,000 bubals at 70r. for California, 76c. for common, in store, and 83c. for good winter State, in store. Oats were dull at 40c. a 41*40. fir Canadian :uid Western, and 4l>?c. a 42c. for State. ( on kk was tlrmly hold, while no salsa of moment were reported. Corn)* The sales, in small lots, rooted up about 3T0 bales, closing on the basis of 33r a34e. for middling uplands. Iairgs holders wore holding bark until the receipt of later news from Liverpool. There was some talk of parties preparing to ship some lots of cotton to Liverpool, believing that prices there and here will eoon be equalized, while the high rate* of exchange favor gain In proftts. Irbh.uts.?To Liverpool 30,0u0 bushels of corn were engaged In bulk at 7d. a 7)fd., 600 a 700 boxes baron nt 27s. 6d., 3,600 bbht. Hour at 2s. 4 V' a 2?. 61., 12,000 bushels wheat in neutral vessel at in ships' bags. To London 4 000 bushels wheat In bulk were engaged at 9d. Freights to Havre ware steady and rates unchanged. Hat?The market was steady, with sales for shipment at 85c. a 90c., and 90c. a fl for city use. M ii-asH**.?A sale of 36 hhds. I'orto Rlro, damaged on voyage, woe made by auction at 2Sc. a 30c. cash. Naval Storks ?The market for spirits turpentine woe firm and supplies light; sales of 60 bbls. were mada at fl 37)^, while at the cloee $160 was asked. Common roatn was quint at $6 87a $6 Ihtovtsioss ?Pork was steady and rather firmer for new mess: the sales embraced 700 a 800 bbls , at $11 75a$12 for old mess. $13 37H a $12 62^ for new do , and $12 37 a $12 76 for Western prime mess, ana new prime at $9 26 n $9 60. Iteef waa firm, with salos of 200 bbls., at $11 60a $12 26 fbr plain moss and $13 76a$l4 for extra. Hacon waa dull and lower, with salss of 700 boxes at 7,'<c. for short ribbed city, 1%c. for long clear do. and 6(^0. for Western Cumberland cut. Dressed hogs were dull at 4c. for Wwurn end et 4'?c. rnr city, cm ineetH were firm, with eelee or 100 cases Western en<1 felted eliouldere et 4V- WM steady. with eelee of 1,200 Mile, and tlorcee at 7,'<C. e 8?fc. Butter wan steady at 18c. a 21c. for (rood to prime, end 13c e 18c for Ohio, state cheese was et Or. e 7,He-, and Ohio do. et (McRiri.?The market was firmer, and eome sales of faro, line were reported at an advance, particulars of whlrh were not elated, sales of 1,200 a 1 600 hags of Ruat India were made at 6c. a 6 V-. St'OAae.?The market, was steady, while ealea wore confined to lftOhhde. Cubits, chiefly within the range of 7<?'r. a 8'^c.,and 370 boxes were sold by Mr. Parker, at public auction, at fljjc. a 8J4, chiefly at 6?(c. a Ht^c. Tobacco.?A ilemand for lowest gra ee of Kentucky cleared tho market pretty well: the demand for Spanish leariagood at full price. The wiles wors 213 hhds. Kentucky, at 8c. a 8X". 300 bales C ha, p. t ; 88 do Tare and 12 tl i. .lignani, p. t. Wilts ?riie ma ket was heaty, while the sales embreced 1,2' 0 bids, at 23He. a 21c. Wo?.tic sales for the week hive been chiefly flu* w o's. the dem nil for siseand medium grsdea having fallen oil vn-y much the sales iiuhi: ted are 116,000 lbs. Ileeco at f>Cc. a f>2Hc.. and 20.000 do. p lb d at 40c. He In foreign coarse ihun hare been no eales; fine ' wools hare been oflere I vory rreol), and 81 ?0 a 000 bale* hare been sold, mostly on private terms. The market generally ia very quiet.

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