Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 927L I NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. I * Additional Correspondence Relative to i the Trent Affair. I Effect of the Becent Advices . from Europe. ! Position of the Government Financial Measures in Congress* Bhipe-of-War Sent in Pursuit of the Rebel Cruisers, fcf., fcc., tc. WjLHHJVQTON j Jan. 31,1802. EFFECT OF THE RECENT NEWS FROM EUROPE. Tho ICuglish den patches in reference to the settlement oT the Trout affair have produced great satisfaction here. Mr. Seward has been heartily cheered by the result of his splendid feat of diplomacy. Last night he entertaiaod somo distinguished Canadian politicians, who are on a visit to Washington. The pucillc denouement of what was a little whilo ago universally regarded as the beginning of a war between the United States and Great Britain, was the subject of mutual congratulation. The gratification experienced by tbo President aud Cabinet Is parti- j cipated in by tho massco of Senators, Congressmen and citizens, who are more demonstrative but not more earnest in expressing their satisfaction at the removal of this cloud of war from the horizon. To day, for a little while, this general gratification was marreil 1 y a painful rumor that the Africa bad brought out intelligence of a very menacing character, and that a despatch had been rcecived announcing that the British government had made new demands of such a nature as to render a war with England inevitable. This rumor was, however, contradicted, and serenity restored by despatches from New York, from autheutic sources announcing the upward tendency of slocks, and that the advices received by the Africa indicate quietude iu England. , DlAoKATIC CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING THE TRENT AFP AIR. lettex ntOM xx. adams to xx. seward?(xttxact no. 03). Legation of the United States, "i London, Dec. 20,1861. ) Six? Although nothing remains to be done here to modify the respective positions of tho two countries in regard to the affair of the Trent, 1 decided to ask a conference of Earl Russet. I then remarked that my de spatches enabled me now to assure him that the act of Osptaiu Wilkes ba?l not been authorized by the government, and further that they would reserve themselves perfectly froe to act upon It until they should hear from this side of the water. If her Majesty's Ministers were disposed to enter upon the subject with a view to an adjustment, they would be met In an equally friendly spirit. His lordship expressed his gratification on receiving this information. Ho had himself little doubt in regard to the first point ever since learning from me the nature of the instructions given to the commander of the James Adgcr. Tho other point was likewise important, inasmuch as it removed the danger of committal prior to the moment when the views of the government should be presented on the part of Great Britain. 1 then proposed, as a means of fully bringing to his lordship's knowledgo the real spirit of the government of the United states, that he should let mo read to blm a despatch exactly as 1 had received it. A judgment might be fully formed of it in this way, Inasmuch as tho paper had recapitulated the various grounds of misunderstanding end complaint. His lordship said ho should be glad to hear it; so I read all the despatch So. 130, November 30,1801, but the first paragraph personal to myself. I have the honor, Ac., CHAKLES FIUNCIiJ ADAMS. TOE FINANCIAL MXASVBE8 OP TOE GOVERNMENT. A telegraphic despatch received here to-day from New York announces that tho banks of that city have ap pointed a committee to visit Washington, and urge the immediate passage of tho Treasury Note bill. There is hardly any ncod of tbls action, as tho bill is the regular order of business, and will continue to be so until dis pest-d of by tho House. It was expected that Mr. Val landigham would make his speech to-day In support of bis amendment, but bo postponed doing so until Monday. TTtu-tnor nf IfnsmArhiiant-ta nn? of tho"anli?l man'* of r<08lun, will address tho House on Monday or Tuesday next, on the Treasury Note bill. The Commi I tee of Ways and Means are hard at work on tho amendments to tho tariff, which will be slight, an l completing tho tax bill, the labor upon which is arduous. THE FLOATING DEBT OF THE NATION. Tlio House several days ago called upon the Secretary Of the Treasury to communicate the sum total of the present floating debt under the several divisions, but the Secretary in his reply says he is not prepared to do so until the heads of the other departments shall furnish him with the statements necessary for that purpose. VESBELd OF WAR IN PURSUIT OF THE SUMTER. Four federal steamers and three sailing veasels are now on the aiert to capture the rebel ateumer Sumter, and the Constellation is filling out at I'ortamouth for a similar purpose. GENERAL BUTLER'S EXPEDITION. fWHora havn hn?ri iMiihfl for thn CnnatitlitiAVl In ftflU from Hampton Reads, with her troop*, at the earliest possible moment, for Hhlp Island. It Is thought that she would get away by Sunday morning. The health of the brigade is rapidly and decidedly improving. RASCALITY OF SUTLER*) DETECTED. Two sutlers, Wm. DeCbsey and Andrew (Harry, who fbr some time past have Jieen furnishing supplies to Stock ton's independent Michigan regiment, in General Fits Jobn Porter's division, were to-day brought up with a round tarn. Finding that the soldiers were obtaining supplies or liquor from some unknown source, Major Davis made an Investigation of their establishment and stock. Aside from a large supply of whiskey, he found about eight thousand dollars in counterfeit bills, which thsy had been Industriously distributing among tha men. Ifco entiro stock of good* was confiscated, which, with two horses and four wagons, Is estimated st ten thousand dollars In value. The men have been brought to this city to await the action of the proper authorities. Most of the counterfeit money is on the Marlon City Bank, whk It Is broken. TUB FEN ATE DEBATE ON THE EVULSION OT MR. BR1QBT. The debate in the Senate to-day on the resolution for the expulsion or Senator Bright for disloyalty reached tbo turning point against the Indiana Senator. The splendid and powerful speech of Sena tor Johnson, of Tonacsece, setllod the question. Before this speech was made, Senator Foster, of Connecticut, cx prersed himself against tho resolution, but at the con', clualon of Mr. Johnson's speech Senator Faster announced that he would vote for the expulsion. This announce meut settled the question against Bright, and thereupon Other Senators, who would otherwise have voted In favor of hit retaining his eeat, changed their mlnda, so that hia expulsion is now counted sure by several votes over the required two-thirds. In addition to the sboro fsets * tolagraphio despatch was received by Senator Harris, from the Legislature of Hew York, Instructing blm to vota to expel Height, and Senator Cowan received another that the Senate of Pennsylvania had adopted a Joint resolution instructing him also to vote for Drlghl's expulsion. It Is said that tho House of Representatives of his State will concnr with the Senato in the resolution of Instruction to Senator Cowan. thk cam or THS SPANISn bark PROYIBEHCIAl The President has submitted to Congress the corre* pondence in reference to the Spenisb bark PrOTidencIa, neixed by a United States eraisar and brought into port ae a prize. Mr Moeee Taylor, who was seleoted by the government and accepted by the Spanish Minister as referee, has awarded two thousand, sevsn hundred And ninety-one dollars ninety one cents damages, to be paid by the government to the master oT the nark. dvath or a pol.dieb. Sergeant V. A. D JlnrtWsi, pf Company A, Fpurteerth 1 E NE regiment New York Volunteers, Colonel McQuale, died to-day. He was to have been appointed Second Lieutenant in a few days. His remains will be taken to Utica, where his parents reside. ARRIVAL OF A REBEL DESERTER. A deserter from tho First North Carolina cavalry came this morning within the picket lines of Goneral Hancock's brigade. He gives his name as N. T. Emmet. He ran away, he says, from a scooting detachment sent oat from Centrevllle. He has been long disgusted with the rebel war, and availed himself of the first opportunity to escape. His retirement from the rebel service was attended with some risk, for be was hotly pursued three miles, and only mado his escape through the whist* ling of bullets. He had a maguiQoent horse, two Colt's revolvers and a sabre. He confirms the statements of previous deserters as to the condition of the rebel troops and intrenchments about Manassas. The term at enlistment of over eighty thousand men, he alleges, expires at the end of this month. Of this number not one tenth part will rc-enllst, and if an attempt at coercion Is made he prophecies desperate and bloody resistance. RECOVERY OF TH* BODY OF A SOLDIER KILLED AT BALL'S BLUFF. The body of one of the victims of the Ball's Bluff disaster, belonging to the late General Baker's brigade, was yesterday discovered on the Virginia shore of the Potomac, noarly opposite Fort Washington. A small detachment from the Ninety-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers was sent to bring a.way the body. It was found across a log, the face downwards. A description of it may lead to the identification of tho soldier by bis friends. Ho was apparently about forty years of age, had black hair, and was dressed In a bluo shirt, gray jacket and gray coat. The trimmings indicated that he had belonged to an artillery company. A large brass ring was found on ono of his fingors. There was a scar on the left choek, and a lump on the forehead. Tho lotters "A. G. H.," or "A. G. B." appeared in India ink on tho inside of the rlsht arm. One five and one ten cent Sutler's ticket, marked "Eaker's brigade," with the letters "0. W." printed on them, were found in one of the pockets. The remains, which were very much decomposed, were buried in the forks of the Richmond and Mt. Vernon roads. INSPECTION OP THE TROOPS. The troops across the river have had a busy as well as muddy time to-day, undergoing the regular Inspection which takes place the last of each month. As many men turned out to-day as at the last monthly inspection, showing that tho health of the army is not deteriorating. CAPTURE OF BOATS EMPLOYED BY BEBELS. Yesterday a couple of boats, which had boen used for conveying information and supplies to the rebels, were captured near Accotink. Information bad been received by General Hcintzelman that for some time past communication had been kept up betweon parties living in the woods near Mt. Vernon and the southwest shore of Mason's Keck, and that the boots employed for that purpose were secreted somewhere in the vicinity. Companies A and C were sent from Colonel Staples' Third Maino regiment to And them. Part of Company C went - round in a bout; the othors went, by land. They found two boats, and brought them back to Accotink. One of the boats was the same in which a party of rebels bad, in October last, crossed over and burned the boats belonging to people living inAccotlnk, which is a Union village. During the afternoon a ilsh house on Mason's Nock, which bad served as a depot for articles smuggled over for the rebels, was observed to be In flames. AFFAIRS OS THE LOWER POTOMAC. The steamer llocla, a Philadelphia boat, which, on her last trip up, with stores, Ac., about a week ago, had ulnety-ltvo shots flrod at her from tho rebel batteries, all of which missed hor, ran the batteries again last night; but was not sainted with a single shot, the rebels thinking, no doubt, they had wasted enough ammunition on her already. V fev days since a tchooner going down, in th -h-avy f;g which prevailed, was becalmed off Cockpit i'oiut, and whou the fog lifted, the battery onenod on her. The shots dropped all round her, and her situation was vcrF critical, when Dr. Badger, of the Anacostta, sent tome boats and towed her out of range. TUX ARMY. Henry M. Nagleo, of California, and Daniel B, Birnoy, of Pennsylvania, have been reported by the Military Commltlo to the Senate for confirmation as brigadier geucrals. ABOLITIONIST STTIUF.KKRS IN CONGRESS. The radical faction In tho Scnato and House of Representatives continue to Btrain every nerve to obstruct the course of tho government, and create discouragement among tho people, reflecting tho manner in which the war ia conducted. Tho !atc speech of Mr. Gurley has ex cited a degree of indignation among army officers, and our soldiers generally, which can only be properly understood by thoec who are hero on the spot. They read tho uewspapers, especially the Hbulo, and are fully and accurately informed of everything that It is proper should be known. From gancrals down to privatoe, tho confidence in General McClellan is unlimited, and it Is thoroughly understood and rejoiced at that in his bands alone are the threads of every movement that is being carried on in all parts of the country. No one is more interested than tho Commander-in-Chief in pushing forward our armies as rapidly as posslblo, and some idea of tho unparalleled Industry that has been displayed may be obtained, by the announcement of the fact that, in order to get as far South as AfonticrJlo, Otncral Sthotpff't sten had actually constructed, from the date of the battle of Mill Spring up to three days ago, forty milet of corduroy road! Our brave soldiers I know well what difficulties will have to be overcome, before the Southern rebellion is effectually suppressed. They also know that these difficultles will be suppressed; hut they think it s pity that the OreeIeys,GurIeys, Chandlers, Wilkinsons, Garrisons and Lovejoys, who are continually decrying their heroic exertions cannot bo compelled either to close mouths which sre perpetually vomiting forth slander and falsehood, or else bo drafted into the service and made to wade through the thigh deep mud which 1 nipt del the progress of the Union forces, Congress take warning. Colonel Richardson of Illinois thundered into the ears of the House of Representatives, the dangers that may ovolvo from creating Irritating and unnecessary issues with our army, and the speech of Mr. Cox, in reply to Ourley and Bingham, toaches its own lesson. STATK OF PEELING U* WESTERN TENNESSEE. A gentleman just arrived from Memphis, statos that the greatest consternation prevails in Western Tennessee, aud has done so ever since the battle of Belmont. People who hod been strenuous advocates of the rebel cause previously, tnquirn what tho South is fighting for, and but for military restraint, Union demonstrations woultj appear everywhere. They begin to porcoive.ho states that the North is in otrncst, which they had deludod themselves into supposing was not tho cue. Rebel leaders declare that the force they can bring into action, at Columbus and Bowling Green, la one hundred and aighty thousand strong. With good means of judging, this gentleman thinks It about ona hundred and forty thousand?weak. That is, In times of danger, crowds of armed farmers are mustered in from the country, who return to their work when tho moment of supposed peril disappears. Ihey are brave, but undisciplined, lacking confidence In both themselves sad their loaders, end morally certain of being dofeated, in contest with properly trained troops. ARRIVAL OF GOVERNOR ANDREW AND DEPARTURE OP GENERAL BtfTLER. Governor Andrew, of Massachusetts, accompanied by Dr. J. wi Stone, arrived here to-night, a day late to meet General Butler, wjio loft yesterday. GENERAL STONE'S MOVEMENTS. General Stone Is still hers. AFFAIR* ALONO THE LINE*. There Is no aaws of any demonstration from the several divisions of tha army of tho Potomao, nor from the Departments of the West. MR- TCCEEB'B APPOINTMENT AS ASSISTANT SBCEETART OF WAR. Yesterday the Senate, in executive session, confirmed Mr. John Tucker aa ope of the Assiatant Secretaries of War. To-day that body voted to recall the papers from the President for the purpose ef reconsidering the sub. jest. Itii retort or m tan wtck intkbtioatino committern>? report of u>o vw> wpck tatwti|?tio| committo W YO NEW YORK, SATTJRDA will be called up oa Monday next, end the debate upon It opened by a speech from the chairman, Mr. Van Wyck. Tint LABOR CONTRACT OP THE NEW YORK CUSTOM HOUSE. The resolution Introduced in the House to-day by Mr. Van Wyck, calling for an Inspection of the labor contracts at the Custom House, and the aggregate foes and perquisites of tho Collector, Surveyor and Naval Officer of the port of New York, will compel an exhibit of the total salaries derived from these offices. ALLEGED FUACDB IN THE QUARTERMASTER'S DEPARTMENT AT OAtBO. The President, Secretary of War and Quartermaster General hare been in consultation with parties from the West to-day, in regard to the frauds in the Quartermaster's Department at Cairo, which is represented as being exceedingly "mixed up." Frauds to the extent of several hundred thousand dollars, in the way of contracts with interested parties for coal, transports, lumbon horses, &c., are said to exist, which will be investigated to the fullost extent THE ALLEGED ARMY FRACDS AT PHILADELPHIA. Messrs. CovoJo and Udell, members of tbe Commltto* On Conduct of tho War, returned from Philadelphia yesterday, where they have boon to investigate tho Quartermaster's Department, at the request of the Secretary of War. They find that various parties in that city claim from tho government for army supplies of different kinds, over sixteen millions of dollars. Specimens of some of tho goods, for tbe payment of which a portion of this enormous sum is demanded, were brought horo by the committeemen, and is positive evidence that tho government h is been defrauded. Messrs. Covode aud Odell reported the result of their investigation to the Secretary of War to-day. DELAY IN THE SENATE RESPECTING IRON CLAD VESSELS. Well founded dissatisfaction prevails among members of tho Cabinet. and those who are anxious that tho war should bo carried on with vigor, at the shameful delay, on tho part of tbe Committee on Naval Affairs in tho Senato, in reporting on the bill which passed tho House, somo timo since, for the construction of iron clad vessels. They are imperatively and immediately needed; hut Mr. Hale, the Chairman of the Senate Committee, is so engrossed with his controversy with Secretary Welles respecting tho Morgan contracts, that be has apparently become incapacitated for anything else. Investigations may aud should bo carriod on, whicb will expose avery single detail of corruption respecting the purchase of vessels in New York; but must tho most important interests of the republic, in the meanwhile remain unattended to? While the South are shielding the few vessels they possess with railroad Iron, and every foreign Power is endeavoring to increase its fores of iron plated steamers, shall tho I'uitod States government do nothing, imply because a wrong bis been committed by an avaricious New York broker ? It is notorious that one single sieanu-r into tno Merrimac, could have caused the failure of the whole Burnside expedition, if it had boem em ployed in the proper way and In its late hour of danger. If Mr. Hale continues to neglect his duty, loyal) conservative Senators should demand the reason of the delay, and insist that the naval exigencies of the county should be properly met. SCARCITY OF BE AKIN IN TBK NAVY. Several national ships aro lying in port for want of teamen, about four thousand of whom are now needed by the Xavy Department, while Flag Officer Footo is in want of one thousand for service on the Western waters. New England Qshormon it seems have in large numbers entered the army, there being a slight increase of pay over that of the navy, but in other respects no advantage. THE PROPOSED BANKRUPT LAW. Sunday's Hksai.u contained a correct account of what had been done with respect to the Bankrupt law up to that date. Since then the chairman of the special committee, to which the subject has been referred, has had a bill of his own referred, and after it, the ^iU of Hon. Elijah Ward, and other prnposod bills have been printed, the committee will devote their whole attention to the subject, and either select one from among them, or else report a new bill. In any esse it will provide for both creditor aud debtor interests. No details, howover| have as yet been determined on, nor, as yet, have lh? individuals rnmnniinff th#? rrtm?r?iftoo otiv ctrnnor hiea id favor of any particular mode of legislation. Ol'ft MINI8TER AT MEXICO. Minister Corwin, although desirous of returning home from Mexico, says lie will remain there if ho can be of service to our country, ami the government thinks he can. GENERAL M'CALL'S DIVJ8I0N HOSriTAL. Pr. Shippeu,of Philadelphia, who has charge of General Mc-Call's Division Hospital, has been called away from his post by the death of a sistor. In his absence Dr. Dobounovilh), Fourth Pennsylvania rogimeut, has charge of the hospital. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. Movement of the Union Forces Near Savannah?Attempt of the Rebels to Provision Fort Pulaski?A Small Fight and Defeat of Tataall's Rebel Fleet, dc. Forts ess Monroe, Jan. 30,1802. In the expec tation or the success of General Burnside's expedition, to tho opening of at least two Congressional districts, Marble Nash Taylor, the Provisional Governor, of North Carolina, has issned a proclamation ordoring on flection on the 22dof February, to ratify or reject the ordinances of the Convention of the 18th of November, and also for the election of two representatives in Con greet. A flag of truce wont to Ctraney Island this morning. The following is from to-dsy'o and yesterday's Southern papers:? Savannah, Jan. 29,1802. The city is comparatively quiet. No immediate attack Is apprehended. The object of the Yankees seams to Its to cut off commusical loo with Fort Pulaski. There wore six federal gunboats at Wall's Cut and sevtn at the head of Wilmington Island, commanding the channel of the river, yesterday. Commodore Tatnall convoyed two steamers and a fleet towards Fart Pulaski, with provisions. The enemy opened firs upon them, and a battle ensued, hating forty minutes. The provision boats and tho steamer Sampson are now returning. Tho federals flred upon the hilar, and sho was slightly damaged. Fort Pulaski is now fully provisioned for six months. A letter from an ofllcar at tho fort says that tho oaemy cannot take It by any attack they may make. Tho Yankees are engaged iu removing the obstructions in the channel. There are other defences yst to pass. The people of Savannah are Arm and confident of their ability to defend the city. The Norfolk Day Book calls upon the hdiee to contribute their old woollen skirts and dromes to the government, tho price of flannel used for fixed ammunition being so high as to subject the government to a serious tax. The New Orleans Mia says that a steamer ran tha federal blockads on the night of tha 13th instant, with 1.000 balsa of cotton. The vacancy in the Confederate Congress occasioned by the death of John Tyler will ha filled by an election on the 10th of February. IT ewe from Ian Francisco.. Sak Pa.scnmu, Jan. 38, 1803. Arrived, steamer Sonora, from Panama; ships Fortune and George Lee, from Hongkong; bark Dallas, from the Amoor river, with a cargo of live camels. Weatbes continues clear and cold. Police Intelligence. A Pans Fiotrrsn is Taoums.?Henry Van Winkle, one of the principals in the late prise fight at Weehawkcn, ft. J., was taken into custody yesterday by Ofllcor Taylor. This makes the eighth arrest in connection with this disgraceful aflktr. Arrivals and Departnrcs. ARMVAI.8. r.MaeAA.^OlesMiMn Africa If# Wiser! Ms Vka.l Wright, Sir A McNab and man arrvant, Mrs Mcftab, Mr Kgan, Mr* Freeman, Mr Bcoriaae, P Hanway Cunningham, Mr Irrton, A Harriet, Mr Greene, Jonathan Longmlre, Mr Carpentar, A L Freeman, A L# Moyne, G A Thornton, Armln Hantaan, Mr Cooper, Qeo T Knight, F Leomte, A Wlgort, A Joneaart, Edw Dicey, Graham Gray, Thoa Thorburn.j A Wray.D H Wlckham, Hon M Port man, Samuel Barbour and lady, Mia* Johanna May**, Mr Gorgla. Hawntnn?Steamahlp Bavaria?Herin Fablan.l tout* normann, Frit* Ahrend and wife, Joaeph Huerrber, O II F Uchultlielaa, Robert Hanna, R Franbe, J W French, Herri etla Rower, latonore Gardea, Otto Mttller, Camilla Hermann. Ilenry D Moore, Jame* Roea, Slon Iaravl, Amalia Bhiert, E Naaaeo, Carl Shurr, wife and child. DIPARTURM. Craacci?Brig Maurlclo?A J Doralf, of Mew Fork. RK H Y, FEBRUARY 1, 1862. IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Africa with Two Days Later News. England's American Policy In a New Aspect.

Intervention of France and England for the "Pacification of North America" HlTUUlIUElUtCU. The Stone Blockade of Charleston Condemned. The Arrest of British Subjects on Board the Eugenia Smith. Lord Lyons' Despatches on the Subject. Emperor Napoleon Accidentally Wounded by a Shot. DECLINE IN COTTON?BREiDSTUFFS FIRMER, Ac., Ac., Ac. The Cunard mail steamship Africa, Captain Stone, which sailed from Liverpool at half-past nine o'clock on the morning of the 18th, and from Qnoenstown on the 10th of January, arrived here at ten o'clock yesterday morning, bringing the mails, passengers and freight. The Africa has experienced very heavy westerly gales. Lost bulwarks, Ac. The news by the Africa is two days later than that received by the Anglo-Saxon and published in the Hmuij> ' yesterday morning. A despatch from Liverpool, dated on the 10th of January, eays:?'The Cunard steamship Persia, from Halifax, arrived here yesterday. The Cunard steamship Niagara, Trom Boston, arrived at Queens town on tho 19th. The rumored loss of the Parana was causing great uneasiness In Kmrlatid but from the vaeue nature of the rn mor strong hopes were entertained that the report would prove unfounded. The Adelaide steamer, which had put back to Plymouth, experienced very severe weather in the Atlantic, and at one time was in great danger. She would have to discharge her military stores and disembark her troops In order to repair damages. The steamship Bavaria, Captain Meir, from Hamburg, via .Southampton, on the 1Mb ult., arrived at thia port i early yesterday morning. The Bavaria experienced a most tempestuous passage. From the 2'Jd to the 20th she bod very heavy gales from the northwest, during which she lost four boats and damaged threo of her remaining ones, stove bulwarks, Ac. Alto lost overboard four seamen and disabled three others. Phe brought a large cargo ami a number of passengers. The news by the Bavaria is anticipated by the arrival of tbeCiiy of Washington and Africa. A despatch from Madrid of Jan. 10 says:?."The report that the government intends closing the Chambers is denied. Th > discussion of tbo budget has commenced.'* A despatch from St. Petersburg or Jan. 19 says:? Hie Qatrtte of tbc Sec a to contains a docree authorizing the Issue of thirty millions in treasury bonds for the payment of the subvention to the railway company. These bends are Mt to bo issued just yet, and tho National Bank is to discount them. It is reported that fresh negotiations have been opened between Austria and Ilungary. Tho Paris Pay* says that the government of Ecuador has requested tho mediation of England In Peru, and that England has accepted the office of mediator. Tho Commissioners of Customs had been instructed to permit the t'reo ex|>ortntioii of tho articles that were prohibited from being exported in the proclamations of tho 30th of November and the 4th of December. Tho London Timr* of the istli inst. states that, in censequence of tho Spanish steamer discontinuing to run be tween Cuba and St. Thomas, no mail will in future be made up for Cuba on the 17tb of the month. Oir Paris Correspondence. Paris, Jan. 17,1802. The Anglo-Amtrua* Question?Xapolcoii About to Rocognite the Rebels?A Government Pamphlet on the Subject?The Anti American Alliance ua'lA England? Distreu of the French Operatives?Trtatury Embarratimenu?The trcema*on Imbroglio?M. About'* Play Huicd?A Matrimonial Agency?Court Met, <#c. Our political circles are busily occupied discussing the suppression of Mr. Seward's despatch of the 30th of November by the Palmerston Cabinet. The general conclusion come to is that, for tho sake of securing a firm position, the St. James Cabinet committed en infamy. All thoae at all familiar with England ! political career will not be astonished et this. Her policy has ever been one of deceit end infamy. One thing is apparent by the course taken by the London Xewt in this matter. Earl Russell must have disapproved of such conduct as the suppression of so Important a despatch. Hie organ (the London Xemt) proves this. The world will now judge at their true standard the vauntlngs of tho London Time* end Poet. They knew beforehand there wee no danger, end to they boasted and bullied. It is a great satisfaction to know.that tho braggarts are exposed, and that the majority of the London press smites them for their villeny. It is to be remarked that the Palmerston organs, Timet and Poet, still continue their insolent attack! upon the United States government. This proceeds from the fact that with Palmerston it Is sink or swim, and with them peace is death, and war life end conlinuanoo of power. That is they fondly hope so, whereas It is plain to all that the Palmerelon Cabinet must fall, the opposition has now eo grand a cause of complaint. I am in the possession of Information which establishes beyond a doubt that this government Is bent upon tho recognition of tho South. It has within the last two weeks repeatedly urged thts course upon England, and may succeed In persuading the Palmerston Cebinot to meet its views. The Washington government mu?t arm at once, coaH defence* mutt be attended to, and above all a Urong, efficient navy be at once equipped. Tno anglien govorumeui commune pcnumg immenrn munition* and large fbroM to Canada, and war la by no means as yst averted. As a sign of the times, I may stats that a brochure, entitled "The Recognition of the South," will appear tomorrow at Denton's, the publlehor of governmental pamphlets, and that this new brochure is ostensibly the work of M. GrondguiUot, editor of the.Payt, bat Is In reality the work of some government soribe, and la fathered by Grandgnlllot as a well recognised servant ef Terslgny's administration. Of coarse tbs brochure la bat a straw to see which way the popular breese blows. If It Is successful, so ranch the better; If not, no more will be said. It will have been ascertained that the publlo Is unfavorable to ench conclusions ad are come to by the writer. Of course It le useless to add that the work In question la Inimical to the North; The Paris Journals are all, save the PalrU, well satisfled to know that war Is now loss likely, and all recom mend that advantage be taken of the Trent affair to make England come to some definite conclusion as regards the rights of neutrals. Russia proposes that this should he done at once, white i all the othor European governments eagerly ask the samo. No one can doubt that In the late unpleasant affair all the honor and profit havo been for the United States government, while England has reaped but shame, and paid anmeihtni like lor it boaide. The world did not fail to judgn at ih?ir right value her d? ?.? allnaa and crle* of Injurrd honor. Why, even her own euhlecta did no, and loud Mid deep war* the proleaUtiobi of the peace party. Now a day* that tame peace ERA I port* U bitterly pursuing the writers of the London Pott and Timet, and condign is their punishment. The danger is that from exasperation, and as a last effort to retain power, the St. James Cabinet may seek to urge a war upon you. Let us hope you will be prepared for all emergencies. Let me urge on you again and again not to place reliance upon any good will that France may bo supposed to feel towards you. Her promt rulcrt are your tmmiet. Beware of France. Hhe will surely act with Kngland against you. Any one in America will soe how great is the enmity of the Knglish government by their conduct in the case of the Tuscarora. The articles of the London P"*t upon that subject will shock all right minded men. The organ cannot help displaying its anger at the complete blockade of the Nashville, and takos the captain to task for having been So dilatory. It is a satisfaction to know that ere long those represented by the foil will no longer be in power. All honor to thoso London journals which have SO DertiaaciOUSlv esnoused the cause (>r the t'nitnd States government; and, above all, honor to that great statesman, Mr. Gladstone, for his discourses upon the subject. It is evident that Earl RuescU and himself are free from the odium which now devolves upon the rest of the Cabinet for the suppression of tnat despatch. Here Shatters are, if possible, worse than ever. In Lyons the distress of the working classes has become so great that the Parts journals are now soliciting subscriptions for their relief. In all other of the manufacturing districts the same distress prevails. M. Fould is still struggling to dsviso plans whereby the State may bo saved from insolvency; but as yet he has hit upon no really satisfactory arrangement. All here are anx ously awaiting the opeuingof the Chambers, as then on address is to be made; but I may hers state that no groat reliance need ho put upon that address, as it is being prepared, as the French say, a huis clot? that is, in secret. Its figures und statements w ill be such as are doomed not too much calculated to frighten the people. In fact, the whole truth and nothing but the truth will not be told. To add to its difficulties, t'e government has Just made what Parisians call a IwuMfe?a mistake. The Emperor, having appointed Marshal Magnan as Grand Master of the Masonic Order in France, lias given oflbnee to tho Order, and more than two-thirds of tho lodges have signified their intention to dissolve for a poriod of time, not less than a year. On all sides the government is increasing the number of its enoiuies. Of course the Masons will not ho the more friendly from this lost arbitrary act. The Marshal had only beeu a Mason nine days. Persigny has distressed Dr. Veronfrom the direction of the Contliivlionntl, because the Doctor refused to lns"rt attacks against tho Orleans family, rightly Judging that they did more harm than good. The Doctor is incensed at his dismissal, and is to publish a bnnhure that will show up some of tho high people in authority here. Great has been the annoyance at Court produced by the demonstration made against About on the occasion of his civinv a drama at the Odeon theatre. The students, who made Ihe demonstration, shouted u bat U rendu. Down with the paid traitor, or turncoat, I suppose would mure clearly give the meaning. Now all this was because he had left his former party and joined tho Constituti'.nnel and government organ, and these cries prove that the students, inflamed by tho priests, hate the government. The Emperor sent for the Prefect de Police, and, having required from him a full explanation of the affair, dismissed him by a wave of the hand. Ilo was too annoyed to speak. He perhaps feared he might say too much. InBritlauy a strong agitation prevails. The clergy have caused it by spreading the report that France does not act kindly towards the Pope, and that, consequently, be Is in dauger from his enemies. A case throwing light on the curious state of Parisian society has just been tried before the Civil Tribunal. It ran to some length, but the facts are few and simple. The Marquis de Treveloc, who was represented to belong to one of the noblest families In Franco, his ancestors harlng figured in the Crusades, was some'time ago anxious to marry, and as bis exchequer is not nourishing he required a young lady who, in addition to youth, beauty and virtue, should possess wealth. But though, from his rank and name, having access to the best Bociety, both aristocratic and financial, of the capital, he doubted that he could himself find a suitable damsel,and so be charged a certain Madame Jolly de Montesson to seek out one for him. promising to pay her for her trouble. This female, whoil occupation is to negotiate marriages, introduced him to a resectable and rich family, lu which was a young lady ready to wed. A marriage was resolved on;but, for some reason not stated, it was broken ofT. On that the Marquis de Trevelec prayed Madame Jolly do Montesson to resume her search for a wife for him, and she said that she knew two rich young ladies, sisters, Mdllet. A??, whoso parents wanted husbands (or them. Tho Marquis has a brother, the Count <lcTrevelec, who was also desirous to marry, and an understanding was come to between them and Madame de Montesson that they would )>ay her ?000 each if she could secure for them the hands of the two girls, with ?12,000 fortune to each, and a losser sum in the eveut of the fortuue bniug less. In the event of only one of tho brothers being accepted, ?000 were In be paid by him alone. This understanding was set fvrth in a deed, drawn up and executed in due iortn. But the father of the girls, a retired trader, would not allow them to wed nobles, and so the affair tell to the ground. Madamo de Moniesson, however, know two other sisters, Mdilos. B , of the Rue ?, both pretty, both young, both rich: and to their family and to thorn she introduced the brothers, through tho family physician. The result was ttial the Marquis de Trevt l' C was accepted by,and in due time married to.the elder sister; but no union was brought abont between the younger girl and tho younger brother. Alter the mar riage, Madame do Montesson called on the Marquis de Trcvelco to pay her ?800, according to his agreement; but be refused, on the ground that he had only ant ho-. rlzed her to negotiato a marriage with one of the Mdlles. A?, and that she had had nothing to d?, beyond getting him introduced by the doctor, with his marriage with Mdile. it . A great deal of angry cor: orpondence took place between the parties; but they could nut agree, and the woman brought an action for ?600. She, to support it, produced her agreement, which expressly said that she should be paid that sum in the event of hur obtaining the marriage of the Marquis to one of the Mdlles. A , or one of the Mdlles B ltut the Marquis maintained that the document was only applicable to the lldilca. A?, and that the worde "or tho Mdlles. B " had boon added after he had signed it. The tribunal, after weighing nil the facts and reading all the correspondence in the case, came to tho conclusion that tho agi cement was not applicable to the marriage effected between the Marquis and the Mdllo. B?; but considering that it was through the plaintiff that he had become acquainted with her, and that he knew that she expo- toil to be paid for her services, it ordered him to give her ?20. Such is the way marriages are made in high life in Paris. In view of the unpleasant stats of aOklrs, and to cause a different current of ideas, the Emperor has ordored lint the Court gayeties be more than usually nuni< roue. Balls will take placo every fortnight, uml dinners every Monday. He has ordered ell his ministers to give grand I fdn, and trfay thus be said to have decreed pleasure for the season. Borne of the incites may, perhaps, think that they are dancing over a volcano; but the majority ill throw cars In the doira. and clinic to the bark of State as Ion# as it swims thus in pleasant waters. They will, en revanche, be the first to let go their hold when the storm corned. THE AXERICAH WAR CRISIS. Important Movement of England and Franco?A Joint Intervention In American Affairs Spoken Of. The very latest despatches by the Africa, datsd In London on the 19th ult., contain the following important intelligence:? JOINT INTERVENTION OP PRANCE AND ENGLAND FOB THE PACIFICATION OP THE FEDERAL AND CONFEDERATE STATES OF NORTH AMERICA. The London Obtervcr?an organ of the Cabinet?quotes the articles of the treaty for the paclfiqgtlon of Greece, signed July, 1827, by England, Franco and Russia, and traces the successive steps taken by the three Powers, with a view of rt-edalluking pears betioecn Greece and Turkey, first offering the mediation of the three Powers; and (As refutal of Turkey ltd to (Ac battte qf Navarinn. The OUtrrer suggests the expediency of n similar Intervention by France and England between tho federals and Confederates of North America. Such act would be approved by the whole world. No Nav&rlno would bo necessary ; tho Intervention would be gladly accepted by the Otmfederalet, and would givo satisfaction to evory man of tho Northern States who has anything to loss. Our government end that of Francs will be called upon, therefore, to repeat what was done in tho cass of Greece. Ifo ens can doubt our power or the beneficial effect <f nicA an interoen lion' Paris, Jan. 19,1803. The Mnniltur says that the number of partisans in England/"h the recognition of <*? Southern confederacy increates, and Oust there is no doubt that many will advocate thie measure in the approaching session of Parliament. The Intervention Recommended. to run editor or tub lonpow tikm. I em of those whose painful ouavlctton u Is that the civil war in Amorloa must result In the disorganization of the bolstered manufacturing industry of the North, in a military despbtlem, and in a reconstruction of the political system from the chaos which must ensue. And the " Charleston harbor" policy clearly Indicates that If It be allowed to go on the North will destroy, because they cannot subdue the South. The North haro had a fnlr opportunity to force back tho South to their former relationship, and tho" etoneflcct" policy I laketobea confession of inability to aucceed by civliiicd warfare, if such there be. The lime, therefore, must be near when the A' Jocto government of the South must be recognized by othor government*. Fram t, w art pb-n to tmdmlanA. it triMiny to in'erftrt to i uf in snd to fhi< iinna'urtl drift. Why th"ull no' Frawr ni.d Knpftn-t wote unit? to put an tfiit to Me ttrvpgU whiU th rf if anything tobt Objection* in?y be urged to the eeldahncea of Inter.# ^ ,B. * PRioE TWO CENTS. rence merely to get cotton or to promote trade, and 1 should be alow to expect England to interfere from such motives. Certainly the pressure must be much more severe before these reasons alone would tell upon Englishmen: but if the appalling consequences can be averted which seem setting in upon America, and which threaten to budim, if not to extinguish the lamp of liberty which, with us, she used to carry so high, and if In doing so we can arrange for tke total abolition of the slave trade, awl also secure some safe mode of gradual mancipation to tko negro, some may blame us for selfish motives, but we may rest in the consciousness that we have done s nobler thing than observed an unbrntherly uoutrallty. From Karl Russell's speech dsliverod some months ago at Newcastle I gather that the government are not on* willing to act on cause being shown. As is stated In your columns, faint whimers art heard among theprudmt and ra'ional people of America in food* of FurAivtin ttt/Artvmtinm. te% *twt ih* ilesiii-u*? * - From observation I feel confident that this country would bo all but unanimous for some such intervention as I have ventured to indicate. If you grant space Tor this letter it may educe an expression of public opinion by meetings or otherwise, not to coerce our government?their late discroet energy rent ders this unnecessary?but it may strengthen them in a good ehour to learn that they are supported by publit opinion. ROBERT UX.KHART. livxsrool, Jan. lfi. ARREST OF ENGLISHMEN ON THE EUGENIA SMITH. LORD LYONS* DESPATCHES ON THAT NATAL DIFficulty. [From the London Gazette, Jon. IT.] Foreign Otfics, Jan. 17, 1803. The following are copies of correspondence with ber Majesty's Minister in the United States:? iron lord lyons to near. scssxll. ? Washington. Tier. 31,1801.1 (Received Jan. IS, 1?G2.) > My Lord?The Secretary of State of tho United States has informed me that, having loarnt that Messrs. J. W. Zacherio and T. J. Rogers, American citizens, were taken from a vessel called the Eugenia Smith, under tho Briti8h flag, and under circumstances similar to tboao involved in the case of Messrs. Manon and Slidell, and that they are now confined in Fort Lafayette, he has caused orders to be given for their discharge, and permission ror them to return to Norfolk, in Virginia, by way of Fortress Monroo. I have, Ac., LYONS. extract or a despatch from lord ltoxb to earl khu Washington, Dec. 31,1861.I (Received Jan. 15,1862.) J 1 have the honor to enclose herewith to your Lord* ship a copy of a note from Mr* Seward to the Secretary ol the Navy, which has been communicated to me to-day by Mr. Soward, referring to the fact of a British schooner* the James Campbell, captured for breach of blockade* having been brought into New Torlc, with the British flag flying under that of the United States ; Mr. Seward condems this act in the strongest terms; the act wad disavowed with equal promptitude by the naval authorities of the United States, under whose notice it wad brought. r5cl0scee ix lord ltoxs' dispatch. Department of Statk, Washington, Dec. 31,1891. To ihx Hox. Gideon Welles, Secretary op the Navy:? 8ie?'This department has receivod unofficial informs- 4 tlon that the schooner James Campbell, captured by tbn blockading squadron, was carried into New York, with the British flag flying under that of the United States, This unseemly act must have been occasioned by a misapprehension of his duty by the officer who ordered oh allowed it. I will, consequently, thank you to give such orders as may tend to prevent a repetition of the same, 1 have, ho., WILLIAM H. SEWARD. extract of a despatch from lord ltoxs to earl rc8seu. Washington, Dec. 31,18dl. 1 nave me nonor 10 enclose nerewiui vo you a copy of a note from Mr. Seward to the Secretary of the Navy, which has been communicated to me to-day by Mr. Seward. It refers to the circumstances of an oath having been exacted, as a condition of release, by the commandos of tho United States steamer, from three British seamen, captured for breach of blockade, to the effect that they , should undertake not to be employed in similar proceedings for the future. Your Lordship will see that Mr Seward strongly condomns this act, and releases the seamen from the obligations tqgpn by them. xxcloecnn in extract srom lord ltovb' despatch or d? cembrr 31, 1801. Departure* or State, Waibiimjton, Dec. 81, 1801. To the Ho*. Gideon Weijjw? Sir?This department has been Informally apprised that Commander Woodhull, of the United States steamer Connecticut, recently exacted as a condition of the release of members of the crew of the British schoonet Adeline, captured for a breach of the blockade, that they should enter into an engagement not to be employed In similar proceeding in future. It occurs to this department that, as the requirement reforred to is not warranted by public law, tba commanders of blockading vessels should be instructed not to exact any similar condition for tba release of persons found on board vassals charged with a breach of the blockade. It may ha lawful to detain such persons as witnesses, when their testimony may ha indispensable to the admintstrattoa of Justice; but when captured In a neutral ship they cannot be considered, and ought not to bo treated, ad prlMMra of war. Angus Smith, John Mooney and Joha H. McIIenry, the alleged British subjects above referred to, are consequently to be considered aa absolved from the obligation represented to have been required of them by Commander Woodbnll. I have, to., WILLIAM H. SEWARD. THE STONE BLOCKADE. Earl Raeeeira Opinion of Use Act, It is stated that the Liverpool shipowners' Association having memorialized Karl Russell against the blockade of Charleston harbor by the stone fleet, Earl Russell, la response, stated that be scot despatches to Lord Lyons la December expressing the dissatisfaction of tho British government at such a proceeding, and giving It as hie opinion that the consummation of the act would lend to the Miff in Europe theU the reconstruction qf the Union teal considered impracticable. He also elated thai after the dmlgn wae carried out be Hont another despatch to Washington, deploring the course which had bneu pursued, and expressing etrong hopes that the proceeding would iu>t be repeated at any other port. Tho Indrpmdanrr Beige save that France will alanine the Initiative In making diplomatic rtmemtrane uA riml the blockade of tho ports if (he .Southern Bates, on* * England m'U only afford France moral tujipori. Bitllah Opinion of the Operation M Charleston?Anotlaer Kxnnaple for Rebel Recognition. [From tne Ixmdon root (government organ), Jan. !T.J Wo rejoice to perceive that the destruction of the port of Charleston it eurountrring that general mndemna(ton in Ihit country whi h it hat already recited from the French pren, and especially ftm the afhtal oiyan of the French government. Mr. Beroefbrd-H<>|>? may stand for an example. He has just characterised It aa "an atrocious barbarity, alnret unparalleled in the history of tho world." And the practical significance 01 ln* ffusaitoo is Involve! at thin moment la, not only that an outrage baa been committed upon the right* and law* of clvinsattoa Itself, but that there is the tret ground to apprehend that similar barbarities are in course of perpetration or design against the other great commercial port* of the Southern confederal loo. Wo apprehend that nothing but Ih, jtnniy ermewd etc** of maritime Eurtmt eon avail (o arrttt Ike fwllur d-wlojew.-nt of IM? Aorribl' projr ' The com mere I si tntareet* of great seaboard countries have always formed one of the moet cherished objects of European diplo icy. The rights of block* 1e, rossnwhile have been pru?erved Intact; be? cause blockades, be ng crested only by the actual pretence and effective operation of ships of-war, are in their nature temporary . and necessarily tsrminate wltll the settlement or the difference In which they hava arisen. But, subject to these rights?still most rlgoronsly defl-ed ana limited, both In pelnt of character and In point of time?the free rwrigulinn of rivrrt, and lite fre* tnlrance of porit, are prinnoist which terry governmen! of Kitrop* hcil addrt ?ej i'.lttf to prmoto. It J

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