Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. jAmmn Gordon biiiiHi EDITOR AMD PROPRIETOR, trric? k. v. or fclton and namau sts. fMj(J nu? m iiJinin loiM Mif hy mad witt bsatths riti Ut Iks sssulsr. Horn tod LmJt bills emrtwd At A'?t Par* M* THY DAILY HAH A LI) A wo cent, ocr copy. 17 otr MmMl rat WHICH LY HJCIULD, rr-Ty Satyr, uy. at u??iMr >)?,? lS|*r aitan i*? a.irofmui EtMi m. srry. KVbi't l>iV, p? sit tents p*rco, y. %* )"T nnum to any part ot Great Hritain. pr $f>12 tu any fart "> ths < vnlimttd. ><4k In inclteie onst.tyt; tks fdNAma Kduiom rw lbs I* 111* a*<12\d of ruck month, alsis tent. per cony, or $2 lb per innutn. *** FA ML I MBHA.LV, on Woimthty, ml four cnliP? Hi per annum Volume XXVII 01 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. NIBLO 8 GARDEN, Broadway ?''ollein iuwir. ' INTER GARDEN, Broadway.?Sd db.t Tuodcdts? VRM ao tuk Tabi t ??bcis. lu .I'abi.v WALLACE'S TUEATR . No. Mi Broadway.-Ths Wo*. Ma. LAUBA KEENE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tub MlOab,ht, ob mi. ) mxr < r tr NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowary.?'Jmclm Ton's CabiM?Tat-kc i On BOWEBT THEATRE, Bowery ?sticursva national ClBOC* _____ NEW V>RK ATIIENAfUM, Broadway.?Unclr Tom's Casik BARNUM S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Com Nutt?En uu HirroroTAMua, Waui, *c a.l b u:f.? Baoak <? ' k a ?f r i 1H..U-vening. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' llnl. 472 Brjadway.?Cmaw Uo ?i baa . HOOLEV'S MINSTRELS. 8i?Tvr?ant Institute. No. 69' Broadway.?Ethiopian Sono#. Danokh. Ac. MKLODEON CONCERT HALL. 539 Br >a !way-SoRQi, DANCU, Bckucmcba. AC.? >...wc* .I K OI CANTERBURY Ml'SIC HALL, 535 Broadway ? Soaa4, (Usese. Bt'Ri.i.soucs, Ac ? . l urn an ai iu>. t a. OAlETIF.S CONCERT ROOM. 616 Broadw.iv.?Drawiwb Room K strut ai if me.its, Ballets. Pantomimic* Parcrs. Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway.?So.nos. Balarts, Pantohimics, Ac.? -o .at .M icai a CRTSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. 45 Bowery.Bomlmmcbs, Sonus, Dancas. Ac.? ..< i.a PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, SG3 Broadway.? Cpen daily from 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway?BbRle3?i;m Penes, Dancm, AC. Hew York, Monday, March 3, ISG'1. THE SITUATION, No active operations in the Army of the Potomac were reported last night. Accounts from very military department received duringWhe past week represent the troops as being in good oondition, and that there prevails among them a vigorous patriotic spirit for action in the field. General Hanks' division still rests in the vicinity of Charlestown, Va. No accident or interruption marred his advance. The condition of the country from Harper's Ferry presents the usual appearance of agricultural prosperity. Negroes are flocking In to the lines of General Banks in large numbers. Various reports as to the movements of \he rebels At Winchester were circulated, but as thev come from refogecs and contrabands, no reliance is placed on them in the cainp at Cbarlestown. A despach received at headquarters yesterday evening announces the deffth of General Lander at Paw Paw, Virginia, a town between Romncy and Winchester, at five o'clock in the afternoon. General Lander's brilliant conduct at Rich Mountain, and his energetic march to open the railroad to Hancock, which won for him the special thanks of Secretary Stanton recently, will be remembered. General tender was wounded at the battle of Ball's Bluff, from which accident he feever wholly recovered, and it is said that his late exertions in bringing forward his troops in the Remarkable forced march alluded to, eventuated in tuc mini urenKing up 01 nis ieeuie neaiin, on account of which he some time since asked to bo relieved temporarily from his command. Wc give la another column an interesting sketch of this gallant soldier. General Shields has been appointed to succeed General lender, and will enter upon his duties immediately. The evacuation of Co'umbu*. Kv., is officially announced by a report from Commodore Foote. Lieutenant Phelps returned to camp on Saturday, and states that the rebels are retreating from Columbus. Several Bres were visible in the town, indicating that they were destroying the military ntoresand equipments, if not the town itself. The Union troops were expected to occupy it yesterday. The War Department has received such en* eouraging intelligence of the restoration of Tennessee to the Union that it is cont'-mplated to appoint Senator Andrew Johnson Military Governor of the Staie until the civil government can be reorganised. With this view it is said that the .III Ll_ .. IM.J:.. I!? -__l to-day, arid place in hi* hand* the pleasant duty of restoring hi* old State to it* original position. The Treasury Department has ordered the cotton taken at Nashville, valued at $100,000, to be Bent to New York. Aa an evidence of the anxiety of the aolid men? Unionists and connervatirea?ofrebeidom to reconatrnct the bnainaaa connection* between the North ad South at tha earliest opportunity, we can refer to the fact that telegraphic de*patrhes of a purely busineas character were received in thia city on Saturday from Nashville. No *ooncr do the people in the rnpital of Tennessee feel themselves relieved from the inenbua of aeceaaion, by the occupation of tha Union army, than they hasten to reatore the old relations with the commercial capital of the country. Girriim*t*ncea like three, trival a* they may appear, show very forcibly tho disposition of the oppressed Unioniata of the Booth to avail themaalvea of their disenthral ment. We nay look for similar indications from other parta of the South as the soldier* of the government ad vini'A And hreftk ihn r.liAina of ll>a people. Cotton continues to arrive from the Routh. Th, berk O. W. Hall, commanded by Albert Coolr. Cni" ted Statea Master and Acting Prize Master, arrlred At thia port yesterday, froin Key West, with tOO bales of the staple taken from the prise scbon ner l.lssie Weaton, captured by the gunboat Itasca ?tthe Belize. Our new* from Key West, which ire publish to-day, contains some Interesting facta concern)na the progress of alTitirs In that quarter Our sews from the Southern papers to-day 1 Varied and interesting. It appears,from the Mem phis Atn'a iche, that the utmost excitement pre( vailed in that c ty upon the receipt of the news o nur rscent victories in Tennsssee. The people were greatly alarmed for their safety, and a propo. pjtioo to born the city wss oppnly discussed to the streets. The papers, however, frowned *?wa the project; the AvnUutrhr reminding the public that Back an act was neither more nor less than arson, punishable with imprisonment in the penitentiary. The same journal gives serious warning to all "true sons of the South" to look out for spies and traitors, which it admits are in their { midst. Upon this subject the Nashville American j says:?All the lata movements of the enemy dis' closes the fact that they have received important information from spies in our midst. They would never have ventured to Florence, Alabama, with their gunboats, if they had not known that country to he undefended by soldiers. Let a stricter watch be kept upon suspicious persons, and 1st them be summarily dealt with if detected." The Richmond Whig and the Norfolk Day Book both urge the apeody destruction of cotton and tobacco. The Richmond Examiner is savage over the lata defeats, surrenders and evacuations of the rebels. After alluding to the defeats at Fort Henry and Roanoke Island, and the small loss suffered by their troopR, it says bitterly, "The whole army had better surrender at once, for It will eventually come to it." The disensaions in the rebel Congress at Rich' mond show a growing discontent with the Cabinet of Mr. Davis. Upon the proposal to admit the members of the Cabinet to defend their course on the floor of the House, Mr. Foote, of Tennessee' said that if the Cabinet, after a fair discussion upon a vital question, should be voted down, they should resign, after the manner of the British Ministry, and give place to others. A refusal so to do, he declared, would justify a civil revolution?a re. bellion within a rebellion?and If Mr. Davis per. sisted in retaining the Cabinet after such an ex" pression of popular sentimeut, he would deserve to be brought to impeachment, and, if needs be, "to the block." Thus it would appear that Cromwell Foote threatens to make poor Jeff. Davis another Charles the First, and to re-enact the scenes of Tower Hill in one of the pleasant squares of Richmond. The rebel General Simon Bolivar Buckner, cap. tured at Fort Donelson, is now on his war to Fort Warren, or is probably by this time safely ensconced within its walls. The capture of no officer of the rebel army has been regarded with so much interest, nor, perhaps, with more satisfaction than that of Buckner, because his treason is marked with more infamy than any of his confederates with the single exception of Floyd. Buckner appears in the double capacity of a tr;iitor and a spy. At the commencement Of the rebellion he procured his l ointment as Commandant of the Kentucky Home Guard, organised , for the preservation of that State to the UnionHis general popularity and military edncatiou easily won for him this position, and in the capacity of chief of the Home Guard he visited Washington, in order to relieve himself of certain suspicions as to his loyalty. While there he tendered the services of the Kentucky Guard to the government, proclaimed his devotion to the Union, and at the same time gathered all the information possible as to the plans of the government, visited the defences of the capital, and otherwise posted himself upon several impor' tant questions. But, when active operations begun, he at once went over to the rebels, and en. deavored to take his faithful guard with him. In this attempt he failed, and the rebels acquired, by his base desertion, only his own poor services, which terminated at Fort Donelson. Thus, while other captured officers have been regarded as honorable prisoners of wsr, public sentiment is somewhat lottery e.\ pressed towards Central Bnckner. Oar full? telegraphic report of the European news by the Arabia is published to-day. It con. tains some details relative to the discussion of the American question in the English Parliament. The O'Donoghue, M. P., has given notice of a motion which, if complied with by the House of Commons, will show that England's "neutrality'* on the sub. ject of the blockade has been of a very dubious character, to say the least. Victor Emanuel in to Rend an Italian frigate to the Gulf of Mexico. Tlie Independamce Beige ah aerts positively that the Archduke Maximiliun of Austria has accepted a throne in the distracted republic. MISCELLANEOUS HEWS. General Halleck, in his last general order, says among the sick and wounded soldiers no distinction will be made betweeu friend aud foo. Will Jeff. Davis make a note of this? Governor Morton, of Indiana, proposes to rcclothe all the Fort Donelsou prisoners in that State with the condemned shoddy uniforms now piled up at Indianapolis. Montgomery, who la ku<>wn as the Kansas Jay. hawker, has had the command of the Third Kansas regiment taken from him. lie has been ordered to take the position of Lieutenant Colonel. The following new fortifications aro recommended for the defence of Delaware Bay At Cape Ilcnlopen, few heavy guns, coatin* 180,000 At Fort Delaware, thirty gnus in casemates. 102.000 Above New Castle, sixty guns 198,000 Between Christ iann creek and Marcus Hook, flfty gnns 10,000 On the east hank of the river, above Penn's Grove, and also around Chester, one hundred guns 408,000 Total cost |79s,000 The Frederick (Maryland) CitUen has been excluded from the mail by order of the Postmaster General. Cause -aecesh. A man named George Boss shot two American eagle* near i ircievmc, vm:n, mar. weeK, ana no doubt was under the impression that he had performed a masterly feat. Mr. Rose could employ his time to a great deal better advantage by shouldering hia gun and marching to the defence of Ida country. Doubtless under the impreaaion that yesterday wonld have been the last day of skating for this season, from thirty to thirty-flve thousand persona visited the Central l'ark during the day. Tho ice was ina shockingly bad condition, soft and slushy, the majority of the visiters, therefore, did not skate. The raptain of the Park keepers ia anxious that there shall be at least fitly days of ' the sport this year, but the proseut evidences of the wather arc against Idm. The young green gras< already appearing on the sward of tho Park gives good evi low - of the near approach of the end ot skating. The following table will show the comparative number of skating day* during the last four yours:?to March f, fortyfour days; lSiJO-fil, wlio'.o sea?on, twenty seven days; 13AP-6Q, whole season, thirty-eight days; 186&-M, whole season, nineteen days. Thia shows that ws ha ve already,j, d any other season since the opening of the Perk kating pond by six dsya, ar.d may yet have a day or two more of the sport. The steamship Etna airive l at this port yesterday eftaipgi from Liverpool, after a very roach I MKW YORK HERALD, M pa-ssage. Her news has br--\ anticipated and her flies forwarded by another vessel. Tbs ootton market was Armor Saturday, with salon of 000 bales, closing stiff at 23*c. ?24o. for middling uplands. The Hour market was heavy, and closed at a decline of 6s. per bbl. for most gradee, while solos were light and chiefly to the home trade. Wheat was Inactive and sales quite limited, while prices favored purchasers, ececially for common and medium qualities. Corn waa heavier aud lower, with sales of Western mixed, in store and delivered, at 60c. ?62>$c. Pork was leas buoyant, while prices were without change. The salee embraced new mess at $14 8714 n $14 60 and $19 50 for old. and $10 621; a $11 for new prime. The stock embraced about 6d,026 bbls., against 47,271 bbl*. on the 1st of February nil Sugais were Arm, wi.b ..ales of shut 700 lihds. and 23 boxes at full pric-s. Coffee w is firm: a sale of 7U0 bags Rio was mads st 18^c. Freights were uuchaugsd. Tlx* Government and tlxe Press, The recent order of the Secretary of Warf prohibiting the publication of portions of the war news, has very naturally attracted attention to the subject of the relations of the press and the government. This government, the freest in the world, has never had occasion before to interfere with the press, the freedom of which is strictly guaranteed by tho constitution, and protected alike by the people and by the administration in power. Our people have had no experience of a war like that now progressing, aud are as unaccustomed to anything like the government censorship?!' the press as they are to the exercise of the extraordinary powers vested in the President. It is well, therefore, that the whole subject should be rightly aud thoroughly understood. In Ai'ilin irv fimAd t.hA fpoAilnm f?f fliA A niori" *" - ? ? ? can press has always been unrestricted. It has supported or opposed political candidates and political parties with perfect independence of the government. lie fore the election is decided all candidates and all partivs are unofficial, and nothing is risked, as far as the government is concerned, by supporting or denouncing them. But after an election is decided, even during the times of profound peace, it is the duty of the press to throw asido all political animosities and support the administration in all its constitutional acts, because the administration becomes ex-officio identical with the government. In this the press only follows the example of the people, of whom it is the' acknowledged organ. Parties rage against parties during a political canvass, and a stranger to our institutions would imagine that the success of any one of the candidates so bitterly opposed would be the signal for a revolution of all the factions whose candidates were defeated. But, on the contrary, as soon as an election is decided the people quietly accept the successful candidate as their chosen ruler, and every election is thus made um.nimous by the consent of the whole people. The press can do no less than the people; and, however warmly it may criticise the policy or the measures of an administration, it is ou.y for the purpose of reform and correction, and never legitimately for the purpose of revolution or destruction. In short, us the most powerful organ of the peoDle, tho press criticises the government anil comjiels it to keep within constitutional bounds, while, at the same time, it loyally protects it from any popular assault, and makes the people and the administration bar" monious, by insisting upon the rights of the former, and expounding, discussing and correcting the policy and measures of the latter. In times of peace, then, the press Is the mediator between the government ami the people; | bat its utterances ure, in this country, considered as representative only of the people, since we have here no such thing as nn official government organ. In times of foreign or dome>?tic war. however, the press necessarily assumes the position of a voluntary department of the government, and is so regarded by the enemy. If the press opposes a war the enemy take it as an indication of our weakness; if the press urges on a war it is taken us an indication of our strength. If the press is mismanaged, the government suffers. Consequently it becomes the object of the government to keep the press well informed, and under proper control, 60 that the enemy may receive 110 assistance from its revelations, nor tho necssary harmony between the administration and the people be disturbed by its mistaken intelligence. Llence the license and the facilities allowed to the correspondents aud representatives of the press in obtaining the war news; and hence, also, the care which must be taken lest some of this news, prematurely revealed, may enable tl.e enemy to understand and defeat our plans. It becomes, then, the duty of the press to support the government in carrying on a just war, by publishing the news of operations completed, and by suppressing any news of operations in progress or in contemplation which might assist the enemy. The government is legally bound to defend itself and the nation it represents against an enemy by every judicious means, and the press is morally bound to sustain the government to its utmost ability, and to refrain from the publication of objoctionable news, and from dangerous and ill-timed criticism of extraordinary exercises of tho powers of the government. It was a deliberate disregard of its manifest duty by the Northern secession press which led to the summary annihilation of the " peace organs" by the people and the government. It was repeated violations of duty by the abolition press which rendered necessary this order of Secretary Stanton's. Tho moral obligation of these papers not to publish objectionable matter did not suffice, and therefore tho government was obliged to force thcin to do their duty. Tho independent press, on the other hand, has been true to its position and to the tradilions of the republic, and, by its ability, talent, skill, energy, wisdom and statesmanship, has made itself an efficient aid to the Executivo aud the cho?en guardian of the liberties of the people. In effect, therefore, Mr. Stanton's order only compels all tho newspapers to do what it was always their duty to do, and what the !_ 1 :,vn.n?1a aUaea lw,^ WU?'|#?ril<lvufr jvuiuMio ntn %?j n aimv uvug, nuu cnnnot be regarded as any infringement upon those rights of the press which the constitution guarantees, end which the people cherish. What Wii.i. Jeff. Davis Think of the Vic. at Fobt Donki.son??It appears, from the message of .felf. Davis to the Confederate Congress, which wc published on Saturday, that ho deemed the capture of Roanoke Island "deeply humiliating"1 He says he has not received any official account of the surrender of Fort Donol- j son. and thinks tho intelligence about tlio loss is j ' greatly exaggerated.'' No doubt by this time 1 the fugitive! I'iliow nnd Floyd have told him the j gad tale, about which In his message he afUv ts ; 0 much incredulity. When ho h-.e learned all about the disaster from h's own generals, wc should like to know how he will designate the | capture of Fort Donetoon, if the surrender of Roanoke Island ie, In hie opinion, so ' deeply | humiliating." I ONPAY, MARC1I 3, 1862,

TUe CUcv?lier Wlkuff and Iki ItkkMM 1U<|uU1(1*b. We have beeu favored with ft witty, amusing, piquant and oharacterietio letter from the Chevalier Wikoff, in which be gives us the details of his recent imbroglio with the Judiciary Committee of the House ot Representatives. It will be found in another column. This committee, it will be remembered, was instructed to investigate the facts concerning the government censorship of the press, and the Chevalier WikofT was one of the witnesses summoned by the committee, and was imprisoned for refusing to answer a question put to him by the chairman, the Hon. Mr. Hickman, of Pennsylvania. We find this full, true and particular account of the latest adventure of the erratic Chevalier as racv. livelv and interesting as his former diplomatic revelations or his description of his courtship and its consequences. It contains, however, not only food for mirth, but also for reflection; for, ludicrous as the persecution and imprisonment of the Chevalier m y appear in the narration, their obviouB intent was too meanly dishonorable to be allowed to pass with only a smile and without the severest censure. As far as be is himself concerned, the Chevalier Wikoff evidently regards the affair as a good joke, carried, perhaps, a little too far. With flippant ease he passes from Willard's to the Capitol, and is equally at home on tho floor of the House or in the dungeon beneath. Like Mark Tapley, he is most jolly under difficulties, and bis nonchalance, *amj froid and uniform good humor demand and receive our sincere admiration. Handcuffs or bracelets, a rack or a couch, a cell or a boudoir, the society of ladies or of rats, are all one to the Chevalier. His wit, his satire and his rhetoric are equally at the service of the Hickman committee and bis guard's dog Jack. In the dirty confines of a cell?half coal hole, half kennel?he coolly puffs his segar, politely receives lady visiters, and calmly notes down observations upon the American and European methods of female education. Such a man would fan himself in Iceland, wear an overcoat in the Black Hole of Calcutta, bo in paradise at Fort Lafayette, and transform the Eldridge street jail into a palace. He ought to bo immediately d"amatized by some embryo Bourcicault. His iuvincible self-possession outrivals any "London Assurauce.'' His cave scene surpasses that of tho "Colleen Lawn."' lie endures persecutions with far greater patience than poor "Uncle Tom" or the revised "Octoroon." Ho is more woird' unique and interesting than the "Phantom." We cannot extend our praises, However, to the honorable gentlemen of the Hickman inquisition. The Chevalier tells us that they are eight in number, and that their appearance is respectable. Their number, therefore, falls short of that of the Muses, and their personnel is very much better than their proceedings. Finding that the Chevalier was not connected with the IIeraU), and had sent us no telegrams about the President's Message, the committee dropped the subject of the investigation entirely. and proceeded to bombard the witness with inquiries about the private, social and family nflairs of the White House. The Chevalier dodged these queries with the tact he had imbibed from his diplomatic nurse, Lord Falmerston, and with the agility of a rebel soldier during the attack upon Fort Henry. At last, a gentleman who happened to be upon the ' a ...I-.? ? commmeo as i.ot ?us m owiuiu, juvRmru against this prying into private affairs; but he was incontinently snhbbed by the inquisitive Hickman, and subsided, 'ihen the committee agreed upon a test question, which lliekman imagined would be the key to the knowledge of the good and evil of the White House. The nainc of the Chevalier's informant about the Message was demanded. The Chevalier fell back upon his chair and his honor, and refused to answer. Ilickman and his fellows exchanged wise looks and knowing glances. Ah! There was n secret, then! They had thought so all the time. They could even guess the very name they were about to hear. The Chevalier's persistent silence odled confirmation strong as Holy Writ to their acute suspicions. They threatened him with the consequences of his reticence, gave him forty eight hours for reflection, and adjourned in high glee. Few men ure capable of forty-eight Lours continuous reflection. The Chevalier WikofT is more observant than philosophical, and i9 not among the reflecting few. Consequently, in the time allotted to him, he only succeeded in instituting a doubtful historical parallel between the Chambermaid Committee and the Star Chamber. His great sagacity and clear eyeglasses enabled L. n to discover, however, that the committee expected a startling revolution from him. Alas! be had no such revelation to make. What then ? His imagination was his invention marvellous, and the temn tation strong. How difficult and unlovely truth appears when a falsehood is obviously expected, and will l?e more welcome, satisfactory and desirable. To Ids credit be it said that the Chevalier, not yet ready to tell the truth, refrained from the lie which the committee cpenly invited, and took the consequences of silence. He was forthwith conducted to tho bar of the House, and a vote instead of a drink was taken. With the celerity of a bill on the last night of the session, the reticent Chevalier wa? put through tho usual forms, and fonnd himself in contempt and a dungeon. Thero he associated with rats, slept on an iron rack, and endured his confinement as well as could be expected of a graduate of the Fortress of Ham and the jail of (ienoa. An angel from the West dropped in upon him. as her Eastern prototype did upon St. Paul. The Chevalier is nothing without n lady to admire and suffer for, and at this point of his narrative he becomes so gushingly poetical and touchinglv sentimental that a handkerchief is absolutely necessary to the appreciative and sympathetic reader. Having been seen and pitied by a lady, the Chevalier was satisfied, and concluded to reveal. Unless he wished to tantalize Hickman and premeditated this letter, we aoe no reason why bo did not ro.icli this conclusion before, as his promise of sccresy was only conditional. Tie mysteriously divulged Watts. Watts? Why, Hickman had exported a lady's name, and ! not that of a gardener! Only Watts? Then it I was not one of the President's family, after ail T The committeemen were naturallydi appointed and di gusted at bagging no greater game flints Watts, and vented their vexation upon the Chevalier. At last, In a rag?, they dismissed him from the Capitol, aud be once more enjoys tiie blessings of a feather bed, a clean shirt and all the other privilege* of an Am' rlcM freeman. We eaunot con? ulate him I ' upon bit release froni bonds; for he enjoys dungeons too well and meddles himself into them too often to be allowed much liberty. As for poor Hickman, he has screwed his eye to the White House keyholes and pinched his ears in the cracks of the H ip office doors in rain. His Inquisition has ended in bis own felo de ae. His questions about the dinners, the breakfasts, the table talk, the visiters, the social chit-chat of the White House, are unanswered. His dishonorable and too evident suspicions of the President and Mrs. Lincoln strike only himself and his fellow committeemen. Fired by the lust of curiosity and excited by a malicious spite, Hickman and his brother abolitionists have trampled upon all considerations of decenoy, propriety and honor. They have grossly insulted the President and his wife, even while they wore mournfully watching the last agonies of their dying son. They bare disgraced the Congress to which they belong, and Blandered the people they profess to represent. Having voluntarily relinquished all claim to the titles of Americans and gentlemen, the country will esteem them at their own base valuation. THe Emancipation Question in Congress* It is understood that a majority of the Judiciary Committee will report agaiust the power of Congress to meddle with the rights of the Southern States to control the question of negro slavery within their own limits, when, by force of arms, those Slates shall have been subjected to the federal authority, and that the President aloue, as Commander-in-Chief, in the exercise of a war power, has anything to do with the matter, it is also siatcu in our leicgcupmo correspondence from Washington, published yesterday, that the President and a majority of his Cabinet are of the same opinion. As long as the President maintains this conservative position (and we have no doubt he will do it to the end), even a revolutionary majority in Congress can effect but little mischief. Suppose the resolutions of Mr. Sumner were embodied in a bill to-morrow, the President would veto it, and he would have tbo constitutional right to refuse to carry it out as Commander-in-Chief, for this reason, that the war was undertaken to restore the Union, not to break up the State organizations of any section of the republic, and that the President has sworn a solemn oath to "preserve, defend and protect the constitution of the United States." A war to break up the Stato organizations of the Southern States and to bold them in'vassalage, instead of restoring their original status of federal allegiance and State rights, which are reciprocal, and cannot bo subverted without revolution, is not a war for the Union, but against it. The Southern States are as much a portion of the Union as tho New England States, and it would be equally competent to Congress to reduce the latter to a mere territorial condition as it would be to place South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama or Mississippi on a footing of provincial dependence. Tbe object of the war and the President's oath Is to preserve the whole Union, and not u mere part of it. To break up tbe State organizations of the South and interfere with its domestic institutions would not be to restore the Union, but to abolish it, and to overthrow the constitution. If a majority in Con gress should be insane enough to adopt any such bill, neither the President nor the generals of the army would be bouud to carry it out. Congress is just as subject to the authority of tbe constitution as any other branch of the government or any individual; and it is the duty of all to support the constitution against all usurpation, come from what quarter it may. Only a convention of the people of all the States, North and.Soutb, can change the constitution or abolish the fundamental principles on which the Union is found ed. Any attempt to do it otherwise) is treason, and as criminal as the acts of Jeff. Davis and his fellow conspirators, and ought to he punished accordingly. The government is a union of coequal States, and the treasonable acts of .any number of individuals in the slave States cannot deprive those States of their status in the Union. Instead of destroying State governments, the federal authority is pledged to guarantee their preservation and the protection of republican institutions in every one of them without exception. And whut are republican institutions' Their very essence is that the people of each Statu regulate their own domestic institutions in every respect in which they do not contraveno the constitution of the United States. But we are told that the meditated abolition of the constitution in the Southern States is for the purpose of ejecting the emancipation of tho negroes, and that after that is accomplished those Stitcs will be restored to their normal condition. This is absurd on tho face of it; for the moment those .States obtain their coequal footing in the Uniou it will be in their power to enact negro slavery again, just as it would be in the power of the State of New York to do it this very year if it deemed auch a course consonant with its interests. But what would the dreams of Sumner, Greeley A Co. accomplish if they s mid be realized ? In the United States Senate for the present there would be four Senators black aa the uee of spades; in the House of Representatives there would bo some forty members of the same hue. This proportion of negroes would rapidly increase. Then the republican court at Washington would toon be graced with ebony ambas sudors not only from Liberia and llayti, but from tli* King or uanomey, tne oanuwicn Inlands and the Gorilla country. Just Imagine half a score of these fellows sent to Washington to be fattened, in order to be eaten on their return. Tho King of Dahomey sent half a dozen of bis subjects to tho Queen of England, expecting that she would have some rare feasting upon their choicest parts when properly cooked. It is very probable an equal numbe* will be sent by his sablo Majesty to the President of the United States, for the same purpose, when diplomatic relations shall have been established Then let us picture the greasy squaw of one of the Mack ambussadors leaning on tho arm of Senator Sumner, as ho loads her to a reception in ' the White House, while Giuulcy follows in his | train with a huge female Gorilla, who will probably hug him to death before sho parts company with the champion of amalgamation. in truth tho varioui aspects of the case are too ludicrous for serious discussion, and a glance at them Is sufficient to suggest to every sane mind to what extreme lengths of absurdity the niggor worshipping fanaticism will logically carry Its blind votaries. ? Tiff News from the Umi PotoEac.?One of oar contemporaries is greatly exercised about oar publication on Saturday of a telegraphic despatch, from General Banks' column, giving an account of bis crossing the Upper I Potomac and of bis movements to proteot the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He calls upon the Secretary of War to do terrible things with the Herald. Now, it so happens that we wer* duly authorized to publish the despatch is question; and had our contemporary a little mora enterprise he might have had the Bame news, on the same day with the Herald, instead of publishing it the next day, with alterations and additions, while calling upon the . Secretary of War to punish us for giving the same news publicity. There was nothing wrong in the publication. On the contrary, it did much good, by relieving some painful anxiety at Washington and elsewhere. It seems that there was some mistake about the meaning of Secretary Stanton's order, which prohibits the publication of news of military operations, unless authorized by "the War Department, the general commanding, or th* generals commanding armies in the held in the several departments." The General Commanding is, of coarse, General McClellan; and it was believed that "generals commanding armies in the field, in the several departments," undoubtedly referred to the division generals in a department, and not to the general commanding the wholo department. Bat it appears that Mr. Secretary Stanton meant otherwise, and that General McClellan, for instance, who is not only "the Commanding General" of the whole army, but, in special sense, General of the Department of the I'otomac, is the only general who can authorize the publication of military movement* in that department; and only General Ilalleck can authorize the publication of intelligence of military movements in the Department of th* Missouri; and General Buell, who, though only a brigadier general, commands the Department of the Ohio, is the proper officer to autho rize the publication of military operations in Us department ''General of a department" is nut a title of army rank, but a territorial designation, conferring authority half military and half gubernatorial over a military district. The Tone of the Enollsh Govkhnment.?The recent debates in the House of Lords on the subject of American affairs indicate a very pacific policy towards this country on the part of the British government, and show n tone which contrasts remarkably with that hitherto displayed towards the United States during the course of the present war. Wo need no stronger evidence than this that England has begun to understand and take a right view of our position, and that the voice of the kingdom unanimously proclaims against any interference with us in the suppression of this unholy rebellionThe leading London journal, which has so pertinaciously and maliciously misrepresented ua since the outbreak of the rebellion, received merited rebuke from Lord Malmesbury for its wilful distortion of the speech of the Earl of Derby respecting the blockade, aud for persisting in the falsehood after the latter had himself coutradicted it. The aim of that rebel organ has been to force npon the government a conviction of the necessity of breaking the blockade, in order to open our Southern ports to British trade and tho export of cotton, and its arguments in favor of this coune ~ have been utterly unscrupulous aud positively vindictive. In these attempts to dissolvo the American Union it has been aided by a correspondent who has systematically misrepresented us since he first landed 011 oar shores and who still remains in our midst, slandering our people, villifving our government, and doing all he can to prejudice England in favor of a Southern confederacy. The replies of Lord Kussell to the speeches of Lords Malmesbury, Caernarvon and Derby arc of a very reassuring character, and demon" strafe, as much ns the words of those statesmen, that the feeling in England towards us is very different from what it was before the affair of ths Trent. Indeed, it would seem, on the Mephir tophelean principle, that out of evil there cometh good; that the difficulty which threatened another Anglo-A merican war has so purified the political atmosphere in England that she is now enabled to see us in n true light; and, the mis or doubt which before intercepted the Kngllab view of the war in the United States having been cleared away, the last hope or the rebel* of foreign intervention in their favor has disappeared. Two Fi.tino Ptitk Qovehvmhnts.?The two flying governments of Tennessee and Missouri are rajddly coming to that grier which will soon overtake tho unholy rebellion in which they have been conspirators. That arch traitor Ishatn Harris, who formerly held the reins of government in Tennessee, wo have drivo.i from bis hotbed of treason into Memphis, the remotest corner of the State, where, at the proper moment, he can leap into Arkansas and escape through the Indian Territory, a fugitive from justice. Meanwhile General Bucil is taking good care of the premises he has vacated, and the disloyal sentiment of the people is rapidly changing for one more in accordance with the spirit of the Union. In the same manner Claib. Jackson, of Missouri, has become k wandering vagabond on the face of tho earth, and has sought refuge in some part of the South, we do not exactly know where. Iu the interval the Union army and the provisional government of Governor Gamble have had the fortunes of the State in their safe keeping, and very soon General Ilulleck will have completed the work in hand. Nothing more typical of ruin and defeat could be found than these two wandering Governors in the service of treason. Ilyii g beforw the righteous sword of the Union; and in a very short time the prime leaders of this great conspiracy will be driven to the same Inglorious extremities by the patriotic boats that halogen# forward in defence of our national glo*/ and integrity. DEVKi-orKMrvr of Tit* Union* Savrruirvr m tux South.?The second gunboat expedition up tho Tennessee river, which was commanded ?>7 Lieutenant Gwin, not only confirm* the observations made by the previous expedition, but reveals still further evidences of the Union sentiment in the South. Lieutenant Gwin statec that he "has met with an increased Union fueling in South Tennessee and North Alabama.'* Even in Mississippi he cays "the Union sentiment is strong," and greater dcvelopomoots would have taken place but from fair* of military tyranny and coercion. The glorious successes at Fort Hoary and Fort Uonelscn bat* enabled "the Union men to begin to express their stnUjiufeil* without fear ct beUur mobb< 4

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