Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1862 Page 2
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jr ^ BEAUREGARD ON BULL RUN. The Official Report of Gen. Beauregard of the " Battle of Manassas." INTERESTING OETAILS OF THE FIGHT. THE BEBKLS COMPELLED TO FALL BACK. Eighteen Hundred and Fifty-two Killed and Wounded, etc*, etc* Qbadquartois First Corps abmt or rm Potomac, \ Manukas, Aug. '.8,1801- J Q?virvl? Tba War Peportmerit having been informed by me, by tolegraph on tho lTth of July, of the movement of General McDowell, General Johnston was immediately ordered to form a june ttonof his army corps with mine, should the movomout, Ui his judgment, be deemed advisable. General Holmes eras also directed to push forward with two regiments, a battery and ono company of cavalry. In view ot these propositions, approaching reinforce meats modifying my plen of operations so far ar to determine on attacking tho enemy at Centroville as soon as I should bear of the near approach of the two rclr.lbrcmg columns. I sent one of my aids, Colonel Chrisholm, of 8ou(h Carolina, to meet and communicate my plans to General Johnston, and my wish that one portion of liis foroe should march by the way or Aldie, and take the enemy on his right flank and in ths rear at Cbntreville. Difficulties, howovor, of an Insuperable character in connection with moans of transportation, and the marching oondition of his troops, made this inipractieable, and it was determined our forces should be united within tho lines of Bull run, and thence advance to the attack of the enemy. General Johnston arrived here about noon on the 20(h July, and being my senior in rank, be necessarily as sumed command of all the force of the C'onfoderatc States, then concentrating at this point. Made acquainted with my plan of operations aud dispositions to meet the enemy, ho gave thorn his entire approval, and generously directed iheir execution under my command. In ooavoquenco of the untoward detention, however, of Mme five thousand (5,000) of General Johnston's sruiy corps, resulting from the inadequate and imperfect means Of transportation for so many troops, at the disposition of the Manassas Gap Railroad, it became necessary, on the morning of the 21st, before daylight, to modify the plan aocepted to suit the contingency of an immediate attack on our linen by the main force of the enemy, then plainly at hand. The enemy's forces, reported by thoir best informed Journals to be 55,000 strong, I had learned from reliable Sources, on the night of the 20th, were being concentrated in and around Ontreville, and along the Warrenton turnpike road, to Bull run, near which our respective picket* were In immediate proximity. This fact, with the conviction that, after his signal discomfiture on the 18th of July, before Blackburn's Ford?the centre of my lines? be would not renew the attack in that quarter, induced me at once to look for an attempt on my left flank, renting on the Stone Bridge, which wag but weakly guarded by men, as well as but slightly provided with artificial defensive appliances and artillery. In view of these palpable military conditions, by half, past four A. M., on ths 21st July, ftaad prepared and dsspatrhefl orders, directing the whole of the Confederate ftwoee within the lines of Bull run, including the hrigados end regiments of Gen. Johns ton, which had arrived at that I,ma frt ha l?aM in waadihnaea ?/v a?. ,w MW... ?v UIOI vu U1U1UOUI 1 Mite*. At that hour the following wis the disposition of our forces:-. Ewell's brigade, constitutm! as on the 18th of July, reUtaioej ju position ? *J"nl0B yjilts Ford, his loft extending oull run, in the direction of McLean's Ford, and supported by Holmes' brigade, Second Tennessee and First Arkansas regiments a short distance to the rear? that is, at and near Camp Wigfall. D. R. Jones' brigade, from E well's left, in front ef McLean's Ford and along the stream to Longstreet's posit ion. It was unchanged in organization, and was supported by brly's brigade, also unchanged, placed behind a thicket ofgroung pines, s short distance in the rear of McLean's Ford. Longstreet's brigade ho d its former ground at Blackburn's Ford, from Jones' lelt to Bonham's right, at Mitcheft'H Ford, and was supported by Jackson's bngads, consisting of Colonels Jauu s L. Preston's Fourth, Harper's Fifth, Allen's Secona. the twenty-seventh. Lieutenant Colonel Echoll's, and the Thirty-third, Cnumiing's Virginia regiments,'J,All strong, wlfrh were poeted behind the skirting of pines to the rear of Blackburn t and Mltohell'e Ford, and in the rear of thia supnort was also Barksdale'* Thirteenth regiment Mississippi Volunteers, which had lately arrived from Lynchburg. Along the edge of o pme thicket, injriar of and eejuidistant from McLean's end lilackbum s Fords, ready to support either position, I had also placed all of B- e's and Bartow's brigades that ha 1 arrived?namely, two com pantesofthe Eleventh Mississippi, Lieut. Col. Liddell the Second Mississippi. Col. Faltrncr, and the Alabama, with the Seventh and Kightli Georgia regiments (Colonels uartrenjtna t.ieutenam co.oiie: ttarunen, .Q all s,J32 bayonets. Bonham* brigade, ?s before held Mitchell's Foril.it* right near I .ongstreet's left, its left extending iutb? direction of Cocke's right. It was organized a* at the end of the 19th of July, with Jackson's brigade, aa before aid, a* a support Cocke's brigade, increased by seve.. eompan>o* ot the Eighth, Ifunton'g,. three com pan ieg of tl?? Forty ninth, Bmith's Virginia regiments; two companies of cavalry, and a battery under Rogers of four six-pounder*, occupied the line In front and rear of Hull run. extending from the d i recti oo of Bonham'a left, and guarding Island. Ralls and f,ewis' Fords, to the ri^ht of Evans' demi-bripadr, near the Stone bridge, also under General Cocke's command The latter held the . Stone Bridge, and ita left covered a farm ford about one mile above the bridge. Stnart'g cavalry, (tome three hundred men of the army ef the Shenandoah, guarded the level ground extending in rear from Bonham a left to Cocke's right. Two companies of Radford's cavalry were neld in resorre a short distance ia rear of Mitchell's Ford, his left extending in the direction of Stuai t'a right. Colonel Pendleton's reserve battery of eight pieces was temporarily placed In rear of Bonham's extreme left. SMajor Walton's reserve battery of five guns was m sitlon on McLean s farm, m a pie- e of wood* In rear cl e'a t ight Hampton's legion of s.x companies of infantry, si. hondred strong, having arrived thst morning by the em from Richmond was enbsfjuenlly, m aoon ss it arrived, ordered forward to a Mail Id in immediate vicinnvoi thelewie House. as support for soy tro<^'s erga^r-1 id that quarter. Tbe effective Tome of all arm* of the army of the Potomac on thai ereatful morning, including the garrison Of Camp Pickena.did not exceod 21,833 and it) g ice. Tbe army of the Shenandoah reedy for a<tionnntbe l#ld,may b*eet at 0,000 men and JO g>,?s. [That. i?, who* tbe battle begun, Sm.tb's brigade .md Fisher * Korth Carolina ram# up later, aod made total of army of btnandoeh engaged of all ai mt, 8,334. Hill'* Virginia regiment, 650, also arrived, but wae posted as reserve to right lank.) Tbe brigade of Geaeral Qolme* muttered about 1,205 bejpoete, all gone and a company of cara'ry abu it ninety at roof. Informed at half-peat flee A.M., by Colonel Evans, that lb* eu<-myf bad deployed some 1,200 loan (these were what Colonel Event saw of General Sr h?n k ? brigade of General Tyler's division and two ether heavy brlgadee, in all over 0 000 men end thirteen planet of ar Hilary?Carlisle'* and Ay res a batterie*. That is. Mi men and two aix-pounders, confronted by 9 000 men and tblrtaaa pieces of artillery, mostly rifled] wlfh several pleoee of artillery in bis immediate front I at once ordered him, as also General ( oca*, if stuued .to mmutain their position to the last extremity. In my opinlen the most effect ive method of relieving that flank wae by a rapid, Jatermiaed stuck, with my rigbt wing and oeatreon the enemy's fiaait and rear at Centreville, with due precaution* against th? advance of bis reaetvea from the direct ton of Washington py inch movement I confidently eipected to seine- e a coinr lete Tioeory for my country by twelve o'clock M. Theee new dlepoeltiona were submitted to General Johnston, who Mly approved thorn, and tba order* for their Immediate execution were *t once Itsoed. Brigadier General Kwell wae directed to begin 'he movement, to be followed and anpported <. :catatvely by n mm mr a la I) R. fnnpm in ! Mf.i.hnn. romrva lively, supported by their several ??? luted r??er\ ee The cavalry, under Stuart and Radford, were to b? held In hand, subject to future orders end ready for employ meat ee migbt be required by the ex genctee of the battle. About half pelt eight o'clock A. M t.eneral Johnston and myeetftrMMferrad our bsadquart'-ra to a central p? itsmi abeul hoif a mile In the roar of Mitchell s Ford, whence we might wot oh discourse of events. Previously, ae asrly as half-peat five, (he federalists la front of Keens' position. .'-'tone Bridge, bad opened with large thirty pounder Parrot rifle gun. and thirty id ate* later with a niodsrate, apparently tentative, Ike from a betterr of rifla pteoee, directed llrit in front at F.vana' and then in the direction of Oocke's ponit on, but without drawing a return Are and discovery of our pes. twan, chiefly because in that quarter we had nothing but eight alt pounder i iecee #hkh could not reach the distant one my As the federalist* had advaced with an extended Ilnd of skirmishers ? front of Fvans, that officer promptly i^^Trd ,wo n*Dlt c?thf,eBlss of the Fourth South Carolina regiment and one com pen y ef Wheel 's Louisiana battalion, deployed as skirmishers, to cover AM Uins tM Iwo armiM li ttat qu*rUr rimiioid for more thaa as hour, while the mam body of the eoem r was marching Its dubious way through !he "big forest' to take esr forces in flank and rear 1 r r* WL w By half-Met right AM, Colonel Crane havuig beoome ant tailed of the counterfeit character of tho movement on liia trout, ami persuaded of aa attempt to turn bis left dank. decided to chunge ft is position to meet the enemy, and for this purpose immediately put m motion tohw leit an 1 rear si> companies of Sloan's fourth South Carolina regiment, Wheat's Louisiana battalions dvs oompantes, and two mx-: outiders of Latham's battery, leaving four companion of Moan's regiuient under cover as the sole immediate defence of the Stone Brilge, but giving information to General Cocke of his change of position and the reasons that Impelled it Following a road leading by the Old Pittsylvania Car ter) mansion. Colonel Evans formed in line of battle i-oiue four hundred yards in roar?as hs advanced?of that houso, his guns to the front and in position, properly supl>orted, to its imme iiate right Finding, however, that the enemy did not appear on that road, which was a branch of one running by Sudley'S Springs Ford to Uroutevllle and Dumfries, ho turned abruptly to the left, and inarching across the fields for three-quarters of a oris, a* out half-past nine A. M., took a p.mtion in line of battle his left, Sloan's com panics, reeling on the m .ti Bro: let illc road in a shallow ravine, the Louisiana hattation to the right, in advance borne two Imn lied yards, a rectangular course of wood separating them?oue piece of his artillery planted on an uminonco some .sewn hundred yards to the rear of Wheat'* battalion, and tho other on a ridge n-utr and in rear of Sioau's position, commanding a reach of the road just in front of the hue of battle. In this order he auaited the coming of the masses of the enomy uow drawing near. In ibe meant mi# about seven o'clock A. M , Jack*on'* brigade, with Imboden's, and Ave pieces of Walton's battery . had been sent to take up u posit ion along Bull run to i?i.ard the interval lwtw,?n CorJrH'k riuht and Itiiiiliam's left, with or dor a to support either m case of uoed?the rharactor and topographical features of the ground having bnn shown to General Jackson by Captain P. R. Harris, of the Engineers, of this army ctri>8. fto much of Bco's and Bartow's brigades, now united, as had arrivo<l?some 2,*00 muskets?hail also boon sent forward to the support of the position of the Stone Bridge The enemy beginning hi* detour from tho turn-like, at a point nearly half w iy botweon Stonu Bridge aud (Vntreville, had pursued a' tortuous, narrow trace of a rarely used road, through a dou. o wo id, the greatrr part of his way, until near the Sudley road. A division under Colouel Hunter, of the federal regular army, of two strung brigades, was in the advance, followed immediately by auother division under Colonel Heiutzolwan, of threo brigades and seven comiiauies of regular cavalry and twenty four pieces of artillery?e ghte-in of which were rule g ;ns. This column, as it crossed Bull run, u'm' e.cd over sixteen thousand men of allunns, by their own accounts. Binnacle's brigade, which here, as at Fairfax Courf House, iod the advance, at about forty-live minutes past nine A. M. debouchod from a woo i in s'giit ot Evans' i>osition, some Dve hundred yards distant from Wheat's battalion. Ho immediately threw forward his skirmishers in forco and they b camo engaged with Wheat's command and the ix-pounder gun under Lieutenant l.ei'twirh. The federalists at oue-advanced. rs they report ofBclally.the Second Rhode Islanil regiment volunteers will its v muted batiory of six thirteen poun icr rifle guns. Sloan's compan,os were thou brought into action, having been pushed forward through the woods. The enemy toon gilled and s'agg red by the Are. and prcss.-d by the detertninel valor with whi-h Wheat handl-d hi battery, until he was desper.rtely w lundod, hastone I up ihree otlier regiments of llie brigade and two Pahgreii howitzers, ma):.ng in all quite 500 bayonets and eight piocts cf artllii ry, opposed to loss than 800 men an I two six-rounder guns. Jv pite these odds. this intrepid command of but elo v u we -k co:ni,i8n;es msintainod its front to the et.omv for <|ui.? n hour, an t until General Bee came to the r aid w ith h < iy mma:d. The heroic Pee, with a soldier's oyo and recoguiti n of the situation, had previously disposed hij command with slcill?lu.bidon's battery having been admirably placed between the two brigrdes under shel ter behind the uttdttlatioi s of a bill about 150 yards north of the now famous Henry Home, ami very near where lie si b=equently fell mortally woi nded, to the great misfortune of his country; but alter de. ds of deliberate aud over nw m ?rrft>Jo courage. Meanwhile, the enemy had poshed forward a battalion of eight companies of regular infantry and or,e of their best batteries of six pieces (four rifled), supported by four companies of marines, to increase thedesperato olds against which Kvun? anil his men had maintained their stand with an almost matchless tenacity. General Bee, now fludlug Evans sorely pressed under the crushing weight of the masses of tue enemy, xt tho call of Colonel Evans threw forw ard his whole force ie his aid across a small stream?Young's Branch and Valley?aud engaged the federalists with impetuosity : Imboden's battery at the time plat iag from h-s well chosen position with brilliant efltect with spherical case, tho enemy having first opened on him front a rifle bat tery, probably Grftlu's. w th elongated cylindrical shell."-, w hich dew a few feet over the heads of our men, and evpioded in tho crest of the hill immediately in rear. As Bee advanced under a oarers Arc be tr aced the Seventh and Eighth Seorgin regiments under the chivalrot is Bartow, at about eleven A. M., in a wood of second growth pined, to the right acd tront of and nea ly perpendicular to Evans' hno of battle, the Fourth Alabama to the left of them, along a fence connecting the position of the Georgia regiments with the rectangular copse in which Sloan's South Caroluta companies were engaged, and into which he also threw the Second Mississippi. A fierce and destructive conflict uow ensued; ifce tire was wither ing on both sides, while the enemy swept our .Ikii i thin line, with thi-ir numerous arti'lorv erh'rli scoot ding to (bun official report*, at this tutu consisted or at leant ten rifle guns and lour howitzers. For an hour did IbtM etuut hearted men of the MnM M mtnand of Bee.l.vara and Partow breast an unintermit'.ng ba'tlc ifoim, animated, surely, by something mora than the oidmai y courage of even tho bravest mon ttuder Are . it must have been indeed the inspiration of the cause, and conscu n-ntss of the great suke al issue, which thus nerved and animated one and all to Hand tin re ed and unshrinking in such extremity. Two fadei-.il brigades of JTelntzelmaa's civs ton were Bow btought into acliou, led by Pickett*' superb light battery of six 10 pounder rifle guns, wh.eh. posted ou an eminence to the right or the Podley road, open-d Are on Imbodon's bu<tery?about this time increased by two rifle piece? of the Washington Artillery, under Lieuteuant Richardson, end already tho mark of two batteries, which divided their Arc with Inibod?n, nud two gnna, under Lieutenants Davidson and Left witch, of Latham a battery, potted ag before mentioned. At tins time, confronting the enemy, we bad still but Evans' eleven companies and two guns?Hee's and itar tow's four regiments, the two > otripuuiei feleveoth Mis-n sippi,under Lieutenant Colonel Lidded, and tho six pieces onder imb-d?n and Richardson. The enemy hut 'wo divisions of lour strong brigades, including seventeen companies of regular infantry, cavalry and artillery, four companies of marines, and twenty pieces of artillery. ir'eo otllcijtl reports of Colonels Heintzclni 'U, Porter, A--.] Against this olds, scarcely credible, our advance i>o-itiou was stiti for a while maintained, and the cn*m> racks constant* ly broken aud shattered uncer the scorchiug Are of our men; hut fresh regiments of itie federalists came upon the fleld?bhei man # ?n-l Key s' brigades of Tyler's division?as is stated in 'hot reports, numbe ing over fl,000 bayonets, which led iound a pas age acr es tho runabout eight hundred yards above :he c'tune bridge, . 1.. I r rl?l.l Heavy losse- tin' now been sustained on our side. both in numbers and In the |>erao:ial w< rtb wf the ilatu. lot Georgia regiment hid suffered heavily, being exjHwod, as it took and maintained its p- -ition, to a Are from the enemy, slrevly posted within a hundred yards of their front and righi, sholtorcd by fences and other cover, tt was at tins titne that Ijuiteriant t'oionel Gardener was aevero ly wounded, a* a'so revetai other valuable 'Dicers. the Adyiiani of the regiment, T.umtonant Bran h, was killed, and tlv horve of the rog eltcd Bnrtow wss ahot ituler h.m. The Fourth Alabama also rut'ered severely from tha deadly tire f the thousands o( muskais which they | so iUiiut'e*is!y fronted under the Immediate 'oedor-Uip of Bee himself. It* brsve ('olinel.K J ./one* was in geroui'y wo- uded, and many jallaut otticers fell, slam or It-rj d< combat. Now,however, with the c Tging ma-? of ovsr four teen tho"aand foder*I infanttry press ng on their front. I and un?ler < lie incessant (Ire 01'at least tweoty pierer of .irtillery, with the fiesh in Igadra of Sherman and Ke; as 1 approaching?the latter already in musket range?OJr j llnat gare bark, but under order* ftroui Hen Bee Ti e eDStny, truirit lining the Are, pressed their swell, mg inai-<-a tnward as our shattered battalions rt'ired; the slaughter lor the moment was deplorable, an t bsi flM?d many a Southern home with life long sorrew Undor this inexorable atiees the retreat continued until arirste I by the energy and resolution of den. Bee. a r ported ly Eait w ard 1 are .just in the rear of thu Robtnsou Ilouae. and TLan.; ton s J egiop, which bsd been already Mfittd, and was in position near it. Iroboden'a battery, wh'h bed been hand ed with martce 1 skill.but whose men were almost exhausted,and | the two pieces of Wain n's battery under T.ls itenant Rlehei dson, b ung thrsatene<l by the enemy's ufsut. y on I Itw. efI ail.) frnnt UTAPfi ll?n fill! L'fltl In fall tifirk linhrt. den, leaviog disabled pie. on the ground, r?lued until be met Jaokhon brigade, while Richardson joined the mam body ofbla lattery near the l-ew:s Hon e n, r n(entry retired from the extreme front the two mx pounder* of Latham h battery, before mont'oned, fell ba< k with excellent judgment to suitable position* In the rear, when en effbctive fire wis maintained 'ipoo the still advancing lfnee of the f'der* et? with damaging elect,, iintil their ammunition was ueat ly exhausud when (bey, too. wort withdrawn in'he near praeenre or the enemy, *n t rejoined tbelr captain Fr?m the point previously indicated, where Oenerel Johnston nbd my self had established our headuue-dsra, we heard the oont.nuons ro'l of musketry and the sue tmned dm of the artillery, which announced the aerton* outburst of the haul# on onr left flank. ami we anxiously, hot confidently, awaited eiml'ar sounds of c-inflt. t from our front at Centrevilta, resulting from ihe i>resorlbtd attack m that q tarter by our right wing. it half tast ten In the morning, however, thia evpecta lion wee dissipated, from Brigadier General Ewell laform. Ing me. to my profound diaappoiotroent, that my orders for h r advance bad mi* arrled, but that. In eonseq ime* of a ommunlcaiion from Ooooral l>. B. Jones, he had ,oat 'hroon be brigade serosa the stream at Union Mill* Bet, m my judgment, it was now too late for tho effective execution of 'be oontemplated movement, which must have required quit# three hours for the troops to get into poaltlon for the attack therefore, H iwcarae Immediately ne<er*ary to dejend on new combinations and other disposition* suited to the now preening ailgenoy Tha movement rj the right and csn tre, already isgnn by Joust am] L .ugatreet, waa at onca countermanded with ihe sanction of ceneral Johnston, snd we arreoged to meet the tnemv on Ihe field upon which he had i boson to give a battle Under ibeau circ msiances our raaervea, not already ,n movement, w ye immediately ordered up to support our left dank, namaly?Ho mea' two rag mania and bsttory of artillery, under Captain I.lndsay Walker, of six guts,and Barley'a br gad# Two r. giments fr-in Ronhsm s brigade with Kemper s four ti* tonndara, were also ualleg for, and, with the sanction "f General Johnston, (lauersla Kwsll, Jonee, (P R..) Longntreot and Honhsm were directed to make a demonstration to their several fronts to retain and engross the enemy a reserves and forces on their flask, and at and around Centievtlle Previously, our respective chief* of ataff?-Ma|or Rhett and Colon el Jordan? had been left at my headquarter* to hasten up, and give directions to any troops thai night arrive at Maoas?s?. These Of 1?'f havinv h*?n d-ty d " vf'ted by S'eff p m YORK HERALD, THU1 etn. at 10 SO A M. General Johueou and myeeir set out for the immediate fluid of actum. which we reached In the rear of the Kobuuon aud widow Henry's houses, at about 12 meridian. eud juat a* the commands of lire, Baitow and Kvaus had taken shelter in a wooded ravine behind the former, stoutly held at the time by Hampton with his legion, which bad made sund there after having p evioualy been as far forward as the turnpike, whore Lieutenant Colonel J ihnst n, au officer of brilliinl promise, was ki led, and other severe losses wore |iustained. Before our arrival upon the scene t<?uoral Jarksou had moved forward with his brigade of five Virginia regt ineuis from bis position in reserve, and had judiciously taken ptft below the brim of the plateau nearly east of the Henry house. and to tne left of the ravine and woods x'o. p ed by thf J nminnute of Bee's, Bartow's an l Evans' cotnmanJs, witL Tmbodeu's bauory, and two ol Stanard'a piec ? placed ao as to nlay ujion theotirpmmg enemy, supported in the immediate i*4dr by Colonel J. L. l'reston's and Lieutenant Colonel Eoholl'a regiments, on the right by Harper's and on tho loft by Allen's and CumDung's regiment As soon as General Johnston and myself reached tho Held, we v-ere occupied with the reorganization of tho heroic troops, whoso previous stand, with scarce a parallel, has nothing more \ aliant in all tho pages of b story, and whose loss s Qt.y tell why, at length, thvlr linos hud Inat their cohesion. It was now that General Johnston impressively and gallantly chaiged to tha front with tho oeiors of tho Fourth Alabama regiment by his side, all the fleld officers of the regiment having boon previously disabled. Shortly afterwards I placed 3 It. Gist, Adjutant and In spec tor Genera! of South Carolina, a voluute t Aid-do Damp of (General Boa, in command of this rogl moot, and who led it again to the front as became Us previous behavior, and remained with it for thereat of the day. As soon as w a had thus rallied and disposed our forces, I urged Geuoral Johnsloii to leave tho Immediate conduct of -he fleld to mo, while be, repairing to l*ortico?the Lewie Hou..e^-sh'iuld urgo reinforcements forward. At first lie was uuwtlltug, but rouindod that one of us must do so, and that properly it was his place, he reluotnntly, but fortunately, complied; fortunately, b cause from that position, by bis euergy and sag.city, his keen ;>er ception and tnficipalion of my needs be so directed tho reserves as to ensure the suocdta of the day. As General Johnston departed for Portico Colonel Bar- > tow roported to mo with tho remain* of the Seveuih Georgia Volunteers (Cartrell's), which I ordorod him to i post on tlio left of Jackson's line, in the edge of the bell of DiilArt IhhiIoiin;' tho AO'it.hr,i^lrirn rim of thn tilatA.m on i which (ho bit''a wa* now to rage so iong nnd go florcely. Colonel Wm. Smith's battalion or the Forty-ninth Virginia Voluutceiu, lining ah"'come up i.v tnjr orders, I place t it on the left of GartreH's as my extreme loft at tho time. Repairing then to the right I placed Hamp ton's Legion, which had suffered great.y, on that flank somewhat to the tear of Harper's regiment, and also the soven companies of the Eighth (Hunton's) Virginia regiment, which, detached from Cocao's brigade by my orders and tlioso of General Johnston, h.id opportunely reached the ground. These, with Harper's rogiment, constituted e reserve to protect our right flank from an advance of the enemy from tho quarter of the stone bridge, and served as a support for the line ot battle, which was formed on the right by Re's and Evans commands, in the centru by four regiments of Jackson's brigade, with Imbodon's four six pounders, Waltou's live guns, (two rifled,) two guns (one piece rilled) of Stanard's and two six-pounders of Rogers batteries, the latter under Lieut. Heat on; and on the left by GartreH's reduced ranks and Col. Smith's batu'lon,subsequently reinforced Kalkner's Second Mississippi regiment, and by anothor rcg.mcut of the Army of Shenandoah, just arrived upon tho fleld, the Sixth (Fisher's) North Carolina. Confronting the enemy at this lime my force numbered, at most, not rnoro than 6,500 infantry ami artillerists, with but thi-teen pieces of artillery, mid two com|ianies (Carter's and Hugo's) of Stuart's cavalry. The enemy's forro, now bearing hotly and confidently down on our position, regiment alter regiment of the best equipped men that over took tho field?according to their own official history of the day?was formed of Colonels Hu: tcr's and Heintzelmans divisions, Colouele Sherman's and Keyes' brigades of Tyler's division, and of tho formidab'o batteries of Rickaits. C.rlOln. and Arnold regulars, and Second Rhode Tsland, and two I>ah!gren howitzers?a force of over JO OOo infantry, seven companies of regular cavalry and twenty, four pieces of improved artillery. At the ?ame liino perilous, heavy reserve* of infantry anJ artillery hung in the distance aro nd the StonoBridge, Mitchell's,Blackburn's an I Union Mills fords, visibly ready to fall upon us at any moineut: and 1 was also assured "of the exist, once of other heavy corps at and around Cent re villa and elsowhere, within convenient supporting distances. Fully conscious of tins portentous disparity of force, as I po-lcd tho lines for !hv encounlor, I sough! to inf -e into the hearts of my officers and men the (onfldence and detenu nrd spirit of res.stance to this wicVed invasion of the homes ol a free people, which I felt, i Idfortned thorn that rcinforcoMcnw would i aj>ivlly come lo their support. . and we must at all hazards hold our posts mull reinforced. 1 reminded them that we fought lor our homes, our firesides and for lha independence of our countiw. I urged them to the resolution of victory or death on Uhal field. These sentiment- were loudly, eagerly cheered, vrliercso over proclaimed, and I then felt reu'sured of tha unconquerable spirit ?f that army, which would enable us to wrench victory from tlia host then threatening us with destruction. Oh, my country I I would readily have sacrificed my life, and those of all the brave uou" around me, lo save your honor and to maintain your independence from the degrading yoke which those ruthless invaders had come to im|>ose and cader porpeiual; and the day's issue lias assured rue thai such emotion- must also have animated all under tuy i umamnd. In the meant;me, the enemy had seized upon the plateau on which Kobiusou's ami 'h* Henry houses are s.tu a'ed?the position fi'st occupied in the morning by (,?n. Bee, before advancmg to the support of Kvans. RicUeit-' battery of six rifled gnus?the pride of the federalists, the object of their uusiinted expenditure in outfit?an l ihe equally powerful regular light battery of Urifflu, were brought for ward and placed in inuiicdiato action t atier naving, conjointly wim ine traiieries aueady mentioned, played from former position* with destructive cUVrt upon our forward battalions. Ih? topographical feature* of tbe plateau, now become tlie stage of the contending armiet, must bo described in outline A glance at the map will show that it is enclosed on tbreo .<ide* by small water course*, which empty into Bull run within a tew yards of each other hall a mile to the south of the Stone Bridge. Ki-ing to an clova'ton <>f quite one hundred foot above the level of Bull run at lite bridge, it falls off on three aides to the level ot the undo .ng streams in gentle slopes, but which are furrowed by rev.nee of irregular direction an.1 length, and studded with clumps and patches of young pines and oaks. The general direction of tliecre-tof the platcau-ie oblique to the cour-e of Bull run in that quarter, and on the Urcntsville and turnpike roads, which intersect ach other at right angles. Completely surrounding the twoboo-o* liofore mentioned ne small open fields, of irregular outline, and exceeding 130 acres jn extent. Tha bounce, occupied at ttio time, tbo one by widow Heurv and the oilier by the free negro Koliius >n, are small wooden boildHigs, densely embowered in trees and euviionod by a double row of fences on two sides. Around the eastern and uthern biow of the plateau an almost unbroken fringe ol second growth pine* gave ox> client she! terfor our markstuen, who availed themselves ot it with the most anti-factory skill. To the west adjoining the fields, a broad belt of oaks extends directly across the crogi on both side* of the Hodtoy road, in which, during the battle, regiments if both ai mic* met and contended for the mastery. From the open ground of this plateau the view embraces a wide expanse of woods and gently undeleting open country of broad grssa and grain fields ui all dfroc. lions, including tb* scene of Evans'nod Rec'* recant *ccouuter with ih? enemy?-some twelve hdudred ysrds to j the northward In reply to the play of tin enemy's bit'erie* our own I artillery bad not boon Wlc or unskilful. The ground or. copied by our gt ns.ou a 'evi l with that hold by ihe t.m terie.x of the er.cniy, wee an open spc * of limited extent. benuia a low nnautat ion, just at ttie east"m verge m tu<- ? MlWiMM COO or 60t) 3 ards IIM the Eh at y Bo se. I Here, as before Mid, some thirteen pieces, mostly -upoiralera, warn maintained In Action, 'lbe ae\?ralba'tapes of Iralrodeu, Stioiard, i'endleton fRockbridge art tlI Icrypnud Albtti ti?', of the At my of 'lie Shenandoah, And live guus <>f Walton's, and Beaton's section of Rogers' battery, <f th? At my of ibe Potomac, alternating in aoin* extent with each other, and talcing part >i ru-rded all from Mia outsat displaying that marvellous ratis* ity of our aa ai l|iloi lata wh?'b lia- made ibem. it wciild appear, at ouce the terror and the admiration of tho unemy. An waa aoon apparent, the fa ieralwt* bid suffered vereiy liom our artillery, and from tba Ore ot our nvia ketry on the right, and especially from the left Bank, placed underro.ee. w.ihio wbor" galling range they bad been advanced. And we art told in tbelr official report* how ragimont aftar regiment,thrown forward to dMcdtje ue. waa broken, ua??r to recorar its antire organization on tbat Beld In tba mean: mx. also,two companies ofRtuan ?cavalry (Oarter'e and Hogc'e) nttdu a dashing ' hnige down tue BrentscIHe and S idley road upon tba Vire Zonav?s? then the anemy right on the platen which added to their disorder, wrought by our nock-try on that flank But atill the press of the enemy was heavy inlhatq.iar ter of tha Bald, as fresh troops ware thrown forward there to outflank tie, and some throe gens of a battery, In hu attempt to obtain a posit on apparent I v to anfllada our bait-net, wtra thrown ao > 'of to tha Thirty third regiment, Jackson a brigade that that regiment,apringit.g lorwa d, aetx<*d them, but with sevove lore, and waa sub*!-] antly dttveu back by an overpowering fore" of tede a) nmekatty. Now, full two o'clock P. If , I gave the ordaf for tba : r .ght of my line, ox apt ray reserves, to advance to r rover tba plateau It was done witn unr-mmon r>-olu hod and vigor, and at tha mum time Jackson's br gad* pieredtbt anemy a cent'e with tha determination of vateratiS, and the spirit of men who Ugh' for M ancred rauaa. built suffered serioa-dy With equal spirit the other peril of the line made the on?et and the federal lines were broken and swept back, a: all pomta, from the often ground of the plateau. Rallying soon, however, as they ware strongly reinforced by fresh regiments, the, federallata returned, and by weight of number* i-??iicd our . lines hack. recovered their ground and gun?,.ind renewed lb? offensive By this tune, between b*lf put two ann tbra- o'clock ' P.M. our reinforcements ptiehed fotward, and, ?1 ?r?> (ed j by General Johusion to the requ.red 'var;ir Vere at hand just at I bid o der-d forward, to a ffc'.n4 eghrt 'or J the recor?rr of lb# dlJ^UpUUtf t|j,e whoielinI*. eWiflg my refgrv-i, euicb, at tbis crisis of the battle, I felt celled npon to lead Id perion Tbia -ttta-k was Senoral, and wmshared in by ? ery regiment th-n .n the old. including the Mxth (Fisher a) North Caroline ic?i merit, whicn bad (uat come uy and taken position on the immediate left of the Forty ninth Virginia regiment. The whole open grouud waa again swept < lear ( the enemr. and the plateau around the Henry and Robinion homes remained Anally in onr poseaaelon, witb the greater pan of the Ricketta arid Griffin batteries and a (lag of the 1 First Michigan regiment, captured by the Twenty assentb Virginia regiment (I.ieuteaant Colonel Rebuilt), of Jack on'e brigade. This part of tbeday waa rich with deeds Of Individual ceolneec and dauntless conduct, as well ae well directed embodied resolution and bra vers, hut fraught with the loss to the aersloe ef 'be country of lives of ineetunable precioueueaj at the pmoture. Ihebravs Bee waa mortally wounded at the bead of the Fourth Alabama and aome Miaalsa pi >an?, in an open field ueai the Henry Hene, apJ a few yards diataattbe Or ma t' life or Bi't'iW. wlii'f letting the I tSDAF, FEBRUARY 8, 11 Fsvonth 0# rgt* regiment, wu quenched in Wood. Colonel K. J. Thomas, Acting CttltT of Ordmince, of General Johnstou's staff, alter gallant conduct ,utd mooi utllcon' so vie who also slain. Colonel Kieher. Sixth North Carolina, likewise fell, after soldierly

behaviour, at the head of hit regiment, with ranks gr <ut!y thinned. Withers'Eighteenth regiment of Cooks a brigade bad come up in tim < to follow this charge, and, in c injunction with Hampton's Legion, captured several rifle piece* which nptv h#T9 (Allen previously in possession of some "f Our troops , hut if so, ha l been recovered by the ono my. Tbe e pieces were Immediately turned and aflbolively served on distant masse* of ths enemy by thq hand* of some of our otfljers, While the enemy b^u thus been driven ba it on our rigut entirely herons tbe turnpika, and beyond Young a ni'anch on our left, the woods yet swarmod with tliem, when our reinforcements opportunely arrived in quick succession, aud took position in that portion of lite field. Kersh tw's Second and Cash's Eighth South Carolina reglraonts, which bad arrived soon after Withers', were led through the oaks just east of the Sudloy-Hrentsville road, brushing some or the enemy boforo them, and, taking an a Ivaot tgeous position along, and west of that road, opened with much skill and effect on bodies of tho onsray that had been rallied undor cover of a strong le feral brigade posted on a plateau in the southwest angle, formo I by intersection of the turnpike with tho Sudley-Hreutsville road. Among the troops thus engaged were the federal regular Infantry. At the sarao tirue, Kemjier's bstiory, passing northward by the SS. B road, took position ou t(ie open spaceunder orders of Colonel Kersliaw?near whe.e an enemy's battery had boon captured, was opened with oit'ectivs results upon the federal right, theu tho mark also or Kershaw and Cash's regiments Preston's Twenty-sighth regiuiout, of Cocke's brigade, had by that time entered the same body of oak -, and encountered somo Michigan troops, capturing tutor ririgude comraundor, Colonel Wilcox. Another importat accession to our force* bad also occurred about tbo same time, at throe o'clock P. M. Brigadier General & K. Smith, with some 1,700 infantry of I.Izejr' brigade, of tho Army of t'.io Shenandoah,and Beckham's battery, came upon tho field, from Camp Pickens, Manassas, wboro they had arrived by railroad at noon. Direotod in person by General Johtwl n'to tho left, then so much endangered, on reaching a posltiou in rear of the oak woods, south of the Henry House, and immediately oast of the .Suitley road, GcnerulJ .Smith was disabled by a severe wound, and his valuable services wore lost at that critical juncture, llut tbe command dovolved upon a meritorious officer of experience, Colonel Elzey, who led his infantry at once somewhat further to tho left, in the direction of the Chinn House, across the road,' throughl tbo foaks skirting the west side of tbo road, and around which he sent the battery under Lieutenant Beckham. This officer took up a most favorable position near that house, whence, with a clear view of the federal right and centre, tilling the open fields to tho west of tho Hreutsvilli-Sudley road, and gently sloping southward, he oponod fire with his battery upon them with deadly and damaging otfocl. Colonel fclarly, who, by some rmsehanoe, did not re;oivo orders until two o'clock, which h id heon sent him it noon, came on the ground immediately aftor Klzey, with Kemper's Seventh Virginia, tlay's Seventh Louisiana, and Barksdalo's Thirteeuth Mississippi regiuents. This brigade, by the personal direct ion of General lohnstou, was marched by the H dkham House, across the fields to the left, entirely around the woods through which Klzey had tissued, and under a ho veto fire, into a Kisitionin line of battle near Cliiiin's House, outflanking lie enemy's right. At this time, about half past three P. M., the onomy, driven back on their left and centre, and brushed from he woods bordering theSudley road,south and west of he Honry House, bud formed a line of battle of truly 'orruidablo proportions, of crescent outline, reaching on heir left from the vicinity of Pittsylvania (the old Carler mansion), by Matthew's and iu raor of Dngan's, across die turnpike near to Cbinn's house, 'flu- woods and folds were filled with their masses of infantry and their arefully preserved cavalry. It was a truly inagnifl onl, hough redoubtable spectacle, as thoy throw forward in Ine style,on the broad, gentle slopes of the ridge wended bv their main lines, a cloud of skirmishers, prepare .ory for another attack. but S3 Early formed bis liua, and iiocUiain's pieces vlaying upon "the right of the onemy, Klzey's brigade, iihbon's Tenth Virginia, I.iaut. f'ol. Stuart's l'trst Maryand and Vaughn * Third Tennessee tegimeoU, and Cashg ighth and Kershaw's Second South Carolina, Withers' iigblecntli and I'rMtoB's Twenty-eighth Virginia, idvauced in an irregular line almo?t gimuilaleotisly, with great spirit, from their several positions ipon the front and Hanks of the enemy in their quarter of he lieid. At the saute time. too. Early resolutely ng. ailed their right tlank and roar. I nder the coiobined Hack the enemy was aoon lorced, ttrst over the narrow bateau ia the southern atigie made by the two roads, so f'en mentioned, into a patch of womls on its western lope, thence hack over Young's branch and the turnpike ulo the tlclds of tlie. Dngan farm. ami rearward, iu ex reme disorder, in all available direct iom, towards Bull mi. The rout had uow become general and complete. About the time (h it Rzey and Kaily were entering into .' lionet column of the enemy, Keye * brigade, of Tyler's tiviuion, made its way across the turnpike bet ween Bull un and the Robinson House, under cover of a wood and >row of the ridges, apparent ly to torn my right, hut was asily repulsed by a fow shots from Latham's battery, tow "united and placed in position by Captain IV B. funis, of the Virginia engineer-, whose services luring the day became his character as an ible, cool aud skilful officer, and from Alburtis' battery, ipportuuely ordered by 'Jen. Jackson to a position to the ight of I^ithaui, on a bill commanding the line of ap>ro;u k or the enemy, and supported by portious of rogiucnts collei ted (iittother by the .-lutT officers of t>ener,il lohnatoo and my self Ktuly's brigade, meanwhile, ioinnd by the N'in enth firgima regiment, I.ieutenunt Colonel .Strange, of t ocken vrvade, pursued the now panic stricken, fugitive euemv. ... .1. V.I. In- ,,.,1 H.,.lh,,n, I. .U ,1... I.t... lie pi unit along 'he road by which the uamy luut com* p.-ii the ileld that morning; but, noon encumbered by tnsouers who thronged his way, the former wae unable nettirk the mass of the fast fleeing, frantic federalists. Wither* ', It. Preston's, fash's and Kershaw's regi news. Hampton's l egion aud Kemper's battery also pursued along tiie Warrctiiou road by the Stone bridge, th D"iuy having opportunely opened a way ler them hiough ihe heavy ab tti* w bich my t roop? ha.) made on ibe nest side of the bridge several days be$ire. Hut hi" pursuit w as soon recalled, in consequence of a false 'eport which unfortunately rem hed us that the eu -mv s ecervfa. kuo'AU to t?e frwh and ol ou-idoruble .<?n".gili, core threatening the |K>Mtioii of I'plot: MilK I or t Colonel Radford, wiih six onnaticc- Virginia cavalry, vas aleo ordered by tleneral .lohnstoii tocroae Bull run nd atta.k ihe enemy from 'lie uirm tionof Id-wig' bouse; onduct-d by one of my ai<ls,c.d<nel "hi-hclm. by the .cwisford, to the immediate vicinttyof tliu Suspension IridgP, ho obliged a battel y with fiiea. gallantry, took 'ol mel Corcoran, of Ibe Sixty ninth New York Volun oers a prieoner, and captured tit" le b- al color* ot Mut egimcui, as well as a nunibei to 'lie ruetny. lle|ost. imvever a prominent oil., 01 of hi- r k:tio iil,Capta.n .Vinston ita<lford. Lieutenant Colonel Munfcrd .. -.o '-il ouio r.,mpanic of avairy in hoi pursuit. and em -I'sl louiei ial so v ce in he capture of prist net a and ct ..mm n, homes, aniinuu: .ion, Ac., abaiulotiert by the enemy in tbeii flight. Captain My'a company of tl.? Powhatan troops and bieibaik'R Range \ rgm t \oluiite rs att.iili d to ny person, did ni deiml mm , . undei ' ap>mu My. in l iving troop* brckrn io' di- urn by the usst o; the tuouiy'a nias'ts loir,up th? pe. tod of th? mmm-noci- evant* fraught j with tlio weal of our country, which were pnssii x 01. the lined stained plateau eh u/ the uo'ey and \Var onion ? ad*, other portions ct tho due of B' It run h id mr ti?eu ! ,oid of ncllon, of moment and ot nflueife upon the ] [?inerat result While folcnel Mvitn-.md h.s ?t..r.ty an J were Uniting n bar Cue federal a-ivanr beyond the t .inipil . tli? j ineiny niada repeated l?mtiiiaii?ali'#its. with artillery ] tnd infantry , upon the ne of t o. k? j brigade, with ilie itu ions Intention o! fuic.ng the position, as tieneral ichenek adnuta iu bit i*i>"n They were driven back with severe Iocs by Milium'* a sect iou^, and Kogera our ?|?ooder<. and were so impressed with the itiengin or tuni tine a? to ne ne.ti n -iiei k nun tunttiee, | tven after it h.i'I b??n s11ii I lit roo m but one souip.my "f the Mi)?i"enui Vi. ?,n' regiment, '??? ' >ptain IHike, a meritorious oDl< >-r Ami it i*-worthy of jntiro that, in this eiH-onnter of om ij nonnder gno? landted by our voluuteei n tUlr-i .sia, th*y had wort-d inch a notorious adversary ?i the .tyre* ?tornim iy herman ?1i.it -rr wh.rb ?|Mil the r<n'ite*t nder the llns on lhat ii hail we (lit let metal theo it* own t? oni eud with rhemntre hiig-ile*?fl o.liarn and Lr't'i;*ireet-??-f lie l.uc <-f Hull i n. if not cln ely engaged were never, ibe)"** expoied for innaii of the day to *ti annoying,almost in ce; ~nnt tii o of artillery of long rau^eibitl l?y a <t?aJy, veteran i'k" inaniienai ce of the r |ioaltion? they lielil virtull'y paralyzed, a'.l 'lay, two strong hi -ft lea ibe enemy, wtth their hefti ies (lour) of ride (una A* belore said, two regiment* ot Rnnh<mi s'u iga-o , Secood and Eighth Sooth t ernline Volunteer*, and Ktui l>er s battery, to<k uuniuguiabed part in the battle, tlia remainder, Third William"', seventh Haeon ? South ['aroltaaVolunteer* Eleventh Ktrginnd'a. NorthCero Ittia regiment. Six companies Kghih I/juitiana Volnn tears -Shlehl a battery, and una a-dPin Of Walton'* bat* tery, tinder Lieutenant oarnett. whether in bold in* th.-ir poet or tak ng np the parauit, ofli.-*r? and men discharged their doty with credit and prorai-lo gr ra?t'a brigade, pur* an? to orde** pr?*i.rb g h * pai t of the operatn ns o tit*'*titre aurl right eo.gr, waa thrown acres* Bull inn aarly tn the nr- nin am, under a aevnt* flreof artilleiy. ??" rkiliuiiy .lipmed ror mrimxik >nn r<rm> ? urn ? in inn if nr'T, hnt were wtthrir-iwn ?uh-el:enlly. ,n cnii.?i|iiei<re of he changenl plen el e. dy mentioned end explained. li t tro<>pe of ihla hi gade wet e ?First Major kwner. Klevau'h, (Mrlttdv I wiity lo irtb, l.ie'tenant < olnuel Hatratoo'e ,-^v.niterih. (oi-e? Virginia regiments Fifth Vortb ' nroiina 1 ,:? !tonaii' Coiunwl .?< ? %. end Whiiehea'.'acrtiipenjf of Virginia rivalry. Tlirw ghmii lite 'lay the?a troopr ?\*n< *il the mod soldierly <pu n. .Vl'ir 'be r"'i?, bi'. ,ng been ordered by Oil' al ,|.dinton in I'm dtre> Con of rrn'revllle tn pn"rsiilt| theee br . got ? ad\eu*ed near to that piece wlo n uigh't and dub i ? " interven int,Cgp?T?1 Houliam thought t proper to <1 r?jl Ui| owft b>l|<d. iilot -lint of (Jener*! T.orgatreot blcK '.0 Bull run. (lepers! t> H Jonea e?ily in the day er<* ed Hull run with bit brigade, pursuant to ardeia in licat u* l>,? pe-t in the nrojec'ed aiit<k b? our right vr.ng ?nd . i-nsre on theebimy at iwiw8T"Js. i "is Cm* Mills and <>iitpe?llle ioAiT, more than a tiiil'' in edvsin o of tbe run. Orderad bark, in couxe<pifnco ',r niiscarriag" of tha order.* to Oueral F.we'l, tbe retrograde movement ? as n#c?<sari!y made under a sharp flie of arfiiii/^*. Al noon tbla hi ;g?de in obedience to new instructions, wee Ogata thrown acrO'S Bull run to make deniona'raiioce I'lii ipi ' ted by other troupe the advanco wa? gallantly made until within musket range of the enemy a lorre?Colonel I>av la br.gade in position near Houky run and under the cooteutrated tire of ibeir artillery. In this atTair tbe fifth, Jenkins' 3"i??b Carolina, and Captaiu Fiutatae's conij.anv of the Eighteenth Mississippi regiment are mentioned by'lenetal .tnnra a? having ahown conspicuous gallantly, loolnesa and discipline under a combined flro nf infant ry and at littery Not only did the fet irn lire of the brigade drive In cover tb? eoeiny'e in laniry, but tbe movement uu'iuextioaebly spread through t >to enemy a ranke a senee of inserm ity and danger from an attack by that route on their rear at Oeatreville, whirh Nerved tuaigmeat the ealiaordiuary pauio wntob we it y,? 4 shvtded iho nnitre federal army for the lime 182. This is evident from the fact that Colonel Device, the jmmooiele adversary'e o >mman lor. tu his official report, was induced to magnify one small comi any of oar cavalry which acoomiuiiiaa tho brigade into a Torce^of 2.000 men; and Ooionel Miles, the commander of the federal reserves at Oentreville, says the movement "caused painfulapprehensions for the left wing" of their army General Kwelt, ocoupymg for the tune the fight of the lines of Bull ruu at Union Mills forij, (trier the miscarriage of my orders for hie i^rence upon Ceulrevttle, in the afternoon was ord?Te3 by General Johnt'-oa to bring np tils brigade Titto battle, then raging on the left flank. iToinptly execute I as this movement eras, the b.igade, after a severe march, roached the Hold too late to share the glories, as they bad the labors, or the day. As the iuiJ9;Un$ "yM^ou at the Uuiou Mills had been left with hut a slendor gu.ird, General Ewell was at once ordered to retrace his steps and resume his position to prevent the possibility of its seUure by any force of the enemy in that quarter. Brigadier G'oneral Holmes, left with his brige ! nfl a suiiiort to the same |tosition in the original plan of battle, had also been called to tho loft, whiibsr ho marc liod with the utmost speed, but not in time to join actively in tho battle. Walker's rifle guns or the brigade, however, camn up In time to bo Qred with preoisiou and decided execution at the retreating eueiny, and Scott's cavalry, joining in the pursuit, assisted in tho capture or prisoners and war munitions. This victory, tho details of which I have thus sought to chronicle as fully as wero titling an official report, it remains to record, was doarly won by the death of many officers and men of inestimable value belonging to all grades of our society. In the death ol General Bernard B. Bee the confederacy has sustained an irreparable loss, lor with great personal braverv and coolness ho iHuiiusAfi th? nuniiuna nf accomplished soldier and an able, reliable corninauder. Colonels Bartow and Fisher, and Lieutenant Colonel Johnson, of Hampton's Legion, in the fearless command of their man, gavo earnest of great usefulness to the service had they heeu spared to completo a career so brilliantly begun. Uesldos the field others already mentioned ae having been wounded while in the gallant discharge of their duties, many others also received severe wounds aftor equally honorable aud distinguished conduct, whether in leading their men forward or in rallying them when overpowered or temporarily shattered by the largely superior force to which wo were genoral'y opposed. The 8uboidinate grades wore likewise abundantly conspicuous for zeal and capacity for the leadership of men in arms. IV) mention all who, fighting well, i>aid the lavish forfeit of their lives, or at least cripgled, mutilated bodies on the field of Manassas, cannot well be done within the compass of this paper, but a grateful country and mourning frieuds will not suffer their names aud services to be forgottsu aud pass away unhouorod. Nor are those ofilcors and mon who were so fortunate as to escape the thick (lying, deadly missiles of the enemy lew worthy of praise for their endurance, firmness and valor than their brothers in arms, whose lives wore closed, or bodies maimed, on that memorable day. To meutiou all who exhibited ability aud brilliant courage were impossible in this report; nor do the reports of brigade and other subordinate commanders supply full lists of all actually deserving of distinction. 1 can only montion the -c whose conduct came iinm uliutely under mv notice, or the cousequeaco of whose octious happened to be signally ira|x?rlant. It is fit that I should in this way commond to notice the daunt less conduct and imperturbable coolness ol Colonel Evans, aud woll indeed was he supported by Colonel Sloan and (he officers or Ihe Fourth South Carolina regiment , us also Major Whoai, than whom no one displayed more brilliant courage until carried from tlie ileld, shot through i he lungs, though happily uot mortally stricken. Hut ill th? (taritiArftftf* iifiAmm! f?rtnlA<f tn ?hrva? brave gentlemen wero for a time necessarily exposed, ihi' behavior of ofilcursand meu generally mm worthy of the highest admiration, tind assuredly hereafter alt those present may proudly gay, "We wero of that band who fought the first hoitr of the battle of Manassas." K?|nal honors and credit most alao let awarded ju the pages of history to the gallant officers and men who, under Bee and itartow, subsequently marching to their side, gared'hem from destruction, and relieved theui from tne brunt of the enemy a attack. Tho rouburt <>f ti'eoeral .fickgou aUo requires mention as eminently that of an able, fearless soldier, Mi l sngai cious communder, one tit to lead his brigade; his efficient, l>rom|>l, timely arrival before the plateau of the Henry Hon.se, and his judicious disposition of bis troops con tribuled tunrh to the success of the duy. Although pain t'ully wounded m the hand, he remained on the field to the end of the battle, reudenug invaluable assistance. Cdouel William Smith was as efficient as self-possessed and bravo: the "nfluence of his example and his words of encouragement was not confined to his immediate command , tlin iroo l conduct of wtiic'i ts especial,y noticeable, inaHmuch as it hud b"en embodied Wit a day or two before the battle rotnnels H<irper,Houton and Hampton,commanding rogitnenis o the reserve, attracted inv note e by their soldierly ability, is with i heir gallant commands they restored thafertunpe of tHe day. at a tune when the enemy, t>y a last desperate onset, with heavy odds, had driven our fmces from the fiercely contested ground around the Bit* and Roblam houses. Vetcraus could not have behaved beuer tlian these well led regiments. High pia.se must also he given to Colouels Cocke, I Karly and El/ey. brigade commanders: also to Colonel Kershaw, commanding fur the time the Second ami ! ighth South Carolina regiments. Under the instructions of (Jeneial .lnliu?tnn, these officers reached the field at an opfiortune, critical moment, and disposed, handled and fought their re-q>ertivu commands with sagacity, de cieion aud siic< ??siul results which have been described ui detail. Colonel .1. K. H. Stuart likewise deserves mention for his enterprise and ability as a cavalry commander. Thioogh bia judicious rMonnoisesnce of the country on our let t rtank lis acquired ltnorniatiou, both of lopographi< ?! features and the iKSitions or the enemy, of the uimog'. imimriaiice in the subsequent and closing Movements of urn im> on mm nana, ami Uii.-ini'VS :a tue pursuitwere liighlv eflfctivo. Captain K I*. Mnxaiider.C. S. Engineers. gave ma seasonable and material assistance early in the dsy with hi* system of signais. Almost the Hint .shot itiml by the enemy jot- en through the tent of hi? party et the .Stone tit hlfte, where 'icy subsequently ilrmiy maintained their (motion in the di-cbargeof their doty?the traunmiaeion of of the enemy's movement*?for several h.-nrs niter lire. Later,Captain Alexandei ailed a* uiy md-de .-amp m the transmission of orders and in ubeer\ alien of the iHjniy. I wv in11-1 efficiently served thro' ghont the day by my vol'iuiee'aiils.Coloiiohs 1'reston. Mauning, Chesotii, Mil#-, Iticj lley ward a ml Chiaboliii, to whom ! tender my thanks for their unflagging, intelligent end feurlese discharge i f the IrIioi iocs, rogpoasibhidutiesentrusted to theui. To I.ieuteoiiM P. W. Kei gusou, A. l>. C., and Col. Hey went, who were habit natty a< my sidn from twet\ e noon iint 1 tho > lose .f the battle, uiy special acltnow le'laemmits ?i>* doe. The lior?e of the former was killed under him by the same shell ihiit wound'd that of the laner. Both were eminently useful to rue,and were iti linguistic ! for coolne ? and eonnge, until the enemy gmo way ai.'l tied in wild disorder in every direction. * s "ii 1 in* I'resideut of the o nfedoraey had the high oil sl'-o liOD of witnessing, js lie arrived upon the 0rid at that ox iltant motueid. 1 aldoreceived,from th" time I res-heJ the front, such signal hRi'Vi' e from H, K. t'eyton, at Hie time a private ii the lam-louti csvRlry, thai 1 have (a'ledhimlo my personal tuff Wrnilar sot vices were alro rendered mo ro pe# ediy durng ilia tint lie, hy T..I. Randolph, a volunteer acting ai t-do tamo to Co; nol Cocke. Captain ('It.: on ft.Smith, of the general staff. w?a also pi eei nt ou the Bald, and t endered cflkuit hoi trice in i he tnostril* on of orders. It mast I)-.-|ieimi.ted in* here to record my profound sense of my obt.ga.lons to Oneral-'ohnrton, lor hirgeue rous pertnlReii n to ca y out my plans, with such modifi.'iittnm> a* ciroiiiiisntM ? lud reqiiirod. Fiom Ida svrv. '*i on tho aeid?a- *' entered it together?-already menttnued, and h - s' b'oquent watchful Hianagouicui of Ho reinfoii' toonts ?- thayrea.bed tho vi<mlty <>; the livid our iS'iiutryirmn may draw the most suspicion* lugnrte" tiii *'.?!<luc'i Ttiomai -l"i daji my efficient and /nalous \s st- ism Adjutant Oner at. tnu< h credit Is doa tor Id* aide or- sisore di the orgsiu/atiou of the Cot ret mulct my ..i.m'iitiid, and for th* mtellig moo ami proruiutiess \>iih wnicli be inns dUcharit- I *1 tbo laborious and import oil ; .tm .?* or hie Woe Valuable a ;s|*tsti< e w?a given to me l>y Major Cat mil, i< ! (licac of the Quartermaster's ibparyneni, in the ; srlierrotbii Unlet?dutte* environed by far more than the urdiosry diUkultio* ami embarra.wmcnie attending , i lie operations of a Ion; nri.ani7.fil regn!a.' estabiiebiiimt Colonel 11. B. i>te. Chief of Snbiialeui v Department. had but Just cutaied iipon hie ditties, bill his ex|iecien ? , ami long ami varied service* in hi' department, mado liiiu as i etti.-ient as posstbie. Captain W. II. Kovsle, whom Colonel I.ea had relieved, be.) preTi-ii.aly exerted himself to the turnout to carry I out miters from tb'ae be..dr artera, to render hia do ! parton ui oqnsl to the demand* of the service, thai it ; waa not entnely an it le due to juetice to any waiccr i tainty not Ins fault. Deprived by the midden aerere illne-e of the Medn al Hireetor. Surgeon Thorns* H. Williams, hi? duiiet vet-re diaharged by Surgeon K I,. Brodle, 10 my entire satia- t ' fae'ion and it 14 proper to soy that ?h? entire uiedh ?t j corps of ib* army, sgtpresvut 1 labracing gentlemen of J distinction in tb* proOeslon. who had quit Iticiafive prt j vaie iractue, by their services u the Held and subsequently did high honor to their profession. The vital duties of the Ordnance flopirtinent were nftevlieely discharged under the administration of my < h of of Artillery and Ordnance, foion?*l 3, .loiie* At n> litnv, when reports of evil omen ami disaster J tearhed Camp Pn ken- with su< h circnm.iantlslty salo give reasonable rrmiuds of ansiety, its eomm.io.ler, ; t.otonei Isitett the commander of the intrenched ha' tetb?,f aptatiiSterreitjof the Confederate 8'ates Navy. and 'lieu officers. made the moat eflhant tioaalhle pre pa- 1 ! rat one for the desperate defence or that Twltion .it ex I tremitv; and. in tl> < connection, I regret my inebiitt) to i mention ib" nme< of those patriotic gcnti> m?n of Vlr ! gtftie. bl the i;r? QltOuO labor or wlKMslnVff tit* in- 1 irenc hod eamp al Manassas lied ben mainly constructed relieving the troops from thai laborious service end j giv ing opportunity for tltnir military instrurtion. ( l iHU'soanl Colonel Tboina* II, Williamson, tbe engin^or j f tIn so work*, asj a'ed hv Captain P. It Handie- ' i barged bit diitle* with untiring Mi'-rgj aud devotion ?* I wetl*? MitUfavtoiy skill, [ '.'autaie w M. Steven.*, Km* nicer Ooufe.iarete .vmiy | eervifl with lb# advanced force at Fairfax Court House ( for aonio time before in? 1>allie, ho laid out the troika there m admirable accordance with the purrc**a f>? | wli? It they woro dreirnad, and yei to * to admit < f Mitt, t I mate exteuiioa and adaptation in uu.ia ermine ui * ne , ! mean* end part of ? ?veiem of real defence when deter. ' iniuad upon Ha ha* ahown lunuelf to he an m< ?i of 1 energy and ability. Major Thomas 0. Rhott. after having discharged for eererel months the labQrtene dulice of Adjunct cen?ral to tha commending officer of Camp Pi lr?na, wag dHeched to join the armv of tha fchenandoab. mat on tha are of j tha ah aoco of Uh enemy, hut, volunteer.ng hie eervu.ee, i ?.at 01 flora') to asglM on the ataff of Hereral Dunham, joinina that officer at CantraTilla on tha night of tha ITth, before the battle of Dull run, where he reu tared rahtabla eerricea.Uhtil the arrival oft; en ere I Johnston, on tha30th of .Tut/, whon ha wai called to the place of Chief of Htaff of that officer, It ie aiei proper to acknowledge tha aigaal eervicea rendered by Colonel it. k Tarry and T l.ubboek.ur Taiaa, ?!u ba t atte<tied ttiamaawoa to the ?ta(T of ftanara' L LongstreH. Tuass goutloman made during and valuable racoimou-sances of the enemy's positions, assisted by Captains Cores and Chioheeter. They alao carried order! to Uie Bell, and on the following day, accompanying Captain Whitehead's troops to take possession of Fairrai Court House, Colonel Terry, with hia unerring riOe* sevorod the halliard, and thus towered the federal flag found still floating from the eupalo of the Court House there. He also secured a large federal garrison flag, designed it la said, to be unfurled over our Intrenchmeutg at Hanassae. In cojnoction with the unfortanata caa'ialtiea of tha day?that la, the miscarriage of the orders sent by oou rier to Geuerals Holmes and Ewsll to attack the enouy in flank and reverse at Contrevtlle, through which tha tr.uwpb of our artnn was prevanted from being slid more declaivo?I regard it in place to say, a divisional organization, with officers in command of divisions, with appropriate rank as iu European services, would greatly reduce tho ri ,k of such mishaps, and would advantageously simplify the communications of a general tu command of a field with his troops. While glorious for our people and of crushing oflfeot upon the morale of our hitherto confident and ovorween mg adversary, as woro the events of the battle of Un> ' na-sas, the field was only won by stout lighting, and, as I before stated, with much loss, as is precisely exhibited in the papers berrwi.h, marked F, O and H, and being lists of the killed and wouuded. The killed outrlgM numbered 289, the woundod 1,483?making an aggregate of 1,852. The actual lost of the enemy will uever be known: it may now only be coryootured. Their abandoned dead, as they were buried by our people where tliey foil, unfortunately were not enumerated; but many parts of the field wore thick with their corpses, as but few battle fields have ever beon. The official reports of tha onetny are studiously silent on this point, but SUM nlfhrd us data for an approximate estimate, Left almost in the dark in respeot tajho losses of Hunter's and Helmzelman'a divisions?first, longest and most hotly engaged?we aro informed that Shorman's brigade?Tyler's division?suffered, in killed, woomled and missing, 009? that is, about eighteen per cent of the brigade. A regiment of Franklin's brigade?Gorman's? 1 st tivouty-ona per cent. Griffin's (battery) loss was thirty per cent, and that of Keyo's brigade, which was so handled by its oummnndor as to be exposed to only occasional volleys from our troops, was at least ton por cent. To these facts and the rejieated references in the reports of the more reticent commanders, to tho "murderous" flro to whloh thejr were habitually exposed?the "pistol range" vullo/s and galling musketry, of which thoy s[>eak, as courgmg their rauks, and we are warranted in placing the entire ioss 01 the federalists at over forty-livo hundred m killed, wounded and prisoners. To this may he legitimately added, as a casualty of the battle, tho thousands of fugi> lives from tho Held, who have never rejoined their regiments, and who nre as muoh lost to the enemy 's servio* as if slain or disabled by wounds. These may not Imi included under tho head of "missing," because in every instance of such report we took as many prisoners of thee* brigades or regiments as are reported "missing." A list uppouded exhibits some 1,400 of their wouadofi and othors who fell into our hauds and wore sunt to Richmond. Some were Bent to other points, so that the number of prisoners, including wounded who did not die, may be set down at not lees than 1,600. Resides these, a considerable number who could not tie removed from the Held died at several farm bouses and field hospitals withla ten days following tho battle. To serve the future historian of this war, I will nolo the faet that among the captured federalists are oOleum and men of forty-seven regiments of voluntoors, besides from some nine different rcgirnouts of regular troops, detachments of which were engaged. From tbotr oiflcial reports, wo learn of a regiment of ye. luDleers engaged, six regiments of Miles' dlvtsion, and the Ave regiments of Ruoyon'a brigade, from which we have neither sound or wounded prisoners. Making all allowances for mistakes, we are warranted in saying that the rederal army consisted of at least fifty-five loginieutsof voluntoers, eight oorupa nies of regular infantry, four of marines, nine of regular cavalry, and twelve bat tor ies, one hundred and nineteen guns. These regiments, at one time, as will appear frost a published list appended, marked "K," numbered in the aggregate 54,140, and average 964 each: from an order of the enemy's commander, however, dated July 13, we learn that one hundred men from each regiment were ordered to remain in chnrge of respective cnraiis?Rome allowance must further be made for the lick and details, which would reduce the average to eight huudred?adding the regular cavalry, inrantry and artillery present, an estimate of their force may bo made. A paper appended, marked "L," exhibits, in part, the ordnance and supplies captured, including aorao twentyeight Held piecea of the best character of arm, with over one hundred rounds of ammunition for each gun, thirty even ruiesoua, Rix forges, four battery wagons, sixty-fosr artillery horses, completely equipped, Ure hundred (hou sand of small anna ammunition, four thousand Ove hintdrod sets rounds of accoutrements, oror fire hundrad muskets, some nine regimental and garrison flags, with a Urge number or pUtols, knapsacks, Bwords, canteens, blankets, a large store of axes and intrenohlng toots, wagons, ambulances, horses, camp and garrison equipage, hospital stores, and some subsistence. Added to t ie-e results may rightly be noticed here that by this battle an inrading army superbly equipped, within twsnty miles of their base of operations, hv. beau convened into one virtually besieged, and exclusively occupied for months in the construction of a stupendous series of fortifications for the protection of its own capital. 1 beg to call altcntlou to the reports of the several subordinate commanders for reference to the signal parte played by individuals of their respective commands. Coniradictory statements, found in these reports, should not excite surprise, when we lemember how difficult, If not impossible, it is lo reconcile the narrations of bystanders, or participants in even the moat inconsiderable afliiir, much less the shifting, thrilling scenes of a battle field. Accompanying ?re maps showing the positioos of the armies on the morning of the 21st July,and of three several singes of the battle; also,of the line of Bull rue north of lllackbiirn'R Ford. These maps, from actual surveys made bv Captain D. B. Rarri'on, assisted by Mr. John (Irani, weie drawn by the latter with a rare deilcacv worthy c(' high commendation. . In conclusion it is proper, and doubtless expected, that thrmioh tItik rrannrt rtiv rnnnfrmiM nhnulfi Im muHd M. qukioted with .soma of the sufficient cmm mat prevent?<i ttit* advance of oitr forces and prolonged, vigorous pursuit of the enemy to and beyond the Potomac. The War Iieparlincnt lias been fulljr advised long since of all of thou causes, Rome of which only are proper to be hero communicated. An army which had fought like ours on mat day against uncommon odds, under a .1 ilv sun, most of the time without water and without food, except a hastily snatched meal at dawn, wan not in condition for the loll of an eager,effhotive pursuit of an enemy immediately after the battle. On tho following day an unusually heavy and unintermltting fall of rain Intervened to obstruct our advance with reasonable prospect of fruitful results. Added to this, the want of a cavalry force of sufficient numbers, made hm efficient pursuit a military impossibility. Your obedient servant, O. T. BEAUREGARD, General Commanding. T.i General S. Coorio:, Adjutant and Inspector General, Richmond, V?. R. H. CHILTON, Adjutant. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Wednesday, Feb. 3?6 P. M. There is rather more inquiry for money. Man/ of the private bankers are investing their means ia sold, and the hanks are general!? unwilling tender*. An impression prevails that before ws see the end of the linunciul imbroglio in Congress :i very unsatisfactory period of suspense, and perhaps disaster, trill be witnessed here. It is beginning to he feared that it is the intention of a party in Congress to defeat the money bills altogether, in order to force the President to adopt a platform bettor ?nlted to their views. The horizon, which* short while since looked serene and hopeffcl, hi darkened by these apprehensions, and capitalists are holding back their money in consequence. foreign exchange is firm at 114 for sterling, and 6.00 a 4.96 for francs. There is very little inquiry for bills, but the bankers are unwilling sellers. Cold continues stationary atlOi% Home speculators expect gold to rise when (be government enters the market to obtuin specie to pay tho in* tcrest dne on the 10th. Bot the small amount required on that occasion will probably be advanced io the government by the banks. The stock market continues to exhibit but little activity. Prices were steady this morning, and strong at an advance in the afternoon. Tf Connie** had adopted a financial policy, and there was a prospect of an advance ot our armies within a reasonable period, the market would soon bo buoyant, and dividend paying securities would edvanos; but the double delaya, in the House and in ths held, prove discouraging to speculators. Still, at the dose to-day, a general improvement ovor laat evenisg's prices had b^en realized. Oovcrnmont si v* were 1 per cent better, Tcnncssecs had risen and Mi*souri? All the speculative shares rose to-day. Erie ndvasceij 1%, Hudson \%, preferred Erie Vt- New York Central Beading ?j. Michigan Central ??, Houthern eld %, gnaraa. tct.l Panama 1. Toledo 1, Bock Island 1, Burlington Jii, IlUnois Central %. Pacific Mall was held at the close at 99, an advance of the dividend will probably be five per cent, as wo expected. and the speculators in the stook seem confident of par, dividend off, before the end of the month. Illinois Central at. .i a alfaitlimt frnni uiiniMiTatnra tn. unci1*'! ' -day. The reoeut decline, which seems to hart been unwarranted by the facta, naturally tempts buyers; (be stock is relatively lower thpn the other Western shares. At the close to-day tha market was firm. The Mowing were the last quo tations:?United States 6's, registered, 1981,89* 80; do. 8's, coupon. 1881, 90 a *<; do. V*. coupon, 1871. 78^ a */%\ Virginia 6's, Q* * Tonnesses ? S. 43J{*y,i Nortli Carotin* Vs, 82 a Kt ?Ui sonrl 8'a, 40% a fl; Pacific Vail, 99% a W; Na^ York Central. a Fjia. otv/ * do trti

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