Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1862 Page 6
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1 C< isr 6 NEW YORK HERALD. JtlKS eURDOI BII1KIT. EDITOR AM> l-KOPRl>.TUR. orrwn n. w. cornam or fcltom and nassap Mrs. Volwiue XXVII So. ?? AMUSEMENTS CIII8 EVENING. MBi.O'8 GARDEN, Bi..<t??f.-l'OLLM.x Bawif. WINTER GARDEN. Broadway.?I'sou Tom's CAauf. VI ALLACKSTUEATK . No. SM Broad way.?The Bbilb'S Sir u *. ; LAURA KEENK'B THEATRE, Broadway.?Th? MaOiinr: ( * the Pa*r <? l ar. i NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Captorr or Tort D mi siv?L.tti.i. to . > t. :s. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?S?ioimit*s Natiokai. Ciacoa, at. raoou a..u t VfUl g. BARNUM'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Co* ?I.iwim.a Hirpopotamhi. v\ hint ,*n jl r,i j, u s.? O.nutha, *f n'iUuoll Al'U VKUlBjS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, MocAaoIcm' Ua'l, *73 Broadway. Uaw Ko .at . HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Stuyvraanl Institute. No. dW Broadway. ?F x i.n 4 t..?I'.rmrfiAN Sosua. Dakces. Ac. NIBLO'8 SALOON, Br .aduray ?UoiTsCHAUi a CostuuT? I>OM PaSUU VLK. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. No. 539 Broadway.? Som-i. Oajioka BcALxstiPrs, Ac.?Li/fc or a Contut. CANTERBURY MUSIC 11 ALL, 585 Broadway.? So.xa ' U4BC44, BlUtl.l-SOPKS, Ac.?O't'L V MI..AN At Till: K u ' OAIKTIES CONCERT ROOM, 816 Broadwav.-T)RAvnN? Room kutitrraiiimtnts, Ballets. Pamomimls, Paacex. ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 4*4Frondway.?Songs, Ballet*, pantomimes, AC.? portrait pais ikk CRYSTAL PALACF. CONCERT HALL, No 4j Bowery. _ Hviu.xaooxi, Songs, Dances, Ac.? i ?o PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS 363 Broadway.? Cl*n daily from 10 A. M. till# P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, ?lti BroA.lJray.-BrRi.EfQ1 S Fonca, Dances, Ac. TBIPLE SHEET. Blew York, Wednesday, Febraary 40,1964 DAILY CIRCULATION OF THE NEW YORK HERALO Sunday, February 16 104,016 Monday, February 17 119,080 Tuesday. February 18 118,968 Wednesday, February 19 117,720 Thursday, February 20 113,328 Friday, February 21 112,896 Saturday, February 22 118,800 Total 603,808 Average daily circulation 114,929 The above figures, which can be verified from our books, give the circulation of the New York Hmsald for the week just past. We believe that it more than equals the aggregate circulation of all the other daily papers in this city, and of course it for surpasses that of any one. of them. The udI vantages which the Hkralu affords to advertissrs THE SITUATION. Oar news concerning Nashville if* interesting. A despatch from Cairo, dated on Monday, stales that the rebels are concent ting a force at I'iuc UluBa, twelve miles to the westward of Nashville, where thejr have erected some strong fortification*. It further says that the reported occupation of Nashville by General Ruell as far back as last Saturday is premature, as he could hardly hsve reached there by that time. That Nashville is virtually evacuated by the rebels, and that no lorinidable stand will be made there, is, however, pretty certain, although a great battle may yet take place somewhere in the vicinity. The rebels, it is true, may be endeavoring to set a trap for ?ur troops, but they will find themselves vastly overmatched by the splendid combinations of our Generals. A despatch received at St. bonis yesterday evening from Cairo, for instance, state.positively that our troops took possession of Nashville without opposition; that Governor Harris ha* ordered the Tonnes-use rebels to lay I down their arm*, a* reported; that no opposition to the Union army is manifested anywhere ou the Cumberland rher; and that wliitc flags are said to be flying at Memphis. A re< onidtissanee was made t?y four iron-dad gunboat* and two mortar boat* down tin Mississippi to Columbus on Monday. They found that the rebels there had sei/ed all the flathoat* and Bkiffs, and were apparently engaged in some active movement. A flag of trure waa writ from the rebels just as our boat* w ere getting into position. Some rebel officers rame on board the Cincinnati, and had a consultation of two hours with our officers. What the result was lias not been made known, but tho immediate return of our squadron would seem to point at an evacuation of Columbus. The Memphis papers admit that it will have to be abaodoned. The news from Fortress Monroe couth ma the report of the destruction of the towu of Winton, K. C.., by our troops. It appears that the Ninth New York regiment went up tho Chowan river for the purpose of destroying the railroad bridges on i the Chowan and Blackwater rivers; but., on dis- j covering ? large force of rebel* at Winton, they did Mot land. A fire being opened on our gunborts, however, they responded with abet), and set Are to the town. the Treasury Note bill, wbicb provides the ainews of war to the amount of two hundred millions of dollars, received the signature of the ('resident yesterday and became a law. It was amended by joint committee of both houses and agreed to, so as to make the Any millions of notes previously issued a legs! tender. We publish to-day an accurate map, showing the topography end hydrography of (*a\a!>ruih and ita approaches, with an account of the ?ucc<>sstul expedition iroin r/awiosKU imhwi in Joni -a Inland, ud the establishment of a nix gnn battery at the latter place, commanding tin Savannah river, tbu? eereriag communication between the rebel* at Savannah and Fort Pulaski. The expedition con aiated of the Forty-eighth New York regiment, Colonel Perry, two companies of volunteer cngineera, and two companies of tho Third Rhode Island artillery?tho whole nnder tho command >f Brigadier General Vicle. The expedition oncountered what appeared to lie insnrmonntable obstacle#, but, by the skill o( those having command (and the indomitable perseverance of the troops, their efforts were successful. Another Union battery waa subsequeatly erected on the west end of T^ag Island. The nawi from lata Southern papers, published nnder the proper heed in to>dsy'a Hbeald, will be round necuUariv tnteraatinr. The tone of tho rebel . NEW YOKK press since the capture of Forts Ileury and Douelson and Roanoke Island is decidedly ferocious. The Richmond Examiner of the 22d inst. has a long editorial on the rebellion. It says:?"The reverses we have lately suffered are acratchet on the skin of the country. They are blows that arouse, not wounds that weaken. The few thousand troops we have lost are but drops iu the bucket. The armies of the United States have to carry a hundred positions stronger than Donelson or lioanoke; they have to conquer a hundred armies like those they have overcome; they have to march many thousand miles of ground; they must w in many a hard campaign before they shall have reason to arrive at the conclusion dictated by their drunken jubilees." The details of our telegraphic reports of the European news by the Niagara are published this morning. They will be found of great importance. The advices are dated to the 8th instant. The Earl of Derby delivered & speech of great momeat on the American question in the Hou^e of Lords on the 7th instant. The London Times, reporting a speech made l?y him on the previous night, made him advocate the recognition of the rebel confederacy by England. The Earl corrects this matter very emphatically in these words:? "With reference to the recognition of the Southern States, he was reported to have stated that the time had very nearly arrived when, in his judg ment, her Majesty's government should be called upon to recognise as succcselul the revolt of the Southern States; what he did say was, that in his judgment the time had not arrived at which her Majesty's government could be called upon to recognise the independence of thtt southern States." The significaucy of this correction will be maui test. It places the opposition, of which Lord Derby is the leader, on the same side as tint minis, try, whose views upon the recognition of the rebel so-called government have been recently expresaed by Lord Palmerston, and gives the death-blow to the hopes of the rebel cluels for aid from the government and people oi England. We also give to-day all the important communications relative to our afffcirs which were presented to Parliament bj the Palmerston Cabinet. This correspondence goes back as far as the 17th of November, ltfCO, when the election in the United States had assured the elevation of Mr. Lincoln to the Presidential chair. All the momentous events which have occurred in the interval are narrated and discussed. There is a long letter addressed to .Lord Russell by Messrs. Yancey, Ro.-t and Mann, urging that the Confederate States were entitled to be regarded as a government dc facto, with other valuable diplomatic documents. The Emperor Napoleon, at the Tuileries, congratulated Mr. Payt?n, United States Minister at Paris, on the Union triumph in Kentucky when Zollicofi'er was killed. The Emperor showed by his remarks at tBc moment that he watched the march and movements of our army with careful study and much interest. CONGRESS. The Treasury Note bill linally paased both houses of Congress yesterday, and was signed by the President. It is, therefore, now the law of the land, and will immediately afford relief to the numerous creditors of the government, as well as the country at large. The bill, as reported by the Conference Committee, retains a provision that the issue notes, redeemable in Ave years or payable in twenty yrar?, is at the pb-aenro of the government. It also makes duties on imports payable in coin, auJ pledges that specifically to the payment of the interest on notes and bonds, striking oat the pledge of the public binds. In the Senate on Monday, the joint resolution providing payment to the St. Jose ph and Hannibal aud Pacific railroads (roads which have received grants of land from the government npon condition that troops and war munitions shall bo transported free of charge), for the transportation of troops, At., during the existing war. wu~ amended so taut the roads shall bring in no claims for damages in future, and then adopted. In the Senate yesterday, the bill providing for the occupation aud cultivation of cotton lands in possession ot the United States was reported bach | by the Committee on Territories, and an am< ndment limiting the appropriation to twmty thousand dollars adopted. The further consideration of tb" subject was then postponed,' and the bill was made tin special order for to day. The bill providing for tho confiscation of the proper!) of rebels was then taken up and discussed at considerable length, and finally postponed till to-day. The bill authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue certificates of acknowledgment of debt to public creditors was pa-sed. The House of Heprcxentutives on Monday passed the Post Office and Indian Appropriation bills. A resolution wax adopted calling upon the President to inform the House, if not incompatible with the public interests, whether any (oreign Power has received into her ports any ship to land prisoners which they had captured, and whether food aud stores have been furnished at such ports, or machinery permitted to b? repaired. The House yesterday transacted a larg, amount of business. The r* nate bill anthcriziug the .Secretary of the Treasury to issue eurtifl< ates of indebtedness to public creditors, was passed. A bill amendatory of the Articles of War, so as to provide that all officers in the uilitari dltfripA iff nrulnliift <1 t.??m ftmtiliiLinw any of th*- force# under their respective command* i for the purpose of restoring fugitive* ft .mi service ! or labor. escaping from those who claim such aer- I vice or labor to fa; <lne to them; and any officer j found guilty, by court martial, of violating this article, shall be di?mi??< d from service, wi* re" ported from the Military Committee. As this bilj virtually repeals the Fugitive Slave gave rise to a warm debate, but was Anally puv<l by ,? vote of to 42. The Senate bill reorganizing the avalry service, was amended by reducing ?hc number of regiment* to fifty instead of forty, as provided by the Senate, and then passed. A bill directing that the oath of allegiance be ad nunMierca 10 American shipmasters clearing tor foreign porta was pained. The bill authorising the Postmaster General to estaldiah a postal money order system wn? also passed, and likewise a bill designed to allow the transportation of light articles through the maila. for the aecommorlstion of soldiers, at the rates of book postage?one cent per onnee. A biHJPM the salaries of public officers wu referred Ifftc Ways and Means Committee. A resolution wi^adopted instructing tho Committee of Ways and Means to inquire into the expediency of levying a tax of three per cent per pound on cotton, and making inch a lien thereon; persons and corporatioaa to t>e prohibited from carrying or tratuportiag the mb? until the tag to paid. / HERALD, WKDNE3DA Y, MISCELLAKEOUS 1TEWS The rebel Provisional Congress, in the last week of December, made the following appropriations for the year ending on the lHth of the present month:? War Department 157,963,706 Navy Department 4,275,000 Interest on public debt 300.000 Executive Department 157,5K2 Legislative 72,000 Judiciary 44,000 Miscellaneous 25,000 Total Ki2,s27,J88 In another column will be found a highly interesting letter from our Fortress Monroe correspondent, of the fugitive or vagrant negroes. Major General Wool, in issuing the general onler (No. 6) in relation to Appointing the commission? consisting of Colonel Thomas J. ('rum, Colonel he Grand B. Can. non and Major William i*. Jones?is determined to ferret out any and all abuses practiced upon this unfortunate race, who are cruelly abandoned by their masters, and left to the mercies of tho world. Abolition agitators have been at work falsifying the labors of Gen. Wool, and he is, therefore, determined to clear himself in the eyes of the world from the unfair imputations; and also, for the sake of h inanity, place the fugitive negroes in a comfortable, ami, at the same time, profitable position to themselves and the government that provides for them so liberally. General IJoyd Tilgbmon, the rebel who was in command of Fort llcnry, has been sent to the Illinois penitentiary at Alton. It is said that alter his capture he became insolent and ugly, ami made a great many impudent demands upon the Unionist-, during his stay at 1'aducuh. He will probably be confined at Alton until his Southern blood cools. Two thousand of the Fort Donelson rebel prisoners were sent to Chicago over the Illinois Central Railroad, and ten thousand six hundred and eighty-five have arrived by steamboats at St. Louis?total, twelve thousand six hundred and eighty-five, and more to conte. The Twentieth Illinois, Colonel Marsh, which so distinguished itself at the battle of Fort Donelson, is the ngiment which Hon. Owen Lovejoy tried bard to get command of: but the men knew the difference between a soldier and an abolitionist, and Owen was foiled. Rev. James Pratt, D.D., of the Trinity church of Chicago, preached a sermon to the Fort Donelson rebel prisoners in Camp Douglas on Sunday lust. There are two classes ol Union men in the Southern States. One class is composed of unconditional Unionists, but their numbers are small; the other is known as the would be Union men, and this latter party contains, probably, a large majority of the whole free population of the South. They are Unionists at heart, and only require to be convinced that their local iu-titutions will not be interfered with, ami that the war was not inaugurated on the part of the North for the purpose of subjugating them and emancipating their slaves to bring thetu back under the shadow of the old Stars and Stripes and cause them again to raise their voices in laudation of the old constitution. The rumor that Senator David Wilmot, of Pennsylvania, is altout to resign his seat to accept of a foreign mission, is denied by authority. We have advices from the Saudwich Islands, dated at Honolulu on the. 9th of January. The elections for some members ot the legislature had terminated. The progress of the contest was marked by tli" introduction into the country of two of the most duntrerous enemies of freedom? an attempt to overbear and ride down the franchise by a general riot, and the display of an intense spirit of religious animosity, the Catholics voting as organized bauds of Catholics only, and not at citizens anxious for the public good alone. The Honolulu AnhterlUer s#vs:?" The unwarranted abuse of power in a foreign policeman striking a native, induced a row, in which souie five thousand persons were engaged as* participants and spectators." And again:?" The total uuraber of Catholic votes enst on Monday appears to have been about 1,250?the successful native nomine*, Pomaikai, having received 1,159, the united vote of that body. It is the tirst time that the Catholics have appeared at the polls as s successful party organization?three of their candidates having been returned, and the remaining one (Mr. Web. ster) elected only by fifty-eight votes over the fourth Catholic nominee, Keolauui. We believe that tin- Protestants have never appeared at the polls us an organized body or party, and this new feature in our elections may well excite the atten tion of the public.'" Rev. W. Shipui.m, ag--d thirty-seven years, pastor of tl.e native church ami missionary of the American Boaril, died at K:iii, December 21. Mr. Slupntaii left the United States in 1854. with the lesion of laboring in .Micronesia, hut on his arrival at the Sandwich Islands, in 1855, he was transferred to the church at Kau, which wa? originally organized by tie Rev. Mr. l'aris, uow of Kcahtkekua. lie leaves a widow and three children. A piece of placer gold was found in the crop of a turkey, raised in one of the valleys buck of Honolulu, which had been killed for a Christmas dinner, and the great question was, have we gold in our mountains? A severe shock of earthquake was experienced on all the islands on the group on the 2l*i of December. It consisted of ten or twelvi regular vibrations from east to west. From the Society Island* we have news dated . t Tahiti on the Mh of December. 1 he French corvette Dorade had arrived at that port from New Zealand, bringing accounts of discoveries of gold exceeding any previous. The consequence wa? a general rush thither trom all quarters. A schooner waa purchased at Tahiti, laid on lor New Zeuland, wild Idled up with thirty passengers within twenty-four hours. The Dorado lost half her crew by desertion. The government at Tahif| intends to lease the marine railway, wharves and magazines attached, at the port of Papceti, to the highest bidder, for live years; sealed tenders to be forwarded to the government at Tahiti previous to the 1st of June next, when the adjudication between the competitors will take place. The railway is capable of receiving a ship of COO tons burthen unloaded, or a vessel of 200 or 250 ton* with cargo on boat d; the wharves attached to the concern are two. each of about 1 .'15 feet in length. The Mauupai* reports tin- French brig-of-war Rail lour as having gone ashore at the Island of Moron, while c ang through the passage of the wet'at that island. fche <?i ufl with the help of a war at earner au<l sailors and soldier* from the naval station. Captain Miller, ol the Golden State, had b.-en shot by Gaptain l?uun, the husband of a lady pas-enger that cawt down with Miller from California. The ?i'huoner Golden State arrived from Horn bold t Bay at Tahiti on the 2d of October, with a cargo of lnmher and building materials. We have tiles from Bermuda to the 11th of February. Her British Majesty's steamer Raeer had arrived from New York. The St. George had sailed for England. A regular meeting of the Board of Supervisors waa held yesterday, when Elijah F. Pnrdy took hia seat as President of the Board. A communication waa received from the ?'orporation Counsel, stating that the amounts charged by the Sheriff against the Excise Commissioners, and known aa county term fees, are not legal. An appropriation of fifty thousand dollars was made to the Commissioners of Harlem bridge. The President then annonnccd the Standing Committees of the Board, which will be fonnd In nnr account of the proceed, ings of the Board, given in another column. The Central Park lake was in a very fair condition for skating yesterday, and about fifteen thousand person* availed themselves of the opportunity. Should the weather remain cold the ball will be up thie morning fit wren o'clock, and the FEBRUARY 26, 1862.-TRI ice illuminated at night. The lovera of skating

should remember that the winter is drawing to a close, and that the skating mania is commencing its ebb. Men and boys, matrons and maidens, be on the quivive, for the lee King will soon lose hia empire, and then farewell to the poetry of motion. The weather ia extremely fickle, and the last days of February are much given to thaw. Therefore^ improve the opportunity ere it fades. The lower pond is already broken np, and the upper oue will soon be so, as the edges of the ice plainly show. There is a very heavy criminal calendar to be disposed of in the term of the Uuited States Circuit Court which commences to-day. There are throe persons charged with murder on the high seas; and one with manslaughter; there are eight others for larceny and other offences at sea. There are no less than nine persons indicted for the capital offence of dealing in the slave trade, and five others for the minor offences of Berving on a slaver and fitting out a vessel for the slave trade. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 100 deaths in the city during the past week? a decrease of 3 as oompared with the mortality of the week previous, and 10 more than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 1 death of alcoholism, 3 of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 83 of the brain and nerves, 4 of the generative organs, 12 of the heart and blood vessels, 135 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; C of old age, 63 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 2 premature births, 43 of diseases of the stomach, bowels aud other digestive organs; 31 of general fevers, 6 of diseases of the urinary organs, and 11 from violent causes. There were 283 natives of the United States, 8 of England, 72 of Ireland, 27 of Germany, 7 of Scotland, nud the balance of various foreign countries. There was nioro confidence manifested in the cotton market yesterday, especially in the afternoon, wnile the sales footed up some 400 a 500 balos, on the basis of 22c, a 23c. for middling uplands. We were favored with the following private despatch from Boston:? Boston, Feb. 25, 1802. C. C. 4: H. M. Taboi, New York:? Over 2,000 hales of cotton were destroyed by fire last night. 10). H. KI.BRIDGE. Preparations were on foot for the shipment of some 2,000 bales from this port to Liverpool,chielly by a leading banking house in Wall street. It was stated that a parcel of cotton which had reached this port from Liverjx?ol hud not been discharged, and would probably go bark by the same vessel that brought it. The Liverpool brokers' circular of the 7th inst. gives the stork of American cotton at 204,070 bales, against 540,050 do. at the same time last year, and 280,760 do. India Surais, &c., against 130,000 do. at the same time in 1861. The total stock was 650,180 bales, against 710,420 do. at the same time last year. To arrive at the difference in supplies in the two periods estimate the American bales et 450 lbs. and the India bales at about 300 lbs. euch. There were at sea on the 7th inst. no cotton front America, against 310,000 bales last year, and 99,000 bales India, against 76,000 do. last year. Tbe dour market was without change in prices, with a fair amount of sales, chiefly to the domestic trade. Wheat was dull and sales quite limited. Corn was less buoyant, with light sales, at G3ca 64,'aC. for Western mixed, In store and delivered. I'ork was active, with sales, chiefly for spring and summer deli very, at $14 50 a $14 75, and new prime at $10 50 a $10 62!-*. Sugars were steady, with galea of 1,300 hhds. Cuban and 74 boxes. Coffee was quiet and Arm. Freights were steady, with a fair amount of engagement*. Import Ant from England?Tht Last Hope ot tit* American Rebellion Vanished. The details of tbe news from England, brought by the mails of the Niagara, present one highly important, feature not indicated by the telegraph from Halifax. Earl Derby, the leader of the opposition in the British Parliament, rose in hia place in the House of Lords on the 7th inst. in order to correct u misreport of his speech of the previous day, published in we Jionuon l imes, ana tue tact or nia deeming it necessary to take bo much trouble may be regarded as a significant symptom of public opinion. The report of bis speech in tjje 7W?r was:?" I think the time is nearly come when the government may probably be called on to recognise the ho far successful revolt of the seceded States." What the Earl of Derby did say was very different. It was a* fol. lows:?' The time has not come alien it (the British government) can properly be called on to recognise the government representing the successful revolt of the Soul hern States. Though it is the practice to recognise a de facto government that ha* succeeded in establishing itielf. 1 Jo not think the resista, of the Southern .States has betv so successful as tii justify vs fit recrsjivzihij them as a Power able to maintain its own independence." This plain language, under the circumstance* which surround its utterance, must lie regarded bh an emphatic declaration of the policy of the opposition. As to what the policy of the administration is, the extracts which we publish this morning from State papers upon American affairs produced iu Parliament leave not a shadow of doubt. In reply to Messrs. Yancey, Host snd Mann. who. as delegates from the Southern confederacy, urged upon Earl Ilu*-~?1 it... !i. !-. .1 1 it. .. sun IUC rtfuugiiiwuii ui us mucprimfuc?, inr Secretary for Foreign Affair* said: Her Ma. je-rv cannot acknowledge the independence of nine States until tbe fortune of arms. or a more peaceful mode of negotiation, shall hnve more clearly determined the respective positions of the two belligerents.'' As neither the fortune of a ruts nor peaceful negotiations with the United States government have, since that time improved the position of the Southern confederacy?but. on the contrary, us is admitted by its President, "the tide of war is turned against it"?there is still le.*.* rouson than ever for the recognition of the revolutionised States. There is no hope, therefore, from the administration. There is none from the opposition. The claims of the Sonthern confederacy have hitherto found their chief support in England among tbe tory party, and it was feared by the friends of the Union that that party, on the opening of Parliament, would mako Isaac with the whig government on the American question, and oust it from power or force it into a recognition of the Confederate States, if not into the highhanded course of breuking up the blockade as not effective according to tne principle* ot international law. It wan even expected by the most sanguine of the rebel chiefk that Lord PalmerMon and Earl Russell would be compelled to declare war againat the United States, and to form an alliance with the Southern confederacy. This expectation la now completely dimlpated. It was a hope begotten by the wish - the tart desperate hope of European t f *" 0\ PLB SHEET. intervention. It wm like tbe gleam of sunshine upon tbe fast dissolving ioe previous to lis final breaking up with an explosion. Tbe news from England, therefore, Is the knell of departed hope. Nor must it be forgotten that at the time Earl Derby desired to set himself right before the country the news of the brilliant achievements at Roanoke Island ami on the Tennessee and the Cumberland had not reached him. llad he then known how the rebellion reeled under these staggering blows, how much more disoouraging would his laneuatre have been to the ties iterate cat mo of tbe Confederates. The administration party, the Manchester party, represented by Bright and Cobden, and the great tory party, represented by Earl Derby, have now all docl&red against the claims of the rebellious States aa inadmissible. There is no other party in England. The whole nation is thus against the pretensions of the sham government of Jeff. Davis. The discussion of the case of the Trent has developed the latent sympathies of the British people with the United States, and the leaders of the respective parties fear to run counter to the public sentiment. What will be the tone of English opinion when the news reaches Great Britain that Fort Donelson is captured, that Bowling Green is evacuated, and at Columbus the rebel General is preparing to follow suit; that. Nashville, if not already in the bands of Buell, soon will be; that Savannah is under the protection of our guns, and that on every side the Union armies are closing around the re* hellion like a circle of fiame around a scorpion, to consume it alive or force it to stiug itself to death. The Crisis at Richmond?The Inaugural of J?C Darts. The inaugural of Jeff. Davis, which we published yesterday, considering the peculiar circumstances attending it, and the serious and melancholy tone which pervades it, is a Confederate State paper entitled to some special consideration. The day was the anniversary of the birth of Washington; the scene was in Richmond. and Davis and his ruling associates had assembled "to usher into existence the permanent government of the Confederate States"?their provisional concern, set. up at Montgomery, Alabama, one year ago, having expired by limitation. Without dwelling upon the intolerable usurpations, oppressions and cruelties of the government of the United States, in contrast with the blessed millennium of his Southern confederacy, as painted by Davis, we proceed to his statement of its achievements within the one brief year of its eventful history. He says, "a new government has been established, and its machinery put in operation over an area exceeding seven hundred thousand square miles;'' that '-the great principles upon which we have been willing to hazard everything that is dear to roan have made conquests for us which never could have been achieved by the sword;" that "our confederacy lias grown from six to thirteen States; and Maryland, already united to us by hallowed memories and material interests, will, I believe, when enabled to speak with linstiflod voice, connect her destiny with the Souththat "battles have been foutrlit. metres haw been conducted', and although the contest Is not ended, and the tide for the moment is against us, the final result in our favor is not doubtful,'' because "the period is near at hand when our foes must sink under the immense load of debt which they have incurred." Now in ibis schedule of grand result- and expectations Davis surely did not expect to be believed by his hearers in his cool declaration that "our confederacy has grown from six to thirteen States. He knew very well, while uttering this fiction, that l'rice bad been finally driven out of Missouri; that our troops were driving him out of Arkansas; that Kentucky was no more a rebel State than Maryland or Delaware, and that Tennessee might al-o lie counted out of the list of the Confederate rebellious States. If I lav i-had said, "Our extensive Southern confederacy of last summer has been shorn of more than half Its strength iTy ot?r late disasters, and very soon this government may find it expedient to retire wilhiu its original boundaries and to its original capital of Montgomery. Ala., to save ourselves a little longer from being captured by the armed mercenaries of l.incolu," he would doubtlesa have uttered the thought> which were uppermost in his mind while pretending to believe in the final sneec-s of tits >>\ 11I<11I<<<I imposture. How stands the case within those six original Confederate .States, coat pared with th**ir position one year ago.' At ibis time I am year the flag of the Union was nowhere to be seen flying within the limits of those six States, except over Fort Sumter, in South Carolina, and Fort I'icken*. in Florida. Now the old flag is pretty welt advanced, and is still advancing in South Carolina and Georgia: has gained an additional lodgement or two in Florida: i* firmly planted upon the soil of Mississippi and Louisiana, and . penetrated only the other day, amidst the rejoicings of the people, all the way up the Ten- j nes-ee river to Florence, in Alabuma. Meantime, while the Hurnside expedition is steadily moving on towards the capital of North Carolina. and while the great overland Western expedition of Ilnntcr Is nbout to sweep off the rebel forces from the plains of Arkansas and Texa?. the only doubt as to the fate of the great rebel army at Manassas is whether it will wait to be cut to pieces by McClellan. or save Itself bv flight and by destroying the roads and bridgebehind it. Uavis is aware of all this ami of the over- j whelming superiority of oil* military forces and resources on every side, by land and water, and substantially confesses his critical situation in his desperate attempt to draw consolation from the idea that our loyal Slates, Veigbcd down by a mountain of debt, will soon be compelled to give up the struggle. A year ago "King Cotton" was pronounced by the rebel chief and hia fellow conspirators at the invincible champion of Southeru independence, and England and France, for cotton and free trade, were sure to put an end by force ef arms to "Lincoln'! paper blockade" and war of "Southern subjugation." But, in any event, down to the end of 1861, Big Bethel, Bull run, Ball's Bluft and Belmont were held as establishing the fighting capabilities of the rebellious South on the land to establish Its independence. Dat I England's persistent neutrality, and Somerset, I Fort Henry, Roanoke Island and Fort Donel- I son, have put an end to all these delusions. The bankruptcy of our loyal States is the last hope of Davis; but his hearers must have been disgusted with his impudence in referring to the bankruptcy of the Union, when Coufederate shinplasters, even at Richmond, are at forty per cent discount. We think it very probable that immediately after the delivery of his inaugural Davis called a council of war to consult upon the ways and means for the | transfer of his Potomao army and "permanent government" froie Richmond back again to Montgomery. Our Map of the Railroad Arteries of the Month, It appears, by intelligence from Richmond, that the rebel Congress has passed the act, recommended by Jeff. Davis, authorizing the construction of the railway between Danville, Virginia, and Greensboro, North Carolina, on tlie ground of its being a military necessity. We submit for the edification of our readers this morning a railroad map of our Southern States, for tho purpose of illustrating at a glance. the necessity of certain roads to tho very life of this rebellion. Thus it will be seen that with the occupation in East Tennessee of the rail- f road running thence up into Virginia wo should cut off on that side all the railway communications between Virginia and tho other revolted States. Next, it will be observed that, with the occupation by our military forces of Goldsboro and Italeigh, in North Carolina, we cutoff all the railway lines on tha Atlantic shore side between Virginia and the other Southern States, so that with our occupa. tion of the three points indicated the rebels in Virginia would be corapletoly isolated from their Southern confederates. Our map, however, embraces un inside track through North Carolina which would still sorva the purposes of the rebels, but for tha unfinished gap of thirty or forty miles ba. tween Danville, Va., and Greensboro, N. O.# which is now about to be filled up, by the recent act of Congress. Davis was very earnest in bis suggestions for the immediate completion of the road over this inoonvenieut gap of tha inside route; and more recently he has submitted to the legislative body of rebels tha necessity of aiding in tho construction of a connecting link between Selma, Alabama, and Meridian, Mississippi, in order to bare more ample communication witli the Southwest. A glance at our map. In connection with the movement of the advunced column of Geuerel Thomas into East Tennessee, and with the entrance of the Burnside expedition into North Carolina,.will satisfactorily explain tho eolicitudo of Jeff. Davis In regard to this Danville and Greensboro inside route. As a military man he had some suspicion of these peculiar dangers of his situation before the rebel members of Congress had given the slighest attention to the subject. ^?baye already cut one of their principal arteries by seizing the railroad bridge across the Tennessee fifteen miles above the recently captured Fort Henry, thus cutting off direct railroad communication between Columbus and Bowling Green. Still consulting our map, we are inclined te the opinion that the immediate occupation of those important railway lines of East Tennessee by a strong column from the forces of General oiiP!i, wouiu o? more damaging to we reoeis than our occupation of Columbus, Memphis or Nashville; because the bulk of the subsistence of the rebel army on the Potomac is drawn 'torn tlio grain producing districts which find their outlet eastward through East Tennessee. Captured ftehel Flag for the Cltjr at New York. A beautiful flag, captured from the rebels at the battle of Fort Donelson by a New Yorker, Colonel M. C. Smith, Acting Brigadier General, lias b<*ort sent to us for presentation to the city of New York, and now awaits the pleasure oi Mayor Opdyke at this office. Onr correspondent, through whom it was forwarded, thus describes the hag and the gallunt charge in which it was taken Hut perhaps the most d isperats charge made iu the whole oi the engagement was that of Colonel M. Iu Smith's brigade. early in theafternoon. Genera! McClernnnd's command tied been attache! early In the morning by vastly superior numbers, and compelled to fall back. Us ir tillcry, consisting of Schwartz's and another battery. had b'-eti partly eaptnrcd, and, though h? gallantly ltd lin men up threo times to retako tin ui, still, at lialfpast onr, he found himself worsted at every point, fhero was no commanding general on the field to order reinforcements, and Captain Hillyer,vf General Grant's staff", " took th> responsibility," and ordered General Wa'ince to send General McCloruand such help as was needed. Col. Morgan Smith's brigade, consisting of Ibo h'lgtith Missouri, Kleventh Indiai-a snd Seventh lows, ere chosen and ileepstched to tho rescue. They charged bayonets up the hill, drove the enemies i from their guns, scattered the infantry iu confusion. r< look the captured batteries, which luol been turned u|sm as, and re-established order upon the right. The re I el force here ecpa?e<l was the flower of the rebel army?mostly front Mississippi?and as reckless and design ale s set of follow." as ever met a foe; bnt their reekle sno*'; and bravado were no avail before the cold ste?| and poll-died b&yowta'of the Pukes, Iloosiers snd Hawkeyes. Aui d* tho trophies capturod wers several splendid flags, one of which I send yon to day by express?a gift from the geilnut Colonel who captured it, Morgan b Smith. The trophy is Inscribed:? S rants*' mrt { TO THE PT.ACKI.AND G!l>EONITE^. 1 5 Wsy He.irM orown yon with victory. ; If in > full btoodad "aereiihcr," ful?flfl?m faet long by ?ighf wide, of the flnasl silk. flnnly ambroiilorad and lot up-d.and in all rmpacta rally np to the mark or such iilium <,'unci ally. Colons! Smith la a New Yorker by birth, a graduate <T Weal I'olnl, a man of great bravery na<t military ate III, and dMlr?* thia tronby to be prevented to the city or hla nativity through the editor of the Thia Aug in of line Milk, hut Is not no Urge a? it in represented by our correspondent, who did not men an re it. It in nine feet six inches long and Are feet. wide. It in made after the pattern originally adopted by the Confederate Congreen?" the stars and ham''?and is white, red end blue. The bars ore three?the upper and lower rod. and the centre white. Tho lower bar runs the whole length, tho centre and the upper extend only from the blue Aeld, or Union, which contains in the centre the stars cluster < ing round in a circle. The blue, or Union, ia thus the upper corner of the Aug. next the Aag staff. and it extends downwards two-thirds or to the edge of the lower rod bar. It is a square or a little over a yurd. Within the eirclo formed by the stars ia the inscription ns abovo, in gilt letters; hut, instead of taking the form of an oblong square, it is circular, following the surrounding figure of tho circle of stars. The stem, which consist of white silk, are well formed, and tho effect on tho deep blue is good. It is worthy of remark that, though tho Con federate States ore thirteen in number on paper and In the Inaugural of Jeff. Davit, this flag ex* hiblta only eleven, which may bo accounted for by tho foot that it waa made before Missouri en 1 Kentucky wore dragged into tho confederacy) and aa those Statee wore not likely to remain ^ong under the dominion of JolT. Davit and Co., the rotfment which boro the ihjg did ftftt tbl*% I J

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