Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9282. TUB REBEL DEFENCES DP COLUMBUS, BY. Interesting Statement of a Rebel Oflleer. COLUMBUS CONSIDERED IMPREGNABLE. Demoralisation of the Southern Army. BITTERNESS BETWEEN OFFICERS AND MEN. UFE IH THE SOUTHERN ARMY. Lift of the Principal Officer* and Regiment* in Colombo*. Postbern View of the Importance of the Position, Ac., Ac., Ac. The following interesting, and in many inaUMea im rotlant, aiatcment of Mr. Leonard Dentz, late a drill ser geant in the rebel army at Columbus. Ky., will be read with great satisfaction by the people of the North. Mr. Dents, having been for a long time behind the scenes and In the very midst of the rebel army, la able to speak by the book, and in his statement will be found a good many facte throwing light on the hitherto hidden features of the great Southern conspiracy. His description of his personal sufferings are of great interest, and his intolli gent observations on the rebel defences show that he is a man of considerable military knowledge. Accompanying Mr. DenU a statement we publish a map ?f tbe rebel defences of Columbus, with the designation of all the points alluded to. By comparing the statement with the map the reader will be better informed of the immense extent of these fortifications. Tbe places where heavy guns are mounted are clearly shown, as well as tbe rifle pits and intrsnchments mentioned by our In' formant. The following is a verbatim statement of hia experience, taken from his own lips, and It wfiuld be as well hers to state that Mr. Dents is a native of France, but a naturalized citizen of the United States. He is a gentleman of considerable ability, of a highly reaper-tab's family, and hie statement may he fully relied on:? It is now nearly two years since I arrived oo American oil, and during the seven or eight months 1 spent in ! New York 1 was mostly occupied in the house of Messrs. Bernbelmer Brothers, Broadway. I had not to complain of anything while I resided in the North, but after my leaving this business bouse and going to | tbe South I really did not bays one haw , day. A short sketch of my entire travels ?nd return to New York will doi be uninteresting, t left this ; i city in tbe month of August, I860, with e gentlemen. for ' In Grange, Georgia, in whose store I was employed a- , , clerk for a short time; but, not agreeing with him, 1 left 1 his house and went on my own hook. After having done i some business in Georgia, Alabama and Loulsiaua, Ijtr- ) rived at New Orleans in May, 1801. I did some business i there and made a little money, until in August, through | my Union principle!, rather freely expressed and utterad, that one Northerner could whip Ore Southerners, 1 was brought before the Mayor, who ordered me instant ly into the rebel army, and decided that my property should be confiscated for the benefit of the Coni'edeiete > government. My resistance to being forced into the 1 army waegreat; I even expressed the resolution that I ' would not Are a allot. All tbla resulted In nothing, and j 1 hod to aorva in the Eleventh Louisiana regl ment, Colonel Marks. Wo were flret sent to Camp Moore, where wo remained one wook, and really it was a week full of pain and mud, and or all the eerier ing soldiers can stand. I believe that very few could long remain in a camp like this Camp Moore. Thence w# wera sent to Union City, Tennessee, to a place culled Camp Brown. 1 cannot but ray that this camp wai e'eau and neatly laid out, and had It not been for the ra,g-.i. ores of tha uniform of the soldiers wo would hav- made a pretty good appearance.j^llut alaat it was not long that we bad the pleasure of staying there. Kor three days j we were very clean, but very hungry. there being 110 quartermaster's department, and the soldiers had to live off what they had brought in their haversacks, which waa scarcely enough for one day's sustenance, t'roin this camp wo proceeded to Columbus, Kentucky, and were the first regiment that ever ventured on Kentucky eoll. I must say that it was rather a spunky expedition, and I would not have bean astonished if every one of us bad been cut down. Fortunately, the next day the place was filled with soldiers, both infautry and artillery, and we could count ourselves parity safe. What can I tell of tha soldier's lifejn the rebel array, and In the lntrencbments of Columbus Kentucky? Jt cannot be described. One must have been there to judge of its eevority. Indeed, without clothes or shoes, fed on dead mules and diseased cow'meat, with hair rations at that, it will be interesting to know a little of wb*t oo r.urred there. The ration* ware about aa follows ?Hue# pounds of coffee for one hundred men; one pound sugar to ten BD''D; half a pound .of the above mentioued mule or cow beef per roan, and six ounoes of flour per man. For myself, I believe that every soldier could eat twelve such rations a day, as thoy were all able bodied rasn, and had to work every day from six to eight hours on the bat teriea. Columbus Is strongly fortified, and to give a little sketch of that city and its fortifications will not be out of place. The town is so situated by aaturs as to make it a se oond Sobastopol. Tho hills, followed by valleys, make It,' properly fortified, a stronghold agsinst 'J00,000 men. But all the advantages which could have been taken have not been seised upon. However, I must confess that, for the short time they worked on tribe place is nearly impreguable. I will Brat trive a glance at the river on oomtng from down the stream. The flr*t fortification you meet is on the first band, lust opposite ; the principal street, called Front elreet, running aloug | the river bank. This la a battery of twelve pi etty hear y j guns, doing still further, to the next bend, is a great elevation commanding Columbus and all around u Here there are three one hundred and twenty four pomd rifled gnna and two mortars, working on pivots, aud ready to turn ou all sidea to throw shelter any othar destructive material. doing still further ou you meet, on a little lower eleva- j lion, n battery or eighteen rifled thirty two>p?und?r* { which battery was made utider the direction of a curiam j t'aptain Fleming, of the Kleventb I/tubtana regiment, I who aeauroed to know everything and knows nothing, be j cause in building the battery b< built it on wooden Di inks ' without putting pile* under It, an that on an approach of tba gnnhoata thta battery could not stand three rnnnda 1 without sinking Into the eaud. I Still further on you (Ind several ina*aed batter it*, which, however, T do not believe will do much execution la the rlrar Itaelf are lowered two henry chain* which will obetruot any gunboat coining dowu To theee chain* are anchored, at an Interval of from one lo two feal, torpodoea, which are Intended to eiplod* by mrana of a gal vanlc battery placed on the ehore able All theee hat tanea |net described are on the shore aide, closed by heavy Intrenchmenta, with moriara of good malarial to throw any quantity of abalt. On tba rear aide Columbua ia Strongly fortified, and la a place where a graveyard etood before our arrival there are now heavy ioirenrbtttents and rlflad pita, all provldad with good artillery The wooda are rut down to prevent the approach of any uaval ry or artillery of the enemy. In the rear the ramo eort of fortifioatlona are made. On the railroad si le incae Intreurhniontaarabroader,and more nannona .train position, while the place la m >re difficult to approach. Above tb a and hi?'do of them fortifications art mads, with other ;.frenchmen!* and rtllepits, and, In oass the first owe houid bu token by assa.lt, limb covered ruid* ml heavy artillery will enable then, to remove any i*|, o. from one place to the other, without the enemy bu . t his to do any damage. In my bumble opinion, 1 believe I 'E NE the taking of Columbus neit to an Impossibility. without on enormous sac: dice of life. 1 wait a eergeant in lb* regiment and in ib*> meantime drillinwder, bui bad to conipla.n of tba bad. inhuman and tyrannical user neat shown to mo and to the w bom army I wac put in prison for a alight offence, and at tho battle of Belmont I waa laken oat. 1 refined, most nhtu rally, to take up arme. the more ao ae all my syinptihiee and friends are N'ortb. ! waa, however, forced to go, ard I made up my mind not to (ire a slot. My reet lotion waa, however, discovered in that aolion, for be captain aeeing all tba ammunition' given to me in tbe morning stall retnaining in my cartridge boa at tbe end of tbe battle, ordered ine into tbo guardhouse to i>e tried for derertion or ray regiment on tbe battle field. A little deecriptioii uf tbe gnardbouee in nut be given, no that one may form an idea of tha suffering' we bad to undergo. There were nearly one hundred and sixty pris'uere enclosed m e room of sixty by twenty feet, watched very carefully by tbe guard, while the tilth and vermin in the place were intolerable. The steueii wee no great that II was completely suffocating. I tried twice to escape from ibis terrible bote, but was both times recaptured. On the third occasion I was fortunate enough, thank Ged, and on tbo 27th of last tnoutb I succeeded. 1 trust not forget to relate that tbe sentence of court martial was, 'liat I wee to be shot uatbeTtbof February (yesterday), with four otters,for diflertm oOhncee. When the officer came in and brought ae tbe drr adf\;l intelligent e my a??wer was, "(jive my retpectg to Jell. l?avis and lell him thai be will not have tbe honor to put a ball thi wi gh tne >> said it war out au hour later that 1 made my eucspe I will endeavor to five some idea ot ibe way ra which 1 escaped, and of my tourney until my arrival in New York I exchanged my military clothing with one of my fellow prisoners for a scanty suit of citizen's dress. While I was doing this a portion of (he prlsonere were occupied io sieb a ir am ?r at to distract the e.tteiuiou of thegja-d, while another portion nan engaged with an old knife end (hovel in mr> ;mg r hole in tho briek wall and oilier." making a rope of the bedticks When 11 wag prepared twenty lour or na alid down the rope through the hole which terminated in en alley Frotn th's place we went over the roofs of tic adjacent houses, which ws reached by moan* ol h us cuing the rope to their s ilea. The rope was fastened to one of the copings of the opposite house, end wo thus proceeded until ws ceore to e tree overhanging the IMI tjoube. Uero we descended to the groand and scattered ir all directions. Two friends and utyaelf wsnt along the river's bank, and. favored by tbe intense darkness of the night, we voided the difTersnt gnarde and pickets. We did not go very far before we heard the scouts behind us in pursuit, and the only safe method now was to take to the swamps, until we were over our knees In the water, aud sometimes nearly up to our ue ki. We bad to wade through this place, snd to my misfortune I lost in the beginning one of my boots in the mud, and had to make my trip barefootod. Coming through the woods, after leaving the swamps, a distance of eight miles, I was obliged to give out from the blisters en my feet, end osy hands lacerated and torn. Not wishing, however, that uiy two friends should sacrifice their lives foi mc, I requested them to go on and leave ins, which, after some hesitation, they reluctantly did. is soon as they had gone I fell down user a tree, exhausted, ml had iust strength enough to creep to a brook, into which I very fortnnately fell. The fresh water revived nit, and, on to the bank of the creek, I sawn bouse not fnr distant.. This woe my last hope, and offl wrted, which I might now say was a direction from (ho fioger of God. When I went in'T salted the proprietor for a piece of bread. The kind men, however, offered ino ? breakfast, and ..upon my telling hint tnai I was a desert or from the rebel army, lie ?t once confessed to bo a in inn man; and, having a skiff lying near his bouse in the hsyou, when 1 find 10 cross, i>? onered me ins** sistanre, sod prom sed to conduct niu to hi* brettaer-inlow, a goou Union man, who would see me lately over tie liver. Thie brave, good hearted man, when his brother-in-law breoght me over to l\ie house, dressed my wontd* with tho greatest rare, and, the Mississippi being rough, 1 could not cross for two days. lie kept me during this time with real kindness, and on uiy leaving Ms house gave me a pair of boots and nooks, to my great e nn.ort. It would afford me luucb plo.u,ure te mention then* gentlemen a names: but I am very touch afraid that the rebels nvght take vengeance ou them. After croesin the river to Norfolk, Missouri, I ba<' to walk nearly six miles up to ford's Point, and of all my sufferings- those wore the hardest, toy feel being entirely mutilated. On my arrival at Bird'a Point I waa brought before General Paine, who behaved very kindly to me, and sen!, me the next day k> Cairo to General Graut, who, upon my request to go to New York, had the kindness to hand me 25. Tho feeling among the rebel ariuy is bitter against their officers and hundreds I believe, would be glad to be where 1 am now. In Columbus itself there aieuearly forty iln uisnil men, badly armed and equip;-ed, but w tab plenty of ammunition. Tbete it also another very essential thing they lark, and that is gunners. I dou l think there are Ave men in all these Immense rorilflottion* who could strike a bouae at tweuty varda' distant1* 1 learned previous to my leaving that General Beauregard w?? to lake the command of tlite point ?nd to bring twenty thousand men with him. In Louisiana the German population is of great Up (en feeling, and the rebelaare afraid that in an attack on Ktw Orleans this portion of tht population will aids with the Union.' In regard to the other States, the Uniea feeling .? amall,except in Kentucky, where 1 believe,at fair vote, the .'tit* would r-hooee the Union. Below we give a list of the principal regiments and fteld artillery now Mitioned at Columbus, together with the names of a number of the leading officers ? Ma ur General Leonids* Pelk, commanding. Assislaut Adjutant General?Major (J. A. WCI.emseii Acting Aaeisunt Adjutant General?( apt. K. l? Blake Airs?Major Wieelow, Captain Polk, Lieutenant Smith. AtTIJIO MT1SI0X (IKSSRAI.i ? ??,First division. .1. P. ItcOowan,Second divi-iou. B. F Cheatham,Third division. ivrstrmv SKu.xn.vts Aikanssv First battalion. Arkansas Sixth regiment Georgia Third battalion. Kentucky regiment.Col. Tilghmau Louisiana Third regiment. Louisiana Eleventh regiment, Col Mark* Ixcnsiana Twelfth regiment, t.onisiuna Thirteenth regiment, Col Girard Louisiana Fifteenth regiment lonisiana Fifth battalion. Mississippi regiment, Col. Illy the Mississippi regiment. Col. Miller 'ibnnetsee second regiment TsDuessee Fourth regiment. itrnne*see iweuiu regiment, lot i< mil fenneaaeo Thirteenth regiment l>ene??ee I tftcealh regiment. Tfnuea*ee Seveuieeulh regiment. TeaneMM Twenty ttret regiment, Coi. Picltetl. Tetmoesee Twenty- eeconn regiment I'enneseec rngitnent, Col. Woodruff leuneetee regiment, (ol. Preston SnniO IdUMIPAI. USUI AKTtl.l.gftT. Hankhead a battery, lour pieces Stuart's nailery, lour pieces \\ uttoo battery, four pieces. lu addition to the above force, there are anout fotir the.tanJ very effective Ueorgla cavalry Mi Dents la et present letouiug at 1^4 Watrerley place wtv-e be will be happy to give all ibe information lie can to iboee having roUtiveg in the aecevaion army now via untied at fttlniwtona, kepiucky THE HTHBNUTH OK COU'MBUB KV. IKrom the? iin innati Time*.] OoluBtbue, KT.,la cheated on the southern slope of e liigli blnlT.oo the anet aide ol' the Mlssieslppt river, and is in ibe midst if a heavily timbered region, and the rebel* have carefully availed ihemaelvee "f all the ad vantage* wh r.h the forest preventa for facilitating the deience* of the place Kew place* n the Sntt'.h are capable of being more atrotigiy d?rvcded than thin, and nothing has been left timlone to render 11 Impregnable Information which is deemed reliable fives the rrV-l force in the oily at about 90,DM men. the i.reat portion of whom are enlisted for the wai and are woll armed. Ihe s.siv days' inon are few ,n nnmtier sod . onera'ly beta old shotguns and bunting rifle*. The mrtlfli at ions are veil supplied with cannon, Hire# of which are ona hundred and twenty eight pnnndere, win..li ? e place. l ,n such e ikmiII'.ii *v to command ihe river from ihe high -i. pi int of the bluff, which is cl?va ted at lea-t eovtuy flv? rr?t ihi.i* ..? w<i?r ...u. i Tho number of guns iWtaHily <|oe* not fall below eighty, and probabijr fetiche* one ??t>ndr?.l The (lrat lorl Ideation* which on attacking fleet, will en o,s at or will be a battery of fourteen gone, generally r -ty two (mundere rlfleil cantou, anil the battery of otm I nlictl tud twenty eight |imin<lera already referred to. AU III* former In situated on the river bank, It c*n be a w vo t NEW YORK, SUNDAY, THE KEY TO THE ! The Fortifications at C Strength of 1 n VBMjcim iTTvy ViTi uaiiiiu Ir^'ta L*^** ATUiltt |j Jji* m vninrrmmBavtfn m, wrmToopuottf jEhfm Aimg&lr ATTACHE* Kjr<ti?>SPy^ X *1 ilmB&LjMhlttiK ^ f0I,M <ul ? ' C?1' w &3fcirnrnr"TrtHM'O/ >r? eurronuded with ? ?iJy,1/ formed of the hrancl fcMfv'V IflfXJf^kJLJ Inn >11 of which, for P3&ffib4^UUL]l *ruQD'> 1><* wi * I ere ?, ^ rifled cudoc cud ?h. \ rer.ehod by our shot without any greater dill cutty than I was experienced at Hilton Hand undHatterag; but tlio hitter will certainly be sheiiced with the greatest dim J culty, and only at a groat d)ittu>ce. On tho northern slope of the hlutf are two light batte rles and a rifle nit, cue mile lu length, which are designed 1 specially te protect the plaits against a land attack from the north while on t lie summit of the hill ia a atrongly 1 Intrenched work, commanding all directions, and manned In-eight cannon. | 1 'On the south side, and to protect the town from a rear j attack, is a email battery of focr gnne. and in the river , to the north of the town is the celebrated nobbier inc hat- I terv which is to explode aud destroy our Ueet. if we lake j the word of that veracious individual, t'oinmodore Hoi- j lins. But submarine batteries never have been effective . means of warfare, and it is doubtful if they ever will. ! The timo and money expeuded'upon Ihem have a I may .-j I ( Wn thrown aw.iy. j The tloaiog battery of tw enty gone is now * rationed . j near the southern exliemity of the river, but will pro* i bably be moved to the inosi exposed polute. It ie doubt- ( less a very formidable engine of warfare. A clwroh near the centre of tbo rtly is used lor a ma- , gazine, but why so ex loosed a position should be hoecii we are unable to conjecture. When t'etumodoie Foole made his ki't roconnoisance, he could distinctly .-ee the j garrison removing the jarwdor to a locality fiirtlioi south , and nut of the reach of the shells. Whetlier ii has or , has rot been replaced we are unable to say. THE tVAJI IN KENTUCKY AND TElfNESdKK. (From the St. Louis Kepuhlivan, Feb. j.) TUa rebels attach great importance to their situation si t'ohiTubui-'. ihe r*|>ort, drat circulated several day* ago, of the removal of General Beauregard liotn the IV touiac to tbat quarter, cornea to us reiterated by South em journals. Thai an immediate at lark iqion Columbus , is gcuerai.v apprehended by the rebel officers, reems quite evident,and that the place is daily being strength ; ened and prepared to withsiand a siege, admits , of as little doubt. Tha New Orlsiua lmUa shows . that the sulety of the South, and tiro elfectua! re i i sistam ut the 1'ebels to tlui Union armies, depend upon , the holding of Columbia And its supporting military , peels, while loSn uhern Kentucky all eyes are turned as the probable aest of a coming tierce sad decisiv^coullict. | 'Iho leceul defeat of XolhcofTer uear .toinersel, whereby ; , the rebels were driven from a valued poauiou, was the Oral note of this graal contention. Hy that aigoal ai t ion { , General Tbomaa hus nearly turned the right o! Gensi si i Johnston's forces, and very materially advane*'d to the | , assmtaoce 1 the troope ou t.reon liver, whoareluil ; waiting one co ope rat in | movement- to march upon Bowling r.reen And 1 Aire il. It. maanliuic. the cumniuni ; , cation hetweeu liow'ung in aeu and Omnibus can be cot { , oil, tha l.'uton forces sr .II have it m iheir power to , tremble Irusi Nashville lu f'eussroln , 'Iho rebel rmiee in >.?utli?fO k'eut Hrky represent two , wings?Columbus at the west. and Rowling Green et tbe , , east?witb a toully iaadwpute r.eutre. Here is a lute I : running nearly on- hundred and tlf'y tuiles, which it I | would require two hundred thousand trooos tocoror, ' , wUibt lb* Confe.leiate* do n?l tutmler the nail ?f tbal uninber. if kO many. The centre t* held bv * b-igade at j , Hopkiusvillo, and by >'orl Ilei.rw on the tonne-wee, and I i Fort Donelsoe itwalve miles distant) on the Ciitiiharland. , i Theac point* occupied bv the feler.tl forces and a pail- ' lion Ukeu tmtr ttin Xtste line?*y at Ilsuensville?and tbe wing* of the rebel a. m> woiiM b? cinnpletsly l?o| <ie I, , while both would be threaten"! .u the rear, and w*i|>|>liew , for both measurably rut of.. T<> mirli ? result tbe linger of event? u-iw piiRtii. We interpret the noruicstj , going on at Cairo, r*lirati end fmilbland t? mean an iiiiporlani expedition up the C'.iiiberland an.t Tanne .ee j l iver* If * icee**ful, i.env nl Uuell w ill bat e .1 onmpa ratlvely easy ii.-k in dialo iging tbe Confederate* from Bowling Green. for with f ark* title a i aerlomly manned, , andrailroad conne. tions thereby tir.ii.eii, they mnet fall i Mack, or fight under almost overwhelming diead. ant.igi * , Nashville, too, is a Its atlon the ieb">U . aunot afford to j loss without a desperate struggle. , I.oekh'g at the expedition now litting out t fariinah . and Hroithlauii ?? probably design. .! for 'he eaptnre of : , Fort Henry, we may state that thi* pott,a* will h-ie i collected, wa* talnly ivconnoitered b? the gunlmat I,ex ! | Ington. ('] to about Ibn lbtb of Jnuttary it waegarriiuned | by aome two thO'ieauil eeresamn troops, but after Gene 1 t ml SmitD'* column had moved from Pautirab it wna le ' ( mf'irced by two tlmug-nd more men fr.'nt ramp (teaure t gtrd, and title forre may bavo % en tomewhat. increased ( elnce. Fort Henry iaaitiiated tn (lie east herd of ihn * Tenneeaee river. fl< e or alt niUea bnlow the Kentucky e line. It wa? built tn August: was intended, tn eonjnnc < non with Fort Ihmelion, for the defeu. r of the Cumber y laud and Tenneeao valley*, but was not occupied more >, than nonilnally until Columbus was salved by General ? folk, In i^eptember It bee quite lew. being overlooked ? on the west by bluff* wbirb, we believe, have ,, been mounted by cannon The armament of tbe fort,according to tbe beet Information,consist* of *lx teon etx, twaive and thirty two pounder*: hot tbn fort H being deeigned to repel an attack from the river, it not calculated to realst laim forrei approaching in the rasr General frndh might easily luive taken It. but wa* ant prepared to hold It with the force* he had after General Crant bad returned from his feint upon Co'unibu*. Wo tl ahall not hea irprl?edto:hon. of General 1 llgbmtn, who . comtnnr.deal Fort Henry.eva^usiing the place r|a>n the 1 second approach of our noons Notwithstanding the nppn liens ioni of the rebels, wi> do not now think tit d the elalio ate fortillt it tone at Onhinibua will Im *'*inn?<aiilted. Measures will bo taken to comt>el the arcesslou soldier* to come out of ihrlr in u ti enohmcrte to prevent a atcke. Tlis* i bey mti*t do if tin military cord< n continues to wind arinind tliem a* present npiuwrnnrsM promise Perhepslt lath" anacotnla,gradual It

ty drugging its slow length along, mid ypiceding It* c dlr- [ Idi^n n (" K1""" "! Array, write n It,>* brought l>?ur?!gnrd from M.uiaamR, to guro tU< bcnafll of 1 1 li ft 'kill U4 ox)ior)?M? fo a inking pnwpnct. 1 tr i IK u FEBRUARY 1862. MISSISSIPPI RIVER. 'olumbus, Kentucky? lie Position. mutkj pwM, iwiunii fertty ?T?r?ev*4 vMfe iretWi 1 4s?*v ? 'x\ hlafort. rw*c?rrlgblDg 120|>oniid?| < 3 9 ^k Kjunden,aa4 f#ur- ^ V Opouu>Wr?. ^ >* - . Mp ? I Tb?r? mt# M T JH I mma in tbM ? B* | fcrtj tkwil V *- a *,r * ih#* 311 vtflad; tb? rM# ' * mtlmi UMft a m*m iuu#t" rSfV ? =? i-L o /ffev N^ssHrti > Viewing ib? whole fl?l<t In Kentucky, where the thicken of the conflict for the Union ia impending, we *ee abundant reason for an inspiriting confidence as to the success of the loyal troops. With prudent and heroic generalship we shall, no doubt, be complete masters of the situation in that important quarter. The rebels do not underestimate their peril in Kentucky, for, with a triumphant campaign there, the Mississippi Valley will l>e cleared to the Gulf, and this short lived Insurrection sustain a series ol' blows and shocks that must render it thereafter as feeble and puny as it is wicked sud unnatural. THK SITUATION OP COLUMBUS IN A REBEL POINT OF VIKW. II com the New Orleans Pelts of January 30.] Tiie letter which we publish from our oonespondent it Columbus, relating to the situation of that poet, deserves more than a passing attention. This community , lias reason to loot to I ho defence of no poslf ion in the whole oil ,;l,> of the war with more wakeful vigilance and tecnei concern thun that occupied by Gen. Polk on the heights of iVlnmhtis. We can nflbrd to indulge a com ci table ,?n-e of security with reference to the seaboard ppreaches to New Orleans. We feel sure of our ability id defending the river against any fleet of tho onetny attempting the capture of the city by way of the river trom the sea. We reali/e 'even a leas itegree ot exposure upon any of the land approaches Iron, the sea u>thcciiy. Fifty thousand men thrown upon i hem would be lost; to a hundred thousand they would be impracticable. But what is the fact in regard 10 the route down the river from Columbus? Should CoInmbnstall. what it to pruvent the enemy from sweep mgdown the river with tho immense fleet of gunboats ui posting i>euoris? which ha has beeu so Ion; preparing at St. I,.(Mis and itairo, and with a hundred thousand men ' i:nd?r Hallsck, to attack na on one aide, while au expedi lioa at'(king up from tho sea would attack ui ou the (l her Who can answer" I to effectual defences ana war f , I>o preparations for defbnce ia rapid progress answer h 1 Whwi e ere the deftm of Who is engaged in the prspa t raiionsr These questions admit of no satisfactory an i <wer. Our depsndinca at present for the safety of the city riom >he approach of a formidable expedition down the 3 river, ia ii|?on t' dumbus. That uMe Xarikrrn try to th* a Vittiitif pi itHia. Thnt in /noievitm of tht enemy, life Hood tatn of iitva*itn "Hilt* opmrt. Our situation'would not be hopeless lor the soul of Southern men, fighting a war * ?f mdeiienaenne, must not dream of despair, hut we j would be confronted with terrible dangers end the whole . country espossd to fearful evils, ttn one condilIon only en we'realize s full assurance that such dangers will I sot occur aud that such evils will never impend. That 'onditton m (he impregnability of Qen. Polk's position at . 'olumbu* But it may be asked, is not that position al ' ready strong? Strong it undoubtedly has beeu.aathe ji snetuT s gonboais that encountered its batteries found ), Mit| and as hi? army at Belmont bitterly discover'<1. strong it still is, In point of its defensive works, In the resolution of Its defenders, and the vigilance, prudence. <1 itulity and energy of its commanding goneral But In B war strength is relative. The force under lien. Polk's Bomnaand, it is to be feared, is not ss large as it should he m view of the augmentation of the enemy s force threatening bis iiosition. His lorce has been stationery .. while the ansiuv s wac being increased. He Is scarcely in a situation io extend bis wmge, to guard his flunks nd pre* eat his position from being turned by a column jl the euemv pushing past his right. These rsdsetions are not penned in tho spirit of ah ilaimist, but that they are called for by tho ooeaslou Is 1( ( r fli< ientir sviscsd by the fact that (ien. Polk lias sent p ?u officer to IxHiblsna, and one to Misaicsippl, to urge jpou the siecullvas of tlioso .stater the iiu|iortancs to I be **< ui ity of tho i/ower M shlaripiil Valley o( a speedy d reinforcement of liiscommand. Captain Bernard Av-g- $ no, of this city, cut rusted withGcnernl Polk's ootnmonl anon to Governor Moors, arrived yeatarday, snd has ilready had an interview with I lie tiuvurnor, who, we inters!.not, will cuter immediately, with General !/>- a veil, on the sobjStit of the communication. General Truioa i. who has charge of tho licavy artillsry at Colum ui?. is alio tu the city. and corroborates all the appro r tensions cxprea-sd In Ibo foregoing remarks, ts it not j, j isailile io sunU live tlioiisaud tin n front this city to Genu- ( teral Pulk'a ramforcsmeit? It is safe toay .perhaps,th it micli larger number couln tie spurod nt p'osoni, os|* Mally it* th*> could be speedily returned by railroad , in | nee of any emergency wlilch la now not lor?se*n. At ill ev*itta,(joloinb'i* demands the <>arik?>>t attention of lur authnritlee. The enemy Is making a last effort, mid ?s should be ready to meut It effectually, every where, u nil above all to mo*l It effectually at Columbus. W* or- 'Oily f) itantl oitr ffraund fnr tix'y d'lyt, nn<i Iht "<* ty will tinl-iw exhaMt'innavd dt-rpair. But he will drink e aw hope and life for an Indefinite prolongation of the i-ar if we fail to ntand our ground at (Vilumbus. General Butler'* Expedition. an.iNO or a i'ortion or the kxt edition from > BOSTON. Boewr, Feb. 11, I8B2 The sljipa orean ('earl.Idaho and North America, wl'h lie troops and etoree, forming a part of the Butler expe It ion, sailed this forenoon for Ship Inland. New* from linlin nn polls. C"?n*tATi, Fob 8, n The Forty eighth and Flfly-tediu d Indiana regiments \ ave gone to Cairo. |i The ?xpulaton of Senator Bright gave great Jov at li idianapntfs. Assistant Secretary of War Scott was at Indl inapofis on 1 huvsdny on an oiOclal eltit, and left for Kentucky yen. I rday. K R A T THE BURHSIDE EXPEDITION. ' Arrival of the Transport Eastern | Stale froa Hattera* inlet. Sailing of the Expedition for Roanoke Island. The Position and Strength of the Rebelf. Preparations on Board the Fleet for Active Operations, Ae., Ac.. Ae. rCBTHMB MONRO!, Feb. 7, 1MJ The steamer Eastern 8tale arrived nere this moromg, having left Ratlera* yesterday. mm bring* Dm important m?i that Uncart! Buraaide'e fleet Ml tbnir encborag# at tbn inlet on Wednesday morning fnr tbn north. The gunboat* started at sunrise, and I the troop* ang ships followed noon after. Their destination was Roanoke Island. The waalhi-r wax One when the Eatiern Stat* left, and new* of the arrival or the heel at the Island nu ea pee ted Three or Tour regiments war* left at the inlet. The Eastern Slate will return to Hatter as to morrow morning. Nothing bad been heard at Norfolk of lb* Burnett!* eipedltien. The Richmond Dispatch Mtys that ibe Burnside expedilion have, at least. tho edict of making us look well to our defencs* in that quarter. Roanoke Island ought to he made impregnable. All our batteries there and clnewhare should be provided* with bombproof coverings. The channel should be obstructed, and uo means left un employed to foil tbs euoroy. The names of tho sick who died oo tbs Suwanee are as follow*:? James F. Ilnakett, Company 1, Twenty third Massachusetts; Jesee Mack, Company I, Eleventh Connecticut; Wa. H. Totter, Company U, Eighth Connecticut; Samuel Gilbert, of New Sharon, Vt.; a seaman on board the Maria Tike; Cbnsaosy F Cleveland, of Company R, Eleventh Coune< Mont. All but the last were buried at see Charles W Boy mgtsa, Company F, Twenty Dftb Massachusetts, died ott.yphaa fever. The Snwsnre left last night for Philadelphia, te endergo repairs. War Ksperiltloiiary Correspondence. Usmm Statss Gcnboat Cohkack, "I HArras as I.vi.rr, Feb. 1,18*2. j Capture of a A'?6>1 Schooner?Deserters from the Rebel J rmy?Statement of the Refugees?How Tkey Escaped? Ttse Strength ami Position of the Rebels?Movements of tks L'niteU States Fleet, etc., efc. Yesterday morning at daybreak a small schooner era* disc* nod making for us, from the direction of the rebel coast. She soon after came in among the fleet, and was apprebsnded. when she turned out to contain five soldiers woo nau ueseneo irura imp rcooi encampment ai Miauieton,oo Middle creek. The man gave their names as t.ew :s I-onergon.of New York ; bonus Blaketey, of New York . Thomas Bolger, of Brooklyn , Peter McWilliams Davie, of North Carolina, end Trial Stiles, of Camden, New Jereey Bolger had been in the regular army, and woe in the com. pany which General Bnrnalde commanded. last April he went South to join General Anderson at Fort Sumter, but was arrested and compelled to Join the rebel army. 1.emergen, Stiles and Blakeley had been working in North aroliua wfcau the war broke out, and ^joined the rebel ?rmy voluntarily (they would has# been forced to do so anyway, tltey say), for the purpose of making their escape home. Davis Is a strong North Carolina Unionist, and has been three time* in danger of his uerk for proclaiming his ssntimeots. He was drafted into the rebel ranks, but took this opportunity to get away. . Tliay made their escepo in the following uiannor ? Night before la-t, about nino o'clock, Just after roll call, tliey stole a amah boat and dropped down tbo stream to the schooner, the captain and crew of which wers up it the camp. They slipjied her anchor and stood on and oir until near d.iybieak yesterday morning, when they made mr fleet. They ore now on board the transport Ppanlding. There were fifteen others at Middleton who knew of the project, but were fearful of being shot if they failed in getting away. They say they do not know much about attain- at Ruuuoko Island. It was reported in tbo camp at Middleon that the island was protected by three sand baits ies and some 5,000 men. The forcee consisted of com pa ties from Georgia and North Carolina. The rebels also i.id to op|?ae the expedition eleven little gunboats, or privateers, as tbey call them. The names of fonr of these ire ths Fanny, Curlew, Seabird and Post Buy. They do iot carry more than two guns. Thera was a Georgia regiment under command of Col. McMillan at Washington, on Pamlico river, and it was reported thai Newbern, with Fort Macon and itaothsr lefences, was protected by some 12,000 men. This lattor -sport should be taken with a very large grano lalit. At Middleton, which is distsnt from here some thirty iro miles, there were 000 troops, composed of por. ions of tbo Seventh and Thirty-third North Caroliua rogi nents, under <y>tnmand of Major Hall, of whom only 400 sere fit for duty, the rest being very sick with measles uid othor complaints. Major Hall was In the rebel itramer which was chased a few day* since by one of mr gunboats. On getting back he reported cue hundred ind twenty-live sail In sight here, atid sent for two com kanles of reinforcements. The detenres at Middle-ton are ireestworfcs only, armed with two thirty two pound ;uns and several email brace fleld pict ec. The utmost consternation prevailed in the State of forth Carolina. but onr coming was secretly bailed by ?rge numbeis of men, openly rebels, but Union ruen at icart. Since w i11ink the above I have ascertained that our leparture will probaldy not take place befor# Monday | iext,February 3. Utnntn Sr.vtr" U OS out Cossack, ( Hattxsas Islki, Feb. 2,18<m. ( "kt Km* Appoinlml for a Vonrard .Wu-vm-nl-.Vuntfay in Ik* Fb**?I?<ptrti?n nf Armt Prior in on Engigr nrmt, rfV., tfx. 'Ibis is our last day at llaiteres Inlet, for some time at cast, ae we start to morrow. You will hardly bollev0 lie when I Ray thti for I have stated the same fact in very letter ainoe our arrival here. Hut now tharo * no oubl about my assert ion. notwithstanding that ibe Burn' ida expedition has tended to ruin the vernc tons charac er of every correepondent conneotrd with it. It is Sunday (perhaps the last many u brave fellow will co),and the day Is beiug observed with religious series throughout tlio fleet. Ibe solemnity at the oersslon eealls to mind the days or chivalry, when mailed and elmeted knight bowo I tbo knao in devotion on thoeva of >attle. An inspection of arms took place this morning, accottrctnenie were brushed up, au-l oilier signs gave token of ur near approarh 10 ihe hour of movament. The rebels who will be oppoaed to us are reported to tie nder command or General Wise. There ia no further uewe rrom Pixie, and nothing to ommuntcate, in fact, aeve what 1 bavo given above. Our Fortress Monro* Correspondence. Voutruns Monhob, Feb. 7?4 P M. Irrtwil tf the PmprUrr Kafirrn .Hair?The Barn title fiqpediliofi?Kiciipe nf a RhmU Blaml rolunttrr from Ihe Ntbrlr with Vnlnahlr Information, Jc The Iraneport propeller Kattorn Mate, Captain Fleld, rrlved in Hampton Roads, from Hulterau Inlet, this aorning, at half oast eleven o'clock, t-he repoi t? that llie expedition of General Buruside lumbering eighty-four vessels, --tnrted froni Hatioras on Vednesduy afternoon on Its nu.-sioo. The R. S. Ppnuldng it the flagship of General Burr nnd fro? ho i suos his commands. I ' Tbo entire ilcu-t w..s l.-?ido tVn -w ??Ii. u d ?ho report by I In F-ulorn State is that the attack wua certain t-? hav.- I c >eoii trade on Wednesday or Thursday. 1 Lj T>, PKN'K THF.'KK CENTS. this tun.r, of ? mov< m?r.ts. Probably t* morrow a re'eru yeasel from (?' I'srni Burnsida v*. ' bt iv US (Uli >U(?l).^AU:'e A prisoner esr?[ie<J front the rebels ui name 10 </?ir rai Bnmsde He p; uvod to l ea member of It# W 1 Rhode Island re^.mvct having served witb General H At Bull run. Thin prisoner brought General B-rnaide valuAhle inform* tiou. TIia I aatarn State returns to 11m i*ra* to morror; Krv* o'Ct/x* P M A flag of truce lias just returned from Norfolk. b>t brought beck Ik* nor news. Omr tl AihlHgtoH Curresjtoadtnei'. Warhjj? jon, Feb. 8,1WJ jln /hjfkulti's qf tin &?p*d,urtH?C*nJidttU4 ut tht m'lv * at Ike KMerprw~-Jkalt\ of Ik* Bartts, 4k. Tbe last private dates ?e have iroiu the Burnride r* peduiou are U|* to January 3(1. A corioepouduiit fnmj.ar with tbe operation* up to thai day states that tbe am atant assistance of the navy force Lad enabled the army branch to gain a favorable position inside the bar It: * y of the transports had to be lightened of cverytJi.Bg. end it was a bard job to reload, lie fleet would have been very bbort of water uut for tbe water cuodsssfrr. The Amernaa eoudeusors, purchased by Commodore <;? .<<* borough iu New York, worked admirably, and pro. id kinitill mii,Ai'.nP (A ikn rtmlinit kutltnpii ?hiiih akn *1 ui ?j *1 service, but which s eoeily sad cumbrous as compared with the Yanks* machines. (ommodo.e Gcldsborough fetreu iliul the dci-v already experienced would give the oncuiy a gr? at advantage, provided they had been sharp enoi ;<h to Improve the opportunities thus aUordeU them Jio considered that the expedition had beeu favored ? lii good luck (o far in escaping the chancer of a tortus upon that point at thiu season, and getting bo many of the vec scla maide the Sound safely. It seemed to be the pnuon ' the commander that in future such expeditions hould no more under the eoutroi of the navy officers. IIo feu-ed more ditticulty for the large vessels after they shoe d leave Albemarle Sound, and was anxious that the gun boats of light draft shou;d be hurried up. Alt were confident of success, in both the navy and army branches. The Commodore hae good officer? to put in command of the guiiboats that may be added?Murray . J filers. MuCook, ho. All were in good health and good sp rits, and good order and discipline prevailed. All they wanted was aubar.<? to meet t ha enemy. the vessels were supplied witb provisions for s sty days, *i>d a large supply of coal. Rescue of the Fifth Rhode Island Vattalton. f Prom the Providence Journal.] The following extract is taken from a private ktior front a young man who was on board the Admiral in the late disaster off Hatteras :? A weak ago to-night one of the many vessels, in endeavoring to enter the harbor, went aground outside the bar. Great efforts were made during the day to get her off and take off' the troops she had on board. She hail on board the battalion of tbe Fifth Rhode Island Volunteer?, about five hundred in number. Tbe attempt was unsuccessful, and the undertaking was relinquished for the night. One of the ferry boats returning, whan passing our vessel, was bailed by Gen. Rurnside. The answer was that it was impossible to get. lbs vessel off, that so heavy a sea was raging it was dangerous to go near enough to the vessel in distress to take off the soldiers. This was the General's reply?"Hani your vessel alongsdu mine and I will go myself. That vessel must be brought in to-night or the meu taken off. > The vessel cam? alongside and Burnsldo woDt aboard; but probably concluding that the welfare of tbe espedi tion required that he should not expose himself to such I wizard. he returned to tbe Admiral, but ordered the cap tain of the ferryb oat to take oft the men if bo < ould not bring tbe veasel in; if he could do neither, to lie by her all nigbt and render her all the assistance In h a power. While this conversation was going on the writer went aboard ihe ferry boat. It did not take long to go to the vevro), but St ws-t found impossible to lake the men off. The vevael wan thumping the ground every moment, and was slowly drifting inwards the breaker". Wo finally succeeded in running near enough to her lo have a small line thrown to us, attached to which was a very strong hay -er It, was a (odious job to get the hawser fastened to our boat. It wu at length accomplished, and we started for t' ? uuroor, cringing tne vexsei wmi on. The pilot of oar vessel, who volunteered hi* server. and who is w?U acquainted with thesl.oalr ai. ; nlc. the coast, Mid that if we had not secured th? vesn, u-t we did, io half en hour she would Lave beer beyond rescue, aud no one know* how many lives might have been lost. The heera that went up for us when wo anchored .afe lu harbor was enough to repay any .tie for making I bo attempt. NEWS FROM PORT ROYAL. The Reco?notterlng Expedition to the Savannah River?Effect of the Premature Dlucloaure of Ping Ofllcer Duptinl it Pinna, &t., 4tc. We received information yeatorday morning from ".o United Stales sloop of war Savannah, to the effort thai, the expedition spoken of as hating departed for tte< Savannah river hud boon wonderfully magn.lied, one'iu fact could scarcely he called an expedition, it cutisi* .eg only of a few small gunboats and oue brigade, or 'wo thousand men . which sailed from Tort Pe yal for the om pose of roooanotteriny the Savannah river and keeping the men in exercise. A portion of those boats entered the Savannah river by a creek on tho north, and the others by a creek rn :l.o south, and upon reaching tho river they found tho ci.su uel obstructed and could not proceed. They, bowcvei, discovered throe or Tour of the enemy's [loot ou their way from Fort Pulaski to Savannah, who were obliged tor o the gauntlet, and ran by singly, when the Union gi.nl" at* opened Are u|ion them, but could not ascertain the amount of damage done. Hence the heavy firing heard in that direction. The main part of the expedition had returned to Tort Royal, and wbeu the Savanncb lefti* number ol cannon wets being sunt through the .reek., but for what purpose ha - not been ascertained. We are Informed by an officer on board the Savannah that, in oensaqtMnce of tho defeat of the plans of thee* expeditions, by their premature exposition by the press. Commodore fin pun t has and will prevent all communica,ion between Port Royal and the North until his plane are perfected. Neither steamers nor sailing vessels will he allow ed to depart. It la worthy of remark that the Savannah is the only frigate that ever sailed on the Savannah river. A large number of her erew have the scurvy. The ship having been fitted out in a hurry in Judo Inst, and being in a great degree uutlt for use, from dampness, Ac., there being no opportunity to procure fresh provisions in the Savannah river ,tlua disease Drove out among tlicm rnnse wlio were wounded died, as their wounds would not beal while ?o afflicted, but would mortify and thua cause deaih. The Savannah now lie- it ilie Hrooklvn Navy Yard. Itebel Aiconnt from HtTnnnsh. Hie Savaunaii Kay fliUean of the 5th mat. nay* that the glass revea'ed no new movements among the federal veeivl? lying in the cut n." tli of the river beyond an addllion to the number, .-one imngiue they have moved nearer to the river, but wo could dtrover no tnatenal (hnngv In thoir position. Persons familiar wdh lie water courses in that, locality say thov Iwtt not ret reached Wali'a t'nt, but are lyiug in the rltei ' * rood, which d?ee not communicate with the maiu chanml; yet waecia occupying their position can readily 'oinmaod th > mitin passage. It has boon stated by poi ion? wlio ought to know tlial portions of Mud river grow irv at three quarter* obit tl li end that tf the Yankee gunboat a should pass alt the nbvtrufltioaa they would net l?e aide to cone through > i m item Port re aa Monroe. Fobtrv* Novum, Fob. 7, 1WV. several pi irooera of war wero exchange. uu parole and several other passengers came down from Haltmor# this morning to go South. They were sent t" Oransy Island bv a flag of truee under command of Mgjor No new? or pastergees came hack with 'ho flag or truce. TIN Rhode laland. whiob arrived from Philadelphia yesterday, ssllnd for port Moral thta afternoon. The A sag ln-*n xom Oatwarfl Bonnd. 1'oRnasn Mo., Fob H, IBM. Tl*> KI *?* *Ip MM at hall r<Mt ffcor o'olork (lil? ?fnnn*?n fbr Liverpool. *tmn|>r<l Kuvolo|?o? and the hoMirrf. R?1.tUfO*ll, F?b 8, 18'i'i. The report that tho (nverltMRt b?e tleclf1e<1 P- iliaenullmio Ibn l**uo nf rulet alamped envelope Ita* pro . I a good deal of ' ?tl?rr*ettoo, Mperia) y among li? with they nn regarded a.? ibe 1. apjNi u.id mos' iw I ! u of poaUga Mumi*. t in said lhat r -iP"u ign.nst this rn>| arc cti< >lating among some t?i the tncampmoou.

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