Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NT). 9276. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. I ora minora WITH foreign POWERS. TH^ PROPOSED TAX BILL. , Defence* of Our Lake* and Riven, *?., fti?, at. WiMmsiiis,?tb.a, IMS. tbi isract or am rowoaw mlatioks. A sadden ao4 saddening change Ut coins upon poplar opinion in regard to th* aspect of our foreign rolationo. Notwithstanding the pacific tone of the publio deep etches of Us Brltnh Minister, in regard to the con. olualon oT tbo Trout sflkir, tbo impression is gaining gromnd la political circles hers that it is the purpose of fcglsnd to tad ssoss pretext to engage in hostilities against tbo govermnest while wo are occupied already with ens gigantic enterprise that severely taxes the easrgles sad resources of the loyal States. It was Stated in this correspondence two weeks ego that well lBfonned foreign correspondents had unequivocally exproosodtho opinion that unison some decisive demonstration at the power of the government to crush the rebellion should ho mads within sixty days, there would be grant danger of a movement on the part of the Jtoglt-h Cabinet to recognise the independence of the Southern confederacy. The recent intelligence from Europe in construed to confirm this statement, and sssny hers, who are not of the " on to Richmond school," arc apprehensive that tha utmost possible expedition in the conduct of the war will not swort this danger. The Secretary of State, however, does not appear to participate tat these apprehensions. Bo expresses entire estisfactiOD at the present attitude of our foreign aflhirs, raaJI lis maoflantlm SAmnsasil amd snvana Un snwasdsi the Battlement of ttM Trent affair m tha conulu. km of all immadiata difficulties with England. Some ?f ttM Mora timid of tha politiciana bare expaaaa fanra that tna Secretary of State does not Tweperty appreciate tba hostile intantiona and unacrupoloua porpoaia of tba Bngliah government; bat Mr. 8award baa appartanlttaa far inferaaaiian of tbaaa aubjeeta aqjoy<ad%y nana others, and all wbohave onahakan aonfldanaa la hia aagaeity prononnea thin talk a boat tba Imminanaa af haatUttiaa with Brgland, upaa aoua otbar ground than that af tha aaisura af Madon andhttdill, a simple Wan street panic. td tjx anx. 41 it aadaiatHd that tha Tax bill ia now being perTiltid ia 'Ma data!la by tha Gommittaa af Waya and Heaaa. II propeaaa a ma da rata rata of taxation npoa aaaal -of tha articles of nacaaaary oonaumption, with higher rale* an diatilled liquors and otbar alleles of luxury, ?n legacies ud probates, -en paaaengera by railroad and other con veyaniag, iim>apaa and telegraphic messages. fron tbeee sources, taken in connaotlon with the tariff on Imposts, H la confidently axpeetad, after the most care~M inveotignMen, that tha government will derive an anaaal rovanno of at least $150,000,000. Tbia taxbiU will five to tha United 8tates bonds a aura apacia paying aaaaaity. lha eommittaa bare alao oanaiderad tba aubJaot of a National Banking law, whiab will raqaira tba dapaatt ad United Statae a took aa security for tba bank notes that are eireolated as aw-rency. ran dbfxncbs or ocn uot and mntaa. lha 8aieot Oommittae on tba Defences and Fortifications of tba Great Lakea and Rirera are prepared to make n report. They will recommend tha erection of aucb for. tigcntlone at llaekinaw aa will make it tbe Gibraltar, aa It la really tbe key, of our North western frontier. Their report will provide alao for the eetabiiahment ml n naval depot and national armory upon take Michigan, probably at or near Chicago, and that prepare Mans be immediately made for the accumulation of the necessary arms and munition* to arm the whole of the American vessels engaged in the commerce of the Northern lakea. It la estimated that there are in this trade twelve hundred American vessels to three hundred British, sad tfteen thousand American sailors to three utousana Bnusn. u is represeniea oy me comma *ee that the majority of the population of the jeyal States is west of the Alleghany 11 ountains, that the line of lake coast exceeds the whole lengt^ ef our Atlantic coast from Passamaquoddy to the Florida capse, and that oar commerce on the lakes ia greater than oar whole foreign trade. To coinpleto the defences and render oommunicalion with all parts of the Northwent secure from interruption by a foreign foe it will also he recommended that a military railroad shall be immediately constructed from the mouth of the Menomonee river or Badenoquet, en Lake Mic higan to Marquette on :lAke Superior; and that a ship Canal shall be built from Chicago to the Missieaippi river. It is said that these recemmendat ions have- the approval of Gon. McClellan. The report will probably be made on Tuesday. TH1 REBEL PR1VATKERHMEN RKCOONIZKD AS PRISONER* OK WAR. The Hon. Alfred Ely, member of Congress from New York, late n prisoner nt Richmond, had an interview With the President and Secretary Seward yesterday, and M has been determined to place the rebel privateers now la New York and Philadelphia upco a footing of prisoners of war. An order has been issued removing them to military prisonsfwith a view to their exchange for * citizens of the United States incarcerated in the Sooth. Thin important and human# oonrso on the part of the government may result in the return of Colonels Corcoran, Leo, Ooggsweil, ' Vfrfrllrnfr WilcAT Rfrrf Mm snifl (hs nthrr nfflfAri < BOW held m bogtogm for these privateer*. A general ex change of all the prisoners will, it la believad, speedily 'follow. The interview of Mr. Ely, la conjunction with aoreral of big associates, members of the House of Repre tentative*, was not cciy intereaiing.bet la described aa affecting. Lieutenant Edward-Connolly, of the Sixty-ninth New York regtmant, a prisoner of war, has arrived from Colombia, 8.0., and waa present at the Interview with Hie President and Secretary of State. Me reports that the health of Colonel Corcesan and the other prisoners there la food. to rosiTtar: or okskrai. lank. The Preeident, in (conversation yesterday with Representative Conway, of Kansas, stated that be appointed James H. Lane Brigadier General, with the express understaadiog that he wae to aervo under General Hunter; that General Lane frequently declared hie willingness to do so; that ho (the President) had and ban the stronger desire to oblige General Lane, and consequently appointed large etaffto suit and gratify him; that while he hoped and exported anoxpoditkw somewhat to his likirigoruuld be sent forward under him, ha expected it to be dose by amicable arrangement with General Hunter. He aevcr Intended, and does not now intend, that it^aball be islependent of General Hunter, or In any way offensive ?r dishonoring to-lom; that General Lane must receive hd orders from General Hunter, and the President will l>* gladM General Hunter, acting witbin the range of hisorders and bis sense of duty to the puMic, ran give each rders as will be-satisfactory to General Lane, am APFonmuirra Barons the senate. The Senate wil go into esocutive seasioa to mor ?aw aa soon aa tba morning hours are conamnod, la order, aa soon aa poeatblo, to dispose of the great number of appoiatments before uieiu for oonnrmation. mwe man imw aunareu nomination,, reported already by the Military Committee await the actio- of the Senate. AIUIWT or JJtBF.I. BTMFATH1ZUA. loforaaatlon baa reached here thai Isaiah Butler, David C. Wattles, Matthew Hodge and Riebard R. Boyle have been arrested at North Branch, Michigan, ou the benlera sfCanada,upon the charge of dretroying the mat la at the Pont Office, In retaliation for the inspected act ef the Postmaster causing the arrest of a man named Cuy flep kins, who was a member of a secret treasonable society eeUed the "Knights of tbe Golden Square." Hopkins is In Fort Lafayette, and the ofber prisoners era at Detroit awaiting trial. It is knnwn here that e number of Southern eeo?*tionMla ere in Canada, whoso business Is ti. collect money from ayn) Mttlilrln- 'rien.'x, and to forward end receive despatch*! frem F.wrope snd piece fltetn in tu>'b seo-st elteimels tUU lUey moy rsatJi bait >dt? ,?te dot'met fan. | 1 L :e ne It Is not likely that such pnjceedlng* will be much longer continued. lieutenant Colonel SIpP Wm<lbam, lata commanding the Second brigade of the Italian army, haa bean appointed Colonel of the Michigan regiment of Lancers. TUB KXCHANUK OP COL. OOHOOHAN. It la true, aa baa been stated, that Can. Wool, under instructions, asked Gen. nailer whether, If lasith the pirate, were delivered to him at Norfolk, CM. Corcoran would bo restored to liberty and aent North. The an- I awer waa in the negative, on the ground of a difference in rank aa to the two persons. BWOHD TO FMflkNTED TO COLONKL H1I.EB. The Oevernor of Maryland has requested Colonel O. 8 Milee to name a day when It will be convenient for him to receive the a word voted to him by the Legislators of that State, for his gallant services ia the battles ef bia country during his thirty-seven yeara of duty in the field. The ceremony will lake place at Anna polis on Thursday next. Lieutenant Seymour, of Genera) Morroli's staff, was today presented by Colonel Cues with a ballet proof vent. It la perfectly ballet proof, baa the external appearance of a common army root, and can be worn either with or witboot the protection. tbi raorosiD party at ra whits house. Next to the British question, the forthceaifei party a* the White House la the principal subject of comment. The limitation of the number of invitations to only See hundred and fifty occasions many dlaappoinUaenia and heart burnings. An entertainment of thia character is a novelty at the Presidential mansion, and the general express ion of disapprobation makea it very questionable whether the gratification afforded to tho five hundred and fifty favored guests will compensate for the sore' disappointment and chagrin occasioned to fivo thousand five hundred who believe themselves squally entitled to the distinction of an invitation. The whole aflklrjla regarded as a social blunder much to bo regretted. SECRETARY SEWARD'S REUNION. The reunion at Secretary Sewrpd's on Friday, embraced the largest audience of members of the diplomatic corps and their families that has been witnessed at any similar assemblage for a year past. Washington society is cheerful, waiting only for Congress to establish a financial system for the government, and for sunshine to dry up tbe roads for military operations. THB AJUfY. Captain Ambrose Thompson, lately attached to General Wadsworlh's brigade, has been ordered to General landers' division, la the rams capsciy, viz?Quartermaster. TU WVmUBlDl EXPEDITION. No mvs has toon received to-day from Osooral BumsMsl expedition nor from tho Woo term kfntmol. iU QUIET ON TBH POTOMAC. All is qoiot on the 1'otomso, sad a bright ssbsMm ts straggling to give consistency to 11m mud that renders very road impassable. ACCIDENTAL death. Corporal R. C. towrio, Company C,1 Sixty-Second Bsaa jrlvenla regiment, Colonel Black, was instantly killed this morning by tho aocMonta! discharge of a revolver which he was carelessly handling in his tent, sot supposing it to be leaded. The ball passed into tho left tenspie, penetrating the brain. His remains wiH be token to Pittsburg, his late residence, for interment. HEWS FROM MISSOURI. 8t. Loom, Feb. 2,1802. A general order will be issued in the morning, in wbieh it Is stated (hat several companies ef the Fourth regiment of Missouri Volunteers, lately called the Third United States Reserve Corps, have shown themselves mutinous and disobedient. The cr.mnanice h.-iw* I and placed id confinement at Ben ten Barracks. Tha privates and non cornea issionad officers of these companies will bo sent to Cairo to work on tbe fortifications until further orders. The commanding officer a* that peat will mo that those companies ara rruulo to work faithfully, and will report to these headquarters any who, by ropcnlance and obttdketiee of orders, deserve restoration to rank, Tho officers of these companies, not having joined in that mutinous demonstration, but having failed to enforce order and military discipline, will be muttered ouf of tho set vice and discharged. The Major General commanding is always willing to Usten to complaints and ready to redress weii founded grievances, bnt he is determined to enforce discipline and obedience to orders. All companies, regiments or corps who shall henceforth disobey orders or exhibit mutinous dispositions, will be dealt with in a most summary manner. ANOTHER LETTER PROW GEN. HALLEGE TO . GEN. PRICE. A I.KMNON IN THK RULES OF WAR. IlKAlHjrAKTKKH ItlcPARTMSVr OV MttHOt'Rl, ) Br. locis, Jen. 27, 1862. J Major General Pairs, Commanding, Ac., Springfield:? Gkxbrai#?A man calling himself L. V. Nicholas came to my headquarter! a day or two since, with a duplicate of your letter of the 12th inst. On being questioned he admitted that he belonged to your service, that he bad come in citizen <e dress from SpriDgfleld, avoiding some of J i-aiio, >uu turUllgU "III"Th |fl UISguise, and without reporting himself to the commanders. He said that he bad done this by your direction. On being asked Tor his Hag of truce, be pulled from his pocket aolirty handkerchief with a short Htick tied to one corner. You must be aware, General, that persons so sent through our lines, and past our military posts to these headquarters. are liable to the punishment of death. They are no more nor leee than epiea, and probably are sent by you to this city to act as such. I shall aeDd Mr. Nicholas back to your camp, but if you send anymore persons here in the eante way, they will be regarded as aides, and tried and condemned aa such. Yen must kaow, General, that the lawn and usages of war require that a bearer of a dag of trace should report at the nearest post, and should not pass the outorllneof sentinels without permission. lie should not even approach within gunshot of a sentinel, without displaying hie Bag, ami receiving n signal to advance, tf he have despatches, he should send for an officer to receive and receipt for them, whtchofflcer should direct the flag of truce to immediatelyWare our lines. Anawers to such despatches should bv eent to you, by ns. In the same way. In a poscrlpt to the copy of your letter or the lath Inst., Just received, you call my attention to tbo fact that a band of men are "tiring private houses,barns, mills,to ." I presume you refer to a band of outlaws on the Kansas frontier They do not belong to my command, isd they entered this department without my authority. As soon as I beard of their depredations, 1 ordered General Pope to either duve them out of the Stats or to disarm and onnbne them. Be assured ..General .that no ant of wanton spoliation, such aa "firing private houses, herns, mills," Ac., end "burning and destroying railroad bridges," Ac., wiU be countenanced by me; on the contrary, I purpose to punish, with the utmost severity, every act of wanton destruction of property, public or private, and every act of pillage, marauding, robbery and theft, committed in tbis department, no matter under whoso orders or authority the guilty parties may have acted. Very reeportfully,yourobedirntservant, H. W. ftAl.l.fX'K, Major Geueral Commanding Department. rNTFJtEflTlNC A YD corTnTF.nrT? ennnuu povmarcB.The following correepondeacc, which peaaed t>?lween Commodore Porter, or the federal gunboat Ka*ex, and Captain Miller, of the Confederate eteanvt '.'r.tmpua, la empneik on the part of Porter, to aay the laaat, if it ia not quite up to the Cbeaitrfleld mjie of correspondence ? roan* w> mxn. Gome m* hero, ton cowardly rebel*, aud abow your gunboats COBTKK. en.i.wa'H aaitr. Muaimt naanqiuarana ") Oouraara, Ky., .1*0. 13, IMu. / Cbmiana* Pumas, on United Plates gunboat Panax? I Km The iron clad steuraer Grempue will meet the fti i aex at any point and lime your honor may appoint, and . ahow you that the power ia in. our bnnde. An early reply will be agreeable to your obedient aeryiuit, HARSH J. MTIJ.PK. Captain commandingC. 8. I. C. steamer Grampus VAC'rain runiiuii kuuimim. TTiim> Statw UIUB 'AT Kan, r WM. D. I'tunse, C0111 invading, V Ken Jmrumx, Jan. 18,1183. J T? lit* traitor Mam* Mii.ijw, commanding a ratal gab. boat called :U < ani|ma:? <>>*imand?r Porter ki? already thraetad yoer gunboat fleet, rbelled and eileoeed your rebel taUcrlee at tta Iroa Banks, c has ad your oiiaerablo actl cowardly eelf down behind Oolumhua; but if you ileetre to moot the F)se*i,*bow yeurealf any morning in I'rantya' llend. ami ywn shall then meet with a traitor's fata- if you have tta courage to aland. Cod and <mr country; 'rotate unemitath " " PORTXR. Heir ?f Conflaralad Property, Tta following in a notice of a government sale of conGreeted property in Kniiaos ? There will he eotri at public auction, on Monday,,Tao. 30,1802, at Kqutreeoille, Johoaon cwnty, Kanaka, a large number of marc*,celU, mulea,oca, cowr, wagoaa and young stuck. Terme <a h. The rale will commence on 1 the 30th and continue until all the stork le nold. C. B. .IKNNM1M, Col. Com'il'g Mecond Division Kans.ta Troops, By order of Major Metiers) He arm % W YO NEW YORK, MONDAY The Passage of British Troops Over the Soil of Maine. The President of the SUte Senate of Mam? laid before that body OB the 28 th alt., the following com mam cat Ion from the Governor, covering a tetter from the Secretary of SUlo of the United States, relative to the transmission of Brltlah troops across the territory of the State of Maine ? To ms Soma?1 herewith traawmit to the Senate a copy of a letter received by me from the lion. Will turn H. Seward, Secretary eT Bute of the United Butee, coa Uinlng hie anewera to the lnqulrlex?wblch, referring to the order of the Senate of January 13,1 had made him? whether pennies tea had been given for the paxange of British troops across the State of Maine, aad if there had been,for any information concerning the fact which he might think proper to communicate. ISRAEL VABHBURN, J a. Xncvnvn Uwinntn, Jen 21,1M2. m. ovau i urrrlnu Dm-artirnt or Stat*, \ Wabuuiotom, Jab. 17, IMS. j To His KxeeUeaoy Jamam. Wasuor*, Jb., Uovsrsorof the State of Heine:? Sot?Your Excellency's letter of the 13th instant baa been neeltod. It snbmite to ate on order of the State of Maine. Thie order reotteo o etatemeet thot?despotoh hao been received from the Secretary of State of the United Btatee, oddreeaed to the Marshal or the United Statee,and ail federal officers in Portland, directing that the agents or the British government shall have all proper fhsilitien for landing and conveying to Canada or elsewhere troops and mutations or war of every kind, without exceptipn. The order than requests yon to communicate with the Senate or Maine, if compatible with the public interests, ail information you may bare, if any, in relation to the passage of British troops as so recited, and whether any steps have been taken te prevent such use of American soil within lha limits of the State of Maine. After referring me te the Senate's order, your Excel lency ashs me to advise yon whether such permission has been given; end, if such is the fact, then /or any Information concerning it which I may think proper to communicate. 1 cheerfully answer these inquiries. On the 4th of January instant thin department was advised, by a telegraphic despatch from Portland, hi the 8tate of Maine, that the steamship Bohemian, dun there on the 7th !net.,was telegraphed off Cape Race, with troope for Canada; and inquiring whether, in caae they came to Portland, any didhreut course-wan to be taken than what has beeo heretofore pursued, and asking instructions, In that contingency, by telegraph. Upon this information I replied by the telegraph,giving such directions as the order of the 8eoate of Maine recites. The immediate grounds for this proceeding were that it was supposed that s passage of the troope and monitions earned across the territory of lbs Bolted StaCa, toy the Grand Trunk Railroad, would Mrt tho porsona concerned from risk and soflbring, whkh might be feared. If they wore loft to make thoir way, man in clemODt geaaon, through tho ioo and enow of a northerly Canadian voyage. Tho prlaoiplo upon which thia concession was made to Great Britain Is that, when humanity, or even convenience, renders It desirable for one nation to have a pansago for Ms troops and munitions through the territory cf another, It Is a customary act of comity to grant It, if it can bo done consistently with its own safety and welfare. It iaon thia principle that the United States continually enjoy the right of the passage of troops upon the Panama Railroad, across the territories of the i epublic of New Granada. The United States claim and enjoy, by the concession of all friendly nations, the kindred comity of entering their ports with ships and munitions of war, ami they have conceded a reciprocal comity to the naval marine of Great Britain, Prance, and indeed all other fTiendly nations. In withholding this customary comity from Great Rri ! tain in tho present case, this government must necessarily act uDOn either a conviction that the passage of the troops and munitions through our territory would be injurious or hazardous to the public safety or welfare, or else it must capriciously refuse to that Power what would be granted cheerfully in any other, or refuse to grant to (Jrout Britain now what would have boon cheerfully accorded at another time, and under some different circumstance*. No foreign nation inimical to Great Britain is likely to complain of the United Htatex for extending such a comity to that Power. If, tberelore, tberg be any danger to lie apprehended from it, it must come in the form of direct hostility en the part of the British government against the United States. The United States have not only studiously practiced the moat perfect justice in their in tercourse with Great Britain, but they have also cultivated on their part a spirit or friendship towards her as a kindred nation, bound by the peculiar ties of com merce. The Grand Trunk Bai!road,a British highway extonded through the territories of the United States to perhaps the finest seaport of our country, is a monument of their friendly disposition. Tbo reciprocity treaty, favoring the productions of British North Antenna in ti.o markets of ibe United States, i? a similar monument of the same wise and benevolent poliry*. 1 shall not affect ignorance of the fact that popular asperities have recently appeared in that portion of the British empire, as well an In the British islands, which have seemed to indicate a growing alienation of sentiment among portions of the British jieople. But the government of Great Britain has, nevertheless, during all ibis lime, Mia towards tin lis customary language or , respect and friendship. This government, practicing on tire frankness,'jielda its fall faith to these aas'irances of tbo government of (treat Britain. The popular asperities to which I have alluded are believed to have bail their origin in accidents and misapprehensions of a lent porary character. While the policy of thia government haa been to fortify its territories so as to be able to reeist II foreign as woll as domestic enemies, if rneh enemies must come, it haa been equally careful at the same time to aeoure even greater strength, by showing itself ceneistent In all things, scrupulously Just, and, If possibla. magnanimoua towards all other nations. It was not supposed, when the directions in question were given, that tbe State of Maine would feel herself aggrieved by them. At the same time the fedoral government la fully sensible that in all its proceedings it owes to each of the States the most exact respect for her rights and interest*. Tb* Htale of Main* ha* been so eminently loyal aad patriotic in tha present emergency, that tba President weuld not feal himacir at liberty to wound any sensibility that ebe might feal upon the subject. If, therefore, yon shall advise me that the direction* in question are likely to have that ellbcl, they will be cheerfully modified. .1 .have the hanor to be, with the highest consideration, your Kxcellency'* obedient servant, WILLIAM H. SEWARD News Nan Boston. RBLBSSK OP RBBBl. PKISO*KIM?BPPORTS FOB THK RRMCASBOF COLOKXL CMtOOBAtt?SHIP KINUPISIIBR ASROItR, BTC. Beams, Fob. 3,1*68Tba bark Trinity baa been chartered to convey three hundred and eighty-six. rank and Ola, and eleven affioers. (rebel prisoners), from Vert War ram to Fortress Monro*, and ia expected to sail to morrow. Commodore Barren Is sot Included in the Hat. Tha prleonare who remain are mostly political. A public meeting will ba hetd in Fananll Hall an Wad aneday next, to memorialise Congreas far tha release* Colonel Corcoran #f Mi* gallant Maw York Stxty-nlutk regiment. Mayer Wight man will preatde Ship Kingfisher, CapUin Tay, from Ship Island, in ha! last, for Boston, atrnck on Peaked Hill hare at twelra a'clack laat night. She beat over aad want ashore an tha beach. Sh* had three feet of water in bar hold at high water today. The erew was saved. Military Prison mi Alton. The military prawn at Altoa, III., is now nesrlr ready for the reception of tha rebel prisoners now confined at I MeDowoll a Collage in St. Louis, and others who are daily being brought in by General Hal leek'a troops. Comfortable quarters have been provided In the old penitentiary, and as they will have ample grounds lor etcrci?a and

fresh air, the health of the inmates will he grnatjy |m. proved. Nothing remains new bsf to muko the tran Tar, which ean be dime in a alugl# day. McDowell's College, it is presumed, will still be oc.iu.iad as a receiving at*. ' tion, from qrbicb prlemere ean be tmnsfeirad in any direct*?. RR H , FEBRUARY 8, 1862. NEWS FEOM MEXICO. ] The Condition of Affaire at ! Vera Cruz. Spanish Officials in the Public Offices. Resident Spaniards Compelled to Leave the Country, fcc., fct.i kt By the arrival at this port of the Brig E. Baldwin ^ Captain Tswalsy, from Vera Crux, we have dales to the flthuh. The combined fleet at Vera Cruz oneieta of sixteen Spanish frigates, three French ateara frigates, two British frigates, and four men-of war at Antone I*zurdo. Four large British screw stcamora and a Spanish transpert were passed by the Baldwin going up. Thava oMrh aKcnt i ai ah thniisnml SitaniftK ifiUisifl in the city. No French or English. When the Baldwin arrived at Vera Crux the Spanish flag alone was flying at the gate en the mole. On the fllh the French flag wae hoisted at the gate, the English at the FOuthCaM, and the Spanish on the northeast corners of the eity. No Hag was displayed on the Castle. There had been a few shots Bred at the pickets outside of the town on the Sunday previous to the Baldwin leaving. No business wae doing in the town, the Mexican merchants having ail left for the interior. Provisions scarce a>id very high. Spaniards were making their wey ont of the iuterior as fast as pessibls. On the 4th of January an extra steamer, with a large num'ier on board, sailed for Mavena; they arrived from Tampico, and reported having been driven from there. Tbo Spaniards had placed officials in the Custom Bouse, Poet Office and other pub* lie offices in town. There were two British vessels at Vera Crux, with eargoee.but could Bud no one to receive them, the owners, being Mexicans, had left. Ods was the brig Venue from Liverpool; the other name not remembered. INTERESTING FROM CANADA* The War Peeling?Hostility to the United States?Organization of the Militia? What Canada Expects to Gala by War? Exposed Poeltloa of Blaine? Necessity of V?ilSj.a<liua mm earn Vn.lU. JLrm OCR qi'KBKC CORRESPONDENCE. QmcBX', Jan. 26.1802. PxbHoopintoo In*Canada Is decidedly hostile to the United Slates. In gome quarters the feeling taken the form of pretended sympathy for tbo Southern rebel a > about whose condition, alms, prospects and principles a profound Ignorance prevails among the provincials. In others the sentiment resembles tnero neighborly spite? tho petty rancor and envy which narrow minded Villagers cherish for the rich man nest door. With a fow exceptions?-among which it is right to distinguish the To. route OM*, tho ablest peper in the province?the press of t'suatUt follows faithfully the lead of the l/ondon Timtn, decries onr army, sneers at our successes, exaggerates our reveises, vituperates our government, viilif.es our generals,ami labors with seal, if not with address, to foster bitterly unfriendly feeling aguinst our people ami our institutions. The most monstrous calumnies aguinst the United States govornmeiil and people are daily invented by a knot of n'cosstonii-ts wlio have taken refuge at Montreal, and And ready Insertion in the papers, and timer crcdome among iheir readers. >.very class of society appeals ioiecfed with (lie provailing Amoicanipholiw. Men who have livod for j ears on the proAta of trade with the United S-tates, and whom war would infallibly rum, are as angry with us ns tbo mere vagabonds who have nothing to lo-o and the soldiers who liavo everything to gaiu by war. i have succeeded, onco or twico, by a staleuc nl of tho inevitable evils winch war would brmgnpon Csnsda, in leading nno or two iiersons toa calmer view of the situation, end u rational sense of their interest at I ho present orlsls. Hut tho lucid interval whs of brief dura tiotl, and wog followed by ft paroxyim of Increased severity. To tho bulk of the Canadian peoplo the surrender of HIMoll and Mason seems to have been a disappointment. It envenomed rather than diminished their spite, and it certainly increased the contempt for Americans which is infused Into Canadian opinion by the influence of the British ofAcers stationed in the province. Nor has the settlement of the Trent dispute checked military preitaratinns. In all iho large cities the young men drill will) more ardor tli.rn ever, nn<t tliu reorganisation of the nnlitia proceeds Steadily. 'iho llrst Arrivals from sea in Iho spring will bring to thn province large supplios of modern arms of every description. By that time it is expected that f?illy 40,000 militia will be in a condition to take the field. It * impossible to explaiu eo wholesale and i aocoroua an enmity toward the United States, and such re tnarkahlo hostile preparations, except on the theory that they arc encouraged by the civil and military authorities. There is good reason to believe that both the provincial government and the commanding officers of the British ai my in Canada expect, and are anxious fob, war with the United Stairs. The twin organa of government, the Toronto LMitr and the Quebec Chronicle, are the bitterest anti-American paperi in tha province. Nothing is talked of in military circles but how to assail the United Stales in their woak spots. Troops, after the carreii der trNwin and Sudcll, were ostentatiously detailed for th" defence of the southern extremity of the Victoria bride*; ?nd surveys are still being vigorously prosecuted wltb a view to the erection of forts which would lie worm thou useless If pence is to he maintained. tine is driven to ask?in view of this exhibition of tetn|mr and these preparations?what motive Canada can have in seeking war with the United Slates, to thoohvtoue ruin of her commercial, industrial and financial interests. l<et me give you an answsr which has been given to reo by reliable parlies. Canada wants a win tar outlet to the sea. Kor nearly six months each year the only practicable outlet is through Uuiled Slates territory. When the province was thialy peopled and poor, this Isolation could be endured; but of late years it has been keenly felt and bitterly deplored. An extension of the Grand Trunk Railway to Halifax has been proposed as a remedy. But the three hundred and Arty miles ol? railroad which would bavo to be built would coat fully $30,000,000?more than either the * province or Great Britain cares tospend in cold blood. The road would pas* so close to the frontier of the United States In some places that In the event of war it would he veryeasy for American guerrillas to destroy 11; ami even if it wsra protected, it Is foil that a single lino of railway, Ove hundred miles lung, running through n doserl with an Arctic temperature, would be n very inadequate outlet for a poopte numberingnoarly three millions, and advancing daily in wealth and importanco. It will eeem, on your side of the line, a preposterous notion, but H ie a fact, nevertheless, that many of Lbo leading minds of Canada have resolved to get Maine, if they can. They say ihet they require Portland, the ter minus ef the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railway; that It la a gengrapuicai necessity ror (nam to poena* it, that U?e prsseot treubles of tba United States afford lham an opportunity af salting it, whtcli amy ever occur again; thai Maine belong* to Uiam geogra pb M atty, that the praaant boundary Una was unfairly drawn; and that la claiming Maiao as Britiah territory they are merely asking for that wbioh af right baton# r to /tba Britiah crown. In redacting upon there somewhat startling pretensions, you will not fall to recall to mind several paragra;>bn which bave lately appeared in ministerial print* in Kng land, on tba aubjoet of pretended addraeaaa which were alleged to bare bean forwarded to the Quaes by Inhabitants ?T Maine, praying for annotation to Can*da No one In dfi* Cnitad State* noticed these omlneu* paragraphs o*ept with an increduJoua sniUa. Ifyu* reflect bow easy If rrould be for Canada to send a few hundred Britiah enbj*.la into Maine, with instructlona to petition for annexation at the proper time, awl bow plaiiNtbiy ICnffipod might, In tbo event of continued trouble In the United* State*, acid her fleets to Portland lo aamply with the prayer gf tba pet.tieorr*, you wtl ERAI probably conclude that thara waa more In these hints tban appeared on the surface. To ma It saama that, so long as (be civil war lasts tn tba United Mates, the State of Maine, and especially the town of Portland, will oaenpy a poeitlor of |>aculiar peril. ] It was lately stated by a British officer, whose opinions ware entitled to respect, that had war resulted from the Mason Klidell imbroglio Portland would hare been In the possession of the British within Oft en days after the declaration of war; and farther, that it would never bare bean given up so long as Great Britain held a foot of territory on tbis continent. Falsa attacks, be added, migbt ' be made at Boston, Philadelphia and New York, but the real point of attack would be Portland; for it and it alone w?? oi strategical value. If the government of the United State* does not wish the secession of the Southern State* to be followed,by ' . the forcible seizure, by Great Britain, of the most northeasterly State of the Union, no time should be lest in rendering Portland Impregnable. Your large military population and your thorough railway and telegraph system effectually guarantee your whole country against land at- ? tucks. But the naval superiority of Great Britain ie so < overwhelming that very few of your seaports, except New York, could be defended against well planned attacks from the sea. Happily, it is in the power of the United States to render Portland as secure as New York. Properly constructed forts, armed with Rodman guns, will defy even the iron-clad vessels which Great Britain is building. It is probable that an hour's careful nring from a fifteen or twenty-inch Rodman gun would settle the account of the Warrior vory thoroughly. But do time should be lost in preparing for the worst. Fresh caFes of quarrel will naturally arise as the civ tl war progresses, and the government of Great Bri lain, urged on by the cotton spinners on the one hand, and the Canadians on tho other, will naturally be even more ready tbau it was two months ago to draw the sword. If Portland were proporly fortified, it is hardly probable that Canada would gain much?even independently of the immediate commercial ruin which would ensue?by a war with the United States. Tho military defences ol' ths province are of the most elementary description, highly respectable as antiquities, but ridiculous in a practical point of view. The citadel of Quebec, which it is a point of pride here lo consider absolutely Impregnable, la a crazy old work, without a single casemate, and whnee barbette guns (smooth twenty-fours) could not be worked many hours after an enemy had reached Point Levi, now entirely undefended. On tho land side there le a ditch, glacis and a labyrinth of walled passages, which would be rather mere useful to an assailant than to the garrison; within, several barrs' Wa and othor buildings are now Innocently considered bombproof by the garrison, but would not maintain that reputation many seconds after a ton Inch shell had dropped on their roof. The key of Canada, however, in Montreal. In the event of war, it would evidently be the duty of the United Stales to move an army upon Montreal, and it would seem that the Rritisn would have to light in the plain on the south side ol' the river to protect it. If they could not hold St. Lambert, Montreal would necessarily fall, and Quebec would naturally follow. A notion provalla bere to the eirect that the Upper Canadian takes could be protected by a fleet of Britishgunboats sent up the canals. There are two difficulties 10 tho way of tbe execution of any such projec t. In the first place, the firat step taken by the United States in the ev?nt <if war would be to seize and d. .'troy tho canal at or uear Cornwall, which could be done by a sing I" bntlaliou in a night; and thta would be followed by a K'ixuro of the tJrand Trunk Railway ia the neigh horhocd of Brockvllle. Of course these operations would involve fighting; but the numerical inferiority Of Hie British on land ought to enable tb-i United States generals to aconnplteh both with ease. 1:' they were succora.' illy avcompllshnd, no British gun'iosts could ever reach hake Ontario, and tho communication between tho two sections of tlie province would bo cut off. K\rn if I he British succeeded in sending a lk?t of gun boats to the lal.es before the communication had been interrupted, the want of coal Would prove a serious bar to their evolutions. There is no coal in Canada, and If an Amer.ran army held Brock ville, British guubo.d* on the lakes would soon bo harmless enough. It would he easy to pursue this tfain of argument so as to show conclusively that Canada is fur morn likely to bn a loser than a gainer if she succeeds in persuading Ragland to attempt to seize Maine for her benefit, aud that, while the UtiR.il States cer. tainiy seok no ac<|iihition of territory at the cost of their neighbors, tho m?3t probable issue of such a coolest would be the extension of their frontier to the Hudson's Boy territory. All the public works of the province, the canals, the railways, the splendid Victoria Bridge, havo been ctNistrucied upon tho assumption tluit p.ace would always be maintained with the Unitbd Sta'es. War would destroy them all. AH, or nearly all the mercantile business of Canada depends upon tho preservation of peace; the Ma-on Slidell acair h is alrea iy cost Montreal thousands of pounds; artual hostilities would rulu evnry I v.., ...I ...? k.hl in ll.? ...... ..... Tnr .n.1,. I in u word, peace with the United Stute* in a ( ('graphical ! necessity, and those Canadian* who talk*! of remaining j neural in the event of war between tlio United States | and Ureal Britain ou the San Juan affair, exhibited far i more '-omtnon sense than the provincial* of the present | day, who are hoping and scheming for war in ths absurd hope of annexing Maine. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. F< ItTIKN MoXHot, Feb. 1, 1862. The National /ouave l odge of Free Maeona colebraled St. John a Day by a brilliant fettival leal evening iu*idt the fortreu. A bountiful supper wan partaken of and dancing and n.ueio continued till a gory late hoar. In consequence of the foggy end etorray weather no flag of truce was rent to Cranny Island to-day. The Colonel of the D'Epinenil Zouave* denies pomI irely t he etatemeata of the commander of the Erica*on, that the captain of the John Trurka vra= aent forward by the Colonel, and that the Colonel took commend of (he vernal. The Jehu Trucks and the Era-aeon are expected to leave for Annapolis to-morrow morning. ContrahandH who have recently como on board the Young Rover, stationed off York river, report about i.;,oo troops at Gloucester Point end 6,000 or 7,000 at Yorktown. An attack is constantly expected frcm Geo. Wool in the tenr of Yorktown. Tltr Bwrnaide Expedition. jl n m the No;folk rtey hook, Jan. Ml.] Ooe week sgo today we made use of the following lan- I gnage, which our rendora will perceive h.is hesu vrrl.ietl almost to Ihc very letter:? "We can tell lUrm now for their r nifo.t that few of i their old hulks are at Patterns, but In such a crippled i condition a* to b?. unable lo inako a movement. or even to | go buck home. Ih-ir grand army that embarked "ti board of the fleet is mosily ln|the 'bosom of the deep j ocean buried,' or nafely Into Pavy Jones' lookor." I We publish ol?e where an accoont of the disaster to this I expedition frotu a Northern paper, In which they hove i labored with their usual skill to put the best phase on I Ins matter. Weliave In our possession notch other information from the same source, which we are unable to ; crowd in to-day. (Jenoi at Buruslde throws tho blatne on the contractors . Tor the failure of the expedition. These are bis words, 1 as credited to him by a letter writer from liutoraa ? j "The eontraclor* have ruined me." We have no room I for comment ,but can assure the (leneral he should run I censure his friends, the contractors, about this lilUs m it tcr, for if it had not boeu for them he would never have I ventured on this expedition They prompted It for their . own avgrandisemetit, and oped his ambition ss a means to carry it out. lift him blame his owi fool hardiness I rather. If be ever gets hack lo his own laud alive it w ill | be much more than we expert. We also Dnhlteh the Soulberii'ai oount of this expedition. m abtaiaed from aa e ?p? * Yaukeo. lie represent* the thing i* it* Wu? oolor* we expect. Ha saga ib?y hire loat eighteen vnsel*, and from one of thera 800 of the OoO eoid* on board war* destroyed. We are satisfied, aa we said aareral dajre ago, that Mi# backbone of Mils expedition !* broken, and that It la not In a condition at present to do ui harm. They will ha I forced to remain there to raenperata, which wilt give tv? i ample time to prepare for them. All we hare to do now i la to Uaaicn up onr prenaratlone. We are donbtfiil of their being able again to prepare, but If they ahould, we have ample time to prepare for tnom. j We congratulate our readers, in North Carolina part leu- | larly. on the breaking down of this marauding expedition, ml we believe firmly that Ita failure will greatly tend to the stoppage of this war. OnnxAMn Anar T*a.?Haary ordnance continues to ar rive via Penr*)1?aa?a itailn a.l, a large number of the heavy thirteen inch mortar., bring among the lot. Tba latter are being rapidly transferred totli# tied ta? fioet fitting nut at N?e York,making it ore .1 the "i ?t tor , mid able which have > at irvi jdaaiuiit. La:< v<>'it > ' . of gun yarrlagee.aa well aanb t, eb|,| roc miu : oiea, | arn*|v(tgo*ataniiy being rsceivad.- /'!n!ul y'i I'co'. J<n> 3k. i /D. PRICE TWO CENTS, IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. ENGLAND AND THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY THE GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY. The Rebels Anticipating the Blessings of Peace. Rebel Account of Humphrey Marshall's Victory (?) FHE REBEL STEAMER GALHOUI. HER COMMANDER?WHO HE IB. A SOUTHERN RAILROAD CONVENTION. A DYING GROAN OF A REBEL GENERAL. Explosion of a Rebel Laboratory in Richmond. LOS N O V LIFE. Interesting Correspondence of Rebel Newspapers. LARGE SALE OF SLATES IN TENNESSEE, Ac., Ac., Ac. We have received ihe Richmond Dupatch of January 28 and 29, with other Southern papers, from which we glean the following interesting news of mature in rcheldom. ENGLAND AND THE REBEL CONFEDERACY. EXETER BALL THE OPPONENTS OP TBI REBELS?THH GOLDEN OPPOIMTMTY FOB ENGLAND?ENGLAND TBB ALLT OF THE SOCTB?THE HOPES OP TBH REBELS FOR RKCOONITION. I From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 38.] Tne only party in England which hat hitherto pretc* ltd any ojtpi id urn to th recognition of the Southern confederacy, and to the Soatk-m can*, it the tmall hut iniichieooui/a tiom which it rep etented by Exeter Hail. Even from that quarter, and it.j Puritan affiliations throughout tho kingdom, the ofijio it ton hat ben ntuch{le*i considerable than teat eugcUd. Tlin reason for ihia is ohvions. When funaUoa invito m nation to indulge in Sentimental philanthropy at tha saorittco of pounds, shillings and pence it it not likely to have a favorable response from any people, abova all practical and commou souse people, like those of England. In addition to this the dubious policy of the Lincoln administration upon the emancipation question hag completely alienated from its eympathios the abolition element of Euglisli society??n element which, eves w favorable to (be United States, baa not influonce enough to eluipe or control tbo policy of Great Britain in matters vital to bor interests. It is impossible Io find in the history of England any permauent success of that turbulent, discontented and fanatical element of society, which is represented by "Exeter Hull." Hie great military genius of Croatwell, through the instrumentality of a powerful aimy,secured to fanuticiem in England a tenure of power no longer thao liie toietiiuc. an<l, when he perished, the Englieh people returned as natuially to loyalty and oommon senee as the bough of the fruit tree, which te held down till it id stripped of its fruit, bounds buck to ita natural poeitioa as soon us tlio pluudeter has let go bis bold. The English are pre-eminently the common sunsu people of the world. Their constitution is the collected experience of the nail a, ripened and mature.) through a thousand years. II has the wisdom of tHomon and tbo strength of ffrnnon, with the age of Methu-elab. At e period when meet uNiuni.s have passed their meridian and are beginning ui .leuiiuc. the sun of England is marching loaloilter alUtude in the heavens and shedding a brigbtor and a broader truck of light upon the earth. Knyland sttr mi as jioti'.rful as n .ui; in fact, with As aid oj V.auiv. which it her oordiul ally, the it mittreu of the world,' and if >A< avail* hme\f of the p itin opportunity pnsitU'd in the mar between the Southern Slate* and (km Lincoln dey-ottim, the wilt place her power and pi a/parity on a futmjalion that hi In /air to remain imuiocaUt to U.o end vf lime. Who doe.) riot see this? Who doss not perceiv" that the established succp?s of the Southern confederacy will render England, in tbo first place, independent of the United Slates for cotton; that, next, it will throw the rich carrying trade of the South into her hands: that next, it will relieve her trada to those Statee of t ho heavy lurid by which it will always be etnbarrsssod by the Northern government; that by these means it will permanently cripple licr only commercial and manufacturing rival in tbe world; that it would arrest and paralyze forever the growth and progress of those democratic principles which have threatened the permanency of her own institutions, and of those of ell Europe; and which, it' the American Uuion could be restored would, in the cud, subvert order, law und constitutional liberty throughout the world. We need notspeek of the additional security given to her Canadian and other possession* in America by the dismembermeut of a power whose Northern organs and statesmen have openly and shamelessly declared that they intended hereafter to annex find absorb all Uio British territory on this continent : and by tho acquisition of a groat and gallant ally In the .Southern confederacy, so that she will have thn vui.nting Northern femes hereafter between tho upper and nether mill stones lie that cannot see how vast and varied are the vital interests of England In the Southern cuuse must be wilfully blind. Certainly nooo see and admit it more clearly and etnptaaUtallyfihan the A'< rtk, which, from the beginning of Out conUd, has instinctively ret < gid.ed ICniiU .id as an ally qf the South and on enemy whom the Sorth would i ?nrr or later hate to cor front la aim-' m ingtoriomly Jly from her pretence. It 11 idle to suppose that English states men do not discern their country's opportunity, or that thoy will suffer tho golden moment to pass before they make it sure. The fanatical element of English society, were it ever so mi.ch inclined, could tnako no headway against the obx iocs requirements oi her interests and poliey. Thn emigration to America of the Puritan element, relieved tireat Britain of a mine of explosive materials which, pent up within her stout little island, might long ago h ave shattered society to lis foundation. It waa bettor to let it blow up her colonlea than the imperial power, and now she has a chuuce of revenge for the mischief that ihey worked her in a distant hemisphere, Ib suppose Unit Greta firitain will forego inch an opportunity is fo tujip-j. t thai 'he ha* no eyre to discern her own welfare, no heart to sym/ a'hise with hereelf. and no hand to drike her enemies. if she it >iow, it it limply became the acts with die reiuin o ltd < haracieristic prudence and r. ircumepn. tiou but the hat already gone to far againU the Cmteit Stater that it is tetter and safer ant more duerect to go fartiter, even i hough it be to the arbitrament of arms, than to retrace her steps. She knows that the cowardly arn always vindictive, and that in basely surrendering Mason and Slidell, the North has secretly vowed a tow an t rn and solemn as fete to pay off the old enemy by whom tlx v Imvu been humiliated as soon aa thaw have overcome their present ft*. For all these reaaona ?* continue rtiiijhltnlly to believr that England wiU pet rrininiic the youth* m' confederacy and open the Southern blocJ.adc, white at tin snme time we are sure thai, whether that evaut occurs ihroe months or Six monthe Uvnce,our country nodr no foreign aid to maintain her in deprndi nee. , GEN. FLOYD ASSIGNED TO COMMAND A DIVISION. THE FEDERAL. ASSAUI.T UPON FWT HENRY - THE PRfRAT OP HllHrHKRY MAH8HAI.L. (Special correspondence ix the Rich mood Pie patch] B tn?'i (lares, Jan. Xt.Mffil. Qeneral I'loyd has been uKv.gne.t to the command of a division of tba army, and wll leave hie preaeat head quarter* in a lew boura for an important point. Hie brigade, of which lha Fifty aixth Virginia ia now a par tnixietit part, ie uintcr marching orders tbia morn lot Whether ita destination ie Ho|ikinevtUe, Raaaallviiie, 1'arii or Green river, it t* not mjr province to tnfteaa the enemy. It ie sufficient to state that a movement of much tntei e>.t ie about taking place, aad the publio will be informed of its resnlta iu due tinio. Trie line between what is proper and what is imi>ro|i-r for publication In ao iudkstinrt that a war onrreapondout ought to think ee votal times liefore he writes a word. Heap are tfte Hew manufactured bjr seitxlioo writers and teliirrapiie ope r*lives. I had ratliar lurssess a character for truthful nana than obtain an svunescenl reputation for Agaring in h'gtily colored * tor It*. In regard to the report* a*?ault on Fort Henry by the fetter a,a, I have It IB my H>wer to tell you. after diligent inquiry, that only fow shot* were ftrwl from the fleet, ami tit* enemy hiving landed email force ami And.rig noihinn to be gained, hastily withdrew them and re tired For a time the Indies of Naahvtlle were frightened hy the *111/ r*l?'rt ih?t Korta Henry anil ftmiolenu were taken, and tiiat a rapid aecnl of the Cumberland river would I* made by the redeia)*. The UiUu* of army matter* at Green river remain* mn< h the mine. A ema'l detachment ef Bneil'e foroe la on tin* ?ide, but H i? detiHteii *h thar it will etand ita grsntail many tla>r Indeed, tha lavorlte strategy of rei rrv ug mev already no a.' ? itipl'Shod Aiiloitgn the hortberii niw-qiepo. -latin that Gar Held ufctaltii'd VMtdrr over it t-iMli, it mi Frc* t. tbnrg, II la not be.it'fed to well lo to.iaj. i)n the ooatrwy. It la . .. J

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