Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1862 Page 4
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V 4 NEW YORK HERALD. ] aUBI GORDON BKSNKTT, tun OK AMD PROI'lllKTOR. 5PFICB M. V. CORNS* OP PULTON AND NASSAU 8TB. 'I TiNjfSmtM to tilUM Mrm*y ?wa apataa tria btrnttk* t r?i <U iKt trwim. Atmr tmt UatJc ML, -nrr?t m Am* York IBM DAILY BKhALV tm, cent.poreupp TT| Volume XX VII Ho. 57 , AAt'OAiE.nis i ilia uTtiiiau, NIBI.O'8 QARDKN, Broadway.?i ollbrm Bawh. WINTBR GARDEN, Broadway.?!' - ou Tom's Oasim. ( WALLACE'S TUKATR , No. 5*4 Broadway.?A Cmi i on ( riik .. k ,ui ache. i LAURA KEKNE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tr* Ma- \ OiKiHT, ca. thk Pai r i r NEW BOWER* TUEATRu, Mo wary.? Carrou or Foa* d ..i4.jh' l .?< i. 1?? < * .n. BOWER* THEATRE. Bowery?Stiorjibt*s Natiomal Ciacus BARN VMS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Com Kerr -Litimu UtrroroiAMUS, While, do., at aU u >urs.? Online, uficruuou and euin<. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Meobanlua' HaU. <71 Broad ay.?i'i>? Vo?H hkw-. HOOLET'S MINSTRELS. Stoyveasnt Institute. No. 65 Broadway. ? Fo* in a F'X?ExBiortAB Sonus. Dances. Ac. MLLODEON CONCERT HALL. S3* Broadway - Songs. dakcks, buuamou. ac.?, o llt lli i on !*. i CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 586 Broadway.? Soros. DaROBS, bublkauuks, ao.?u'pl at tu1 p k. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM. 616 Broadway ?DraWIMO Room Kntrbtaimmrmts, Ballets. Pantomimes. Farces, Ad. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. <M Broadway.?Sonus, Balut*. Pantomimes, Ac ?I orirait Punier CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HaI.T. No. ?6 Bowery.? Burlesques. Soros, Dances. Ac.?j ? o Clowns. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, MS Broadway.? 1 Open dally trom 10 A.M. UU 5 P.M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?Burlrsocu Fo*oa, Darcko, Ac. t New York, Tharsday, February 17, 18096. DAILY CIRCULATION OF THE NEW YORK HERALD | Sunday, February 16 104,016 ( Monday, February 17 118,080 Tuesday, February 18 118,968 Wednesday, February 19 117,720 Thursday, February 20 113,328 Friday, February 21 112,896 Saturday, February 22 118,800 Total 803,808 Average daily circulation 114,829 The above figures, which can be verified from our books, give the circulation of the Naw You He&ald for the week just past. We believe that It more than equals the aggregate circulation of all the other daily papers in this city, and of course it far surpasses that of any one of them. The advantages which the Hsbald affords to advertiser8 are self-evident. THE SITUATION. He movement took place yesterday in the Army of the Potomac. The sanitary condition of the camps is represented as most encouraging. No sickness prevails to create any apprehension, or to show that the health of the troops is not of a highly satisfactory character. The average number of cases in the hospitals, in fact, does not exceed that of any civil community in ordinary times. A despatch received at St. Lochs yesterday, from Fort Donelson, says that a boat just arrived from ClarkaviQe reports the evacuation of Nash-ille. The Union citisens of that place sent a boat P Clarksvffle, which towed one of our ganboats "k their protection. The rebels, with Governor larris, retreated to Murfreesboro'. And the later worthy, it appears, burned all the State documents before leaving. General Grant has declared martial law over West Tennessee, with the under- c standing that when a sufficient number of citizens of the State return to their allegiance, and show a desire to maintain law and order OTer the terri- a tory, all military restrictions shall be withdrawn. 1 Postal facilities are now extended to Clarksville, ' and the mail bags will follow the flag of the Union , into Tennessee. 1 The Murfreosboro' pape.z contain a fierce wtr t speech of Governor Harris. The previous rumors 1 of Governor Harris' desertion of the rebel cause in its extremity, may have originated in a stutc- ; ment made in Chicago by parties who arrived ? from Foit Donelaon, to the effect that General ' Grant had an interviow with Governor Harrib' ' near Clarksville, and that the Governor stated that, If General Grant would cease hostilities for three < days, he would have the Americao flag floating 1 from every fortified place in Tennessee. The more recent acconnts, above alluded to, c however, go to show that Governor Harris re- y mains unchanged in his treasonable sentiments and purposes. By way of Fortress Monroe we have ne .vs from Roanoke Island op to Sunday, but it is not important, with the exception of the temporary failore to lay the telegraph cable across the bay in consequence of the heavy gale, and the loss of the steamer Fobokm, which was engaged in the enterprise. White flags arc said to be flying in large numbers at Nag's Ilead and its vicinity. Ws learn by way of Kansas CUy that the Union sentiment I" New Mc.vico is growing rapidly. The proclamation of the rebel chief Bibley produced no effect in rallying men t? the bad cause of which he is the rcpio- I eentative. On the contrary, nearly all the arma-bearlng citizens have turned nut to protect the Union flag. Great enthusiasm prevailed in the Counties of Bernalillo, Benicia. Soeorro, and n the upper counties the militis here tnrned ont in large Cumbers. The Texan rebels, nnder Sibley, were at Fort Thome, fifty miles from Fort Craig, on the 17th Instant, and advancing on the latter place. Their supplies were scarce, their transportation poor, cud I- dr only alternative was either to ?.,ht or to tarve. flOVflllll i , In the He note ye*terd?J\ petitions in favor of s few rt?l bankrupt law, and for the emancipation of ( lives, wire presented end referred. A memorial from t'.e New York Academy of Medicine, sg.iint tl< mployment of liomoop'Uhi"'physicians in the r was prenc.. ed. A bill est b'.ishing a railto J .1 telegraph line from the Missouri rivef to th idc Ocean was reposed from the flpec lai Co ttce on that subject. i no bill providing for t) "upation and cultivation of certain cotton id ud in the possession of the United Htstes was taken up ?.ud discussed. Mr. Browning mo,? fjfer H to <Us Judiciary I Crr11'" Pending thig rnolioa Ute mntui 1 . j NE hour expired, and the bill wae laid aside. The consideration of the question of admitting the new Senator from Or n, Mr. Starke, whose loyalty is questioned, t .eat in the Senate waa then resumed, and Mr. Sumner made a speech adverse to thj claimant. Messrs. Cowan, Davis, Wilmot, Carlile and Sherman participated in tlie debate, but no definite action wai taken on the subject. The bill fixing the number of members of the House of Representatives under the new apportionment was amended so aa to make the number 249, and then passed. In the IIousc of Representatives, Mr. Voorhies, of Indiana, asked leave to offer a resolution commending the sentiments and policy of General Halleck, as announced in his General Order of the 23d instant, already published, as eminently wise and patriotic, and in strict conformity with the constitution, and that the war should be conducted in accordance with the Bame, and that the thanks of Congress are tendered to General Halleck for said order, and for his military achievement as commander of the Department of Missouri. Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois, objected, and the resolution was consequently ruled out. Mr. Van Wyok offered a resolution, which was adopted, directing the Contract Committee to inquire into the amount of money received by the federal officers in New York; as to the ownership and rents of the bonded warehouses; the contract for the delivery, Ac., of foreign goods at New York, and when said contracts were made, by whom, and who are now interested therein. Mr. Van Wyck announced his retirement from the chairmanship of the Government Contract and Revolutionary Pension Committees. The case of Mr. Upton, who claims a : eat as representative from the Fairfax district of Virginia, was taken up, and discussed till the adjournment. The House concurred in the Senate bill fixing the number of Representatives, under the new apportionment, at 249. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The two houses of our State Legislature at Albany reassembled on Tuesday, after a recess of a few lays. In the Senate on that day no business of particular importance was transacted. Yesterday, n the Senate, a considerable portion of the session was occupied in Committee of the Whole over the bill defining the duties of the Port Captain and Harbor Masters of this port. The bill authorizes the Governor to appoint a Port Captain and eleven Harbor Masters. After much discussion and the adoption of some immaterial amendments, it was reported complete and ordered to a third reading. The bill to amend the Brooklyn city charter was referred to the Brooklyn delegation, to report complete, [n the Assembly, on Tuesday, the Canal Auditor's innual report was received; also a communication from the Superintendent of the Onondaga Salt Springs, stating his inability to inform the House, is desired, of the names and number of employes, md the wages paid, in the past ten years. The >ill requiring county treasurers to pay into the Rate Treasury by the 15th of March prox. all the Rate taxes in their hands, and providing leavy penalties for derelictions of duty on their part, was debated in Committee of the Whole and Had progress reported on it. In the Assembly yesterday a number of bills were noticed for rutnre introduction, among which were bills to amend our city charter and the Registry law, to reduce the fare on city railroads, to legalize the primary elections, and to amend the charter of the Tammany Society. The Annual Canal Appropriation bill for 1862 was passed. Bills were introduced to increase the pay of non-commislioned officers and privates in volunteer regiments Ive dollasn per month, and providing additional egulations for the Supreme Court and Conrt of Appeals. Resolutions were adopted requiring the Metropolitan Police Commissioners to report to the Legislature all the particulars with regard to lines imposed by them, and also the number, grade and pay of all persons in their employ, Ac. All the game laws of the State were referred to a committee of five, to report a general game law. The Bank Superintendent's annual report of the sondition of the saving.-, banks of the State was -eceived. The Public Defence bill was made the ipeeial order for twelve o'clock to-day. The German Journal, of Frankfort, of the 4th if February, enumerates some of the injuries iniicted on the people of Germany by the inundaions mentioned in the Herald last Monday. The Tournal states that the Main has fallen two feet, ind is seventeen and a half feet above its ordinary evel. At Mt-ntz the quays and the adjoining itreels are inundated, and the Rhine continues to >rmg nown a quauiuy 01 an:riesoi an Kinus vuicn ..ive bt*en washed away. The Iser, the Danubehe Neckar, the Elbe and other rivers still overflow ,heir banks, and the communication on several ailways has beta interrupted. Small rivers have ieen transformed into torrents by the melting of he snow. The villages in the neighborhood of iar sbon are completely inundated. At Hamburg onsider&ble damage 1 as bc<n already d?,.e. The iica .re at Dresden has been closed in consequence it the overflow of the Elbe. The last of a series of lectures before the Young ben's Literary and Social Union Clflb was deliv jred last night at Clinton Hall, by A. Oakey Hall, Esq. The suoject of which lie treated was entitled 'Ancient Breach of Promise Case?Dido versus Eneas." The lecturer described this famous ass, which has been so graphically dealt with by rirgil in his "JSnead." The st>le of the lecture was urciy hyperbolic, and consisted principally of inerrogativea and answers, after the fashion of a gal trial. He brought fortu the name r and diameters of the principal gods in the heathen nylhology, as lawyers, jurymen, witnesses, Ac., >ccasiotially adapting their acti< n< to some living ?ersonages of our own day, with a very happy iTec . As a racy, pungeut, witty and recondite iterary composition, the lecture deserves the lighest commendation, and it received the ap. clause of an appreciative audience during ita delivery. Last evening Rev. Dr. Vinton delivered an able ecture on the "Cause and Cure of the Rebellion" ;o a large audience, at Irving 11*11, a brief report if which will be found elsewhere. Gen. Robert tnderson, Hon. George Bancroft, Hon. Luther Jradish and other prominent citizens were present. The C-itcd States ateam transport Matanzns tailed yesterday morning for Port Royal and Ship stand. She has a fall cargo of rnbsisDnce stona ind ammunition. The slave cases and the trial for murder on the ligh *eas, in the United btatea Circuit Court ye.v onlay, were of great interest. Mr. Edwin James nade a powerful speech for the alleged murderer, md succeeded in acquitting his client. In the Court of General Sessions yesterday Reuordcr Hofltnan sentenced James J. Wall to imi-. tu. ut.t. r. . ? pi l!<UMIIir-U% III MIO OMJW3 L flBOU IUI IUUI J ? AT* IftllU 4ix inoiitbs, he having been convicted of man. daughter in the second degree, in shooting Owen fh? Ian at Harlem. The Grand Jury have found lndi3tm', ,*" o? arson hi the third degree against Willtar P<rley and William 0. l-ainhert. Jr. Vosterday Lambert appeared before Recorder HofThian and entered into bail in the sum ?f 12,600, his father becoming the secvity. They sre charged in the indictment with fe^pniously >urriiiig *oods, wares and merchandise in the mil ding No. 809 Broadway on the 22d of April, [860, with an intent thereby to defraud the Home nsurance Company. No busluesa of public importance was transacted >y the Commissioners of Emigration yesterday, 'rom the we^ly statement it appears that the nnn>. >er of emigrants who arrived here during the week >nding on the 26th instant was 372, making a total >f 2,529 during the present year, against 3,940 up ;o the same date last year. The number of inn?vai remaining <* Mtad |l TM. Iha W YOliK llEltALD, TI1U1 balance* remaining iii the book to the oredit of the Commissioners is t4,%'4 80. The market for beef cattle was more buoyant this week, and with a good demand and moderate receipts prices have advanced half a cent per pound, varying from 6c. a i)c. a 9]/tc. a 10c. The cattle were generally of a good quality, and sold fast at the advance. Milch cows were dull but unchanged. Veals were steady at 4c. a 6c. a 6%c. Sheep and lambs were rather more active, and prices varied from i3 ..0 a t5 50 a 68. according to quality. Swine were active and higher, varying from 4j^c. a 4%c. for corn fed and 3%c. a 4cfor etill fed. The receipts were 3,329 beef cattle, 116 cowa, 301 vcala, 4,700 aheep and lamba and 9,168 swine. The cot too market yesterday exhibited more tone and firmness, with more stab.lity and evenness in pricesThe sales embrace 1 1,000 bales, closing on the basis of 23e. for middling uplands. The flour market was without important ch?n,e in prices, while the dcniaud was fair, chiefly from tho home trade. Wheat wag dull aad prices Irregular, while sales were light. Corn was dull, while sales were made to a moderate extent, embiocing West, ern mixed at 02c. a 04c. in store and delivered. Pork waa active and higher, chiefly for future delivery. Sales were made on the spot at $14 26 a $14 37)4 for new mess, and $10 02)4 a $10 75 for new prime, for June and July delivery gales were made at $15 for new mess and $11 for naw prime. Sugars were steady, with sales of 700 a 800 hh is. and 16,000 bags Manila. CoflVe was firm, with sales of 2,800 bags Rio on private terms, and 1,000 do. at 19)4c. a 20c. Freights wore unchanged, while engagements were made to a fair extent. The English Government end the English Press on American Affairs. The diplomatic correspondence that we published yesterday from the Blue Book, which bos just been laid before the House of Commons, in relation to the questions that have arisen between the governments of England and the United States, in connection with the civil war in this country, throws fresh light on the influences that were exercised to provoko hostilities between the two countries, and thus bring about the recognition of the South. To complete the effect of these disclosures, we have the emphatic denial of Lord Derby, the chief of the tory opposition, of the expressions attributed to him in the report of his speech in the House of Lords at the opening of Parliament, in which he was made to advocate an early recognition of the rebel confederacy by England. In taking into consideration the state of political parties in England, the temptations which the American question held out to the opposition, and the distressing circumstances that rendered the efficiency of our blockade a matter of very reasonable cavil on the part of an administration sorely pressed on all sides, we cannot help being struck with the generally upright and candid spirit that pervades the correspondence of the British officials, and which prompted the recent declaration of Lord Derby. To Lord Lyons credit is especially due for his correct appreciation of the delusions under which the leaders of the rebellion put forth their claims for recognition, and which have led so many in Europe to favor their pretensions. Still more to his honor is the feeling manifested by him at the near prospect of an abrupt and unfriendly termination of his diplomatic functions. "To connoa 1 iKo ilSafroafl that T fool " cava Inn 1 Aw/1ak<?? VV#I *liv UIO?i VOO ?UMK A 1VV4, O "! IVIUOUiJI, in a despatch to Earl Russell, "would be impossible, nor would it, if possible, be desirable." Again, in expressing his unwillingness to make any demand for reparation that, on the one hand, might prove to be inadequate, or that, on the other, might render more difficult a satisfactory settlement of the question, by being unnecessarily great, he gives utterance to tbeee generous sentiments:?"I am unwilling to deprive any explanation or reparation which the United States government may think it right to offer of the grace of being made spontaneously. The American people would more easily tolerate a spontaneous offer of reparation, made by its government from a sense of justice, than a compliance with a demand for satisfaction from a foreign minister." It was through this delicacy and conscientiousness, we need scarcely add, that the settlement of the Trent affair was so easily and quietly effected. The least imprudence or haughtiness of bearing on his lordship's part would have led to such an outbreak of public feeling here as would have rendered it exceedingly difficult for Mr. Seward to make the reparation demanded. Such being the spirit and tone In which the correspondence on this and other questions arising out of our domestic troubles has been conducted, it becomes a matter of wonderment bow Vtto two countries snouiu r.are nccn so nearly involved in war. To the English press we have to look for an explanation of the fact, for to it all the violence and ill feeling displayed towards the North are traceable. The rebellion had no sooner broken out than the English journals, with two or three honorable exceptions. seemed to be seized by some malign and unaccountable influence, w hich converted their previously moderately amicable feeling towards us into bitter hatred, and prevented them seeing anything except through a Southern medium. The French press exhibited the same dislike and contempt towards us?a fact far which the early misfortunes of the campaign were assigned as a pretoxt. No one, however, could reasonably expect that a purely commercial end agricultural community should all at once display the military qualities that it takes years to develope in other countries. What, then, was the motive of the fierce partisanship thus exhibited? We know not, unless it be explained by He corrupt antecedent* of such men us Messrs. Yancey, Eost. and Ma in, the rebel Commissioners. It is knovrn that they took large sums of Southern gold with them abroad, and that tbey made lavish use of it in their cultivation of both the English and French press. Whether their operations were confined to dining and wining its editors, or were extended to subsidizing the journals themselves, we have yet to learn. Much of the former we know was done; but this would not furniah a solution to the course ol such journals a? the London Times and the Paris Patri<!. Cor. iderations more potent must have influenced them, or they would not thus forfeit their claims to public respect and risk their circulnMon. l ake, for example, the conduct of tlit* ijOiwnn / iT'f.v in uir in^i,-laun 01 i^oru | Derby's speech. Can any one doubt, after the pre ious course of that, journal, that it designedly misrepresented bis lordship's expressions in order to represent bim as ndvocatlng the immediate recognition of the f-ontb? It is not merely a political sentiment thai Induces a journal in the po?itipn of the Tinwa to thus commit itself. The service sought to be ren- ! dered belongs to that class which only money

can buy. If these conclusions reflect severely on the journals to which we refer, it is their Toult, not ours. A course more Inconsistent, more unpriucipied or more utterly reckles# has neVer been pursued by public writers. It is vo be hoped UuU the reVulw givea Uteu by the ISDAY, FEiiKUAKr 27, 1 moderation of the American government and press, and the falsification of all their foolish predictions, will Lave the effect of ret ailing th.-m to some sense of shame and regard for public opinion. A Wsr Debate In the Rebel Congress? "llunaltur To it von Come Again.** The recent war debates in the rebel Congress, which, from the reports of the Richmond papers, we have laid before our readers, are very interesting and suggestive. Footo?Governor Foote, General Foote, the lion. II. S. Foote, the immortal Foote?of Mississippi, and then of California, but now of Tennessee, whose native element is hot water, has been getting up another seusation. As a dashing and persevering sensation expounuer of Southern chivalry, Foote is only excelled by Governor Wise. As a member of the United States Senate, Koote was always on the floor, always entertaining, always punctilious, and always in a stew. Ab a Unionist, though at first victorious over Jeff. Davis and secession in Mississippi, Foote was finally floored, and then he left in disgust for California, that happy refuge of used-up politicians. But there, failing with his Know Nothing dark lantern to find his way back to Washington, Foote wiped the gold dust of the Sacramento off his feet, and re" turned to the valley of the Mississippi. There he has been bobbing around; now raising Jesse among the fire-eaters of a Southern commercial convention, and then spreading himself for Douglas; here to-day and off to-morrow, until at length ho turns up in the rebel Congress at Richmond, a representative from Tennessee, as rattling, rampant, irrepressible ar.d implacable as ever, and still the evil genius of Jeff. Davis, haunting him like his shadow. And so we find that no sooner is the rebel "permanent" Congress organized than Foote pounces upon the administration of Davis. He offers a resolution declaring that, whatever propriety there may have been heretofore in the defensive war policy of Davis, it is now the duty of his government to "carry the war into Africa," "to assail the forces of the enemy wherever they are to be found, upon the land or the water, with a view to the most ample indemnity for the past, and the most complete security for the future." Foote does not like the idea of waiting to be eaten up. W. W. Boyce, of South Carolina, late a man of mark in the Congress of the United States, sided with Foote. Those South Carolina men, whose hearts are in their desperate work, are the fellows to look their danger squarely in the face. Boyce was for offensive warfare, and was for holding on to all the slave States; for, said he, "we cannot afford to give up one inch of Southern soil." He referred to the drunken boast of the rebel Secretary of War, Walker, on the fall of Fort Sumter, that within a month the Confederate flag would be flying over the city of Washington, and said, substantially, that, instead of alarming the North by this threat, the rebel conspirators should have done the deed while talking peace. Eoyce was right about this Southern blowing and braggadocia, because in the very outset it utterly ruined the chances of this rebellion. For thiee months before the fall of Fort Sumter, and for three weeks after the battle of Bull run, this Southern conspiracy might have succeeded in a European recognition, by the seizure and occupation of Washington and Maryland. But from the day that General McClellan had reorganized our broken army of Bull run, the game was up with Jeff. Davis. From the day when we of the loyal States had no longer any fears as to the safety of Washington, the handwriting was upon the wall against the rebel government at Richmond. The earnest South Carolinian, Boyce, thought it was high time for the Confederates to fight upon some general plan; that they had been fighting at random long enough; and he named Beauregard and Toombs? the bombastic, boisterous and barbarous Toombs?as the two men to form a plan. Now, while we must admit Beauregard to be a good officer, we know nothing of Toombs as a military leader, except from tho plan of warfare which Le recently urged upon the women and children of Georgia. That plan would make it 1heir duty to burn their own houses over their heads, to lay waste by fire the cities, towns, hamlets, villas and cottages of the South, their stores of provisious and their growing crops, their fields and forests, with the approach of our advancing forces. But as this plan of Toombs, though partially adopted iu South Carolina, is no better than that of the man who set hre to his barn to save it from the Lands of the sheriff, we suspect it will not bo suflicient to defeat the grand encircling plan of McClellan. But, to return to Foote. Ho is always full of the wondeis of souio prodigious mare's nest which he has just discovered. So, in this case, he never would endorse the rebel Secretary of War (Benjamin) aud their Secretary of the Navy (Maliory). Foote had found them out; and no doubt, in this instance, he has substantial ground for bis declarations; for Benjamin is understood to have commenced life as a thief, and Maliory bad the reputation of a loose character in Washington. Foote, so far from endorsing these two men, "intended to make one day developemenis that would astonish at least some, body;" for "he had facts, strutting facts, which he intended to bring to bear on the subject." And so Footo continued at great length to denounce that defensive policy of his rebel confederates which has resulted so disastrously to their cause, and to advocate the policy of pushing the war to Ihilade'pbia, Few Vcik and Boston. To pursue this plan, Mr. Jenkins, of Virginia, mildly suggested that the r< bel army would have to be increased to double its present numbers. But. energetic, go-ahond military champions of the South like Gencal Foote look with contempt upon such trifles as overwhelming numbers, artillery and resources on the side of the enemy. To sum up, wo discover in die vi lent conflict of opinions developed in the rebel (lo:igrrss, by (lie fearless nnd torribl >. General Foote, and in the doubts, dbrtay ai l despair betrayed in this discussion ol the fnt ue war policy of the South, thai the robe' government, with an? sucli overhauling, will lie very apt to b.'cak up in a row. It is now in the wrangling. disjointed und dboidcred condition of the councils of the Jews when heir sac led cJ,y of Jerusalem was besieged bj Titus; and wc tnink it highly probable that another onn'aught upon lb' jamin by Footo will very materially shorten the dying agonies of the rebellion. Let Footo bring out his "startling facts," let the honest people of the South see how they have been betrayed arid despoiled by an impudent conspiracy of robbers and swindlers, and theio will be an end at once to thft bald imposture of an impudent Southern confederacy. Mexico and European Intervention. It is evident that England is beginning to see the designs of Spain and France with regard to Mexico, and, as these form no part of the compact between the three nations, she is very properly unwilling to countenance them. I The designs in question are in their character I somewhat antagonistic as concerns her Catholic Majesty and Louis Napoleon. The cherished object of Spain is to reconquer the country and make it a Spanish colony; that of Franco is to overthrow the remiblio and establish in its place a monarchical government, placing the Archduke Maximilian, of Austria, on the throne, in consideration of the latter annexing Venetia to the new Italian kingdom, in which event, of course, Napoleon would stipulate for the transfer of the island of Sardinia to France, make Gome the capital of Italy, by withdrawing his troops, and settle matters generally to Lis own liking. In this way he would be ministering to the national passion of the French people for territorial aggrandizement, and increasing his own popularity at home. But Louis Napoleon is not the farsceing man that we credit him to be if he does not recognise in this programme innumerable dangers,not only in Europe, but on this continent, and if these are not sufficient to deter him from its adoption. When Spain, planning the conquest of Mexico, proposed the treaty under which the three Powors are at present acting, Napo'con saw that he could make something out of it, and readily assented to the proposition. The issue of the war in the United States might have then appeared very doubtful to him, and in the event of a division of this republio he had little to fe ir from the United States. But since that time the aspect of the struggle has materially changed, and all doubt as to the ultimate triumph of the federal arms, and the restoration of the Union to its former integrity, is dispelled by our recent victories and the immense preponderance of resources at our command. Had it not been for the fact that we were engaged in acontest at home, the European coalition against Mexico would never have been formed. It was known that for the time being we were unable to thwart the plans of the Allies, and under certain contingencies it might be found very convenient to have a large European squadron near our own shores. Cut, although we are still engaged in that contest, it will not be long before we sheath our swords in victory; and then, with an army of half a million of men, we shall be perfectly prepared, if requisite, to take a hand in the Mexican game. It is this knowledge, more than anything else, that will operate upon the mind of the Emperor of France, and he will be unwise, indeed, if, for such a doubtful advantage as that arising from the fact of Maximilian being King of Mexico, he risks the interruption of friendly relations with this country; for the United States will never tolerate a Hapsburg in Mexico, any more than it would allow Mexico to become a colony of Spain. It is very possible that the latter Power may persist in her attempts towards this end, but vainly; for if the Mexicans fall in defeating her, they will find friends in the United States, and we shall have a fair pretext for annexing the island of Cuba; and it is the continued possession of this colony that furnishes Spain with trade and means for carrying out the scheme of conquest which she has lately commenced to put into practice. She began by the conquest of San Domingo, and if let alone ah# will try to conquer all South America. She ia making a desperate effort to revive the grandeur of her former history; but she is doomed to disappointment. The United States will take care of Mexico, the Tripartite treaty to the contrary notwithstanding; and the elements of discord already existing among the Allies themselves will make this a tolerably easy matter. The Attacks of the Tribune on the President and His Famibt.?Every day there is some malignant attack upon the President or his family in the columns of that rabid organ of abolition, the New York Tribune. The following. published in yesterday's number, is a specimen:? "Wby don't you daned1" blithely Inquired an oir.irent fuDctif r.ary of a lending Senator, at n rrcnt social frstivitv in "I never dunco in a bo. ieged city," wus the quick and stern reply. The allusion is to an ordinary reception given at the White House, at which there was no ball but this story about dancing was fabricated as a peg on which to bang an imputation both upon the President and Lis family, and, at the mmc time, to w ound General VcClellan by representing the city of Washington as besieged. Nothing but malignity of the most rancorous kind could describe the capital of the republic as being in a state of siege. It might just us well bo said that New York is besieged. At a time that the British government and the heads of all parties in England are freely admitting that the Southern rebels have not proved their capability of maintaining their independence, their Northern ally, Gree ley, cotnea to their assistance, by showing that not only do they hold their own, but that they have the capital of the United States, with the President, his Cabinet and Congress, beleaguered. Thus does the Tribune ploy into the hands of Jeff. Davis and his associates. But there is one consolation, and that is that nobody in England will be likely to give credit to the assertions of that journal, in the face o/ notorious facts "known to ull men." Tiik Tribune Stkauxo the IIkuw.p's News asp Kpitorialm.?Yesterday the Tribune, not content with taking from tho Herald its news of the previous day. containing a report of the ,naujuration of Jeff. Davis, his inaugural ad dress, his proclamation of a fast, and other interesting intelligence from tho South, published a number of our old editoria's, running back MM tlmn a year ago. We arc glad to And that that journal, in the absence of freaL news, considers these articles better v orth a place in its columns than anyMdng else It could fill them with. Wo 1 ope it will continue to publish such | matter, and that hereafter it will insert our editorials at full Irnglh, ond not in n garbled form, in order that, its rer.dem iray have a correct idea of what the Iif:iui.D says. Among then) we would suggest for publication an article in Tuesday's number with the caption ' What the Abolitn.nisla Want to Do for tho Country." Tint artic.e ows what S nner, flreeloy A Co. want to ' o; but they will never bo able 'o rut forly niggers in tho House of Representatives and four in tho Senate, to vote with thein that Mack is white and white black on future political Issuer They must *.ry their hand at some other mode of manufacturing a majority in Congress, or they wil(', > . ,;m ,jied by those coming events which *rt> now oartLijr their shadows before, | - ? - - ...... . '"^i GovKRNJLEXT CoNTUOL op TliK TitlJiOHAI'lW?A Stop to ihb Gams op Abolitionist Tkaitors.? Secretary Stanton's order forbidding the transmission of military intelligence by telegraphy unless authorized by the government supervisor appointed under the powers vested in the President by the recent act of Congress will gladden the heart of every loyal man. It was imnossible that any great combined movement of our armies could take place in Virginia without the adoption of this precautionary measure. No step could be taken in advance without its being instantly telegraphed to New York, and being as promptly transmitted to the rebels. The control assumed by the government over the different lines is in no sense of the word a censorship, inasmuch as it merely applies to military movements, and does not interfere with news of any other description. It has been necessitated by the conduot of certain mean and contemptible abolition journals, suoh as the Tribune, Times, World and Post, which hare been in the habit of regularly furnishing information to the enemy of the movements ot our troops, in violation of an understanding with the government to the contrary. It will not in any way affect the Herald; for we have never deviated from that understanding, believing it to be our duty, as it is our pleasure, to go hand in band with the authorities in everything calculated to promote the great task entrusted to them. It is satisfactory to know that henceforth it will not be left to the good faith of traitorously inclined journals to keep silent on the information that may reach them in connection with the movements of our army. They will be subjected to penalties for the infraction of the government regulations whioh will be equivalent to a total suppression of their country circulation. Thei Confederacy at Home and Abroad.? The appeal of Messrs. Yancey, Rost and Mann (the reputed Commissioners of Jeff. Davis' bogus confederacy) to Earl Russell was published in our columns yesterday, and figures largely in the Parliamentary Blue Book. In cool audacity of lying it surpasses even Jeff. Davis' inaugural, and its misrepresentations are as numerous as they are malicious. These Commissioners represent that the rebels have won every victory; that Maryland, Kentucky and Tennessee are true to the South, and that part of Illinois is out of the Union. Our blockade, they insist, is only a sham; and, on the whole, they consider the confederacy an established fact. In reply, Earl Russell observes that he cannot see the confederacy in that light, and gives Yancey & Co. the cold shoulder. It is amusing to notice, however, the nicety with which the Confederates suit their case to the prevalent feelings at homo and abroad. Here they tell us abolition drove them out of the Union, when, in effect, the abolitionists only gave them a pretext for secession. In England, where abolitionists are popular, the rebels represent that it was adverse legislation which compelled them to r leave, when, in fact, the South has had uninterrupted control of the national legislature for the past forty years. One lie is as great as the other; but certainly the Father of Lies himself could hardly adapt them so well to the circumstances and opinions of the parties addressed. Passage or the Treasubt Note Bnx?What Next in Order ??The Treasury Note bill has finally passed, has been approved by the President, and is now the law of the land. The substance of it is that it Issues $150,000,000 of Treasury notes, which are a legal tender for public and private debts, except for the interest due upon them and the bonds into which they are convertible, which must be paid in coin, and the customs duties to the government, which must be paid in specie?the effect of which provision is to keep gold in the country, and at the same time indirectly to increase the duties on imports. The notes may be funded at any time in six per cent twenty year bonds, but redeemable at the pleasure of the government after five years from date. On the whole the bill is good, and the principal features in it are what we recommended. But Congress may pass as manj Treasury note bills as it pleases; they will avail nothing without a Tax bill em* bracing every species of property and lncomo, including a uniform tax upon newspapers. This bill ought to have been ready long ago, and passing the Treasury Note bill before it is like putting the wagon before the borse; but better late than never Tub Okenino ok the Cotton M\rkkt.?The government is still receiving small supplies of cotton from Port Royal; but in a very short time we shall be in possession of from a million and a half to two millions of bales. Savannah and Charleston will soon be in our possession, and at least half a million of bales are stored there. The Burnside expedition may be relied upon for another half million. At Memphis all the cotton grown along the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, in Northern Alabama and in part of Arkansas, is centred, and will be { captured with the city. The Southern cotton will reach New York very quickly, and the Western cotton will be transported here by the railroads. We expect, then, to be able to give Europe the usual supply of cotton this year, and at the usual time. We think, also, that the price, now risen to an average of twenty-four cents, will then fall to the usual amount. Tua nn.ii'a SnuTWi*< at Wamjuk'*.? For the flirt tlm? In sevoral years Mrs. Cowley's piquant, amusing ami cxoelleotly written comedy, the "Bolle't&rategom," wis p*y.<Uic?<1 at Wallace's last eroding Tho audience was extremely large ami appreciative. Ths plot of the I lay la the device of a belle, who oausee he* IndllTrent li tr'tbod to dislike her hy assuming to be an awkward, silly hoyden, In order that bo may fall In lore with her at a masquerade, in her real character of an acoompUlied lady. Mrs. Hooy, ss the belle, surpassed herself. Mr. Charles Fisher,as the pleasantly docetvod lover, waa admirable. Mr. Blake played flardy well, but was alternately too forgetful and too extemporaneous. There I* another plo' In th" comedy, In which a party of fashionab as attempt to allure tho Innocent lady Touchwood? excellently ac'ed, but bad;/ dressed, by Mrs. Sloan? Into !TIVOi:ty anil f, to snnw. in nil ? .11? ?. myn. lds, Norton, Vt?>yd and I'arkea sppc > jood ndvan H tago; and In both Imbroglios Mi^a Mcrant and Mr. r-osto, H Wnllack acted second class parts with drat rata ability. H Tho play was wall pt^t upon tha s?ago, eroellenWy rapra- H <euied, and was so warm'y rscelvad that wo ara aura tha H p-.blic agroa with ua that It has baa a too loaf shelved. It v 111 bo ropoatod Saturday. H Tn? Qonwraii.K Contusta.?In addition to several nav expositions to ba played by Mr. dott-chalk, tha -'Ijtcht dl i,a..iin?rmoor" will bo given to morrow avonlng at the grand gala concert at Nlblo'a. Miss Kallogg will ap- H pear for tha drat time on thla occasion In tha roU 9; Luola. H Court ( ttlcotlar?This Day* I *?awr Oirrr?Ctkctrrr. ?Pant 1?Nr a. 418,1567, 1788 IC-i, iituu, 3IW, 1145, I9<i.', 4010, 8.,7, G?t6, 1977, ISM UfO, 1192.1108,1204 1200. 1209, 1510. 1342. >

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