Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1862 Page 2
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J2 > known that the story of fien -rei >1 irshalll foreoe haviug boon disbanded is false. and thai a substantial triumph was gamed by hi* bravo and iuu>etuoufl troop#. 1 hat ho should he instant .y reinforced ac t allowed to accomplish the object, of hU raai|>aisn is too piain to admit of argument. The War Uepai tiueut is doubtless awake to the subject. The reeignatlna of CemeroM ia interpreted here as a coup to propitiate the people of Kentucky and Missouri. It cannot succeed. With his ultra emaucii>ai)on views, the Linooln ail ministration was g owing small by degrees and beautifully lose iu this country, and policy dictated that the ship of Maw should bj lightened i>y throwiug overboard the most fanatical of the crew. The people of Kentucky c so not ami will uot longer be deceived, it is hoped, by thu hypocritical profe. sious and bas? policy of Abe Line -hi. Captain Boswett'e company, of the Fifty-sixth regiment, has just been caled to deplore the loss of one of its most valued members. Cecrge W. Loaftnan, of Mecklenburg, ?? dead. At a meeting of the company, Lieutenant John IL McPhail itelivorod a h .ndsouto eulogy in coiumemoratlon of his virtues, THE REBEL FORCE IN THE FIELD. TBK MISTAKES l)F TOE NOll i U?THE WAK POLICY OF TUB SOUTH?PKOX1PT U'.'.lSLATiON NEEDED. A Ikioiu the Kichm ud Dispatch, Jan. 28.J A review of the t.ast history of this war brings out one feature In bold relief, which is, iliat the people have at uo monienl been wanting In the duty demanded of them. There are those who tool some apprehension of trouble on the subject or enlisting a soiDcioni army to take the place of the men of twelve m"ct!is who w ill go out of service next spring, summer and fall; hut our own fears on this account are removed by a recollection of the i _k._i. k .- ?v...,.,?h ihj iinAniri iu meetins I every emere-ncy that has a-iseu id the c nrrse of tbe war. Evett.it Into moment there are tnaoy thousands of troops, euiisted for the war, seeking admission in the Confederate service, who cannot yet be accepted on account of the de'ii MMtcy of arm-.; and we believe that with proper n.lor: tnu fact will contmue te be as it heretofore ha- been at every moment of the war, that mora v troofw o.Ter than there are arms to place in their banda. Tli? capacitv of tha Southern confederacy In arms we believe to he from two hundred to two hundred and rtfty thousand. This is a foil largo enough force to keep in the hold, and we do not tear but that enough troops will always be seeking admission into tne service to give employment to this nupilwr of arms. The enemy have committed a great mi-t&lce in bringing ao large an army into tbo held as anything like their boasted six hundred thousand. It is too large a force to bo employed to the best advantage, and while producing an onornmus drain upon their Treasury, supplies wholesale food lor death an J camp disease. They will break down heir Treasury and frighten their people by heavy taxation out of all taste for the war, long before they r .n bring til ir vast and cumbrousmacliinev for invasion into play aid long before ti.ey can succeed iu subjugating the So th. Tbe blunder they are committing is apparent, and they have cone too far in it ; > retrive it, although they have now plainly else vered the error they have committed. Wo must not copi their fatal mistake by bringing a too large and utterly unwieldy force into the iield. t)ur policy is to employ a smaller force, and to husband our tnon, supplies and finances, in proportion as they lavish and waste ih? pa Trunin of nor Southern l-Aurue take a verv til: ta ken view of tlie war who thiuk our cause h> ruined if wo fail to meet the vast. hordes of the enemy with proportionate f>; res. a mighty army of our own, disproporlioned to tlui resources of our country, would do us infinitely more damage than a like army of the enemy invading our soil. The invader may lay waste particular districts o. our territory; but the support of his army would I last fall wholly on his own treasury: while the loss we would sustain would Dot be a hundredth part of the rest of a vast opposieg force placed by ourselves in the held to confront his own. That view, therefore, is a most erroneous one, which supposes we must meet the North, man with man, and copy the greatest blunder that an adversary erer committed, merely because he has set us the fatal example. No; two hundred thousand men would bo a force fully adequate 10 inert all the requirements of the South, and to conduct this war to a gloriou* conclusion. None can doubt that we can bring and keep that anmber in the Held throughout the war without trouble, strain or exhaustion. All that is requird at present is the proper legislation looking to the organization of our military forces. It is not so essential that this legislation should he exactly the best that can be devised, as that it should be speedily matured and put into operation. The laws, whatever they may be, should already be upon the statute book, and the important b isiness of enlistments should be At this moment in active progress. Let the people only know the duty required of them, and, depend upon it, they will do the rent. They desire just aoa impartial laws, laying tne tinmen or service with even hand apon all capable of duty; and ouch a system of impartial drafting la ] win leave no room for, nor appearance of, favoritism. All that the people demand is a just system of legislation on 4 thesubject, and they wiU engage to do thereat. The oountry has made no" call upon them as yet that they have failed to respond to with alacrity. lu the matter of enlistments they have always been ahead of the capacity of the government to arm them. With proper legislation they will continue so, and the great desideratum now is not soldiers, but prompt and just legislation regulating the organization of the military forces of the Stales. Our own Legislature is now engaged upon this important subject, and we trust tbst wisdom and despatch will characterize their proceedings. The present week ought not to cloee without witnessing the consummation ct the proper laws for this purpose, because the time in growing so short for the orgsnizstion of the troops of the State that any longer delay of the requisite teginlal ion would be most prejudicial to the public Interest". THE BOUNDARY TO BR BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH. [From the Richmond Dispatch, Jon. 09.1 TV dividing line between tke North and South u in a fair way to be determined by agencies more potential than military force. The aataral boundary between the two Powers would, in the absence of other catwes. be settled hy the condition of slavery; and, except in the caa?- of Delaware, the slave Stales would all go to one svle. " hilt 'he (ion, territory and population between the two confederacies, which might hare been otherwise impracticable, to apt to be brought about by the very cugent agency ot taxation. We bold il to be a plain proposition that the agriculture Of Maryland, whose soil is thin, and of Kentucky and Missouri, situated remote from the seaboard markets, cannot sustain a heary system of taxation. 7 h*-*e States re, moreover, in comparison with free States, sparoely inhabited. Immigration has been turned away from tbeir borders ont account of the existence of slavery? patriarchal institution, requiring a large plan i tat bin, a numerous establishment, and a com-, prehensve organization, to be conducted with the highest success and economy. The nece*sitv of large plantations for the profliible employment of Blares engro=-es the lands of the States where slavery exists, and leaves but small quantities of real estate at any time upon the market. Immigration iveks cheap land? and a wide range of selection. It, therefore, turned side from the great States of Maryland, Kentucky, and much of Missouri, and left those domains in the unoootested occupancy of sparse populations of slaveholders and planters. But slave labor 1-- not very profitable when employed In cultivating the cereals, either ?u thin .jits, like those of Maryland, or in the Inland dutricta. remote from the seaboard, like those of Kentucky and Missouri. While the actual labor of the slave in these region* ta meagerly remunerative. the Talue of the slaves them*evae, owing to the high price* imparted to them by the cotton and sugar culture, raise* the ad valorem of aiaeserner.t for taxation upon them to a very hub flgu So that the alave owner in Maryland, Missouri and Kentucky, if subjected to federal taxst-ou, wou'd b-as eiscd with very high taxable value* upon property Indifferently productive. Ever, if relieved from this extraordinary rxee.ui of taxation, the agricultural and general industry of tl?o?<> ,' States could net sustain tbe heavy taxation which the federal government will be compelled hereafterto impose. It U to he presumed that these people perceive these thing*, and that 1 desire to escape the frightful burden of federal debt, will grow stronger and stronger aui'in?* tbertl with each month, week and day that pe-sea. 77k speech nf John O. Darit, in Indiana noli.', the other >tey. retears a itronf ten/i mr.nl of diisatufaction, nxn in 'he A,,r'kseest, at Ch - rapid in'mtue nf th* Xorthern rfeftS and :h< redden wattefnlneu of rrpenditurei thai char-ir(/rii? the ' manngem nl of the war. If such a vent m^nt has root in tbe loyal Northwest, teeming with population, and able to scstatn a heavy system of taxation, what must bo the frelflig, aha What must It ?oon grow to be, in the border lave Startotr whose agriculture it so poorly able to ? ?. tain heavy burdens? Adlutig the resultj of the North's stupendous programme of sit hundred thousand ni?n?a programme that coats them two millions a day, which has run up thetf dpbt al.'vsdy to portentous figures, and which liaa Tafd the foundation of an Increase of federal it chtedn??* to an amount that must make its people tbe heav test lapoycm or, mn gicitm?among r??iw("' .ij. ! thla ruinous programme, may alrrudy be ac ounted the ansention of Maryland, Kentucky ami Jftupourl to th" Southern confederacy. with the hearty UMnt of all th"ir people The choice between ?o lione-l government with a athall debt on one hand and a corrupt government with a vast and ititrt-aeing debt on the other, will be too plaiu to leave room for a moment a hesitation in the jiopcfar mind. The treacheries of Hicka and Crittenden, and the aophietrla* of the T/mlarille Jfmrnal end the Baltimore Amrxrnn will be i. tier el ling to mislead or otifuacat?ag*la the judgment of a well meaning people. Th?y wtH rtnth rram the Liacnln ehtp lute rate from a etrkiag hulk, and prefer any politic* I rate to thatol e people over whelmed by taxation. It auittore not how long the Unionise of the*e border RU?e* may delay thte movement and choice Tbey nay net have ae yet realised the full truth or tbetr condition, hat the* eccentric and unrelenting divlatty, Nemesis, haa already il-creed that (As nry armtet wAtcA th* Xorfh U papered <tt mitt roit to imfom Uu tnyalty of thin* fcor 'er Statm *hol( a* (Ae meawr. (ArowyA Ob frightful Mt hmernmtod agnind 'A* federal gmv.-nmtiU, of during tAtn? > eeevi rlywtwe from thtftdnrat nlffiamrt THE REBELS ANTICIPATING THE BLESSINGS OR PEACE. fpnm tbe Hirhmtud Dfpateh, Jen 27 1 The hMmtbgo of a (IMW which te bonora.dy gamed and arlabliebod on permanent fnnndatlonn ch only bo appreetated by peopto who bare borne 'ho trial* mad tribulation* noroMory to 111 oobmnpltobtnoat. fl In like Aoalib and all other bloeetbg*, oaiy to bo adequately estimated by tlmee wbo hare boon deprived of It. Rut, Ilka, them, aleo, to bo worth anything, and to impart ay aolid Malefaction and oomfort, It muat bo tbe remit or bo shallow and tbiparflolal treatment, ancb a* affect* mtj tho ourfaoa, and leave* tho wiarr,e of dieoae* tintouchad and ready to memreet IMotf afain upon tlM ellebtent Irritation. Pane*, to yield permanent happli.aao and eeenrity, mnst be honorably achieved?worked rml by a pereeverlng and triumphant tlemonetratlon of o?ir ability to maintain ottr independency, ov?n though it coat longer war thaa that of the Amrf.rnn Revolution Htfidl peace will ba aweat and giorio- a Ind-ort.nnd alt the. Mora aweat and glorloue tl.at l' baa b<.?n a.^mipuanod hy ottr 0w? nnal lad valor and e..tf denial. It anay well animate and en<wi'i>ge the t -trta of all tboae now toiling and battling for tin Mono of Independence, to look forward to such ? result of thoir lobon. a At the Israelites solaced their pi!grimapr ttrWfi* the di-ert ivitk the thoughts of the tut,i f.ctds of Canaan legend the swelling food of Jordan, and as Uu Christian host, struggling amid the pitfalls and persecutions of a hostile world, look forward to " tka' rest which re maintlk to the people of God," so may the great, fall otic souls of this war for all that man holits d -ir, refrt.h Oismsel-Jts amid their mighty toils ami solicitudes hy antccipa tons of a peace which they can only gun bjr their own virtue and fortitude. an J winch though long delay od, will come ot last if they are faith I to the end. The same I)iviue hand which guided 'he ubiluren or Israel through the desert, has over and over again manifested itself in our behalf, and if we do col p.ove, lllte the Israelite*, faithless in the midst of wonders, and disobedient iu despite of mercies, we thall nut bo coin pellbd to wandor many years iu ill# wilderness before we reach the promised land. With peace fixed on permanent foundations, tho prospect arises before the South, not only of <*cpose and security, but of a career of prosperity and haupitiesa rarely |taralleled in the history of nations. We shall be sole misters of our men rieh soil and Ut unexampled products and no longer be Uespmlal of their value by the rapacious commercial vultures of the No: ih. Our commerce will go to build up our own cities, and our wealth to U diffused through i ur own borders. We shall be a homogetwms people, separated forever from the incmgruous and disturbing dcin nts of Northern Society, and from the tyrannical race who, because we refused to remain forever hewers of wood and drawers of water for Yankee los e masters, are trying to cut our to roots. We ( thall be delivered from all future association, iu every j hape and form, with the rascally, hypocritical, swind I ling, humbugging, wooden nntm.-'g making sons of the I Pilgrims. We shall have our own laws, literature, civil!i ?.? ?i - ? ,? ...., ? ?? to molest ua or make us afraid. And not the least gratifying result of peace will be tta effects upon the Yankee nation, whom it will leave high and dry, without a dime in its pocket or a friend on the face of the earth. It will be at once the most impoverished and despised of uulson*. It will be shut up to Ike cultivation of codfish and potatoes, and the cntrmp'ation of ill own miraculous imbecility. Its people will spend their days in cheating one another, and their nights in renwne thai, in making war upon the South, they ''cast away a peart richer than all their tribe." . DESOLATION OP SOUTHERN HOMES. (From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 27.) A Northern journal, commenting on the long expected advaaoeof McCiellan, declares with complacency that "it will spread weeping and wailing through many a Southern household." i This is an aspect of the invasion peculiarly agreeable to Northern imaginations. The idea of widows and children through a whole land raising the piteous cry of bereavement islme which all belligerents, except only the heavenly minded people of the North, endeavor to hide from their own views and dismiss from their con. temptations aa far as possible. We have never heard, la all the wars of history, of an enemy who, however eager to annihilate the opposing combatants, ever solacsd its , imagination with the anticipated anguish of their (lego I lated households. There is something in this consequence of wur so distressing to the sternest heart that, so far from dwelling upon it with satisfaction, and much more speaking of it with pleasure, bravo men steel their minds against the thought; or, if it tiuds entrance tliere, it is only to melt their own souls in sorrow over the calamities upon the weak and dependent they are compelled to indict. We do not boliove there is a Southern man?we have not heard of one?in the un restrained freedom of private conversation, although tho South is standing on tho defensive, and engaged in the holy cause of protecting its own firesides and altars from desolation, express a sentiment so fiendish as that we have quoted from a Northern journal. It is in keeping, however, with a rocs which has made women and i children targets for its soldiery and victims of cruel imprisonment and outrage. Demoniac must he the nation which ran look forward with exultation to the idea of weeping and lamentation more bitter than that of Ramah, caused by the butchery of the brothers, sons, fathers and husbands of a people whom they still claim as their own countrymen. How precious, priceless and glorious a Union which can only be preserved and cemented by such sacrifices?a Union of wholesale murderers, with the dead bodies and broken hearts of a desolated land. REBEL ACCOUNT OF MARSHALL'S DEFEAT, i hckfhrey Marshall's yictort (?) iij Kentucky? a clear statement op pact8?interesting details, written BY an RYE witness and participant in thb conflict, etc. (From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 20.] The following brief and clear narrative of this important conflict is furnished us by a participant in the affair. Its truthfulness is its greatest recommsudation, but ita particular interest to a Virginia reader lies In the honorable mention made of one of oar own regiments:? Knowing that every item of news from the State of Kentucky is hailed with great interest by your numerous readers, I hava thought proper to give you a short account of the movements of Oeueral Marshall, from the Oth to the 15 th or January. General Marshall had taken a position and fortified himself some three miles above Paintville, on the, river. But after learning the movements of the enemy, he thought best to fall back so aa to prevent tbe enemy from cutting off h'.s supplies and getting in his rear. Hence wc slowly began our retrograde movement, noticing the enemy, until on the nigbt of the 9th we rested at the foot ut hoc wuiimiu, bvujv ivuj wiir* ?rav vi i rv3?uuuui|. During the night or the Mh we learned that the enemy, in Urge numbers, wee moving toward* ne from the direction of Preslonburg. On the morning of tue 10th we took oor line of marrb in the direction of the Cross Roads, three miles west of Prestonburg,' soon learning that the position would be disputed by the enemy. On arriving atAhe Croat Roads, we learned that the enemv, 6,000 or 4,000 strong,had taken hie position about thrae quarters of a mile below the Cross Roads. Two regiments and some cavalry, as a reserve, had taken their position at the foot of the hill to our front and the left, while the main body of the enemy wan lorined into line of battle at the foot of the hill, to our front and right, awaiting our approach. General Marshall placed his artillery, four pieces in number, to (be right of the Cross Roads, and Colonel Trigg a Kifty fourth Virginia regiment in the rear to protect it. Our cavalry were placed to our left, across the creek, in the woed. Colonel A. C. lloore's Twenty-ninth Virginia regiment was posted to the front and right of the artillery, on the brow oi the hill, at who*# base the enemy had his line of battle. Colonel Williams' Kentucky regiment was placed on the same hill, protecting the right of Colonel Moore's regiment. Thus posted, the two armies for a moment, in silence. gai?d on eech other. Wl.at a contrast they presented! The enemy looked grand and imposing, completely equipped and neatly dp seed. Our line was small, and seem tagiy of little firmness, when compered with the enemy. Badly eiiuippod and uniformed, and well uigh exhausted by long heavy marches through the mod and rain, living on less than heiffralions lor the last few weeks. But ws feared them not, and were anxious to try them. But tbo time to view the enemy wee of short duration, for soon the boom of our artillery announced to us that the battle had began, and then the hissmg of the ball and cracking of the brush over our heads told u? that the botteat of the couCi t would fall on Colonel Moore's Twen ty-ninth Virginia regiment; bat our boys wort caim and ready. k'ur two long hour* Ibe enemy poured upon Colonels Moore and Wtlliar.ia' regimeine a perfect atorni of ball, wbicb vir boya received with coldneea, and responded to witb euch terrible iirea that the enemy began to stagger from the effects. Jest at thia point Colonel Moure ordered hie regiment to charge, leading it la pcreon. Witb rich ttrroei as was the charge made that the enemy broke at our approach*. But just aa the foe was dislodged from his position, we were moM-fired from the right and left with deadly effect, supposed pen iy to hare been done by our own men tbrouvb mis'ake. At the hub* time sumo una? no one known who?gave coniijand to fall hark to our old position. Thus, in aa instant, we lost all we had gaicad in two Ion? hours of herd fighting. In the charge we lout five or si* of our brave boys. On reaching the bf*w of the bill we gars a eliout for Jeff. Davie, resolving to have the field or die. Again we opened fl-es with double energy. Vow the battle raged along the whole brow of the hill. lokmei Williams fought like a tiger. Twice the enemy tried to flank him; twice tboywere repuleed. The cavalry having dismounted, poured a dreadful and destructive tlra Into the right flank of the insolent foe. The artillery was likewise in a better position, throwing shot ?nd shell with fatal eflec*. Col-eel Trigg's regiment wan called forward to reinforce tioleoel Moore; but be f>re they could rea'-b tbeir position a victory was pro claimed m favor of Jeff. Devie. The enemy's guns were sii? m ed, and an soon ae the Yankees could gel off the field we were left its possessors. Had not nigh; b*en on us the rout would have been complete; bat the day wm gnu?, we tired end hungry, eight mi!"! from our camp, thought bent to gather up our dead and wounded and seek r"St for our bmties. Much might t>e raid of individual ac't of bravery, but ttma will not permit. AH did their duty. Most of our troops had never before seen a battle tV-ld, yet i hey fought with the courage and boldne.-.s which chararterixrs the peoplo which thc7 reprsaen'. With a united effort they completely whipped a foa numerically five times stronger than themselves. Colonel A. C. Moore's Twenty ninth Virginia regiment here the heat of the*day. He wm under the meet, terrific fire for more than four consecutive hours; yet hie rank a never staggered. Our Colonels, Mooro end Irish, were constantly at the head of their column, cheering their men and directing tbelrfire. The gloom lestpert of the day wae after the enemy bad left the field. The shrieks of the wounded end dying were truly beertrendering. our loss is five killed end four wounded In Colonel Moore's regiment, snd four killed and five wounded in colonel Williams' regiment. The enemy els from roar hundred to five hundred killed, and about the same number wounded. A DYING OBOAN OF A REBEL GENERAL. [From the Richmond Dispatch.] One of our numerous soldier correspondents sends us from Fraderlckebarg the follow tag op pool to the troops of th? Am 10 Department, which ho oops boo bod tho moot stimulating ertbct upon hio brethren I* ormo to tbot.?or.Hon, and which may provo equally beneficial in othor quarters ? Haarqr a*to*?, AqrtA Dwmrr, Jan ll,l*ii. arinnui. oonooo? no. 2. Tho Major General commanding thia diftrlot nrgea upon tho iroopa tho importance of re collating for Ihroo yeare, or tho war, *o ooon no tho roll* oro presented to thorn for that purpose. Nobly os o >r poople bote resisted tb" og Eessioi a of the enemy, great as are tho eacrlOees which ve boon mode by oil, tho present indications do not Justify the belief that our atruggla la Door ito end. It would be wicked to dlsgnteo the truth. We have to contend against a t>oworful and wealthy nation, pMrentng vast rtaoorces for war, with on Immense army ?!re*dy occupying our territory and our strong places?with an actio? imvy closing our porta, and w ith a Who!# jwt-.plw maddened by baffled b <tred. lb* jVorflkerw army nw in our front, MO to 1 frto months he tirffefMftp enptnfserf ami toill iilttipki'rd- Ht iffe ratntritfutor trnflily an I Handy bid* Ihr time, aft e? fh? fetal of enlist mill of our troops or pirn/, at thr propt/uru m'm-nt for hi$ act rones. lie h?ltevoa ho will then find uur rank* Uilnne . our corj disorganised, aid that lie can pour hie legi a over ? r weakstiod battailooi and ui-iuphari'ly eae< uo upon ur IEW YOKK HEKALD, MOi unle^eodf! country the beheets of the doe pot Ic adrocatee of emanei-ation, who htive inspired this horrid war. O ir ex's erne us a cat.on, the dcleuce of our homo* and tliu honor of our wnneu, forbids is to be laggards now. it is the solium duty of every man tu dedicate Inra ilf to h i country until eve. y foot of Southern evil is purged of the pollution of invasion until tins war is ended. We da uoi for one moment relax our vigilance or lay as. Je our ai ms until we have discharged this sacred duly. Ly otdcr of Mayor Liberal Holmes. DAUMEY n. MAURY. A. A. G. THE REBEL STKAMEC CALHOUN. I!EU COMMA.NDEK?WHO li? IS. Tbe Charleston Courier <?f Jan. 2S ?* _ a diet inforreation has been received from New Oi'leuLg thit the Confederate steam. r l a bouB, on her way hvm ita ana, w; h a large and valuable cargo, was chased by a Lincoln cruiser, and " >andoaed, aui totally burned. Capi. Wilson, who con.man led the C'aih'mn, was formerly the captain of the u ig Minum Schiller, the vessel that rescued the passenger* of I be ill-Lited et earner Conna ght Capt. Wilson is uu Englishman by birth, but lor forty years lias Wen a citizen of the Uu'tod Statos. During the Mexican w <r he owned ur.d com man led a vessel called the .Star, which was seized ou the Southern const and coude tuned by our government. Lie presented claims against the government lor damages, which were award e J by the Court of Appeals, whose judgment was sustained by the Supreme Court at Washington. The government, however, for some reason unexplained, has never remunerated Capt. Wilson for the loss of his vessel, in which he had invented all liis property. The ref usal of Ike authorities at Wa king/ton to make the reparation ruL'timl!it ? '?! flnrJ Iftlvon in mmsiHi /i/Mitntf thr rum. ermmerU; awi token the re'xlhon broke out, actuated by a spirit of rerenfit, he embraced Ike earliest opportunity to obtain redress. A company in Now Orleans having til ed out the privateer Calhoun, the command of thai steamer wau offered to Capt. Wilson, who acoepted it. THE SOUTHERN RAILROADS. DfrOBTAVT INTERFUSE?A KAIJ.KOAD CONVENTION. The Richmond Dispatch of the 27thsays:? Wo are gratiBed to learn that a well concerted movement is on foot for a general meeting of railroad officers in Ricnmond on the 5ih of February nest, to devise measures for the manufacture of railroad iron and such other articles of Indispensable necessity as have hitherto been procured from countries outside the limits of the Confederate states. To keep up a perfect railroad communication throughout the South requires an occasional renewal of material, and if the approaching meeting can suggest s plan by which the South can place herself on an indeiienctent basis in this respect it will have done as much towards solving tbo great problem of national freedom as any class of individuals havo done since the breaking up of the old Union. We then-fore hope that a large number of practical minds will be brought together and well considered project will llien be cent forth to the people. HOW MUCH GUNPOWDER, IRON AND SILVER IT TAKES TO KILL SOUTHERNERS. [From the Savannah Republican.] A calculation not Ion* since appeared in the papers, showing that every Confederate killed by the l.incolnites during the llrst six months of this unholy war, cost the Lincom covrnmi nt one hundred thousand dollars. Additional facts corroborate thia statement, and give iia some oth.r points of interest concerning the battle of Port Royal. The c~3t to the federal government In fitting out the armament engaged Id that action, and Bet down by a writei iu the northern papers, who seemed to know what be was about, was $4,300,000. Let us put It, for convenience sake, in round numbers, at five millions. Recently the federal "Ordnance report of the amount of ammunition expended" on that occasion has appeared. and we gathor from It the following details:? The amount of gunpowder consumed was, lba... 22,830 The number of shot and shell of all sizes projected by that amount of powder was 2,594 The weight of sizes of all these missiles being given,shows that the weight of iron hurled agsinst our unfortunate battoriee in that action was little, if any, short of, lbs 200,000 Now the number of men on our side killed or mortally wounded by all this expenditure on them has never been raised higher than fifty?indeed, sixty-five or seventy in killod, wounded and missing is the highest figure that has been mentioned. Let us set down our loss at fifty men, and a comparison of facts will give tbe following results ?lhat every Confederate soldier killed in that battle cost tbe federal government upwards of four hundred and fifty-seven pounds of cannon powder and fiftytwo shot and shell of large size, weighing in the aggregate four thousand pounds, and brought to tho field of aotion and discharged at a preparatory cost of ono hundred thousand dollars. COTTON SEED COPPEE. Ths Charleston Vourin- says:?We have been favored tjy a frieud with a sample or cotton heed coffee, prepared by Dr. H. Ravenel, or Pooetaee, St. John's Berkley, which we had served up at breakfast yesterday morning and found very palauble. The aroma is very like that of coffee, and in flavor it is similar to coffee but rather more liko broma. We have little doubt that a mixture of onethird or one-hair coffee and the rent of ground or powdered cotton seed would easily pass for good, If not pure coffee. THE SALT MANUFACTURE IN R'EBECTW. [To the Editor of the Richmond Dispatch. | kichho.vi), Jam. 27,1862. I learn that a proposition is before the Legislature for the purchase of the salinee lying on the line of Washington and Smyth counties at Saltville, in this State. I believe that the two ooniiguous eetaten, embracing these salioes, and the lease under which they are now operated, can be procured for one million ef dollars. I have some acquaintance with this property, and am persuaded that the purchase ought to be made at that price, if it can be done. The property is worth more than is demanded for it. It is in danger of peasing into the bands of s joint stock company at a higher price than the State would be required to give, viz:?at twelve hundred thousand dollars; to the capital of which company upwards of thiee hundred thousand dollars is already subecribed. Corporation? have no souls, and if the works pass into a corporate ownership, they pass into the hands of a monopoly, having the single object alone of making the largest profits out of them. The property is proved to be worth more thin is demanded of the State; not only by the fact-thai it will brine more, but bv the fact that the State officers have been assessing it for tea years peat (I mean (be property tteelf. irrespectively of tbe lease),at about half a million for the Preston and over half a million for the King estate; mere than a million Tor the two. The leasees have a contract with the Confederate government, which they can fill in four months, that will give them a profit ol a hundred thousand dollari; and if the proposition before tbe legislature, to direct a contract on the part of the State for four hundred thousand bushel* of salt be carried, the profit of the lessees on this alone will be one hundred and seventy-six thousand dollars mere, and can be executed in six months. Nevertheless, with this prospect of two hvir trod and sevsaty-flve thousand dollars : the lease can he bought out by the State at leas than their prnllta on those two contracts. The Preston estate can be bought (or <450 000, although assessed at <300,000; aid the King estate fo? less, though assessed at <650,000. I am not familiar with ih* improvement* on tbe King estate; but thoeo on the Preston estate, including machinery, buildings and apparatus of all sort s, is w' rth upwards of $100,000; they coat mors than <l'h> OOU. This sstate consists of 7,000seres of land, which could bs sold in farms at an average of <:m an acre; the mere laud alone being worth <210,000, which, with tbe improvements, make <310,000, leaving the suit and plaster to stand tbe State in only <140,(XX). Th-> King estate has 4,OhO acres, worth <30 an acre, and many improvements, the value of which 1 am not acquainted with. When a magnificent property like this is offered tbe Stats at a pr.oe lees than will be taken from private Individuals tho proposition is csrtamly rclisvcd from all color of speculation end extort inp. Tberitate ought to own works like these producing unlimited supplies of those two important articles, salt and nlaster. The i est of maklnx ait hv boilins the brine is thirteen cents a bushel; and of farreting or racking it for market, seven cents more. Th* oost of manufacture could tie reduced to three cents a bu?bel bjr constructing vats for solar evaporation, wb.tb would enable it to be put into depot for shipment at ten cents p<>r bushel. The State could tell it anywhere within bor limits, except in seaport cities, at iifty cents a bushel, with transportation added; or at a profit ol'thirty to forty rent* per bushel, "be can mina planter at one dollar per too; and sell it anywhere except fust upon the border of ship navigation, at three dollars a ton, with transportation added. Sbe may manufacture any quantities of both salt and plaster for any length of time in these ealtneu without exhausting the supply of either. The present manufacture of salt at Sailvtlle is at the rate of nine hundred thousand bunhels a year. Four tunes the quantity, in addition, could be manufactured by constructing vats for solar evaporation. ft requires only twenty gallons of tha ftsltviiie brine to make a bushel of salt: of eea water it raqtiires three hundred and iifty gallons; se that ld-17lh of the labor and expense of evaporation is saved by making salt at Saltvilte, rather than on the seaboard. Vue Mate ought to own this property, for the reason that tall sod plaster are articles that should be in the hands of public agents rather than of private monopolies, and for the fcrtbtr ressou that the transportation of these articles can always be secured on the most economi cat terms by the State; whereas this transportation m so tardy and costly when on privats account as to give op port unity for the enormous speculations In thess c- entiel articles. sesh as we bavs Just witnessed In timss of scarcity. If the Htete herself produced these two articles, r-be iwuiu vuiwiw wuvu w-hwu "u lur |>?( ui u?r ^uuut wumay u to nalit thia transportation edeqnate, regular and cheap. and aa would prevent the possibility of a repetltoa of that ay sum of s peeulation and extortion winch tie last few months have witnessed. lie propriety and necessity of the purchase of this salt and plaster property, on the cheap and liberal tor ma on which they are now offered the Stale, eeema eo obriona ae to need no argument; and 1 trust that tbero is enough sagacity ia the legislature to fire effect to the proposition. If this purchase be not made, the people hare yet troubles to experience In regard to a supply of salt, to which those oT the past hare beea trifling in comparison. I hare no further interest io this sub-wet than belongs to a citizen of Virginia, certainly not more than is naturally fslt by one. WRIGHTS, MEASURES AND COINS. (From the Rl- hmi-nd liispuob, Jan. 28.] Outzot, la bis history of repre^ntatlv# governmsnt, well remarks that "The ago In which we lire has t -dean too much |?ina to seek guarantees in physical force, and haa neglected to seek for them tn the power of moral Ideas;" and IH> Tooquevllle, pursuing tho same thought, bs* said that "to constitute aociety.a great many people should thtnk alike oil a great many subject-"." The Northwest lias adhered to the Union because its moral Mess coincided with those of th<- Northeast, and diflVro.t rroTD in'? "I In>?iTn. annwign Oil i 4 | o. on'ary nit?reiti aora lied p with oirn; ai d tbo N >rtb a*l w.m, and rsuat **er coufiuuo lo ba, its Ktcadjr and npactona N?*?, ihor? ar? no anWact* th?i m off an or *o?artni ;!y Ocrnpy lb though , .it rollnn Did l?i i iff* babilu i*a of v i aopio, aa lb>lr w> gbta, msa* ran and coin*; an : who i Hi atari of t.iiiiei aud Uiu'SBiBt.iOiir paiitlisr to i!:"tn iDAY, FEBRUARY 3, iSt ' selves, they go far to distinguish and mould the people emotoyiiig them lute e distinct nationality. It will be bard to cut off our trade and intercourse with the N-rih after peace is restored, ami ruinous out to do ao. ChauvUg the language of trade is tho must o.'licieut barrier tlutt h i? yet beun suggested to prevent a renewal of business

a id social relate us with that Ibclion, which if renewed will m ike our hard earned independence a mere thadow ami a name. The ado lion of a decimal system of weights, measures and cuius, based upon some tixed. exact and immutable t,uuidard,lue that or franco, was rec* mineaded to .he Moron Commercial Contention iu an essay entitlud Conimarcial loi.rauchiseinunt ol the South;" which.essay will be found iu the October and November Lumbers of Ot ii ai'i Hoi vi. The co'ivcuii >u recommeudod the whole essay to tho attention of Congress; and Congress will probably take action on the part relating to weights, measures and coins, at this or tne ensuing session. Many able pens be? ilea that of iba pltiiosoplaie author, have siucu been omployoii in n Ivixacy of this measure, but it is a very dry, recondite and abstruse subject, though one to us of vital and pressing importance. Wo would add .1 single suggestion to the many that have been made by others. The proposed measure would facilitate our trade end intercourse with France and other Mediterranean nations, and thus we should au/ijui-* urw iwii>,uw, UL-H lusuuers uu UUDWUU NUU new and distinct civiliiation, compounded of many materials and derived from many source*, Instead of being mere imitators or copyists of England and New England. We would cultivate the most friendly relations with England, but not with her alone, else we might become a mere parasite of here instead of a distinct, separate and independent people. TITS REBEL PRESS GETTING HONEST. [Froawthe Richmond Dispatch, Jon. 28.) The candid and honest manner in which the Southern Journals at once acknowledged the extent of the disaster at Somerset?and, to fact, rather orerstated it?presents a significant contrast to the oontlnual falsehoods with which the North has endeavored to conceal every defeat, and even claimed every defeat as a victory. With the single exception of Manassas, where Mteir overthrow was so-overwhelming, and so near the centre of Intelligence that it could not be contradicted, they have not suffered one single disaster which they did not deny at the time, and nevor admitted their discomfiture till tho truth forced Its own way to thepublic. Bethel,Bull run, Carnlfax Kerry, Greenbrier rivpr, Springfield, Belmont, Leesburg, Alleghany, each and all were absolutely claimed as Northern victories, and each anil all, In the end, they were compelled to acknowledge were disastrous defeats. Why is it that this uniform system of deception is exhibited by the North, whilst the South admits the truth boldly, however disagreeable it may bb? It results simply from s radical difference in the character of the two people. The one is sly, secretive and has little veneration for truth; the other open and above beard, and more Hensitivo to the degradation of falsehood than the pain of disaster. Which character is worthiest or success? Which will be most likely to win the approval of ileaven and the respect of mankind? NEW ORLEANS AND THE WAR. STATEMENT OF ANOTHER BUFl'UIJi FROM T11B SOUTH? TUB SOCIAL AND COMMltUCIAL ASFEUT3 O? THB WAR?THB FEELING AMONG THE OKLEANAIS? WHAT A REIKI. SI T SAW. [From the Chlpago Tribnne, Jail. 28.] We have just had the pleasure of enjoying a protracted conversation with a highly intelligent gentleman, long a resident of that city, who left New Orleans for the North about ten days ago. Without further particulars as to our iuformant himself, it is enough to say that he is eminently reliable, a gentleman of mature judgment and excellent sense, and thus worthy of the utmost confidence in his statements. We shall do injustice to his lucid and graphic atatemeuts of the condition of affisirs in the metropolis of the Southwest, trusting only to memory to seize the details, but some points will Intersst our readers, even thus imperfectly presented. Louisiana was a strong Union State, and the influence of New Orleans eminently so, long after the secession or other States. The "co-operationists'' represented the intermediate stage of public sentiment from loyalty to disloyalty; but leaned most strongly in favor of adherence to the constitution and the Union. They took their name and shaped their policy on the scheme of a co-operation of the Southern States in order to secure additional pledges from the general government, and they carried the State to Uua measure; but the ground taken was not high enough, and secession came next, and beoame dominant, overpowering everything. What of the Union element in Newurlesns to day? The question might as well be asked in midwinter of a snow Covered field, to what it is seeded down, and what it will hear. Just now secession holds sway and Unionism is crushed out. Only one sentiment is expressed, because but one is safe, and matyrdom would bt sure to fpUow the other. Lot jhls removed, end there would come tn5 FuaeTor juagln,' aJThe snare o[J\jis and other Southern communities who would welcomS I ha morn*/arm* inn of thn faHarhI nomas snH nhila with it in utterly sweeping away the rocklsss demagogues who have been betrayed and outraged the South. Our informant speaks hopefully with reference to the men who are thus ' biding their time." Is New Orleans, under the all-overpowering influence ef secession, there is but one opinion expressed in public. The city is quiet and orderly, for the lower order of white society have gone to the wars. There are no riots nor disturbances. The city is dull in commercial respects. Wnatever products belong to their market are plenty and without sale, whatever they have been accustomod to seek from abroad are proportionately high. Thos sugar is oae and n half to two cents par pound, and meas pork is $50 per barrel. All fabrics are high, and stocks are very light. Owing to the scarcity of m*ats, the planters are feeding their slaves on mush and molasses?the latter staple being cheap. The searcity of ardent compounds being also great, Urge quantities of molasses are being manufactured into New England rum, which the whiskey loving must needs use In pUce of the coveted but scarce article. In monetary matters the change is n striking one. All specie ha? disappeared from circulation. It has gone into private hoards, and bills of the sound banks of Louisiana (and thera aro none hatter in tbe United Statea) are also being stored away by holders, who see ne advantage in presenting (hem for redemption in Confederate notes. Said a bank officer of the State Bank of Louisiana to our informant, "Out of $^50,000 in currency received in making our exchanges with other banks, only twenty-Ave dollars of our owe issue were received." For an institution with a circulation of on# and n half million, this it n 8ignil)cant statement. Another proof of tlie distrust of tho people in the notes of the Confederate States ef America is seen in the fact of greatly stimulated prices of New Orleans resl estate. Peceseionislo who do not look beneetb the surface wax vastly jubilant over the asnect. "There, sir, look at It?see what the war and this cutting loose from the North has dons for us: reel estate in New Orleans has gone up onehalf. Glorious,sir; don't you aee itr" The caeae of exul b&\ I'm uiuiiuuimv rnpiuij wuvu u is uuairrsvuua vuiti mil thia Is but the natural cause of holders of property who My to their possessions, in view of the everywhere present Confederate notes , 'Take any uhape but that " No wonder they prefer real estate at exorbitant prices, and pu<;d the shinplasters out of their Augers ns fast as possible. This is the sole secret of the flush timet in New Orleans real estate. The money in circuftttion from hand to hand Is "everybody's checks,'' and omnibus tickets for small change, and the most mongrel brood of wild cam and kittens that ever distressed a business community. We saw in the hand.' of our informant a bank nolo for five cents, issued by the Bank of Nashville. Besides email femes of shinplasters. notes in circulation are dirtdad. A. desiring to pay & two dollars and a hair, cuts a live dollar note in two, and the discovered portion goes floating about, distriesndhr looking up its better half (or otherwise, according to which end bears the bank signatures). Ae to the foeling of the community regarding the war, the outspoken sentiment is on# of intense hatrod to the North, or " the United States," as they express it. They affect to believe that spoliation, rapine and outrage of every dye would follow the invasion of Northern troops. Their own troop? are only indifferently provided with outfit, and camp comfort* ara scarce. Averycignifloant statement woe recently made in the St. Char lee Hotel, in the hearing of ovr informant, which we desire to give as nearly in hie own worda us possible. A gentleman had gone up to the camps at Nashville, having in charge donations from tbe cltl7ens of New Orlsana. On his raturn his nnofflcial statements were about as fol lowa:?"l.veii you, you nave no wea 01 me suiibi in* mere among our troops. It would maks your heart bleed to see them lying there sick and dying without nurse* and medicine. New Orleans has done a great deal, but she must do more." A Btstatow.?But whydou t people up that way do something "Well, I'll tell you. The fact is. about one half of them say they never wanted the troops to oome there at all, and don't care how soon they are removed. The other half are doing all they can, but (MM do all." " Why don't thoy set t hcs* niggers to tending the sick T" " Well, that's the squalliest point in the whole. The niggers iay that if they were Lincoln soldiers they would attend them." A Brrrssns* (hotly)?Why don't they shoot the treacherous eone of ? f " Well (meaningly) they don't think it's quite safe up there to begin that sort of thing." A pretty significant confession, one would think, to he made publicly In tbo rotunda of the 8t. Charles. And this brings us to speak of the position or the blacks. What do they think of the wort The gentleman we quote saye " the blacks have been educated feat within the peat aix months. They are n different race from what they were. Tboir docility ia a thing of the past, end their masters stand appalled at the transformation." In several of the parishes about New Orleana, what were believed to be the germs of dangerous Insurrections have been several limes discovered within the past few months. In St. Mary's thirteen slaves were shot stone time. The South lieve thought it would aid their plans by telling slaves that the enemy of th* Union wsa the "Arnj di imiiifn, auu uib uukm urmr? i?. i^i isiuij no abolition sheet or the North la responsible for tb? circulation of anch a statement. Aa instance waa told' us of man aont to the North from New Orleaaa, with the purpoaa of looking about him a little there, and gatn-ng an Idea of mattera. He accomplished hia munion after divers adventures, and came back to the Crescent City. Wherever hie formal repot I waa made It certainly was pretty much summed up in a statement he made openly In a Recession coterie at ths ft. Charles, bald he:?"I went to New York; business la Soing on there about aa ever?oarer saw thiugs moro usy there; should judge anybody had not gone to the war: didn't actually hear much about the South. Then I went wher# they were turning out the thlnga for the war. ami saw how they wero doing It. and then was w hen I began to smell hall." We are exceeding the limits we had ].roi i .m-d Tor o -.r its torn eh t, but let ua add a few brief facts Aa t<> the defere s of Now Orle.tn*. There are two forts on the river below the city, which, ones passed, Now Orleana would be tn federal hands In twenty four hours, for it has no defence in Itself. Karthwi,rks were thrown up south of the city, but no guns hive bsen mounted. The seres s? nuts led th? danger of their position, and are kmd In en sures of their (' .nfede- ate go, ernment for Its dilato fines:-. The foreign pupnl tion of Now ttrleans ar" alarmod nt tha a pcct of sila.rs. A large meeting of French eitisena h.tt b< > held, and a datrguiion wa;t?d et. | tho 1 renih t.onjul to auk bint to pi e ant tholr petltl- n to VI. \ " the ftwaoh Kuiperor to tend a national veaial to tako Uwm from the city. I It la upon a community thus constituted and tilled with these real sources of alarm that the newt of Zollieofler'a ilefoat must fall. It will be spread like wildfire all throughout lite South. If Co .re lorate notes were a drug botore,and only taken under protest and unwillingly, what will happen when note* "redeemable on the establishment of the Southern confederacy" are made even more snaky as a currency by the imminent danger of ihe rebel government. Tim beginning of the end it at baud, and that at no distant day. VIRGINIA. TUB LEOISLATVBS?TUB KK-ENLISTMENT OP VOLCNTKKKU?NEW MILITARY BILLS?Till EXIGENCIES OF THE TIMES. (From the Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 2T.] Tho attention of the Legislature h >s been for some time occupied with tho subject of enlistments: but the progress made in maturing the proper bills lias uot been equal to the demands of the emergency. It is a subject tor thought and action; It is emphatically a subject hot meet for tedious and windy debate. The present Legislature should be characterised by great attention to and despatch of business. We fear it Is in a fair way of equalling its predecessors in loquacity, that most 111timed of all indulgence. These are times for earnest work; they are not the times for idie and tedious discussion, oven of the most important subsets. No man who has an idea worth presenting to a deliberative body. but cm state It, conversationally, tu Ave minutes, it is only tliose who wish to sir their oratory that require to speak longer. Oratory is at heat a faculty of secondary Importance; J for thu man of real ideas and purpose can generally im- ! pree9 them upon a deliberative body without the aid of declamation. To declaim Is generally to consume time, and there are very few who possess the gift of eloquence. A great many attempt the performance without the warrant of genius, and their constant effort to soar upon the wings of oratory la a constant struggle with nature. Like the effort of row Is in the barn yard, It is a mere flapping of the wings and beating of the air, accompanied by loud noises, but they nover get thoir feet offtbe ground. The Legislature should not be converted into a school of declamation; and prosy harangue, at the present session at least, should be coughed flown without mercy. The military biilsought to have been perfected and enacted into laws long before tbis. Tbe I/Ogislature has b.'en two months in session, and no step bos yet been takeu towards enlisting an army in the spring for the service of the war. That army ought now to be enlisted and in process of organization for service by the first months of spring. It ought to smell tho first gunpowder that is burned, and bocomu veterans In 6jme degree before tho twelve mouths' men are disbandod. It is well known that all troops have to pass through a period of disease on first going into camp; and our new levies should be enlisted in time to get through with this process before active service in tho fleliHs required of them. But why dwell upon these consideration.', so obvious to all, and so paiufully impressed upon the universal couvictlon? There should bo no further delay iu the passage of laws lookWg to the recruiting of our armies. Debate should be cut down to five minutes, and the bills should he taken up in a business like way, matured and enacted with tho least delay. The counsels of all should be freely invited, every idea should be presented that occurs to members; but it is a very i?or and diluted idea thut cannot b? .stated in Ave minutes. Set spooches should b? eschewed and cut short, for they restrain debate and gag freo discussion mors than any possible rules tunning tne length or apeechos could do. It is absurd to hear a in in. whose habit of speaking enables him to spread single common place idea over a two hours' speech, denouncing a five or teu minutes' rule as abridging the liberty of speech and the freedom of discussion. Sensible men could have presented two dozen ideas, much more worthy of consideration to the Legislature, in a fire minutes' conversation each, while the derlaiiner is iterating his one thought in a hundred difforent forms through s t wo hours' harangue. Long speeches put free discussion out of countenance and drive debate from the public hells. The presence of one light boad and restless tongue will silence a whole council of 6ages. The military bills now bofore our Legislature are measures peculiarly demanding the largest array of counsel and advice. Every man should be sneotraged and invited to express his Views upon them; and yot, if the long-winded speakers who are so charmed with the sound of their own voices as never to bo satinfled when tbey are silent, are permittod to engross the lime of the Assembly, the very smallest stock of ideas possible will havo beeu evoked upon the bills. TO make the time of holding the floor so short that the member up is compelled to converse, and forestalled from launching forth uilo vapid harangue, is to ensure a hearing to all, and to elicit the largest amount possible of counsel and suggestion on the subject in hand. We trust tfejt) the present week will not close without sowing a system of enlistments matured which will enBurTrKe pressuce w an smcient army in the Sold by the opening of spring. FROM NORFOLK?MATTERS IN THE CITY AND T1CINI-" TY?A SEVERE STORM?THE SUSPENSION BR IDOL AT NORFOLK?THE NEWS OF THE DEFEAT AT MILL CRBXE. ETC. [Special correspondence of the Richmond Dispatch.] Norfolk , Jan. 24, 1KA2. Without .a furious storm, warmth and comfort within. Without, tne wind howls through street and alley, at if engaged in some elemental war, and the rain beats a rhs mal tattoo upon the casement. The storm spirits art abroad, and ons can fancy their weird and discordant voices mingling with the distant, sad, continuous roaring of the surf. Within, a bright Ore burns in Ihs grate; a comfortable warmth pervades the room: some Hips of whits paper De upon the table; '-your own haa donned his smoking cap?the gtft of an unknown friend?and its before thein with pon suspended over tbo yet unsullied page, preparatory ton quiet chat with hie distant friends. A wreath of blue and fragrant smoke curUs up* ward, forming itself into a gorgeous, dreamy cloud. Do you like the picture? Go on. Old Boreae. Work away at the chink* and crevice*, whistle at t be keyhole. shake the shutter*, do your best, old fellow; but yoii are impotent to-night. This chamber bids defiance to your (tower. The storm increases in vigor; a blast or unusual flerceneea dashes against the wiuiiows, and it conies laden with dreamy, saddening tnomories of nuAeruig in the army. Twelve month* of war has made us familiar with the exposure of camps.(and on* can hut think with sorrow of many, many hundreds who have no protect ing room to shelter them from the chilling storm; no bright and comfortable Are; none or the sweet household music that makM life happy. Notice well our vast army and see the men of genius, education of moral rectitude, of ehivalric daring that compose its rank and file; think of them leaving comfort in far off Southern homra to fl^ht for the honor or their country, and what a picture of patriotism,of trua, manly he:oism is presented to the mind. Think, too, of such men challenging death and exposure in defaoca of the right. Think of them to night, crouching beside some scanty Are, wearing the weary, stormy hours away. What heart is there in this whole land which does not throb with sympathy at the mention of such thoughts? Who is there in this whole land that does not ask God to protect them from tne pitiless storms of winter? Ah I comrades, there as one who would gladly share his comfort w iih you were it m his power; who would gladly divide your burdens and assist your troubles. He uo longer locks with pleasure upon the gleaming Are?no longer defies the pelting storm. Old Boreas, you have conquered: but you struck the heart, and not the body. In bearing the hardships of severe storms there is consolation in knowing that our enemy is suAertng also, and to a far greater extent. 'IheBwiusiie expo.litu a, which hit hMB alraudv tnd car'mi's St* in hi rod in nt.it! braving the wares on a perilous ecu. t. tver a.iiuo the Ami sailed from Hampton I'.oads there has been no set tied weather, and nearly everyday ha* been Btormy. There waa a report in Baltimore three . v - igo that eve ral of the gunboats and one lai'i,e steamer liad been destroyed, and there is but little doubt that this tterre northeastern wind will drive many morn 01 them s-diorc. It began yesterday antl haa providentially inAesrcd up to this time, and, should it continue another daj , not ? but the strongest ships would bo able to stand it. 11' not entirely destroyed, our enemy will bo decidedly weakened, and la bad condition to mako an utlack upou the coast. In approaching the city on the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, one ol' the drat objects that strikes the eyo of a stranger is the tine suspension bridge over ill-- east branch of Elizabeth river, terminating within a lew bun dred yards ol tbe town. It is a splendid structure, and is so pleasing in appearance and so symmetrical in rouiour, that I venture to give a aligbt.deecription of it. Commencing at tbe bottom, than, 1 will say the extreme depth of the water at ine.in tide is twenty live feet. The foundation is of piles driven through a soft stratum of mud?say twenty feet in thickness?to a solid bottom. Upon thcee piles are built three massive piers ai d two abutments of hewn granite, each Mock of stone having been laid with a diving bell. The extreme length of the bridgo Is six buudred and sixty three feat, consisting of three spans, each of two hundred and six feet, and one drawbridge or forty Ave feul. The superstructure is of Iron. This rests upon three cut grsnite pillars, from twanty&ve to thirty five feet high, attached by the cast Iron suspension trass. tb? wbole a combination or cast Iron ban and wrought Iron braces, arrayed In a manner only to be understood after careful examination. The drawbridge la aomavrhat peculiar In construction: instead of the usual counterbalance, the centre of the bridge resting upon a pier, ttiia swinge on a pivot near oao end, and la supported by a gallows, which r net above It, the wbole being anchored soma distance beyond. The advantages of the plan are savaral. It will be readily aen that It given an unintarrnpted channel, f ho expanse of a middle plar Is done uway with, there Is greater lightness sad incroajcd mobility. It Is, basidea, leas liable to get out of order than the ordinary counterbalance bridge. Thla Is Frlnk'a patent, end was erected in the years IMS and 61. The beauty, lightness, and, at the same time, the solid appearance of this bridge la a subject or geooral remark, snd is an example to what perfection lhascience of bridge building has Dean brought. One need scarcely look into the writings of ancient authors on engineering for a description of primitive bridges, for their origin Is easily discovered In the teachings of modem times. The slapping atone lying upon the bottom of shallow streams, with planks stretched from one to another, demonstrates the principles of piers ami arches which science ties brought to inch a degree of perfection. In deeper rlvera an accumulation of stones forma a larger snd stronger pier, and whan these ware built cloae enough together ihe anrlenta were accuatomed to form a roadway with long eh be of atone, after the manner of the Vitruviau arrhltrone of the primitive Tuscan tomple. Tho Urcuks seem to have kuuwii very little of bruise builrt.na. hut the Roman* eerrlod the *cl*nc* to great ettant. To them alono, of all the ancient nations, belonged the power of rearing the lofty, ma^uve arch ami the magnificent deme. The construction of the numerous sower* end aqueducts of Home, the mmj public eiltQnrr, the cupola over the Pantheon, the Colliseum and the bridge over the Tiber, arc all evidence* of their sklH In arch itec ture and masonry. The Roman bridges were built entirely of stone, and were not distinguishable for sice, hut lor solidity and durability. The first record of a wooden bridge is that thrown arrn-,a the Rhine by JulimCsesar, aud desc'rllied in 111* onnwienturlas. over which descrlp lion to ny a iichoolbuy has puttied his brain iu futile ef forts to comprehend. Timber I--, undoubtedly, the mint atemt and m <* ro ily material, b it leee durable, it hildy the be-t specirm n of a weudm bride now ex ?t tug m that over the Rhine, at the Tail of iSoijatfiiarseii. 0 1 The boat collection of bridge* U across the Thames at L oduB?r?r Hlaokfrlars, Westminster, Waterloo, London, a id Southward or Iraiaigar, are all gpuuulid examples of ditle. ant classes. 'Ihe construction of metal bridfee U particularly owing to the uk.il! or British architocta. They are tound to bo durable, safe and led* expeuatve thin olIters?the oaly cbectiou laying in toe expaneloa and contraction of the material by being exposed to diil'ereut extremes of temperature. Modern skill lias, however, overcome this ditl'culty, and now thev are looked upon as the h.-st and most desirable bridges in ueu. 'litis science, wbiob baa been brought to such perfection in these latter days, la by no means as simple as many supprss. The construe* tion of a small bridgemay be an easy process, while that of a large one may be extremely dill cult; for the Birength of the material does not Increase with its weight, and there are limits beyond which 110 structure oould be carried and withstand its own gravity. I tut enough of this, as I am not writing an essay on bridge building, but merely putting down a few random thoughts which presented themselves while standing before Print's patent suspension bridge over the east un?ncu ui iuv ?*ii2*uvi.u river. T.ic newt of the defeat at Soman* mat rented hero with a great deal of satinets, and hints of nutmansgetnerU on the part of ameral officers were freely brni'ed about. As no definite Information, beyond that contained in the Yankee account had boon received, U was geuerally conceded the better plan to wait for further Intelligence before condemning any one. It teems to beattitled opinion, hammer, that something was sarong, for no one doubts the bravery of the toUiers engaged. The dtotanco of the locality of the battle causes less interest than if It had been in Virginia or noarer by. StiU a disaster to our arms is keenly felt, M malter in what pari of the confederacy it may occur. I find a great deal of anxiety iu Norfolk regarding the Army of the Potomac, and everyone is lamenting the absence of reliable news front that line. There is a universal expression of confidence in General Beauregard, and Generals Smith, Longatre.-t, Stuart and other*, every one fooling satisfied that if not bound down by the doubtful plans or higher authorities, they will lead our daring soldiera to a glorfcms victory before many more weeks-roll assay. THK I,ATS STORM?COMMUNICATION WITH THE nHBA1.3? LOUISIANA TKOOl'8?FKDEBJL f. FINANCES. Norfolk.Jail. 21.1882. The heavy storm which fbr nesrly two weeks has raged upon our coast left us Saturday night, and Sunday morning was quite like May, bringing its hopes for early flow! ors and spring roses. The pun shono clear and bright and ail nature looked aa sweetly as a young girl after a pet. ou wurm una pieaseni was ine atmospnere tu.u the wonder grew what bad become of the little birds; and, I venture to say, such a decided vernal change caused the overhauling of more than one wardrobe to ascertain the condition of spring colors aud spring garments. This morning also is very warm and pleasant, although those floccuient clouds, suggestive of coming snow, obscure tbe sun. What a remarkably mild winter this has been. And how kindly God baa dealt with ua in tempering the season to our necessities I Since my last letter there have been thrco flaca of truoo to communicate with the onemy at Fortress Monroe, but no particular news was gained by' them. The moat important items, probably, are regarding the question of linanre, now troubling tho Yankee rulers so sanously. Innumerable plans have born suggested for tho purpose of "raising tho wind," and day by day some new and brilliant scheme has been laid before Congress for Us consideration. A majority of these have been thrown aside on account of their complex and dilTiCult provisions; some because the delegates of tbe New York, Boston aud Philadelphia banks would not listen to them; others because they gave offence to the people of the Northwestern States, upon whom the heaviest part of their burthen would tall. Considering the fact that tbw federal Treasury is without a cont, and tbat the country is deeply in debt, these plans are sumewhat remarkable on account of their boldness and their gigantio proportions. When the whole country is growling st the Treasury Department, aud looking suspiciously upon the enormous expense of the government, one would suppose tbe iluancial leaders would be a little modest iu their demands upon the public purse; but, on th contrary, they entertain schemes of a magnitude unheard of in history', and beside which tho little a peculation or the Kuthscbilds. in taking a mortgage upon the Ottoman Empire, and in the purchase or Palestine, seems a mere retail business. All of these, as I have said, have been thrown aside, aud one decided ui?n based on a system of direct t,v,r ha... k..nl ..-a >1 newspaper accounts seam to corroborate it?that the follow ing plan meets with the approval of the Cabinet:?A bill ku been reported bjr the Committee of Ways and Meats to levy a direct tax or one hundred unit tit ty million do'lura tor a series of years, end upon tills basis to issue immediately Ave hundred million of Treasury notes. The objections to this this plan are?lirst, the people or the Northwest are decidedly opposed to direct taxation; second, the banks are not disposed to receive the Treasury notes; third, it it doubtful, in the lace of such opposition, if they cau be forced Into circulation. My busweaa Is merely to stale farts; so I shall enter into no argument upon theso questions, but leave every one to draw their own conclusions. It is evident, however, that if this hill meets with the public approval, It will furnish the means ol greatly prolonging tbo war. I have no doubt but that it will he adopted by Congre.-.j as a dernier resort, since all other projects have fai.ed. Yesterday, the -rith, being the anniversary of the gocessiuoof 1/misiar.u, it was celebrated by the citizens of thai State now in Ibis department. Tha 20th falling upon Sunday, the entertainments were mostly given lo day: bnt some, I believe, chose Saturday as their' reception day, while others followed the Creole custom and gnvo a dinner on Sunday. In comoany with a delightful pariy of Norfolk ladie# and gentlemen, I visited the camp of tbeTbird Louisiana battalion, some lew miles out of the city, where wo warn promised a review,flag raising, dinner, dacce and a warm welcome. Leaving the city at twelve, by a special traiu, half an hour's ride placed ns beaido a neat and quiet village of log huts locatod in a small pine clearing, close by which was drawn up a body of aa flno and soldierly l< oiclng men as one would wish to nee. As the cars stopped we wore greeted by the music of aa excellent band, which escorted us thro.' gb the line of I soldiers into the quadrangular space formed by the rows of log cabin*, built by the skilful hand* of their occupant*. While the indies retired to their reception room, a few of ua wandered around the enclosure to see how volunteers lived, and were agreeably surprised at the I neatness una orderly appearance or me quarters. He|..ro going furtli?r I will My that tins is the bnttalma about vvti.sh so many bard th.uge have boon said by tha public on account of its hiving contained soma desperate and bud man, who brought disgrace upon all. It baa since been well pruned, and under command of Colonel Bradford has become a really well disciplined and desirable corps. It was originally raised by Tochtiun, and was known the Polish brigade. Perhaps some may held up their hands with horror at the mention of this foot, but wait until you hear me through. The following is th" present organization oftho battalion:? Lieutenant Colonel?f*. M. Bradford. Major?Kdmund Pendleton. Adjutant?A. Murks. Surgeon?Dr. Cromwell, of Georgia. Kir.it Company?Captain, A. Brady; Lieutenants Merrick. MeCIsNnnd and Marks. hei ond Company?Captain, R. A. Wilkinson; Lieutcnarui Kgan,renroee ond Jnaiii' n. Third Com;iuny?('.iprain, Wm. Patrick; Lieutenants, Bowman, Pardee and Cram. Kouitli Company?c .plain, Ievi T. Jennings; Lieutenants Power, Siockwnod and Cady. FifthCotnpauy?Ca; taio,i3. D. MfClieauey; I.i'itouaiita Hsvnes, Murrar and Sh iu-. sixth Company?Captain, W. H. Murphy; lieutenants Jones and . ^ < H;veuth Company?Captain. William C. Michiej Lieutenants Brighatu, itowmin and Andrew*. Kightli ( ompauv?-Ca. tain, Jo:i. Williurup; l.iuutenauti Doubiilrr, Miller and Hie oompaniSr an- all full and the men in at fine health and pbyrlcal condition as any I hare seen since coming to j th.a post. In piiFsinr around Ibn quarters we found that th* lit- I Bu st order, quiet tuid nuatues" prevailed in everything. I ' lloif is it," mid I to ray guide, If these men *''e (I wild and unruly as represented thai they take such earn I of themselves, tbclr arms and their ' "Beoauije," he replied,'-Colonel Hradford lias tanrbt them .Ik motto,'A place for everything, uud everything in 1th piece.'" The cabins, abonl forty in nnrcber. were bui't In the form of a etpiare, leaving a large and level ruoipai.4 of parade gnmnd in the centre. They were unirotin in size I and apix-irance, thirty by twenty f<*>'t, hivit.y capacloaa llr'-placx, fine brick chiBintes, and, In a majority of cases, gla->s windows and half glnv* doors. The rout* were covered with shingle* made by the men, the balta lion bavin;: dtawn from the government brick for thwir rhimnieR, inatevd of shingles. Inside thero was mim aiinilarity in the arr ingomei I of furniture, although Uiat vva* left entirely to the tasie of the men. It waa optional with th*m to'sleep In double or single beds, to have the bonk* arranged like steamboat berth*, aa double bed*. aa In ordinary houses, or like the Mingle cola of a ho-pital ward. The heat uirangeiiient was undo la. edly bunks, one above the oilier, olaeed in i co. nor rf the room. The beds wrrc neatly made up and bad a plenty of warm and cleaoiy looking b.ankol. , furnished, I mi told, by the State of Louisiana. In every house there wis a table, several Ingeniously constructed cupboards. h<>tird rhsirs. rooking'-hairs, sofa*.oUotmri?. and In one s Instance 1 ww a charming teto-a-tela setting before e blazing pine knot Are. All had r*v?s upon on ,-iJ < for tha erniF, and eletuir-r,brighter *ot or muskets I bar# never seen In the army a.net- I comment e1 writiDir about it, mora (hau twelve months ago. There ware many other littl" ariange iiou.a I would like to montcm, dia not ptr.o forbid, for every house contained rime peculiar articles auggoated by the Into ar.d eltlllof the occupants. In una wn t a miniature glcnniboal, which bail been curved by aome akllfjl volunteer. Passing around tlio .?<|uaro,wo raton again to the officers' quarters, which ore of the same alzo of (ht.ee occupied by tha private*, but I must eoafaee, show that much Irsw labor hi 14 b". a bestowed upon them, Both oilie r* and privates have, however, more r imrortable hornet* than many to ha found among the email plantara in tha piny wood* of tho extreme Southern estate*. I regret exceedingly that military neootodly prevented Col. PnidCord from being present on the occasion, but tha hat fill ion wan brought out ny Major ran memo, nun aitor a short pnrade Iho regimental flag raised. Then came an ei' gaut collattou, audi afterwards the rooms were ch-arml for a dance. A charming picture wan then sproad out before us. Without, the neat village; ihe groups of orderly, wall dressed sold wrs; crowds of country people, the dark pine forest;and the aentin<dg walking their solitary heata, presented a picture not neon forgotten Within, a sore or beautiful women and aa many inanly forms were moving in harnaouy with the muaic, iu ruatkhuta,ae porhapa our ancestors, more than two hundred years ago, in the primeval forests, walked through the contra dance ana stately minuet. "Mow beautiful," aaid a Herman to me in his rich native tougue, "it glvea mo tho heartache to look at it, when I tnlnlt of tho May dances of Katherl <nd." it was Indeed beautiful, and it wrs possible more then iuj U-rman friend had the heartache before tho dusky shadows of night drove us again to the city. t would like lo say much mere"*of tho day's pleasure; but the mail wtllauon cl>so,and 1 must clone also my haatiiy written descript or!. One word, b >w?vur, before writing "flnls." This duy"your own" hu celebrated h? blrtMOy. ?nd hes list now eOtered t#dn Ms-he will not fsy what year, for fear of losing somewhat the love of hia youthful friends. Not to be too particular ia vich muf.eu,It may be stated that Beiiattlltw the

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