Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 25, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 25, 1862 Page 1
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1 I TH _=-?T - ? - ?. ^ WHOLE NO. 9298. IMPORTANT FROM NASHVILLE. I JVVWUWJJ^W , , 1 c The Capita] of Tennessee 'e Evacuated by the Rebels. 8 v p V The City Occupied hy General Buell's Forces " s THE DEFENCES OF THE PLACE 1 U ill the Rebel Tennessee Troops Called ! in by Governor Harris* * a A Strong- Reactionary Movement [ Among the People. T U I Tennessee Virtually Restored J to the Union, ? a?., Ac., Ac., J - - tc The Old Point boat arrivod yesterday at Baltimore, p having left Fortreea Monroe an Sunday afternoon. o She brings fourteen released officers, including Colonel d Wood, of the Fourteenth (Brooklyn) New York regiment, f who was wounded and captured at the battlo of Boll ran ; y Oolonol Lee, of the Twentieth Massachusetts regiment, T captured at Ball's Bluff; Colonel Coggswcll, of the Tarn- 1 h many regiment, and Captain Keffer, of Baker's California ( regiment. c Colonel Lee, of tho Massachusetts Twentieth, says, that a Just before leaving Richmond, on Saturday evening, he v n was taken aside by a distinguished officer of the rebel ^ government, who assured him (hat oncofetal despatch had a y?e< been resetted of the fall of NatkvGU. t< Colonel Lee says information was given him about the h , surrender of Nashvlllo by a prominent citizen of Rich- 8 mond, not by an officer of tbe rebel government, and tha1 * a despatch was received by Jeff. Davit uihiUt reading his c {mtmguraL U E THE LATEST REBEL ACCOUNTS. i, HUMKANS TO IBS RICHMOND ENQUIRED EXTRA, 1 FEB. 22, P. M* b Evacuation or s ami tills. 0 Augusta, Feb. 22, 1862. y Pi leate despatches received here from Chattanooga 4 State that federal gunboati reached NathvOle on Tliurtday. v Savannah,Feb. 22,1802. en. Walker has received despatches which state that ^ As Confederate! have evacuated Nathvillt. n Augusta, Feb. 20,1862. Gen. Buett < federal) has arrived at Clarkeville. r WHAT WERE THE DEFENCES OF NASHVILLE? d Ike editor of the Lynchburg Republican writes from Nashville, February 12, as follows:? I write (Tom this city, which at this moment is deeply a agitated by the stirring events whioh have transpired within the last few days along our western lines of defence. Though a large, and in many respects an inviting 2 city, the capital of the State, and not far removed from 0 the Northern Invasion, yet, strange to say, not the Jlrtl preparation itemi to have been made for Hi ruecnsful dt. finee. Bowling Green protected It In on* direction, ana Fort Donelson In another; but the faU of either of there c placer exposes the city to the speedy tread of the Hessian a solum nr. It scorns never to have entered tb* beads 1 *; its people mat danger was only a few miles from ' their doors, aud at any nuguarded moment might 0 pollute their hearthstones and despoil their prized a city. They are now, however, thoroughly awakened '' Nm their strange Illusion. The sndden fall of Fort I Henry, the ascent of the Yankee gunboats into Florence, 11 the apprehended attack upon Fort Donelson, and tho n reported evacuation of Bowling Green, have thoroughly 8 alarmed thorn, and made thorn eenslblo of tb* Imminent 0 danger threatening. ^ Active preparations for defence are now making, fort\fi- ' eatioru are being erected, and obstructions thrown tn the > rierr below the city, so that in e day or so it is thought tho 8 Lincoln gunboats will bo unable to bombard the city even 8 thou Id Fort DoneUon fall. Large and enthusiastic public c meetings are being held every night, the militia in drilled * every day, and if the city ahall bo doomed to fall in the ? haxarde of war, It will only be abandoned after a heroic n defence by it* people worthy of an ancestry wliaee laurels in the field and cabinet are imperishable. The gooemment stores are being fast removed to the interior, and c many families are packing up ready for instant exit in cane * of attack. THE LATENT NEWS. , The Surrender of Nashville Confirmed. , St. Loot, Feb. 24,1842. ii A special despatch from Cairo to the Democrat says the 1 Meat intelligence from the Cumberland is that General j BoeU's forces occupy Nashville. Governor Harris Ka? a tolled in all the Tennessee troops, and a strong reaction 1< has occurred among the people. 1 LoctsmLB, Feb. 24,1862. * Reliable private Information received to-night assures 1 as that Naahvilla is virtually In possession of the Union NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE. 1 Sketch of the City?Statistical Accounts of the Value of the Property In IVasli ille?Its Commercial, Educational and Manufacturing Interests?Its Position, k 4c., die. e There is but little doubt that the citizens of Nashville would greatly object lo a bombardment being performed by our gunboats on that city. Unlike Dover, It is an lm- r portent place, and contains property of great value, the * destruction of which might not only ruin thousands of pernors, but would take years to replace. The importance of the place ss a commercial port is d aet inconsiderable, and its educational institutions, with ^ (heir libraries, he., have occupied years to bring them Into thstr present state of perfection. In connection d with the Information we have Just received, we this day give a full KETCH OP It ASH V U.LI. Nashville la the capital of Tennessee, and seat of Jus* * lice of Davidson county. It Is a city acd port of entrv. 1 And la situated an th? Cumberland rtver, twc hundred 1 mllea abova ita Junction with the Ohio. The population of Nashville before the rebellion waa about S4.noo.but ? baa alnee much decreaaed. Tho city la cluofly built on the aouth aide of the river, on the slopes and at the foot f of a bill rising about two hundred feet above the water IbeCumtierland la navigable for ateamboata of 1 .MXyom a for fifty mllea above the city, and by smaller boat, to the falls, five hundred miles from its mouth. There H are five railroads radiating from Naahvllle?via, the b Tennessee end Alabama, Lonlsvlllo and Naahvllla, Mem- J phis and Ohio, Hickman and Naahvllle Branch, NaahriUe n and Chattanooga, and Naahvllla and North western. The F city la ganarally wall built, and thora are * aumarous Imposing public and private buildings c On# of tha finest of the former la the new v Capitol, situated on nn eminence una hundred u and seventy five feet above the river, sad constructed , Inside and out of a beautiful variety of fosslllfferoae lime- a atone. It la three atoriea high, Including tbe basement At either end of tbe building there la an Ionic portico of afght columns, aach four Tact and a half in dtametar, and over thirty-three fast high, and at tbe sides there are also porllcoe of els columns eaeh. A tower or onpola rises above the centre of the roof to the height of two " hundred and six faet from tbe ground. It h?*a quad- ^ rangular rusticated base, forty-two fe?t light ft E NE V ... ? " urmounted by a circular Call, thirty seven Ml high and twenty-six fact in diameter* rith sight (luted Corinthian columns, designed from the horagie monument of Lyslcrates at Athens. The dimenions of the whole building are one hundred and thirtyight by two hundred and thirty-eight reet, and the eon* truotion cost over one million or dollars. It Is uproached by four avenues, which rise from terrace to rraoe by broad marble stepe. The edidce is considered ue nanasomeni ?iaie capitoi in the Union. The new Court House is a large building, on the public guars, with an eight columned Corinthian portico at ach end, and a four columned portico at each side. The tate Bank is a handsome Dorio building. Among the ther permanent edifices are the jail, the penitentiary, beatrc, Odd Fellows' and Masonic halls, City Hospital, niversity and schoolhouaes. There are two fine bridges over the Cumberland river? ne a railroad bridge, of wood, with an immense raw two hundred and eighty feet, and two tationary spans, eaeh two hundred feet. This bridge ras finished in 1850, at a cost of $210,000. The'other is wire suspension bridge, of more than seven hundred set span, and one hundred and ten feel above the rater. It was begun in 1850, and cost about $100,000. he city water works were constructed in 1823, and the otal expense up to 1801 has been more than $500,000. he water ia raised from the river to four reservoirs rhich have an aggregate capacity of one million six iundred thousand gallons. Gas was introduced into the ity in February, 1850. Among the public institutions lis most important is the Nashville University, incur. orated in 1785, under the name of Davidson Academy, nd in 1806 as Cumberland College. It received its resent title in 1826. It had, during the recent prosperus times, before the rebellion, about two bunred Btndents in the literary department, and >ur hundred in the medical school. The llteiry department was united in 1855 with the Western Military Institute, and took the latter name, ho students receive, in addition to their classical edueaion, a quasi military training. The main building is a andsome Gothic edifice of stone. It has s library of fifeen thousand volumes. The medical department, opend in 1860, also occupies a fine building, and possesaea n extensive museum, besides having the charge of a aluable mineralogieal cabinet of twenty thousand specilecs. Shelby Medical College is a new and flourishing istltution. The female academy, founded in 1816, has bout four hundred and fifty pupils. A public school sysam went into operation In 1866, and there are now three irge schools and a theological seminary. The Historicaj ociety baa a good museum and: library. The State Library nd Capitol have forty thousand volnmea, and the Me. hanics' Library Association was formed in 1800. The prinIpel benevolent institutions are the City Hospital, Proastant and Catholie orphan asyluma, House of Induatry, loepital of the Sisters of Charity, Workhouse established 11800, and the Tennessee Blind Asylum, founded in 844. The Penitentiary is a hamdaonse atone edifice, nut around an opan court, ana au anout roar nanarea onvicts. There arc twenty-seven churchea, including a Oman Catholic cathedral; eight banks, a savings bank, tree insurance companies and several large hotels, in. lading St. Cloud end the Maxwell House. The latter rill accommodate six hundred guests. Nashville has a paid Fire Department, with three steam Ire engines, which were Introduced in 1800. The peridieal press comprises Ave daily, eight weekly and eight loothly publications. The commerce of Nashville is very large, being ear. led on by river and railroads, and by turnpike roads, to tie construction of which the city has devoted a great eal of attention. The revenue of the port amounts to bout $40,000 per annum; but the government has not at erected a Custom House intheeltjr. The average nnual shipments are? 30,000 bales of cotton. 0,000 hogsheads of tobacco. ,000,000 bushels of wheat. ,000,000 do. of Indian corn. 10,000 casks of bacon. 25,000 hogs. 2,500 tierces of lard. The neighborhood of Nashville is a famous stock raising ountry, and has a high reputation for blood horses, jacksses, mules, cattle, shoep, hogs and Cashmere goats, ho leading business of the city is in dry goods, hard, rare, drugs and groceries. Book publishing is carried n more extensively than in any othur Western town, nd tho publishing bouso of the Southern Methodist Con* irenco is one of the largest book manufactories in the Inited States. The manufactures arc less important ban the commercial interests. There are three flour illls, eight or ten planing mills and eight or ten machine hops. The value of tho taxable property here Is $15,00,000. Seven miles from the city is the State Lunatic isylum, and twelve miles east is the Hermitage, the cele" irated residence of Andrew Jackson. The municipal overnment It vested in a mayor, eight aldermen and ixtcen councllmen. The first permanent settlement was aado in 1778-80; the town was incorporated in 1784, reeived its charter in 1808, and was made the State capiat in 1812. Nashville is 280 miles northeast of Memphis 08 wiles southwest of Lexington, in Kentucky,and 884 Biles Trom Washington city. OUB MAP. In connection with the above description we present ur readers with a nap of the city of NaahvUIe and its later municipality, Edgefield. The depots of the railroads ad the directions of their tracks are clet rly laid down, he Nashville and Northwestern Railroad tunning for ten niles on that of tho Louisville and Nashville Railroad, 'he locality of the bridge by which the two places are inited is also cleatly shown, and the river at this point about three quarters of a mile wide, the shores being laed with very steep bluffs. From the steamboat landng to the railroad depot of the Nashville and Chattanooga tall road, the principal feeder to the main railway lines f the South, is a road rendering the ascent of the bluff* ss difficult by an inclined grade. The hilly nature of be vicinity of the city la clearly shown by our map; nd, whether a battle occurs in this neighborhood or not, he map will be found very useful for future reference. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. Inmored Surrender of Savannah?Operations of the Un|on Force. 1st the Ba. rannth River?Rebel Report of the Battle at Sugar Creek. Arkansas. The Richmond Dirpalck of the 2Sd hut., gives the foljwing:? ONFKDKBATH VICTORY?-GENERAL PRICI WHIPS TBS ENRMY AGAIN. The following daspatch was received by the Commissay General yesterday morning, and la said to be confirm d by despatches received by the President:? Fost Smith, (via ClarkaviMe, Ark.,\ and Chattanooga, Tenn.,) Feb. 18,1882. [ Generals Price and Hebert are lighting the enemy tony ,at Sugar Creak, in Benton county, Ark. The result i not known. Our troepa are conBdeat of success. LSI. The enemy lost seven hundred. Our lass in one hunred. Anothei greet victory. ALBERT PIKF[Tbe rebel despatch about their victory In Arkansas elates to lh? fight rop wted by General Ualleck two days go, In which the rebels were whipped, end In which our ronpe took raoro prteooeri than they knew whet to do rith.?Kd. Hntu ] The Richmond Ditpaft* la leading Qenerel Price for hie rant victory, m ennouoced in Albert Pike's deepetch. There la nothing in the papers from Savannah. [From the Savannah Republican, Feb. 19.] ni glTCATlOR OP APPAIRS IN SAVANNAH RIVER. Notwithstanding the hostile demonstration* of the nnmv siuI f Kn shnar nf frtrmlilnhln nrnnnrulinna for nit ttack ob tbia point, no material change Id th* attitude f affktra haa taken plaon during th* paat few day*. MB* twanty hum I* ar* stB at anchor off our flkldaway ntigMan, and about th* tarn* number of gunboats as waanrly ar* to fen M*n in th* vloinlty ef Wall'* Cut and fad river Ob* ag two af th* latter hare advanced a ittle higher up or a little nearer to the main channel, malt bo*la prowl about In th* river between Fort Jackon and Fort I'ulaak I, bat k**p at a respectful distance rotn the gun* of either fort. Our telegraphto commnnlatton la effectually cut off from the lattar fort, and raMr communication haa to b* maintained under th* re of their gunboata, and a floating or raft battery rhleh the enemy has established near Venn*' Point, nd which effectually command! the river. Gunboat klriniabea are of almost hourly occurrence. The auarender of Savannah waa rumorod at Richmond. Arrlwal of the Slagara at Bo*ton. Bosrron, Fob. 24, 18?2. The ateamahlp Niagara, from Liverpool and Quernajwn, arrived at soven P. M Her malla wore forwarded r lb* half pnat eight P. M. train due In New York at six '. M. to morrow Tha newsuaper l<*g ol the proa* waa irwwiied by th* aamo route m care of Adams exprvia. K' V 1T f * 1 ; I / W YO NEW YORK, TUESDAY, THE CITY Ol Wan a# lifikvtllA and MmAaM. viik ?u.?|P ?i nwvafiuv wuv uugvuvivj wwmmm cations, Bridges, Ti BJLLCT GROUND THE NORTH CAROLINA EXPEDITION, flu Reported Burning of Winton bp the Union Gunboat*, dee. TELEGRAM TO THE RICHMOND INQUIRER. Norfolk, Feb. 21,18*3. flu federal foroM again aacendod the Chowan river on yesterday to Winton, with several gunboat* an* a largo number of troop*. Tho Confederates opened a hoary fir* upon thorn, kHIIng and wounding a number of thom. Soma of tho Yankoas landed and burnt the town. The Southerners retired. Our logs la aald to bo two mm and two horaos killed. The humbug Congreaaman, C. H. Footer, waa among the Yankeoa killed. TELEGRAM TO THE RICHMOND DISTATCH. Suffolk, V*., Feb. 21,1802. Captain Nichola,of the Petersburg Artillery, arrived here this afternoon from Winton, where ha had been stationed with bis battery. On yesterday he was shelled ?it by the Yankees. The enemy were supposed to be A.000 strong They had sevan steamers, all of which hava passed up tts rlvsr. Cap tela Nichols had a horse shot from under h.m. Two of bis men worn woundod. The town or Wiutoa la in ashss. Our troop* retired to lt.irrrejt.bori>'. [From the Norfolk Day Boot. F b. 22 ] BURNING OF WINTON, N. C., BV THE FEt'ERALft. The information whica we gave yesterday .* a rumor, proves to be true. The village of Winton was atucwed on Wednesday afternoon about four o'clock by a co'iplo of faderal gunboats. After throw in>; a fuw shells, wbi*b were promptly answered by Captain Nichols' batten , they found it prudent to withdraw , which they did, ai d retreated acme little distance bomw Coleratiie. On the next morning eight or th?-ie gunboats made their appearance, and began an attaci: uLon our oattery? a small, light field battery?ftud compelled our forcoa to retreat. This they did, In good order, to a point somewhere In Murfreesboro. The enemy then landed ft force estimated st five hundred, and, enter' Id( tho Tillage, applied the torch and reduced }t to ashes. They stated that their reason for burning Win ton was that it harbored tho "rebels," who offered them resistance and endeavored to prevent their landing. After this vile Incendiary act the YsDkees re-embarked on their vessels and left the place. When last seen they weie b> low Coleralne. The only damage sustained by our forcoa was tho slight wounding of ono or two men, the kilting of one horse and tba wounding of another; while on tho Yankee's side several ere known with certainty to have been killed, among them, it la thought, the notorious Charles Henry Foster, though this Is not known with cartsinty. The above statement may be raited upon aa correct In every particular, aa wo put ourselves to tho trouble of obtaining It from a source whoro it would not have bean given us bad tbara been any reason to doubt its oorroctINTERESTINQ FROM MISSOURI. Important Order (ram General Hstllock Regarding Slaves mad Other Property of Rebels. St. lock, Fab. 23,1862. The following order has just bean issued by Major General Hal leek Hnaouroitms.IjsraimmnrorMisaorm, Feb. 28,1862. The Hnlor General commanding the department desires to impress upon all officers the importance of preserving Sood order end discipline among their troops, aud aa the armies of the West advance Into Tennessee and the Southern States, let us show to our fallow citizens of these States that we come merely to crush out tho rebellion, and restore to them the peso* and benefits of the const I tlon and tho Union,of which thoy have been deprived by selfish end unprincipled leaders. They have been told that we ootne to oppress and plunder. By our acta wa will undeceive. We will"prove to lbam that wa cotne to restore, nut to violate, tba cob tltntion Rfid fH* Lava In rMtorinr to thum tho irlorlntia flag of the Union we will assure them that they aball enjoy under Ita folds the same protection of life and pro perty aa In former days. Soldiers! let no uAceaa on your part tarnlah the glory of our arraa. The order* heretofore leaned from thla department In regard to pillaging, marauding and the deatructlon of private property and rtealtnc, and the concealment of slaves, must be strictly enforced. It dora not belong to the military to decide upon the relation of maater and slave. Such questions mutt be aettled by the civil court*. Nofugltlvo slave will, therefore, be admitted within our line* or camp* except when apeclally ordered by the Seaeral Command ng. Women and children, mer. chant*, farmera,mechanic* and all pereona not In arm* are regarded aa noa-combatants, and are not to be molested, either In their pereona or preparty. If, howevtr, ihey assist and aid the enemy, they become belligerents, and will b* treated as inch. A* they violate the lews of war thay will be mad* to suffer the penalties of such violation. Military etorea and public property of the enemy must be surrendornd, and any attempt to conceal such property by fraudulent tranafei or otherwise will b* punished, but no private property will be touched unless by order of the Oenoral Commanding. Whenever it becomes necessary, forced contribution, for supplies and subsistence for our troops will be made. Such levies will be made ** light aa possible, and be eo distributed as to produce no distress among the people. All property ko taken must be receipt**! fully, and ao. counted for aa heretofore director!. There order* will be reed at the head of every regl. ment, and all officer* are commanded to atrlclly enforce them, ny command of MAJOR GENERAL HAUU K. W. H. McLrrn, Adjutant General. The gun beat tare* arrived from Cairo lo-day She * ill ? RKH , FEBRUARY 2o, 18G2. F NASHVILLE. t Their Railroad and Water Common! urnpike Roads, ?3h 115 be immediately put oa the ways, fifty feet added to her length, her machinery lowered into the hold and re-' paired throughout in the moat thorough manner. Captain Porter, who came en the Eaaex, to improving rapidly. Hia free and hands are pretty severely scalded, but he inhaled no steam, and will be ready for duty soon again. VIOLENT NOBTHWESTEBLY GALE. Bnlldlngs Unroofed In Brooklyn, Washington nnd Baltimore?Biting Cold Weather?Snow Storm at Boston, die. Old Boreas treated us, to one of his most violent puflb last evening, verifying the old saying that March comes in like a roaring lion. Jut about this tine the almanacs tell u we may expect windy weather, and for once the almanacs are not falsified. The blow last nlgbt wu emphatically fresh, strong, sharp and wintry. The effect was of the most startling description. People passing exposed corners were fairly lifted from their feet, and compelled to gyrate and sampillaerostate in the most extraordinary manner to recover their equilibrium. Somo were wheeled about like Jim Crow in his once very popular dance. Borne, not so expert on their feet, were toppled completely over. Some unexpectedly found them, selwb against a lamppost, a hall door, a barber's pole, or sou!.ditig the density of the curbstone. Othera afforded envanient targets for flying particles of dirt, stone, Ice, or reckless signs and shutters, that defied hooks and spurned hinges as obstacles too trifling to be respected, < dticr* again dl- covered themselves engaged in vqry inter siing hat races, while still others underwent a raos^ pu!ifcf<tl disarrangement of apparel?particularly the ladies , whose dressos wore blown into all sorts of shapes and positions, making, on tho whole, quite novel and inte.

resting tabU a ax. A woman with the tail of hor dress triving its utmost to reach the clouds, and looking for all the world like a half collapsed balloon, was no unfre. quent sight along tbs crowded thoroughfares. The prac. tical utility or beauty of hoops on a blustry March night may well be called in question after the experience of last evening, although in a picturesque point of view rinoline may not be so bad in the eyes of corner loafers, who erack their Jokes and roar their rude Jests, regard. | less of the embarrassed fair ones thus victimized at the altar of fashion. It Is seldom or never that a storm of wind equaj to that of last night visits us without IcaviDg in Its wake traces that are not soon obliterated. Houses nnroofed and windows shattered to atoms are the common results i* this city, to say nothing of broken heede, jsgs and arms and bruiaea about the body generally. With all the intense blowing and bowling of the wind last night, we have failed to learn of any of the accustomed casualties. It ie more than probable that In the course of a day or two, however, we shall hear of some serious disasters to shipping along tho coast, as it is hardly possible for the storm,short though it was, to sweep over without leaving Its mark In some wrecked vessels, and, worse still, the loss of life on the stormy ocean. Heaven save those who are exposed to such droadfal danger*. About half-pest nine a very perceptible lull took place , and the fury of the wind gradually changed to a quiet, toady blow, quit* refreshing and invigorating. The night was Illuminated by a grand turn out of the stars, which took the edge off the wind to a certain degree, and made up for a few other drawback*. THB STORM IN BROOKLYN?TBS ROOF OP TDK CITT HOSPITAL BLOWN OPP. The high wind which prevailed last evening did considerable damage in Brooklyn. A largo numbor of awnings, sign posts, he., were blown down in the principal thoroughfares, and several pedestrians were injured by being struck by them in falling. Fhortly before Ave o'clock the entire roof of one of tho wings of tbe City Hospital, situated oa Raymond street, noar Wlilougbby, was blown off and swept in a mass Into Canton street, at tbe rear of the hospital. It waa composed of wood and covered with tin. Fortunately no person was Injured. EPFKCTS OP THS OA LB IN WASHINGTON. Warrington, Feb. 34,1863. There la an extraordinary high wind prevailing hara to-day. The roof* of bonne* bar* been blown off, trooa torn down and ilgna aad awnlnga destroyed, The roof of tbe I.ibrary of Congraaa baa been blown In. It waa of thick glaaa. EFFECTS OP THE OA LB AT BALTIMORE. Baitimobs, Fab. 34,186T. Tbe gala la vary heavy here, aad the weather la getting ary cold. Many houaea have been unroofed. TB1CE ENOW STORM IM BOSTON. Boston, Feb. 34,1863. A thick anow atom with a atrong gala la prevailing tbla evening. New laaatar From Indiana. InnuNAmua, Feb. 34, 1863. Governor Morton baa appointed e* Governor Joseph A. Wright United Statee Senator to Oil tbe place of Jeeae 0. Bright. Tbi Irlah Western Rifles. Thin la the title of a new regiment which baa been In course of organization for tho paet three month., under the energetic supervision of Colonel Howard Carroll, who is to have command of It when it ia full. Si* splendid companion have aheady been recrnited in Rochester, and tim ramatnine four are now Peine ruined In New York by the following efficient officers:?Captain M. Murphy la raising Company F.; Captain M. Ikirau, Company H: Captnin John II. Nugent,Company 0, and Captain Crowley .Company K. The headipiartcra are at No. 160 Canal street, a here all anxious to Join a crack rogimont will havo aa opportunity of doing no. United Hlnte* Olrenlt Court. FkB 24 ?Tk* Vnitnl Slain rt. liilty ?Tliu prisoner Is Indicted for murder on the high seas, (hi an application this morning In his hchalf, the trial was set down for Wednesday rooming next. Mr. Edwin James and Mr. Charles d. dpeucer are retained for the prisoner. Eli A T IMPORTANT FROM RICHMOND. J [nangnrafon of Jeff. Davis as President of the Bogus Confederacy. Scenes and Ceremonies of the , Occasion. INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF DAVIS, &0?| &Ci| &c? We have received Richmond paper, of the morning or the 22d inat., and a copy of the Richmond Enquirer extra 3f the afterncou of that day, containing the Inaugural iddraaa of Joll'. Davis, deliverod In Richmond on Saturday last. THe Inaugural Address. { From tbo Richmond Examiner Extra, Feb. 22.] Fellow Cmnaw?On this the birthday of the man most dentifled with the establishment of American Indepenlence, and beneath the monumont erected to commeroo- i ate his heroic virtues and those of his compatriots, we lave assembled to usher into existence tho permanent 1 , [overnment of the Confederate States. Through this in. : i urumentality, under the fcivor of Divine Providence,wo ' tope to perpetuate itho principles of our Revolutionary , ethers. The day, the memory and the purpose seem i ltly associated. 1 I < It Is with mingled feelings of humility and pride that , ippear to take, in the presence of tho people and before I ligh Heaven, the oath prescribed as a qualification for .be exalted station to which the unanimous voice of the i leople has called me. Deeply sensible of all that is im- i died by this manifestation of the poople's confidence,! r iin yet more profoundly impressed by the vastros(>onsi. . r >ility of tho office, and humbly feel my own unworthincss. i In return for their kindness I can only oflor assurances ] >f the gratitude with which it is received, and can but pledgo a zealous devotion of every faculty to the service >f those who have chosen me as their Chief Magistrate. When a long course of class legislation, directed not to i the general welfare, but to the aggrandizement of the Northern section of the Union, culminated in a warfare on the domestic institutions of the Southern States? when tho dogmas of a sectional party, substituted for tbo provisions of the constitutional compact, threatened to destroy the sovereign rights of the States, six of those States, withdrawing from tho Union, confederated together to exercise the right and perform the duty of instituting a government which would better secure the liberties for the preservation of which that Union was established. Whatever of hope some may have entertained that a returning sense of Justice would remove the danger with which our rights were threatened, and render it possible to preserve the Union of the constitution, must have been dispelled by tbe malignity and barbarity of the Northern States in tho prosocution of tbe existing war. The con. fldence of the most hopeful among us must have been destroyed by the disregard they have recently exhibited for all the time honored bulwarks of civil and religious liberty. Bastllea filled with prisoners, arrested without civil process or indict, ment duly found; the writ of habeas corpus suspended by Executive mandate; a State Legislature controlled by the imprisonment of members whose avowed principles Suggested to the federal Executive that there might be another added to tbe list of seceded States; elections held under threats of a military powe*; civil officers, peaceful cltizena and gentle women incarcerated rfor opinion's sake, proclaimed the incapacity of our late associates to administer a government as free, liberal and humane as that established for our common uBe. For proof of tho sincerity of our purpose to maintain our ancient institutions, we may point to tbe constitution of the confederacy and the laws enacted under it, as well as to the fact that through all tho necessities of an unami.I triicvio there lias been no act on our Dart to imuair jiersonal liberty or tho freedom or speech, of thought or of tho press. Tlie gourls bavo been opeu, the judicial functions fully executed, and every right of the peaceful citizen maintained as securely as If a war of invasion bad not disturbed the land. Tbe people of the States now confederated became convinced that tho government of the United States hud i fallen Into the bands of a sectional majority, wbo would pervert that most sarred of all trusts to the destruction of tbe rights wbtcb it was pledged to protect. Tbey believed that to rutnaln longer in Ilia Union would subject them to a continuanco of a disparaging discrimination, submission to wbich would be moonsistont with tbeir welfare, and intolerable to a proud people. They therefore determined to rover its bunds and establish a new confederacy for themselves. Thuexperimenl instituted by our Revolutionary fathers, of a voluntary union of sovereign States lor ptir|w>*cs specified in a solemn compact, bad been perverted by by those who, feeling power and forgetting ri*hl, were determined to respect no law but tbeir own will. Tbe government had reasad to answer tbe ends for which it was ordained and established. To save ourselves from a revolution which, iu its silent but rapid progress, was about to pUca us under the desjiolism of numbers,and to preserve in spirit, as well as in form, u system of government we behaved to ba peculiarly tilted to our condition, and full of promise for mankind, wa determined to makeanewasscciat ion. composed of States homogeneous in Interest, in policy and in feeling. True to our traditions of peace and our love of Juatice, we sent commissioners to the United Slates to pr<i|oce a fair and amicable settlement of all i|uoslious of p .tmc debt or property which might bo In dispute. Out the government at Washington, denying our right to seirguvcrnment, refused oven to listeu to any pri js-sals for a peaceful separation. Nothing was then let t to us but to prepare lor war. Tne first year in our history has been the most eventful in the annals of this continent. A new government baa been aatablisbed, and its machinery put in operation over ap area excoedlng seven huudreu thousand scpiare miles. The great principle* upon whit h we bavo been willing to haxard everything that Is dear to man have made conquesta for ui which oould never have been achieved by the sword. Our confederacy has grown from six to thirteen States; and Maryland, already uniud to us by | hallowed memories and material interests, will. / beiiei-e, \ when able to speak with unttjled voire, connect her destiny with the South. Our people have rallied with unexampled unanimity to the support uf the great principles of constitutional government, with firm resolve to perpetuate by arms the rights which they could not peacefully secure. A million of men. It is estimated,are now stand log In hostile array, and waging war along a frontier of thousands of miles. Battles have been fought, sieges have been conducted, and, although the contest u not ended, and the tide for the moment is against us, the Jinal result in our favor is not dovtfful. The period Is near at hand when our foe* must sink under the immense load of debt which they haee incurred, a debt which in their effort to eubjugato us has already attained such fearful dimensions as will subject them to burthens which must continue to oppress thorn for generations to come We, too, have had our trials and difficulties. That ws are lo escape them in future is not to be hoped. It was to be expected when we entered upon this war that It would expose our people to sacrifices and cust them much, both of money and bioou. But we knew the value ?r the object for which wo struggled, and understood the nature of ths war In which we wore engaged. Nothing could be so bad as failure, and any a.-iTlfice would be cheap as ths price of success In such a Coote?;. But the picture has Its lights as well as its shadows. This great strife has awakened in the people the highest emotions and qualities of the human soul. It is cultivating feelings of patriotism, virtue and courage. Instances of self sacrifice and of generous devotion to the noble cauee for which we are contending are rife throughout the land. Never Has a people evinced a more determined spirit than that now snimaiuig man, women and children In evory part of our country. Upon tbo first call the mm fly to arms; end wives and mothers sand their hue bands and sons to battle without a murmur of regret. It was. perhaps, in the ordination of Providence that we wero to be taught the value of our liberties by ths price which we |*y for them. The recollections of this great contest, with all Its common traditions of glory. of sacrifice and of blood, will ha lite bond of harmony and enduring affection amongst tbo people, producing unity In policy, fraternity in sentiment and loint effort in war. Nor have (be material sacrifice* of the past year been mule without some corresponding benefit*. // the acquirmcnee Of foreign natvmt, in a joHtnded Uorkadt hat depr.ofd ut of rmr comment inlh them, U it fad making u a vff-imppnrt ng and ttn independent people. The blockade, If effectual and permanent, could only serve to divert oar industry from the production of articles for export, and employ It In supplying commodities for domestic use. It is a satisfaction that we have maintained the war by our unaided exertions. We bare nelthff ashed ner received assistance from any quarter. Yet tbe interest Involved is uot wholly our own. Tbe world at large Is concerned In opening our markets to Its commerce. When tbe Indeuendonco of the Q>nfed?rate (Hate* la recognized by the nations of the earth, and we are free to follow rmr Interests and incllnatii its by cultivating | foreign trade, ths Southern State-- will ofTer to matiufac turing nations the most favorable markets which ever invited their commerce. Cotton, sugar, rice,tobacco, I provisions, limber end naval storca will furnish attrae ( ttve exchangee. Ner would the constancy of these sup plies lie likely to ho disturbed by war. ?Mir confederate strength will bo too great to tempt aggression, anu never t was thero a people whose Interests and principles com- e milted thorn so fully t* a peaceful policy a* those of the Confederate States, hy the character of their prodi e liona titer are too deepiy Interested in foreign commerce t jD. PRICE TWO CENTS. wantonly to disturb it. War of conquest (h"y ran rot vage, h>* ih0 constitution of their confederacy adnits of no coerced assocru ion. Civil w ir there cannot be jetweeu m eg lie'.d together bv t' eir volition onlvrhii rule of voluntary aiso ation, w'i ch cannot fail to be :onsei vat ve, by s<* U'lcg pist and impartial gov ernmont it home, d< et not dironimh t'ie security of the obligalirna by which the Confederate States may be bound to Pore * na ions. J? VT,?f 0/ Out it it to b remembered ,attiufi. >tm mei.t of Mvrttn-i their right of tecto-um, w McjAaUl, ropo eti a uVU-nont on the Ixuit of a {ymstelt nobility for the. alligations of the general gort/tht/Aenl. * Fellow citizens, after 1h* struggles of ages bad consecrated the right of the Eng.a-1 "z. ? constitutional representative government, our colonial ancestors were rorced to vindicate that birthright by an appeal to arms. Success crowned their enorts. and' thev provided for their posterity a peaceful remedy ag 'lust future aggreenon. The tyranny of an unbridled majority, the most odl>us and least responsible form of despotism, has denied is both the ri'bt ?nd the remedy. Therefore we are in ir" to renew such sacrifices as our fathers made to the icly c us> of constitutional liberty. At the darkest ?> r of cur struggle the provisional gives place tu the JO mauent government. After a series of svacstes and i et riet, which eorered our arm with glory, we haoe re's ''v mc wth t-ri'ivt di'asterr. But in the heart of a peopl- res i ved to be free these disasters tend but to mniuhiie to increased resistance. To show ourselves worthy of the inheritance bequeathed to us by the patriots of the Revolution, wemust miiluto that heroic devotion which made reverse to them but the crucible in which their patriotism was reft .aH With confidence in tho wisdom and virtue of tbcso who will tdiirc with me the responsibility, and aid me in the conduct of public ?'fairs: securely relying on the patriot. Ism and cO irage of the people, of which the present war hi" furnished so many examples, I deenly feel the weight )f the responsibilities J now, with unaff cted diffidence, tin about to u'sumc; ami, luliy roaU.ng t'ie Inadequacy sf human power to eulde and to sustain, iny hope is 'c rercntlx flsid on Hun whos favor Is ever vonchsafed lo the cause which Is just. With bumble gratitude and idontiun.uclcuowltuigiug tho Providence which has so risiblv pr tected tho confederacy d linir its brief but veniful career, to Tliee, Oh God, I trustkigly C'mmlt nyseir. and prayerfully invoke Thy blessing on my coun,ry and its cause. [Colonel Wood, of the Brooklyn Fourteenth regiment, vho arrived at Fortress Monroe on Sunday, was paroled, ind had tho liberty of moving about the city of Richnond proviouwto leaving. He was present at tlie inauguration of Jelfi Davis, ana stated that no entku. iarm wat nam fated en Ike o. ration, hardly a cheer being raited.?Ed. Iuuld.] The Inaugural Ceremonies. [Fiom tho 1 ichmond Enquirer, Feb 'J2.1 1. Colonel Charles Dimmcck to bo Chief Marshal, assisted by four aids. 2. The Senate and Tlouse of Representatives will meet In their respective halls, at half-ma' eleven o'clock A. M.,aud then with their respective officers repair to the ball of the House of Delegates of Virginia, which has been kindly tendoi ed by the House of Delegates 3. The President and Vice President olect will be conducted to the hall by the Joint Committee of Arrangements at a until to.- to twelve o'clock, and be received by the As embly standing. 4. The President of the Senate will occupy the eeav?a the right of the President elect; the Vk o President elect that on the left nf ibe President, and the Speaker of the House that on the left of the Vice President. 6. Invitations are extended to the following persona and bodies, to wit:? Members of the Cabinet, who will be seated on tho right and left of the President or the Senate and Srwaker of tho House; the Governor of Virginia and his staff; the Governors uf any other of tho Confederate Stales who may be in Richmond, and ex-Governor Lowe, of Maryland; the Senate and House of Delegates of Virginia, with their respective officers; the Judges of the Supreme Court of Virginia, and of the Supreme Court of any other of the Confederate States who may be in Richmond; the Judge of the Confederate District Court at Richmond, and any other Judge of a Confederate Court who may be in Richmond; the membors of the lata Provisional Congress; the officers of the army and navy of the Confederate States who may be in Richmond - the Mayor and Corporate authorities of the city or Richmond; the reverend clergy and Masonic and other benevolent societies, and the members of the press. fl. At half past twelve o'clock the procession will move from the hall by the eastern door of the Capita! to the statue of Washington, on the public square, by such route as the Chief Marshal may direct, In the following order, to wit:? 1. The Chief Marshal. 2. The Band. 3. Six members of the Committee of Arrangements, including their respective Chairmen. 4. The President elect, attended by the President of the Senate. ft. The Vice President elect, attendad by tho Speaker of the House of Representatives. 0. Tho members of the Cabinet. 7. The officiating < lergymon and the Jndge of the Confederate Court at Richmond. 8. The Senate of thu Confederate States, with its officers. in column of fours.' 9. The House of Representatives, with Its officers,kin column of fours. 10. The Governors of Virginia and other States, and start. 11. The member!" of the Senate anil House of Delegate* of Virginia and ihetr officers. 12. The Judge* of tbo Supreme Court of Virginia and other State*, who may bo in the C'ly of Richmond. 18. The officers of the army and navy. 14. The reverend ele gy. 16. The Mayor auu Corporate authorities of the city of Richmond. 16. The Masons and other benevolent societies. 17. Member* of the press. 18. Citizens generally. Seats will be p-ovlded by the Chief Marshal for the Governors ef States, tli* Judges, and, as far as practicable, for the other guests. The invited guests aie requested to present themselves at the door of the Hall in the order above Ind.rated. At the stntiH* of Washington the President elect, the Vice Presldeul elect, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of llie House of Representatives, the "dictating clergyman, Confederate Judge. Govern- * of States, Jttdtesi f the Supreme Courts of States, the Chief Marshal and his aids, and sis of the Committee of Arrangements will take jiositKius ou the platform. Prayer will then be offered by the Right Reverend dish p Johns. The inaugural Address will then be delivered [given above]; after which the oath will be administered to the President by the Confederate Ji dge. in Richmond, the Hon. J. D. Halybnrton, and the result will be announced by the President of the Semite. The oath will then be administered to the Vice President by the l*rr-<Ident of the Senate; who will also announce the result. The several legislative bodies will then return to their respective halls, and the Piesideat aud Vice Pre*Meat will then be escorted te their respective homes by the Committee of Arrangements. til* rlatfokm. its will be seen In the programme, theoatbe of office will be administered and the inaugural Ad-Ire** will be delivered from a platform, erected against the s et front of the Washington monument. The platform Is a segment of a circle, extending from tbo pedestal in front of the statue ef Mu>on to that In ft out of Jeff?rs?n. It la substantially built of plain boaru*, and will aocommodal* comfortably a dozon persons, having a front of elghtoen feet, with a depth of ten feet,and If raised about- ten feet above the bane of the moo moot. We are requested to sey that the President's hone# will be epened from eight to eleven o'clock to night for the reception of visiters. Another Post Dsy. PROCLAMATION BY THK fKKSIPSVr. To tit* Pnostjt or tim c>vr*nmt it* st-uk- ? The termination of the provisional gowi. ment offers a fltilng occasion again to present oiirselvis iu humiliation, prayvr and thanksgiving before that Cod wlm has safely conducted us through our dm year ef natiooal exieteaee. Wo have been enabled to lay anew the foundatloaa of free government and to re|>el the effirts of our enemies to destroy us. Law iiaa every where reign, d supreme, and throughout our wide spread limits personal liberty and private right huvi) been uuiy nuoni ?i. a K>du nt ftrncit piety has (wrvaded aur p-ople and lb* victoria* * Inch we bat e obtained over our erctnies bava beau Justly aacrtbad to Him who rnletb the universe. We bad hopvl that the year would have closed upon a cane of continued prueparity; but It haa pleased the 8upretoa Di-poeer of Fronts to ordar It otherwise W# era not.parmklM to (irtilsh an excajitior to (be rule of divine government, which baa prescribed ailliction aa the dtacipllno of nations aa wall as of tudlvldual* Our raltb and parsavaranca muat bo tee ted, and the chastening which seemeth grevtou* win, If rightly received, bring forth Its appropriate fruit*. It la me-i a ad rtgnt. therefore, that wa should repair to the only Diver of all victery, and, bumbling ourselves before Hlra, should prey that He ansy atreogthen our confidence in Hla mighty power and righteous Judgement. Than wa may euraly trust In Him that Ha will perform Hia promise and encompass ua aa with a ahield. In this trust .and to thla end, I, Jeflbrson Davie, Pre Identoftbe O>nfsdorat* States. do hereby eel apart Friday, the 28th of Fnbnary, Instant, aa a day of failing, bumiliattea and prayer: and I do, hereby, invite tba reverend clergy and people of the Confederal# Mates to repair to their respective places of public worship to bumble themselves before Almighty God. end pray for Hla protest >un and favor to our beloved country. and that we may be aeved from our enemies, and from the hand ? of all that hat* us. . . ,. Given under my hand and tbe eeal of the Omfadarata ??,. ????,?? ?"5KJg5nk4?By the Prealdent?WnxjAM M. Bnowra, Secretary tf State, ad fm fba Faltare of fits Rebel Oevarameat. irroBi ui. ?! i. .. ? !, ru... si. j Judging by results M fw It ii the moat lamentable railure Id history, and aug|wU to tho reflecting mind that the moat signal service which that government can now render to the country la the aurrender of the holm to abler and better hands. In view of the past, tho present and probable future, he pogeant of lo-morrew it a bitter mockery and 1 m'erratle ntnpenra/tow for Ike ruin of o fr?. people. A child with a taiihle, nn old man " ill > y r ing wife, are partial Mine' rations of the deplorable fjiiy.

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