Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1862 Page 4
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4 ?? - i ? NEW YORK HERALD. 4i?l? GORDON BKNNRTT, J EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. orrici m. w. ooiMt op pulton and Nassau bts. Volume XX VII. ~ No. SM amusements this evening. ACADEMY OP MUSIC, Irrlug place ?Italian Opska? i a k i m a NiBLOS GARDEN, Broad way. ? lit at Wipes or Windson. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.? Naiad Qoben?Toodle*. WaI LACK S THEATRE. No. SM Broadway.-LoNoox a a* 1/4.no*. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway ?Ode Aaaai can i'oo.tis NEW BOWERT THEATRE, Bowery.?Blacssnitb or A TWKKr?i>ICa, tun Nlm . mov?J AC^lAt STKor. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Sticknit's National C'mtua Aiternouu aud Eveuing. harm'M s AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway-Day and svanitil.?undina?UlrrorOTAMUA, Whale, and otheb CumoaiTisa. 1 BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanics' Hall, 471 Broad- ' wiajr.?Wuo Siboce Billt Patterson. j HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Stuyreaaot Instlluts, No. 659 Broadway.?EniioriAN Sonus. Dance*. Ac. < MKLODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 539 Broadway.? f Bonos, Dances, BiaLsstii/as. Ac.?Houdat in Ireland. i i CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 385 Broadway?Sonus, Iunues, Bcblssgces, Ac.?Ma clb, the Night owl. < * GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM. 616 Broadway.?Dbawino -Boon Entertainments. Ballets, Pantonimes, Fabces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway?SONGS, Bal- 1 a lis, Pantomimes, Ac.?Pout bait 1'aintbr. , * crystal pala.CE CONCERT hall, No. 43 Bowery.? ' Euklesiaues, Sonus, Li a nobs. Ac.?O'Planauan at tbe t-aib k ? t PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS* 563 Broadw?y.? W|<en ilaVy from 10 A. M. ttU 9 1*. M. ' NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?BuBLuqircs 1 >0?GS 1'Am'Ks, AC. ^ Kov York, We<lneada]r, January 39,1863. THE 84TUATION. ' The official report of General Burnside, i:; refetence lo the progress of and disaster to the expeition under his command, and which was brought 8 jto Washington by a special messenger, Mr. Shel- * don, has reached as, and is published in this day's Bvrald. It appears, from that and Mr. Sheldon's s'atement. that although a number of vessels ^grounded and struck on the bar, only two were lost, the others having been gotten off without serious damage. Only one transport was lost? viz: the New York?and it appears that all c ma board were saved. Her cargo, unfortunately, was lost, and although valuable, 3 was not worth half so much as that destroytad in the rebel privateer Calhonn. A gun|boat. or rather floating battery of two guns, 1( Was staved In by the anchor and sank in shallow '' Water; but as her cargo was all saved, her loss is S not very material and can be soon replaced. The Itealth of the troops is excellent, and confidence is expressed by them in their leader, who is reported n working night and day. It is expected that an ad- * wsnce will shortly be made, as everything will soon B>e ready for that purpose. 11 jj The steamer New York, reported lost on Hatte- d iras bar, is not the City of New York, as stated in B the evening papers, for that vessel is now on its fi way to this port from England, via Halifax?at 81 least it was so reported in the same papers a few idays since. The New York it not " a new ship," or was she " built by Laird A McGregor, of Glas- ^ gow, for the Liverpool, Mew York and Philadelphia T> Steamship Company." She was not "of iron, 2,560 tons burthen, three linr^'^d t?- il fifty feet ? ong, fifty feet Li breadth, snd t\ oven feet R ix inches deep," for if she had been the governuncut would 'certainly have been very foolish to ^ have purchased her for the Burnside expedition* 81 which some of the evening papers reported was r< tnrand for Pamlico Sound, via Hatteras Inlet, be; " cause no vessel drawing that depth of water could G possibly have passed over the bar in the finest weather. She was not " divided with six water-tight fc compartments, nor strengthened with steel braces." Hi She did not make "her trial trip on the 2d of October laat," nor was she afterwards "purchased >n for the Burnside expedition." What she really was, ni and all about her, can be found in onr news tr columns, in company with descriptions of the -l: other vessels, and lists and sketches of the officers s: of the troops supposed to be on board. f , During yesterday afternoon it was posted on ^ several of the bulletins around the city that the news of the disaster had been suppressed by order c ?f the government. Such, however, was not the 0 case. The real facts were that, the general ac ,r count received over the wires being somewhat ex- ' nggeratod, the government requested that its pub- " Ijcstion might be suspended until the official * report, which was then in active preparation c nd ordered to be immediately published should have an opportunity to reach the public side by ride with the exaggerated n at itemrnt. thus giving the friends of the troons on P the expedition the opportunity to judge of the truth of both or either, end also to gave them from " any unnecessary alarm. The troops are all saved 0 with the exception of Colonel Allen and Surgeon *V< Her, of the Ninth New Jersey Volunteers, who were drowned, with the mate of the Ann E. Tbomp- 11 son. in consequence of their leaving that vessel in 1 a small boat uuring the storm, the boat being cap- r aired by the rongh sea. The brave fellows lost t their lives in a worthy attempt to reach the ship of d the officer in command, for the purpose of obtain- ? Ing water for their distressed companions. | Sketches of Col. Allen and Surgeon Weller are published in this day's Herald. and will be found Very interesting. They have not fallen in battle: |>ut they perished in a noble canse, and are quite 0a worthy of honor. In the House of Representatives yesterday, the |>ill to issoe United States notes. Ac., was taken tip. it being the special order of the day. Mr. flpaulding, while explaining the bill, said that the Secretary of the Treasury has acted in atrict conformity with the law, and borrowed money at the fate authorised by act of Congress. Hs hss bor gowed one hundred millions of dollars at seven snd | thru tenths percent, and isaoed six per cent bonds for fifty millions, for which he hse received not quite forty-live millions. The Secretary of the Treasury tin acted in good faith, and should be sustained. fTiii. ? ac a war measure?one of necessity, not of cho! The public debt on the 15th of Jsnnsry "Urn- ree hundred and sixty millions seven hundred 1 a.xty-fonr thousand dollars. Up to next Duly j . 1 bo v.x hundred and fifty millions; and Hf t r-r continues until July, 1813, the es4 i ,t o If jt will be twelee hundred millions of dC SI-indliif the float , ' debt. He argued that, tie const lotion t.,e power of'axationon real 4 J 4 NE' and personal property waa unlimited, and it id this property which will form the basis of the notes proposed to be issued. With ample taxation theae will be the very beat medium, because the whole property of the country will be held for their redemption. He argued in favor of the constitutional power to issue demand notes, and make them a legal tender in the payment of debta. In conclusion he said that he had an abiding faith in the determination of the people to maintain the government. An early and successful advance of the army was of the utmost importance, and the passage of this bill was needed to sustain the financial credit of the country, to prevent foreign intervention and to vindicate the invincibility of our forces, who are anxious to be led on to victory. From the Upper Potomac we learn that Dam No. 5 has given way under the pressure of the waters at those points where the rebels had weakened it. Other damages have taken place above, ind at Dam No. 4, and between Dam No. 6 and 9ancock, a further break has taken place. The :anal has thas been rendered useless for the prelent, and the repair of the damages will take leveral days to accomplish, and are estimated to oost between twelve and fifteen thousand doUara. From Cairo via Chicago the tidings are very important. It is reported that the rebel chieftain leff. Thompson has been captured, and that three rennessee regiments have been intercepted on heir march to Sj aestown. Seven of the bridge burners in Missouri have icen sentenced to be shot, and the sentence has >een approved of by General Halleck. From rebel sources intelligence has reached ns tf the chasing of the rebel privateer Calhoun, vliile on her way from Havana to Charleston, by >ne of onr fleet, and the news goes on further to itate that the rebels abandoned and burned her to irevent her falling iuto our hands. The Calhoun ras a side-wheel steamer of 1,058 tons burthen' nd was bnilt in this city in 1S51. She was 17o eet in length, 27 feet in breadth and 11 feet deep. >he waa formerly engaged in the trade between his city and Southern ports, and was one if the vessels seized by the rebels at the ommencement of the rebellion and transormed into a vessel-of-war. She was considered s a moderately good vessel, and bore the flag of he notorious Captain Hoi tins during his memora>le attack upon the blockading fleet off New Organs. Her armament consisted of one twenty oar pounder and two eighteen pounder Dahlgren una. From the same sources it was reported that after * le retreat (query, rout) from Somerset, the rebels 4 n allied at Monticello, where they intended to make firm stand. Instead of this being the case, Mon- f cello is now in the possession of the Union troops p nder General fichoepff. Where General Critten-' 4 V?"" ?"" *"> " u.o VIVOS ,j re, no one can yet tell; bnt if they are to be f Mind anywhere, General Carter's Union Tenneseenns will do it. I An important change has taken place among C c le chiefs of the rebel army. Gencnal Beauregard ( as been transferred to Colnmhus, Ky., and Geneil Gustavus W. Smith (well known in New York) 1 i to take charge of the army of the Potomac. eneral Beauregard is to act under General A. ydney Johnston, who could not make any impres- c on on the forces under General Reynolds at Cheat I loontain, and who is not at all likely to be more f acceasfnl against General Buelt. Genersl Beafiegard is now placed oppo>ite General Flalleek. , rho is ably assisted in this particular locality by t leneral Grant. The news of the capture of Cedar Keys by our * trees has been more than confirmed by the intel- j pence just received from the South. We publish in to-day's Hkrai.u auotiier interest g selection of news from Southern papers, the fl ost interesting part of which is a letter written ' > the Richmond Enquirer, from a gentleman who | as lately returned to Virginia from Kurope. He t lys tliat the general expectations entertained by 1 le rebels when he left the South last summer, to ic effect that manufacturing interests of Kng , indand France would force them to a speedy reognition of the Southern confederacy has turned ut to be s great error, lie was the hearer of tosage* froui commercial tnen in the South to , iogliah merchants in reference to opening a trade ' rith the South irregardless of the federal block<Ie. When he told the latter of one hundred per i ent proiits they said:?"Give us ten per cent, or 1 vcn five, with no risk ami we are your men." J The rebel fallacy in reference to speedy reeog- i ition and intei fercnee with the blockade wa? ' roniinentlr apperent in England. The rebel agents in Europe had been tampering i itii Engli.-h editors, in order to force public pinion to an acknowledgement of the necessity { ur a rebel confederacy. i Sixteen tho-isand square feet have been seenred a the agricultural department oi the Ureal Interional Exhibition in London this year. The corespondent of the Enquirrr says "be was obliged o secure the allotment of space in his own indiviual name, but it was done for and in bchal' ' f the confederacy.'' ^ CONOBEBS In ne Senate yesterday, a petition was present- 1 d from ritiaens of Illinois, asking Congress not to 1 holish slavery in the District of Columbia, and to i xpel members who are in favor of aocb an act; I b<n, that John C. Fremont may be deprived of his j itlc of Ucneral, and that his frauds in the Western | lilitary Department be exposed. A petition from ( irw T?rk merchants, in favor of restoring the j rarenousmg system, vu aiso presented. The , lecretary of the Treaanry ni requested to report vbether any Ifgielation is necessary to enable the 1 ;overnment to take charge of and place under < cultivation the land." in South Carolina now held . >y the United States. and alio what legislation a necessary to provide for the negroes in those I ocalities, and to furnish them with proper | :mployment. Mr Wilson reported a bill from he Military Committee to define the pay and qualise the emoluments of certain officers of the 1 irroy and for other purposes. The bill rcdncee j :Jie expenditures on account of the army fifteen nillions of dollars It provides for a deduction of 1 en per cent from the pay of all persons in the < mploy of the government. So far aa regards the . >ay of the soMiers and sailors, the proposed reduc. ion of their compensation is unwise as well as tin. 1 ust. A bill to provide for the revision an I con* olidation of the statutes of tho United States was eferred to the appropriate committee. The bill tuthorizing the President to take possession of wr York herald, wed: certain railroads and telegraph lines was taken up, and after an animated discussion paaaed by a vote of 23 against 12. The House of Representatives went into Committee of the Whole, and the special order, being the bill to authorize the issue of United Btates demand notes, and for the redemption or funding thereof, and for the funding of the floating debt of the United States, was taken up. Mr. Spaulding, of the Committee of Ways and Means, explained its provisions. A full report of his speech on this important subject is given in our Congressional proceedings. Mr. Stevens stated that he should offer an amendment to the bill, to make the semi-annual interest payable in coin. The further consideration of the subject was then postponed until to-day. A bill establishing a uniform system of bankruptcy was introduced, and referred to the special committee on that subjectMr. Potter made a report ou the subject of disloyal government employes, and its consideration was postponed for two weeks. The House then took up the bill making appropriations for the executive, legislative and judicial expenses of the government, and several amendments. Adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. in ine Mate senate yesterday, tue resolution ior the appointment of three commissioners to draft a general tax bill, with the view of rendering the operations of national and State taxes equal and fair upon all interests, was debated, and afterwards laid on the table and ordered to be printed. The Senate passed the aunual Canal Appropriation bill, and the bill to amend the law relative to un. authorised banking. The bill amending the Brooklyn Common School law was ordered to a third reading. Favorable reports were made on the bill amending the General Manufactory law. and on that amending the Revised Statutes so as to effect judgments in eases of ejectment. Bills were introduced to amend the Divorce law; to prevent and punish fraud in the use of false stamps and trade marks, and in relation to sales by the Commissioners of the United States I,oau Fund. A report was lent iu by the Canal Auditor, giving a statement of the canal u wards and the amounts paid. In the Asicrnbly the Governor's annual message was taken ap, and the various topics referred to the appropriate mmuiittees. A discussion took place over the refe cnce of that portion of the mefSige relating to :he Metropolitan Police, and it was finally scut to he Cities Committee. The following bills were ordered to a third reading:?To amend the Annual Appropriation law in reference to lands Bold for axes; to authorize the Kings county .Supervisors to raise money for the support of volunteers' fannies; in relation to warrants issued against defaulting county collectors, and to amend the charter of the Republic Fire Insurance Company. The resolutions in regard to finance and the national taxes were again discussed at considerable length, and inally laid over as the special order fse to-morrow [Thursday) evening. The steamship City of New York, frwn Liverpool and Qucenstown via Halifax, was fully due ast night, and may have arrived before this reaches ' he eve of the reader. She will leave, on her re- i urn to Qnecnatown and Liverpool, on Saturday j text. The Southern confederacy have ordered that all : ree negroes who do not volunteer shall be im- * weaned into tho public service, and a Petersburg, , 'apwjrer congratulates itaelf that nearly all the ree negroes in that vicinity have volunteered, [hey have Hobaon's choice, to go willingly or be 1 orced. 1 From the report of the head of the rebel " pass>ort office," it appears that the aggregate amount >f contributions from the rebel States to the coofelerate army in Virginia during the last three nontlis was $1,615,898. There are now at Annapolis six regiments of inantry and three of cavalry, and more troops are ixpected within a few days. Another expedition s talked of. The New Orleans Picayune was once the only lady paper in the United Stutea, besides the fvKAi.n, that ever found it necessary, from a press >f advertisements, to publish a quadruple sheet, t now apparently finds great difficulty in prolucing a little dirty looking single sheet, with a ew old standing quack doctors' advertisements to ill up its columns. Secession did it. A meeting is to be held in Boston to press the government to make farther efforts to secure the , cleuse of Colonel Corcoran, who is now confined n a cell in the prison st Columbia, S. C. The navy yard difficulties at Philadelphia appear o have beeu settled for the present. There are iver oq<* thousand five hundred workmen now em" doyed there. Nearly all the railroads in New York mid the '.astern States are blocked np with snow, and he progress of the trains has been greatly rearded in oonsequeuce. The trial of Samuel H. Mcrritt, charged with 'hooting John Swain, the secessionist, was brought to a dose yesterday in the General Sessions, ludge McCunn charged the jury in the afternoon, riiere was no prospect of their agreeing upon a rerdict at a late hour last evening. The market for cotton exhibited more firmness, with in unprovod demand from spinners Thn sales em brae 'd about TOO bale*, closing on tlie n??i< of 32c. a V,c. fot middling uji|:iudx\ and at 33r a :14c. for strict midllLag upland*. floor w?* in aotne better roquost, though * ! * war* moderate, and extra Mate wax ratbar better. Wheal wa* again inactive, while prico# were aaler. t'orn wa* heavy, and vales limited, ut 63cU r good mixed in store, and at 66c for good tuix?d lelivered. Pork *u sustained, and sales foir at $12 87 ?' ? St:: for new mess. $12 a $12 26 for old do., $12 76 for Western, and Sift 25 a $13 60 for cttv priuie mess, md at $S 26 a $8 73 for old prime, and at $9 25 a $9 50 for new do. Hugara wero steady, with salos of 613 hhde., IC* t?oxrs and 1,300 bags Coflee was quiet, but firmly bold. The stork embraced 64,602 bags of Rio, and a total of 04,082 of all kinds. Freight engagements were moderate, and rates without change of moment, Important News front the Burnslde Expedition. Our great suspense is at an entl. We hare the encouraging newt at last that the bulk of the Bttrnaide expedition bad ejected a lodgment in Pamlico Sound, after buffeting and struggling with a succession of the fiercest wintry storms of stormy Cape Hatteras. The expedition, however, though not defeated, nor very seriously crippled by the adverse winds and waves, and the treacherous quicksands and shifting bars of the North Carolina coast, has still suffered In the lose of several valuable vessels. In the stranding of the steamer New York, with it* stores of gunpowder, bombs and rifles, our I08S IB esiinwwa u two nuuarra inousana dollars. With this and the various other vessels irhich were wrecked or driven ashore, our total low in ahipa, horsoa, powder, arms, shot, shell, munitions and provisions will probably not falj ihort of half a million of monej. Bnt these expensive casualties are only as a drop in the bucket compared with the wonderrul escape of the fleet from total destruction, or a ruinous dispersion along the whole Atlantic ^aboard, or compared with the remarkable preservation from a watery grave of the soldiers and sailors of the expedition, even of the ships and boats that were iost, with n few ,n. fortunate exceptions. We are thus satiaOed thut the ships of the squadron, en "isst and in ygSDAf, JAWTTAgr 2fl, detail, were mm^jftad with greet akill end ability by our gallant sailors, and that, after having thus proved mot.e than a match for the

elements, we may expect a good report of the movements of the expedition against the rebels of North Carolina. At the same time the detention of the fleet outside of Hatteras by the terrific storms of the last two weeks has very much embarrassed the rebels as to the whereabouts and destination of Burnside; so that, in their defensive preparations at various other points, it is probable that at the real points of attack they will be found weaker than they were at the sailing of Burnside from Fortress Monroe. The Port Royal expedition, in the same way as this one, suffered some losses, and was detained off the coast near its destination by s tor ins until the absence of any news from it began to excite very serious apprehensions. But it weathered the winds and waves, and accomplished its work very handsomely. So it will be with this Burnside expedition. Having entered the sheltered inland waters of North Carolina, it has nothing more to fear from the dreadful storms of Hatteras, and will soon be ready for active operations, with an overwhelming weight of artillery, against the Carolina strongholds and arteries of this doomed rebellion. Burnside, like Dupont, is confident of the success of his expedition, and so is the government, and so are we, because his means are tally adapted to accomplish the objects of his enterprise. The rebel armies of the South are in a state of great alarm. They begin to have some idea of the terrible plans and combinations of General McClellan. The suffering and despoiled people of the South are becoming: wearv of the e::haust* ing despotism of Davis, with its conscriptions and forced contributions, and the desperate straits to which it has driven them in consequence of "Lincoln's blockade." The only thing which prevents the utier demoralization and dispersion of the rebel armies is the general belief in the South, fostered by our abolition agitators, that our government is aiming at nothing less than a war of conquest, spoliation, confiscation and negro emancipation. If President Lincoln were to seize upon half a dozen of such of our abolition disorganizes as Owen Lovejoy, the Rev. Dr. Checver, Lloyd Garrison, ind that ' horrible monster, Greeley," as deicribed by the loyal Senator Davis, of Kentucky, and were to clap them into Fort Lafayette or Fort Warren, we verily believe that the moral effect of this proceeding in the South would be equal to an overwhelming viotory over the main rebel army of the Potomac. Considering the time which had elapsed without any definite tidings from this Burnside expedition. and the numerous tempestuous days and nights of this long interval of doubt and conjecture, the news we have received affords us a great relief from our apprehensions of a crushing disaster. The bulk of the expedition is now secure against the chances of the elements, and will soon manifest its strength in its movements upon the enemy. Paoi'osKo Rkdcctiov ov the Pav op the Amur and Navt.?The most atrocious propesi tion yet presented to Congress is that which is designed to reduce the pay of our army and navy. The pay seems small enough alreudy, when we consider the amount of toil, hardship and danger of health, limb and life which our soldiers and sailors are compelled to undergo, or when we remember that our army and navy arc doing the real work of saving aud preserving the Union. Mow much smaller does it appear, then, when contrasted with the salaries of those politicians who would cut down the money of a soldier or a sailor, but who are themselves paid largely to do nothing, and rob the public treasury into the bargain. If there is any honesty or sincerity in this desire for retrenchment, let us see the politician* begin by cutting down their own salaries, and stopping the Fremont, Cummings and Morgan leaks in the Treasury, l.et the pay of the soldier and sailor alone until they begin thus; nr. in other words, let it alone al together. 11 amhant Treason?Browxhon ani> Grbfi.bt.? The fraternization between these eccentric individuals is one of the signs of the times. Brownson, in an anti-slavery lecture at Boston, proclaims that ' the old Union is irrevocably gone,'' and Greeley "respectfully and altogether agrees with Dr. Brownson.'' This is treasou of the rankest kind. It is aid and comfort to the enemy. The sentiments are atrocious, and both the traitors ought to be arrested. The old Union is not gone. It is for the old Union, and no new Union, that our troops are fighting, and neither Greeley nor Brownson nor any human pow^r can jnuuru iucm w vi^av otaerwifte. nw want no new Union. We want the old. To tight for the old is loyalty. To fight for the new is treason. Those who propose to subvert the old Union are guilty of the highest crime known to the law. Those who say "the old Union is gone - are allies and accomplices of the Southern traitors, and ought to be looked after. Uat.k'h Export.?The report of Senator Hale about the Navy Department is the best he has ever made, and does him infinite credit. His manly exposure of corruption atones for a multitude of political sins. Wo always knew be was a wit; but the last thing he baa said is the cleanost thing of all He recommends Mr. Morgan 10 reninu iw ?/v,uuu ne dm netted out of the contract* for pound end rotten ahipe. Thin supposes an umaxing amount of moral stamina. We hope Mr. Morgan will come up to the standard. But the logic of Seaatcr Hale's point in, that if Morgan should disgoage $70,000s Secretary Welles should certainly resign. There in no weeping from the conclusion. SiLt.Y Newppapxils Ahoct Goi.n.?Scyme of the stupid journals who were crying ''gold, gold, gold!" arc row coining round to o'jr vi<'w?. tliat credit is as good as gold, anil ad.m't that 10 pay the interest of the proposed w yr stock in specie is sufficient to keep up the rational credit, and to prevent the new Issue/ declining mui h ! elow pat. Tlw PrapaMi Tai tpaa ITewipapcri. The proportion to include newspaper* among the numerous object* which will hare to contribute their quota to the revenue henceforth to be derived from taxation has excited a good deal of controversy both in and outside the press. Some journals grumble at the proposal, from a misapprehension of the effect which it will have upon their interests, whilst there are amongst the general public many who are averse to the enhancement, slight though it may be, of the price of an article so necessary to their daily comfort. Granted .the principle that all taxes to be equitable must be uniform, there need be no reason on the part of well conducted and respectable journals to apprehend the effect of taxation on their property. If there is any substantial foundation Ifor their existence in the public wants, it will not be impaired by the Hmall addition made to the price of their issues by the tax. Should, on the contrary, their circulation be a forced one, and not due to any healthy or legitimate influence, it will undoubtedly curtail it And it is precisely in this very fact that the advocates of a uniform stamp duty find the strongest argument in its favor. The old cry of the injustice and inexpediency of imposing taxes upon knowledge has, like many other modern shibboleths, been qualified by the results of practical experience. In England, previous to the abolition of the stamp duty, nothing could be more decorous than the tone of its press. The most exciting questions were discussed with a culmuess and propriety that the rest of the world admired, vruuuui ueiug boje iu nuuiiiu. mwiiiie removal of the stamp duty a change became immediately observable. The old established journals, such as the London Times, had to make preparations to meet the keen competition to which they were about to be subjected by the penny papers. Instead of the cultivated intellects and ripe experience which they bad been previously able to employ, they were compelled to resort to the services of wrLers of a lower grade of capacity. But the deterioration did not stop here. The penny papers, met, as they were, by a reduction of price on the part of their older rivals, had to find some other means of forcing their circulation. This they endeavored to do by giving a sensational character to their sheets, and by excelling each other iu violonce and scurrility. It was in that way that the Telegraph, the organ of Jeff. Davis, made its enormous circulation. Since its success became so decided the London Times, the Herald, the Chronicle and the Post have been running a race with it in exaggeration of views and language. A more general and amusing truckling to the supposed taste of the masses has rarely if ever been witnessed. When the rebellion broke out in this country it was immediately seized upon as a sensational theme to influence and excite the public mind. Of the unprincipled and scandalous use that was made of it we need not remind our readers. It is sufficient to say that no press ever disgraced itselt by such an open disregard of common honesty and decency. Wc are persuaded that if the stamp duty upon newspapers had been still in operation the tone of the English press towards this country would have been very different. In the first place, the class of writers who would have been at its bead would have been inaccessible to Southern gold and Southern convivialities, and in the next there would have been no necessity for creating and keeping alive fictitious excitements for sensational purposes. It is to this point that we should like to see the press of this country brought. A moderate tax of say a quarter or half a cent on each copy would go far to improve and elevate its character, by introducing into it a higher class of writers, and weeding it of the demoralizing influences which, in the shape of spiritualist, womans' rights, free love and abolitionist publications, now degrade it. This can only, we repeat, be done by a uniform tax; for none ether can accomplish the double object of effecting these reforms and o securing sufficient revenue to render it an ob joct worthy of the attention of government ununciers. The benefits resulting to the majority of readers from the change that will be thus brought about will, we are satisfied, reconcile thum to the slight addition that it will make to the cost of their newspapers. Spkakkr Raymond's Nkw Lobby.?Speaker ma.u a *l. a 11 Ii?ji UIWIIU I'lWC t* IWII^ uiUblUU 111 tuc asri/IUUl^ the other day, in which be first fully demonstrated that the lobby was a thieving, knavish institution, and then proposed to legalize it upon a new plan, resembling that in vogue at the English Parliament. The honorable Speaker even weut so fur as to have a special committee appointed to examine into the propriety of adopting his suggestions. This, we think, exreeds in cool impudence auvthing which the ' Little Villain" of the Timrs has before achieved. As to the principle of legalizing the lobby. it i? evident that legal highway robbery or legal bribery and corruption would be just oa sensible. As to Speaker Raymond's plan, it has proven in England to be enormously productive of legislative rascality. The revelations made by the affair of the English ' Railroad King" some years ago prove this; and. indued, it is perfectly patent, from the more recent records oi English criminal cases, that the parliamentary system of legalized lobbying surrounds all banking aud railway grants with a perfect network of swindles. No. Mr. Speaker Raymond, reformation in the Legislature must begin, like charity, at home. Make your me m. Iters honest, and you need care tor no lobby influences. Tii* Inckxoukt Abolttiowtsts at Covxcn..? Like Macbeth s witches, the incendiary abolitionists of Massachusetts have boon keeping their infernal cauldron boiling at their annaal con' vention, held recently in Boston; and the New York Tim**, the organ of quack doctors and Spt 'ker Raymond, prints all their perilous atiiff. The substance of tho meeting may lie summed up in Wendell Phillips' remark that "slavery was dead, aud it's of little consequence whether one or twe Unions see Its death." That is ubolitionisw in a nutshell , and adds on* mon to tbe already abundant proots that abolitionism and aecewsionism are identlca| in thoir contempt of the Union. The one fauatL clam aids and assists tbe other. How lon^ shall It be before Southern and Northern rebels are treated alIke T The Time,s, edited by the?Spenker of the New York Assembly, not only -publishes this abolition dross? having, fortunately, no information of army movements to divulge for the more dirt-ithermit of the robe's and calls it ?' instructive and sign ficant." So in one sense it is; for it shews how the iH/ira. having become n disgrace to journalism t?v iu? filthy medical j advertisements, can now biuk Itill lower by us ' QltLy abolitl uiiom. Cotton fbom th> Sooth.?It li an interesting faot in connection with the Port Boymi expedition that its successes included the capture of a million dollars' worth of Sea bland cotton, the greater part of which has already arrived at the North. Now, it ia very evident that while the expeditions to Hatterae Inlet and Port Royal, and those under Bu reside and Butler, and all other such expeditions that may be despatched, are part of a grand system organized to crash the rebellion, they will be of the greatest service in enabling us to obtain supplies of cotton, by wbich not only will they contribute materially towards defraying the expenses of the war, but plaoe us in a position to iltA m n olrnlu rtf fn rflonfl or.rl n/va/v _aII I ivccp hUU lUMftCW Ul uu^iuuu nuu i'lOBWIVWOa supplied with that indispensable fibre that neither country will have sufficient provocation or excuse to try the experiment of breaking the blockade. There is no doubt that all along the coast and for many miles inland, from North Carolina to Matamoros, a hundred millions of dollars' worth of cotton might be captured easily, and expeditions should be rapidly fitted out with this view. There Is every prospect of these expeditions doing more to uproot the rebellion than our armies on the Potomac and in the West; and there is this great advantage belonging to them, that, while restoring the Union Sag over an extensive belt of cotton country and so maintaining the prestige of the United States abroad, their commercial results will be such as we cannot overrate in importance. Both politically and financially, therefore, these expeditions promise to be of the highest value. A New Operatic Season.?This evening the combined forces of Grau and Maretzek begin a new operatic campaign at the Academy of Music. According to the present prospectus, New York and Brooklyn are to be blessed with the performances of this combined troupe on alternate nights for two weeks. Gottschalk, the great pianist, is held as a sort of reserve force, and, altogether, the coalition is a very strong one. There is no occasion to introduce Max Maretzek to the New York public; but, in response to the numerous inquiries of " Who is Grau'."' we rejoice to be able to state that, aftei prolonged study and acute investigation, we have discovered that Grau i? the person whs devised the Prince of Wales Opera in Phila ueipnia. in consequence or nu connection with that affair Grau did not dare show himself during the Trent excitement, except in sack out of the way places as Brooklyn, where he defeated the Rex. Henry Ward Beecher in single combat upon the momentous question' whether the Brooklyn Academy was a church' or an opera house. The artists engaged are all excellent, and the sale of tickets here hat already been so great that we risk nothing in predicting a fashionable and successful season Consistency ov thk Tribune.?This highly moral journal assails- Mr. Morgan for corruption in thousands of dollars, in the matter ol the purchase of ships for the nary. Why does it not only screen, but actively defend, the cor ruption in Missouri, amounting to millions ol dollars ? The Dntjr on Ten. important decision ov 8ec8ktart CHARS. An important decision has just bean rendered by Secretary Chase, which will set at rest the hopes of thoeo importers of tea who hoped to obtain poseesaion of their merchandise on shipboard bofore the passage of the Taril art of December, on payment of the rate of duty levied by the August act. The following ia the correapeudenoi on the subject:? tari an nor a. w. benson. washinuton, Jan 23,1882. To the Hon. salmon p. chads, Secretary of the Treasury Snt?( have the honor to request to be informed whether teas on ahipboard prior to December 24, 1861, and aftet August 6,1861, are dutiable under the act of December 24,1861. Yery respectfully, your moqt obedient servant! o. w. hanson. sbcitntart cham's rkply. trhasurt dipartmint, Jan. 24,1882. Six?I am in receipt of your letter of the 22d instant, "requesting to be informed whether teas on ahipboard prior to December 24,1801, are dutiable under the act o* December 24,1861. The act of December 24, 1861, increasing the duties oa tea .coffee and sugar, make* no ssception in favor of merchandise subject to duty uudor ths act of August 8,1861. and on ahipboard, bound to the United States, prior te the act of December; consequently all teas shipped after thepaasageof the act of August 6, are liable, on importation, to duty, at the rate of twenty cents per pound, I am, very respectfully, S. P. CHASE, Secretary of the Treasury. C. W. Bknsos, Esq., No. 30 South alreet, New York. The following is a copy of the letter from Secretary Chase to Collector Barney. It has boen procured oe application at the Department In order to correct an erroneous statement, recently published:? Utrnca mo* HBCRKT AKT OHM TO COI-LlCTOa FAKKXT. Trsa.try Dcpajitmsvt, Jan. IT, IMS. Sin?I hive under consideration an appeal from your alleged decisioe tnat certain teas imported from Canton per bark Penguin by Messrs. A. A. Low A Brothers are dutiable under the acts of December 24, 1861, the appellants claiming that raid teas are entitled to entry fro*- of duty under ti.' provisions of the sixth section of the act of August o, 1861. The twenty third section of the act of March 2,1861, exempts from duty tea, when imported direct from tne country of pro durtion in American vei-sels.or in foreign vessels entitled' to the iame privileges as American vessels. The flfth section of rho act of August 6, 1161, provides that all goods, wares and merchandise actually on ship board, and bound to the United States at the data of the passage of this act, shall bo subject to pay such duties as art provided by law bofora and at the time of the pas* sage of this act. Tbua taa on shipboard, and bound to tha Cnttad Stale# oniheftthof August last, was entitled to entry on Importat .on free of duty under the act of August 6, 1861. The act of Dacember 24, 1861, provides that from and after tha date of tha passage of ttito sot, in lieu of the duties heretofore imposed by law no articles hereinafter mentioned, uiere shall be co.iected and paid the following duties and rates of duty, that is to say:?Kirot. on all teas, twenty cents ncr poind, and the question la now prrsvoted whether lea '.n shipboard on> the Mh of August last, and bound to tha United State* from the country of pmduottca, In a vassal ct tha United States, is entitled te the privilege accorded by the ttfth section of the act of August i, 1801, and entitled to entry 'reeof doty. If the terms "In lien of the duties heretofore ias|iosed" had been omitted from the act of Decern' bcr 24, all teso- Imported, without excepiton. would hart lieeu liable to the duties tnipoeed by it. Tha insertion of tfcese terns seems to indicate tha intention on the part of ttmgreas to leave free the tea and coffee made free >y the fifth section nf the act of August ft, 18C4, and thus avoid a discrimination between shipments already racetved and admitted from near, and pnipmenia irons remote localities, >?? on sntpDoara op to* 5ih of August last, but not yet arrived. I am of the opinion, therefore, tba merchandiee in question will ba entitled, to fraa vntry, if It aball bo ehnwn to your satisfaction that t'oe tuaa In tbla esee were actually on ahlp. boarl and b*uad to the Unltad 8tstee from tba country of growth or production on or before tba passage of tba act of August ?, tWl 1 ?, trery respectfully, 8. P. ClIASE, Secretary of the Treasury. Hitua HaitaoT, Eaq ., Collector, Ae., New Tor It. Acadcmt or Mrsic?Oiwiu?This evening the season wilt be inaugurated by the appearance of Miss Kcllngg (flrattlniO) In tho rola of Lady Henrietta, In Flotow'a beautiful Opera of "Martha." Tlieoccasion will derive additional Interest from the nsimptlm of the rondoc" tor's baton, sflor a l"ng absencn and various mishaps by flood and Add, by our old favorite, Marotaok. From the ir, 'lest as thua far there Is avary prospect of a crowded and brilliaiit hour*. ?i

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