Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 27, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 27, 1862 Page 2
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2 The only anxiety im lest Thomas should drive in* enemy over the river bofore we could gut down, boys sick in tkmplUl* hurried out to g?l their muskels. our regilueiii, which could not have brought out three hundred Men fur n dress parade, marched live hundred atroug to battle, and one company gone to repair the road to Staulord. It was the same with all the rent of the brigade. Colons a Bradley and Vandevicr left their tick rooms, where thy had been lying dangerously ill lor woeks, to head iheir ran intents. I did not see the latter, hut Oolonel Bradley looked as the ("id Chmjieador mist havo done when the Spaniards placed his corpse at their head to lead th in once more to victory. m-.k u or acnoim'i i.i.omi We reached Kisbln r creek in an hour and a half. It was running breast high and very swift. Tuere was no time to b; id.e Ik A rope w is stretched acrors. l'ho men strapped their cartridge bo.t< s upon th >ir shoulders, and, with one hand holding their g in locks out of thu watur, and w ith the other clinging to tho rope, to keep thomsofvee from WH swept down tho stream, ih-j potted arrets. All th? hordes and mules that could bo found were put in rebuts il.on for ferriage. Hut it was tight before tbo last man was over. Four mi es' march brought lis to General Thomas' catno. All along the roa 1 we had hurj the roport oi' Zollicodh.'s death. Tho country people, who have eullered from his lawless oldiory, or feared their ravages, were wild with delight. One old woman on tho read exclaimed, "I've got two children .n tin) light, but 1 don't trouble uiystl. about tbem, I'm so glau that Zollicolf-r is dead. " We hud disbelieved the repoits, knowing U ?w such rumors spr.a 1 after a batt e. but on arriving at the camp we made inquiry, and found that there was no doubt of the fact. awkaramk or zol ucohuh s cokl sb. Colonel Coni.ell, who had known General Zollicoffbr in Washington, asked to bo permitted to see thi corpse, and 1 went with him. He lay in a lent wrapped in an a any blanket, his chest and left arm and side exposed. A tall, rather slender m..n,wuli thin, brown hair, high for. head, somewhat bald, Woman nose, li.-m wide mouth and cieau shaved race. A,pistol ball huu struck hlin in (he lir ast, a little above the heart, killing hint in. tnntly. ilia face bore no expression such as is usually found on those who fall In battle?no malice, no reckless hate, not even a slialow of physical pain. It was calm, placid, noble. But 1 have cover looked on a couutenance so marked with adaoes. A deep dejection had settled on u. "Tho tow cares of the mouth" were distinct In the droo - at its corners, and the thtn cheeks showed tho wasting wuich comes through disappointment and trouble. xuliucort rk'h larkfr. Poor ZolllcoPbrl He has been a most unfortunate man. Distrusted by his pai ty on account of his Suppoi ed liberality toward the North, which was his birthplace, his political as; iratioas weie destroyed tiefore the rebellion commenced. In its inception h was bitterly opposed to It, and struggled against disunion im ilnil great Hood tide came which swept away so inanv of th se whose n-tnus were once venerated throughout the l.iud. Assuming command of the toutodurate troops in Hast Tennessee, he became a terror there and along the I'poor Cumber and, not,as 1 am convinced, tliro gh any disposition of hu own to bj cruel or ru; acious, but on ac. ount of the wild and undisci;>linod h >rd.-a wh; h be comm noted but could not c n'roh His fl lelity to the upstart government was doubled, and he loin lit tho battle of Wild at against the advice of every colonel in Ills army, and llh a reckless desire to obtain military d it Incut and prove himself u> tlio new cause, oat attack was unsuccessful, simply because it was . wenty-four hours too laio. Foiie 1 there, he brought his troo,s to tneir late posit! m on tl.o Cumberland, threatening the heart or Kentucky, ko -ping o t-n the mviga on of the Cumberland, und ieady to act In oouceri with tlui army at Howling Green. No position was over b'-rter chosen, cither lor its own strength or its value as c unected with other military mnv-inent* on the same hue.. Gen. Crittenden relieved him of his command on it." l.;t day of January, and Gen. Zollicoifor went h une for a fewdays. He left his home again t w'loat the head o! his army, fighting a battle against his own judgmet and in the moment of defeat. HAKoa raoM ths iiatti s sif.i.h to tux kktf.l < war. After loaving the camp we pushed ou our road towur 1 the enemy. We passed through the battlo fle d in tho night. Two corpses lay by tho roadside, and our nicu Humbled over thorn in the da;kuoss. We could see n? thing more at that time. The road, which had been bad enough before, n >\v be came frightful. The boys, w.irn out with fatigue ai>d hunger, one by one dropped dowu by the w.iy.Mde to sleep. Some, stumbling in tho mud, were to t:iu>-lt exhausted to ruiae thetnsoives again, and hud to be p-tilel up by their comrades. About nine o'clock we halted, built (Ires and lay down to rest until tho moon should get far enough up In give us light to travel by. Two hours of rest somewhat refreeiied us, and we again passed on. Wo had lic.i.d heavy cannonading at Alii! Spring before dark, a-ul wo know that ihe morning would eubor sec a bl tidy light or a complete retreat of the enemy. It was tvroocloTlc when we reached the c-imp. M <r? than half of the three regiments winch wont through that night wore drn;i,.c<l on the way. One by nny they came *t aggi ng in, till by the time we were ready to move in the morning there were but few behind. Our hoye built a few camp tires and lay down on th damp ground to si-en. I crawled off to a stabie, tied in., horse, and at lust tho :ght of sleeping under him, the only place 1 could See which siemoi available; but Ca; t. Rlppey 'a sharper oyes discovered a box wrnch ha 1 cnca been filled with rye (in its natural state), untenanted, fortunately we are short men.and the b.ixji st lilted i s ble bad , and wo enjoy, d .t. The morning came, gloomy and threatening, ns usual for the last two works. Our wagons hul u t cume up with provisions, and we had bit a s :.-uity lire ikast. Thu enemy bad not beau h ni d from during the night. Wl BCRS TUB SlSAMIKUir. H )i-IS ! T > IftAC TilK -KVV. About seven o'clock 1'aptuin Ptaadart opened with hie guns upon team boat lying in the rive . lie goon gel it on Are with his shells, and b irnt it. We th -.i cougrat > latari ouraelres that ?a had caught the i ebels and o it oil" their aeoapu. iKi Sir;?u ri:? <:a\v. In a little while a lung c ilumii of vir began to flle away from a point iia l' a mile below" i s, t wur.l the rebal camp. Auother forme 1 n*? e. "s, and marched ever a bill, through the woods, in the .-ame di. actum, riien came an order to pviye. hd i oif no went. We m iron ad half a inilo and hilled, funning in lino of battle. Just thud the art lery, which lial ac companicd the lift columu, opono I again. For a little while we were iu dot bt whctlu r it was replied to or But, bat word aoori cam: tna: the Intrenchmoots on litis aide wore abandon-d, an I thtt tvj were throwing Shell Into the fortifications i d tho ( the, side without waking any one up theie. I hen wo were o.-uorcd forward again, lu a lew moments wo nvic on a hid top, and tho oaemy's camp lay boiorc us. A spu e of mors than a hundredacres', surround id and divided b/ low hills, aii of which wore eapp! by lung linos 01 e: a works. The wonii were cut aw.ty,a: 1 t?; tifn.-T lay in every direction, to hinder tho approach 01 ..u aiucking enemy. As wo marched over the hill into the imp a-.tor n I was rsgiPg. Thera wns a sin e i fall if r.i: 11. Thr li^at ' ning Isajied frotn tho sky the liil-s ? a li e td i.-r side of the itver, as tho ;gh it was pursuing tic reni n h I of Um rebel arm.' with tho wrath of leave::, 'l'hj llu.u der ech -cd our artillery. isiug Cornell: ot our lit u ui?-m--iig mi.- cir .'Ui ir c:-- of hills. But iher wn h?r y .1 i-h . >Y- ha h> t to c opt tiro every man. an I though wo In t taken every, thing which mad.-them su army, ?v felt disappoint !. ThU was peculiarly the is- a t!i ru' boc^iT: brtgads, and in wt purtic larly so willi fhe S'Vrnto.M'ii end the lltirty-i'tf ith. Wo had Jo <* m re hart no. k, made m<ir? marches under th? most trying rheum Static* i, thrown Hp tnu; e Ijitrrnchmonts, unit, in short, had dons la rr# if overy kind of not Iter's dcy, than any other regiment 111 the State. We u-anied 11 h.v t . j >l?ltor's luxury?a light. Wo tut waited t u 1, ho. j nearly two moutlis,and ut last, hiring run the x to his holo, to have htm taken rnvn i s by others w_s too -had. _ m -rjs o m? ncr rr. Ysi tho victory wua complete. Thhn c union, more tbau a tho :K?ud gland 01' arms, v tint ssnd horses, ammunilleu, 1m?s a*" train*, commi" ary ?.?>: es of every klni, tents, clothing, and. in short, everything which too poor follows had Wurs left to ru. ,\ copy of tiro or err of rstrcat was fi inrt. tllroctitig th it thu army sh uld move st four clock,silently and leave everything. They till not eveti spike th-*lr gone. Tiojm man. icaijohs xjrt> nutr. *> army was ever smltt?n with ?n.'h i panic, oven In the open tisi 1. That tlicy sho-tld i?tvc fortification of tits extent and strength <f those around their camp seemed a.m ?>i incredible. Tii n.> ftc jiCcotkms were evidsotljr constructed under the rupernsioti of a skilful engineer it would bo ditttrult t > o natr et mor 1 lurinid .hie stflhwirk". They weredefeud-.-d l.y thirteen pi-crs, many of tharn rill ;rl. Tho lorio of tho enemy, even a'tor their heary losses in tho mo rning, ;var fully e.jnn! in numbers to our own. Yst ail wnra, onioned. To our then,.accustomed to t'.v-* in cold tents, the rebel oemp teemed almost a paru if. 'Hie in-.-sl <V tho rogl ments ware furnished with l :g hit's, warm, cumfortab.o and homelike. In the cinniwsny department tli?y were much better supplied then wo hare been. No crarkars, but good eore bread ami biscuit in-st Inviting. <k?8be, s igar. neoi, 'a. bog*, c\ ery thing of the best uud plenty of it. The douth may b-j survfng, but the douthsrn army I? far from it. In clothing and rrms alona our troops hsvo the advsutago uv<- th-n. fbeir guns were, many of them Hint luck ro skits, ?:iot nus nn-1 s iuirret rifles. But low rltled muskcis ware round. tub ki*'? or mm.*. Ifo signs of the sccmy lic.'.g vi ible on tho other sh'e of the river, and our own stock of provi iou running r? ii,urui.'<'i Pti ,!!!!.! s>? WIN orilMietl p?' IC ' ) -"oroerset. Alter traveling ah fit right milr un our return, we came to tho field nf bst! o Tb? ground la rolling, the hi:la high nor steep, but Irregular, and covered, tu p rt, wlih dense woods. Along tbe road there .irs am c.oared flrlds. DETAILS OF THE BATTLE. rnai.m.mai.s Tba enemy, under tlie limned Ue command of Major Oeuoral Crittenden, inarched, eight regmcjiil* strong, frotn their camp, last Sat j. day night. ihuir mo mi-1 fraud guards wore skirrnv-hing through the grocer part of the algid with o ra. Col met Woiloru a cavalry were A doing outpost duty thai it, and by r then.and in the battle ui\. ward, cmipKtily r . d away the reproach which mnm unworthy "Ulcers hi.e n ought u, on tbelli. They will always light wi i wbj i VVolford In with them, the fonih Juliana'" upliKI a wooded hill on the right of tho road. On tho leit ws' a Held, stretching down the bill lor s.veral hundred yards. In front of tba woods was another Held of a'Niut twenty notm THS KMMt ATTACK ?CI ADVAX S. The enemy formed in those two floide, attacking the Indiana tro- ps notb in front nod upon tli-dr t ut Hunk. A t > lion of (.aptnin Handait's buttery bad boon brO'ght up and waa Ntailuned ai the r'U'l. The attack bore was about eu u'e'nck la the morning. CMvmel Wansou coming up to the posk,: n jv t aft"* iue attack beg n, an.i aeeiag tnat his Men hi- be overpowered bfllre tiw other regimeuta co ild o-cn up, ordered his mm t ? fall back, which th jy did in g i ,d onier.flg! t ng as thev went. Captain fltaadart relurtontly g:sv? up Mie privilege of "giving the enemy one g. ?d hil/jtard'' fr ni tli^t point, and reel re-1, too fmmedlately If tbiifW of tk; w apt. wher, lb., Wis NUtkAeifla anoiher fli'id, Witu It ?I< up dofoent too \, and then Rome" another dense forest. On itie of the road the cionrlngs oontthoe to the ravine, the 'flf which at thui point are covered with a growth Mb ' nJu sod i. tlicr timber, v I or* noon unu-aits uronno, rou a "t" ahd mass A at hi). Aftor crossing the river anoth ir fle'd Ilea on the left of the rued. The Tenth letirea thro? gh the ltd m the right of the ruau, and through the woods for about e bun Ire 1 aud flfly yards to the reir of the ravine. At this point Coli nel try's Fourth Kentucky came up and funned along the feuo . which eeparaiea the road from fie held on i ho left. The e u no fence on the right of th road at ibat point. The two regiments here formed In the shape of a"V," Its poiut toward the enemy advauciug from the ratine, behind which they hal re formed after their tempo ary success in ihe flret attack. For nearly an hour they triad to break that "V," but failed. What rebel regiments catne through the woods to att 0 k the Tenth at this place I hare M t learned. Those which u'.tucked Colonel Fry were I'a'tle's Tennessee and the Filter nth Missitsippi, the "Wigfsll Kiiloe' and the "Mis-isaippi Tigors," as they lovod to call themselves. These were the crack regiments of the enemy, and they s staiuad their reputation. Again and agriiu they charged across the held, b .t were always mat by the torrible lire of the Kentucky Fourth and driven back. bow ZlUAloOnilt iclih At the point of tho'V"' died tisueral Zolllcoflhr. He fell nearer our oamp than any other man of hm array. He was with Battle's rogimout, his own home friomis, b rn and brought up around him at Nashville. A short distauce from lrim. to his right, a party of his men had beu'.i broken from their comrades and were hrrdiugto goiuor HHe l- l(,uira?u U" 1. luiuutirij about to flre ou them. Colonel Fty himself was at tho ruhtoi bis regiment, u (be point of g eatest dangor. c;e::eral Z. was on foot an 1 within a few feot of the Colonel. A cm coat concealed hie uniform, feeing th con<1 it .on of his men, as the Colonel rodo up, General Z. said to Colonel Fry:?"Coiouel, you w id not Are i'|>on yor.r friends, would you?" Colonol F. supposed, from the General's manner and remark, that he was one of our own officers, and at onco replied, "Certamly not, sir; 1 have no such intention." He turnod and rodo u few steps, when one of (he General's aids iked at him, wounding his horse. Uoliet ing that b was trick ed, Colonel F. nt once wheeled and lircd at the Gene al. The lattor ra s >d his hand to hie broast and fell d ad. Another ball struck hint at tho same moment, 1 behove, in the aim. BAL'I PBYTOtf, JR., Here, too, foil young Balio Peyton, son of a venerable man, well known to the nation. Young Peyton, like his father,struggled long against disunion. He was hissed and insultod in the streets last May for telling his love for the old Union. job' alijtm haiti.i. ft was near this [mint thai my only personal friend, so far as i know, in tho Southern array whs wonn !e i. You romcrnb r A!lan Battle. There is no one f the Oxford boys of four yea s ago who does not remember und love him, and who (lid riot mourn when wo hoard that ho had jellied the r?l?ol army. Marriod into one of our bad known arid most res 'ectod Ohio familiot, eiuc ilcd in a Northern coil- ge (Miami University), au I with so many ties of friendship binding ban to tho North, it was no thoughtless s;d it or bitter hatred which male him take up arias aga'nst us. Last June he to k his young wi.'o to her fa liter's, and then returned to Nashvile to close up his father's unsettled affiurs, intending the i to go North auain and await the issue of wh it must be, to h hi, a sad contest. But I he tide in Nashville was loo .strong for him. His father and brothers were in the army. All the young men of tlie South wore rushing into it. To carry out li 8 flrst intention would be to separate himself f rever from his own lamiiy an I from his birthplace, for to the men of the South their independence seeinod at th it time tm fiiit a < mpli, ac.d one who ile-ert.-d th m then would al ways bo a marko 1 auu pnscribod man. And so be into tho army. 1 talked about him wi'h a wounded prisoner, the coior bea er o.'Rattle's iog.mnt Ho spoke of him with an adbction which you many otho.-s id" our ac piaintnnce will echo He said that Allan hal often told him of his hatred of this war a id his unwillingness to Qghl"tho host friends ho ha I in tho world outside of his own family." Allan was the Adjutant of his father's regiment. The color bcaror, marching beside him, had his leg broken by a ba 1 anil fell. Young Ballio caught up the llag, advanced a step, waving it, when ho. too, was sh t in the shoulder. lie foil, and, rising again, was struck by a bullet on the ch -ek. Ho wis able to walk from the (lelil, and mole his escape. Tiiis prisoner did n ?t think that either of the wmuds was dangerous, though another told me that ho was badly wounded. He roluto I tho incident in the same way. DCS! a MGI.-T.XO. The death of their Ueneral docs not soom to have greatly disheartenod the enemy. They continued their attacks with as much vehemcnco us ever. Tho Second Minnesota regiment came up and formed along the fence, on the left of the Fourth Kentucky. The rebe's still nde t their line to tlank us on that side. Tho l.ighteendi Mississippi charged up to the, and tho men in tho two regiments fought hand to hand, cat hold of each other's guns, and trying to drag them through aud over the fence, but it wasaM in vain. ?!1K CHAB'E? UK MKTTI OHIO AND TK.MI1 IXDUXA. VcCook's gal ar.t Dutchmen can-.o up to snppirt tho, forming i n their right, aud with them driving the emur. oil or the woods,over the ravii.e, up the hi I, across tho hold to iho right of tho lOid. Tlni Fourteenth Ohio, which, witli the Vlnllt, had ma: died all night to get to the battle, Lugeiher with the two KaslTennessee and the Two U Kentucky regiments, were coming up. dtio o .cmv tlionn-oives were in danger of being outranked and cut oT their retreat. Stand irt'Miattcry was in full play, with deadly effect, on th.-ir" centre. Kinney's and w'lntiuure's were advanciug. Tnere was n.. I. !. for it. tho dav was to-1 to the lobes and thav must retreat. They were pi.shed back, flying as they went acmes the (lid-is. Our deadly Miuie balls told Tear, fully on their ranks, yet the ! M was rot all their--. Mmy nf our brave fallows drop, o I. Col. Woli'ord's | hors"- was shot under him, s he c a rye I t pi>n the',* I centre. Rob Mi-fnnk w s wounded au 1 his li irsn shot under him. But a ballet through ih; heart would hardly stop ami. Tns KKH'S RBTHEAT. On they went. The cuotuy is urivon th-oujh the w. o b, who e, uu hoar ami a half before, the) so near,} .virrouD'ie.l ti e Tenth, this tie-, es of itleh M-uutuhi. Many regiments are completely b.-uten, and r. n fur the f Tests 011 th? left. WokI'h Alabama regt'no :t breaks fur a swamp and scatte s there, it has a home look to th ui. and is a safer pi tcc than the road or the Ushts. Mime regiments ret tog her, anil form in a fliM u niiio to the re ir of th-i.* lirst ;s sHloti. B t Man Is i'n she Is, throw a from the hi. 1 a hare the section eras so neat ly t .ken,' egiu to fail aiii-e.g thjin. They lie again, pur:'ue by our vie; i i.s I oops. For tl e third and last titu> they to; m, on y to b .ttenid us bar ire. Title it: R'<' T m.riners a tun T. After thl: tho ten; e un; e c. J'.iiiic Sirlcke.i, they Cy in all i!lre< ti is. The p ,rs i.t is pre?* d up to titvery hitreiicbtncn1 o. lb* outlay. ' of pieces lunula a lake;;, Torthi d, whu'b ihtl'.i I' ?k With |)| m, H en y suu i to he left h ,;i:id in their flight across thj iv i. Our euii;n n open en ti,o. ca u >, thciL; taking ii.t't their most erfeetlvo b i!t*ry, killing foai i th ta n a. th or gnus and dm my ti v :t?t aw y. The earkne s i lughUnl. Oaiv pre. u it a general a.-uuull. mi our , ' n o, s li.i do v:i, li in !li; luern : g t? eouiplete Mi ' yuod w.nk o.'ilut dcilih ;t!i, a w ir.; tin y till a t -o itht. i for tliey tvoio -l ng th .t nay. pieparatorv t-? the u tuck i wh.eliuea ni Tu u i is hid lutou t-d to m.,ko on ilo ay. 1t>n ! !?.!.;> a Si: Tits HAITI. ?T I. Ho Kl VUM lll. I r ileover ih i b..ttie lield l;i ill * e\ onlay. our men I ?'V? fe 4 ?i t-? "J " ' ! til./ fill . 1 W.- > I had ho.'.I ill: ':;k ? u|>. Thu | t mi tioii'-'.'it ? ?' i it. ii .u i 't i, ttimiyv .v." ii(l:"l w li- 'ii s t to i?:i owe. 'lit! ' ail I remark which they inu io to in as l pi-u-d . hro.vh tin! mi : ;tal, w.-Uj "U'i! n.o.'i'. e-ipccu-tl t > have bj u United i . Xf hive' n .ill. W" ct to b: ft vW I.lea ! fh ill! v.i .;ii. i.M yo-..r hand*. You afc itsliua wo w > I lu h.i.-n to he only ill l.?rtnco w*m iu the Lu i*l i f the deu ill 1f Ibv enemy v er -1- t t".s '1 or in tviutu, n U -i own v. c h ii .til In a. nrato ;:":ivej:. a I >:i many of Ibvrtl I ou r young cedura I'.eiilv pi nte.l by then i invader. J> ido tti of .Lu is uvea pve a.od lor tbe cniiny'a kilud.l notlro.I ievor.n lylaj i oiy to bo Marred. t t.e ; r.r boy lay In tli" tact i* alii ?j, i? i kj to.,!, In winch ho was found. 11 r-'.-tol on !i ? m ic hi' on hi* r.ght ami, wai o b s left bi~d was I ?-s y cl > ? t on hi* ri.^l.t lb. iv 11:: ryri w nr'.j a: <1 bo looked a. till! Ifch bo hvlj"?t It MrII 1 loop. <;< to tsl\ r a-* I need no toll you bow wo in a. eliej llial ni%h'.. thri>.ii*h ! the horrible inu-j, i::t bow our b yi h ive boon urwppiag m ail iliy, wo. u out with fnti; li-u >j into I b ? a.'au in -y had ait the labor > ith none if the gl- ry of victory, and truly cjCk 'I' d by lite i-ronm- that a f-.w days rn >i" will ace ua on the way to ieiin.s.ieti. inoro U no.bin,- to op lie* ui ant'. Crittenden'* army la no longer, and no,or a ;iln will t><\ an arm 7 Tntaly demoralise I, go., item I t.j the wind.", they wiil go boine or be rapt.ue.l pie em al. W -wait out> for our pro.mioii tram and tba mouna of erocstng the river. And now my I ng nn.t Imp rf.-et a'nryof ih* battle I* eadnd. I th.'t I luve not given in all thing* a cor r ct account of il, but I ban douo my bet lu do m. If I have given the credit ?l this Hie :.31 iiortaive 7ictory ol the war, to roin regiments ? h v!i prop Tiy bolongs to others, or have nude mistake* In my dew-rlpiion of what tlt?y nil did, I c?n on:y nay 10 them tliut it tb"y will l> t let me kn. wtic.i they uu .t hnvo a dglr, in time f ir me t > hit thnre, 1 will toil exactly what they do, and give tlietu all I'olt J .'tic*. why rcrv imnei mono*. It will be a matter >f aurprhe to fbo whole nation tint the teitels shmild leavo their fortified ramp on the river to attack 11 III the open Held. The I.i t ( thev knew they cither lied to tight or ret eat. Gen. Boy o 8 brgndo h d cut off their river c immmlctikm with N ish\ Il> and threatened th-ir rear. They know that Ger. Thomas was advancing on tho t 'o'umbia roal, anil that h's regiment* 1 at nsceeaa.-lly become rcatte cd by reason if the'nil r. ads an I high water. Thcv bad found out tlmt wo ha t taken ivwsos.-oon of IIu-inoh's k rd. Th>y bullsved that Pishing Crock wa? no high that (ton. gvhoeplTs fore.? could uut cruas, an I wore totally nnawaroof the arrival tt the two Tennesson regiment* and the Twelfth Kenin Th anas' run;). In danger of being fiti< tie.od completely and starved out, they had either to r* re t or do \?bnt IbeJT did?by to cut a up picemMt. Thov tliooRht th it they wero attacking bof three regimints. 1h-y made the attempt and woe bitterly fofed. lie y left on the Held of luttle oue hndte 1 and lifty d-ad and ua many wounded, b- ? dee the many w hunt they succ-de.l In sen hr f{ uwsy before the pursuit becamu toe ; hot for them. U or tori wis thirty-eight killed and one b did red and thirty lour wounded. " wiirM, on wntutg" n i.hotius n. < iutwimui f ' ne mystery still remaluj uuratellei. Where I* Major General George b. Crittenden? Nothing was seen of hitn \.' after the battle turned u?. t. st htm U appears that be I i 1 001 t lurk to his camp, for the order of retreat was s Kiied by ' OimteMumtning', Anting Brigadier General, i i corn i iod of :he troois." Hid iiu put on a " liat, a Voretilef end a rrt'itller, arid so ewspe?'' I think that auy woman .* r?Wn tnight fli litm sines this battle of C'liir io k, without hunting for that of '* my aunt, tho fat woman etihentiord. I b>-re ie a strange rumor Hosting th-ongh thecormlry end iu our r. mips, tlird ho was cut off from tho main body of hN arm J, tod with t wo reglmost* Is still billing eomowhe e iu Mm woods tW* side of tho river. Nuhodyrsn toll the t-sa.t s|<>t, but the forests are wide and w l I, ahv.ii ling in sqil rels and womii bucks, and there aro tt ii s ink chickens left on the faltered ra ms. 1 don't brieve any one wl'I ever h? tbl* to 0n I the mythical rab l?, hot I hovo n i doubt that the rhildroti In the westcm part i f Pulnnkl oonuty will, for a long time, he afraid to go out a lone at night, or ln:o the woods In day time, ami that they will grow up With the g?d idea, which (hey will in turn transmit to their descendant", that rEW YORK HERALD, MO] lomfwhlie "non the hills, on the Cumberland, or among the wild cliff, of Fishing creek, wanders a lost Ma,or ueneral, wi h a sword leu feet long and eyes like balls of Ore, and with htm two th i.saud gigantic Tennesseu.tna, who live on bahlee and applqj-iok, drink Jeff, l'arls' health from gourds full of bl >od, and sing "Dixie" in the true tope all the night long in the full of the moon, jost. ALUS mm. Joel Allan Battle, A< jutanl of Colonel Battle's Nashville rebel regiment, and vu. y severely wounded by Zolllooffer's side at the battle of Cliff creek, was educated at the North, and is well known to many of our readers. He graduated at Miami University to 1868, and bis graduating speech excited far more than usual atltentiou and applause. In the autumn after his graduation he was married to the daughter of a prominent citizen of Chilhooibe, and shortly afterward he commenced the practice of law in Vashvide. Young Battle waa bold, generous and g -uiul, was warmly <tev l> d to the Union cause, and whs di i\ en into the rebellion through fears of being taunted with deserting his family and section. If he did not take up arms on their side, and by Ueueral Zollicotier's influence over bun. At heart lie, like thousands of other rebel Tennesseeaus, was a sterling Union man. SKETCH OF THE OFFICERS OF THE EIOHrEENTH REGIMENT UNITED 8TATES INFANTRY, COL. H. B. CARRINGTON. This is oao of the new regiments of the regular army, a, as Das oeeu buuwu vy luo rojjuit ui tun cusci otnI y ui War, Is already the larva l in the service. Twelve companies were moved to Lebanon, Ky., by Col. Carrington, early in December, where, under the construction of the 'aw respecting officers appointed out or the regular army, hi was ordered to his headquarters in Ohio, to complete his regiment. Five additional companies of tho High teonth and a portion of the Sixteenth regular infantry are now in tho camp of instruction for United States infantry at Camp Thomas, near Columbus, under his command. As this regiment is In tho forefront of the army In Kentucky, under Con. Thomas, we give a sketch of its principal officers:?Colonel Henry B. Carrington, a native of Connecticut, abandoning the project of a military education at Wost 1'oiut on account of ill health, in 1841 ontored Yale College, graduating in 1845, aud at tho Vale law School in 1848. After piactis ng law aevoral years successfully in partnership with the late Covornor of Ohio, Governor Dennison, ho was appointed Adjutant General or Ohio in 1857 by Governor Chase, devoting his time largo'y to military studies, and laboring to develope in Ohio a sound military system. His annual visits to the briga lo parades in this city, and at th? encampment of tho .Seventh reg mout, Now York Volunteers, at Stalen Island, wore uoticod at tho time in this journal. After tho war broko out, be Inaugurated tho system or the Militia of R servo in Ohio, calling for 100,000 men, aud the wbolo nutubcr was enrolled before he Ijft ouio? a( 11)0 end or last judo. During ids aumimsi . niu >u o Ohio military u.T.irs, in the spring, twenty-six rogimouts wero pot in tho Held in loss than tin woeks, and cordially seconding 111* plans of Gweral McClollua, ho m >vod tho nine Ohio regiments into Virginia within a week from receiving orders to that effect. This appointment to the regular army loft uncompleted the sec nd edition of his Military Guide, of which ton thousand copies were ordorou by the General .tssom-bly of Ohio. It contains, besi los the army regulations, light tjifuntry tactics, and a complete guide for the volunteer. This book be bus just issued. Occupying a prominent position at the" bar and in tho church, h s inUueuco secured rapid eulislmmt of men in the West, and tho effectiveness of his discipline and dril' is provou by the good behavior of tho regiment in the Hell. The War Department appoiutod him in the Board of Visiters at West Point for 1S61; but the appointment was dociinod on account of the press ng nature of oUiiial duly in tho organize; ion of the Ohio trcops. This regiment will undoubtedly ho soon ablo to put its full complement of twenty-four companies in tho field. I.iout nant Colonel Oliver S. Shephord, late of the Thiriieih infantry, and ordered from Now Y?rk, where he va< in .storing troops, by Colonel Carrittgtnn, to lake his place In Kentucky, In I)cc?mber, gradunied at Wost l'uiut in 18-10, and is a native of New York. Ills career has been a successful one as a colde r, and he occni icd a prominent place as candidate for onoof the new Insp cor Ger.era'ships created by Congress. His patience and efll mustering troops in tills city are welt known to all wlio lnttl occasion to visit the While street olhec d iring tho j ast siintmcr. Of great jiersonal integrity uud iu irked forca of cliaructer, his promotion to tlio luoutonunt <*ol- nelcyofthis regiment was well deserved, and he wi 1 mako his ma. k in the Eighteenth. Major Eil ward Underwood, to.iior Major, though not a graduate of West I'oiut, is an uppoiutea from the old aitny, to which ho was appointed a Second Lieetoiiant in 1318, serving tn the Fourth infantry until he reached the Captaincy, fiom which position he was promise I to th Majority of the Eighteenth, lie bat rica.itiy returned from California, in somas h it impairod healiii, and h i. bttn absent 1 on his regiment ou account of si.kiiiss much of the liuio his return, lie is a bravo olilcor and will awn he In the harness. Major Frederick Townsond, Adjutant Couo. al of Nj v York during the samu pen >d that Colonel Carrington whb Adji hint i e ;e :.l of Ohio, is well ku*>w.1 to all our i?oo; le for his u:iti: _- devotion to ini.ltiry ulairr. His labor was unr-milling and hiae icocss marked. While in Europe hi acpiirod a strong passion for Die French system of ta tics, and when the war broke out he accepted tho Colonelcy of li e 'lltird Now York, with which ho (novel his capacity to command. Though mustering dm in< tin ear y part of the summ -r iu New Yo; k, he e cut Hi ic tn:-i 1 "or i f the year his baltalioa, ?::ii m nib'.-d w iili it t Kent: cky. M 1 - : W A. :-'l >k.?s, former y a distinguished lawyer 11 1'eiii aytvaiiia, nod ap|Kitntcd to Die a. roy oopt rnbe -7. 1V>1. h . Invn engaged actively in recruiting hi.s b.ittil ou in i 0:.nsj lvai.i i, tf which four compai. es r.r aires.!) ri.l'el. II" is a innu of ma. ke 1 vigor of mind, military t .st s. an 1 will lie r. matnburcd ns aa active aid-da <v.tu . oi'CFre a ''adwalia ler, during tho famous Moyumo:. ink rj. t? i 1 1'blla h lplii 1 Mime years sine . T!i*se b of s' tc'.i * v. 1 ! enable o ir readers to 'o^ov. I.i 4 itlyili- oilk-c:sin th.s .a-ger.i. in "it. wh b i-liilii 'UC-'d its en'isfm uit an htu >.< th a:t w.ek of Ju'y. Oar Ilsvnnn C'orrcai>?inil? tier. llvves's, .'.1 ?. 13, 1 -10. T 'id* Stntiiti x for for l'eat -TTa.o. wn? 77./j/sr /. / , <fV , dr. fo'ViwIug coi.rti-nsril Hftvnna ta'o reporter 11.1 year, v.liUdi ! had propnrol from olTWihi statistics:? iaioutat o:.? oj tunic mnnrtTiox* r< k 1K1I wnis ko.i or 1s60. IkW. 1M1. F enr in bo ton 7;o.."4-l 758,;i3g Mi, ar in big* 4.1->'i 2.326 t'ofiea in hugs 11 '.'HI 1?0 W> MvlnSC*, U1;C8 11. .'41 7.477 Lea; tob.?-c< 89,848 4n,0? ti MiMii'Tun KxroRtaiius io tiik t Mi?i> nr/r;.". 1860 18(11. 8:u;ar, box a of 246,7 49 165,.:S) 0>IT'?c, arr"t i;5 !l>? 4.KI 7 4.42 M>l imv s, liUJd 13,008 lll.l.'H lob.irco, If if, lbs 1,8?:J 942 1,2?8.78". 8"ga-s, 1,090 61,:. 73 82 026 B.f?wax. arrob s l,2t)7 170 Agnnnlinula (whiskey), pipe* 716 12 vi?1u aRkiv kii 1861 (i860 kot oi\m). Finish 638 American '.*40 (Hliar i.a'iouf 636 A?HHun. In 18.69, American", uo d<>uf>' 18,618 In I860 15,013 In 1861 11,150 HI'-IWISII TltOO!** ARHIVSD. In I'-RO 3,829 In 1660 3,317 In 1861. 7,210 Anatlicloin y ester days Mario discusses the trndo report of tho Is end, fi '-th which it wot-.M appear tb to 1* a Hiea.iy inc eimo in the Mtgar production. Uiore is mi article in to-day's lAnrio on Anierli ?n ui titers, which I w u!(l l.kfl to translate If I h id tiiuo; bnt I got on > a little lini" lot t mc to mail my let tor, T! ? street paving l.ore, under the lis# contract, has coniitieucettsnd a prooe.xllug vigorously. A considerable poitiou of tho (alia dalKnipidrnUnfl itvsniontstreoU-a m at appropriate tiumc to begm with) is already lundaotnely pared. This is a go si opportunity for unemployed workmen at the North, who would wtdi to nsrn good wag"* in these bard times; and new would uo tou mint) i"r mo Ay Ulttemicnio 10 decide on providing Havana with good soweMgo, whan laborers pro plentiful and easily procured. 1 should rattier say Hue 11 a gr id time to commence tha work, lor I understand tha yewer?gs ln? b<>au dec tied on, ami it would ho much more economics! to have both works carded tin together. With good se.veragi and a proper pavnnit ut ihah'ulthof Havana will be materially improved, lor therein r n use .^denying that Havana Is not baa1 thy. liven at this, the coolest yesenu, there ia a good deal of Bicknoss, nod occasionally 1 h"?r of a death rrom yellow lever, therefore tlie sooner tho aowetaga la t> tomancd

tha belt' r. In tha musical Una we have had "Mnrta" and "I* Favorite." I rati not. eay much for either performance, especially the b"or, which was, in my pigment, a c m plcta failure. A new prima d< nna intde her debut in thatoje ra last night?not exactly h w clcbu', but her il'ttoppea-anca antra long abvar.o from the board* of tho Tac ui. She is called Signora Uarbalo, a id lie* a very powerful voice; but that Is a!l. It u tie: m >?ti.u m .?l al \o,en I bare aver heml on ih. stage and l.i "la I tvorlta" aba had tho ml* "ftuna ?" be aupfrutol by shadowy, which lent no roll if to her strength, which transcended even the powerful or< hsatra. I believe ll.e Hollo in Ma-cl r? Is the favorite Of the season, I r there w have In b**t nri.flU a ti>a cettipany. tfDAY, JANUARY 27, 1862 AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our Pari* Correspondence. Fajub, Jut. S, 1862. TkeSmHm'n! of the French on the Trent Affair?No War Exported Between England and America?Mason and SUdell no Lose to Atnenca?-The Opinion of MartKal I'elittier?T\e Bnperor'i Reception on New Tear'I Day? Pirn A/pearanre <ff the Emperor?General Gaiety tn the French Vdropolu?Tk* Freu on the Pint Day iff the Year, dc., <tc. There la very general disposition to believe In all ctrolea that there Is to be no war between America and Great Britain. Public securitte* are all looking up, anil trade is Inc.lned to tuke heart of grace. It Is argued that whatever may be the Inner sentiment of America regarding the generateonduct of Great Britain ever since the rebellion of the Southern States, there Is,among nations, as among Individuals, a time for all things. However powerful a man may be, he does not take occasion to roughly handle an Insolent bully when his house has Just caught lire or villanous thieves are in the act of break'ng luto it. On the contrary, be acknowledges the wisdom i f the Gordon motto, and "bides his time"?dealing with one evil at a time. That America will not play the game of England, by aceopting a war with her in the paeaent juncture, is, I repeat, the general supposition. What are the persons of Sliden aud Mason, it is urged, when so great a game is at stake? If the right to capture thorn was a subject clearly out of the range of discussion?Slot admitting of two opinions?at all odds a great nation must stand or fall by such a right; but if it is ono on which much may be said on both sides, Amorica may east the rebellious stufT from her shores without any loss of prestige or dignity. All tbo world will know the reason why, and that it is not that she lias any fear of the ulttmato result of a war with j England, but that just now she has something more important to attend to. Ye.-itorday, at the Tuilorias, where senators, legislators' judg"S, occlosiastics and the members of overy diplomatic mission were collected, scarcely any other subjoct retained attention than this, and I ara sure I state the simple fact when 1 say that the goneral opinion was as I have given it. Marshal Pellssier, Governor of Algeria, was present, and I hoard him more than once say, America will yield to,.circum3i?nces, but she will never forget this business?"Sitene I'ouUiera jamau" woro his words. Tiio Emperor, instead of receiving all tho various functionaries of the empire on one and the same day?tho Juurde I'An?was obliged, In c >nsequenoe of tho vast root mtruction that is now going on at the palace, to dlvido the duty over two days. Tho weather was remarkably fine, and, as at this epoch all the functionaries whoso incomes are sufficient aro expected to appear In new livorios, now earring is, now drosses, &c., tho beauty of the wuathor and the prolongation of tho ceremonial rendered the observances and appliances of the present New Year miro than usually Imposing. His Majesty looked uncommonly well. The colobrated II <11 of tho Marsha's was literally a universal blaze of splendor, and as tho inultitucio of dighitaries, in all their varied costumes and colors, from the slmplo epaulet to tho marsh >i's crimson cordon, and from tho robe of the nyvat ti the erminod Judge or Impurpled cardinal, oscillated te and fro before tho imperial presence, tho Emprcre, with tho ladies of ber suite, l"anlng forward from tiir light g'lllory at the back or the throne, tho erect on the spectator's eyo was alike magnificent and dazzling. Tke rlinpero. 'sspecch^or rather spacchos, wore listouod to with breathless attontlon, and us his sonorous voice rang through that lofty roof you might have hoard a pin drop, so hushed was the crowd beneath him. I will not c iter into any uoaenpuon ou iiij sjoject in want uis lla.esty said, as it is evident that tho elil-if ob n-t was obtaine'.?namely, that as little 6hould in: male or them as possible. While tlio broach bew.t-n America and England was still undetermined* '!.o fewer words tho bettor. It is impossible to ovorr.lato tho Importance wh'ch ovory ono attached to anything which might have fallen from his Majesty. on that subject. Should such a war roally tako place, France, I hetrd many persons say whoso positions gave importance to thoir words, ?lil never be jackal to England. Of course we have had the usual gayelles and customs ry observances which are Incidental to this particular epoch. Everybody is expected to present everybody with something?an exchange of good will, In which all are I- sors but the shopkeeper. If a strangor h.vl suddenly droppoil down upon Paris on Ihu lit of January, igno" rant of tho national c istorn, groat must have boon hi* surprise. Kvery sec nut person tic would have encountered would have been found with a pa.c.'l lu bis band. Porters?commwrv.naiVe , its they arc elogatilly termed here?ate n"t to b? got for love or money; for who will condescend to p'y his prosaic occupation when tin poetry of ilio new year lias just dawns I up>11liim. No; every rnau for lrins If or the u'uur Ue I'An, and nothing but lha no st i .ordinate prices enable tbe n.vvhsary sbops t > ret tin bauds sutticieut for their customers. Ibis is ihc ilay when tint \ario;:s n,iu is nj-r reach u tit ir yr .t-utlies from the ten mis of apartments. These gentry an projcil.v tlu watch-logs of the proprietors; it is in th-irinior-rt Ih it they hold the hoy *. tb it thuya surer all q tcrti.>n* and receive ail visiter*. They are, in fact, spies on tho tenant*. esp c ai.y nu.oiutell to lake caro lira' tiioy do l ot ca iy away their l .^ aitore before the rent it .s I ee.t paid, or lo v their uptiluvtils so ietiulcd of chairs and t .'.>?* tb t three nay .. ties t'.lelcnt value to rover at a year s rant. Too iiropnuto s are fnliy alive to alt this, ml arc pa; tiedurly jealous of t-cir | o;ui la-i:; with tho '.count*, le t. us tli -y cinrot Ignore the t tin ul it lie. nt of ttrmu'i present it to tho r-.ti , r.' t u the Jour tie Vnn in tho hatTa.ii tiny t. :V;c v.-it'i t -cm on taking oUic*, thr y aro in ,;r ..t nil!'.c illy. In tact, tli .- n i -? ? c ui! i"t live bat f-r ih1 ton ttv, so l litil'C j - the jay of the l.oo.llo d ; a.,d y%I this hi t p. s u.avo re*;* c * hito anlooks to hi in. a ul to hint oily, ur> h.vt'-g the ; w i either to leave Juai ii IPs pi :e i r c tH t htm. Thu ,i o a ;i< itij c i* surely put Irst, anil eailE It;, h ting s; sp ,'Clf I aiw vs by tho mister n i hatu ! hv the t a it. How ever. U ? W his sc ist.n, and it is that w hi 'Ii c ion e.s him to giro ait lis miles to t ho to ct-.iif. I voi y servant, every m Hunger, every man, w. or ch.l I, w!s> h is uvhr once Ii t.l th >.' * d lu;-k 11 oaru your motwy, or c nvy gooes to you from his c.up.ovur, ae oimia this to lw bis johilco. He rii.g-s at > ur u-', i i-ris.s y.u iuliie street, h ints on your st , gets h.-lilnd your carriage, hut lint h-j wiilhave h;e w oat -it gitertlor. Then this ts llio season when ladies deiighl to don s m h ng new. 'ihe most ceonmnieal C Jer hoists n ut:w o isign n it i t tccaiti'n, or a i .mura im. Th" dy e r ' r -.a:.' kj*,foone'.makflra.fnr tho ;aj,t i tr. i tv I..V. nr.- -T? .-fit; ?h r yu ><?. ?. ? -i. iiutoba.oal ..dy i,u to overflowing. fiid thing- frt it be mule rev , I." r.c.v orb .ir u.d to bo ma e. An! now, about ttircu rr four I*. SI., ymI m.iy B' tbe Strcoid throng#I v.ilh lathee oilier -.n r i'lif or <i j.nxl, hastening to utter their mutual salutations, till, l.uw they in iko th? iiii'M ring with their tl w-ry n, eer.heB. y.?j w .iilJ think that all .r lilshnes.; Vi s Iio nbviifrotTi '.h"' arth eichs'-em ?o entirely ore ip.oJ ti hii .Aighbure'go nl foi tune lu the yourou ? bicli n I u e entering. The Kre.iuh Ixufuego, 1 dupgo, , admits oflli-aocxt a, tgnnree; but. uttered in *uy oth" thejr would simply bo it.MernMo. lit ' Wor '- id i Ian'*, chWMVt, ?*/ttit, I ,-vti coif Irut a fail neuf, meet you at ev-r; turn, u.- njipl eU to the novel purclne"-, or ri f-wttr, or b utcr toiicts, that nro ae:*:t in evory houar. "What an amiable peuplo they arc," you would h:ty: "Jiow disinterestedly they |mw round one another, like AnpuU kittens, n . I k each others t.ibtiy strijieti. Hut truth to Bay, ttio ar.oi.e Is ?adly < h uicod wlc:a, wearied with these extra vacant effusions, they at last re eh their rwn h >mo?. idle and wormwood often take tho pl -c-* of those h uieye 1 n.acutatiins which tax even thnir beautiful language, niul who ?h ill register tho a oount ot gall and hale that giish'W forth it remwcAe? Tills In, too, the bo sen nil mankind roeolvc du mi,ml'. All !< rmor tratupiillity is abaudoued; open widu the doors?ttin more tho niorrlor. Their liousci have b en thoroughly rninum. Carpets roll out from their autntiiei hidiug places,curtains, yortierwr, things of volvot and silk, an In the ascendant. Tlxlls, dinners, supperi. receptions, keep an overturning round and the l)rut n ile< of l he H ly reason ailbrd son*'thing Ifko respite to the over luted servants, th# drooping hnanties and the breathless dowagers. The Interval of Lent Is a vonta bio godsend to the limly If It dues nothing tor the spirit of tho h'OU new.' , aud 1 beliove malty arn indebted to lie ar-ival that they a e enabled to go through all tha aevsritins of another opening year. The Court temporarily thing add* tho mourning for Prince Albert on the occasion of the new year. Tha following iiessageg from the Pagt, the Pa'rir. and the fr'tm will allow the agreeable reception the Kuipe ror's speech has met with:? Thefliat aaya:?"Certain foreign Journals aflheted to await with emotion the anniversary of the 1st of January. 18'.!). At four different times tho Kmperor B.s.ko, ana rntliinv hut niaeo and cnneliivtion lietue >n snvnreimi and people, between the conservative and pr.'grosaive eln tnentaol modem society, between dynastic fidelity end udionnl naptiat ion,escaped his tips." The second Bays (spoakhg f parliamentary rilscunrion):?"As though the Knipe'or himself wished to ratify the right of frae discussion, he briefly touched ii|?'U the various Importeut disc .ssioOs of the day," Ac. And the third says:?"Jlon persona a.iw in the expression addressed to the teneto-?'I rvly on it to assist mo in Improving the constitution'?* now pledge given of h decided return to liberal institutions, and a renewal of the formal promise of 'crowning the edifice.' Men have thought, too. th it it ws? in allusion to Rome that thu Kmtwror said to tlio ArcLb.sliop el' l'nrls,' l'he French clergy know that It Is necessary to render to Uod that which is tjod s,aud to Cwsur that whlth Is Catsar's.' " Paris, dan. 3,1M2. The Fhl/rieotions of the I' Patrie?Oeire to Bxcih IVar Englirul u el Amcri:<.i--%Tort? of the French Uoxxrnment to ra nee Itfmhtilim?French Snoir Shoe* far the /lriltrh ,t?'/?Tht T/ymMsb in India? Bankrtrpi Onn lilion of All Karq f?France Apninel IK Noiih?F.Jfert of Our Fee fnMUution* on tin Uwerrrntnti of France and Ftf/'anJ, ifc., (tic. The steamer Africa has juat arrived. Iter news, so I anxiously looked for, bring* no paace to those troubled ( spirits who dread war and ita fearful cousequenoes. The I'atrie, that moat vile, lying, bigoted sheet, *1111 continues to assure Its readers that war "must take place." It continues its daily L-suos of fab* advices, of letters received before steamers have arrived, of dispatches that J exist but in the vilo imagination of the knavish editors who seek, at all risks and hazards, to cause an increase of the bad feelings that exist between England and the United States. Still all its lies and misrepresentations, although daily denounced by the English press, which fears the effects of such ill-judged, dishonest friendship, are apparently unnoticed by the American Minister here, who should at once cause the I'atrie to be prosecuted for the dissemination of false reports calculated to iqjure the cause of the United States government. Those well In formed tell me that France deemB a war between the United States and England as Inevitable, and that en couragement is given to England to set in a hostile manner. Anyone not prejudiced will easily understand that the British government is sure beforehand of the co-operation of France, else it would not get ready with such unseemly baste when the President's answer Is as yet unknown. In my last letter I announced that Franca had supplied England with snow shoes. Report said that two thousand pairs bad been given. I asserted at the time that more were sent. I now have ascertained that twelve thousand pairs were sent. Some eighty years since Frenchmen were assisting Americans to gain their independence, and were lighting with them side by side agaiust the treacherous common enemy. Now France aids and abets, by loans of munitions and prejudiced despatches, that same treacherous common enemy against Americans. She may yet rue this mistake. It is thought by wail informed Englishmen that war will not take place now, as the people have plainly ovlnced that they are not in favor of it, and more especially as news of fresh troubles In India has Just been received. In c:tse of war, a few thousand Americans might bo most profitably employed in India, as all the people thcro need are loaders. The desire to throw ofl'England's most lietoful yoke is strong enough. Ireland, grateful for past favors and for your cons taut sympathy, la all light on tho question of war,and will p^ye a thorn iu England's side should ono occur. It sfldns the English are laboring under the idea that tho war, If engaged, will be but a short ono. "'Ihe Americans will get well thrashed at once., will sue for |*ace and p:.y all oxpensos," they say. May ihey not And that the war, once engaged, will have bccomo ono of extermination? for surely a m re dastard.y act was never porpetrat-'d than tho prosi nt ons aught upon a nation involved in a deadly civil strife. It is quite impossible to say what may take piece iu Europo in tho spring, us all complies Hons must change In case of war b'tween the United Slatos and England. Should that wa. be av-dded, rigonoral row must take place hero, as all'.ne alike b inkrupt, and must get th.-ir soldiers fed elsewhere than at home. M. Fould finds It a ha d mutter to get along with his financial reforms, while I'orsiguy continues to givo averlitsemtftit to the French press with a blind fury that is bocoining irksome even to the government. itsolf. B it a year ago ho assured tho journals they wero free, and since then more journals have boon condcmno.l to dill'eicnt linos nnd pcnultios than during nny Ave years provloiis, and for the most puerile reasons. 'I ho stato of the country is njost embarrassing, no eommerco, no money, no confidence. Some great change must soon occur. As regards tho animus of the government towards you, its own action will show that it is against you intoto. It is astonishing to boo how great is the sAbct produced In Kuroph by your Jcadors upon l*ilitical afDtirs wi tins side of |ke Atlwle. 'lbe ml papers attribute to yo 1 nu iuftuonco almost boundless; the French journals do the s imo, an 1 their goueral abuse but goes to prove how truly you servo tho interacts of your own country, while at the samo time most justly atiu sevorcty judging me anions 01 in > iiiuropcau mm mis that would Injure our g-oat Union. Your loud calls for the building of powerful lleots aud equlpntont of powerful unit r.utnarous armies on race the Kngltsh as null as French, who filie govorninont, 1 refer to) hale you Dor ansa your froo i stliutions are a living reproach to lit j resti a.nod condition of the French poople. Decidedly you are croating a eeu*Ui"H in Kurope. Our Berlin Corrcspondcnoc<, Dec. 81,18C1. Prussian Wvte on the Ane,lo-Amencan le-JficvM),?A]pre h n~ioni of War lt-twem Kn gland and the Vnii-d State-? PL trust if France?Embarrassing Condition of Prusia? The King and His Ministers, etc. The Prussian government has fo'lowed the example of France in addressing a noto to its ropres -ntalire in the I'niteJ States, declaring the arrest or Messrs. Slidelland MoScii by the sun Jacinto to be st variance with the principles of international law, and expressing a hope that, after mature deliberation, the Cabinet ut Washington will conclude u;>on rcloosing the prisoners. Thrcgh, to, judge fix m the t dographio despatch's recrivod yesterday (which, by the way, have caused a little oxclti mont hate aud produced quite a panic on 'Change), the doctrino pro.oimlel by Prussia is not likely t> influent - the con.!net of thi An.eric in government. The action taken by her In this caso ? only in to: fo mlly with her .'.ntecu l bis, &o'J caliUot bu'.ooked u|(On SS Lufricudly to the I tiitut Flat- s or exhibiting partiality to England. Since th - days of Frederick the Groat, who, during the war of in dependence, c mbiueil with Calhurinu of Russia to oppesu lite maritime pretensions of thu U.-iti-.h by the amous treaty of nrmal neutrality, no Fower has besn mcro strum ous in assorting the rights or neutrals than Prussia; and, not having u s ifllciont uavul force hersoif to prctoct her comm ce, she Is particularly l:i'(vested in h:\ lngthasorigliis rv-pectod and generally rcc srui o t. Her position, lit Tefi-re, ic very different fr.-in that of I ng I*n I, who has Inva lnb!y pushed ilio priv lege of a bell.go.-eat Power to their iiiumst exteut.aud evinced the meet flagrant uiarogard of neutral rights wh-uovertho^ i.itniTorod with her cnvniei.ce. I taring tin Ute R :rsi.!ii war the Kngiish p.oss oven nltaek" ! Pro si r ."or a'!, wing the transit of gondii to aurt from It a i.i icn '.s the land f.oulior. Thu 1/ rtilrj I'v ! a id tho oilier otirnal; In the pay of thi TritirU g. vermoeat talk i of h.ockallng the Pre-si u puts In trdor t> c m;io! this co.nty to li oak on ail i.ito course with 'Mho cnomy," ar.d Ilio aniiiv ity dts; iayo i by I. Tit Paimeraiin t iviar 'g i rossi i1 vor Bine-* that time n a; hi su: 1 t> havo oriyl ato l cnti o'y in the loii.sal < f the ,'atle to consult tin; iniercslg of Eaglan I In proiorcnco t>> he own. It is not surprieuig that, under iheso ct c mist-uiecs, Pros u shuu'd tool s mo a ilia itckou in soil k Ki.g and app or in the novo! clia ait r of il.anipii n of t. i claims of ueutrahty, a:nl shot 11 in I-'go in til ; ? I-1 r. futile, orgjelriion'li it i n fu'uro o a istons til it Iwor will h rout niiicd froai aciu ft in thu high itn'.oi to inner sko Ilia . .v ksU 'L1 .'-v a i ''' v ? '"i'1"a . VOO.I. ju by Il ? 1U iiaioiild. Another con-nijratio i that makes T'r .fftlj ilfiXioiin ! avert a ripturo between Kuganti ami tl.o t'nit vl Xtiitn* is the ..Hit do ug/ubio i by ! In anile of tho puclOe |;rofi'-: iiiu... f lamia Xa,> icon, and li s est'-ntati u* eti111*vers to i llbrt an amicable settlement of the A glo American dilhculty, thu at moat unro -lainty anil distrust aro a.ill fall a. to 1.1/acta d Intel.It. na. I o s lie real v wunt to ; recent Lng and fr rn bung plunged .ntn a war'which may occupy W Tor yea a, and in which tho gh at tin conuuei.c -ment it may Uo d.s strou; t> the fiited t lb a, rti i dcuv c aiic etioi'gy of the American people will, la all probability,enable litem to inflict *evo-o bh wa on the mother cuntry, to ltara-r. her c* mtuJfCa, dif up tho coll ( C.4 of he. Wi-iiltL . anil fl.ali. n-iiifl *. de rive b ;r of the ie:i.lueof her m.UlLoliC possoselouaf Oi does hi merely Inlond to blin I Kdg'mud by aMuracc'* cf friendship nml rympathy, and tl?i:s enc>urago her to aittbai k in a conllict that will district h-ir alluntiou from tho Hila rs of Kurope, and leave him to carry ont his pla-ia of ambition and conquest without lot or but Iranref in (he pre eat condition of the Confluent, Prussia is tin ouiy 1'ower whos< military fori oh would be s.illlcient J disengaged to make n stand against Prance, but th y are completely paralyzed by tho want of a powerful navy. While the Prussian army wan lighting in Switzerland or on the Kiiine, a Kieuoli corps might and In Potnoiaula or at Dnntzlo, revolutionize Poland, and march upon borlln, an I tho fate of the monarchy might be sealed, aa at Jena, by a single battle. NotwPhaianding th) dlUerencos that have existed for aome years between this country and Kngland, tho Prussian govern- , ntcnl has iilwavs hojiod that, If tho worst came to tho wo st, a British fleet would assist her in defending her ( coasts, or that :it any rato the prospect of auch acontln- | genoy wojld sinter K mice from -detailing any considers- , hlo portion ot her nural power to such a distance from ( their own harbors; O.t if Uio only maritime Power able to cope with the Kronen should bo otherwise engaged, , they would have nothing of that kind to fear, and the , position of Prussia In the event of a war would be pre- , earloM Metfc , To th- au apprehensions of foreign entanglcmenls must , he added the uncaaiueee ins; iro<l by thu iutornal elate of the kingdom, which is Htill very unsatisfactory. The quarrel betweuu the King and bin Minister* lias been patched up fur the nonce, but no one expects tbelr reconciliation to be pormaiient. In fact, tho Cabinet is divided In Itself, and therefore must naturulljr fall to pieces at ( itft ilitttiiiit i it* rt of I Tim lihnr&l itariv la rct>rp*onto I hv 1 MM. Auerawald, Patow, tichweriu end Beroutb, who are < sworn that, If some concessions srs not mads to public opinion by lbs introduction of tho reforms promised on t their secession to ufflce?such as the reorganisation of tho i provincial estates, a law for regulating ministerial | rospons.biliiy, and, above nil, lbs purification of the House t of Lord", which, for tho last three sessions, lias nullified I all the nloaniires passed by tiio Deputies?it will be impossible to prevail upon the popular brnncbef theUr^Uin- t tore to vote the sums > om.uidod for Ibo roortnoiM.mHilary establishment required by the noeossi! ie* of the times n und tho personal predilections of the King Th> rear a llouary minority In ihe Cabinol?M Ton dor Ilcydt, s Cimvrul K??n and M. do Dothinan fl- l)we<?on tlie contrary, discourage all Idea of reform, es a step t! towards revolution, and, if the Chambers rcfu.-ie tlie <1 supplies, would b.ud them at once to the right t about, and the influence of government for I procuring mors obsequious rspresnntatlv at tha rent i ilehttons. As for the himself, it becoe e? dnti) more t evident that tho attempt upon his life last rummer lias i profoundly uttucied his m.nd, and he lias eves been so i.ariuo I by the election of Wal lock ai d other prominent I nmiiihurs of ib > riomocreiic pai ty that he thinks a policy I of repress! a. is ebsoluieiy indltpeniihle to prevent a recurrence of I ho sr-meanf lfldh. In this moi d It is,easy 1 to g ess how llttlo he re ishes the piopoeae submitted to I him by tlie lib tui jsirtn u of his advisors; and If, as Is i meetItkelf, he should decide upon injecting them, M. Aeerswa.d and his collesgena ?nll have no option bet to retire from .tflica Ml ieavo the censer relives a>d the I <>riiiA8 to their own device?. On that day Prussia on the brink of a oaiastrophe. v ? Wnr Party la England. H utchester Examiner and Times, Jan. 4 ] Wirhti.. n7T?i. HoU <* I1*"0* ?" sympathies begin to DluinEeMidei W^fe.Mver?much for Ul0M boisterous tmtr'ts who have none a.'1 th? uPP?"'*'on that the Aimricaa government m the ' vLSL Lj4rePnlread? ui',''! people ere nil maniacs ot* painful tense <ff discomfiture. them, figuratively a tasking, oh the ^^ettaMvsnsae ed a calmness, a moderation, a dope . ,, , L far superior to their own. Instead ? * ,/* blustering defiance, thoy felt on their be. t'boeka the gentle galea of peace. As aoou as tliey recoe.#r,a -J " the momentary disappointment, they set to *orK , , |irove,?s well as they were able, that these p^toerul indicaiiona meant nothing, and that war was stilt M likely as ever. We do not aflirtn that all danger hSa passed away; we Are hardly p spared to expect the iramediate arrival of Messrs. Hlidell and Mason la Liverpool; and we tbink it quite possible that the question or peace or war may yet depend considerably 3> >n IIU reception which our government shall give to r. Seward't next despatch. This, however* will net helu our good friends who have been calculating go co.iUdeuliy oh Americau obstinacy and madness. Wo submit that, however the affair may end, the Americana have alria ly cleared their reputation. They are not m passion. They talk quite as rationally and coolly at see do. Titey at not mobbing the government. There have been no auli-BritUh d nioustraUons. There ha* been no indignation meeting at New York like that which was held In Liver|>ool. There is a total absence of rant and " bunkum." It is clear that the people are quietly awaiting the decision of the Cabinet, and that the President will bo upheld in any course which he may deem it bis duty to pursue. U nee, if a war should, after all, be the sad result of the present misunderstanding, it will bo unjust to ascribe it to th j prejudices and passions of the American people. Mistaken they may bo, but they will assuredly enter upon it,.quitu as much as wc shall, in compliance w flli the decisions of the coolest judgment, and tu the conviction that thoy tire right. But, if tha affair should be settled peaceably,what will ourrallersdof One would say they ought for once to render ample justice to' the moderation and good tamper of the AmcMbuna, and acknowledge that a ripublic can, on a pinch, bo as wise ati.ligarcht and kings. Will they adopt this creditable courso'r U>nomeana. Their ingenuity will easily sujply material for invective. They will not be shut up to the honest du'y of doing justice to a peoj le whom they are resolved to black ball at all hatardt. They will tell us that the Amorlca> s liko all huiliea. are cowurds too: that thev talked boasting!/ till (hoy found out that we wore in "earnest, when (hey got down from the stump and quietly chewed the leelc. We assert boforehand that the Guards will get all the credit. It will be said that our twolvo thousand troops iu Canada made New York shiver with affright, and sent a panic through Mr. Seward's soul. The whole affair will, no doubt; bo made the theme of complacent homilies on the u (vantages of firmness and the euecial inoilts of the llritieb constitution, with its army, Davy and aristocracy, somo of whoso members content, for pay and promotion, with tho chance of a peerage and Westminster Abbey, to fight our battles at the risk te about one iu twenty of having their bones bleached t;oa 1'olar snows." * Hence let us be thankful. There is no likelihood that our rollers will bo reduced to silence, or that America w ill escai>e being thoro ,ghly abused. Bat let us n<Htba too hard, even upon them. Let us do thom justice. They are aware of our weak points. They kuow that we are not averse to that delicate (lattery which mainly consists In dispraise of others, and they are kind enough to indulgo us sometimes at the cost of their own dignity. Hence we aro In Justice b.,und to take all thoy Say at its proper value, and go shares with thom in the blama with which thuir folly is chargeable. We bohove that our doar countryinon are, taking thom all in all, the finest fellows in creation, and If they would be hut s trifle mora Just to foreigners they would be absolutely perfect. However, waiving all further criticism, lot us rojoico that so far, our prospects are moro hopeful than they were a few days ago. If wo cannot feel quite sure that the danger In blown over, let us be glad that it is less imminent than it has boon, and that, with ordinary good temper on both sides, the difllculty may be peaceably surmounted. People who speculate in cotton, stocks and saltpetre may per. ha;>s require to bo cautioned against placing too sauob reiiurcu ou probabilities; but the-greal bulk of the community have no interest in such pursuits, while the Interests of every class would miffbr by a war. Hence there Is uo reason w hy they should net enjoy the gratification which the latest mows from Amorlra is calculated to Inspire. A disposition to rejoice at tho prospect of psaoe is probably the most potent instrument for securing the bl; ssing itself, aid tho conciliatory temper which in being shown on the other side of the Atlantic will only ULike us mora anxious jhat the end which seems jikey to be M h.'.Tyi.y ronclird may not Tie ^wiirtcTby snyut courmous and unreasoning obstinacy on tho part of the Brit ish government Emigration from Liverpool In 1861. f+'rom the Liverpool'Mercury, Jan. 4 ] Tho returns of thu emigration trade of this port far tht pust year are now completed, uder the direction of tba government agent, Lieutenant I'riof. As usual, theso documents emliody a Iv ge amount of highly useful and Interesting In'or mat ion It annears that the total number of emigrants that left this port Tor the United Steles, British North America, the Australian colonics, Cane of Good II'ipo^c.. during the year just ended, was 58,026. Ib lh< previous year thore were 83,774, being a decrease of 28,745. Oi these thcro were under tlio act 118,879. and n 'I under the act 16,150. From ths following tabulated statements it will lie seen that the numbers deapatohod ea< h month during the year were:? 1800. 1861. Dxrean. Inert***, ?*?uvyii,... 2,746 2,113 -r 673 ? lobruary P-316 8.588 js 2T2 March 7,750 &,2u6 . 5,484 ? April 11,084 11,887 59ft ? May 12.021 8.379 4,642 ? Juno 9 217 3,757 6,490 ? July 7,0<,tl 3,103 8,603 ? August 7.359 4,430 8,429 ? September.... 6,670 8.400 3.270 ? October 7,029 4,036 2,998 ? N'ovemtier.... 4,039 2,626 1,714 ? Deeembtjr 3,209 2.576 633 ? The places to which the em.grants proceeded wero as follows:?Unit d States, 139 ships, 1,865 cabin and26,Z12 slot rage i A'sciigerp. Ciuuicla, 7 ships. 124 cabin and 1,066 litt er igo; New So ith Wales, 2 ships. 526 steerage; Victoria, 30 ships, 1,864 cabin ar.d 9,OOP steerage; South America, 1 slii;i, 8 cabin an t 61 steerage passenger*. Total cabin i a.-b.uiKcr.s, 1,965; stcera ,o, 36,914. The prooont state or affairs in lh.> United states has necessarily exercised nn Important in'luonco on the emigration trade. CI. ? ? w I ,ul ll-l ,W? '? III >1 1.J 1 cuts pM-mpert, r the ac!, aula rial for (he f.'nitat Utah?, wh(! in !hr prtrivui year (he nu.uhert were hi,766 Peerage r;ml :1,1K> eal'.n txneengert. Trio Jure quarter thin your? a juried whan lbs emigration trade, mora especially with the I'niiod tatue, U ui< st active?includes a return of ' nly 10 010 i TfMcngera. The decrease on the March qtiarI r, as crunjuirod with the corresponding period oi th# previous year, wis ",7t5; on the June quarter, 10.3'JV; t epic-tuber quarter, 10.'JU3, Mocember quarter, 6,040. The Civilisation of China. GLOOMY RKPORT FRO* A CHRISTIAN WORKER. A i-run oh officer of rank, who xorrod throughout the latu war in Chilli, gives mi iinlnvoreb.e account or that country. "1 in ly ha'e'y aiflrm," lio says, "that China is in every u s ect n bad country for Europeans, wiib a cmote wlileli rapid'y evhausta where It does not at onoe kii'?iucurablo maltdie--. ba l air. had witter: a corrupt a iJ Ucc/cpit deity, win h cannot ha improved but nrtor ihe great revolution which m ine ? iij ruin, physical and moral, which will prevent for a long time to come nil contact, and, rotis juci.tlc, all important c in me roe; i.tttlt iRfcrcLc? ia jftoguagu. lu h:?hitn, to jt| igilthin, with all that wu ?"iw Pi m.loiij FTvi 1/.0J iciples. What can be donr with a rh a country ' The best we caa dn'lslnqmt it,ra hor than sacrifice our men and our mc.iioy. The hope or putting an end to idolatry, and of lnt.-o.tuct g the Christian religion among those bai baruue populations, hoe glren hlrth to n certain interest for China; hut, niter what I have seen, the effort* of the miaaiooarica w 111 Im> foiled In juooonce of th? moral atupblitjr of the populations, who hare neither belief nor rehgtoa worthy the i.amo.'' Tli* Emancipation juration In Ranla, FAST KKAPINU OF TIIK I.AW SY TIIK MKIIKfl. Tlio St. I'ii!ur-l)?i ( Quels pubiinhcfc lit* following clrctt'ar from th? Minister ot th? Interior to tbe Governor# of I'tovlsirm:?It results from Information rcc ivod at th<- MinI.- try of tlie Interior, on tbs subject of the actual state "f the tpiestlnn of the serfs, that the favorable progren of question, and especially tho completion of the ch.irtor of mMIINM, finds an obstacle i:i the erroneous interpretations which clrculata ainoug tbe serfs, aa also In the fahw h<i|ica which thoy ontortain. They expect what they call "a new freedom," the promu'gatfc a of which, at the expiration of two years, wouM confer upon them now privilege* not mcntioneil in tbe rcgulatk>D8 of the 19th of Fubraary. They add th it thoao serf* who should have contracted arrangement a with tbe proprietors and signed charters would be excluded from the enjoyment or lliese privileges. To put an and to this IIlustou hi* Majesty, tbe Emperor, during 111* visit to the Orimea, deigned re|>eat illy to explutn to the chief men of tho rural districts, when they had the honor of being presented to Ills Majesty, tho exact stale of th.i qui at ion. at the eainn lime reminding tbum of the obligations thoy wort- In.und to fuitll. Thus his Majesty said to tho aerfe, 'That there wruld not bo any other freedom heyoud that which bad been conceded to them, and that consequently tho serfs ought conscientiously to e.ieeute what was exacted from them by the general laws, aa well aa by tbs regulation of tbe 19th or February. Fashions for Jtnnsrjr. [From la Foliet.] Tbe articles mostly employed for indoor drees am Iroguets, re) 8 and wocllen terry velvets; Silks, sat Ins, noire terry and plain velvets are patmetaed for visiting )r for full dress. Foutache le still the favorite ornament, and ts applied ,o all materials and ler any style of rin-se. Cloaks, also, ire handsomely braWed. In tact, this trimming la cmilovod wherever It esn be adventngeonely Introduced. Mtraran Is still In grsst favor, but awsnadowii has buna utrcdurod for full dress, and has a very elegant effect. The skirts of dresess srs worn vary Dili, and toag bo"T?aht sleeves arersry rarely seen. Tbs most fashionthisshapsTor the presont month Is open; rather short md small, the trimming la not generally placed at tha >dge,bnt a ditto below the elbow. The bodies are inade open down the front, hot h*vn iBi nlly a wmall pl'o of the sumo fi'itrrliil ft* lh? nklrt Intended from the consign, but whteh can he pm under he opening for out-of-door wear. Thoy ?re fastened by uittnns, nnln*? thoy have eomo Irtmaiing down tho front, rhichnere?stUtos ft llftt surface. Homo t? irflas *rr at- l ncbod quite on on* aide," or the fastening begin> on on* ihi'utdur and ende at the wnlit on the opposite eido. Many cor*ng'a nre no trimmed a* to give the appearinoe <>r u Jacket, the ornament ending at the waist, tinrler ha *m?. Pocket# are at ill worn ornamented; but, Instead of being sewn on the outel le aa formerly, the opening onlw I* seen. Co range* are made either pointed or round. Wltn the latirr style a hand la worn, or a anah with long floating ond*, which la often made of the name material aa tha dreee and covered With nouterbe. Silk (Vxmoa* are worn pinked or botmd; Sie format

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