?> I . TH WHOLE NO. 9278. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. Debate in the House on the Government Financial Measure. Opposition to the Legal Tender Clause of the Treasury Rote Bill. . . Speeches of Messrs. Morrill, of Vermont, and B. L. Conkling, of New York. Debate in the Senate on tne Case of Senator Bright. Mr. Sumner's Views on the Xffegro Question. Important NotiHoation to Holders of ? Government Bonds. PAYMENT OF THE SEMI-ANNUAL INTEREST. Threatened Retaliatory Measures of the Rebels. Col. Corcoran and Other Officers to be Hanged if the Bridge Burners arc Executed Jta.) lis. Washington, Flib. 4,1802. IMPORTANT NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF GOVERNMENT ..? BONDS. The following official notices were to-day promulgated by the Treasury Department Holders of the bonds of the United States, payable three years from date, the coupons of semi annual interest thereon being due on the 19th inst, are hereby notified that provision is made for the payment in eoin of all such coupons, agreeably to tholr tenors, st the office of the Assistant Treasurer of the United States, in the city of New York. All such coupons must he presented at tjiat office, accompanied with schedules showing the number and amount of each coupon, together with the aggregate aum of eaoh parcel three full business days for examination and verification before payment. Notice is hereby given of the readiness of this department to redeem the Treasury notes payable in one year from date, authorized by act of Congress, approved December 23,1837, and the Treason? notes payable In sixty days from date.autho rized by an act of Congress, approved March 2,1861. The interest on the Treasury notes of the above issue will cease on the 7th day of Apt next by the terms of those acts respectively. CALIFORNIA AND THE NATIONAL tax, The Secretary of the Treasury received to-day the fol " lowing telegram from the Governor of California:? ? ~ Sacramento, Jan. 31,1862. 1 am instructed by a resolution of tho legislature of California to iuform you that this State will assume, and pay into the treasury of the United States, the direct tax ef 9234.038, apportioned to this State by act of Congress. I.ELAND STANFORD, Governor of California. THE FIFTY MILLION treasury notes. To-day tbe last note of the fifty million United States note* is in tbo hands of tbe signers, and tbe whole work will be finished to-morrow. It is remarkable that no accident or loss has occurred in tbe execution of this great work. TBS FLAG OF TRUCE?THREATENED HANGING OK COLONEL. CORCORAN AND OTHER OFFICERS IF THE MISSOURI BRIDGE BURNERS ARE EXECUTED. The flag of truce from rebeldom covered an impudent demand, such as should not be countenanced in honorable warfare. The message is said to have been from Jelfcrson Davis to President Lincoln, announcing that If the foderal government permit the rebel bridge burners to be hang under the order of General Hallcckthat the federal prisoners?Colonels Corcoran, Leo, Wilcox and others, holding hostages for tbe safety of tho pirates? shall be immediately hung in retaliation. A Cabinet meeting was cal'.od to consider the subject; but I am re guested not to announce the result. Jeff Davis will learn it soon enough. It Is probable that the news of tho recent order of tl.e War Department, directing tho privatcersmen to be re garded as prlsonors of war, bad not reached rebeldom whon this last message was sent from Richmond. Tho sentiment expressed' by tbose who know tbe purport of the message is, that the ofllcer who brought it, thereby disgracing tbe flag of truce, should have been retained and hong with the.bridge burners. THE MILITARY APPOINTMENT.*. The list of confirmations of Brigadier Generals pub lisbed this morning was not entirely correct. Neither Francis E; Patterson, W. H. Kcim, John M. Palmer, Cipt. ' W. F. Smith, James W. Denver, Cul. C. F. Smith, Capt. David 8tan!ey, Hearer Paine or W. A. Richardson were among those confirmed on Monday, nor were Generals . R. B. Marcy, John A. Barnard, Selh Will isms nor Stewart Tan Vlelt among the Hat of confirmations. These four , are appointments upon the staff of General McClellan and, as previously stated in this correspondence, 14 has been decided by tbe 8enate in executive session, that the law aulhorixing their appoiutment by the Preel Meat does not require them to be confirmed by the . Senate. For similar reasons Generals George W. Cullum and Schuyler Hamilton hart not been presented for conftrmstlen. In addition to tbe other brigadier* mention ?d,the nomination of Captain John G. Parke, formerly at the Tojwgraphlcal Engineers, waa confirmed, da yet oone of tho nominations for Brigadier General have been rejected. Those still unconfirmed have either aot yet been reached or hare been laid over for consi. deration. The only military nominations rejected were those of A. J. Butler, of California, as t'ommiisary of Subsistence; Lieutenant 8yroms Gardner, Eighteenth in. fantry,as Assistant Q'lartermasler, and Lieutenant Jno. Adair as First Lieutenant of First United .States cavalry. The only confirmation in exocullve session to-day was that of Benjamin C. Whitney-as United States District Alio rney in California. Opposition has been made In tho Senate to tho con trmatlon or General Fit/John Porter, one of the most loyal and efficient Generals in the service, whose division has been repeatodly complimented by the General Commanding a* a model division. This opitosiilon is based upon tho allegation that General Porter roturned a contraband to bis ownar. Tho fact is simply that a loyal colonel In tho United States Army, whose property is on the Virginia side of the Potomac, found one of bis negroes In Ucarral Porter's camp and claimed him. The negro was released from his employment apd returned to his master's farm of hi* own account. The impression entertained by. some Senators Is that ths negro was returned ton rebel matter. v rnulIIUITKIN OS DM. N Antra's A nDni.-Ti.vv I1 lieutenant Colonel nenry II. Nag lee?uto-dayeon. Armed by the Senate an Brigadier General of Volunteer*. General Naglee la a native of Philadelphia, and a gradue \ ate of West Point. He taw aervice In the war with the ft id lane In Oregon, and waa brought lpto public notice by hiti .determined and aucceaaful resistance to the aft* mpt of speculators to clothe hia men In unflt raiment, artel a campaign In wblch ho abowod much bravery, he retlrdt I lo prlvatdllfo and entered tnto the Celtfornia gold fever, v He won wvalth and distinction aa a citizen of Fan FrancfckV- On the breaking out of the rebellion be tendered hl?%r?rv1cee to the government and returned East , with GenetV' Halleetr. ffte military ahllttlce being rt a gnized byY'eneral McCldvlan, from long personal inti tnary, he waifett once tondcreQ a command In tho Army e?f the PotcmacV OEM. StVTT KOT OOTWi TO MEXICO. The despatch in a^>w York paper fo day, that Gen. Scott je about to proceed to x'exlco, a* epeclnl agent of this government, la nothing fe. t epeenlatfep. I am authorized to ear that Mr. Cerw^! will continue nr-^Mxico. with roll i l( . ' I' [E NE and exclusive powers to act for this government. Geu. Boutl's movements point in another direction. THE BRIC880N FLOATING BATTERY. , Information has reached here that the Ericsson floating battery, authorized by act of Congress in August last, and to be commanded by Lioutcnant Worden, will in the course of next week be sufficiently comploted to test its efficiency. ANOTHER SKIRMISH NEAR THE OCCOQCAN. Yesterday afternoon another little skirmish occurred near the banks of the Occoquan. It was reported in the morning that a body of rebels was at Fohick Church. Captain Lowing, of the Third Michigan regiment, Colonel Chnmplin, then on picket duty In front of General Hointxelman's division', took thirty-four men, under Lieutenant Brennan, from Company F, and forty-four, under Lieutenant Bryan, from Company H, and wont to meet them. Arriving at Pohiok Church, no rebels were seen. The party, however, proceoded to the banks of the Oscoquan, opposite the town of that name. Arriving thore early in the afternoon, a few unarmed men were observed drilling in the town. They gavo the alarm, when a number of rebels come from the houses and flred on our men. A brief skirmish took place. Four of the rebels were seen to fall, and were carried off by their comradrs. No injury was sustained by any of our party, excopt by one man, who was slightly bruised by a spent Rail The enemy was about sending a large pprty across tho Occoquan, when our men retired to their picket posts. Neur Mrs. Violet's house they discovered a tent, which was used by a rebel picket, and destroyed it. When they had reached Tobick Church on their return they heard four volleys and several separate shots fired nearly two miles distant, bearing to the left. As none of our party were out at th0 time It is supposed that tho rebels had sont over a couple of squads to attempt to capture our men, and mooting with each other had by mistake fired upon their own men. CAPTURE OF A REBEL SPY. Captain Miles, of General Howard's staff, left hoadquarters, with forty infantry, from the Sixty-first New Vork regiment, and was subsequently joined by thirty of the Eighth Illinois cavalry, undor Captain Garheart, in General Sumner's division, for tho purpose of arresting Mr. Beach, who was supposed to be a rebel spy. They went along the Little River turnpike]to Mr. Gooding's, a few milos from Fairfax Court House, where a portion of the party halted. A few men went down the Old Braddbek road, where tracks of rebel cavalry were discovered. They followed the tracks to the house where Beach was living. Tho rebel cavalry company bad halted outside the g-te, while Captain Dolany, their commander, as it afterwards appeared, went to the house and communicated with Mr. Boacb. A detachment of our men made him an unexpected call and took him into custody, and this afttrnoon brought bim blindfolded to General Heintzelman's headquarters. On the way home they arrestee/ a suspicious cjiafacter near Mr. Gooding's and brought him to headquarters also. Both are undergoing examination. IMPORTANT SCOUTING EXPEDITION. A small scouting party, under Captain Harknese, of Colonel Miller's Eighty-first Pennsylvania volunteers, in Genral Howard's brigade, which went out a few days since from General Sumner's division, has safely returned to camp with considerable valuable information. They proceeded nearly twelve miles along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and scoured the country between Burk'a Station and Fairfax Court House. They ascertained the positions of the enemy's outpoets> and heard the beating of the rebel drums. They found that a young man, residing beyond our lines, who had been frequently seen about our encampments, VTO0 IK lUf UBUil VI LuU V OJ 1U? IUWI UJHIIUU vu iuc UUolJjy. He was arrested and sent to headquarters in Washington Tor examination. The day before ?tois arrest he was in Alexandria, with a few articles which he purchased there. Ho went out to the house of Widow Toylgr, who is his aunt. He says ho told his aunt's folks that some of our pickets were posted at his gate. Widow Taylor has at least ono son tn the rebel army. A squadron of Stewart's rebel cavalry had been at her house about a week ago, and had taken forty-three head of cattle from people residing in that neighborhood. The reconnoiss'tnee was well conducted, and proved entirely successful. Early this morning FATAL ACCIDENT IN THE NEW YORK THIRTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. An unfortunate accident occurred last night in Colonel Ward's Thirty-eighth Now York rogimcnt, by which one soldier lost his life. Two members of Company F, who had been acting as cooks in the regiment, wore in the habit of taking a pan of hot coals every night into the tent where they sleep. Last night, the tent being closed tight,the snow having tilled up all the chinks, tliore was no opportunity for the gas to escape. Tho consequence was that this morning one of the men, John Scott, was found sudoraled to death, and the other, John McNeill, almost insensible. Scott had enlisted from East Now York. This afternoon at three o'clock his remains woro buried with military honors in a suitable spot near the regimental camp ground, which overlooks the Po. tomac. This is the first death that has occured in the regiment since July last. McNeill is in the hospital, and is improving fust. Soldiers should remember that puro air is at all timca essential, not only to life, but to health. REJOICING OVER GEN. MEAOHEK'S CONFIRMATION. Thero was great racing to-day among the regiments composing the Irish Brigade when the news reached camp that the appointment of Thos. Francis Meagher as Brigadier General had been confirmed by tho Scnatei Most of the officers and many of the men gathered around Gen. Meagher and expressed their gratification in the most enthusiastic manner. Colonel Nugent, of the Sixtyninth, who has been Acting Brigadier General, made a Tow appropriate remarks, to which Gen. Meagher replied in bis usual folicitious manner. He will formally assume command of the brigade to-morrow afternoon. DEATHS OF SOLDIERS. The following deaths of soldiers are reported :?Corporal Bernard Faalbruch, Company C, Twenty-seventhPennaylvania'Volunlecrs ; Granville 8. P. Arnold, Company I, Sixth Pennsylvania cavalry ; Private Gregg,'Company C, Second Maino Volunteers ; Charles E. Brown, Company A, Thirty first Pennsylvania ; Henry N. Maynard, Company C, euginecr corps ; Corporal E. I). Holly, Company I, Tenth New York Volunteers ; James Smith, Company C, First United States chasseurs ; Camden Pritner, Company H, Eighth Pennsylvania reserve corps ; Thomas Casey, Company E, Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers ; Corporal John Hays, Company G, Twenty third Pennsylvania Volunteers ; Timothy Granness, Company K, First Borden's Sharpshooters ; C. n. Hlr.es, Company I, Second United States cavalry ; Private Paul, Company B, engineer corps ; Sergeant Jerome Wilkios, Company If, Second New York cavalry ; James Rose, Company C, Third Pennsylvania reserve corps; H. J< fiYcy, Company I, Eighth New York cavalry ; Hy. Wyant, Company M, First Now York cavalry; Nathaniel Batcholder, Company G, Second Berdan's Sharp EDOOtCrg. TI1E CASK OF THE ARRESTED SUTLERS. The despatch io Saturday's Hxiulo in reference to the detection and arrest of two sutlers supplying liquor and pay log out counterfeit money to the men of Stockton Independent Michigan regiment, does great injustice to the authorised sutler of that regiment, Mr. Wells, whoso probity is unquestioned. The men arrested wero not sutlers, but podlars, who had abused passes to go over the river and set up a grocery in a barn in the neighborhood of tho ennip of tbo Michigan regiment. Thev were arrested bv thi officers of that resiment.and their stock sent to headquarters for conflscal ton. There is no fhftdow of charge against Mr. Welle, the sudor, upon whose eemplaint these Interlopers were hrmight to aocount. There were flvo or six Interested in the concern that was broken tip, hut none who were recognized an sutlers to an? regiment. ACt AFFAIR OF BOROR. An affair of honor that was to hare come off serosa the Potomac on Saturday, list ween a conple of captaina of volunteer*, ended yesterday In an attempt of one of the seconds to cowhide his delinquent principal in a drinking saloon. The proceeding was slopped by the bystanders RllPFRBSSIOR OF TUR LIQUOR TRAFFIC. Captain R. W. Kvans has been stationed at Long Bridge to sen that no spirituous liquors aro etiher carried over that structure or down tho river for the troop*. The stealer Telegraph, destined for Burtd's Ferry, having twcnty"tf?ai rels of whlskoyon bo n d was to day prevented from making her trip. Liquor in such cases is confiscated. Officer#, however, are at libertv to claim W YO NEW YORK, WEDNESDA ?? any which may be intended for them, und must appear at the Provof t Marshal's office for that purpose. The military authorities are earnestly at work preventing the demoralization of soldiers by means of intoxicating drinks, THE CASE OF PENATOB BRIGHT. The Bright case will not be disposed of for several days. It Is now decided that he is to be expolled, but there are a number of speeches against him to be put on record, and Mr. Bayard's speech in his favor, and his own closing speech in defence win occupy several days. THE GREAT PARTT AT THE WHITE HOCSE. The party at the White House to-morrow night is the exclusive topio in the btau monde of Washington. The number of invitations originally contemplated has already been doubled, and they are still going out. Applications for cards may be measured almost by the bushel. Among the guests are to be the whole corps diplomatique, and all members of the Cabinet, Senate and House of Representatives. There bavo been very few regrets. Tho whole suit of apartments are being prepared for the occasion. Mrs. Lincoln will receive her guests In the East Room. The Red Parlor and Blue Room, ordinarily used as recoption rooms at levees, and the Green Parlor will al1 be thrown open and richly docorated with a profusion of natural Cowers. Tho chandeliers in the lobby are to bo 'estooned with wroaths, and the pier tables covored with natural Cowers in pots gracefully arranged. The supper, for which the most extensive preparations havo been made, will be set In the Congressional dining room. The arrangements for this feast are elegant and recherche. A detailed description of It wil' appear to morrow. Tho splendid Japanese punch bowl, containing ten gallons of champagne punch, will be placed in one of tho side rooms-for tho benefit of thirsty guests. Monsieur Maillard,or New York, with four or Cvo assistants, has arrivod, bringing with him thirty largo boxes of confectionery, and is busy getting up the pyramids and ornaments and confcctious for tho table, in addition to which nearly a ton of turkeys, ducks, veuieon, pheasants, partridges, hams, &c., are being prepared. The Marino Bond will be in attendance, but there will hardly be an opportunity for dancing. The supper room is to bo opened at half past ten o'clock, and will remain open until three. It is to be continually supplied, and all its beauties replaced, so that until the end of the feast It shall present the samo appearance. It is expected that the President and Cab! net and diplomatic corps, and the Vice President and Chairman of the Comm%teo of Foreign Rotations will enter the supper room first, as it will not accommodate comfortably more than one hundrod and fifty persons at one time. This is only a proper distinction. The fashionable world is all in a flutter. Adams Express is too slow for the impatient dames and domoigellos who have sent to Boston, New York and Pbllndel* phia for their new evening oosturaes for the occasion. ' The party at tho White House Is to be followed by an elegant entertainment at the mansion of Secretary Chase, and another at that of the Secretary of War. . ARRIVAL OF GENERAL IjAKCY. ft nn Aral Marrv ami wit'o. ami Mffin Xfarcv riauohter of tho late Governor Marcy, arrived from New York this evening. The General is restored to health again, and will forthwith return to duty as chief or General McClellan's staff of the Army of the Potomac. THE 80LICIT0RSH1P OF CUSTOMS AT MEW YOKE. Tho remonstrance of the Chamber of Commerce of New York against the passage of an act creating tho office of Solicitor of the Customs at the port of New York, was presented to the House to-day by Representative Mr. P. A. Conkling. ARMING THE TROOPS. The House some time ago called upon the Secretary of War to inform them why certain troops In this vicinity wero not provided with arms. A response has been transmitted, saying a portion of the Eighty-ninth New York for a time were without them for the reason that there wero none in the Arseual they were willing to receive, but that since then a supply of Austrian rifles had boen received, and tho regiment had been armed with them. THE DEFENCES OF MAINE. An agent of Maine is here, urging tbo general government to accept the proposition of that State to fortify its coast at the expense of the State, tfie cost to be reimbursed by the federal governmout at the expiration of twenty years. The unanimous vote in favor of this pro. position by the House of Representatives of Maine, is a sufficient guarantee of tbe earnestness of tbe government and people in this patriotic offer. The northern border of the State of Maine is badly exposed, and measures are to be immediately taken to put it in a state of defence, in response to the menace of Grout Britain. ACTIVITY OF REDEI. BATTERIES ON THE LOWER POTOMAC. Sunday being tbe rebels' fancy day for firing, the battories at Shipping Point opened on the Maryland flioie after breakfast. A number of shells wero thrown across, omo of them bursting over the land, while others did not appear to explode. One of the shells exploded immediately on leaving the gun, the boiling up of the water close in to the Virginia shore indicating wbero the fragments fell. After wustlng a great deal of powder the rebels ceased firing, tuns concluding the morning service. In the afternoon they opened fire again, the shells bursting as In the morning, with the certainty of a 1-nobody hurt." 1 he battery at Budd's Ferry did not return the fire. DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIVES TO LIBERIA AND HAYTf. The Committee on Foreign Relatione reported to the Fenate to-day the following bill unanimously, although Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, subsequently expressed his dissent to it, upon social grounds, in the debate upon the expulsion of Senator Bright. It te entitled a " Bill to authorize the President of the United States to appoint diplomatic representatives to the republics of Haytland Liberia,respectively >? Bt it enacted, etc., That the President of the United States be and he hereby is authorised, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint diplomatic representatives of the United States to the republics of Hayti and Liberia, respectively. Each of the said representatives so appointed shall bo accredited as commissioners and consuls general, and shall receive cut of any money in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, the compensation of commissioners, provided for by the act of Congress, approved August 18,1860, provided that the compensation of the representative at Liberia shall not exceed four thousand dollars. The committee claim that our commercial interests at Hayti require that our government should be represented there. ARRIVALS FRO* BOSTON. F.x Governor Boutwell, of Massachusetts, and Hon. F. W. Bled and J. 8. Williams and other merchants of Boston, arrived here to-night. PROCEEDINGS OF CONGREB&. THIRTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. n*?t bk.osion. Senate. W.snrtoTON, Feb. 4,1842. rnciveers in 111* navy. Mr. Srmnm, (rep.) of Mm*., presented a petition of manufacturers of ateam machinery in Doston against the bill reducing the grade of engineers on sbips. rt nisnxsnt or nuns on tnk thiarirt. Mr. Howard, (rep.) of Mlcb., presented resolutions of the I.aglslature of Michigan asking the passage of a law to punish frauds on the Treasury. direct taxation.' Mr. Howard presented a resolution from(tbe Michigan Legislature In favor of a direct tax according to tha property owned. Referred. scrnucseioN o? ras uqroa traitic. Mr. Howard also presented a resolution from the same Legislature against the sale of Intoxicating liquors to the officers of the army. DtriONATIO AORNTS AT LIBERIA AND hayt7. Mr. 8nxu, from the Commute* on Foreign Aflhlrs reported n bill authorizing the appointment of diplomatic representatives to the ropuhllcs of Liberia and Ilajril, tiie military comxa.vd it ramus. Mr. Pomrroy, (rep.) of Kansas, asked to tako up the reaolutlon olfcred yesterday relative to the command of the Department of Kansas, he., and calling on lb* Secretary of War Tor the orders and directions in regard to supplies for that command; and whether It Is to bo commanded by Gen. Lane; and whether tho orders have been changed since General lane left; and whether the order of General Hunter is according to the orders of the War Department. Mr. Cahi.itb, (Union) of Vn., hoped this would lie over. There were reasons why it should not pass. Mr. PnMMhoY said tho resolution waa offered In accordance with a suggestion arum the Becretaty of War. RK H Y, FEBRUARY 5, 18C2. Mr. Cari.iijc ?ut?l to know what action CongrCF* proposed to takeV rid Congress propose to tako direct ion of tl.e war? If this wan in accordance with tho suggestion of the Secretory of War he (Carlile; should not oppose it. The resolution was agreed to. ironclad wan mm awn. Mr. Hais, (rep.) of N. H., moved to take up tho bill providing for Iron clad steamers. Motion agreed to. Mr. Hals proposed to withdraw both the amendments of the coroinltlee, and asked the Senate to make the subject the special order for Friday, when they would hear him (Mr. Hale) on the report of the Naval Committee in regard to tho Secretary of tho Navy. He hoped the Senate would pass the hill as it came from the House. Mr. Mohriii., (rep.) of Me., said that the bill proposed to build twenty iron-clad steamers. This style of nasal architecture was as yet entirely an experiment. Franco and England are trying it as an experiment. Iho British Board of Admiralty had reported upon It as an experiment. It was still a doubtful experiment. Thcro were no rolling mills in the country that could do the work, and probably the work could not be done in twelve months. Mr. Hale said he whs informed the boats could be built in flvo months. They wcro strongly recommended by the Executive Department and Secretary of War. Mr. (iRintt), (rep.) of Iowa, was suri>rised at the inforrnniihn t\f tl.n OmatAs IVe... Uoin. / XI.. Thft only instance where iron-clad boats were under tire was In the Crimea, where French vessels went within eight hundred yards of a fort, and were ex posed to a heavy tire, but received littlo damage, and destroyed the fortress. Ho believed the introduction of ste:nn would alter tho whole system of coast dofence. Fight thousand shot had been tlrod by the rebels at vessels coming up tlie river here, and only one vessel bad been tnatorially injured. Mr. Cow as, (rep) of Pa., had some doubts about ordering steam iron-clad ships. He was willing to vote the money and let the President take the respOhslbility. He moved to amend so as to authorise the President to build twenty iron clad gunboats or such other boats as ? tho public Interest may demand, and to let themeu whose business j* is to attend to such matters decide what kind of boats to build, they taking the responsibility. Mr. Coliamkr, (rep.) of Yt., asked if they were to be sea going vessels/ Mr. Grimm, (rep.) of lows, said they were not to be cruisers. On motion of Mr. Hair the report of the Naval Committee on the Secretary of the Navy was taken up and mado the special Order for Friday. Mr. Morkjij. said he bad seen the plans of the boats. Tliey were all to be on the same plan. They were gunboats of a thousand tons, and were like scows in construction. They wore nover intended to go out of sight of land He claimed that they had not been recommended. Mr. Gkihfs said that the hill providing for them had been drawn in tho Department of the Secretary of ttie Navy, and the Secretary of the Navy had been to him (Mr. Grimes) at least a dozen times to urge the passage of tho bill. Mr. SitKRRAN, (rep.) or Ohio, thought if the amendment of the Senator from Pennsylvania should be adopted, the President might build a thousand boats if he pleased. There would be no limit. lhe Assistant Secretary of War said we could not build more than ten of these boats in a year, and it wes doubtful if we could do that, Mr. Clark, (rep.) of N. H., moved to recommit the bill to the Naval Committee. The motion was agreed to. ma fat op abut orrpms. Mr. Wilson, (rap.) of Mass., from the Committee on Military Aflkirs, reported a bill to dogno the pay sad emoluments of officers of the army as a substitute fer the original bill. railroad and tsugraph to tbi pacific. Mr. Pokxkot, (rep.) of Kansas, introduced a bill to provide aid In tho construction of a railroad and telegraph line to the Pacjfo Meter red. ra case or slbator bbicbt. The case of Ifr. Bright was then taken up. Mr. oiowiko, (rep.) of 111., was satisfied that the Senate could expel a member without hie commit ting any overt act or offence, and la thte contraction he referred to the case of Mr. Blunt, of Tennessee. He (Mr. Browning) thought the only question was:?Whether the writing of the letter was inconsistent with the duties of n
Senator.for which tho Senate ought to adopt a resolutlnM ,.r nw.hilaUMi Ho l.rwt lt.|Ano<( U 1 throughout l^e whole tie hate for toy declaration by the Senator from Indiana as to his opinions now; whether be deflree the mice ess of the government or the triumph of treason* Tbo only thing that he (Mr. Bright) had said was that "lie was opposed to coercion." Ho (Mr. Browning) thought that if anybody was opposed to coercion it was in fact because he desired the success of the rebels. If the record of llio Senator was taken to the rebel catnips they would make no objection to bint. Ho consideredthe loiter as moral treason, for whtoh the Senator ought to be expelled. He felt constrained by the high duty he owed to his oounlry to vot? for the expulsion of the Senator. Mr. Dixon, (rep.) of Conn., said:?The letter written by the Senator from Indiana hears on Us face certain marks which, it would seem, might relieve on unprejudiced, unbiassed mind of any doubt with regard to its meaning and the intent with which it was written. The first and most obvious idea that strikes the mind in its perusal Is that the writer is a cordial friend of Mr. Davis and of tbo cause iu which he is engaged. It proposes to aid him in procuring that most necessary uud indispetn-aMe mesne of sustaining the newly organised usurpation styled a confederacy?namely, forearms. If ft had been written to tlio leader of a foreign army invading our country, no doubt could for a moment exist of its treasonable character. It would have been conclusive proof of treason as defined in the const ituti'in, even though under another clause of the constitution requiring the evidence of two witnesses, or confession. In open court it might not have boon suillcieut for con viclioii. "Treason against the I'nited States shall consist only in levying war ogaiust them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving tlicni aid ibid comfort." (Constitution, Articlo a, section 3.1 That affording to a public enemy facilities for procuring lirearnts is giving -'aid and comfort" cannot lor a moment bo doulded. Yet the Souator from New Yoik (Mr. Harris) says that war did not exist at the date of the letter,and that, therefore, the act of the Senator from Indiana was not treason. He further suys, and the Senator from Pennsylvania (Mr. Cowan) ....xnua milll Itint ?*H Will t I'itllOlin ftp n/tl It in <* ') In llitu opinion I cannot concur. The writing and deliverlng the letter in question, if not troason, was mill a high crime, considering the circumstances under which it was written, the then elate or the country, and the official position of the writer, as well aa of the person to whotn it was addressed. Adroit that actual war did not exist, and that tho Senator from Indiana supposed that the pretended Southern confederacy would he peacefully inaugurated, and calmly and tamely tolerated by the governtueut of the United States. Viewed in that light, the Senator had still a duty to per form?a duty which he owed to his State aa wall as to the whole country with regard to this protended and usurping Southern confederacy. That It was to be peacefully permitted and loloruted does not at all change the constitutional duty of that Senator, and or every Senator on this floor, with regard to it, aa I shall now proceed to show by a reference to the constitution itself. Article 1. aection 10 of the constitution provides that "No State shall enter into any treaty alliance or confederationAnd again, In the aame section, "No State ab&U enter into any agreement or compact with any other State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in war/' Ac. Now, sir, what do we And at the dale of the letter in question v Jefferson Davis, then (till nominally a member of this body, had united with a band of conspirators, in violation of the constitution, to form a "confederation," and had also Induced certain States to "enter into an agreement or compact with other States without the consent of Coogrcee," and rurtbermoro claimed to be the President of the so-called confederation thus formed. This the Senator from Indiana well knew. No man, I think, knew better than he all the designs and proceed Inge of Da via and hia fellow conspirators. With this full knowledge, he deliberately addresses him a letter in which be atyles btm "President of the Confederate States." Shall he bo told that this waa not a recognition?a full, complete, perfect acknowledgment of that confederation!' The Senator rrom New York aaya It was a inero formality?a matter of taste. I cannot so consider it. l unuersiann me senator irom Indiana, by tti? mode or addroea whic h bo chose to adopt, to acknowledge Id express terms that lliere was such a political (cower aa "the Confederate States," and that Jefferson Pax is rightfully held the office of President of that confederacy. Now, sir, I liarc nt> doubt that Jefferson Davis was very punctilious aa to the manner in which be was addressed. Ha claimed to bo President dr facto and dr jure of the Confederate States. Senator Bright, on the lat of March last, recognised him aa aucb. When I couple that fact with his avowed opposition thou, now, and at all times, to what he calls the " entire doctrine of coercion,'' I am compelled to believe him now, as then, a friend to the rebellion. If so, he cannot, consistently with the public safety, continue to occupy a seat in this body; and thla is trua, whether the confederation he has acknowledged was at the time at war with tha United States or not, and whether or not the Senator has consummated any act lauding to give aid and comfort to the enemy. If petcoful, the eonloderatkm recognized by himtaaa much a violutlen of the constitution aa if aatablisbed and ii|J>e'd by war. A modern English writer has aaid that " a man is mors completely Judged by his desires than by his acta. The objects he has in view are more charocteristlo than any success in tha attalomant of thorn. ' If the Senator were on trial for his Ufa, under a charge of treason, hia acta, not his desires, would be the fast of his guilt or Innocence. Not so in the pro sent rase. When the Senator from New York argues that the offence now charged "la treason or nothing," he fails, I think, to mako tha true discrimination. What I desire to know now is, whether the Senator from Indiana la at heart true aud loyal to the constitution and the Union. It la not necessary to show that he baa actually consummated an act of treason. Expulsion from the Senate wonld not he hia only punishment If that ware the Tact. Does he desire the success of the attempt of Jefferson Davis and bla nsaociatcs to destroy the gov veramcnt of the United States and build np Its usurps liun U|IUU III* ruuipr 11 vm wie ill vi jwi CU IMt that was his desire, haa he said or has ho done anything since that day to shew that he now cherishes a different desire? Driven as we are to the conclusion that, on tho let of March last. Mr. Hriglit of Indiana was a friend and well wisher te the Southern confederac y?that he recognized It as an existing Power? having like this government a Chief Executive Magistrate and a capital?and that ho, acting at that time as a Senator of tin* Tutted States, manifested his friendship and his sympathy for the atrocious cause of tho traitor whom ho addressed, by aiding him to procure flrcarms of an improved character, wherewith tho more success-* folly to establish his own usurped power on tho rnins of the government of which wo are members?how con we, act ingnndor our solemn oath to support und defend the ERAI constitution, refuse to vote for this resolution of expulsion? Mr. Doounuc, (rap.) of Wis., said the debate liad taken S wide range already. He wished merely to state a tew considerations, which, in his judgment, demanded the vote he expected to give. He should not consider tho former course of the Senator, or tho vote to be given, or the opinion he may have expressed. It was conceded Qn all hands that if the letter were written to-day it would bo unqualified treason. The question then is, what was ihe character of the letter when written, on the 1st of March? On the 1st of March war actually did exist; conspirators actually levied war. It had been said that the Senator, when he wrote tho letter, did not believe there would bo any war. The only reason ho (Mr. Doolittla) could see wad, what was to him tho monstrous aupposition that the government would HuOTer itself to be destroyed without striking a single blow. lie could not but consider the letter calculated to give aid and comf rt to the rebels, and ho should be compelled to vote for his expulsion. Mr. Wiuirv, (Uniou) of Va.,said but for tho allusion to the Senator I rum Indiana, he should have said nothing. He appreciated the delicacy of his position, but he had each a hatred for the rebellion, being a refugee from his State, with his estate confiscated, a price set on bia head, and the blood of his neighbors and friends not yet dry on bis native hills. He confessed to such an abhorrence to i the accursed rebellion, that ho hardly dare trust his own i judgment. Yet ho should meet the question without any < party prejudice. Ho thought it wus not fair to the Sena- 1 tor from Iudiana to truvcl so far out of tho record ai sonic i hod done. i Mr. Davis, (Union) of Ky., said he had referred to tho course or the Senator. He said, according to the record, tho Senator from Indiana had only attended threo meetings of the Committee on Finance. Mr. Wiijxy said that wag only another Instance of travelling out of tho record. Mr. Rrhiht said ho did not know that such a record was kept, but, if there was sixh a record, it was not correct. Mr. Davis said the clerk of the committee kept u record of the parsons present, and he was sure of the fact. Mr. PiuHtTS, (opp.) of Md., said he hud been a member of that committee for fifteen years, and he never knew oi any mica recora. Mr. Wiu.hy buhl tho discussion only showed that they must not travel out of tho record: in regard to tin- let tor, the Senator from Inrliaua might have believed there would have been no war on the let of March; but he called the particular attention of the Senator to the explanation he proposed to make to the principle declared in the letter written-in September. There could toe no doubt then as to the state of tjie country. Tho Senator declared that he was always opposed to secession, yet be declared in that letter, and be redeclarea In tho Senate here, that he is opposed to all coercion. He should reserve bis decision till he beard from the Senator on that point. Mr. Bright, (opp.) of Ind., said if the Senator would permit him he would read two resolutions passed by a large political meeting in Indiana in January last, which, embodied his sentiments:? Resolved, That in this national emergency the democracy of Indians, banishing all feeling of passion and resentment, will recollect only duty to the whole country; that this war should not he waged in a spirit of conquest or subjugation, nor for the purpose of overthrowing the rights of the Southern States; to defend and maintain the supremacy of the constitution, preserve the Union, with all the dignity, equality and rights of tho several States unimpaired. As soon as these objects are accomplished the war ought to oesse. We will sustain with all our energies the. war for the ronslitutien and Integrity of the Union; but we are opposed te a war for the emancipation of the negroes or the subjugation of the Southern States. He said as far as that goes it was his platform. If ha was turned out of that body, hs proposad, on these resolutions, to go egsin before tha people who had so long Hd n ofWi kono^Kl Uim. Mr. WiLLKY said he must ask the Senator still further to define what be did mean by tha statement that ha was entirely opposed to coercion when the country was In danger end the rebels hoping to overthrow the govern UIVUli Mr. Sovku, (rep.) of Mae?.?Mr. Preeident, tbie debete is about to cloeo; but before tho tsete is talcen I wish briefly to review it, and to show again that there is but oae conclusion which can truly satisfy the Senate or the country. If yeur just Judgment in thie case were not of Incalculable Importance both for the Senate and the country?helping to elevate the one and to insplrothe other?I should not venture again to elalm your attention. Such a precedent, so fruitful in great influences, should be completely commended and vindicated, that 1 it may remain forever unquestioned as one of the pillars of that constitutional security which is the objector go- 1 vernment itself. Out of all who have spoken, we naturally yield precedence ou litis occasion to the Senator from Indiana (Mr. Bright). Ilis speech was not long, but it afforded ample ground for regret, if not for condemnation. It showed offensively the same spirit which ia found iu tbo original letter: nor did it Buggeet anything in apology, except that the bearer of the letter was hut life-long friend, and that wheu he wrote the letter he did not dream of war; in other words, un act of unquestionable disloyally was put under the double cloak of a life long frfondship,and of professed ignorance of tho real condition of things. Because tiie bearer of the letter woa his lifelong friend, and becauso tho Senator did not soo war ale ad, therefore ho was Justified in sending forth this life long friend on an errand of disloyalty, if not of treason itself, nnd of making him the instrument of aid and comfort to an organized rebellion. Of course such an argument shows woakursa and not strength, and tho very weakness out of which it sprung naturally bocame impassioned and unjust. If, any personal feeling could disturb that perfect equanimity which with me, on this occasion, is at once a sentiment apd a duty, I might complain of tbal vthdicttvo tone which broke forth, not only in personal Imputations, but also in the menace that what I had said on the case of the Senator I dared n!>t say again here or olsewhore; but I muko no complaint. It is sufficient for mo that I spoko in tho conscious discharge of uiy duly, and that I know of nothing in tho vind.ctivo tone or in the menace of the Senator which con intoi fere with such duty as I understand it. Therefore, I put aside what he has said, whether of personal imputation, or of porsonnl menace, or of argument, for they all leave bint worse than if he had continued silent. 1 put aside also the olaborate argument, lasting throughout a whole day, of the Senutor from Kentucky (Mr. I>avis), practically exalting s avory above tho constitution, and Insisting Uiat, whilo life is sacrificed and property is taken, whiio great rights are trodden down, und 'aH, human energies are enlisted in defence of our country, slavery alone is too sacred to be touched. Sir,* I put aside this argument, because it is utterly out of place and irrelevant in the present discussion; and I trust it will not be my bahit in debate to ramble from i that straight line which is the shortest way to the dosired point. There is a time to sow and a time to roup, and there will be a time to discuss tho constitutional power of Congress to put an end to this rebellion, even if, ,n so doing, it is constrained to put an end to slavery itself. I but aside, also, the suggestion of the Senator from Now York (Hr. Harris) to the effect that the Senator from Indiana is now on trial; that our proceedings are judicial; und that the evidence before us is insufficient to satisfy the requirements of such a case. Surely tbia assumption proceeds on % mistake. The Senator from Indiana is not on trial, in the ordinary understanding of that term, nor are our proceedings Judicial, nor is the ovidence insufficient for the casein baud. Under the constitution each House, with the concurrence of two-thirds, may exfiel a member, but this largo discretionary power is given simply for the pro taction or in* nooy in ino exercise 01 an noneatana honorable salt defence. The Senate itself it on trial Just as much as the Senator: and permit me to say that the Senate will condemn Itself if It allow any person to continue* among Its members who has forfeited that special confidence in his loyalty whioh is essential to his usefulness as a Senator. It is vain to say that tho evidence is insufficient. Technically and Judicially this may be the case; hut according to all legislative precedents and all the rules of common life It is obviously sufficient, for it is beyond all practical doubt. Ify friend from Now York did not hesitate at this session to vote for the expulsion of Breckinridge, of Polk, and of John* son, without one scrap of evidence that be would recognise as a Judge on the bench. How can he now require evidence which he did not require then ? 1 put aside also the argument or the Senator from Pennsylvania (Mr. Cowan), so carefully and e'aborately stated, to the effect that on the 1st of March, when the disloyal letter was written, there was no war actually existing between the rebel States and the United States. Even ir this assumption were correct?even if the United Stales weresti'l hesitating what course to adopt, nothing is clearer than this: tho rebel States were in rebellion, organized, armed and offensive, with the avowed purposeof overthrowing tho national government within their borders; and such rebellion was beyond all question a levying of war under.the constitution of (he United States, so that all adherence to It. giving aid and comfort, was treason itself. Rut even if you are not disposed to admit that there was an actual levying of war on the part of the rebels?though of this there can be no doubt? there waa surely a preparation and a purporo to do ao; and any contribution to such preparation and purpose waa disloyalty, if not treason. Clearly. Jcffer Rtm IWTIP, ?ni?niiti' ,n(i3 niHH) Mint, inn l?e thought of a Senaor whooilfcred arms to the traitor' I put aside, alno, the suggest ion of ibo Senator from Now Jersey (Mr. Ten Kyek), founded on the language of the President In his Inaugural address or the 4th of March. It is true that the President spoke of the robel* In generous, fraternal words?such words as became the Chief Magistrate of a g oat people, who had not yet renounced the idea of conquering by kindness, and who had not forgotten that Leviathan was tamed by a cord. But whatever may have been the language or tho President, It la none the less clear that the rebellion at this vory moment was completely organized, by a succession of overt acta, whl'h fitfid the treasonable po?|. tlen of Its authors, and especially of its chief, to whore the letter off.-ring arms was addressed. I put aside, also; the argument of the Senator from California (Mr. Latham), 'especially that part of It founded on the tolerance shown by the Senate to treason when uttered here hy the retiring reb^. Nobody questions that treason wes uuerru on iim noor, or that treasonable counsels went forth from this chamber. But the Senate was then controlled by the associates ol' the Senator of Indiana, and It was not in our > power to check or chastise the traitors. It Is within the recollection of many that those utterances woro heard on this side of the chamber, not only with an indignant patriotism, but with a bitter, rankling regret, that the Senato was not so entirely In the hands of the traitors that we were obliged to hear .In silence. Surely such utterances, black with treason, constituting the very voice of tlx* rebellion, cannot be an apology for thedlsloyal loiter of the Senator from Indiana; nor can our silence, when we were powerless to act, be au argument for sileuce now that power and responsibility ere etus. Let me ndd, alfio. that others may use the argument In this ca e, that tnn Senator has delared himself against coercion of the rebel Stales, or that ho has refused to vote the necesxary means for tho suppression of the rebellion; hut I use no such argument. Much as I should lament such a course, and luetly obnoxious as I should regard It. yet I cannot consider It se an argument for the L?D. PRICE TWO CENTS. expulsion of iho Senator. Freedom of debate is one of the triumphs of modern civilisation; and it shall nrver be I miie I red by any vote or any word of mine To this freedom I have held fast when almost alone in this body; and what I have steadily vindicated for myself again.-1 all odds I shall never dony to another. Therefore, if 1 am the judge, there is no Senatorwho will not always be perfectly freo to speak and vote as he ahall think best on every question which shall legitimately arise; but beyond that immunity be must not go. He shall uot talk treason; lie shall not parley with rebellion; he shall not address to it words of sympathy and good will; especially, ho shall not recognise its chief in his pretended character of Preeideut, nor shall ho send to him improved firearms to he employed in the work of treaaon. Putting asido all these considerations, tho case against the Senator from Induna is clear. All apologies, all excuses uttorly fail. It is vain to say that the bearer of the letter was his lifo-l ng friend,as it is vain to say, also, that tho Senator did uot dream that there wonld be war. The llrsl apology is us feeble as the second is audacious. If the Senator did not dream that there would be war. tbeu why send arms to the chief of the rebellion? To Jotfersou Davis as a private citizen?to Jeffcr- ' son Davis as a patriot Senator, there was no occasion or motive for sending arms, it was only to Jefferson* Davis as chief of tho rebellion that arms could be sent; aud to him, in that i-haiactor,thoy were sent, ilut even if the rebellion were uot at that time manifest in overt act-?as it clearly was?still (he sending of arms was a positive provocation and contribution to its outbreak, especially when the arms were sent by a Senator. And now, at tho risk of repetition, Isaya^ain, it is not necessary that the war should nave been commenced on the part of the United states. It is enough that on the part of Jefferson Davis, at tho date of the letter, there was an actual levying or war, or, at least, a purpose to levy war; and in either of thrso two cases?the last as well as tho first?the guilt of tho Senator, offering arms, wus.completc?call it treason or call it simply disloyalty,if you will. H is vain that you reek to surround him on this occasion with the technical defences of a Judicial tribunal. This will not do. They are out of place. Cod grant that, in the administration of justice, a citizen arraigned for his life U?ay always be presumed innoeenttlllhe is proved guilty. Ilut while zealously averting this presumption In a criminal trial, I utterly deny It hi the present case. The two proceedings are radically unlike. In the one we think most of tho individual; in the other we think most of the Senate. The flag officer of a fleet, or the commander of a earrifon when sua pccted only of correspondence w 1th tlio enemy, in without delay deprived of his command; nor can any technical presumptions of innocence be Invoiced in his defence. For the sake of the licet, for tbo sake of tho garrison, which must not he betrayed. It is your duty to see that La is not deprived of bis command; nor can a suspected Senator, with ail hia confidential trust?legislative, diplomatic and executive?expect any toleranoe that would be denied to a suspected flag officer, or to a suspected commander of a garrison. If not strong, pure and upright in bimaolf, he must not expect to And strength, purity and uprightness in any presumptions of innoconce, or in any technical 'rule or law. For the sake of the Senate, he must be deprived of hia place. Afterward, should he be arraigned at law, he will be allowed to omploy all the devices and weapons familiar to Judicial proceedings. But there Is another illusion into which the Senator had fallen: and It seems to me that the Senator from New York,and perhaps other Senators,have followed him. It is the assumption that, in depriving the Senator of his seat, we take something from him that is really his. This is a mistake. A Senator is simply a trustee. The Senator id trustee for Indiana. But hie fidelity as trustee is now drawn In question; and sinco no person is allowed to continue as trustee whose character la not above suspicion?inspired, according to the language of the law, by tifrrrima JU??the case of the Senator should obviously be remanded te the State for which ho still assumes to act. Snould he be wronged by expulsion, then Will that State promptly return him to his present treat, and our Judgment will be generously revorsed. The Senator has no right for himself here - be dees not represent himself, but be represents his State, of which he in the elected, most confidential trustee, and when his fidelity Is opeuly Impeached there is no personal right which can becomo bis shield. Tell me not or the scat of tho Senator. Let the Senator be cautions in his language. By courtesy the seat may be bis; but in reality the seat belongs to Indiana; ami this honored Slate?un? Burpassod in contributions to the patriot armies of the republic?may Justly protest against any longer misrepresentation on this floor by a disloyal Senator. But the Senator from Pennsylvania (Mr. Cowan) sxclaiins?and the Senator from New York follows him In saying?that the oiTenco of tho Senator Is "treason or noihing." For myself, I have no hesitation in expressing tbo conviction that it Is treason. If it be not treason in a Senator to send arms to an open traitor, wlicm ho at the same time acknowledges in his traitorous character, then It were better to blot out tho crime of treason from our statuto book, and in erase its definition from the constitution. Sir, it is treason. But oven if it be'not treason, according to all the technical requirements of that crime, it is obviously and unquestionably an act of disloyalty so discreditable, so unworthy, and so dangorous as to render tho duty or tho Senate Imperative. Is It nothing that the Senator should write friendly letters, mako open acknowledgments, and'o(Tor warlike aid to a public traitor? Is it nothing that, sitting in this chamber, tho Senator should send to the chief of the rebellion words of sympathy and amsof power? is it nothing that tho Senator should address the traitor In terms of courtesy and oflicial respect? Is It nothing that the Senator should call tho traitor "his Excollency,'' and should hall him ''President of theConfederatoStates?'' And la it nothing that the Senator should oiler to the traitor thus addressed what, of all tilings he most coveted, destructive arms, to be turned against tiio constitution which tho Senator has 8 worn to support? lathis nothing? Why, then, the world and all that'* iu't is nothing; The'covcrlug sky is nothing. Nor nothing have these nothings. If this be nothing. Sir, the case is too plain for argument. You cannot arguo that two und two niukc four; that a straight line Is the shortest dj.-lanco between two points; or that the sun shines in the sky. All these are palpable at once to reason and to sense, Bat, if I did w t see before me honored Senators, valued friends, who think olliorwise, I should say that a Senator, acknowledging in friendly correspondence the chief of a rebellion which wan set on foot in defiance of tho United Slates, and sending to this ehief arms, the only use of which can bo in upholding the rebellion", has Just y forfeited that oonfl- * deuce in his loyalty which is us much needed as bis commission to entitle iiim to continue in this chamber. The case is very plain, and wo have taken too much time to consider it. We have been dilatory when we ought * to|havebeen prompt, and wo havo hearkened to technical defenses when we ought to have surrendered to that indignation which uuWoyalty is calculated to arouse. The Senator from New llampshiie (Ur. Clark) has reminded us?ss John guincy Adams reminded the general ion of his time?of that beautiful work of art In the other wing of the Capitol, where the muse of history, uitl* fetthfiil tu?n rnviufiirt Ihn frunaerf inni of nnrh ifftv n't bo trusted that, over against tlie record of pact disloyalty, another page might beam with the Just Judgment which followed. But there la another worlt of art, famous as art Itself, and proceeding from Its greatest master, which may admonish us precisely what to do. The anctont satrap lieliodoruB, acting in the name of a distant sovereign, had entered that sumptuous temple dedicated to Uto true Uod, whore stood the golden candlesticks and where hung the vail which was yet uarent, sad profanely eought to reach the very altar Itself, wneu suddenly, at the intercession of the high priest, an angelic horseman armed with thong* is teen to dash tho Intruder upon the marble pavement and to sweep him from the sacred presence. But now that disloyalty, in the acknowledged name of a distant traitor, intrudes into this sancfuary of tho constitution, and insists upon sitting at our altar, surely there should bo an indignant chastisement a* swift an tho the angelic horseman that moves immortal In tha colors of Kaflhcllo. In vain do you aoek to Interpose consideration* of lenity or forbearance. Tha case docs not allow them. I know wall tho beauty and the greatness of charity. For the Senator I havo charity; but there la a bettery charity dua to the Senate, whose solemn trusts are in Jeopardy; and even if you do not accept completely the saying of amiquity, which makes duty to country tbe great charity which embraces * ail other charities, you will not deny that It la at least a commanding obligation, by tho aide of which all thai wo owe to tbe Senator Is sihall. And,sir, do not forget? let the procious example be present In your soula that He who baa taught us tha beauty and tho greatness of charity eras the first who seized tbe thongs to soourg* tho money changers from tbe t tuple of tho lx>rd. Mr. Davw contended that he had never said thai slavery was superior to the constitution. Ha was always attracted by grandiloquent, sophomorie speeches. Tho Senator shakes his Imperial locks Ilka Jovo.butbe wan not tha Jovo of tho Senate or of the country. There were other mind* as largo an his. who wore willing to giv* rights to all the people of tbe Stales. Tho gentleman from Massachusetts, in tho course of his sacred reading*, might ramomber on* (ioliah, who thought himself Invlnoible, as the Senator does. The Senator might, perhapa, meet the sam* fat*. On motion of Mr. Lstium tbe Senato went into executive session. Adjourned. Homes *f Representative*. WasBmuros, Feb. 4,1M3. nun m in tsaasrnt not* sju.. The Boas* mil Unto Committee of th* Who]* on lb* I Treasury Not* bill. aram or >*. bobbhx, ov Taanoirr. Mr. Momiix, (rap.) of Vt.?i look upon Una propoaal ot on* hundred and fifty million* of paper currency, and making It a legal tender, aa Ih* precursor of a prolific brood of promlaea, no one of which, I fear, Is to bor*> deemed la the coaatituttonal standard of the country. | hare strong conviction* of Uic impolicy of. th* meaauro, and I should fail In my dnly if 1 did not attempt to Had a stronger prop for our country than this bHI?a meaauro not bleaaed by one sound principle, and damned by all, I do not say the country would bo rulnod by th* adoption of th* bill, though it is a blunder; but It Is a time wbea It may be truly said a blunder Is worso than acrlm*. We are urged to pass It aa a war meaauro?a measure ot necessity, based upon th* probable prolongation of the war. I bare no ex pec Ut Ion that th* war will last till July, 1M3. Tbo Ice which bow choke* up th* /mwrrwmm on no hth p4nc.i f *' > .