Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1862 Page 2
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2 the* left then:^lv <a* With the ri heel fri its ?>' battle? witii vigor, with Mwrcy, wnh expauded idea-. And i.rooce bl u\ d forthwith mlo the splendid age or | erioIoh. Hl.i-ns crowned iter t .uiuitts with , arid adorned lie elf with ucmpli.re an I paiutings Crewe appri -.ate' and nurtured zEachy lu., and Aristophanes, and Sonata# and Herodotus. Cow y and tragedy. tiLs Umv and In!" i~py?and logic and rhetoric?1 hud almert said then were burn, in Athens the people had improved under tSoir e leigetic effort# and overthrew ibe aristocracy, and Athena stands before la in lull bloom, with her authority ostabli he I over aa extent of more than 1,00'.'mib-o Is uiic >-h?re?tno -o.artortj t-huids, the colonizer itut the w indi g -here- of 'Ihrace and Ma i-adou, the commander of the coast of Euxiue.from I'uuiu loth Taurit Chersonese?her merchantmen otigri ug the:ta:)lc of tho Eastern licditcrrane&u. her tnu^aziiii alworbing the luxuries of Italy, Hci y,Cyprus. l.vdu. Punt ., and l!i I'olojieut sus. An i, sir, we tuay cki.iu lor war, not only that it hns established tho bolief'of a holy Cod on earth, and so hat b en the means of e.Incut int ma . conscience, of correcting his re'.i^i .? belief, of e.'etiiiii g the spir.tual part of titan towards the tioilht wo hip.-, but also tliul war has brought to the bloom that nation which has boon liic rchoolmister to txalt uian intellect, enrich his imagination and purify his taste (Applause.) War, with all its havocs, ha- laid utau under oter.asimg obligat .us t . d-oif, und it not or fair He.i o to turn with unflltul 1. s aud curse the rough parent thai bore Iot. (Appluti- .) Rome, almost the synonym for patriot;-m, for sturdy strong tit. for indomitable perseverance, lor love of popular organizati >n, for the power of the people and the nsa.csly of law ? she wa trained to this character by --c-i.i ui iea of i uuiultuous history." In tho language of atiothor, "Storms which would havo rent asunder the framework f any other polity cult praati.wd her in the art ot controlling popular pass.ous." "To liume we owe llie forms of local government, which iu England have saved liberty, and elsewhere have mitigated despotisia. Justinian's laws have penetrated into ati modern legislation, and aimed all improvements bring us ouly nearer his code." in Rome, sir, we have that same paradox which in so wonderful in America?a tumultuous play and interplay of unfettered popular opinion, action and struggle, which are the currents and eddies in the flow of the great rivor of national affairs, left free to itself, and tugging and sw oiling with tin* volume of its own life, combined with the supremacy of law and the permanence of popular organization. And if religious America goes to the Holy Laud, and polished America goes to Alliens, free, b it orderly America quads its great draughts of refreshment and inspiration from the Senate and people of Rome. In the long period of her history , when, for seven hundred and lifty years, the temple of Janus was scarcely c osed, battle after battle toughened her into obduracy, until Italy was liers. And then for two hundred and" sixty ye its. in war after war?us under her eagles her citizens marched in orderly array through the earth?in war alter war, the discipline of the camp and the subordination of the battle field taught her free citizens more and more the lessens of order and self elite"! and nrear.izetion. Ard when they returned to Rome, though the river of natioual affairs did boil a..d svelii .every cutreut, every eddy knew its duty. What, sir. but the rigors of the lamp can leach a free people to govern themselves in order? (A pp. suae.) Peace to a free people Is nocrssary; but war is equally so. Lor long prolonged peace becomes a canker, that debases .1 nation's vitality and vigor. Under peace, without the healthy lessons of war. the free man becomes more and more free, until his freedom decays luto licenso. And then put that freeman, unaccustomed to the lesson of discip ine, on the battle field. He waits not for orders from (he hill top; he has been too long accustomed to judge unrestrained for himself; and if in his judgment, without knowing the combinations of the whole field, without knowing whether the <duughter of his whole trooo ma v not h? ?? ?-> -uccess "f the g-neral battle. if in his judgm>-nt it is time for him personalty to leave, he, by inalwct, assumes the responsibility: he breaks aud runs. Ami so, rum such over-ripe lroodoni, which lone peace given, the national existence is in danger. Not such was the instruction which her wars gave old Rome. And 1 need not say that she is still, in this respect, the instructor not ouiy ol America, but of the world. And, sir, we can tlatni for war?not only that it has established among meu a belief in (tod; not only that it Lias exalted man's rea son.enriched his imagination and puribed his taste?but bat it has also trained tbat nation, which, by its exirnple, has regulated,ennobled and directed man's will, uid so very much, if not msiniy by the influence of hallo built Judea, Greece and Rome. I lie improvement of the race?the great desideratum of mankind?has been ittaincd. To pass, as in th; rapid review we necessarily must,sir?to pass over the intermediate years and com'' .o the wars of the Crusades?were they an unmitigated vil? I/>ok nt-some only of their etteot... and judge. Th-y itlmu'.tU-d commerce to" a wonderful degree. While they 1 us ted, Venice, tienoa, Pisa. grew great end ri<-h. "The t leets of these cities kept along the uoa-t to supply the noving armies with whatever was wanting.'' The sum t which these cities received for freight from such nnri-ous forces was immense. They gi ew in resiner ient, and were eventually enabled to secure their own liberty and i 'nsptre other spots with the spirit of freedom. Who does aot remember Andrew Doria, the Washington of (lenoa* 3ut this was not all. Constantinople, that had been ex impt fr- in the destructit e rs.e of the barbarian tribes, 'was tlio greatest, as well as the most beautiful :ity of 1 uropc: th" only on.- in which there 'emained any image of the ancient elegunee in manners ?nd arts. In the Eastern empire manufactures of the nost curious fabrics were carried on and Constantinople was the chief mart ia Europe for the commodities of the East Indies. Thus the rough Western peoole. in noving towards the Holy Lund, entereu countries better lultlv iteg. more civilized than their own. New arniirs were continually passing from Europe into Asia, while those that returned not only spread through Europe account* of what they had bobeld. but imriorted many vdighcd customs to which they had become used during heir stay in the East. They described the Oriental tapital in terms of astonishment and admiration. '-Oh! vbat a vast city it Constantinople (writes Kulcherins larnotensis), and how beautiful! How many mount terias are there in ;t, aud how many palaces built with wonderful art! How maDy manufactures are there in he city amazing to behold' It would be astonishing to -elate how it abounds with gold and silver and studs of fanuua kiiiu*. iur every nour snip* arrive in its port aden with alt thugs necessary for the us? of man." xrillelmu*. the nmsi intelligent historian of the Crusade*, .earns to seek occasions to describe the elegance and iplendor of the Court of Constantinople, and to bring the uty into comparison with the West. Goefl'roy, a tableman of the West, in his history of the confuest of Jerusalem describing the astonishment of i sis cornrndes says, 'They could not have believed that i h?re wili a city so beautiful and rich in the whole world. i A'hen they viewed itj high walls, its lofty" lowers, its i ich palace^, Its supeTh cuurches,'all appealed go great, hat they could hnvo formed no conception of this suv- I eign eity unle s thi-y had seen it with their own eyes '' < \nd a' we Und, as th< ee successive billows of w ar 1 traabed no the coasts of Asia, and with refluent wave 1 iwept i k, all through the west of Europe, as one result i ?f the war*, greater solondor is the courts of princes, l treater pomp in public ceremonies, a more reilned taste o ptea- tre , and amusements," and a more vivid spirit ] tf enterprise. And to the wars of the Crusades we owe 1 he Urst gleams of light which dispelled the barbarism I tad ignorati of the West. But time Is rapidly passing uid I must uot pause sir, to-how you how the people ' ssued, more and more untrammelled by Church and i State, from out the war of the sixteenth century, in i ahicli Maurice, of Saxony,rose to piomineuce; from the 'Thirty years war" wh- n Gustavus Adolphu# led the way and taught them to stnko f..r tbeinevlvea; from 1 he Civil wars in Pnglaod; from the American Revoiu 1 ion, and from the campaigns of the elder Napoleon. j rhsoe however, are but ne -erles of wars, which, how , _ ?ven<e soever mAjr havn been their origin, may be con.'pP .idei^d as but one great modern war. leading,as they did, * .o tlrf SXfn? end. nimciy, the wiping away of what ia?i?ow become the wiung?the unheal able guilds of eaiialisni and to the elevation of mankind hvi hc-Kle.hete obligation.-! under wnieh wa has placed man to uer.valf; besides the fact that she is the mother of p .lri>lmm and the luspfrer of eloque.nce, war acts at a ton id and stimulant to all a nation's euergica. And literalurc ueing a nation's exp'esst" ns, Is the tirst to be revivified, ix.uted corrected and adorned. Tlio golden age of over) uation's literature ha-, been COUtemporary or immediately ?ubse.|ucu. to ik- ti-.cssi war Marathon und Matea wore lollowed. as 1 have said, by the age of i'eri ties The tremendous rivll wars of Home nourished , dorace and Cicero, and Virgil and'ivid. And the Au4 -uataa age followed Actium, like the shifting of scenes a*. h pfi! '(SftSXTw ?53 Milton flourished tcgatlier. *ue age of Queen Anne was that of the hardest battle* of Marlborough ami I-ouin XIV. signaled t,ia reign by great vie tor Ms and by the great namos of Ratine ai.d Meliere Tbe Melsaenian wars Inspired i'yrtaus. and fyrta-'is. with his poems, frer/.ied tbe Greek*. Wh;., etr perhanulbc nonet figure in all literature is'hat of Addison, inspired by the iiatlleof Bienh-'? ? "But ob, my niiiM, what numbers wilt thou find To sing the furious troops in but tie joined. Melbinks t h.-ar the dri.tn - t umiliuous sound, L The victor * ihout* aud dying groan* mjuiouihi The dreadful burst of cannon remit ha skier, And nil the thundern of lb# b.itff" rise Ternn then great Ma' lborc'a mighty aoul vras proved, That, n tba shock of charging host*, unmoved Amidol unofaaion. horror and despair, Kxammad all tba Ireadfti scene* of warIn peaceful thought the held of death surveyed, To fainting s-piadr"t,a sent 'lie timely aid. Inspired reptcaed battalions lu engage. And taught the doubtful battle where to rage Stn when *n angel, by divine command, With rising temps-al* shake* a guilty land fPuchannt late o'er pa?" Britannia panned) Calm and serene ha drive* the furious blast; And pleaa*d the Almighty * order* to iierfot m, Rides in the whirlwind ami direel* theatortn. In fart the most elevating part of literature ie due directly or Indirectly to the eia ration of spirit, mat springs from the aa- rith-"*, h?roi?m and m*nlia*>-* of war T -tb' Id fall, air, lu the >ropreties and tba demand" of this occasion should I clo< without referring to events In which we bear the d-epe?t mtara*! and ta him. whose > hartetvr ss a < hrist an warrior b?? l>aen and will agsi to day be amply vindicated by abler Invade than mine Rlxty four years ?go ho retire.) from public duty to tba grateful quiet of Mount Varr.on Sixty three years ago a nation arose m tears to his funeral I liava In my possession tlie very j a-vr on which he licence) me following word*:? ' He fore I resigned my military commission, I offered such advice to iny fellow citizens s* I thought might be useful to them The purity af my intentions was kindly accepted wan apology for the Imbecility of mveugreetlons and seemed to rescue me from the charge of ofB olaoanas", which I feared * (Applause.) Rlr, peed f spea* of the- unnumbered ble?sings which he and the struggle with which his name is inseparably bound h?v? conferred upon this cirrtliiBtit and upon the world They *11 soring to the gratefut memory without suggest *<n r,n i?;b a lay as thit. Klghty laden years of prosperity and g' ry' And now that we have cine to that brink which he feared, if we fail, what will Idstory writs of u*. with h s words of co"nasi In otrr mtBdg* Rnt, great yfarhingfen, w? shall not fail. There is an era to nations Slisicoce duwning this day of which, though cleat to iia. even hi? prophetic mmd did no? dream. la Ihe 2,000 yearif before Ohrlst the world wa* In in its drat cycle of nail'nal life It" great nattm.a were cities Rente, Athens f'artbage, .lefpsalsffl. H*nylon,ow tpy the pagag ofDlstory In 'he 2 0m years n?w ele'tug the world has hr-n in ih* second cycle of national life, lie great nations Uuve been Htatcs. France Austria. Rosin. Rnyland Italy, P? irv-ia? 'liesc.as first c'" s T\>wem, well <M' 'thy fhe in;.** of Ms history. liut It uecds i ? pro I h *tic eye to that there is to the world its third cycle of national li e. God, in hi* ?l v u quii*"'a, u -vor re|*iat.-. IiiuiaoII?ever ad'.a can. A rye ? i1 who h i e natinua shall noi t?:. ttt unit, cits a,ahull in 1he ua "l sec ii 1,.Mates, but slik I lie li illy j; fat countries, a " -I coutini atnl in their propTtioi s and |?>w ( \|ipl o sc ) K r.lure and Finland, and Austria and I'rucsta, and Italy and Sja u. at, I H< Hand and Denmark, and Germany,occu py tagoil er a territory of l,Hi 0,<M> sq iare miles, an I |*?ae?s together a populali u ot ltt.i,UMl,WW. "I'll- Not thorn, Middle, Southern and W. -tern Statei, exclusive o; llii T rrdories and ol tlio Pacific, are occupying today l.dbO.OUO square nines aul at the ratio ot in crease w hereunder thr> luvi s o*11 m> speedily within the Ida time of many of our silior haired una, front th a? to thirty millions, how many decades would this country require to soou fr. u thirty to one hundred an : sitty nn h ins- Kussia. cm iu-n e of her Siberian |sis.-cs.-ioiis, occupies ? tcrrilo y o; .',000,000 square tuiles; auu how in try decades will she require to ilii roM.-e her sixty ludlions to one hundred and t v. only* 'llio n eaibilily of s uch truly gigantic puw. is?equal each of them to all the | great silf) vgeuier 01 too sec Ud i ycle or national life?ig for the present oulf to bo found in two in*tuuce? in the world, K' Hm.i and America. 1'ach are but infants .s > et, for tliu now uuu tbinl cycle is but dawning. Hut (hough infants lln-y stand us peers of the grown nun of Western kurope. (Applause.) Ami true to (lie purposes in tlio future tlie birth of this now progeny of natious, 11 tine of the brothers is 111 tro ible, whether in tbo Crimean or at Mana-sua, its twin is stirred with Interest and fraternal anxiety. (Applause.) Eighty years is iu? nothing to such a country, Thus far wu hut e as u u-.tiou been struggling, not so m ch to live as to get successfully into existence. The idea of Stales rights, of se cession and Of small countries as llr.-t class Powers, lielongs to a cycle of the w orld which is now closing CM' pluuec.) Sir, there is a God in Hoaveu. And the s"''?t question to be decided now sad by thi- war is, is one of mis new progeuy uf the natmus of the future uow to be successfully lsirn, or i.-it to ho strangled in the birth by western European imii and the pa?tr (Applause.) Rising to tlie dignity of her destiny m the future, Amerieaus will not let Washington s America die. (Long applause.) After the applause?so well merited?which gi voted the concluding words of the orator had subsided, th- vast audience separated. The great majority ot theui.how ever, only retired to eu.toy a little refrithment m the atr out of doors, tor they were meet anxious to be again pre-cnt in the Academy at the coocert in the evening. This grand entertainment was conducted by the fall hand and drum corps of the Seventh rogimeut, .and was ill every respect worthy of the ability and artistic exe cut ion of the performers. The concert commenced at eight o'clock P. M . sod progressed to its close to the entire satisfaction of all who had the happiness to partake of the pleasures it afforded. >.. U. A. Celebration of tbe Order off United Americans. The Order of United Americans celebrated the one hundred and thirtieth anniversary of the birth of Washington, at half-past one o'clock yesterday, in Niblo's theatre, which was crowded to overflowing by patriotic and Union loving citizens of both sexes. Over ths outer door of Niblo's was a large banner bearing the inscription :? V THIS UNION T 5 IS NOT FOR A DAY BUT 1> ^ FOR AIX TIME. ^ On the platform or stage, which was beautifully decorated with a profusion of flags and banners typical of tbe Order of United Americans, the members were seated around in full regalia. Tbe Veterans of 1812, in lull uniform, were also seated on the stage, and behaved in a most enthusiastic manner during the exercises. The exercises opened with a splendidly executed national melody, by .Wallace's band, after which the Chairman. Mr. W. F. Blatency, rose to explain the object for' which they had assembled, and in doing so spoke as follows :? Lawks axp gkxtt kkkv?We have met to-day, as members of a patriotic enter, agreeably to our annual custom to do honor to the memory of George Washington. As loyal American citizens, proud of our birthplace and proud of our ancestry, we have assembled to render tlie Irvi,age of grateful hearts to the peerless saviour of our o ratry. We have also convened as Christian freemen ;<> commemorate the Ifirthday of hiin who .secured for us the inestimable blessings of civil and religions liberty, -' venteen year- since the order of United American-?in the exercise of the wisdom which must ensure for it a ntemporaneous tenure with the lmd which it or catiized to love, protect and to defend?adopted the poliiical tenets of Washington m the fundamental principles of their organization. They desire r.o better fotin ilation?they claim noneother. ' Those principles are now being vindicate<l by the grand host of freemen in the i>attle Held, who had enjoyed their a ivautages during the ([ ace of almost a century; and the recent trophies of ourarms in the south are not less a proof of their death less vigor and their inherent power to inspire and Vad men to accomplish deeds of Spartan heroism than of their irrefutable truth and providential suitability to human government The Old World, which had pro-laimed, ill a spirit of long i>ent tip jealously, at our unprecedented progress, tlmt the New had but a limited tenure, and was dying of governmental imbecility, and the premonitory symptoms incidental to the adoption of a republican system, will ultimately find that the young giant was but sleeping, and tliat his rebellious children of the South would toon be brought within the pale of paternal jurisdiction. Tho unhappy war in which we are engaged has been productive, among other-', of one sutarla'.ro beneilt to tbeuation.it has separated the chair from the wheat, torn the mask of friendship for us from tho royal and imperial personages of Kurope and her governments, given us a glimpse of the traitors on our own soil, and furnished us w.ih an experience worth more than lis e-tiruuted c st in the benefits which it must confer on the future defences 'f the country, and the almost universal appreciation of the constitution uuder which otir armies have marched to a sublime series of uneiatni lod victories. It is a singular fact, end one which illustraies the inconsistency and blindnrss of fanaticism, that the south -till profess to revere the memory of Washington, while cdeavoring to divide the country which he fought for, md wo ild ha\e died to unite. The South claim Wasbngt'-n exclusively, forsodth. As the rival mother before : he wise king, she would consent to the division,of the :hi!d in dispute, and behold the young offspring of Washington rent and bleeding?thus Ulue'ratiDg her counter eit maternity and her mad ambition to "build her greetle-s on her country's ruin.' But the Almighty Ruler of aatiocs has appointed no Solomon to strike the severing troke. and the traitors who would deal the blow are powerless for lasting harm. Aiasi that one of them, in whose vein* coursed the blood of Washington, should liavo wielded the sword of u rebel, and fallen a victim to his infamy near the tomb of his illustrious ancestor. There let him rest, despised as Washington would have despised him. and slam as he would have slain him. as sn enemy to his country. Prayer was then offered op by the Rev. j. H Wakeiy md a duet having been sung by Messrs. Nash and Colburn, letters of apology for non attendance were read by p. O. S. J. R- Voorhis from the following named gentlemen:? H?n. F.. D itpaulding. M. C., from Buffalo; Arr.h i;rand Sachem Baldwin; Hon Elijah Ward, M. C.,from Srw Ycrk. Hon. Mayor Opdyke.IIon. C. L. Leary. M. C.'. ;p,n. Preston King,United Statesnenstor from New Turk, ?ml Hon. Horace llavnard, of Tennessee. When Mr. Mavnard a tetter *n read, the audmnce rose and cheered vociferously for the writer, who bad tipre^rd in it such devotion to the Union. The < >(ar spangled Banner'' wan tin*n imug in full choroa, which had amkgn.uceal effect. At iU cocci union i he hoary headed veterans of 1U2 rote in a body, and gave three lusty cheer* for the Stare and Slripei, which were eagerly caught up by the audience, and echoed buck with tentorian eloquence. Rev. J. B. Wakely then stepped forward and read several pertinent extract* from the famous Farewell Addre** of General Washington. When be read that passage ui the a .dree# which bears relation to the sinister design ol foreign influence, It was received with the moat sigi-tficat: outbursts of applause. A beauiitui patriotic chorus was u it sung by the < hoir attached to the Reformed Dutch church, which wa? applauded to the skies by the audience. 11 is entitled ftie Dear Old Flag " The .rator of the occasion, P.ev. J. C. Dtitcb*r, was then introduced and proceeds* to deliver an able and spirited address on toe great man whose anniversary wus being celebrated. THK ORATION. The reverord gentleman ..poke in aubstance as fol lows?How great la the Intersil of the occasion which has railed us tog -ther. How suggestive of the future is the memory which this occasion brings before the mind. How precious is the hold which it has un the American heart Washington la a theme of which poets have sang, which ?tnte?men have lauded, and of which orators have spoken Aye, and fi in lar distant paci*, to wheie the waves of the Pacific leap upon the beech ?t California, the lame of Washington will to day he fee mgiy and gratefully pro nonnced. (Applause.) It will he mentioned with a deep regard', for our country feels a great affection for the uame of her venerated parent. (Krnewed applause.) tnd this is peneclly natural. You know that the starry tlatt. under which *# have always lived and which, m-x| in the religion of rhriil we love and honor, and which to . uy we aie contending for,never seems so beautiful as wb.-u soiied by tlv-ise whom we have always protected (t liters.) We never loved It so much as when It waved m ("ruling graceful folds over the frowning battlements of -under, with traitorous bands soaking to pull It down and trait .runs hearts curstrg it.and frith elianen ban n?r? iadying all around ll (Lund cheora ) A* ?a looked ap?n that w? thought of all li t rlrcumatanoos under whKb it waved ovdr Hunker Hill, htiratoga, IT in' aton and Yorktowo?thought of tha Old OiBftliliitlnn arid of tha "lying wi-h or tlio gallant Inwron a when ha nana tha (lag to Ilia m.i-llieid o( tlio vasal. lint ahw at length It was takan down, and an cither aeeti to lake lie fuitoe, a thousand eyo* Wure mail deneo at the ate tit tau thousand h<-aita tia.it fiercely, and thrloe tan th?i nntl thross uttered a vow that it ihoulrt attain w?m ever Sumter?(loudapplause i?or that the plnufhaher.' a/muld pa* mar tha pile of Hint city thai baa ga.ued iba umb\ laMt reputation d tha mother of mceaa.on. (Cofittaued applause.) liutartor ail that tbev hara dona to torntah it, 1 rejoice to tell you that (ho American flag i? rnuda or faat colors?thay naver ran b? wished ont. rt'liena ) With aurh surroundings ?? have mot to celeb * a th? at itersiry ..f tha autel day of iho K"thar ef hi- Country and would yon quam ,a the nroprlaty, nedtr the c rurrttanrcg,of doing it I uttlv' [Tha sparer Ihan |t nreadrd to give a ( ?.ng drioriptlon ( W> hh .1 O'a 't?r1 " '? a do# is and ntr'hnln f. '* u'.lt: ">t whi' h. he nrsjeeilod ? nevv YORK. HKKAIju, jsu 1 Hut fir Waehrgton'e notlur ke urou'J 1. been i? the Hritp.li nnvy; iui wo wore attached to the throne Of I ngiaed ih n, and h id not b -on ti. i icho i irom a "iimthe: . " euro? ( he rs ..nil lauglitor)?an li'UO-t, good kri I, au I c i. . '.out mother (l>o-i.vve laughter.) Tnis mother, W1.U tin ulwajH been s > < a uful "f her il.i.i, h.i-r tli.it s. i> round fault with us because we ilunijied i It*.* olii Ion], .it ht.iuoji in our hnrbi r .or Int. ow u pro t.v-ti i ?cloud cheers an t la.ghl *r)?n: t though she lo\ e- lie: .imightersoniuch,}i t. it hor daughter won id only tin-, h w ki.idly and glad y ?ho would dig tier grave and hurjr her.and t:i?*e proceed, with hypocniics tinctily. I" w i no In r will uiui ap|>orlion out her elloolB. (itoneived i liceriug ,ui.l :,i gluer.) Oh, w is uvor an uidivi lual i he Washing ton? In ancient anil modern history he at? ds alone. Ituly, wo cuu .s.t> of litui us llyroii said ol Mior. dan? Nature made b it one such m.tn, Aud broke tho die in raoul ling Shnrid.ui ? C Applu co.) lh ytoUiaol III" Ivautdul exploit ol a |ie >p-u placing a .-h unro k or tho (lioon Isle over I'm melt, the li sli palrmt hut when Virtue wept over tho grave of Washingtou ah pl.u ed it gioeu chapiot thereon u pland net or wept o t a uoblor sou than when he wept over the grave <>l Wilhorforce; but when Am": rut II .O.l oi or I I... ..r ..... ..r 11 ? - ------ - .... .114,1?... ? ii jr ?uo >ti|. ... . .. lar u.ibla: bun (hau Kticlaud tner hoi (Ap;>!a >'.) Though years liava iiasscd ~moo (he toues of the fund'al l> II ?a ilie bunks .if the Potomac (oiin-l us mournful, yet I am happy to (ell you llial (leorgo Washington "is not dead, but sleeping.'' (Cheers.) lie Is watching over u? to-Jay in ilie midst ol all our troubles. and to day from Hie cold atni viioele-s hps of his marble statues there cornea forth (ho lno.-t bright and iui|KiHjiiiMieU ok?qtianco be.-oeohuig on to stand by our country in tlio <lay of us troubles (Prolonged cheering.) Ami, us his children, wo look nj> and ..ay?'Washington, we wdl.'' ((treat appiiu-u) Now, when clouds have settled around our dear native laud, wo will glee her our sympathies, and, if needs bo, our fortunes and our lives (Applause i From our intuo.t souls wo will look up and repeal the pstri' t's prayer?"(tod save our countryWe begin to fee! m the heart of our country a political rosurj reetiou The contest betweeu the serpent and the eagle | has bean just begun, and while the ouo :s writhing in his I death struggle the other is soaring grandly towards l eaven, (Applause.) While we have already passed over ibe summit of the mountain of difficulty, and are rapidly deeceudiug to the plane, freedom has eon a forth froui the inouutam tops of the North, and the cry has come back from (he mountain peaks of Alabama ami distant Tennessee of "t.od blass the good old Vdiou." (Ureal cheering.) "The Union must and shall bo pre 'rved," and the glad ho/anuahs of disenthralled thousands have written the doom of the rebellion as surely as the invisible hand placed that of Relschazzer on his palace wall. Port Royal, Itoannke Island, Forts Henry and Ooaelson are only ihe beginning. There has. bovr evar, been only ona dark spot, one drawback on our happiness. But we could not expect it to be otherwise, for our soldiers, brave and patriotic m they are, could not perform impossibilities, and therefore it was impossible for them to catch Floyd. (Cheers and laughter.) I supjiose he stole into the world, and have no doubt he will steal out of it. (Kenawed laughter.) Why, tbey now tell ua that JeCT Davis and bis traitorous Cabinet might as well attempt to dam up the waters of the Mississippi with bullrushes aa to break up this mighty commonwealth. (Cheers.) This country cannot be divided till you cut up ber mighty mountain ranges and stop the course of her rivers. Physically, socially, geographically and religiously we are one people; aud such we will always remain, all the efforts of traitors to the contrary notwithstanding. (Immense applause.) After eotne further eloquent remarks the speaker closed. Thd (ifilar Qnanml/ul QanriAv'' nn/t ilUnma ^1 Uv./. ?> having been sungin chorus, the proceedings terminated. THE COOPER UNION. The Reception of Lieutenant General' Scott. A festival in honor of Washington's Birthday was held last evening in the large hall of tlio Cooper Institute by the pupils of the Cooper Uuiou, under the direction of Mr. Bristow, their instructor. The arches in front of the stage were tastefully decorated with the Stars aud Stripes. In the centre of the middle arch was suspended a beautiful painting of Washington, one of Jackson in the ceutre of the right, aud one of JeOerson in that of the left. Busts of General Scott, Iianiel Webster, Benjamin Franklin and Henry Clay were also arranged on each side of the arches, while the I Kick part of the stag* was completely covered with on* large American flag. At an early hour the hall was crowded to its utmost capa< ity by as highly respectable and patriotic an audience as ever assembled within the walls of any ball in this city. Lieutenant General s'cott. Chancellor Ferris, Peter Cooper ex-Mayor Tlemann. Wilson <;. Hunt. J. K. Pearson and Edward Coojier occupied the front of the stage. When General Scott entered, the audience rose iti matte, and greeted him with nine hearty cheers. The exercises of the evening consisted of a chorus by Haydn, a solo aud chorus by Bristow, a solo by Crosby, and th* solo and chorus, '-The ,siar Spangled Banner." together with an original oration, entitled " The Revolutions of '78 and'61." by Francis J. Tucker : a selected oration, "Character of Washington," by William Wardlaw Scott, ami the reading of Washington's Farewell Address, by James H. Pullman, all of which were rendered with great credit to both pupils and instructors. Tb*leading feature of the evening, however, f|us an address delivered by Mr. Peter Cooper, previous to the reading of Washington's Farewell Address, jrliich elicited throughout the most unbounded applause. He said ? In this most extraordinary slate and condition of our whole country, it appeared. to the trustees of this iu?ti tution. an appropriate duty to call and fix the attention of this audience to the ever to he-remembered words found in the Farewell Address of Washington, the father of American liberty. It was his unswerving integrity ol purpose?the untiring devotion of all his powers of body, mind and estate?that achieved for his country the freedom and Independence we now enjoy, with all those rights and intw:estp,for which tbe good and great have sought and sighed in every age of the world. It was tbe constant, active exercise of all those noble virtues that won for George Washington the love and ad miration of his country and the world. It is, my friends, impossible to overestimate the yalue to our country ot such a life, so full of all that is pure ,n purpose, wise in counsel and heroic in the performance of every duty. Yes, when doubt and dismay bad welinigb paralyzed the stoutest hearts, even when his half starved and half clad army found them- ' through Clouds and storms. through haul and cold, from ' one point of our country to another?he never despairing, always relying on a righteous cause and a determined purpose It is difficult, my friend*, for ita to determine how far the inspiration of that unsullied lite has tended to strengthen .ind arm the people with courage to rush to the rescue of our country and government in this the hour of our struggle for national life. Thanks to the Giver of all Good lor such an exampletto our country and the world. Thanks to our venerable chief, who now honors this assembly with his presence, for all the long and faithful service* rendered, and especially for plans, now rii>ening in the deliverance of our whole country from the delusions or Southern pride, tyranny and ambition. I/>tig may he live to recivethe homage of a grateful people. At the conclusion of this sp-'och threo more cheers were given for Gonoral Scotland three tor Mr. Cooper. General .Scott, living indisposed, was obliged to retlro early in the evening, but before he left the audience rose and gave him twelve naoro hearty cheers. Quite a crowd was in waitmg for him in the street also, for as he entered his carriage he was again greeted withrenouio i che-rs. Altogether, tbe entertatument was one well worth attending and waa applauded throughout. BANQUET AT THE ST. NICHOLAS. The Grand Corporation Banquet at the St. Nicholas Hotel?Hperckes of Mayor Opd.vkr, Host. Grorgr Bancroft, Hon. Jaiaei Brooks, titneral W wlbrldge, Jadgr Daly, KU-hard O'Gormaa, Major General Handford, Llenlrnant Ulleaand Others. The 130th anniversary of Washington's birthday was , celebrated in a becomjng manner at the Ht Nicholas, Hotel last evening by the Common Council. About one hundred and twenty persons were present, including several gentlemen of distinction. Mayor Opdyke pre. sided. and on each side of him were seated Judges Moral!, White, Clerke, Barbonr, MeConn. Recorder Homnan, Major General Hand ford, A. Oakoy Hall, Richard Rusteed. Hon Gao Hancroft. Rav. Mr. Krlnod. Gen Walbridoa and several oiber peraona of rote. Tho banquet room wai tastefully decorated wit'a the Stars and Stripes, while the tables groaned with the weight of the feast " The dinner itself wag a capital one, indeed the Alder men?aad they are generally jonsidered good Judge* of the .ike?pronounced it to he faultless. The bill of fare coiupr sed all the delicacies of the season, Th" Rev. Mr Mcl.aoo said '(race, thanking God in the moet fervent tnasnor for the bounteous reps*', that was spread before them. He alae alluded to the recent victories of our armies in Kootucky and Trnreeaee, and prayed that the rebellion night booh be brought to a, speedy termination. Upon the removal of the cloth Mayor Opdyke called the perty to order, and announced the iirst .regular toast as follows:? 1. The Memory of Washington. Hi* name is tibe watcliword of liberty Hong the people of all Da'lona. The histery of our country i? a perpetual nfTswIng of gratitude to bis valor sad his matchless wisdom. I Hon. tltcoHos Bss'Horr rsnpeuded briefly, paying an eloquent tribute to the memory of Washington He conspared Washington to the gr rot est of tlie great, and said he wes endowed with ail thoee qualities which, go to make up tha etatesrunn, the warrior and the citizen. If evor any man had the confidente of the people it was Washington, ii <or. elusion, Mr. Bancroft paid s handsome tribute to to* On-oration of N?w York, and proposed as a volumetoa?t, lhe Citv of New York." The Anderson Club tben sang ' The tley* of H'.nker Ii.ll " sfii.r vrliirh tho Oiairnutn .inn ia.1 1: > regular toaat'? TlM Constitution of the I'm terl Statue?The g ?rante? of the I t?urIlea of HieArrKu i'.au tfople and tho rhartar Of re|>uMi<Jiu Inatltiitema, flvm an<l endearing ?a the |M?| n]?in which ?fiery are <MtabU?bed Hon. ,Jaj<. Hk.'>o*s reefHinded to thin toaM in an ?l!o.|iiuni manner. lioeotnuHBced by nar tag that the memory ol Washington, he i-lid, liverl iu tiro constitution i( the United Scales, tur nana and furor wan written on nr< ry lino r?T that Instrument. If there ever lived a perfect man on earth Hint nan wan i.eergu tVeliingtut). W' were living In a great ?^r> im,| I he question a? to whethrr we won Id, he nh|.. j t# rnain'aih * government founded on ? .rn.-tltollonnl 1 liberty wan al?"ut to be ' tiled Thotliu ier of o ir a-tiihue on Ute r-irnh-rlr nt and T'-uhc??\ rivean I at I Kottiioke iaia t'1 would ,riu? " Indicate tn? % IN 1>AY, FKBKUAKY 2\ II glorie 's triumph of o r cause, and celebI i-li in ' > irm y 111,01 ever III < m-litutioii and liin lavvb t! i iioul the letipih olid hi uilh of tlio land Good u.'wa from Uixies hunt,'' by the Anderson c ull Tie* t han man ili 11 .inu ' in oil Hid third regular I a l ? l. il uiou?The offorU to sever it will oaly males il i- > . dear to tlio hearts of the people pf Uio whole country uubic?lag of i?ur Union." ' "ill li Wai ikidck, nftcr |>ayitig a tribiite to tlio heioiKin mid couiHgo of the loyal soldiers and

i* er? of the I 11 on whose roceut |mtriotio triutu. lis li*.I cnahlod ih to ooaiiiiainoriito with additional to t"riM. the hirtliiliy of the illudtrtoim Washing I'll, ( utiniied:?Notions are respected as they demons! rate their uliility to enforce tlieir decrees U|"i:i ill accession t<> tlio contr d of tlio govoriimenlof 11' * pro. .Hit .idministration, the Chief Mat istrato, through ("ii department of Foreign Helnii ms, brought to tho knowledge of the K.'iropean government* his flxod pur |s),o 11 uphold . maintain a id defend the integrity of the I n ui .1.*.nilst all domestic treason and foreign interfe i i*11'*i in the pursuit of this put po <*, tin- United St lies, in'' Tiling to the usages of international law, dnclared (lie port, of tho refractory states to he coder blockade W'e had illustrated our ability to maintain this policy by our embargo and mm intercourse laws in the early pari of iii'' present century llitiinaiions from Hi" itnlieh {or.ogn secretary, and his representative, the Itr tisb filmier at Washington, were cautiously put forth of our inability to maintain this effective blookndo accordinn to the requirement* of the laws of nation*. It was proposed by tlie British representative that the right to trudu 10 the interdicted jiorts should continue until some formal notico should be given to the different foreign government* ot commercial nations. Our government justly let it ho distinctly understood that proper-notice could and would be given from the decks of our block uding squadron. Simultaneously with these proceedings, leading Kuglish merciiant* in Liverpool formally aud publicly proposed to l*irtl John Russell the tilting o it, if not dinseuted to by liirn, of an armed force to break tho blocka te, and forcibly oxport the great staple of the South They deliberately asked the British government to give its countenance to despoil their transatlantic neighbors. The British government were uul pruparod in this public way to do violence to sound iiilornutiuual law and to the moral sentiment of the civilizod world. The adtninistral.on, alive to the necessity of energetic action, promptly dcapatcbod to tho courts of tho Western powors two distinguished citizous to London and Paris. These envoys wero expected soon to reach their destination, their appointment having been publicly announced through the press immediately niton tho ofMiutig of the new administration. on the lStbof May. lS01vour Minister, Mr. Adams, reached Liverpool, and the day following London, in ordar that the British government might be early apprised of the views and purposes of the American Cabinet. The British government, however, on that very day, issued tho CjuaeiPs Orders in Council, with phuriasaical words of neutrality in regard to our domestic troublo, virtually and in fact rocognizing the insurgent States as belligerents, and. in that respect, placing them on an equal footing with the I riitod States. Lookiug to the imminent struggle before us, and desirous at an explicit understanding w.hthe Kuropoan Power* in reference to the principles of public law which hart boen enunciated in tho Paris conferences in April, lf'tf, with the several maritime Powers of Great Britain, Austria, l'rance, Russia, Prussia, Sardinia and Turkey, our State Itopartment instructed our Ministers at St.'.Iamee nnd other courts to resume the subject of tlie four propositions that had been agreed upon by the Congress at Paris after the close of tho Crimean war. This matter had occupied-the attontion of the Pierce administration when an Invitation had been extended to this government to become a party to the treaty which wrs tho result of the Paris conference*. Those conferences iu April, 1858, recognized as principles of public laav the following declaration:? First?Privateering is abolished. Second?Neutral flag covers enemy's good*, contraband of war excepted. Third?Noutral good* are not liable to capture under enemy's lings, except those contraband of war. Fourth?Blockades, in order to bo binding, must be so effectively enforced as to prevent aocoss to the coast* of the enemy. It was stipulated by those Powers that these declarations were to be accepted without any modification whatever. and further, that the parties giving in their adherence to tlie same cuter into no arrangement in the ap plication of inuritime law. in time of war. without a stipulation. or strict observance of the points thus agreed upon. 1 he second of these proposition* was a principle that the American people had contended for from the foundation of the republic. It was, in fact, the principle that free ships make freo goods?a stipulation ouiborticrt in ths twenty-third article of the treaty of annty aud coin. merco concluded on the 8th day of February, 1778. be tween tne I lilted Mates and I ranee, When we werestruggl.ng for national existence It was. therefore, old Amurican doctrine. The said second proposition, as well-as tlio third, was not original with the high contracting i?rties at the Congress of Paris, in 1850. because two years previous the President had submitted to the maritime Powers of Europe the same propositions, to l?e agreed upon as permanent principles of international law. The fourth prop siti'u w. s never disputed by this government: <>n the contrary, it was always acquiesced in by the United States, everywhere, and under all circumstances. Th? llrst proposition remains to ho consider ''!? to wit, the 'imposition to abolish privateering. The secretary of State?Mr. Marcy?tinder President fierce, in July, 18?6. declined this stipulation in regard to the abolition of privateering, uulcss with an amendment ex pgB*-ly oxompting private proiierty of individuals, though belonging to a belligerent power, from seizure or confiscation by national ships in time of war; and further, tin topic exception to the proposition that this government should disable itself from entering into any negotiation I'm any modification of the laws of maritime war without stipulating an adherence to the four points of the Paris de< laraiion. This lasi proposition v?? hold by Mr. Marcy l" be inconsistent with the national sovereignty of the United States. The grounds taken for Mr. Mercy 's amendment to ,llo! first clause for abolishing privutoering? to wit, #ro exemption of private property of a belligerent front confiscation?exhibits a humane, enlarged and liberal spirit on tbe part ol the American people. It was simply this, that whilst armies by laud and fleets at sen wore engaged in battle for victory, the peaceful pursuits ol trade should go on uninterrupted, regarding the do ?truction of private property on th" Sea as offensive to r110 morals and civilization of the ags us the destruction of private property on land. As th* proposition* of the Paris conferences wore to be taken together without modification, or rejected, nothing was dniuiloly done in tint premises during Mr. Pierce's administration, and during that of Mr. Buchanan nil confer' nces on the part a. iha Unite 1 States in regard to the ut vttor < ante to an nd. Undoubtedly the leading obstacle was the proposition to abolish private*! tug. that right arm ol our delenoe as a great commercial power. wu'a a then luoon aideruble navy. It was quite easy Icr nine-tenth* of the parties w'io gave in their adherence to the Paris conferences to agree to at> interdict against privateering, when, perhaps, their commercial marine was not sufficient to fit out a single veswl. England and Prance had been in constant ami jostling rivalry in tl? bud ling up, witiun th - la-t ten years,.a gigantic navies, ranging rom ?sven lo eight hundred shlps uf war,as guarantees to ouch other to keep ths' peace at hotne. The lute I Hike of Wellington uimouncud, ui bis place In the .iocs-oi Lords, the comparatively defunct-loss londition ot tbe English coasts, in view oi tho formidable anna mens of Prance, with all the modern Mnpiorenienis and application of stoain power. Frauceron the other hand, a.- if in the rumoiubrance of the wea ?iws0nf tlie y irsi N'a M.teon in a maritime point of view.. has nut forth lisr tremendous resources, iu rivalry and. power. in the i ron ttoii of ? navy, now fully e<pial to thMof llnglaud. Jlennwhile, the navy of tin ( nite l Slate* bore a moat bransidurabie rotation to our grea'. cnu.aaereial rnariuo; yet, iu 111* war of lb t'J, it had won 'minding laurels and v cured lor u*. in the com but* <n a. v.ngle year, a |*i*<tinu destined ultimately to be subordiiuUe to none other on the tin The American commercial marine h.n advanced from a little more than three fount*. of a million In tonrnige, at tlic clone of the war withiUreal Britain, to fly and a half ni llloiisof present toning -?live hundred tli 11aand tons greater than the whole -una mere iai tounnge of Unit great maritime Power which trullles with her sixty coe uial dependencies. reaciiing^'xauDd the entire Iialiii able globe. W hilsi the tied* of 'J*e Western Powers have borne a iaree ratio of protection, to their commercial murine, our navy lia* remained -.imperatively stationary, .mi I, un ill recently, held a most Ulterior relal * n to the man nitude ol the great commercial Uiterest* to he prolecb.ft. France und Kns laud are tint insensible to our immense r? sources?t'j?' skill and ability of our people rapidly to en large our navy to formidable proportion*; yet they,at 'the same time, know that wn hive preferred to prosper r?.her by Viie arts of |>oac>> and industry than through lha agency f largo standing armies or formidable naval arinauuania. They were not ignorant of the delays ,n legislating in a popular govuratner.l like ours, and it ia to be feared thgy they mad* jutue calculations oa the advantage* resulting from sudden irruption* upon us, which, aa Monarchies, thsy could maso, and beuco their reasons for Interdicting ?our arknawwdged right under the public law?of armtng our commercial marine in any contest in which wo might be engaged. f.reat Britain 'tad felt the wounda of this instrumentality in our last struggle with her, in vindication of our maritime right*, the sincerity of the l'trls declaration# in regard to pri vata property on th? high sea* wan front lit to the test by 1 Mr. Marcy's amendment, which. in fact, revealed the ieat purpt .-.e in regain to the first pnut of tlie Pans conferences, which woe to disablt ua of that formidable means of defence wJi.ch had, in our. war of IBIS, rendered . such signal serview The uninterrupted peace aud prosperity which have marked our -wttonal progress since Uua last period had rendered the American public mind Insensible to the urgent necessity of deOntie, flxtd and publicly recogiiged international legiJetlon cpon the i|uestions of their rwlttme and neural ighta, until the present e -traordiiiary conjuncture public siVurs, which row disturbs tut at borne and convulse* end tbre,vnn? the world abroad. Oir domestic c"B> Ileal ions reudcied It nsfvssnry lliat 1 we should have, at an early lay, a list 'act understand* I I u.g with the commairial Pnvurs of the Old Wor'il in re gard l<> tbe rights of nirtral*. This policy has been, pressed v lU all Hit dignity and ability that bei eiiines a great and p* >*?i trrl nat.ta At ail oarly period Ui xir domes! ,n difflriiltius. it became Irn puriant to disable the iinacrupulo's neutral Powers ti( ,n anting or i.bett ng Ui? rebel t'ag to prc-jr npou'Ass < <itnmec .e of tbe I'nllediStatee. To'Atis and ilie 'Worvi tarv Of - UP of Uie I n trd Stales add re-sed a circular to the Md.ietrrs >( the tinted ftlntss at Croat Hrtam, I rats i', K'issta, IT'u sis, Austria, ftigium, uly ?M Wn mart. dirueting oath of theai t> ascertain Whether it was disposed t<> ouu" into negotiation* fcr titn aoaoasinn of tips Umtad states to I'm dm iar.'Aion of tlis Pi.rLat'ougr4oa.nl the same time expressing the I'loaidiHit s approval ni lbo Matty smt idtnani, yet, in consduration of the ehanped coo ligbm of publio allsiis, and, Ui view of the ruining of Hi" standard of revolt, proposing a conTonttoti 'item tbe subject of ih*rii;htitof bailignente and neutrals, lu wt :b tbe lulled States expressed willingnre |i become a party to '.be Paris eUpiilntionx, pure and simple. At, an early n period its tbe loth of April, 1S6I, the Depwtroent of State rg the Cnlted Slates He strutted Mr Adam; at Uitilon, " that trie reci pfiitino .if tbe so .ailed tisifed >r?teuatIons,niuat he deemed oqu'wnh" t to a delilierale reseijtion by h.-r V^estjr govern n ,d that 'hi.- Amur r u govern- .rnt, which lias s> lo?,. i -ni ited a sovereign nation, ..hall be n-.w perntapcntljr lU.^'dveil, and eee-ve to exist forever '?tin same lies, s- ati li being des ^rte ' to retnlr.d the llrltisn giverBmoht* ' at ' he itrlthh eupbe it' ..If Is in ?.zretaUru or^toor. M2. cotnmunitioe, which ewer a lai># i>orti<>u of iup earth, and embrace ou'illltli of its entire populaion, thai acme, at least, of lb sc ooinmuuiti a urn held tu their pt.icce 111 that system by bonds us lrn,;ilr as the > bi palion* of our own le.ier.it Union; that the strain will sumo t mo tome which is to try the strength of lb se hands, though it will tie of a dillurent kimt from that which ? t ymg the c >rds of our confederation ' there lulinonlturns of the li ..ti.oa. ocl in which a recognition by or at Britain of the secede i slates would be regarded by tins k>\ eminent, was thus pointedly h ouabl home to tlio mind ol the British Ministr of Foreign Allairs. Tue despatch convoying them bents (lute fourteen c'.ijtk t?< fo i* thai authorizing a ronosva! of the ooiiforeu' e on the < i'aria inoiiiOcalioiM in lhbti of the public law. my a do-, patch out ho 21st of May, 1h61, from the Secretary of i Stalo to our ICavoy at ljondoii. he w.i. r stri etc! to "de* st from all intercourse! whatever, in illiriul a* well as olbeial, sol .ng as it shall continue Intercourse ol oilher ^ hmu w illi Hie iloinantic oncniles ol this country , and, for liicr, that British i ecoguiti n would be british intorvoiitiou to create, witluu our territory,!! hostile Stale, hjr overibrowing this ru|iub>io." On the lllet of May, 1861, our Mi nisi or oiouod, tvit.li duo formality, to l/>rd John Itns:-ell, the projiosal to negotiate in icgurd lonoutrals in tune of war, slating that the necessary (lowers had b en tran.iuulted to linn, with a form of convention, whicli lie prop ed to pr< sent if (hero wa.s cny disposition to pursue lb" matter. The British Foreign Secretary expressed bis ] willingness m negoti ?ie, but stated his'desire to leave ] in-subject n the handaof laird byous nt Washington, i to wb >iii, as ho lultmuted. authority luid been transmit- ! led to tiKsen' to anv modifli ntinn of ih? ?il? n,l?i in i issue willi i lie government of I lib United States, llns i apparently clear, explicit and (rank undo, stoudii g has n I mest r -iii,li kable si quo!, which w |oimedlv sketched in i our Minister's despatch of tlio 12th of July, MUll, statu s i th.it h.s "prevailing feeding h s boon < no of jwofouna | Mirpn.d at the courso of the British government through- i out iho proseul difficul ty, t i wit:?lir.-t?It prepares, in I tlio form ol' instructions to- 1/ird Lyons, a paper to ha I presented to the Shu alary of State of Hie United States, i among Other things virtua l;/ asking hun to concede Hie i principles la d down in the ilerluratiou of the Uongress of 1 l'ar.s in lHGtj. Second?Wheu in ohodience to Mr. Adams' instructions he pruposes to oiler a prq/ti to Lord John Russell, actually designed to do tlio very thing desired, f he is told that directions ltsvo already been sent nut to Lord Lyons to arrange the matter ou tlie basis proposed i by the American government, of the three art ados, < omittlngllic fourth altogether. Third?1/ird l ycos oxpresses the opinion to the Secretary of Slateuf the United States that his instructions do not authorize htm to enter into a convention with the United Status. Fourth?When, concurrently with those events, Mr. Dayton, at I'uris, pro|?osea . to negotiate on the same business with France, Mr. Adams is informed that this projMisal has been oommuiilcsted to the Ministry in Loudon, and that no di finite conclusion has been arrived at. Mr. AdaniSi in the courtly language or diplomacy, observes, -'that a more remarkable series of misunderstandings has seldom come within his observation." He might have said, in strict truth, that more remarkable tergiversation, ou the part of Greul llritain, was never found in the records of diplomacy. Mr. Adams was given to understand that the Marry proposition was inadmissible: hut as he was instructed not to insist uistn it, laird Russell proposed to take a copy of the jiroj<i of the convention for the consideration of his colleagues. The result of that -consideration is made known in lord Russell's communication, dated July 31u 1BB1, twelve days after the battle of Bull run, in which he expresses his readiness "to carry on tbe negotiations as soon as the necessary arrangements can he perfected in Ixmdoti and Paris, so that the conventions may be signed simultaneously at these two capitals," yet coupling with that .statement tho following remarkable pas sage:?"I need scarcely add that, on thn part of Great Britain, tho engagement will be prosper!tve, and will not invalidate anything already done." Here is the ftrst glimmering intimation of the ulterior purposes of Great Britain, by the assumption of a position unfriendly to tbe dignity and interests of the United States. Mr. 'Adams, in reference to this sentence, in his despatch of August 2,1961. slates that he inu-<t frank ly admit that he does not understand Hie meaning of this last paragraph. Our Minister, howm er, is not suffered long to remain in Ignorance of the real jiurpose of tfie ftrlti-di Secretary. The unfortunate occurrences of the 21st of July, IBM, in the vicinity of Maimssas, hail riponed tho purposes of tho British Secretary, as we Hud m liis note of the l!Kli of August, 1861, from the Foreigu OOlco to Mr. Adams, iti ] whii b ho propc sed, upon signing the convention according to Mr. Adams' draft, embodying the articles of the declaration of Paris, to append the foHowiug extraordinary declaration:? I In affixing his signature to the convention or thiisday he. twi-on hpr Majesty the tpieeu of Great Britain ami Irefnad, ' sud tlio United Slairs ol America, tin Earl Russell de-union, t bv order of her Majesty, that hoi Majesty lines nol intend thereby to undertake any engagement which shall ha v- any liearliis', rttrec or indirect, on : ho Internal riillerem o> now ] prevailing In the United y.a.e At this uoniiuictnrn of putilic affairs, there appoorcd,at i the close of the month of August, 1861, a publication III tho l/nidou (Unix, dated more than four mouths previous, 1 ui th* Foreign Office,strictly Inoiiii au. form, from Ix>rd t Ru-sell to Mr. fc/lv.ards, respecting the then pro|io.-ed an- | negation of the territory 01 Ili?- liomini >11 State t.? the ( dntnlnmnsof S|MMti. It in in honeyed phrases of warm and t friendly tortus, yet stepping out of tho way oflloiaJlv to aui vert upon ami speak of our country a* in a rule oi.i.a.uptlon. 'Ilie noble I.ord acquiesces'in tho state. r mom, In those term*:?''That there no prnhabl iiy ut i pre.-ent of any positive resistance to the measure, cither a bv the Northern or Soutln-rn cordi'deration in North America.' Mai lt the word*. We can bent illustrate the great injustice hero done us by assuming like expins- I sious on the part of our government when the question of repeal was agitated by the O'Onnell influence, I in lH-ifi, to an extent that threatened the separation of the f'nltcd Kingdom: yet earlier when the Tatealas t were in rex olt in 18117 and 183H, seeking independence; v and at another |>eri<?l more recent, w lien the Angle Indian t empire, with over one hundred and arty millions of people, alien in rare and in religion, shaken to the foundation by the storm of war. had circumstance* existed as they did exist, in which we were in diplomat.o corres- I pomletice with Sjiaiti, liail wo referred to Ireland ns n l separate kingdom or protectorate, or to the famulus u* v an independent sovereignty, or to the Ihtjslis of India o us i'e jartn authorities, when tjie English were falling before theu. what would have hocuthe spirit and pur |h>?b of such a reference but ou? o<" besiility and giatu. intion at the supposed approaching disintegration of the C British empire* asked to lierorw a party to the humane princitdcs of puhlij- law embodied in h the Cans declarations to which we hail origiu<U!\v been ii invited to hec une a party. to which forty-six different nations bad liec nut parties, including TIa.vtl, unl tier man principalities so uicouMiiemble aeoot l> ho even T noticeable upon the map of the commercial world Itut t tins was denied unless coupled wi'h the humiliating condition not required of even the most inoon*ii*crahloof any of the other contracting parts -. It is a Matter of historical and universal notoriety that the Ft tucli crown e has boeu in controversy for the l it l.alf i ntury between thl*1 greet dynast ii'S?ijie jirtfcs of the elder Itourb ui line: tho.-a of the inais 1'hi lipp"" tho third, and the now sic'tio-oflui one. iu t! the imperial' dynasty of S'.ipoleoii. iSopposc. in n the conferences at Parts, in 1 V'fl. I'M- llritish government had coolly suggested to the T'ren h Kmperor tie* import am *. iu Ibe event of * outbreak in France, (J and conflict for tho throne, tluit it must '>eunderstood that those declarations, llien signed tin the purt of Great BrituIn. should have no bearing iijshi -Mich tnntlnir?ncie? . as those to viilcb 1 have rcierred, thcro would he no diflieiiltv in reaching the rondo-.on i but the am cable relations botweon Great Britain and l'rsnce would he ut an end?an iusul' Hut would uo' ha o been forgiven by the French Kmpuror or the Kreneb . people. Trie UDited ytale-.ire cot. however, without : rjonaiL triumph iu this *' respect. Thhpihiciple* for which limy had contend' I Ii and formally prcyoetl iu 18.V1. und :?i tbVearliett periods . of our history, tiuve triumphed re/or tho irregular and arbitrary principles contended fotsuud |i. aclised by Grout, Britain (during the wars of the Freaolt 'devolution. TliO'u t| arbitrary j*urt 'Mj.- led to our su vjgle in lsi2; hut they n.,allv practically gave way In 'ha tpening of I ha ' rlinenti war. win the dread of evniliot rltb this republic, * hud tho aunmpt boon mails to force them upon us as a uculiaJand irjispu'ij'' Ut I'ower Wo hud,at iheoetset of our difll;u'He*,g.?en a- a pnro.urnt reason lor our proposed .Kii.areiie" to lb- I "at ? dv.lurulions, the fact c that a niivtge.ied portion of WW people had iai*;d the tt .standard of revolt, and derlnaed Uuevr puipo-e of hv.t- . ing priv ate aft to prey o|*>n th?.i dcnamcree of tho ' "u i? >n. 'fhia raaaon was assigned l>- u.?a- far back as th 4th of t April, lKftli yet, to the '1st Hi July, III the same B year, tbe -stR'Ui'M nil inline m iium ihh urn. gi -?n ui uuy dinaont ?r obie't tun on line |m;t of tbv llritwli government. Tt?df-|i?tclWiof f Jlr. r?iio-h. British' obmiI (it Chart-ton when capturod by 'tow vigilance of our sea pollen, reoaaled the tact that br was in rinse -*d intimate intetwmree with th". antiMritlce of the revolting Stamp. Ho communicated tbetart that tbn Irtish < thorKie*-h*d approached the rebel government eeeltiog their aoyitenrrnce ID tv.? principle that the aontral flag covering.tmuiral gnoda to, be re^ncted Ipoo this dtoenvery our government dftmarded the rocali of tbin Mr Mnnub (of mhpilty). TheRritirh Secretly declined, however, to accede lochia request; and qor govern tnent, tbo 23d of October, law, dot,rmined torevokc the exequatur of the Con.nil, "who hM not only boen t.hw bearer of .txnrnuiaicatiouH betueiii thr |n.mr? gfnt* and a foreign, ciwntnnit, in relation of our laws, but lias abused oquajly tlio ooolldvu'V of tbe two govet.ntncnla by reporting, without tbe uthorlty of his government, and in violation of tlietr om policy, nv woll ay of our mdiOUal lights, th.it t t? proceeding U wliiib he was engaged was in the nature of a trea'.y with the insurgents, and the tlral step toward* the re. coalition by Great Br it tan of their**' uereignty." I'ptt the instant of the.Tret* atlbir nnd th* rapture ot the I tw? rebel emisiarjes, aer governn cut desiwtched adview to our M Hitter it I/mdon that 'in rapture war Wauthnrized; nnd, 11500 the formal application of the I 9rttli>h gnver uncut. these rcprcaAtailv** of t'? re | vol ted States, wo'dd be anrrridwng. In this our government rinled their action upon tlie great American Iclilnm of nuhlic '*w. which *n have cenata itlv ?* sertad alnco" tha cetgin of the vrrnmaot. The dexpat b ot Karl Rusaall, t? acknrwhwlglng Uieir release, attempts to wutrr.wert tha posit_onnaor our gov irnineat, as submitted in tie able desp*tch of our Seareury of Statu. IjordiRusaell, IB his lot lor t? tbe Liverpool Shipowner*'/oaocia'. ton, responds to that bum < i npparu.i ilu.ignat tan. wish which the //roduti Timrt tcakstoaalniHiiviTt u|ion tha action of '/ui government, by cloetug, r..r lha l itis being. through he agency of i. alooa block a<1a, tbo harbcrof the rebellious city of Charleston Hits stone drift, a tem|mrary expedient, designed toho</>r ree'ed iw occasion ami tmvaoiencn mav augga.it, nnrt when the i ignts <>' all ccttoarttcd -hullo ian<lt. - an exi eidtnglyllmlted alfa.r lobe hrougt i up Inibet'otin of S'lpiian indictment. 1/jl as see whoiter we hove not, in Vie history ot this y?ai public csn.vtr, abundant avi (lotion to dMnmnatratc that it is a imniiar prartlco in oariUroe war. As early aa ls04. a a despatch date I Ftibruagy 9, of tbat yoar marked''most oontldent ai fr< in V erd Hobnrt. In ftunning str?et, to the Comptroller of the Hrtilsh Navy, measures were taken, by tha h.ng'a conuwkuo, for seeretly choking, up with stone the ent ranco Into the harbor of Itnuli^ne, in Freoee.a* Rlchelieu, the great statesman, Imd .lone in lf',28, by blocking up the harbor of Koclicltu for tba dlftauee oi in urly a mils. When the iirtiixh people w. re w.v:uy n war ntainsl the ihirt??n coloniiB thiy sunk at trueti< n? In ihecbntinel lit Ha^nnnh, ttoorgla, which icinaia to tins hoar. In 1 HOT tho P.ritish Asltmral i.ewia, upon leiv tig the narrow oni/rure at Alexandria, hgypt. ?'iok flv. -ei| s i artrsl wUh.iiima. At a aidl latw i? r iml.wltbIn ,;l i the p-i r/t lie ir, l/T'l V ipier, during llll-frl 111 i w,r' s(imnifielmj the sinklne of rocks, to prevent i I any iaioroouree with tho harbor of Crousladt. Paring tin* pr vtc * of tliat war the Ruw-iuiia themselves choked * lit iln.l* t o* > !'-uU'pul, to previ lit tJii*. d-s traction ou tlial side of tins fortilicaliocs b> the < oinbiawl Heels of 1.anco at tl hut'laud. Tito presi ut oxixjeitinn of Hi ili.-lt iH .nion, therefore, was unknown in 1770, lHtM, 1X07 and I KM, Tor thro thoy did those vory ants,and justified iiium a principles ol pi blic law, which tliey now ill nounce la (tin* Nniiii barbarousorinte*. Bending the struggtn in which ? * uti engaged to pr orvo intuct lie* cnustUu liimul liberties nl' the Am vicim people, until nrc.nl event* connected with tint huccm- of onr arm* demon Bt rated uur u tidily to nettle and ad.,u1 our own domestic differences if left to ourselves, foreign intervention ban boti repeatedly threatened. Our rouditiun ii.in boon an similar ) to that oi the Turks when enured in civil strife Willi (> ooce, lOi-nlliiiK i" Hie s iveraiu of tho taller In armed intervention l'rom tliu Tui kr-li l ower, and th? destruction of the Turkish llsot in the Buy of Navuriuo BjI ,. ter\ eatkm hae already been extendi d to d ilraoted and unfortunate Mexico. In my humble judgment it in tin* duty of the wh to American peeplr to p.otest ugaiust tho introduction of such intervention in tlin administration of any pec] ie, living on any portion o:' the Western hemisphere, as alike dangerous to our |iouro unit safety. Alter tiie overthrow of the greut Na|Hiti*.on. the despotic Powers in hitiropc put forth lie) protoi.siou of interfering in the internal iillaire of France. Tins wm done at Trajan and Ijtybach, but l.eril Castlercngh protested in hclialf of the Hritiah nation. In 18i!'! the Congress of Verona interferoil la tho inter:.at government id Spain. Mr. Canning, how svrr, declared that the p inciptes hiid down by the Allien in that respect struck at the very existence and vitals of the British constitution. Jf, under all these eireum stances, intervention tie inoditutod, and our lawful and idhiiiif hlBrlciiifit. in .'iiT'nrtiiini'n with I lit* Kiitiritl nrin files of international law, tie attempted to 1 e brokou by my I'ower or combination whatever, tliey must count the cist of war with a spirited aud independent, people, 111.shed by recent overwhelming victories, with 700,009 irmml tnen now in the field,and a country larger than til Europe. destined,sooner or later, to exercise a contorting influence in the affairs of mankind. The Chairman then read the fourth regular toast:? "The I'resident of the United States." Itrunlc in llence. Alderman Davton here read the foils wing letters of ipology from the Secretary of State and the Postmaster funeral:? MK. 8EWARU'8 LETTER. IhePAwrMKN r or Statk, 1 Washington, Jan. 20,1802. f Dkntlsmkn?I have been honored with throe several nvitations hy as many distinct public bodies of citizen* n New York, to join them in celebrating the aiiniver ary of the birthday of the Father of our country and 'ouuder of the American Ubion. I am also commanded l>v Congress to meet them for the same holy purpoeo In :his Capital. Never before did 1 se much lament that I lavo not tho power to be everywhere at once. I rejoice liat 1 can be bero. I should lie glad to be with you. I egret 1 cannot lie with the- other masses ?f < ny fellow citizens in Now York. I wish that I ould be in tho old capital at Albany, in niy own doi.r sill at Auburn, with tho army in Konucky, with the navy at Charleston, in London to thank . .ho grateful Queen, and in I'arls to ask a prosecution to tho sag.vtous Kmperor; at Vienna, at St. Pe orsliurg, at Turin and at Constantinople, te oar testimony to all tins# places at ouce, before hrones, principalities and (towers,Ibnl the childron at A'aaliingtou are yet equally loyal to his memory and uithful to his precepts. I am, gentlemen, witli high regard, vour obedient servant. W11.1,1 AM H. SEWARD. To the Hoard of Aldermen and Board ol Coancftmen of he city of Now York. MR. BI.AIJt'.S I.ETTKR. Ckxti.kmkn?I have your note of yesterday, and beg rou to express to the corporate authorities of the city ef s'ew York my thanks for the honor they lave done me by tho invitation tboy glee o diue w ith them at the anniversary of WashingtmHi lirthdny. and I assure them hut for the invitation ?f singress to participate in the ceremonies ordered in the unitol for the celebration of that day, (should have bee* with you in the grout metropolis. 1 alii, gentlemen, with great respect , M. BIAIR. Waskincio.n, Fell. 20, 18G2. lb the Joint Committee of tlie Common Council of the city of New York. The chairman then (uinouncod l he fifth regular toast? "The (iovernor of tho State of New York."' Music? Jo vomer's Match. The sixth regular toast u as then rend:?"Democracy? hat principle in our system or government which insure* he triumph of the national arms in the present conflict." Music? Dixie's laind." Judge Daly res Minded in an aWa manner. He had been a democrat all his life, aud never did he apireciate the truths of democracy ac> inpro than it present. We have an example of the power ind strength oi democracy of whirh we Imve liavc nothing in history. Seven hundred tliosand volwa eer- are iu arms for the maintenanc e!" democratic rinciples, and by find's help, before many months^ unipiotc triumpli would crown their noble efforts in deencc of sell-government. Song by Mr. Christian I!. Woodruff' Seventh regular toast:?" (Air sister Stales?the rest* ation of our former affectionate relations with them ad s an event to be looked forward to with undoubting hays md confidence.'' Response by Richard O'Oorman. Alderman Dnytun then read iwlrintir letters from Boa. Clijah Ward and Commodore I'auidtiig. kiglithregijar toast?"The Anny and Navy of.the .'ulted States.'" Their courage and their conduct in the | resent was vliich animated the soldiers a*l suitors of (be dayaM ho Revolution. Music?" Star Spangled Baninw." Rer|<onded to liy Lieutenant Giles. Ninth regular toast?1"Hie Volunteers now enlisted is . ho service of our countryThe alacrity with whiek hoy sprung to arms at their i-ountry's call, and thet* alor and skill in battle, provt thetn to be worthy, mm 1' the republic. Musie?Yankee Doodle. ltos|Hindeil to l?y Major General .Satulford. a soiix, "The Flag of .the v'reo,'' by the AnderaM lub. Tenth regular toast?The memory of tho?e who have ist their lives in the service n the country in the exist ig war. Music?Dirge. Kiev<<nth regular t arf? * The Rencb and the Bar.*he champions of freedom, end t ho conservators of J tie ice, and of the peace of the nation. Mumc. Twelfth regular toast?t'I'.spuUr Education.' The only solid basis nu v.h.oii republican institntioae an be founded. Music. Thirteenth regular toast- ?"Woman." A nuiulicr of volunteer toasts were tl.cn drunk, wbea > he juirly separated for thuir homes, it boing then aftm lidnight. ITIZENS' MEETING AT THE COOPER INSTITUTE liittiusiasm of tlio People?Grncral Hretl Honors tltc Uuxy?Patriotic (Speeches a ad Resolution*, Ac.,dir. The celebration of Washington's iiirtbday at tbe oo|er Institute was- a very eniin.-itwe nfTair. TM isiituto v?3 crowded i in every pit*'., and up toaiate our | epic conliuiiod to pour in. '~h9 platform wan ocnpiod by son* ol I J* jradmg citizens ol New York,and lie ladies formed no inconsiderable part of the aitdlenoa. Th" no etiug eautc to order iu the u3uul manner, an* luyor Opdyke wod'Ailcd to the Chair. The ( i tutmsx tnu ?o a brief spcesh, staling the object. f ill" r ?etin.e. anu blading in glrerlng terms to the re" lit enjcesses of the Cniou arms. He thought that the nutvemaryof W. orbing ton's Birthday would this yeer ie cel'tbreted witujay and tladu .an all through the rone ry, '4 con* (deration that peace and prosperity are on no aorr. within tlvs .reach ol all loysi men. There vras a vury nne port -ait of Pre'-idoat I.iDcoto. u*:,ended ovr tlie rear of ih?plaUorui and attracted re**tieutHe. Wr Kv .nrs having ' een Produced, .poke at some r jgih. He aid tbnt there v? re two great national boti l\y? in 'hie country?tb< one. ani the groateat, i;vs the Birthday of ttnfbingtre, the other *?s tb' Wrfhdny of tin nation -.the IVurlU ?/ Inly. (Ctvrt t He n'lndKl to the noble character of (V ishingioti, and said tlint' V ie was ?> nobler pie.lure In my net'oa'e jistory than the reoolleSiona of thgt true, enulne 'iid honored patro t. 11" cons stored t'jat the day ind bran greatly eesecraWd by the attempt ad Insulinion of a ma a who, lor hi, own smlstion, wj endeavorng to overturn the laws and ever principle of right In me portion it the con's leracv founded by Washington, t was pain'.ul to think thai whl e loyal n.eu wore celesratlug tho birth ln> of tn fbtinderof the republic, there vert tho ? still in arms stnv.? ilerce.y for ila orerihr-jw. V Ws-hlngto k.could r atv arise, what would Hi ht? WDM in ?wb a caier What would ic ??y of such a r-1 e- oani, compared with . ii m wb# w?s elected hy the shnlo pwple, ud who I* raw Mr vlng to dc-feul the principles which ha dm tbw ,rst U> " in'ill"! " 'h 'the nker) ho|>ed that thw berate >f tin* loynl pvipla of t>* United Stair*would rtry ioon dsww u tlw rria>of traitors and the voice of trnaan, Uid thai one and al, every ellizcu, would rise In power o dafend that greet Rift of wFaahtni;ton whiah It becasiw i It at- a?ll to nm< -alter on Ota ann varaary of his birthl.ty 1 Mr H. J. ItavaoxD lolli.--.rd in a abort 'poach, In which a mixI tint the miion l.ai no: orjy vlctocloa to win, bat lutte* lo iwrforw. The tullowioit reMutlem were read Uy tho Socretaj-v:? ' Resolved, That thecltlsenaof New \rrk and lu vlnlnly. in mass meeting aaoemlded, rooord anew their reveential g'eillinle to the Olver of all good for thr (treat InM-rttalicdol liberty, tudapewlencn and union which wa ?itc malv?l from '-ha courage. iha wisdom and the vlrun of hero's anoeetera. and celebrate with rv"r-growing oy and prtd<>the tla whl.li, in giving birth to Wadiingon,gave proniHa of the imm-istirnhle tancUts to hin iwn and all Alterageneration which ht? grant life and :hariu'l?r war" Ij achieve li.-eoUed, rfi.tthe w?;t!tn'ed Ithort w.=? of this ration eet npun the principles which tl.a lifo nf Washington wow pent. in-dot itching, and whl-h ?.; t.trowel! word* of vur'Jng anrt tnatnictlon have impre?f-r<t upon the hearts .f ttiii countrymen; that the inomonlnns exia-rlenco htongh which" the nation I s now pe-sing displays, In Uinu tors "f living light, the lm|*ri?n.ili!e truth that to js and our posterity the L'lnon i - tho sure protector of iberty nnd pence among onrselve - of power and ponaa w.tliother nations. Resolved. That we must, on tliiw recurrence of the Birthdaynfy Washington. with heart* full of profound itra;u1mion that the l' - jns of hislitnnnri character Itavo not n h ;i tip-i'i h - ntrymen ?-f thi? generation, with haaru full of the piirp Mo and tie hiye that these lou nn shall be transmitted to onr po-writy, enlaced tnd Iliumluated hy row examples or the sauic heroic i *

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