Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1862 Page 1
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I TH WHOLE NO. 9296. thedayT Pater Patriae-?Amor Patriae. j liJ OUR VICTORIES FOR TIE URIOH. Outpouring of the Loyal People of the North. Military and Civic Celebration in New York. Oration of the Hon. George Bancroft. . The Celebration at the Academy of Music* Mass Meetings at Cooper Institute and Irving Hall. The Integrity of the Great Republic. Banquet of the Common Council at the St. Nicholas Hotel. MTERESTING PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. IKE BEBEfc FUGS TAKER DV ACTIO! Splendid Illumination of the City. The Herald Buildings in a Blaze of Glory.v Magnificent Appearance of the City Hall. She Day in Other Parts of the Conn try. LONG HAT IT WAVE E PLURIBUS UNUM. ffee predictions that Washington's Birthday this year would bo celebrated all over the country with oitraordlnary enthusiasm and unanimity were mere than verified in every particular yesterday. From all aectlona I or im loyai Norm despatches reached our omce, do nor lb lag tho popular furor lu honor of the day, as well M (fed general rejoicing over tho triumphant march of nr Onion soldiers In tho glorious carter of victory. Does not tho recant gratifying Intelligence from socessia alse warrant an In hollering that in many sections oath of Mason and Dixon's lino fee memory of tho immortal Washington is not only still cherished with lhndneao,but that thousands of loyal hearts yet heat reoponsive to tho Union,and thousands or lips silently Joined In prayer yesterday for the speedy return of the day which will dawn upon a happy and reunited people? Undoubtedly the enthusiastic greetings with which the Stars and Stripes were welcomed in Tennessee and northern Alabama are only a foreshadow Ing of what Is In bappan In tvery noolt and corner of the seceded "gtoUa,ae our noble troops advance and rend the veil of deception from the eyes of a deluded people. Hare we ot causa then for rejoicing with such a glorious prospect especially when we lock hack at the splendid record of victories won by the valor of our soldiers against armed traitors on the fleld of battle? This Is the true sooret of the intense enthusiasm yes torday. The golden reoerd of victory Is treasured up in the hearts of the people, who honor their volunteer army and view with pride their gallant achievemente. At each a time we cannot do better than recall that record. 4 ? :e ne wbtch to destined to boh! a prominent place In the annate ol history V1CTORIK8 (lAINRD BY THK A KMT AND NAVY OK TIIB UNION H1NCB TUB COMMKNCBMHNT OK TUB KKBB1.L10N. MlUTAJiV VKTOKlkfl. 1861. Pbilippi June 3 Koinncy lune 12 Hoonoville ..June 18 Patterson's creek June 26 Healing ton July 8 laurel Hill July 10 Rich Mountain July 11 Hoverly (Ingram's surrender) July 12 Okrrick's Ford (Harnett killed) July 13 Forsyth July 20 Dug Springs Aug. 2 Hoone Court House Sept. 1 Canley Hridge Sept. 10 l^winsville Sept. 11 Flk Water Sept. II Cheat Mountain Sept. 12 I'apinsvtlle Sept. 21 Santa Rosa Island Oct. 9 lelianon Oct. 13 laun Creek Oct. 13 i Pilot Knob Oct. 16 Holivar Oct. 16 FredertckUium Oct. 21 Cainp Wild Cat Oct. 21 Charge of Fremont'a Body Ouard Oct. 2f> Koinnoy (Oen. Kelly) Oct. 29 Woodbury.,.:....7.' Oct. 29 Unite City ; Nov. 2 Belmont Nov. 0 Pikelon Nov. 11 Eastern Virginia Nov. 19 Cuinp Alleghany Doc. 13 General Hope's victorios in Missouri Dec. 13 DianoMville Dec. 20 isoa. Capture of Tort Royal Island Jan. 1 Bombardment of Barrancas and Warrcuton Jan. 1 lluttonville Ian. 4 Defeat of Pointdexter * Jan. 0 Defeat ol Humphrey Marshall at Hamlvilie Jon. 7 Romney Jan. 7 Blue's Gap Jan. 8 Rout of Marshall's army Jan. 10 Mill Springs (Znllicoflfcr killed) Ian. 19 Occoquan Jan. 29 Rotnney (General l-andcr) Feb. 0 Roanoke Island Fob. 7-8 Hpringfleld (General Curtis) Feb. 13 Surrender of Fort Donclson Feb. 10 Sugar Creek (defeat of Price) Feb. 18 Bentcnvdle, Ark Feb. 19 NAVAI. VICltlHIhS. 18G1. Hattcras Inlet Aug. 28 Lucas Bond Sept. 10 Destroying the privateer Judith Sept. 14 Chicamacomico Oct. 5 Repulse of the rebels at the mouth of the Mississippi Oct. 11 Port Royal Nov. 7 IflTl Dust ruction of robel lightships in Wilmington Harbor, N. C Jan. IS Fori Henry Feb. 0 Trip up the Tennessee Feb. 9 Roanoke Island l'Vb.7-H Capture of Elizabeth City, Kdoaton, &c Feb. 10 Clarksvillo Feb. 19 This is a record of which tbo North may well feel proud, no matter what hireling scribblers in Europe may write to the contrary. Hut to come to particulars. The day was ushered in, cloudy, damp and dlscourng. ing, by the thundering of cannon?national salutes hav'ng been fired ul sunrise on the Battery, at Union square, in front of Odd Fellows' Hall, and in the Park. People rose with the conviction of an unfavorable day for the celebration, but as noon approached tho dark clouds sped uway, the sun peeped out brilliantly, and doubts began to vanish with the gloomy atmosphere. The city was shortly all out for a holiday.- Stores were closod, excepting those where comforts for the inner man might be had. The public offices were hermetically sealed. Merchants, clerks, trades penple, laborers, young and old. male and female, native and foreign, thronged the streets in gala suits, while windows and housetops were resplendent with the national ensign. The entire city, in fact, was dressed in bunting. Murching columns of soldiery were not so frequently met id the streets as in former years. Bui, in lieu thereof, the solid phalanxes of the masses were to bo met with in thousands, pouring in ovsry direction, with a noble enthustam stamped on their faces. At noon the city bells raqg out their peals. and the chimes of Trinity broke epoa the air, "Hail Columbia," and all the other national hymns being performed in a manner that elicited the warmest plaudits of the people. At sunset more salutes were firod and when darkness cams a brilliant illumination wound up the celebration in a blaze of light and glory and patriotism, THE MILITARY DISPLAY. The military display on this occasion, we are sorry to announce, was not as brilliant or systematical as we bad wished Contrary to general expectation and the requirements of ibis peculiar occasion, there was no consolidated puradc of the troops of the First division, Mgjor General Sandford. The only reason that ws could obtain for this groat oversight was that General Sandford did not think the occasion demanded it. There were, however, severa' very creditable and imposing regimental |>arades during the day. TITS VETERAN8 OF 1812. The veterans of 1812 assembled at the Mercer lIcuro,at eleven o'clock A.M., for a street parade. The had state of the woaiher, however, and tbe muddy condition of the strode, caused the original intention to be abandoned. They, however, proceeded to tbemectiDgof the Uuited Americans, at Niblo's Garden, and listened to the oration of Mr. Dutcber. EIGHTH REGIMENT. At daylight the Eighth regiment, Washingto11 Greys, fired a national salute in front of the armory over Centre market. Tbe concussion of tbe rcnorts were so strong as to materially affect the window glass for tevcral blocks in tho rlriuity. At one o'clock P. M. tha rcgim?nt paraded in full win tor uniform, under their new commandant, Colonel Varum. The; inurcbed through the principal streets of tha city, presenting solid rompany frouts, and were warmly applauded for their general good appearance. THIRD REGIMENT. The Third regiment of Hussars, Colonel Postley, formed , in Madison square at clovau o'clock A. M., and pari.ded three hundred and twenty-live sabres, ail told. I,ike the Eighth rcginietit, they paraded in full winter uniform, with overcoats. The line of march was then taken down Broadway, through lark row to the lark, where the regiment wan reviewed by his Honor the Mayor, General Sandford and several members of tbo Common Council. The regiment then proceeded up Broadway to Madison Square, where it was d.sinissed. KI.KVK.NTH REGIMENT. The Washington Kitles (Eleventh regiment), Colonel Joachim Maidofl, formed hue in Great Jones street at one o'clock. They also appeared in full unilorm. Alter the Colonel assumed command they proceeded down Broadway to the Park, and halted in rront of the City Hall shortly after two o'clock P. M , with the expei tatioo that Mayor Opdyke would, review them. They were drawn ur in line In front of the City Hall, and u deputation of officers sent to wait on the Major; but on raacbiug bis office they learned that be had left half an honr previous to attend the mass meeting at the Cooper Institute, over which he wag to preside Colonel MaidolT, under these clrcumetoncee, made the review himself, giving the command of the regiment to Ijeulenant Colonel Winibnrger. Major Freidenburgb. of the Fifty-second New \ ork Volunteers, Quartermaster Myers and other officers assisted in the review. 1' sr tho review the Eleventh made a street parade In Broadway and tha other pitneipal tho roughlares. The rcglmeut paraded over four hundred and fifty rifles. As tbey proceeded en r?ufr, the steady cadence of the step, the uniformity in the appearance of tha men. and tha correct d Island a bet wren each company were particularly remarkable. The regiment displayed on this occasion all tha evidences or being efficiently organized and under the tuition of a Drat class disciplinarian. SEVENTH REGIMENT. The Seventh regiment, National Guard, made no street parade. H was at first contemplated by the officers, when considering the matter of celebrating this anniversary. to have the customary street parade; but, through reasons of tconomy, the intention was abandoned The regiment, however, with characteristic benevolence and generosity, celebrated the day by a festival and concert at tba Academy of Music, the proceeds of which will be devoted to the relief of the widows and orphans of the Nsw York Volunteers. PKVENTT-FIRST REGIMENT. The seventy Urst regiment, American Guard,Colonel Henry P. Martin, formed regimental line in Bond street at two o'clock P. M. They appeared on parade in fatigue uniform, white belts and new overcoats. Tha Geld and staff officers were dismounted After the Hue was formed, they proceeoed up Broadway and thence to the residence of Mrs Colonel Thome, in West Sixteenth street, where that lady presented the regiment with an elegant silk national standard, in token or liar appreciation of their gallant services daring the early part of the present rebellion. The presentation ceremonies wsrs brisf but interesting and imposing. The regiment sub teqoeatly proceeded on a march through the principal streets. They wfirs vociferously cheered at various points oh the roots. TWELFTH REGIMENT. W YO NEW YORK, SUNDAY, but caused a national salute lo be Bred In Washington Parade Ground at noon. GOVERNOR'S ISLAND. Thoro was a general dross parade In the afternoon hy the regular ariny troope at Governor's Island. The allair was very creditable. TIIK DISAPPOINTED PUBLIC ? TIIK PARK. As is usual on all gala occasions, the I'ark, (Illy I'all and all the avenues loading thereto wore crowded fioin early In Iho forenoon until nearly dusk by a Heating moss of human beings. This was moro parnculaily the ciisj about the stereotyped hours for the gala parade of the Kirsl division. Kroui two o'ck>ck until four o'clock P. M. the City Hall balcony, windows, steps ami o^pkuiadc were crowded with thousands of both sexes,of all ages and conditions in life, all on t iptoe of exritcmcnt lo see the military. Their patience was sorely tried,arid only w:ts rewarded by seeing one or two regiments after as many hours delay. On the who e wo regret that the Kirsl division did not parade, as Ilia occasion required. A HOl.DIBR KILLED BY THE PIK1NO OK A CANNON. An unfortunate occurrence took place uboul half past eleven o'clock yesterday morning, resulting in the death of a man named Curtis, belonging to Onmpany I, lndenondonnA Huat'il TwaI th potrimnit Vo.u VapI/ ci of? VI*. iitia. It appours that Company I were engaged 10 fhnig a salute at Washington I'arudc Ground, aul Curt in was engaged in loading one of me pieces. Win o so engaged tho cannon became so hot that a charge wont olf before the usual appliance at the tSniclUiolc Curtis bad bis arm blown off. and roreived injuries from which be expired in about fifteen minutes. CELEBRATION AT COOPER INSTITUTE. Oration by Hon. George Bancroft. At two o'clock P. M. tbe large ball of tho Cooper In' etituto was tilled in every available department to listen to tbe eloquent oration by the Hon. George Bancroft, bis toriau of (be Unilod States, the singing by tbe UnionGlee Club, and tbe delightful Instrumental performances of Wallace's full band. In order to prevent any overcrowding of tbe ball, tickets of admission were issued by tbe (jommitlee, by whom tbey were distributed gratuitously; but notwithstanding this precaution to secure comfort for all, the ball was literally crammed, and some four or fivo thousand persons were obliged to leave without even gettiDg near tbe do.Ts. At tbe appointed hour bis Honor tbe Mayor was intro' duced to tbe audience by tbe Chairman of tbe Joint Committee of the Common Council, who immediately opened tbe ceremonies with the following remarks:? l.Aoins asd (jKvri.mtvN?We onjoy a rare privilege today. Wo are permitted to assemble here under most auspicious circumstances to commemorate the cue huu di ed and thirtieth anniversary of that day which gave to civil liberty its truest friend and ablest defender. Since wo became a nation hallowed memories have always clustered around that even tin) day; but never before have these memories been so vividly awakened. Traitors have attempted to destroy the noble political editlcc that Washington spent his life in establishing, but recently their wicked ellorts assumed tho most gigantic proportions. To day, thank God, tbe dark cloud is pussmg away. Tbe strong arms and stout hearts of our noble volunteers?doubly nerved by a righteous cause and by that veneration for tbe Union which Washington so eloquently enforced in bis Farewell Address? are now deallug blows under which tbo rebellion is already staggering to its fall, never, I trust, to rear its unhallowed bead again. It is under these bright promises that we meet to honor the day, and to listen to tbe losson it teaches from tbe lips ol one whose native eloquence and historic lore so admirably qualify bun for the task. After a prayer by the Rev. Dr. Tyng and music by Wallace's Bund, Washington's Farewell Address was read by George H. Moore. Ksq., Secretary of the Historical Society, iu which he wus enthusiastically applauded, particularly when be came to those points of the address which treat of foreign and domestic diflkmlties. A new national anthem, by William Ross Wallace, entitled "God of the Free," was next given by the Union Glee Club, and in which the audience joined. We (He below tho words, in order to afbrd all an opportunity of learning and singiDg it. Tbe elr is "Old Hundred." HOD OF THE FREE. God of tho Creel upon Thy breath Our flag m for the right unrolled, As Dread and brave as when its star* First lit the hallowed time of eld. Vtr n?l. aim its InM. afe.ll ft.. . For Honor Mill its glories burn, Where Troth, Religion, Valor guard *' The patriot's sword and martyr s ore. No tyarn's impious rtsp is ours; No lagsC power on nations roiled; Our flag!?for friends a starry sk* , For traitors, storm in every to ll O thus we'll keep our nation's Ufa Nor fear I be boll by despots bur.. The blood of all lbs world is here, And they y bo strike a strike tbs God of tbe free, our nation bless In its strong manbcod, as at itsbirtb, And moke its life a star of hope For all the struggling of the earth. Then shout beside thine oak, 0 North! 0 South! wave auswer with thy palm, And in our Union's heritage Together sing tbo nation's peal ml the ORATION. Mr. Gsorcs btsraorr, tbe orator of the day, was ne*t introduced by tbe chairman, and spoke as follows ? Mm or New York?As the organ of tbe city or New York on this occasiou, it is uiy first duty to remind you that we ows thanks to Almighty Cod for the patriots who achieved the independence of tbe United States, and who Termed "the unity of government which constitute* us one people." To day we declare to peoples and to princes that that Union is complete and shall not be impaired -is dear to us, and shall bo preserved. (Applause.) The wise and the good iu each hemisphere desire us to continue one; every tlbre of tbe sensitive boart of the indivisible France, in spite of some appearaucca, throbs iu favor of our existence as a nation; tbe people of Fkigland 1 snail believe aro with us so long as there are among them men like Bright and Stuart Mill. (Applause.) The most wonderful career of improvement in the history of the race is the witness that we are a nation. Italy has learned from ns to adhere to her passion for bringing together the parts which the selllsbness of oppression had dismembered, and tbe ill cemented fragments of Germany derive frtm us a hope of a belter reunion. Now. in the day of our tribulation, the people have proved that they are inspired with life by tbe grandest spectacle the world ever witnessed, in their uprising in the majesty of undivided conviction, concentrated power ami determined purpose; in their uorepintng resigned n to sudoring and privation, their sublime palionco under strange discomfitures and weary de lays and long continued inactivity, from inability and perpleilty, or from judgment and choice, in their outspoken Joy when the spell was broken of the seeming pa of their response to Major General Grant whoa ho proposed "to move immediately on the enemy'a works." (Applause.) Now the rulers or tho earth will eomo to ktiow that under the conatitut inn which makes im one I on pie, there exists no authority thai can alienate a sinale inch of the territory of the United StateR-(applause)?that while we claim lor oacb individual the right ot emigration, there is no possible conspiracy,combination or convention that can discharge any one citizen limn his allegiance so long as lie romuins on our soil, though each one may for himself diseolvo that allegiance ' by self exile and Bight. These many and ever increasing United Slates are one, now and for corning ages (Continued applause ) rancipi n op thk oocaRsmncr. The only ground of hope for the perpetuity of our Union, you will find. men of New Tork, unhe words of Wash ington,spoken m this city. When, in the presence of your fathers, Washington, standing under the canopy of the skv. took the outh to support the constitution, ho re* turned' into the Senate chamber, (o interpret to the drat Congress the principles of our great charter, and the lit policy lor the nation to pursue. Ihen it was that he laid down as their rule "tho pure and immutable principles of privato morality," and "the eternal rules of order and right which Heaven itself baa ordained." And the House of Kepresentativee, ushig tha pen of Madison to frame lis answer, accepted hie enlightened maxims, and owned the obligation to "adore the Invisible hand which has led the American people through eo many difficulties, to cherish a conscious responsibility for the destiny of republican liberty." On theeo principles 'the government which makes ua one people waa put In mo lion, while the foundations of monarchy in Prance were crumbling away, and the beams that upheld the civtllia t ion of the Middle Ages were falling in. Dunog the half century which succeeded France underwent more resolutions than I can readily count up, Hpain had many forms of government in rapid succession, the dynasty of Portugal wss driven for refuge to South America, the empire of Germany went down in the whirlpool of revolution, Russia has been convulsed by a fearful plot for l'ope lout Mid won temporal power, and has been aldk?i shorn of It again, the institution* of Great Britain have been thrice essentially modified by the annexation of Ireland, by the reform of Parliament?which waa in fact a revolution?and by opening the doora of ila two Houses to men of all creeds i-roomm) or cosnrrr isn.rnsi n?. I Miring all these convulsion* the United State* Rtood unchanged .admitting none but the sllghteat modification* In it* charter, and proving itself the moat stable Crernment of the civilised world. (Applause.) Hut at t " we have fallen on evil days." "The propitious smiles of Heaven"?such are the words of Washington? " can never be expected on a nation that disregards tho eternal rules of order and right." During eleven years of perverse government those rules were disregarded, and it came to pass that men who should firmly avow the senlinTents of Washington and Jefferson and Franklin and Chancellor Livingston were disfranchised for the public service; that the spotless Chief Justice whom Washing ton placed at tho head of our Supreme Court could by no possibility have been nominated for that office, or confirmed. Nay, the corrupt influence invaded even the very homo of justice. The final decree of the Supreme Court, in Its dscisten on a particular cats, must bo respected and obeyed; he prenoat Cfettf Jestioe has on cm memorable appeal RK H FEBRUARY 23, 18C2. C" his decision with an impassioned declamat on, whviD'ia w itli profou: d immorality which no cnf has as y?t hilly laid bare, treating i lie people of tho United States as a shrew to bo tame I by an opon scorn of (he facts of history, with a dreary industry collecting videm.. * of ease* where justice may ha\ o slumbered or weakness been oppressed, com|M'tisu( mg lor want of evidence by confidence of ..srortion, with a partiality thai would have disgraced an advocate, neglecting humane decisions of colenial courts and tie enduring nicmoria's of colonial statute books" in his party seal to provo that the fatho s of our country held the uogro to have "no rights , which the white man was bound to respect," he liM not i nly denied tho rights of man and the liberie s < f man I'titd, but hue not loft a foothold fur thu lilierty of the white uiaa U> rest upon. (Applause.) CHnCy JCSTICK TANSY. ih.it ilsmacred disquisllii n of it ney, who, 1 trust, did not intoiuFto hung out the ttag of disunion, is the fountain ha ul of thta rebellion. (Aoplanse.) That oil. t ee to tho cO'iscsnis s.emery of the millions Mawlbtl our co mn y With tho excitement Wh'ch swept over those of us who vun.l\ hoticd to preserve a strong and rolls tent though narrow isthmus that might stand between the c nlll'tii g napes No uulion can adopt that jiulgmeut as it sj nil and live: the judgment Itas in it no element ef p liUdal vitality. I will not say it is an tnvocaie n of the deed past; there never was a post that accepted such spies its (Applause.) If we want the opinions rceeived in the davs whrn our eonautotion was tram*a, me will not taico them second I and fagdl Mr rhnf Imtico ; we will let the nun of tliat tap speak lor themeetvee. U w will our American raMislriitewmk when arraigned, as ho wilt be, bo fore the irifcmiai of humanity; hern terrible will be the verdictiapM hfat whavlW t* put in comparison with WuahindShlppeliMaal teacher, the great Montesquieu, the en lightened magietrala of Franco, in what are esteemed the wedatdaya of her monarchy. The argument from the tliflMM of race which Taney thrusts r< rward with Dans lOaaMmmftAruro as a i woof of rcmileto dbsmaltA cation, aafotongbt for want by MouUsquieu u a scathing sal ire W|t)>r broad of desists who were supposed to uphoidfoMryae iotoraMe to itself. (Applause ) The rights to attakind, that pMcieus word which had no equivalent in the language to HindoeUn, or Judta, or uteres, m Bona, er any anle-Oirintjaa tongue, fonnd Ma wnwnnHto in Washington and HamilUn, in Krankitog?d UaiaMoa, foOtle. tieerge Mta? and Gads den, in ail the great** aaen of our easiy history. IV t oo rule i ron which th? makers or our Irat confederacy, ami thoncew atwoehwniitutwn, nev<r swerved,* *ie:? To tix WMMpWitutkwel disability en ?ay one, whatever mighltMMMii the way of any man from opinion, ancestry. weahpaaeof whad, inferiority or inconvenience af any kind, wnhraif net formed into permanent disfranchisement. IV constitution of the United States was made under the reoofVzed mUneiu of "the eternal rulb of order ant right.,' no that an for aa ita juriadrutm extended, it raiaad at ouce Uu> numerous chute who had been chattels into the condition of persona. it neither originatcspor perpatuateetaequality. ma pvaijc worries ism nuvivn oain. . It iMltotber trait la Washington's character, which may particularly iatereat ibis opulentelty,.where enter pr iso and skill and industry are forever producing ami ainasgiag wealth, that whiio he heW the oe<iulaitlbn of lor time by honest ways a proper 1 object ol'desire, ho drew a careful distinction between the pursuits of business and the ssrvicc ol his country, lie held that every man must be ready to devote to the good of his country his ability, his wealth and his life, and he never Filtered the public service to become to him a source of gain. It is rumored that men among us have known how to obta.a from the government. for a moderate and iucidenta) and essentially irresponsible use of little else than their judgment, sums of money which exceed tho wfcolo direct tax levied upon one of our smaller States. If this he so, whilo it implies a shameful want "to patriotism in individuals. It implies also a blumoable want of sagacity m tbe executive departments, which moat have made aelectionp perversely or blindfold. In ths name of this city I declare the great body or its poopie to have a patriotism wtthout blemish of selfishness. (Applause). In tbe name cf the Chamber of Commerce may I not venture to say of our merchants, as a class, that the pretence of a necessity of resorting to extravagant compensation for simple^ ordinary servico is a calumny on a body of generous and devotedly patriotic men? (Applause.) iu the name of the mechanics I repel the insinuation; and it is known to all that the conduct of the poor of our city during this war has, for dlsintcrcstcducss and exalted feeling, and lirtn resolve and courageous resignation, gone beyond oil praise. (Ap plauae.) washiniitosr (BaaaCIKF The disinterestedness ef Washington's conduct beams forth m still greater beauty when, lor the beualit of this age, we recall his conduct toward his generals. He took

eare of their honor even more carefully than if it had feeeuhieown. It was his delight to give thorn opportu allies for distinction; and when danger menaced alike himself and a general in another department, ha would cheorfuily send to his subordinate tne best part of his fores, and suffer no goo to risk a defeat so soon as turn i shir. Nor should we forget that Tfa-bington was always , ?ixilant; that he never waa taken by surprise; that, with allBjs caution, he never missed an opportunity of striking Is blow, that he never sent his amy forward except with himself as its leader; that bo never exposed them to 'Imp roads ant) bad weather except when they could derive encouragement fro in his own presence and example; that he was always under lire with his men, and committed no error in the held but from excess ' of personal couruco. Wo must not forget that in the war of the Revolution Washington, among other great objects, bore arms for the maritime rights of neutrals. When so many officers in our navy showed signs of disaffection, the first impulse of public fooling might approvo a bold act, which spoke for the fidelity of a gallaut commander. The Just indignation which is felt at the conspirators who struck at our life as a nation might exult when several of tho least worthy of them fell into our hands. But this excitement only shed a brighter lustre on the moderation of the people, and their perfect mastery over thoir passions. With one voice all have agreed that due respect must he shown to the neutral Hug. A ship at acn is I a portion of the territory of the Power whose flag slio may rightly bear. No uavat officer of another nation may exercise judicial pewer on her deck; the free ship frets the cargo, a neutral ship in a voyage between neu tral ports is protected by her Hog; the passenger who, in a neutral port, steps on board a neutral ship, honestly bound for unother neutral purl, is as safe against seizure as if he wore a guest at the Tuileries or a barrister bolero a court in Westminster Hall. These good rules will gain renewed strength from their recognition by the American people in tho very moment of a just indignation against men who were guilty of the darkest treason, and hud falloD into their hands. (Cheers.) TIIK RKHKL1JON AND Pl>PlTI_\R ISMITI TI >N?. Washington not only uphold tho liberty of the ocean. He was a thorough republican. And how has our his toiy justified his preference? How has this very rcbolliou borne testimony to tho virtue and durability of popular institutions)' Tho rebellion which wc aru putting down was tbe conspiracy or the rich, of opulent men. who count laborers as their cupitul. Our wide extended suffrage is not only utterly innocent of it?it is tho power which w ,11 not fail to crush it. (Applause.) The people pruvo their right to a populnr government; thoy have chosen it, and have kept it in healthy motion, they will sustain it now, and hand it down m its glory and its power to their pos tcrity. (Applause.) And this is true not on'y of men who were born on our soil, but of foreign born citizens. (Applause, j Let tho European skeptic about the large extension of tho suffrage, como among us, and we will show him a spociailo wonderful in his oyrs, grand beyond his power of conception. That which in this contest m marked above ail that has uptiourcd is the oneness of heart and purpose with which all the less wealthy classes or our people, of all nationalities, are de voted to tho flag of tho 1'nion, (B rent applause.) The foreigners whom we have taken to our hearts and received as our fellow citizens, have been true to the country that hud adopted thcin?(applause)?have been sincere, earm st and ready for every sacrifice. Slavery it the slow poison which lias wrought all lliuovil, and a proud and selfish oligarchy are the authors of tho conspiracy. (Brent applause.) A rumor reaches us. let us hope it is un founded, thai three Power* In Curnpc have combined to force a monarchical government upon the neigh, boring commonwealth of Mexico, at a time when she seems, if left to herself, belter able to go yorn herself than ever heretofore. I courses I am unable to devise what material or what political intereat ot England can he promoted by this untoward pretention, lies idee, America baa never been a propagandist; our people, even in the day* of our Hevolution, made no war on monarchy, and did not even ask or team to wlMh that their example might away nation* under different circumstance* from our own. They lert each hemisphere to takecareof iisalf A jnnrtion of three monarch* to put kingly power un our flank ha* an unportauce which cannot escape attention. (Applause ) The royal families of Europe would he justly incensed if the republican powera of America were to join together to attempt to force a republic on one of them. ]* it right to attempt ta fore# a monarchy on Americans V Is it wlao to provoke a collision between the system*, or to try experiments on the mysterious sympathies of the mill ions 1 TUB SUM THAI)K. If tha opinions of Washington on slavery and on the slave trade bad been steadily respected, the country would have escaped all the calamity of the present civil war. The famous Fairfax mesting, at which Washington presided, on (be lSlh of July, 1174, led public opinion in declsring that it was "the most earnest wish of America to see on entire stop forever put to the wicked, cruel and unnatural trad* in slaves.'' (Applause.) The traffic w*s then condemned as an immorality and a crime The sentiment was thoroughly American, and became the tradition?the living faith of the people. The centuries claap bands and repeat It one to another. Yesterday tho sentiment or Jeffereon, that the slave trade is a piratical warfare upon mankind, was reaffirmed by carrying into effect tbe sentence of a high tribunal of justice, and tosavethe lives and protect the happiness of thousands, a slave trader was executed as a pirate and an enemy of the humaarace. This day furnishes a spectacle of still more terrible retributive Justice. The President ?T the nralanded (Vmfederate Stat re of America la mm. polled to do ptiolio penance in hla robot of office for fool lahly and wlckodly aapiring to powor thai does not and cannot oilat, that diaaolve* and dtaappenra aa be draw* near to graap It. (Great applauae.) Mlaaouri, which he haa invaded, rlaea againat biro. Kontucky, whore ho de alrod to iiaiirp authority, throw* hint off with Indignant corn , KaaternTenneeaee, whero Andrew Johnaou?(long and continued applauae.) The learned tpoakor took ecoaalon hare to *tat* that Andrew Johnaon waa to bava been preaent, but In cooiequenc* of a Jet pat eh, ha received from hia eon waa unable to do ao. Mr. Hancroft read a de patch from Andrew Johnaon, which waa m follow*? "I deeply regret my Inability to be preaent on the Tw^ptyaecond Though not In peraon I am in aplrit, and willaehd tip a prayer for the praaorvatlon of ine L'aloo" (Tr# mWidona cheer lag ) The learneM speaker then reauned ?Andftw John E R AI son must new be speaking for the Union, wi'li | clarion notes of |>at iotieiii protesting against the l usurper: tho people of Virginia, in their liearts, are j against linn perhaps evi n the maiority of th inhabit nils of Kictnnoinl may I e weary of his uspi a' ous an<i ; an ho goes forth to-ilay to array liihim* If in the unreal i state lor which he pauted, his consideration drops away > from him in tlie presence of his wornhitipers, irretrleve- i ably and forever?his con science stings him with romorro lor Ins crime, and the couri-oof even Is convicts him of ar ngmce aud folly. His elevation is hut to a pillory, who'e . he stands the derision of the world. (Appluuse). Rich iisiiid, which he thought to make his capital, will s on bo A t ho pcsresgji.u < f one of our generals or of another, and twthiiig can savo him from the just w rath of his country but a hasty eaile. (Applause}. PKoiiiri'iios or suvrwv. If the views of Washington with regard to the elavo trade commend Ihemselves to our approbation after the lapse of nearly ninety years, his opinions on slavorv are so icuipcrule and so clear "that if they hail been followed they would have established peace umong us forever. Ou the 12lh of Anri1,17SC, he wrote to Robert Morris :? "There is uota man living who wi-hes more sincerely than 1 do to see a plan uikiptoU for the aliolitioa of slavery." (Applause.) This was his fixed opinion, so that in the following month ho declared to lAfayette ? "Hy degrees the abolition of slavery certainly might and assuredly ought to bo effected, and that, too, hy lo gislativo authority." (in the (Mh of September ol the | same year ho avowed his resolution "ucver to possess another slave by purchase;" milling, "it being an ring my first wishes to see some plan adopted by winch slavery m this country may bo abolished by law. (Applause ) In confermity with th-ae views, the oul confederation of the Tinted States, at a time when the convention lor framing our constitution was in so.-ssiu, by a unanimous vote prohibited slavery forever In atl tho territory that then belonged to the Tinted States. (Applause.; And one of the very first arts of Wushtngton, as 1're-ideut, was to approve a law by wiiich that ordinance might "continue to have full effect." On the 6th of May, 1784, in the midst of bis cares as President, he devised a plan for the sale of lands in Western Virginia and Western Pennsylvania, and alter giving other reasons for his purpose, ha adds :?" I have another motive which makes me earnestly wisii for the accomplishment of these things; it is, indeed, more powerful titan all the rest?namely, to liberate a certain species pf" properly ,which I possess .very repugnantly to iny own feelings." (Applause.) And in less than three months after he wrote that Farewell Address to which wo this day have listened, he l'elt himself justified in announcing to Europe his hopes for the future in these words " Nothing is more certain than that .Maryland and Virginia must havo laws for the gradual abolition of slavery,and at a period not remote." (Applause.) But though Virginia and Maryland have not been wise enough to reulize the confident prediction of the Father of hie Country?though slavery is still permitted in Uio District of Columbia, from which Mud.sou desired to see it removed?the of freedom has been steadily advancing. The line of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes, which formed a barrier to tlie progress of skilled labor to tho southward, hue been effaced. OarCouutry,at one bound, crossediliodtucky Mountaius; and the wisdom of our people, as they laid the fbmMktftms of great empti-ds <m the coast of the Pacific, has brought about thai: to-day. from the M raits of ilobriug to UaitHraits of Jiagetlano-lim waves of the great ocean, as Uiuy roil in upon the. shore, clap their bands ill joy?for along ail that wide region (lie land is cultivated by no bands but those of the free. (Great applause.) Del lis be grateful to a good Providence which has established liberty as the rule of our country beyond tho possibility of a relapse. For myscif, I was one who desired to postpone, or rather hoped altogether to avoid the collision which bus taken place, trusting that society by degrees would have w orked itself clear by its own innate strength and the virtue and resolution of tbe community. Rut slavery has forced u;i< n us tbe issue, and has lilted up its band to strike a death blow ni our existence as a people, it has uv.iwed itself a desperate and determined enemy of our national life, of our unity as a republic, and heuceforwurd no man desorvc8 the namoof ;i statesman who would consent to the introduction of tluit element of weakness and div ision into any new Territory, or tho admission of another slave State into tho I'nion. (Great and prolonged cheer, iog.) Let us hope rather that the prediction of Washington will prove true, and that Virginia and Mai y Ian i will soon tako their places as free States by the side of Ohio and Pennsylvania. (loud applause.) t'OXU.l SIOSH. Finally, the people of tho Uuitcd Stales must this day derive from the example of Washington a lesson of |wrsevcrancc. Wo have been forced into a strife from which there has been no safe escape but by the manifestation of un immense superiority of strength, 'lite ages that are to coma will hold a clots and severe reckoning with the men in power to-day on the methods which they may adopt for solving the quo-ttion before them. In the present state of tiiiugs the worst rashness is that which yields to compromise from the fevertohness of impatience. (Hear, hear, end loud cheers ) All the wise aud good or the world have their ejus upon us. All civilized nations are wuiting to see if wV shall have tbe courage to make it manifest that freedom is the animating principle of our constitution, and the life of tho nation. But here, too, on this day we have only to read the counsels of Washington. When by Jiis will he left swords to his nephews.he wrote:?"These swords are accompanied with the injunction not to unsheath them for the purpose of shedding blood, except it bo for self-defence, or in defence of their country or its rights; and iu the latter case to keep them uusheatbed, and prefer falling with them in their bonus to the relinquishment thereof." (Applause.) The I "resident of tbe L'nited States has charged us this day to meet and take counsel from tho Farewell Address of Washington. Wo charge him in return, by his oath of office, bv his pledges to the country, by the blood that has been shed and the treasure that has been expended, by tho security of this generation, by the hopes of the next, by his desire to stand well with mankind, and to lie remembered in honor by future generutious, to take to his heart this injunction of Washington. (Applause.) Young men of New York, sufforonc more word before we part, in grate fill memory of the dead tvhn have died for freedom, for us and our posterity. !.otig alter the voice which now n.l.lrocoiui ?r?.i oh-.ll ha ailoi* ill fho run L-i.1.1, >,..1 II.o glory of Winthrop. of Ellsworth?(applause)?hik! of ail ti others who, being like yourselves. in the Hush of youth went into battle Hurrounded with the halo of <tc t.ily, and gave Iheir lives in witneBS of their sincerity 'liio wholo country mourns the loss of I.yon, atul will not bo comforted, enrolling his nsioe by the side of Warren. They have passed away, but their spirit lives, and promises that our institutions, in so far as they rest on freedom, shall endure forever more. (.Long prolonged cheering.) When the Icarnod speaker resumed his seat the Union <}>o Club sang ' The Star Spangled Huuner," the audie .ce joining in the chorus, together with a very amusing lunrtctto. ontltled "We're Marching Down to Dixie s iAml." This was sung with a great ileal of humor, and ulmoat convulsed tlio audience with laughter. The hour for giving up the hall liavuig arrived, tlio chairman brought the prigrainmo to a sudden termination tiy stating that tlio Kev. tlcorgo I'otts would pronounce the benediction, which he did in a brief but very pithy prayer, 'l'ho audience then retired well pleased, while the band played some national airs. THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Oratloa of Rev, F. C. River and Concert nt the Academy of Mnalc. The day was celebrated by an oration and grand vocal n and Instrumental concert nt the Academy of Music. Tho " ceremonial end entertainment were arranged under the auspices of the Seventh regiment (N. Y. S. M.) National Rand, and tho proceeds arc to be most worthily devoted to the relief of the widows and orphans of tho gallaut men who have died while fighting the battles of the Union in the ranks of tho regiments of the New York Voluntoers. The occasion was worthily responded to by our citizens, and shortly after the opening ef the doors the house wae filled by a splendid array of "fair women and brave men," all anxious to do honor to the memory of the Father of hie Country, while they attested their devotion to tho constitution, laws and integrity of the Union at I he same moment. tin (he stAge, which was surrounded by tasteful deco rations, stood officers of the .Seventh regiment, their friend*, and other loading inhabitant* of New York, wilh * some di?tiDgui*hed visiter* from a distance. t About two o'clock P. II. the Rev. Mr. We*ton, Chap- J lam of the Seventh regiment, came forward, and read ? Washington' Karewell Address. ? ' After this, the Rev. F. C. Ewer, of California, pro- J' nounccd, with mm and excellent emphasis, the fol. t| lowing K oratiov: tl Mr. Cor warp a nt ano (i*NTi txr* asp Lapiss :? a Among the element facta of b tutory etanda war. The * ready Instrument of tyrants, tb* agent of guilty faction, e tbe Inst resort lor Justice, it ha* reddened every land a and marked every century with niood. 1 he very word d has become a synonym for desolation and mourning. t Hut, air, forgetting that sho in it* olTapring, this I* the 1 unflllal view which Peace takes of War. War may lie an o evil, but if It Iff, it i* an evil a* toll ia an evil, aa winter i' i* anevtl, a* obstacle* are evil*. I do not mean to *ay d tbat every war ha* not had it* primal spring in a an attempted wrong; that which lead* to war la n always wrong : but It doc* not follow that ' that which is thus rendered necessary by n wrong, i* wrong itself. Sometimes the attempted op t pre*akou,or crime or wrong, has been on one side; some c times on the other. sometimes on both. Hut when bad y nmidtIon and guilty faction plot to pull sway the pillars a I ui h ongtttnlinn whiek ia a common ehelter from anar- t. chy ana indignant War muntari It* force* about thnaa c colmuM, and un*h#*tba Ita aword fur their ilaratica. then p war becomaa eublltn# (Applause ) War, like every c other (Jed-given appliance ID thle world, may he need or d It may he abtired. While aurronndrd by the long aiui- a ehme of peace, If we turn our attention to the ahatract V topic of war we are' apt to dwell on lie horror*. We f< dread It, then,a* an Incarnation of Satan, brutalbting * men and devaatattng the earth. It la only when war hi thunder* about oar eara that we are rduaed to it* true tl meeting, and come to a remembrance of the (act that K .lahovah ta not only a God of love, but alao a (ted of at batllaa. We begin to re*lira that God aanctionad and y< commanded the bloody conflict, not merely ta Old Teeta m meet lime, but that It It HL* arm of rlghteoua pualeb- m meat to fall la aU timet, whenever crowned tyranny B 4 D. PRICE THREE CENTS. would ci ugh the; weak or unholy rebellion would 'la?b :lie hope-of freedom. (Applause.) Kir, the true elopience of a man is not so much in his words as it is in his lotions. In action his whole soul is awake, his form is wvct.aud all los enorgies p it thomselres forth into deeds An I so too a nation, when in war and arouse ! to its very s litre, It is struggling (or its rights or ror its existence, if ever, dm s it stand before the world truly 'O'luent. While surrounded by the long sunshine of peace, if we turn cur attention to i he abstract topic of war, wo are very prone to dwell upon its horrors, its havocs and tho miseries t entails. We dread it us an incarnation|of Katan?brutalizing men and devastating the earth. It is only when war thunders about our ears, that we arouse to its true moaning, arid come to a remembrance of the fact that JeIwnh is not ?i ly a Go I at love, bat aleo a Set 01 battles. IVe begin to realize that t.od sauctkmod and conun unled die bloody conflict not merely in Old Testament times, jut that it is his arm of righteous Judgment, to fall in all line whenever crowned tyrany would crusli the weak or inlioly rebellion would dash the hopes of the world, is wet tarn' and look heck down the aisles of the past, here jg not a century, not a ha'f century, scarcely to ny knowledge a decade, in which we do not see tho rays >! glancing steel. To pns-i by the martial records of heroic ind fabulous time we llnd the phalanxes of Israel sweep, ugfrom Egypt to Palestine. Joshua and Oihuieland Shaurar and l)avut scarcely pass from the sceno when Babyon end Assyria come together hi miirbty shriek. The liu of arms has net died away in the East when it begins o swell in Hellas ami the Pelo; onesus. The Messcnian ears, tlio 1'ersian invasions, tho Pu.opnnesian struggles, lo Tli?l,?? ...rf ih. 11.. ..I in,, ??l iv.llnu >irh O'er in quick succession. Iu ttx> turmoil Athens, Spurts, Ph'bes. one by one roll up lo prominence; and so Greece o?e, flourished and died amid one clash of arms. Tho nose of arms has not begun to wane when Rome comes iterming out of Italy. For throe hundred years Cartilage, Jaul. Spain, Mucedon, Fontus, Syria, Germany, bristle villi her armies. The Mediterranean is worried with her leets. Italy and the streets of tho capital itself resound vith her servile and civil struggles. And so Rome rose, lourisbed and waned amid one clash of arms. We have 10 time to watch this to tho end before, from ho northern storehouse of nations, hordes on uirdes of armed bands pour down in sucessive waves upon Western Europe. Nor time o watch the issue of this before Mahomet is to bo seen weeping round the north of Africa and into Spain. Nor imo tt> watch the Cullphs. when there is a stir of prepaation in Western Europe, and human masses move Serosa he continent to the capture of the Holy land. This tu- * nult has not subsided, when Europe stays its rush lovards Asia, and is all on lire herself with the struggles of he Reformation. Charles V. and Francis and 8olytnan he Magnificent Oil the sixteenth century with trouble. Illy and Wullenstein and Gustavus Adolphua and Cromreli fill the seventeenth; Marlborough and Eugene ad Frederick the Great?what of tumult do hey not suggest in the eighteenth; Bonaparte ad Wellington and Nelson and Washington and icott have given Marengo, and Ianpsic, and Waterloo, and York town and VeraCruz to the nineteenth. Appiauae.) The history of the world, what, sir, has it >ceo bnt cne scene of almost constant war. Now, sir, if vur be tho unmitigated evil it has been represented to w. then this earth must have been little better than a tell from Adam to the present day: ami yet through it all, nan has been rising?has been becoming more cultivated, more humane. Is it true that war is thia terrible icourger Is it that the world hue improved in spite of war, or has it improved because if war? War has long been dumb; has patiently aid unrcplying borne ail that peace has been pleased to say of her. It Is now her turn. Mhe, toe. lias something to say of peace. Peace has nurtured many an evil that war has cured. If ever there was a ime for war to 8|>?ak in self-defence it is now and here. [Applause.) For, sir, we are a Christian nation, in trine; and the world's friend, to whose memory this day s set apart wo not only revere as a statesman, but we sottorate as a Christian warrior. My subject, then, is .he world's obligations to war. Man is a being of conicienco, reason, taste aud will. If you correct a man's 'eligioiis belief, if you exalt his reason, purify his taste Hid . nimble and direct his will, you havo raised the vhole man. This is the course of education bv which the nodern man has been produced. Now, sir, I claim that .he modern man lias been mainly indebted to war fur us present higb grades in these respects. It is no dis:overy of mine that .iiidea has educaiei man's consci ence.Greece has exalted his reason and purified his taste, and Rome, by her lorce. by her laws, has controlled aud directed his will. The three autnd in man'* gallery as the patterns he loves to dwell on. lie goes to them as fountains lor rufrcsbinonl, ho ret* at thoir hoc rod and classic feet, oveu at this late day, as an humble student. Athens' What a thrill docs the very name send through the man of taste. Home?how does her patriotism, her rtern integrity summon forth the admiration of time. I'alcstine?the land of the temple?the home of Jesus, in it not to us still the Holy Land? There three, and these hree alone. Who ever thinks?what scholar; what devotee to art, what patriot, what thcetagtoo?ever think* >f turning beck for Instruction or fur inspiration to As ivria, to Carthage, to Egypt or to ancient ttermany? Who funks of adorning our streets or our temples with notela from the thick-lipped eOlgies of Egypt? Who thinks if reproducing eves the simple, majestic form ef the lyramid? And if the Egyptian temple architecture be opted. It springs rather from very exceptional circumtaDcea?from eccentricity or whim?than from generally eceived taste. No, sir, Egypt, and Assyria, and ancient ierii.aiiy, and Cartilage, have not been Instructors of the vor'd. Letup look lirsl, then, at Judea, at Greece, and it Koine. When the children of Israel were boand by * tie chains of the Egyptians, thorn was no word In any anguoge expressive of the idea conveyed by our word holy." Among all the gods of the nations there woe tot one i'osscskiio oi the attribute of holiness. Man emuties what he worships, and lh? very worship of mun iverywhere was debssing to the race, deetruclivo of nun's purity. Among all the nationa of the earth there vas not one. to our knowledge, that believed in the rue Cod. There may have been individuals, bat here were not nations. It was necessary, thereore, If ever man was to b? raised from Ins debasement?if ever man's conscience was to be educated ud his belief corrected?for a (isople to be torn out rom among the nations,und the knowledge of the one loly (led firmly plarilclpii it, thai It might tie the school nn.-tor of the w . Ill >! ni'e . uisc.cnc.- must he educated tic > indat.oi: lor In- laru. and will. Itofore the days f llreeco and Rome, we behold, therefore, the children if Israel rescued from Egypt. Itut what n Uieir suboipieut caret rV To learn their great lesson,and then ,-nrh the world, they must be planted by themtelvee, n a central land, ndapted to tho purixiee. But that and was occupied by st*rn foes. Battle followed balls , by the'cununand of (?nd. Aud on the issues of hose battles hung the wuilure of the world. Jericho alls, Ai is takon, tho Auakims are cut oil', and by war lie land in wn.and there iff hone for man. Hut on all lands the new nation war surrounded by diabolic! and sdytheism. Again and again the nation falls before he pressure. For three hundred years, therefore, the courge of war cloned atouAd the aims talcs. Saul Mounted the ihroue,succeeded by I'avid and Solomon, hey were learning the lesson, and there was peaoe. <ut then followed the four hundred years of wavering, uid ttnally obstinate refusal of the truth. Assyria ind Babylon, the sc .urges of heaven, each swept ,heir forces,now upon Israel, now upen Judab. Israel vas annihilated. Judah was laid utterly desolate, and lioso who escaped the sword were sent prisoners to tabylon. Tliosc overwhelming reverses were at lost dlbctual. After seventy years of captivity, sultoring and nindhation,<in the return of tho remnant to Jerusalem? hat remnant, learning front the past that defeat and disaster nlwnys followed, In their ease, adherence to error, it last (Irmly held to the truth. And tho nation that prang from them became tho educator of man's conclunco?the corrector of Ins belief. Now, sir, the wara 11 Palestine, from thedi atliof Jo'hua, were not conducted iy the Jews lor their own aggrandizement?they wero irought upon them by their errors. And whether or not ro may believe that Heaven directed thorn, one thing is crtain?the effect of these constant defeats was evenually to settle, the nation flrmly in a belief In the true lod, and the utter detestation of the debasing gods of he nations around lhem: was V> ensble them to be the diicntor* and uplifters of the world. And, sir, we nay claim for war that if it has done nothing else?It, ven with all its desolations?even with ita miserable Instruction of a whole nation, with ita imprisonments, is havoc, Its mourning, turning fair Palestine o a desert?we may claim for war, if nothing >lse, that it has established a belief of Uod on earth, irecce, mother or arts, home of philosophy, garden of ogle, come we next to her. Her Parthenon, her propylcra, 10r temples are the models of all time. Her marbles have ecu the study of the world. In the gmves of her cariemy and lyreutn. the memory and the meditation oj II subsequent generations have lingered. Her anguage, Ithough the Saxon English may excel It In strength, and lie tie! man in the number of its words?none, uol even l?.l.l,n l.aa axes..* .0.01.II1.1I It In ilia .asfaellAa as# .la I rue tar*, the melody of tie numbers, and the precision, f lie expression. Under whet circumstance* did this ireece,exaltcr of the world's reason, earlcher of its naglnution, puriQerof Its taste, oume to her bloom? lowever mush of fable, sir, has gathered round be story of the expedition for the Golden leece, It at lesst "appears certain that in bo thirteenth century, before the Christian era, a Thesalian prince collected the young chivalry of Greece,and ailed on an expedltiea partly commercial, partly piratlal,to the eastern shots* of ths EuxlneSea." These rgonsuts fought.conquered and plundered. Ilut,though srltness veils tbo precise nature of this expedition, here can t>u no doubt ol Its results among ths Greeks, ho Greeks had been nothing before. But from tho era f tho return of the argonauts wc discover a new leaven II the people. There was among them not only a more larlng and eul.irtfad spirit of enterprise, but * more decltvo and rapid progress towards civilization and huiiauity. Iy>ok at the energy which soon after led Aganemnnn's ariny of 100.000 men to betake thetn*"lves to nere boats, each with a stone for an anchor, and row bcmaolves serosa tlie vfcgi an. haul tliair boata upon land o their arrival, and commence, and c minus for ten ears, ilie seiga of Troy. What Is it that marks the trua dvance of men, the elevation of the people, more than he passage of a natlcn from monarchy, first to aristoracy and then to the government of the people by the eople themselves? And what was it in Athens but the hlvnlrocs death of Oodrim In the camp of the enemy uring the cruel war with the tH>riana, that led to tha bollllon of royalty and the government of archons? I'hat vigor and expansion did not the Persian wars tnim into ths GreaksV Ths nation had met sad battled Ith the hordes of Darius and Xerxes. They were far dermr iu numbers to their enemy, but they were on lelrown soil, and everything depended on the Issue, very energy was reused to the utmost. every nerve was rained, every device of the <,reek mind during those ar* wua put to the highest mettle They met the ena iy la shock after shock?Marathon, Thermopylae Bala ila, PlnUoa?and thsy drove htm ruined back to Persia, ut as they stood after their victories, with what wars ?