Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1862 Page 1
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[ TH I WHOLE NO. 9275. 11P0RTANT FROM GEN. GRANT'S COLUMN. ' additional Particulars of the I Reconnoitring Expedition. llOTEMEMTS OF 6EN. SMITH'S BRIGADE. I teeoinoiiuneeof the Tennessee River and Fort I Menrv. with Iti Snrronndine Earthworks. SUCCESS ^OF THE EXPEDITION. TEE FORT NOT YET EVACUATE!). MAP OF THE POSITION, Ac., Ac>i Ac. ANOTHER RECONNOIBSANCE OF FORT HENRY. OUR CROWN POINT CORRESPONDENCE. Ckown Point, Ky., Jan. 21,1802. Departure from the Camp?Rebel Gunboats?The Fbrt Fired at from the Lexington?No Reply?The tort Not Yet Evacuated?Destruction of a Rebel Picket Camp?Guerrillas at Work?The Order to Return to Paducah?A Sp-eimen of Southern Literature, dtc. ' Pince I commenced writing, the gunboat Lexington has arrived, convoying the transport Wilson and two barges loaded with provisions and forage. The Lexington was sent up to Fort Henry on a reconnoitring expedition, and through tho politeness of Captain Shirk, her commander, I was permitted to accompany him. We had just got under way and turned a bend in the river, when the rebel gunboat Dunbar was discovered coming down. On discovering us she quickly turned about and put back with all possible speed. K round shot and two shells were thrown after her; but the distance between r.s was too great for execution. She declined returning the oompliment. She is a rapid sailer, and soon distanced us. When we arrived within sight of tho fort, the boat was lying abreast of it, in company with a consort. They are both up river steamers* having no other peculiarity than that they each carry two twelve-pound rilled guns, and are the fastest sailers to be found. The Lexington went within two miles of the fort, and threw n number of shellB into it, without eliciting a * reply. It is quite evident, however, that the fort has not yet been evaeoated, as their pickets were seen in several places along tho shore One picket camp was 1 destroyed by a well directed shell, which undoubtedly did good execution. 11m fort mounts four thirty ' two pound erg, two of which aro rifled. Bcaides those they have a number of field pieces, designed evidently to be hauled out into commanding positions along the bluflb in case of necessity. They have also recently thrown up some earthworks on a high bluff above Kent Henry, on the west bank of the river, mounting two fifty-four-pounders, which effectually command the fort, and will make it untenable, if taken, until they are silenced. In steaming up the river the Lexington was fired upon by a cowardly miscreant concoultd in tho woods on the shore, very Ufcar tho rederal camp at Crown Point. Tho fellow 4hot a charge ot buckshot, slightly wounding two'men on board. Provious to the return of the Lexington a general order had been promulgated for a countermarch to Paducah, thus clearly demonstrating that the whole movement, the designs of which have bees kept -so scrupulously secret, was a feint to aid Gen. Buell In bis attack on Bowling Green. That object acooatplisbod,Gen. Smith bad but to obey orders, like the true soldier be is, and return. But on the report of Captain Shirk, showing that Fort Henry is not evacuated, and being eo near it, with a determined sot of well disciplined men, who have been led wo With the expectation that that was their destination, the Genera) has ordered a halt, and will wait here for further orders from headquarters It would seem the height of folly to turn our backs ujion ibis fort Id eat too, sow that we are so near it, and nothing could Tie done that would so greatly dispirit and demoralise the men of this command. But let those writers who have so Dereisteiitlv abused General Sndtli ia Lbs Dial remain. 'tor that if we are now countermarched from this place without striking a blow at Fort Henry, the blame is attributable to higher author!lies than General Smith. As a curiosity of Southern literature, and as giving the latest news from Cotambus.l euclose a letter of late date 'from a soldier in camp at that plaoe. 1 beg its insertion verbatim ft literatim:? Travis' Ribg, Cpt. Balards Commit, \ Couoriraors Ky Dec '291861 j PrarPararrs I sete my seir to night in my sehanty by the fler side to Inform you that I am well at this time hoping this may find you all weell A inging Crismous It to varey litis Crlrmous hear I havent had but 2 drain.-) this Crismous time air doul hear A men cap close to thir quarters Sorn thinks that unkel Abe wil eeme down about the first weeks in 62. I dont now whether it is eoe or not thoe I gees not Cillers Bragade is going to Bolingrcen and the misalppl melitla volnnters for 2 raonts thay have had aflto with the norlhen caverly at monsonville out hy the old to I gat about cardans & thay hare rowted the *cam|? from Holla me tny uld tramping grownd we alrsti) preparing canons RikM a nother larger Rifel canon in the same place the ether waa bear wale in 14,860 lbs and shots the same bawl the manaca Ram I think la head little be lo hear ower baitery la reddy for action the Artiiermen have bin tralniug the canons the River is vary loe for this seaou of the your I liavo not heard from you senco Jams smith catno down I want you all to Write to me A cine down el' you can shortly A when you come down i want you to telch me one or to quilts for then nits Is gittng cold. Aud when vou come I w ml you to fetch me u bout 2 shirts for 1 hunt hut too and thay ant mutch A 1 ant Iiron anny mom y rot and I dotit now when 1 will git anny atnosl of the otlcers have bin pailo un t I dowl t:ie prlvlts giting any under too monts yit I wnnt Alick and B. R. Mr.Nail tocomo dowu ef tliay can and I want them to write to me thay never havo wrote to tne sence boar If bin 1 cant lako the time to write thorn so,'toil letters to thorn tbo It seius that I vrrlto b Iters at. onst of the family and send them In your letters but you must not lot. ther letters be exposed ef it is to give my K< specks to J lin Harms hot you most not let hint read th.s 1/Iter for you now how yuung fnaks air I dout now when I will aver git homo I dotit now wliother wo will git uuy fo.lov,s any moor or not write to me phortly and all the Regt I wiil writte to you cvry weak or too nothing in'wr al pr- pent give my Keaprcka to inquiro frauds and them Abdotnliqu lievela I wuah them aaafe gourney to hell front your pen. R. W OVERBY. CacwN Poijrr, Ky., Jan . 23, 1902. General Smith and Staf Reconnoitre Uu Rtfiel Defenc t? The Shell! from the Union VtMcU?How Th'y Took Effect?The. Hoi Repliet?The Ittconnouranc*. a Swc-t.,? The Return to Piulu-ah Onlered by General Smith? Where it the Paymaster f?Description of Fort 11 nry and Map of the Vicinity, etc. Yeaterdry morning (JeiHral Smith, accompanied by hia taT proooede 1 on board the Lexington to reeoanoU tre Fort Jiwnry in peruon. The boat proceeded up the weal channel of the river, which, owing to the preaent high atago of water, la navigable for all craft to a jtoini within one and a half mile of the fort. Throe steamer* were diacoverec lying off tbefltmlhof the email creek that empties lute -he Tounoaaee Juat abovo the fort, hut with no gleam up. A well directed ahull, atriking fair in 'heatern of one of them, goon woke them up and etltnu'ated act've rflorta in getting up ateam and pughiug up the river. A aecwd thell fell chort of tla mark, berating to the water juat in front tho em my'a worka. A third burat In tha air, dlrec'iy over tba fort, doubtleaa dotrg good e*?cull >n. Such tomerily on the jtart of the aeccy Lexington wua not to be cudur-d by tbe garriaon of the fort, who now brought a thirty twopound breech-loading piece into play, throwing a round tbot cowiderably to the rlgat of the Lexington, which fell Into the water nearly half a mile abort of ita mark. Willi the ?>d of a giagg a One tTi'w of the gerrigon or the fert wag n?w obtained from .the deck of theguuboati And a more caufuaed maaa of aschttd humanity ia aeldoua ?t<an. Bowover, General BmltD wcompnsneu Dm pur|>?*e In drawing tha shot of tUa*neiny, and satisfying liimaelf of tha position and of their worka, and therefore hade tkm farewell with a cauplo of alxtyfourliound bhells. (>n returning to camp orders war# */ onca laanad to cuntermarch to 1'aducnb, and this jamming at alght o'clock the column will mown. This act lor of the (ionetal ht evidence concluslvo that ha has had ?*io ord'ara to 'lack tha fort,but that, had ho boon satisflSv' ha could have taken It without too great'a risk, Ik? wotild have mndo the attempt. One thing is certain: tho "ttor iioinorallMtloa of this command will follow its return 10 I'od' coli, uitlem on their arrival thore tb.y shall (lad paymaster in waiting to pay them off. For dve months ' they have waitad patiently without a cent of pay and [ pli-n tha order to march w?b given last week they | E NE 'Beyed only because they fancied they ware going to meet Ml enemy. The order to countermarch from here has awakened mutter Inge loud - and deep. I know not why the men hare not been paid. Perhaps the paymMter doe*. It is reported that he has ample means at Cairo, which are now being used by bankers, while he pleads seine irregularity In the returns from Paducah as an excuse for not paying off. The men hare earned their money; the government has provided It; It now remains for the proper officers to see that it is paid. I will not venture upon an opinion of the policy of turning our backs upon fort Henry. It is an important position, and ehould be taken. I am satisfied the force now here, assisted by a couple of gunboats, could reduce it easily. In this opinion I am supported by officers high in command. General Smith is sot authorised to attempt it; therefore he turns his back upon it. But a glanre at the map of the fort and the adjacent country will oonvince most any military man that it is not impregnable. I em enabled to give you not only the accompanying map, showing the position and calibre of each gun, but also to furnish you the exaet strength of the garrison. The Tort itself is a mere earthwork thrown up along the river in a commanding position. It only commands the river. A. small creek setting into the Tennessee just at the south of the fort admits back water into the low lands behind the fort, forming a pond or marsh. Across this a bridge or causeway has been constructed, giving communication by means of a military road recently cut directly back to Fori Dontldunn fit Ifctirmw nri fho PitntHmwlmnil mwnp From a point on this road back of the pond another road has been cut, leading around under the bio lie back of tho bottom land to the I'iue Bluff landing, aix milee below the fort. Tho chart of the fort given the poeltion and calibre of the gone. The garrison consuls of the Fourth and Seventh Mississippi regiments and a regiment of Louisiana volunteers. Of these three regiments the returns of last Saturday gave but thirteen hundred effective men. Those are commanded by Colonel Sleeker, of tho I/misuuia Volunteers. The fort may be reinforced, however, at anytime from Fort Donaldson, which may make the garrison twenty-five hundred strong. Both forts ore under the general command of Brigadier Genera! Tillman. Upon a bluff on tho opposite side of the river, further up than the fort, and effectually commanding it, the rebels have recently erected a battery of two sixty-four pounders, to be used against a successful enemy. Those are worked by a detachment from tho garrisou of the rort. Officers are now at work in various localities in tho region of tbe fort, impressing inen for its defence, in anticipation of au attack from us. They are not quite ready for an attack yet, and hence this haste. In a week or two they will havo a second Columbus at this point, when our military authorities will bogiu to think of reducing it. If tho blow is to be struck at all it can be truck at no more favorable time than tho present. MOVEMENTS OF GEN. SMITH'S COLUMN. OUR MI'KKAY CORRK8PONDENCB. Murray, Caiix> way Coukty, Kyi, Jan. 18,1862. The Advance Eighteen Milts B-low Part Henry?The Halt? Rumors of (he Evacuation of the Put?Capture of a Rebel Descendant qf a Noted Congressman?He M Released on Taking the Oath qf Allegiance?A B.-utal Murder, etc. After six days hard marching General Smith has roacnea me county seat 01 vsuowsy county. nt?vy rain* and consequent muddy roads during the last ball of the march have been tho principal adventures. Tlic country through which we have passed, and that in which wo now are, is intonsely secession. This county has the reputation of being the strongest hold of secessiontem in the State of Kentucky. It was largely represented In the bogus Convention that resolved the State out of the federal Union and attached it to the Southern confederacy. There is scarcely a Union man to be found, at least in this immsHate vicinity. Deserted houses arc common, and have boon since we left Graves county, the rebels lying In utter confusion at the first intimation of oar ipproach. Fortunate, indeed, were those who remained it home, for a house without a tenant was quick!\ dospoiled of its contents of any value. In some instances ihe white males alone had fled, leaving their wives and :hildren, with their niggors, to the mercy of those who vcre such a torror to themselves. In such cases the louseholds wero sacred. In other cases the niggers alone sere left, and these were called upon to furnish a meal or the tired and hungry soldier. The panic is univeral among all who are in the least tinotured with secesilon nroclivities. The main column of General Smith's command has not rot come up, being still floundering in the mud about our miles west of here. They will probably come up tonorrow, and the whole column will halt here until all the trugglers come in. The incessant heavy rain of Friday and Saturday has rendered the roads terrible, and almost imlassable for artillery and baggage trains. To-day has >een clear, with a warm southwest wind blowing, which iad dried up the mud considerably; and should the same seatUer prevail for a day or two longer the roads will be igain,quite passable. Kurt Henry, toward which we are headed, is on the east title of the Tennessee river, just south of the boundary ine between the two Stales. It is now occupied by a [arris.>n of about two thousand rehel troops. It mounts i number of heavy guus, though ite peculiar position "endeis an accurate rccomiotssaiire, that would disclose the actual number and calibre of the guus, impossible, the Couestoga and Tyler approached witblu two miles of it oil Friday last, aud saluted It with half a dozen strong collies of shells, but without getting a response. They returned on Ssturday to try it again, but with what success has not yet been learned. The distance from this point to ths fort Is about eighteen miles, which will remine ut tail <1nv? trowlhiii/ Wf? hntMb Mi ho in poaeesslon there, at furthest, by 1 hursday. The oecupa tioa or that paint is desirable, as securing safe transporlution Tor army florae to the northern portion of Tennresee. i.nd furnishing a good basis tor rurther operations into itie Intorior of that state. The only anilely experienced by our forces is, that the rebels will lutve o vacua ted befoiswe can gel at them. They undoubtedly have new* there already of our approach, though I doubt whether they know our actual* ireugih. We havu been six dtys away from Paducah, during which l into wo hove revived led u word ol news fioiu beyond our immediate force. Kentucky, or at least this ]K>rtiun of the stale, Is utterly devoid of mad accommodations of any kind. The p opto are ignorant 01 what is transpiring about them, as well South as North. Occasionally u farmer visits l'aris, Toun., or 1'aduruh, and smuggles out a paper; but of lata, owing to the unsettled state of the country, these visits arc seldom. The favorite ?eng in camp now is, " Won't we bo glad to get out of the wilderness. As Illustrating in some degree iho literary aitainnients of this region, I enclose yon a circulur of Miss B ggs' Keinn > Seminary, which I found lacked upon the of a saloon in this village. ! may say thai it is writteu in a very near hand, which amply illustrates the "devotion to literary acquisiti >ns" of the lair Miss Hoggs. Ii ought also to bo said Miss Hoggs is meeting wuh deserved sue. ess, quiio a number of " budding intellects'' having sought her skilful hands h r expansion snd training. Hor circular reads as follows:? t'KKar rKMALK SCHOOL. The subscriber will, on Monday, aan. 6,1SH2. open a female s'hool In Mm ray Heuunaiy. \V It unit hue-ting ol much exp ru nee as a manner, abe vet Iru-li her past devotion to litem y tiecpilsl iouh has well e.ond iier mind with such 1 .1 . Hillary knowledge anl ipial fioiiion* as wiU limply jo., n'yag- n ruii* iuC.c lii palmtil. ing her eainst rflort* hi rxiiandinc and training th budding intellect. Owing to the baroness ol the time* and great dearth In pecuniary s jui* ei, she reduce* the high rat * ot tuition heiotefore existing, as follows, vl/., lor a ? aa.on ot live mouth* ? 1. OrUio.r*| hy, Keading, Wriluig snd lii ineiitary Arithmetic $0 00 2. Advanced Aritbin tie, Kugiiah Hiatniuur, Dirt.unary and ilcogiapiiy 8 00 -> S.,.1 L.I I' 1 , ...l.V I1I...I II 11. I 1. ..I . ..I t K.k Knglh li l.iiiignase 10 00 4. Al em-it, l'hjidology, Ac., iui o her mllnteral brandies t?ugln 12 00 Any one or more of the 1 mri r branches ran b? carried on with u higher without any additional charge. Tuition feet due and payable et end of aeaaion. Wood to be furnished by the >?-. I'oiih oral their expense, pro lal.i ot scholar* rent. IIOKTI.NSIA 1). BOUtiS. BtidOIng int'dleeta and tobacco seem to bo the only crops raised in lUlp.-> r tUt tho Mm*. A llllio corn for homo uso and Finaii crops of rye lor tuflbe occasionally ate gathered, tloflbii la not to bo hud for any price. 8; ire* are extremely acaroe. All luxuries have lung ainro been abandoned. The plainest fore In to be fonud alike on the table of the wealthiest planter and the pourt?u laborer, whether while or negro. Tho usual monl la wilt uv-at and hominy, h?e rako and molasses, ami rye collbe; butter la aeldoiu neon, sugar only found occaslonaiy; wha.M bread ia a rarity; vegetables only to be eaP-n on Sundays or via.ting occasions. The planters all have large cropa of tobacco on hand, and are anxiously waiting op|N>rtunttles to get it to markut, anticipating largo prices for It. there ara no young man In the country, baring all joined the Southern army. Nine out of evry ten of the old men 1 bar# conversed with eutertaln Southern vicwe, but are willing to be restored to Ibn Union, If by such a step they can have ixtace and the restoration of thsir former privllegea. They want malla and freedom to go to market. With these granted them they are aatlstied, whaibcr attached to tha Union or tho Southern contederacy. Hut. they are heartily sick of tha war, the blockade, and'the internal disruption that secession baa brought 14100 them. THE DIBTUB8SED CONDITION OP CALLOWAY COUNTY. OUR AURORA CORRESPONDENCE. Went Bank Tinsewm River,! Forn MjrseSouth ov Arsons , Jan. 21,lftg2. j TKi Rtndmtt of Iht County Orectlv Inclined to Sfitrion I'rentipin-IHUrtml ilouf l Very Common?A f'nHio? General Smith'I Advance?The Location of Ihirt Henry? Dearth cf Htm in the Gmnty?IDutdimg fnlelhcD and T<ihacco?How the VaUowOgian* Lilt, <tc, Seven tiny* hard niarcbing, with rain and and beyond any com ej>tion, baa brought Caiioral Pmitb'a column in Hie west h:uilt of tlia Taimeatoa river, about nrfblre i miles below tba rebel Fort Hanry. A bait baa ItAa.i ord. icd nnd a jnespengur dermic bed In a dugout to Aurora?four miica below?to order up the gunbouta that ifA- lying there cu.vojii'g Htaan on with flvo dny*' ml W YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY, THE REBEL P08ITI0I 01 THE 1 Map of the Tennessee River, Showini Ike Battery Commanding Tba son, Commanding the "illfe PMEBWt BAMIBEB.QREEK /sWU?B S^?F?^? BATTERY <*f#?M\ 3 JffifE ^ATTPPJ OftM gP REFERENCES. .4?64-poundjr. B?32po under, breeeh loader. C?24-pounder, rifled. D?Two 12-pounders, smooth. E?24-pounder, smooth. F?64-pounder, smooth. 0?Magazine. H?'Three 4-peunder field pieces. dltloual rations for the troops, who have nearly exhausted their supplies. The recent rains bare so swollen the streams tributary to the Tennessee between this point and Aurora that It la Impossible to more the foroee to that point. We hope to And transportation waiting to take us across the riser, when we shall most probably push on with all possible rapidity ( to Fort Ilenry. But alas I for all hopes human, it is au ineuiicanj rrporieu mm ibd i?t icsi^u ? aiuini no de l from the fort, taking care Orel to spike their (una , and throw tbcm into the river, and destroy such of the ( works there as are oapable of destruction. This leaves j us without the chance of an immediate light, as the flying , rebels have so much the start of us that it does not seem at all probable we can catch thorn should It bo | deemed worth while to attempt it. However, I presume the post will be occupied and held as a basis for future 1 operations. It is also reported that the enemy are throwing up some defensive works a few utiles further up the j river on this side; but this is questionable. lu passing through Hurray, yesterday, we had the 1 extreme pleasure of capturing a secession descendant of r the late Hon. Lynn Boyd. who. for eighteen years, repre- , seated this district of Kentucky In the federsi Congress, and for four years was Speaker of that body. The son, I.vnn Boyd, Jr., was charged with aiding end abettiug the murder of a certain young tnnu named Jones, a Union * citizen of Murray. It seems that last August a brother of this Jones was invited to I in the rebel army. Not boiug able to write himself, he called upon his brother to write a letter for htm declining the ss< vico. The brother wrote the letter, couching It in rather strong language. A 1 meeting of clli/ers was thereupon held, at whi< h a < j committee was appointed to wait ujioo Mr. Jonos and invite him tnleavo the neighborhood. In the meantime the particular Jones interested had gone to Tonnessee. < 1 he committee waited upon his brother and inquired for i him. His brother asked them their business, and, when Informed, told them (hut ha wrote the letter, and inquired treat they were going to do about it. whereupon < he w?.' taken into custody and imtne tiately rosveyod to a rebol camp at Union City, where att investigation of his . cn.o was hel, resulting iu his discharge, tho military authorities declaring that he had committed no rec.guita 1 hie olfence. After his release lie was followed hy the , Murray committee to a piece of woods It ing between the camp and the railiond station, where he was brutally murdered. A hasty iu res I igatiou of the case by Colonel McArtliur, in camti, showed that Boyd had nothing to do with it furlt er than attending the public mooting in 1 Murray. His ofl ncoconsiHle i iu not protacting tha man, rather than iu aiding in his murder. Ho confessed hint self a secessionist, nud admitted that he had aided iu tha rebel cause liy making speeches, writing letters, nnd in general eonvoraition. Itu was therefore reieasod upon taking the following oath:? ?'I do swear that I will support, protect nnd detond the constitution and government of the I'nitod States against all otninies. whether domestic or foreign; and that 1 will truo faith, allegiance and loyally to the same, any ordinance, resolution or law of nny State convention or legislature to the contrary notwithstanding w hatso ever. And turihor,that 1 will not directly or indirectly give aid or to tho people of the .state* in rebellion against the government of the United Slate*. So help me Cod.'' Upon subscribing to tills oath Mr. Boyd was furnished w^h a safe oscort out of camp, and sent on his way homo rejoicing. Br. Boggs?father of the famous Miss Ilortcnaia Boggs, of "budding intellect" propca.uty?was arrested at the satno time, and tor participation in tnc same act. lie pleaded that he altrtided the meeting to |itevont violence home done, and that he moved the appointment of a commit'ee to Investigate tho rase, so that Justice might be done Ho. however, admitted striking Mr. Jones rather roughly iu his face, hut escorted tbal Junes grossly insulted him. further, he repented him of hie rashness immediately do with the final killing. He wm offered hut freedom on tbc same term* that Boyd obtained hi*, but his conscience would not permit htm to take such an oath. Ho was willing t? bind hlm-elf by an oath of neutrality, with the meet red prirllege or dropping either side of tho fence that the issue of tho war might throw bis State. Such an oath Colonel McArthur declined administering, and the Doctor was brought along a prisoner, greatly to his dlegust. MILITARY MOVEMENTS IN KENTUCKY. Tho first and Second Kentucky regiments of Infantry, the I o nil Kentucky cavalry, and the Thirty fifth In diana regiment are encamped about three miles frotn Bardstown. Tho troopa under commatrd of Genera! Smith arc et a Tillage called Aurora, about ten miles dletaut from the Teanessee riser, not vnry far from Fort Henry. Geucral Smith had eent to Padiicah for seven days' additional rations, which were forwarded by tbc gunboat Gonostoga The Klrat Kentucky, Cnlonol Knyart, Second, Colonel Hedgewick, and the Twentieth, Colonel Bruce, hare boon brigaded under Colonel S. D. Bruce. Brigadier General Rousseau, Brigadier General R. W. .lohnton and Captain tloblilMll, of McCook's atatr, arrived at Louisville on the 23d, from Green river. rem la><llla*i?.?. Arrotirnmn HT Til* New CouirfT Cluk Henry Genet, the new Comity Clerk, li*? innle the following up. polntmente and changes In hl? ofBcori.?Isaiah Ryndcrg, Clerk In Chancery, salary gi.CWO C. K. Loew, Recording Clerk, salary 91,000; William Williams and William i Wilkea, Docket Cerka, fluOO: .Mm rf. .N'orriClerk ! lie cords, sultry V. T. Rossi lev, ijurk of s,i; ;ci:.o Court Circuit, salary $1.000 per annum, j Mm. MoM <snm's I Jifni a en ( llolemhu" I tafec 8 this otrenln?. I RK H

FEBRUARY 2, 1862. rEHE88EE AID CU1BEILAID. % the Position of Fort Henry and ? t Hirer, and Fort DonaldCujnberland Hirer* i - mwrr 1 m IP CK?rom m/ r i g ^J0OAfajll <*"iuLa' J| j; n GARRISON. al Fourth MlMiMtppi regiment. I' 8eveuth Mississippi regiment. ii Regiment Louisiana Volunteers. a Thirteen hundred effective ti.en. * Ool. Stacker, Louisiana Volunteers, Commanding. t Brig. Gen. Tillman, Oommanding at Forts Henry and ? Donaldson. g EWS mil THI tOUTHIBN COAST. I Naval Operations at Savannah-Re- 01 ported Battle near Apalachleola. J The rollowltg despatch appears in the Norfolk Day b. Book of Janufery 31, and Is beaded, "By telegraph spe- 1* Lially for the Xtotly Day Book." h Savamtaii, Jan. BO, 1840. el This morning all is quiet. Yesterday a fleet of steam- a' era went down to look after and strengthen the obstruc- * lions of the river. They were unmolested by the enemy. e( dost of the Yankee vessels were drawn off the day pre. h rious. Jb< Seventeen federal vessels were at Warsaw Sound yes- ti :erday and heavy flrlng was heard there. The cause is b< inknown. ?[ The Republican has a private letter, dated Balnbridgei Vl 'anuary 27, in which It Is reported that alight took place 1? it James' Island, near Apalachlcola, in which sixty fede- b< als were killod and thirtv-flve taken prisi uors. The m nouiy were entirely routed. Our loee thirteen. Tc K< News from San Francisco. rt ;OLD AND STORMY WEATHER?THE NATIONAL TAX ASSUMED BY THE STATE, ETC. San Francwoo, Jon. 31, 1882. lo After one week of extraordinarily cold though pleasant " nremher, another storm has commenced here, which ^ loubtloss comes from the lloode<l portion of the State. fr The storm in most of the interior counties has snbliiled; hut cmin mication with the mining districts is J* still suspended. ai The Legislature, bf a concurrent resolution, agrees to \ iss'ime the California portiou of the national direct tax. A resolution has also passed the Legislature instruct- " Ing our delegation in Congress to urgo the establishment jf a line of mail steamers bsiwsen San Francisco and Tapnn and China. All tho nartgahlo rivers of Oregon a-e clossd by ice. CA 01 Affairs at the Custom House. u REMOVAL or TI1E CUSTOM HOUSE?BUSINESS DURING THE LAST WEEK?CARGO OK TURPENTINE FROM UA- k VAN A?CLEARANCES AND ENTRIES DURING THE I* MONTH OK JANUARY, ETC., ETC. On the 1st of Mny Collector Barney will remove his ^ headquarters to the building now known as the Mcr- p obants' Exchange. The present Custom House building rl 'A'til then bo occupied by Mr. Cisco, And th? business of ~ the Sub-Treasury Department will be trans acted there fl The roaaon for the change in tbo Custom Houso business b Is for the purpose of doing away with the building on ^ Broadway at present used aa,lhe Appraiser's office. In ^ future the business of that department will be transacted II in the Custom House building. During the last week, owing to the numerous arrivals n from foreign porta, tho business at the Custom House tl was very brlak. Up to the hour of cloeing yeeterday t the rueh continued, and many had then to leave the v building with thoir business uutlnl'hed. c On Friday last ths British brig Laurel arrltr- ^ cd here from Havana, having on board a cargo tl of 73T barrels of lurpontine. The clearsnces and papers of the brig wort all correct, and it is J] therefore ov tdent that some vessel has run the blockade of the Hontberu ports with a cargo of turpentine, which ha* been disposed of In Havana and reshlpped to this [. Girt. Tins Is not a solitary inatance, ws bellevo, of a stml ' r transaction, and should Incite our cruisers to exercise ol redoublod vigilance in ths arduous duties they are A called upoa to perform. " During tho month of .Tannery ths number of entries !J from foreign |>orts was 5n?, and ths clearances wero 887. * Theac flgures show an snuaual degree of activity and i! proapoi Ity in our mercantile and shipping Interest, aa probably tho official account of no other port In the world J' oan show the samo number of entries and cloarancee , during on# of the dulleet months In the year. The exports <>f brradatuffb still continue light, aa the demand for them on the other aide has fallen off considerably during tha last month. Tho export trade " on provisions has increa-ed very much of late, and Is at Z present tpilie brisk. Tlio order of the Secretary of the Treasury aliollshing the office of marker, and In consequence of which eighty " one employes of thai rank were d lainlesed, appears to be * creating considerable ill feeling. It was at that time understood that tlio storekeepers were to perforin the duties of markers III addition to their own work Col- 1 lnclor Mnrin r ha* kM thn advisability of ^ appointing anaiatant itomkaepora; but tbo warobouaamon contend th?t thorn in uo neceaalty for anch appoint nvnm.nslhc on# now em ploy od In t!ie bonded l? atorea linn not on mi arenigo an boar'* work a day to oi parfortn ,wilh tbo odd It Ion of the markcn' dnllon. A ' t mimitteo baa bnan a|ipolnlot1 to wait on the Collector and * try amlarraugo tha matter to tbo aatlafact Ion of all partita. ' Conviction of i* Murderer. 1 Nttw liBt-xawiin, K. J., IVb. 1, I8f,2. ^ jtiibnnl Hennomoy watt yeaUtrday cotificted of tlm t< murder of Itoliart Wwdbrlil(i<,lMt .-' pU'inbor. 'j i ho jury returned a verdict of tsordor in tho lirat degree. ERAI THE BURNSIDE EXPEDITION. eturn of the John Trux with the ; D'Epineuii Zonaves to Fortress Monroe. lie Expedition Moving Towards its Destination. Loanoke Island the First Point of Attack. ANIC AT NORFOLK AND RICHMOND, it., it., Sc. Fortress Moxroi, Jan. 31, 1802. The steamship Ericsson, Captain Cole, from Key West >und to New York, arrived here this afternoon. The Ericsson makes the following report:?* " On Wednesday, January 20, at eleven A. II., in latitude I 80 N., longitude 74 W., saw hark John Trucks, of liladelphla, Captain L. Collins, with ensign hoisted nion down; wont and spoke her. The Colonel of there, ment (the Fifty-third New York State Volunteers), dd tbey wore In great distrees, and wished us to take lem in tow to Fortress Monroe; we thed took them in >w. The second officer of ths bark, who came on board, ports as follows:?That tho John Trucks loft Annapolis l January 7, with tho Fifty-third regiment on board, >und to flatteras; but drawing too much water (fourteen et six inches), could not go ovor tho bar; were then orired back to Fortress Monroe; left Hatteras on Sunday, inuary 28; has a cargo of oats on board. The soldiers ive been < n an allowance of four crackers and one pint ' water per day since leaving Hatteras. They had only ght days' rations on board when they left Annapolis, he bark was ashore off Cove Point light, lntheChcsatakc, and there threw all their tents overboard, ss well i other things. He says that the Colonel took full charge ' the bark as well as of every one on board. Several of to soldiers are sick. The John Truoks brings the gratifying intelligence tha* le Bumslde expedition was about to move to its desnation. Most of tho vessels had started from the mouth of the ilet towards Roanoke Island, which, it was understood, rould be the first place attacked. The troops were in good health. When the John Trucks loft Hatteras Inlet tho weather ras too rough to land the troops, and she being unable to ress the bar, General Burnside ordered her to return to or tress Monroe. The greatest panic prevails at Norfolk and Richmond in ?gai d to the Burnside expedition. HE DROWNING OP COL. ALLEN AND SURGEON WELLER. A LETTER FROM ONE OF THE CREW. On Board Brio Dragoon, 1 Hirnous Iwlkt, Jan, 17,1802. J You may porhaps have heard by the papers before this caches you of the drowning of Colonel Allen and Dr. feller. The morning of the 15th Colonel Allen, Lfeuteant Colonel Heckman, Dr. Welter, our Quartermaster nd myself, with a boat's crew, oonslsting of the captain, ncond mate, three sailors and two soldisrs, came In the hip's boat (the ship was lying three miles eutsids the ilet) to report to the General. Attar reporting, looking round at the fort, Ac., wo were returning, and as ws re re passing through the breakers at the entrance of (ho Diet our boat was completely capslsed. There wewere, waive men. a mile at least from anv assistance and early a mile from either ebore, tbe ware# breaking over * and the boat upside down, lurching furiously about, onetimes we had bold of tho keel of the boat?someimee we were under it Such an awful eight I hope never to see againr our con itton was perfectly hojielecs. As for myself I bad no lea whatover of being saved. At last Dr. WSller gasped at, "Ob, lam gone." I was near bim,and taking bis rms pulled bin up on the bottom of the boat. A few Kreods afterwards a wave broke overue, tamed the oat completely over, and threw us off, and that was tbe Lit I saw of the poor Doctor alive. The Colonel gave out a little afterwards, r tried to old his bead out of the water, by taking hold under bis < kin, but I could not hold it long. The wave^ carried him way. In the mean time the second mate of tbe ship bad ink. After tossing about in this way nearly an bour? ' lit strength perfectly exhausted, yelling all the while to >me schooners in the ofllug, though toneless of being .urd?we wore at last picked up by the boata of the ni'.ed States schooner Highlander, which wae ring towed Inside the inlet by a tugboat, he bodioa of the Colonel and Doctor were 3th recovered, and every efltart' made by the beers of the vessel and of the Twenty-third regiment a-sachusetts Volunteer*?the regiment on board the issol?to resuscitate them, but they wert both dead ng before they were picked up. The rest of tie have sen treated very kindly by tho officers on board the 3ssel. I bavo been on board the Highlander uatll this orning, having no means of getting ou our own vessel. ) day we buried the bodies of our Colonel and our Sur on In tbe rands of Hatteras. We embalmed the bodies idely but effectually, nnd Cen. RtirnsMe has promised to md the bodies ou as soon as circumstances will allow im to do so. It tfl impossible to toll how much we grieve for their ss, not only as line officers but at truo men. A nobler, tore generous-hearted man than Dr. Welter I never new. We will miss him very much as a companion, and ill never And such another. I have had no bad effects om tho accident. Our deatinatien (though of course I cannot speak with Brfcct certainty) is up Pamlico *Mind to take Roanoke iland, which is strongly fortified and garrisoned,and 'tor that I cannot tell where. Give my love to all. our affectionate aon, ABRAM ZABK1HKIE. EBEL SPECULATIONS ABOUT THE EXPED1TION. [From tbo New Peru (N. C.) Progress, Jan. 27.] Tbrco months ago it was announced in the Northern ipera that another expedition would follow that which ul Juat sailed for I'ort Royal, and would be under the nunvand of General Uurnsldo. This Ucet la al last in ar waters, and public expectation la atralued to trace a operaltona and to see what it will accomplish. Tho Burnable la the fourth expedition which the Vanecs have lil led out to mako demonstration* on different or lions of the coast of the.Coiifedftratn Slates. The first lliedltioncaptured the flatterae sand hanks, tboaecond btalned |x>sseseion of Port Royal, and llio third effected lodgment on Ship laiand, a barren islet in the Mississip- . i Sound, remarkable for whilo sand and crocodiles. It mains to be seen what the fourth expedition will acMnpllsb. The points of destination and prectaa objects of this eot have been fur weeks a topic of busy apec illation. It as hung on our coast Ilka an apparition, and has been spoiled llrrt at one point and then at another, until the ubllc mind has been excited and muddled about It ton cgree that Is almost amusing. The last report was that i had "gone to Davy Jones' locker," when an oxcited iniv.dual on the street corner, where the re|>ort was lo'.d i) a knot of anxious patriots, exclaimed "my gracious, r tan 1 >av is to have defend ul that pint." lis supposed Ire locality to ha a vulnerable point or North Carolina. Tbo Tact Is, thors la no occasion for alarm and "sonsalons," and no good reason to believe that the fourth uaal expedition of the Yaukees will meat with mora sueess than Its predecessors. Should the enemy attempt scapture Ncwberu and push forward to Raleigh, which mora than ouehundred miles distant, tbey would pnt iiatuselvaa In the inoat fatal situation posatble, by adaucluglnto the Interior of a hostile country where twice liclr number could be congregated almost In a day, noody to oppose them, but to cut off their retreat. Another speculation indicates Roanoke Island as the ointat which an attack la Immediately expected. This iland la situated in the channel between Pamlico nd AlbemarleSotuida, and it must bo captured by tho nemy before they can advance tbeir expedition into iKnn.>i-iaQcnn.l The fnrtlflcnthmi on tho island are iii'ejexteualve, And might by thi* time, to be abletoreeut formidable aaaaull. SI <> .M the Yankee* a in ipturiiig Roanoke Island they would then hare free ac- I ??s to Albemarle Sound. and a number of little village* a tta border*, a* well ae on tha Chowan nvor, which, mptylng into the Sound, would be at their merry. This, owever, would he the extent of the barm they could iflict, unlra* they ahould propfwe the wild exploit of at unpting, by a land march through awampe, without arllery. and with auppllee and retreat alike cut off, to ittlank General Huger, eo-oporatlng with the "Unto Ichmond" movement of McClellan infiout. It la aaid that there are tw? or three paetagee where nboata might run within a few mtlee of Portsmouth, ad one?the Albemarle Canal?where they could, If no Mtructlone were thrown in their way, run through to orfolk. Of courae, however. It would be very little ouble to make these psaaage* an that they could not be avlgatcd by any description of Yankee cralt. [From the aame paper, Jan. 3tt ] Nothing would adiird ue more pleneurn at thia pertieu. ir lime than to lie able to give a atrlrtly correct account r the strength and condition of theUurnaide expedition. >'e doubted eonm day* ago whether iliure really hail rer been ancli a thing in exlatenrc, and began to think wna all a Yankee lie; hut moro recent 1) we liavo beune convinced tlmt there la audi u thing, and that what i left of it is actually at Hatb ran. i._ - i. ... -.1.tT.n?,.. it.., I HiCfH In gnt clndr annrfli to II.n enainy to l?ko ??Unfile>ry otilQi'vatlOtlR Willi" i li-i;'n ?>h*rrrml. Wr naw, , iiviuvni', uml < i ii < . - v, h h gcntlrDian yritcrUujr ,r< t f . l'orl I ri,' i hat. p'ucnKit imIijt ' ill n:TtY<xl It-i n . it. win went tn fv-racck" : 1 ????i i D. PRICE THREE CENTS. ?efore leaving, took a hor?e and rod* down the bank w near to tha enemy an waa aafa, within ten or eleven allt-a, and took ae good an obfervatlnn aa be could with a (lata. Honeys be counted ninety three vaseala, about two-tblrda of which wore steamers, all inaide the bar, wd about twahly inaide the 80 ind, and puta down the number at, at leaat one hundred. Thoee in the Sound were lyinz at anchor, and tha one outaide appeared to be a urge raan-of wer and he suppoaed it to be the regular blockading ehip. We interrogated him particularly aa to the ravaged of the atorm and the amount of damage done to the fleet, and be informed us that be coul l not aatiafy biuiaeir on that point. He, however, waa confident that be distinctly xaw the wreck of what he took to bo a large frigate on the bar outside and several vesaela aground in Blue, aim gives u as ma opinion, that not laaa than rrom ten to fifteen vessels have been lost inside the bar to tlie recent gale. These observations were taken on Saturday morning, and have been reported here by a man who is tanl to be ??ry way reliable, and ia the lateat that we have from the "great expedition." The tame gentleman informs us that sight of the Ocra:oka Men had been impressed aa pilots, bet have subnelitsntly all been released?having refused to serve in :hat capacity, even at the risk of their lives. The above information has been furnished by a special igeut who was left by Colonel .v lngistary when he left Portsmouth for the special work, and may be relied on is being an honest report. Colonel T. M. Croeson. who we are happy to learn haa been appointed iii command of artillery ?t this port, with the rank of Llcutenuut Colonel, went down Sunday morning in command of the Albermarle as far as the inuulh of Pamlico river, and seeing nothing, returned yesterday morning. We are fully apprisod or tho anxiety felt by persona at a distance, particularly those of our friends who have lately left their pleasant homes to avoid contact with vulgar Yankees, to hsor the latest nows and be apprised of all the movements of the enemy, and wo H all spare no pains in our eilbrts to gratify their desires, but shall strenuously avoid utreet runiois or anything that doss not bear upon itsface very strong semblance of truth. K is not believed that the 11 out will be able to icctify the broucli made b.v the roceut storm, get through lighttening their vessels over the awash, and get bore for several days?perhaps a week or two?but thut they intend coming seems to be pretty generally conceded. [From the Newbern Progress, Jan. 29.] We have received nothing further from the Durnside fleet that we consider reliable. The stage driver from Washington last night reported that some pintles who had arrived at Washington just bol ore he lel't.froin the neighborhood ol' Roanoke, stated tnat the Curlew had been down near the enemy, and bad been chased bark by one of the boats, and also stated that but few vessels were visible about Hutteras. STILL T.ATER. The Albemarle left here Monday evening for Ports mouth and returned lust night after dark, and passengers by her retort that the Ocrocoke peoplo had learned through a Yankee, who came up to that place to get con veyance to Newborn, that a vessel had gone to pieces on tho bar and 300 men out of 500 aboard were k st, and that eighteen vessels in all havo gone ashore since their arrival at Hatterue. Also thut there us about 140 vessels there, insido the bar. Heavy flrlng has been heard at Hutteras for the last two dayB, supposed to have been dona to raise the dead bodies of those that have been drowned to the surface, so * as to procure them for interment. [From the Wilmington Journal.] SHEARING A WOLF There are not wanting those who think that the Burnside expedition was intended fur Wilmington, and may yet pay this section of our coast a visit. We think that if tho expedition was not intended for Pamlico Sound or Beaufort bubor, It was intended for the Capo Fear, but if It was It was a very foolish intention. With sufficient force military men say that any place can bo taken, and o might Wilmington. Well, we once knew a man who worked several days and made or worked out enough gold to make a ring not heavier than a gold dollar?wo saw that man the last time we tied our editorial cravat. That didn't pay, and the attempt to tako Wilmington woeldn't pay by considerable?yea, verily, by upwards of a d elded sight. The hair of the wolf would not pay for shearing him. It would appear that the vessels of the Burnside fleet hare left the waters of Pamlico Sound, and if this be so it would appear that they must have been destined for one other point. What point T That seems to be the question. If?and we must repeat and emphasise the <lf?_if the fleet U under the command of Commodore Goldsborocgb, and If his naval command extends only to the southern line of NorthOwoitna, and If the expedition is not Intended for Pamlico Sotted or Beaufort tiarbor, it most certainly is intended for the Oape Feu?that is, " if" the whole intention of the fleet has not Been defeated, which we think it has been, for tho timo being, hot only for a short time, for it Is certain that tho Lincoln authorities will posh (he thing at onoe or not at all. If they do not make their impression by the first of April their cause Is lost. Our t'lme of trial will come and go be fore tho first of May, and upon the next tkroo months de- * ponds probably tho fats of three oeaturiea. The Cane of John rniifli tlftT <i>>Jp??iiisii* Stevedore. *w.|CORONER'S INQUEST UPON THE BOOT?ACQUlTISttt ?T THE PRISONERS AND VERDICT OP THE JURY. " The inaueet upon the body of John Csafleld, the man who was found drowned on Wed need ay Uit, *u commenced at the late residence of deceased, in Rapelyea street, Brooklyn, yesterday forenoon, before Coroner Norris. Mrs. Schoonmaker and Timothy Valt, who were both held to answer the charge of murder in the case, strongly protested their innocence, and the evidence which was yesterday brought forward did not seem to point with any certainty whatever as to their guilt. Mary Valt, who acted in the capacity of a servant girl to Mrs. Schoonmaker, was the first witness sworn. She stated:?I reside at No. 20 West street,New York; I know the deceased, John Canflcld; did not see him but once on Friday evening, the 24th ult; saw him in Mrs. Schoonmaker ?s room; that was at five o'clock P. M.; thore was no liquor in the room; he was very arunk when he came thoro that alternoon; ho remained there all the time until be started for home, at half-past ten o'clock P. M.; did not accompany him out of the room when he was going away; saw him lake his watch out of his pocket that evening; be gave bis watch to Mrs Schoonmaker, for safe keeping, and told her that he would call for it the next day; heard him aay so; he had been only about an hour in the room when he gave his watch to Mr. Schoonmaker, Mrs. Schoonmaker left the house in compuDy with decoaaed that ntgnt, anout nuu-paai icu o rinca ; ?iiu?s urutun, Timothy Valt, wm in company with them; they returned to the bouse together about eleven o'clock P. M , was in the house at the time; deceased was so tipsy that when tho party came back they said he hod fallen two or three times; during his stay be slept at Intervals, not more than fifteen minutes at a time; he took nothing while there but a cup of tea and a piece of bread and butter; hoard Mrs. Scboonmakar say, on her return to the tnuse that night, that sho had put deceased In the cabin of one of the Hamilton Company ferry boats; was servant girl with Mrs. Schoonmsker. The last witness also testified that Mrs. Sehronmaker had tendorcd the watch to Mr. Myers, who keeps s lager beer saloon near her residence, for aafe-kceping. This testimony waa corroborated by Myers himself. I)r. Bums, who oxumiued the body of deceased, stated that the injuries which he roccived were not sufficient to cause death, and that titers wasuo doubt CandeId came to his death by drowning. After some further testimony the Jury rendcrsd a verdict of "Death by drowning," and exonerating Mrs. Schoonmakcr and Timothy Valt from all suspicion in the esse. Both prisoners were discharged. The Secession Case. COURT OP OkNKIUL RK8S10NI. Before Judge McCunn. Fkb. 1.?In the Court of General Sessions yesterday Mr. Holmes, on behalf of Samuel H. Merrltt, convicted cf shooting John Swain, the secessionist, asked for a pat ponemeut of the sentence until next Saturday, so that communication might be had with the Govern' r. Judge McCunn remarked that be bad listen-Hi attentively to ell tb>' facts disclosed on the trial In this case, anil bad, since the trial had taken place, endeavored to find from other sources such light as would enable him (tho Judge) to dts|K*e of the case understandingly, and he was at a loss to discover the motive en the part of the prisoner for taking life, or to And that there was any intention at all on his part to commit the crime of murder or to take the Iifo of the unfortunate Swain. From all the facts in the case, the Court was led to believe that It was an accidental shooting, ths language use.I at tho time, the position of ths parties and the spotless rharac-* **?? A?Pa?Aanl liofora litis nttfoel urtala nn and bis mild and unassuming manner during his long com flnonisnl in prison, lad him to this conclusion, and he thought the Jury, or a majority thereof, had agroed with him, and consequently their strong recommendation of the prisoner to tho mercy of the Court. Under these cir cumstances be was disposed to grant tha motion, and would do all in his powar to place ins case In its proper light before the Governor, so that the mercy of his par donlng power might be invoked. The Slavs Trade. PIlCPARATtONS FOB THE EXECUTION OF CAPTAIN NATHANIEIi OOBDON. United 3tales Marshal Murray has received instructions from the government to prepare for tha execution of Capt. Gordon, eonvicted of dealing in lbs slave trade on board the ship Erie, and sentenced to be hanged on Friday next, February T. Deputy Marshal Thompson la making the preliminary arrangements, such as Issuing summonses to Jurors to testify to the fulfilment of the sentence of the Court, procuring the necessary paraphernalia,and issuing Invitations to officials and other persons who may desire to he present at the mournful ceremony. It was currently reported that the president had com milled the sentence,tnougu tne aimaa, u?*. u>,v mCT.> any official notification up to a late Hour j eetoi d,y. IT the teutencp on Gordon ibould bo carried Into effect, it will be the flret execution In tbie Plate under the act wlilcb makes de ding In tlavee a felony and punubhable by death. _____ United ifatri Nnrihal'i Oilier. ortnn nkwn Koit witnkbshs, jl'hoiis and km plot ta. llio United Plate* Mondial revived yesterday Hon the IV'pjrtiiu'. t oi Etate $20,000 In Treeeury nob e, in pay off uide'it- dr.o^a to witnce-ee. Jittors and ctm>kyt?<r n,o i". deral courte aud oillccs

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