Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1862 Page 4
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4: IMPGR7AKT FROM EUROPE. TI1E MAILS OF TIIE NIAGARA. Significant Speech of Lord Derby Against the South. The British State Papers on the American Question. Lord Lyons' First Despatches on Secessionism. Holding the Balance Between an Alliance with Slavery and the Profits of Free Trade. Lord John Russell, Lord Lyons, Mr. Adams, Mr. Seward, and Messrs. Yancey, Host and Manii, on War, Rebellion, Maritime Rights, Privateers, the Stone Blockade, Cotton, and the Slave Trade. Letter from Captain Semmes, of the Sumter. The Departure or the Tuscarora from Southampton* Vie monarchical movement in medico and Central America. movements of the Rebel Commissioners in Paris. WILLIAM L, YANCEY HOMEWARD BOUND JOHN SL1DELL HOUSE HUNTING. OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENCE. Napoleon Studying American Military Strategy, flee., &o., &c. Tho mails of the Niagara reached this city from Boston yesterday evening. Our European Gleg are dated to the 8th of Fobruary. The journals co:.tain some highly important details of the news telegraphed from Halifax Earl Derby's correction of the report of his speech In the House of Lords, at the opening of Parliament?given in the I<ondon Timei?in which be was naade to advocal" an enrly recognition of the rebel States by Kjoglana when he expressed the conviction that her policy die tated the very opposite cour: e. will be read with g*eat interest, as announcing a complete change of feeling, on the part of the great aristocratic leader, t; wards the Southern bogus confederacy. Full copies of all the important papers on the An:e ricaa question submitted by the British Cabinet to Parliamout are also given, with letters of much Interest from our correspondents in Baris on the position of Napoleon towards the L'nio.i, and the great anxie'y with which he regards the oporutions of our army, lbs London OUerver of tho 8th instant says:? Within tho lust fortnight the ropreeeniative of a Live, pool house engaged u number of engravers, lithographers and copper pla;o printers, to proceed to the Jyiilborn States cf America. Tiioy have been engaged for three years, and are to receive each from ?U to ?0 per week. So secret was the whole aff.ur managed that none of them knew how they were to be c mveyed to , their destination. nor wn.it particular ' bus:negi'' tliey were to carry out, nor who wore the real employers. All tboy were informed was that th-y were to start on Friday night last, am. that a certain lirm in Liver|iool would gua. antes their wages and expenses, they having power io break the bargain at tho en i of any of the years. It is surmised that they ar to bo employed in a Confede rate States government printing office. ^Tho Grand Cross of Charles HI., of Spain, has been conferred <>n General Rubalcaba, the Comrr tnder to-Chief ol the S|stnisb squadron in Mexico, for bis valuable services in flttiog out the er.pedition, and for his conduct before v era l rux. The !/>r.1on Time* of the 7th instant s.iys? In reapui t to the cotton brought, to I.iverpeM In the FUmy liHtit, wMch. kvlnt run the bloc adv, arrive ou Monday evening last. wa- ll> rroueo isly >uu-d that -lie ha brought six hundred br.'a of 8en Islands It should have lioen nitty bags ol Sea lslan's; the rant was Bo weds, ami of m.ch loss v alue. The return from the Built of England for the week e:,d lug Feb A givos the fo'lowing re iita when compered with the previous week:? Best I. ?.7:tr'6,3-13 Increaso.... ?106 Publicdeposits 5,7t3,44l Iucruvse.... 3V37S Oth-T deposits .14,17'J 917 I tciea-e... 57J,5'jj On the other aide of :h> account ? Go- eminent securities. 11,301;S02 1'ccr as".... , ?7 Other securities 17.415,.''.0 Increase.... 404 712 Notes unemployed.... 9,030,425 Decrease.... 5.2,t>0 The amoutit of notes in circulate ti is ?20,734,(>55, bei ig an increase of ?.263,470, and the stock of builiort in both depa tmeRts is ?15,950,903. showing a decrease of ?823,406 wtiou compared with the preceding return. * Oar Pai ls Correspond* nee. ranis, Feb. 7,1862, JVapefeon Cnntfratuliter the Cn> t? on fit Virtnry t? Ken tucky?fiiii Majesty F lU at Our Army in Thought?The Oracle Spm-'ct?The Mexican <ju>*<ion?The SUd-U? Srr thrrn Sereerinrriits in I'ari*?Host, Mann and Van cry?Presentation of Am ricam a' Court, dc. Tlia Etnperor gave another ball and presentation on Wednesday evening, and this time, In sccordatico wrh the broa i hints to that effect which he has received from the Toiler> ?, o r amiable Minister wra exclusive enough. Only sis persons were presented Such a thing was ne ,-er " known before, as our countrymen and women have usti. alty goac in do/on* and see res, s< mutinies in hundr d?. Woodman, the tailor, is excessively disgusted at the new arrangement, as he has been making a moat cxceilout thing by renting uniforms to such /.m rl can citisent as did nut desire like Touchstone's shoo hard, to run th* riak of damnation t?y not going to court, and yet ha did not exactly see the force of paying Ave or is hundred franc* for a drese which they could hire lor alxty.aodtbe Emperor and Empress be none the wls?r for It. The following gentlemen and ladiae were iha fortunate one* of Wednesday ? Mrs. Pearce and Mtas Paarce, of New York city. Robert Hanford. Egbert B. lanslng. Georgette Silver, of New York, and G. I/'gey, of San Franclroo, California. In the course of the evening the Em|>eror con;;r*tn'st?d Mr. Peyton upon the recently arrived newt of th' Iiftle in Kent" ky, in which Zollicojfer wot killed, t/ut remark"! lh<it the two Northern armiei, the one in Krnlur'y and the other in the Carolina*, were nearly fee hundred niW apart, and at the roade % e t*ul> at (hit M/troi would te dijfrult for them >o unite, if </>at wore their Sjft. Mr. !sit ton oorrectrd his Msjaety aa to the distance, an. i a conversation ensued, in which the Emperor showed th >t he follou eti nrry m-rrement of the twoarmiet with a greet* d"<il of cart. i h' ilorxiteur, after rem uning a* silent upon the MexlCa j ostlon (which loj-'tt now the topic of o'tecumion in a' ' h Journals of Europe) as though It had not bueu e .< 'r the exlstenc"',f anj tuch 1:1': y up. n the fsco I c t j'oh?, haa (Inaily spoken. It draws It exceedingly I ir wver, and, like the lord Mayor of Loudon, adI '.It th'' "Risen* frotn the elevation of the bump I h t itlchard, to the English throne, "urges nothing I u i+ f," hit rather "thus sslth the Duke" In I is . dletls ef yesterday morning it poVuhed I ab ' . "stick full," in which It informa it* readers, aQ I gri a hxvs been sagsrly devouring th* a/tlc es loih* I JTai^e during the peat weak, that th* Mexican afftir NEW YORK "has been the subject of diiim r u commentaries, par iKJularly on ihe part of the English press." The gist of whk-h it nine up to he (always referring to what the . Kug.ish press saytO that 'there ut lor the three Cuwere a no less uiDorioiui necessity to com 'lets their work iu ; assuring the future, and in constituting In thit country, i in accordance with the desire of tha people, a strong and durable Power, with which Europe can otyoy In the future solid and peaceable relations." The Premr, at Vienna, in an article which has Jus' * reached here, changes Its ti ne altogether with regard to Italy. The h i ighty tone it Iris heretofore assumed, the refusal to acknowledge that there was any Italian quee tion, much loss that it was willing to debate It, Is all dropped, ami it roars us gently as any nightingale. It is i:-olo-* to deny, it says, the gravity of the Italian complications, and thinks that Austria is reedy to bretk away l'rom its old prejudices, and s",ys that (As Min try hold int'icir hinds the solution of all the dxjficulliti which tyring from the Itnlum affairs. Depend up.iu it this moans Mexico The yoke of the stranger is 'o bo removed fron Venice and Verona and" set upon the necks of Vera f'rur. and Mexico. Austria, after a little pretended hesitation, she knows she most sooner or later lose, and which areof j no value lo her, for tho rich plains and silver mountains of Mexico. What think you of the prospect of having the lie; sburgs for your next door neighbors? The traitor Slidell, who, with his associates, are responsible in a great measuro for the fact that the governraonts of Ki!roi>e are seriously discussing the prue.iect of absorbing the republics of North and South America into emm'as, has not yet succeeded in obtaining an interview with bis Majesty, or even with the Minister of Foreign Affairs; but has been for tho last week engaged in the undiplomatic busitie s of house hunting. i-Ie an I his family, which consists of his wife and two daughters ami a mulatto "chattel," are still stopping at the Hotel do Rhine. The white portl m of the family is very exclusive and uncommunicative, keeping their rooms continually, while the "chattel" is exceedingly talkative and delights in telling bow the gallant "Voung Missus' slapped tho face of Lieutenant Fairfax, according to her story, "one, two, troe times." She has told the story so often that probably by this time she be" 'loves it. There are two or three Americans in Paris, men of Northern birth ar.i education, who, h iwever, liero, If they do not openly auvocate accession, hang u|>on the skirts of the soeessi >n party, to whom they seem to delight and consider it an honor to toady. Tho principal one of this tribe Is Colonel HIram Fuller, who a short time since took the trouble to go over to London anil lecture in Tavor of secession. Fuller stops at the Hotel do Louvre, atul as: oclntes altogether with the Southern s-cessionists and a few English and other fo;eigne, s, mole and female, who have become converteto the secession gospel. To judge from his appoaralce, tiowevor, 1 should say his faith did uot bring liim m :ch conso.atlon. He was formerly, as you know,"rather" a pompous self impor'ant tnan,b:l ho goes about now Id king dovnea it. Judge Rost has not yet left Paris, but is posting up his successor, and will leave In a few days for Spain, whore he Is to remain in the same capacity ,-s thft in which ho tuts lived hero. What that is?nnl. as it be to oat good dinners at the Hotel du Louvre, and bo snubbed by tho "powers that be"?1 cannot imagine. Mann goes to Belgium?there to represent tho "confederacy,' and Yancey has, it Is sail, sailed for Havana, i t it e:ne, and will t ike his chance of running the '.o ' ule, or perhaps will bo helped by our English frauds into Mexico, whence lie will reach the ' "onTv'.erste Sta'os," for the purpose of taking his sea* in the "Confederate" Congress. From pi osent appe irances, however, it would scorn to b* a little dubious whether that interesting insi'?,tiim mill be in the land of the lieing by tho time Mr Yancey is ready to honor it with liis presence. Paws, Feb. T, 1S32. FHsconten' of the Working Castes?Dcngers to tl.e Union Came?flood >Vu??Metnalecn's Difhrnlllr* at Hume? Mr. Slid,It's Mission Useless?The Set/I'd Polity of France Towards the South, etc. TheFr'-nch goreanment is in a state of painful anxiety The working classes In all the maanfrcturing districts have become so excited by tho suspension of employ. meet as to utter loud and deep threats against tholr ruler. They ass -rt they will hare work,and not charity; and that a govommo .t which cannot find them employment la not a pood or responsible one. At Lyons and St. Ktierno the parrlsonn fa\o been changed md augmentedThoy were changed because it was ascertained that the lieople had tam;>ered with the soldiers. All over the country this excitement exists In a greater or lessor ds. pree. Iutpend upon it France will <'.o s nvihing towards term nating tho b'ockad of ibe {Southern j orts very soon, unless the Vorth pains%onr.e decisive r. Iran tags. The news of the victory in Kentucky hag hcen Of o re of muck rejoicing here c. m >fj 'he friends of 'he Union. St ill they await witli tho deepest atxl dy the assurance f some great an J signal victory? such as would sirelv deter France from interference and p ev nt h>T Inlrigci % to that effect with the St .lam ?' i'aoiriet from succeeding. You may depend upon one thing, France, i. e Louis %apoleon, is now in n mmt embarrassing position, as I h ivi- as'orte'i for ihe latt s,s months. He has n" more mot ey. ,u ; but 11.tie cred.t. 11 h is, it Is true, forced the Credit Voc-.er to lend him iuxt\ millions of f-anca? tw>!?s millions of dollars. Fut what good will that do, when the imme: so ltnm '.lite rc juirementsof the enipi e are seriously considered? All the prand project* *t. trlbuted to him, such as p itting the Archduke Maximilian of Austria u[>on a Mexican throne, and dan heex-Du-e; of Italy upon the thrones of kingdoms that wi.l ho c& vod out of the s nail republics of Central ' msrica, are but rc:*>rts circulate 1 to in- p(-? .its French people with a grand idea ol the importance sad Influence of Francs, iliis may soccood o lax/.ll ig s.' of tha w II to do bourgeois, hut it will trrriyfail wu c the workmen are cone rnud It is apparent that >'" si;..- h. to sod upon Kiislun I his plan a regards tin Aost iau lnnce. Thcotl.er reports arc I lie. You hava he e sin a simple tif Furland's siii?cr, vlnico'oL ub n>dcun. lie nc.cr w ubi have dared . to ., titaidof h fu.i ; nssntt'this i dsn o ' vxcli ,nclog Mexico tor Vonc 11 D'fo. o t'lti il'tle affair of tl.s Trent Muce tin It ft'.' foe and obtains ail h , wislisu FJipla i ! i- ? to .1 in his hand*. IJo cau vt any ( m sit OSIlSS hef lo csa-s any Opposition she | nriy hive -iboivi. to hi- f rmor pla s. Tb-- Idea , of f-'rat." o siding ith the United states in a war l.ar u-ncli sir liiei.ii It-.- I ! wu'il ; be moel "li"'ir in Kronen,Is enough to u alec them I cower at 'itwi. 9o in i t1 for the re* ill of i?i-. t little j Trent iTalr in 4 ni. r.il v*r. ' In a iuumi 1*1 w.?y 'lwr? h s been spent .vune four I million* "f |*>- nds? eunuch to hti<> Rtib-sdlwl the sailm [ in? ustnctk of I?*.n?iahire. he., fc? | The d We* that are to tike pin ? li ro in ih Chamber# caii"'i; w .a >ii|r tin*i:.porter* of the ? e nin l Th y *11 foresei ? In r! time of it, ' >r there ?,? meri Icciiol by the ei'inn who will spoilt out? , and wliai a flelu ilicy liavj ho. or" them. The gnvoromeut ha* got itself into no end of trouble on account of its patl'n of Prime. It dams not withdraw its ir < , however, for there ?r? th 'Ki wli assort Ih ii *ich ? c ire" would o><1 tho Em pernr h,s '.Urone M.'i to ilh.w .i.tt- rs to remain aulhy urn will tv'l b.in the 'ta'i .n u 1 anr ?, -.ml lie ho! a to that. P "C?- ' h. eoni-i?.tni. a, - t i i iho Mexican e\|iedltlon ho-.eve t ml horannot curnt uimn 8?ln Ills only surf card is It ily .. is to tie P a o I that I/iuls -apoieTi, to set i itoi tr "ible,may conclude to ftgbt oat of It. Vhon he ii-.. h :n ike up h. in.a I to do so. there will b > to, rible titrei for 8' to nations, f'ir France Is Indeed mighty In her land forces it. ' r. vy. Mr. Slldell t? heie, bnt he might ? well be In Jericho for all h': '"in now . ccomphsh. It naa been decided, *s I am piII n good ai'^oritg that no rec> ]4iont of fta-in' /'o>r,jr i/i'ilt tab ft c, that in/ '< th y will be ii/norrrf. All 'hit franc watJ to I vow oj the Southern Slat < the don know. She will wait a short time longer, show no lavor to Fmttheraert,auu anpear a* neutral ass'.o' an, save whe e th With tiki :: real of her ?a .trio I wri "rs mike* then ,o too f.i in sympathetic 'oadertt. 3ho will intact wait to see what (leieral McClellan Ik gojrij to do. If he su< ceeda ir. trtsi g a treat blow, all chan. if co ;nitioo '.,y K'rani 1 t th" .Smith ere g. i e. II he'ails, or only pertlaliy su.ree ls, France wi 1 then, even if si, ne In the act, feognbr t!,e I'a.us government, r lit II then. In aris, Mr. Slldeil will be a mere cypher. IMPORTANT SPEECH OF EARL DERBY. j Tits Sentbrrn States not to hr RetngtiIsril In the House of horde on the T!h Instant the Earl if pKKHY paid he wm Dot much in tbu habit of ooc ipylng the tlme of tbolr lordahti* with matters peritonei to blu>so,i', or with making obaorratii na in reference l > th" report* of his spr oiMS or thoee of ohm no Me lord* in that houae. The fact wa? ha *eiy seldom rat the report* either of hia own speeches or of other speeches which lie heard In the houac. But he hapj ine J to look to the report in the Tim** n 'wsoaper of whit ha addro, ;ed to thetr lordsuipa yes'ordny, and there wa* ore point In It to which he could not help sdrortlng. Ilo would no DOtlC) ttootheriwmniocit* ?? fV report, which he liell werj waa not to accurate aa raports In that journal generally were, and ha only alluded to the one lie had man. tlooad heoanee I' 4a. 'e Mm ernrtl* tto cof tohat to HtUrnl. eren. e to the recognition of the Southern Goofed*. the T ?? report* 1 him to aay that the time toi waerly ?e-i token tor Mijmtg'i fonrmM 11EKALD, WEDNESDAY, ought to be called upon la recognise the tuceeseful revolt of lhoteCnfsterile State*. Now, what he did any w-ia, that in hi$ jwtgment the time had not arrieat when hor Majesty's government irai called upon to recognise the independence of the Southern States, and he added that although the practice of the Majesty's govorum ?t wae to recognise any de facto government tha' had succeeded In establishlag itself, be did not think the resistance of the Southern States had boen so complete and so successful at Utjutlify 'At n in recognizing the independence of State which had noi yet shown the power of wearing and maintaining its own independence. THE "BLUE BOOR" ON AMERICA. lCnglnnd's O/liclal Papers on American AltuIrs--Cabinet and Diplomatic. Opinions on Air, Lincoln's Klection?Secession?1Tin Rebel Commissioners?Tito Queen's Consul, liunuh, at Charleston?The Nashville and Tutcsrora, &c> [Krotu the Ixmdoa 1*081, Hob 8-1 A blue book, extending to 36T |<ages, oonta.uing ex tracts fnm dee,sUches, and including papers relating to foreign affairs laid before Congress at the opening of the session, together with a series of I'arliamontary [taper* r< 'atiiig to (lie civil war, the international maritime law, the seizure ol Messrs. Mason and Slldell, and tbu with drawal by th9 ;* .veTsvmont of Mr. Hunch's exequatur s her Mneety r Consul at CharlCKton, and (hostname* Nashville a:.d Ta. onrora at Southampton, were issued y estcrday The material port ions of both the despair Ins anil correspondence have already appeared iu our columns. No. 1 Is entltlod "Corres[>ondrnoe Relating to the Civil War In the United Stales of North America." II b gins with u despatch of Izird Lyons on tho election of Mr. I.iuc In, dated November 12,18(10, following which ia a Oes -a'ch or Jzird Russell's, dnteil November 29, oxpre.-sing the concern of hor Majesty's government on I ur.i u.c that a secession of States from the Union was approhondod. Writing again on the 26:h of December, Lord Russell sai s:? If separation is to take place, th' intcrets of humanity an I civil'za i'ti demand hu it sh ould be a potveable separation Hu: perhaps (he South may be finally ta'.isflt i wi'h a p, i m'Jc nf t to in'trfre with slavery in the. slave State . That the North will go beyond this, and actually favor slavery by uew laws arid new doclarati ns, is not to bo expected; ner, if they wire to do so, could a iioipleeo flee as the Am v icon |?ople be exi>ociel to gag their press ard their as-teirih.ies on a t'>pic which so warmly excites religious aud moral gymp ithios as the topic of slavery? I.ORD LYONS' OPINION OF THK 80PTHKRN STATUS. Lord Lyons, under date of Decen.bor 18, thus expresses his opinion of the S>uth:rn confederacy:? This overweening n Hon of their tnsn importance may lead to very fcriout ivcnv ni-.ore, if they should ?>ia?ed in e a'lishirg their independence. Our need of their cotton is i|uito great enough to render it extremely desirable th" we should he on good terms with thorn, and encourage any disposition which they may show to place their comwe cial relations with us on a mulu Tv advantage <us footing. Wo might be willing to c >iisi 'or that a quarrel with them would give us no me u s of ameUet aling the (onJi'ion of 0eir flaws, while it would bring a great deal of hardship and sfilferi..g upon vast numbers of car own working p ople. Hut s'ill il must ever le repugnant to our feelings to Is in intimate rdati< n* with a cinfertera v.n f'.im d on the a rov ed prim ipteof perpetuating. if not of extending hi very. Unless the ^ceding S ales ran b induce I to act with m.s.'mr/wm upon 'h i question of slavery, they nii'i roe e a feeling of in itignation ami hirror in Orea' Britain which will overpower all c nsideration of mn'r,ial i at-rest Of this many of lh-ir leading men hi the present movement !o not seom to b> awa e. Some of them even talk openly of reviving tho Air icon s'nvi trade. Au attempt actually to do this wo , i may he supposed, be at on:e put down by the unites! fore- if the Vor'Arrri S'a's, (Ireot Bri'ain, and of civilises! Kurs.ptt. Rut, on the other ban !, it nii;ht be oxtreme'y tliilicult to bring any of the slavcbo'dmg States.to renounce, in principle, the right of trading in negroes, or to induce tlicm to enter into any treaty engagement n the subject. Anr such eng>!gom"iit ivout I be regarded br ihom as an admission thai they were In the wrong cu theq- option on which ih-tr contest wiili the North has f o iiillnmed their pa'Elons that they have lost sight of all re son. How eoul I they bind themselves net toixlend (o .arger numbers of Africans the blessings of tho itu-iituiion of American slavery, which they hold to bo ordained of God for the happiness and improvement of ti e negro race? It is to '< aj prrhmtled Oia' we shall have ery connaerome aijjunn.y ? / jawing our raoww, mm m-reveler }? Wical, on a eatiefactory footing ui'h a people imbued with turh sentiments, imm ti i ati<ihe imjeirlance tui* of yrocuriny a cheap ami abundant tujplyr.f their staple commodity LORD Rt'RSRLL'8 INTERVIEW WITH THK 801TIIERN COMMISSION EHH. I/.ril R gjell, In a despatch addressed to I.ord Lyoua i n tlin lltU May, gives a a account or au in'erviow be bid held v. ith Mr. Yancey and hi-. cdloagnes ?. Mv l. ur>?On Saturduy last I received at my house Mr. Yancey, Mr Mann and Judgo Rom, tho three gutiMomen deputed hy the Southern Confederacy to obtain thoir re c en<tton an independent State, one <f these gentle men, s;i?;?king for the othnrs, dilated on thera isos whicn had induced th-- Southern States to secede from the Northern. The principal of thcae causes, he sold, teat n>< tlarery. but the very high price which, for the take of prctec'tng the Northern mmufatuieit, the .bout were obliged to pay for the mamfactyred ponds u hi h the i required. O o of the first acts of the Southern G'ng-e?s ivas to rct'oce these duties, and, Pi prove their a ncerity, he gave as an iiiatanco that I/uiisi una had given up altogether that pr tection on her susnr which she enjoyed by tho legislation of tho United Stitea. as a p- oof of the riches of the South, he stated that of f.T50.000 opo of exports of prod ice to foreign countriee, $270,1 00,000 torn fm pithed h>l the Soithem Stoic, I so id that 1 en U h hi to off, i il cmmunica'inn with the Meant * of the Son1 hern State*, Th.it, tiowvor, when 'he nuceti n of rec rn.tkm cvnc to b- formally dbmisMd, th -re v. ore two |< intc upon which inquiry tnii.st bo mad<. ji t', ii he hri the hety -esXitoi it ngr.iti'm rmtld muint 'in 'It pe<i rn at an ird pendent Slate; tecomUy, in whii man itr it un prop eft to mnin'ain rei-Jicn with Oer-igi State*. Al'ti r ?;ienl.ing at e mo lengthen the first of these po ;its, an-', blinding to tho news or the secession or Vlrgitila, Mild "tier intoiiigor.ee nv..ruble to their oatum, those got tiainon called my a'tei lion to tho nrli lo in th ire ui-tit'itl -n or .Mb.ting tho slave trade. I s iid that it waa all-wed very currently ihal If the s'uv Stat- a found IhV they ro.'li it t compete wrote tupii with or cotton of iy,ier coiintrid, the>/ mid rrrieI. fir. trade for th' piwpote of diminitliinj tie end of pr j Inrti -n. 7V ; not t.Oit "i; a *tl '.'film uosnir irlf i hi or-; pro t. The fart w.a* that they had prohibited tinsi.e. trr-d ', and did not mean t" revive it. Yin ; p -ii.> >! to ifi'i i f.y :-u-;T'>r the ' rtiteu states aa a prooi tin.: 'Jj i h mi.in ' urea wn Id bo vorly exclun If torn the\nth,"H 'mint1 !/' innth. Oifer (.ii-ervrti?i < wer? made, b.t n?t of very grout im ur'nnre. T!.? ?'e!o itc? lu le i l>jr stntlnu ?Jir? I hoy eh mi l reir.ntii in I/ird n for llie present, ,;i Ihe b .|? tii.it Ibe recognition of the Southern confederacy vro ihl u?t l.e long <1 toyed. !nrii,fcr., J. RUSSELI,. TIIK APPKAL Of YANCBT, HOST AND MAW. We tako the following Jett. r. addressed by Messrs. Y?nc. y, Ih ul and Mnrn to Eari Uusa?ll, from the i'arlia no ti'ary pajier.,:? No. If. IIata Mo tt iHKiff, I *, Aug. 14. 1SC1. The on icr> i * 'I,r ' r I/iroship hue already t n two nci ash ii* ln.uo vet bally end unoltlcially informed, were appointed, o.i the 1 ;th < f March last, a comiuia.inn to ?ie It tannic Ma.'eety'e goi eminent by tho President of be Confederate State* of Ainorira. Th' un lorsigned were imtructed to represent to your ordshtp that aoyea of the sovereign ftatm ??T the la'e American Union, for Juki and aufllcieut reasons, end in ul! accordance ?i'(a fa. jyrm printipU of i-elf fownm'-:t, imd thrown off the authority of tba' Union and fornir ] a o.nfederncy, which they hoi styled the''Confederate dales of America." Th. y w?re further instructed to :?k lor Majesty'* governm nt to recognise tho fact of the uUt'-nrc i f this new power In t'.ie world, and alto to in' irnt it th it th'y mr : fully < m wercd to negotiat with t a treaty of friendship, commerce an I navl -stl n At an early day after the arrival of the undersigned In London, at an informal tutert lew which your lordship was i ease.I to accord to (Item, they itifv. mni your l>,Jhip of he oh o l of their mo .mi, end p. deuvornd to Impress upon ,our lordship that the action of the seven Confederate 'Int' w hoi be.n listed upon rc|/> ited attempts < u tho mrt >f tiie federal government. nod or many of tho more sort hern -late* which comp sou tlo? into Unl m, during a icries of eai a which extended ovor near half a century, o rulo i he iieoplu of the Southern section oi tbat Union by means of the unc"U lumi nal exorcise of powor; nud bsi ?e. ssiun from that fni n b ?1 been resorted to as, u the opinio# of the seceding sta es, the beet and surest node of savli a the tllierties which their federal and Slate jOMtHu'tn&a were ilwiftiel lo secure to tb?m. Tlmy ilao ar d?*v r?d to pl? uafore y mi- lordrbip Mtiel'actory trtdcnca Hut il.o .untieof tliif groat m >vom. nl npi.ii 'he art of tli c lton Mate: wan ?o palpable that It would i.o oM<io.a <1 by i! not by all, ?.f ti.o Southern 4 intra whii !i we-a then Adhering to tho Union, which aroiii' sooner or I .lor boom a c uivincod that I tie h purity if thair r.ghta . ould only b m ilntalnoil by ptinmlng 'lie s.lca procoj iu Mcmalo i ir"?n ih" late iodernl Union, anil vcov-oin to th? eotm Mutton of th>r gnvc-nraeot of tho i otiiederata Stat r of America. 'ih*/ we. ? especially dr^iroua of convincing your lord ship, and ant bo ore your loTdrhlp rcaaour for their be lie.. that tho |?' pie of tho mccdlng State* had viuiatou no principleof al'eglarce In than act of eoo'K.don, b"t,on the contrary, had bean true to (bat high duly wlitcl All citivMia owa to that sovereignly wh.ch is tho gupromo ronfit of |Kiwcr in a state, no mat ter what may be tho i hi (titular lorun or govern man; under which they live; thoy were r.ATeful to show lo your lor<!ahip, however, tint (ho Idea f Am ear * iveroigiity wna different from lb-" t entertained ill <i. ent ftrltain and Hurope; that wheroeg in the gmat tie torn li Unisphere gooo al y a ive'duniy wu deeii'id :o etiat In the govern men t, the fourfSim uf u|x>n that (Ik aration had b ilit up American loetll itio: e, tli?t"..?iveninc it* ware In-litntod atrrng men, deriving tk iirjuat power* from tlie consent of Hie Kovenied; that whenever any r' in of (to-, eriinient bo une* ?1 -tru.:ti o of the.* ende (at,. trl'r 1? life, liberty and the purmiit of liapploer ),li is the right of tbo people lo niter or abolieb it, an lo melitnte a now government.'1 The or I rf Ipto ' v -.-time.I It to b" Incontrovertible' in orde- in give practical vitality to thle dccla-utlnn, tnat '.ke people who wero declared to poa'eat th a right "to niter it to abolish" *a h oppressive g>rernm<l>t inn.it be the people whose rlgi.tench government either aemlle I or no lu.>?er protected. Whether that government ?hould be adminia'ere I by one tyrant or fie more heart lean and epialiy effectual deep diem of ??ction*l and tyrannical m ijorltjr- ould inako no dlflcrenco In the application of the principle. When the people who thu* art in "almiwhIng" their form of government are not mere aelf-'fonatl11ted aeaenibtegea of disaffected Individuate. hut (he eovereign people of great bintea, each possessing separate FEBKUAK* 26, 1862.-T1U constitutions, and legislative and executive powers acting In modes proscribed by th'We constitutions, and taking yo ts under torm and by virtue of law, the ualnor.ty yielding cheerfully to the ueclrfonot the majority as to tlie question or redress, it became c'.ear that whatever might be European visas a- to such action, If developed in E irope. the seceding Stales were amply lustiUed by the great American principles or so ^government proclaimed by their ancestors in 1776. Ttiey submitted that, so tar from the principle or American .ilicga .ee having been violate t by the people of the seceding State#. In those Siates alone is that principle upheld whereby tha actions or men claiming to be the ropresuntatives of the men or 1776 are to b ' guided and justitled, and that Hie people and government or the Slates upholding Mr. Lincoln In his war upon the C u'. derate Slates are alone the trai tors to that great i?dltl :.il truth, and as such must be judged by an Impartial world lo connect! n with tins \ cw the undersigned explained to your lordship the unity, the deliberateon, the m deration atul regard / r jiersonrl and public right, the abs-n-e of undue p pilar iomm lion during 'he pro-en of sece s on, I he daily uid ordinary administration of the laws in every department of justice, all or which wo e distinguishing leu Hires or this grand movement. Tl.uycxia tialed upon the groat extent o:' tortile wintry or or which Hie routedorato States exorcised jurisdiction, prodcinp in ample quanli'y enry vmeiy of cereal necessary to the tuigiuit of their inhabitants, the great valw of the produc ts of cjttbm and l-ha < o grown by th-m, the nomb r and diameter of their people-, and they Submittal to your lordshin that uli or these political and material tacts d' nmnstrated to the nati i.8 of the wo -Id that the net ion of tbo C 'nfoderate States of America u na not that of rebels, subject to be dealt with ? traitors and pirates by their etioray, but the dignl li d ant! solemn conduct of a belligerent Power, struggling, with wisdom and energy, to assume a plaon among the great Stales of the civilized world, upon a broad and est principle which c >mmc?tdc I ilsoll' to that world's re SB Ct. I'lie undersigned have witno=so<1 with pleasure that the views which, in their first interview, they pressed upon your lordship as to the undoubted ripht of the Confede rate States, under the law of nations, to bo treated as a b lligerent Pow r, nnd the monstrous assertion of t rio go. o nmetit of Washington of its right to troat their citizens found in n>ms upon land or sea as rebels and pirates, ha\ e met with the c mcurrnct 'if her firi tannic Majeity's government; nn't that the moral weir ht of this Treat anil Chn.-tian pe ; i has been thus thrown into he teal u< pcerent the barb irou (ami inhuman rpe> tuck of war between cituens so lately claim mi] a common country, condw/ed upon principles which would hove been a disorac.e bi the aae in which ire live. Ttio undersigned, however, received wi!k some surprise an I regret tho avowal o( h;r liritunnic Majesty 's govern moiit that, in order to tho observance of a Strict murrain ty, tlio public and private armed ve.-so's of neither or the conteuding earties would be permitted to enter h r Majesty's |K>rts with prizes. The imdorsigncd do not contest the right of the British government tomakesucli regulations , but have boon disposed to think that it has been unusual for her Majesty's government to eterciso such right, and that In this instance the practical operation of the ruie has been to favor tho government at Washington, aud to cripple tho exorcise of an undoubted p.blc right of tho government of the Confederate States. litis government commenced its career entirely without a navy. Owing to the high aense of duty which dtstiu guishud the southern ''fiiceis who wore lately in commission in the Unite I Slatos Navy, the shins which oth crwise might haw b on brought into Southern ports were honorably d livercd up to the Uuited States go< crnment,

and th i navy, built for the protectiou of the people of all the States, is now used by tho government at Washington to coerce thoroiplo and biockado the ports of one-third of the States cf the lato Union. Tho people of the Confederate States aro an agriculttiral, no' a iiumufacturirg or etmmercial people. Th-y own bet few shipr. ilenco there h is been col the least necessity for tho government at Washington to issue totters of marque. The peoplu of the Confe.!erato Stat is have but few shi|*.aud uot much comma ce upon which such private armed vessels could operute. Tlio commodities produced In tlio (.' nfodoroto Plater are such as tho world needs more thau any other, and ttio nations of tbo earth have heretofore sent their ships to our wbarvea, and there the merchants buy and roceivo our cotton and to bacco. But it fa far othorwise with the people of the present United Suites. Tiny are a manufacturing an t eommercn l ) e ;le. They i'o a large pat I of the .a.Tying trade, of the w irid. Their ships and com .terce afford them the sinews of uac, and keep their industry "float. 7b cri/ple this itidu tn and canmercs to de.itroy their ships or rause them to he dim an/led and lierl uy to their rotting wharves, are legitimate. objects and means of tea-fart. /facing no nary, no commercial marine out of which to improvise public armed vessels to any considerable extent, the Confederate Slat's were compelled to resort to tho iss iauce of !otte: 8 of marque, a mode of wai fare as fully and clearly recognized by the law and usige of nations as any other nrtn of war, and m'-ai assuredly niore human' and tnoie civilized in its practice thau that which ap;>oars to h ive distinguished the march of the trco|w of the government of tho Ucitod States upon the soil and among the villages of Virginia. These facts tend to sh >w that trie jiraclical working of tho rule ihnt forbids the entry of the public and private armed vessels of cither party into Brit sti ports with prizes operates exclusively to prevent the exercise of this legitimate mode of warfare by tbo (onfedeiale .Slates, while it is, to a great degree, u practical proteo tion to th commerce and whit* of the Dulled States In tho inierviow already alluded to, as well as in one of a similar character h Id between your lordship ami the ond:rsigned at a lat r date, .he undersigned were fully awa-e of tho relations of amity existing between bur Britannic Mgostr's government and that of Washington, and of the peculiar tiillc iltios into which these relations might tie thrown if hor Majest} stiouid choose to recognize tho nationality of the Cmrede ata States of America, before somo decided exhibit! ? of ability on tno part of the government of these States to maintain itself had been sh >wn. Therefore they did not dec in it advisable t" urge her Majesty I government to an immediate devi? with presentation of the cause of their govcrniDMit, ad have |nK'tly wail upon events t> J..s:ifysll that they had mi 1, with the hop - that b -r Majesty's governmeut wool l soi'ti cm* to the conclusion that the same sjnsoof justice, the nameview of du'yunlei Ike law of ni tiunt, uki:h caused it to recognize Ike de facln goir.rr m nt of Texas vkilt y ta su/eii r Mexican army mat con n tiny for m/'crmacy upon its ml, the ite faoto yve'l-nunt -/'theSouth American rqnillics while .V;wo ttill vreisted in claiming ty be their conrtipn, and the de facto g-ivrrm^ iti of Gitrce, of B Jyt?m, and Italy, too*Ui induce it to reonpui* the gorernmrnt of fit Confrdfate State* of Amei ica u/nm the htjpenlng of eoentt exAc-iling a deep va'etl and alndinp onjldciKf. ffc.it success tot.'I attend their tjforU. At all event*, recousi motion of the Uoi'h is an i npotfibdity. The brief history of the past coulh ms U.om iu this belief. since the oiganl teti .n of the givcrnmuet of t' e Confe r#r?.ePia-?* is y'eb'uarjr last, anil sine- M . I.iucolu ues'wed the reins o; government in the I'nl'.od Mates, and commenced pre; siring nis aj'gre.-lve pole y against the Confederate elate*. the m <ral weight of their ixisition ard cause, a.de . by ih'. cot stitutiooat return ami policy of the new l'lcs dcnt and liis (uiinrt, have ruu-eil tour o'her gnat St t>?, viz: Virginia, North Carol in i,Tonnes roe and Arkansas, oontuinlnj; atiout 4,hOO.(XHi Inhabitants, a at e iv.m lug a . o ,t< nt of vuiuab o ternto. y equal to that of I'r inco an 1 a in, to secede from the lite IT; im and join the Confederate States; whiie the inhibit i.ts of lie re ntlior jsjweri'u! Plates. viz: M tryland, Kentucky nod Mis s.iuri, are now .igitated by the thrifts of ruvol"tion,aud a la-go part "1 tti in aro rising in artiiato'e e-l tlio milt- [ la v doRfxdism wl:l"h, ti> the nan e c.f the ceerlilution, ha* Iteen so ruthlessly, and in such ut>er perccr- 1 mcii o; tho provisions. <y tout instrument, i u|<orcd upon t Ik in. The undom igncd have also s .(i.c.c.il rrua.uis Tip ilio boh I th.il oviu in Hi-' northwt a ru p.-., t of the Slate of Illinois a >.?rt of It*? have pr cooicd >|?nopfioallion to Mr. LUicolnVinconstinnional mil dee | otic gov.ui in i.t.i.hllo in Several olh-r p .hl.c :? s ml.lie .irnt tlioli- Isylst ill rt a I avooon lem mil Hie war as subversive ol Ilia conrlit'illon. In adiltou to ihero strikii r, vfliinv ii ol Uw iiicriwat itraiKth ol tliu tiio Confid. rate St t ft* an.I oi groat internal wo'i'.neu *n<l division in Mr. Lincoln's m.verno o l,the undesigned can proud ly mill c- iifi.iei.lly point >. ihr uiii v tvAicA rsi/tr nm/.n the )K pit of tK rleim Canft (. ate Sin rt, urithlhe solitary ..n I uuim]o.1nritcer.f)ti n oj iUt czlrtiti. it ith.o it torn-1 of y&ipnia, lying betwo.n Ohio anil Pennsylvania, and set tied almost axcli'slvf'jr bjr NOrtbc n emigrants. Whatever .IiITmc uv-s of opinion teiy have been entertained among ti e | oople of tha United Slates as to Urn policy of toocin mod , there wns little lii Pf rcm e of opinion as |o the i ii iiiatltutlona' -auses which led to II, an! o'ten, by a fa.r decision ?t the poll*. Uy the majority in favor of h*. cot-don as i he means of expressing their I. bar ties, tha groat in .us of the poopbi at nam yielded a I objucll'ui?", ami are now engaged with their woilth and their persons In the tn at patriotic exertions to uphold their government in tho course of independence winch had b eu dec.ldod upon. Wbalovor trlb :te of admlrall >n may he yield*.) for tho present to the people whi submit to Mr Id icotn's u-urplag guveiuramt, for onorgy displayed in rail ing and organising an Immense army for tho purpose or lm potting th<> y.ko of that government upon a people who srn strug.'ling for the iuMtlinnble right of govorniug tiioniM' vea, in order to a preservation of their liberties. ?> a just and iuioartI II history will award to the pnopioof the Confederate statos an uninlxnd admiration for an [' effnt which, in the space of aix montna, his thrown off ' tho authority of the u*U|ier; lias organ I rod a now govern- j, lnent, based up?ai tho principle-, of |?rsonal and pulilio : libertyi has put Lh.it government Into operation; lias ; raised,organised and armed an army sutVlont to meet . and defeat In a fair fleld, and drive in ignominious fight from that U?ld. the myriad* of invadeis which lb* rc- ' noted (list (i*no -il of Iue ago deemed lit to crash w hat 1 ho teruii'U a rebellion. . Tbo unJorsg.nl call your Lordrhtn's attention to the fact ttint Mi. Mncoln'sgoveniinenl. though jiossessod ' ol sfl the aJ>antigen of a more numeio.s popula , tion, of Hi: c.e.iil due to a recugnlxsd giverrim nt * <M ling cv uiintni.'icn, m t"o eiu m im.y 01 mo lire Union, lias not i.lilu I rutaku n single fortill ' cation of v/htod I'u- t>nfodorato Stales pog.roised ' themselves; hut, on 'h?? contrary, has boon driven " out fr-m t to;r< y f'?rt o?* ti|e>n tlw Atlantic, andirnm ten ml forla on tlw- Wet.t rn frontier, by ibe Gnnfe leratt. J' arms; th. i It has noi onto shlc to advance more Hum IHo mile* into the 'orrltwy of any of tlio Confedcrato .Slides v here there was nny serious attempt to prevent it, mot is la danger of lo-iug three groat ftatos of the V,'nlon l>y Insurrection. Kvrn at aeo, uuon which the government of Mr. ptsavsoe undisputed sw ty, it I m oot hern able to make on nffrptual block.ido rf a sin- M gle |s>rt but those which fled an outlet through the mouth of the ."beau,wake 1 ..y; vessels of every "lasa, public and private, armed ' aola belonging to tl>o C?> iiodcrate 81 ;'tolas,and traders, having found their w.y in and out of p every other poi t at which the attempt haa been tuiulo. In everything thai constitutes tho material of war, thcR Ur tlis Coqfrderats Stati-e h , supplied themselves from their own reuources, irnl ?ed by lb. t free IntercoiirM with the world which ha been open to tho United States. Men, arms, monitions ol war . f overy I description, have b on supplied In a in pis an untunes t' to oufeat all attempts to mccssfully Invade our v borders. Money has been ob:*lo?d In the Confederate e States In sufficient ipisnllty. f.verv loan that has been put uixitl the market has been <aken at and nbove |?r, f and Ino "nders gncd but stito the urn .ersal imprison m c Mud be i.jf of their govs-nmont sod their fellow olitana a In tV. I onia'orate Stair* that, no mutter what may tie t the ciamand for means to do oud their country main t luvs*l.?, sufficient eeso-irMS of ereiy character, and I i ? ELE SHEET. uflicient patriotism to furnish them, exist withl* tha G n'edura'e Slatos lor thai pwrrawe. Th* undersigned are aware bvai impression has pre vuileil,a.eu in what may )>e t imel well iu/oraietl oirclea In h urope, that the slavoho .ling '-'tales a e poor, and not ah'e to snetaiii a p ol<n nc l co flint with tits noa^ slat-hoding States of the North lathe o|>lnlon of t lie nudei signed i Ins itieu is grossly errata* na. ami, cousidoriug the importance of a current understaud'ng ?l the relative roe Hirece of th two co tend' g I'owars, a resolving the question of the ability of the So th to main- i tatu its i oeitioa, your loidth p will eardou a lefereace to the statistical tables of IS60, the lust a ilhuutio expos!tion of the resources of the United Stat-a which lias yet tieou published and which Is apiKtmlet to this communication. 'lhe incontestable truths oxliilnled tuthat table prove that the Conledorato St tea protest the eiemenlt of , a great ami > oioe'fni ? tlion, r in' le of not only clothing, | feeding and defending Ik mtrluai, but alto of clolhing all the | mtvmof Kuioik, un ier th, 6<ni</ri influence, of peace and /'tee trade. Ttvunderelgiie I are also aw.-iro ttait tbo anti slavery sentiment so uuiver"ally previi! ut in Kngland husshrunk from lliu Idea of 1'oriniiig.friuiolly public ro ail ins with a iFnvArniorii r roiniizinir tliA rIauitv #?f n nuri uf tha human race. Iht qurMim of the wi'ily if slavery it isn't for the urvtersii/ve t to dis ass with any foreign Vmvr The antic is of' the Amuic.ui Declaration of Independence found the African race in the colonies to ho bI.i es, holh hy colonial and I nsli I iw, ami by 1I10 law of notions. Tli' M) K'roai and good men left that fact and the respon Kibility for ilc uwsi.-uoe where ihey found it; and thus finding Unit there w-j. o two diaiinct races in the colonies, 0110 i roe and capable ol maintaining tlioir freedom, and the other slave, and. in their opinio i, unfitted to enter upon li.ilconl Rt.ind togovern themselves, they made tlioir famous declaration of freedom f r the white race alone. They eventually planned and put In oper ill in, in the course of a fow years, two plans of govor. nient, both routing upon that g oat and recog.izcl dist.notion between tlio whito and the b ack mm, and perpetuating that distinction um the fundami-iital law of the govern incut they framed, which they declare l to be framed for tliehenellt of thoinsolves and tli -ir posterity, in th.-ir own hing.uge,"' secure the ' .ossings of liberty u urn solves and our |<--tei ity." The wisdom of that course is not a matter for discussion with foreign nations Sulllce it t1 that thus were the groat American institutions f 1, and thus li.ivo they rema ned unchanged to this day. It was from no fear that the siaves would be liberate I that seco. sion I.n it place. The veri paity in tx iuer has jrnpo ed to guarantee lacery for ever in the Slat's if the South would but r.mun in the Vnu n Mi. Lincoln's int-s a.e proposes n > freedom to the slave, but auuouuces subjection of bis owner to the will ol the lloion?m oilier words, to Ihe , will of the North Even after the battle of Dull run both branches of the Congress at Washington p. ss >d , resolutions that the war is only waged in ord i t uphold that (pro slavery) constitution, and to enforce u. :aws (many of them pro slavery), and out of one hundred and , seventy two voles in the lower House they received all but t we, and In the Senate all but one vote. As the army ] commenced its march tk' Osmmandmy Ocnerol i sued ait | ordei tha1 no lionet should be received into, or allowed to Jot . low, the camp. The gi eat object of the war, thorn .'ore. as , now officially announced, vinot to free the .1 n-c i.ulto Ice p utat in subjection to Am owner, and to c itrol hit labor \ throw A f/<? legislative channels which the Lincoln givem- j ewnl dt<igns to (one upon the master. The undersigned, thoreforo, submit with confidence that as far as the auti slavery seutimeui of England is cone, ncd, it cau have no symi>aihy with the North; nay, it will probably become ( di gust* d with a canting hyi>ocrisy which wou d enlist tb: so sympathies on false pretences The undersigned ar . however, not ipsensible to the surmise that tho Liucolu governmoin may, under stress of cl xumstancos, change its policy?a policy based at p estut more upon a wily view of what is to be its odoct m roarmg op an element in the Confederate Slates favoral V to the rocon- l Rtrucnon of the Uuioti than upon any honest desire to uphold a constitution, the main provisions of which it has ( most t-h.imo.er=ly violated [hit they confidently submit i to your lordi-hip's c.-os'.deration, thai success lu produc- i ing s ' abrupt and violent u destruction of a system of | labor which has roared up so vast a commerce liotwoon America aud tho great Stales of Europe, which, it is sup- I posed, now gives broad to lO.OOthOhOof the population of l those states, which it may be safely ass uncd is intimate- I ly blended with the basis of tlio groat manufnciuriag aud navigating prosporii.vihat distinguishes the age,and pro- i b ibly uot the least of the elements of this prosperity, i would be visltod witb results disoB'rous to tbe world, as | well as to tho master nr.il s ave Resort to servile war has, it is true, as wo hive heretofore staled, tint hoen proclaimed, but officially abaudnnod. It has boon, howevor, rocommended by persons of influence in tho United States, and wb -n all other menus shall fail, as tlic un t'-rsignel assure your lordship they will, to b: leg the Confederate Slates into subjection tA the power of Mr. Lincoln's government, it Is by no means improbable that it tnay be inaugurated. When ever it shall bo done, howevor, tho motive, It is now rendered > ear, will not br tit it high philauthopio Con siderati'-n which undoubtedly beats in the hearts of many in EngiRnd.but tho base feeling of soilish nggraudizomcnt. uot i in..ixc I with a covt.t.il y spirit of rovenge TUu undersigned cali your lordship's atiuuii m to what is now go publicly known as a fact?to the great b .ttle of Bull run, three mtics in (root of Mams as Junction, in which a well appointed unity of f>5,ooo federal soldiers gave buttle to the Confederate Suites army of intoi lor force. Afier nine hours' hard lighting the fede u.istg were clofeatod and drive;: frotn the field In open lllght, and were pursued by ihe Confederate Slates army to Centroville, the position of the fe Icral reserve. The enemy 1st honor, and nearly all tbo urins and munitions of war which ha! been so luilus iriously gathered together for moitihs for an offensive campaign in ViriDlu, ami thoy did not ceaan their (light until, under cover of a stormy night, they had regained the shelter iff their Intrenchiucnts in front of Washington. The Confederate States' forces havo commenced offensive movemanu, and liave driven the vaunting hosts of the United States behind intrrncbmenti upon the borders of Virginia, and so far (ruin Ihrea'cmug the integrity of tbo territory and thi existence of lhe government of the Confederate Shales, ti.e government at Washington seems content at pr?*s<nt, md will bo rejoiced, if it cm maintain a ucccsafut defence of its cipital ami preserve Ihe remnant of iu Ueloilud utid disorganized forces. 7Ar vrtdei signed trov'd al-n u'i yiur lor !rh ip'i u Mention to tin: foci tha' the cntl'ii picking lotto., in lite <otn growing Slatci of the Confe teracj/ hi* n.m.nenc J. The crop b ds fair to be a', least an average o.ie, atid w ill be ; r.'i arcU 1 f>T mark'I and deliver.vt by o ir planters and incr chin's as us nil, on tha wharves of tha p-uts of those States, wh> ti there . h ill lie a prospect f ti.e blot h. 1 ade being raised,ntul not before. As u defensive moa- I sure, an embargo has been laid by tb.) govoi ntuout of the Confederate i-tatas upon the passage of c-dto i ' by Inland conveyan o to tho i'niiod dutes. To i be obtained, it must be h ight for ill lite At- i lantic and Culf jorts of tluise m?'?i They submit to your lordship tbo consideration ui ibi fact that the ' blockade of all the porta of the Coulodu.ati.' thutos was i itoidarcd to b ivc com.neneed by the bbrnk di ig o:l c r oil' < rbarblloo, when, In trulb, at that time, and for wo ks 1 after, thorn was ;.o prutoncc of i blockade . f tbe ports in j the i. if. They submit ">r consi (erati'-n that since ihe l e.-iabi sbu end of tho hlocka :e there lu.ve been ropoatu I instatiC's f vesso brrnk ng it at Wlltnli gtoti, 'Tiurle?lon, Savoutc li. Mobile an I Now Orl ans. It will he for tbe no'.itral i'owers, wh' c imtnerc. bus been ? > serious- r If d imaged, to d ternilho bow io.ig en. Ii i blocka lo nb ill , be par milled t" inn rfcio w ith lluor ourntoerct. In closing thi i communication, the uuuersigned dcslru to uigi! upon Ifi Britannic Maju- ly v government tbe just claim win b, i;i their o; Inion, thegov rnment of tlieCuidcrateM t s Imsat this lime Ion recogniti oas ag e.ern hi -in tl' j 'c'o. whetho Its internal po to or Its territory, I its is>pula.lc:i, tit yrtiti letour. : for h.t'i djunslic and o forayn ornmrce, and i's ) ouxt to mainl.ttn i'v.tf, or. e n u >iiic.e l; or i< he:he- y-ivr lorilthir- shall t'iKe mloc n t l ta v ii Ilie nrr>Mity </ c i.i.iinc.al rtlutinnt being rjiiWi t villi i', with n viic Hi tk: p t*. rt/ila,n nf <i' inS-filt' <J thf. > yv??l?Tre 1/ Unuhitt I. II, However, Id the upihiou of 1 icr Britannic Mh.cs y'? government, tho Cuufo-luratc f Jlatfs have not yet won a right to a pluce anioiii- tin I utlui.fr t>( the uath.tho i.iidursicne.l can nnlyictsi.ru t roor l.'T<ifrhii> that while such mii nun .uurainrnt wi'l bo t oconed wi.h -urpriso by tho g.tvsi iimont llicy ropre 1 rnt.aml wlulo that government n to lio loft locoutoiiii 0 or inliuvdi. wit!, h, It thinks, arc as important to com t nereis) Kun>po an to itself, without ovnn a friendly (j :ount< nnfee Irum oUiar n illune, its citizens will buckle 1 Uooisl'i; to thi great task before I hem Willi a vigor * ad .teiejmi.iotiou thuwiil justify tl.e onJsrstgnc.1 in u isvlup p:er?r:l tho question upon lior Britai.mr Mu,<i*ty s I ove i.tnnnt. ntnl wh 111 (lonco rh ill have b nvi ni 1 to tlioir t overnm 'Ut will at least loot that it will not ho justly u usponeible for tho vast quantity of blood which shall r lave boon sho t, nor for the g^?a' an,| wide spread snflbr- f tig which so prol .tij'ort a conflict will have entailed upon a illliuns id1 the huttiau race, b .ill in the Baste. 11 as woll as c i>on tho North Muertcan cnntlno.it. W. L. YANCEY, i*. a. itovr. A. DUDLKY MANN, nasi. Rfs "it's nt.Pi.T. roa.oov urn t:, Aug. 31, ISfll, y The ttaderfrlgued has ha I ill honor to receive the letter , f the 14,ii lust., nd.tics.eil to lilm bit Messrs. Yancey, luet 1111 ! Mann, on b half ol tht 10Kyhd Ctmftdera't .S'.'af.t * f Morth Amiici. & Tho British government do m l pretend in uny way to s renounce a jutlgrnwit upon ihe q ealicua in debate be- '' woctt the 1'ulted .State* and their adverse.Tea iti N 'rill '' merica , tho Itrlti^h government cm . nty regret ihsl ' iiese differences have utiforli n?t dy boon sub in it to i to ' lie nrbitratn nt o, arms. Iler M'.eaty has cons I lered " Ilia Content it c-mt/i'uhnt o Weil mar, an I h-1 Majesty am. by h-r royal p o l.imat n, d el oe I h -r Ini'-u'l >n to lr reto-rvo a strict neutrality between the contending par- * its in Hi it war. " Hvr Majesty will sti Ictly jierfbnn the duties which he* '1 ?ng to a neulrat. Her >> ?t jr cannot under liko to it*irmin'. hn intiri/ efi.ri wh it w?v h? 'As is- ir rf ihf ti n " . ... .. .1 . . I ' . ii . j.:., ,. , ,1 ? a . / ii. fl " ' V I- - - UV1 vhirhar now. ortM'i ott<iin t f Prmiu -n auJ ' tn.i/.f i of th4 Unit*J S'.iil'. ott! '???? </ ttimi or " if ,irt. jm,uyful ?ao'< < /" </ (i f/ia/l hio men n early il h.t m ri'it the ruye t.re pwf'tml of lAe Las M- r jTin'j. * Her Majesty can, in 1 tie mewUme, only oxpro-g a hope ?' itt ?nio n IJ'inlm -nt satisfactory to both parties may 11 n r mif to, without the oitliuiiites wh cb ni istr.eueln ti i? uviul of uu euibl .orert and protracted c nil' i. si P .S8KI.L, ? tub kbbkl Aurora on rn? block auk. On the lul day of November Messr-. Yancey, Root end ann, according to lostrnottoni from tlie President of the " nnfedsrat* Stales, ar?in >':g* upon bor Ne edy' gov- 11 rnmont the Inedb tlvo neture of the hi* bide, end the eremoiinl Interests a.t'ected by the blocked#. To this ppeal tbe following Is the brief reply ? ' HAUL m MlkU. TO Me* IS. >AN(SV, K"tf A.VIi MANN. 0 V mi\ Onus, lie,;. 7, 1861. ? Lord Russell prssonts his com.Oitnrnte to Mr. Y.mcey, n Ir. Rust and Mr. "a.iu. ilo has bed the h nor to reroivo b heir litters and Inch" ires of I'm 27th and 30th of No- tl ' inlier: hut, n the | asent statu of iifr.iirs, .retuefife- P h'n-' to enier i-Un a y ojjl,at communication with Orm 1 Paper Vo 2 Is entill"rj "An Kxtrnct of a , 'espatrh t rem her .vtsjosty's Minuter At Washington, datel lie eruhir 20, IKdl, eeoiosing pipers relating to f ireign ' < dmirs, laid befo-o the C ngren of the United States at lie opening or the session iu 1*61." The m >st linportsnt of the-A deipetcbes h?rs Already ippenrsd Ht our columns. - . i. , w No. 3 contains "Corresponds ice respecting interim tional ma-iiliuo law." Th 'icij r portio i of th.se do H patches has alao booo published. TU BHITI8H CONSUL AT OHARUWTOM. No. 4 Is tho correspondence respoctin; the withdrawal by thagovernment of tho United Stales of Mr. Bunch's exequatur as hor Majesty's Consul at Ch irleston. In ooa noclioti with this affair the following extract of s eons m anient ion from Mr. Adams to Lord Russell will be rose With interest:? Lmatiox ok tits Usitkd Statw, 1 Lohpo*, Nov. 14,1841. / Mr Loan?In obedience to iusti notions, I uow hove tht H honor to submit to your lordslii ?'s consideration the ^B answer of the government of the United States to tht ^B note addressed by your lordship to rao on the 9th <4 ^B September last, in reply to a provide no to of miM ^B touching the diversion hi ole from its o Iritril cuirws o| ^B llio sealed liag of des|>atches of Mr. Robert B nch, liei ^B Maiesty 's Consul at Charleston, a copy of which w.?s im ^B mediately forwarded by me for their information. ^fl 1 am directed to say to your lordship that the declaim ^B tions made .u that uote with unqin'Stloned candor and ^B froedom, touching the contuils of that bag. are rati elf ^B s itis'ictory uno:i the mam i> la: involved in the ^B s ggestion I had been instructed to m ike. It is tho regret lull by my government at th<> iiterruptioa ol' the ' assign of the cous ilar despatches which hw < ccurrcd in c u.sequence "f a ml ta'tc i suspicion that the a;eul ?rh<> transmitted them was abusing the confld nc# ol' th? two governments. It is booed that uo serious inconvenience resulted Irom th > dei ty. In aunouncing to Lord Russell the withdrawal (?f Mr. Hunch's exequatur, Mr. Adams, under date of 21st Novein bur, says:? law t of all will the undorsigued be jiermltted to admit thutc mimuiiicaiiim with Mr. Ituoch, while exercising c insular privileges grunted tu bim with the consent of the tuned States, with insurgents endeavoring to overthrow the government, csn he justilled 'jy tho d duration of her Majesty's Ministers th it (hoy have already recognized the belligerent character of Ihoso in u gonts, and will continuo so to consi lor them. It is, hide d, true that her Majesty's proclamation has been issued for the regulation of all her own subjocts.nnd t that It has been interpreted by her government as recognizing the insurgents as a belligerent; hut it is equally true that tho government of the Uniled States declines to a i:ept any such interpretation as modifying in the least de.-iss its own rights and powers, or tho obligations of all friendly nations towards it. Stilt adhering to this position, the undersignod is instruct*! to announce, as the result of the most calm and impartial deliberation upon the question thus s ilmiitied for its decision, tho necessity which his government feels Itself under to revoke the exequatur of Mr. Bunch. Nci'her lias this siop In en taken without the prcasuret.f x strong conviction that, independently of the facta Already alloged, his personal conduct, even down to the time tills corresjiondeiice has been going ou, hs ".ell as lie ore it commenced, has been that not of a freud to lbs government nor evsn of a neutral, but of a part san of action and disunion. A lengthened correspondent}* on lbs subject took placs between Lord Russell and Mr. Adams, but for this ws lave uot apace. THB AFFAIR OF TUB TUBNT. The Bfth paper contains ths correspondence on this subiect, nearly the whole of which has boon published. The following despatches, however, are new:? SAUL llt'SSKLL TO LORD LYOYS. Forkmn Off ire, Nov. SO, 1881. Tu my previous despatch of this date I have instructed you, by command of her Majesty, to make certain demands of tho government of the United States. Should Mr. Seward ask for delay in order that this grave and jiainful matter should be deliberately considered. you will consent to a delay not exceeding seven ' days. If, at ths end of that time, no answer is given, or if any other answer is given except that of a compliance with the demands of her Majesty's government, your 'o dehip it iwtruiicd to leave Wadiing'em toitk alt the mimic rt of year legation, bringing ici'.k you the archivet of the lrcrt/irr?, and to repair immediately bi Ltndn. If, however, you should be of opinion that tho requirements of her Majesty's government arc substantially gumplied with, you may report the facts to her Majesty's government for their considered n, and remain ut your post till you receive further ord" if. Yo i will communicate with V Co Admiral Sir A. Milne irnmediateh.-y upon rociving the answer of the American government, and you will send him a copy of that answer, together with such observations at you may ! think lit to make. j You will also give all the information In your power to . the Cnvernors of Cana la, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Jamaica, B rmuda, and such other of her Majesty's possessions as may tie within your reach. i.oun I.VOHS TO KAKL Bl'fS.a.P. Wasuinoto.Y.NOV. 19,1962. 1 have already inf rmed your lordship by te'egraph that Mr Mason and Mr. Slideil, wh > arc hoiievod u> have l>e*u on tho.r way to England and France as commissi' ners from tho so-called Confederato govercm nt. were taken by force out of tho British mail |>ackot Trent by tlie L'nit id Stntos ship San acmto, in tho Bahama Chaauel, and brought to this country as prisoners. The copious oxtrac.s: rom Amorican newspapers, which I have the lienor to enclose, will moke your lordship aoquatniod with such particulars concerning this unfortunate ailhir as have transpired here. They will also convey to you a tolerably correct Wlaa of the Impressioa which it 1ms mado unon the Anr.-rican liulilie. The evidence of the Kugllsh witnesses on. board the Trent will probably reach London about the Mine time as the prosoul despatch, witbrxit a knowledge of that oridcnce it is impossible for me to form auy conect opiniou on the character of the transaction. I hero accordingly deemed it right to maintain the most compete reserve on Iho subject. To conceal the distress wbiob I ieel would be impossible, nor would it, If possible, be desirable: but I liavo expressed no opinion on the questions of internali ual law involved; J hive hazarded no conjecture as to ibe course which wl I be taken by her Majesty's gove i.m n'. On tlie one lmnd, I dare not ran i he r.sc <>f couipi.mlsmg the honor and inviolability of the British flag bv asking for a ncaeureof reparation which m >y prove to bo loaded uate ;on the other hand, I am scare*, ly I -ss unwilling to incur tliu danger of rendering a satisfactory selll-menl of Iho question urn o difficult bv ranking a d< tnand which may turn out to bo unneostarlly great. In ;ho present Paper feet state of my information Ileal that the only propor and prudent course la to wad for the uri e v winch your lo ddilpwlll g.ve?with a complete knowledge of the wh >le case. I am t-nwi'Ung, moreover, to deprive any exp'anation r r isiun ii which the United states government may ihink it ii4ht to oifcr, of the grace "f being tnade srrotv io i.sly. I knew, ton, that a ih mand from urn would very much increase the main difficulty which the governiii ut would foci in yioldinz ton y disposition winch they nay liaic to tnal.e emends to greit IVItam The Amrrl. ui | e< pie would inore enally to'erete a spontaneous offer f reparation made by its government font a sense of oslice Ilia , a coni'iliini e with a deiusud for satisfaction r iin it foreign minister. KNGI-ANb TAKES ft Kit WAR P03ITI0H. In February, Isfll, Iho poll y of hor Mijeity'h govern- * pent, '10 the event of .Mr. Lincoln raising questions with lrest llrltuin," U laid down in the lolluwing clear and imphatic terms:? lorp j. arssKix to u>no ltovs. Fostmo* Orrmu, f b. 2f, 1801. The success or railure of Mr. Seward's plans prevent bo disrupted of the No'th An erie .n L'nior .a ?. matter >r Oerp inlet t*' In her Maj v'y't f)?oemmeiU. But tliey can inly expoct and hope. They are not called upon, nor voiild tltcy bo acting pc deutly wore they to obtrude lioir adv.ee on the dissentient parims in the (Jullod dates. Supposing, h merer, thai Mr. t.'ncoln, aeilng n ler had mi vice, should endmvor to provide excitement or the public mind by raising questions with CreM t. l ain, tier Majesty's go a -nnient feci no hesitati n rs i the policy they would pursue. They would, in he frplace, I" very faibtning. Tlioy wou'd show .v their wis how highly thny value tho relations >f peace anil amity with the United Slates. But icy would ta" ecare to lit the government which mnltl die1 !>rnroc#tlo?i? utid m ><if<riA f.?r quarrels understand li.it their furl eirauce sprung frum the cm.sckh ine-i of rcngth, snd not from the <imUiity of weaktiog*. Thorn 0 v'rt warn a gooeromcnt which mkij making political eatial out of blmtonng Jem n trntim that our ptitioh e might e tried too for. It this tune Is taken when necessary ,'id only when necessary, I b.ive uo fea's that the Am*can republic will seek a <|ioirr?l with n nation sprung rorn the same parents, ami milled l>y Inrigunge as well ,t by ties <>f kindred and a long period of friendly intoroiree. a rxrox orrxtow or kxai.axd. loso i. rcsssi l to i.rmn tro.v*. fosntx Oyrro, March 9,1M1. Mr I,inn?The Amerl-an Minister called upon nie eaterdiy afternoon, and read tome a despst:h of udire D'.ack, dated the 2*th of Kelirnary. tn this dopatch .Tud?s 11'a It e'pres is his conviction that tatea which have separated fr-m the United t&to* without any legal or ctnalltulional right to 0 so will not t>o acknowledged as independent Mates y Gnat Rrilaln. Her Majesty's yoverniiiout have liown. hi said,so friendly nn tutored in Ihe welfare -of In I'n it nil shale", that it Is due to itn-S* to state tlial I be lulled Sutler have not acknowledged llin right of the redingStates tn claim lade s; idsneo, nr.' di ?.t tlaign idem. I rojill'd to Mr. Villu shorty jnn verb .iir, tntlng tli.it, eren if the goyrnnonl (f the I'n I led nates 11 hrcn wiling to ncknowleu. e the r?| a.atlun of the reed In: siatei as founded in right, k-r Maj' tg'< yoiem1 'ixirtl I hart tt ot with pre tl emc-rn t'n <ti solution of kr Union nth irk found together tk< m-mhert of tl* A m.-rican 1'iiblie. flint the opposition nf the government of the ;m?a . mr>?B in any p?icn impiii *uon, ano in* neiimi aj hem 01 it locality, would makl her Mft> j govern>..nt ..or* ft,iilf iAi.i in i.ir* m'iv iiaii wlilrIt miirht niu urngo ur sanction I he Reparation. That, however, it r.'? Impof-RiWo to Rlnte, at the praent moment, lo what ia;w lb* tue.it kin ml thl prereul ll.ielf; nor ?u It In i.v pjv.or to hind the ilriHih goT?rumerit to any par. oitlar i-t>..nw of oonduol in caret of which the circuna- ?, hnoee aud Uio sik "Jcance war* at present unknown to j. ku?n.r. MR. 8BWARD <T* AM ANOI.O-rREVCR AM.IAN01. Two dORpatebea mora particularly indicate the eon. !antly recurring luealk.nB between America and Rngind iotid ltolia to karl hiwkll. wa"hiH'.ti>?, not. 4.1m1. Mr. Reward eekel mo whether any apoc nl commiitilCAnn concerning American arte re Kati rttmily talrn vine* tw cnlhe Brviih ant Frmck fovemmtntn. I rrpHnl thai 1 etir.7 i.o t nruntiiure cvtuWntly in rrmjldtntial enmmu raiirn; an Ik* present state of ihis n utWry, b it that I .lid ot kin w of anything of a i|wtal character which h*<l iUIv pftMed between them on the m.bject. Mr. f.< ward heu said that I mnathare aeen the reports In the n.twg. ai> re about the proceeding! of the French Chambers of ommerce with regard to the cotton supply. Had any. hina paoaed lately on that iubject between the British nd Vronch gorernmentof I replied, not to my knowjtlge. PRIVATMtTtS AND LITTER* Of MARQU1 r?m. nceeau, to torn trows. Fomkiv drum, Not. 22, Mf IiOwo?T ha to reeelTod your dee pal. ft of the uh \ j|

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