Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1862 Page 4
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A IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. The Worirefian at Portland and Arabia and Br< mm at New lork. FIVE DAYS LATEK NEWS. THE AMERICAN QUESTION IN PARLIAMENT. Interesting Debate on the Cost of Mason and SlidelL Air. Bright Condemns the Outlay and Lord Palmerston Defends it Earl Russell Approves of the " Stone Blockade." It is Not Intended as a " Permanent injury" to Charleston Harbor* Napoleon Takes the Same View of tlie Operation. Another Englishman Aggrieved toy Arrest. Lord Palmerston on African Cotton and the Slave Trade Suppression. European Candidates for the Throne of Mexico. The Aztec Prince Smoking Buckler Claims the Crown. Jeff. Davis' Great Cotton Road Through Texas to Mexico. WHAT THE REBELS ARE DOING IN PARIS. Mr. Slidell Obtains a Splendid Home and the Confederation Hopes for a Loan. News from the Rebel States to the Pope. OUR PARIS CORRESPONDENCE, M?t &(t| Mi The Canadian Screw Stoim3hlp Company's steamer Norwegian, Captain McMastcrs, which left Liverpool at half-po.it tyro P. M on the 2uth, and Londonderry on tho afternoon of the 21st ult., arrived below Portland a fifteen minutes past three yesterday morning, where she anchored until daylight. Tho Cunard steamship Arabia, Captain Ftone, arrived at this port yesterday morning, from Liverpool via Hallfas, with the European mails and journals or tho 15th of February. She left Queenstown on the 10th ultimo. Tho steamship Bremen, Captain Wossel, which left Southampton on the 19th ultimo, arrive! at this port yesterday evening. Her Clos are three days later than those by tho Arab.a, but her nows is anticipated by the r eport of the Norwegian. The London 7"imei city article (Feb 20), says that loans continue to be offected at nominal rates. The applies tions at the Bank yestorday were moderate. In the die. count market the goneral minimum rate was 2%. Tho Loudon Tiiiwm of lha 14th ultimo says iu its city articleAccording to a circular of Messrs. Arios Pufcur k Co., of I.yuus, tho silk markets of that city, during tho past m mill, notwithstanding the settlement of the Tncnt in cidout, worn not characterized by any improvement in tho American trade Owing, however, to purchases mad? and orders placed for Eurojieaii consumption, there has been some recovery of activity, and imucc.s have slmhtly advanced. Any iuo-e important ri?o seems hsrdiv to be hone l for so louz as tho tlrucglu shall con tin. rem tho United Stat'-s. The return from tho Bank of England for the week ea ling Febrnary 12, gives the fallowing results, whet compared with the previous week:? p.est ?3,405,5SS Increaso ?10,212 .Public deposits.. 4,8S4,349 Decrease 1*04,454 *Othor deposits.. 15,620,334 Increase 1,540,417 Ou tho other side of tho account:? Cov securities ?11.101.802 Decrease ?200,000 Other securities,17 811,433 Iucroase 375,4-19 Notes unempl'd, ?,'344.140 Increase 313,715 Tho amount of notes in circulation Is ?20,524,040. he ing a decrease of ?210,015, and tho stock of bullion ia both departments is ?10,042,919, showing in increase of ?40.01(5. when compared with the preced.ag return Tho French Bourse is behoved to bo undergoing an improvement, owing to receipts of geld from Londan. The telegraph from the Red Sea to London is now open. The iron plated frigate Warrior is ordered from Gibral. lar to Portsmouth. On the 13th ultimo the Liverpool Local Marine Board presented Mrs. Wall is (wife of Captain Joseph Spear Wallis, of the British hark Sea Wave) with a gold m idal, the gift of tho President of the United States, in acknowledgement of Captain Wallis' services to the shipwrecked crew of the American ship David Bryant, which was lost In January, 1851, on hor voyage from San Francisco to Liverpool. Captain Green (late of the steamship Hainan*) responded on bshalf of Mra. Walha, and slated that this was (ho second gold medal which Captain Wallis had receivod for the display of humanity. The first modal received was from the King of tho Netherlands. Tbesieimstiip Great Eastern had bsca safely place J on tho Gridiron at Milford. A denotation from the Galway Steamship Company have had an Interview with Lord PalmerstoO. iuc bv am tup r.uropa, iroin Boston, arrivea at Liverpool on tho 17 lb ult. The steamship City of Washington, from Now Tork, arrived at Queonstown on lh? morning of the 20th The steamship Glasgow, from New York, arrived at Liver) ot on the 20th. The ateamshlp Anglo Savon, from Portland, arrivod at Liverpool on the 20tb. Oar Parle Correspondence. r*e?,rrb n.tiw II ,un* Huvtimf and Dtpl mtvy?Mr. Sli HI Kr> tonmrtng to KfTrrt a PW to Pla-' a R miporlt r.'pon tht f L.- ?/ <Lw P'/w. i. i P? . ? P ? if?rwre -'j w .wni'f-r re www# j?r* rzm<j . n'.T'* > *? 971 <*, <*? If Mr John Bltdell hu m much difficulty in securing tb? recognition of the Southern confederacy as he l.ti |0 finding n domictl into which to Mttle bis ambaasalorial body, It will b? some time yet before tbe piratical flag which flies from tbs legislative! balls at Richmond sod at the mas'boad of the Sumter bat a standing among nations Although tbert were said to base been more than eighteen thousand unoccupied apartments In the city of l'eris on tbe lat of January, and although Mr. Sil lell hat had hie choice of them, he has not yet been able to <!? 1l* < imre '.a will <<eot up hie Ebenerer." The fact la, he is determined to make a sensation when ha C"mn?encot housekeeping, and is deairons of procuring el gent apartments, In which he may Impress bis visit era with the grandaur of tha government which oculd (Tord to spare such a representative from Iti bordsrs. Ills Socrslsry of Legation, Mr. Eustls.lsDOt to difficult to please, or else considers that less responsibility do. Tolves upon him. He has succeeded in obtaining soma elegant room* on tbs Res ds Rlvoil, overlooking the gi ru di of thsTullcrlcs? the apartments formerly oecuII i?d by the Ortnd Duchess of Radon. In making I his se'ection Mr Eustla doubtless bad an eye to carry. L 1 is NEf Yom tng out the tdoa which the whole party evidently giving curreney to the id-w that the South, if recognised, would not seriously object to changing its form ai gcvernmrut from that of the oue iu which the vote of tho "mudsill" is worth as much aa that of ilia millionaire, and constituting in Its place a monarchy. Thepaity, upon arriving to Paris, descended at the Hotel du Rhin, oue of tho most aristocratic institutions in Paris, and a holol much affected by the sin ill fry Enroiman uionarchs. It w is here, too, that tho present Emperor took up his rosld nee when ho first arrived in Paris, uftor tho departuro of Louis Philippe, and it was from hero that ho removed his baggage to the Elyss o after ho was elected Presidoftt. Mr. Slidell is closeted neurly every day with some one of the firm of Rothschild, at th ir banking house in tlio Hue latino. I understand ho is endeavoring to negotiate a loan in behalf of the Confederate States an operation in which ho will probably not moot with l iimodiato success, particularly sinuo tlio reception of the news of Zollicofler's defeat and the probable disruption of the Confederates in Kentucky. ir tho worst conies to the worst, I undorstand that Mr Slnlell is armed with the power to maku an offer which will bo a teniptiug one to tho Emporor. The negotiations now in progress with tho Austrian Cabirot in rotation to tho establishment of a monarchy iu Mexico, upon tho throne of which 'is to bo placed tho Archduke Maximilian?and which negotiations it is now stated, aim. st ollicially, do not ctnbraco tho idea that Austria shall give up Veuotia?how very plainly tho desire of Franco and England to secure foothold for a monarchy upon the soil of republican North America, go far the ground is prepared for Mr. S':doU's proposition to be made when- . ever ho is satisfied the timo has come for making it1 A Mttlo chanter of contemporaneous history must bo written to fully explain the rest. As you arc aware, in the early part of the present contury Jeromo Bouapnrto, brother of the Qrst Napoleon, and undo of tho present Emperor, married, in tho city of Baltimore, Miss Elizabeth Patterson, an American lady. Tho marriage was afterwards annulled by tho Emperor, and Jerome married again, to Catherine, the daughter of the King of Wurteuiburg. Tho first marriage produced a son (Joroino Na|H?!o ?n Bonaparte), and ho, m.irrying, also ha 1 a son, born in Baltimore, and educated at West Point. Curing tho Crimean war this young man, at the suggestion of his grandmother, came to France and received at tho hands of the Emperor a commission as lioutenaut in tho army. Ho has ' now risen to the rank of captain, and is exceedingly popular with the army, and is a splendid ' looking fellow. Up to the time of tho death of King Jo- ' r-jtiie tho two brandies of his family had enjoyed arnica- ? ble relations; but soon after this occurred Miss Patterson brought a suit against tho estate for her share in it. This * naturally brought up the entire question of the validity of ' the first marriago, and the simple object of tho plaiutiff E was to place all the evidence on record for the future be- f netitof her grandson. Sho lost hor suit, however, but ^ gained a great deal of sympathy, and made young Bona" F parte more popular than ever. By the decision ol two 1 ' family councils,'' held at the instance of the Prince Na- ' poison and tho Princess Mathilde, the children of Jeromo ' by his second marriago, tho American Bonapartes were ' donied in advance any claim which they might make to 1 the "right of succession," but were allowed to retain tho * name of "Bonaparte,'' which tho Priuce Napoleon was 1 desirous of taking from them. The fact is, this young 1 mac?Captain Bonaparte?is an eyesore to the Prince. J Tho latter is, in case of the death of the Prince Imperial fl tho heir apparent to the thrune of France: but ho is not ' a popular man with the army, as ho i3 not a soldior, and ^ tlio mere claim of legitimacy and right of succession is ' one which tho French peoplo would never be inclined to k listen to, unless tho claimant suited them. The Emperor v knows, too, the popularity of young Bonaparte, um lu.v.ii.i <,umii.,,uuiion u? " would be a dangerous rival for his princely eon- 11 sin. Exiling lain, or refusing to - retain him in [I the Froncii urmy. persecution, In short, of ony descrip. h lion, would only incre ase his popularity; so the Emperor has kopt htm horn, although he has vainly endeavors I to '' induce him to resign the namo of lionaparto and accept r that of Patterson, with a ducal title attached to It. * P Mr. John Slidell and his mates have canvassed all this 1 matter, and know that tho Emperor would bo glad to '> have young Bonapurto placed In a position satisfactory to d himself outside of Prance, and U has already been mti- a mated to bis Majesty that tho Southern confederacy ' might be willing to acoept the American Bonaparte as its f monarch. This proposition would at onco gratify tho 11 ambition and pride of the Emperor?the former, in re- v moving an obstaclo to the legitimate succession of his * dynasty to the throne of Franc . and the latter, in tho s establishment of one whom he still ncknowlodgcs ns a a Bonaparte upon the throne of an American monarchy. t': Mere is the story which bos many boifevers in Paris. 6 I do not, of course, vouch fcr its exact truth, hut gtvo it s to you as I have heard it In certain circles whero accurate Information often penetrates. What do you think of f the prospect? 1 Judge siost, having been reliovcd by tbe arrival of his I successor, has gone to Spain, to represent tho confed- 1 eracy at tho court of Her Catholic Majesty. 1 Mrs. Key ltlunt is giving a sories of readings in Paris Sim ift llilfllMlll' '' anil hep iMtli- -t urn murla the i occasion ot a demonstration on the part of lbo Southern < residents and temporary sojourners tn Paris. 1 Pahis, Feb. 14,1862. ! j??rv<p>t''ion of the S'.uihirn Confederacy?Headquarters of ] Loyalists and Traitors in J'arit?Mr. Slidcll llowed at I Last?He Calls on -V. foul''?Our Minister and Consul, ' dr., etc. , The police authorities of Tar is, at least, haqp recognized I tbo Southern confederacy. Although s< ce-sicnists can get into France w ithout passports < sneaking in as Kngli.-h , subjects, in which way Mr. Slidell and lua family sue- < ceeded in gott.rg here),they cannot leuvo tlio froutier 1 an l enter any of the other European States without the exitiblti >n of a document of Some kind, showing their ua t tionahty and bearing the lira of the ] < 1 co. A fSw months ] ago some curious seen s were unacted at the consulate, where Southerners dosirit g to travel w?nt for tlio purpose of procuring passport.*. The Consul, acting under 1 n,atructloiis, has granted no documents ot this description unless the applicant would take the oath of allegiinco; and formerly, after a good deal of Inward swearing, of oaths "Bit loud, Lut deep," and ths usual mental re nervations with which men satisfy theircoosrienceswhon t they are about to commit perjury, many of them nv 1 naged to gulp it down, and started c(Ton their continental , tour undc tLe protection cf a govcrnn et.t to which they i wreta traitors. Latterly, tn.we -or, they have re fmod to adopt this course, as their former "Minister.' Judee Host, succocded to dovisin:; a way for them to avoid it. i Ths police authorities assume that Aero must bo t-ome 1 rooii"iy where, from any ouusu which the French government dots not recrgiure as a crime, a fnieignor can- < n t obtain a passport or a rim fr< m any reccgni/cd atn- j b:>s-Mdor In this condition tliey consider the Southern ; rebels, ?o ibey give them, at tho Prefecture of Police, a t proviaiooal passport, wblcb enables them to travel any. ? ?Wi in Europe, describing thein as citizens of tho"soetyled Confederate Statu ol America." Una is uufortu- j nate, but I do not see any nay m which our government 1 can legitimately object to lt.aj.it is merely a police (. menaura, whicb has been often applied in other case* than in those of our rebellious countrymen. v There arc two principal heTlq'iart'TS of 'he Americans K In Paris. Tint of the loyal inen is the hanking house of d Monroe A Co., No. 6 rue da la Pais,and that of the re hole 1 at the establishment, of Vandcnbr uck, No. flo Chaus-at t< d'Ant in, ting iiariy enough,In the same building with * the American (onaulato; so that at last the rebels a re obliged to talk their treason within the shadow of tho American raglo. Occasionally a stray rebel finds his r way to tho former place, and occasionally some lively discussion* ensue, whicb are not always conduct' in a crdanc with the rnles e<strict propriety. An oc<.irrence of this description took place ye?terday in the reading room, when a Misel?*ipptan, a notorious braggart, objected to the application of the term "re'iel" to hU traitorous friends , and after afowliot words cards were'exchanged, and it is said "pistols and codec-'are about to follow. Mr. John Slidell ha* suc-oede I In obtaining a bouse, and, with his family and goods and "chattels," Including his mulatto wsncb, will move next week into ths Champs #, L . f.rxA ill Ilia dntiriA nf n sw.nLr # *ar*w 111 --I - 11 "house warm frig." He has recovered flrou? tbo physical * n'lr la "f int Incarceration nnd anxiety an 1 proximity to | Bunker 1 It It, and his fubseqoent sea voyage, and look#, , for in old msn, quits rosy un l Jolly. He Is suffering no grass to grow under Lis feel. Rosrdes hav lug called upon a M. Thouvenel, with whom lie liail a conversation of tiro t: h o a he I* engaged every day In vliltng ministers, ? members of the .-Janata, chamberlain* and membora or the Aai>-mbly and men of influence and position, to all of e whom, of course, ha demonstrates the beautify of sects- p Rton and the advantage whl b would accrue to Franca 0 from the tn la; andonca of the Southern confederacy. Day before ye<t?rd?y lie had a long Interview with M Fould, t( Minister of Fmanrc;and as M Fould'* great aim now la tl to niako Franca rich aud prosperous, ha doubt lean endaa. j, vored tn prove to him h w much l'aame would gain by . 1 unrestricted trade with the to .th Ha haa also had an In- c terview w ith M r.ouber, tl.a Mini-to. of Commerce, who n was converted to aocojaionlam laataummor by the untiring <r labors of ThoinM liutler King, and who will be to Mr. S idell a very impoi taut und valuable Aid in the p.oreeui tlon of his mission. a 311 del I haa grant advantages for the work he li t> doing. He ia a plausible man, has many frionds and acquaintances here, and, above ell, speaks # I the Isngoaga perfa tly. Half tha business of b diplomacy is conducted, not In formal Interviews intended for buslno??, but in S'icial conversation* a: at rn. Ing parllea, at d plornvtlc diDiiare, and, in order to edcnl t' anything In this way, a thorough knowledge of thn lan. I gunge la au absolute neeeeaity, and it is r> ally atranga ?, that our government, taking into eonatderatt h the Important duties to be performed, should have acnt to b France as our Minister n gentleman who, t| . ugh able, w and one of the most amiable and agreeable men In tbo ? world, and who, under or I nary cirnumaUnres. would ho one of the best end nit it popular mmisier* we ever hod here, d'>ee not epealt a word of Fronch. "'The children n : IIERALD, WEDNESDAY, >f the world nre wiser In their iretiomtlon thun the children of light:" uxid our enemies have boeu i.iuc.i r iriser than we u this ro-|>oet, a* ail their representatives Hero thus far have boon th ougb French .- hoi t;g. ' Americans coming to Paris should uot forget, by the t .vav, th it Mr. I ley ton kee * open house ul lile rrsi t ieuce, No. 17 rue ouu lioujou, on Saturday mornings and 1 : veilings, for all res|>oc'ablo American gentlemen end ! adits. lhe eti'iuctte Is simply to c 11 ou Saturday .during I n .he day, and pay res; oo s to* the ladles,alter which ihu : 1; 'vecing receptions, ul which oteuiug dress is worn, aru | >pcn to those who have called. At these roooptiou.-? i 1 ?hieh are very pleasant aud informal, and which are rott- | A lerod still more so by the e i o and giaco with which the [ o wire aud daughter "of the Minuter loadurt them?one uools ail the travelling Americans. Mr. lhge'ow, tho ( -ousul, who U 'W resides at No. 114 t h nape F.I) fees, also 1 ceps open house every M nday evening, when all Ame- e loans a e we.coined right heartily hy the charming and jtautiful lady ol the < onsul. We are hjplng uuw that every succeeding mall will n jring in news more and more glorious. You c innot ima- g ;ine the state of aoxh ty in which we live ftout pcsi to >ost, and ilie joy w ith which we Ltcai the news of the lui cess of our ariua. v 1 P trts, Feb. 14,1802. f Xapahon's Jdta of a 7 h. ow in if ex ieo? En gland 's Salmi- ( riimlollu Will?Svteiilencr af th* American Agitation? ( T%e AUcmjt at a Li an in London?Acjyifron'j Xocsslty ^ for a Grand Coop?A Commercial Crisis?Stideli'i Rtc-p- , Hoti by if. Thouretn I?The Royal Lhmity and Cbi'r1 | Gossip, tfc. * ^ In my last letter I mentioned the rumors current herer.s , .0 the Kniporor's iLtentjon of advocating the placing of j trehduko Maximilian of Austi ia upon tho throno which t i'ranca liitends rcai ittg upon the ruins of the Mexican re lublic. I said that England would s..bruit to this violation t A all international law, because i-ho could not help it. the correspondence which was laid before tho Drill, h ( Parliament, tho said correspondence having taken place () between I/>rd Cowley ,her Britannic Majesty's Ambassador it this Court, and Earl Kussell, upon the subject of an in- ( torvention of the Allies in Moxlco and tho largo increase n ;>f tho Erouch force sent there, will provo how correct c was niy assertion. You will seo thereby that England <i leplorcs tho increase of troops, and that sho will keep a ilooT from all attempts at coercing tho Mexi- j 5ins in their choice of government; bnt yet sho sub- j nits. Who is thore wlio U>cs not understand l that ere th.it affair of tho Trent France would not havo ictcd in this matter as she has done? Thut is, sending r :ho troops first, anil then announcing it afterwards; and t .hat England would have attempted to lead in the mat- ( :er, iisteid of quietly submitting to see Franco so com- c dete'.y shut hor out. ' That little burst of virtuous indignation will cost Eng- ' and still more than the four millions of pounds dis- s Hirsed. It will cost her a forced submission to the will e if the sovereign she most hates and most dreads. ! In answor to Ford Cowley's question as to whether r 'ranco favored tho idea of placing tho Archduke of t lustria upon the Mexican throne, M. do Thouvcnel as- \ ured tho British Ambassador that France had taken no a tap In tho matter; that several Mexicans had gone to 1 ,'ienua to urge upon tho Archduke the aceeptanco of tho J iaid throne, but that Franco had nothing to do with tho natter. Now, all Paris knows this to bo positively ua- t ;rne; that the id a did originate with Napoleon; that ho j ilono has .attempted to carry It out; and yot, perforce, in gland must accept these assurances as a settlement of r he affair, while she can but seo that it i3 all tho time ((j icing carried out with tho utmost vigor and detormina- t, ion. Tho Patrie says:?"Wo hope this plain answer will b ut an end to tho comments of foreign journals. It [ irovt'B that the Fronch government has not for one t,slant deviated from tho course it marked out in the irst place. nor participation in win Mexican exposition ; caused merely hy the interrst she feels in the fate of l. er citizens and the solicitude she is inspired with by ? lie condition of the Mexican people." TLis Tory Patrit as ovor and ever again assured the public that France r' ,-as doing the very reverse of all this. 1 Tho I'nris papers are lees occupied now with your af- 2 lirs. Those in the pay of tho secessionists do keep up f) heir lies and misrepresentations; but the people have , ot tired of tfcem, and besides thero is trouble enough at ln ome to ca'l off their gaze from other matters. That queer etteiupt at bolstering up the French Bourse V y borrowing four miluonii starling in London bus been enounced. The affair became Known, and tho French H leoplo vrero territied to find thai for eo small an amount !' be government was forced to go to borrow monoy in Kng- 1 xnd. All sorts of rumors were staitcd. The Nvnihur. ?.' ionio l the fact of the loan, at a time when all knew it, aid the government gavo orders to the agents D; n I/judon to lot tho affair drop. So ends that , arce. Hs effect, however, is deplorable horo. Hie Liafses nro frightened, and, ss usual with tho French 2' vhen they become so, they ulso bcc tnc cruel. Now hey snarl and sneer at tho erFournje of tho Kmperor, J" peak of the millions sv. allowed up by those porsons, nd hint at a day of reckoning. I tell you tho timo is ust approaching when the government must strike somo c.';ran t coup tf it wishes to avoid the fato of its prodeces- V ors. ,. The great idea now seemn to be on intervention in . avor ot' the South. I can assure you that such is the ! 5ni' eror's hobby, and has been nil along. Ho has bocu , topi bac'K became Kaglend would not act before him, and ' h it he d':cs not desire a war siugle handed with tho J* S'ortb. ? The conversion of the four and a half and four per cent ' into tluvo per cent rentes is now a fait a-xtmpli as lar is urdntnnn ?t and votes Of the Senate and Corps Logisla- 2 Uf can wv'Ue it. Will the holders of the scrip change it? . It is more than probable they will, at le ist tho grout majority. An undefined dread of some kind of retails.1 in will force tli- m to do so. The commercial classes in " r'ranee nro in dismay. Iho diminution of business is real- v y appalling. A few ef the Northern Iron manufacturers 0 ire steadily employed, it is true; they are manufacturing inns and war implements; but tlio regular commerce is D piito done. The result is a stale of alarm and anxiety .hat is menacing. ' In Kuqiand great distress prevails. All this gees to , ihow how groat :s the influenco of American commerce 1 iron the world at large, and is a just punishment for the fl ... wllfl-h ll.S hi>..T. DVlAniln.t r. ? 1... reltlliouF Smies. ' Mr. sliili il baa been received by M. Uo Thouvcnd. Iliis, however, means nothing. Alum- t r.ny person who ? irks tor an audience or tbat minister gi ts it. Mr. Htiilell c will, I do not doubt, moot with great sympathy from M. * i'noi.. :nel; but he will get no real encouragement now. (1 it,, be hnntnf tobe epparaiHo both France aad EbgLood thai the United .-late* government is tipoti thu ]K>int of Beting at U l w:th Qrmtn'ss and ducision; end as long us they pee this symptom thoy will Itcop quiet. Mr. Rest, the ^otrtherner who tnndc Paris his stopping ^ place beroro the advent of Sli lell, has gone to Madrid. . Mr. ib at was, I am assure 1, quite busily occupied with 111" Paris p. ess dhrlrg his stay here. Ho no doubt is ,, aware what tho extraordinary sympathy di-plnycd by \Y\a I'atrit and the /'eyi for tho ^ouih wiis really worth, '' rind what it cost. As I ar>m ted in my last letter, fotj play was shuwu by , the authorities of Southampton In the ranc of the Tusca- j. rera. The Emp Tor, Empress and Pi ineo Imperial seem all in , good health. The former lias recovered, but hug noquired, if porslble, a still deeper look of preoccupation than is natural to him. Ho hu? orhorod his ministers to !' give b ills and masquerades, and tbeyaoso. These re- : unions are gay an 1 splendid; but hcie, as elsewbero, tho pollftciartt group together, looking ominously at e tch 3th.t, and E. oeulate anxiously upon the hoped for ch uigo j11 A affairs. The music rings through the vast J." falls, the yoeng and gay dance on us usual, Jc rant tho old r sliake ihcir heads and talk of Rome, . hi Pope, Haribaldl, Austria, Mexico, the United States, 1" i f nil atiPSnvt* of ir.-'iVi- i?rrtor: un.nl inn fur Kronrh afnina. lion. They Pel that the doubt and uncertainty cannot sstinuch longer; something must bodone,aud cue and , ill a k "What will bo done?'' None know, save tlio line domino, slowly stalking through the rooms with tho kmntcss Walewskl ever on his arm, and that snmo blue iomino is and bag over been inscrutable. While those brilliant fetes arc constantly occurring, the forking classes at I.yons. St. Ktienne, and other places of ;roat importance, have tholr reunions; but thoy do not ance: thoy mutter and threaten and grasp cjcIi other br he lnnds significantly. These things frighten the milliners. I'erslgny has Just ordered the prelects all over ranee ta watch. He says there is danger. IX Paris, Fob. 14,1862. rc 'ount Cacour't Corrftjxmd' nee from 1'aris to Torin?ltx* hi Position in Uu. flseim'ton of lbM?ll'iU a lrw, Briti'h si " lit if Book" on at Merman Affair* Come Form f?Had ni Brilith Cold Ant/th.ng to do with ft R!U ,n ??Th'. ri Slidrll Fainilf a. W?me- flout}o l\ mnlt and Pr-nck b Bandlor<l.i?.Sir F to t' tfighten A'apotton on v tht Canadian (dm, .'tirade in a Vision?Amcri. it can Jlti'lingi of 1/ n , ? ' ei Tho pubiicatio.i nf ,\i., a , otir'i correspond once directed b< cm this capital in 13.10, during the tw.ferenco out of c i hich the Treaty of Paris emanated, is a srbjcct of groat' w ntorret here. In this guy city the very porters eeom to JjJ lentify thomsolvcs with matters of a diplomatic nature; h ml ?h# names rec< rdeJ In this correspondent# aro as "I imdlir to all men as household words. Wo ourselves, ^ rho at that eventful period were in the constant habit o' di orsonagesof tin drama, can corroborate from our own *' bservaCon much of what is now published on authority 3 the wot '1 for the flrst time, bat which Is not new to ?i reader* of the IIepai.p. In my correspondence diir- v lgtbe year 18WI, I stated distinctly that a pledge had fl cen given by lord Clarendon to render Piedmont Indi- *' Hi assistance In the event of a colllsiru with Austria d hese things were, In fact, not done in a corner. Houses ll avo eyes and eare, especially in Paris, nnd the sayings j), tid doing of Clarendon, Count TV-sol, tValownkl nnd S rince Ntpolcon were tho talk of boudoirs. Night 'j Iter sight wa met these diplomats at dinners, at c all, or at soiree, and aomo little word, however habitu- I, lly cautioue diplomacy may bo, ia cure to es< ape, which (l i the initiated sufTiCietitly shows the way of the wind, f, pee Count OrlofT tow?that man of gigantic frame?with it it blue coat and velvet collar (a liltlo seedy), and his reast blazing with diamonds, whispering ancouragiag 1 rords to favour, whose massive head and spectacled ? yc--, with bis short stature, give htm something >f the 1 . iw.t of the lltllo bulldog playing the agreeable to the naalilt', ropree<-ntod by that cotosius Oi l T a MARCH 5, 1862-?TRIPL3 One thing, however, is tolerably apparent In this corespondem e, and not a little interesting to America in Vs present disturbed state, and that Is the thoroughly inderstood policy of the English government. While to ho wo 'Id Euribaidi was the Quixote who attacked?but nth far groator success thau his prototype?the windnills, it wis England not loss than France who was aidug and abetting; and yet who that read the well turned oriods which wore written about France's raid upon lustria, lior wondrous facility in suddenly launching tKi.OOO men into Lombardy, and tho fears such conduct .aturaliy gave rise to in every State of Europe, on Id ha vo suspect d that tho whole thing was prepared, alculatid or., and consented to, in Lord Palroerston's wn study? Woll indeed might Lord Palmerston shirk u interview with favour under protcuco of domestic rier. The hour will come, and probably is not far distant vhen coiiio such correspondence as favour's will seo the ight, connected with the fiul rebellion now ri.e in the 'outhern States, when it will bo shown that, des-pi'.e all his fair seeming on the (tart of Earl Itusscll, the English ojvornment ind English gold have liad far more to do vith (he present state of allaiis than is generally sup vised. It is a rule of law that when a culprit c unot bo liscoverod it is good to observe the party benefited by lis crime or misdemeanor, and the wrongdoer will not 10 found far distant. Apply this to England, whoso jeaousyof the increasing grandeur and magnitude and martime supremacy of America was apparent in everything ho did, and you will not be far from discovering the rue fomcnter of tho present schism. Mr. simcti is living in rnngntnccni apartments in uio lianips Ely sees, No. CO. IIo pays X ,800 francs a in<nth< nd assumes all Ihe importance of a regular envoy from he United States. lie is not, however, made a lion of, hough it is said bis taste would rendor such a position greoable to hint. Ho is doing nil in his power to eniourag" Southerners to tako up their quarters in Paris luring tlio season. "Tlio more important our m.mhors md expenditure, the bettor for us just now," lie has >con heard to say; "Franco Is in an impressionable nood, and we must not only strike the iron while it i.s lot,but strike it till it is hot. It is preily clear that ienora! Mc lolton will be urged on to another Bull run, ind then it will be all pluin sailing for tiio South in Die ,'ourt of tlio Tullorloa." This is merely an on dxt. I nyself do notknow Mr. Slidoll, oven by sight; bi4 the itatoment I have given is a current report. It tnay bo all very well to recommend the ropresentaion and oxponditure of Southerners, and thoro is no loubt that rcjently several parlies frymtbe South who tavo hitherto been hiding their diminished Loads tave suddenly turned u|? and taken oxi>ensive partments; but tlio trulh Is they aro so awfully hort of cash that agents have the greatest difficulty in i.xsctlng from them compliance with the rulo which nakes it imperative that such'aparlmcnts should always ic p.aid for one month in advance. The rulo is s> ile if/tour that possession is not given till the money Is ouched; but tho consequence is,iho unfortunate tenants, vho are intended to tako such an imposing attitude and 1 izzle the eyes of the denizens of this expensive capital, ire so thoroughly cleaned out by the exaction that tlioy tavo nothing lei t to keep up tlie gatno wilhal. Wages irolierc exorbitantly high, and tail liitukeys with silk u so and powdered heads know their value. Provisions ire migluy dear ; pale dt frois ffras will not hop on to ho board of a sturdy robot without the exhibition of lomething more substantial than is sufllcioiit for Deneral leuiircgard, and carriages and horses aro twenty-five per

:ent doarer to hire this season than last. Mr. Slidoli nay issue his recommendations; but uuless under the apacious criuoliuo of Mrs. Slidell, which became f such historic interest on board tho Trent, hero are concealed a considerable quantity of ills payable at sight, tho gentlemen of the so stylod oufedorate Siaus aro likely to reckou without their ObtS. Sir Edmund Head has jitsl arrived in Pnris. It is unerstuod that the Emperor is particularly desirous of lilting some questions to him resjiocting the habitant of mada. Of course, as an official of tho English governient, the lato Governor General of Canada will be very rcumspect in his communications; but Sir Edmund is muectcd by his family with France. His sister married French count of tho Corps du Garde, in Charles the tuth's time, ^nd, though the marriage turned out as unippily as was generally anticipated, his long rosidence , Franco, anu tuo society nis lamiiy nnngtect in, novo ?on understood to give him a considerable French bias, le F.mporor Is known to retain a longing, lingering eye on tat ancient possession of France, and if, directly or'iudictly, ho could recelvo grounds of encouragmnetit'in rela n to the habilam, it would, I doubt not, greatly influence is future policy regarding the cotton question. At all ,-ents, .Sir Kdmund is here, and his nrrival, whatever be le cause, has caused quite a flutter among the diploatic circles. Tne chief gossip is the now miracle. A poa=ant girl is had a vlsiou of the '-miraculous conception." Tho irgin has bodily appeared to bcr, cud tho Bishop of urbes pronounces it a divine manifestation. France mst be in a statu of profound ropose when somo of her rincipal Journals think it worth while to discuss tho rubability of such a fact. To say tho truth, France, in lutnon with Knaland, la undergoing a state of tram-ion on the dogma of miraclo. Iho Gallic Church acuowledgcs almost as many miraculous interpositions as 10 Ultramontane, the only difference bring that she pes not believe a tithe part of them. There is a spirit iloat, whether for good or ill, that ropudiatos the idoa r any dejiarluro from natural law as contrary to divine risdem. In Kngland It is spreading over the length and rcadth of the land, entering both palace and cotigo, and threatening the very existence of the iigil'iin Church. The fuuious 'essays and Reviews" ro doing much to clench the nail so long riven homo. But iu France, where the "Fssays and Kei.-ws" would have been suppressed ab initio, or.o would ardly supiiose a similar heresy capable of taking root, nd it is only when the mitre puts its seal on some such ision as the one above mentioned that wo see the whole stent of the fact. When nn ignorant peasant girl, who in 18-'!8?herself g -1 fourteen?saw tho Virgin Mary in a white diets und blue sash, with a white veil and a yellow rose on ouch ot, can induce a bishop, utter two or three years'couderation, to erect a chapel commcmorativo of the appaItioii, it is no wonder that flesh and blood will have its nv. 'Is It not knowu," says the C..vttitutumnel,"that Beradolle Soutiraoue?the name ot tho girl?is of the darkPt ignorance, und that she has never known, or has foroften, her catacliiam? ."'he his seen tho innnaculato onception? sho Unto not say sho paw the Virgin, but li ivrs she looks upou the dogma of tho immaculate e n ptlon as a lady?a living woman?blue girdles, whilo ri sres and yellow roses.'' "In.-; load of the Bishop of Tar bos, why nol an cxaminag mugistrato into this affair?" says another journal. To fhich another adds, "If an examining magistrate had Jnestigat"d sonio other miracles which have long received he sanction of tho'Church, wo should probably have eard that tborc was 110 miracle at ail.'' ' In tins ago of rati< naii.-in," says tho SitcU of to-day, the vet'ideal Ion of sujicriiatural facts Is within tho i outeter.c.i of every one, and wo think it our duty lo apply urselves to it with the more zeal that superstition penly declares war on science. Galileo, Kopler. >eseartes and Xcwtou aro not to bo sat aside by turning iblcs, tho invocation of spirits, magic and a number I' bclic's, d.fclrlncs and practices which woru thought to e defunct." We live at a strange opoch. While America, the mis ess of liberty, is verging towards tho military rulo of ranee, Franco herself is every day borrow ing tnore and lore from the original teachings of America. Mrs. lilunt, from Baltimore, is git Tug readings from po liar authors?American and Kngllsl.?and reaping a rich irvcst in Paris. Nobl -men and gentlemen secure her r their soirees, where?to tho great interruption of trial cenvorBc?she intones or reads alter a recitative shion. Lost night sho performed at a reception of 3rd Gray 's. _ AMERICAN AFFAIRS IN PARLIAMENT. oat of the Mason and Slidell DisplayMr. Bright Condemns the Outlay?Lord Pnlincrston's Defence?The Knglloh Arrest* in America?The Proposed March of British Troops Through Maine, ?Stc. SPEECH or SIB H. WII.LOl'OHBV. In the Hotiso of Commons on tho 17th nit. Sir H. Wn/ ycomiT expressed his anxioty to obtain information with igard to tho sums which the Houso that evening was to 8 asked to rote?supplementary estimates for tho navy id army. Last yoar ?12,299,000 had lioen voted for the ?vy, and ?14,007,000 for the army, making a total of Uher more than twenty-six and three fourth millions; at the House did not kno-.v whether these enormous ates would prove sufllclcnt, or whether, as of late years, would be Lscetsary to liavoavoto to cover excess of tpendllure. Tho proems of voting tho estimates bad iconic almost a farce, for there was no assuranco whatver that the money would be applied to the purposofor bich It was voted. In the year 1857-68 no h-?s a sum tan ?490,000 granted for one S| eciilc purpose was aplled to.another. In the last year of which tho House ad anvcognizance they knew that on the mere dictum r Mr. Lamg.then t?ocretary to the Treasury, 240,000 otad for wagee were appropriated to tho purchase of .ores, showing that the authority of llio House was ia m.g r of being utterly upset. What on earth was the w of their spendiog time in debating tho estimates if joh practices wore sanctioned)' (Ucar.) PPEBC'H or MR. BRIOHT. Mr. FRiOtit said:?Sir, before you leave the chair I inulil like to mstse two or throe observations on this ote. I am not going to objoct to the vote, of courso. I ave had too much experience of such matters to attempt uy such thiniy?(a laugh)?tint after the prodigious sums oted last y *r unci the year before, 1 think we are now riven to consider wh-ther tho expenditure of an addlocal million Is necessary or wise. Now, T am about to nd fault with her Majesty's government as regards tho scent transaction with the government of the I'nitod litre, so far tw 1 g?o anything or expect to see anything i tho HI no hooks containing tho correspondence between ie Foreign Olllee in England and that departinont of tho tatc at Washington. So far as the dospatchos signed by ord Russell go, I make no complaint about tbom. It ie* not appear to hie that tho request made to the morlcan governnienl won one whv-h (hry could ren,tally hare o'ycioA to, or the language In which was oottch?d such as they wore entitled to ran plain or. Thcrofc.re, so far as that goes, I ave no charge to bring against hor Majesty's - comment; hut it does appear to mo clear that there as gro.it inconsistency between the conduct of tho i.r iirn Od er, as exhibited In tl<o?o doeumeiits, and tho ruidiict of certain other departments ef the government, t la dm o it I'Tuary In ordinary lifo for a person W sond l??nte mo* -otigsr with a indite message to a friend or E SHEET. ne-ghbor or acquaintance, and at the Iam* tine to tend a man <f portentious striUjth, wielding a gigau'tc club, and mating every kind of feroci-w gssftesda'wn, ami dill to I p ufe t that all this it d>n-in the nwstfriitsdly and ousmitom < ruin tier. T.,Uu what hat been done bo her Majesty s go itriwim! in this oate; and 1 am about to explain tur a moment why I think 'his million ha* been use is than thrown away. lksid-*s being thrown away, it leave* behind It eonse juenoes of much more value or much more harm tl.au the million itself, 'lhe House will recollect that at the very time when the Cabinet was said to be mociing to discuss the form of dosputch to bo sent by the Saturday's boat to America, there appeared in the newspaper* which are the especial organs of tho government language of the most violont and offensive character: and that instantaneously?probably the very day tbe despatch was wr tt'-n? slope were ink en, both as regarded : he uriny and the navy, exa ily as if tho das patch Itself hid not boon a cn rtoous demand tor compliance with a Just ror|uos', but rather a declaration of war. Now, the eirect Of that in this country must be vory obvious. It created uu almost universal Impression that (hero was soiiietliln-f which the government In so and which the country did not '.now. Though nobody but the govoromunt coul 1 imagiuo (hat a cuuso of war could arise o .t of that question, it was supposed that the government kuuw war to bo lnevitnblo, or that they intended war if war o ulii by uny iw.-sihility be made out Of it. Looking to what occurred at tho time, I suppose that the answor to bo given to mo will bo based on either of two theories, which I venture to suy are about as false and about as ignorant as uny cvor offered to Parliament *in Justification of any proceedings. Certain organs which affect to represent the government?oik? which are sono times th?slave of the givirnm-nt and sometime* its master?stated that the government at Washington, and Mr. Seward especially, wore anxious to got into a war or dilllculty with this country if thoy could do so, in order to enable thnn to got out of tho war wilh the South, ana under cover of war with England to make a peace or terms of some kind?1 supp >.-o by acknowledging tho independence of tho Southern States. That is one of the th rio-. Ko'.hing coul I be offered to rational ru n more absurd or more impassible. Mr. Sew ml cannot make uar. the President himself cannot make so >r. Mr So ward and the President together cinuot make war; hut tho President and Congress can make war. 'ilioroforo wo may h<< perfectly certain that it did not rest in the brain of any one man, however eminent or however ' ingenious, to consent to the dismemberment of tho I'nited States under cover of a war wilh us. Tl.oa it was stated again that tho government of Arro-dca were so entirely under the Influence and direction of tho uu b that they could not listen to tho courteous demand of tin Engli-h government; that, In fact, what we wanted wa- not to ovorawo the go vcrnment, hut to overawe that mob whfch, in tin United States, may bo supposed to overrulo and overawe tho g vornmont. (Hear, hear.) J see'.ha' I have hit the point e.rar'iy which honorable g<i t!em.n hue imagined to themselves; but honorable gentlemen who have watched the history of tho I'nited States frrm "he beginning to this hour must know that there tw.-er hat Uen a urea' nation in which what is familiarly termed ' nob law'' is I'ts known or has less influence. (On, oh !) Wherever men hav. voi-s, etub law and nob law neeusucri'y disappear. (Oh. eh!) I confine my observations entirely to tho fre e States of the North: but if any honorable gentleman thioks that I am not fairly describing tfco facts of tho cas". I ask him to look at the circumi-tancos that have occurred. Ho must khow that th.- government nt Washington, popular general, or In tho removal or a minister, ? or in tho recognition of the fairness of the do- t mand of our goveruinent for tho surrender of two t men, ]>?rh;ips more hateful to them than any oilier two I individuals in the world, have not hesitated to do what i they considered to be right. I say that, looking nt thnse J things, the man mast be prejudiced boyond all power of I conviction who thinks thnt the government of North e America have been inflttenccil by the action of the mob ' loauyoxtent beyond tliat which is found to prevail in t tliis country,'anil in almost every other country in Kit- c rope. Now, the uobio lord at the head of tho government a will have this advantage over ine of course, and so will r any of his friends who may tako a different view of this 5 affair?they will say, and I cannot prevent thom from t baying, that whother they wcio wrong or not in o tlieir policy, that policy has boon crowned with a certain e Siiccoks. (Hear, hear.) Hut that is not always conclusive a of a policy being right. 1 Iiavo not the smallest doubt v that what made it a question whotber those mon J would be surrendered and war avoided was, not the r tenor of the despatch, but the articlos in the press S known to represent asoctionof the govornmont, and tho ? movement nnd operations of troops and ships, which tl were understood a? a ntcnaco to Washington. Every tnan who has access to tho shelves of the Foreign Olhco knows lhat when the question es to the right to take those men V jamo to be considered, wlmto\cr use might be made of 11 English precedents, nothing whatever could be said if o you adhered to American practices and principles. And d it is clear to any man who read the speech of Mr. Sum- tl aer in tho American Senate?in which spcoch he collected V he authorities on both sides, Mi of which must be known v it our Foreign Office?that the American government ( would have been nth rly unable to resist the demand of the vi Englith gore am nt, in accordam e icith American practice* a tMl j rinci) let, however courteously lhat demand illicit tl tavo boon made. It was, i idecl, very well known to ( iboso who were at Washington at tho time, that the p DilLeice of those military preparations was not felt Sj ipon tho government and |ieop'o of tho Uuilod o ttatos. but on tho Ministers who represented tho ei European Powers; for I have reason to know that thoro a: voro not fower than two of the Ministers of tho European V Powers at Washington who oxprepsed their decide! opi- tl lion that there was an intention on the part of somo d icction of the government, or of some powerful classes tl in this country, if the oppirtvni.y qtfired, to engage in war b vilh the United Slates?(aery nf'<Xo! no!")?and tho e rfl'ect of th it statement and opinion was this, that every V man who folt himself aggrieved or humiliated by tho d ;otirso taken by her Ma osty's government asked himself, d 'Shall I gain anything by this surrender, or shall I wail p for some other opportunity lor the action of hostility so .1 apparent?"' I do not bring this charge asnlnst the go- A veminent of this country, or say that they intended war; n but tlioro were many persons in this country who were V led to that conclusion. I think it likely that tho noblo tl lord at tho head of the government, tripping droop his ii tradi ions front a time of jiaet war, whin tight ami justice t ?ore little regarded by the mort civilised nations of aurope, v thoiiyht that the only mr.de. of teen ring whit he wished c was I,y this great d.-mcn-tration of force. Now, 1 believe c that cn this question, as on souio others, and on tb:s ii moio than others, there is no olhor powerful govern- \ raent in tho world that is so uniformly disposed to abido v ns far as ]KMSlble by known and deflned lawns the go o verument of tho United States; and when I heard that h this demand had been made, with my kuiwlodgo of ii their provious course In respect to those question?, I had v no doubt whatover thit tho matter would be amicably tl arranged, except that the menaces from this side might t mako it difficult fur them to concede tho demand of her 1 Majesty's government. As to the effect of th1 se demon- s strut ions on English interests I wish to say one word. r / will wA. cunt op hnui much the fail in stocks, railway i shav* and other securities amounted to, but in raumirkd ( alone, that of Liverpool, the effect of umat was dame., not r.n r board the Trent, net by the despatches of the tWeign Of.ce, s lut by the win like, preparations of the gone, rim nt, wa- to v reduce the rajue of eve atlicle' a'one to the ext. nt cf 1: ?il.000.00o sterling. I lia\o not seon it myself, but t 1 have heard of a icttor from flora bay or Calcutta, v whi h statos that on a certain day, when the news t arrived that war between England aud tho United t States was imminent, a complete paralysis took plate in t the trade o! Dombay and Caientta: and from thnt'ttmo c up to I ho period of tho latest advices that paralysis con- , linuod, to the great loss and inconvenience of persous en- j eneed in thecommerce of that country. And when news e. arrives from Australia we sha'l doubtless hoar that from the moment when war appeared to be likely or possible not an ounce <>f ({old was shipped to this country. No tnan could know that an Australian ship would not moct with an American man or-war or privatcor, and doubtless the panic that prevailed in India would nl.-o be I'elt in Australia. This is a view or the rpiostien worth looking at. Tour people are employed by tho oporalion of this commerce and the security of the capital embarked in it; and when there arise$ fctfwi'Hi two friendly rounlr.'ei ami fruniac i n like this unhappy cuxidetil of the Trcn?(a la igh)?I do pot know whether any one on the Treasury lieurh launht because I call it to. (A pauso, during which the honorable gontleman directed his gaze upon the front ministerial bench.) 4 F?y tt was an unhappy accident. As regards tho United States government and our own government, it was nothing but an accident: and no one knows this better than the noblo lord at the head of the government. And when accidents of this or any othor kind arise that can possibly cause jarring between thostwo countries, it is the policy and tho duty of the government, in the flrst place certainly, to try all those moderate and courteous moans which It would like to havo tried Itself before it bas recourse to measures which send a paralysis through all the ram ideations of the greatest commerce of the world, and create mttnenso loss among almost, all classes of the peoplo. Now, 1 may ray with the utmost satisfaction and truth, that the noblo lord at the head of tjio government was not more pleofed tnan I wait at the favormbio termination of that untoward event. If the noble lord beliovod that there was no course by which war could be prevontcd l ut that which he tQok, it would bo very harsh and unfair to blame bim. But, knowing how much tho United States government ore bound up and connected with tho humane principlo of international maritime law, he might have trusted much more to their desire to act in accordance with international law than (0 the force that had hoen brought against th> m. We shall do well to remmbtr thai the Power vnich is for a moni?i/ * ariinllu ilisnJ /?*/ and rm-rW. v*i uhirh nivn ill #un? port to the Washington government, consists at the tire.seni r moment nf 22,000,000 of people.' Thof fforthern States, ten, v tuintyand thirty years heme, will increase at rapidly a* |. thry have ever done Uftre in pojodation and jwieer. Thoy I 0 are our countrymen to a great extent. Wo have row one- c mirs thoro, 'Kept those mho Irft these thorn with fadings of c din'oil. nt against Ihtt govn nment hrcawt their grievances p icere not rimmed. And it Is worth our while, on all moral j. grounds, and on ground! of self. In tercet, that wo should j. In all our transactions acknowledge our alllnnr# and kin- 0, ship with such a nation,and not Teavo behind an inoradicable ami undying sting, whlchlt would takamany year*. m perhaps a generation or two, to remove. The war or < ] Independence eighty years ago left such a sting; the war 4 nf 1H12 inliicted similar mischief- The course taken by the government, is not in the demand made, not in tho despatch hy which that demand was accompanied, not in the courteous manner In which Tord Lyons managed tha ? negotiations?(chaers)?tmt in the imtantancous and K storming menace of mar, cou fded tviCt the. otfensirs charges itindevery day hy the pro* which supjKrtcd thegoiyrnme.nl, 'ended to leave oti the mind of every A mrrtcan a feeling/fiat h'ngtand had not treated the United St<Ut3 in thai ma maninvtu and friendly manner which they had a righ' to '.j-pert from ?* I am glad to see that a ronmrkable l? 'hinge has operated day by day, both In this House and out of it. It is obvious that since the course 41 taken by the American .(orornmont Iws been known tc a groat change lias taken place In tho opirionof this tl country. It has become more frlendlv to the Washing- *1 ton government, for people now see'that it is a real P government, not ruled by a mob or disregarding the law, a hut struggling to maintain the Integrity of a groat couu- ii try. They see in that country the hnm'e if *very man mho 1> wan ~ a home, and, moreover, they believe tha'. that greateM. f< of ad crimes that any tempts in the history if the world hat o eve tarn connected wf h, the rrimi of he.ping in tlavtry t 4 000,010 nf profit. <?, under the promdne of a Power t r >?/ much h ;h> than that of a Prime Mr,titter of Hog- s I md .ft th 1'rmdent of the. t'nited Statu, svirchijig on, as t . Mitvyto i'i enti>ii ilrtition I t . LORD PAHnTRSTOH'B PntBCH. Lord FaLKKUtnoN taid ?I uo not going to answer ths latter part of ihesjie.cb of my honorable 1'riou l who h is ust ant down; tha' is a topic which will bo moro proporly 1 milled by lay right honorable friond noir me (Sir 0. C. L<owta) when becomes to make his statement ubout tho Miniates. Out I am unwilling to I I a long'-r t ma i'ai m without unking s me obTrvatr ns on whit his 'alien from tha honorable 11 e'nb ;r lor Uiriniughnin. I said on a former oce is xti that it was desirable in this House that we should not only pass laws an I voto osti nates, but should bo the o gars or tho opinions and 'oolinrs of large masses of the community I go furihi-r, ind I admit tiuit it is sometimes us iui that this IIilbj ihoul l hear tha views and opinions of indivittus's, and .o-nlght we have had an example of tho singular tplnlous of one iraiead of tlie general opinion of nuny. (Laughter.) hut I think it must be admit,id that the opinions which uiy Innoraolu friend has impressed are at warty ru jystiHe eortln?l to himi r. (laughter.) Sir, my honorable friend does jus;ict to tho c<>u..o which tho guvornniont pursicd in nuking tlioir demand Tor redress from tlie Ante, ican go rommcnt. Upon that point there is no dllforei ca of iptnlon. (Hear, hoar.) Ho h.s done full justice to iba :onsi derations wliich influenced my noble frieud at tlie lead of the Foreign office ivhon lio Instructed Lord Lyons to mako the communication, end in the delicacy, inil go- -tltatie with whkh Lord Ly> us confpiied with his iniru t ons. (Hear, hour.) it is well, thoroforo, to know ;hut the ground Is cleared of any objec'iais ui?n thosa > elimh ary points, liut my honorable friond thinks that no wore wrung in those military and naval preparations which have been made; that wc were wrong in sending tut troops who went with what I think ho callod "feroiiois gesticulations." (Laughtor.) I do not kr.ow a what particular clrcroitanee ho alludes, but 'ho ireathor was c Id when tlioy we.o goiug, and f th-y did trake "ftrxims gcs'iculatlons," it must ir.ee been for 1h purpose of warming th-ir hau ls 'laughtor.) F.ut tno p dnt of my honorable friend's irgument is this, that the United states wcro bound by ruriousobligaliet.s of in rrnational law to give up those . icrsons who were taken from on board tho Tront.aid hat in liio coyrso which thoy took they were not swayed ?y mob violence. My ho-'o able f.iend, says whne t ?:ryi dy it a voter 'here can le no mob. / do nit t,uilc agree n that theory. (Hear, heir.) But ho contends that he United St at en g vornmont wore bound by their own >: inclplos to dc that which wo askod them, and thut they vorc qulto froe, nor was any control oxorcisod over them >y any c'a.-s of the community. But, now, I would just isk him If the United State.* government hold all along hat thoy wore bound by their own principles to disavow uiy act contrary to those principles, and, tlicrofore, to dlord rodroag, why did they keen those four gentl-.menin ex onv (urtos ci "Heiir, near."; wan it becauso. as ho 'a;os, those gontletno;: happened to bo tho object? or groat ialrod to'the Umtrd State* government,for that i, not ho reason why an act or iijustlcc should bo committed? Cheers.) Why alio: Id thoao gentlemen bo kept in >i won, who, according to the acknowledged principles of he government were entitled to their rrecdom from the Irst moment? (Hear.) It is to my mind true that the ? ,'nited Statos government had not borne, in tho earliest tages of tho matter, to the decision that this was on act vhicb they must disavow, and that they wore hound to o.-tore tlio?o jierfor.s. (Ho ir, hoar.) Bat my honorable riend says that no compulsi'ti was oxori Led upon the Jnited States government; that as to war, Mr. Seward aid Mr. Lincoln coull not mako it upon their own auhority?wel-nmvthat rcry u>etl; it requires the sanction of he Senate?and that therefore it uas quite foolish andcrininal in tut to Me measures calculated to provoke a war oitli the Vnitid StateHut had u>e no grcunl for thinning hat it was very doubtful whtthcr our demand would le complied with f (Hear, hear.) And will any nun toll mo who remembers the indignant eeling that prevailed throughout the uhole country at the intuit and outrage which had been ommiited t'uit the peopl of Great Britain would tamely urn* submitted to a refusal! (Cheers.) Weil, then, U hat rcft sal canto wo should bo bound to extort by the isual means that compliance which had been refused to more emirtoousapplication. (Hear, hear.) Well, what eason hod we to think that a refusal would not be given? ly honorable friend cannot have forgotten transactions 0 recent and events so fresh in tho memory of overy no. Why, w hat was the tono and temper or tho Korthrn States'- We knew that Captain Wiikos had done this ct upon his own authority, and that tho United States rcre quite at liborfy to disavow it if thoy chose. Mr. idams told my noble friend that in a despatch which bs eceived from Mr. Suward it was stated tliat the United fates were free to act ar they pleas ul, ami thai its conduct li .htd'p ni upon that which the British goternment might kirdr ht to folloic. Tho dos)>atch went no further. Mr. BRIGHT'?It did go further. Lord Pai-vkhrtox?I don't know that. Well, Captain filkcs declared that ho had done tho act without author.y and Instructions. It it did tho people, did tho publio 1 i ho United Stati s hesitate as to whether what had been one was right or wrong? (Hear, boar.) It is well known tint Captain Wilkes was made a hero of; and for what? diy, tho reason was distinctly avowed and put forward? ir.. because he had had the ecu rage to insult the British flag. Hear, hear.) There was a great ovation at Boston, here, I believe, persons holding Judicial situations, inong whom was a person iu high office, the Coventor of 10 Ft itc, joined in the general chorus of approbation. Hear, hoar.) But yon may see that that took place at a ublic mooting, and that wd havo heard many foolish pceches made at public meetings, and a groat many pinions there expressed w hich wore not tricked or resLied by the rest of tbo country. ('-Hear, bear," ltd laughter.) But did things stop there? ffcon Captain Wilkes went to tho theatre in Hew York lie whole audience rose, as they might have one at the eutrauco of tho grs it Liborator of his country; icy rose in honor of Captain Wilkes, and cheered bitn, 1 Jiove. (Hear.) Well, wore the Amorlcan government ntlrely froe from participation in sucli demonstrations t ritl, ri.aiir.ri in Mime imvnrnmnnIs. It is sal,I that one epartrueut dots not know what another department oo<>, and it is sometimes made a roproach here that deartm uu conduct tholr allairs at cross purposes; but in me r lea, the naval department, the Secretary of tit* dmiralty, actually approved Captain Wilkes' coudi ct, nil thanked him, and only ventured to hint that Captain (Hikes had shown too great forbearance, and hoped Int the oxample would not, In that respect, bo brought ido a precedent in future. (Hoar, hear.) Then, he Houso of Koprosontatlvos, if I mistake not, otcd thanks to Captain Wilk'-s, and approved hia onduct. (Hear, hear.) Here, then, were (ho Amman public, tho government, a branch of the jgislaturo, all approving tho act committed. Veil, with all theso facts b-fore our eyes, should re have been justitiod in supposing that a mero courtous application, asking the American government to avo the goodness to deliver the four captured persona itoour bauds, would hare induced tlicm to say,"The rholo Amorican people soo that wo have insulted your ag and arc glad of It; but as you ask for tho delivery ot ho prls .tiers as a favor, as a favor wo assent to the doIveryf I really think that wo should have boon deervtng of condemnation and censure as shori-aightod toil, not actively alive to tho Int'rosfsof the country, f wo had simply rooted our enso on the duniond Cheers.) Moreover, it is well known that It wns goneally said by persons in America, and also I believe by onio Americans in this country, that the four pnsonors rerenoltobe dolivorod?"that they won't and shan't 10 given up." What wns considered by tho Americano obe our work point, and what was tho circumstance vliich mado the I nltcd States always moro diflicult o deal with by England than by France? Ii uszi he thought l/.at Canada arid the Biitim IVorih American olmie* were dtfcnccleu. (Cheers.) What, then, was it >ur duty to dor U was to e'rcnj h n them, and make the a,., .-v.Hint tnr it rj nj.b tn defend our etivs an thai oiirlwhich tKry thought to Or the mo t tvinrrtiblc and mo t inly tf c tsil.lt lo Ih. m. (Hoar, hoar.) ThU totu not 'ftnr iout gnlicilaliun." ("Hear, liojr" and laughter.) t was simply a defensive measure?(bear)?it watt imply strength nlrgthat part which bad been woak iud might bo attached, and l ho icnowiod^o of the veakiio-s of winch might induco the Amct leans to maintin that position which they had up to that moment ccu'.ied?to retain these men in prison and refuse to :omply with car doraand lor their restoration. (Hoar, tear.) Tberoloro, so far from her Majesty's government icing obnoxloi s to blame, 1 think that the guvorumoni ire deserving of commendation for what they lid; and, though th y performed no more than heir duty, they pcriormed it promptly and offl ieutly, and have met with, I bcilevo, the approbate of tho country at lurge. (Cheers.) I think, then, :hat the censure of my honorable rriend tho member for Birmingham is not dcsorvod.aud that what wo did was rot at all calculated to provoko tho govoruinont of the l otted States. It was simply a measure which it was >ur bounden duty to take, seeing tho uncertainty of tho osult of tho communications carried out from this :ountry. So far from any feeling of ineradicable lrrlta. .ion between tho two countries being engendered by the :ourso pursued, I believe that a contrary course would iavo produced such a result. If hsr Majesty's government had submitted to a declared insult, no doubt a vote >f censure would have been passed on them. Still tho ?ct would have been done, and a sense of humiliation tnd degradation would have boon perpetually in the nieds of at least the iirosent generation, on account of he gross and unatmod for insult commlttod against the sountry. I agree with my honorable friend who has Just tat down, that the course actually pursued is ono muck ?fn nrnrltiPA I'fiilflft htttwren ihm two ll.-it iolifl rhere start np l?om time to time between countries ante* pmisttc passions and questions of conflicting interests, villi,h if not properly dealt with would tormlnate in tha xpiosion of wur. Now, if ono country Is led to think hat another country, with which such questions might irise.ls from fear dl.i|*>sod on every occasion tamoly to ubmtt to any amount ot iudignity, that is an sncouraM* nont to hostile conduct and to oxtreme proceedloga rhich lead to conllict. It may bo depended on Ibat there I no better security for peace between nations than the onviction that each muit respect tho other, that each is apebleof defending itself,and that no insult or Itj iry ounnttted by the one against the other would pas/unrein ted. (Hear, hear.) Between nations, as betwen .dividual*, mutual respect is the beet security for muittl good will and tnul al courtesy, and therefore, in mp Union, the course pursued by the. i/ooernment it one mi.ea i ere likely than that tug jetted b;i my honorable friend tht itoiLer for Oiiminyluim to toeare tho continuance of /vuce. Loud cheers ) THE CONDITION OF CANADA. lunger to the C'olonjr from the Trent Affair?Necessity of British lit In forcemeats, anil What They Were Bent For, gut. a. C. LEWIS1 BFLKUn. In the Commons on the i7lh ult.,Hir 0. C. Lswissatd i tho early part of this evening, before the Speaker lelt 10 chair, the right honorable gentleman tbo moinbcr ir Bucks asked mo a very pertinent question?whether is charge in the supplementary estimates covored by to first vote in the estimate I have now tho honor to ropose was limited to the North American provinces,or pplled gouerally to the army. Tlic reply 1 have to nmko i, that with respect to this and tbo remaining veto* i the supplementary ostimato tho charges ore or extraordinary expense* incurred in oonsopienos f reinforcements which have been lately sent out ? the North Amorican provinces, and whl< h would not lave been incurred if those relntorecmonts had not bees ent out The whole of the enfftlsm-nUry ettimnte it U) ho ittribvtrd to that eaute Mviurttv/y, and I fear there will to Im?? extraordinary charges which will t?A come in course

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