Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 28, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 28, 1862 Page 4
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r | _4 NEW YORK HERALD. 4AHII OOKDOI BKBB1TT, Dm* and pbopbuetor. optica n. v. eoBxn or folton and nassau an. w.?. TSMjfgm* in ?ih??. JbUfMU If Md will koattks Hj* V iks tsmimr. Mom bat BmA bills ammtl m Aw York TMM DAILY MgJiALD. I wo esm-porropo. f M' WMMJLLt BHtfJ, mry Mm i>| at uowimt ??. "Wf aamttm; '*? A?ro(MOM MAiHtm iwre ir?AM?<ay. H ? LT.r^' N g?r "?? "?? <o ??? port o/ tfrwu Britain. I t il It to <mf pmri of Ik, (natwunl. botk <? fadwds pastaa,. tks u. n3 -<a ?%h.V,i, on'- prr mvo.or $2 7Spsr anomm. Aj?**AA/>. on * * ?*>* at jfewr am/, pw j "^OLVtlfAtir roBXYSFOYTDkliCK, rxmtaiwhy, important Ef'i soUrUoA from an* qomrtm of Iks world; if ussd, wilt bo MkrrnOp pasd for. Mr Ova Pobciqh CouiaroMDKim in rimaniur RMitnu to 8iu all Limu im Pace in' a?uu ?~?iwmwwrraawaw* weaono refer* rrft-itx) rommumitntum* ADy ENTT8HMKBTS rmotena fecr* dan; ath-'i finmimt' <t- [ terferf fe i?r wllilt Hbbald. Family HIllU), mJ M of California rtn/l Kumytan Edition!. JOB PRIltTIBO BiWH W<(A aiaMwa. cAramu- and do I w>a<ra _ vthm inn AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.?Wbbxbb?A Roland DOB .iS OL1TIIB. WINTER GARDEN. BroadwayNaiad Qdbek?Toodlb*. i WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 844 Broadway.?Bold 81 ao At. iua A 1Il.SBA.no. LAURA KEBNE'8 THEATRE, Broadway.?Oob Amzki| OAK ('OOSIM NEW BOWBRT THEATRE, Bowary.?Sara* Bicafbs? For >1 O UlfcD UY BOXIYACA?.' LOTTO. j BO WERT THEATRE, Bowary. ?Sticxxbt'i National Ciaoua. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Day and E'rning.?Owdixa?HirroroTAxus, Wbalb, amd Onaa Cua 10am as. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanlea' Hall, 47S Broadway.?Who Stblii Billy Pattbbsox. HOOI.EY'S MINSTRELS. 8luyv?aaut InaUtute, No. 659 Broadway.?ETBi'oriAX Soxoa, Dabcbb. 4a IRVING HALL. Irving place.?Soiaaa F banc A is a? Vaudeville, Cobkdt axd Cbansoxkktcb. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 8S9 Broadway.? Boaca. Dancbs, Boblbsouks. Ac?Holiday i.n Ibblabd. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 885 Broadway.-SONGS. Dances, Bcbly sauna, Ac.?Mazolx, thb Nicht owl. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 515 Broadway.?Dbawino Room Entaktainmints, Ballet*. I'antonimks. Fasces. Ac. AMERICAS MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway.?Songs, Ballet?, Pantomimes, Ac ? Porieait 1'aimtsb : CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. 45 Bowery.bueleaaves. Songs. Dances, Ac.?O'Klanacam at the Fair PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS. 663 Broadway. Open daily from 11) A. M. till 9 I*. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?Burlesques Song*. Dances, Ac. W York, Taeiday, Jaaaary ?8, 1863, THE SITUATION. No official information from the Burnside expedition has been reoeived at Washington, though, M will be seen by the Southern news, below referred to, the mysteriona action of the fleet is the source of considerable excitement and alarm among the rebels all over the South. Ir pursuance of the order recently issued by Mr. Stanton, Secretary of War, with regard to the appointment of Commissioners to visit Richmond and other Southern cities where prisoners of war from our army are confined, and minister to their comforts, ex-Governor Hamilton Fish, of New York, and Bishop Ames, of Ohio?a leading dignitary of the Methodist Episcopal church? have been selected as each Commissioners, and have accepted the aervice. We give sketches of both these eminent gentlemen in our columns to-day. It has been arranged that the Commissioners shall accompany a body of rebel prisoners from Fortress Monroe, undpr a flaw ?f trace, to the lend of rebeldom, and if the Jebel authorities consent to the fulfilment K their charitable mission, they will proceed fc> its execution; bat if they should refuse, Bishop Ames and Mr. Fish will return. It la to be hoped, however, that the rebel leaders will not object to the humane mission of oar Commissioners. A change has jast taken place in the Ordnance Department at Washington which still further illustrates the sagacity of our new Secretary of War. The position of Chief of the Ordnance Department, [one of the most important bureaus of the War Department in the present condition of aflairs, lias been heretofore occupied since August last by Brigadier General Jos. W. Ripley, an officer who has been in the service for forty-seven years. He has now been replaced by Brevet Major Alexander Brydie Dyer, a much younger and more active officer, who graduated at West Point in 1*37. He Stands at the head of the Captains of Ordnance in tha Army List oC September, 1661. We give in our columns to-day very interesting sketches of F General Ripley and Major Dyer, the retiring and succeeding Chiefs of the Ordnance Department. IWe publish in oar columns to-day another installment of extracts from rebel newspapers, relative to our recent victory at Mill Spring and otli r I Interesting subjects. The Petersburg F.rjrrenf of the 25th inst. considers "the tidings gloomy and discouraging." The Norfolk Day Book of the same date thinks " it is tho most serious reverse tt,.? ? K.,-? 1 " T. - -1?:. - wmmmmm ?V Utl T V JVW C*|/VI IVMVVU. I V 1 U1 bllCI flUIUJlS that "a cordon is being drawn aronnd Virginia, and she may be within the foal coils of the serpent unless the important point now referred to be trengtbened immediately." Secretary of State Hunter has been elected to the Senate of the rebel bogus Congress, which position will oblige him to resign the former post. The Union light boat, lately stationed near the Middle Ground, at the month of the Chesapeake. , went ashore at the Pleasure House beach, near Cape Henry, on the 24th inst., and with its crew, consisting of seven men, were csplured by the I rebels. By an order recently leaned by the Assistant Adjutant General of Virginia, the two hundred and ! fifty rebel aoldiers who were raptured by the Union expeditionists at Hatteraa, If. C., and aubaeqnently released from Port Warren, Boston hsrfbor, are released from parole, they having been exchanged by General Wool of the United States Army. The Burnside expedition still continues to ex ?ui! inp irarn una apprenennions or me ror><M newspapers. The Norfolk Day Book of the 25th says:?That ? gentleman who reached that city on the 24th direct from the North Carolina coast* states that the report of a large Union fleet being In Pamlico Sound, turns out to be entirely unfounded. The same paper considers the expedition an entire failure, and that the next news from Europe will be that the Southern confederacy has frren recognised by France and England, and that Lifer* nations fears deter n ined to disregard the inefficient blockade. X* Petersburg (Tfr) Jbyrtw, of.tfef last., l /- :*: NJ says that the gale on the North Carolina coast I has been perfectly awful for the last few days, and 1 that the surf has been beating around B srnside's J vessels in a furious maimer, and that at least eight veasela of the expedition have been driven ualure i and burned to prevent their falling into the ] hands of the rebels. The same paper states, in another column, that the large number of veasela lately reported in Pamlico Sound had disappeared 1 and the coast was clear at the last accounts. It J considess the expedition all "a mystery," as it ( evidently is to the Southern jonrnslists. It must \ be remembered that these stories of the expedi- 1 tion come exclusively from rebel sources, and ' must be received accordingly with the value which attached to them. Our correspondent in the Bahamas, dating at Nassau, X. P., on the 18th of January, furnishes a lengthy letter in denial of the position assumed by the writer of a communication published in the Herald of the. 16th of December, to the effect that the inhabitants of the island were in every way hostile to Northern American interests, insulting to Northern American visiters, and active in rendering aid and sympathy to the trade and cause of the Southern rebels. The first items of the charge ho denies in toto, but acknowledges that the majority of the colonists consider the Southern people have the best side of the cause in the present civil strife. He says:?"That the sympathies ofthe ma' jority are in favor of. the South there can be but little doubt. And why? A great many of the leading people are the lineal descendants of royalists who, when the United States rebelled, and in 1776 declared their independence, came to and settled in the Bahamas; besides which, merchants have a great deal of Southern business." CONGBBSS. In the Senate yesterday, petitions in favor of the establishment of a national armory west of the Alleghany Mountains, against all further traffic in public lands, in favor of the continuance of the coast survey, for the employment of homeopathic physicians in the army, and in favor of the emancipation of slaves, were presented and referred. Resolutions adopted by the New York Assembly in regard to frauds upon the government were also presented. The Committee on Nuval Allaire made a report in reference to the answer of the Secretary of the Navy to the resolutions in regard to Mr. Morgan's purchase of vessels for the government. We give the report among the proceedings of Congress in to-day's paper, from which it will be seen that the committee censure the action of the Secretary. A joint resolution was adopted to the effect that the Superintendent of the Census Bureau furnish the War Department with statistical information from time to time, with the view of developing, concentrating and bringing into use the mechanical resources of the country for the suppression of the rebellion and future defence of the nation. A resolution making inquiry as to whether the ship-of-theliti> k- n i line Aianuiuii wu to cuuivncu iuiv steamer WM { laid over. Ur. Wilson introduced a bill providing r for the more effectual suppression of the slave j trade. A resolution amending the joint rules of t both honses so that in certain contingencies either j house may hold secret sessions on matters pertain- ( ing to the suppression of the rebellion was discussed at some length, and postponed until to-day. y The resolution in reference to the expulsion of , Senator Bright was then taken up, and Mr. Latham, ( of California, made a speech against expulsion. ( At the conclusion of his remarks the 8enate went , Into executive session. I In the House of Representatives, a bill in aid of { the construction of a military road via forts Lea- g venworth and Riley to Denver City was referred to j the Select Committee on the Pacific Railroad. 0 Mr. Colfax introduced a bill to render more uniform ? the postage on printed matter. In Committee of 0 the Whole a debate on the rebellion and slavery g question took place, and the Military Academy Appropriation bill was reported to the House , without amendment and passed. The consideration j, of the bill making appropriations for the executive, j judicial and legislative branches of the government c was then resumed; but the House adjourned without taking action on the subject. v MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. 6 The State Senate at Albany was in session last ' evening, but no business of great importance was , transacted. Some bills were introduced. Among . them was one for an amendment of the Revised ? Statutes, so as to facilitate the effecting of judg" v mcnt on ejectments, and one empowering the < Governor to appoint a commission of three citi. a zens to remedy the defects in the present law s v with regard to taxation, so as to bring about an r equalization in the proposed national taxes. The 1 latter was laid over the present. The bil^ a amending the insurance laws with r< gard to agen- , cies of foreign companies was ordered to a third reading. Progress was reported on the bill amending the general insurance act so as to provide for the retention of funds sufficient to cover the amounts of unearned premiums. In the Assembly a large portion of the ' morning session was occupied with a variety of A subjects of no general interest. Debates were in- 11 dnlgcd in over a report in reference to the rnles of I the House, and matters similarly devoid of interest s to the public. The resolutions in favor of an r amendment of the excise laws, and an amendment , of the constitution to prohibit the sale of intoxi- | eating liquors us a beverage, were called up and s discussed, and various motions were made and ! , amendments proposed; but no vote was reached. The Assembly held a short evening session, wldch ' was consumed in a continuation of the debate on v the resolutions relating to the national direct taxes- 1 The steamship City of Manchester?as will be t seen by an advertisement in the Hkjuld?will sail r rom this port for Liverpool, by the way of | Queenstown, at three o'clock this (Tuesday) after- c noon. The City of Manchester Is despatched on , this voyage as an extra ship by the Liverpool, New ( York and Philadelphia Steamship Company. j The regular Havana packet Columbia will sal' from this port to-day. She will touch at Port ll/.vnl U f I--..- . ??;i ' The Seventh N< w Hampshire regiment, Colonel f Putnam, recently quartered in this city, has been, it is stated, ordered to the Sonth. As soon as t means of transportation ran he protured by,the ii Quartermaster s Department, the embarkation of \ the regiment for Fort Jefferson, Tortugns, wil' g take place. It is believed other troops will soon r follow. Two frill regiments?the Ninetieth and Ninety-first of the State of X?w York?are at Key | West. The Seventy-sixth New York regiment, Colonel ' Greene, at present stationed on Hiker's Island, is c also understood to be under marching orders, to t what point is not stated. R Our Bahamas correspondent, writing from Was- R sau on the lBth Inst., says:?Our Legislature meets j for despatch of business on the 18th of February. , Governor Bayley (who is expected to arrive here t soon, with the newly created Bishop of the Bahamas) may open the seeaion; but should he not come ( in time the duty will devolve upon the Lieutenant 1 Governor, C. M. Nesbitt. ' The two most important battles of the present BJW KORK HERALD, TUI fought on Sunday? the first on the list of July, 1861, sud the other on the 19th of January, 1861. We jive below s table showing the losses on both sides st esch battle:? r-Bul! Sum.?x r-MiXI Spring Union. tube'. Union. KeM. Ol'od 481 090 90 316 Wounded 1,011 2,200 11T 118 Prisoners 2,288 180 ? 48 Total 8,727 2,080 100 876 The levying process is still going on In St. Louis :o secure the assessment for the benefit of the Union refugees. One thousand eight hundred dolors' worth of hookB, belonging to Dr. Robert Bar .In V lflwvor wo a umva/1 An !in I'M ?nu4 anH nn the 22d eight hundred dollars' worth of carpets was taken from the Btors of James Kennard A. Son, to pay an assessment of three hundred dollars on jach. An order has been received in Cincinnati commanding all the members of the gunboat service to report at Cairo immediately. sudden movement [S expected. A'full battery of twelve-pounder howitzers, the Unest and best equipped the State has yet furbished, left Indianapolis, Ind., on the 14th instant, !br Kentucky. The Fifty-second Indiana regiment will leave for Kentucky this week. A public meeting in St. Joseph,Mo., has endorsed the Unionism of Senator Wilson. The entire debt of the State of Indiana amounts to eleven million foot hundred thousand dollars. We have been informed that a large deputation Df citizens of the State jjf Maine, conducted bjr exSenator Evans, visited Washington last week and made an application to Fresident Lincoln for a pardon for Captain Gordon, convicted before Fudges Nelson and Shipmaii of dealing in the slave trade. In the event of a pardon being denied, the leputation pray for a commutation of the punishment. The President has not yet given an answer \o the deputation; but, as rumor anticipates on the >ne hand a favorable and on the other an unfavorible response, we most wait for the President's lecision in this case, which is of so much import* mce at this particular crisis of affairs. The ice in the Central Park yesterday was very ough and unpleasant to skate upon; but, considerng the state of the weather on St^urtfay, it may >e classed as tolerably good. Skating was slowed during the usual hours of the day and evenng, and after dark the ice was illuminated. The reurns of the gatekeepers gave twenty-six thousand is the number of visiters up to seven o'clock, and nil six thousand more persons arrived after that lour. There is a great outcry for the promised nusic, and we hope that, as all our neighboring >onds have that necessary addition to the sport' ;he Central Park will not lag behind. Several repositions hare been made for this purpose, >ut, at present, without any definite result, ["he prize for the ladies' skating match, to be resented by the Messrs. Walton, is now ready, ind is very handsome and elegant in its construcion. Nothing is now wanting to make the affair ass off' with eclat with the exception of good ice nd a few ladies' names. We hope the lady katers will come forward. The trial of Samuel H. Merritt, charged with hooting John Swain for uttering secession sentinents in a lager bier saloon in Prince street, on he 31st of May last, was commenced yesterday in he General Sessions. The Attorney General, Mr. Mckinson, appears for the prosecution, and Messrs. Irady and Holmes for the defence. Two witnesses vere examined, who detailed the occurrence. The ;ase will in all probability be finished to-day. United States Commissioner J. B. Henry held an examination into the charge against William Dolaldson (not the William Donaldson who was on he British steamer with Captain Comatock) yeserday; but, as there was no proof of the accused aving been engaged on the Montauk, he was disiharged. According to the City Inspector's report, there vero 391 deaths in the city during the past week? decrease of 22 as compared with the mortality >f the week previous, and 12 less than occurred luring the corresponding week last year. The ecapitulation table gives 3 deaths of alcoholsm, 3 of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 72 f the brain and nerves, 5 of the generative organs. 12 of the heart and blood vessels, 153 of the iings, throat, Ac.: 5 of old age, 67 of diseases if the skin and eruptive fevers, 6 premature lirths, 31 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and ther digestive organs; 28 of uncertain scat and cncral fevers, 7 of diseases of the urinary organs, from violent causes, and 1 unknown. There rere 271 natives of the United States, 5 of Eng?nd, 1 of France, 20 of Germany, 73 of Ireland, of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign ountriea. Thr rot too market was rather more actlvo yesterday, nth c ({' rxI spinning demand. Tito sales footed up about 00 :i TOO biles, in lots, on tlio basis of 32c. a 33c. for iiiilc'llng uplands, chiefly at the latter figure. Tho for-, ign news had a depressing influence on tho market for our. which fell off about 6c. per barrel. tVh,,at,from he Hume cause, was heavy and rather easier, while io!ders manifested a good deal of firmness. Transactions rere to a moderate extent. Sugars were quiet, and tho nly silo of moment in lihds. was 100 sold by auction, ,t d dot boxes were -old to the trad? at Sc. a S'^c. pork rns rut her firmer and in fair request, with sales of new ms-ui |12 75 a $13, and new prime at $V 26 a $) 50. urd nud beef were firm. Freight engagements were to moderate extent, chiefly for Liverpool and London. liitisli Tnilignnf Ion Over Our Stone Fleet niialiaik of Charleston. With the pacific settlement of the Trent ftuir it appears that Mason and Slidell have fallen front their high estate'' in England lown to the status of a pair of runaway negroes; but it does not appear that this adjustnent has appea.^ed the yeaniing bowels of John Jul 1 lor our Southern cotton. His sympathies till incline that way; and, in counting the enornous protits which ho would derive from the pening at this time of a brisk trade with Jeff. )avi? and bin confederate*, the burly John ees everything connected with our war to put town this great rebellion through a dark and lis to tied medium. If "Lincoln's blockade" verc on'y raised the shoddy factories of Engand could soon enrich themselves and the cot011 mills of Manchester by supplying our louthern rebel armies with woollen shoddy in dace of their cotton overcoats. Thus English upldity, and English jealousy of our "model epublic" and its commercial davelopement, lonibine to keep alive the sympathies of John lull for Jeff. Davis and his hopeless enterprise? he disruption of this powerful Union into two, hree or half a dozen lighting republics of the 5011th American order. This interpretation, wo think, will apply to he late jeremiads of the London Times tonchng our stone fleet blockade of Charleston" Vith an affectation of virtuous wrath, which is imply ludicrous, that pretentions expounder i! Drmsn purine opinion, uie i says 01 iur stone blockade of Charleston harbor that, among the crimes which have disgraced the listory of mankind, it would be difficult to find me more atrocious than this," and declares hat "no belligerent has the right to resort to uch a warfare.'' la not this a most charming pecimen of cool hypocrisy and unblushing imnidence? We think it exceeds anything prerioualy attempted by that notorious blunderer, he Thunderer, in its unscrupulous efforts to legrade the cause of our government in this irar, and to give "aid and comfort" to this itterly indefensible rebellion. Mark the shameless effrontery of our accuser, MUM MS MsWuC iSDAY, JANUARY 28, 18< Charleston is one of the meat atrocious orimes which have disgraced the history of mankind? that, in fact, it is without a parallel; for thus the London Times has declared it, in one of its several foolish articles on the subject. Mark

how a few historical facts will silence this impudent and empty declamation. For everything which we have done ii| the prosecution of this war, on the land and water, we can appeal to the usages of civilized nations and the laws of war; for every atrocity charged upon us, and for any atrocity which the ingenuity of savages could devise, we could appeal British precedents. There were numerous examples or tins sort ror roe seizure 01 mason and Slidell, and there are at this day in the roads of Boulogne the remains of an experimental British stone blockade, from which we obtained the hint of our granite embargo against Charleston. Here we might pause, in having effectually silenced our flippant accuser. But, when he speaks of the most atrocious crimes in the history of mankind, we are reminded of some of the most atrocious which blacken the escutcheon of England. Without dwelling upon that horrible massacre of the Irish garrison and some two hundred women and children at Drogheda, after the capitulation of that fortress to Cromwell, a massacre which was approved by the British Parliament; without reciting how the Scots at Glenooe were rewarded by the butchery of the whole tribe, while yet engaged in dispensing their hospitalities to their treacherous visters; and passing by all that fearful catalogue of atrocities which marked the subsequent civil wars of England, as the crimes of a country not yet emerged from the darkness of barbarism, the history of the philanthropic England of the nineteenth century will furnish sufficient matter for our present purpose. In the year 1814 the city of Washington was entered ang occupied by the British army under General Ross. By his orders the Capitol, President's House and other public buildings were destroyed?an atrocity without a parallel in the wars of any other civilized nation. In 1839 the Emperor of China was involved in a war with England, from his confiscations of British opium brought into his dominions against his express prohibitions, and destroyed because of its fatal effects as a poison among his opium eating and opium smoking people. In this business England, by the enlightened public opinion of the present day and of the future, will be held guilty of a most infamous atrocity. We think, too, that her skirts were stained with some unnecessary acts of vandalism in the Crimea, and with some need * 9 less cruelties in the suppression of the late rebellion in India. We are quite sure that the impartial and enlightened historian will set down the late wanton destruction of the summer palace of the Chinese Emperor as an atrocity which could serve no other purposes than those of pirates and robbers, who invade an island or town only to plunder, burn and destroy. But again, while the British press can find so much in the acts of our government, fleets and armies, in this war, to denounce as so very disgraceful that they call for the interposition of other nations, it is remarkable that our virtuous British contemporaries can discover nothing amiss on the part of Davis and his confederatesThey have sunk a number of old hulks in the entrance to Norfolk and in the main channel to Savannah, in the way of a blockade against us; they have destroyed hundreds of canal locks, and culverts and dams, railway bridges, locomotives and machine shops, ?and hundreds of miles of railways, in many instances for no conceivable purpose except that of savage revenge against Union stockholders; they have turned the whole population of some beautiful rebel villages adrift, "and have laid them in ashes..for fear that they might otherwise become in some way useful to our troops. But, worst of all, againstj "the common rights of mankind," our innocent rebels have extinguished the friendly lights of one hundred ititH ivrontv.fivfl litrhHmtiapa hv ihn United States along our Southern seaboard for the guidance of the mariner of every flag against the hazards of shipwreck. Of course all these acts are directed against the United States as an enemy; but what apology can the London Times advance for the extinction of these one hundred and twenty-lire lighthouses. in view of the ''common rights of mankind?" The simple truth is, that while this war. on the part of the government, is prosecuted with a degree of charity, forbearance and moderation which is exciting the indignution of n considerable portion of our citizens of the loyal State, the rebels are wasting, burning and destroying with a vindictiveness utterly unworthy an intelligent people. Their atrocities, however, are beginning to react against themselves; and we dare say that before the expiration of another month England herself will be convinced that this rebellion has exhausted its strength, and that its days are numbered. Use Mxnt ok the Trent Akkair ht Russia? England in a Tioiit Place.?When our domestic troubles assumed a character menacing to the integrity of the republic, Russia was the only Power that held towards us the language of cordial sympathy. The letter of the Emne rnr, to which Mr. Seward returned so stinted an answer, will be long remembered as one of those spontaneous aots of friendship which, performed in the hour of adversity, and when all the rest of the world held the language of discouragement towards us, cannot easily be effaced from the national heart. On the question of international law involved in the capture of Mason and Slidell, Russia held herself cautiously aloof from the concerted efforts made by the other European governments. The Cabinet of St. Petersburg was, unquestionably, not sorry to see an issue raised which must, whatever way it eventunted. curtail the domineering pretensions that Great Britain had hitherto alwnys maintainod on the ocean. But it had the delicacy and good feeling to leave to our government its own discretion in the matter, confident that its decision would be in strict consonance with the liberal principles that have always guided its conduct on this question of nsutral rights. Now that the result has justified its anticipations. the Russian government is one of the first to push to its legitimate conclusions the victory gained to the commerce of nations by the posi. tion in which we placed England in the Trent affkir. It calls upon the Cabinet of St James to give to the world solemn guarantees that it will be bound for the future by the principles which it has itself, contrary to the precedents previously established by it, enforced. Wc do not see how England can now, with any show of deeency, resist the pressure for a convention iSitehlpiMPyvneiliNtkiu <* 52. tninly be brought to bear upon it by a'.' the other European governments. In taking the lead in forcing her to assume a consistent position on this question, Russia evinces the same friendly feeling and intelligent appreciation of the motives and policy of our government that h?. *11 nl Ansr ma**lrA/i line onniliink lAWftfilB I us. The Pelt sad Present of "Those Pellows," Meson and Slidell. When the gallant Captain Wilkes, misconceiving the precept and practice of his own government, but following English precedent and conforming to English laws, stopped the Trent off the Bermudas, and took from her deck two rebellious traitors, the English nation became terribly excited. The mane of the British lion bristled threateningly in England. The tail of the British lion wagged ferociously in Canada and the other British provinces. The voice of the British lion was a savage growl, and it said to us, " Deliver up Mason and S1L dell, or I'll exterminate you." From the position of a couple of fugitives from deserved halters, Mason and Slidell were suddenly elevated into the levers which moved all the world. About them all civilized Europe was concerned and anxious. Bussia, Prussia, Austria and a dozen other Powers wrote letters about them. France was excited and nervous at the prospect of a general war throughout the world, because of Mason and Slidell, and sent long despatches to our government upon the subject. England fumed and fretted; sent over special messengers; prohibited the export of saltpetre; shipped troops, cannon and ammunition to Canada; excited that little province to the fight" ing point; prepared her steel-olad Warrior to bombard Annapolis; discovered that Secretary Seward had always hated England, had said as much to the Duke of Newcastle, had long been seeking, and at last had found, a pretext for an Anglo-American war; and all Great Britain assured itself and the world that we Yankees wore the most insolent, criminal and intolerable people on earth; that the rebels were the best, bravest and most worthy of mankind, and that Mason and Slidell would be taken away from us by force. The rebels congratulated themselves upon the immediate European recognition of the Southern confederacy, the raising of the blockade by European fleets, and the annihilation of the North by European armies?all because of Mason and Slidell. Verily, these two arch rebels were important men at that time, and upon them all mundane affairs hinged. But the American government preferred the permanent triumph of a vindication of its own policy and an assertion of its own correct appreciation of neutral rights to the evanescent credit of being too proud to do justice; and so Mason and Slidell were sent back to England, and a splendid diplomatic note from Secretary Seward prepared the way for their fit reception. The rebels read the note first, and were mightily chopfallen by its arguments, its logio and its conclusions. Still, after the first deep disappointment had been alleviated by the sober second thought, they concluded that the case was not so bad as it might have been, and that Mason and Slidell, landing in Europe from an English war vessel, and with all the eclat of popular ovations, would be pretty sure to succeed in their original mission. Canada and the provinces read Secretary Seward's letter next, and took off their shoulder straps and trowsers' stripes, stopped playing at soldier, and waited, with due humility, for England to say what should come next. Thon, at last, Europe re ceived the letter. England regarded It as "perfectly satisfactory;" thought that we Americans were excellent fellows, after all; became "eulogistic of our government," and accepted our return of Mason and Slidell as "an indemnity for the past and no small pledge of future security." Franco was delighted to take the same view of the case. Russia congratulated us upon "the uprightness and intelligence of our policy." Prussia, Austria and the other smaller States followed in the track of their more powerful neighbors, and everybody now says that tho United States is a very great country, and Seward is a very great man. But bow have the mighty Slidell and Mason fallen! From the hub upon which all the universe turned, thev have become an the ducat and meanest of the dust of the balance. Instead of going to England triumphantly in a national war vessel, they are kicked off the Jlinaldo at St. Thomas, and left to get to Europe the best way they can. Already John Bull is grumbling at the trouble these "fellows'' have given him, and sorrowfully thinks of the ten or twenty millions of dollars they have cost him. lie hns found out that these rebels, and not Mr. Seward, are the "blind and habitual haters and revilers of England." He scornfully calls them "worthless booty;" and, for fear they shduld trouble him further, even with their gratitude, he tells them that "England would have done just as much to rescue two negroes." Poor Commander Williams was not so far out of the way when he compared Mason and Slidell to fugitive slaves. They are, indeed, like a couple of their own darkies, who, having at a vast deal of time, toil and expense been brought from their Southern "bondage" to Northern "free" dom," find themselves helpless, uncared for and insulted?without a friend or sympathiser in the world?those who rescued them being the first to kick them out into the cold, and those from whom they expected the most favors being the most bitterly hostile. We commend the many morals of this affair to our readers, and leave it an open question which will astonish, depress nud weaken rebel lion me more, mo into victory 01 ine union arm* at Somerset, Kentucky, or the victory of Union policy, Union diplomacy and Union uprightness in this affair with those "fellows," Mason and Slidell? What the State Legislatures Ocoirr to Do.?Just now, when the question of tkxation in being discussed, and pending the passage in Congress of the necessary measures for ra'sing an annual revenue of a hundred and fifty millions to meet the expenses of the war, it in , highly desirable that the State Legislatures should take the matter into consideration. Of 1 these there are eight or nine now in nes- 1 slon?namely, Massachusetts, Maine, Minnesota, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and New York. It would bo well for them to pass bills authorizing and providing for the collection of the quota of revenue attaching to their respective States as soon as it is levied? so making the machinery already established in each State avadable for this extra purpose. We are convinced that this may be done with only trifling additional expense; and tho $10* Lwtlalifyw. bj aaUpipatiog the action " 1 A of Congress, will remore nil ground of objection m to the difficulty and oont of collecting n sufficient income to meet the wants of the country. Thb Battli or Miu, Spring?Rotkl Ebwmati or Losses.?In the Union accounts of the casualties on both sides at the recent battle at Somerset, those of our army were sot down at thirty-nino killed and one hundred and twenty-seven wounded, while the rebels were stated to have had one hundred and fifteen killed and two hundred and six'cen wounded (one hundred and sixteen taken prisoners), and forty-fire prisoners unhurt. The Norfolk Day Btok acknowledges to three hundred killed, and adds that the rebels lost all their horses, t^nts and equipages, with eleven guns spiked or thrown into the river. The Richmond Dispatch of a later date informs its readers thati from accounts roceived at the War Department, the defeat was more decisive than even Northern statements had led it to believe. It expresses its fears for the safety of the communications between the rebel capital and the South, placed in danger by this victory of the Union troops, and urges the vital importance of completing the connection between Riohmond and Danville and the North Carolina railroads* The "Onward to Richmond" howlers will see from this chart of General McClellan's plans, traced oat by the fears and quakings of the rebel junta, that the longest road Is oftenest the surest one. Abolition of Slavery in Western Virginia. Wuuijjio, Jan. 27, 1862. In convention to-day Mr. Battelle, of Ohio county, offered the following proposition* relative to slavery la the new StaterNo slaves shall be brought Into the State for permanent residence after the adoption of this constitution. All children born of slave parents in this Stato on and after the 4th of July, 1805, be free,and the Legislature may provide, by general laws, for the apprenticeship of such children during minority for subsequent colonization. The above propositions wcro referred to the Committee on (leneral Provisions, which committoe will probably report some day this week. It is not expected that the committee will report any provision of the abovo character, the majority being adverse to the consideration of lavarv but it is thoueht that when thov make their re port a proposition embodying tin sontimouU of the free State men will be brought forward, and will be, from present indications, fiercely contested. Seizure of a Danish Vessel., I'huladd.pwa, Jan. 27,1882. The Danish bark Jurgen Lorentzen, Reimer, from Rio Janeiro, out fifty-six days, bound to Havana, but in consequence of some informality in her papers supposed to be bound to New Orleans, with a cargo of 4,800 bags of coffee, was seized on the 26 th tilt., in latitude seven degrees north, longitude thirty-two degrees thirty minutes west, by the United States ship Morning Star, and ordered to Philadelphia, in charge of Lieutenant Geraud and a prize orew. The Canadian Halls. Pnun Awn, Me., Jan. 27,1802. The Canadian mail train got off the track throe times last night. The train has been off the track at Yarmouth, ten miles from this oity, sinoe twelve o'clook last night. The engines from here have reached Yarmouth, where the down engine is capsized. The mail train is expected here by twelve o'clock. European Steamers Inward Bound. Halifax, Jan. 28,1882. The steamship Europe galled for Boston at five o'clook this (Sunday) evening, where she will be due early on Tuesday morning. Wind southwest. The steamship City of New York sailed for New York at five o'oloek on Saturday evening, and will he due in that city on Tuesday. Sailing of the Hibernian. Postlaxb, Jan. 27, 1882. The Hibernian sailed at one P. M. tor Londonderry and Liverpool. She took news and despatches from New York up to noon to-day. Death of Kx-Comptroller Wright. Auukt, Jan. 27, 1882. Ex-Comptroller John C. Wright died at Schenoctady today. PMtk of Bonk President. Hartford, Conn., Jan. 27,1 Ml. PavId F. Robinson, for many years President of the Hartford Bank, and one of our meat active and prominent citizens, died last night after a brief illness, aged sixtyone years. Markets. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. PniLADKLPSfa, Jan. 27, 1M2. Stocks weak. Pennsylvania Slate 6's, 83k: Reading Railroad, 10 13-16: Morris Canal,$J. Long Island Railroad, 10^; Pennsylvania Railroad,40k. Sight exchange on New Vork ai par. PHit adslprta, Jan. 27,1842. Breadstuff's are flat, owing to the foreign news. Whant? tl 40 a $1 50 for white anil $1 34 for red. Corn dull and lower: eales of yellow at 57c. Provisions quint. Pork Inactive at $12 50 for mess. Dressed bogs 4c. Lard 12k?' G.fico firm. Whiskey dim at 25c. Scott and Ills Gt-nrrals An excellent steel engraving, under this title, his J? been published by Cowan & Rogers, No. 102 Hoadway. It contains bupts of the late voterun Comma; d MaChief, and all the leading goneral< ongagod in (ho present war. Geuoral .Scott forms the coutro pises of the picture, and Is an admirable likeness. Port s of Oouerais McClellan. Banks, Wool, Dlx, McCall Rosccr.ins, Ande s >n, Butler, Fremont, Sigol, Lyon and r?boi man surround him. Tills picture, which is tho best we have seen of the prominent military chiefs of the Union army, will prove a pleasing souvenir of the wsr. Kx-I.lentrnant Parker, of the Nary. TO TBK EDITOR OP THll IIKRALD. JAR. 27, IBM. Tour valuable Journal yesterday contained an extract from the Richmond IHnpatrh, relating to the perlloul ercape of I.ieut. John Henry Parker, lately dismissed from the United States Nary. The writer of thia would not deprive the ex-lieutenant of all the elory he may obtain in Secessia by hie doubly dishonorable conduct in resigning and desorting aftet having taken two oaths of allegiance since the 16th December last, both of which aro on rooord In Washington to his eternal disgrace. Soon after the arrival of the Hanoi ah at this port, all of the commissioned officers were summoned to the cabin; the commander read an oalh and subscribed to it; the same was then handed to Lieut. J. H. Parker,and he signed it. as did all of the officers present. In rotation. Some three or four days subsequently ths commander of the Daootah oalled up all of the officers of the ship, and stated that a r.ew form of oath hail been sent from Washington for the officers to take. In this instance, as on the former occasion, that pink of chivalry, ex-Lieut. J. H. Parker, was the first to take and subscribe to the oath, without n question. Though hs reports In Richmond that he declarod on the occasion that it could not be so conslruad as to prevent his resigning, the proof to the contrary Is poattiva. Fx Lieut. Parker very cunningly kspt a rein over his tongue for tho throe months previous to his dnaertlon, though his sccessl >n proclivities wore pretty well known to most on board, and bo never knew that a strict watob was kspt on his movements on ths raturn voyage from China. A WARDROOM OFFICER. Acanstrr or II c sir.?Tho applications for seats for ths opening night of the Opera (to morrow) arc pouring in rapldly. There Is evory promise of a large and unusually brilliant house. SjTAtrr Tmkathb.?Miss Johanna Wolf, a rising young actress, takes her benefit at this house to morrow ovenIn*. 8ho plays In Scribe's popular comedy, "La IJniallle iles Dames," and a vaudeville Nmho's Gabdsn.?To-night Lord Myron's play of "Wer. nor" will be produced at this establishment, with Mr. J. W. Wallack, Mr. Davenport and Mr. Wheatley la the cast. Nest week "the combination" proceed to Dos too Tor a short season, "The Colleen llawn," with Mrs. John Wood and Mr. (tolllns, temporarily replacing thorn. Tlia tt avy. TO TBI IDITOR or THI HRRAI.I). Your correspondent at Hilton Head, 8. C., makes a mistake In sUtlng that the Mohican was the first vessel which noticed the steamer Isabel when she ran the blockade. The bark Roebuck, O. A. Trundy command Ing, first discovered her, and fired at her as long as she was In range; but owing to a strong wind prevailing g shore she could not give ohsse, and the Mohican, hearing the noiao, steamed up, and received from tho Itoebnok 1 the Intelligence of a large steamer trying to enter the harbor. Before, however, she oould get near rnoigh to d9 v>I WtblajUgtsge lbs Is*b*l rgp m. IWNOR. J

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