Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 2, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 2, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. 'AM II GORDON BKNNRTT, mrrot and propriktor. omci R. W. CORNBB OF FULTON AND RAMA M. fttjff ouA ? aJemtm. Honey mu D mA <nO k.flkt HAN rft. A?w hot bm.il. IniD tmmaHmMm* fork **TWB HAILT BERALD tmacemt.aer comm. S7 pot annuo. f|l Wbtk.Lt HERALD, ?mi* botteraay, ar iumiht lli i ?- |? mnw, l*? Europeoh BUMoa eaery Wmtnemlayi at tip emU. p* copy. It pot annum In any pari or' Great Britain, or tilt la any pari J M? Pnn'mmil '-art I. include poetry/*; the cJ6>ini. EJitu" re the let. lllh ami .'let of eacA month, aleiA ?~TWL r*itt.i HERALD, an Wednwiay, n* /bar eeate par ropy, or per am mil JOB PMiyribB aenetea teilh neat me*, oAeapnem ami Jm mate*. Volmma XXVII No. 34 amusements to-morrow evening. acadkmv of music, Ir -1:io place ?Italia* Otbra? li ikavijia NIBLO a GARDEN, Br<*ilwny ? RottNo amo Juliit. WINTER GARDEN. Broadway ? NaiAD Q0?s*-MaiiBis? Lift WALLACE > THEATRE, No. M Broadway -Sat St, ops 10 COMiLBK. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE. BroadwayOoa Am*bicam i oohf HEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery -Xim-CMttf AMI tilt Mill. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowfry ?SncassT'i NanOBAL ClBOCi. BARN I'M S AMERICAN MUSEUM Broadway?Pay and Ermine.?u>di.\a-llirroroTiMCi. wiu* ami urn** Colli osmitv _ _ _ _ BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Ua'.l. 473 BroadIX ULl> K. f-KT. HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS, Sfiyrrsant IuatRute. No. 669 Broadway.? Erutorias So.ioa. Dascaa. Ac. MELODKON CONCERT HALL. No 539 Broadway.? SO.M.S. Di.NO**, BCKLMiiCKS. Ac.? HuLIOAT 1.1 1KAL.M). CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, M6 Broadway?SOKOi, DaSCKS. BLKL/.aUUAS, Ac.?MAAUIAI, iii* Niumt owl. QAIFTTFS CONCERT ROOM, C16 Bro?dw*y ? PaiWlse Boom Estkktainbsmts, Ballkia. 1amo*i?*.i, f*ac*a. Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway -Sosaa, BaiLAT9, i*a>TOMIMKS, Ac ? POttlBilT I'AlMtK crystal palace CONCERT Hall, No 45Bow?ry.? Buklkiol**. SO.ios, DA.icks. Ac.? u.i.U i i'ml c PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS* 963 Broadway.? Open dai'.y from 10 A M. uU 0 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.? Boa atqcts Sough. DAS.CKS, AC. IBVINO HALL. Irvine p'arr ?Sour* FliNCAtM? i Oda.no os Vmut Tukk 80s Cm Ms?L'lt Pl*??. Hew York, Sunday, February 4, IHG'4 THE SITUATION. The heavy deposit of suow on the roads in Vir ginia will still further delay the movements of the Army of the Potomac. The troops were engaged yesterday in clearing their camps of snow to prevent the tents from being flooded. Rumors were busy in Washington yesterday that General Banks would soon assume the charge of the Nary Department in place of Mr. Welles. As the official career of the latter gentleman has received a rebuke from the Senate Naval Committee in connection with the conduct of Mr. G. D. Mor. gan, it is possible that a change in the Navy Department maybe considered necessary. Mr. Bunks, it mnat be said, has all the qualifications for the position?of energy, rigor and integrity. Ex-Senator Fish and Bishop Ames, the Comtniaeioners appointed by Mr. Stanton to visit our prisoners at the Sooth, hare completed their arrangements and hare started on their mission. The kind of reception they are likely to meet may be foreshadowed by the following extract, which appears iu me noriOIK May HOOK 01 me 3UW UIT., which mji that "the exquisite modesty of this proposition to send official inspectors of our defences and general condition entitles Mr. Stanton to the reputation of being the most impudent man among all King Lincoln's proverbially impudent Subjects." The steamer Ericsson, on her way from Key West, arrived at Fortress Monroe on Friday evening, bringing in tow the John Trucks with the d'Epineuil Zouaves (Fifty-third New York) on board. 8he found the Trucks at sea disabled, and the men offering from a short allowance of biscuits and water, and, at their request, helped them along to Fortreas Monroe. The report from the Burnside vipcuiuuu, ui rinucran. is, max me neex was auotix to start for its 'destination. Most of the vessels had gone in the direction of Roanoke Island. A great panic is said to exist in Norfolk and Richmond in regard to the expedition. It was believed at Richmond that the great rebel steamer, the Merriniac was a grand failure. We learn by private sources from Fortress Monroe that she inks so deep in the water as to be almost unmanageable. A released prisoner from the rebel prisons at Norfolk reports that JefT. Davis intends to take command in person at Manassas after his inauguration to the "Presidency'' on the 22d inst. The action of the important gnnboat expedition on the Mississippi river is likely to be retarded for a little time for want of men for that service, Com' inudore Foote finding his complement unfilled' P.ut General Halleck has issued orders, in which commanders serving in the department are or' dered to take immediate measures to ascertain what men in their respective commands deairs to be transferred to the gunboat service. He directs that care shall be taken in electing them, and that preference shall be given 11 the best men fitted for such service. The men selected are ordered to report to Lieutenant Q. M. C.rachett, United States Army, at St. Louis, by whom thry will be enrolled and shipped. A list of the names of the men furnished from wach command, stating in each case the company and the r. glmrnt the men hare been taken from, is to be sent to headquarters, that orders directing the tr >nsfer of such men may be issued without delay. Our intelligence from the South continues to posaeas unusual interest. We have received the fVrhmnnd D rpatch and the Norfolk Day Book of tho 30th alt., from which we obtain the following summary of news from the 8outh:? The Day Book of the 30th nit. has a long editorial appeal in behalf of the people of Hampton. It says:?We are pained to learn that the Hampton foldiors are still suffering for want of many essential article* of comfort, and they not only suffer io body but in mind, and tbeir ramilies suffering prir*tlnnn which none of them had ever aeen endured by their tlsves. The Day Book appeal* to Yirfiniane to come forward in this Ume of need and upply the suffering rebcla with those articles they Bow to essentially need. The same journal aayr?"The military prison at Salisbury, N. C., is pronounced by Major Gibbs to be ready for the reception of seven hundred 'Tankoee' now in Richmond." It also devotes a half a column of editorial to the subject of Beauregard's transfer to Kentucky. It shed* crocodile tears vnr his departure. Bdverta to hie Fort Sumter vieIk ' N tory (') in substantiating bia claim* aa a hero, and calls the double-dyed traitor a gentleman of the highest tone of honor and the moat rigid and exemplary virtue*. What perversion of language! The Richmond Dispatch feels sensible that the federal tactics is to destroy the leading lines of rebel railroad communication. In regard to the federal naval and military ex* i peditions on the coast, the Dispatch say*:?"We confess to have lost all apprehension of serious danger or harm from the naval expeditions of the enemy. In their history, so far, they have proved unwieldy, inefficient and frightfully costly to the federal exchequer. They hare afflicted little comparative damage upon us; and in a military point of view, have turued out to be the most wretched abortions." A special despatch from Savannah to the Norfolk Day Book, dated the 30tli ult., says that on the day previous a rebel fleet went down to look after and strengthen the obstructions in the river, and that they were unmolested by the Union vessels. Seventeen of our ships were said to be in Warsaw Sound on that day, and heavy firing was heard in that direction. The Savannah Republican publishes a letter from Bainbridge, dated January 27, which reports a fight at James Island, near Apalachicola, in which sixty Union troops were | killed and thirty-five taken prisoners, and claimiug a great victory for the rebels. No particulars, j however, are given. From Europe we learn that the Edinburg SScofsman of the 14th of January makes a statement which, if true, is most important. Our contemporary learns from "good sources" that the Emperor Napoleon is "pushing with much eagerness'' a "renewed request" that the English government should joift him in recognizing the Southern confederacy, and disregarding the blockade; that the subject is likely to be mooted in the French Chambers in such a manner "as will bring the question into at lea?t a critical position, and in all probability give much offence to the Americans;" that there exists in London "an active and growing party, including many M. P.'s," whose aim is an .nnuediate recognition of the Southern confederacy; and that the "South, acting through its London agents, is at least willing to have it understood, that, in consideration of immediate recognition and the disregard of the 'paper blockade,' it would engage for these three things?a treaty of free trade; the prohibition of all import of slaves, and the freedom of all blacks born hereafter." MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. In the Senate of our State Legislature- yis.nua. ( | among the petitions presented wa.? one for the pan-age of the Metropolitan Health bill. Favorable report* were made by the committees on the bills to enable wive* to effect insurance on the lire* of their husbands, and to amend the act concerning liabilities of husbands and wives. The resolutions on the natioual taxes adopted by the Assembly on Friday were received in the Senate, and laid on the table with the order to be printedNotice was given of a bill to compel insurance companies to make speedy settlements with their creditors. The New York Homeopathic Medical Society bill waa introduced; also a bill amending the act regulating the apportionment of money among the school district libraries. The bill relating to the agencies of foreign insurance companies doing business in this State was passed. The resolutions of instruction to our Senators in Con' gress to rote for the expulsion of Mr. Bright were again taken up and discussed to the hour of adjournment, no rote being taken on them. In the Assembly, a memor^l was prcseuted relative to the invention of a marine and submarine battery for New York Bay. Favorable reports were made on the bills amending the Central Park act; mak* ing appropriations for the canals, and to amend the law relative to unauthorized banking. Bills were introduced to prohibit the fencing in of wharvea in New York harbor; in relation to the health of this city: to permit loans under 9250 to be negotiated at more than the present legal interest: to authorize portions of the Battery to be Uast-il for Statrn I-land terrv aliim: to brim? ncr-' aonal property into the taxatiou list, and to regulate the duties of harbor masters. Notice was given that the resolutions for an amendment of the constitution so as to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquors aa a beverage will be called up on Monday. The committee appointed l>y the State Legislature to inquire into the subject of the shoddy nniforms furnished to our volunteers by the Brooka contract held a meeting yesterday at the Bt. Nicholas Hotel. The committee, which ia composed of five members, organized by choosing the Hon. E. M' Miillen as Chairman. The session was exceedingly protracted, and members of the press strictly excluded. No report of the proceedings can therefore be published; but it is underatcod some rich developemcnta have been made. The committee is composed of the following gentlemen:? Measra. McMullen, Hazleton, Wheeler, Wells and Provost. Over sixty witnesses have been anbpo-naed. and it is probable the investigation will last for several days. The word " insurgents,as need by Earl Ruaaelf in liia despatch to Lord Lyona, and applied to the rebel ambassadors, Messrs. Mason and Slidell, and their secretaries, ia thna defined by Webster:? "Insurgent?A person who rises in opposition to ciril or politics! authority; one who openly or actively resists the execution of laws." Precisely ths same definition is given by the English lexicographers. Tire levy of fifteen thousand dollars upon the secessionists of Marion county, Missouri, made by Gen. Halleck, to repair the railroad bridges which were destroyed by the rebels, is now being collected. The levy has caused a great number to suddenly change from Jeff. Davisites to Abe Lincolnites. Eleven hundred and twelve soldiers were in the hospitals of Washington, Alexandria and Georgetown on the 24tb of January. There are now in Camp Dennison, Ohio, 3,333 infantry, 3,146 cavalry and 8?1 artillery soldiers' making a total of 7,369. The Twelfth and Sixteenth Indiana regiments of infantry, whose terms of enlistment will expire in May. have obtained permission to reorganise for the war. Robert Hull, an old dry goods merchant of Baltimore. was arrested on the 30th ult.,ona charge of treason, and conveyed to Fort McHenry. Strenuous efforts are being made in the Ohio Legislature to defeat the re-election of United States U'ail n The bill revoking the lottery grant In Delaware parsed the Senate on Tuesday, having previonsly panned the Houae. The Btate ie now free from lotteries and policy "hops. A new political party in in coarse of formation in New Hampshire. It la to be composed of the conservative elenienta of both the old democratic and republican organization*, or rather of the honeet supporter* of the administration of Mr. Lincoln. A Btate Convention ha* been called to meet in Concord on the Cth of Fehrnarv, to organize the party and nominate candidate* for Governor and Railroad Commiaaionera. A collision occurred betweeu two freight train* on the Utile Miami Bailxoad on the 29th uit., by EW TOltK. HEKALD, SUi which Morri# K?ppl?. fireman, sad Michael Ledlock, brukeman, were .'osiaatly killed, and Reuben Watts, engineer, ?h faulty injured. The river was clear of ice at St. Louis on the 2 ?th alt. Some of the steamboats were slightly damaged wheu it moved off. From Liberia we have news dated at Monrovia on the 26th of November. very large meeting of citizens had approved, by resolutions, of the treatment given to the Congo Africans, of the ship Nightingale, by President Benson, which had been censured in a communication to the Hikalp. The writer, however, still maintains his position, and hints that his Excellency did not act as a " man and a brother" towards these negroes. Spain had abated her war demonstrations against the republic, England having promised material aid to the colored citizens against her Bourbon ally in Mexico. Liberia had prepared many articles to be forwarded to the international exhibition in London. Mrs. Peter Downing, an aristocratic lady of color, lately married in New York, had just died in Monrovia. It seems to be the fate of New York to be visited with bad weather, in one ahape or another, dnring this entire winter. No sooner haa one storm blown well over than a fresh one sets in, and rain, hail or snow comes down with a vengeance. Mud and slush have held sway for three weeks, and the prospeet is that their reign will not cease very speedily. Yesterday a heavy fall of snow commenced early in the morning and continued till a late honr in the afternoon, when it ceased. Tt io ;n?av>^AW 1 Da..L iv io iuw Iiivvuvivu vi t<uv vcuviai i aia muvjivuuob, if possible, to have the snow cleared from a portion of the ice so as to allow skating to-day. The ice was in good condition previous to the fall of snow, and, if the latter has been removed, our skating friends may be able to spend an hour or two agreeably and healthily. Walton's prize skates?for the ladies' skating match to come off during the present week?arc now on exhibition at Ball, Black &, Co.'s, and are considered by many as a handsome piece of workmanship. Yesterday being the last day of the present term of the General Sessions, the prisoners who had been remanded during the month were brought up for sentence. Patrick Crimmage, who was convicted of assaulting an officer, was sent to the penitentiary for six months. Charles Schultz. found guilty of an aggravated assault aiul battery upon Mary Wentworth, was sent to the City Prison for thirty days, and ordered to pay a fine of $^oOa Peter Reynolds, who pleaded guilty to grand larceny, was sentenced to two years' imprisonment in the State Prison. Samuel H. Merritt, convicted of shooting Swain, the secessionist, was placed at the bar for sentence; but, on motion of Mr. Holmes, he was remanded till next Saturday, in order that steps may be taken to secure a pardon from the Governor. A large number of cases have been disposed of this term, notwithstanding the fact that the District Attorney's subordinates have not yet become very familiar with their respective duties. It should be stated tLat, in order to facilitate the public business, Judge McCunn has presided at three terms of the court without intermission. The February term will commence on Monday, Recorder Hoffman presiding. The cotton market continued to be somewhat irregular and uLSnttled yesterday. The sales embraced about 600 bales, in lots, to spini.ers, chiefly relmported?pretty much the only kind pressing upon the market?on the buMs of 32c., with lorae lots reported at 31 fur middling uplands. Flour wm quite firm, though lees active, the chief demand ooming from the domostic trade. Wheat was higher and active, with sales at an advance uf lc. a 2c. per bushel, and for some grades Sc. a 4c. advance was claimed. Corn was quite Arm, with sales to a fair extent at a 6&c. for Western mixed, in store and delivered. Pork was unchanged and active, with sales, for spring delivery, at $13 for new mess, and at $12 $7>i a $12 93 for do. on the spot, and at $9 50 for new prime. Sugars were steady, with sales of 218 hhds. and 1,140 boxes. Coifee was quiet and Arm. Freights were steady, with more offering for English psrta and rather more doing. Oar Danger of Enrsptsn Tatsmntlsn. What la to l>c I . asset In tbe midst of our congrai. lationsupon Earl Russell's assurances of the complete re-establishment of our amicable relations with England, we are menaced with the early intervention of tbe Western Powers of Europe upon a much broader ground of action than the question of neutral rights involved in the Trent affair. In this change of the drama, too, Lords Palinerstom and Russell recede into the rear, and Louis Napoleon, that able and ambitious arbiter of European affairs, fills the foreground of the picture. lie is uuderstood to be anxiously urging ! England to join in the recognition of our rebellious Confederate States as an independent nation. Ilis designs are, doubtless, first to get the navy of England entangled in a war with the United States, and then to proceed to a reconstruction of the map of Europe with the armies of France. His temptations are great, and great are the temptations offered to England. Her objects and her interests, her traditions and her policy, all combine to lead her in the same direction. Her extensive cotton ru vnufactories are languishing for the want of (he raw material. She has only to break our Southern blockade, and three or four million* of bale* aro at bor disposal, at cheap rates and in exchange for British goods. She has long been hankering for free trade with our Southern Slates, and free trade is offered her by Jeff. Davis with the recognition of his confederacyAbove all, for half a century the act* and the agitation* of the slavery question by the British government and its emissaries have been directed to tha disruption of this country, In order to destroy it as a dangerous commercial rival, and in order to destroy the moral power of our popular institutions, which, for half a century, have been undermining the weak foundation* of England's feudal ariatocracy. Such, then, are the temptations which invite the two great Western I'ower* of Europe to the recognition of our so-called Confederate State*, and to armed intervention in support of Jeff. Davis. Napoleon the Third, with England out of the way, dreams of the re-establishment of the French empire of Napoleon the First, and England, with our country broken up, anticipates the control of North America, and tha absolute and undisputed dominion of the seas. In the presence of such great inducements, all questions or taw, right, justice. consistency, good faith and magnanimity ?ink into tha hado. Wa are, therefore, in imminent danger of tha armed intervention of England und Franoa in behalf of Jeff. Davie, and upon tha ridionloua and insulting pretext of intervention fur the common right* of mankind. What hi to be done? What are we called upon to do? We are simply called upon to pre* pare for the additional warlike work of defending onr Northern aeahoard and frontier* against the possible trials of a war wl'h England a id France. The powerful combined aqtudron of England. France and Spain, < nt over tha Atlantic, professedly to ojiernte against Mexico, is really the offspring of a much grander dasign. Armies, and not fleets, are required to conquer Mexico. Tiiis va*t combined European squadron is intended to meet the expected contingencies of a war with the United States; and the preaenca of this squadron In tha Gulf of Mexico warna us of "the happy accord" exist iuf between the three nation* concerned; pad ii)Af, Jb'EBKPABf 2, 136 the continuance of.^'g^nd's warlike preparations

in Canada admon>bM ua to beware of ber present professions of peace". The administration and the Congress of th? United States are called upon to fortify our Northern seaboard and frontier line with such defences and artillery as will enable us te repel any European fleet, though armed with artillery of no lighter calibre than one bundred-pounder Armstrong guns. Our government is required to strengthen our navy by a liberal addition of powerful steam gunboats, iron-clad, or of superior swiftness, and carrying one or two rifled guns, equal at least to the hundred-pounder Armstrongs of the English navy. At the same time, the war system of measures of finance, currency, revenue, taxation and bankruptcy, broached in Congress, should be pushed forward to their completion, and upon a scale of six or seven hundred millions of expenditures per annum. Meantime, the President and his Cabinet, with Gen. McClellan and the active officers controlling our army and navy, in every department, should proceed with redoubled energy in the work of putting down this rebellion. One great and decisive victory will do a world of good in our behalf on the other side of the Atlantic; but another great reverse may settle the question of European intervention. We have the men and the means lor a succession of great victories; and as we are confluent that General jUcGlellun bas provided against all dangers of disaster, we believe that we shall only have to wait for a few days of dry weather in order to hear of a succession of crashing blows against the strongholds of the enemy. One thing more. The administration and tlio army, with some exceptions, are working together harmoniously; but the abolition agitators and Marplots, in and out of Congress, are embarrassing the whole programme designed and required to save the government from shipwreck. military and financial. Menaced by the Western Powers of Europe, the government can with safely no longer trifle with these abolition disorganizes. We want perfect union and co-operation between the government and the people of our loyal States to carry us through this crisis, and nothing would contribute so much to this perfect union as the seizure and imprisonment of half a dozen of such abolition malcontents as Beecher, Cheever, Garrison, Goodell, and that " horrible monster, Greeley." We call upon Congress to provide at once for the defences and financial demands of the crisis, and upon our honest and patriotic President to sileuce these abolition disturbers of the harmony and energy of the government, the army and tho country. The dangers before us can only be averted by the cordial co-opera" ticn, all together, of our Cabinet, our Congress, our army and navy, and all classes of the people ?f our loyal States. 'I'll* Southern Rebellion and the Crimean War?Engllih and American Blunders Compared. The English jomyials nave frequently taunted us with the alow progress we hare made nnd are still making in the suppression of the Southern rebellion; and recently they are proceeding to the length of recommending not only a recognition of the independence of the South, but an armed intervention to put a stop to the war. According to their particular notions the United States government should raise and equip an army and a navy in a fortnight, and in a month or two after extinguish every trace of revolution. But these censors of the British aristocratic pross seem to have forgotten their own slow and completely barren Crimean campaign, .though possessed of an immense navy and a large standing army of veterans. Such incapacity and mismanagement as the British government exhibited during this fatal campaign stand unparalleled in the history of war. Through sheer neglect and blundering, over 20,000 British soldiers perished from cold and hunger, without firing a shot or meeting a foe. Their corarabsariat was the worst ever known in any military service at any time. Their generals, with breasts covered with ribbons and decorations, were of no more use in the direction of an army than so many shoemakers. And yet. with al 1 the-e facts imprinted on the page of history, we have the arrogant press of England presuming to lecture us on the want of system and rapidily in the movements of our army. In order to remind otir readers of the slug, gish and incompetent manner in which the British conducted their share of a war which called for Herculean exertions, we elsewhere .,.,1.1 ;.i. ,.r ?f |iiiviii3u a vvunov; ivvitrvr ui iu? u)>ciativiia U" the campaign from an impartial source. Every one who reads it will see that our campaign against the Southern rebels has thus Tar been conducted with more skill, energy and success them the whole war of England against Russia. We had to create, arm and equip our army. England had hers ready at hand. We had to build and Urm a navy. England had at her command the most powerful fleet that ever floated on the sea. And yet, with all these advantages, the course of the British arms was marked by disasters and reverses at every step, and her proud fleet could do nothing more than block* ade a few insignificant Russian ports, and bombard some half dozen villages and minor fortifications. War was declared against Russia by the Ottoman government on the 5th of October, 1853, and on the 18th of the same month British and French vessels-of-war entered the Dardanelles. The Western Powers of Europe had, however, not yet declared war against Russia. It was not until the month of February, 1854, that diplomatic relations were broken off between Russia and France and England. In March of the same year actual hostilities began by the advance of English and French forces to the aid of the Turkish Power. The troops which left England with the design of annihilating Russia, without the slightest delay, anon iounu ror>ir ih?k a mora aimcui' one than they had been led to suppose. In fact' they wera powerless to make any successful de. munstrat ions agsinst the Cossack. The Turks, whom they came to proteot, were manfully defending their own rights, and driving the Russians from place to place. But where were the British fleet and army? The one blockading distant points, and tiring at small villages; the o'her awaiting the orders of their French communder before dat ing to advance. It was noi until the month of June Ave months after thoir u rival in the Crimea?that, with the aid of the French) an attack wan made upon the Russian fortrew* of Bomarsund. The tlmo actually cansr,fhed by the Allies in I their war preparation* ekiofds belief They did 2. not fljfhv a regular battle until fully ninflw'1011^8 after the arrival of their forces la the East. first land engagement was on the 20th of September, When sixty-two thousand Allies Freuch, English ??d Turks?engaged fifty thousand Russians at the battle of the Alma. Victory sat npon the allied banners, but the French eagle soared highest in the fight, and carried off the greatest honors of the day. The whole of the rest of the campaign against Russia was disastrous and fatal to the British arms, with perhaps the sole exception of the battle of Inkerman. On their first attack on , the Great Redan they were fiercely driven ( baok by the Russians and slaughtered unmer. , cifully. Their second attack, after a three , days' bombardment, was even a worse disaster than the first, for in their retreat the flying English columns could Bee the victorious bau- , nersof France floating over the grim defences of the Mulakoflf tower. Owing to this success of the French, Sebastopol was rendered untenable, unless at a gflh<T?r loss of life than the Russians could afford at such a distance from reinforcements, and on the 9th of September, 1855, they quietly retired to the north part of the city, after having ; burned and blown up the south side and sunk their ships. This was nearly a year and eight months after England declared hostilities against Russia; so that, with the assistance of * France, Sardinia and Turkey, she was occupied all that time in trying to take a fortress which was not taken at all, but could have held out much longer if policy permitted; nnd the peace was not concluded until the 30th of Marchi . 185G?two years and two months after she entered upon the strife. She accomplished nothing by the war but the evacuation by the Russians of one fortress on their frontier, and was utterly unable to penetrate into their country. The facts we have briefly referred to are vouched for by cotemporary history. We commend them to the British press, and suggest that they be rend and reflected on before any more unjust comments be made 011 our generals and our campaign. A year has not yet passed since our war began, and yet we Lave done more than England in nearly the whole Crimean war. Certainly we have passed through no such bloody and reckless disasters as those which attended her arms. Let her but wait a short time longer, and we will show her how a great war should be conducted. She waited for six years in the case of Greece and Turkey before she deemed intervention proper ; but now she is impatient to interfere in our war before the lapse of a single year. The motive is clear? she wants to see two governments established instead of one. Activity in thb War and Navy Departments.?Under the new Secretary of War the work of preparing for active operations against the rebels is progressing finely. In every 1 branoh of tbe department, and in every corps of 1 the army, a new spirit of activity prevails. < The Navy Department, too, has caught the con- I tagion, notwithstanding tbe cloud cast over * the venerable Secretary by tbo Morgan jobs, < and by various swindling operations in tbe t articles of ships, and boats, and water casks, ' &c., of the Burnside expedition. In spite of all 1 these drawbacks, General Burnside has pushed his way into Pamlico Sound, and he will soon make its usually silent and melancholy ' shores ring with the music of Union ( thunder. In Missouri, General Halleck is ' moving onward for a final settlement with ' Price. The floating ice of the Mississippi, ' the great flood in the Ohio, and the impassable ' condition of the muddy roads of Western Ken- ' tucky.liave delayed the combined movement by land and water upon tbe rebels at Columbus; but when it is made it will only be the more decisive from the more perfect arming and organization of our land and river forces. In Southeastern Kentucky, meantime, General Schoepff has followed up the late Somerset victory of his superior officer, General Thomas, in a masterly enterprise. Realizing the importance of an immediate advance southward to the strong position of Monticcllo, and finding the ordinary roads absolutely impas?able, the < indefatigable corps under General SchoepfT went to work, and, cutting down trees and cutting them up iuto proper lengths, bridged a con" ( siderable portion of the muddy route of twenty , miles to Monticello, and then moved forward and occupied the place. With men of thi* l stamp there is no such word as fail. But. again. We are confident that we ( have not yet heard one-half the good news^ , of tbe late advanoe of our gunboats to a position between the United States fort Pulaski, occupied by rebels, and the city of 1 Savannuh; for we have every reason to be- ] lieve that this movement will shortly give us , both the fort and the city. In a word, considering this season's unexampled embargo of mud against all land operations in the South, we are content to know that our land forces in every quarter are busy with their preparations for an advance with the first freeze, and that our water forces, from Hampton Roads to Louisiana, are keeping the whole rebellious South in a con. stant state of alarm, with their steady advancea upon the strongholds of King Cotton. Iron-Clad Ships?The Bill Before the Senate.?In Congress, the House bill providing for the building of twenty-one iron-clad war vessels has not been beard of for some time. When lust before the Senate, on motion of Mr. Ilale, an amendment was adopted providing that the President, and not the Secretary of the Navy, shall superintend the construction of snld ships. This was intended as a notification to the President that, since the disclosures of those Morgan jobs in the purchase of vessels for ' the navy, the Senate has no confidence in the head of the department. Upon this difficulty, we presume, tho bill hangs fire. Let the matter be settled one way or the other, bnt let us have the ships. The warnings of England and France domand the instant attention of Congress to the (mtinpfanl wapIt nf atrpn rrfchpnin (T All? tlUVT. and no secondary question*, such as this between the Senate and Secretary Welles, should be permitted to stand in the way. The most imperative duty of Congross now. Mr. Hale, next to a comprehensive financial system, is to provide us a powerful navy, with all the modern improvements. The Rkrei. Captain Sxhmks, ok the Scmter.? In his late impudent letter to the London 77r<x?j, the rebel Captain Semmes. of the rebel privateer Sumter, Indulges in a fling at his former/ associate in the United States Navy, the loy al Commodore Dupont. Semmes bioadly in< muates that Dupont, in the burning o. i*n;,'.d /.ategunpowder, flakes a good thing of it, i'^aunuch as another t?f the Dnponts soils it to t'^ government. famines, however, should '^ave told tho tl'ho^o story, ill tho acknowltKif-^ent that, whiio the powder manufacturing Dupont supplies IH a genuine article, the powder consuming Du" pcr>t knows bow to make it tell against the r#bv*ls, and that our government could not afford to exchange these Dupouts for all our navy traitors ant? their stolen craft in the H rebel service. . H Cm Cabs and OmnibMbh.?The discomforts H of an omalbus ride are masters of daily exporience to most of us, and we seam to have borne with the stage nuisance so long that we have H at length bowed our heads to the yoke, and are H too- hopeless of improvement to think it worth H our firhile to complain. But we ought to per- H sist in our complaints till we have the present H system of making the public act as conductors H changed, stnd more suitable and comfortable I vehicles introduced. The trouble of passing iH the money to the driver through the aperture I near the roof i? annoying, and especially I when a gentleman .has to puss the fares and dis- 11 tribute the change of several or all of the other I passengers. Let this system of passing fares I for other passengers be discountenanced by I svery omnibus rider, and the struggling M up towards the holg at the top wc/ald lead to 11 such diurnal indignation that very soon there I would be an outcry against the omnibus pro- I prietors, who would be compelled, am! very I justly, to supply each of their high, lumbering I vehicles with a conductor. Improvement in ; I the build of these conveyances would follow, and 11 we feci assured that any enterprising person I who might introduce omnibuses eulTideutly II low to be easy of ingress and egress, and pro- 11 vided with body conductors, would make a for- 11 tune. Such of these as might run along t'-io ave- 11 niK's where there are railroad tracks inigtit bo 11 made to correspond in breadth with the rails; II tad there is no enactment to prevent the II latter being used, provided the omni- II buses turned off whenever a car re- 11 juired to pas3. From the disgraceful Ij manner in which the cars are kept and run, all II jleanly and respectable people would give the Ij preference to the omnibuses. There is no rea- l! ion why these should not run on Sundays, as iu |j other countries, and the Legislature would do well to repeal the law against stage travelling I on the Sabbath. Another great nuisance is that relating to oarriages. At present we have no choice between a four-wheeled nondescript, looking like i funeral coach, and drawn by two horses, and in omnibus. We have, moreover, to pay exorbitant rates of fare, to submit to being carried along at a mournful pace, and to contend with an iinpertineut impostor, yclept the driver. [t ia a reproach to the city that it is not better provided with the means of street travelling. We need Hansom cabs, elegant twowheeled contrivances, drawn by one horse, and iriven by a man who sits above and behind the vehicle, and who would, therefore, have no op- I portunity of tilling the cab with tobacco smoke I jr dusting his coat in your face. It is to be I bopod that we shall not have to wait long before | lome energetic, enterprising capitalist will give I as the boon of comfortable city travelling by | the introduction of proper cabs and omnibuses. | rill we get them, howevor, let as protest against I the nuisances that exist. Skxator Bright.?The case of Senator Bright lias been pretty thoroughly discussed. Hie chances of escaping an ignominious expulsion bave diminished as the debate has progressed, until at length, it is said, he will surely be lu .j r?.. *?/>! i r At tk? .Ate Hiruwn uvt-i uuaiu. nun. ur? niv tuic be taken, and let the Senate proceed to more important business. RillgUu IaUlll|?nc?. cii-r oiiuacBis to-pay. Rer. C. C. Cosa.ef the Christian Allianca, will preach In the lecture room of the Museum this evening, at a ^ luarter before eight o'clock. Subject?"The True Hero." In the State street Congregational church. State street, near Hoyt, Brooklyn, preaching to day by the pastor, Rev. Newton lies ton, at half-past tea ia the morning, ind half-past seven in the evening. In the Second Universalis! church, Eleventh street and second avenue, the Rev. G. T. Flanders will deliver* vermon this evening on the new birth?-" Except a ma* be born again ho cannot sac the kingdom or (iod." New views of the subject presented. Morning service at* quarter to cloven o'clock. Miss Emma Hardinge will lecture in Clinton Ball (Aator place), at balf-pusl one o'clock in the morning, and halfpast seven o'clock in the evening. Subject?More log, " The Spirit World.'' Evening, " Inspiration." Mra. E. J. Frrncb wilt lecture in Clinton Ha!l,Astor place, at three o'clock in the afternoon. Subject to be chosen by the audience. , Services will be held In Trenor Hall. No. 65 West Thirty, fourth struct, near Broadway, at half peet ten 'clock in Ihe morning, aud half-past seven o'clock in the evening, rbe Rev. E. C. Flagg will preach morning and evening. In the New Broadway I'reebyterlan Chapel, between hforly-flftb and Forty-sixth streets, Rev. L. H. Van Dora* minister, at half past ten in the morning, " The Event., rhlch must Precede the Milienhim." At three o'clock in the afternoon,"Elieha and the Great Woman of Shunem." At seven o'clock In the evening, Rev. N. L. Rice, D. D. In the Motnoria! church, Hammond street, cornor of Wnverley piece, the Rev. Sylranue H. Reed, rector tf St. George's chapel, will preach this evening. Services it half-past ten, half pest three end half-past save* p'clock. "Is Rnm In the Camp Worse than Rum In New Yorkt" rhis sub ect will be discussed, with reference to the pcudiug anti liquor amendment of the constitution, thie ifismoon, at the Twentieth street Universalis! ohurcb between Sixth and Savanth avenues, by Rev. E. G. Brooks. Services at three o'clock. 8ermen in th? morning at half-past ten o'clock. Mrs. Cora L. V. Hatch will bold * matinee converse lionale at Dedworth's Hall, No. 606 Broadway, at halfpast tea a'clock this morning, on the subject of Spiritual' ism, in which sns will reply to and expound questions j r?_ it? ...su... it h>ir nut H,tn n'alork in the ivoning oho will discourse m tbo "Cnaio, or Dead-lock of Lha Republic analytically." At tlioljilght si root chtirob, St. John's pork, Roy. I. R. Kollocb will preach tlilo morning upon "Mordeoal and Hainanand in tbo avening upon "Tho Groat Solvation." In thoCbrlatian chapel, Sevrnteantli at root near Sixth avaauo, aorriroa at half-part ton in tho morning and at hair pant atren in tba availing. Urban C. Brewer, thepastor, will proach in tho ovmiag. Eubjaet?"The Cainpalgn agaioat Ainalok, or tho Necessity of Obodianco." At tho Hloecker street Unlvar-altsl r.hwh, Roy. Hoacoi Ration will roprat this SYonlng tiia dt.- course on MatlhewH 24lh and 2Mb chapters. Illustrating tho paraWa of tho> "Shaap and Goat*" Sarrlaoa also at half paction in lb* morning. "PustructiiTr. of PopOTY, about at tho Adsrent of Christ," will ha Ucturod upon bjr tho P.OY. M Paxtor, at tho hpla'jr.pal church of tho Holjr Marljrra, No. 32 f oraylh s?r?r'?, thiseven-ng at lialf part oat an o'clock. Rot. Pg. Chapln will commenco tbia(SundRtjr) avanlng a seriaa c/discourse# on "Iha Tkiya and the I'cnplo." Subject,wf the Drat diacourao?"Tho Are of Iron." In i-a. Ann's church, Roy. Tboa. (iallaudot roctor, service a to morrow aa naual, with tiia roles, at half past ton A. M. and half past aovon P. M., and iu tho sign language at/throoP. M. Tho roctor will proach in tbo mining, *- n Vmrnr in lh#? RVMiinc So;ita fr*a. AIMS lit IWT. r . *>. r.T,.-. ? .... <1hefHoilflcatioi of the Lord's Humanity, the Proto. typo if Man'a ReaenerAtino," by the Hut Ablel f"ilv?r, at the New Jemsalem H'Mta* or Worahip In Thirty fifth atrret, between Fourth and Islington atrenuea, thia evening ?t hnif-paet seven o'clock. Rents free. Iu thoCoi aiflory recntly held In Kouio, hi* Tlotineea made known the choice male by tho Sncicl Congregation of rropagi'Uila of the followinst Nlshop?For the eptaofe pal ohnrch of I'ompel.tpnll*, in rnrlihitt i'lff./tmn, the Rev Sylvester H. Rot.ocn.na, coadjutor or lJt? Archbishop [ of Uuciun.itl, North America. / j

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