Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 18, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 18, 1862 Page 4
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r 4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMII eORDOR BBlllIti EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. ornc? m. w. oohmk of fulton and nassad ars. 1'KMe- n.?'i im uh?i? Monsoseni Hi matt will btattks tut Ike sender. Amh but Bail bills current m New York eehsaIBB DAILY HEN ALU two cent, ner eonu. 87per Mnm I BE WEEKLY HERALD, eoery Skuurany, at six cents net Wfrr annum, the Europem Khti,m seen, Wcdnetlty. ' J-'.T*' ' ^rrafH 84 )"? <".?"?> u?y Part of Ureal Britain, f pi 12 It. iwy pari of the C'mlmaU. Isdh to istrlude wet,toe. the t e'i/u'uta Kail ion on the l< 111! and 2U of tuck month, at tit Or ? ? f ' 1' 'RL M Kli.i Hr.txALV, an Wafnm&iy, a( Antr my Mr ml*,w 82 pn annum ritLtili T.iMY CORRESFOirntNCE, mntoininoimportant OS" ?, soli -tied /nun "??f fuetrfer of the trnrld; if usnl. will w liherolly paid 'or. BSf Ovr Fonnius CoRnrnronitRNTn iri PlRTfCOLABLT KMCUtn TO SSAL ALL LiCTTKKJ AND PACK Mil llllt D* Nti fiOTIf'L takenof anonymous correspondence. Wr.lono T"- m rule,led cnotnHnieations l/)r ERTISRMEN Tti renewea every day: advertiser-cuts in. on/el iti iJ.Wrmr Hkkald. Family H skald. nml in tho Inlifnmm tin.' F>. -n*ean Editions JOB FKIXTINQ executed with neatness, cheapness and ions vtck. Voiamt XXVII No. AMISEMENTS THIS EVENING. N1BUI 3 GARDEN, BroKdwn7.- 01.LMif Bawn. WIN TRR GARDEN Broadway.?-iBBlooa Family?PlbaK. l ,\ t-l.HI.. K WALLACE'S 1U LATHE, No. SM Broadway.?Road to k.l l.?. LAI'R\ SKENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?OCK Axxsitm I'OOMB NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?rC? W itch-Hat Pi Mam?iiuil s mur. ROtfKHY THKAT11F Kinn _s_,??. *r??.. fiarca. RAKNOM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway ? o* h n lit:m HirroroTAUCS, whalb, ?o.. al a.i u art.? ?*oixa, afntiiim.n aud veuinj. ' hrvANTS' minstrels, Mechanic*' dall. <73 Broad vw Ko.sT BkSf. n l BLO'N 3AI.OON. Broadway.?G onaraaLK a Cuucbbt(FOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Stuvreaan.t Iuililate, No. 666 lw?v.?hrmuriAS Songs. Dahcbs. ao. B-oa l ODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 639 Broadway.? MRi DA.MJM. Bl'Ukl srpbs. Ac.?UaLIOar IB lliLL i.M*. Font* ? Rill'RY MC8TC HALL, 686 Broadway MUM, t ?vtk i rltkiuks, ao.?maaul.. tub .muht ckl i'ancba, i ' ? . S CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.?Drawine oaif n* taikrbstv liALLBTa, pAKTOMlRkS, pabcba. ao. Koom R> raa I ______ MUSIC HALL. <44 Broadway.?Bono*, Ual4 MERIT *N va, Ac ?1'ob bait i'aihibb HT?, I'ABTOia ... ace concert hall, Mo. 45 Bowery.? C ribtat. V a. $, 1>abcbs. Aa?kb .obav ..o? ftKRUUMDV- -OWA _ ? NET OF WONDERS, MS Broadway.^ r v?i V. M. UU?E. M. C>iwn dally liom V. NOYEI.TY Ml'MB W Broadway.-BoRi.bwb. Foaba, DACICKA, AO. ?? ' IRVING HALL. I it* ? Pl^e-L* mabi d> ia Vbutbli mi Eaoi on Ewun N.?Y.rk,T<M* *y,gebr??ry IS, 1803. THTC ?I*1 UATION. The fall of Fort Do* elwiii-which, from the news we published je? 'erd*J morning, must have been to our reader* ? foregone conclusion I* the mont important riot orJ yet achioved by the armies of the governs ^ent, and will most probably prove to be the mat diaastrone defeat ^ which the rebel caoae has * suffered aince the commencement of hostilities. \Th*t victory was complete, resulting as it did far the capture of 15,000 rebel troops, an immense a mount of war material and the persona of Genera Pillow, A. 8. Johnstone and Bockner. Gen eral Floyd sneaked off with hia brigade of ^five thou' and men on Saturday night, anal is, in consequence, denounced by th^ more gallant officers who maintained their grdhmd to i the last moment and h ?ve fallen into oar hands, as a black-hearted traitor and coward. The whole I Ration has already branded him in like terms. i I The fort surrendered at nine o'clock on Sunday {ornrag. The loss oa both sides was very heavy: iat of the enemy mnat have amounted, in killed I id wounded, to nearly ten thousand, if the statement be true that tha garrison consisted of thirty tbo'iaand men. I General Cullam, in hia despatch received by Geoerat Mrf'lcllan yesterday, states that Com- \ roodore Foote, although suffering from the wound be received, will immediately follow with two gunboats and the mortar boats which he expects to overtake, and make an attack on Clarksville, anO'her strong post of the rebels on the way to Kashrlle. Clarksville is distant from Nashville about Otty miles, in a northwesterly direction. It is fortitled pretty strongly from the bluffs surrounding it. and is by this time most probably held by a large force of the rebels. ItidiHonal partict: ars of the battle come to us fiom '"hieago, in a despatch dated at Fort Donel?on yesterday, which says:?"General Smith led ti e charge on the lower end of the works, and was t' first iuside the fortifications. The Fort Henry r ifways were bagged here. The prisoners are load ng on the steamers for Cairo. Our loss is heavy?probably four hundred killed c.d eight hundred wounded. We lose a large per r iitnge of officers; among them arc Lieutenant Colonels Irwin, of the Illinois Twentieth: White, if tlie Thirty-first, and Smith, of the Forty-eighth. I ohoiele John A. Logan, Lawyer and Kan' - .. sea ?r/.nw.lo/J Muinp Pojf of f tlA Eicrhtll Ii, with two hundred privates, are pri? .ner*. and have gone to Nashville, having been t .ken ihe night before the surrender. The enemy's is heavy, but not so large as ours, as they fought behind intrenchments. We should have taken th< in by storming on Saturday if our ammumtiou bad not given out in the night. General HcGlernand's division, composed of Generals Og'esby's, Wallace's and MrArthur'a brigades, a> ffered terribly. They were composed of the D'gbth, Ninth, Eleventh, Eighteenth,Twentieth' X??e3ty-nioth, Thirtieth, Thirty-first, Forty fifth, forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Illinois regiments. General I.fw. Wallace, with the Eleventh Indiana, V. ,'hth Missouri and some Ohio regiments, pasticil*ated. . Taylor's, Willard's, McAllister's, Scliwartr.'s and Decease's batteries were in the fight from the Commencement. The enemy turned our right for b*lf an hoar; but oar lost ground was more than r gsined. General Lanmau'a brigade, of General Sooth's division, waa the first in the tower #ml of tha enemy'# works, which was dona by a 'harge of bayonets. Aa nine-tenths #1 the rebels were pitted against oar right. our forces on the right wert ready all night to recommence the attack. On Svnday morning they were met on their approach by a white flag, General linckner having sent aarly id the morning a despatch to General Grant surrendering. The Works of the fort sxteod some five miles on the autside. The rebels loss forty-eight field places, Seventeen heavy gnns, twenty thousand stand Cf arms, besides a large nuanlity of commissary teres." MhMII par arshM In Kantacky, under the * X direction ofG.neial Liu<.11, arc availing thcmseU es of the evacuation of Bowling Green to pre* on >uthward. Ou teaming that the rebels were evacuating that place, General HutII ordered a forced march by General Mitchell, to save, if poss.ble, the railroad and turnpike bridges ou Big Barren river. They, however, had all been destroyed wheu General .Mitchell roa ieu the banks of the river. The brigades of General Breckiurldge and General IBudinuu wore until Thursday evening at Wood burn station, hut subsequently moved ou to Bussclvillc, and are probably now in Nashville. It is believed now that no rebel forces exist in Kentucky east of the direct road from Bowling Green via Franklin? a town ou the ruilroad, nine miles South of Woodburn Station?to Nashville. It is repotted that General McCook and General Thomas left with their division-, by way of Salt river for the Cumberland on Saturday; Genera! Buell, it is said, accompanied M< (Vdi'a division, to take command on the Cumberland river in person, where 80,000 of our troops were expected to arrive to-day. \\ hiie hi presses the enemy on the Cumberland with his tremendous force, their flank and rear are threatened by the heavy divisions under Generals Nel?on and Mitchell. Thus surrounded by a military cordon, aud with their stronghold, Columbus, dunked, the fate of the rebels in that vicinity may be considered as scaled. Fresh troops are pouring down from Ohio and Indiana to support onr armies. Three Indiana regiments and a battery of artillery left New Albany yesterday, and the men in the camps of instruction at Bardstown, Ky., embarked from Louisville at the same time for the Cumberland river. The aggregate of these reinforcements will amount to nearly 40,000 men. The map which we publish to-day, together with the accompany ing description of Clarksville aud the other prominent points yet to be assailed by our troops, will enable oar readers to understand the precise line of operations before us. In addition to the victory in Tennessee we have information from Fortress Monroe that severe fighting ha? been going on near Savannah, and that the city was reported to have been captured by the Union troops, most probably those of Gen. Wright and Capt. Davis, who, as we have previously stated, entered the Savannah river by Warsaw Sound aud dispersed TatnaU's rebel fleet. Immediately on the receipt of the new? of the capture of Fort DoneIson by the Secretary of War, he sent the name of General Grant to the President for promotion to a Major Generalship. Secretary Stanton has also issued an order thanking General Lander for his late services in Western Virginia. The receipt of the news of the Fort Ponelson victory at Washington yesterday created the mo-.t intense exc itement. General McClellan, who felt justly proud of the success of liis plans, went in person to the War Department with General Cnl* hint's despatch, which was read aloud by Mr. Stanten to a large number of visiters, and was welcomed by three ringing cheers. In both houses of Csngresa the intelligence was received with thewildest enthusiasm, and when, in addition, thep news of the capture of Bavauuah. as reported fro at j Norfolk by way of Fortress Monroe, was annonaeed ia the Senate by Mr. Grimes, of Iowa, loud manifestations of applause bur?t from the ga'Jerie* and the floor of tbe Senate Chamber. The joy in the cainpa and on the streets was not leas demonstrative aa. the news was road at the head of erah regiment. And it will be seen by our reports of th; effect of this glorious intelligence in the city sf New York and throughout the whole North yesterday that the entire people unite in one common voice (J jubilee. In St* Louin General Hallcck made a speech to the ex. altant crowd who assembled at his headquarters, in which he said:?"I promir+d, wLen I cainchcre, with your aid, to drive the t.temicsof the flag l'rom. your State. This lias been dime, and it is now virtually out of Kentucky, and soon will be out of Tennessee." Judge Holt is said to lmve wept for joy when he heard the news. Many of the stores were closed, the city decorated with flags, and evidence of the greatest joy was everywliero manifest. COHGKESS. Tl - UniMAnl rt atoriJhf lit tllA Stall At. A ifllM" 1 lir CM. IlCiiivui ? ...? dent to the reception of the news of the glorious auccesscH of the Union arms entirely unfitted that body for the transaction of public business. After some routine business, of little importance, they went into executive session, and soon after adjourned. The House participated in the general jubilee consequent upon the announcement of the news from Tennessee. No business was done beyond the passage of an amendment rednring the salary of the Commisaioner of the Agrlcnltural Department. and the bill authorizing the employment of a stenographer by the committee on the conduct of the war. The bill making an appropriation for the aignal service of the army was also passed. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. We give in another column a complete list of the members of the n< w rebel Congress, which is to put itself into working operation at Richmond today. It consists of twenty-six S , ators and one hundred and seven representatives, the States of Missouri and Kentneky having an equal voice with I those that regularly seceded. The members from Missouri were not chosen from the Congressional districts, according to law. bat ware taken in a body from Sterling Price's rebel ragamuffins, and will be admitted under the name of rommiiaionera. The Senators who will reprenent that State wero elerted by Claiborne F. Jackson's rump legislature, which had a meeting at Neosho for that purpose, at wmcn noi nn?*-iiiiii ?i uk hhtui,? ,h were present. The Kentucky representatives pretend that they were regularly elected in the districts whii b they claim to hail from. In soine of the districts in the south and southwestern sections polls were no doubt opened and souio few vote* east, but in not a single district throughout the whole northern part of the State was an election ever talked about or thought of, and the men who have allowed their names to be placed upon this black list as the representatives of Kentucky are cheating the people and perpetrating a fraud upon the so-ealled Confederate government. Quite a number of the members were representatives from the various seceded States in the last federal Congress, hut a large majority of them are new aspirants for a doubtful fame. Our legislatora at Albany yesterday, in eommon with all other classes of patriotic citiaens, became Infected with the enthusiasm consequent upon the recent splendid victories of the Union forces, and but little business wss transacted in either house. In the Senate a favorable report was made on the bill regulating the powrra and duties of the Port Captain and Harbor Masters of this port. Notice was given of a bill to authorize the selection of aiva lor a naw SUM prUoo; niM to Incorporate t^g * s'iSYV lOilK. IlliKAU), TIE , f F? tv-Kt'toi <!" h it Railroad. The b:jl in reV fl nee to the purchase of lands iu the vicinity ?t Fort Uamiltoo by tho national govI (>riia eut? tor public defence, was laid over for a1'"* pits id. Tue Erie Hailroud con. a idntV 'u kill was passed. In tin: A--e?ubiy, favorable repot were made on the bills regulating our Court of <V '"cral Sessions, and to punish frauds on 'uborers. k !''k wore introduced l'or a railroad iu Ti-nth and ot.',cr streets of this city; to prevent frauds in the a pening of our city streets, and to compel railrou4 ' to employ special police. Bills were no'.icid lo, reduce the fare on city railroadn to provide for % the apprehension and punishment of kaluapp aud to regulate the public advertising , this city. On tho announcement of tLe c'dure of Fort lhmelson and Savuunah, all the rules ?of order were disregarded, and the members rose ut (1 chi cr after cheer, ; which was accompanied II" general clapping of ! hands and throwing up of hnt? on the part of the j spectators in the gallon* ' A resolution, con graiuurmg tne country on 11,1 *??mricn, ?i?i ujrecting an illumination of the%Cap.t?l, was finally, after various patriotic speech* s had been made, and amidst great excitement, A iopted, when the Douse a 'journed. A regular meeting of tlie Boari of Supervisors was held yesterday, Supervisor Twi ed in the chair pro tern. After transacting some rot l'uc business, a communication was received from 1 '-s Honor the Mayor, stating that he had signed tk p resolution passed by the Board recommending t 'he issue Of county revenue bonds in anticipation f the collection of the annual taxes. His He n?r a'*o recommended that the law be altered to provide for the collection of the taxes at an carliet period j of the year, an arrangement which would e* '?'? the payment of the interest en .said county rt enuc bonds. Referred to the Committee on A* "usil Taxes. -The Hoard then adjourned until Tut* 1a7 next, the 25th inst. The Board of Aldermen passed a re jp lot ion it d evening to fire a salute of one hundred gnns 1* * morrow, as an appreciation of the late sueces*** of the Union arms. A resolution was offered instructing the Comptroller to withhold payment for street cleaning if, in the opinion of the Inspector, the contract has uot been performed faithfully. * The resolution was laid over. Muyor Opdyke sent , i in a veto of the bill prohibiting the use of salt on railroad tracks, on the ground of public nec essity \ and convenience, and that the charges of its deleterious intluence had little weight. * The Board of Councilmcn met last evening an ] disposed of considerable routine business. On mo. tion, the Special Committee upon the Celebration of Washington's Birthday wus increased. Mr. Boss < offered a resolution in favor of making tits .{ Hkiwt.d, Timet and Tribune the only organs in which the Corporation proceedings shall be ynh>lie bed, which was referred to the Committee on 1 Printing aud Advertising. The chairman of the ( Finance Committee asked to be discharged fr?m ^ the further consideration of the Comptroller's estimates fur the taxes of the present year, which was granted, and the subject was made the special ' order for Thursday next. The Comptroller trans. ( milled a detailed statement of the moneys received from the Corporation Attorney during the month '1 of Decemtter, and stated that he paid $619 47 to t meet the balance of expenses over collections in , the ofike of the Corporation Attorney for the year 1661. The Comptroller reported that the balance 1 in the city treasury up to February 8 w?3 j $3,126,659 25. Tlia Corporation Counsel, in reply to a resolution inquiring as to whether it was necessary to have the * authority of the legislature to impose taxes for < lie BU|l|IUIb Ul IUO UHJT flint WUIlbJ gU?CrUiliCUlBf aujB that taxes cannot be imposed upou the people of this city or county lor any purpose < whatever without the authority of the Legislature. j The Comptroller reported that during the last month the sum of $74,4*24 was distributed iu aid ' of the families of our vi hmteer soldiers. The ] lfoard concurred with the Aides * u in resolving , to invik some leading orator t< . diver an oration on Washington's birthday . 'Iu> concurred in tho ' adoption of the patriotic res oh nit ns which will be 1 found in tho proceedings of the other Board, and f also to make arrangements for the reception of Col. Corcoran and other distinguished prisoners. ' A number of decisions were rendered yesterday 1 in the Supreme Court, General Term. in the case of Simon Katz, convicted of arson in the Crst degree about t in months since, and sentenced by Judge Leonard to imprisonment for life, he General Term of the Supreme Court rendered a t decision yesterday ravening the conviction and ' ordering a new trial. The principal witness against Kat/. wus h.s nephew, who testified that he Bred < the premises at the instigation of his uncle, who j was not present when the offence wus committed. The Court held that there was an error in trying 1 the prisoner a? principal when the facts showed. ' that he wa? only accessory before the fact. Yesterday afternoon the 1'nitcd States Mnr-hal received a despatch from Washington stating that the motion pending before the Supreme Court Of ' the United States in relation to Captain Gordon had , been denied; so that it is highly probable the cxecuiion will take place Friday of this week. According to the City Inspector's report, there ' were 403 deaths in the city during the pa^t week ? a decrease of 19 as compared with the mortality of the week previous, and fi less than occurred during the corresponding week la*t year. Tho recapitulation table gives 2 deaths of alcoholism, 5 of diseases of the bones, joints. Ac.; <47 of the brain and nerves, 2 of the generative organs, 12 of the heart and blood vessels, 138 of the lungs, throat, Ac.: 7 of old age, 51 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 2 premature births, 49 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; 28 of general fevers, 8 of diseases of the urinary organs, 2 unknown, and 10 from violent causes. There were 280 natives of the United I States, 11 of England, 75 of Ireland, 28 of Germany, 3 of Scotland, and tho balance of various foreign countries. Professor Agassi*, the well known savan, commenced a series of lectures on " Natural History," at Irving Hall, last evening, before a very large audience, notwithstanding the inclement weather. His lecture was highly interesting, and was listened to with the^rreatest pleasure by his hearers. Th0 Professor will regime the subject on the evenings of February 24, March 7, 14,21 and2Xat the same place. Skating wan returned yeatcrday morning; but the storm of aleet which act in after one o'clock P. M. caused a stoppage of the amusement before the usual time. Tha ice will have been cleaned during the night, and skating renewed to-day if tha ?r<atlifr prove favorable. Tiik Unfohtinat* Drawbacks from OurRkcknt

Vutoiubs.?While tha people of New York, and of all the loyal States, ate rejoicing over the signal triumphs of the national arms, from Roanoke Island to the bnnkn of the Cum* berlnnd nnd Tennessee rivers, there are two circumstances thai make us weep with team of anguish and regret, and these are the escape of Wise and of the thief Floyd. At the battle of Roanoke Island Wise saw danger ahead, nnd contrived to escape to Nag's Head, leaving his poor aon to fight for him. "he young man fought bravely, and fell, bv> * *"\sr haac'.y saved bunself by flight. His escape, however, is only 'emporary. We will catch hiin yet, and bring him to Fort Lativyette, where lie might be j exhibited at six cents. As for Floyd, we do most ainceioly lainout hla escape; tor he ought to have been sent to Washington, and the- <? brought before the Criminal Court, put dock, and tnk>i like any other KrMMVitect'ny I I thief, and a*Mt to the peuitoatinrj. iSDAT, FEBRUARY" 18, 1? The Doonfull of ttia Rebtlllon?Th* folic)* of the A4mlniiitratlo? and of the Southern Peoplt. The capture of Fort Douetson, with the bulk of its rebel garrison of fifteen thousand men, is indeed a great and decisive victory. Standi i tg alone it would bo bo; but, Identified as j it is with a succession of Union triumphs I in the West ami in the East, its importance j is immensely extended. With the news of the brilliant little affair near Somerset, in Southern Kentucky, on the 19th of January, in which the rebel General Zollicoffer was slain, we announced tiiat battle as the first manifestation of General McClellan's infallible combinations and resources for a crushing campaign. Our subsequent victories in Tennessee. North Carolina and Missouri, including the triumphal exploration of the Tennessee river iuto the State of Alabama, and culminating in this grand affair on the Cumberland, all Confirm the accuracy of our estimate in designating that littie battle near Somerset as the "beginning of the eud." For a month or more after our disastrous batfle of Manassas the people of the loyal Plates were troubled concerning the safety of Washington, and apprehensive of an attack upon it by the army of Johnston and Beauregard. The efforts of the government, then, were necessarily directed, first to the security of our nutkmal capital, and secondly to the plan and th* men and the means of a grand comprehensive campaign against the strongholds of the rebellion. While thus employed on our side, the bopes ef the rebels were strengthened, not only by our apparent inactivity, buf by their accidental'or incidental victories of Springdeld, Belmont and Lexington, Missouri, and by the bloody tragedy to cm? Yoope of Ball's Elttff. on the Upper Potomac. Pt^is true that against these reverses we had KHtured a ftrfl equivalent in our nnral victories ' id' Uatterast Inlet and Port Royal? but, consi- . faring kite vast, means employed in these expe- ( litiona, the rebeV still consoled themselves that, j lot having captured* any important-seaboard wilt ai? *iii> i on i m "wktw'tkni q,mi4lioina.ihk{lrnA/l . ^ *'j \Jl tux VU iiUjWl IHUI U\JUl'UVl HI 1 i UNU| K9 had accomplish^ d 'Jttle or nothing. We had done nothing to take away the / Northern huwiliatioa or the Southern prestige >f Hull rim; and meantime the rebel leaders mdwme reason to expeet, upon short aotke, bo powerful assistance of England. Thus they m\e been enrourag< ?d to prepare for resisting i well equipped IHuion army of six hundred .wd fifty thousand inen, and a naval force of trurshipe and gunl) oats which alone would be ?qunl iu-t>k? war toia resisting army of two or ?ve? three hundred, thousand Southern men, I rtith their inferior artillery. But, consulting these facts, it required no prophet to foretell iho cpn.iequence i with this great Union armymd its c?-opeirtiiag naval force* placed in i position aroun< i the whole defensive line of the rebellion, froi c Missouri to Virginia, and from Fortress Moor we down along the seaboard to ;he outlets *>f New Orleans, The revolted: , siatos were (has reduced to the condition of a. 1 ?eleagnered , city. and a break in its defensive ine at an;/ point would open the way to the .ttudel its. At. This ilef ensire line was broken at Somerset, ?*%<! in 41 L>t*p atari bHII an!arrrinop T7ninn ? ?? ??B.-t , aicc-esses at Fort Henry, Roanoke Island audi ] Fort I)oi iel*on wo have only a fuller dcvelope- i nont of General McClcllan's encircling combi- 1 tuitions. The rebel leaders have rolled upon. ' Ibeir internal network of railroad*; but they now d/-cover that, with our absolute command of the* water, exterior and in laud, we cun cut ' Lheru, off even from their railway comtnunica- ' lion*. Hence tboir late great railway protecting ( cai/ip at Bowling Green was abandoned whan , they saw Ihnt the possession of Fort Donelson. in i opening tlio Cumberland river, would give to as the most convenient military way to Nash- j ville. With tiie evacuation of Bowling Green, however, and the loss of their principal de- \ fences on the Cumberland, they have placed 1 both the railroads and the river leading to ' Nashville in our possession. It is needless at preaent to conjecture the pro gressive developement of General McClellan's i programme. It is satisfactorily developing it- 1 self. It has confounded hie abolition revilore, 1 created a wholesome panic among the rebel leaders and armies, and will carry joy, hope , and courage to the majority of our Southern i people, who have thus far been only the paasive and helpless victims of Davis and his ruling confederates. Let the honest Union people of the South now rise up and vindicate their loyalty in a bold and general movement for the Union, and without further bloodshed ibis rebellion will be extinguished. Otherwise we know not what terrible extremities of war may be visited upon the people of the cottoa States by the desperatiou of their secession leaders; but we do know that if Howell Cobb end Toombs are still to be followed in Georgia the women and children therein will be requited, to burn their own houses over their beads, andt their own substance, as the tost result for a 1 Southern confe'leraey. ? ?? T'_I. 1 Ol.tM 'IDB rrcfllltrn III UID U Ul mt wu > m-r-j that the rebellion ' baa culminated and ia declining."' turn ifs'ied a proclamation of autne*iy and liberation to curtain State prisoner*. I.ct him now, in Abe same spirit of wisdom and ruag nanmitj, Woe another proclamation to the rebel ii/mies and the |>eople of the rebellions So I*/,, comprehending a liberal amnedj Vml "si'protention ??f the constitution of the Union ? to the revolted States,upon their retmm to ti??,r j pr"per allegiance witoin a given ttnwv Mid we ( dare say that bo'nrd the t-xpiti t>on oi twentr j days tha aimed forces ul tlaa rebellion . ill b i'l broken upy and the Union men of tbe South will ba in Uia ascendancy from Richmond to New Orleans. We respectful!/ submit to the President thut the time ha-s arrived for a proclamation of tbe character indicated; for we bare no doubt that it would be followed by the uiosi glorious results in a popular Sou thorn Union ^Motion. !/ Startling Develop* me n6* In Prospect fruin Beau Hickman's KilcUen Commit ire. bean Hickman's Kitchen Committee is makiug progress. It has finished its examination of the contemptuous Chevalier WikofT, and is now engaged with the floral Wairts. Watts used to be the gardener of the Whils House, and Bean Hickman expects to obtaiu a great deal of information from him. We hope he may. What Watts don't know about flowers and kitchen gardening is not worth knowing, and tbe longer tbe Paul Prys of the committee pump Watts the better they will be able to rrv?l Lima-tie or keen a hnihnuaann their mvn hnnlrw Naturally enough, the first questions Beat* Hickman proposed to W atts were about the flowers used at the White nouse ball. It is amusing to observe how interested and curious these long haired, uninvited abolitionists are about that bull, and how anxiously they endeavor to glean all the particulars in regard to it. The committee smelted treason, stratagems or spoils in every flower which adorned the White House tables upon the night of the ball; and if this had been the old War of the Roses revived Peau Hickman could not have been more minute in his inquiries about the White House garden. We are told in Scripture that great things sometimes come of a grain of mustard seed; and the Kitchen Committee evidently applies this principle to flower and vegetable Heeds as well. The relation between turnips and treason, radishes and rebellion, salad and State secrets, is at clear as amber to the inquiring mind of the icvestigiiting Hickman. To him cainelins suggest contracts: dahlias, dangerous delays to advance; japonicas, jealousies of MoClollun; and lilac*, Mrs. Lincoln's influence with the Prcsi-^ dent. Particular attention was directed to cabbages, their culture and use: for to the wise heads of the Kitchen Committee the subject) of cabbnges includes Cameron, Cabinet confidences, closets, coteries and circumstances generally. In fact, the whole examination of "Watts seemed to l?e conducted upon .the plan of that children's alphahet which begins "A y lands for archer, who carries a bow," and ends ' ?a stands for Zany" or a member of Hickman's bcoiraittee, except that a flower or a vegetable pes-substituted for a letter. , It? this shrewd device Beau Hickman swebecded in'eliciting many important facts, which may be included in the agricultural volumes of the Patent Office reports at some future (and ire hope distant) day. He learned, also, that upon one memorable day, Watts, having occasion to- read up a little upon the abstruse subject of dandelions, went to the Presidential' library for that purpose, and saw lying upon a table the forthcoming Message of the President. Tbe Message being written out ina good,' round hand, and Watts having enjoyed, tbe blessings of a public school education, the gardener was enubled to read the document ia question: and he forthwith culled the sweet flowers of the President's rhetoric, formed tbera into bouquet and treasured them In tb? Qewerstond of memory. This was a great diseo*ory, to be sure. The proclivities of servanta-to-pry into their masters' affairs is a fact so new, so unheard of and bo startling that Beau Hickman expects to be hailed as a sort of kitchen Columbus, and will patent his discovery ss soon as possible. Excited with this triumph, be intends to summon all the gardeners of tha ;ountry as witnesses before his prying com-rnittee. Awful Gardiner, whom Beau Hickman liua inisiakon for a horticulturist, but who is really a reformed pugilist, is to bo cross-examined immediately. Some one has been kind snough to inform Hickman that Claude Mclnotte was a gardener, and afterwards became nn officer. The coincidence between Mclnotte and Watts?who was appointed to the army some time ago -struck Hickman as remarkable, ami lie decided that the matter ought to be investigated. Edwin Fooeet vlk< therefore proceed at once to Washington and. ^ive the committee the worst possible repreentaticm of Claude. Nor is this matter to end hern. Ail tu* ervuiits of the White House are t ~?he brought ^ before the Kitchen Committee, President Lincoln wae overheard repeatin;; certain portions of his Message to tho partner of hia bosom while dressing, and so ell the pretty rbambermoid* of the White II esse are ; pxmnin>Ml. The bill of fare fur tho White House dinner w?" written, or a day, upon the [ hack of an unfinished draft / the Maesage,. and therefore the White Hon ?- cook and the other members of the genu' Kitcl an Cnbir net are to be* questioned If 'Hickrjan. The Proaidcafc tore up an unsat'dis ctorv portion of the Message and threw the fragments into, the spittoon, and therefore th ? drudges and 11,-ader , servants of the White Hbuse ace to be ' put npon the witness strjsl. and tho spittoon will be offered in eriden.e and i srestigated byBeau Hickman. After rMapletirg his Message, the President kicked off Jds slipwm and put on his boot*, and therefore the lee.t blank of the White House is to relrja before. the oommitfcae what Itanipited in regard to the Menage upon that cetftaion, and whether 'tin- President confided to hitn its content*. Tho President rode out before the Message was delivered, and thecefore the WUte Horse cntubman is to aj>pew and tell all he ksows. Tho Chevalier WHlis, of the Horn* Jo*mnl, saw "a gleam of white linen," while up a tree in the White Htiuse grounds, and he is to be sub pa-nurd also; fhr Beau lP.ekman thinks the apparent "*hite linen" h#en r**Hy R man'iscript copy of the Mciage. A" of these witnesses are to be tiuule to tell everything that lms occurred in the White House, whetker it conceffw the Mcssnge or n<>k Beao Hickman anticipates some astounding luiruliinDiiiunti. Thflrr> n?ver wn? , ti .1 i-lum > ?/f becoming acquainted with the kitchr<3t tho laundry, the chambers, the closet*, fje coal, hole, the slop-seweis, the c* liars an<i every other private department of the White House, be ore, and Beau Hickman kucw* it. He will be lolly equal to the occasion, and a ill iiua prison any witness who m sensible and well, bred ? n <ugh to reliist V- answer hi* Imperiliieiit questions. The startling dovelopefnent am th< reioie ce/trtiii. No wonder Kuropean journalt ridtotile otir government, Rnc.h fellows as Hlck'.nan and his I tribe of bigoted, spiteful abolitionists gire them tie opportunity. To indulge a petty wallr* against a fady whose position and sex alike should shield fter fr',m Iwrolt, Hickman's com i wittee wastes the public money, disgraces the ! nation and hoK's up tho government to the j bitter but deserved' satire and contempt of the civilized world. Congress authorizes and encourages this indecerx*. malicious and illliuied iuveatigution, during .Nhis crisis of a struggle for national existence. It is hard to say at which the public Is tno.V ashamed, the man who comlncts this invrstig Xtion or the logisla tive body which endorse*-it. A D.vr of C'klbiiiu.Von or tur Rhf iNT VioroMfc?In view of recent suoce?ses of the national arms, it is fitting that we should set apart a day /or tke.T celebration in this city; and as the anniversary of .' he birth of Washington occurs on the 22d of the" present month, we suggest that that is tl? pi vper one to be selected. Philadelphia itatf already decided rpon it, and no doubt othrr cities ^ill do likewise. Such ? de.wonetration oivonr pa rt will be in wcordance withdhe fast da ye whwk1 we observed'last year, and! fl?ill give uo all aw opportunity of testifying our J^y over tbt'rapidf progress now making towardb the restoration* of this Union and the extinction of the rebellion. The delight which the whole North' has1 felt over the victory of It'oanoke and' the capture of Pert Doiwdeo* caff only be equalled by the final satisfaction,, which we shall soon experience, of having completely reasserted the federal autft&rity in every portion of the revolted StaVm. We have indeed real cause for congratulation,' for virtually the game of rebellion te already decided, and the flag of the Union floats proudly in all but three of the rebellious States. The fate ol' thy Southern confederacy- is sealed; treason is in "its last throes, and' the'restoration of the integrity i>f the Union is Inevitable, and only a matter of time--a few days or weeks, sooner or later. The loyal are triumphant, the traitors are defeated and driven back in confusion. and the great republic has survived the trying ordeal intended for its destruction. 'Have we not. then, occasion for rejoicing- and thanksgiving? Let us unite in a genoral and1 hearty expression of national feeling, andt while commemorating the birthday of the illnstrlotu* Father of the republic, look forward- hopefully to the speedy re-establishment of the Union whose foundation he left to us as theglorlour legacy of his labors. The Escape oe Flotd.?Our troops havecaptured Fort Donelson, with its garrison: bat the immortal Floyd has- slipped through their fingers. He was too okltA-thief to be caughtnapping, and so he stole off under cover-of the night with five thousand men. He beats Prtcw ' all hollow as a runner. In - the mountain!' of Wastern Virginia, last summer, Floyd wafl' AL. ALf.r V .. IL a .? -a a 1 l.Al.U.fl L. iov ruin wuu " iKHUvrvuwr uujb uiuiei^r uj staling off in the dark. Hia rebel associate*' whoa he left in the lurch at Fort Do nelson denounce him as "a bSnekhearted traitor and' coward;'- but they don't understand'his cam, and are very ungrateful. His -greatest- trouble i? that, as the chief of the- Cabinet traitors -and ~ thieves of Mr. Buchanan's administration,- a* V the great stealer of government arms and arsenal*. he imagines there J* a price ?et upon his - *f heud. and that his fate as a -prisoner of war would be a rope, withmt judge or- jury. Hedeee not like the fflea o-wtanding up in battle to be shot at; but he feam the hangman's ropeabove all other dangm. Other rebels may e?pect to be treated according to the laws of war; but Floyd, if caught, enpeets to-be s punished as a thief andia robbesr aad so-FSoyd in-not the hero to surrcadcr as aprisoner of war while there is a chancer ef stealing off or run ning away. Finally, fair the present, consider, ing hie proficiency ardi skill, auk his cook deliberation in stcalinriwad running, the ch races are that Floyd will s'iili contrive-to steal off run off, oven if followed sp- to the Mexican frc itier. BOariAX Pi bpos j*.l.v Mexjss,?The jo u?nal? ,r England and l rease haae been arguing themselves for somov time ptufc with the Idea of ? king for Mexico. The pec pie of ltav jhu are in a-hmrible state ofiexciten.ant over tk .expectation that thsr Apehduke Maximilian is to be the (Monarch In rpestion. Its fact, we are told (.hut a large iuci wee to tj? French 'wees in Mexico would rjfcrrtly sai'< with a vi ,jv to this kingly project. Now wo regard all t>?-e movem<M?* of ?iro amn Pow ws us simp'y. iHrciealNa kingdom or empire ct.n ever be published iu. Mexico^tbot gh Franct may hod -l.fifty thousand meat to accomplish it. But lot France Spain aitd/l-in;land go ahead in thtaJLliue. WilJg vvch vigf>roni blown r> we are living to llpfe rebellion, it .will be catirely criahed out Fj Juue, ar.d cur innnerjte naval and miliUi p forces, g ill be at liberty to sUUsn anvwbe a* Theso/rlurcyean Pow era are ouxj furnishing aa with reaat aa for interfering iajiexlce; an 4if we oace b ajin we will not stop. till we drive .he Spurfardr' out of Cuba and Porta Rico. T ttj are muk og their own, and will b? fouced to .occupy t'jera. We now have 70' 4>on men in the Held, end a rapidly i00reusing ?vj of nea iy four hundred vessels- some of diem transports without ,nu?ber. From the despondency everywhere exl Jaited by the rebels,!.. is clear that they must re j soon cave iu; and the same oohiicre who now fighting unde.-i the direction of Jeff. Oar w would better, employment than to rally unde? tte old Hag or the final expulsion of European Hageraft flrom this continent Let France, Spain and inglaud make their own Itatcrusteao bed. If they do not play their guiue vary sharply ay may ho onlled upon to ciyiy It before thr end of the year. Prime Opinio* in tux Sim m.?The people of the Southern.States are rapidly being con. vincedof the tally of any prolonged resistance to the federal government The facts contained, in our Bultiin'/M yesteaday clearly hvw this. They see that the rebellion is en it*. I?st leu*, a?d the great Uimo? vicUcies a Sonmrsot, Hoanoke ItJand aul Fortj Henry and Donelson will cor-Jrm their fear*. Already have the rebels been eorapelled* by tbe superior strategy of onr generals, to abandon theit trgogly fortified position lit Bowling Green, while the arm] of tbe Union is closing in upon them every w',?ere. Why, then, do not Sou thorn men show a little more pluck by rebelling against ti,e rebellion? Now is their time to act* if they would aid in restoring peace and pros, perity to their homes, by declaring for the Union of their fathers, and trampling treason under foot. SKRMUMi ? Mrs General C. F. Mmlth and faml-y were 1 tare. ? ted night by lbs < meat* of thr K?ghih and l? ,f.h lot mtry, garrisoning Korte Hamlllov Urijotta and iticliniHWl. the band of tha TwelfiJ, lufan'ry ft la cou m-d pniriotic all* on the 00;.a*ion af (Isbaral ,-mltb'a ancraaa at Fort bonalaon

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