Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 9, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 9, 1862 Page 2
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2 HE CORBOTTIOI n COMTHACTS. j Speech of Mr. Van M ick in the i House, *c.t *? , *c. j _______ I The Houm of Representative* on Friday lu<t having [ under emi/uueraltau the report from tho select committee i on government contracts, Mr. Vis Wyck, (rep.) of N. V , chairman of the ?orutin t tee, sunt ?Mr Shaker, on the lMth day of April, 1S81, , the world was blartle 1 with the recurrence of one of those great events which mark eras in tho history of mau, brands crime with a doc|>er infamy and exalt the , virtue* ot a onerous ruaubood to a nobility almost di- 1 vine, of whi Jh heroes have boaated and poets sung. Ths ' parallel of April 19, 1775, was complete. The days, ( mom In, years and cycles of a peaceful and happy nation- 1 aiity had borno the Massachusetts soldier from the tleld ' of Islington to tho streets of Baltimore. For a time the | great Amer. can heart ceased to beat; a national paralysis ' " mAn,an? ?,wl ?Ka?* iKa MAnlh ewnlitu/l t has harrorflAAtl cruelties of this unnatural war The merchant left hie counter, the farmer the quiet of home, the manufacturer'a shuttle paused in iu half finished round, the inril rang not out the hammer's beat, the lawyer's unfinished brief lost its interest, the clergyman folded up hie saoardetal robes, mothers, with the devotion of Spartans, bade their sons go forth; the wire pressed more elosely her newborn babe, as she gavo a parting, and with blessings and prayers the husband went f irth, probably never to return. The nation oiler,m! up its life and emptied Its treasure into the lap of ihi.i gr -t calamity; the rich bestowed of his abuadancc, the widow gave her m.te, an only son, or a tear sanctified with prayers. Not one of us can forget it. History, in after times, will record this the noblest moral exhibition of true courage the world has ever witnessed. Scarce a whisper of treason or murmur of discontent in all the North; yet m my of those who made the welkin '' ring for truth and lib irty, who professed to worship the J! true (jod. were ready to cry out, "Great is Diana of the G Ephosians' hoping ti crucify the spirit of freedom. * There were others, meaner, baser still, only watching the a opportunity to make merchandise of their country's mis t fortunes, coin the grief of the nation iuto currency, and ^ peril her ins imtions, if it could minister to their base c cupidity. One class commenced secretly sending Intelli- 1 gence to the rebels: the other rendered to them no less r valuabl) assistance by conspiring to defraud the people g* and the government. Aim st the same instant harpies r besieged the Treasury here, and the vultures J in the North snuTe I the spoils afar off. While the brilges destroyed by the rebels wsra yot s smoking in ruins, before the regiments impeded by their ^ destruction could reach the capital, the tappers and . miners, who knew the trembling necessities of the na- t lion, coram mood the assault. It has been said that In 1 |ic officers should not be require I, and the larcenies of plundering hordes should be overlooked. catilb contract. About the time the New York Seventh?the pride of the Empire State, comp sod of the beat of her citizen soldiery , of men of wealth , high family position, uduca' lion, enj?) nig the confidence of the community in all th? relations of lite?with the Massachusetts Sixth?a regt ment representing the intelligence and business occupa* tionsof that wonderful State?aide by side were fordinS streams, building bridges, laying railroad tracks, sleeping on the untented Hold, and, when hunger was pressing upon them, the Seventh dividing their lest store of bacon and hard b^cuit with the gallant men of the Sixth, a contract was made in this city by tbe Department with Dwyer, Laugbman, Sibley A Tyler, for cattle, from two to ten thousand,at eight dollars per hundred, live weight,delivered hero, and Ave and three-quarters m Pennsylvania. WUnl laciliUee had lawyer A Co. for transportation which the government did not posses' Government could lay its strong arms upon railroads and use them; coulu plant its gathering arinids to guard tbe bridge end track. At | that very timo au agent was sent by tbe Department into Maryland, who, without difficulty, purchased cattle to be delivered in Waehiugtonet six and a half per hundred, live weight, itamdoa.direct navigation with New York was net obstructed by the Potomac. Still more, if the danger of transportation through Maryland was an excuse (or this rout act big with profits, why a provision that a portion should be delivered in Pennsylvania if tbe Depu: tm oil desired, and why were noarly 1,500 received in ilarrieburg, while scarcely 840 were delivered la Washington' Notwithstanding tho lions in tbe way, Dwyer A Co. immediately sub let the contract to New York men,so that without any hazard or perils they rea:ised over ibii.OOO on about 2,000 heed. They had no difficulty during the panic of those times in making this contract. Why should the government have found any? There is no pretence that either of ib<-se men had any i special courage in overcoming dangers, or remarkable kill in purchasing cattle. Two were railroad contract* ors, one particularly uear to tbe Secretary, one a lawyer, ( end one tho winter before had been in consultation sad , negotiation with rebels for the sale of arms. Thus treason and corruption were continued at the capital. ausKcY or alkxaspiex ci nxisue, aett.?vircha-us op ajuit errruss Nearly simultaneous with this occurred another trans action. Oa the 21st day of April, the .Secretary of War, Although be well knew the great ability and experience of Colonel Tompkins, Quartermaster, and Major Karoo, Commi-aary in flow York city, wrote two letters to Alexander Cumminge, Ho. In one he "want* bim to al<l the Comraesury m purchasing supplies, to assist the Quartermaster m i iisbtug them forward." The other letter taiee that ? The Department need.' at thll moment an Intelligent, exreiieno'ii and energetic man. in whom It can rely, to assist In pushing forward tr<H>pa, muu.t.ona auil supplies. No man knew better than tli Secretary that theee jualrfljlioas were already posaesaed by the army othe rs in New York,on whom it waa safe to rely. The Secretary than gracefully c .tuplimenta Mr. Cuxuminga:? Ton are acquainted with the internal arrangementa and -inn -ellons of the railroad* in Pennsylvania, ovar which, for the pr'-aem, they will have to pass. Can th< re he so much intricacy about the railroad connection.' ii Pennsylvania that the United States Quartermaster in N w Yoikor Philadelphia was not conversant with thenar The Secretary then adds the touching appeal to bis patriotism:? lam aware thai your private affairs may demand your time. I am mre your putriotUin will induce you to alu me, even at some lorn to your* If. On i he JQ t of April the Secretary again wrote:? In consideration of the extraordinary emergencies which demand Immediate ami decisive measure*. I hereby authorize Edwin D Morgan and Alexander Cummtng* to make all ueccMaary ><rrangeinenta for the iranaportallon of troops, In al t sad assistance of the officer* of the army of the United Mates. Either ?n* authorixed to act In absents of tha other. On the At 11 day of May Governor Morgan delagatad his portion of tb" power to Caorga D. Morgan. On the 24th the Secretary wrote:? I sent ynn yesterday an official paper to act In eonneetlon with Governor Moigan by land, through Maryland and Pennsylvania, ii u iuiportat you should act promptly in sending sum.lies it. rlWKRriM L)R. CUMMINCM. Tins lit the Ural lime he recognised h:a friend u Doctor. Thus armed, the Doctor teemed supremo in hi* orbit; instead if restoring aid and ajal-Unee, he effectually superseded Die army officers. Major Luton distinctly informed him that his services wero not needed in lbs purcha.-' of s .i>plles. Still, the Iioetor commenced buy Ing over $11 l>00 worth of straw hats and linen (mntaloons, which wre wort lilt y to the army, and not required by the regulations. He employed a clerk of whom be knew nothing?h id never seen before. In li s evidence at first be did not know who rocoiamended him: then be thought ho wss recommended by Mr. Thurlow Weed?dually said. "I remember now that Mr. Weed told me ho knew all about turn, and upon his recommendation I took lorn.'' This clerk the Doctor suffered to do all the business and raak< all the purchases, except what were made by tieo. D. Morg n. It N but Justice to an influential and widely circulated pajier in the city of New York to *uy that lonce the World was united with the I'ourier ami Kwpiirrr Mr. Cumnnngi lias bad no connection with it as editor or publisher. CWASTKK of TH* rataura. The Doctor n?xt appoints < nptsm Comstock to charter or purchase ve*<eU. The Captain, with a friend, goes to Brooklyn, ins,wets the fJataline, and learns that her price is irom llu.MOU lo$^0,<ss). Instead or pun turning or chartering, or recommending the Doctor to do 10, from the owner, hie friend suggests to Mr Develiu that there "las nice opportunity to mikes imething by good management." This was the 23d day of Aprtl, the very day the propeller Daylight left New York with supplies for the Seventh regiment and two hundred recrulta of the brave and generous young men of that ctty The Daylight left without convoy, passed up the Potomac without convoy, and reached Washington safely. I never can forget that 23d day of April and the trip > f the Daylight,or of that gallant band who were leaving all the endearments of hornet and associations of friends to enooontor tbo perils of disease and battle. I caver can forest the universal disquietude in the great citv of lb* oowtlnent. No mails, no telegraph, a dreadful, so lemn suspense?brave men, good Ben, luring, doubting, yet hoping?actuated by one impulse, ready to gtre all, eren life, for the defence or the eepttai Wash lag too founded, end the flag the patriate of the Revolution baptised Ih blood. No one could hare believed that at such a moment men could flad leiaare or inclination to Iaecertaln bow something could be made out of tbo griefs of the people by good management. Yet that very day, or hen sympathy for a bleeding country and the oblige ttona of duty to his employers should hare received from Captain Omstock all bis skill and energy, his mission was used to benefit friende. He knew Dr. Cummingswas agent for the War Department, still he oounaels freely with Mr. Dernlin about the value of the Cataline, aed gives an opinion what will bo paid for hor charter. Had she boen cheep at gis.ooo his government was entitled to the purchase ?After yielding to Mr. Develm all the time ho required for the negotiation, on the 26th the boat was chartered by Colonel Tompkins, be relying upon Captain Comstoek, the authorized agent of Doctor Cummiugs, tha agent of the War Department, paying for her use $10,WQ per month for three m'iiths, and if ,ost by war rttkl then to \my fOO.OoO Colonel Tom i.kina wo old (..,t sign untd t;. ton, ' .n,stock assured h;m thai ?h' , ? |W,W0, l, them wm?Ufight. The Capumknew toe / ?? I rata* of llw t>?at ami what .-hi coat. Mr Freeman,having au luiere-l in tier i> itia, sw.ars th y d d m>i pro lend she wan worth (' .),out). Captain Omsock, h waver, denies that bu alleged she was worth that *uiounl. The testimony of (apuiu Ooiu.nl ck allows Me \ usi in in b t and alra >st unlimited power of |>ers' ns at that t o o assuming to act w areola for the government. Ho says:? I wan sent for by Mr. Weed to come to the Alitor HcU?e tbnul the time of Ihr rominrnrem nt of threr troubles. Ho man J that he waa an a.eut - I the *'>v rn-i n*. no hai troops and monotone of war to aru-l to Wal ..nglou b' w.ijr at thr Chesapeake, and that be wished to churl i ?? i'l*f that purpo*.. Afterwards Cuiuiulsga c *d up n toe and sh >wrd me thr laine authority thai Weed h id bown. It had been Iran* e rr.l to bun to perform the cum irritce. # J ehuutd thiu* that VVeid ^bartered from it to ten vessel*. This tustimuuy waa given on the tidih day of Deoatuber, ami up to that time the eouimittee had no evidence or intimation that Mr. Wv?il had been an agent for th government or acting as aucb The departruunt ton* liberal in bcatowing oonlideure and grants of power; but that jouttdeuce seem* to have been abused by the transfer of authority one to th# other. Mr Weed s absence trijm home pro . eut* an uxauituatiou et proeont into the nature tiid extent of hie agency. The committee hare not been tbla to show for whom tho steamer was loaded. It haa been intimated sbe was loaded by private parties, to be run, however, at the risk and expense of the government. And whan she could not obtain a clearance her cargo was n whole or |*rt sold to government. Tf this be so, it will account for the Doctor's purchase of stfaw hats, men pantaloons, London porter, Scotch ale, Dutch her ing, "butter, cheese and all." Colloetor Barnfy swoam hat on the aTth of April Xr. Stetson, in whoseuame the .ule Lad bean taken, called ou him, demanding a clear to Annapolis. Whoa asked how she was oaded, and to whom the cargo belonged, he "plied she waa loaded with Hour and provlione, and belonged to several of his friends Mr. Barley refused to clear her. Stetson then said the provisions rero for the army. Barney replied that as the property ras not government property, but property of indivl[uats, he could not clear her except by a request rom some government ofltcer. It ta but juel to sey here hat Mr. lievelin was evidently induced to purchase the csseh at the suggestion of those who were acting for overnmsnt, and that Mr. Stetson, in everything he did, ras frank, candid, and made no concealment. When Ir. Stetson again called on the Collector "he brought a ote from Mr. Weed, stating that the cargo consisted of applies for troops, and requesting n clearance." Mr. turner do. lined, but saw Mr. Weed end explained why a learance could not be granted. Mr. Weed said " it was bright, and would be arranged in some other way." , [ ; concluded not to give a clearance unloss requested to lo so by General Wool. He saw the General, and reuesied him to be careful before he gave orders for a learauco. A pass, however, was obtained from the lenoral, which he regretted; for on Monday morning he cnt an order to the Collector revoking it; but the fugitive ad escaped, with the condemnation of the Collector nd General Wool upon her. Her voyage was an uuforunato out; after two mouths' service she waa estroyed by tire. Tbe question recurs, who were the rends referred to by Mr. Stetson as tbe owner? of the argot It is necessary to go back and see who had any nterest or connection with the transaction. Mr. Freonan, who had a one-tenth interest in the profits, swears, fter first declining to do so, that he received. as part ecurity for the purchase money of the Catiline, lour totes, of $4,500 each, as follows:?One note by John E. evelin, endorsed G. C. Davidson; one note by Thurlow Veed, endorsed John E. Dovelin, one note by G. C. I'avidon, endorsed O. B Matteson ; one note by O. B Malteon, endorsed Thurlow Weed. These parties must all lave been in New York city at this time. The only MM person besides the Captain and crew was James ..irkm. who went on the boat, he says, as purser, alhough he finally concluded his duty was to act as check ipon the captain. This man was appointed by Mr. I>erein upon the recommendation of Mr. Davidson. No >ne seemed to take any interest in loading the ressel except Mr. Develin. Colonel Tompkins knew tothing of her cargo. The Union Defence Commune knew nothing of her cargo ; and when Jr. Cumminga was asked if he knew anything ?f ler cargo, he said, "Not a particle." He relied sntirely upon and trusted to the clerk, Mr. Humphreys, ippointed upon the recommendation of Mr. Weed. It must tie left to surrounding facts to show who were the friends referred to by Mr. Stetson, aed whether the boat waa Jrst loaded for private apeeulation; and when no clearance could bo obtained, Mr. Cummmgs, through hia :lerk, purchased tho cargo for government, so that a paas could be procured. General Wool's hesitancy in giving a pasa to the Cataline probably induced a representation to General SooU that the condition of hie 'Wool's) health required repuee from arduous duties, the Doctor waa certainly a remarkable agent. Use 9esretary wants an energetio, intelligent end experienced nan, of course?one more so than the Unioh Defence Jommittae, or the army officers in New York; one on whom he can rely; yet the Doctor apparently takes no interest but to draw and pay tho money. When he waa called on especially to aid in purchases, he trusts it all to Mr. Humphreys, his clerk. When vessels are to be chartered, he doesn't deem it worth while to examine them. He good naturedly aaye ho took it for irrantnd that what the owner* said waa true. He tu certainly a confidence man. The Secretary aayi, notwithstanding the pressure on hia private business, he is sure be will aid him. Yet the I victor repay* this gouereu* and unbounded confidence by know ing nothing, absolutely nothing, of the purchasing of arti' los or loading of vessels. Two million dollars, by the Secretary of the Treasury, were placed in the hands of a committee of high toned, honorable men, to be paid out oa the order or requisition of Mr. Cummins, without his producing to them any rouohers. Straiigcis it may appear, while this money was there to respond to his requisition, he draws $1 Co,000, and deposits it in his name, with his private account, in one of the city banks. Stranger still, four months after hie agency had ceased, ho leaves no voucher* with the War i epartniont. The War Department, in its generous confidence, seeks no settlement with the Ttoctor, nor an inspection of bis vouchers. Suoh were the prominent transactions occuring at a time when a man's generous instincts Should freely have offered everything to his country. This was the cloud,"no larger than a man'* hand, which increased aad spread until the whole sky has bean wrapped in gloom, and men go about the streets wondering whore this thing will end. The mania for atealing seems to have run through all'the relation* ef government. Almost from the General to the drummer boy; from those, nearest the throne of power to the merest tide waiter, nearly every man who deals with the government seems to feel or desire that it would not long survive, and eaoh had a common right to plunder while It lived. Eren in the matter of the purchase of two sailing vessels, two men of New York to the crime of larceny added the sin of perjury, that they might rob from tbe Treasury 98.000. In tbe case or the Stars aad Stripes the President of lb* Ntw Haven ITopeller Company, after taking from the government $10,000 more than she cost, took of that amount nearly $8,000 to line his own pockets, and in excuse to his company pretended that be had to bribe an ex-member of Congress to gain an audience to the heed of the bureau; and from that insinuation an honorable, high toned ex member of Congress, la Connecticut, bad been subjected to calumny. That President, before tbe committee, testilied that after lakiug $19,000 in profits from bis country ht was so anxious to servs bur in this, the hour or her extremity, that he appropriated nearly $8,000 of his colleagues' money to his private use, so he could devise some machine to take all the Southern cities, and no on* get hurt. Colonels entrusted with the powr of raising rsglrasnts colluding with contrsctor*. bartering away and dividing contracts fsr horses and othsr supplies, to snrich perseual favorite*, purchasing articles and compelling false invoicee to be given. While it Is no justification, the example has been set in the very di-Diirtmenta of ffuvernment. As a (funeral thins nana but favorites gain acces* there, and nun* other aan obUtu contract* which bear enormous profits. They violate the plain provisions of tho law requiring bids and proposals on the false and shallow pretest that the public exigencies require it. Should this last as long as the Peloponsaslan war, the same excuse would be used. The Department, which has allowed conspiracies, after the bidding had neon closed, to defraud the government of the lowest bid, by allowing the guilt/ to reap the fruita of thair crime, has itself beoome parttcejis criminit. Who pretends any public exigency for giving out by private contract, without bids, over one million muskets at fabulous prices)1 Who pretends a public exigency t* make a private contract for rifling cannon to the amount of $800,OCOf pkvxsti.vi.vja honvn. Kentucky is proverbial for her splendid horses. Her loyal citixens would have been benefitted by sales to tha government. Who will preload that the public eiigenoy required that when cavalry regiments were to be forwarded from the state of Pennsylvania to the land of the dark and bloody ground, It was necessary to transport, at great expense, the remaining disabled, diseased burses left in tbo Keystone state? My colleague on the com mitlee (Mr. Iiawes) a few days since cpoke of the peace oiler ingc to Pennsylvania politicians, and referred to the horses of Colonel Williams regiment. There is yet another rase?a eontract not made upon the responsibility of the bureau, as the late Secretary said, but by its express order, and refused to be made until so ordaied. 1 refer to the contract to purchase one thousand horses, to be delivered at Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. Much a horse market the world never aaw. Ilie drat inspector so bonsFt man?of the first bundrod rejected three in live. The next day owners refused to present themselves,and by some iegordemsin be whs retnovod and others sub stituted; then horses of sll ages, from two to thirty, or all diseases and defects secrrt and open, were from day to day received. The whole neighborhood were Inarms. The people remonstrated Lawyers and clergy, men were present at the inspection, and sought to deter Ihe buccaneering crew by open condemnation, the in. ilectors heeded not tbis clamor, but ordered tbe burses Lo be ridden upon tbe crowd, to drive them swsy, ir i sell blc Horses with running sores, which wers seen by the inspectors, were branded, and If one outraged corn mon decency he would be rejected, and an oppoitunity ongbt the same day to pass and brand him Itfcmsdisieiy tbe horses wars subsisted by private contract to ravnntcs at thirty Bine can I a (>cr day, and they sublet to farmers from twenty -four to twenty six. Over four hundred of these horses ware sent with Colonel Wyskoop's regiment, and the papers at Pittsburg report some actually so worthless they wers left en the docks. The remaining fivo hundred were left at Huntingdon for the ucauut "t va? couirarwrn in uun mngi? iraDuamon over llfty thousand rloliar* ro atolen from the government. Such flitnrti in ho in shape cere not for exposure , felon doom through life should bo theirs, nn<1 the mbon of your committee will b? of little practical vnlue unless Ooi|riM shall by lew punish with eevcre penal tint inch enormltien. cotrraaor MMUtuon. Ai one time It would seem there was an intention to establish a huge contract brokerage ajratem. The testlmony of Mr John Smith, or Kingston, N. Y., tiowdcr manufacturer, nliowe that in the month of May he propi mod to give Mr. Weed a |>*r coutnge for a powder contract; that he wout to the Astor llvnee. met Mr. Im Vidsnn, wi.om he had never seeu before, nnd inquired of him (or Mr. Th rlow Weed. Iturlng Hi conversat on he naked what Mr. Smith warned of Mr. Weed, on being told, be Inquired of Mr. Smith what he could afford to l?> ; be replied fltro per cent; Mr. tmth a'aoa-tys that Mr. Weed asked him wl. it ha old an id ti pay. That Mterwefda. at Waehi at-n. lie Im-ed hi- n <.q|t|..r< for powder to Mr. M' . d, .vh > t- th m to M ''emmiei. The ri ei It wa? Unit Mr w i u dlmr/ to t. * d ttert (iet.cral UlploT. the lt?ad "f U." i ' t [urtmeet, V> divide the contracts lor powdur b.twueu fEw YORK HERALD, SUN tho tale* mauuf.icturtng. It si somewhat strange that | tho Secretary -h"U.d appoint Mr. Wood a- his iiiuusotiger i ; i> carry hin wishes to tho dUfcrut buroaus. M i Smith ua lori-t od tiuit i was to pay Mi. Weed Ass i |kt ceut. Mr. I Tallin is tee; died that his powl-o < nrm tb nvirre I io paying Mr. Wual Are per conlr 1 th i Mr Vt end gsve ihetn authority t<* mak, one thousand b .rrels of [-owder, but they prefer, eJ nav- i ; i K 'he authority directly troin the governm-ut. He a'?? i teeliAes that the patriot Dwyer, who Agu.ed m the cattle ! contract inkley or Juue,at \Ya huigtou, tola him it Lie I would give Ave I er cent he would sell all the powder be ? could make; but l.itliu declined. favorites obtain e?a- | tracts vi heu frequently they have not the pec miary re I so irees to fmtll them, and not manufacturer* of the artt- [ clea t he dcliyore I. 1 lie professional politician or the It retired ex-tuvuiber of Congitau, who has a large Contract <1 wliu-h requires much luuchiuory and great mechanical ingenuity, evt letilly lakes it as a spallation, takes it to | em ich hiuiseif, or to extort front the pockets of honuat C Industry takes iwtn sub lot to skilful maaufaotiu ere at 1 reduced prices. The departments which give contracts f to men, knowing that they have nut ui dud of themselves . ' ebudbcHWce for executing them, are reprehensible, and deserve severe censure What excuse is thero for au .. honest department to pension this gang of middle moor J, Ail the ill-gotten gain found in their |>ockels Is so ui ich * stolen from the Treasury* Even in the Treasury I>?|>art . meitt?purrf and upright aa I believe the Secretary to be?what bustaaaa man could justify, or who, in his own transactions, would allow that a con- ? tract of over half a million ei|>onditure should be competed for by only two Arms, who couhl combine 1 and unite? It Is no answer to aay that the work is dons as cheaply ns before. The spirit of the law has been h violated, and the millionaire enriched. Beaidee, the pro- a ducts or all departments of labor are cheapened by the stagnation of business. In thU mat toy of the bank note contract, as in some others^underling* eontroKhe aflhira of the Department. Th<^ gay who aball approach within the charmed circle, they aay whose papers shall be put i on Ale, and whose shall be gladdened by the eyes of the 1 ecu oitti j . mg auiiuar woo, uuruu uuwu UJ umcMu KUU a overcome with fatigue, is found sleeping at his post, you a punish with death, while the miscreant who holds bia a festival st this carnival or blood, rides In his carnage, r drudge champague and dines with Cabluot ministers, you c treat with deffereutml respect Do you say government S cannot banish treason and punish erirno- On she 4th day t of July, 1800, at Oocoquan, Va., l(r. Underwood raised a e pole, unfurled the American flag and a banner with the t names of Lincoln and Hauilln. Jackson, the slsyer a of Ellsworth, with about forty men. cut It down, tore up the Stars and Stripes, and oarriod the c banner as a trophy. One or the ringleaders of that mob f a this day in the employ of the government In this city. > The laboring men who testify against olUciaJB are remov- * ed, while the wretch who has been robbing the govern- i moot is worthy a better place. Is it possible that this monstrous system of wrong, extending from the Atlantic ( to tho Mississippi, froui the Potomac to the lakes, can- , not be stopped,or evea chocked? If that be so, better ( disband our armies, and let the oligarchs of theSouth rule ( and reign over us. This committee has been in session for months; government officials must be aware of its power of examination; still, st the commencement of this session. inspectors of horses were colluding with contractors; superintendent*, rejoicing in the title of cap' taius, were sailing government horses to privets citizens, ' taking diseased and worthless horses from the eomiuons, 1 branding them in the service of the United States; < so they might receive full pay for the same- ' city butchers buying meet from government sup- 1 plies. Your government retains in this capital, in j seats of honor and proflt, and around our coun- ' cii boards, men whoso hearts art tilled with treason and ' minds with rsbellion. Your departments are disinclined j to hear charges of treason or (corruption; they would J rather ostracise those who furnish the truth than re- ' move the treasonable and guilty offenders. I am not ' harsh; I only speak what, standing in the mighty and ' august presence of stirring times, contemplating a bleed- ' ing, suffering country, I feel it my duty. I have a right 1 thus to speak in terms of warning and admonition to an J administration which I aided to sleet, to whose principles lam committed, by which we must pass through the Bed Sea of tribulation, and fnust bo carried safely through 1 the wilderness beyond. But I hart a right to ask and ' beseech, in tho name of a commerce crippled, labor*paralyzed, finances disturbed and treasury empty, in the 1 name of that gallant army of five hundred thousand men, 1 who this dxy an the tented field ere wailing to rescue a country loved through fire and blood, to lay down and ' die that a nation may live?in tho name oft five hundred I thousand hearthstones mads dreary by the loved ones away, of the vacant ahatrs around tha evening fires, of j the thrice five hundred thousand friands, anxiously looking, fearfully expecting, tremblingly hoping, that this adminMration shall remove treason from the oapiul, and corruption from the land. Fiverthundred thousand ' men nre in arms against the rebels; but twenty mil- ' lions are in arms against the erew of plundering leeches. f That twenty million will be in arms against us and ' this administration unless their polluting presence is ] driven, as tha money changers of aid, from tha temple. 1 tut. MoncAM's Aonscv in rvacxaaura isisii Since this report has been submitted to the House, Mr. George D. Morgan has prepared en elaborate paper showing the benefits of hie agency, end relies upon the fact that in nearly every instance he paid a lees price than 1 the owners asked. We can test the strength of his position by the Stars and Stripes. To build her cost $.'10,000; by her charter the owners realized $15,000 from governmcnt; they then asked $00,000. Mr. Morgan paid tRS Ann?fiva th-nmnnM Iau than f h#r ftukod but <19.000 mora than she cost. While with the Petomska and Wamsutta tho owners realised *63,000, the government puld $00,000, although Mr. Morgan a papers allege bo was asked 1*0,000. Thl4 see ma the reverse of the proposition The onward wis oflbred to private parties for $36,000; Mr. Morgan was asked $30,000, and paid $27,000. These are not the only instance,as the committee will (how by n further examination, to which they art Invited by the Secretary, and directed by a resolution of this House. Secretary Welles, a man eatimable In all the relations of private life,honest himself,and who would not taks a farthing from ths Treasury, seeks to Jus tlfy Mr. Morgan by showing that ths government in time* past were imposed upon by Impositions on the regular officers; and he employs an agent with no salary, yet putting him In the position of antagonism to his government, making his interssl against it,for the greatest number of vessels bought, and the highest price paid nets him ths most money. For ths oredit of the government such practices should cease. We have not only a right to Mr. Morgan's skill, experience and shrewdnees, but we have a right to the benefit of that ruling feeling with many business men?that of Interest for his employers. U is no answer to say that Mr. Morgan is honest. Grant U. Mr. Morgan is fond of money, or he would not, he could not, consent to take nearly $90,000 of the money which has been made to him iu about live months. A man who is thus greedy of gain evidently is more zealous of his own than his country's interests. Besides, if the Secretary needs the ne live ingenuity and business capacity, which I admit is of high order, why not employ and give him a fair remunerative salary, as other men are employed? He says this $90,000 was token from the pockets of the sellers. Not so; Mr. Morgan always untitled them they mast pay him two and a half per cent on ths purchase; that they must name the lowest cash price, and add two and a half per cent thereto. If Mr. Morgan possesses the business ability which the Secretary claims, and which I do not doubt, he sertainly could have obtained all the vessels at the price he did, less tho two and a half per cent. Who doubts it? Why should not the sellers as readily have given the two-and-a-half per cent to government as to Mr. Morgan? No, sir; that fallacy may suit ths Secretary, but it will not deceive the people. In ijeptember last, when Mr. Morgan liad mads over $60,000, representation to the Cabinet was mode in regard to this matter, and the attention of the Secretary directed to it. Had he changed the policy, no censure could have been charged upon him; but he persistently refused, and m December Mr. Morgan bad increased his forluuo to the enormous sum of about $90,000?at the rate of a quarter of a million per annum. Mr. Morgan's services could have been secured et $6,000 annually, and this enormous sum saved to the Treasury; but if this be not so, and man owning vessels have been compelled or Induced to sell them at small prices, what right has the Secretary to allow bis brother-in law to put his hands in the i>ockel ot etch seller ami realize the immense sum of $90,000 in a few months. That money really belonged to the government. As an agent he takes It; and if It ba an uuuonacionable amount it belongs to his employers. The Secretary should know that the rules of the Chamber of Commerce in New York, as to commissions, do not apply where the value of the vessel exceeds $30,000; beyond that sum ths per ceutage is left to bargain between seller and broker. Can ibo Secretary Hud a solitary case where merchants have allowed two and a half per cent on a vsssc! worth $100,000? Tho rule 'in Boston is one per cent where the value ia over $30,000. Dtmill or SgCHKT.IRY wru.its. The Secretary, in his last message, claims that the vessels have been cheaply purchased. Assume It, If you pleas*. Done he not know that our commerce Is paralyzed?tbat tail and steam vessels have been crowded on the market, and must be sold at any price or rot at the docka? As well Justify ths purchase of the Potomska and Wsmsutta, which were charged to the government for $7,000 more than the owners received, on the ground that they were cheap. The Secretary must have known this transaction ?u liable to the critlciem 11 hAd received, or he would not, as ha says ha did In advance, feci ha might rocelve some censure becauae thla great bounty was bestowed on a brother-in-law. The Secretary, in his labored defence of Mr. Morgan, baa dene great Injustice to fommodore ttreese in tlie purchase of the Roman and Ilad^er. There was an early disposition on the part of the Secretary to take tho purchase ef vessels from the nary officers; for the Commodore swears that he "had direction from the Navy Department, by letter, April 21, 1801, to consult with persons eapeble of giving Information and advice." A letter written April 23, by 11. Bridge, chief of tlie bureau of clothing, says:?"Mr. William II. Aspinwall baa oflhred his services to the Secretary of the Navy, who wishes you to call on him If you need assistance in the matter of the steamers, as well as to acknowledge bis courtesy." On ths same day ths Secretary alao wrote, "advising him to consult with Governor Morgan, G. P. Morgan, with Messrs William Evarta, Blatchford, Grinnell, also committee of citizen*, who are empowered to act for tbia department." In a letter of April 2f, the Secretory says.? In my l?tter of the fid Inet. I referred to certain gentlemen as an advising committee, with whom you might consult. One of the gentlemen alluded to, George D. Morgan, Bsq., has the special confidence of the Department, and you will advise with hliu, In behalf of the Department, ana as ita friend, In this emergency, In the pur lis et you may make, and theestraordlnerymeaauree you are compelled to take. It has been gratifying to the department to witness the promptitude and alacrity that hare b?>'n cthlhlted, and the servtate rendered, not only by the gentleman referred to, but by Mr. Aspluwall and others. On the 80th April, 1801, tbs Secretary says ? In order to relieve yourself of Inconvenience, and sundry genoy, 1 hare prn|mardthat Mr. G. D Morgan hdiI Mr VT. H. Aapin a all !)< itkn Ituted In their place. Theee two genii*, men have l>**n etliclent in aiding and Ba*l*t|ng you, ami ar* vigilant for Mi* country and It* Tutcreala. They will. It la bt>lletn d. i In iTfnlly act kr the Department when v?.u ha. < not opportunity or time to rouanll with It. Both or th gent: men bare Mi n written to by tlila mail on theaubjc >, and yoo will cnatilt with either, or t>oth, in your future negotiation* and ptir -h In a letter of May 13 apeaklng of purchasing Btveral vc-*e.a. among Ibrni wlial ng rbipe. he saya ? I'b are aiivrne whh Mr. O D. Morgan In rr.ard to Ih ? m.|. , t*r, anu make pun ha?i a with lr* apprm al.

Tim* iti eirl." up; rare Iha' t inn ' re i r n o wi? ,n-' ic il to pi*' ?*onfl'l"tci in Mr 'i . wli the aUau'cblp* ware ordered, in ,11m *b? .ice oi Mr ?ior DAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1862 fan, he culled mi Mr Aa;iuwall, and was governed by hut I sdvtc end aclmu, and May to wrote to ihe Secretary? d I liA.eooiiiinnuuounl au a .cut, indu-aiad to Mr. spiawoll, c to proceed U> Now Itedford to negotiate for ths |mrcha.c of ? :lrt? ukilrthlfa, vhlck tile ot'|?rtnral dlr?'m dm io ob sin for eua.ini; ttaru. D ole can be purchased in ttna |>tace. 0 Altar the Secretary bad frequently advised bun to con- n >utt a di uil??i of persons. iu every letter re item# the t jiunlior, until he doc lares hie warm attachment to Mr. tlorg ii and Mr. Aspinwal!, allliou^h the letter ordering lie ii h :lentil| ? requested him to put chase them with the ipproval of Mr. Morgan; still, in hia absouc", an I the t 11easing oecesMtiPH { the purchase, and const luring the u ilgh eulnguiins prnuoumed by the Secretary on Mr. As nnwttil. the following sMloment in the letter of the ecietary is rcnmrkublo, and uns us tamed by the ovl * 1 alt to:? I Had the naval officer followed the orders that wore give" J1 dm, fruud* Mould not have liecn pi rpi-tiated. ItnJ ' Jneimodore Bri'oae employed Mr. Aspinwall's broker, and no1 ' Ii. Morgan, and the result* were a grove traud and the pur" 0 ha.-i oi interior venaele, which eonld not have been the cose o isd the ixiUcir which the fvpartmeut was then instituting ? irevolted and Us orders heeu obeyed. Tlio attempt to sacrifico Mr. Aspinwall and Coratnodnr? Ircise In Mr. Morgan's defence requires no rotnmente Itill more remarkable is the charge of the Secretary, vhoo it is remembered Uist tbe person referred U) as V. V. A.<}'inwalrt broker was surb ick, tli? very man em 'lojrod by Mr. Morgan as broker, even subsequent to the i rebate of the ltoinau and Badger, as api>eu.i# by tho otlowing letter :? )aan COSMMU I bare not directed the Mediator to go to the Nary Yard, nd until I hear from you shall do nothing in the matter. / ave requested Mr. Htarbuvk, who purchased her, to call and ee you. Very truly, your obedient servant. GEORGE 6. MORGAN. S. U Basses. Beq., rtagOfleec. WasaiaoToa. dune 1.IM1. It is due to Com mod ore Br esse to say that, when the shipo rare brought to the Nary Yard, he dieeorered the fraud, & formed the Secretary and desired to hare then consider It. Aspiawall's purchases, which ho understood was done, an order was issued for loading them, The Secretary Jao refers to the Penguin and Alb Uroee, Bought by Coinaodore Breese for $76,000 each, alleging that they wore >f no greater tonnage than the Stars and Stri| eg. The lecretary, however, omits to state that tlio Penguin and libatroes were built for seagoing vessels, with double ngices, and cost, probably, iu congtruction, one third nore than the Stars and Stripee. l'ho Secretary further ? In a single transaction originally made with a Urge shipiwner by Commodore Breese, for Qve valuable (.teumere, I alt that the government was unturtunaieiy involved, and ifr. Morgan irn employed to relieve the Department. Under nany and great difficulties he succeeded in Having to the lorermuent, by his action In that transaction, above 1121,000. The explanation, as I understand it, is this:?The Comnodoro, in chartering (he five vessels, required tho own >rs to ineort a price at which they would sell to governneut. It was a mere proposition on their pvtrt. It wag lot accepted; neither was tho government bound to pay t. The 8ecrotary also adds:? Yet I hear from the owners and sellers no complaint thai bey, by the operation of this system of purchase, have been ppreeeed or aggrieved. Lot ug examine the correctness of this statement by one ransaction. In the month of May last J. Rudolph Sh'g tnd James C. Jewott k Co.,of New York city, were owuirs ofthe steamer Mercedlta. During that month a man >y the nam* of BurriU, claiming to be an agent and ad,'iecr of the Navy Department, proposed a purhose. Jewett k Co., to prevent the tutorious of goverment agents, on the 19th day >f June wrote a letter to the Secretary of the S'avy, ottering to charter or sell that vessel at a valuation io bo fixed by the Department. A similar letter was sent 5y them to the President of tho United States. The Secretary returned an answer refusing to charter or pur:hase, as she was unsuited for an armed ship. BurriU shortly after appears, saying that ha can sell the rejected steamer; that he had returned from Washington, and asked authority from them to sell to government, which was given him on tho 3d day of July. On the 31st of July Burrill came again and made an olfer from tho Secretary of the Navy for the rejected steamor, on the condition that the owners should pay $6 flOO to him, bos ides a fair brokerage, which $6,000 Burrill said was to be given to government officials for their assistance in selling this vessel. Jewett k Co. refused, proclaiming that they would first see their vessel rot at the wharf, and thernlelvei wanting for bread, before one penny should [O to bribe government officials; requesting BurriU te say to those who sent him, if the government wanted $6,000, they would give tha( sum towards raising another regiment to 111 the place of the New York Sixty-ninth. Burrill eft, and after the lapse of a few hours returned, saying is had heard from Washington, and that he would withIraw the condition, and they need only pay what they taw fit toaUow him for his services. They accepted, and >n the same day gave BurriU a bill of sale for the Department , and he presented a list of alterations required Ln (h? hunriwritin* nt SL If. Pook. thi Vnval (Inmlructor. tad one of the Board, to examine vessels. On (be 27th of 1 September they delivered up the vessel to govornmont < through Burrttl. Much to the surprise of the owner*, the I Secretary seat a requisition to pay Burrfil the $100,000 for the MercedKa, although the names to the bill of sale i were that of Sleg, owner of seven-tenths, and Jewett h Co. three-tenths. They succeodcd in arranging so that the money should be drswn by a third party. Some twenty days after the date of the requisition an order was had on the Sub-Treasury for the money. Mr. George 0. Morgan did not appear in the negotiation until after the requiaition for the money. He then eapao and demanded $2,500 for bis sharu admitting Sthat he did not salt or purchase, yft the owners could not get their money until he wsa paid; and if they would consent to pay, he would write to Washington and urge the immediate remittance of the money. Tha above facts must have been known to the Secretary. They were written to Com. Hudson, October 31, with a request that they be filed in the Navy Department, which doubtless was (lone. Since the letter of the Secretary the committee have not had time to examine the cwnars or the Mercedita; hut the foregoing and subsequent facts in oonnectiou with the purchase are sustained by affidavits of J. Rudolph Sleg ami James C. Jewett. They testify that they did not see or know anything of George ft. Morgan until after the purehase and delivery fthe bill of sale to the Department through Burriil; that on the 10th day of NovemW they called on Mr. Mor gsn, demanding repayment of $2,500, end he said be had credited it to the Navy Department: that he had only taken this sum so the Department might have so much back in esse the Department elected to keep the same, on the ground that h# understood the Mercedita coat only $34,000; yet Mr. Morgan, when be took the $2.500, save a receipt for the same "for commissions on sale of the Mercedita." The owner* deny that they ever I asked $1.70.000 for the steamer, although Mr. Morgan claims in his statement that such amount was demanded < of him. The Department fixed the value, and negotiated through the medium above stated. On the 17th of ' January Jewett k Go. wrot.- another letter to the Seore- I tary, in which they reoite the loot of their former com- 1 plaints, showing that they have been oppressed or ag- i grieved, in which they say:? Do you think it right to endeavor to carry to the public, I after auch an offer on our part, the idea that we sought to i obtain $30,000 more then this ve-ael'a value, and to foster thle labeboo t on the public to give an ld--a of your brotherin-law's btnen to purchase vessels for the government? 1THCHASK OF BAIL'S CARHUfB". Another remarkable transaction was tha aalo by the Ordaance Bureau, to Mr. Eastman, of live thousand , Hall's carbiuts, an arm which needed some alteration to , hi infill inr 43 Ml o? h Tliia nri,,l, ,.U ,..^..1 1 a time when the Department was buying arms which , had been condemned, ami <ont from the arsenals of Ku- , rope. Alter an expenditure of from 75 cents to $1 25, they were sold to Simon Stevens for $12 50; then to tie- J neral Fremont for $22. No wonder our expenses are , $2,000,000 per day?government sells at $3 50, and in a . short tune buys buck at $22. Dr. Cumin lng3 bought . sevon hundred of the earn - carbines tor $15. The evl- ( dccoe of Major Hagnor shows that Mr. Stevens was an , ngfnt or aid of General Fremont. This Mr. Stevens denies. However, the relation was one of a warm per so J al character. He bad prebablyjust left him with In tructlons to purchase. His despatch to Fremont was i |ust such as an agent would send, or one who had the ? assurance of the necessities or the West, and that the arras would be teken. At ajl eyeifts, the bargain was an i unconscionable one, whereby Stevens waa to make about c $50,000 in one day, without incurring any risk or Invest t ing any capital. . 1'iranTytNT or Tim wiuvr. | There seemed to be no green epot In the ropublic. The groes frauds upon the seaboard, by the Ifotom.uc, found a . counterpart on the banks of ths Mississippi. The con- k tagh n spread and fastened itself upon the Department of . the Weet. A bevy of cormorants gathered around Fremont, who were feasting ujkwi the blood they were drawing from the nation?more impudent In their claims, mors unblushing in thsir extortions. There, as here, no talcs could he nutdu with the government except through the modium of heartless contractors. There, as here, none hut special favorites could share of public bounty. Those willing to furnish cheaply and well were cast aside, while a hardware ilrtu, Child, Pratt k Fox, wore allowed to furnish nearly $1,000,(KM) without the formality of < Oxlng the price In advance, they procuring from the very < men who offered to supply the government, and at the offered prices, while they charged an advance of twenty live to fifty per cent. Men in league with Quartermaster McKtnstry and his inspectors would Qrst extort from the honest farmer and then unbluehingly rob from the Treasury. In building the forts at St. touts more than 1100,000 was squandered upon profligate, unprincipled ravoritee. These plunderers, seme lmportod from California, and some for a long while In the employ and receiving food and raiment from the government,gathered around the person of Fremont, end suffered none to approach him too nearly. Quartermaster McKlnstry was the high priest st this festive! of robbery end crime, n man who had for many year* been in the regular service sf the United States, a man furnijhed by the admlnisiratten to the Department of the West, which was supposed to be s guaranty for hie faithfulness and integrity; trusting, confiding, Fremont watched blm not closely I do not pretend that Fremont shared the spoils wuh Child, Prstt k Fox or MoKlnstry, any more than I, .for a moment, believu that Secretary Welles shared ths enormous proQte of bw brother In law. It Is ne excuse to t Hf ku? tug uiii|uiiuui ui iuii rvusniuu, ouge in prnpor- n lion, the impending danger cwting dark shadow* oror n our national pathway and threatening the nation'! life, o waa a Justification for allowing the exorolse of unlicensed o cupidity. Without doubt generals and cabinet ministers tl liaro bowed down beneath the weight of Increasing n reaponaibility; but this reckleee horde were undermining n the very'ground on which they trod. ARMY 1R IJOTOBTATIOII. T Another Item of reckless expenditure waa the order of d the War Department allowing two cents per mile for the transportation of troops, and liberal prise for baggage and horn a. Mo enormous were the profile th.it railroad companies in the West bid and paid from to |g,f>00 to nearly ?Y*ry regiment for the privilege of transporta ' lion. It la reinarkablo that the late Secret* y, who 0 n aa himself, by long exporienee uud observation, so con. l eraant with ttie management of railroads, who rejoined In th" conltdence of e friend, who was intimate with railroad conne. iluna, es|wcially In 1'enuaylvauia, should hare t.iowed railroad cornea ion s ich largo amounte that they u 1 I tvi-li thousands for the tr insportatl n f a single ren in nt. Tieine not running as 1 wlftl) ,^n ! s irnetlrnee v th no belter curs, chS'gi I nearly douo e more than lot.i l'.i at i. Din he i i h iw that each yaiuiengor tl I to i. it; i ui.ds of 1.1 k"ge? Yet an < itra i * w a! ov.d .. - ail in - ltd with the n .1, di "i . Iuve be n un.tsHy taken In ii ibo Iicuj ,ry, not only by the ?. ie.ii oi the ) p?rtmaul, but by IU eiproaa imtm ?*4 mr I ler The pirate* who infest lb* uonan. ar<4or 1W otiioua k>u of the rebel chief, iri n i mure Wim?| the secraiwe of man1, nut in Ui ? n. ?h , la : ai. ilTirm] to (wl u|mmi tba ?-we it of lb- po i lof Iba UH t tba brave. While tba naiioo ? straining ai a vary t ierve, and bleed nig at every pore, ib.we iMobai < raa urea, for gaiu, to (ratify unholy passion*?w rate baa Who ehririn ItMr lust* la Hansen, iwi mitre a pander o lhair Owl. I lave a Qrtner gia?p uj*ai ib throat of Uta naUon than , liia aitnixl robeiliui. Like iNtntbara, al art of -un cross tile nali.ua darkened |>alli, they Bound upon tbrir atari led pray. Lud while thni nimbly nation, this gi int of the Waat, ia retnb.mg bouoath Ita irmu weight, ila trini|n>iiii( rvary, all i's nervess.n we qui using?aim-el wlnla lie is ebbing I rom its vtnns?n i > i rom the quart* tboy w >uld nick by pnceOMnl lUe r <? k u winch bo aland*, or if tboy could tit ike merebaudue f bio locks, disheveled by thu rungii tempest, wveU bear him of his strength. They follow With thai kern eeoond scent of death By which the vulture auufln llir food, ti we oauuol ovurcomo the o|iuu enemy in front, let as ,t least banish the masked traitor in our midst, lie tbis, b<l you strengthen anew tbo anna and add to tbeou ago of Uio nation; inspire hope, and ioanrj thar?avic ion that ell will be well. Traitor aptoa iiave bus* walk ng your streets, loss ling at your saiooua, pruineua ling it your lovees and sleeping in your oapiutl They have men engaged in your departments, making drawings of row fortnications, aggregations of your ariu.ee, all your insultations, your plans of battles and order of man he* utvo boon communicated to the enetny Your generals lave been paralysed, your armies defeated, by the very neu who are feeding upon the boun yof yuur govern neut?betraying your confidence aud I be land which tolda the graves of their fathers. Oh, for a tongue to curse the slave, Whose tn ra m, like a deadly blight, Comes o'er the counsels of the brave, And blasts tliein tn (heir hour ol' might! Sir, I am not ono of th *u disposed to question or dia rust the ability or correctness of our loaders. I havo ilways believed that a poor general, with the oontldence if tlie peop'o, was far batter than a Napoleon or Han.'il >al with muttering* of complaint and half-uttered dismal. We cannot allbrd anotlisr defeat. Those who con rol our armies will illy dt-charge their duty If th -y aru ;uided by aught e se than their own matured judgin mts. i Jut I have a right to Insist that we shall uso all the ; noans which a God of proviuonco has placed ut our r. ach. Mo war n?u wwn more causaio>8; uo rebellion witu so ittle or complaint sineo tbo angels fell; no treason which breatened so much destruction, and imperilledso much i >f happiness for the present,or h >j?? for the future, none evolving so much of crime against humuilty, or sin igainsl Him who guid es tho destinies of natn>us. Men ;u t irniH were formal ly our brethren; and, while in peace \va < vould treat them as friends, in war let us treat tlnm aft i memies. They are seeking to wrap in Uumos the omples which their fathers built, and in which hey worshipped. They are trampling under foot 1 .ho constitution and laws which thmr fathers or- * lamed, and of which they boasted; alsovo all they have lenpised and rout in twain the tlowory banner which .heir fathers and ours planted in victory on Saratoga I tnd Yorlctown's plains?that banner w hich II ato'l in ' riumph at Chippewa and New Orleans; under which, on ,he plains of Mexico, the l'ulinotto rugiment and the fohtnteers frcm tho Empire State fought side by side, where the gallant Butler fell. They cannot divorce the fVmeric&n people from that noble ensign, each stripe on its starry folds goes hack and entwines itself around the outtle fields of the Revolution. Every star stands as a lentinel over tho grave where the patriot sleeps. How loop tho crime of thoso who have beou roared to sing of its power now to trample and despise it. Are not such men the basest of enemies, who should feel our punish menta and our vengeance too? Will you talk of thocotiititutional rights of men who are steeped in the gall of inch damning infamy* In this war it matters not what may be their institutions. No matter though they be the best on earth, if we can 1 larni tnem, punish them, subdue them by Bunder ing their institutions, it is our duty tu do so. A rebel I tells you a horse for one hundred dollars, which you igroe to pay him, by solemn oontract, in writing, he yimos, steals the horse, and then demands that you shall pay bim the prico agreod. It will uot do for this administration nor for us, with a half million of men sleeping { >n their arms, to bo apologizing with proclamations i which are oeuselese; that we should be dancing like harlots in the antechamber of this stupendous criminal, hough armed to destroy and surrounded with the rain ions of an enslaved nationality. To the incendiary who puts the torch to your dwelling, and ia despoiling you of 1 'amity and property, would you stand crouched en ouo tnoe begging luce a dog that you did not mean to burn his dwelling or destroy his property/ No, air; let us itand in the dignity of our national manhood. And ho who violates our constitution, tramples ou our flag, or perils our oommerce, is an onemy, whom we should strike, whether it be in tho destruction ol life or property. Already has Judgment beeu pronounced; it has been decreed that they should sutler death, and are now, or should be, undergoing the penalty. As well might they cry out for constitutional rights as for the maleractor in tho penitentiary, or the murderer under the gallows, to claim the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Lot not genorala be issuing orders to degrade :lie manhood of our troops by reacuii.g or returning fugitive slaves. Let them not be exorcising their talents to determine how they shall hunt slaves, rather tbau capture rebels. Let thera not treat a loyal black man worse than a traitor master. See, just beforo the battle of Uatv>sf.is, a general occupies part of his time in writn g orders that no fugitive slaves should be allowed wi'hin the linos. Had slaves been sufler.-d to bring intelligence and give warning, many of our brave Soldiers might not now bo sleeping to death on that dreadful Hold Hn must have read the history of his own country to but little purpose, or he would have known that two of the most dis-istruus do feats our arms sustained in the South during the Revolution were because two slaves guided the enemy to the camps of our fathers. Tho Alave* who periled their livee to ferry our maimed soldiers over the Potomac at Ball's Bluff you would return to chains And stripes, while you olaim to protect the constitutional rlzhts of the traitors who had wounded thorn. Borne men among us Mile of compromise and peace. None deeire peaco more than we. Let these men not Importune us; we hare not provoked nor encouraged this war. Lei them go to the rebels, who stole our guns, uniimbered them, Area upon our fort, and disgraced toe Hag. I*>t them go to the men who are floating the b ack flag of treason almost in sight of the Capitol. Let them go to the men who make night hideous with dsmnuiac shrieks of disunion over the gravo where the bones of Washington aro mouldering. Let them go to Richmond and ask the rebel crew te pull down the Confederate banner, aud float the Stars and Stripes in its stead, over our custom house and poet ofliee. Let them go to Charleston and New Orleans, roll themselves In sackcluth and ashes, and Mk that the ensign of their fathers shall float in their ports. Let them do this, and we will have peaco. We ask for no mors, we will submit to no leas. Let them do this, ml the sword of ever/ Northern soldier will be returned to its scabbard, and be will no longer prajr to teach his hands to war and his Anger* to light. We know their terms of compromise. The traitor Davis, taking silvan lags of hia position while here to mature his conspiracies, In the other end sf this Capitol, wanted us to roll up and lay away the national llag. Roll tl up and lay it away! Why.it had been made glorious in three war?,aud the wreath of it* victories was yet green. It had carrird Americau civilisation over the prairies of the West; from the mouth to lb* source of the Father of Waters across the great wastes beyond, from the'summit of the Rocky Mountains its protecting folds covered a land washed by two >ceans. Roll It up and lay It away ! Why ? It had loated our commerce on every sea, was the emblem of >ur nationality and power in every |>or?. Its folds ware itiflbned by the spray of the Northern ocean, and Ian [uidly It hung to th* masts in tropio seas. Roll It up ind lay it away I Never. It was powerful to protect fartin Koszta thousands of miles from this capital, and t shall be powerful to protect the loyal citizen wherever te may be found; men like Johnson, in (Eastern Tennessee; ind Holt, in his Kentucky home. If this be not so et us perish, and as a nation be forgotten; better nir history had never been wrltteu; bettor be Declaration of Independence had cover been NmneiJ, bettor the blood of the Kovolution had never ieen shed. It is no wonder thai the thrones of England ind France and the despotisms of Europ* are In aym|iahy, and, as far as they dare, In action against lis. Ilry ;now this to be tbo last hope of freedom, the last feme f the oppressed; they know That earth'* struggling millions turn hither In rb To the land of the beautiful, land of the free, < *hey know that th* great American people are in sjmlatby with the downtrodden, with tbebeweraof wood ltd the drawers of water, on ths Eastern continent, 'hey know that the revolutionists may wage the battle ' or the rights of man, and, If unsuccessful, And a city of ! ofugo her*. United, they know that w* are powerful to lefend our own, and protect the rights of others; ! Ilvlded, our power la gone, and we become ss feeble at he ropubllcs in South America. They know that the ' mlitlcal exile, th* captive in his dungeon, the soldier of , Iberty, whether on the summit of the Alps, or in it* deep avlne*, in the gloom of Hungary, or amid th* desolations , f Poland, are breathing ferth prayers that in this great \ tattle the rights of mun may be victorious. They know if rs are divided, defeated, deelroyed, th* dnst of centulea will lougor remain upon the throne of powor; th* rown will rest more easy on the despot's brow, and very tyrant grasp more firmly the sceptre which he rlenle. let ii* disappoint them while we frustrate the chemes of speculators counting their (MM. enil polltl- . Ian* gambling for the succoaaion by the half-opened rave of the republic. The dead past, from out the pago f history, la looking down u|x>n Ul, the living pro-cut, hrobbtng with hope, trembling with fear, la looking own upon ua. Tbe on-ooming future, the echo of whose lillions footfalls In the corridore of time we can aimoat 4 iear,ia looking u|K>n ua, beckoning to us, and in silent raysr beseeclilng that we may be true to ourselves, to he great legacy our fatners bequeathed, to the rust paced in our hands, to enjoy and transalt, not to tarnish and destroy. By all tbe lemories of the past: by all tbe prospects f the present; by all the hopes of the future, let us rid urselves of tho sappers and miners at home, conquer his rebellion and subdue the traitors. Do you say we aay not suceeedr Then let us perish in the attempt. We my vainly die for the land we cannot save? Then bo it o. Here let hope and liberty's farewell Qght be fought, he pale angel of the grave con at laaat steer our 111 estined bark through the "(late of Tears." Our cause may he betrayed. Our deer lovert country made A laud of rarcise* and slaves, One dreary waste of chains and grave#. vo cannot, we uaro not, yield wane beaveu baa light or arth baa gravea. No; rather houseles* roam, Where freedom and our Hod may lead. Than he the sleekest slave at home That crouches to the conqueror's creed, fo each dreadful fate can be our*, If w# are only true to 111 inanity and the (iod who gable* the destinies of unions, the movent tnis of arms, aa he does the sparow in hi* fall. Here wo make our atand; live hundred houaand m ui, a wall of lo;nian lioarta, to guard the land to boo, the II tg wo I, nor. If driven hence, even to law ocean and .ho lakes, wo there will atand, I'ntil the last red blade be broken, And the Inst arrow In the quiver, | a UM.M ?. IW mm mvtta milmmf a?w m tbm ?ttf IV? niNir? !>?? tawmm?M to Mm ??*?If af A* FkirtMMi IMM Wall MMry. UmMM CMm f "-|r t J"i|. at* ?* toaari ?w; M tfca ??<ta (Mita't Tha ??w lark IU<? Nalkal ?? lalyr. Almot, fa* A. I Ml Th* Maw Tor* Mafca Maal MM) ta My ttaml im "" 'M IM'* ?Tar w ?Willi. Ttawi Mm. af At J r.? . VIM Krratowt l> h Iff ml irTl. J - -- . MnMary. I. P. WJIarl.af Mkny f> ? i J V. f QwaaMa uab, of iik?i, -n-nr-gr mn in r ~t?* r pWW MmMMma awi MmM Wkrai Mm ifcn M rf tba mcmly to m ? WMtorA mr valaatoa mm*i lioa for xr)??i m Mm rilaaun aamm. r in | Mm u? cuMNnm tkt mme the mmmm aa ?rha*> aaa m Irrrad tk* ?*> 'sn Ik* f?mid*al yr? wsMif?rw?r i?ii>h?m m,k*imta| the a*m B?M and kfiNMI ?f Ik* Wke N*M k? tk* *<?iM nMmn at Ml tm ? *< ymi thaae mm n*d*i<e ,m they weld mm agate JSmm aha war, receive Ik* tkaefc* aad af the sanely IhtM. that oayy af Iktw r<* t?<aehe HMM in the Waebmgiou payI faarth, **"* ibasks I* Dr. K flak ley teaSery**. Saiga tiwul, fc ku mtm fati(?t>l* eflbru taarla e?i>ptymg ik> army wMk Ik* besl pbyaictaue. ah* I* lf? Barak, Mm Mat l uy wan r?r lb* ttiurouykuaaa af their eysum af utamlina. Will. resolutions ml mantuMM sympathy aa tka death of the late Praaldaet. Iw kamiet I Jaa*-a Tk* resolutions vara aaaainiaalg a* r>? t Tka aaaai raa? lutioua of thank* t? ?' * r?tlrm| ekhere vara ?<fil and the ?ac:?iy ad - mi -ta.'4m. Tk* Maw Jvrar jr UgUlalar*. Ta?1??. Mi I. 1MM Tba Joint resolution rrlatire ta tka Mima ? umiag tka luotauf the national tat mm pa?*ei Tka htli u.i at nrm tha sale of tba New Turk aad krM Ra r oae t -mgeey was passed. Tho remains ot Ootoaal Allan and it .>** ? W?i ar *01 not arrive bare unlit east waak Resolution* complimentary to tba gallaat-y ??t a ir age of Colonel H irray lirown, a a?:.t*?d \ * ?*, la command at K<rt Pickens, wera letradoiad ta U?a It ?#. au l unanimously |<a***d Ilia Semite In ?sa<tiv* aaa-ion la-day aaM-naat tka nomiuatkitii of (be (loi?ri? i ?I y. turner, t H n Dgden, I'eler Vredeberg, for Rupee-ov C irt J, u * rbnrl"* P. Smith, for <1* It ?/ tk - "*ni?' ?!; I ort J >ia M. < iruali* n, i.i-hc H. Kiytaund and Ikwadf < r?hk, for OuotmiaaMtdra el hitii*, T u*i*aa ?d ii*- S >oW Srhool nn I Prosecutor- for Iwi Cap* I >. > ere Sid MOW, Mart ~>m*r?et and I mm* mMIh,?u aie? continued. Maw Ilktnpshlrc t i*l?n Tannailaa. U? nan N H yak d 1-dl Tbe futon Convantlon, coin,, aad id H?m too - ?d with theaitioti 'if tba rep b i an an i m vent ions, mat hara today, and B'*ai??'"d r?tl J Wheeler, <d Newport, for Governor, aad J >w|>li ? luid win, of Nashua, for Railroad It mini*-"?ar . be a teudanca was slim. The Malar Lrgltlaima sad the ftltavarjr B?itlaa As CNM.Me .Tak. T, 1 -fit Mr. Smart's raaotvos, slightly mn 1?l, ta fat or of confiscating, liboratlnc and ana armng tba <* af rebels, if it shall bo ami itary miceui) , have pawn 1 tka Sonata to-(lay by a vote or 34 agam-i 4 The Paclflc Tflrgrapk Lime. C**n+>. I at- I, |Mt Telegraphic communication to fan Trkie unj *bi< h tiaa been interruptod for><>ine time by tlooila .?(hiif<*?ia. are resumed. Meeting of the Hteterlenl kerltty. The regular monthly meeting ?l the Naw York Miat -rf eal Society was held on Monday erewsig at tkee? wer i Eleventh street sad Seoond srekue?I>r Hml eli la Ike chair. After some routine business was transacted a ai -merlal was read, which is about being transmitted to tha State Legislature, askiug that an agent be appointed, whose business should ha the co'.lsctiou of utaiisiiea, ins torical facts, ko., In conn act km with ih? present in order that a true record of the same may u ?t he hot lo future generations. The librarian's report, announcing the reception of several new works, together with a copy of Kluett'- at tack upon General McClellan, received from < ul. Piatt, of the Ulster Guard, w is read and rro. ived. Mr. Wi.vniKOf here read a lengthy paper before lite Society, which he denominated as '-Oid Sew York," giving some interesting historical fhcts relative to the rise and growth of our metro|iolitan city, lie sketched the condition of Sew York mauy years ago, tmiore It becamo recognized ae u large ami populous locality. bis remarks being loudly spplnuded throushout Colonel T. B. THonra wui next introduced ny the Preel dent, who procoeded to deliver sn interesting and in structive dissertation upon the subject of ''Cotton.' He Qrst proved that cotton had existed from an early age of the world, for Herodotus, who wrote four hundred years before the Christiau ora, described it and the oaoa lor which it was made. Th canvass which covered the gladiatorial arenas of ancient Roiou were const noted of cotton, and Alexander's invasien of India made the ar ic e tainiliar with the Uroeks. Cotton was lound on A me, naa soil by Columbus. The planting of the article at the South began in liecember. The lecturer then went on lo describe the manner in which cotton w is raised in tropical latitudes: the various uses to which It was pot in the every day work of life; the vast heneiits winch had accrued to the South trom Us euccesiii ui iiiauu facture; how England had proa]iarcd frotu the immense importation of tbo staple from our shores into her torritory, and how much slie owed her power and influence to the name. The colli>alu?n of cotton in the Southern Stains, however, Col >n?l Thoriie asserted, had reached its maximum standard. The black population was overy year growing smaller, and the white growing proportionately largo When the South produced 1,400,000 bales, the price paid by E'lg land was 14cents per pound; but when the p,,> iu n M came up to 1,MO,OUO bales the price averaged 7 c, cent*. Might It not easily be supposed Hint should 3 ooo (sm bales of cotton be produced annually the prico would come down to nothing at all. It was the opinion of ttio lecturer that in time to come India an l Egypt would provide as much cotton for use as was necess try for public consumption. The lecturer was much applauded throughout his discourse. After the transaction of some further unimportant business, the Society adjourned. Charge of Murder on the High Sens. UNITED 8TATE8 COMMISHIONEK'S COUKT. Before J. Buchanan Henry. Kan. Feb. 9?Jhe Cnitrd Slain r?. Cajlain Xuthnn II. Millelt. The defendant III thin case is charged with ttic murder of John Dillon on the 24th of January, 1801, ou bonrd the American ship Saracun, by snooting him. Mr. Andrews appeared for the government, and ox* amlned a seaman named French, who do; osod to the hooting of the deceased by the accused. His testimony wee published in the Hboaiu at tho time tho prisoner and the depositions, taken in Hong Kong, were sect on by the Amorican Consul to the authorities at this port. TbS witness detailed some dispute th.it occurred bolero n ths mate and aomctf the sailors respecting MM WOTfc to b# done; the mate struck Jack on tho forehead with a belaying pin and cut him: Ca|itain Mdlott came up an.t asked what was all that row alsiut, and said ho would toon sottis it; the captain hod a pistil in bid band and presented it ut witness; one of the men sstd, '"Captain, don'Uhoot that sick man, ho baa only come ou deck to day ." Dillon, the deceased, cam" out of thu forecastle, and tho captain presuutcd the pistol at him; Dillon said, "My Uo i: Captain, don't shoot me-," the captain said lie would, and shoot th m all like dogs ir they did not do their duty: the raptain fl.ed.and shot Dillon, who said,"My (Jodl Cnptain. you h.ivo kil'nd ms, and you will suffer for It;" < .it- of the men '-a;d to the captain that ha should not hare shot th it man: the captain said, "It Is done now. and It can't be helped Dillon suffered much all that night, and die I at a-ven ? clock In tho morning; he wa* hurled at eight Cross oxamlned by Mr. Choate?Witness had never heard of or seen any quarrel between the decensed and tl.e captain; the deceased was a quiet man; the captain was nuiet,and treated the men and officers well; u- ver heard him swear at the men or ollicers: the tirst officer was a disagreeable man, that would make disturbance In any voyage; be called the men all sorts of i nines, swore at them and boat them; ho (tho first officer) luat Dillon with an Iron before tho disturbance In question, the craw didn't like the first mate at all. After some further cross-examination of this witness ths case was adjourned. Court of Common Pleas. Before Hon. Judge Brady. ACTION AGAINST TU OALWAY STKAMSUIF COOT-ANT Fir. 4.?Stephen Ftynn w. the Atlantic R?pal Sl*um.-hip >U'i</cUi<m C./mvany ?This fU ?n action brought by plaintiff for.damage* for Injurl** received by him In fall ,ng through a hatchway on one of the company a vesaela >n a Toy age from Oalway to New Vork, by reason of the icgtlgence of the defendants' asrvants. The plaintiff's thouldcr blade waa broken and ha waa tbaraby tan nonthn out of smptoymsnt. The Judge charged thai tf the jury believed thorn wee legllgoace on the part of the defendants, in not having a light placed over the open hatchway,the plaintiff waa intitled to recover. Verdlet for plalntlfT, $600. Ootineel for plaintiff, e*-Recorder Ihlhnadge; for the defendant*, Mr. Richard O'Gorman. Harlne Cenrt. Before Bon. Judge McCarthy and a Jury. assault and battkrt bt a nsruTT sukbipp. Frb. fl John Dilton w. Bernard Reilly un l nnnthrr.? rn October laat plaintifT presented a bill to the defendant Rellly for painting. Retlly denied the indebtedness, when Dillon charged blm with being a liar, whoreupon Railly attempted to shore Dillon out of bla (Rellley's) tore. WInIo In this act the other defendant stepped up. struck plaintiff n blow which broke his Jaw Bernard Rellley, formerly a Deputy Sheriff under Mr. Kelly waa the only (.arty served. The jury, after bei g addressed l>? Mi. Townasnd for defendant, and e* Judge Tliompaon for the pla.utiff, g.tvo the latter a verdict 'or $60. I

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