Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1862 Page 4
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f \ JL NF.W YORK HERALD. mil fiOBooa imivii amva akd pbowukto*. ofim m. v. combe or fultom an* missed m. ? Mm* Mon*-mi t* <maH wilt koaitkt ' mmdmr. Smm M batX Mb ?rrw< fc .Vm* York y*'1,' WAgA/.p. M WiOm<t. ? yW MO IXT "wtvkTAMr'coHltMaPOADMfiCK, nmtainimg important MIM, wNMBrT /vnm ,rny qwvrUr of Ike world; if turd wiV* P?"% Vkd for. S9* OWE KOKKIO* COUHTHDUIT) iu riwwtnii.ir ilMlmni to 8iu iu Lsttcm ub Page Voi*b?? ikvii No. 41 AMU8BMBNT8 THIS EVENING. 1 NTBLO'8 GARDEN, Broadway?Ills Last Laos-Moss. < Ma lci? KKMrocC.an. ( WINTER GARDEN, BroAdwcy.-Sctioca Eaiiiit?Naiai Qvms.x. mt.iA.LCK s THEATRE. So. 344 Bi ocdway.?Town an* ' CoUMTKl. LAURA N RENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?OVR AUXCIIt* UOVIIN . 1 MB# BOWLS? THBATRE, Bowery.?Sabth juacx? I pljkhl ouard?tankci. ok.. BOW RUT THBATRE, Bowery.?Sncc.nir'i National i CiiKWe. 3 KAHM'MH AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadwey.?COM '' Nitt Li. mo litrporOTAaos. Wkau, Ac. ai Ail n.mr*.? .. Omdina, afternoon anil creniui;. ' BEVANTS' MINSTRELS. M-.'hauuW ilall, 472 Broad*ay.?-i>o *n in ot.D k-t-at. q HOOLEV'S MINSTRELS. Stuyveaant Institute, No. flfi9 ... Broadway.?Ethiopia* Sonci. Dancks. Ac. | T MKLQpKON CONCERT HALL. No. 53? Broadway- ? SoNua. IlANCrj, Bueluooaj. Ac.?Holiday in 1kcla.no. j s| CANTERBURY MU8IC HALL, 58S Broadway.-SONGS, t\ DaNCKS, BUBIOkSkJl'KS, AC.?MAZUL4, THk .NlCIiY OWL. : a! OAIETIBS CONCERT ROOM. C16 Broadwiy.?Drawing Book Bntaktainkajits, Ballxta, I'antomimas, Eakcu. Ac. ei ! al L WWDTO A W urrnrn ???? ' al nn mioiv naui. ih Btvsuway ?sokus, bal IJVf*, P?mO?l?U, AO ? f OK 8ait PaIKTKR | ?' ceyhtal palace concert IIALL. No. 45 Bowery.? > el buslbmcka. sonus. dakch. Ac.? bknoezvuos. PARISIAN cabinet OP wonders, 063 Broadway.- ! . Opeu daily l roin Id A. M. till9 P. M. i " NOVELTY music HALL, 61C Broadway.?BoBLMjot* i a Sonus, Otaoui, Ac. irving MALL, IrHng plan*.? Livkb 3, Cltruiu isr? l'Aaooa dans 1*0 Makiauk. Hew York, Tuesday, February II, 1864. v THE 8ITI ATION. The attack of the But-wide fleet on Roanoke t! Island seems, from news received at Fortress Monvi roe, to hare continued all day Saturday without any definite result, as far as can be gleaned from the rebel accounts. It is significant and prop pbetic of our success, however, that the b rebel authorities admit the loss of at least one or more of their gunboats. The . intelligence brought to Fortress Monroe, in the first instance, by thejlady who conveyed it from the rebel General Huger's oBs-e in Norfolk, appears ^ to have been misapprehended. She stated that it was the rebels and not otir/orces who were "twice ^ repulsed." This would, ol course, change the ^ whole aspect of afiairs, and strengthens the conviction that General Bumside is now, or soon will be, in possession of Roanoke Island. ^ We give additional particulars to-day of the late ^ brilliant victory at Fort Henry. Tennessee. A despatch, received in St. Louis on Sunday, state" ^ that the rebels were encamped at a point not far ( from the fort. The services of General Hallcck n and General Grant in this affair have been properly ^ acknowledged by the Secretary of War and the Commander-in-Chief, General McClellan. The lat? Imn hen oatkA k* fe.llA?w?n? 0 ? J * to General Halleck:?"Thank General Grant, Flag Ofleer Koote, and their commands, for me/' c Commodore Foote has sent to Chicago tor two ,. hundred men for the gunboats, and ?*ys it they T are forniehed speedily he will attack Colombo' ( take it. and sweep the Tennessee river. Brigadier General Stone was arrested id Wash- (l ington on Sunday morning at two o'clock by s < poeae of the Provost Marshal'* force, and ?ent | r to Fort Lafayette, where he arrived ye?" ' terday afternoon. The charges against Gene' ral Stone appear to be of a very serious character. j < They are embodied in the following summary: j a First, for misbehavior at tbe battle ot Call's Rlufl: ; ' second, for holding correspondence with the j ' eaemy before and sine* the battle of i , Ball's Blnff, and receiving visits from | < rebel officer* in his ramp; third, tor i 1 treacberoosly suffering the enemy to build a fort or strong work, since the battle of Hall'* ' Bluff, under his guns without molestatioo. Fourth j, For a treacherous design to expose his force to 1 capture and destruction by the enemy, under pie teace of orders for nynovement fi?nu the Command, ing General which had not been given. It is ssid , that a Court Martial will be called to try these i charges against the General. The extracts from tbe Southern paper* which we publish to-day will be found highly interest- j ing, both as regards their speculations upon the projects and probable success of the j Bunmide expedition, and other matter'* ot j grave importance to thn future of tbe Southern confederacy. The Richmond correspondence j of tho CtarlMlM Mercmry describes the trti. le in the l?oedon T>tee* on Mason end Slidell a* "a blow botweeo the eye#" entirely unlooked fur. Thi? ytriow writer, however, endeavors to interpret the tone of the 7Vtnc* in a spirit entirely friendly to the rebel Htntea, by a species of logic not very 1 clear nor aobntootiot. Accordion to the Mew Orleans /m/o the rebel | teamabip Colhonn. which w?? attained by onr squadron while running the blockade on ber trip fro* Havofia to New Orleans and we- abandoned end eet on Are by her crew was not barn.-d us reported. but fell into the hand* of the Union vessel ] entirely unhurt, and with * argo *alu d at | ;o?i. 010 ou hoord. including forty tons of gunpowder o lorge quantity of rifleeand munition* of war. How imminent the condition of the rebels at Cnlumboa ia considered may he gathered from the following statement in the ''hsrleston Crmr'tr: "The authorities at Colnmlma bare information from a source upon which dependence in pissed, that the federals are now makiog such deposition* | of their force* in Kentucky and Missouri as will 1 enable theiu to brlag overwhelming nnmber* ! agamet <Jeinmbu?. and at the asms lime mar. b a powerful rolomn down the we*t hank of the Missis kippi The great rise in the Ohio, Cumberland and Tsnneesee risers will facilitate their movement* in k autarky. The attack is appointed to take plane Pitkin a fortnight 80 impressed haeCenernl fVfc m -mr ffftf "V . 2ar' lL } v WL m J become with the difficulties of hie situation that he hue seat agents to the Governors end other military authoffities of this State and Mississippi, urging them to reinforce him as soon as possible to the full extent of their abilities. In this State steps to that ond have already been taken, bat it would be imprudent to disclose the description or strength of the reinforcemeuto that are about to be forwarded to him." The America at Halifax brings news from Europe dated to the 28th of January, four days later than that received by the Nova Scotian^ By the arrival of the Jura at Portland last night, however, we have dates of the 30th and 31st ult.? Ave days later?from which we learn that Louis Napoleon, in his address to the French Corps Legialatif on the 27th, stated that although he civil war in America compromised the conimerdal interests of France, vet as lone as the riahts >f neutrals were respected, they should confine hcmselves to the earnest wish that the dissensions n this country would soon be brought to an end. The Jura brings intelligence of the arrival of fl is on and Slidel! at Southampton. No enthusiasm vas manifested on their arrival. Karl Russell, in a despatch to l^ord Lyons, rejects Ir. Seward's doctrine of the rights of neutrals, as aid down by him in liis correspondence on the 'rent affair. The London Tunes again warns the British abinet against active intervention in American flairs, and says that England can afford to wait, his seems to be enunciated in rather an unfriendly ftirit towards our government, for the writer adds lat the federals and confederates are spending bout ten millions of dollars a week in looking at ?ch other across the Potomac. The Thties als0 lieges that England has been true to her position n neutral und maritime rights all through the discission of the Trent afl'air. Some of the London journals, as well as a numer of the Paris papers, inveigh against the block do, but in both cities several newspapers upheld lie action of the government in Washington. A despatch from Algiers would lead one to sup' >03e that the Sumter had fought and destroyed a essel off that coast; hut it was not credited, as he privateer was about t.euoa at the time re' rrred to. The Spanish authorities at Cadis say hat they merely sheltered the Sumter when she ras in great distress in consequence of an accident. The Naahville was still at Southampton, hut it as rumored that she was ordered to quit that ort. Commander Craven, of the Tnsrarora. had ern accused of anchoring his vessel oft* Osborne, I " discourtesy'' to the ynceu. The gallant ofcer had denied the charge in a public letter. The .Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs bad aubiitted the subject of the invasion of Mexico to the lories defending the plan of yie government. He ad. however, no cheering news to communicate, leaeral Almonte was in Paris, waiting to return to lexico with a detachment of troopa and tailors. CONGRESS. In the Semite yesterday, the resolutions of the legislature of New York in tavor of allowing each tute to assess ahd collect its portion of the na ioual tax were presented: also the resolution of he New York Chamber of Commerce relative to he national finances; alao a petition asking amend tent of the iawa regarding pilots and pilotage, k petition wa* presented from citizens of Maine, sking t'ongress to drop the negro question and itteud to the business ot the country? to sustain he Presidentand General McCiellan, and support lie. constitution. The Military CouirniMeo was liter ted to inquire as to the expedieny ot constructing n inilitaiy rond from 'uiul Douglas Miniit.sota. to Superior 'ity Wisconsin. Notice ?: * given of a ill to establish a national foundry. A bill coo* crwog contracts and Otders tor government stipules was appiopriately referred. The bill to in. e??.st tko I !oitr(r?'tit?rn tinti W .taliinirtnti lhnl. o?ii Company na- taken op. Thr l>iil was intended so a* to gire three per cent ot' the ro* ?ints of tin* road lor th? support of public shool*. tod then passed. The report of tlm ? <-il? r? lornmitUe authorising Home iSuard* in Missouri ifiJ Marylaud wtn> agreed ">, and ihe hill passed, rhe resolution directing the finance Committee to rufuire into the is.xpediercy of eafiibiigliitig a natonal -aviiigs institution and govtunietit tiwsl igeucy ? *- taken up. Mi'. Simmons proceeded to xplain the object!, of tin scheme, but gave ?t.iy or .in executive *c**ioti, during vshi'h ,i unrulier oi military -nd civil appointment* were confirmed. in the Hone* or Repreeenialiv.it the Senate bill authorizing the ia-ue of i< n million* of dollars o| demand Treasury note* w.t* passed nn?oinivu?ly. Mr. Critlmdeu. by unanunoue cou*cut, presented a petition from Philadelphia. sigoed b.t th?- lirai ue n of that city, proposing thai on the TJd of ( Vbruarw Washington's farewell Adoi r*e be read in one of the house* of Congr?s?. by the I'te.eident oi the Senate or S)te?kcr of the House, in the presence ol Inith branches. and that the President, the jieuilter* ?f the Cabinet. ex-Prcai lent.. of 'he United Sintes, the Judge* ol the So pis?. Court, the oftieer* of the army and aavy, arid all distinguished citizena, be .urited to attenii: that the proceeding* of the day, including the prayer and the addre**. be printed iti pamphlet lorm and largely distributed: thai 'lir aiidre** or portion* of it be read at the head oi the arnne* xudun shipboard, a* the highest incentive io oni brave defender*. I'ue petitioners aln? pity tha'f'infra<?n p*?* it joint ia?o'ution to rarry tba aboaa into *tl*' t. Vli ('riiitnd'ii ?tllfr?il a |oint reaolufiun to raior tha petition to a aalm-t cvwnultar of rite, arid that ih-i imort UKitm, An iDKudaHiti. tjiat. 'W D?i lintMi of lnd<p?uiJj'Oi t. and Hairatary Stanton'* ordar to tha army oftar tba ?'< t?ry at Mill Spring* hi* r*ad at tha ttmr tima fit* agreed to. and tha ra notation adopted. i'b? Manila rraolution aiuhorirtng Tha detail of tbrea natal ofii<ai? 'o .u?pe<*t trampotu id the ?arTica of tba War lirpartnieut wa* adopted. The raport ot tha. <'?Minutiae on Elv ttona laiatiaa to tha tJann of Mr. Sfgar t.i r< praaaaitha Kirat district of Virginia in the preaent ' ongta?? ??? diaana^ad at v>tn? length. and than laid a*nle till tn-da). The Senate* aniandiiit'nt to tha bill auihnririug tha pnribaaa of cotton ?aad for dialrilm turn. to 'bit >1.000 rould alao bo expendad for totiaci o waa onenrrad in. and tha H<?n<ta adjonnad. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS lot tta;.r?*hi;. Am? i<n. *rln b left l.irerpool on tba 'b'dh and <j?nr*n*tnwn on tha idth of la an try, reached Htlifai ve-tardi) The Jura. from Lirarpool 10'h. and Londonderry :i?t nit., arrived ,?t VortUnd ya?tarda> Mr. K. < una id inform* tba pra?j that tba America want aground on a mud bank in Queanttiirn harbor, and w?* detained from Nnndav Cidth) /. Tnaoday, th? js?b M lamiarv. Tha advice# l?v the.a arrival* ?ir A.<rt. day? l?t*f Minn thoaa rpoei*<^ |,r ((? S0%:? HMrtim Th^ U*?ip?ol coiian markat rloand firm on tha t?th ultimo with an advam a of ona (piattm of a jw???|r. Broadatuffa warn dull ami downward ifid (irnfMnitf fcaa*T. f'ftn?ol< r{i(*ei| in |.nn<lna tfEW YORK HERALD, TO i on the 31st of January, c.t 92*/t a 92^ for money A severe storm in the Irish channel had causec uiuch damage to shipping. Lord Palmer*t< 1 hat solicited his Parliamentary supporters to be pone tual in their attendance at the opening of the session. Napoleon had received the new Papal Nuncio. His address to the prelate proclaims a fair religious spirit, but does not harmonist with the idea of supporting the temporalities ol the Pope. His Holiness did not appear inclined to yield the point, however. The Prussian govern ment had an executive difficulty with the Archbishop of Posen. His Grace defended the conduct of the Poles towards Russia. The Russian govern ment had made very liberal concessions to the Jews. oai'?i?riurjr rirww n?u uucu rouciveu ?u dui^ibuu from Japan. The government of India had given additional facilities for the export of cotton. The French had gained new victories in Cochin-China. In China proper the rebellion was dying oat. No business was transacted in either branch ol our State Legislature yesterday. There not being a quorum in the Senate at the hour of meeting, the few Senators present resolved to adjourn for the day. In the Assembly the jonrnal of Satur. day's proceedings was read; but nothing further was done, and that body also adjourned till to-day. A Toronto paper says the aqueduct of the Welland canal could be destroyed by half a dozen men iu a few hours. This canal passes around Niagara Falls on the Canada side, and if the aqueduct were destroyed all water communication between Lake Ontario anil the upper lakes would be cut off. Rx-Uovcrnor Joseph A. Wright, of Indiana, is talked of as the successor of Jesse D. Bright in the United States Senate. Mr. Wright is a democrat, and was at one time very strong in his partisan feelings. The old whig papers used to say that Bright was never right and Wright was not bright. Mr. Hackley appeared before the Street Cleaning Committee yesterday. He denied taking advantage of any loose clauses in the charter, and believes that eight out of every ten persons are highly gratified with the present condition of the streets. A full report- of the proceedings is given elsewhere, and will amply repay perusal. At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen last evening, the report of the Central Park Commission was received, and one thousand copies ordered to be printed. An interesting synopsis of the document is given in another columu. The Hoard of Councilmen held a short session last evening. The Street Commissioner was directed to have all encumbrances in Battery place, and also on the Battery enlargement, removed forthwith. Air. Hogan offered a scries ot resolutions directing the Street Commissioner to advertise for proposals to enter into a contract for the completion of the Battery enlargement, and instructing the Corporation Counsel to commence proceedings against the present contractor for the recovery of damages, by rca-ou of the uon-fultilment of the contract for the Battery enlargement. Mr. Hayes presented a resolution, which was adopted, re' questing his Honor the Mayor to witlihold his signature from all warrants drawn in favor of Andrew J. Hackley, until lie deems, in his judgment, the terms of the street cleaning contract are complied with. The ice in tin* Central Park wa* in very fair condition yesterday, anil was patrouiwcd by a large ooncwnr.se of skater-. Should the present weather continue, ire may yet hope for many more days ol skating this season. Wc have already had thirty-one days of that sport on the Central Paifc. twenty-seven of which have been on both ponds. Last year we had but twenty-seven days' skating altogether, and none at all alter the 10th ol February. We onght to be thanktnl for small favors. The trial of Frederick l.eever, charged with killing Thomas Ryan, on New Year's night, at the saloon of the accused, was commenced yesterday in the Ceneral Sessions, before Recorder Hodman, ft appears that l.eever was the proprietor of a ! dancing saloon in .lames street, and that while bis 1 guests of both sexau were enjoying themselves a j row took place, which assumed serious proportions. and dining the aflt.\v Ryan was fatally shot. Messrs. Brady and Spencer defend the prisoner. The case will be tinished to-day, and will probably end in a verdict of one ot the lower grades of manslaughter. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 422 deaths in the city during the past week | an increase of XI as compared with the mortality i of the week previous, and 56 more than occurred I doring the corresponding week last year. The re. capitulation table gives 2 deaths of alcoholism, IS of disease* of the houe*, joints, Jtc.; 92 of the brain and nerves. 8 o' the generative organs, 12 of the heart and blood vessels. 164 til the lungs, throat, ' \ of ol?i am*. r> of diaea^ea of tbe skin and i eruptive fever*, n premature birth*, 42 of diseases I 01 liie rtomech. bowels and other digestive organs; IP of g'-neinl it-vere, 12 of diseases of tlie uiinary organs. I unknown. and 9 from violent ; causes. There ??*re "12 natives of the United | stales, t o! Kngland. Ts; of Ireland. 16 of flermany, 2 of ?<rotlsiid aiiil the ImInner of various foreign j couniii"?. Ike eoitiiM mailt*' yiet-rday, under the lOtiueio e ol lb* yiiiieins * uewe. wi? relbkr heavy, while the sales mbrei "I tOi'it JOO bme'. :n< I id.ng a po: lion known <i? ! I !? pool ' Ollofi on ihe bant of 2?r. a SOe for middling ' 'i|ifa...1? The floor market wes heavy and ina> live on ler lb* news mart felt off 6c. per bbl , ecpe la'ly 1 for the eomnion em) ni'-riium *!?< *. Wheel was Irre guisr sod inac've for .alerior dualities, Prune It . b"iee lol? *et? n igbi ripply tod pi ces ipill* firm. '?xn w*? while sales were moderate el Urn-, s BS'.r or Weeiein onieP a alore and delivered Pork ' w is -IP' han-d wfc!? ?e|e.s were Ursei , and closed at for eld n.e??, ftl! IT}. a |i:t foi new do.,fttl2S i'or ' ii.r pr.me 4". and ai $P .0.01 new pr uie. ihigaii were reedy, w in tale* of alio it 400 tibds r'ubi) aod 81 Vise*. < ofle? was needy but quia'. (reikis were a ekenfed and en(s(e?iea'e fBo 1*111.1. Mima \.\Tl-Si.tVKHV Amitiios.? Thki abolitiou agitator, Dr. Cheever, i* busy all ( over the country at his diabolical work. an?l ; ffiia about from Now Vork to Harris Ibtirg, ?o?l Iiom Hauiebuig to Washing ton. like an evil spirit It leflecta 00 ctedil 1 upon (Joogreet that Uheevwr is allowsd tt ; pi-?< b In the ItrniM of Kepreaentalire?. lie ii one ul ib- twho baft caused this war and what b- rail* hi* "wrniona" are in realiti abolition bui angue*. *? offensive tu A1 mighty a* to the conservative publi<-. All pub lie balls should ha cloned agaio?t ibia villanom agitator, and the newspapers abould refuse W publish a Word of hi* disunion orations. H< and hi* t <vaK*<?ioi* should bo lett aeverely un noticed tiniU the jov-i nmeoi prapare* cells lot tbem in Koft l/afayrtte, or until they utrangli with their own bila ** they would noon if thfj M?ta prevented from voiding it iu public Thk Naw titrr (Jushimi.- A new city char tar is upon the stock* at Albany, we notice. I i i* not exactly what w# desire, but. aa far a* i ! gnea. in vary good. it'a will take this propoaet j charter a* tha tlrsl instalment of tlie gon< ! tbitiga to however, if it is only bnrrfo along Hut why should titers not he ,? dan* I ios#T">d in it gi*ing the Mayor the entire con trol of the police' We have. hi last, a good * (Rrierit and hotta?t Mayor, and we should giri 1 him v cbatire to ?h<>w his'pislitie by gieln( him soma powar and some authority. Rut

shove all. this ' barter husineas must ha burriat up We srstil fha new charter hy spring *< that, during one summer at letist ?r? shall har lent streets and ? healthy city ESDAY, FEBRUARY 11 18 8*ntliera Tre?bU? OoB(?ral>| Ba|. 1 land?Tbe Rtbellloa Hard Afraaad. ' Among the Southern rebel newspaper extract* which we publish to-day, an editorial ( and a Richmond letter of the Charleston AlorL oury, in reference to the position and purposes i of England upon American affaire, will be r found extremely interesting, and suggestive of i the impending collapse of this hopeless rebellion. In tho editorial in question our doleftil Charleston contemporary frankly opens his mind in the declaration that "the people of the South have never comprehended the odium which is unceasingly attached to their instilu[ tions (slavery) in England." But then they are consoled with the assurance that "not al1 Knirlanil will annrnve tho hrut&l mi! wanton assault upon Messrs. Mason and Slidell by the ' London Times," but that a large portion of the English people are open to conviction, and that the government may possibly still be made to recognise the power of cotton. The Mercury's Richmond correspondent also flatly confesses that the British jouraul referred to, in contemptuously designating Mason and Slidell as '-those follows," and in putting them on the same level as "two negroes," "has given us a blow between the eyes which was not expeoted;" but then, on the other band, "Punch is heaping endless ridicule on Yankcedom." Upon the whole, however, our Richmond rebel philosopher considers the Southern confederacy as enveloped jn a very dubious English fog. "We look to cotton," he says, but English statesmen look "to the vast movements on the continental chessboard" of Europe, and are therefore afraid to move to the relief of Jeff. Davis until they can see their way a little more clearly before tham. In the next place, from the standpoint of this Richmond Southern confederacy apostle, this Spanish invasion of Mexico, with the co operation and under tne management 01 England and France, and the designs of England upon Central America and the Isthmus of Panama, are decidedly alarming. They t'oroshadow a transatlantic balance of power on this continent which spoils the programme of a great, independent, progressive and expanding Southern pro-slavery confederation, and which possibly m&y bring about a combination of the United States with the Southern confederacy to check these European encroachments on this side of tho water, and to prevent English domination on the Isthmus of Panama. ' "The possibility" of this thing, it appears, "isjrtudiously considered in the closets of Downing street." Accordingly, English intervention in behalf of .leff. Davis becomes a matter of very questionable expediency, and is not to be counted upon at Richmond. But we have a very important item of information touching the desperate extremities to which J eft. Davis and his ruling confederates are driven to secure the jutervention of England. They have tried cotton, and all the blessings of free trade in every Bliape and form best calculated to influence English cupidity; but they have failed. The "odium which unceasingly attaches to Southern institutions" in England stands in the way. And what then? Simply this, that in their desperation the emissaries of ouv Soul hern rebel government have been making overtures for the intervention of Englaud upon the humanitarian equivalent of the gradual abolition of Southern Slavery, (n other words, the leaders who contrived, organized and precipitated this rebellion against the government of the Union, to save, protect ' and exteuil the institution of Southern slavery under an independent filibustering pro-slavery confederacy, are now ready to sacrifice (be whole South to England, slavery and all. in order to save their villainous necks from the halter. t.et ibis fact, which has not yet been ventilated by the newspaper organs of Davis, be made known to the slaveholders of the South, and the delusion that they are fighting against the Uuion to aave their peculiar institution will vanish. As the matter uow stands, the European armed intervention to settle the affairs of Mexico utterly destroys the Southern confederacy projected by Yancey, Davis, Toombs. , Mason, Slidell aud company. Their confederacy comprehended the rapid absorption of Mexico. Central America and the West India islands, and the monopoly of their tropical products ' under slave labor in the markets of the world. This dream is ended, and now the question re1 cur*, what safety will there be to rfoulhern sfa, very out of the Union, overshadowed by the , anti-slavery power of the North on (he one side, i and by a European anti-slavery protectorate : I or sovereign (vovernor General over .Mexico on the other side ? Wo answer, thai henceforward tin' peculiar institution of the South is doomed , outside the Union, under any European agreement* whatever for Southern independence. Our abolitionist disorgniiizeis undei-tand this thoroughly in their cry of "emancipation or separation;" for they have carefully studied it | out that the separation of the South from the Union will not stop short of the abolition or extirpation of Southern slavery. The only alternative. Ihen, of safety to our revolted States is to return at once to the ark I of the I'niou. The federal constitution will I protect them and their domestic institutions against domestic disorganizes: and the two section* of the Union reunited will at once be L strong enough to enforce the Monroe doctrine ( of European non-intervention in Mexico, Cent tral America and the Weat India islands, and in Canada and the adjoining British provinces, f too. if necessary. At all event*, the rebel newspaper extracts upon which we have founded this article are strongly suggestive of the failure of Southern cotton and a Southern I - ? ?? j free trade confederacy, aa bribes to entangle , Jobn Bull in a war with the United .States: and as the rebel leaders, without European aiaistr anee. begin to realize their hopeless situation , lbe sooner the Southern people turn them adrift r and rat urn to the Union the better it will be for Southern cotton, Southern right*. Southern HUvery. and all the living Southern victim* of Davis and his confederates, and their extor* t tionate and exhausting Southern despotism. 1 Tjo. Mission to th? 8octh.?The rebels, we i observe, have refused to receive the eomruiaI sioners appointed to inquire Into the condition r of the Northern prisoners at the South. This ia - a matter of little consequence, however. We ;? have the satisfaction of knowing that, although s they ma? not just now receive the gentlemen in I question, they are sure to receive Rurnside, Thomas. Buell. Porter and others, who may be I expected to make their appearand in the cona Tederacy within a very short time, and after ? that the question will be satisfactorily decide I T.jr alt who may foil ?W 62. Oar 9Vukbi|lM Corrcapoadents aad the War Drpartmeat. In anothtV column we publish nn order of , the Secretary of War ordering the arrest and , confinement in Fj>rt Mcllenry, of Mr. Ives, one j of our Washington correspondents, for intrud- j ing himself into the office of the War Depart- ( meut with a view of obtaining Information , about military movements prohibited io the , public, and for threatening the department with . the hostility of the Hibau> in the event of such information being withheld?a course of conduct which has led the department to the conclusion that Mr. Ives, under the cloak of being a correspondent for a Now York paper, was playing the part of a spy to the Southern confederacy?a conclusion which derives some color from tho fact of Mr. Ives having a brother an . officer in the Confederate army, who, previous to the rebellion, held a commission in the army of the United States. All the knowledge we have of this transaction is what is contained in the order of Mr. Secretary Stanton; and, if the information upon which that order is bused be correct, wo have no hesitation in saying that the Secrotarv of War his acted with a nromnti ' ? ? ? 1 tude which we highly approve, and with a fidelity to his trust which is worthy of imitation by 1 all others in authority. If Mr Ives has impro- ' pcrly sought for military secrets at the War Department he has transcended his duty to the ILrualo. We aeed not tell our readers that we have never left any stone unturned to procure for them the earliosl and most reliable news. But to accomplish this we have never adopted any means not strictly legitimate and in accordance with the rules of propriety; and since this war began wo have never published a line from which the enemy could gain any information respecting the future movements of the army. While we witnessed in other journals tho publication of such intelligence, we withheld it from the public, though in possession of the facts long before, bccau.se wc would not permit our columns, in any Hhape or form, to give aidf to the enemy. All the military and naval com. mnndcrs can boar witness to the truth of this statement. Our invariable instructions to our correspondents in Washington and elsewhei-e have been to obey the orders of the departments, and not to write anything in their despatches or letters about the future movements of troops or the destination of naval ex peditions, but to send us the boat and earliest intelligence of what had been done?intelligence of which the enemy was already in possession. If any correspondent should act otherwise, that is his misfortune, and not our fault. As to the threats referred to in Mr. Stanton's order, we need scarcely say that such were uot authorized by us, and that it is not our habit to threaten. If any correspondent should so far forget himself as to pursue such a course, be must know tnat his threats could not be carried out, ami that he only makes himself ridiculous. If Mr. fres has done so, be deserves punishment. though perhaps the severity of that now , indicted exceeds the measure ol'his offence. That he attempted to act the part of a spy is scarcely credible, and the suspicion seems to be based entirely on two grounds, neither of which is sufficient to sustain it. One of these grounds is entirely untrue, and the other is a jion sc/ait'ir. It U staled that Mr. Ives is a Southern man. This is not a fact. He was born and brought up in the city of New York, 1 and is a son of Dr. Ives, a professional gentleman of high reputation, and well known in this city thirty-five years ago. As to the other point, about his brother being in the rebel army, we hold that, though it may excite suspicion, it does not really amount to anything. One of Mr. Crittenden's sons holds a command in the Union army, and auotber lately commanded the rebels at the battle of Mill Springs. At the capture of Port Koval. one brother. Drayton, gallantly commanded a gunboat in the' naval expedition, while another brother commanded the insurgent* on the land, instances of ibis kind might be multiplied, and the same thing occur* in all civil wart. Too much stress, therefore, ought not to be laid ou such a circumstance as this. As yet we have heard only one side of the story: and the other mason for arresting Mr. Ives as a spy may be as groundless as that which assign* thai lie is a Southern man. It is J possible that Mr. Stanton may hare acted upon ' erroneous information. But if he has not, we I have not only no fault to iind with his decision, but heartily wish thai a little more vigilance ami viger had been exorcised by the government before in preventing the publication of account* in other New York papers of the Sherman expedition, the Burnside expedition, and of those projected by Commodore Dupont subsequent to hi* capture of the rebel toils at i'ort Itoyal? intelligence which it known to have put the enemy on hi* guard, and to have prevented important successes which might otherwise have been achieved. Ljcuisi.atio-n Upon Opvick* with Pekqu. sines.?We believe thai it is proposed in the Legislature to make the Shrivalty and County Clerkship offices of salary, and to deprive the Sheriff and Clerk of their immense perquisites, j This is a move in the right direction, and all i ! ihe public* offices should be conducted upon the I same just principle. Kvery agent and employe 1 of the government should receive a fair, stated j "alary, and be independent of perquisites. Perquisites or fees are simply a necessary tax I upon the public* in return for the facilities the ; offices afford. So, like any other tax, they , should be paid into the treasury for the benefit j of the public, and not diverted into means for the rapid enrichment of the agent* and officeholders. (leorge I). Morgan, a government agent, made $90,000 in four month* out of government perquisites. Was thai just .' Should not the government have had the benefit of (bit ' great, protit. and paid Mr. Morgan a reasonable ! salary for hi* labor T Our County Clerk and ' Sheriff are said to make thirty or forty thousand dollars a year each out of the perquisites of their offices. Is this a just compensation for the services they renderIs it not, on the contrary, ten times too large a sum ? I.et the Legislature go on, then, and make these and all other offices salaried. The State and the public will gain largely by the reform. iMt'ttovKMEvrs in American' Aiu hiticcti;bk.Notwithstanding the hardness of the times, there ara evident signs that a great many new buildings will be erected during the coming spring sad summer. We hope that this revolutionary era will be blessed with many Improvements in American architecture; and. among other things, we recommend that house* be built ] with wider halls anil broader stairs, and that the nuisance of bay windows toa forever abated. TSene bsy windows, as wide as tl\e house itself, ^ * ? ' m4 iu>d proje ling impudently Into the street, are ut architectural abomination They are objectionable, also, upon sanitary principles, for they seem expressly designed to keep the rooms intensely warm in summer and intensely cold a winter. They hare a show window look iecidedly inappropriate in a private dwelling, ind should be consistently left to the tender ncrciei of those storekeepers who exhibit latent rocking horses or fancy coffins. Necessity of Immediate Taxation. Now that the Treasury Note bill has passed he House of Representatives, the Tax bill is next in order, and ought to be reported imme iiately by the Committee of Ways and Means. !t is the only solid foundation on which to rest ;he Treasury Note bill and the other bills which constitute the serieB of financial measures essential to the existence of the government. It is >nly from the proceeds of the Tax bill that the ntereet on the bonds which are to be the basis >f the Treasury Note bill can be paid; and il irovision be not made for the payment of the nterest the bonds will soon become of doubtful ralue, and tbe Treasury notes will be ruinously iepreciated. The sooner the Tax bill, thereore, is brought forward the better, for it Is this iloue that will create confidence in tbe securities of the government. Why should tbe comII.a Kill 9 Tl 2m lilVMJC UUOllttVU tu piVUUUC 1/IiU MAI a i J.* in uun )f absolute nocessity, demanded for the saw .ainment of the credit and good faith of tho nation. Upon it, moreover, doponda the success >f the war. Our naval and military operation* ire of a highly oncouraging nature, and overy cmen indicates u triumphant issue to the progress of our arms. But money in abundance ia aceded at every step; without it nothing can be lone; both army and navy will be paralyzed; ill the ground that has been gained will have ;o be abandoned, and all the blood and treasure expended will be in vain. Now, money without taxes is impossible, and not a moment, therefore, ought to be lost in perfecting tho necessary measure for organizing a comprehensive system of taxation. It is true that the imposition of direct taxes by the federal government is a new thing in this country, and many members of Congress will probably deeui it unpopular. In this they $re mistaken. But if it were true, there is something more unpopu lar still, and that is the surrender of the Union cemented by the blood of our ancestors. With cut. sufficient taxation the surrender must be made, and then wo to (hose whose duty it was to have supplied the means of carrying oa the war, but failed in the hour of need. The bill ought to he so framed that its operation will reach all kinds of property and income, and thus the burden, being equitably distributed over all, will be scarcely felt by any particular class. A tax of two hundred millions would be only about two cents every day for each indi" vidual; and far more than that amount is abso1 ' ' ? * -* ii.. 0^. ai.A iMQiy wasieuja evcrj aouica ir. uu uir. rwi +ur: last thirty years we Lave wpinndered in superQuoue dress alone more than two hundred Bullions per annum, and during that period tliB mm? amount has been lost by waste of l'ood and injurious indulgence in drinlrs. We are the most extravagant nation oa earth. No person who has not- travelled in Europe can have any conception of the difference in economy between us and Europeans. By the nicest calculation they re gulate their expenditure according to their income, and if the income Is large still there hi economy, and wealth is accumulated instead of being dissipated in folly. We, on the contrary, never make any such calculation, aud scarcely ever think of the morrow. The chief reason of this difference is that in Europe it is hard te make money, (n this country, on the contrary, it is extremely easy. What is easily got is easily gone. We have a fruitful soil, of illimitable extent, and a good climate; our agricultural produc tion* sis of great value, and our trade and commerce are widely extended. Hitherto we have been free from taxation, and we scarcely knew what to do with our money. Now we have something to do with all that is redundant. Our national existence is at stake, and it will require but a small exercise of economy to effect such a saving in our personal expense* as will be ample to preserve and defend it. Tho facility of obtaining money in this country has not been favorable to the growth o( either public or private virtue. It is one cause of the profligacy and corruption of our politicians in large cities. Profusion is the order ol the day, and to keep puce with the times they plunder the people in order to keep fust horse* and fast women. ' We shall now be compelled (a adopt a style of living more like Europeans, and the morals of the commitnity and oar national affairs will be in a more healthy condi tion. Thus adversity will not be without its salutary usee. Another good result from vigorous taxation will be that the people will henceforth take a greater interest than they have done io public affairs, linger in tbe pursuit of money, they uav? too long neglected their duties to the republic to which they owe tbelr freedom and protection. Now that they must put their hands into their pockets to pay the lax galherer 1 hey will be more likely to lock sharply after the expenditure ot the public money. Tbey wilt watch and vialt with their indignation all waste and corruption, and will not stand such enormous plunder as has taken place since the beginning of the war. llad an adequate tax been laid on in the beginning, the shoddy specu latoi-s ia New York, and the peculatorsia Mis oil It unit ealfcjawlt ? !'*? ?rssillf! mil has Wis iUmsiI to perpetrsie ?dcb deeds in (be face of lh>* people. It would then have been impo??ible to loive practised such gigantic cheating in horses nod flrtarma; f'uniniinga would have bad no chum* of being entrusted w ith tb?* expenditure of two million* ul dollars, and lo got rid of aunie $.200,000 of i( without sufficient vouchers: nor would anotbei dmrp fellow be able to abnte tbe govern meat of $ J 00,000 by a two and n half pu> i-enl to which be wm not entitled. ],et ih?* Tax bill therefore proceeded with immediately. H will do good in crer> way It will prove our strength, and silence the sneers of Knrope. There If no nation which can bear taxation batter, and none to which it can do ?o little ii jur v. Kngland, in her ild age and decay, enu pay *380.000,000 per uinuin. The resourcoa of this young republic are froab and boundless. and it will t?*k th'-m lint little to yield two hundred million* a year U> sustain tbo glorioui fabric erected to liberty liy our forefathers. The blessing* which we ail enjoy under our matchless constitution have nome down to tut without monoy and without price. When we have to make ooigo aacriftoeo for their preservation or* will tbep bggio t* value them mere highly tb?a wa, %i*t dtd bffor<j. ' |f'l I 4 .

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