Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1862 Page 4
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1 4 NEW YORK HERALD. SAM OOBDOI EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. gffKI h, rn WJEW Of fSTLTOS AMB KAI3AB ITS. TMMMSmtk At rimf *???? ' h* mail tnU ktmlikr ?*'# (A* iiritr. Auu Atrf itotJt 6t& cwrrtnt u Am r<ir* "ffl DAILY BBBALDtw ml< nor <vp? $7 txrcHutum. TUB WBMALT HKHALD, *vrry tornuramy, or lUmiiiHr my, ?r $Sfxr ? ?? , <A? European Edition torry Wtdnrt lay, mf nnc emit ptreopy; (4 p*r mutton <o any pari o/Groat Britain, trftll to amy part of the CoatmmU, haA It mdudt portage, tht OtHfmrpia EJitumontho Ut. lltk aad2Ul of rack moalk. at rim t ~f "rr ?nnm M WMuriw. M ybur emb iw j t/A ?Ij?r1 lCORBM8POirDBK CM, coalmining Important ; "A ?Mr4,*5' A?m any mmrrirr of <A? world; if UMrf. tvtttto Moral* pmd for. M? Oitb Pobeiob Cobkhpomdkntb abb PABtWVlABlV RbBOBSTBP *0 &BAL AIX LbTTBBB ABB FaUK- i ash inrt ?b IfV HOT1CI ?o**? / ?w*irewweorree?ew*Wfc We Jo m> return rejertod aonmumiattttma. Volame XXVn ...No. 33 AMUSEMENTS THIS BVENINO. .10 A DEMY Or MUSIC. Irrtng place.-Italian Oi**aLa Tsatiata. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.-Rowao Am Jclmt. WTNTBB GARDEN, Iroadway.-.vaiad Quaw-MaaaiaD l.iA a. WALLACE'S THEATRE. No. 8*4 Broad way.- .3 aa Stoops to ooa*u*a. LAURA KBBNB'S THEATRE. Broadway.?OUB AutoCad COOSIN MBW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?Maiu-Cuut ado ka!k slak. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Sticrnxt'* National Ciaous. BARNUMS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.-Day and Eremnr.?Ondina?UirroroTaaua, Whal*. ani> Othls Cosi osm as. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic* Hall. 473 Broadway.? Liowa in old k-T-ar. HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Stuyrraaul T-.iatltuie, No. 663 : Broadway.?Ethiopian Sons*. Dancls. Ac. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 839 Broadway.? SoNaa, Dan, as, BnaLtsocaa. Ac.?Holidat in 1r> i.uu. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 885 B.oadwa* -Songs. Dancas, BDELxaoPKs, Ac ?MaaoLa, tbl Night us .. _OArETIE3 CONCERT ROOM, 816 Roadway ?Drawing HXW CWTKBTAUiasVM. BiLLKti, PAATuanuaO'ABCKS. AC. AMERICAN vcr:c HALL. 444 Bro* v%y.?Sons* Baa- 1 IBTB, PaNTOBIBM. ac. ?101 rBAIT PAISTBB 1 CRTSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery.? 1 bubuuauki. bonos, daucks, Ac.? a Pbolic \ PARISIAN C.VBl. LT OP WONDERS, 563 Broadway. Open dally from 10 A M. till? P. M. < NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, sic Broadway.?Bvklbsadu 1 Sowo?, Damcks, Ac. 1 TRYING HALL. Irving pU-e.?Soibbb PaiBCAiU? Qoabd ob Vkot Ttrn Son Cwbkn?L'trr Dibzk. New York, Tfonday, February 3* I SLA. THE SITUATION. Some Anxiety wa3 manifested in Washington yesterday, particularly among the politicians, with regard to the auppoaed hostile attitude of England, and the probability of a war arising upon some other pretext than the Trent difficulty, but it is said that the State Department is in receipt of despatches which Mr. Seward regards as conclusiTe of j a complete restoration of friendly feelings between 1 the two governments, aa well at those of other < European States. No army movements whatever have take place recently. The weather and the condition of the roada prohibit any active operations. We publish to-day a letter from Mr. Seward to thft OAYArnAr nf Am t-x-t ?? ?w W? uaiuc, CApilllULU^ the reasons why he directed the United States Marshal and other federal officers thronghont that State to permit the landing at Portland of British troops, and their safe conduct through the State to Canada. Mr. Seward rays that the State Department having b' >n informed by t-! "graph on , the 4th of Janua; y that the mailBohemian, bound for Portland, was telegraphed off Cape | Bace, and that ahe had on board a number of British troops bound for Canada, the despatch inquired whether the troopa should he dealt with ty the federal anthoritiea like ordinary passengers, and the Secretary intimated that they ahould be permitted to paaa on to their destination. Ha was in. fluenoed in the matter by the consideration that mnch suffering and risk, through the tnow and ice of a northerljjroyage, might be spared to troops i by allowing them to travel over the Grand Trunk i Railroad, conceiving that when humanity or even 1 convenience render* it desirable that the troops of 1 a friendly nation should have a passage through the territory of another nation. It is a enstomary act of comity to grant permission, and he citea, as an evidence of this principle, the privilege which the United States enjoy of transporting troops across the Panama Railroad through New Granada, and it is thus deemed only right by oar government to accord the same privilege to Great Britain, France and all other friendly nations. Assuming that there was no danger to be sppre bended from the passage of the English troops, and assuming farther, that?despite'the "popular asporitiet" manifested in Canada and in the British Isles against this country?Great Br:urn is -till to be regarded aa .1 friendly Power, he saw no reason Tor withholding permission for the passage of her soldiers and an nitiona. The Grand Trunk Railroad, which runs tl rough United States territory, he considers as a monument of the friendly disposition of England, and the reciprocity treaty with Canada ho regards in the same light. If, however, the State of Maine should hare any ob ject:on to the instructions of the State Department, Mr Seward says that he is perfectly willing to modify them, as the federal government rccog nises the respect it owes to the rights and interests of erary State. As the troop* never landed at Portland no issue has been raised by the Governor of Maine on the subject; but it. will be admitted that the course adopted by Mr. Seward in the matter was magnanimous and sagarions. From the measures adopted by the govern men* who regiru it too irrnmcji or tiit rebel prisoners taken on privateers, who are to be regarded aa ordlnnry priaoncra of war, it ia exceedingly probably that (be leading offlcera of tbe Union army in captivity it the Sooth, including Colonela Corcoran, Lee, Coggawell, Wilcox, Rodgera and Woodruff, will aoon be exehenged and retorned to their homea. Mr. "!ly and Lientenant Connolly, of the New V -k Hixty-ni: th. who haa Jnat been releaaed tr Columbia, S. C., had an interview with the ^kJmt and Mr. Reward yesterday on the anbThe bark Trinity left Boston yesterday for t >- ee Monroe, with 386 rank and file and *:t . i officers, from Fort Warren, to be ex< .? i 'd for an equal number of onr soldier* in the ha ? of the rebels. V'e loam from St. Loni* that ton" eompaniev t> e larth M'jeour". Volunteern having displayed j * .n feelings and di obedience of, have k? i reven 1y dealt with by General ballot k. The CMteuwivae*.vffifcM? Midi HivaUa have beta , Lit, _________ h disarmed, ud will to Mat to Cairo to work ou the fortification* there until they show a dupaiibou to repent and return to their duty. The commiaaioned officer* hrvu been discharged from the service, not for participating in the mutinous disposition of the meu, but for not enforcing discipline in the ranks. A remarkable letter from Quebec, Canada, will be found in another oolumn. It aueiu* that our neighbors have discovered that our preaeut trouble* afford them a good opportunity to realise an old and cherished wish of theirs?naiuely, to annex Maine, and so obtain a winter outlet to the sea. They were disappointed at the surrender of Mason and Slidell, and are now anxiously looking out for some new cause of quarrel. The knowledge of their intentions will doubtless tend to hasten the fortifications of Portland, Maine. If Portland were properly fortified, our- correspondent shows clearly enough that war between the United Statea and Canada would be ruinous to the latter. There are now about 14,000 British troops in the province. mSCXLLAYEOUS HEWS. By the arrival yesterday at this port of the brig E. Baldwin, we have news from Vera Cms, Mexico, to tbe 6th ult. When the Baldwin left there were sixteen Spanish, three French and two Eng list) frigates in the port, ana aoont seven inousana Spauish troops in Vera Cruz. The Spanish, French and English flags were displayed in different parte of the town. Business was almost entirely suspended, the majority of the Mexican merchants having left for the interior. A large number of Spaniards had taken passage from Vera Cruz for Havana, having been driven from their places of residence by the Mexicans. Provisions were very scarce, and held at high rates. The British steamship John Bell, arrived at this port yesterday from Liverpool, brought among her cargo 1,648 bales of cotton. To-day the sales of the seized property of the secessionists of St. Louis begin for the benefit of the plundered Union rofugees. Elsewhere we give the notice of the sale of some of the property of the expelled United States Senator Trusten Polk. Drafting for the militia has been suspended in Connecticut, it having become evident ;hat the number required by law will be fully made up by the formation of volunteer companies. Dr. George D. Beebee, of Chicago, a homeopa thist, i?s been appointed brigade surgeon in tlie army. Among the articles found in General ZollicoSer's camp at Mill Spring, Kentucky, were sixty thousand pounds of sngar, twenty-six thousand pounds of coffee and twelve thousand pounds of tobacco. General Halleck has seized ex-Governor Claiborne F. Jackson's hemp plantation, in Saline county,Missouri, for confiscation. A splendid national flag is to be pre*euted today by the Indies of South Baltimore to the Fifth Mew York Zouave regiment, now stationed on Federal Bill, in that city. John Wills, Esq., of Baltimore, has been selected to deliver the prelentation address. General Dix is to be present, and if he does not formally receive the Qag on the part of the regiment it will be done by the Colonel in command?Col. G. K. Warren. A splendid drill aq0 parade of the regiment will also take place. The cotton market continued to be somewhat irregular end unsettled Saturday. The sales embraced about MO beta, In lota, to spinners, chiefly reimported?pretty much the only kind pressing upon the market?oo the basis of 32c., with aome lots reported at 31 o. for middling uplands. Flour was quite firm, though lees active, the chief demand coming from the domestic trade. Wheat was higher and active, with sales at an advance of lc. n 2c. per bushel, and for soma grades Sc. e 4c. advance was claimed. Cern wea quite firm, with sales to a fair extent nt MX?. a 660. for Weatern mixed, in store end delivered. Pork was unchanged and active, with sales, for spring delivery, at $13 for new mesa, tad at $12 87X a $12 M for do. on tbe spot,and at $8 60 for new prime. Sugars were steady, with sales ef 218 hhds. and 1,140 boxes. Coffee was qniet and Arm. Freights were steady, with more 0taring for English ports and rather more doing. Tbe Threatealage from Abroad. We have reached the crisis of the great straggle in which we are engaged. It presents itself < nd r two vital aspects?the one offering tis the alte native of crushing out tbe rebellion energetically and promptly, and the other that of afaordinff the Euronean governments an nnnor tunity of intervention in our affairs, with the double object of dividing thi? great republic, as a political measure, and of getting at the cotton of the South as a commercial one. In regard to the question of European intervention, now again portentously looming up. great fears are expressed that unless our army makes rapid odvunces, and obtains a series of brilliant and decisive victories, the European governments will, in sixty or ninety days at farthest, break the blockade?an event which must inevitably lead to a double war of the greatest magnitude. From the following extract from the Moi iteur, published in our columns on the 4tb of July last, it will be seen that, so fur buck us the middle of June, this very movement which we are now expecting wua foreshadowed by the French ministerial organ. It says:? It Is stated positively that ae;<otiaMont will t# opened f r the re establishment of diplomatic relations between* France ud Turin. If they should end rariefacorlly they will load to tbe <fe fatto reeofnit ion of the kingdom of Italy, connoted of province* and Slit'-a which have been placed uO'K-r thr eceptre Sing Victor Euiaauel, after events on which France baa not now to erpreae her opinion, hut which have been accomplished under favor of the principle of noti-inter vent ion recognized by Eu rope. The resumption of diplomatic relatione with Turin would not imply on the part of France, on the eub ect of the policy of tbe Italian It in flu as, any judgment on the past or any solidarity for the future. It would nrnv* (hftt tllA <1* ftlrtn vnvAi nr.uevil r\f Ihie _ ttila ii fiifTVItmtlf e*t?b''?h?il to nal lo Krur? to ke?p up wilt* it tb<*o international relations which the Interests of tho two eoiintriss imperiously require. France, by her mm altitude, does rv< mean to xnlerfer* in any way to the foretyn or domestic affairs of the ftaliii" Hogdom, Thick rtmaint the sole judge of i'? 0tm conduct, at it ii master cf its fid are and of its Je'tinies. She wilt act toward. it as the great European Powers will one day do in the American quetion, by recognizing the new republic of the Southern States when that republic shall hare constituted a gooemment founded on bases which will allow cf international relations advantageous for the general interest. Nothing can b? clearer or more explicit than the intimation conveyed in tha above. All the letter* that have been received from our Paria correspondents from that time down to the present have gone to confirm its purpose, and the articles that we have published from the French and English journals received by the Africa leava no doubt aa to the limit of tima which is fixed for carrying it into execution. We are now masters of the situation. We have a magnificent army of 700,000 men, including an ordnance force which, If properly employed, will provu tha justice of Napoleon's well known saying, that "Heaven is on the aide of me neaviesi artillery, ana u cavalry corps of 50,000 men, composed of as fine material as any in the world, the whole recently reorgan. ized in re.-pect to its d and line officers in a manner to render it equal to the emergencies of the most trying c.n paigns. We bnve a nary which, in the numhirof v^els and sailors daily added to it, is rapidly advancing to the ; auio state of strength and efflcicn-y. Now, all that Is wanted is energetic and vigorous action on the part of Congress to obtain from this irn. mens* rleveloprwnt of rnilita y arid naval i,iuugU the epcvJ> icaului that am e<tpe?t#d USW YORK HERALD, MOJ from ii Let it at once paw the Tax bill and provide Uw ways and means for keeping our arm y in motion, and we promise the country that within the next Ave or six weeks a movement will be made which will enable the anaconda to effectually wind his ceils round and strangle the rebellion, and to compel the European governments to give up all ideas of intervention. All this, however, has got to be done within ninety days. Beyond then we cease to control events. To accomplish the great object which the nation has in view?of reconstructing the Union as it stood before this rebellion?it becomes a political necessity and a duty on the part of President Lincoln, who has already won the admiration and applause of the country by the conscientious and conservative course he has pursued, to proclaim, after the first great victory obtained by our arms, that it is his determination and that of his administration to maintain the constitutional rights of every State inviolate, and on the return of the rebels to their allegiance to guarantee to them their righto as citizens in , the States in which they now exist. Such a proclamation, following close on the heels of a. great victory, will prove that the war has not been undertaken from vindictiveness or a thirst of power, as English politicians pretend, and that the position of this country is one of great strength and conservatism, important alike to the cause of good government and to the interests of republicanism throughout the world. The Government and the Press In Bng. land and the United States. Now that we have before us all the diplomatic correspondence in regard to the Trent afl'air, we are enabled to see precisely how much and at what points the newspapers of England and the United States have been at fault in their representations of the policy and the proceedings of the two governments. For the last fifty years there has been no other cor responaence so important auu iuw:ro?tiiig aa this, and certain!/ there has hardly been, during the existence of the press, so many blunders. mistakes and misstatements in the newspaper reports. We have not the slightest doubt that, in both countries, the press was designedly misled by the governnfcnta. The receipt by Mr. Adams of Mr. Seward's first despatch was the first move in the game of diplomacy, and that despatch, as read by Mr. Adams to Earl Russell, in effect settled the whole question and foreshadowed Mr. Seward's final despatch, announcing the surrender of the rebel "fellows." If this first despatch of our Secretary of State had been published in England as soon as it was received there would have been an end of the matter, and we should have had no popular furor or governmental expenditure; no prohibition of the export of saltpetre or transporting of troops to Canada; no disturbance in the stock market or throughout the country. But, instead of this prudeut and peaceful publicity, the tenor of this despatch was so carefully concealed that the London Times, which is understood to be p government organ, announced that it was very unimportant, and that there was nothing in it at all affecting the Trent affair. So the London Post, which assumes to be the organ of Lord Palmerston's government, assured its readers that no such despatch as that said to have been received by Mr. Adams was ever read to Earl Russell; and the Post persisted in this assurance long after the date of Earl Russell's despatch to Lord Lyons detailing all the circumstances attending bis hearing of Mr. Seward's first despatch, and giving a synopsis of its contents. The othor English jonrnals were in a still greater fog than that which enveloped these government organs, and knew nothing at all about the matter. It is perfectly useless to attempt to under* rate the facilities or the zeal of the London journals, and the conclusion that this first despatch of Mr. Seward's was deliberately suppressed and wilfully misrepresented by the ftngntn government is irresisuoie. ne oeueve that the editors of the London journals were perfectly honest in what they wrote;. bat the editors and proprietors of the English journals are different persons, and there is little doubt that the proprietors of the Times, Post and other English papers concealed their information of this first pacific despatch even from their own editors, in order to operate upon the stock market. In this design the English administration was clearly a particepa criminis, 'although undoubtedly it had also the ulterior design of raising an excitement in order to keep it -elf in power, and in order to prepare and arm the country for future contingencies, resulting, it may be, from the Mexican imbroglio, or from an armed intervention in American affairs. That this concealment and misrepresentation were systematic is moet evident. The English government, it appears, sent us only a polite request for satisfaction and the surrender of the rebel "fellows." The English papers wers informed, and declared, that the demand was peremptory and insulting. The English government knew that there was no possible chance of a war with this country, having been so informed by Mr. Seward's explicit disavowal of Capt. Wilkes" act. The English journals were informed, and declared, that war was imminent. Thus a most' intense excitement was caused throughout all England, and the government was enabled to ship troops to Canada, augment its army and navy, and prepare itself. During this excitement the English mouey market fluctuated four per cent, and vast fortunes were mads by those in the real confidence of the government. The English press were the victims, but will have to bear the blame of this deceit, unless they unitedly charge it home where it belongs. Some of them, wo are glad to see, already exhibit a disposition to do this; but others?the Times and Post, for instanceare not yet able to see, or are unwilling to openly confess, how miserably they huve been swindled by the agents of the very government they profess to officially represent. | In tliia country there ato no government organs; but the deception of the preee was scarcely less complete and reprehensible than in England. When tho news of tbe capture of Mason and Slidell was first announced, the Washington correspondents of all the leading journals of the country wci o informed by the Slate Department that Cap lain Wilkes' act was perfectly legal, aud that tbe rebels would not be surrendered, no matter what England might do. That this information was designedly false is now evident; for Secretary Seward had previously written

to Mr. Adams tbe! he disavowed the seizure. Deluded by these reports, the loyal journals immediately set to work to put the best possible face upon tho m '',t?r, and bolstered up the apparent policy >f our jovernruer.t by uutborittvd aud [p.miJ uw, volle^i with u>*f fr?AY, FEBRUARY vellous oumen and research. For tea days the State Department eoatinaed to delude the pre*, and during that time the preee zealously sustained what it was i deceived into believing ?a the position of our government The people began to regard as inevitable, and to bravely prepare for, a war with England; for pluck is aa American characteristic, and never deserts us, however desperate the chances may seem. George Sumner, the brother of the very Senator who afterwards defended, in a long oration, the surrender of the rebels, came out with a letter justifying the government in holding its booty. Edward Everett followed suit in most classical style. General Casa issued a manifesto from Detroit to the same end, and even the Hon. Caleb Cushiug bad a finger in the pie. All this while Secretary Seward was laughing in his sleeve to see how successful had been his deception, and what fools all our editors and statesmen were making of themselves, and was quietly preparing his splendid diplomatic note justifying, upon American principles, the return of the "fellows" who had been the cause or all this confusion. At last the Hhrald, which, up to that time, had been deluded with the other papers, managed to detect the cheat, discovered the true intention of the government, and announoed it in an editorial, which quieted affairs here, and, arriving in Europe by the Hansa, put an effectual stop to all farther agitation there. The other American journals were less fortunate or less adroit, and contiuued to support the sham policy of the Stale Department for several days longer. But if the misrepresentations of the English government were accessory to stock operations, what was the design of this official deception of the American press 1 We cannot auswer this question with certainty; but we are sure that no party will gain much credit knnln,* IV* uuvtug BjrSbOUmklVJBlljr UC1UUCU IUC UCWDpapers and the people of two great friendly countries, arousing animosities which would never otherwise have existed; stirring up the fires of old, long buried hatreds; causing a great deal of expense, trouble, disturbance and ill feeling?all for uo other earthly purpose that we can discover than to operate upon the stoek market, secure a further term of power, or win a petty reputation for diplomatic smartness. Thk Working Classics or England Qpposed to Wak with the United States.?It is somewhat remarkable, in connection with the Trent affair, that, notwithstanding all the bluster of the English press and the belligerent attitude of the government towards this country, the working classes of England made no really popular demonstration against us. No meetings of an actually public character were summoned by them to take the matter into consideration, and the feeling among them was opposed to the idea of a war with the United States. While the Liverpool merchants called an indignation meeting, and the seedy aristocrats and men about town assembled at Evans' well known concert ball to listen to a comic song at the exDense of "the Yankees." the workinir men?the sinew and muscle of England?followed their usual avocations without interruption. This show* convincingly enough that the agitation was partisan rather than popular, and that the working classes are averse to Great Britain provoking a war with this countryWhile it is the interest and pleasure of a portion of the governiug classes to agitate war with the United States, the sober, common sense of the working millions leads them to regard the prospect of such a calamity ha its proper light; and, so long as the working classes think as they do, the government will have a formidable enemy to encounter at home, if i* is mad enongh to engage in an American war. RESPONSIBILITY or THE COMJdTTKK OK WaYS am) Means.?a heavy responsibility rests upon the Committed of Ways and Means of the House, whose impoi-tant duty it is to provide money to carry on the war. now. now are wiey penoruung mat amy: Instead of employing their time before the present session of Congress met in informing themselves as to the exact financial and commercial condition of the country, and learning what extent of taxation it could bear, and how the taxes could be most judiciously imposed, they left all these preparations to be made almost at the last moment; and the essential duty of providing the sinews of war, instead of being the first, is likely to be about the latest action of Congress. The committee could have informed themselves upon all necessary points by consulting with merchants, mechanics and all classes of business men, and thus have come to their work fully prepared to produce a tax bill, to provide for loans and all the other requirements of the time. A great and expensive war was before us; but these gentlemen did not seem to posse ? the foresight to perceive the fact, or surely tbey would have made some provision in adv .ucc lor me onerous uuue* wvoiving upon memThat ? tax bill was an inevitable necessity, under the circumstances, must have been manifest to every one. Taxation is the basis of national credit, and a tax bill no doubt we shall have by the middle of March; but meantimo the energies of the administration are crippled for want of money to prosecute the war; whereas, with the immense resources of the nation, abundant provisions for loans could bave been made long ago, if the committee were only prompt in the fulfilment of their duty. The whole country looks to them for the means to put down rebellion and restore our former prosperity, and they will certainly be held to a strict accountability. Otm Coast and Frontier Defences.?The ihpuatanintr i which afTitir* in Itlnrnna aranr towards this country should admonish as that preparation for any emergency is a paramount duty. Wo hare an army of 700,000 men in the field to deal with Southern rebellion, and 'his leaves a surplus population, of the age to hear arms, in the Northern States, amounting to over 2,000,000 more. With such a stupendous available militia we are amply provided for defence; but the Governors of all these States should at once call out a quarter of a million citizens liable to do military duty, and form them into a home guard. This vast body should be drilled, not so much in infantry tactics as in the use of heavy artillery and the management of fort guns. Wherever there is a fort it should be garrisoned by the companies of militia in turn, iu order that every man majj learn how to load and fire the guns. When no fort is available then field artillery and guns of heavy calibre should tie furnished to Um men for practice, if this course is pursued we will soon be ready j .e iu the North for any t>me.geucy that may i duse. (2. i ' wn n nafc t mh Tki iMUura Prtn mi Um War. We publish to-day e number of extracts from the rebel papers of the South, some of them being editorials and some newsf but all interesting and curious. For ex. ample, the Richmond Dispatch preaches a sermon full of pathetie and unctuous piety, comparing the rebels to the Israelites who had left Egypt and journeyed through the wilderness, in the expectation of " the sweet fields of Canaan beyond the swelling flood of Jordan;" comparing also the " great patriotic souls of this war " to the weary Christian host struggling through this world and looking forward with hope and confidence to the rest that remains for them in the other world. The writer concludes that the Southern insurgents are as much the special care of the Deity as the Israelites of old or Christiana of modern timna " " "" r and that His power will help them to oonquer at last, and gain the promised land. Now what is the nature of the inheritance hey expect? Is it something new?something they never enjoyed before? Let us see. "We shall be sole masters of our own rich soil and its unexampled products, and no longer be despoiled of their value by the rapacious commercial vultures of the North." We had always supposed that the inhabitants of the Southern States were complete masters of their own soil and its products?more so, perhaps, than they ever will be again If they sold those products to us we gave them good value in return, and our trade with them was a mutual convenience and profit to both. If wo performed the part of broker to their products, we were merely paid the brokerage, and no thanks to the producer. If he could do better elsewhere he would not Bend his produce to New York. In what way did Northern commercial vultures rob the South ? Did the North compel the South to trade with it ? Not at all. Why did not tho Southerners, if they preferred %, open direct trade with Europe, as we of the North have been always doing. Was there any necessity to break tip the Union for that? But if a profit on Southern products was of some advantage to New York, was a profit on Northwestern products of no advantage to New Orleans, which has lost the trade of the Mississippi by the war ? The truth is that the two sections were adapted to be of mutual service to each other in trade and commerce, wbHe in war, by their | union, they would be a match for the world in arms, and their very strength would prevent attack and preserve peace in the land; whereas,' ( by separation from the North, the Southern ( States are rendered as weak as Mexico or the South American republics; and, bj the centrifugal force of the principle of secession, they are all liable to fly off the handle and be reduced to so many units, with as little cohesion as a rope of sand. Then, supposing their independence to be achieved, and that they should ever form a compact government, would not the expenses of maintaining a separate army and navy, which must be far greater than ever were supported by the United States, and a heavy war debt saddled on them, amount to far more than the North has ever gained by their cotton? What does the argument of the blinded journalist amount to but this: that the Confederates punish themselves to punish the North, and to benefit their old enemy, England? For, after all, it is not that Southern men will grow rich by the change, if it ever takes place, but that Northern men will be rendered poor, that gives satisfaction to our amiable rebel contemporary, who glories in the fact that ''the Yankee nation will be at once the most impoverished and despised of nations?will be shut up to the cultivation of codfish and potatoes, and the contemplation of its own miraculous imbecility. Its people will spend their days in cheating one another, and their nights in remorse that, ia making war upon the South, they 'cast away a pearl richer than all their tribe.'" Such is the Christian, pious wish of the rebel organ, which forgets that the vast resources of the fertile West, far more valuable than the South, still belong to us, and that neither our commercial prosperity nor our manufactures would be materially affected if every slave State were sunk to the bottom of the Atlantic. It is the South that will be the sufferer by this revolution, if it should be successful, and the 1 most cruel policy that could be pursued towards it would be to let it severely alone. The Fruits or the the Revolutionary war this country made no insignificant part of history, while it acquired considerable fame and military renown all the world over. The war of 1812 added fresh glory to its reputation; but the present rebellion is destined to eclipse them both in the measure of fume we are to gather from it. It has drawn out fresh ci ergies from the people, and elicited evidences of patriotism, self-sacrifice and courage which, perhaps, no other event could have done. It has shorn j to the world what a gallant people can do, ami how a grand army can be improvised in defence of justice, the laws and the constitution of their country. And more: it has brought out a new class of men, of which any nation on earth might be proud, in the military and naval professions?our McClellans. Buells> Ilallecks, Lyons, Thomases, Sohoepffs, Sigels and Shermans in the army, aud our Duponts, Wilkeses, Porters, CravenB, Russells and Stringhams in the navy. Each and all of these men will have earned for themselves a niche in the temple of fame, where their names will be honored for all time. Street Cijcanino.?We have to caH attention to the wretched condition of our streets, which, nnrinor in the hftil vnnlhor and the want nf nrn per cleaning, are almost impassable. The Hackley contract for keeping them in good order seems almost a sham, and we strongly advise that contractor to take a walk round the city, and, as soon as he is convinced of the real state of our public tboroughfardl, set men to work in clearing the gutters and removing the accumulated deposits of weeks. For some time past street cleaning in New York has been little better than a mere pretence, and the Mayor very justly entered a protest on paying the laat demand for such questionable services as those rendered by Mr. Hackley. When he did pay the bill he did well to make Mr. Hackley un dorstand that if the contract was not more efficiently fulfilled in tbe future he could no* j rely on a similar act of leniency. Certainly tbe city government would be doing very wrong to pay for street cleaning when tbe streets are Dot cleaned, and w hnvo no doubt that If this noglect continues the contractor will find it very difficult to obtsln payment of his next bill. Let him study the public co^ . veu'.ence end h'u own lnt"t*>st by acting '^iou 1 our suggestion I wiatM&Uitmw ii i i < Tbi Ptlltltkl iU Tlaualtl OemdltlM # e^epe. Glancing hastily at the condition of European nations, we find that, both l^naneially and politically, they present many points that oontraat unfavorably with our own cou ntry at the prevn.ii. a hi a 41.. Ak. I oout iuiiv. nnue, noiwuiuitto'jiBg m wnr drawal of bo many of our population from agricultural and other industrial puimrits, to take part in a great war, and the expenditure of immense sums of money for military and naval purposes, we have been developing the resources of the country beyond precedent, and experiencing a period of universal commercial prosperity, foreign governments have been bewailing their crippled trade and monetary embarrassments, and, as in the case of Kussia, sinking deeper and deeper into the mire of domestic discord. In the latter empire, the disturbances at Warsatf from time to time have assumed a very serioos complexion, and the blood shed by Russian bayonets in its streets will not be forgotten by Poland, who eagerly and revengefully awaits the day when, either by the liberating hand of Prance, some general political convulsion, or the determined efforts of her own people, a fatal blow may be given to Russian dominion in the land of Kosciusko. In Russia proper the emancipation of the serfti is giving the government considerable trouble, and uprisings are constantly apprehended. By the passage of the decree abolishing serfdom in the dominions of the Czar, Russia made a forward step in civilization similar to that which England made when she renounced the system of feudalism; and the resemblance of serfdom to feudalism is so close as to separate it altogether from slavery in our acceptation of the word ae applied to negroes. The serfs of Russia in Europe were white men, like their lords; therefore the emancipation in no way constitutes n precedent applicable to tho institution of African slave servitude. Russia has enough to do to maintain her national existence, and she stands on the brink of revolution. It was only the other day that a slight disturbance among the students at the University of St. Petersburg, iu consequence of a change in the college regulations, compelled the sudden return of the Emperor to his capital, and we learn , that the University has since been oloeed ?nd the professors and students permanently disbanded. Add to all this uncertainty the fiscal difficulties of the empire, and we have a prospect anything but promising. If we look to France, overlooking a few trifling bread riots, we find the oountry in a state of repose, but laboring unJer such a severe depression of trade, md such a weighty incubus of taxation and lebt, that the Emperor has been forced to resign his active control of the public fiuanoes, find to postpone any aggressive movements which he had originally planned. Apart from the failure of the crops, much of the financial find social distress now prevailing in Franoe is owing to our reduced imports, in consequence of the war and the closing of the Southern markets. Jn Austria the public treasury is as empty as that of Turkey, where the extrave U1 Wit-' UUUWUU1U ?UU fcUU UlSUUUOObJ U1 the government officials are still so great as to keep the country in a hopeless state of bankruptcy and confusion. Moreover, the Italians, lided by the Hungarians, and probably the French, only await their opportunity to strike i fatal blow at Austrian dominion. Prussia is stagnating as usual, and the new Italian kinglorn is deplorably deep in poverty, although there is hope for both if they do not become martyrs to petty dissensions. Spain is weak, ?nd emerging, snail like, from insolvency, only to plunge herself into fresh difficulties by the srar against Mexico, and the Pope's temporal sovereignty has only a short time longer to live, rhe address of the French Emperor to the corps diplomatique on New Year's day, contained an expression denoting that a serious attempt would soon be made to settle terms for the evacuation of Rome, and the latter is all that is required to convert the seat of the Papacy into the capital of the new Italian kingdom. The tact of the National Roman Committee having placarded bills in Rome, declaring that the issue of Roman consols by the Pontifical government after a certain date, would not be recognized by the Italian government, as from the momeut the Italian Parliament declared Rome the capital of Italy, the temporal power of the Pope legally terminated, goes to strengthen the impression produced by the words of the Emperor. But any change will be pecuniarily to the advantage of the Pope, for he is at present steeped in penary and bent down with debt. Turning to England, we see her cotton mills more or less idle and her trade generally suffering severely in consequence of the war in this country. We find her enormous taxation insufficient to meet her expenditure, and her already overburdened population threatened with a worse future. And what if the Sikhs originate another bloody insurrection in India, as they threaten to do f On the whole, we may congratulate ourselves that, even in the midst of war, we are better off tbau those o' Europe, who are at peace. What Ark Precedents Worth??When Captain Wilkes was about to take Mason and SHdell off the Trent he proceeded to make certain that he had good precedents in law and history for the act. Accordingly he went into bis cabin and atiuiiea careiuuy un me cmgunu ?u. thorities on Mernattoaal law which bis library furnished. ITa dived in So Sir Wm. Soott and devoured Phillimore, and in ail the authorities he found abundant precedents to satisfy hine. But, when the diHsussion^of the question, came up between our government and that of England, to our astonishment it was found tha* the British government kicked all precedenta overboard; they wet* good for nothing; and the difficulty had to be settled upon an entirely new basis?the American plan. In Earl Rue* sell's letter there is not evea the slightest alia* sion madeto the legal bearings of the case. Now that we are eideavoring to crush out that hotb?d of tbie rebellion, the city of * ?? ?? ? ? Artl-a* tTrnvltoYi twnna/lnnid lyharirston, wo bk?u* m?i> r.vvm.. for an example of tb? best method to accomplish it?that is, by sinking stone vowels in tha harbor, cut the Kngllsh did on the lakes and at Boulocae. But again the British government i fling precedents to the winds, ignore all their own works, and deny us .the right to use our stone fleot in Charleston entrance. Now, In the library of every statesman in the world innumerable precedents of this mode of warfare ur< be found in the books of all writers on international law, anoient. and modern Grot/us, Vattel and alt Hut it is evident flint the English govtu oment is <M<m miu uljto adopt the

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